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Ἐσθὴρ

Esther

  CATSS LXX Brenton (1851) Wiki English Translation‎ / World English Bible11καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
αὐτῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῃ
fem dat sg
her/it/same
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
simple article
ἡμέρᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
day
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
Ἀρταξέρξης ἐδωρήσατο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δωρέομαι (δωρ(ε)-, -, δωρη·σ-, -, δεδωρη-, -)
ε·δωρη·σατο
1aor mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-GRANT-ed
Εσθηρ ὅσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅσος -η -ον
οσ·α
neu nom|acc pl
as much/many as
ὑπῆρχεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑπ·άρχω (υπ+αρχ-, υπ+αρξ-, υπ+αρξ-, -, -, -)
υπ·ε·αρχ·ε(ν)
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-TO BE-ing
A synonym of εἰμί, to be in existence, take initiative, begin
Αμαν τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
simple article
διαβόλῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

διά·βολος -ον
διαβολ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg or fem dat sg
diabolical
Slanderous, hurtful, or corrupting. One who slanders, hurts, and corrupts (casting or sowing throughout).
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
Μαρδοχαῖος προσεκλήθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·καλέω (προσ+καλ(ε)-, προσ+καλε·σ-, προσ+καλε·σ-, -, προσ+κεκλη-, προσ+κλη·θ-)
προσ·ε·κλη·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-SUMMON-ed
Lit: "call-toward", hence summon
ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen)
ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
βασιλέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
king
ὑπέδειξεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑπο·δείκνυμι (-, υπο+δειξ-, υπο+δειξ-, -, -, -)
υπο·ε·δεικ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-MAKE KNOWN-ed
to indicate, intimate, suggest, show, prove
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
Εσθηρ ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
ἐνοικείωται αὐτῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῃ
fem dat sg
her/it/same
Est 8:1And in that day king Artaxerxes gave to Esther all that belonged to Aman the slanderer: and Mardochaeus was called by the king; for Esther had shewn that he was related to her.GrEst 8:1
¶On that day, King Ahasuerus gave to Esther all that belonged to Haman the slanderer. The king called Mordecai, for Esther had told that he was related to her.
22ἔλαβεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαμβάνω (λαμβαν-, λημψ-/ληψ-, λαβ·[σ]- or 2nd λαβ-, ειληφ·[κ]-, ειληβ-, λημφ·θ-/ληφ·θ-)
ε·λαβ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·λαβ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-TAKE/RECEIVE-ed
grasp, clutch, cling-to, seize, lay-hands-upon, take by violence, carry off, of a deity, seize, possess, catch, find out, detect, overtake, understand
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
δακτύλιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

δακτύλιος, -ου, ὁ
δακτυλι·ον
(mas) acc sg
ring
ὃν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative); Verb

ὅς ἥ ὅ; εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ον; (εσ)·ο[υ]ν[τ]
mas acc sg; pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
who/whom/which; while being
;
ἀφείλατο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀφ·αιρέω (αφ+αιρ(ε)-, αφ+ελ(ε)·[σ]-, αφ+ελ·[σ]- or 2nd αφ+ελ-, αφ+ῃρη·κ-, αφ+ῃρη-, αφ+αιρε·θ-)
αφ·ε·ελ·[σ]ατο
1aor mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-TAKE-AWAY-ed
[Lit:"lift/take-from" deprive]
Αμαν καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἔδωκεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
ε·δω·κε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-GIVE-ed
give, grant, bestow; give over, hand over; entrust, assign; give back, repay, yield; give up, sacrifice
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
Μαρδοχαίῳ καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
κατέστησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καθ·ίστημι (ath. καθ+ιστ(α)-/ath. καθ+ιστ(η)-, κατα+στη·σ-, κατα+στη·σ- or 2nd ath. κατα+στ(η)-/ath. κατα+στ(α)-, καθ+εστη·κ-/καθ+εστα·κ-/καθ+εστ(α)·[κ]-, καθ+εστα-, κατα+στα·θ-)
κατα·ε·στη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-APPOINT/ESTABLISH-ed
Lit"down-stand", hence give-standing/authority, hence appoint, put-in-charge set-in-order, lay, render, enable, establish. In some instances, similar to "τίθημι" (place/lay/put/set/appoint).
Εσθηρ Μαρδοχαῖον ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
πάντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
Αμαν
Est 8:2And the king took the ring which he had taken away from Aman, and gave it to Mardochaeus: and Esther appointed Mardochaeus over all that had been Aman's.GrEst 8:2
The king took the ring which he had taken away from Haman and gave it to Mordecai. Esther appointed Mordecai over all that had been Haman’s.
33καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
προσθεῖσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·τίθημι (ath. προσ+τιθ(ε)-, προσ+θη·σ-, προσ+θη·κ- or 2nd ath. προσ+θ(ε)-, προσ+τεθει·κ-, προσ+τεθει-, προσ+τε·θ-)
προσ·θ(ε)·εσ·α
2aor act ptcp fem nom|voc sg
upon ADD-ing
Lit:"place/set-toward", hence add/proceed-onward
ἐλάλησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαλέω (λαλ(ε)-, λαλη·σ-, λαλη·σ-, λελαλη·κ-, λελαλη-, λαλη·θ-)
ε·λαλη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SPEAK-ed
speak, talk, utter
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
βασιλέα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·α
(mas) acc sg
king
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
προσέπεσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·πίπτω (προσ+πιπτ-, προσ+πεσ(ε)·[σ]-, προσ+πεσ·[σ]- or 2nd προσ+πεσ-, -, -, -)
προσ·ε·πεσ·[σ]ε(ν), προσ·ε·πεσ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-PROSTRATE/FALL-ed-BEFORE
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
simple article
πόδας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

πούς, ποδός, ὁ (cf. βάσις)
ποδ·ας
(mas) acc pl
feet
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἠξίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀξιόω (αξι(ο)-, αξιω·σ-, αξιω·σ-, -, ηξιω-, αξιω·θ-)
ε·αξι(ο)·ε, ε·αξι(ο)·ου
impf act ind 3rd sg, impf mp ind 2nd sg
he/she/it-was-DEEM-ing-WORTHY, you(sg)-were-being-DEEM-ed-WORTHY
ἀφελεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀφ·αιρέω (αφ+αιρ(ε)-, αφ+ελ(ε)·[σ]-, αφ+ελ·[σ]- or 2nd αφ+ελ-, αφ+ῃρη·κ-, αφ+ῃρη-, αφ+αιρε·θ-)
αφ·ελ(ε)·[σ]ειν, αφ·ελ·ειν
fut act inf, 2aor act inf
to-will-TAKE-AWAY, to-TAKE-AWAY
[Lit:"lift/take-from" deprive]
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
Αμαν κακίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

κακία, -ας, ἡ
κακι·αν
(fem) acc sg
evil
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ὅσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅσος -η -ον
οσ·α
neu nom|acc pl
as much/many as
ἐποίησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ε·ποιη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-DO/MAKE-ed
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
Ιουδαίοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
Jewish
Est 8:3And she spoke yet again to the king, and fell at his feet, and besought him to do away the mischief of Aman, and all that he had done against the Jews.GrEst 8:3
She spoke yet again to the king, and fell at his feet, and implored him to undo Haman’s mischief and all that he had done against the Jews.
44ἐξέτεινεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·τείνω (εκ+τειν-, εκ+τεν(ε)·[σ]-, εκ+τειν·[σ]-, εκ+τετα·κ-, εκ+τετα-, εκ+τα·θ-)
εκ·ε·τειν·ε(ν), εκ·ε·τειν·[σ]ε(ν)
impf act ind 3rd sg, 1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-EXTEND-ing, he/she/it-EXTEND-ed
Lit:"stretch-out-from".
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
Εσθηρ τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
ῥάβδον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl.)

ῥάβδος, -ου, ἡ
ραβδ·ον
(fem) acc sg
hooked staff
a sheperd's hooked staff, walking stick, rod, shaft, staff, scepter, royal baton, bandy, drub, ferule, bar, ingot, baton, crook, truncheon, verge
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
χρυσῆν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

χρυσοῦς -ῆ -οῦν and χρύσεος -έα -ον, fem. acc. sg. -ῆν and -ᾶν
χρυσ(ε)·ην
fem acc sg
gold/golden
ἐξηγέρθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·εγείρω (εξ+εγειρ-, εξ+εγερ(ε)·[σ]-, εξ+εγειρ·[σ]-, -, εξ+εγηγερ-, εξ+εγερ·θ-)
εξ·ε·εγερ·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-RAISE/AROUSE-ed
/wake/raise-up (from death/slumber).
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
Εσθηρ παρεστηκέναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρ·ίστημι (ath. παρ+ιστ(α)-/ath. παρ+ιστ(η)-, παρα+στη·σ-, παρα+στη·σ- or 2nd ath. παρα+στ(η)-/ath. παρα+στ(α)-, παρ+εστη·κ-/παρ+εστ(α)·[κ]-, -, -)
παρ·εστη·κεναι
perf act inf
to-have-STAND-WITH/BESIDE-ed
Lit: "stand-close-beside", hence cause-to-stand/place-beside, present, be-beside-oneself, lose one's wits, dispose, induce, arouse, inspire, arouse, inspire, furnish, supply, deliver, prove, show.
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
simple article
βασιλεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ι
(mas) dat sg
king
Est 8:4Then the king stretched out to Esther the golden sceptre: and Esther arose to stand near the king.GrEst 8:4
Then the king extended the golden sceptre to Esther; and Esther arose to stand near the king.
55καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY-ed
say, tell, relate, narrate | Present λεγ- | Aorist ειπ- | Future ερ- | Perfect ειρη- | Imperfect ελεγ- | Passive ρηθ- ερρηθ- ερρεθ-
Εσθηρ εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
δοκεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δοκέω (δοκ(ε)-, δοξ-, δοξ-, -, δεδοκ-, -)
δοκ(ε)·ει, δοκ(ε)·ε
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, pres act imp 2nd sg
he/she/it-is-SUPPOSE-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SUPPOSE-ed, be-you(sg)-SUPPOSE-ing!
,from "dokos"(opinion), hence suppose/seem/think/consider. Same root as "εὐδοκέω"(seem-good). Often rendered "think", but less objective than "νοέω"(think) and less visceral than "φρονέω"(think).
σοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive); Verb

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν; τρίβω [LXX] (τριβ-, ·σ-, τριψ-, -, τετριβ-, -)
σοι; σ·οι; ·σοι
dat sg; mas nom|voc pl; fut act opt 3rd sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg); (fut opt)
; ; worn, rub
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εὗρον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εὑρίσκω (ευρισκ-, ευρη·σ-, ευρ·[σ]- or 2nd ευρ-, ευρη·κ-, ευρη-, ευρε·θ-)
ευρ·[σ]ον, ε·ευρ·ον, ευρ·ο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, 2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl, 2aor act ptcp mas voc sg or 2aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
do-FIND-you(sg)!, I-FIND-ed, they-FIND-ed, upon FIND-ing
/learn/discover (after searching)
χάριν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

χάριν; χάρι[τ]ς, -ιτος, ἡ, acc. χάρι[τ]ν and χάριτα
χαριν; χαρι[τ]·ν
indecl; (fem) acc sg
for the sake of; favor/grace
[acc. of χάρις used adverbially] prep. for; [see charity]
πεμφθήτω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πέμπω (πεμπ-, πεμψ-, πεμψ-, πεπομφ·[κ]-, -, πεμφ·θ-)
πεμπ·θητω
aor θη imp 3rd sg
let-him/her/it-be-SEND-ed!
ἀποστραφῆναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·στρέφω (απο+στρεφ-, απο+στρεψ-, απο+στρεψ-, απ+εστροφ·[κ]-, απ+εστραφ-, απο+στραφ·[θ]-)
απο·στραφ·[θ]ηναι
aor θη inf
to-be-TURN-AWAY-ed
Lit:"turn-from", hence turn-from/back/away. turn-away/back-from, return
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
simple article
γράμματα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

γράμμα[τ], -ατος, τό
γραμματ·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
letters
(characters that are written), hence document/letter/bill/record [distinct from γραφας scriptures as in 1 Cor 15:3] at this time the "Hebrew" texts consisted of consonantal characters not fully legible voweled words
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
simple article
ἀπεσταλμένα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·στέλλω (απο+στελλ-, απο+στελ(ε)·[σ]-, απο+στειλ·[σ]-, απ+εσταλ·κ-, απ+εσταλ-, απο+σταλ·[θ]-)
απ·εσταλ·μεν·α
perf mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
having-been-SEND-FORTH-ed
Lit:"send/arrange-from/away". Often rendered "send-forth" (a message, messenger, action, etc), send
ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen)
ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
Αμαν τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
simple article
γραφέντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γράφω (γραφ-, γραψ-, γραψ-, γεγραφ·[κ]-, γεγραφ-, γραφ·[θ]-)
γραφ·[θ]ε[ι]ντ·α
aor θη ptcp mas acc sg or aor θη ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
upon being-WRITE-ed
ἀπολέσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·όλλυμι (ath. απ+ολλυ-, απ+ολ(ε)·[σ]-/απ+ολε·σ-, απ+ολε·σ- or 2nd απ+ολ-, απ+ολωλ·[κ]-, -, -)
απ·ολ·εσθαι
2aor mp inf
to-be-DESTROY-ed
stronger form of ὄλλυμι. Destroy, ruin, or lose (active); be destroyed, perish, be lost (middle/passive).
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
simple article
Ιουδαίους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ους
mas acc pl
Jewish
οἵ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
οι
mas nom pl
who/whom/which
εἰσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^σι(ν); (εσ)·ασι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg; pres act ind 3rd pl
he/she/it-is-GO-ing; they-are
;
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
simple article
βασιλείᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βασιλεία, -ας, ἡ
βασιλει·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
kingdom
σου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
Est 8:5And Esther said, If it seem good to thee, and I have found favour in thy sight, let an order be sent that the letters sent by Aman may be reversed, that were written for the destruction of the Jews, who are in thy kingdom.GrEst 8:5
Esther said, “If it seems good to you, and I have found favor in your sight, let an order be sent that the letters sent by Haman may be reversed—letters that were written for the destruction of the Jews who are in your kingdom.
66πῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

