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Ἐκκλησιαστὴς

Ecclesiastes (a.k.a. Qoheleth)

 CATSS LXX Wiki English Translation‎ / World English Bible
1καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἐπέστρεψα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·στρέφω (επι+στρεφ-, επι+στρεψ-, επι+στρεψ-, -, -, επι+στραφ·[θ]-)
επι·ε·στρεφ·σα
1aor act ind 1st sg
I-TURN-AROUND-ed
Lit:"turn-upon", hence turn-around, return.
I-TURN-AROUND-ed
ἐγὼ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
εγω
nom sg
I
I (nom)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
εἶδον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ε·ιδ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
I-SEE/BEHOLD-ed, they-SEE/BEHOLD-ed
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
I-SEE/BEHOLD-ed, they-SEE/BEHOLD-ed
σὺν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

σύν
συν
indecl
together with/including (+dat)
together with/including (+dat)
πάσας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral); Verb

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός; πάσσω [LXX] (πασσ-, -, πα·σ-, -, πεπασ-, -)
πασ·ας; πα·σα[ντ]·ς
fem acc pl; 1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
all; upon SPRINKLE-ing
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".;
all (acc); upon SPRINKLE-ing (nom|voc)
τὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ας
fem acc pl
the
the (acc)
συκοφαντίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

συκο·φαντία, -ας, ἡ [LXX]
συκοφαντι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
abuse of power, abuses of power
[denouncer, informer, blackmailer, calumniator]
abuse of power (gen), abuses of power (acc)
τὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ας
fem acc pl
the
the (acc)
γινομένας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
γιν·ομεν·ας
pres mp ptcp fem acc pl
while being-BECOME-ed
become; happen; be ("as a substitute for the forms of εἰμί" --BAGD)
while being-BECOME-ed (acc)
ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen)
ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
under (+acc), by (+gen)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
ἥλιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἥλιος, -ου, ὁ
ηλι·ον
(mas) acc sg
sun
In mythology Apollo, ancient Greek god of light, healing and poetry
sun (acc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἰδοὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ου
2aor mp imp 2nd sg
be-you(sg)-SEE/BEHOLD-ed!
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
be-you(sg)-SEE/BEHOLD-ed!
δάκρυον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl., irreg.); Verb

δάκρυον, -ου, τό, dat. pl. δάκρυσιν; δακρύω (δακρυ-, δακρυ·σ-, δακρυ·σ-, -, -, -)
δακρυ·ον; δακρυ·ο[υ]ν[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg; pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
tear; while CRY-ing
;
tear (nom|acc|voc); while CRY-ing (nom|acc|voc, voc)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
συκοφαντουμένων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συκο·φαντέω (συκοφαντ(ε)-, συκοφαντη·σ-, συκοφαντη·σ-, -, -, -)
συκοφαντ(ε)·ομεν·ων
pres mp ptcp fem gen pl or pres mp ptcp mas gen pl or pres mp ptcp neu gen pl
while being-DEFRAUD/EXTORT-ed
Lit:"fig-make-manifest", hence make-apparent-for-gain, abuse position/power/office-for-gain, defraud.
while being-DEFRAUD/EXTORT-ed (gen)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
not
ἔστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
he/she/it-is
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
them/same (dat)
παρακαλῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·καλέω (παρα+καλ(ε)-, παρα+καλε·σ-, παρα+καλε·σ-, -, παρα+κεκλη-, παρα+κλη·θ-)
παρα·καλ(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while ENTREAT/COMFORT-ing
[Lit: "call-close-beside", hence: entreat/implore, or encourage/comfort (in affliction)]
while ENTREAT/COMFORT-ing (nom)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
from
χειρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

χείρ, χειρός, ἡ, dat. pl. χερσίν
χειρ·ος
(fem) gen sg
hand
hand (gen)
συκοφαντούντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συκο·φαντέω (συκοφαντ(ε)-, συκοφαντη·σ-, συκοφαντη·σ-, -, -, -)
συκοφαντ(ε)·οντων, συκοφαντ(ε)·ο[υ]ντ·ων
pres act imp 3rd pl classical, pres act ptcp mas gen pl or pres act ptcp neu gen pl
let-them-be-DEFRAUD/EXTORT-ing!, while DEFRAUD/EXTORT-ing
Lit:"fig-make-manifest", hence make-apparent-for-gain, abuse position/power/office-for-gain, defraud.
let-them-be-DEFRAUD/EXTORT-ing! (classical), while DEFRAUD/EXTORT-ing (gen)
αὐτοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ους
mas acc pl
them/same
them/same (acc)
ἰσχύς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

ἰσχύς, -ύος, ἡ
ισχυ·ς
(fem) nom sg
strength
strength (nom)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
not
ἔστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
he/she/it-is
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
them/same (dat)
παρακαλῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·καλέω (παρα+καλ(ε)-, παρα+καλε·σ-, παρα+καλε·σ-, -, παρα+κεκλη-, παρα+κλη·θ-)
παρα·καλ(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while ENTREAT/COMFORT-ing
[Lit: "call-close-beside", hence: entreat/implore, or encourage/comfort (in affliction)]
while ENTREAT/COMFORT-ing (nom)
Eccl 4:1
¶Then I returned and saw all the oppressions that are done under the sun: and behold, the tears of those who were oppressed, and they had no comforter; and on the side of their oppressors there was power; but they had no comforter.
2καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἐπῄνεσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπ·αινέω (επ+αιν(ε)-, επ+αινε·σ-, επ+αινε·σ-, -, -, επ+αινεσ·θ-/επ+αινε·θ-)
επ·ε·αινε·σα
1aor act ind 1st sg
I-PRAISE-ed
I-PRAISE-ed
ἐγὼ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
εγω
nom sg
I
I (nom)
σὺν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

