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Ἐσθὴρ

Esther (with Additions)

 CATSS LXX Wiki English Translation‎ / World English Bible
1καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
αὐτῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῃ
fem dat sg
her/it/same
her/it/same (dat)
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
the (dat)
ἡμέρᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
day
day (dat)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
king (nom)
Ἀρταξέρξης ἐδωρήσατο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δωρέομαι (δωρ(ε)-, -, δωρη·σ-, -, δεδωρη-, -)
ε·δωρη·σατο
1aor mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-GRANT-ed
he/she/it-was-GRANT-ed
Εσθηρ ὅσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅσος -η -ον
οσ·α
neu nom|acc pl
as much/many as
as much/many as (nom|acc)
ὑπῆρχεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑπ·άρχω (υπ+αρχ-, υπ+αρξ-, υπ+αρξ-, -, -, -)
υπ·ε·αρχ·ε(ν)
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-TO BE-ing
A synonym of εἰμί, to be in existence, take initiative, begin
he/she/it-was-TO BE-ing
Αμαν τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
the (dat)
διαβόλῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

διά·βολος -ον
διαβολ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg or fem dat sg
diabolical
Slanderous, hurtful, or corrupting. One who slanders, hurts, and corrupts (casting or sowing throughout).
diabolical (dat)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
Μαρδοχαῖος προσεκλήθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·καλέω (προσ+καλ(ε)-, προσ+καλε·σ-, προσ+καλε·σ-, -, προσ+κεκλη-, προσ+κλη·θ-)
προσ·ε·κλη·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-SUMMON-ed
Lit: "call-toward", hence summon
he/she/it-was-SUMMON-ed
ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen)
ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
under (+acc), by (+gen)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
βασιλέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
king
king (gen)
ὑπέδειξεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑπο·δείκνυμι (-, υπο+δειξ-, υπο+δειξ-, -, -, -)
υπο·ε·δεικ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-MAKE KNOWN-ed
to indicate, intimate, suggest, show, prove
he/she/it-MAKE KNOWN-ed
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
for
Εσθηρ ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
because/that
ἐνοικείωται αὐτῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῃ
fem dat sg
her/it/same
her/it/same (dat)
Est 8:1
¶On that day, King Ahasuerus gave the house of Haman, the Jews’ enemy, to Esther the queen. Mordecai came before the king; for Esther had told what he was to her.
2ἔλαβεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαμβάνω (λαμβαν-, λημψ-/ληψ-, λαβ·[σ]- or 2nd λαβ-, ειληφ·[κ]-, ειληβ-, λημφ·θ-/ληφ·θ-)
ε·λαβ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·λαβ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-TAKE/RECEIVE-ed
grasp, clutch, cling-to, seize, lay-hands-upon, take by violence, carry off, of a deity, seize, possess, catch, find out, detect, overtake, understand
he/she/it-TAKE/RECEIVE-ed
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but/however/moreover/yet
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
king (nom)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
δακτύλιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

δακτύλιος, -ου, ὁ
δακτυλι·ον
(mas) acc sg
ring
ring (acc)
ὃν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative); Verb

ὅς ἥ ὅ; εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ον; (εσ)·ο[υ]ν[τ]
mas acc sg; pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
who/whom/which; while being
;
who/whom/which (acc); while being (nom|acc|voc, voc)
ἀφείλατο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀφ·αιρέω (αφ+αιρ(ε)-, αφ+ελ(ε)·[σ]-, αφ+ελ·[σ]- or 2nd αφ+ελ-, αφ+ῃρη·κ-, αφ+ῃρη-, αφ+αιρε·θ-)
αφ·ε·ελ·[σ]ατο
1aor mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-TAKE-AWAY-ed
[Lit:"lift/take-from" deprive]
he/she/it-was-TAKE-AWAY-ed
Αμαν καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἔδωκεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
ε·δω·κε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-GIVE-ed
assign, concede, hand over, /offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
he/she/it-GIVE-ed
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (acc)
Μαρδοχαίῳ καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
κατέστησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καθ·ίστημι (ath. καθ+ιστ(α)-/ath. καθ+ιστ(η)-, κατα+στη·σ-, κατα+στη·σ- or 2nd ath. κατα+στ(η)-/ath. κατα+στ(α)-, καθ+εστη·κ-/καθ+εστα·κ-/καθ+εστ(α)·[κ]-, καθ+εστα-, κατα+στα·θ-)
κατα·ε·στη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-APPOINT/ESTABLISH-ed
Lit"down-stand", hence give-standing/authority, hence appoint, put-in-charge set-in-order, lay, render, enable, establish. In some instances, similar to "τίθημι" (place/lay/put/set/appoint).
he/she/it-APPOINT/ESTABLISH-ed
Εσθηρ Μαρδοχαῖον ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
πάντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
all (gen)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
Αμαν
Est 8:2
The king took off his ring, which he had taken from Haman, and gave it to Mordecai. Esther set Mordecai over the house of Haman.
3καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
προσθεῖσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·τίθημι (ath. προσ+τιθ(ε)-, προσ+θη·σ-, προσ+θη·κ- or 2nd ath. προσ+θ(ε)-, προσ+τεθει·κ-, προσ+τεθει-, προσ+τε·θ-)
προσ·θ(ε)·εσ·α
2aor act ptcp fem nom|voc sg
upon ADD-ing
Lit:"place/set-toward", hence add/proceed-onward
upon ADD-ing (nom|voc)
ἐλάλησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαλέω (λαλ(ε)-, λαλη·σ-, λαλη·σ-, λελαλη·κ-, λελαλη-, λαλη·θ-)
ε·λαλη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SPEAK-ed
he/she/it-SPEAK-ed
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
βασιλέα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·α
(mas) acc sg
king
king (acc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
προσέπεσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·πίπτω (προσ+πιπτ-, προσ+πεσ(ε)·[σ]-, προσ+πεσ·[σ]- or 2nd προσ+πεσ-, -, -, -)
προσ·ε·πεσ·[σ]ε(ν), προσ·ε·πεσ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-PROSTRATE/FALL-ed-BEFORE
he/she/it-PROSTRATE/FALL-ed-BEFORE
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
the (acc)
πόδας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

πούς, ποδός, ὁ (cf. βάσις)
ποδ·ας
(mas) acc pl
feet
feet (acc)
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
him/it/same (gen)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἠξίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀξιόω (αξι(ο)-, αξιω·σ-, αξιω·σ-, -, ηξιω-, αξιω·θ-)
ε·αξι(ο)·ε, ε·αξι(ο)·ου
impf act ind 3rd sg, impf mp ind 2nd sg
he/she/it-was-DEEM-ing-WORTHY, you(sg)-were-being-DEEM-ed-WORTHY
he/she/it-was-DEEM-ing-WORTHY, you(sg)-were-being-DEEM-ed-WORTHY
ἀφελεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀφ·αιρέω (αφ+αιρ(ε)-, αφ+ελ(ε)·[σ]-, αφ+ελ·[σ]- or 2nd αφ+ελ-, αφ+ῃρη·κ-, αφ+ῃρη-, αφ+αιρε·θ-)
αφ·ελ(ε)·[σ]ειν, αφ·ελ·ειν
fut act inf, 2aor act inf
to-will-TAKE-AWAY, to-TAKE-AWAY
[Lit:"lift/take-from" deprive]
to-will-TAKE-AWAY, to-TAKE-AWAY
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
the (acc)
Αμαν κακίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

κακία, -ας, ἡ
κακι·αν
(fem) acc sg
evil
evil (acc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ὅσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅσος -η -ον
οσ·α
neu nom|acc pl
as much/many as
as much/many as (nom|acc)
ἐποίησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ε·ποιη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-DO/MAKE-ed
he/she/it-DO/MAKE-ed
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
the (dat)
Ιουδαίοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
Jewish
Jewish (dat)
Est 8:3
Esther spoke yet again before the king, and fell down at his feet, and begged him with tears to put away the mischief of Haman the Agagite, and his device that he had devised against the Jews.
4ἐξέτεινεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·τείνω (εκ+τειν-, εκ+τεν(ε)·[σ]-, εκ+τειν·[σ]-, εκ+τετα·κ-, εκ+τετα-, εκ+τα·θ-)
εκ·ε·τειν·ε(ν), εκ·ε·τειν·[σ]ε(ν)
impf act ind 3rd sg, 1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-EXTEND-ing, he/she/it-EXTEND-ed
Lit:"stretch-out-from".
he/she/it-was-EXTEND-ing, he/she/it-EXTEND-ed
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but/however/moreover/yet
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
king (nom)
Εσθηρ τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
the (acc)
ῥάβδον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl.)

ῥάβδος, -ου, ἡ
ραβδ·ον
(fem) acc sg
hooked staff
a sheperd's hooked staff, walking stick, rod, shaft, staff, scepter, royal baton, bandy, drub, ferule, bar, ingot, baton, crook, truncheon, verge
hooked staff (acc)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
the (acc)
χρυσῆν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

χρυσοῦς -ῆ -οῦν and χρύσεος -έα -ον, fem. acc. sg. -ῆν and -ᾶν
χρυσ(ε)·ην
fem acc sg
gold/golden
gold/golden (acc)
ἐξηγέρθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·εγείρω (εξ+εγειρ-, εξ+εγερ(ε)·[σ]-, εξ+εγειρ·[σ]-, -, εξ+εγηγερ-, εξ+εγερ·θ-)
εξ·ε·εγερ·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-RAISE/AROUSE-ed
/wake/raise-up (from death/slumber).
he/she/it-was-RAISE/AROUSE-ed
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but/however/moreover/yet
Εσθηρ παρεστηκέναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρ·ίστημι (ath. παρ+ιστ(α)-/ath. παρ+ιστ(η)-, παρα+στη·σ-, παρα+στη·σ- or 2nd ath. παρα+στ(η)-/ath. παρα+στ(α)-, παρ+εστη·κ-/παρ+εστ(α)·[κ]-, -, -)
παρ·εστη·κεναι
perf act inf
to-have-STAND-WITH/BESIDE-ed
Lit: "stand-close-beside", hence cause-to-stand/place-beside, present, be-beside-oneself, lose one's wits, dispose, induce, arouse, inspire, arouse, inspire, furnish, supply, deliver, prove, show.
to-have-STAND-WITH/BESIDE-ed
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
the (dat)
βασιλεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ι
(mas) dat sg
king
king (dat)
Est 8:4
Then the king held out to Esther the golden scepter. So Esther arose, and stood before the king.
5καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY-ed
speak, tell
he/she/it-SAY-ed
Εσθηρ εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
if
δοκεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δοκέω (δοκ(ε)-, δοξ-, δοξ-, -, δεδοκ-, -)
δοκ(ε)·ει, δοκ(ε)·ε
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, pres act imp 2nd sg
he/she/it-is-SUPPOSE-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SUPPOSE-ed, be-you(sg)-SUPPOSE-ing!
,from "dokos"(opinion), hence suppose/seem/think/consider. Same root as "εὐδοκέω"(seem-good). Often rendered "think", but less objective than "νοέω"(think) and less visceral than "φρονέω"(think).
he/she/it-is-SUPPOSE-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SUPPOSE-ed (classical), be-you(sg)-SUPPOSE-ing!
σοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive); Verb

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν; τρίβω [LXX] (τριβ-, ·σ-, τριψ-, -, τετριβ-, -)
σοι; σ·οι; ·σοι
dat sg; mas nom|voc pl; fut act opt 3rd sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg); (fut opt)
; ; worn, rub
you(sg) (dat); your/yours(sg) (nom|voc); (fut opt)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
εὗρον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εὑρίσκω (ευρισκ-, ευρη·σ-, ευρ·[σ]- or 2nd ευρ-, ευρη·κ-, ευρη-, ευρε·θ-)
ευρ·[σ]ον, ε·ευρ·ον, ευρ·ο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, 2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl, 2aor act ptcp mas voc sg or 2aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
do-FIND-you(sg)!, I-FIND-ed, they-FIND-ed, upon FIND-ing
/learn/discover (after searching)
do-FIND-you(sg)!, I-FIND-ed, they-FIND-ed, upon FIND-ing (nom|acc|voc, voc)
χάριν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

χάριν; χάρι[τ]ς, -ιτος, ἡ, acc. χάρι[τ]ν and χάριτα
χαριν; χαρι[τ]·ν
indecl; (fem) acc sg
for the sake of; favor/grace
[acc. of χάρις used adverbially] prep. for; [see charity]
for the sake of; favor/grace (acc)
πεμφθήτω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πέμπω (πεμπ-, πεμψ-, πεμψ-, πεπομφ·[κ]-, -, πεμφ·θ-)
πεμπ·θητω
aor θη imp 3rd sg
let-him/her/it-be-SEND-ed!
let-him/her/it-be-SEND-ed!
ἀποστραφῆναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·στρέφω (απο+στρεφ-, απο+στρεψ-, απο+στρεψ-, απ+εστροφ·[κ]-, απ+εστραφ-, απο+στραφ·[θ]-)
απο·στραφ·[θ]ηναι
aor θη inf
to-be-TURN-AWAY-ed
Lit:"turn-from", hence turn-from/back/away. turn-away/back-from, return
to-be-TURN-AWAY-ed
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
the (nom|acc)
γράμματα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

