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Ἐσθὴρ

Esther

  CATSS LXX Brenton (1851) Wiki English Translation‎ / World English Bible11μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ταῦτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·α
neu nom|acc pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
ἐδόξασεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δοξάζω (δοξαζ-, δοξα·σ-, δοξα·σ-, -, δεδοξασ-, δοξασ·θ-)
ε·δοξα·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-GLORIFY/EXTOL/PRAISE-ed
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
Ἀρταξέρξης Αμαν Αμαδαθου Βουγαῖον καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ὕψωσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑψόω (υψ(ο)-, υψω·σ-, υψω·σ-, -, υψω-, υψω·θ-)
ε·υψω·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-LIFT-UP/EXALT-ed
(from "ὕψος" "height", Lit:"set-high/elevate/lift-up". Fig:"exalt".
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐπρωτοβάθρει πάντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
φίλων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

φίλος -η -ον; φιλέω (φιλ(ε)-, φιλη·σ-, φιλη·σ-, πεφιλη·κ-, -, -)
φιλ·ων; φιλ(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
friend; while BE-ing-FOND-OF
companion; [hold at high degree of association, have affection toward; raraly of kissing]
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
Est 3:1And after this king Artaxerxes highly honoured Aman son of Amadathes, the Bugaean, and exalted him, and set his seat above all his friends.GrEst 3:1
¶After this, King Ahasuerus highly honored Haman the son of Hammedatha, the Bugaean. He exalted him and set his seat above all his friends.
22καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
πάντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ες
mas nom|voc pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
simple article
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
simple article
αὐλῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Verb

αὐλή, -ῆς, ἡ; αὐλέω (αυλ(ε)-, -, αυλη·σ-, -, -, -)
αυλ·ῃ; αυλ(ε)·ῃ
(fem) dat sg; pres mp ind 2nd sg or pres act sub 3rd sg or pres mp sub 2nd sg
courtyard; you(sg)-are-being-FLUTE-ed, he/she/it-should-be-FLUTE-ing, you(sg)-should-be-being-FLUTE-ed
[sheep-fold, palace, house];
προσεκύνουν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·κυνέω (προσ+κυν(ε)-, προσ+κυνη·σ-, προσ+κυνη·σ-, προσ+κεκυνη·κ-, -, -)
προσ·ε·κυν(ε)·ον
impf act ind 1st sg or impf act ind 3rd pl
I-was-PROSTRATE-ing, they-were-PROSTRATE-ing
make or pay obeisance; kneel or prostrate oneself before, in worship/reverence/honor
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
οὕτως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὕτως/οὕτω
ουτως
indecl
so, thus
[Lit:"like-this": in-this-manner (οὕτως before vowels and consonants; οὕτω before consonants only]
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
προσέταξεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·τάσσω/-τάττω (προσ+τασσ-/προσ+ταττ-, προσ+ταξ-, προσ+ταξ-, προσ+τεταχ·[κ]-, προσ+τετασσ-, προσ+ταγ·[θ]-/προσ+ταχ·θ-)
προσ·ε·τασσ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-GIVE-ed-A-DIRECTIVE
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
ποιῆσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποιη·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-DO/MAKE, be-you(sg)-DO/MAKE-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-DO/MAKE
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
Μαρδοχαῖος οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
προσεκύνει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·κυνέω (προσ+κυν(ε)-, προσ+κυνη·σ-, προσ+κυνη·σ-, προσ+κεκυνη·κ-, -, -)
προσ·ε·κυν(ε)·ε
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-PROSTRATE-ing
make or pay obeisance; kneel or prostrate oneself before, in worship/reverence/honor
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
Est 3:2And all in the palace did him obeisance, for so the king had given orders to do: but Mardochaeus did not do him obeisance.GrEst 3:2
All in the palace bowed down to him, for so the king had given orders to do; but Mordecai didn’t bow down to him.
33καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐλάλησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαλέω (λαλ(ε)-, λαλη·σ-, λαλη·σ-, λελαλη·κ-, λελαλη-, λαλη·θ-)
ε·λαλη·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-SPEAK-ed
speak, talk, utter
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
simple article
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
simple article
αὐλῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Verb

αὐλή, -ῆς, ἡ; αὐλέω (αυλ(ε)-, -, αυλη·σ-, -, -, -)
αυλ·ῃ; αυλ(ε)·ῃ
(fem) dat sg; pres mp ind 2nd sg or pres act sub 3rd sg or pres mp sub 2nd sg
courtyard; you(sg)-are-being-FLUTE-ed, he/she/it-should-be-FLUTE-ing, you(sg)-should-be-being-FLUTE-ed
[sheep-fold, palace, house];
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
βασιλέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
king
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
simple article
Μαρδοχαίῳ Μαρδοχαῖε τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
παρακούεις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρ·ακούω (παρ+ακου-, παρ+ακου·σ-, παρ+ακου·σ-, -, -, -)
παρ·ακου·εις
pres act ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-are-IGNORE-ing
(disobey, overhear)
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
simple article
ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen)
ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
βασιλέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
king
λεγόμενα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ομεν·α
pres mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
while being-SAY-ed
say, tell, relate, narrate | Present λεγ- | Aorist ειπ- | Future ερ- | Perfect ειρη- | Imperfect ελεγ- | Passive ρηθ- ερρηθ- ερρεθ-
Est 3:3And they in the king's palace said to Mardochaeus, Mardochaeus, why dost thou transgress the commands of the king?GrEst 3:3
And they in the king’s palace said to Mordecai, “Mordecai, why do you transgress the commands of the king?”
44καθ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
καθ’
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
ἑκάστην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Distributive Numeral)