σύν
συν
indecl
together with/including (+dat)
together with/including (+dat)
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
the (acc)
τεθνηκότας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θνῄσκω (-, -, -, τεθνη·κ-, τεθνα-, -)
τεθνη·κοτ·ας
perf act ptcp mas acc pl
having BE DEAD-ed
die, be mortal [τεθνηκεν]
having BE DEAD-ed (acc)
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
the (acc)
ἤδη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἤδη
ηδη
indecl
already
by now, by then
already
ἀποθανόντας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·θνῄσκω (απο+θνῃσκ-, απο+θαν(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd απο+θαν-, -, -, -)
απο·θαν·ο[υ]ντ·ας
2aor act ptcp mas acc pl
upon DIE-ing
upon DIE-ing (acc)
ὑπὲρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπέρ
υπερ
indecl
above (+acc), on behalf of (+gen)
above (+acc), on behalf of (+gen)
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
the (acc)
ζῶντας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ζάω (ζ(η)-/ath. ζ(η)-, ζη·σ-, ζη·σ-, -, -, -)
ζ(η)·ο[υ]ντ·ας
pres act ptcp mas acc pl
while LIVE-ing
Verb from "ζωή"(life), hence live/made-alive, exist, inhabit
while LIVE-ing (acc)
ὅσοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅσος -η -ον
οσ·οι
mas nom pl
as much/many as
as much/many as (nom)
αὐτοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οι
mas nom pl
they/same
they/same (nom)
ζῶσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ζάω (ζ(η)-/ath. ζ(η)-, ζη·σ-, ζη·σ-, -, -, -)
ζ(η)·ουσι(ν), ζ(η)·ωσι(ν), ζ(η)·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act sub 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
they-are-LIVE-ing, they-should-be-LIVE-ing, while LIVE-ing
Verb from "ζωή"(life), hence live/made-alive, exist, inhabit
they-are-LIVE-ing, they-should-be-LIVE-ing, while LIVE-ing (dat)
ἕως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction; Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl.)

ἕως[1]; ἕως[2], -ω, ἡ [LXX], acc.
εως; ε(ω)·ος, ε(ω)·ους
indecl; (fem) nom|voc sg, (fem) acc pl
until; dawn, dawns
, up-until/as-far-as, Often used as a conjunctive-adverbial preposition concerning time/place/number, "until +(genitive)";
until; dawn (nom|voc), dawns (acc)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
νῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

νῦν
νυν
indecl
now
now
Eccl 4:2
Therefore I praised the dead who have been long dead more than the living who are yet alive.
3καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἀγαθὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἀγαθός -ή -όν (cf. καλός)
αγαθ·ος
mas nom sg
good
good, fit, capable, useful
good (nom)
ὑπὲρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπέρ
υπερ
indecl
above (+acc), on behalf of (+gen)
above (+acc), on behalf of (+gen)
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
the (acc)
δύο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

δύο, gen. δύο, dat. δυσί(ν), acc. δύο
δυο
nom|acc|gen pl
two
two (nom, acc, gen)
τούτους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ους
mas acc pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
these (acc)
ὅστις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅσ·τις ἥ·τις ὄ τι
οσ·τι[ν]·ς
mas nom sg
one/such-who/which/that
Lit:"which/who-some" a-particular/some-who/which/that; "ἕως ὅτου": until-when
one/such-who/which/that (nom)
οὔπω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὔπω (οὔ πω)
ουπω
indecl
not yet
not yet
ἐγένετο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
ε·γεν·ετο
2aor mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-BECOME-ed
become; happen; be ("as a substitute for the forms of εἰμί" --BAGD)
he/she/it-was-BECOME-ed
ὃς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ος
mas nom sg
who/whom/which
who/whom/which (nom)
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
not
εἶδεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ε·ιδ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ιδ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SEE/BEHOLD-ed
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
he/she/it-SEE/BEHOLD-ed
σὺν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

σύν
συν
indecl
together with/including (+dat)
together with/including (+dat)
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
the (nom|acc)
ποίημα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ποίημα[τ], -ατος, τό
ποιημα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
work
, from "ποιέω" (make/do), hence work/workmanship/accomplishment. things made/done.
work (nom|acc|voc)
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
the (nom|acc)
πονηρὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

πονηρός -ά -όν
πονηρ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
evil, wicked
Adj.from πόνος + αἴρω: hence pain/labor/trouble-lifting/bearing/propounding.
evil, wicked (acc, nom|acc|voc)
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
the (nom|acc)
πεποιημένον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
πεποιη·μεν·ον
perf mp ptcp mas acc sg or perf mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
having-been-DO/MAKE-ed
having-been-DO/MAKE-ed (acc, nom|acc|voc)
ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen)
ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
under (+acc), by (+gen)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
ἥλιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἥλιος, -ου, ὁ
ηλι·ον
(mas) acc sg
sun
In mythology Apollo, ancient Greek god of light, healing and poetry
sun (acc)
Eccl 4:3
Yes, better than them both is him who has not yet been, who has not seen the evil work that is done under the sun.
4καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
εἶδον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ε·ιδ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
I-SEE/BEHOLD-ed, they-SEE/BEHOLD-ed
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
I-SEE/BEHOLD-ed, they-SEE/BEHOLD-ed
ἐγὼ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
εγω
nom sg
I
I (nom)
σὺν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