γράμμα[τ], -ατος, τό
γραμματ·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
letters
(characters that are written), hence document/letter/bill/record [distinct from γραφας scriptures as in 1 Cor 15:3] at this time the "Hebrew" texts consisted of consonantal characters not fully legible voweled words
letters (nom|acc|voc)
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
the (nom|acc)
ἀπεσταλμένα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·στέλλω (απο+στελλ-, απο+στελ(ε)·[σ]-, απο+στειλ·[σ]-, απ+εσταλ·κ-, απ+εσταλ-, απο+σταλ·[θ]-)
απ·εσταλ·μεν·α
perf mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
having-been-SEND-FORTH-ed
Lit:"send/arrange-from/away". Often rendered "send-forth" (a message, messenger, action, etc), send
having-been-SEND-FORTH-ed (nom|acc|voc)
ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen)
ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
under (+acc), by (+gen)
Αμαν τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
the (nom|acc)
γραφέντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γράφω (γραφ-, γραψ-, γραψ-, γεγραφ·[κ]-, γεγραφ-, γραφ·[θ]-)
γραφ·[θ]ε[ι]ντ·α
aor θη ptcp mas acc sg or aor θη ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
upon being-WRITE-ed
upon being-WRITE-ed (acc, nom|acc|voc)
ἀπολέσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·όλλυμι (ath. απ+ολλυ-, απ+ολ(ε)·[σ]-/απ+ολε·σ-, απ+ολε·σ- or 2nd απ+ολ-, απ+ολωλ·[κ]-, -, -)
απ·ολ·εσθαι
2aor mp inf
to-be-DESTROY-ed
Lit:"destroy-from", hence fully/utterly-destroy/ruin/annihilate (active), perish, be lost (middle/passive).
to-be-DESTROY-ed
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
the (acc)
Ιουδαίους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ους
mas acc pl
Jewish
Jewish (acc)
οἵ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
οι
mas nom pl
who/whom/which
who/whom/which (nom)
εἰσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^σι(ν); (εσ)·ασι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg; pres act ind 3rd pl
he/she/it-is-BE-ing; they-are
;
he/she/it-is-BE-ing; they-are
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
the (dat)
βασιλείᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βασιλεία, -ας, ἡ
βασιλει·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
kingdom
kingdom (dat)
σου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
you(sg) (gen); your/yours(sg) (gen)
Est 8:5
She said, “If it pleases the king, and if I have found favor in his sight, and the thing seem right to the king, and I am pleasing in his eyes, let it be written to reverse the letters devised by Haman, the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, which he wrote to destroy the Jews who are in all the king’s provinces.
6πῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

πῶς[1]
πως
indecl
how
how
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
for
δυνήσομαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δύνα·μαι (ath. δυν(α)-/ath. δυν(η)-, δυνη·σ-, -, -, -, δυνη·θ-/δυνασ·θ-)
δυνη·σομαι
fut mp ind 1st sg
I-will-be-ABLE-ed
I-will-be-ABLE-ed
ἰδεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ειν
2aor act inf
to-SEE/BEHOLD
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
to-SEE/BEHOLD
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
the (acc)
κάκωσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.); Verb

κάκωσις, -εως, ἡ; κακόω (κακ(ο)-, κακω·σ-, κακω·σ-, κεκακω·κ-, κεκακω-, κακω·θ-)
κακωσ(ι)·ν; κακ(ο)·ωσι(ν)
(fem) acc sg; pres act sub 3rd pl
mistreatment; they-should-be-BADLY-AFFECT-ing
distress,suffering, bad-treatment (by others); Lit:"badly-affect", hence mistreat/oppress/harm/afflict/trouble/hurt
mistreatment (acc); they-should-be-BADLY-AFFECT-ing
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
λαοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λαός, -οῦ, ὁ
λα·ου
(mas) gen sg
people
people (gen)
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
me (gen)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
πῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

πῶς[1]
πως
indecl
how
how
δυνήσομαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δύνα·μαι (ath. δυν(α)-/ath. δυν(η)-, δυνη·σ-, -, -, -, δυνη·θ-/δυνασ·θ-)
δυνη·σομαι
fut mp ind 1st sg
I-will-be-ABLE-ed
I-will-be-ABLE-ed
σωθῆναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σῴζω (σῳζ-, σω·σ-, σω·σ-, σεσω·κ-, σεσω-/σεσωσ-/σεσῳσ-, σω·θ-)
σω·θηναι
aor θη inf
to-be-DELIVER/SAVE-ed
/rescue/escape, as from ruin/death/destruction/harm/sickness. Also salve, heal, make well, as from sickness. Rendered "save" 50 of 108 instances in NASB of GNT.
to-be-DELIVER/SAVE-ed
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
the (dat)
ἀπωλείᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀπ·ώλεια, -ας, ἡ
απωλει·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
destruction/expulsion
Lit:"cut-off-from", by extn, severing/expulsion/destruction/ruination. Often "perdition".
destruction/expulsion (dat)
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
the (gen)
πατρίδος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

πατρί[δ]ς, -ίδος, ἡ
πατριδ·ος
(fem) gen sg
fatherland
fatherland (gen)
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
me (gen)
Est 8:6
For how can I endure to see the evil that would come to my people? How can I endure to see the destruction of my relatives?”
7καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY-ed
speak, tell
he/she/it-SAY-ed
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
king (nom)
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Εσθηρ εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
if
πάντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or mas acc sg
all, each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
all (nom|acc|voc), each, every (acc)
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
the (nom|acc)
ὑπάρχοντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑπ·άρχω (υπ+αρχ-, υπ+αρξ-, υπ+αρξ-, -, -, -)
υπ·αρχ·ο[υ]ντ·α
pres act ptcp mas acc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
while TO BE-ing
A synonym of εἰμί, to be in existence, take initiative, begin
while TO BE-ing (acc, nom|acc|voc)
Αμαν ἔδωκα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
ε·δω·κα
1aor act ind 1st sg
I-GIVE-ed
assign, concede, hand over, /offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
I-GIVE-ed
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἐχαρισάμην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

χαρίζομαι (χαριζ-, χαρι·σ-, χαρι·σ-, -, κεχαρισ-, χαρισ·θ-)
ε·χαρι·σαμην
1aor mp ind 1st sg
I-was-GRANT/GIVE/FAVOR-ed
From noun "χάρις"(grace/favor/kindness), hence grant/give/favor, by extension, donate/present/endow.
I-was-GRANT/GIVE/FAVOR-ed
σοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive); Verb

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν; τρίβω [LXX] (τριβ-, ·σ-, τριψ-, -, τετριβ-, -)
σοι; σ·οι; ·σοι
dat sg; mas nom|voc pl; fut act opt 3rd sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg); (fut opt)
; ; worn, rub
you(sg) (dat); your/yours(sg) (nom|voc); (fut opt)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (acc)
ἐκρέμασα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κρεμάννυμι/κρέμα·μαι (ath. κρεμαννυ-/ath. κρεμα-, κρεμα·σ-, κρεμα·σ-, -, -, κρεμασ·θ-)
ε·κρεμα·σα
1aor act ind 1st sg
I-HANG-ed-UP
[pass. hung, suspended]
I-HANG-ed-UP
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ξύλου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ξύλον, -ου, τό
ξυλ·ου
(neu) gen sg
tree
, by extension, something wooden; piece of wood; wooden implement; club/gallows/stocks or, in NT, cross.
tree (gen)
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
because/that
τὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ας
fem acc pl
the
the (acc)
χεῖρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

χείρ, χειρός, ἡ, dat. pl. χερσίν
χειρ·ας
(fem) acc pl
hands
hands (acc)
ἐπήνεγκε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·φέρω (επι+φερ-, επ+οι·σ-, επ+ενεγκ·[σ]- or 2nd επ+ενεγκ-, -, -, επ+ενεχ·θ-)
επ·ε·ενεγκ·[σ]ε(ν), επ·ε·ενεγκ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-BRING-UPON-ed
Lit: bring/carry-upon/over, hence, by ext. impose/inflict/pronounce-upon/over
he/she/it-BRING-UPON-ed
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
the (dat)
Ιουδαίοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
Jewish
Jewish (dat)
τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
who (nom|acc)
ἔτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἔτι
ετι
indecl
yet/still/ while
yet/still/ while
ἐπιζητεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·ζητέω (επι+ζητ(ε)-, επι+ζητη·σ-, επι+ζητη·σ-, -, -, επι+ζητη·θ-)
επι·ζητ(ε)·εις
pres act ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-are-EARNESTLY SEEK-ing
you(sg)-are-EARNESTLY SEEK-ing
Est 8:7
¶Then King Ahasuerus said to Esther the queen and to Mordecai the Jew, “See, I have given Esther the house of Haman, and him they have hanged on the gallows, because he laid his hand on the Jews.
8γράψατε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γράφω (γραφ-, γραψ-, γραψ-, γεγραφ·[κ]-, γεγραφ-, γραφ·[θ]-)
γραφ·σατε
1aor act imp 2nd pl
do-WRITE-you(pl)!
do-WRITE-you(pl)!
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ὑμεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμεις
nom pl
you(pl)
you(pl) (nom)
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
out of (+gen)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
ὀνόματός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ὄνομα[τ], -ατος, τό
ονοματ·ος
(neu) gen sg
name
(with regard to)
name (gen)
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
me (gen)
ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
as/like
δοκεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δοκέω (δοκ(ε)-, δοξ-, δοξ-, -, δεδοκ-, -)
δοκ(ε)·ει, δοκ(ε)·ε
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, pres act imp 2nd sg
he/she/it-is-SUPPOSE-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SUPPOSE-ed, be-you(sg)-SUPPOSE-ing!
,from "dokos"(opinion), hence suppose/seem/think/consider. Same root as "εὐδοκέω"(seem-good). Often rendered "think", but less objective than "νοέω"(think) and less visceral than "φρονέω"(think).
he/she/it-is-SUPPOSE-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SUPPOSE-ed (classical), be-you(sg)-SUPPOSE-ing!
ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you(pl)
you(pl) (dat)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
σφραγίσατε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σφραγίζω (σφραγιζ-, σφραγι(ε)·[σ]-, σφραγι·σ-, -, εσφραγισ-, σφραγισ·θ-)
σφραγι·σατε
1aor act imp 2nd pl
do-SEAL-you(pl)!
do-SEAL-you(pl)!
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
the (dat)
δακτυλίῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

δακτύλιος, -ου, ὁ
δακτυλι·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
ring
ring (dat)
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
me (gen)
ὅσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅσος -η -ον
οσ·α
neu nom|acc pl
as much/many as
as much/many as (nom|acc)
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
for
γράφεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γράφω (γραφ-, γραψ-, γραψ-, γεγραφ·[κ]-, γεγραφ-, γραφ·[θ]-)
γραφ·εται
pres mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is-being-WRITE-ed
he/she/it-is-being-WRITE-ed
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
βασιλέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
king
king (gen)
ἐπιτάξαντος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·τάσσω (επι+τασσ-, -, επι+ταξ-, επι+τεταχ·[κ]-, επι+τετασσ-, επι+ταγ·[θ]-)
επι·τασσ·σαντ·ος
1aor act ptcp mas gen sg or 1aor act ptcp neu gen sg
upon ORDER-ing
command/enjoin.
upon ORDER-ing (gen)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
σφραγισθῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σφραγίζω (σφραγιζ-, σφραγι(ε)·[σ]-, σφραγι·σ-, -, εσφραγισ-, σφραγισ·θ-)
σφραγισ·θῃ
aor θη sub 3rd sg
he/she/it-should-be-SEAL-ed
he/she/it-should-be-SEAL-ed
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
the (dat)
δακτυλίῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

δακτύλιος, -ου, ὁ
δακτυλι·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
ring
ring (dat)
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
me (gen)
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
not
ἔστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
he/she/it-is
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
them/same (dat)
ἀντειπεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀντι·λέγω (αντι+λεγ-, -, 2nd αντ+ειπ-, -, -, -)
αντ·ειπ·ειν
2aor act inf
to-SPEAK-AGAINST
to-SPEAK-AGAINST
Est 8:8
Write also to the Jews, as it pleases you, in the king’s name, and seal it with the king’s ring; for the writing which is written in the king’s name, and sealed with the king’s ring, may not be reversed by any man.”
9ἐκλήθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καλέω (καλ(ε)-, καλε·σ-, καλε·σ-, κεκλη·κ-, κεκλη-, κλη·θ-)
ε·κλη·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
they-were-CALL-ed
call, summon/invite, or to name
they-were-CALL-ed
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but/however/moreover/yet
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
the (nom)
γραμματεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

γραμματεύς, -έως, ὁ, voc. pl. γραμματεῖς
γραμματ(ευ)·ες, γραμματ(ευ)·ας
(mas) nom|voc pl, (mas) acc pl
scribes
scribes (acc, nom|voc)
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
the (dat)
πρώτῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

πρῶτος -η -ον
πρωτ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
first
first (dat)
μηνί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.); Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

μῆνις, -ιος, ἡ [LXX]; μήν[2], μηνός, ὁ
μηνι; μην·ι
(fem) voc sg; (mas) dat sg
wrath; month
;
wrath (voc); month (dat)
ὅς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ος
mas nom sg
who/whom/which
who/whom/which (nom)
ἐστι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
he/she/it-is
Νισα τρίτῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

τρίτος -η -ον
τριτ·ῃ
fem dat sg
third
third (dat)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
εἰκάδι τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
him/it/same (gen)
ἔτους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔτο·ς, -ους, τό
ετ(ε)·ος
(neu) gen sg
year
year (gen)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἐγράφη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γράφω (γραφ-, γραψ-, γραψ-, γεγραφ·[κ]-, γεγραφ-, γραφ·[θ]-)
ε·γραφ·[θ]η
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-WRITE-ed
he/she/it-was-WRITE-ed
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
the (dat)
Ιουδαίοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
Jewish
Jewish (dat)
ὅσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅσος -η -ον
οσ·α
neu nom|acc pl
as much/many as
as much/many as (nom|acc)
ἐνετείλατο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐν·τέλλω (εν+τελλ-, εν+τελ(ε)·[σ]-, εν+τειλ·[σ]-, -, εν+τεταλ-, -)
εν·ε·τειλ·[σ]ατο
1aor mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-COMMAND-ed
Lit:in-end, hence enjoin, give-orders/instructions, command. commission
he/she/it-was-COMMAND-ed
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
the (dat)
οἰκονόμοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Verb

οἰκο·νόμος, -ου, ὁ; οἰκο·νομέω (οικονομ(ε)-, οικονομη·σ-, οικονομη·σ-, -, -, -)
οικονομ·οις; οικονομ(ε)·οις
(mas) dat pl; pres act opt 2nd sg
stewards; you(sg)-happen-to-be-MANAGE-ing
[manager of household, administrator];
stewards (dat); you(sg)-happen-to-be-MANAGE-ing (opt)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
the (dat)
ἄρχουσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.); Verb

ἄρχων[τ], -ο[υ]ντος, ὁ, dat. pl. ἄρχουσιν, voc. pl. ἄρχοντες; ἄρχω (αρχ-, αρξ-, αρξ-, -, ηρχ-, -)
αρχου[ντ]·σι(ν); αρχ·ουσι(ν), αρχ·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
(mas) dat pl; pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
rulers; they-are-BEGIN/RULE-ing, while BEGIN/RULE-ing
; Lit:"head/chief", hence rule or begin (depending upon context).
rulers (dat); they-are-BEGIN/RULE-ing, while BEGIN/RULE-ing (dat)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
σατραπῶν ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
from
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
the (gen)
Ἰνδικῆς ἕως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction; Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl.)