πῶς[1]
πως
indecl
how
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
δυνήσομαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δύνα·μαι (ath. δυν(α)-/ath. δυν(η)-, δυνη·σ-, -, -, -, δυνη·θ-/δυνασ·θ-)
δυνη·σομαι
fut mp ind 1st sg
I-will-be-ABLE-ed
ἰδεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ειν
2aor act inf
to-SEE/BEHOLD
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
κάκωσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.); Verb

κάκωσις, -εως, ἡ; κακόω (κακ(ο)-, κακω·σ-, κακω·σ-, κεκακω·κ-, κεκακω-, κακω·θ-)
κακωσ(ι)·ν; κακ(ο)·ωσι(ν)
(fem) acc sg; pres act sub 3rd pl
mistreatment; they-should-be-BADLY-AFFECT-ing
distress,suffering, bad-treatment (by others); Lit:"badly-affect", hence mistreat/oppress/harm/afflict/trouble/hurt
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
λαοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λαός, -οῦ, ὁ
λα·ου
(mas) gen sg
people
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
πῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

πῶς[1]
πως
indecl
how
δυνήσομαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δύνα·μαι (ath. δυν(α)-/ath. δυν(η)-, δυνη·σ-, -, -, -, δυνη·θ-/δυνασ·θ-)
δυνη·σομαι
fut mp ind 1st sg
I-will-be-ABLE-ed
σωθῆναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σῴζω (σῳζ-, σω·σ-, σω·σ-, σεσω·κ-, σεσω-/σεσωσ-/σεσῳσ-, σω·θ-)
σω·θηναι
aor θη inf
to-be-DELIVER/SAVE-ed
/rescue/escape, as from ruin/death/destruction/harm/sickness. Also salve, heal, make well, as from sickness. Rendered "save" 50 of 108 instances in NASB of GNT.
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
simple article
ἀπωλείᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀπ·ώλεια, -ας, ἡ
απωλει·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
destruction/expulsion
Lit:"cut-off-from", by extn, severing/expulsion/destruction/ruination. Often "perdition".
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
πατρίδος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

πατρί[δ]ς, -ίδος, ἡ
πατριδ·ος
(fem) gen sg
fatherland
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
Est 8:6For how shall I be able to look upon the affliction of my people, and how shall I be able to survive the destruction of my kindred?GrEst 8:6
For how could I see the affliction of my people, and how could I survive the destruction of my* kindred?”
77καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY-ed
say, tell, relate, narrate | Present λεγ- | Aorist ειπ- | Future ερ- | Perfect ειρη- | Imperfect ελεγ- | Passive ρηθ- ερρηθ- ερρεθ-
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
Εσθηρ εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
πάντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or mas acc sg
all, each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
simple article
ὑπάρχοντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑπ·άρχω (υπ+αρχ-, υπ+αρξ-, υπ+αρξ-, -, -, -)
υπ·αρχ·ο[υ]ντ·α
pres act ptcp mas acc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
while TO BE-ing
A synonym of εἰμί, to be in existence, take initiative, begin
Αμαν ἔδωκα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
ε·δω·κα
1aor act ind 1st sg
I-GIVE-ed
give, grant, bestow; give over, hand over; entrust, assign; give back, repay, yield; give up, sacrifice
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐχαρισάμην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

χαρίζομαι (χαριζ-, χαρι·σ-, χαρι·σ-, -, κεχαρισ-, χαρισ·θ-)
ε·χαρι·σαμην
1aor mp ind 1st sg
I-was-GRANT/GIVE/FAVOR-ed
From noun "χάρις"(grace/favor/kindness), hence grant/give/favor, by extension, donate/present/endow.
σοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive); Verb

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν; τρίβω [LXX] (τριβ-, ·σ-, τριψ-, -, τετριβ-, -)
σοι; σ·οι; ·σοι
dat sg; mas nom|voc pl; fut act opt 3rd sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg); (fut opt)
; ; worn, rub
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
ἐκρέμασα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κρεμάννυμι/κρέμα·μαι (ath. κρεμαννυ-/ath. κρεμα-, κρεμα·σ-, κρεμα·σ-, -, -, κρεμασ·θ-)
ε·κρεμα·σα
1aor act ind 1st sg
I-HANG-ed-UP
[pass. hung, suspended]
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
ξύλου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ξύλον, -ου, τό
ξυλ·ου
(neu) gen sg
tree
, by extension, something wooden; piece of wood; wooden implement; club/gallows/stocks or, in NT, cross.
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
τὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ας
fem acc pl
the
simple article
χεῖρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

χείρ, χειρός, ἡ, dat. pl. χερσίν
χειρ·ας
(fem) acc pl
hands
ἐπήνεγκε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·φέρω (επι+φερ-, επ+οι·σ-, επ+ενεγκ·[σ]- or 2nd επ+ενεγκ-, -, -, επ+ενεχ·θ-)
επ·ε·ενεγκ·[σ]ε(ν), επ·ε·ενεγκ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-BRING-UPON-ed
Lit: bring/carry-upon/over, hence, by ext. impose/inflict/pronounce-upon/over
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
Ιουδαίοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
Jewish
τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
ἔτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἔτι
ετι
indecl
yet/still/ while
ἐπιζητεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·ζητέω (επι+ζητ(ε)-, επι+ζητη·σ-, επι+ζητη·σ-, -, -, επι+ζητη·θ-)
επι·ζητ(ε)·εις
pres act ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-are-EARNESTLY SEEK-ing
Est 8:7And the king said to Esther, If I have given and freely granted thee all that was Aman's, and hanged him on a gallows, because he laid his hands upon the Jews, what dost thou yet further seek?GrEst 8:7
¶Then the king said to Esther, “If I have given and freely granted you all that was Haman’s, and hanged him on a gallows because he laid his hands upon the Jews, what more do you seek?
88γράψατε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γράφω (γραφ-, γραψ-, γραψ-, γεγραφ·[κ]-, γεγραφ-, γραφ·[θ]-)
γραφ·σατε
1aor act imp 2nd pl
do-WRITE-you(pl)!
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ὑμεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμεις
nom pl
you(pl)
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
from-out-of (+gen)
signifies origin of motion. sometimes rendered, "from", when the motion is already implied by the context. ἐξ before vowels.
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
ὀνόματός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ὄνομα[τ], -ατος, τό
ονοματ·ος
(neu) gen sg
name
(with regard to)
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
δοκεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δοκέω (δοκ(ε)-, δοξ-, δοξ-, -, δεδοκ-, -)
δοκ(ε)·ει, δοκ(ε)·ε
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, pres act imp 2nd sg
he/she/it-is-SUPPOSE-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SUPPOSE-ed, be-you(sg)-SUPPOSE-ing!
,from "dokos"(opinion), hence suppose/seem/think/consider. Same root as "εὐδοκέω"(seem-good). Often rendered "think", but less objective than "νοέω"(think) and less visceral than "φρονέω"(think).
ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you(pl)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
σφραγίσατε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σφραγίζω (σφραγιζ-, σφραγι(ε)·[σ]-, σφραγι·σ-, -, εσφραγισ-, σφραγισ·θ-)
σφραγι·σατε
1aor act imp 2nd pl
do-SEAL-you(pl)!
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
simple article
δακτυλίῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

δακτύλιος, -ου, ὁ
δακτυλι·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
ring
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
ὅσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅσος -η -ον
οσ·α
neu nom|acc pl
as much/many as
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
γράφεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γράφω (γραφ-, γραψ-, γραψ-, γεγραφ·[κ]-, γεγραφ-, γραφ·[θ]-)
γραφ·εται
pres mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is-being-WRITE-ed
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
βασιλέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
king
ἐπιτάξαντος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·τάσσω (επι+τασσ-, -, επι+ταξ-, επι+τεταχ·[κ]-, επι+τετασσ-, επι+ταγ·[θ]-)
επι·τασσ·σαντ·ος
1aor act ptcp mas gen sg or 1aor act ptcp neu gen sg
upon ORDER-ing
command/enjoin.
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
σφραγισθῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σφραγίζω (σφραγιζ-, σφραγι(ε)·[σ]-, σφραγι·σ-, -, εσφραγισ-, σφραγισ·θ-)
σφραγισ·θῃ
aor θη sub 3rd sg
he/she/it-should-be-SEAL-ed
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
simple article
δακτυλίῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

δακτύλιος, -ου, ὁ
δακτυλι·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
ring
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἔστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
ἀντειπεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀντι·λέγω (αντι+λεγ-, -, 2nd αντ+ειπ-, -, -, -)
αντ·ειπ·ειν
2aor act inf
to-SPEAK-AGAINST
Est 8:8Write ye also in my name, as it seems good to you, and seal it with my ring: for whatever orders are written at the command of the king, and sealed with my ring, it is not lawful to gainsay them.GrEst 8:8
Write in my name whatever seems good to you, and seal it with my ring; for whatever is written at the command of the king, and sealed with my ring, cannot be countermanded.
99ἐκλήθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καλέω (καλ(ε)-, καλε·σ-, καλε·σ-, κεκλη·κ-, κεκλη-, κλη·θ-)
ε·κλη·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
they-were-CALL-ed
call, summon/invite, or to name
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
simple article
γραμματεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

γραμματεύς, -έως, ὁ, voc. pl. γραμματεῖς
γραμματ(ευ)·ες, γραμματ(ευ)·ας
(mas) nom|voc pl, (mas) acc pl
scribes
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
simple article
πρώτῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

πρῶτος -η -ον
πρωτ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
first
μηνί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.); Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

μῆνις, -ιος, ἡ [LXX]; μήν[2], μηνός, ὁ
μηνι; μην·ι
(fem) voc sg; (mas) dat sg
wrath; month
;
ὅς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ος
mas nom sg
who/whom/which
ἐστι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
Νισα τρίτῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

τρίτος -η -ον
τριτ·ῃ
fem dat sg
third
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εἰκάδι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

εἰκά[δ]ς, -άδος, ἡ [LXX]
εικαδ·ι
(fem) dat sg
???
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
ἔτους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔτο·ς, -ους, τό
ετ(ε)·ος
(neu) gen sg
year
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐγράφη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γράφω (γραφ-, γραψ-, γραψ-, γεγραφ·[κ]-, γεγραφ-, γραφ·[θ]-)
ε·γραφ·[θ]η
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-WRITE-ed
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
Ιουδαίοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
Jewish
ὅσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅσος -η -ον
οσ·α
neu nom|acc pl
as much/many as
ἐνετείλατο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐν·τέλλω (εν+τελλ-, εν+τελ(ε)·[σ]-, εν+τειλ·[σ]-, -, εν+τεταλ-, -)
εν·ε·τειλ·[σ]ατο
1aor mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-COMMAND-ed
Lit:in-end, hence enjoin, give-orders/instructions, command. commission
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
οἰκονόμοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Verb

οἰκο·νόμος, -ου, ὁ; οἰκο·νομέω (οικονομ(ε)-, οικονομη·σ-, οικονομη·σ-, -, -, -)
οικονομ·οις; οικονομ(ε)·οις
(mas) dat pl; pres act opt 2nd sg
stewards; you(sg)-happen-to-be-MANAGE-ing
[manager of household, administrator];
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
ἄρχουσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.); Verb

ἄρχων[τ], -ο[υ]ντος, ὁ, dat. pl. ἄρχουσιν, voc. pl. ἄρχοντες; ἄρχω (αρχ-, αρξ-, αρξ-, -, ηρχ-, -)
αρχου[ντ]·σι(ν); αρχ·ουσι(ν), αρχ·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
(mas) dat pl; pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
rulers; they-are-BEGIN/RULE-ing, while BEGIN/RULE-ing
; Lit:"head/chief", hence rule or begin (depending upon context).
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
σατραπῶν ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
Ἰνδικῆς ἕως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction; Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl.)