σύν
συν
indecl
together with/including (+dat)
together with/including (+dat)
πάντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or mas acc sg
all, each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
all (nom|acc|voc), each, every (acc)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
μόχθον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

μόχθος, -ου, ὁ
μοχθ·ον
(mas) acc sg
Toil, work
Toil, work (acc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
σὺν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

σύν
συν
indecl
together with/including (+dat)
together with/including (+dat)
πᾶσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral); Verb

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός; πάσσω [LXX] (πασσ-, -, πα·σ-, -, πεπασ-, -)
πασ·αν; πα·σαν[τ]
fem acc sg; 1aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
each, every; upon SPRINKLE-ing
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".;
each, every (acc); upon SPRINKLE-ing (nom|acc|voc)
ἀνδρείαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἀνδρεῖος -α -ον [LXX]
ανδρει·αν
fem acc sg
manly
manly (acc)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
ποιήματος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ποίημα[τ], -ατος, τό
ποιηματ·ος
(neu) gen sg
work
, from "ποιέω" (make/do), hence work/workmanship/accomplishment. things made/done.
work (gen)
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
because/that
αὐτὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
it/same
it/same (nom|acc)
ζῆλος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl. and Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ζῆλος, -ου, ὁ and -ους, τό
ζηλ·ος, ζηλ(ο)·ς
(mas) nom sg, (neu) nom|acc|voc sg
zeal/emulation
[rivalry, envy, jealousy] desire to be equal of excel, pride
zeal/emulation (nom, nom|acc|voc)
ἀνδρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀνήρ, ἀνδρός, ὁ, voc. sg. ἄνερ
ανδρ·ος
(mas) gen sg
man
(as distinct from woman, beast, god, etc); sometimes "husband".
man (gen)
ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
from
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
ἑταίρου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἑταῖρος, -ου, ὁ
εταιρ·ου
(mas) gen sg
partner
comrade, companion, company, association, society, harlot
partner (gen)
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
him/it/same (gen)
καί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
γε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

γέ
γε
indecl
indeed
An emphatic particle meaning at least, indeed. It emphasizes the word to which it is associated.
indeed
τοῦτο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
this (nom|acc)
ματαιότης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

ματαιότη[τ]ς, -ητος, ἡ
ματαιοτη[τ]·ς
(fem) nom|voc sg
vanity
purposelessness
vanity (nom|voc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
προαίρεσις πνεύματος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πνεῦμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πνευματ·ος
(neu) gen sg
spirit
/breath/wind, spiritual-utterance
spirit (gen)
Eccl 4:4
Then I saw all the labor and achievement that is the envy of a man’s neighbor. This also is vanity and a striving after wind.
5 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
ἄφρων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (3-3-3)

ἀφρός, -οῦ, ὁ; ἄ·φρων -ον, gen. sg. -ονος (cf. μωρός)
αφρ·ων; αφρον·^
(mas) gen pl; mas nom sg or fem nom sg
foams; unthinking
; senseless
foams (gen); unthinking (nom)
περιέλαβεν τὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ας
fem acc pl
the
the (acc)
χεῖρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

χείρ, χειρός, ἡ, dat. pl. χερσίν
χειρ·ας
(fem) acc pl
hands
hands (acc)
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
him/it/same (gen)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἔφαγεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐσθίω, ἔσθω (εσθι-/εσθ-, εδ·[σ]-/φαγ·[σ]-, φαγ·[σ]- or 2nd φαγ-, -, -, -)
ε·φαγ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·φαγ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-EAT/DEVOUR-ed
he/she/it-EAT/DEVOUR-ed
τὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ας
fem acc pl
the
the (acc)
σάρκας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

σάρξ, -αρκός, ἡ
σαρκ·ας
(fem) acc pl
flesh
flesh (acc)
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
him/it/same (gen)
Eccl 4:5
¶The fool folds his hands together and ruins himself.
6ἀγαθὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἀγαθός -ή -όν (cf. καλός)
αγαθ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
good
good, fit, capable, useful
good (acc, nom|acc|voc)
πλήρωμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πλήρωμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πληρωμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
fullness
[satiety, fulfillment]
fullness (nom|acc|voc)
δρακὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

δράξ, -ακός, ἡ [LXX]
δρακ·ος
(fem) gen sg
hand
hand (gen)
ἀναπαύσεως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

ἀνά·παυσις, -εως, ἡ
αναπαυσ(ι)·ος
(fem) gen sg
rest
rest (gen)
ὑπὲρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπέρ
υπερ
indecl
above (+acc), on behalf of (+gen)
above (+acc), on behalf of (+gen)
πλήρωμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πλήρωμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πληρωμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
fullness
[satiety, fulfillment]
fullness (nom|acc|voc)
δύο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

δύο, gen. δύο, dat. δυσί(ν), acc. δύο
δυο
nom|acc|gen pl
two
two (nom, acc, gen)
δρακῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.); Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

δράξ, -ακός, ἡ [LXX]; δράκων[τ], -ο[υ]ντος, ὁ, dat. pl. δράκουσιν
δρακ·ων; δρακο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(fem) gen pl; (mas) nom sg
hands; dragon/serpent
;
hands (gen); dragon/serpent (nom)
μόχθου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