ἕως[1]; ἕως[2], -ω, ἡ [LXX], acc.
εως; ε(ω)·ος, ε(ω)·ους
indecl; (fem) nom|voc sg, (fem) acc pl
until; dawn, dawns
, up-until/as-far-as, Often used as a conjunctive-adverbial preposition concerning time/place/number, "until +(genitive)";
until; dawn (nom|voc), dawns (acc)
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
the (gen)
Αἰθιοπίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

Αἰθιοπία, -ας, ἡ [LXX]
αιθιοπι·ας
(fem) gen sg
Ethiopia
Ethiopia (gen)
ἑκατὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

ἑκατόν
εκατον
indecl
hundred
hundred
εἴκοσι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.); Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἰκών, -όνος, ἡ; εἴκοσι
εικο[ν]·σι(ν); εικοσι
(fem) dat pl; indecl
icons; twenty
[image, likeness];
icons (dat); twenty
ἑπτὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

ἑπτά
επτα
indecl
seven
seven
σατραπείαις κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
χώραν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

χώρα, -ας, ἡ
χωρ·αν
(fem) acc sg
region
realm (clίme); land, country, territory, tract, province
region (acc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
χώραν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

χώρα, -ας, ἡ
χωρ·αν
(fem) acc sg
region
realm (clίme); land, country, territory, tract, province
region (acc)
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
the (acc)
ἑαυτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

ἑ·αυτοῦ/αὑτοῦ[2] -ῆς -οῦ
εαυτ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
selves
him/her/it/our/your/them-selves
selves (gen)
λέξιν
Est 8:9
¶Then the king’s scribes were called at that time, in the third month Sivan, on the twenty-third day of the month; and it was written according to all that Mordecai commanded to the Jews, and to the satraps, and the governors and princes of the provinces which are from India to Ethiopia, one hundred twenty-seven provinces, to every province according to its writing, and to every people in their language, and to the Jews in their writing, and in their language.
10ἐγράφη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γράφω (γραφ-, γραψ-, γραψ-, γεγραφ·[κ]-, γεγραφ-, γραφ·[θ]-)
ε·γραφ·[θ]η
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-WRITE-ed
he/she/it-was-WRITE-ed
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but/however/moreover/yet
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
βασιλέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
king
king (gen)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἐσφραγίσθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σφραγίζω (σφραγιζ-, σφραγι(ε)·[σ]-, σφραγι·σ-, -, εσφραγισ-, σφραγισ·θ-)
ε·σφραγισ·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-SEAL-ed
he/she/it-was-SEAL-ed
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
the (dat)
δακτυλίῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

δακτύλιος, -ου, ὁ
δακτυλι·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
ring
ring (dat)
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
him/it/same (gen)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἐξαπέστειλαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·απο·στέλλω (εξαπο+στελλ-, εξαπο+στελ(ε)·[σ]-, εξαπο+στειλ·[σ]-, εξαπ+εσταλ·κ-, εξαπ+εσταλ-, εξαπο+σταλ·[θ]-)
εξαπο·ε·στειλ·[σ]αν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-SEND-FORTH-ed
Lit:"send-from-out-of", hence send-forth.
they-SEND-FORTH-ed
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
the (nom|acc)
γράμματα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

γράμμα[τ], -ατος, τό
γραμματ·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
letters
(characters that are written), hence document/letter/bill/record [distinct from γραφας scriptures as in 1 Cor 15:3] at this time the "Hebrew" texts consisted of consonantal characters not fully legible voweled words
letters (nom|acc|voc)
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
βιβλιαφόρων
Est 8:10
He wrote in the name of King Ahasuerus, and sealed it with the king’s ring, and sent letters by courier on horseback, riding on royal horses that were bread from swift steeds.
11ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
as/like
ἐπέταξεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·τάσσω (επι+τασσ-, -, επι+ταξ-, επι+τεταχ·[κ]-, επι+τετασσ-, επι+ταγ·[θ]-)
επι·ε·τασσ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-ORDER-ed
command/enjoin.
he/she/it-ORDER-ed
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
them/same (dat)
χρῆσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

χράομαι (χρ(η)-/χρ(α)-, χρη·σ-, χρη·σ-, -, κεχρη-, χρησ·θ-)
χρ(η)·εσθαι
pres mp inf
to-be-being-USE/TREAT-ed
(profit, advise)
to-be-being-USE/TREAT-ed
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
the (dat)
νόμοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·οις
(mas) dat pl
custom/laws
ordinance custom practice
custom/laws (dat)
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
them/same (gen)
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
πάσῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral); Verb

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός; πάσσω [LXX] (πασσ-, -, πα·σ-, -, πεπασ-, -)
πασ·ῃ; πα·σῃ
fem dat sg; 1aor act sub 3rd sg or 1aor mp sub 2nd sg
each, every; he/she/it-should-SPRINKLE, you(sg)-should-be-SPRINKLE-ed
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".;
each, every (dat); he/she/it-should-SPRINKLE, you(sg)-should-be-SPRINKLE-ed
πόλει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

πόλις, -εως, ἡ
πολ(ι)·ι
(fem) dat sg
city
city (dat)
βοηθῆσαί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βοηθέω (βοηθ(ε)-, βοηθη·σ-, βοηθη·σ-, -, βεβοηθη-, βοηθη·θ-)
βοηθη·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-HELP, be-you(sg)-HELP-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-HELP
Lit:"run-to-urgent-exclamation", hence supply-urgently-needed-help, come-to-the-aid.
to-HELP, be-you(sg)-HELP-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-HELP (opt)
τε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

τέ
τε
indecl
and [postpositive coordinate]
and [postpositive coordinate]
αὑτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

ἑ·αυτοῦ/αὑτοῦ[2] -ῆς -οῦ
αυτ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
selves
him/her/it/our/your/them-selves
selves (dat)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
χρῆσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

χράομαι (χρ(η)-/χρ(α)-, χρη·σ-, χρη·σ-, -, κεχρη-, χρησ·θ-)
χρ(η)·εσθαι
pres mp inf
to-be-being-USE/TREAT-ed
(profit, advise)
to-be-being-USE/TREAT-ed
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
the (dat)
ἀντιδίκοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀντί·δικος, -ου, ὁ
αντιδικ·οις
(mas) dat pl
adversaries
Lit:"against-justice", hence adversary/accuser/antagonist/opponent-at-law. By extension, prosecutor.
adversaries (dat)
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
them/same (gen)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
the (dat)
ἀντικειμένοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀντί·κει·μαι (ath. αντι+κει-, -, -, -, -, -)
αντι·κει·μεν·οις
pres mp ptcp mas dat pl or pres mp ptcp neu dat pl
while being-BE-ed-OPPOSITE-TO
to be set over against, correspond with, τιμὰ ἀγαθοῖσιν ἀ. is held out to them as a fitting reward
while being-BE-ed-OPPOSITE-TO (dat)
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
them/same (gen)
ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
as/like
βούλονται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βούλομαι (βουλ-, βουλη·σ-, -, -, -, βουλη·θ-)
βουλ·ονται
pres mp ind 3rd pl
they-are-being-INTEND/PLAN-ed
Cognate of βουλη (determinate plan/intent/purpose), thus, a harder, less negotiable form of θέλημα (to wish/want/desire). Often softened to "wish/want" regarding the wishes/desires of a sovereign authority (God/king/general/ruling counsel).
they-are-being-INTEND/PLAN-ed
Est 8:11
In those letters, the king granted the Jews who were in every city to gather themselves together, and to defend their life, to destroy, to kill, and to cause to perish, all the power of the people and province that would assault them, their little ones and women, and to plunder their possessions,
12ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
ἡμέρᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
day
day (dat)
μιᾷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
μι·ᾳ
fem dat sg
into
into (dat)
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
πάσῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral); Verb

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός; πάσσω [LXX] (πασσ-, -, πα·σ-, -, πεπασ-, -)
πασ·ῃ; πα·σῃ
fem dat sg; 1aor act sub 3rd sg or 1aor mp sub 2nd sg
each, every; he/she/it-should-SPRINKLE, you(sg)-should-be-SPRINKLE-ed
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".;
each, every (dat); he/she/it-should-SPRINKLE, you(sg)-should-be-SPRINKLE-ed
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
the (dat)
βασιλείᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βασιλεία, -ας, ἡ
βασιλει·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
kingdom
kingdom (dat)
Ἀρταξέρξου τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
the (dat)
τρισκαιδεκάτῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

τρισ·και·δέκατος -η -ον [LXX]
τρισκαιδεκατ·ῃ
fem dat sg
thirteenth
thirteenth (dat)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
δωδεκάτου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

δω·δέκατος -η -ον
δωδεκατ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
twelfth
twelfth (gen)
μηνός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

μήν[2], μηνός, ὁ
μην·ος
(mas) gen sg
month
month (gen)
ὅς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ος
mas nom sg
who/whom/which
who/whom/which (nom)
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
he/she/it-is
Αδαρ
Est 8:12
on one day in all the provinces of King Ahasuerus, on the thirteenth day of the twelfth month, which is the month Adar.
12aAddition to Esther V (8:12a–12x/Vulgate 16:1–24)
ὧν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
who/whom/which
who/whom/which (gen)
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
he/she/it-is
ἀντίγραφον τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
the (gen)
ἐπιστολῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἐπι·στολή, -ῆς, ἡ
επιστολ·ης
(fem) gen sg
letter
[epistle]
letter (gen)
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
the (nom|acc)
ὑπογεγραμμένα
GrEst 13:1
¶“The great king Ahasuerus to the princes and governors of the one hundred twenty seven provinces from India to Ethiopia and to all our faithful subjects, greeting.
12bβασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
king (nom)
μέγας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2, irreg.)

μέγ[αλ]ας μεγάλη μέγ[αλ]α
irreg. μεγα[λ·ο]ς ( instead of μεγαλ·ος)
mas nom sg
great
great (nom)
Ἀρταξέρξης τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
the (dat)
ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
from
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
the (gen)
Ἰνδικῆς ἕως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction; Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl.)

ἕως[1]; ἕως[2], -ω, ἡ [LXX], acc.
εως; ε(ω)·ος, ε(ω)·ους
indecl; (fem) nom|voc sg, (fem) acc pl
until; dawn, dawns
, up-until/as-far-as, Often used as a conjunctive-adverbial preposition concerning time/place/number, "until +(genitive)";
until; dawn (nom|voc), dawns (acc)
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
the (gen)
Αἰθιοπίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

Αἰθιοπία, -ας, ἡ [LXX]
αιθιοπι·ας
(fem) gen sg
Ethiopia
Ethiopia (gen)
ἑκατὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

ἑκατόν
εκατον
indecl
hundred
hundred
εἴκοσι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.); Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἰκών, -όνος, ἡ; εἴκοσι
εικο[ν]·σι(ν); εικοσι
(fem) dat pl; indecl
icons; twenty
[image, likeness];
icons (dat); twenty
ἑπτὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

ἑπτά
επτα
indecl
seven
seven
σατραπείαις χωρῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Verb

χῶρος, -οῦ, ὁ; χώρα, -ας, ἡ; χωρέω (χωρ(ε)-, -, χωρη·σ-, -, -, -)
χωρ·ων; χωρ·ων; χωρ(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(mas) gen pl; (fem) gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
northwests; regions; while HAVE-ing-SPACE
also * region (clίme), land, country; realm (clίme); land, country, territory, tract, province; (from "χῶρος" "space/place/region/country), hence have-space/place/room-for. Metaphorical-Trns:accept/hold/contain/receive/welcome; Intrns(with "εἰς"):enter/pass/be-room/welcomed/accepted. Root for "choreograph".
northwests (gen); regions (gen); while HAVE-ing-SPACE (nom)
ἄρχουσι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.); Verb

ἄρχων[τ], -ο[υ]ντος, ὁ, dat. pl. ἄρχουσιν, voc. pl. ἄρχοντες; ἄρχω (αρχ-, αρξ-, αρξ-, -, ηρχ-, -)
αρχου[ντ]·σι(ν); αρχ·ουσι(ν), αρχ·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
(mas) dat pl; pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
rulers; they-are-BEGIN/RULE-ing, while BEGIN/RULE-ing
; Lit:"head/chief", hence rule or begin (depending upon context).
rulers (dat); they-are-BEGIN/RULE-ing, while BEGIN/RULE-ing (dat)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
the (dat)
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
the (nom|acc)
ἡμέτερα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Possessive)

ἡμέτερος -α -ον
ημετερ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or fem nom|voc sg
our-own, our-own
emphatic 1p-possessive pronoun
our-own (nom|acc|voc), our-own (nom|voc)
φρονοῦσι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φρονέω (φρον(ε)-, φρονη·σ-, φρονη·σ-, -, -, -)
φρον(ε)·ουσι(ν), φρον(ε)·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
they-are-THINK-ing, while THINK-ing
frame (cf. φρην) an emotional disposition (actively establish a mindset of how you allow yourself to "feel" about something, as opposed to just logical reasoning).
they-are-THINK-ing, while THINK-ing (dat)
χαίρειν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

χαίρω (χαιρ-, χαρ(ε)·[σ]-, -, -, -, χαρ·[θ]-)
χαιρ·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-REJOICE-ing
salute, salutation
to-be-REJOICE-ing
GrEst 13:2
¶“Many, the more often they are honored with the great bounty of their gracious princes, the more proud they become,
12cπολλοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral, irreg.)