ἕκαστος -η -ον
εκαστ·ην
fem acc sg
each-separately
(from "ἕκας" "separate"), hence each-separately/distinctly (as opposed to "πᾶς" "each-of-a-relevant-set"
ἡμέραν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·αν
(fem) acc sg
day
ἐλάλουν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαλέω (λαλ(ε)-, λαλη·σ-, λαλη·σ-, λελαλη·κ-, λελαλη-, λαλη·θ-)
ε·λαλ(ε)·ον
impf act ind 1st sg or impf act ind 3rd pl
I-was-SPEAK-ing, they-were-SPEAK-ing
speak, talk, utter
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
οὐχ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουχ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ὑπήκουεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑπ·ακούω (υπ+ακου-, υπ+ακου·σ-, υπ+ακου·σ-, -, -, -)
υπ·ε·ακου·ε(ν)
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-OBEY-ing
Lit:"hear-under", hence attend/obey
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ὑπέδειξαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑπο·δείκνυμι (-, υπο+δειξ-, υπο+δειξ-, -, -, -)
υπο·ε·δεικ·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-MAKE KNOWN-ed
to indicate, intimate, suggest, show, prove
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
simple article
Αμαν Μαρδοχαῖον τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
βασιλέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
king
λόγοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λόγος, -ου, ὁ
λογ·οις
(mas) dat pl
words
word
ἀντιτασσόμενον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀντι·τάσσω (αντι+τασσ-, αντι+ταξ-, -, -, -, -)
αντι·τασσ·ομεν·ον
pres mp ptcp mas acc sg or pres mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
while being-LINE-ed-UP-AGAINST
[to set up in opposition to; to direct or be directed against]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ὑπέδειξεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑπο·δείκνυμι (-, υπο+δειξ-, υπο+δειξ-, -, -, -)
υπο·ε·δεικ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-MAKE KNOWN-ed
to indicate, intimate, suggest, show, prove
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
Μαρδοχαῖος ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
Ιουδαῖός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ος
mas nom sg
Jewish
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
Est 3:4 Thus they spoke daily to him, but he hearkened not unto them; so they represented to Aman that Mardochaeus resisted the commands of the king: and Mardochaeus had shewn to them that he was a Jew.GrEst 3:4
They questioned him daily, but he didn’t listen to them; so they reported to Haman that Mordecai resisted the commands of the king; and Mordecai had shown to them that he was a Jew.
55καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐπιγνοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·γινώσκω (επι+γινωσκ-, επι+γνω·σ-, 2nd ath. επι+γν(ω)-/ath. επι+γν(ο)-, επ+εγνω·κ-, -, επι+γνωσ·θ-)
επι·γν(ο)·[ντ]·ς
2aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon RECOGNIZE-ing
[To fully/intimately-know/understand, come to knowledge of, ackowledge]
Αμαν ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
προσκυνεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·κυνέω (προσ+κυν(ε)-, προσ+κυνη·σ-, προσ+κυνη·σ-, προσ+κεκυνη·κ-, -, -)
προσ·κυν(ε)·ει, προσ·κυν(ε)·ε
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, pres act imp 2nd sg
he/she/it-is-PROSTRATE-ing, you(sg)-are-being-PROSTRATE-ed, be-you(sg)-PROSTRATE-ing!
make or pay obeisance; kneel or prostrate oneself before, in worship/reverence/honor
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
Μαρδοχαῖος ἐθυμώθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θυμόω (θυμ(ο)-, -, θυμω·σ-, -, -, θυμω·θ-)
ε·θυμω·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-ANGER-ed
σφόδρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

σφόδρα
σφοδρα
indecl
exceedingly
/intensely/very/vehemently, keenly, inveighingly, eagerly
Est 3:5And when Aman understood that Mardochaeus did not obeisance to him, he was greatly enraged,GrEst 3:5
When Haman understood that Mordecai didn’t bow down to him, he was greatly enraged,
66καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐβουλεύσατο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βουλεύω (βουλευ-, βουλευ·σ-, βουλευ·σ-, -, βεβουλευ-, -)
ε·βουλευ·σατο
1aor mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-DECIDE-ed
deliberate, determine
ἀφανίσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀ·φανίζω (αφανιζ-, αφανι(ε)·[σ]-/αφανι·σ-, αφανι·σ-, -, ηφανισ-, αφανισ·θ-)
αφανι·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-DISAPPEAR/BLOT-OUT, be-you(sg)-DISAPPEAR/BLOT-ed-OUT!, he/she/it-happens-to-DISAPPEAR/BLOT-OUT
[remove from sight/notice/existence; obscure]
πάντας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ας
mas acc pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
simple article
ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen)
ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
Ἀρταξέρξου βασιλείαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βασιλεία, -ας, ἡ
βασιλει·αν
(fem) acc sg
kingdom
Ιουδαίους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ους
mas acc pl
Jewish
Est 3:6and took counsel to destroy utterly all the Jews who were under the rule of Artaxerxes.GrEst 3:6
and plotted to utterly destroy all the Jews who were under the rule of Ahasuerus.
77καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐποίησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ε·ποιη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-DO/MAKE-ed
ψήφισμα ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ἔτει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔτο·ς, -ους, τό
ετ(ε)·ι
(neu) dat sg
year
δωδεκάτῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

δω·δέκατος -η -ον
δωδεκατ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
twelfth
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
βασιλείας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βασιλεία, -ας, ἡ
βασιλει·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
kingdom, kingdoms
Ἀρταξέρξου καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἔβαλεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βάλλω (βαλλ-, βαλ(ε)·[σ]-, βαλ·[σ]- or 2nd βαλ-, βεβλη·κ-, βεβλη-, βλη·θ-)
ε·βαλ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·βαλ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-THROW-ed
throw, cast; but sometimes loses it's "forceful" connotation and becomes simply a verb of motion such as "put" or "bring"
κλήρους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

κλῆρος, -ου, ὁ
κληρ·ους
(mas) acc pl
lots
portion
ἡμέραν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·αν
(fem) acc sg
day
ἐξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εξ
indecl
from-out-of (+gen)
signifies origin of motion. sometimes rendered, "from", when the motion is already implied by the context. ἐξ before vowels.
ἡμέρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
day, days
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
μῆνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

μήν[2], μηνός, ὁ
μην·α
(mas) acc sg
month
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
from-out-of (+gen)
signifies origin of motion. sometimes rendered, "from", when the motion is already implied by the context. ἐξ before vowels.
μηνὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

μήν[2], μηνός, ὁ
μην·ος
(mas) gen sg
month
ὥστε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὥστε
ωστε
indecl
so that
Lit: "like-also"
ἀπολέσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·όλλυμι (ath. απ+ολλυ-, απ+ολ(ε)·[σ]-/απ+ολε·σ-, απ+ολε·σ- or 2nd απ+ολ-, απ+ολωλ·[κ]-, -, -)
απ·ολε·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-DESTROY, he/she/it-happens-to-DESTROY
stronger form of ὄλλυμι. Destroy, ruin, or lose (active); be destroyed, perish, be lost (middle/passive).
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
μιᾷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
μι·ᾳ
fem dat sg
one
ἡμέρᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
day
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
simple article
γένος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

γένο·ς, -ους, τό
γεν(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
race
race, class, kind
Μαρδοχαίου καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἔπεσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πίπτω (πιπτ-, πεσ(ε)·[σ]-, πεσ·[σ]- or 2nd πεσ-, πεπτω·κ-, -, -)
ε·πεσ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·πεσ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-FALL-ed
To fall, or throw oneself down. Numerous figurative uses, including to fail or be ruined.
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
κλῆρος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

κλῆρος, -ου, ὁ
κληρ·ος
(mas) nom sg
lot
portion
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into +acc
OF PLACE, the oldest and commonest usage into, with Verbs of saying or speaking relating to the person to whom or before whom one is speaking, Verbs expressing rest in a place, when a previous motion into or to it is implied; elliptical usage after Verbs
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
τεσσαρεσκαιδεκάτην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

τεσσαρεσ·και·δέκατος -η -ον
τεσσαρεσκαιδεκατ·ην
fem acc sg
fourteenth
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
μηνός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