μόχθος, -ου, ὁ
μοχθ·ου
(mas) gen sg
Toil, work
Toil, work (gen)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
προαιρέσεως πνεύματος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πνεῦμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πνευματ·ος
(neu) gen sg
spirit
/breath/wind, spiritual-utterance
spirit (gen)
Eccl 4:6
Better is a handful, with quietness, than two handfuls with labor and chasing after wind.
7καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἐπέστρεψα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·στρέφω (επι+στρεφ-, επι+στρεψ-, επι+στρεψ-, -, -, επι+στραφ·[θ]-)
επι·ε·στρεφ·σα
1aor act ind 1st sg
I-TURN-AROUND-ed
Lit:"turn-upon", hence turn-around, return.
I-TURN-AROUND-ed
ἐγὼ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
εγω
nom sg
I
I (nom)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
εἶδον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ε·ιδ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
I-SEE/BEHOLD-ed, they-SEE/BEHOLD-ed
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
I-SEE/BEHOLD-ed, they-SEE/BEHOLD-ed
ματαιότητα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

ματαιότη[τ]ς, -ητος, ἡ
ματαιοτητ·α
(fem) acc sg
vanity
purposelessness
vanity (acc)
ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen)
ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
under (+acc), by (+gen)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
ἥλιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἥλιος, -ου, ὁ
ηλι·ον
(mas) acc sg
sun
In mythology Apollo, ancient Greek god of light, healing and poetry
sun (acc)
Eccl 4:7
¶Then I returned and saw vanity under the sun.
8ἔστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
he/she/it-is
εἷς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ει[ν]·ς
mas nom sg
one
one (nom)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
not
ἔστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
he/she/it-is
δεύτερος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

δεύτερος -α -ον
δευτερ·ος
mas nom sg
second
second (nom)
καί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
γε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

γέ
γε
indecl
indeed
An emphatic particle meaning at least, indeed. It emphasizes the word to which it is associated.
indeed
υἱὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ος
(mas) nom sg
son
son (nom)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἀδελφὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί
αδελφ·ος
(mas) nom sg
brother
How do we know these are accurate if anyone can edit them?
brother (nom)
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
not
ἔστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
he/she/it-is
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (dat)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
not
ἔστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
he/she/it-is
περασμὸς τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
the (dat)
παντὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ι
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
each, every (dat)
μόχθῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

μόχθος, -ου, ὁ
μοχθ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
Toil, work
Toil, work (dat)
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
him/it/same (gen)
καί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
γε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

γέ
γε
indecl
indeed
An emphatic particle meaning at least, indeed. It emphasizes the word to which it is associated.
indeed
ὀφθαλμὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ὀφθαλμός, -οῦ, ὁ
οφθαλμ·ος
(mas) nom sg
eye
eye (nom)
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
him/it/same (gen)
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
not
ἐμπίπλαται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐμ·πίμπλημι/-πίπ- (ath. εν+πιμπλ(α)-/ath. εν+πιπλ(α)-, εν+πλη·σ-, εν+πλη·σ-, -, εν+πεπλησ-, εν+πλησ·θ-)
εν·πιπλ(α)·εται, εν·πιπλ(α)·ται, εν·πιπλ(α)·ηται
pres mp ind 3rd sg, pres mp ind 3rd sg, pres mp sub 3rd sg
he/she/it-is-being-SATISFY-ed, he/she/it-should-be-being-SATISFY-ed
fill up
he/she/it-is-being-SATISFY-ed, he/she/it-should-be-being-SATISFY-ed
πλούτου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl. and Neu. 3rd Decl.); Verb

πλοῦτος, -ου, ὁ and -ους, τό; πλουτέω (πλουτ(ε)-, πλουτη·σ-, πλουτη·σ-, πεπλουτη·κ-, -, -)
πλουτ·ου; πλουτ(ε)·ου
(mas) gen sg; pres mp imp 2nd sg
wealth/abundance; be-you(sg)-being-ENRICH-ed!
; [prosper]
wealth/abundance (gen); be-you(sg)-being-ENRICH-ed!
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
τίνι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τιν·ι
neu dat sg or mas dat sg or fem dat sg
who
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
who (dat)
ἐγὼ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
εγω
nom sg
I
I (nom)
μοχθῶ καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
στερίσκω τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
the (acc)
ψυχήν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ψυχή, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. ψυχή
ψυχ·ην
(fem) acc sg
soul-life
self A. life, “λύθη ψ. τε μένος τε” Il.5.296, etc.; psyche/mind
soul-life (acc)
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
me (gen)
ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
from
ἀγαθωσύνης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀγαθω·σύνη, -ης, ἡ
αγαθωσυν·ης
(fem) gen sg
goodness
goodness (gen)
καί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
γε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

γέ
γε
indecl
indeed
An emphatic particle meaning at least, indeed. It emphasizes the word to which it is associated.
indeed
τοῦτο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
this (nom|acc)
ματαιότης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

ματαιότη[τ]ς, -ητος, ἡ
ματαιοτη[τ]·ς
(fem) nom|voc sg
vanity
purposelessness
vanity (nom|voc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
περισπασμὸς πονηρός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

πονηρός -ά -όν
πονηρ·ος
mas nom sg
evil, wicked
Adj.from πόνος + αἴρω: hence pain/labor/trouble-lifting/bearing/propounding.
evil, wicked (nom)
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
he/she/it-is
Eccl 4:8
There is one who is alone, and he has neither son nor brother. There is no end to all of his labor, neither are his eyes satisfied with wealth. “For whom then, do I labor, and deprive my soul of enjoyment?” This also is vanity. Yes, it is a miserable business.
9ἀγαθοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἀγαθός -ή -όν (cf. καλός)
αγαθ·οι
mas nom|voc pl
good
good, fit, capable, useful
good (nom|voc)
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
the (nom)
δύο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