πολ[λ]ύς πολλή πολ[λ]ύ
πολλ·οι
mas nom pl
many
many (nom)
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
the (dat)
πλείστῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πλεῖστος -η -ον (Superl. of πολύς)
πλειστ·ῃ
fem dat sg
most
most (dat)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
εὐεργετούντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εὐ·εργετέω (ευ+εργετ(ε)-/ευεργετ(ε)-, ευ+εργετη·σ-, ευ+εργετη·σ-/ευεργετη·σ-, -, ευεργετη-, ευ+εργετη·θ-/ευεργετη·θ-)
ευ·εργετ(ε)·οντων, ευ·εργετ(ε)·ο[υ]ντ·ων
pres act imp 3rd pl classical, pres act ptcp mas gen pl or pres act ptcp neu gen pl
let-them-be-BENEFIT-ing!, while BENEFIT-ing
let-them-be-BENEFIT-ing! (classical), while BENEFIT-ing (gen)
χρηστότητι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

χρηστότη[τ]ς, -ητος, ἡ
χρηστοτητ·ι
(fem) dat sg
magnanimousness
GNT: usually "kindness". LXX:usually "good" or "goodness". From "χρηστός" (useful/suitable/kind/easy/good/magnanimous
magnanimousness (dat)
πυκνότερον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Adjective (2-1-2)

πυκνό·τερον (Comp. Adv. of πυκνός); πυκνό·τερος -α -ον [LXX] (Comp. of πυκνός)
πυκνοτερον; πυκνοτερ·ον
indecl; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
???; more frequent
;
???; more frequent (acc, nom|acc|voc)
τιμώμενοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τιμάω (τιμ(α)-, τιμη·σ-, τιμη·σ-, -, τετιμη-, τιμη·θ-)
τιμ(α)·ομεν·οι
pres mp ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while being-HONOR-ed
/assign-value-to, pay-respect/worth-to
while being-HONOR-ed (nom|voc)
μεῖζον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3)

μείζων -ον, gen. sg. -ονος (Comp. of μέγας)
μειζον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas voc sg or fem voc sg
greater
greater (nom|acc|voc, voc)
ἐφρόνησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φρονέω (φρον(ε)-, φρονη·σ-, φρονη·σ-, -, -, -)
ε·φρονη·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-THINK-ed
frame (cf. φρην) an emotional disposition (actively establish a mindset of how you allow yourself to "feel" about something, as opposed to just logical reasoning).
they-THINK-ed
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
not
μόνον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Adjective (2-1-2)

μόνον (Adv. of μόνος); μόνος -η -ον
μονον; μον·ον
indecl; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
only; sole
; apart, sole, only, alone (see κατάμόνος G2651 apart, solely, only, alone)
only; sole (acc, nom|acc|voc)
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
the (acc)
ὑποτεταγμένους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑπο·τάσσω (υπο+τασσ-, υπο+ταξ-, υπο+ταξ-, -, υπο+τετασσ-, υπο+ταγ·[θ]-/υπο+ταχ·θ-)
υπο·τετασσ·μεν·ους
perf mp ptcp mas acc pl
having-been-SUBORDINATE-ed
[subdue, place under ones obidience]
having-been-SUBORDINATE-ed (acc)
ἡμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημιν
dat pl
us
us (dat)
ζητοῦσι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ζητέω (ζητ(ε)-, ζητη·σ-, ζητη·σ-, -, -, ζητη·θ-)
ζητ(ε)·ουσι(ν), ζητ(ε)·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
they-are-SEEK-ing, while SEEK-ing
/search/inquire, look-into
they-are-SEEK-ing, while SEEK-ing (dat)
κακοποιεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κακο·ποιέω (κακοποι(ε)-, κακοποιη·σ-, κακοποιη·σ-, -, -, -)
κακοποι(ε)·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-DO-ing-BAD
[Lit: make/do-ill/bad]
to-be-DO-ing-BAD
τόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
τε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

τέ
τε
indecl
and [postpositive coordinate]
and [postpositive coordinate]
κόρον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

κόρος, -ου, ὁ
κορ·ον
(mas) acc sg
measure
measure (acc)
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
not
δυνάμενοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δύνα·μαι (ath. δυν(α)-/ath. δυν(η)-, δυνη·σ-, -, -, -, δυνη·θ-/δυνασ·θ-)
δυν(α)·μεν·οι
pres mp ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while being-ABLE-ed
while being-ABLE-ed (nom|voc)
φέρειν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φέρω (φερ-, οι·σ-, ενεγκ·[σ]- or 2nd ενεγκ-, ενηνοχ·[κ]-, -, ενεχ·θ-)
φερ·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-CARRY-ing
, tote/bear/carry(a load), fetch, carry-off, offer, bring-forth, give-birth
to-be-CARRY-ing
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
the (dat)
ἑαυτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

ἑ·αυτοῦ/αὑτοῦ[2] -ῆς -οῦ
εαυτ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
selves
him/her/it/our/your/them-selves
selves (gen)
εὐεργέταις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

εὐ·εργέτης, -οῦ, ὁ
ευεργετ·αις
(mas) dat pl
benefactors
benefactors (dat)
ἐπιχειροῦσι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·χειρέω (επι+χειρ(ε)-, -, επι+χειρη·σ-, -, -, -)
επι·χειρ(ε)·ουσι(ν), επι·χειρ(ε)·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
they-are-UNDERTAKE-ing, while UNDERTAKE-ing
they-are-UNDERTAKE-ing, while UNDERTAKE-ing (dat)
μηχανᾶσθαι
GrEst 13:3
and they endeavor to hurt, not only our subjects, but also, being unable to bear abundance, take it in hand to practice against those that do them good.
12dκαὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
the (acc)
εὐχαριστίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

εὐ·χαριστία, -ας, ἡ
ευχαριστι·αν
(fem) acc sg
gratitude
Lit:"good/well-graciousness", hence thankfulness/gratitude/thanksagivung.
gratitude (acc)
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
not
μόνον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Adjective (2-1-2)

μόνον (Adv. of μόνος); μόνος -η -ον
μονον; μον·ον
indecl; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
only; sole
; apart, sole, only, alone (see κατάμόνος G2651 apart, solely, only, alone)
only; sole (acc, nom|acc|voc)
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
out of (+gen)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
ἀνθρώπων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ων
(mas) gen pl
mans
mans (gen)
ἀνταναιροῦντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀντ·αν·αιρέω [LXX] (ανταν+αιρ(ε)-, ανταν+ελ(ε)·[σ]-, ανταν+ελ·[σ]- or 2nd ανταν+ελ-, -, -, ανταν+αιρε·θ-)
ανταν·αιρ(ε)·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while TAKE-AWAY-ing
, make-cease/disappear, annul
while TAKE-AWAY-ing (nom|voc)
ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but-rather
emphatic/hard-adversative, "but-rather/instead", as distinct from the softer, more common, "δέ"
but-rather
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
the (dat)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
ἀπειραγάθων κόμποις ἐπαρθέντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπ·αίρω (επ+αιρ-, -, επ+αρ·[σ]-, -, επ+ηρ-, επ+αρ·θ-)
επ·αρ·θε[ι]ντ·ες
aor θη ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon being-RAISE/LIFT-UP-ed
Lit:"lift/raise-upon", hence raise/lift-up.
upon being-RAISE/LIFT-UP-ed (nom|voc)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
the (nom|acc)
πάντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or mas acc sg
all, each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
all (nom|acc|voc), each, every (acc)
κατοπτεύοντος ἀεὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἀεί/αἰεί
αει
indecl
always
always
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god
[see theology]
god (gen)
μισοπόνηρον ὑπολαμβάνουσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑπο·λαμβάνω (υπο+λαμβαν-, -, 2nd υπο+λαβ-, υπο+ειληφ·[κ]-, -, -)
υπο·λαμβαν·ουσι(ν), υπο·λαμβαν·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
they-are-TAKE UP-ing--SUPPOSE, while TAKE UP-ing--SUPPOSE
Literally, take up. Figuratively, "take up what is said", that is, interpret or understand in a certain way; suppose.
they-are-TAKE UP-ing--SUPPOSE, while TAKE UP-ing--SUPPOSE (dat)
ἐκφεύξεσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·φεύγω (εκ+φευγ-, εκ+φευξ-, 2nd εκ+φυγ-, εκ+πεφευγ·[κ]-, -, -)
εκ·φευγ·σεσθαι
fut mp inf
to-will-be-ESCAPE/FLEE-FROM-ed
Lit: "flee-away-from-out-of", hence escape
to-will-be-ESCAPE/FLEE-FROM-ed
δίκην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

δίκη, -ης, ἡ
δικ·ην
(fem) acc sg
justice/rightness, penalty
trial, lawsuit, court hearing, penalty/punishment(acc)
justice/rightness, penalty (acc)
GrEst 13:4
And they take, not only thankfulness away from among men, but also, lifted up with the glorious words of lewd persons who were never good, they think to escape the justice of God, who sees all things and hates evil.
12eπολλάκις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Multiplicative Numeral)

πολλά·κις
πολλακις
indecl
many times
many times
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but/however/moreover/yet
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
πολλοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral, irreg.)

πολ[λ]ύς πολλή πολ[λ]ύ
πολλ·ους
mas acc pl
many
many (acc)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
ἐπ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επ’
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐξουσίαις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἐξ·ουσία, -ας, ἡ
εξουσι·αις
(fem) dat pl
authorities
control, ruler, power, sway, freedom permitted by peace, licence
authorities (dat)
τεταγμένων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τάσσω/τάττω (τασσ-/ταττ-, ταξ-, ταξ-, τεταχ·[κ]-, τετασσ-, ταχ·θ-)
τετασσ·μεν·ων
perf mp ptcp fem gen pl or perf mp ptcp mas gen pl or perf mp ptcp neu gen pl
having-been-APPOINT-ed
prescribe, post, station, assess, ordain, order, command, arrange/organize/set/put/place-in-position.
having-been-APPOINT-ed (gen)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
πιστευθέντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πιστεύω (πιστευ-, πιστευ·σ-, πιστευ·σ-, πεπιστευ·κ-, πεπιστευ-, πιστευ·θ-)
πιστευ·θεντων, πιστευ·θε[ι]ντ·ων
aor θη imp 3rd pl classical, aor θη ptcp mas gen pl or aor θη ptcp neu gen pl
let-them-be-BELIEVE/TRUST-ed!, upon being-BELIEVE/TRUST-ed
be-persuaded/accept [toward] (heed [to], believe); give management (entrust). PASS. to be entrusted with
let-them-be-BELIEVE/TRUST-ed! (classical), upon being-BELIEVE/TRUST-ed (gen)
χειρίζειν φίλων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

φίλος -η -ον; φιλέω (φιλ(ε)-, φιλη·σ-, φιλη·σ-, πεφιλη·κ-, -, -)
φιλ·ων; φιλ(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
friend; while BE-ing-FOND-OF
companion; [hold at high degree of association, have affection toward; raraly of kissing]
friend (gen); while BE-ing-FOND-OF (nom)
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
the (nom|acc)
πράγματα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πρᾶγμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πραγματ·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
matters
/thing/business/affair/object [root for "pragmatic"]
matters (nom|acc|voc)
παραμυθία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

παρα·μύθιον, -ου, τό; παρα·μυθία, -ας, ἡ
παραμυθι·α; παραμυθι·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl; (fem) nom|voc sg
incentives; ???
persuasive power;
incentives (nom|acc|voc); ??? (nom|voc)
μεταιτίους αἱμάτων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

αἷμα[τ], -ατος, τό
αιματ·ων
(neu) gen pl
bloods
σημερον
bloods (gen)
ἀθῴων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἀ·θῷος -ον
αθῳ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
guiltless/exculpated
guiltless/exculpated (gen)
καταστήσασα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καθ·ίστημι (ath. καθ+ιστ(α)-/ath. καθ+ιστ(η)-, κατα+στη·σ-, κατα+στη·σ- or 2nd ath. κατα+στ(η)-/ath. κατα+στ(α)-, καθ+εστη·κ-/καθ+εστα·κ-/καθ+εστ(α)·[κ]-, καθ+εστα-, κατα+στα·θ-)
κατα·στη·σασ·α
1aor act ptcp fem nom|voc sg
upon APPOINT/ESTABLISH-ing
Lit"down-stand", hence give-standing/authority, hence appoint, put-in-charge set-in-order, lay, render, enable, establish. In some instances, similar to "τίθημι" (place/lay/put/set/appoint).
upon APPOINT/ESTABLISH-ing (nom|voc)
περιέβαλε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

περι·βάλλω (περι+βαλλ-, περι+βαλ(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd περι+βαλ-, -, περι+βεβλη-, περι+βλη·θ-)
περι·ε·βαλ·ε(ν)
2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-ADORN-ed-WITH
[throw around]
he/she/it-ADORN-ed-WITH
συμφοραῖς ἀνηκέστοις
GrEst 13:5
¶“Oftentimes also, the pleasing words of those who are trusted to manage their friends’ affairs, have caused many who are in authority to be partakers of innocent blood and have enwrapped them in remediless calamities—
12fτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
the (dat)
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
the (gen)
κακοηθείας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

κακο·ήθεια, -ας, ἡ
κακοηθει·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
evil, wickedness
ill, malefaction
evil (gen), wickedness (acc)
ψευδεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.); Adjective (3-3-3); Verb