μήν[2], μηνός, ὁ
μην·ος
(mas) gen sg
month
ὅς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ος
mas nom sg
who/whom/which
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
Αδαρ
Est 3:7And he made a decree in the twelfth year of the reign of Artaxerxes, and cast lots daily and monthly, to slay in one day the race of Mardochaeus: and the lot fell on the fourteenth day of the month which is Adar.GrEst 3:7
¶In the twelfth year of the reign of Ahasuerus, Haman made a decision by casting lots by day and month, to kill the race of Mordecai in one day. The lot fell on the fourteenth day of the month of Adar.
88καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐλάλησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαλέω (λαλ(ε)-, λαλη·σ-, λαλη·σ-, λελαλη·κ-, λελαλη-, λαλη·θ-)
ε·λαλη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SPEAK-ed
speak, talk, utter
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
βασιλέα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·α
(mas) acc sg
king
Ἀρταξέρξην λέγων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while SAY-ing
say, tell, relate, narrate | Present λεγ- | Aorist ειπ- | Future ερ- | Perfect ειρη- | Imperfect ελεγ- | Passive ρηθ- ερρηθ- ερρεθ-
ὑπάρχει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑπ·άρχω (υπ+αρχ-, υπ+αρξ-, υπ+αρξ-, -, -, -)
υπ·αρχ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-TO BE-ing, you(sg)-are-being-TO BE-ed
A synonym of εἰμί, to be in existence, take initiative, begin
ἔθνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
nation/culture/race
Lit: from etho (vb: to form a custom/culture). Hence, a race/people, joined by shared language, customs, history, and culture. Usually applied to Gentiles (except Jn 11:50).
διεσπαρμένον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δια·σπείρω (δια+σπειρ-, δια+σπερ(ε)·[σ]-, δια+σπειρ·[σ]-, -, δι+εσπαρ-, δια+σπαρ·[θ]-)
δι·εσπαρ·μεν·ον
perf mp ptcp mas acc sg or perf mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
having-been-DISPERSE-ed
[Lit:"sow-across", hence scatter/disperse. Source of English "diaspora"]
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
ἔθνεσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ε)·σι(ν)
(neu) dat pl
nations
Lit: from etho (vb: to form a custom/culture). Hence, a race/people, joined by shared language, customs, history, and culture. Usually applied to Gentiles (except Jn 11:50).
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
πάσῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral); Verb

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός; πάσσω [LXX] (πασσ-, -, πα·σ-, -, πεπασ-, -)
πασ·ῃ; πα·σῃ
fem dat sg; 1aor act sub 3rd sg or 1aor mp sub 2nd sg
each, every; he/she/it-should-SPRINKLE, you(sg)-should-be-SPRINKLE-ed
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".;
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
simple article
βασιλείᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βασιλεία, -ας, ἡ
βασιλει·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
kingdom
σου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
simple article
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
νόμοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
custom/laws
ordinance custom practice
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
ἔξαλλοι παρὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

παρά
παρα
indecl
frοm beside (+acc,+gen,+dat)
παρ’ before vowels I. beside, near, by, II. along, III. past, beyond. 1. with Verbs of coming, going, etc., to the side of, to, with Verbs of placing, examining, etc., side by side with, near, together
πάντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or mas acc sg
all, each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
simple article
ἔθνη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ε)·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
nations
Lit: from etho (vb: to form a custom/culture). Hence, a race/people, joined by shared language, customs, history, and culture. Usually applied to Gentiles (except Jn 11:50).
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
νόμων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ; νομή, -ῆς, ἡ
νομ·ων; νομ·ων
(mas) gen pl; (fem) gen pl
custom/laws; pasturages
ordinance custom practice;
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
βασιλέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
king
παρακούουσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρ·ακούω (παρ+ακου-, παρ+ακου·σ-, παρ+ακου·σ-, -, -, -)
παρ·ακου·ουσι(ν), παρ·ακου·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
they-are-IGNORE-ing, while IGNORE-ing
(disobey, overhear)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
συμφέρει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συμ·φέρω (συν+φερ-, -, συν+ενεγκ·[σ]-, -, -, -)
συν·φερ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-BE-ing-ADVANTAGEOUS, you(sg)-are-being-BE-ed-ADVANTAGEOUS
Lit:"bring-together" (comport), bear-with, Fig:benefit/profit, be-expedient/profitable/advantageous
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
simple article
βασιλεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ι
(mas) dat sg
king
ἐᾶσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐάω (ε(α)-, εα·σ-, εα·σ-, -, -, εα·θ-)
ε(α)·εσαι, εα·σαι
pres mp ind 2nd sg alt, 1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
you(sg)-are-being-ALLOW-ed, to-ALLOW, be-you(sg)-ALLOW-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-ALLOW
permit, allow; concede; let alone/let be/have done with (Lk. 22:51 ἐᾶτε ἕως τούτου "Stop! No more of this!" BAGD)
αὐτούς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ους
mas acc pl
them/same
Est 3:8And he spoke to king Artaxerxes, saying, There is a nation scattered among the nations in all thy kingdom, and their laws differ from those of all the other nations; and they disobey the laws of the king; and it is not expedient for the king to let them alone.GrEst 3:8
So he spoke to King Ahasuerus, saying, “There is a nation scattered among the nations in all your kingdom, and their laws differ from all the other nations. They disobey the king’s laws. It is not expedient for the king to tolerate them.
99εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
δοκεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δοκέω (δοκ(ε)-, δοξ-, δοξ-, -, δεδοκ-, -)
δοκ(ε)·ει, δοκ(ε)·ε
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, pres act imp 2nd sg
he/she/it-is-SUPPOSE-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SUPPOSE-ed, be-you(sg)-SUPPOSE-ing!
,from "dokos"(opinion), hence suppose/seem/think/consider. Same root as "εὐδοκέω"(seem-good). Often rendered "think", but less objective than "νοέω"(think) and less visceral than "φρονέω"(think).
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
simple article
βασιλεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ι
(mas) dat sg
king
δογματισάτω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δογματίζω (δογματιζ-, -, δογματι·σ-, δεδογματι·κ-, δεδογματισ-, δογματισ·θ-)
δογματι·σατω
1aor act imp 3rd sg
let-him/her/it-DOGMATIZE!
ἀπολέσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·όλλυμι (ath. απ+ολλυ-, απ+ολ(ε)·[σ]-/απ+ολε·σ-, απ+ολε·σ- or 2nd απ+ολ-, απ+ολωλ·[κ]-, -, -)
απ·ολε·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-DESTROY, he/she/it-happens-to-DESTROY
stronger form of ὄλλυμι. Destroy, ruin, or lose (active); be destroyed, perish, be lost (middle/passive).
αὐτούς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ους
mas acc pl
them/same
κἀγὼ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Crasis (Pronoun [1st Person])

κἀγώ (καὶ ἐγώ)
και εγω
nom sg
and/also I
αιτημα
διαγράψω εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into +acc
OF PLACE, the oldest and commonest usage into, with Verbs of saying or speaking relating to the person to whom or before whom one is speaking, Verbs expressing rest in a place, when a previous motion into or to it is implied; elliptical usage after Verbs
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
simple article
γαζοφυλάκιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

γαζο·φυλάκιον, -ου, τό
γαζοφυλακι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
treasury
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
βασιλέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
king
ἀργυρίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ἀργύριον, -ου, τό (Dimin. of ἄργυρος)
αργυρι·ου
(neu) gen sg
silver
τάλαντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

τάλαντον, -ου, τό
ταλαντ·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
talents
[Greek monetary unit of weight]
μύρια [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