δύο, gen. δύο, dat. δυσί(ν), acc. δύο
δυο
nom|acc|gen pl
two
two (nom, acc, gen)
ὑπὲρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπέρ
υπερ
indecl
above (+acc), on behalf of (+gen)
above (+acc), on behalf of (+gen)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
ἕνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ε[ι]ν·α
mas acc sg
one
one (acc)
οἷς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
who/whom/which
who/whom/which (dat)
ἔστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
he/she/it-is
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
them/same (dat)
μισθὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

μισθός, -ου, ὁ
μισθ·ος
(mas) nom sg
reward
[wage, payment, compensation, due]
reward (nom)
ἀγαθὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἀγαθός -ή -όν (cf. καλός)
αγαθ·ος
mas nom sg
good
good, fit, capable, useful
good (nom)
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
μόχθῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

μόχθος, -ου, ὁ
μοχθ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
Toil, work
Toil, work (dat)
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
them/same (gen)
Eccl 4:9
¶Two are better than one, because they have a good reward for their labor.
10ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
because/that
ἐὰν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἐάν (εἰ ἄν)
εαν
indecl
if-ever
"ἐὰν μή" (Lit:if-ever not) means "except", "unless"
if-ever
πέσωσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πίπτω (πιπτ-, πεσ(ε)·[σ]-, πεσ·[σ]- or 2nd πεσ-, πεπτω·κ-, -, -)
πεσ·[σ]ωσι(ν), πεσ·ωσι(ν)
1aor act sub 3rd pl, 2aor act sub 3rd pl
they-should-FALL
To fall, or throw oneself down. Numerous figurative uses, including to fail or be ruined.
they-should-FALL
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
εἷς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ει[ν]·ς
mas nom sg
one
one (nom)
ἐγερεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐγείρω (εγειρ-, εγερ(ε)·[σ]-, εγειρ·[σ]-, εγρηγορ·[κ]-, εγηγερ-, εγερ·θ-)
εγερ(ε)·[σ]ει
fut act ind 3rd sg or fut mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-will-RAISE, you(sg)-will-be-RAISE-ed
erect
he/she/it-will-RAISE, you(sg)-will-be-RAISE-ed (classical)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
μέτοχον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

μέτ·οχος -ον
μετοχ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
partaker
(fellow, partner, companion, accomplice, member)
partaker (acc, nom|acc|voc)
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
him/it/same (gen)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
οὐαὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Interjection

οὐαί
ουαι
indecl
woe
,intense interjection of grief, calamity or denunciation
woe
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (dat)
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
the (dat)
ἑνί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ε[ι]ν·ι
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
one
one (dat)
ὅταν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὅταν (ὅτε ἄν)
οταν
indecl
whenever
whenever
πέσῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πίπτω (πιπτ-, πεσ(ε)·[σ]-, πεσ·[σ]- or 2nd πεσ-, πεπτω·κ-, -, -)
πεσ(ε)·[σ]ῃ, πεσ·[σ]ῃ, πεσ·ῃ
fut mp ind 2nd sg, 1aor act sub 3rd sg or 1aor mp sub 2nd sg, 2aor act sub 3rd sg or 2aor mp sub 2nd sg
you(sg)-will-be-FALL-ed, he/she/it-should-FALL, you(sg)-should-be-FALL-ed
To fall, or throw oneself down. Numerous figurative uses, including to fail or be ruined.
you(sg)-will-be-FALL-ed, he/she/it-should-FALL, you(sg)-should-be-FALL-ed
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
not
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·ῃ
pres act sub 3rd sg
he/she/it-should-be
he/she/it-should-be
δεύτερος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

δεύτερος -α -ον
δευτερ·ος
mas nom sg
second
second (nom)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
ἐγεῖραι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐγείρω (εγειρ-, εγερ(ε)·[σ]-, εγειρ·[σ]-, εγρηγορ·[κ]-, εγηγερ-, εγερ·θ-)
εγειρ·[σ]αι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-RAISE, be-you(sg)-RAISE-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-RAISE
erect
to-RAISE, be-you(sg)-RAISE-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-RAISE (opt)
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (acc)
Eccl 4:10
For if they fall, the one will lift up his fellow; but woe to him who is alone when he falls, and doesn’t have another to lift him up.
11καί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
γε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

γέ
γε
indecl
indeed
An emphatic particle meaning at least, indeed. It emphasizes the word to which it is associated.
indeed
ἐὰν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἐάν (εἰ ἄν)
εαν
indecl
if-ever
"ἐὰν μή" (Lit:if-ever not) means "except", "unless"
if-ever
κοιμηθῶσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κοιμάω (κοιμ(α)-, -, -, -, κεκοιμη-, κοιμη·θ-)
κοιμη·θωσι(ν)
aor θη sub 3rd pl
they-should-be-LIE/REPOSE-ed
[from "κoῖμαo" (to lie/be laid/reposed); hence lie/sleep; die]. nearly always in passive or middle-passive voice.
they-should-be-LIE/REPOSE-ed
δύο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

δύο, gen. δύο, dat. δυσί(ν), acc. δύο
δυο
nom|acc|gen pl
two
two (nom, acc, gen)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
θέρμη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

θέρμη, -ης, ἡ
θερμ·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
heat
[see thermal]
heat (nom|voc)
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
them/same (dat)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
εἷς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ει[ν]·ς
mas nom sg
one
one (nom)
πῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