ἕως[1]; ἕως[2], -ω, ἡ [LXX], acc.
εως; ε(ω)·ος, ε(ω)·ους
indecl; (fem) nom|voc sg, (fem) acc pl
until; dawn, dawns
, up-until/as-far-as, Often used as a conjunctive-adverbial preposition concerning time/place/number, "until +(genitive)";
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
Αἰθιοπίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

Αἰθιοπία, -ας, ἡ [LXX]
αιθιοπι·ας
(fem) gen sg
Ethiopia
ἑκατὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

ἑκατόν
εκατον
indecl
hundred
εἴκοσι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.); Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἰκών, -όνος, ἡ; εἴκοσι
εικο[ν]·σι(ν); εικοσι
(fem) dat pl; indecl
icons; twenty
[image, likeness];
ἑπτὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

ἑπτά
επτα
indecl
seven
σατραπείαις κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
χώραν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

χώρα, -ας, ἡ
χωρ·αν
(fem) acc sg
region
realm (clίme); land, country, territory, tract, province
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
χώραν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

χώρα, -ας, ἡ
χωρ·αν
(fem) acc sg
region
realm (clίme); land, country, territory, tract, province
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
ἑαυτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

ἑ·αυτοῦ/αὑτοῦ[2] -ῆς -οῦ
εαυτ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
selves
him/her/it/our/your/them-selves
λέξιν
Est 8:9So the scribes were called in the first-month, which is Nisan, on the three and twentieth day of the same year; and orders were written to the Jews, whatever the king had commanded to the local governors and chiefs of the satraps, from India even to Ethiopia, a hundred and twenty-seven satraps, according to the several provinces, according to their dialects.GrEst 8:9
So the scribes were called in the first month, which is Nisan, on the twenty-third day of the same year; and orders were written to the Jews, whatever the king had commanded to the* local governors and chiefs of the local governors, from India even to Ethiopia—one hundred twenty-seven local governors, according to the several provinces, in their own languages.
1010ἐγράφη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γράφω (γραφ-, γραψ-, γραψ-, γεγραφ·[κ]-, γεγραφ-, γραφ·[θ]-)
ε·γραφ·[θ]η
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-WRITE-ed
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
βασιλέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
king
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐσφραγίσθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σφραγίζω (σφραγιζ-, σφραγι(ε)·[σ]-, σφραγι·σ-, -, εσφραγισ-, σφραγισ·θ-)
ε·σφραγισ·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-SEAL-ed
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
simple article
δακτυλίῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

δακτύλιος, -ου, ὁ
δακτυλι·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
ring
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐξαπέστειλαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·απο·στέλλω (εξαπο+στελλ-, εξαπο+στελ(ε)·[σ]-, εξαπο+στειλ·[σ]-, εξαπ+εσταλ·κ-, εξαπ+εσταλ-, εξαπο+σταλ·[θ]-)
εξαπο·ε·στειλ·[σ]αν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-SEND-FORTH-ed
Lit:"send-from-out-of", hence send-forth.
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
simple article
γράμματα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

γράμμα[τ], -ατος, τό
γραμματ·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
letters
(characters that are written), hence document/letter/bill/record [distinct from γραφας scriptures as in 1 Cor 15:3] at this time the "Hebrew" texts consisted of consonantal characters not fully legible voweled words
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
βιβλιαφόρων
Est 8:10And they were written by order of the king, and sealed with his ring, and they sent the letters by the posts:GrEst 8:10
They were written by order of the king, sealed with his ring, and the letters were sent by the couriers.
1111ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
ἐπέταξεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·τάσσω (επι+τασσ-, -, επι+ταξ-, επι+τεταχ·[κ]-, επι+τετασσ-, επι+ταγ·[θ]-)
επι·ε·τασσ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-ORDER-ed
command/enjoin.
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
χρῆσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

χράομαι (χρ(η)-/χρ(α)-, χρη·σ-, χρη·σ-, -, κεχρη-, χρησ·θ-)
χρ(η)·εσθαι
pres mp inf
to-be-being-USE/TREAT-ed
(profit, advise)
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
νόμοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·οις
(mas) dat pl
custom/laws
ordinance custom practice
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
πάσῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral); Verb

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός; πάσσω [LXX] (πασσ-, -, πα·σ-, -, πεπασ-, -)
πασ·ῃ; πα·σῃ
fem dat sg; 1aor act sub 3rd sg or 1aor mp sub 2nd sg
each, every; he/she/it-should-SPRINKLE, you(sg)-should-be-SPRINKLE-ed
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".;
πόλει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

πόλις, -εως, ἡ
πολ(ι)·ι
(fem) dat sg
city
βοηθῆσαί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βοηθέω (βοηθ(ε)-, βοηθη·σ-, βοηθη·σ-, -, βεβοηθη-, βοηθη·θ-)
βοηθη·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-HELP, be-you(sg)-HELP-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-HELP
Lit:"run-to-urgent-exclamation", hence supply-urgently-needed-help, come-to-the-aid.
τε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

τέ
τε
indecl
and [postpositive coordinate]
αὑτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

ἑ·αυτοῦ/αὑτοῦ[2] -ῆς -οῦ
αυτ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
selves
him/her/it/our/your/them-selves
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
χρῆσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

χράομαι (χρ(η)-/χρ(α)-, χρη·σ-, χρη·σ-, -, κεχρη-, χρησ·θ-)
χρ(η)·εσθαι
pres mp inf
to-be-being-USE/TREAT-ed
(profit, advise)
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
ἀντιδίκοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀντί·δικος, -ου, ὁ
αντιδικ·οις
(mas) dat pl
adversaries
Lit:"against-justice", hence adversary/accuser/antagonist/opponent-at-law. By extension, prosecutor.
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
ἀντικειμένοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀντί·κει·μαι (ath. αντι+κει-, -, -, -, -, -)
αντι·κει·μεν·οις
pres mp ptcp mas dat pl or pres mp ptcp neu dat pl
while being-BE-ed-OPPOSITE-TO
to be set over against, correspond with, τιμὰ ἀγαθοῖσιν ἀ. is held out to them as a fitting reward
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
βούλονται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βούλομαι (βουλ-, βουλη·σ-, -, -, -, βουλη·θ-)
βουλ·ονται
pres mp ind 3rd pl
they-are-being-INTEND/PLAN-ed
Cognate of βουλη (determinate plan/intent/purpose), thus, a harder, less negotiable form of θέλημα (to wish/want/desire). Often softened to "wish/want" regarding the wishes/desires of a sovereign authority (God/king/general/ruling counsel).
Est 8:11wherein he charged them to use their own laws in every city, and to help each other, and to treat their adversaries, and those who attacked them, as they pleased,GrEst 8:11
In them, he charged them to use their own laws in every city, to help each other, and to treat their adversaries and those who attacked them as they pleased,
1212ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ἡμέρᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
day
μιᾷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
μι·ᾳ
fem dat sg
one
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
πάσῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral); Verb

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός; πάσσω [LXX] (πασσ-, -, πα·σ-, -, πεπασ-, -)
πασ·ῃ; πα·σῃ
fem dat sg; 1aor act sub 3rd sg or 1aor mp sub 2nd sg
each, every; he/she/it-should-SPRINKLE, you(sg)-should-be-SPRINKLE-ed
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".;
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
simple article
βασιλείᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βασιλεία, -ας, ἡ
βασιλει·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
kingdom
Ἀρταξέρξου τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
simple article
τρισκαιδεκάτῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

τρισ·και·δέκατος -η -ον [LXX]
τρισκαιδεκατ·ῃ
fem dat sg
thirteenth
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
δωδεκάτου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

δω·δέκατος -η -ον
δωδεκατ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
twelfth
μηνός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

μήν[2], μηνός, ὁ
μην·ος
(mas) gen sg
month
ὅς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ος
mas nom sg
who/whom/which
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
Αδαρ
Est 8:12on one day in all the kingdom of Artaxerxes, on the thirteenth day of the twelfth month, which is Adar.GrEst 8:12
on one day in all the kingdom of Ahasuerus, on the thirteenth day of the twelfth month, which is Adar.
12a12a Addition to Esther V (8:12a–12x/Vulgate 16:1–24)
ὧν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
who/whom/which
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
ἀντίγραφον τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
ἐπιστολῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἐπι·στολή, -ῆς, ἡ
επιστολ·ης
(fem) gen sg
letter
[epistle]
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
simple article
ὑπογεγραμμένα
Est 8:13And the following is the copy of the letter of the orders. [The great king Artaxerxes sends greetings to the rulers of provinces in a hundred and twenty-seven satrapies, from India to Ethiopia, even to those who are faithful to our interests. Many who have been frequently honored by the most abundant kindness of their benefactors have conceived ambitious designs, and not only endeavour to hurt our subjects, but moreover, not being able to bear prosperity, they also endeavour to plot against their own benefactors. And they not only would utterly abolish gratitude from among men, but also, elated by the boastings of men who are strangers to all that is good, they supposed that they shall escape the sin-hating vengeance of the ever-seeing God. And oftentimes evil exhortation has made partakers of the guilt of shedding innocent blood, and has involved in irremediable calamities, many of those who had been appointed to offices of authority, who had been entrusted with the management of their friends' affairs; while men, by the false sophistry of an evil disposition, have deceived the simple candour of the ruling powers. And it is possible to see this, not so much from more ancient traditionary accounts, as it is immediately in your power to see it by examining what things have been wickedly perpetrated by the baseness of men unworthily holding power. And it is right to take heed with regard to the future, that we may maintain the government in undistributed peace for all men, adopting needful changes, and ever judging those cases which come under our notices, with truly equitable decision. For whereas Aman, a Macedonian, the son of Amadathes, in reality an alien from the blood of the Persians, and differing widely from our mild course of government, having been hospitable entertained by us, obtained so large a share of our universal kindness, as to be called our father, and to continue the person next to the royal throne, reverenced of all; he however, overcome by the pride of his station, endeavored to deprive us of our dominion, and our life: having by various and subtle artifices demanded for destruction both Mardochaeus our deliverer and perpetual benefactor, and Esther the blameless consort of our kingdom, with their whole nation. For by these methods he thought, having surprised us in a defenceless state, to transfer the dominion of the Persians to the Macedonians. But we find that the Jews, who have been consigned to destruction by the most abominable of men, are not malefactors, but living according to the justest laws, and being the sons of the living God, the most high and mighty, who maintains the kingdom. to us as well as to our forefathers, in the most excellent order. Ye will therefore do well in refusing to obey the letter sent by Aman the son of Amadathes, because he that has done these things, has been hanged with his whole family at the gates of Susa, Almighty God having swiftly returned to him a worthy recompence, We enjoin you then, having openly published a copy of this letter in every place, to give the Jews permission to use their own lawful customs, and to strengthen them, that on the thirteenth of the twelfth month Adar, on the self-same day, they may defend themselves against those who attack them in a time of affliction. For in the place of the destruction of the chosen race, Almighty God has granted them this time of gladness. Do ye therefore also, among your notable feasts, keep a distinct day with all festivity, that both now and hereafter it may be a day of deliverance to us and who are well disposed toward the Persians, but to those that plotted against us a memorial of destruction. And every city and province collectively, which shall not do accordingly, shall be consumed with vengeance by spear and fire: it shall be made not only inaccessible to men, but most hateful to wild beasts and birds for ever.] And let the copies be posted in conspicuous places throughout the kingdom and let all the Jews be ready against this day, to fight against their enemies.GrEst 8:13
Let the copies be posted in conspicuous places throughout the kingdom. Let all the Jews be ready against this day, to fight against their enemies. The following is a copy of the letter containing orders: ¶* [The great King Ahasuerus sends greetings to the rulers of provinces in one hundred twenty-seven local governance regions, from India to Ethiopia, even to those who are faithful to our interests. Many who have been frequently honored by the most abundant kindness of their* benefactors have conceived ambitious designs, and not only endeavor to hurt our subjects, but moreover, not being able to bear prosperity, they also endeavor to plot against their own benefactors. They not only would utterly abolish gratitude from among men, but also, elated by the boastings of men who are strangers to all that is good, they supposed that they would escape the sin-hating vengeance of the ever-seeing God. And oftentimes evil exhortation has made partakers of the guilt of shedding innocent blood, and has involved in irremediable calamities many of those who had been appointed to offices of authority, who had been entrusted with the management of their friends’ affairs; while men, by the false sophistry of an evil disposition, have deceived the simple goodwill of the ruling powers. And it is possible to see this, not so much from more ancient traditional accounts, as it is immediately in your power to see it by examining what things have been wickedly* perpetrated by the baseness of men unworthily holding power. It is right to take heed with regard to the future, that we may maintain the government in undisturbed peace for all men, adopting needful changes, and ever judging those cases which come under our notice with truly equitable decisions. For whereas Haman, a Macedonian, the son of Hammedatha, in reality an alien from the blood of the Persians, and differing widely from our mild course of government, having been hospitably entertained by us, obtained so large a share of our universal kindness as to be called our father, and to continue the person next to the royal throne, reverenced of all; he however, overcome by* pride, endeavored to deprive us of our dominion, and our life;* having by various and subtle artifices demanded for destruction both Mordecai our deliverer and perpetual benefactor, and Esther the blameless consort of our kingdom, along with their whole nation. For by these methods he thought, having surprised us in a defenseless state, to transfer the dominion of the Persians to the Macedonians. But we find that the Jews, who have been consigned to destruction by the* most abominable of men, are not malefactors, but living according to the most just laws, and being the sons of the living God, the most high and* mighty, who maintains the kingdom, to us as well as to our forefathers, in the most excellent order. You will therefore do well in refusing to obey the letter sent by Haman the son of Hammedatha, because he who has done these things has been hanged with his whole family at the gates of Susa, Almighty God having swiftly returned to him a worthy punishment. We enjoin you then, having openly published a copy of this letter in every place, to give the Jews permission to use their own lawful customs and to strengthen them, that on the thirteenth of the twelfth month Adar, on the self-same day, they may defend themselves against those who attack them in a time of affliction. For in the place of the destruction of the chosen race, Almighty God has granted them this time of gladness. Therefore you also, among your notable feasts, must keep a distinct day with all festivity, that both now and hereafter it may be a day of deliverance to us and who are well disposed toward the Persians, but to those that plotted against us a memorial of destruction. And every city and province collectively, which shall not do accordingly, shall be consumed with vengeance by spear and fire. It shall be made not only inaccessible to men, but most hateful to wild beasts and birds forever.] Let the copies be posted in conspicuous places throughout the kingdom and let all the Jews be ready against this day, to fight against their enemies.
12b12bβασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
μέγας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2, irreg.)