ψεῦδο·ς, -ους, τό; ψευδής -ές; ψεύδομαι (ψευδ-, ψευ[δ]·σ-, ψευ[δ]·σ-, -, εψευδ-, ψευδ·θ-)
ψευδ(ε)·ι; ψευδ(ε)·ι; ψευδ·ει
(neu) dat sg; neu dat sg or mas dat sg or fem dat sg; pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
lie; false; you(sg)-are-being-LIE-ed
falsehood, untruth, false religion; false, lying; to lie or deceive
lie (dat); false (dat); you(sg)-are-being-LIE-ed (classical)
παραλογισμῷ παραλογισαμένων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·λογίζομαι (παρα+λογιζ-, -, παρα+λογι·σ-, -, -, -)
παρα·λογι·σαμεν·ων
1aor mp ptcp fem gen pl or 1aor mp ptcp mas gen pl or 1aor mp ptcp neu gen pl
upon being-DELUDE-ed
[reason falsely]
upon being-DELUDE-ed (gen)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
the (acc)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
ἐπικρατούντων ἀκέραιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἀ·κέραιος -ον
ακεραι·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
undivided
integral, undivided, whole
undivided (acc, nom|acc|voc)
εὐγνωμοσύνην
GrEst 13:6
thus beguiling with the falsehood and deceit of their lewd disposition, the innocence and goodness of princes.
12gσκοπεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σκοπέω (σκοπ(ε)-, -, -, -, -, -)
σκοπ(ε)·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-CONTEMPLATE/EXAMINE-ing
[meditate on, consider; watchman]
to-be-CONTEMPLATE/EXAMINE-ing
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but/however/moreover/yet
ἔξεστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔξ·εστιν a.k.a. ἔξ·ειμι[2] fr. εἰμί[1] (ath. εξ+(εσ)-/εξ+(εσ)-, -, -, -, -, -)
εξ·(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is-BE-ing-PERMITTED
he/she/it-is-BE-ing-PERMITTED
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
not
τοσοῦτον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

τοσ·οῦτος -αύτη -οῦτο(ν)
τοσουτ·ο(ν), τοσουτ·ον
neu nom|acc sg, mas acc sg
this-much
[Lit:"this-so-much"]
this-much (acc, nom|acc)
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
out of (+gen)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
παλαιοτέρων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

παλαιό·τερος -α -ον [LXX] (Comp. of παλαιός)
παλαιοτερ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
older
older (gen)
ὧν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
who/whom/which
who/whom/which (gen)
παρεδώκαμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·δίδωμι (ath. παρα+διδ(ο)-/ath. παρα+διδ(ω)-, παρα+δω·σ-, παρα+δω·κ- or 2nd ath. παρα+δ(ο)-/ath. παρα+δ(ω)-, παρα+δεδω·κ-, παρα+δεδο-, παρα+δο·θ-)
παρα·ε·δω·καμεν
1aor act ind 1st pl
we-DELIVER-OVER-ed
Lit:"give-close-beside", hence deliver/surrender/hand-over, betray, commit, give-in/over/up, turn-in, consign, grant, bestow, teach-doctrine
we-DELIVER-OVER-ed
ἱστοριῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἱστορία, -ας, ἡ [LXX]
ιστορι·ων
(fem) gen pl
inquiries
[see history]
inquiries (gen)
ὅσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅσος -η -ον
οσ·α
neu nom|acc pl
as much/many as
as much/many as (nom|acc)
ἐστὶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
he/she/it-is
παρὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

παρά
παρα
indecl
frοm beside (+acc,+gen,+dat)
παρ’ before vowels I. beside, near, by, II. along, III. past, beyond. 1. with Verbs of coming, going, etc., to the side of, to, with Verbs of placing, examining, etc., side by side with, near, together
frοm beside (+acc,+gen,+dat)
πόδας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

πούς, ποδός, ὁ (cf. βάσις)
ποδ·ας
(mas) acc pl
feet
feet (acc)
ὑμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμας
acc pl
you(pl)
you(pl) (acc)
ἐκζητοῦντας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·ζητέω (εκ+ζητ(ε)-, εκ+ζητη·σ-, εκ+ζητη·σ-, -, εξ+εζητη-, εκ+ζητη·θ-)
εκ·ζητ(ε)·ο[υ]ντ·ας
pres act ptcp mas acc pl
while SEEK-ing-OUT
while SEEK-ing-OUT (acc)
ἀνοσίως συντετελεσμένα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συν·τελέω (συν+τελ(ε)-, συν+τελε·σ-, συν+τελε·σ-, συν+τετελε·κ-, συν+τετελεσ-, συν+τελεσ·θ-)
συν·τετελεσ·μεν·α
perf mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
having-been-FINISH/COMPLETE-ed
Lit:"complete/perfect-together-with", hence finish/thoroughly-complete.
having-been-FINISH/COMPLETE-ed (nom|acc|voc)
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
the (dat)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
ἀνάξια [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἀν·άξιος -ον
αναξι·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl
unworthy
unworthy (nom|acc|voc)
δυναστευόντων λοιμότητι
GrEst 13:7
¶“Now you may see this, as we have declared, not so much by ancient histories, but also if you search what has been wickedly done of late, through the pestilent behavior of those who are unworthily placed in authority.
12hκαὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
προσέχειν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·έχω (προσ+εχ-, προσ+εξ-, 2nd προσ+σχ-/ath. προσ+σχε-, προσ+εσχη·κ-, -, -)
προσ·εχ·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-PAY/TAKE-HEED-ing
Lit:"have/hold-toward". hence attend/pay-attention/heed/give-value(+dative); consider-important; reck [with negative or questions]; it recks (it is important). Cf. εἰσ·ακούω
to-be-PAY/TAKE-HEED-ing
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into +acc
OF PLACE, the oldest and commonest usage into, with Verbs of saying or speaking relating to the person to whom or before whom one is speaking, Verbs expressing rest in a place, when a previous motion into or to it is implied; elliptical usage after Verbs
into +acc
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
the (nom|acc)
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
ταῦτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·α
neu nom|acc pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
these (nom|acc)
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into +acc
OF PLACE, the oldest and commonest usage into, with Verbs of saying or speaking relating to the person to whom or before whom one is speaking, Verbs expressing rest in a place, when a previous motion into or to it is implied; elliptical usage after Verbs
into +acc
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
the (nom|acc)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
the (acc)
βασιλείαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βασιλεία, -ας, ἡ
βασιλει·αν
(fem) acc sg
kingdom
kingdom (acc)
ἀτάραχον τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
the (dat)
πᾶσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
πα[ντ]·σι(ν)
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
all (dat)
ἀνθρώποις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·οις
(mas) dat pl
mans
mans (dat)
μετ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετ’
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
εἰρήνης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

εἰρήνη, -ης, ἡ
ειρην·ης
(fem) gen sg
peace
peace (gen)
παρεξόμεθα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρ·έχω (παρ+εχ-, παρ+εξ-, 2nd παρα+σχ-, -, -, -)
παρ·εχ·σομεθα
fut mp ind 1st pl
we-will-be-PROVIDE-ed
we-will-be-PROVIDE-ed
GrEst 13:8
And we must take care for the time to come, that our kingdom may be quiet and peaceable for all men,
12iχρώμενοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

χράομαι (χρ(η)-/χρ(α)-, χρη·σ-, χρη·σ-, -, κεχρη-, χρησ·θ-)
χρ(η)·ομεν·οι, χρ(α)·ομεν·οι
pres mp ptcp mas nom|voc pl, pres mp ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while being-USE/TREAT-ed
(profit, advise)
while being-USE/TREAT-ed (nom|voc)
ταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·αις
fem dat pl
the
the (dat)
μεταβολαῖς τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
the (nom|acc)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but/however/moreover/yet
ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen)
ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
under (+acc), by (+gen)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
the (acc)
ὄψιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

ὄψις, -εως, ἡ
οψ(ι)·ν
(fem) acc sg
sight
sight (acc)
ἐρχόμενα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ερχ·ομεν·α
pres mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
while being-COME-ed
"Come"; sometimes "go" or "appear". A general verb of motion, whether literal or figurative.
while being-COME-ed (nom|acc|voc)
διακρίνοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δια·κρίνω (δια+κριν-, -, δια+κριν·[σ]-, -, -, δια+κρι·θ-)
δια·κριν·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while DISCRIMINATE(POS)-ing--DOUBT(NEG)
Lit:"judge-from-side-to-side", hence thoroughly-discern/decide/distinguish/judge/separate, or doubt(neg).
while DISCRIMINATE(POS)-ing--DOUBT(NEG) (nom|voc)
ἀεὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἀεί/αἰεί
αει
indecl
always
always
μετ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετ’
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
ἐπιεικεστέρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἐπιεικέσ·τερος -α -ον [LXX] (Comp. of ἐπι·εικής)
επιεικεστερ·ας
fem gen sg or fem acc pl
???
??? (acc, gen)
ἀπαντήσεως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

ἀπ·άντησις, -εως, ἡ
απαντησ(ι)·ος
(fem) gen sg
meeting
meeting (gen)
GrEst 13:9
both by changing our purposes and by always judging things which are evident with more equal proceeding.
12kὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
as/like
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
for
Αμαν Αμαδαθου Μακεδών [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

Μακεδών, -όνος, ὁ
μακεδον·^
(mas) nom|voc sg
Macedonian
Macedonian (nom|voc)
ταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·αις
fem dat pl
the
the (dat)
ἀληθείαις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀ·λήθεια, -ας, ἡ
αληθει·αις
(fem) dat pl
truths
truths (dat)
ἀλλότριος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Possessive)

ἀλλότριος -ία -ον
αλλοτρι·ος
mas nom sg
another's
of or belonging to another; a stranger; foreign, strange
another's (nom)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
Περσῶν αἵματος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

αἷμα[τ], -ατος, τό
αιματ·ος
(neu) gen sg
blood
σημερον
blood (gen)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
πολὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral, irreg.)

πολ[λ]ύς πολλή πολ[λ]ύ
irreg. πολ(υ) ( instead of πολλ·ο)
neu nom|acc sg
much
much (nom|acc)
διεστηκὼς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δι·ΐστημι (ath. δι+ιστ(α)-/ath. δι+ιστ(η)-, δια+στη·σ-, δια+στη·σ- or 2nd ath. δια+στ(η)-/ath. δια+στ(α)-, δια+εστη·κ-, -, -)
δια·εστη·κο[τ]·^ς
perf act ptcp mas nom sg
having SEPARATE-ed
having SEPARATE-ed (nom)
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
the (gen)
ἡμετέρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Possessive)

ἡμέτερος -α -ον
ημετερ·ας
fem gen sg or fem acc pl
our-own, our-own
emphatic 1p-possessive pronoun
our-own (gen), our-own (acc)
χρηστότητος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

χρηστότη[τ]ς, -ητος, ἡ
χρηστοτητ·ος
(fem) gen sg
magnanimousness
GNT: usually "kindness". LXX:usually "good" or "goodness". From "χρηστός" (useful/suitable/kind/easy/good/magnanimous
magnanimousness (gen)
ἐπιξενωθεὶς ἡμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημιν
dat pl
us
us (dat)
GrEst 13:10
¶“For Haman, a Macedonian, the son of Hammedatha, being indeed a stranger from the Persian blood, and far distant from our goodness and as a stranger received of us,
12lἔτυχεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τυγχάνω (τυγχαν-, τευξ-, τευξ- or 2nd τυχ-, τετυχ·[κ]-/τετευχ·[κ]-, -, -)
ε·τυχ·ε(ν)
2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-CHANCE-ed-UPON
he/she/it-CHANCE-ed-UPON
ἧς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ης
fem gen sg
who/whom/which
who/whom/which (gen)
ἔχομεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
εχ·ομεν
pres act ind 1st pl
we-are-HAVE-ing
/hold.
we-are-HAVE-ing
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
πᾶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παν[τ]
neu nom|acc|voc sg
each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
each, every (nom|acc|voc)
ἔθνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
nation/culture/race
Lit: from etho (vb: to form a custom/culture). Hence, a race/people, joined by shared language, customs, history, and culture. Usually applied to Gentiles (except Jn 11:50).
nation/culture/race (nom|acc|voc)
φιλανθρωπίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

φιλ·ανθρωπία, -ας, ἡ
φιλανθρωπι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
love of people, love of peoples
[see philanthropy]
love of people (gen), love of peoples (acc)
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
τοσοῦτον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

τοσ·οῦτος -αύτη -οῦτο(ν)
τοσουτ·ο(ν), τοσουτ·ον
neu nom|acc sg, mas acc sg
this-much
[Lit:"this-so-much"]
this-much (acc, nom|acc)
ὥστε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὥστε
ωστε
indecl
so that
Lit: "like-also"
so that
ἀναγορεύεσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀν·αγορεύω [LXX] (αν+αγορευ-, -, -, -, -, -)
αν·αγορευ·εσθαι
pres mp inf
to-be-being-???-ed
to-be-being-???-ed
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
us
us (gen)
πατέρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

πατήρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ὁ, voc. pl. πατέρες
πατερ·α
(mas) acc sg
father
father (acc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
προσκυνούμενον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·κυνέω (προσ+κυν(ε)-, προσ+κυνη·σ-, προσ+κυνη·σ-, προσ+κεκυνη·κ-, -, -)
προσ·κυν(ε)·ομεν·ον
pres mp ptcp mas acc sg or pres mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
while being-PROSTRATE-ed
make or pay obeisance; kneel or prostrate oneself before, in worship/reverence/honor
while being-PROSTRATE-ed (acc, nom|acc|voc)
ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen)
ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
under (+acc), by (+gen)
πάντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
all (gen)
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
the (nom|acc)
δεύτερον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

δεύτερος -α -ον
δευτερ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
second
second (acc, nom|acc|voc)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
βασιλικοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

βασιλικός -ή -όν
βασιλικ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
royal
(king's, nobleman)
royal (gen)
θρόνου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θρόνος, -ου, ὁ
θρον·ου
(mas) gen sg
throne
throne (gen)
πρόσωπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