μύριοι -αι -α
μυρι·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or fem nom|voc sg
ten thousand/innumerable, ten thousand/innumerable
Est 3:9If it seem good to the king, let him make a decree to destroy them: and I will remit into the king's treasury ten thousand talents of silver.GrEst 3:9
If it seem good to the king, let him make a decree to destroy them, and I will remit into the king’s treasury ten thousand talents of silver.”
1010καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
περιελόμενος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

περι·αιρέω (περι+αιρ(ε)-, περι+ελ(ε)·[σ]-, περι+ελ·[σ]- or 2nd περι+ελ-, -, -, περι+αιρε·θ-)
περι·ελ·ομεν·ος
2aor mp ptcp mas nom sg
upon being-TAKING OFF-ed
strip off, remove, take away
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
δακτύλιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

δακτύλιος, -ου, ὁ
δακτυλι·ον
(mas) acc sg
ring
ἔδωκεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
ε·δω·κε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-GIVE-ed
give, grant, bestow; give over, hand over; entrust, assign; give back, repay, yield; give up, sacrifice
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into +acc
OF PLACE, the oldest and commonest usage into, with Verbs of saying or speaking relating to the person to whom or before whom one is speaking, Verbs expressing rest in a place, when a previous motion into or to it is implied; elliptical usage after Verbs
χεῖρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

χείρ, χειρός, ἡ, dat. pl. χερσίν
χειρ·α
(fem) acc sg
hand
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
simple article
Αμαν σφραγίσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σφραγίζω (σφραγιζ-, σφραγι(ε)·[σ]-, σφραγι·σ-, -, εσφραγισ-, σφραγισ·θ-)
σφραγι·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-SEAL, be-you(sg)-SEAL-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-SEAL
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
γεγραμμένων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γράφω (γραφ-, γραψ-, γραψ-, γεγραφ·[κ]-, γεγραφ-, γραφ·[θ]-)
γεγραφ·μεν·ων
perf mp ptcp fem gen pl or perf mp ptcp mas gen pl or perf mp ptcp neu gen pl
having-been-WRITE-ed
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
Ιουδαίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
Jewish
Est 3:10And the king took off his ring, and gave it into the hands of Aman, to seal the decrees against the Jews.GrEst 3:10
¶So the king took off his ring, and gave it into the hands of Haman to seal the decrees against the Jews.
1111καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY-ed
say, tell, relate, narrate | Present λεγ- | Aorist ειπ- | Future ερ- | Perfect ειρη- | Imperfect ελεγ- | Passive ρηθ- ερρηθ- ερρεθ-
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
simple article
Αμαν τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
simple article
μὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μέν
μεν
indecl
indeed
/certainly/surely.
ἀργύριον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ἀργύριον, -ου, τό (Dimin. of ἄργυρος)
αργυρι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
silver
ἔχε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
εχ·ε
pres act imp 2nd sg
be-you(sg)-HAVE-ing!
/hold.
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
simple article
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἔθνει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ε)·ι
(neu) dat sg
nation/culture/race
Lit: from etho (vb: to form a custom/culture). Hence, a race/people, joined by shared language, customs, history, and culture. Usually applied to Gentiles (except Jn 11:50).
χρῶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

χράομαι (χρ(η)-/χρ(α)-, χρη·σ-, χρη·σ-, -, κεχρη-, χρησ·θ-)
χρ(η)·ου, χρ(α)·ου
pres mp imp 2nd sg, pres mp imp 2nd sg
be-you(sg)-being-USE/TREAT-ed!
(profit, advise)
ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
βούλει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βούλομαι (βουλ-, βουλη·σ-, -, -, -, βουλη·θ-)
βουλ·ει
pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
you(sg)-are-being-INTEND/PLAN-ed
Cognate of βουλη (determinate plan/intent/purpose), thus, a harder, less negotiable form of θέλημα (to wish/want/desire). Often softened to "wish/want" regarding the wishes/desires of a sovereign authority (God/king/general/ruling counsel).
Est 3:11And the king said to Aman, Keep the silver, and treat the nation as thou wilt.GrEst 3:11
The king said to Haman, “Keep the silver, and treat the nation as you will.”
1212καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐκλήθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καλέω (καλ(ε)-, καλε·σ-, καλε·σ-, κεκλη·κ-, κεκλη-, κλη·θ-)
ε·κλη·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
they-were-CALL-ed
call, summon/invite, or to name
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
simple article
γραμματεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

γραμματεύς, -έως, ὁ, voc. pl. γραμματεῖς
γραμματ(ευ)·ες, γραμματ(ευ)·ας
(mas) nom|voc pl, (mas) acc pl
scribes
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
βασιλέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
king
μηνὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.); Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

μῆνις, -ιος, ἡ [LXX]; μήν[2], μηνός, ὁ
μηνι; μην·ι
(fem) voc sg; (mas) dat sg
wrath; month
;
πρώτῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

πρῶτος -η -ον
πρωτ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
first
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
simple article
τρισκαιδεκάτῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

τρισ·και·δέκατος -η -ον [LXX]
τρισκαιδεκατ·ῃ
fem dat sg
thirteenth
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἔγραψαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γράφω (γραφ-, γραψ-, γραψ-, γεγραφ·[κ]-, γεγραφ-, γραφ·[θ]-)
ε·γραφ·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-WRITE-ed
ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
ἐπέταξεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·τάσσω (επι+τασσ-, -, επι+ταξ-, επι+τεταχ·[κ]-, επι+τετασσ-, επι+ταγ·[θ]-)
επι·ε·τασσ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-ORDER-ed
command/enjoin.
Αμαν τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
στρατηγοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

στρατ·ηγός, -οῦ, ὁ (cf. στρατιά)
στρατηγ·οις
(mas) dat pl
commanders
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
ἄρχουσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.); Verb

ἄρχων[τ], -ο[υ]ντος, ὁ, dat. pl. ἄρχουσιν, voc. pl. ἄρχοντες; ἄρχω (αρχ-, αρξ-, αρξ-, -, ηρχ-, -)
αρχου[ντ]·σι(ν); αρχ·ουσι(ν), αρχ·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
(mas) dat pl; pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
rulers; they-are-BEGIN/RULE-ing, while BEGIN/RULE-ing
; Lit:"head/chief", hence rule or begin (depending upon context).
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
πᾶσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral); Verb

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός; πάσσω [LXX] (πασσ-, -, πα·σ-, -, πεπασ-, -)
πασ·αν; πα·σαν[τ]
fem acc sg; 1aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
each, every; upon SPRINKLE-ing
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".;
χώραν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

χώρα, -ας, ἡ
χωρ·αν
(fem) acc sg
region
realm (clίme); land, country, territory, tract, province
ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
Ἰνδικῆς ἕως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction; Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl.)