μέγ[αλ]ας μεγάλη μέγ[αλ]α
irreg. μεγα[λ·ο]ς ( instead of μεγαλ·ος)
mas nom sg
great
Ἀρταξέρξης τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
Ἰνδικῆς ἕως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction; Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl.)

ἕως[1]; ἕως[2], -ω, ἡ [LXX], acc.
εως; ε(ω)·ος, ε(ω)·ους
indecl; (fem) nom|voc sg, (fem) acc pl
until; dawn, dawns
, up-until/as-far-as, Often used as a conjunctive-adverbial preposition concerning time/place/number, "until +(genitive)";
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
Αἰθιοπίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

Αἰθιοπία, -ας, ἡ [LXX]
αιθιοπι·ας
(fem) gen sg
Ethiopia
ἑκατὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

ἑκατόν
εκατον
indecl
hundred
εἴκοσι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.); Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἰκών, -όνος, ἡ; εἴκοσι
εικο[ν]·σι(ν); εικοσι
(fem) dat pl; indecl
icons; twenty
[image, likeness];
ἑπτὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

ἑπτά
επτα
indecl
seven
σατραπείαις χωρῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Verb

χῶρος, -οῦ, ὁ; χώρα, -ας, ἡ; χωρέω (χωρ(ε)-, -, χωρη·σ-, -, -, -)
χωρ·ων; χωρ·ων; χωρ(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(mas) gen pl; (fem) gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
northwests; regions; while HAVE-ing-SPACE
also * region (clίme), land, country; realm (clίme); land, country, territory, tract, province; (from "χῶρος" "space/place/region/country), hence have-space/place/room-for. Metaphorical-Trns:accept/hold/contain/receive/welcome; Intrns(with "εἰς"):enter/pass/be-room/welcomed/accepted. Root for "choreograph".
ἄρχουσι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.); Verb

ἄρχων[τ], -ο[υ]ντος, ὁ, dat. pl. ἄρχουσιν, voc. pl. ἄρχοντες; ἄρχω (αρχ-, αρξ-, αρξ-, -, ηρχ-, -)
αρχου[ντ]·σι(ν); αρχ·ουσι(ν), αρχ·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
(mas) dat pl; pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
rulers; they-are-BEGIN/RULE-ing, while BEGIN/RULE-ing
; Lit:"head/chief", hence rule or begin (depending upon context).
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
simple article
ἡμέτερα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Possessive)

ἡμέτερος -α -ον
ημετερ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or fem nom|voc sg
our-own, our-own
emphatic 1p-possessive pronoun
φρονοῦσι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φρονέω (φρον(ε)-, φρονη·σ-, φρονη·σ-, -, -, -)
φρον(ε)·ουσι(ν), φρον(ε)·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
they-are-THINK-ing, while THINK-ing
frame (cf. φρην) an emotional disposition (actively establish a mindset of how you allow yourself to "feel" about something, as opposed to just logical reasoning).
χαίρειν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

χαίρω (χαιρ-, χαρ(ε)·[σ]-, -, -, -, χαρ·[θ]-)
χαιρ·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-REJOICE-ing
salute, salutation
Est 8:13(a) [The great king Artaxerxes sends greetings to the rulers of provinces in a hundred and twenty-seven satrapies, from India to Ethiopia, even to those who are faithful to our interests. 12b
12c12cπολλοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral, irreg.)

πολ[λ]ύς πολλή πολ[λ]ύ
πολλ·οι
mas nom pl
many
Singular: a lot, great, large, much, voluminous Plural: lots, manifold, many, multiple, numerous
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
simple article
πλείστῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πλεῖστος -η -ον (Superl. of πολύς)
πλειστ·ῃ
fem dat sg
most
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
εὐεργετούντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εὐ·εργετέω (ευ+εργετ(ε)-/ευεργετ(ε)-, ευ+εργετη·σ-, ευ+εργετη·σ-/ευεργετη·σ-, -, ευεργετη-, ευ+εργετη·θ-/ευεργετη·θ-)
ευ·εργετ(ε)·οντων, ευ·εργετ(ε)·ο[υ]ντ·ων
pres act imp 3rd pl classical, pres act ptcp mas gen pl or pres act ptcp neu gen pl
let-them-be-BENEFIT-ing!, while BENEFIT-ing
χρηστότητι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

χρηστότη[τ]ς, -ητος, ἡ
χρηστοτητ·ι
(fem) dat sg
magnanimousness
kindness
πυκνότερον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Adjective (2-1-2)

πυκνό·τερον (Comp. Adv. of πυκνός); πυκνό·τερος -α -ον [LXX] (Comp. of πυκνός)
πυκνοτερον; πυκνοτερ·ον
indecl; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
???; more frequent
;
τιμώμενοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τιμάω (τιμ(α)-, τιμη·σ-, τιμη·σ-, -, τετιμη-, τιμη·θ-)
τιμ(α)·ομεν·οι
pres mp ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while being-HONOR-ed
/assign-value-to, pay-respect/worth-to
μεῖζον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3)

μείζων -ον, gen. sg. -ονος (Comp. of μέγας)
μειζον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas voc sg or fem voc sg
greater
ἐφρόνησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φρονέω (φρον(ε)-, φρονη·σ-, φρονη·σ-, -, -, -)
ε·φρονη·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-THINK-ed
frame (cf. φρην) an emotional disposition (actively establish a mindset of how you allow yourself to "feel" about something, as opposed to just logical reasoning).
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
μόνον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Adjective (2-1-2)

μόνον (Adv. of μόνος); μόνος -η -ον
μονον; μον·ον
indecl; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
only; only
; apart, sole, only, alone (see κατάμόνος G2651 apart, solely, only, alone)
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
simple article
ὑποτεταγμένους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑπο·τάσσω (υπο+τασσ-, υπο+ταξ-, υπο+ταξ-, -, υπο+τετασσ-, υπο+ταγ·[θ]-/υπο+ταχ·θ-)
υπο·τετασσ·μεν·ους
perf mp ptcp mas acc pl
having-been-SUBORDINATE-ed
[subdue, place under ones obidience]
ἡμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημιν
dat pl
us
ζητοῦσι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ζητέω (ζητ(ε)-, ζητη·σ-, ζητη·σ-, -, -, ζητη·θ-)
ζητ(ε)·ουσι(ν), ζητ(ε)·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
they-are-SEEK-ing, while SEEK-ing
seek
κακοποιεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κακο·ποιέω (κακοποι(ε)-, κακοποιη·σ-, κακοποιη·σ-, -, -, -)
κακοποι(ε)·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-DO-ing-BAD
[Lit: make/do-ill/bad]
τόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
τε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

τέ
τε
indecl
and [postpositive coordinate]
κόρον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

κόρος, -ου, ὁ
κορ·ον
(mas) acc sg
measure
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
δυνάμενοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δύνα·μαι (ath. δυν(α)-/ath. δυν(η)-, δυνη·σ-, -, -, -, δυνη·θ-/δυνασ·θ-)
δυν(α)·μεν·οι
pres mp ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while being-ABLE-ed
φέρειν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φέρω (φερ-, οι·σ-, ενεγκ·[σ]- or 2nd ενεγκ-, ενηνοχ·[κ]-, -, ενεχ·θ-)
φερ·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-CARRY-ing
, tote/bear/carry(a load), fetch, carry-off, offer, bring-forth, give-birth
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
ἑαυτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

ἑ·αυτοῦ/αὑτοῦ[2] -ῆς -οῦ
εαυτ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
selves
him/her/it/our/your/them-selves
εὐεργέταις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

εὐ·εργέτης, -οῦ, ὁ
ευεργετ·αις
(mas) dat pl
benefactors
ἐπιχειροῦσι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·χειρέω (επι+χειρ(ε)-, -, επι+χειρη·σ-, -, -, -)
επι·χειρ(ε)·ουσι(ν), επι·χειρ(ε)·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
they-are-UNDERTAKE-ing, while UNDERTAKE-ing
μηχανᾶσθαι
Est 8:13(b) Many who have been frequently honored by the most abundant kindness of their benefactors have conceived ambitious designs, and not only endeavour to hurt our subjects, but moreover, not being able to bear prosperity, they also endeavour to plot against their own benefactors. 12c
12d12dκαὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
εὐχαριστίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

εὐ·χαριστία, -ας, ἡ
ευχαριστι·αν
(fem) acc sg
gratitude
Lit:"good/well-graciousness", hence thankfulness/gratitude/thanksagivung.
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
μόνον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Adjective (2-1-2)

μόνον (Adv. of μόνος); μόνος -η -ον
μονον; μον·ον
indecl; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
only; only
; apart, sole, only, alone (see κατάμόνος G2651 apart, solely, only, alone)
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
from-out-of (+gen)
signifies origin of motion. sometimes rendered, "from", when the motion is already implied by the context. ἐξ before vowels.
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
ἀνθρώπων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ων
(mas) gen pl
persons
"man, both as a generic term and of individuals" (Liddell, Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon) Often means "human being", but can refer specifically to a man/men (when required by context).
ἀνταναιροῦντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀντ·αν·αιρέω [LXX] (ανταν+αιρ(ε)-, ανταν+ελ(ε)·[σ]-, ανταν+ελ·[σ]- or 2nd ανταν+ελ-, -, -, ανταν+αιρε·θ-)
ανταν·αιρ(ε)·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while TAKE-AWAY-ing
, make-cease/disappear, annul
ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but-rather
emphatic/hard-adversative, "but-rather/instead", as distinct from the softer, more common, "δέ"
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
ἀπειραγάθων κόμποις ἐπαρθέντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπ·αίρω (επ+αιρ-, -, επ+αρ·[σ]-, -, επ+ηρ-, επ+αρ·θ-)
επ·αρ·θε[ι]ντ·ες
aor θη ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon being-RAISE/LIFT-UP-ed
Lit:"lift/raise-upon", hence raise/lift-up.
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
simple article
πάντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or mas acc sg
all, each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
κατοπτεύοντος ἀεὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἀεί/αἰεί
αει
indecl
always
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god
[see theology]
μισοπόνηρον ὑπολαμβάνουσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑπο·λαμβάνω (υπο+λαμβαν-, -, 2nd υπο+λαβ-, υπο+ειληφ·[κ]-, -, -)
υπο·λαμβαν·ουσι(ν), υπο·λαμβαν·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
they-are-TAKE UP-ing--SUPPOSE, while TAKE UP-ing--SUPPOSE
Literally, take up. Figuratively, "take up what is said", that is, interpret or understand in a certain way; suppose.
ἐκφεύξεσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·φεύγω (εκ+φευγ-, εκ+φευξ-, 2nd εκ+φυγ-, εκ+πεφευγ·[κ]-, -, -)
εκ·φευγ·σεσθαι
fut mp inf
to-will-be-ESCAPE/FLEE-FROM-ed
Lit: "flee-away-from-out-of", hence escape
δίκην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

δίκη, -ης, ἡ
δικ·ην
(fem) acc sg
justice/rightness, penalty
trial, lawsuit, court hearing, penalty/punishment(acc)
Est 8:13(c) And they not only would utterly abolish gratitude from among men, but also, elated by the boastings of men who are strangers to all that is good, they supposed that they shall escape the sin-hating vengeance of the ever-seeing God. 12d
12e12eπολλάκις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Multiplicative Numeral)

πολλά·κις
πολλακις
indecl
many times
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
πολλοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral, irreg.)