πρόσ·ωπον, -ου, τό
προσωπ·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
face
Lit:"toward-eyes", hence face/countenance/appearance
face (nom|acc|voc)
διατελεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δια·τελέω (δια+τελ(ε)-, -, δια+τελε·σ-, -, -, -)
δια·τελ(ε)·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-CONTINUE-ing
to-be-CONTINUE-ing
GrEst 13:11
had obtained so much of the favor that we show toward every nation, that he was called our father and was continually honored above all as the person next to the king.
12mοὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
not
ἐνέγκας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φέρω (φερ-, οι·σ-, ενεγκ·[σ]- or 2nd ενεγκ-, ενηνοχ·[κ]-, -, ενεχ·θ-)
ενεγκ·[σ]α[ντ]·ς
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon CARRY-ing
, tote/bear/carry(a load), fetch, carry-off, offer, bring-forth, give-birth
upon CARRY-ing (nom|voc)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but/however/moreover/yet
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
the (acc)
ὑπερηφανίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ὑπερηφανία, -ας, ἡ
υπερηφανι·αν
(fem) acc sg
pride/arrogance
[Lit: over-appearing]
pride/arrogance (acc)
ἐπετήδευσεν τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
the (gen)
ἀρχῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀρχή, -ῆς, ἡ
αρχ·ης
(fem) gen sg
chief/head/ruler/beginning
chief/head/ruler, beginning/origin. Context impacts meaning. If dative w/o definite article, "origin" often offers the least contradiction with other scriptures. Titles with definite article, then "chief/head/ruler" (chief-priest, arc
chief/head/ruler/beginning (gen)
στερῆσαι ἡμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημας
acc pl
us
us (acc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
πνεύματος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πνεῦμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πνευματ·ος
(neu) gen sg
spirit
spirit; also wind, breath
spirit (gen)
GrEst 13:12
But he, not bearing his great dignity, went about to deprive us of our kingdom and life,
12nτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
τε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

τέ
τε
indecl
and [postpositive coordinate]
and [postpositive coordinate]
ἡμέτερον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Possessive)

ἡμέτερος -α -ον
ημετερ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
our-own
emphatic 1p-possessive pronoun
our-own (acc, nom|acc|voc)
σωτῆρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

σωτήρ, -ῆρος, ὁ
σωτηρ·α
(mas) acc sg
Savior
rescuer
Savior (acc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
παντὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ος
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
each, every (gen)
εὐεργέτην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

εὐ·εργέτης, -οῦ, ὁ
ευεργετ·ην
(mas) acc sg
benefactor
benefactor (acc)
Μαρδοχαῖον καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
the (acc)
ἄμεμπτον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἄ·μεμπτος -ον
αμεμπτ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
blameless
blameless (acc, nom|acc|voc)
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
the (gen)
βασιλείας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βασιλεία, -ας, ἡ
βασιλει·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
kingdom, kingdoms
kingdom (gen), kingdoms (acc)
κοινωνὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl. and Fem. 2nd Decl.)

κοινωνός, -οῦ, ὁ and
κοινων·ον
(mas) acc sg or (fem) acc sg
sharer
[companion]
sharer (acc)
Εσθηρ σὺν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

σύν
συν
indecl
together with/including (+dat)
together with/including (+dat)
παντὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ι
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
each, every (dat)
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
the (dat)
τούτων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
these (gen)
ἔθνει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ε)·ι
(neu) dat sg
nation/culture/race
Lit: from etho (vb: to form a custom/culture). Hence, a race/people, joined by shared language, customs, history, and culture. Usually applied to Gentiles (except Jn 11:50).
nation/culture/race (dat)
πολυπλόκοις μεθόδων παραλογισμοῖς αἰτησάμενος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

αἰτέω (αιτ(ε)-, αιτη·σ-, αιτη·σ-, ῃτη·κ-, ῃτη-, αιτη·θ-)
αιτη·σαμεν·ος
1aor mp ptcp mas nom sg
upon being-ASK-ed
upon being-ASK-ed (nom)
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into +acc
OF PLACE, the oldest and commonest usage into, with Verbs of saying or speaking relating to the person to whom or before whom one is speaking, Verbs expressing rest in a place, when a previous motion into or to it is implied; elliptical usage after Verbs
into +acc
ἀπώλειαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀπ·ώλεια, -ας, ἡ
απωλει·αν
(fem) acc sg
destruction/expulsion
Lit:"cut-off-from", by extn, severing/expulsion/destruction/ruination. Often "perdition".
destruction/expulsion (acc)
GrEst 13:13
and, by manifold and cunning deceits, sought of us the destruction also of Mordecai, who saved our life and continually procured our good, as also of blameless Esther, partaker of our kingdom, with their whole nation.
12oδιὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
for
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
τρόπων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

τρόπος, -ου, ὁ; τροπή, -ῆς, ἡ
τροπ·ων; τροπ·ων
(mas) gen pl; (fem) gen pl
manners; turns
,way, means, method, attitude;
manners (gen); turns (gen)
τούτων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
these (gen)
ᾠήθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

οἴομαι/οἴ·μαι (οι-/ath. οι-, -, -, -, -, οιη·θ-)
ε·οιη·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-SUPPOSE-ed
he/she/it-was-SUPPOSE-ed
λαβὼν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαμβάνω (λαμβαν-, λημψ-/ληψ-, λαβ·[σ]- or 2nd λαβ-, ειληφ·[κ]-, ειληβ-, λημφ·θ-/ληφ·θ-)
λαβ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
upon TAKE/RECEIVE-ing
grasp, clutch, cling-to, seize, lay-hands-upon, take by violence, carry off, of a deity, seize, possess, catch, find out, detect, overtake, understand
upon TAKE/RECEIVE-ing (nom)
ἡμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημας
acc pl
us
us (acc)
ἐρήμους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἔρημος -ον
ερημ·ους
mas acc pl or fem acc pl
deserted
,unpopulated/uncultivated hence solitary, wilderness
deserted (acc)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
the (acc)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
Περσῶν ἐπικράτησιν εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into +acc
OF PLACE, the oldest and commonest usage into, with Verbs of saying or speaking relating to the person to whom or before whom one is speaking, Verbs expressing rest in a place, when a previous motion into or to it is implied; elliptical usage after Verbs
into +acc
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
the (acc)
Μακεδόνας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

Μακεδών, -όνος, ὁ
μακεδον·ας
(mas) acc pl
Macedonians
Macedonians (acc)
μετάξαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μετ·άγω (μετ+αγ-, -, μετ+αξ- or 2nd μετ+αγαγ-, -, -, μετ+αχ·θ-)
μετ·αγ·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-GUIDE, be-you(sg)-GUIDE-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-GUIDE
[lead from one place to another]
to-GUIDE, be-you(sg)-GUIDE-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-GUIDE (opt)
GrEst 13:14
For by these means he thought, finding us destitute of friends, to have transferred the kingdom of the Persians to the Macedonians.
12pἡμεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημεις
nom pl
we
we (nom)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but/however/moreover/yet
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
the (acc)
ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen)
ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
under (+acc), by (+gen)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
τρισαλιτηρίου παραδεδομένους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·δίδωμι (ath. παρα+διδ(ο)-/ath. παρα+διδ(ω)-, παρα+δω·σ-, παρα+δω·κ- or 2nd ath. παρα+δ(ο)-/ath. παρα+δ(ω)-, παρα+δεδω·κ-, παρα+δεδο-, παρα+δο·θ-)
παρα·δεδο·μεν·ους
perf mp ptcp mas acc pl
having-been-DELIVER-OVER-ed
Lit:"give-close-beside", hence deliver/surrender/hand-over, betray, commit, give-in/over/up, turn-in, consign, grant, bestow, teach-doctrine
having-been-DELIVER-OVER-ed (acc)
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into +acc
OF PLACE, the oldest and commonest usage into, with Verbs of saying or speaking relating to the person to whom or before whom one is speaking, Verbs expressing rest in a place, when a previous motion into or to it is implied; elliptical usage after Verbs
into +acc
ἀφανισμὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀ·φανισμός, -οῦ, ὁ
αφανισμ·ον
(mas) acc sg
obliteration/obscurity
[ἀφανίζω: (properly) blot out, remove from sight/notice; dissapear]
obliteration/obscurity (acc)
Ιουδαίους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ους
mas acc pl
Jewish
Jewish (acc)
εὑρίσκομεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εὑρίσκω (ευρισκ-, ευρη·σ-, ευρ·[σ]- or 2nd ευρ-, ευρη·κ-, ευρη-, ευρε·θ-)
ευρισκ·ομεν, ε·ευρισκ·ομεν
pres act ind 1st pl, impf act ind 1st pl
we-are-FIND-ing, we-were-FIND-ing
/learn/discover (after searching)
we-are-FIND-ing, we-were-FIND-ing
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
not
κακούργους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

κακοῦργος -ον
κακουργ·ους
mas acc pl or fem acc pl
criminal
criminal (acc)
ὄντας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·ο[υ]ντ·ας
pres act ptcp mas acc pl
while being
while being (acc)
δικαιοτάτοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

δικαιό·τατος -η -ον [LXX] (Superl. of δίκαιος)
δικαιοτατ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
most just
most just (dat)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but/however/moreover/yet
πολιτευομένους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πολιτεύομαι (πολιτευ-, -, -, -, πεπολιτευ-, -)
πολιτευ·ομεν·ους
pres mp ptcp mas acc pl
while being-CONDUCT LIFE-ed--LIVE
while being-CONDUCT LIFE-ed--LIVE (acc)
νόμοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·οις
(mas) dat pl
custom/laws
ordinance custom practice
custom/laws (dat)
GrEst 13:15
¶“But we find that the Jews, whom this wicked wretch had delivered to utter destruction, are no evildoers, but live by most just laws,
12qὄντας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·ο[υ]ντ·ας
pres act ptcp mas acc pl
while being
while being (acc)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but/however/moreover/yet
υἱοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ους
(mas) acc pl
sons
sons (acc)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
ὑψίστου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ὕψιστος -η -ον (Superl. of ὕψι)
υψιστ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
highest
highest (gen)
μεγίστου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

μέγιστος -η -ον (Superl. of μέγας)
μεγιστ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
greatest
greatest (gen)
ζῶντος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ζάω (ζ(η)-/ath. ζ(η)-, ζη·σ-, ζη·σ-, -, -, -)
ζ(η)·ο[υ]ντ·ος
pres act ptcp mas gen sg or pres act ptcp neu gen sg
while LIVE-ing
Verb from "ζωή"(life), hence live/made-alive, exist, inhabit
while LIVE-ing (gen)
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god
[see theology]
god (gen)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
κατευθύνοντος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατ·ευ·θύνω (κατ+ευθυν-, -, κατ+ευθυν·[σ]-, -, -, κατ+ευθυν·θ-)
κατ·ευθυν·ο[υ]ντ·ος
pres act ptcp mas gen sg or pres act ptcp neu gen sg
while DIRECT-ing
Lit:make-exactly-straight, hence direct/guide/instruct, make/keep-straight LXX: also prosper/succeed/establish, set-right/promote
while DIRECT-ing (gen)
ἡμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημιν
dat pl
us
us (dat)
τε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

τέ
τε
indecl
and [postpositive coordinate]
and [postpositive coordinate]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
the (dat)
προγόνοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

πρό·γονος -ον
προγον·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl or fem dat pl
fore-born
fore-born (dat)
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
us
us (gen)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
the (acc)
βασιλείαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βασιλεία, -ας, ἡ
βασιλει·αν
(fem) acc sg
kingdom
kingdom (acc)
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
the (dat)
καλλίστῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

καλλίστος -η -ον [LXX] (Superl. of καλός)
καλλιστ·ῃ
fem dat sg
best
best (dat)
διαθέσει
GrEst 13:16
and that they be children of the most high and most mighty living God, who has ordered the kingdom both unto us and unto our progenitors, in the most excellent way.
12rκαλῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

καλῶς
καλως
indecl
ideally
well, rightly
ideally
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
ποιήσετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποιη·σετε
fut act ind 2nd pl
you(pl)-will-DO/MAKE
you(pl)-will-DO/MAKE
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
not
προσχρησάμενοι τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
the (dat)
ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen)
ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
under (+acc), by (+gen)
Αμαν Αμαδαθου ἀποσταλεῖσι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·στέλλω (απο+στελλ-, απο+στελ(ε)·[σ]-, απο+στειλ·[σ]-, απ+εσταλ·κ-, απ+εσταλ-, απο+σταλ·[θ]-)
απο·σταλ·[θ]ει[ντ]·σι(ν)
aor θη ptcp mas dat pl or aor θη ptcp neu dat pl
upon being-SEND-FORTH-ed
Lit:"send/arrange-from/away". Often rendered "send-forth" (a message, messenger, action, etc), send
upon being-SEND-FORTH-ed (dat)
γράμμασιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

γράμμα[τ], -ατος, τό
γραμμα[τ]·σι(ν)
(neu) dat pl
letters
(characters that are written), hence document/letter/bill/record [distinct from γραφας scriptures as in 1 Cor 15:3] at this time the "Hebrew" texts consisted of consonantal characters not fully legible voweled words
letters (dat)
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
the (nom|acc)
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (acc)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
ταῦτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·α
neu nom|acc pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
these (nom|acc)
ἐξεργασάμενον πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·αις
fem dat pl
the
the (dat)
Σούσων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τρίβω [LXX] (τριβ-, ·σ-, τριψ-, -, τετριβ-, -)
·σουσ·ων
fut act ptcp fem gen pl
going-to-RUB
worn, rub
going-to-RUB (fut ptcp) (gen)
πύλαις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

πύλη, -ης, ἡ
πυλ·αις
(fem) dat pl
gates
gates (dat)
ἐσταυρῶσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σταυρόω (σταυρ(ο)-, σταυρω·σ-, σταυρω·σ-, -, εσταυρω-, σταυρω·θ-)
εσταυρω·σθαι
perf mp inf
to-have-been-CRUCIFY-ed
impale
to-have-been-CRUCIFY-ed
σὺν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

σύν
συν
indecl
together with/including (+dat)
together with/including (+dat)
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
the (dat)
πανοικίᾳ τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
the (acc)
καταξίαν τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
the (nom|acc)
πάντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or mas acc sg
all, each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
all (nom|acc|voc), each, every (acc)
ἐπικρατοῦντος θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god
[see theology]
god (gen)
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
τάχους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