ἕως[1]; ἕως[2], -ω, ἡ [LXX], acc.
εως; ε(ω)·ος, ε(ω)·ους
indecl; (fem) nom|voc sg, (fem) acc pl
until; dawn, dawns
, up-until/as-far-as, Often used as a conjunctive-adverbial preposition concerning time/place/number, "until +(genitive)";
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
Αἰθιοπίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

Αἰθιοπία, -ας, ἡ [LXX]
αιθιοπι·ας
(fem) gen sg
Ethiopia
ταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·αις
fem dat pl
the
simple article
ἑκατὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

ἑκατόν
εκατον
indecl
hundred
εἴκοσι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.); Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἰκών, -όνος, ἡ; εἴκοσι
εικο[ν]·σι(ν); εικοσι
(fem) dat pl; indecl
icons; twenty
[image, likeness];
ἑπτὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

ἑπτά
επτα
indecl
seven
χώραις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

χώρα, -ας, ἡ
χωρ·αις
(fem) dat pl
regions
realm (clίme); land, country, territory, tract, province
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
τε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

τέ
τε
indecl
and [postpositive coordinate]
ἄρχουσι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.); Verb

ἄρχων[τ], -ο[υ]ντος, ὁ, dat. pl. ἄρχουσιν, voc. pl. ἄρχοντες; ἄρχω (αρχ-, αρξ-, αρξ-, -, ηρχ-, -)
αρχου[ντ]·σι(ν); αρχ·ουσι(ν), αρχ·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
(mas) dat pl; pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
rulers; they-are-BEGIN/RULE-ing, while BEGIN/RULE-ing
; Lit:"head/chief", hence rule or begin (depending upon context).
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
ἐθνῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ε)·ων
(neu) gen pl
nations
Lit: from etho (vb: to form a custom/culture). Hence, a race/people, joined by shared language, customs, history, and culture. Usually applied to Gentiles (except Jn 11:50).
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
λέξιν δι’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δι’
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
Ἀρταξέρξου τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
βασιλέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
king
Est 3:12So the king's recorders were called in the first month, on the thirteenth day, and they wrote as Aman commanded to the captains and governors in every province, from India even to Ethiopia, to a hundred and twenty-seven provinces; and to the rulers of the nations according to their several languages, in the name of king Artaxerxes.GrEst 3:12
So the king’s recorders were called in the first month, on the thirteenth day, and they wrote as Haman commanded to the captains and governors in every province, from India even to Ethiopia, to one hundred twenty-seven provinces; and to the rulers of the nations according to their languages, in the name of King Ahasuerus.
1313καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀπεστάλη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·στέλλω (απο+στελλ-, απο+στελ(ε)·[σ]-, απο+στειλ·[σ]-, απ+εσταλ·κ-, απ+εσταλ-, απο+σταλ·[θ]-)
απο·ε·σταλ·[θ]η
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-SEND-FORTH-ed
Lit:"send/arrange-from/away". Often rendered "send-forth" (a message, messenger, action, etc), send
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
βιβλιαφόρων εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into +acc
OF PLACE, the oldest and commonest usage into, with Verbs of saying or speaking relating to the person to whom or before whom one is speaking, Verbs expressing rest in a place, when a previous motion into or to it is implied; elliptical usage after Verbs
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
Ἀρταξέρξου βασιλείαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βασιλεία, -ας, ἡ
βασιλει·αν
(fem) acc sg
kingdom
ἀφανίσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀ·φανίζω (αφανιζ-, αφανι(ε)·[σ]-/αφανι·σ-, αφανι·σ-, -, ηφανισ-, αφανισ·θ-)
αφανι·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-DISAPPEAR/BLOT-OUT, be-you(sg)-DISAPPEAR/BLOT-ed-OUT!, he/she/it-happens-to-DISAPPEAR/BLOT-OUT
[remove from sight/notice/existence; obscure]
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
simple article
γένος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

γένο·ς, -ους, τό
γεν(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
race
race, class, kind
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
Ιουδαίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
Jewish
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ἡμέρᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
day
μιᾷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
μι·ᾳ
fem dat sg
one
μηνὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

μήν[2], μηνός, ὁ
μην·ος
(mas) gen sg
month
δωδεκάτου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

δω·δέκατος -η -ον
δωδεκατ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
twelfth
ὅς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ος
mas nom sg
who/whom/which
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
Αδαρ καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
διαρπάσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δι·αρπάζω (δι+αρπαζ-, δι+αρπ(α)·[σ]-/δι+αρπα·σ-, δι+αρπα·σ-, -, δι+ηρπασ-, δι+αρπασ·θ-/δι+αρπαγ·[θ]-)
δι·αρπ(α)·[σ]εσαι, δι·αρπα·σαι
fut mp ind 2nd sg alt, 1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
you(sg)-will-be-SPOLIATE-ed, to-SPOLIATE, be-you(sg)-SPOLIATE-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-SPOLIATE
[rob, plunder, pillage]
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
simple article
ὑπάρχοντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑπ·άρχω (υπ+αρχ-, υπ+αρξ-, υπ+αρξ-, -, -, -)
υπ·αρχ·ο[υ]ντ·α
pres act ptcp mas acc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
while TO BE-ing
A synonym of εἰμί, to be in existence, take initiative, begin
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
Est 3:13And the message was sent by posts throughout the kingdom of Artaxerxes, to destroy utterly the race of the Jews on the first day of the twelfth month, which is Adar, and to plunder their goods. And the following is the copy of the letter; The great king Artaxerxes writes thus to the rulers and inferior governors of a hundred and twenty-seven provinces, from India even to Ethiopia, who hold authority under him. Ruling over many nations and having obtained dominion over the whole world, I was minded (not elated by the confidence of power, but ever conducting myself with great moderation and gentleness) to make the lives of my subjects continually tranquil, desiring both to maintain the kingdom quiet and orderly to its utmost limits, and to restore the peace desired by all men. But when I had enquired of my counsellors how this should be brought to pass. Aman, who excels in soundness of judgment among us, and has been manifestly well inclined without wavering and with unshaken fidelity, and had obtained the second post in the kingdom, informed us that a certain ill-disposed people is mixed up with all the tribes throughout the world, opposed in their law to every other nation, and continually neglecting the commands of the king, so that the united government blamelessly administered by us is not quietly established. Having then conceived that this nation alone of all others is continually set in opposition to every man, introducing as a change a foreign code of laws, and injuriously plotting to accomplish the worst of evils against our interests, and against the happy establishment of the monarchy; we signified to you in the letter written by Aman, who is set over the public affairs and is our second governor, to destroy them all utterly with their wives and children by the swords of the enemies, without pitying or sparing any, on the fourteenth day of the twelfth month Adar, of the present year; that the people aforetime and now ill-disposed to us having been violently consigned to death in one day, may hereafter secure to us continually a well constituted and quiet state of affairs.GrEst 3:13
The message was sent by couriers throughout the kingdom of Ahasuerus, to utterly destroy the race of the Jews on the first day of the twelfth month, which is Adar, and to plunder their goods.* [The following is the copy of the letter. “From the great King Ahasuerus to the rulers and the governors under them of one hundred twenty-seven provinces, from India even to Ethiopia, who hold authority under him: ¶“Ruling over many nations and having obtained dominion over the whole world, I was determined (not elated by the confidence of power, but ever conducting myself with great moderation and gentleness) to make the lives of my subjects continually tranquil, desiring both to maintain the kingdom quiet and orderly to its utmost limits, and to restore the peace desired by all men. When I had asked my counselors how this should be brought to pass, Haman, who excels in soundness of judgment among us, and has been manifestly well inclined without wavering and with unshaken fidelity, and had obtained the second post in the kingdom, informed us that a certain ill-disposed people is scattered among all the tribes throughout the world, opposed in their law to every other nation, and continually neglecting the commands of the king, so that the united government blamelessly administered by us is not quietly established. Having then conceived that this nation is continually set in opposition to every man, introducing as a change a foreign code of laws, and injuriously plotting to accomplish the worst of evils against our interests, and against the happy establishment of the monarchy, we instruct you in the letter written by Haman, who is set over the public affairs and is our second governor, to destroy them all utterly with their wives and children by the swords of the enemies, without pitying or sparing any, on the fourteenth day of the twelfth month Adar, of the present year; that the people aforetime and now ill-disposed to us having been violently consigned to death in one day, may hereafter secure to us continually a well constituted and quiet state of affairs.”]
13a13a Addition to Esther II (3:13a–13g/Vulgate 13:1–7)
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἐπιστολῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἐπι·στολή, -ῆς, ἡ
επιστολ·ης
(fem) gen sg
letter
[epistle]
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
simple article
ἀντίγραφον τόδε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