πῶς[1]
πως
indecl
how
how
θερμανθῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θερμαίνω (θερμαιν-, -, θερμαν·[σ]-, -, -, θερμαν·θ-)
θερμαν·θῃ
aor θη sub 3rd sg
he/she/it-should-be-WARM-ed
he/she/it-should-be-WARM-ed
Eccl 4:11
Again, if two lie together, then they have warmth; but how can one keep warm alone?
12καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἐὰν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἐάν (εἰ ἄν)
εαν
indecl
if-ever
"ἐὰν μή" (Lit:if-ever not) means "except", "unless"
if-ever
ἐπικραταιωθῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
εἷς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ει[ν]·ς
mas nom sg
one
one (nom)
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
the (nom)
δύο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

δύο, gen. δύο, dat. δυσί(ν), acc. δύο
δυο
nom|acc|gen pl
two
two (nom, acc, gen)
στήσονται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἵστημι (ath. ιστ(α)-/ath. ιστ(η)-, στη·σ-, στη·σ- or 2nd ath. στ(η)-/ath. στ(α)-, εστη·κ-/εστα·κ-/εστ(α)·[κ]-, εστη-/εστα-, στα·θ-)
στη·σονται
fut mp ind 3rd pl
they-will-be-STAND-ed
/cause-to-stand
they-will-be-STAND-ed
κατέναντι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατ·έν·αντι
κατεναντι
indecl
opposite/in the presence of (+gen)
opposite/in the presence of (+gen)
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
him/it/same (gen)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
the (nom|acc)
σπαρτίον τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
the (nom|acc)
ἔντριτον οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
not
ταχέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Adjective (3-1-3)

ταχέως (Adv. of ταχύς); ταχύς -εῖα -ύ, gen. -έος and -έως
ταχεως; ταχ(υ)·ος
indecl; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
quickly; quick
cursory, expeditious, express, fast, speedy, swift; speedy, swift, ‘throw headlong’ fast, επίθ. precipitate
quickly; quick (gen)
ἀπορραγήσεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·ρρήγνυμι [LXX] (-, απο+ρρηξ-, απο+ρρηξ-, -, -, απο+ρραγ·[θ]-)
απο·ρραγ·[θ]ησεται
fut θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-will-be-???-ed
he/she/it-will-be-???-ed
Eccl 4:12
If a man prevails against one who is alone, two shall withstand him; and a threefold cord is not quickly broken.
13ἀγαθὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἀγαθός -ή -όν (cf. καλός)
αγαθ·ος
mas nom sg
good
good, fit, capable, useful
good (nom)
παῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl. and Fem. 3rd Decl.)

παῖ[δ]ς, -αιδός, ὁ and
παι[δ]·ς
(mas) nom sg or (fem) nom sg
child/servant
child/servant (nom)
πένης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

πένη[τ]ς, -ητος, ὁ
πενη[τ]·ς
(mas) nom|voc sg
poor person
poor person (nom|voc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
σοφὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

σοφός -ή -όν
σοφ·ος
mas nom sg
wise
wise (nom)
ὑπὲρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπέρ
υπερ
indecl
above (+acc), on behalf of (+gen)
above (+acc), on behalf of (+gen)
βασιλέα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·α
(mas) acc sg
king
king (acc)
πρεσβύτερον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

πρεσβύ·τερος -α -ον (Comp. of πρέσβυς)
πρεσβυτερ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
elder
elder (acc, nom|acc|voc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἄφρονα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3)

ἄ·φρων -ον, gen. sg. -ονος (cf. μωρός)
αφρον·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
unthinking
senseless
unthinking (acc, nom|acc|voc)
ὃς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ος
mas nom sg
who/whom/which
who/whom/which (nom)
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
not
ἔγνω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γινώσκω/γιγν- (γινωσκ-/γιγνωσκ-, γνω·σ-, 2nd ath. γν(ω)-/ath. γν(ο)-, εγνω·κ-, εγνωσ-, γνωσ·θ-)
ε·γν(ω)·^
2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-KNOW-ed
καί έν τούτω γινώσκομεν
he/she/it-KNOW-ed
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
προσέχειν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·έχω (προσ+εχ-, προσ+εξ-, 2nd προσ+σχ-/ath. προσ+σχε-, προσ+εσχη·κ-, -, -)
προσ·εχ·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-PAY/TAKE-HEED-ing
Lit:"have/hold-toward". hence attend/pay-attention/heed/give-value(+dative); consider-important; reck [with negative or questions]; it recks (it is important). Cf. εἰσ·ακούω
to-be-PAY/TAKE-HEED-ing
ἔτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἔτι
ετι
indecl
yet/still/ while
yet/still/ while
Eccl 4:13
¶Better is a poor and wise youth than an old and foolish king who doesn’t know how to receive admonition any more.
14ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
because/that
ἐξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εξ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
out of (+gen)
οἴκου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Verb

οἶκος, -ου, ὁ (cf. οἰκία); οἰκέω (οικ(ε)-, οικη·σ-, οικη·σ-, -, -, οικη·θ-)
οικ·ου; οικ(ε)·ου
(mas) gen sg; pres mp imp 2nd sg
house/home; be-you(sg)-being-DWELL-ed!
/dwelling-place, by extension, household.;
house/home (gen); be-you(sg)-being-DWELL-ed!
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
δεσμίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-2-2 and 2-1-2)