πολ[λ]ύς πολλή πολ[λ]ύ
πολλ·ους
mas acc pl
many
Singular: a lot, great, large, much, voluminous Plural: lots, manifold, many, multiple, numerous
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
ἐπ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επ’
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
ἐξουσίαις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἐξ·ουσία, -ας, ἡ
εξουσι·αις
(fem) dat pl
authorities
control, ruler, power, sway, freedom permitted by peace, licence
τεταγμένων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τάσσω/τάττω (τασσ-/ταττ-, ταξ-, ταξ-, τεταχ·[κ]-, τετασσ-, ταχ·θ-)
τετασσ·μεν·ων
perf mp ptcp fem gen pl or perf mp ptcp mas gen pl or perf mp ptcp neu gen pl
having-been-APPOINT-ed
prescribe, post, station, assess, ordain, order, command, arrange/organize/set/put/place-in-position.
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
πιστευθέντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πιστεύω (πιστευ-, πιστευ·σ-, πιστευ·σ-, πεπιστευ·κ-, πεπιστευ-, πιστευ·θ-)
πιστευ·θεντων, πιστευ·θε[ι]ντ·ων
aor θη imp 3rd pl classical, aor θη ptcp mas gen pl or aor θη ptcp neu gen pl
let-them-be-BELIEVE-ed!, upon being-BELIEVE-ed
be-persuaded/accept [toward] (heed [to], believe); give management (entrust). PASS. to be entrusted with
χειρίζειν φίλων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

φίλος -η -ον; φιλέω (φιλ(ε)-, φιλη·σ-, φιλη·σ-, πεφιλη·κ-, -, -)
φιλ·ων; φιλ(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
friend; while BE-ing-FOND-OF
companion; [hold at high degree of association, have affection toward; raraly of kissing]
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
simple article
πράγματα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πρᾶγμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πραγματ·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
matters
/thing/business/affair/object [root for "pragmatic"]
παραμυθία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

παρα·μύθιον, -ου, τό; παρα·μυθία, -ας, ἡ
παραμυθι·α; παραμυθι·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl; (fem) nom|voc sg
incentives; encouragement, exhortation
persuasive power, assuagement, abatement of,; relief from
μεταιτίους αἱμάτων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

αἷμα[τ], -ατος, τό
αιματ·ων
(neu) gen pl
bloods
σημερον
ἀθῴων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἀ·θῷος -ον
αθῳ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
guiltless/exculpated
καταστήσασα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καθ·ίστημι (ath. καθ+ιστ(α)-/ath. καθ+ιστ(η)-, κατα+στη·σ-, κατα+στη·σ- or 2nd ath. κατα+στ(η)-/ath. κατα+στ(α)-, καθ+εστη·κ-/καθ+εστα·κ-/καθ+εστ(α)·[κ]-, καθ+εστα-, κατα+στα·θ-)
κατα·στη·σασ·α
1aor act ptcp fem nom|voc sg
upon APPOINT/ESTABLISH-ing
Lit"down-stand", hence give-standing/authority, hence appoint, put-in-charge set-in-order, lay, render, enable, establish. In some instances, similar to "τίθημι" (place/lay/put/set/appoint).
περιέβαλε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

περι·βάλλω (περι+βαλλ-, περι+βαλ(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd περι+βαλ-, -, περι+βεβλη-, περι+βλη·θ-)
περι·ε·βαλ·ε(ν)
2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-ADORN-ed-WITH
[throw around]
συμφοραῖς ἀνηκέστοις
Est 8:13(d) And oftentimes evil exhortation has made partakers of the guilt of shedding innocent blood, and has involved in irremediable calamities, many of those who had been appointed to offices of authority, who had been entrusted with the management of their friends' affairs; 12e
12f12fτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
simple article
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
κακοηθείας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

κακο·ήθεια, -ας, ἡ
κακοηθει·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
evil, wickedness
ill, malefaction
ψευδεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.); Adjective (3-3-3); Verb

ψεῦδο·ς, -ους, τό; ψευδής -ές; ψεύδομαι (ψευδ-, ψευ[δ]·σ-, ψευ[δ]·σ-, -, εψευδ-, ψευδ·θ-)
ψευδ(ε)·ι; ψευδ(ε)·ι; ψευδ·ει
(neu) dat sg; neu dat sg or mas dat sg or fem dat sg; pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
lie; false; you(sg)-are-being-LIE-ed
falsehood, untruth, false religion; false, lying; to lie or deceive
παραλογισμῷ παραλογισαμένων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·λογίζομαι (παρα+λογιζ-, -, παρα+λογι·σ-, -, -, -)
παρα·λογι·σαμεν·ων
1aor mp ptcp fem gen pl or 1aor mp ptcp mas gen pl or 1aor mp ptcp neu gen pl
upon being-DELUDE-ed
[reason falsely]
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
ἐπικρατούντων ἀκέραιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἀ·κέραιος -ον
ακεραι·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
undivided
integral, undivided, whole
εὐγνωμοσύνην
Est 8:13(e) while men, by the false sophistry of an evil disposition, have deceived the simple candour of the ruling powers. 12f
12g12gσκοπεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σκοπέω (σκοπ(ε)-, -, -, -, -, -)
σκοπ(ε)·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-CONTEMPLATE/EXAMINE-ing
[meditate on, consider; watchman]
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἔξεστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔξ·εστιν a.k.a. ἔξ·ειμι[2] fr. εἰμί[1] (ath. εξ+(εσ)-/εξ+(εσ)-, -, -, -, -, -)
εξ·(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is-BE-ing-PERMITTED
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
τοσοῦτον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

τοσ·οῦτος -αύτη -οῦτο(ν)
τοσουτ·ο(ν), τοσουτ·ον
neu nom|acc sg, mas acc sg
this-much
[Lit:"this-so-much"]
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
from-out-of (+gen)
signifies origin of motion. sometimes rendered, "from", when the motion is already implied by the context. ἐξ before vowels.
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
παλαιοτέρων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

παλαιό·τερος -α -ον [LXX] (Comp. of παλαιός)
παλαιοτερ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
older
ὧν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
who/whom/which
παρεδώκαμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·δίδωμι (ath. παρα+διδ(ο)-/ath. παρα+διδ(ω)-, παρα+δω·σ-, παρα+δω·κ- or 2nd ath. παρα+δ(ο)-/ath. παρα+δ(ω)-, παρα+δεδω·κ-, παρα+δεδο-, παρα+δο·θ-)
παρα·ε·δω·καμεν
1aor act ind 1st pl
we-HAND OVER-ed
Lit:"give-close-beside", hence deliver/surrender/hand-over, betray, commit, give-in/over/up, turn-in, consign, grant, bestow, teach-doctrine
ἱστοριῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἱστορία, -ας, ἡ [LXX]
ιστορι·ων
(fem) gen pl
inquiries
[see history]
ὅσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅσος -η -ον
οσ·α
neu nom|acc pl
as much/many as
ἐστὶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
παρὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

παρά
παρα
indecl
frοm beside (+acc,+gen,+dat)
παρ’ before vowels I. beside, near, by, II. along, III. past, beyond. 1. with Verbs of coming, going, etc., to the side of, to, with Verbs of placing, examining, etc., side by side with, near, together
πόδας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

πούς, ποδός, ὁ (cf. βάσις)
ποδ·ας
(mas) acc pl
feet
ὑμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμας
acc pl
you(pl)
ἐκζητοῦντας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·ζητέω (εκ+ζητ(ε)-, εκ+ζητη·σ-, εκ+ζητη·σ-, -, εξ+εζητη-, εκ+ζητη·θ-)
εκ·ζητ(ε)·ο[υ]ντ·ας
pres act ptcp mas acc pl
while SEEK-ing-OUT
ἀνοσίως συντετελεσμένα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συν·τελέω (συν+τελ(ε)-, συν+τελε·σ-, συν+τελε·σ-, συν+τετελε·κ-, συν+τετελεσ-, συν+τελεσ·θ-)
συν·τετελεσ·μεν·α
perf mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
having-been-FINISH/COMPLETE-ed
Lit:"complete/perfect-together-with", hence finish/thoroughly-complete.
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
simple article
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
ἀνάξια [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἀν·άξιος -ον
αναξι·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl
unworthy
δυναστευόντων λοιμότητι
Est 8:13(f) And it is possible to see this, not so much from more ancient traditionary accounts, as it is immediately in your power to see it by examining what things have been wickedly perpetrated by the baseness of men unworthily holding power. 12g
12h12hκαὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
προσέχειν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·έχω (προσ+εχ-, προσ+εξ-, 2nd προσ+σχ-/ath. προσ+σχε-, προσ+εσχη·κ-, -, -)
προσ·εχ·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-PAY/TAKE-HEED-ing
Lit:"have/hold-toward". hence attend/pay-attention/heed/give-value(+dative); consider-important; reck [with negative or questions]; it recks (it is important). Cf. εἰσ·ακούω
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into +acc
OF PLACE, the oldest and commonest usage into, with Verbs of saying or speaking relating to the person to whom or before whom one is speaking, Verbs expressing rest in a place, when a previous motion into or to it is implied; elliptical usage after Verbs
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
simple article
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
ταῦτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·α
neu nom|acc pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into +acc
OF PLACE, the oldest and commonest usage into, with Verbs of saying or speaking relating to the person to whom or before whom one is speaking, Verbs expressing rest in a place, when a previous motion into or to it is implied; elliptical usage after Verbs
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
simple article
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
βασιλείαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βασιλεία, -ας, ἡ
βασιλει·αν
(fem) acc sg
kingdom
ἀτάραχον τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
πᾶσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
πα[ντ]·σι(ν)
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
ἀνθρώποις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·οις
(mas) dat pl
persons
"man, both as a generic term and of individuals" (Liddell, Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon) Often means "human being", but can refer specifically to a man/men (when required by context).
μετ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετ’
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
εἰρήνης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

εἰρήνη, -ης, ἡ
ειρην·ης
(fem) gen sg
peace
παρεξόμεθα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρ·έχω (παρ+εχ-, παρ+εξ-, 2nd παρα+σχ-, -, -, -)
παρ·εχ·σομεθα
fut mp ind 1st pl
we-will-be-PROVIDE-ed
Est 8:13(g) And it is right to take heed with regard to the future, that we may maintain the government in undistributed peace for all men, 12h
12i12iχρώμενοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

χράομαι (χρ(η)-/χρ(α)-, χρη·σ-, χρη·σ-, -, κεχρη-, χρησ·θ-)
χρ(η)·ομεν·οι, χρ(α)·ομεν·οι
pres mp ptcp mas nom|voc pl, pres mp ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while being-USE/TREAT-ed
(profit, advise)
ταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·αις
fem dat pl
the
simple article
μεταβολαῖς τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
simple article
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen)
ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
ὄψιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

ὄψις, -εως, ἡ
οψ(ι)·ν
(fem) acc sg
sight
ἐρχόμενα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ερχ·ομεν·α
pres mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
while being-COME-ed
"Come"; sometimes "go" or "appear". A general verb of motion, whether literal or figurative.
διακρίνοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δια·κρίνω (δια+κριν-, -, δια+κριν·[σ]-, -, -, δια+κρι·θ-)
δια·κριν·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while DISCRIMINATE(POS)-ing--DOUBT(NEG)
Lit:"judge-from-side-to-side", hence thoroughly-discern/decide/distinguish/judge/separate, or doubt(neg).
ἀεὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἀεί/αἰεί
αει
indecl
always
μετ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετ’
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
ἐπιεικεστέρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἐπιεικέσ·τερος -α -ον [LXX] (Comp. of ἐπι·εικής)
επιεικεστερ·ας
fem gen sg or fem acc pl
???
ἀπαντήσεως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

ἀπ·άντησις, -εως, ἡ
απαντησ(ι)·ος
(fem) gen sg
meeting
Est 8:13(h) adopting needful changes, and ever judging those cases which come under our notices, with truly equitable decision. 12i
12k12kὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
Αμαν Αμαδαθου Μακεδών [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

Μακεδών, -όνος, ὁ
μακεδον·^
(mas) nom|voc sg
Macedonian
ταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·αις
fem dat pl
the
simple article
ἀληθείαις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀ·λήθεια, -ας, ἡ
αληθει·αις
(fem) dat pl
truths
ἀλλότριος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Possessive)

ἀλλότριος -ία -ον
αλλοτρι·ος
mas nom sg
another's
of or belonging to another; a stranger; foreign, strange
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
Περσῶν αἵματος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

αἷμα[τ], -ατος, τό
αιματ·ος
(neu) gen sg
blood
σημερον
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
πολὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral, irreg.)