ὅ·δε ἥ·δε τό·δε
τ·ο·δε
neu nom|acc sg
this
demonstrative pronoun ὁ, ἡ, τό added to the enclitic "δε", and declined like the pronoun according to case = "this", "thus", "such-and-such", etc.
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
μέγας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2, irreg.)

μέγ[αλ]ας μεγάλη μέγ[αλ]α
irreg. μεγα[λ·ο]ς ( instead of μεγαλ·ος)
mas nom sg
great
Ἀρταξέρξης τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
Ἰνδικῆς ἕως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction; Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl.)

ἕως[1]; ἕως[2], -ω, ἡ [LXX], acc.
εως; ε(ω)·ος, ε(ω)·ους
indecl; (fem) nom|voc sg, (fem) acc pl
until; dawn, dawns
, up-until/as-far-as, Often used as a conjunctive-adverbial preposition concerning time/place/number, "until +(genitive)";
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
Αἰθιοπίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

Αἰθιοπία, -ας, ἡ [LXX]
αιθιοπι·ας
(fem) gen sg
Ethiopia
ἑκατὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

ἑκατόν
εκατον
indecl
hundred
εἴκοσι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.); Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἰκών, -όνος, ἡ; εἴκοσι
εικο[ν]·σι(ν); εικοσι
(fem) dat pl; indecl
icons; twenty
[image, likeness];
ἑπτὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

ἑπτά
επτα
indecl
seven
χωρῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Verb

χῶρος, -οῦ, ὁ; χώρα, -ας, ἡ; χωρέω (χωρ(ε)-, -, χωρη·σ-, -, -, -)
χωρ·ων; χωρ·ων; χωρ(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(mas) gen pl; (fem) gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
northwests; regions; while HAVE-ing-SPACE
also * region (clίme), land, country; realm (clίme); land, country, territory, tract, province; (from "χῶρος" "space/place/region/country), hence have-space/place/room-for. Metaphorical-Trns:accept/hold/contain/receive/welcome; Intrns(with "εἰς"):enter/pass/be-room/welcomed/accepted. Root for "choreograph".
ἄρχουσι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.); Verb

ἄρχων[τ], -ο[υ]ντος, ὁ, dat. pl. ἄρχουσιν, voc. pl. ἄρχοντες; ἄρχω (αρχ-, αρξ-, αρξ-, -, ηρχ-, -)
αρχου[ντ]·σι(ν); αρχ·ουσι(ν), αρχ·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
(mas) dat pl; pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
rulers; they-are-BEGIN/RULE-ing, while BEGIN/RULE-ing
; Lit:"head/chief", hence rule or begin (depending upon context).
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τοπάρχαις ὑποτεταγμένοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑπο·τάσσω (υπο+τασσ-, υπο+ταξ-, υπο+ταξ-, -, υπο+τετασσ-, υπο+ταγ·[θ]-/υπο+ταχ·θ-)
υπο·τετασσ·μεν·οις
perf mp ptcp mas dat pl or perf mp ptcp neu dat pl
having-been-SUBORDINATE-ed
[subdue, place under ones obidience]
τάδε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

ὅ·δε ἥ·δε τό·δε
τ·α·δε
neu nom|acc pl
these
demonstrative pronoun ὁ, ἡ, τό added to the enclitic "δε", and declined like the pronoun according to case = "this", "thus", "such-and-such", etc.
γράφει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γράφω (γραφ-, γραψ-, γραψ-, γεγραφ·[κ]-, γεγραφ-, γραφ·[θ]-)
γραφ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-WRITE-ing, you(sg)-are-being-WRITE-ed
Est 3:13(a) And the following is the copy of the letter; The great king Artaxerxes writes thus to the rulers and inferior governors of a hundred and twenty-seven provinces, from India even to Ethiopia, who hold authority under him. 13a
13b13bπολλῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral, irreg.)

πολ[λ]ύς πολλή πολ[λ]ύ
πολλ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
many
Singular: a lot, great, large, much, voluminous Plural: lots, manifold, many, multiple, numerous
ἐπάρξας ἐθνῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ε)·ων
(neu) gen pl
nations
Lit: from etho (vb: to form a custom/culture). Hence, a race/people, joined by shared language, customs, history, and culture. Usually applied to Gentiles (except Jn 11:50).
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
πάσης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
πασ·ης
fem gen sg
each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
ἐπικρατήσας οἰκουμένης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Verb

οἰκουμένη, -ης, ἡ; οἰκέω (οικ(ε)-, οικη·σ-, οικη·σ-, -, -, οικη·θ-)
οικουμεν·ης; οικ(ε)·ομεν·ης
(fem) gen sg; pres mp ptcp fem gen sg
inhabited-region; while being-DWELL-ed
From the fem-pres-pass-part. of "οἰκέω" (dwell), hence being-inhabited world/land/region. Often rendered "world", but distinct from "cosmos".;
ἐβουλήθην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βούλομαι (βουλ-, βουλη·σ-, -, -, -, βουλη·θ-)
ε·βουλη·θην
aor θη ind 1st sg
I-was-INTEND/PLAN-ed
Cognate of βουλη (determinate plan/intent/purpose), thus, a harder, less negotiable form of θέλημα (to wish/want/desire). Often softened to "wish/want" regarding the wishes/desires of a sovereign authority (God/king/general/ruling counsel).
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
simple article
θράσει τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
ἐξουσίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἐξ·ουσία, -ας, ἡ
εξουσι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
authority, authorities
control, ruler, power, sway, freedom permitted by peace, licence
ἐπαιρόμενος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπ·αίρω (επ+αιρ-, -, επ+αρ·[σ]-, -, επ+ηρ-, επ+αρ·θ-)
επ·αιρ·ομεν·ος
pres mp ptcp mas nom sg
while being-RAISE/LIFT-UP-ed
Lit:"lift/raise-upon", hence raise/lift-up.
ἐπιεικέστερον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἐπιεικέσ·τερος -α -ον [LXX] (Comp. of ἐπι·εικής)
επιεικεστερ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
???
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
ἠπιότητος ἀεὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἀεί/αἰεί
αει
indecl
always
διεξάγων τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
simple article
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
ὑποτεταγμένων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑπο·τάσσω (υπο+τασσ-, υπο+ταξ-, υπο+ταξ-, -, υπο+τετασσ-, υπο+ταγ·[θ]-/υπο+ταχ·θ-)
υπο·τετασσ·μεν·ων
perf mp ptcp fem gen pl or perf mp ptcp mas gen pl or perf mp ptcp neu gen pl
having-been-SUBORDINATE-ed
[subdue, place under ones obidience]
ἀκυμάτους διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
παντὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ος
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
καταστῆσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καθ·ίστημι (ath. καθ+ιστ(α)-/ath. καθ+ιστ(η)-, κατα+στη·σ-, κατα+στη·σ- or 2nd ath. κατα+στ(η)-/ath. κατα+στ(α)-, καθ+εστη·κ-/καθ+εστα·κ-/καθ+εστ(α)·[κ]-, καθ+εστα-, κατα+στα·θ-)
κατα·στη·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-APPOINT/ESTABLISH, be-you(sg)-APPOINT/ESTABLISH-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-APPOINT/ESTABLISH
Lit"down-stand", hence give-standing/authority, hence appoint, put-in-charge set-in-order, lay, render, enable, establish. In some instances, similar to "τίθημι" (place/lay/put/set/appoint).
βίους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