τάχο·ς, -ους, τό
ταχ(ε)·ος
(neu) gen sg
speed
speed (gen)
ἀποδόντος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·δίδωμι (ath. απο+διδ(ο)-/ath. απο+διδ(ω)-, απο+δω·σ-, απο+δω·κ- or 2nd ath. απο+δ(ο)-/ath. απο+δ(ω)-, -, απο+δεδο-, απο+δο·θ-)
απο·δ(ο)·ντ·ος
2aor act ptcp mas gen sg or 2aor act ptcp neu gen sg
upon GIVE-BACK-ing
Lit:"give-from", hence, give/pay-back/repay/restore, assign, impute, convey, refer, sell
upon GIVE-BACK-ing (gen)
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (dat)
κρίσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

κρίσις, -εως, ἡ
κρισ(ι)·ν
(fem) acc sg
judgment
/decision, turning point, sudden change, crisis, estimation, conceit
judgment (acc)
GrEst 13:17-18
(17) Wherefore, you shall do well not to put in execution the letters sent to you by Haman the son of Hammedatha, (18) for he, who was the worker of these things, is hanged at the gates of Susa with all his family: God, who rules all things, speedily rendering vengeance to him according to his deserts.
12sτὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
the (nom|acc)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but/however/moreover/yet
ἀντίγραφον τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
the (gen)
ἐπιστολῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἐπι·στολή, -ῆς, ἡ
επιστολ·ης
(fem) gen sg
letter
[epistle]
letter (gen)
ταύτης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·ης
fem gen sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
this (gen)
ἐκθέντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·τίθημι (ath. εκ+τιθ(ε)-, εκ+θη·σ-, εκ+θη·κ- or 2nd ath. εκ+θ(ε)-, -, -, εκ+τε·θ-)
εκ·θ(ε)·ντ·ες
2aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon PLACE-ing-OUT/EXPOUND
upon PLACE-ing-OUT/EXPOUND (nom|voc)
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
παντὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ι
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
each, every (dat)
τόπῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

τόπος, -ου, ὁ
τοπ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
place
place (dat)
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
παρρησίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

παρρησία, -ας, ἡ
παρρησι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
boldness, boldness
openness, presumptuousness, temerity, chutzpah
boldness (gen), boldness (acc)
ἐᾶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐάω (ε(α)-, εα·σ-, εα·σ-, -, -, εα·θ-)
ε(α)·ειν > εαν
pres act inf
to-be-ALLOW-ing
permit, allow; concede; let alone/let be/have done with (Lk. 22:51 ἐᾶτε ἕως τούτου "Stop! No more of this!" BAGD)
to-be-ALLOW-ing
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
the (acc)
Ιουδαίους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ους
mas acc pl
Jewish
Jewish (acc)
χρῆσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

χράομαι (χρ(η)-/χρ(α)-, χρη·σ-, χρη·σ-, -, κεχρη-, χρησ·θ-)
χρ(η)·εσθαι
pres mp inf
to-be-being-USE/TREAT-ed
(profit, advise)
to-be-being-USE/TREAT-ed
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
the (dat)
ἑαυτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

ἑ·αυτοῦ/αὑτοῦ[2] -ῆς -οῦ
εαυτ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
selves
him/her/it/our/your/them-selves
selves (gen)
νομίμοις καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
συνεπισχύειν αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
them/same (dat)
ὅπως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὅπως
οπως
indecl
how/so that
Lit. contraction:"which-how". Often simplified: how/in-what-way. Sometimes rendered as a consequential-conjunction: "so-that", "in-order-that". But ????, since the conjunction, "ina" would unambiguously convey this
how/so that
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
the (acc)
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
καιρῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

καιρός, -οῦ, ὁ (cf. χρόνος)
καιρ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
period-of-time
/season
period-of-time (dat)
θλίψεως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

θλῖψις, -εως, ἡ
θλιψ(ι)·ος
(fem) gen sg
hardship/tribulation
[squeezing, constriction], affliction
hardship/tribulation (gen)
ἐπιθεμένους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·τίθημι (ath. επι+τιθ(ε)-, επι+θη·σ-, επι+θη·κ- or 2nd ath. επι+θ(ε)-, -, -, επι+τε·θ-)
επι·θ(ε)·μεν·ους
2aor mp ptcp mas acc pl
upon being-PLACE-UPON-ed
Lit:"place/lay/set-upon/over", hence place--on, add
upon being-PLACE-UPON-ed (acc)
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
them/same (dat)
ἀμύνωνται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀμύνομαι (-, -, αμυν·[σ]-, -, -, -)
αμυν·[σ]ωνται
1aor mp sub 3rd pl
they-should-be-AID-ed
they-should-be-AID-ed
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
the (dat)
τρισκαιδεκάτῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

τρισ·και·δέκατος -η -ον [LXX]
τρισκαιδεκατ·ῃ
fem dat sg
thirteenth
thirteenth (dat)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
δωδεκάτου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

δω·δέκατος -η -ον
δωδεκατ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
twelfth
twelfth (gen)
μηνὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

μήν[2], μηνός, ὁ
μην·ος
(mas) gen sg
month
month (gen)
Αδαρ τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
the (dat)
αὐτῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῃ
fem dat sg
her/it/same
her/it/same (dat)
ἡμέρᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
day
day (dat)
GrEst 13:19-20
(19) ¶“Therefore you shall publish the copy of this letter in all places that the Jews may freely live after their own laws. (20) And you shall aid them, so that even on the same day, the thirteenth day of the twelfth month Adar, they may be avenged on them, who in the time of their affliction would have set upon them.
12tταύτην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·ην
fem acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
this (acc)
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
for
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
πάντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or mas acc sg
all, each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
all (nom|acc|voc), each, every (acc)
δυναστεύων θεὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ος
(mas) nom sg
god
[see theology]
god (nom)
ἀντ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀντί
αντ’
indecl
against/instead (+gen)
as much as, in return for, in exchange ofmma]nti< is the preposition first of equivalence (Homer, Il . ix. 116, 117) and then of ex- change (1 Cor. xi. 15; Heb. xii. 2, 16; Matt. v. 38),
against/instead (+gen)
ὀλεθρίας τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
ἐκλεκτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἐκ·λεκτός -ή -όν
εκλεκτ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
chosen
chosen, selected, elected
chosen (gen)
γένους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

γένο·ς, -ους, τό
γεν(ε)·ος
(neu) gen sg
race
race, class, kind
race (gen)
ἐποίησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ε·ποιη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-DO/MAKE-ed
he/she/it-DO/MAKE-ed
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
them/same (dat)
εὐφροσύνην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

εὐ·φρο·σύνη, -ης, ἡ
ευφροσυν·ην
(fem) acc sg
gladness
Lit:"good-feeling/thinking/attitude", hence cheerfulness, optimism, gladness
gladness (acc)
GrEst 13:21
For Almighty God has turned to joy for them the day wherein the chosen people would have perished.
12uκαὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ὑμεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμεις
nom pl
you(pl)
you(pl) (nom)
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
ταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·αις
fem dat pl
the
the (dat)
ἐπωνύμοις ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you(pl)
you(pl) (gen)
ἑορταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἑορτή, -ῆς, ἡ
εορτ·αις
(fem) dat pl
festivals
festivals (dat)
ἐπίσημον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἐπί·σημος -ον
επισημ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
splendid
splendid (acc, nom|acc|voc)
ἡμέραν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·αν
(fem) acc sg
day
day (acc)
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
πάσης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
πασ·ης
fem gen sg
each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
each, every (gen)
εὐωχίας ἄγετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἄγω (αγ-, αξ-, 2nd αγαγ-, αγειοχ·[κ]-, ηγ-, αχ·θ-)
αγ·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-LEAD-ing, be-you(pl)-LEAD-ing!
you(pl)-are-LEAD-ing, be-you(pl)-LEAD-ing!
ὅπως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὅπως
οπως
indecl
how/so that
Lit. contraction:"which-how". Often simplified: how/in-what-way. Sometimes rendered as a consequential-conjunction: "so-that", "in-order-that". But ????, since the conjunction, "ina" would unambiguously convey this
how/so that
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
νῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

νῦν
νυν
indecl
now
now
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
ταῦτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·α
neu nom|acc pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
these (nom|acc)
σωτηρία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Adjective (2-2-2)

σωτηρία, -ας, ἡ; σωτήριος -ον
σωτηρι·α; σωτηρι·α
(fem) nom|voc sg; neu nom|acc|voc pl
salvation/deliverance; saving
;
salvation/deliverance (nom|voc); saving (nom|acc|voc)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·ῃ
pres act sub 3rd sg
he/she/it-should-be
he/she/it-should-be
ἡμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημιν
dat pl
us
us (dat)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
the (dat)
εὐνοοῦσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εὐ·νοέω (ευνο(ε)-, ευνοη·σ-, -, -, -, -)
ευνο(ε)·ουσι(ν), ευνο(ε)·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
they-are-AGREE-ing, while AGREE-ing
they-are-AGREE-ing, while AGREE-ing (dat)
Πέρσαις τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
the (dat)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but/however/moreover/yet
ἡμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημιν
dat pl
us
us (dat)
ἐπιβουλεύουσιν μνημόσυνον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

μνημό·συνον, -ου, τό
μνημοσυν·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
memory
memory (nom|acc|voc)
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
the (gen)
ἀπωλείας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀπ·ώλεια, -ας, ἡ
απωλει·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
destruction/expulsion, destruction/expulsions
Lit:"cut-off-from", by extn, severing/expulsion/destruction/ruination. Often "perdition".
destruction/expulsion (gen), destruction/expulsions (acc)
GrEst 13:22-23
(22) You shall therefore among your solemn feasts keep it a high day with all feasting: (23) that both now and hereafter there may be safety to us and the well-meaning Persians; but to those who conspire against us, a memorial of destruction.
12xπᾶσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
πασ·α
fem nom|voc sg
each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
each, every (nom|voc)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but/however/moreover/yet
πόλις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

πόλις, -εως, ἡ
πολ(ι)·ς
(fem) nom sg
city
city (nom)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἤ[1]
η
indecl
or/than
or/than
χώρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

χώρα, -ας, ἡ
χωρ·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
region
realm (clίme); land, country, territory, tract, province
region (nom|voc)
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
the (nom|acc)
σύνολον ἥτις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅσ·τις ἥ·τις ὄ τι
η·τι[ν]·ς
fem nom sg
one/such-who/which/that
Lit:"which/who-some" a-particular/some-who/which/that; "ἕως ὅτου": until-when
one/such-who/which/that (nom)
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
ταῦτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·α
neu nom|acc pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
these (nom|acc)
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
not
ποιήσῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποιη·σῃ
fut mp ind 2nd sg or 1aor act sub 3rd sg or 1aor mp sub 2nd sg
you(sg)-will-be-DO/MAKE-ed, he/she/it-should-DO/MAKE, you(sg)-should-be-DO/MAKE-ed
you(sg)-will-be-DO/MAKE-ed, he/she/it-should-DO/MAKE, you(sg)-should-be-DO/MAKE-ed
δόρατι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

δόρυ, δόρατος, τό
δορατ·ι
(neu) dat sg
spear
spear (dat)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
πυρὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πῦρ, -ρός, τό
πυρ·ι
(neu) dat sg
fire
fire (dat)
καταναλωθήσεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατ·αν·αλίσκω (καταν+αλισκ-, καταν+αλω·σ-, καταν+αλω·σ-, -, -, καταν+αλω·θ-)
καταν·αλω·θησεται
fut θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-will-be-CONSUME-ed-UTTERLY
destroy; use-up
he/she/it-will-be-CONSUME-ed-UTTERLY
μετ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετ’
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
ὀργῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ὀργή, -ῆς, ἡ (cf. θυμός)
οργ·ης
(fem) gen sg
wrath/anger
natural impulse, always of anger
wrath/anger (gen)
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
not
μόνον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Adjective (2-1-2)

μόνον (Adv. of μόνος); μόνος -η -ον
μονον; μον·ον
indecl; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
only; sole
; apart, sole, only, alone (see κατάμόνος G2651 apart, solely, only, alone)
only; sole (acc, nom|acc|voc)
ἀνθρώποις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·οις
(mas) dat pl
mans
mans (dat)
ἄβατος ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but-rather
emphatic/hard-adversative, "but-rather/instead", as distinct from the softer, more common, "δέ"
but-rather
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
θηρίοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

θηρίον, -ου, τό
θηρι·οις
(neu) dat pl
beasts
beasts (dat)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
πετεινοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

πετεινόν, -οῦ, τό
πετειν·οις
(neu) dat pl
birds
able to fly
birds (dat)
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into +acc
OF PLACE, the oldest and commonest usage into, with Verbs of saying or speaking relating to the person to whom or before whom one is speaking, Verbs expressing rest in a place, when a previous motion into or to it is implied; elliptical usage after Verbs
into +acc
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
ἅπαντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral); Verb

ἅπα[ντ]ς ἅπασα ἅπαν[τ], gen. sg. ἅπαντος ἁπάσης ἅπαντος; ἀπ·αντάω (απ+αντ(α)-, απ+αντη·σ-, απ+αντη·σ-, απ+ηντη·κ-, -, -)
απαντ·α; απ·αντ(α)·ε
neu nom|acc|voc pl or mas acc sg; pres act imp 2nd sg
all, every; be-you(sg)-ENCOUNTER-ing!
;
all (nom|acc|voc), every (acc); be-you(sg)-ENCOUNTER-ing!
χρόνον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