πολ[λ]ύς πολλή πολ[λ]ύ
irreg. πολ(υ) ( instead of πολλ·ο)
neu nom|acc sg
much
Singular: a lot, great, large, much, voluminous Plural: lots, manifold, many, multiple, numerous
διεστηκὼς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δι·ΐστημι (ath. δι+ιστ(α)-/ath. δι+ιστ(η)-, δια+στη·σ-, δια+στη·σ- or 2nd ath. δια+στ(η)-/ath. δια+στ(α)-, δια+εστη·κ-, -, -)
δια·εστη·κο[τ]·^ς
perf act ptcp mas nom sg
having SEPARATE-ed
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
ἡμετέρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Possessive)

ἡμέτερος -α -ον
ημετερ·ας
fem gen sg or fem acc pl
our-own, our-own
emphatic 1p-possessive pronoun
χρηστότητος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

χρηστότη[τ]ς, -ητος, ἡ
χρηστοτητ·ος
(fem) gen sg
magnanimousness
kindness
ἐπιξενωθεὶς ἡμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημιν
dat pl
us
Est 8:13(i) For whereas Aman, a Macedonian, the son of Amadathes, in reality an alien from the blood of the Persians, and differing widely from our mild course of government, having been hospitable entertained by us, 12k
12l12lἔτυχεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τυγχάνω (τυγχαν-, τευξ-, τευξ- or 2nd τυχ-, τετυχ·[κ]-/τετευχ·[κ]-, -, -)
ε·τυχ·ε(ν)
2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-CHANCE-ed-UPON
ἧς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ης
fem gen sg
who/whom/which
ἔχομεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
εχ·ομεν
pres act ind 1st pl
we-are-HAVE-ing
/hold.
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
πᾶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παν[τ]
neu nom|acc|voc sg
each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
ἔθνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
nation/culture/race
Lit: from etho (vb: to form a custom/culture). Hence, a race/people, joined by shared language, customs, history, and culture. Usually applied to Gentiles (except Jn 11:50).
φιλανθρωπίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

φιλ·ανθρωπία, -ας, ἡ
φιλανθρωπι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
love of people, love of peoples
[see philanthropy]
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τοσοῦτον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

τοσ·οῦτος -αύτη -οῦτο(ν)
τοσουτ·ο(ν), τοσουτ·ον
neu nom|acc sg, mas acc sg
this-much
[Lit:"this-so-much"]
ὥστε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὥστε
ωστε
indecl
so that
Lit: "like-also"
ἀναγορεύεσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀν·αγορεύω [LXX] (αν+αγορευ-, -, -, -, -, -)
αν·αγορευ·εσθαι
pres mp inf
to-be-being-PROCLAIM-ed-PUBLICLY
proclaim publicly, ib.122, etc.; ἀ. κήρυγμα make public proclamation, Plb. l. c.; ἀ. τινὰ αὐτοκράτορα Plu. Galb. 2:—Pass., to be proclaimed, ἀναγορευέσθω νικηφόρος Pl. Lg. 730d, cf. D. 18.319, Aeschin. 3.45: = Lat. renuntiari, ὕπατος ἀνηγορευμένος Plu. Ma
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
us
πατέρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

πατήρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ὁ, voc. pl. πατέρες
πατερ·α
(mas) acc sg
father
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
προσκυνούμενον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·κυνέω (προσ+κυν(ε)-, προσ+κυνη·σ-, προσ+κυνη·σ-, προσ+κεκυνη·κ-, -, -)
προσ·κυν(ε)·ομεν·ον
pres mp ptcp mas acc sg or pres mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
while being-PROSTRATE-ed
make or pay obeisance; kneel or prostrate oneself before, in worship/reverence/honor
ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen)
ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
πάντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
simple article
δεύτερον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

δεύτερος -α -ον
δευτερ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
second
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
βασιλικοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

βασιλικός -ή -όν
βασιλικ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
royal
(king's, nobleman)
θρόνου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θρόνος, -ου, ὁ
θρον·ου
(mas) gen sg
throne
πρόσωπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

πρόσ·ωπον, -ου, τό
προσωπ·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
face
face/countenance; person; (external) appearance
διατελεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δια·τελέω (δια+τελ(ε)-, -, δια+τελε·σ-, -, -, -)
δια·τελ(ε)·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-CONTINUE-ing
Est 8:13(k) obtained so large a share of our universal kindness, as to be called our father, and to continue the person next to the royal throne, reverenced of all; 12l
12m12mοὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἐνέγκας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φέρω (φερ-, οι·σ-, ενεγκ·[σ]- or 2nd ενεγκ-, ενηνοχ·[κ]-, -, ενεχ·θ-)
ενεγκ·[σ]α[ντ]·ς
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon CARRY-ing
, tote/bear/carry(a load), fetch, carry-off, offer, bring-forth, give-birth
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
ὑπερηφανίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ὑπερηφανία, -ας, ἡ
υπερηφανι·αν
(fem) acc sg
pride/arrogance
[Lit: over-appearing]
ἐπετήδευσεν τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
ἀρχῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀρχή, -ῆς, ἡ
αρχ·ης
(fem) gen sg
chief/head/ruler/beginning
chief/head/ruler, beginning/origin. Context impacts meaning. If dative w/o definite article, "origin" often offers the least contradiction with other scriptures. Titles with definite article, then "chief/head/ruler" (chief-priest, arc
στερῆσαι ἡμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημας
acc pl
us
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
πνεύματος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πνεῦμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πνευματ·ος
(neu) gen sg
spirit
spirit; also wind, breath
Est 8:13(l) he however, overcome by the pride of his station, endeavored to deprive us of our dominion, and our life: 12m
12n12nτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
τε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

τέ
τε
indecl
and [postpositive coordinate]
ἡμέτερον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Possessive)

ἡμέτερος -α -ον
ημετερ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
our-own
emphatic 1p-possessive pronoun
σωτῆρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

σωτήρ, -ῆρος, ὁ
σωτηρ·α
(mas) acc sg
Savior
rescuer
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
παντὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ος
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
εὐεργέτην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

εὐ·εργέτης, -οῦ, ὁ
ευεργετ·ην
(mas) acc sg
benefactor
Μαρδοχαῖον καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
ἄμεμπτον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἄ·μεμπτος -ον
αμεμπτ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
blameless
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
βασιλείας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βασιλεία, -ας, ἡ
βασιλει·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
kingdom, kingdoms
κοινωνὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl. and Fem. 2nd Decl.)

κοινωνός, -οῦ, ὁ and
κοινων·ον
(mas) acc sg or (fem) acc sg
sharer
[companion]
Εσθηρ σὺν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

σύν
συν
indecl
together with/including (+dat)
παντὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ι
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
simple article
τούτων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
ἔθνει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ε)·ι
(neu) dat sg
nation/culture/race
Lit: from etho (vb: to form a custom/culture). Hence, a race/people, joined by shared language, customs, history, and culture. Usually applied to Gentiles (except Jn 11:50).
πολυπλόκοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

πολύ·πλοκος -ον [LXX]
πολυπλοκ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl or fem dat pl
???
μεθόδων παραλογισμοῖς αἰτησάμενος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

αἰτέω (αιτ(ε)-, αιτη·σ-, αιτη·σ-, ῃτη·κ-, ῃτη-, αιτη·θ-)
αιτη·σαμεν·ος
1aor mp ptcp mas nom sg
upon being-ASK-ed
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into +acc
OF PLACE, the oldest and commonest usage into, with Verbs of saying or speaking relating to the person to whom or before whom one is speaking, Verbs expressing rest in a place, when a previous motion into or to it is implied; elliptical usage after Verbs
ἀπώλειαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀπ·ώλεια, -ας, ἡ
απωλει·αν
(fem) acc sg
destruction/expulsion
Lit:"cut-off-from", by extn, severing/expulsion/destruction/ruination. Often "perdition".
Est 8:13(m) having by various and subtle artifices demanded for destruction both Mardochaeus our deliverer and perpetual benefactor, and Esther the blameless consort of our kingdom, with their whole nation. 12n
12o12oδιὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
τρόπων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

τρόπος, -ου, ὁ; τροπή, -ῆς, ἡ
τροπ·ων; τροπ·ων
(mas) gen pl; (fem) gen pl
manners; turns
,way, means, method, attitude;
τούτων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
ᾠήθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

οἴομαι/οἴ·μαι (οι-/ath. οι-, -, -, -, -, οιη·θ-)
ε·οιη·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-SUPPOSE-ed
λαβὼν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαμβάνω (λαμβαν-, λημψ-/ληψ-, λαβ·[σ]- or 2nd λαβ-, ειληφ·[κ]-, ειληβ-, λημφ·θ-/ληφ·θ-)
λαβ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
upon TAKE/RECEIVE-ing
grasp, clutch, cling-to, seize, lay-hands-upon, take by violence, carry off, of a deity, seize, possess, catch, find out, detect, overtake, understand
ἡμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημας
acc pl
us
ἐρήμους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἔρημος -ον
ερημ·ους
mas acc pl or fem acc pl
deserted
,unpopulated/uncultivated hence solitary, wilderness
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
Περσῶν ἐπικράτησιν εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into +acc
OF PLACE, the oldest and commonest usage into, with Verbs of saying or speaking relating to the person to whom or before whom one is speaking, Verbs expressing rest in a place, when a previous motion into or to it is implied; elliptical usage after Verbs
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
simple article
Μακεδόνας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

Μακεδών, -όνος, ὁ
μακεδον·ας
(mas) acc pl
Macedonians
μετάξαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μετ·άγω (μετ+αγ-, -, μετ+αξ- or 2nd μετ+αγαγ-, -, -, μετ+αχ·θ-)
μετ·αγ·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-GUIDE, be-you(sg)-GUIDE-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-GUIDE
[lead from one place to another]
Est 8:13(n) For by these methods he thought, having surprised us in a defenceless state, to transfer the dominion of the Persians to the Macedonians. 12o
12p12pἡμεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημεις
nom pl
we
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
simple article
ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen)
ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
τρισαλιτηρίου παραδεδομένους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·δίδωμι (ath. παρα+διδ(ο)-/ath. παρα+διδ(ω)-, παρα+δω·σ-, παρα+δω·κ- or 2nd ath. παρα+δ(ο)-/ath. παρα+δ(ω)-, παρα+δεδω·κ-, παρα+δεδο-, παρα+δο·θ-)
παρα·δεδο·μεν·ους
perf mp ptcp mas acc pl
having-been-HAND OVER-ed
Lit:"give-close-beside", hence deliver/surrender/hand-over, betray, commit, give-in/over/up, turn-in, consign, grant, bestow, teach-doctrine
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into +acc
OF PLACE, the oldest and commonest usage into, with Verbs of saying or speaking relating to the person to whom or before whom one is speaking, Verbs expressing rest in a place, when a previous motion into or to it is implied; elliptical usage after Verbs
ἀφανισμὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀ·φανισμός, -οῦ, ὁ
αφανισμ·ον
(mas) acc sg
obliteration/obscurity
[ἀφανίζω: (properly) blot out, remove from sight/notice; dissapear]
Ιουδαίους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ους
mas acc pl
Jewish
εὑρίσκομεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εὑρίσκω (ευρισκ-, ευρη·σ-, ευρ·[σ]- or 2nd ευρ-, ευρη·κ-, ευρη-, ευρε·θ-)
ευρισκ·ομεν, ε·ευρισκ·ομεν
pres act ind 1st pl, impf act ind 1st pl
we-are-FIND-ing, we-were-FIND-ing
/learn/discover (after searching)
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
κακούργους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

κακοῦργος -ον
κακουργ·ους
mas acc pl or fem acc pl
criminal
ὄντας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·ο[υ]ντ·ας
pres act ptcp mas acc pl
while being
δικαιοτάτοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

δικαιό·τατος -η -ον [LXX] (Superl. of δίκαιος)
δικαιοτατ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
most just
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
πολιτευομένους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πολιτεύομαι (πολιτευ-, -, -, -, πεπολιτευ-, -)
πολιτευ·ομεν·ους
pres mp ptcp mas acc pl
while being-CONDUCT LIFE-ed--LIVE
νόμοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·οις
(mas) dat pl
custom/laws
ordinance custom practice
Est 8:13(o) But we find that the Jews, who have been consigned to destruction by the most abominable of men, are not malefactors, but living according to the justest laws, 12p
12q12qὄντας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·ο[υ]ντ·ας
pres act ptcp mas acc pl
while being
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
υἱοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ους
(mas) acc pl
sons
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
ὑψίστου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ὕψιστος -η -ον (Superl. of ὕψι)
υψιστ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
highest
μεγίστου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

μέγιστος -η -ον (Superl. of μέγας)
μεγιστ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
greatest
ζῶντος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ζάω (ζ(η)-/ath. ζ(η)-, ζη·σ-, ζη·σ-, -, -, -)
ζ(η)·ο[υ]ντ·ος
pres act ptcp mas gen sg or pres act ptcp neu gen sg
while LIVE-ing
Verb from "ζωή"(life), hence live/made-alive, exist, inhabit
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god
[see theology]
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
κατευθύνοντος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατ·ευ·θύνω (κατ+ευθυν-, -, κατ+ευθυν·[σ]-, -, -, κατ+ευθυν·θ-)
κατ·ευθυν·ο[υ]ντ·ος
pres act ptcp mas gen sg or pres act ptcp neu gen sg
while DIRECT-ing
Lit:make-exactly-straight, hence direct/guide/instruct, make/keep-straight LXX: also prosper/succeed/establish, set-right/promote
ἡμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημιν
dat pl
us
τε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

τέ
τε
indecl
and [postpositive coordinate]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
προγόνοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

πρό·γονος -ον
προγον·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl or fem dat pl
fore-born
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
us
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
βασιλείαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βασιλεία, -ας, ἡ
βασιλει·αν
(fem) acc sg
kingdom
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
simple article
καλλίστῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

καλλίστος -η -ον [LXX] (Superl. of καλός)
καλλιστ·ῃ
fem dat sg
best
διαθέσει
Est 8:13(p) and being the sons of the living God, the most high and mighty, who maintains the kingdom. to us as well as to our forefathers, in the most excellent order. 12q
12r12rκαλῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