βίος, -ου, ὁ
βι·ους
(mas) acc pl
life/livelihoods
can also refer to property (BDAG 177)
τήν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
τε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

τέ
τε
indecl
and [postpositive coordinate]
βασιλείαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βασιλεία, -ας, ἡ
βασιλει·αν
(fem) acc sg
kingdom
ἥμερον καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
πορευτὴν μέχρι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μέχρι/μέχρις
μεχρι
indecl
until
[μέχρι before vowels and consonants; μέχρις before vowels only]
περάτων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πέρα[τ]ς, -ατος, τό
περατ·ων
(neu) gen pl
boundaries
end, limit, boundary, beyond, end, close, close by (in local sense, “ἐκ περάτων γᾶς)
παρεξόμενος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρ·έχω (παρ+εχ-, παρ+εξ-, 2nd παρα+σχ-, -, -, -)
παρ·εχ·σομεν·ος
fut mp ptcp mas nom sg
going-to-be-PROVIDE-ed
ἀνανεώσασθαί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀνα·νεόω (ανα+νε(ο)-, ανα+νεω·σ-, ανα+νεω·σ-, -, -, -)
ανα·νεω·σασθαι
1aor mp inf
to-be-RENEW-ed
τε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

τέ
τε
indecl
and [postpositive coordinate]
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
ποθουμένην τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
πᾶσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
πα[ντ]·σι(ν)
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
ἀνθρώποις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·οις
(mas) dat pl
persons
"man, both as a generic term and of individuals" (Liddell, Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon) Often means "human being", but can refer specifically to a man/men (when required by context).
εἰρήνην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

εἰρήνη, -ης, ἡ
ειρην·ην
(fem) acc sg
peace
Est 3:13(b) Ruling over many nations and having obtained dominion over the whole world, I was minded (not elated by the confidence of power, but ever conducting myself with great moderation and gentleness) to make the lives of my subjects continually tranquil, desiring both to maintain the kingdom quiet and orderly to its utmost limits, and to restore the peace desired by all men. 13b
13c13cπυθομένου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πυνθάνομαι (πυνθαν-, -, 2nd πυθ-, -, -, -)
πυθ·ομεν·ου
2aor mp ptcp mas gen sg or 2aor mp ptcp neu gen sg
upon being-INQUIRE-ed
δέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
συμβούλων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

σύμ·βουλος, -ου, ὁ
συμβουλ·ων
(mas) gen pl
counselors
Lit:"determined-plan-with", hence consultant/counselor/advisor
πῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

πῶς[1]
πως
indecl
how
ἂν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἄν
αν
indecl
ever
ἀχθείη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἄγω (αγ-, αξ-, 2nd αγαγ-, αγειοχ·[κ]-, ηγ-, αχ·θ-)
αγ·θειη
aor θη opt 3rd sg
he/she/it-happens-to-be-LEAD-ed
bring, arrest
τοῦτο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
πέρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πέρα[τ]ς, -ατος, τό
περα[τ]·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
boundary
end, limit, boundary, beyond, end, close, close by (in local sense, “ἐκ περάτων γᾶς)
σωφροσύνῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

σω·φρο·σύνη, -ης, ἡ
σωφροσυν·ῃ
(fem) dat sg
good sense
[sensibleness]
παρ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

παρά
παρ’
indecl
frοm beside (+acc,+gen,+dat)
παρ’ before vowels I. beside, near, by, II. along, III. past, beyond. 1. with Verbs of coming, going, etc., to the side of, to, with Verbs of placing, examining, etc., side by side with, near, together
ἡμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημιν
dat pl
us
διενέγκας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δια·φέρω (δια+φερ-, δι+οι·σ-, δι+ενεγκ·[σ]-, -, δια+ενηνεγκ-, δια+ενεχ·θ-)
δι·ενεγκ·[σ]α[ντ]·ς
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon SURPASS/CARRY-ing-THROUGH
(exceeding, different, valuable (excess, surpass, excel))
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
simple article
εὐνοίᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

εὔ·νοια, -ας, ἡ
ευνοι·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
agreement
ἀπαραλλάκτως καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
βεβαίᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

βέβαιος -α -ον
βεβαι·ᾳ
fem dat sg
absolutely certain
πίστει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

πίστις, -εως, ἡ
πιστ(ι)·ι
(fem) dat sg
faith/faithfulness
allegiance; trust; trustworthiness; πίστις can refer to faith/trust, to that which one believes or trusts (the content of one's faith), or to the personal trait of faithfulness/trustworthiness/integrity.
ἀποδεδειγμένος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·δείκνυμι (ath. απο+δεικνυ-, -, απο+δειξ-, -, απο+δεδεικ-, -)
απο·δεδεικ·μεν·ος
perf mp ptcp mas nom sg
having-been-PROCLAIM-ed
make, appoint or proclaim (with double accusative); or: prove, point out, display
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
δεύτερον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

δεύτερος -α -ον
δευτερ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
second
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
βασιλειῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Adjective (2-2-2)

βασιλεία, -ας, ἡ; βασίλειος -ον
βασιλει·ων; βασιλει·ων
(fem) gen pl; neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
kingdoms; royal
;
γέρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

γέρας, -ως, τό [LXX]
γερ(α)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
award
ἀπενηνεγμένος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·φέρω (απο+φερ-, απ+οι·σ-, απ+ενεγκ·[σ]- or 2nd απ+ενεγκ-, -, απ+ενηνεγκ-, απ+ενεχ·θ-)
απ·ενηνεγκ·μεν·ος
perf mp ptcp mas nom sg
having-been-CARRY AWAY-ed
yield to repay
Αμαν
Est 3:13(c) But when I had enquired of my counsellors how this should be brought to pass. Aman, who excels in soundness of judgment among us, and has been manifestly well inclined without wavering and with unshaken fidelity, and had obtained the second post in the kingdom, 13c
13d13dἐπέδειξεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·δείκνυμι (ath. επι+δεικνυ-, -, επι+δειξ-, -, -, -)
επι·ε·δεικ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SHOW-ed
exhibit, demonstrate, display
ἡμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημιν
dat pl
us
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
πάσαις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral); Verb