δέσμιος[2], -ου, ὁ; δέσμιος[1] (-ία) -ον [LXX]
δεσμι·ων; δεσμι·ων
(mas) gen pl; neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
prisoners; bound
, from "δέω" (bind/tie/restrain/imprison).;
prisoners (gen); bound (gen)
ἐξελεύσεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·έρχομαι (εξ+ερχ-, εξ+ελευ·σ-, εξ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd εξ+ελθ-, εξ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εξ·ελευ·σεται
fut mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-will-be-COME-ed-OUT
σπειρων
he/she/it-will-be-COME-ed-OUT
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
βασιλεῦσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βασιλεύω (βασιλευ-, βασιλευ·σ-, βασιλευ·σ-, βεβασιλευ·κ-, βεβασιλευ-, -)
βασιλευ·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-REIGN, be-you(sg)-REIGN-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-REIGN
Lit:"be-king"
to-REIGN, be-you(sg)-REIGN-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-REIGN (opt)
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
because/that
καί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
γε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

γέ
γε
indecl
indeed
An emphatic particle meaning at least, indeed. It emphasizes the word to which it is associated.
indeed
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
βασιλείᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βασιλεία, -ας, ἡ
βασιλει·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
kingdom
kingdom (dat)
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
him/it/same (gen)
ἐγεννήθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γεννάω (γενν(α)-, γεννη·σ-, γεννη·σ-, γεγεννη·κ-, γεγεννη-, γεννη·θ-)
ε·γεννη·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-BEGET/BIRTH-ed
Lit:"generate", hence beget/bring-forth/give-birth-to (Gen. 6:4): cause genesis of
he/she/it-was-BEGET/BIRTH-ed
πένης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

πένη[τ]ς, -ητος, ὁ
πενη[τ]·ς
(mas) nom|voc sg
poor person
poor person (nom|voc)
Eccl 4:14
For out of prison he came forth to be king; yes, even in his kingdom he was born poor.
15εἶδον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ε·ιδ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
I-SEE/BEHOLD-ed, they-SEE/BEHOLD-ed
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
I-SEE/BEHOLD-ed, they-SEE/BEHOLD-ed
σὺν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

σύν
συν
indecl
together with/including (+dat)
together with/including (+dat)
πάντας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ας
mas acc pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
all (acc)
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
the (acc)
ζῶντας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ζάω (ζ(η)-/ath. ζ(η)-, ζη·σ-, ζη·σ-, -, -, -)
ζ(η)·ο[υ]ντ·ας
pres act ptcp mas acc pl
while LIVE-ing
Verb from "ζωή"(life), hence live/made-alive, exist, inhabit
while LIVE-ing (acc)
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
the (acc)
περιπατοῦντας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

περι·πατέω (περι+πατ(ε)-, περι+πατη·σ-, περι+πατη·σ-, περι+πεπατη·κ-, -, -)
περι·πατ(ε)·ο[υ]ντ·ας
pres act ptcp mas acc pl
while WALK-ing
while WALK-ing (acc)
ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen)
ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
under (+acc), by (+gen)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
ἥλιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἥλιος, -ου, ὁ
ηλι·ον
(mas) acc sg
sun
In mythology Apollo, ancient Greek god of light, healing and poetry
sun (acc)
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
νεανίσκου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

νεανίσκος, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. νεανίσκοι
νεανισκ·ου
(mas) gen sg
young-man
young-man (gen)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
δευτέρου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

δεύτερος -α -ον
δευτερ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
second
second (gen)
ὃς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ος
mas nom sg
who/whom/which
who/whom/which (nom)
στήσεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἵστημι (ath. ιστ(α)-/ath. ιστ(η)-, στη·σ-, στη·σ- or 2nd ath. στ(η)-/ath. στ(α)-, εστη·κ-/εστα·κ-/εστ(α)·[κ]-, εστη-/εστα-, στα·θ-)
στη·σεται
fut mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-will-be-STAND-ed
/cause-to-stand
he/she/it-will-be-STAND-ed
ἀντ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀντί
αντ’
indecl
against/instead (+gen)
as much as, in return for, in exchange ofmma]nti< is the preposition first of equivalence (Homer, Il . ix. 116, 117) and then of ex- change (1 Cor. xi. 15; Heb. xii. 2, 16; Matt. v. 38),
against/instead (+gen)
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
him/it/same (gen)
Eccl 4:15
I saw all the living who walk under the sun, that they were with the youth, the other, who succeeded him.
16οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
not
ἔστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
he/she/it-is
περασμὸς τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
the (dat)
παντὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ι
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
each, every (dat)
λαῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λαός, -οῦ, ὁ
λα·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
people
people (dat)
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
the (dat)
πᾶσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
πα[ντ]·σι(ν)
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
all (dat)
ὅσοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅσος -η -ον
οσ·οι
mas nom pl
as much/many as
as much/many as (nom)
ἐγένοντο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
ε·γεν·οντο
2aor mp ind 3rd pl
they-were-BECOME-ed
become; happen; be ("as a substitute for the forms of εἰμί" --BAGD)
they-were-BECOME-ed
ἔμπροσθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἔμ·προσ·θεν/-θε
εμπροσθεν
indecl
before/in-front-of
Lit:"from-in-toward" hence before/facing/in-front-of, former/previous
before/in-front-of
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
them/same (gen)
καί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
γε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

γέ
γε
indecl
indeed
An emphatic particle meaning at least, indeed. It emphasizes the word to which it is associated.
indeed
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
the (nom)
ἔσχατοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