χρόνος, -ου, ὁ (cf. καιρός)
χρον·ον
(mas) acc sg
time
, a specific (clock) time, period-of-time (a while). Distinct from kairos (season)
time (acc)
ἔχθιστος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἔχθιστος -η -ον [LXX] (Superl. of ἐχθρός)
εχθιστ·ος
mas nom sg
most hostile
most hostile (nom)
κατασταθήσεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καθ·ίστημι (ath. καθ+ιστ(α)-/ath. καθ+ιστ(η)-, κατα+στη·σ-, κατα+στη·σ- or 2nd ath. κατα+στ(η)-/ath. κατα+στ(α)-, καθ+εστη·κ-/καθ+εστα·κ-/καθ+εστ(α)·[κ]-, καθ+εστα-, κατα+στα·θ-)
κατα·στα·θησεται
fut θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-will-be-APPOINT/ESTABLISH-ed
Lit"down-stand", hence give-standing/authority, hence appoint, put-in-charge set-in-order, lay, render, enable, establish. In some instances, similar to "τίθημι" (place/lay/put/set/appoint).
he/she/it-will-be-APPOINT/ESTABLISH-ed
GrEst 13:24
Therefore, every city and country whatsoever, which does not do according to these things, shall be destroyed without mercy with fire and sword and shall be made not only unacceptable for men, but also most hateful to wild beasts and fowl for ever.”
13τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
the (nom|acc)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but/however/moreover/yet
ἀντίγραφα ἐκτιθέσθωσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·τίθημι (ath. εκ+τιθ(ε)-, εκ+θη·σ-, εκ+θη·κ- or 2nd ath. εκ+θ(ε)-, -, -, εκ+τε·θ-)
εκ·τιθ(ε)·σθωσαν
pres mp imp 3rd pl
let-them-be-being-PLACE-ed-OUT/EXPOUND!
let-them-be-being-PLACE-ed-OUT/EXPOUND!
ὀφθαλμοφανῶς ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
πάσῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral); Verb

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός; πάσσω [LXX] (πασσ-, -, πα·σ-, -, πεπασ-, -)
πασ·ῃ; πα·σῃ
fem dat sg; 1aor act sub 3rd sg or 1aor mp sub 2nd sg
each, every; he/she/it-should-SPRINKLE, you(sg)-should-be-SPRINKLE-ed
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".;
each, every (dat); he/she/it-should-SPRINKLE, you(sg)-should-be-SPRINKLE-ed
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
the (dat)
βασιλείᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βασιλεία, -ας, ἡ
βασιλει·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
kingdom
kingdom (dat)
ἑτοίμους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἕτοιμος -η -ον
ετοιμ·ους
mas acc pl
ready
prepared see Matt 22:4 of the wedding feast
ready (acc)
τε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

τέ
τε
indecl
and [postpositive coordinate]
and [postpositive coordinate]
εἶναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·εναι
pres act inf
to-be
to-be
πάντας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ας
mas acc pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
all (acc)
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
the (acc)
Ιουδαίους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ους
mas acc pl
Jewish
Jewish (acc)
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into +acc
OF PLACE, the oldest and commonest usage into, with Verbs of saying or speaking relating to the person to whom or before whom one is speaking, Verbs expressing rest in a place, when a previous motion into or to it is implied; elliptical usage after Verbs
into +acc
ταύτην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·ην
fem acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
this (acc)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
the (acc)
ἡμέραν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·αν
(fem) acc sg
day
day (acc)
πολεμῆσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πολεμέω (πολεμ(ε)-, πολεμη·σ-, πολεμη·σ-, -, -, πολεμη·θ-)
πολεμη·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-WAGE-WAR, be-you(sg)-WAGE-ed-WAR!, he/she/it-happens-to-WAGE-WAR
to-WAGE-WAR, be-you(sg)-WAGE-ed-WAR!, he/she/it-happens-to-WAGE-WAR (opt)
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
them/same (gen)
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
the (acc)
ὑπεναντίους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ὑπ·εν·αντίος -α -ον
υπεναντι·ους
mas acc pl
adversarial
(set against, contrary, hostile)
adversarial (acc)
Est 8:13
A copy of the letter, that the decree should be given out in every province, was published to all the peoples, that the Jews should be ready for that day to avenge themselves on their enemies.
14οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
the (nom)
μὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μέν
μεν
indecl
indeed
/certainly/surely.
indeed
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
ἱππεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἱππεύς, -έως, ὁ
ιππ(ευ)·ες, ιππ(ευ)·ας
(mas) nom|voc pl, (mas) acc pl
horsemans
horsemans (acc, nom|voc)
ἐξῆλθον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·έρχομαι (εξ+ερχ-, εξ+ελευ·σ-, εξ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd εξ+ελθ-, εξ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εξ·ε·ελθ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
I-COME-ed-OUT, they-COME-ed-OUT
σπειρων
I-COME-ed-OUT, they-COME-ed-OUT
σπεύδοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σπεύδω (σπευδ-, σπευ[δ]·σ-, σπευ[δ]·σ-, -, -, -)
σπευδ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while HASTEN-ing
[urge upon]
while HASTEN-ing (nom|voc)
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
the (nom|acc)
ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen)
ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
under (+acc), by (+gen)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
βασιλέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
king
king (gen)
λεγόμενα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ομεν·α
pres mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
while being-SAY-ed
speak, tell
while being-SAY-ed (nom|acc|voc)
ἐπιτελεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·τελέω (επι+τελ(ε)-, επι+τελε·σ-, επι+τελε·σ-, -, -, επι+τελεσ·θ-)
επι·τελ(ε)·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-ACCOMPLISH-ing
finish
to-be-ACCOMPLISH-ing
ἐξετέθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·τίθημι (ath. εκ+τιθ(ε)-, εκ+θη·σ-, εκ+θη·κ- or 2nd ath. εκ+θ(ε)-, -, -, εκ+τε·θ-)
εκ·ε·τε·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-PLACE-ed-OUT/EXPOUND
he/she/it-was-PLACE-ed-OUT/EXPOUND
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but/however/moreover/yet
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
the (nom|acc)
πρόσταγμα καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
Σούσοις
Est 8:14
So the couriers who rode on royal horses went out, hastened and pressed on by the king’s commandment. The decree was given out in the citadel of Susa.
15 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but/however/moreover/yet
Μαρδοχαῖος ἐξῆλθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·έρχομαι (εξ+ερχ-, εξ+ελευ·σ-, εξ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd εξ+ελθ-, εξ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εξ·ε·ελθ·[σ]ε(ν), εξ·ε·ελθ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-COME-ed-OUT
σπειρων
he/she/it-COME-ed-OUT
ἐστολισμένος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

στολίζω [LXX] (στολιζ-, στολι(ε)·[σ]-, στολι·σ-, -, εστολισ-, -)
εστολισ·μεν·ος
perf mp ptcp mas nom sg
having-been-???-ed
having-been-???-ed (nom)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
the (acc)
βασιλικὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

βασιλικός -ή -όν
βασιλικ·ην
fem acc sg
royal
(king's, nobleman)
royal (acc)
στολὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

στολή, -ῆς, ἡ
στολ·ην
(fem) acc sg
robe
a long, flowing robe worn by the elite
robe (acc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
στέφανον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

στέφανος[1], -ου, ὁ; Στέφανος[2], -ου, ὁ
στεφαν·ον; στεφαν·ον
(mas) acc sg; (mas) acc sg
wreath; wreath
this is the wreath of victory, a crown only in the sense of an accomplishment but not in the governing sense, it does not signify authority as διαδημα which is the crown of a ruler; wreath (only) not crown
wreath (acc); wreath (acc)
ἔχων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
εχ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while HAVE-ing
/hold.
while HAVE-ing (nom)
χρυσοῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

χρυσοῦς -ῆ -οῦν and χρύσεος -έα -ον, fem. acc. sg. -ῆν and -ᾶν; χρυσόω (χρυσ(ο)-, χρυσω·σ-, χρυσω·σ-, -, κεχρυσω-, -)
χρυσ(ε)·ον; χρυσ(ο)·ειν, χρυσ(ο)·ο[υ]ν[τ]
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg; pres act inf, pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
gold/golden; to-be-GILD-ing, while GILD-ing
;
gold/golden (acc, nom|acc|voc); to-be-GILD-ing, while GILD-ing (nom|acc|voc, voc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
διάδημα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

διά·δημα[τ], -ατος, τό
διαδημα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
diadem
diadem (nom|acc|voc)
βύσσινον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

βύσσινος -η -ον
βυσσιν·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
made of fine linen
made of fine linen (acc, nom|acc|voc)
πορφυροῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

πορφυροῦς -ᾶ -οῦν a.k.a. πορφύρεος
πορφυρ(ε)·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
purple
purple (acc, nom|acc|voc)
ἰδόντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
2aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon SEE/BEHOLD-ing
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
upon SEE/BEHOLD-ing (nom|voc)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but/however/moreover/yet
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
the (nom)
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
Σούσοις ἐχάρησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

χαίρω (χαιρ-, χαρ(ε)·[σ]-, -, -, -, χαρ·[θ]-)
ε·χαρ·[θ]ησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
they-were-REJOICE-ed
salute, salutation
they-were-REJOICE-ed
Est 8:15
¶Mordecai went out of the presence of the king in royal clothing of blue and white, and with a great crown of gold, and with a robe of fine linen and purple; and the city of Susa shouted and was glad.
16τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
the (dat)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but/however/moreover/yet
Ιουδαίοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
Jewish
Jewish (dat)
ἐγένετο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
ε·γεν·ετο
2aor mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-BECOME-ed
become; happen; be ("as a substitute for the forms of εἰμί" --BAGD)
he/she/it-was-BECOME-ed
φῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

φῶ[τ]ς, -ωτός, τό
φω[τ]·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
light
light (nom|acc|voc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
εὐφροσύνη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

εὐ·φρο·σύνη, -ης, ἡ
ευφροσυν·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
gladness
Lit:"good-feeling/thinking/attitude", hence cheerfulness, optimism, gladness
gladness (nom|voc)
Est 8:16
The Jews had light, gladness, joy, and honor.
17κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
πόλιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

πόλις, -εως, ἡ
πολ(ι)·ν
(fem) acc sg
city
city (acc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
χώραν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

χώρα, -ας, ἡ
χωρ·αν
(fem) acc sg
region
realm (clίme); land, country, territory, tract, province
region (acc)
οὗ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle; Pronoun (Relative)

οὗ[1]; ὅς ἥ ὅ
ου; ου
indecl; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
where; who/whom/which
ἕως οὗ means "until where (in time)", that is, "until when", "until such time as", or "until the point that";
where; who/whom/which (gen)
ἂν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἄν
αν
indecl
ever
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ever
ἐξετέθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·τίθημι (ath. εκ+τιθ(ε)-, εκ+θη·σ-, εκ+θη·κ- or 2nd ath. εκ+θ(ε)-, -, -, εκ+τε·θ-)
εκ·ε·τε·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-PLACE-ed-OUT/EXPOUND
he/she/it-was-PLACE-ed-OUT/EXPOUND
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
the (nom|acc)
πρόσταγμα οὗ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle; Pronoun (Relative)

οὗ[1]; ὅς ἥ ὅ
ου; ου
indecl; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
where; who/whom/which
ἕως οὗ means "until where (in time)", that is, "until when", "until such time as", or "until the point that";
where; who/whom/which (gen)
ἂν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἄν
αν
indecl
ever
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ever
ἐξετέθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·τίθημι (ath. εκ+τιθ(ε)-, εκ+θη·σ-, εκ+θη·κ- or 2nd ath. εκ+θ(ε)-, -, -, εκ+τε·θ-)
εκ·ε·τε·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-PLACE-ed-OUT/EXPOUND
he/she/it-was-PLACE-ed-OUT/EXPOUND
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
the (nom|acc)
ἔκθεμα χαρὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

χαρά, -ᾶς, ἡ
χαρ·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
joy
joy (nom|voc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
εὐφροσύνη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

εὐ·φρο·σύνη, -ης, ἡ
ευφροσυν·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
gladness
Lit:"good-feeling/thinking/attitude", hence cheerfulness, optimism, gladness
gladness (nom|voc)
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
the (dat)
Ιουδαίοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
Jewish
Jewish (dat)
κώθων καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
εὐφροσύνη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

εὐ·φρο·σύνη, -ης, ἡ
ευφροσυν·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
gladness
Lit:"good-feeling/thinking/attitude", hence cheerfulness, optimism, gladness
gladness (nom|voc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
πολλοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral, irreg.)

πολ[λ]ύς πολλή πολ[λ]ύ
πολλ·οι
mas nom pl
many
many (nom)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
ἐθνῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ε)·ων
(neu) gen pl
nations
Lit: from etho (vb: to form a custom/culture). Hence, a race/people, joined by shared language, customs, history, and culture. Usually applied to Gentiles (except Jn 11:50).
nations (gen)
περιετέμοντο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

περι·τέμνω (περι+τεμν-, περι+τεμ(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd περι+τεμ-, περι+τετμη·κ-, περι+τετμη-, περι+τμη·θ-)
περι·ε·τεμ·οντο
2aor mp ind 3rd pl
they-were-CIRCUMCISE-ed
they-were-CIRCUMCISE-ed
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ιουδάιζον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἰουδαΐζω (ιουδαιζ-, -, -, -, -, -)
ε·ιουδαιζ·ον, ιουδαιζ·ο[υ]ν[τ]
impf act ind 1st sg or impf act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
I-was-BECOME JEWISH-ing, they-were-BECOME JEWISH-ing, while BECOME JEWISH-ing
Become or live as a Jew, i.e., according to Jewish law
I-was-BECOME JEWISH-ing, they-were-BECOME JEWISH-ing, while BECOME JEWISH-ing (nom|acc|voc, voc)
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
φόβον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

φόβος, -ου, ὁ
φοβ·ον
(mas) acc sg
fear
[see phobia]
fear (acc)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
Ιουδαίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
Jewish
Jewish (gen)
Est 8:17
In every province, and in every city, wherever the king’s commandment and his decree came, the Jews had gladness, joy, a feast, and a good day. Many from among the peoples of the land became Jews; for the fear of the Jews was fallen on them.
« Ch 7» Ch 9

Copyright 2007-2021 Thomas Moore, Email: acct3 at katabiblon.com, Support Forum Set Local Timezone
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