καλῶς
καλως
indecl
ideally
well, rightly
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
ποιήσετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποιη·σετε
fut act ind 2nd pl
you(pl)-will-DO/MAKE
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
προσχρησάμενοι τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen)
ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
Αμαν Αμαδαθου ἀποσταλεῖσι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·στέλλω (απο+στελλ-, απο+στελ(ε)·[σ]-, απο+στειλ·[σ]-, απ+εσταλ·κ-, απ+εσταλ-, απο+σταλ·[θ]-)
απο·σταλ·[θ]ει[ντ]·σι(ν)
aor θη ptcp mas dat pl or aor θη ptcp neu dat pl
upon being-SEND-FORTH-ed
Lit:"send/arrange-from/away". Often rendered "send-forth" (a message, messenger, action, etc), send
γράμμασιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

γράμμα[τ], -ατος, τό
γραμμα[τ]·σι(ν)
(neu) dat pl
letters
(characters that are written), hence document/letter/bill/record [distinct from γραφας scriptures as in 1 Cor 15:3] at this time the "Hebrew" texts consisted of consonantal characters not fully legible voweled words
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
simple article
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
ταῦτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·α
neu nom|acc pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
ἐξεργασάμενον πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
ταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·αις
fem dat pl
the
simple article
Σούσων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τρίβω [LXX] (τριβ-, ·σ-, τριψ-, -, τετριβ-, -)
·σουσ·ων
fut act ptcp fem gen pl
going-to-RUB
worn, rub
πύλαις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

πύλη, -ης, ἡ
πυλ·αις
(fem) dat pl
gates
ἐσταυρῶσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σταυρόω (σταυρ(ο)-, σταυρω·σ-, σταυρω·σ-, -, εσταυρω-, σταυρω·θ-)
εσταυρω·σθαι
perf mp inf
to-have-been-CRUCIFY-ed
impale
σὺν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

σύν
συν
indecl
together with/including (+dat)
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
simple article
πανοικίᾳ τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
καταξίαν τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
simple article
πάντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or mas acc sg
all, each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
ἐπικρατοῦντος θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god
[see theology]
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
τάχους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

τάχο·ς, -ους, τό
ταχ(ε)·ος
(neu) gen sg
speed
ἀποδόντος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·δίδωμι (ath. απο+διδ(ο)-/ath. απο+διδ(ω)-, απο+δω·σ-, απο+δω·κ- or 2nd ath. απο+δ(ο)-/ath. απο+δ(ω)-, -, απο+δεδο-, απο+δο·θ-)
απο·δ(ο)·ντ·ος
2aor act ptcp mas gen sg or 2aor act ptcp neu gen sg
upon GIVE-BACK-ing
Lit:"give-from", hence, give/pay-back/repay/restore, assign, impute, convey, refer, sell
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
κρίσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

κρίσις, -εως, ἡ
κρισ(ι)·ν
(fem) acc sg
judgment
/decision, turning point, sudden change, crisis, estimation, conceit
Est 8:13(q) Ye will therefore do well in refusing to obey the letter sent by Aman the son of Amadathes, because he that has done these things, has been hanged with his whole family at the gates of Susa, Almighty God having swiftly returned to him a worthy recompence, 12r
12s12sτὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
simple article
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἀντίγραφον τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
ἐπιστολῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἐπι·στολή, -ῆς, ἡ
επιστολ·ης
(fem) gen sg
letter
[epistle]
ταύτης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·ης
fem gen sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
ἐκθέντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·τίθημι (ath. εκ+τιθ(ε)-, εκ+θη·σ-, εκ+θη·κ- or 2nd ath. εκ+θ(ε)-, -, -, εκ+τε·θ-)
εκ·θ(ε)·ντ·ες
2aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon PLACE-ing-OUT/EXPOUND
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
παντὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ι
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
τόπῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

τόπος, -ου, ὁ
τοπ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
place
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
παρρησίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

παρρησία, -ας, ἡ
παρρησι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
boldness, boldness
openness, presumptuousness, temerity, chutzpah
ἐᾶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐάω (ε(α)-, εα·σ-, εα·σ-, -, -, εα·θ-)
ε(α)·ειν > εαν
pres act inf
to-be-ALLOW-ing
permit, allow; concede; let alone/let be/have done with (Lk. 22:51 ἐᾶτε ἕως τούτου "Stop! No more of this!" BAGD)
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
simple article
Ιουδαίους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ους
mas acc pl
Jewish
χρῆσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

χράομαι (χρ(η)-/χρ(α)-, χρη·σ-, χρη·σ-, -, κεχρη-, χρησ·θ-)
χρ(η)·εσθαι
pres mp inf
to-be-being-USE/TREAT-ed
(profit, advise)
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
ἑαυτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

ἑ·αυτοῦ/αὑτοῦ[2] -ῆς -οῦ
εαυτ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
selves
him/her/it/our/your/them-selves
νομίμοις καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
συνεπισχύειν αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
ὅπως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὅπως
οπως
indecl
how/so that
Lit. contraction:"which-how". Often simplified: how/in-what-way. Sometimes rendered as a consequential-conjunction: "so-that", "in-order-that". But ????, since the conjunction, "ina" would unambiguously convey this
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
simple article
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
καιρῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

καιρός, -οῦ, ὁ (cf. χρόνος)
καιρ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
period-of-time
/season
θλίψεως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

θλῖψις, -εως, ἡ
θλιψ(ι)·ος
(fem) gen sg
hardship/tribulation
[squeezing, constriction], affliction
ἐπιθεμένους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·τίθημι (ath. επι+τιθ(ε)-, επι+θη·σ-, επι+θη·κ- or 2nd ath. επι+θ(ε)-, -, -, επι+τε·θ-)
επι·θ(ε)·μεν·ους
2aor mp ptcp mas acc pl
upon being-PLACE-UPON-ed
Lit:"place/lay/set-upon/over", hence place--on, add
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
ἀμύνωνται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀμύνομαι (-, -, αμυν·[σ]-, -, -, -)
αμυν·[σ]ωνται
1aor mp sub 3rd pl
they-should-be-AID-ed
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
simple article
τρισκαιδεκάτῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

τρισ·και·δέκατος -η -ον [LXX]
τρισκαιδεκατ·ῃ
fem dat sg
thirteenth
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
δωδεκάτου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

δω·δέκατος -η -ον
δωδεκατ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
twelfth
μηνὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

μήν[2], μηνός, ὁ
μην·ος
(mas) gen sg
month
Αδαρ τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
simple article
αὐτῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῃ
fem dat sg
her/it/same
ἡμέρᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
day
Est 8:13(r) We enjoin you then, having openly published a copy of this letter in every place, to give the Jews permission to use their own lawful customs, and to strengthen them, that on the thirteenth of the twelfth month Adar, on the self-same day, they may defend themselves against those who attack them in a time of affliction. 12s
12t12tταύτην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·ην
fem acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
πάντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or mas acc sg
all, each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
δυναστεύων θεὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ος
(mas) nom sg
god
[see theology]
ἀντ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀντί
αντ’
indecl
against/instead (+gen)
as much as, in return for, in exchange ofmma]nti< is the preposition first of equivalence (Homer, Il . ix. 116, 117) and then of ex- change (1 Cor. xi. 15; Heb. xii. 2, 16; Matt. v. 38),
ὀλεθρίας τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
ἐκλεκτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἐκ·λεκτός -ή -όν
εκλεκτ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
chosen
chosen, selected, elected
γένους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

γένο·ς, -ους, τό
γεν(ε)·ος
(neu) gen sg
race
race, class, kind
ἐποίησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ε·ποιη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-DO/MAKE-ed
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
εὐφροσύνην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

εὐ·φρο·σύνη, -ης, ἡ
ευφροσυν·ην
(fem) acc sg
gladness
Lit:"good-feeling/thinking/attitude", hence cheerfulness, optimism, gladness
Est 8:13(s) For in the place of the destruction of the chosen race, Almighty God has granted them this time of gladness. 12t
12u12uκαὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ὑμεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμεις
nom pl
you(pl)
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·αις
fem dat pl
the
simple article
ἐπωνύμοις ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you(pl)
ἑορταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἑορτή, -ῆς, ἡ
εορτ·αις
(fem) dat pl
festivals
ἐπίσημον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἐπί·σημος -ον
επισημ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
splendid
ἡμέραν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·αν
(fem) acc sg
day
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
πάσης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
πασ·ης
fem gen sg
each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
εὐωχίας ἄγετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἄγω (αγ-, αξ-, 2nd αγαγ-, αγειοχ·[κ]-, ηγ-, αχ·θ-)
αγ·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-LEAD-ing, be-you(pl)-LEAD-ing!
bring, arrest
ὅπως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὅπως
οπως
indecl
how/so that
Lit. contraction:"which-how". Often simplified: how/in-what-way. Sometimes rendered as a consequential-conjunction: "so-that", "in-order-that". But ????, since the conjunction, "ina" would unambiguously convey this
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
νῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

νῦν
νυν
indecl
now
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
ταῦτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·α
neu nom|acc pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
σωτηρία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Adjective (2-2-2)

σωτηρία, -ας, ἡ; σωτήριος -ον
σωτηρι·α; σωτηρι·α
(fem) nom|voc sg; neu nom|acc|voc pl
salvation/deliverance; saving
;
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·ῃ
pres act sub 3rd sg
he/she/it-should-be
ἡμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημιν
dat pl
us
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
εὐνοοῦσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εὐ·νοέω (ευνο(ε)-, ευνοη·σ-, -, -, -, -)
ευνο(ε)·ουσι(ν), ευνο(ε)·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
they-are-AGREE-ing, while AGREE-ing
Πέρσαις τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἡμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημιν
dat pl
us
ἐπιβουλεύουσιν μνημόσυνον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

μνημό·συνον, -ου, τό
μνημοσυν·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
memory
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
ἀπωλείας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀπ·ώλεια, -ας, ἡ
απωλει·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
destruction/expulsion, destruction/expulsions
Lit:"cut-off-from", by extn, severing/expulsion/destruction/ruination. Often "perdition".
Est 8:13(t) Do ye therefore also, among your notable feasts, keep a distinct day with all festivity, that both now and hereafter it may be a day of deliverance to us and who are well disposed toward the Persians, but to those that plotted against us a memorial of destruction. 12u
12x12xπᾶσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
πασ·α
fem nom|voc sg
each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
πόλις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

πόλις, -εως, ἡ
πολ(ι)·ς
(fem) nom sg
city
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἤ[1]
η
indecl
or/than
χώρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

χώρα, -ας, ἡ
χωρ·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
region
realm (clίme); land, country, territory, tract, province
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
simple article
σύνολον ἥτις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅσ·τις ἥ·τις ὄ τι
η·τι[ν]·ς
fem nom sg
who
Relative pronoun: generalizing ("whoever"); qualitative (indicating the object belongs to a certain class or has a characteristic quality); or simply taking the place of the relative ὅς.
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
ταῦτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·α
neu nom|acc pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
ποιήσῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποιη·σῃ
fut mp ind 2nd sg or 1aor act sub 3rd sg or 1aor mp sub 2nd sg
you(sg)-will-be-DO/MAKE-ed, he/she/it-should-DO/MAKE, you(sg)-should-be-DO/MAKE-ed
δόρατι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

δόρυ, δόρατος, τό
δορατ·ι
(neu) dat sg
spear
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
πυρὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πῦρ, -ρός, τό
πυρ·ι
(neu) dat sg
fire
καταναλωθήσεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατ·αν·αλίσκω (καταν+αλισκ-, καταν+αλω·σ-, καταν+αλω·σ-, -, -, καταν+αλω·θ-)
καταν·αλω·θησεται
fut θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-will-be-CONSUME-ed-UTTERLY
destroy; use-up
μετ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετ’
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
ὀργῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ὀργή, -ῆς, ἡ (cf. θυμός)
οργ·ης
(fem) gen sg
wrath/anger
natural impulse, always of anger
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
μόνον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Adjective (2-1-2)

μόνον (Adv. of μόνος); μόνος -η -ον
μονον; μον·ον
indecl; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
only; only
; apart, sole, only, alone (see κατάμόνος G2651 apart, solely, only, alone)
ἀνθρώποις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·οις
(mas) dat pl
persons
"man, both as a generic term and of individuals" (Liddell, Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon) Often means "human being", but can refer specifically to a man/men (when required by context).
ἄβατος ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but-rather
emphatic/hard-adversative, "but-rather/instead", as distinct from the softer, more common, "δέ"
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
θηρίοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

θηρίον, -ου, τό
θηρι·οις
(neu) dat pl
beasts
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
πετεινοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

πετεινόν, -οῦ, τό; πετεινός -ή -όν [LXX]
πετειν·οις; πετειν·οις
(neu) dat pl; neu dat pl or mas dat pl
flying creatures; flying
[able to fly; incl. birds, bats, and winged insects per Lv. 11];
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into +acc
OF PLACE, the oldest and commonest usage into, with Verbs of saying or speaking relating to the person to whom or before whom one is speaking, Verbs expressing rest in a place, when a previous motion into or to it is implied; elliptical usage after Verbs
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
ἅπαντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral); Verb