ἔσχατος -η -ον
εσχατ·οι
mas nom|voc pl
last
farthest, uttermost, extreme,
last (nom|voc)
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
not
εὐφρανθήσονται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εὐ·φραίνω (ευφραιν-, ευφραν(ε)·[σ]-, ευφραν·[σ]-, -, -, ευφραν·θ-)
ευφραν·θησονται
fut θη ind 3rd pl
they-will-be-CELEBRATE/REJOICE-ed
, be/make-glad/joyous, make-merry
they-will-be-CELEBRATE/REJOICE-ed
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (dat)
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
because/that
καί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
γε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

γέ
γε
indecl
indeed
An emphatic particle meaning at least, indeed. It emphasizes the word to which it is associated.
indeed
τοῦτο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
this (nom|acc)
ματαιότης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

ματαιότη[τ]ς, -ητος, ἡ
ματαιοτη[τ]·ς
(fem) nom|voc sg
vanity
purposelessness
vanity (nom|voc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
προαίρεσις πνεύματος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πνεῦμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πνευματ·ος
(neu) gen sg
spirit
/breath/wind, spiritual-utterance
spirit (gen)
Eccl 4:16
There was no end of all the people, even of all them over whom he was—yet those who come after shall not rejoice in him. Surely this also is vanity and a chasing after wind.
17φύλαξον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φυλάσσω/φυλάττω (φυλασσ-/φυλαττ-, φυλαξ-, φυλαξ-, πεφυλα·κ-, πεφυλασσ-, φυλαχ·θ-)
φυλασσ·σον, φυλασσ·σο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, fut act ptcp mas voc sg or fut act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
do-GUARD-you(sg)!, going-to-GUARD
From "φύλαξ" (military guard/keeper), hence keep-guard/watch-over, protect/preserve.
do-GUARD-you(sg)!, going-to-GUARD (fut ptcp) (nom|acc|voc, voc)
πόδα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

πούς, ποδός, ὁ (cf. βάσις)
ποδ·α
(mas) acc sg
foot
foot (acc)
σου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
you(sg) (gen); your/yours(sg) (gen)
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ

neu dat sg or mas dat sg
who/whom/which
who/whom/which (dat)
ἐὰν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἐάν (εἰ ἄν)
εαν
indecl
if-ever
"ἐὰν μή" (Lit:if-ever not) means "except", "unless"
if-ever
πορεύῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πορεύω (πορευ-, πορευ·σ-, πορευ·σ-, -, πεπορευ-, πορευ·θ-)
πορευ·ῃ
pres mp ind 2nd sg or pres act sub 3rd sg or pres mp sub 2nd sg
you(sg)-are-being-GO-ed, he/she/it-should-be-GO-ing, you(sg)-should-be-being-GO-ed
go/depart/proceed/travel
you(sg)-are-being-GO-ed, he/she/it-should-be-GO-ing, you(sg)-should-be-being-GO-ed
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
into (+acc)
οἶκον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

οἶκος, -ου, ὁ (cf. οἰκία)
οικ·ον
(mas) acc sg
house/home
/dwelling-place, by extension, household.
house/home (acc)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god
[see theology]
god (gen)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἐγγὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἐγγύς
εγγυς
indecl
near
near
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
ἀκούειν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀκούω (ακου-, ακου·σ-, ακου·σ-, ακηκο·[κ]-, ηκουσ-, ακουσ·θ-)
ακου·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-HEAR-ing
to hear; to listen (pay attention) to; or to understand what is heard
to-be-HEAR-ing
ὑπὲρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπέρ
υπερ
indecl
above (+acc), on behalf of (+gen)
above (+acc), on behalf of (+gen)
δόμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

δόμα[τ], -ατος, τό (cf. δόσις, δωρεά, δώρημα and δῶρον)
δομα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
gift
gift (nom|acc|voc)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
ἀφρόνων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3)

ἄ·φρων -ον, gen. sg. -ονος (cf. μωρός)
αφρον·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
unthinking
senseless
unthinking (gen)
θυσία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

θυσία, -ας, ἡ
θυσι·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
sacrifice
(from the verb "θύω" = "I kill for a sacrificial offering upon an altar"; LXX extends to "offering" (erroneous?), victimization, immolation (examples?)
sacrifice (nom|voc)
σου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
you(sg) (gen); your/yours(sg) (gen)
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
because/that
οὔκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
not
εἰσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^σι(ν); (εσ)·ασι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg; pres act ind 3rd pl
he/she/it-is-BE-ing; they-are
;
he/she/it-is-BE-ing; they-are
εἰδότες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

οἶδα (ath. ιδ-/ath. ειδ(ε)-/ath. ειδ-, ειδη·σ-/ει[δ]·σ-, ειδη·σ-, οιδ·[κ]-/ειδ·[κ]-, -, -)
ειδ·[κ]οτ·ες
perf act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
having KNOWING-ed
/perceive/be-aware-of/be-acquainted-with/notice. Often rendered "know" (by seeing/observing), in contrast to "γινώσκω" (know by thinking/reasoning/experiencing).
having KNOWING-ed (nom|voc)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
ποιῆσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποιη·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-DO/MAKE, be-you(sg)-DO/MAKE-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-DO/MAKE
to-DO/MAKE, be-you(sg)-DO/MAKE-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-DO/MAKE (opt)
κακόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

κακός -ή -όν (cf. φαῦλος)
κακ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
wicked
/evil
wicked (acc, nom|acc|voc)
Eccl 5:1
¶Guard your steps when you go to God’s house; for to draw near to listen is better than to give the sacrifice of fools, for they don’t know that they do evil.
« Ch 3» Ch 5

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