ἅπα[ντ]ς ἅπασα ἅπαν[τ], gen. sg. ἅπαντος ἁπάσης ἅπαντος; ἀπ·αντάω (απ+αντ(α)-, απ+αντη·σ-, απ+αντη·σ-, απ+ηντη·κ-, -, -)
απαντ·α; απ·αντ(α)·ε
neu nom|acc|voc pl or mas acc sg; pres act imp 2nd sg
all, every; be-you(sg)-ENCOUNTER-ing!
;
χρόνον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

χρόνος, -ου, ὁ (cf. καιρός)
χρον·ον
(mas) acc sg
time
, a specific (clock) time, period-of-time (a while). Distinct from kairos (season)
ἔχθιστος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἔχθιστος -η -ον [LXX] (Superl. of ἐχθρός)
εχθιστ·ος
mas nom sg
most hostile
κατασταθήσεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καθ·ίστημι (ath. καθ+ιστ(α)-/ath. καθ+ιστ(η)-, κατα+στη·σ-, κατα+στη·σ- or 2nd ath. κατα+στ(η)-/ath. κατα+στ(α)-, καθ+εστη·κ-/καθ+εστα·κ-/καθ+εστ(α)·[κ]-, καθ+εστα-, κατα+στα·θ-)
κατα·στα·θησεται
fut θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-will-be-APPOINT/ESTABLISH-ed
Lit"down-stand", hence give-standing/authority, hence appoint, put-in-charge set-in-order, lay, render, enable, establish. In some instances, similar to "τίθημι" (place/lay/put/set/appoint).
Est 8:13(u) And every city and province collectively, which shall not do accordingly, shall be consumed with vengeance by spear and fire: it shall be made not only inaccessible to men, but most hateful to wild beasts and birds for ever.] 12x
1313τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
simple article
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἀντίγραφα ἐκτιθέσθωσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·τίθημι (ath. εκ+τιθ(ε)-, εκ+θη·σ-, εκ+θη·κ- or 2nd ath. εκ+θ(ε)-, -, -, εκ+τε·θ-)
εκ·τιθ(ε)·σθωσαν
pres mp imp 3rd pl
let-them-be-being-PLACE-ed-OUT/EXPOUND!
ὀφθαλμοφανῶς ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
πάσῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral); Verb

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός; πάσσω [LXX] (πασσ-, -, πα·σ-, -, πεπασ-, -)
πασ·ῃ; πα·σῃ
fem dat sg; 1aor act sub 3rd sg or 1aor mp sub 2nd sg
each, every; he/she/it-should-SPRINKLE, you(sg)-should-be-SPRINKLE-ed
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".;
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
simple article
βασιλείᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βασιλεία, -ας, ἡ
βασιλει·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
kingdom
ἑτοίμους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἕτοιμος -η -ον
ετοιμ·ους
mas acc pl
ready
prepared see Matt 22:4 of the wedding feast
τε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

τέ
τε
indecl
and [postpositive coordinate]
εἶναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·εναι
pres act inf
to-be
πάντας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ας
mas acc pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
simple article
Ιουδαίους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ους
mas acc pl
Jewish
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into +acc
OF PLACE, the oldest and commonest usage into, with Verbs of saying or speaking relating to the person to whom or before whom one is speaking, Verbs expressing rest in a place, when a previous motion into or to it is implied; elliptical usage after Verbs
ταύτην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·ην
fem acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
ἡμέραν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·αν
(fem) acc sg
day
πολεμῆσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πολεμέω (πολεμ(ε)-, πολεμη·σ-, πολεμη·σ-, -, -, πολεμη·θ-)
πολεμη·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-WAGE-WAR, be-you(sg)-WAGE-ed-WAR!, he/she/it-happens-to-WAGE-WAR
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
simple article
ὑπεναντίους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ὑπ·εν·αντίος -α -ον
υπεναντι·ους
mas acc pl
adversarial
(set against, contrary, hostile)
Est 8:13(x) And let the copies be posted in conspicuous places throughout the kingdom and let all the Jews be ready against this day, to fight against their enemies.13
1414οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
simple article
μὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μέν
μεν
indecl
indeed
/certainly/surely.
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
ἱππεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἱππεύς, -έως, ὁ
ιππ(ευ)·ες, ιππ(ευ)·ας
(mas) nom|voc pl, (mas) acc pl
horsemans
ἐξῆλθον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·έρχομαι (εξ+ερχ-, εξ+ελευ·σ-, εξ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd εξ+ελθ-, εξ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εξ·ε·ελθ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
I-COME-ed-OUT, they-COME-ed-OUT
σπειρων
σπεύδοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σπεύδω (σπευδ-, σπευ[δ]·σ-, σπευ[δ]·σ-, -, -, -)
σπευδ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while HASTEN-ing
[urge upon]
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
simple article
ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen)
ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
βασιλέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
king
λεγόμενα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ομεν·α
pres mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
while being-SAY-ed
say, tell, relate, narrate | Present λεγ- | Aorist ειπ- | Future ερ- | Perfect ειρη- | Imperfect ελεγ- | Passive ρηθ- ερρηθ- ερρεθ-
ἐπιτελεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·τελέω (επι+τελ(ε)-, επι+τελε·σ-, επι+τελε·σ-, -, -, επι+τελεσ·θ-)
επι·τελ(ε)·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-ACCOMPLISH-ing
finish
ἐξετέθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·τίθημι (ath. εκ+τιθ(ε)-, εκ+θη·σ-, εκ+θη·κ- or 2nd ath. εκ+θ(ε)-, -, -, εκ+τε·θ-)
εκ·ε·τε·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-PLACE-ed-OUT/EXPOUND
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
simple article
πρόσταγμα καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
Σούσοις
Est 8:14So the horsemen went forth with haste to perform the king's commands; and the ordinance was also published in Susa.GrEst 8:14
So the horsemen went forth with haste to perform the king’s commands. The ordinance was also published in Susa.
1515 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
Μαρδοχαῖος ἐξῆλθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·έρχομαι (εξ+ερχ-, εξ+ελευ·σ-, εξ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd εξ+ελθ-, εξ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εξ·ε·ελθ·[σ]ε(ν), εξ·ε·ελθ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-COME-ed-OUT
σπειρων
ἐστολισμένος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

στολίζω [LXX] (στολιζ-, στολι(ε)·[σ]-, στολι·σ-, -, εστολισ-, -)
εστολισ·μεν·ος
perf mp ptcp mas nom sg
having-been-???-ed
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
βασιλικὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

βασιλικός -ή -όν
βασιλικ·ην
fem acc sg
royal
(king's, nobleman)
στολὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

στολή, -ῆς, ἡ
στολ·ην
(fem) acc sg
robe
a long, flowing robe worn by the elite
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
στέφανον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

στέφανος[1], -ου, ὁ; Στέφανος[2], -ου, ὁ
στεφαν·ον; στεφαν·ον
(mas) acc sg; (mas) acc sg
wreath; wreath
this is the wreath of victory, a crown only in the sense of an accomplishment but not in the governing sense, it does not signify authority as διαδημα which is the crown of a ruler; wreath (only) not crown
ἔχων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
εχ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while HAVE-ing
/hold.
χρυσοῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

χρυσοῦς -ῆ -οῦν and χρύσεος -έα -ον, fem. acc. sg. -ῆν and -ᾶν; χρυσόω (χρυσ(ο)-, χρυσω·σ-, χρυσω·σ-, -, κεχρυσω-, -)
χρυσ(ε)·ον; χρυσ(ο)·ειν, χρυσ(ο)·ο[υ]ν[τ]
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg; pres act inf, pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
gold/golden; to-be-GILD-ing, while GILD-ing
;
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
διάδημα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

διά·δημα[τ], -ατος, τό
διαδημα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
diadem
βύσσινον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

βύσσινος -η -ον
βυσσιν·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
made of fine linen
πορφυροῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

πορφυροῦς -ᾶ -οῦν a.k.a. πορφύρεος
πορφυρ(ε)·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
purple
ἰδόντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
2aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon SEE/BEHOLD-ing
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
simple article
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
Σούσοις ἐχάρησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

χαίρω (χαιρ-, χαρ(ε)·[σ]-, -, -, -, χαρ·[θ]-)
ε·χαρ·[θ]ησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
they-were-REJOICE-ed
salute, salutation
Est 8:15And Mardochaeus went forth robed in the royal apparel, and wearing a golden crown, and a diadem of fine purple linen: and the people in Susa saw it and rejoiced.GrEst 8:15
¶Mordecai went out robed in royal apparel, wearing a golden crown and a diadem of fine purple linen. The people in Susa saw it and rejoiced.
1616τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
Ιουδαίοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
Jewish
ἐγένετο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
ε·γεν·ετο
2aor mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-BECOME-ed
become; happen; be ("as a substitute for the forms of εἰμί" --BAGD)
φῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

φῶ[τ]ς, -ωτός, τό
φω[τ]·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
light
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εὐφροσύνη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

εὐ·φρο·σύνη, -ης, ἡ
ευφροσυν·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
gladness
Lit:"good-feeling/thinking/attitude", hence cheerfulness, optimism, gladness
Est 8:16And the Jews had light and gladness,GrEst 8:16
The Jews had light and gladness
1717κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
πόλιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

πόλις, -εως, ἡ
πολ(ι)·ν
(fem) acc sg
city
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
χώραν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

χώρα, -ας, ἡ
χωρ·αν
(fem) acc sg
region
realm (clίme); land, country, territory, tract, province
οὗ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle; Pronoun (Relative)

οὗ[1]; ὅς ἥ ὅ
ου; ου
indecl; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
where; who/whom/which
;
ἂν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἄν
αν
indecl
ever
ἐξετέθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·τίθημι (ath. εκ+τιθ(ε)-, εκ+θη·σ-, εκ+θη·κ- or 2nd ath. εκ+θ(ε)-, -, -, εκ+τε·θ-)
εκ·ε·τε·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-PLACE-ed-OUT/EXPOUND
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
simple article
πρόσταγμα οὗ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle; Pronoun (Relative)

οὗ[1]; ὅς ἥ ὅ
ου; ου
indecl; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
where; who/whom/which
;
ἂν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἄν
αν
indecl
ever
ἐξετέθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·τίθημι (ath. εκ+τιθ(ε)-, εκ+θη·σ-, εκ+θη·κ- or 2nd ath. εκ+θ(ε)-, -, -, εκ+τε·θ-)
εκ·ε·τε·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-PLACE-ed-OUT/EXPOUND
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
simple article
ἔκθεμα χαρὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

χαρά, -ᾶς, ἡ
χαρ·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
joy
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εὐφροσύνη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

εὐ·φρο·σύνη, -ης, ἡ
ευφροσυν·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
gladness
Lit:"good-feeling/thinking/attitude", hence cheerfulness, optimism, gladness
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
Ιουδαίοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
Jewish
κώθων καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εὐφροσύνη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

εὐ·φρο·σύνη, -ης, ἡ
ευφροσυν·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
gladness
Lit:"good-feeling/thinking/attitude", hence cheerfulness, optimism, gladness
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
πολλοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral, irreg.)

πολ[λ]ύς πολλή πολ[λ]ύ
πολλ·οι
mas nom pl
many
Singular: a lot, great, large, much, voluminous Plural: lots, manifold, many, multiple, numerous
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
ἐθνῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ε)·ων
(neu) gen pl
nations
Lit: from etho (vb: to form a custom/culture). Hence, a race/people, joined by shared language, customs, history, and culture. Usually applied to Gentiles (except Jn 11:50).
περιετέμοντο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

περι·τέμνω (περι+τεμν-, περι+τεμ(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd περι+τεμ-, περι+τετμη·κ-, περι+τετμη-, περι+τμη·θ-)
περι·ε·τεμ·οντο
2aor mp ind 3rd pl
they-were-CIRCUMCISE-ed
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ιουδάιζον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἰουδαΐζω (ιουδαιζ-, -, -, -, -, -)
ε·ιουδαιζ·ον, ιουδαιζ·ο[υ]ν[τ]
impf act ind 1st sg or impf act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
I-was-BECOME JEWISH-ing, they-were-BECOME JEWISH-ing, while BECOME JEWISH-ing
Become or live as a Jew, i.e., according to Jewish law
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
φόβον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

φόβος, -ου, ὁ
φοβ·ον
(mas) acc sg
fear
[see phobia]
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
Ιουδαίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
Jewish
Est 8:17in every city and province wherever the ordinance was published: wherever the proclamation took place, the Jews had joy and gladness, feasting and mirth: and many of the Gentiles were circumcised, and became Jews, for fear of the Jews.GrEst 8:17
in every city and province where the ordinance was published. Wherever the proclamation took place, the Jews had joy and gladness, feasting and mirth. Many of the Gentiles were circumcised and became Jews for fear of the Jews.
« Ch 7» Ch 9

Copyright 2007-2024 Thomas Moore, Email: acct3 at katabiblon.com, Support Forum Set Local Timezone
Thursday, 25-Jul-2024 06:03:07 EDT

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