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός; πάσσω [LXX] (πασσ-, -, πα·σ-, -, πεπασ-, -)
πασ·αις; πα·σαις
fem dat pl; 1aor act opt 2nd sg
all; you(sg)-happen-to-SPRINKLE
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".;
ταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·αις
fem dat pl
the
simple article
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
οἰκουμένην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Verb

οἰκουμένη, -ης, ἡ; οἰκέω (οικ(ε)-, οικη·σ-, οικη·σ-, -, -, οικη·θ-)
οικουμεν·ην; οικ(ε)·ομεν·ην
(fem) acc sg; pres mp ptcp fem acc sg
inhabited-region; while being-DWELL-ed
From the fem-pres-pass-part. of "οἰκέω" (dwell), hence being-inhabited world/land/region. Often rendered "world", but distinct from "cosmos".;
φυλαῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

φυλή, -ῆς, ἡ
φυλ·αις
(fem) dat pl
tribes
ἀναμεμεῖχθαι δυσμενῆ λαόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λαός, -οῦ, ὁ
λα·ον
(mas) acc sg
people
τινα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

τὶ[ν]ς[2] τὶ[ν], gen. τινός, dat. τινί, acc. τινά τὶ
τιν·α
neu nom|acc pl or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
some/several, someone/anyone
indefinite pronoun; someone, something, anyone, anything. Specific(certain-one/some) determined from text-markings/context, otherwise non-specific (anyone/several).
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
νόμοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·οις
(mas) dat pl
custom/laws
ordinance custom practice
ἀντίθετον πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
πᾶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παν[τ]
neu nom|acc|voc sg
each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
ἔθνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
nation/culture/race
Lit: from etho (vb: to form a custom/culture). Hence, a race/people, joined by shared language, customs, history, and culture. Usually applied to Gentiles (except Jn 11:50).
τά [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
simple article
τε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

τέ
τε
indecl
and [postpositive coordinate]
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
βασιλέων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ων
(mas) gen pl
kings
παραπέμποντας διηνεκῶς διατάγματα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

διά·ταγμα[τ], -ατος, τό
διαταγματ·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
edicts
(mandate, order, directive)
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
simple article
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
κατατίθεσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·τίθημι (ath. κατα+τιθ(ε)-, -, κατα+θη·κ- or 2nd ath. κατα+θ(ε)-, -, -, -)
κατα·τιθ(ε)·σθαι
pres mp inf
to-be-being-LAY (DOWN)-ed
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
ὑφ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υφ’
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen)
ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
us
κατευθυνομένην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατ·ευ·θύνω (κατ+ευθυν-, -, κατ+ευθυν·[σ]-, -, -, κατ+ευθυν·θ-)
κατ·ευθυν·ομεν·ην
pres mp ptcp fem acc sg
while being-DIRECT-ed
Lit:make-exactly-straight, hence direct/guide/instruct, make/keep-straight LXX: also prosper/succeed/establish, set-right/promote
ἀμέμπτως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἀ·μέμπτως
αμεμπτως
indecl
blamelessly
συναρχίαν
Est 3:13(d) informed us that a certain ill-disposed people is mixed up with all the tribes throughout the world, opposed in their law to every other nation, and continually neglecting the commands of the king, so that the united government blamelessly administered by us is not quietly established. 13d
13e13eδιειληφότες οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
τόδε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

ὅ·δε ἥ·δε τό·δε
τ·ο·δε
neu nom|acc sg
this
demonstrative pronoun ὁ, ἡ, τό added to the enclitic "δε", and declined like the pronoun according to case = "this", "thus", "such-and-such", etc.
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
simple article
ἔθνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
nation/culture/race
Lit: from etho (vb: to form a custom/culture). Hence, a race/people, joined by shared language, customs, history, and culture. Usually applied to Gentiles (except Jn 11:50).
μονώτατον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

μονώ·τατος -η -ον [LXX] (Superl. of μόνος)
μονωτατ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
single most
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ἀντιπαραγωγῇ παντὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ι
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
παντὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ος
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
ἀνθρώπῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
person
"man, both as a generic term and of individuals" (Liddell, Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon) Often means "human being", but can refer specifically to a man/men (when required by context).
κείμενον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κεῖ·μαι (ath. κει-, -, -, -, -, -)
κει·μεν·ον
pres mp ptcp mas acc sg or pres mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
while being-LIE-ed
Pass: be-laid/situated/enacted. Sometime metaphor: appoint/set/stand.
διαγωγὴν νόμων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ; νομή, -ῆς, ἡ
νομ·ων; νομ·ων
(mas) gen pl; (fem) gen pl
custom/laws; pasturages
ordinance custom practice;
ξενίζουσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ξενίζω (ξενιζ-, ξενι(ε)·[σ]-, ξενι·σ-, -, -, ξενισ·θ-)
ξενιζ·ουσ·αν
pres act ptcp fem acc sg
while TREAT-AS-STRANGE/FOREIGN-ing
(from "ξένος":strange/foreign/novel), hence consider/treat-as-strange/foreign/novel, (by extension host/entertain.
παραλλάσσον καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
δυσνοοῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δυσ·νοέω [LXX] (δυσνο(ε)-, -, -, -, -, -)
δυσνο(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]
pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
while TO BE ILL-AFFECTED-ing
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
ἡμετέροις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Possessive)

ἡμέτερος -α -ον
ημετερ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
our-own
emphatic 1p-possessive pronoun
πράγμασιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πρᾶγμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πραγμα[τ]·σι(ν)
(neu) dat pl
matters
/thing/business/affair/object [root for "pragmatic"]
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
simple article
χείριστα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

χείριστος -η -ον [LXX] (Superl. of κακός)
χειριστ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl
worst
συντελοῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συν·τελέω (συν+τελ(ε)-, συν+τελε·σ-, συν+τελε·σ-, συν+τετελε·κ-, συν+τετελεσ-, συν+τελεσ·θ-)
συν·τελ(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]
pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
while FINISH/COMPLETE-ing
Lit:"complete/perfect-together-with", hence finish/thoroughly-complete.
κακὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

κακός -ή -όν (cf. φαῦλος)
κακ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl
wicked
/evil
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
simple article
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
βασιλείαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βασιλεία, -ας, ἡ
βασιλει·αν
(fem) acc sg
kingdom
εὐσταθείας τυγχάνειν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τυγχάνω (τυγχαν-, τευξ-, τευξ- or 2nd τυχ-, τετυχ·[κ]-/τετευχ·[κ]-, -, -)
τυγχαν·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-CHANCE-ing-UPON
Est 3:13(e) Having then conceived that this nation alone of all others is continually set in opposition to every man, introducing as a change a foreign code of laws, and injuriously plotting to accomplish the worst of evils against our interests, and against the happy establishment of the monarchy; 13e
13f13fπροστετάχαμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·τάσσω/-τάττω (προσ+τασσ-/προσ+ταττ-, προσ+ταξ-, προσ+ταξ-, προσ+τεταχ·[κ]-, προσ+τετασσ-, προσ+ταγ·[θ]-/προσ+ταχ·θ-)
προσ·τετασσ·καμεν
perf act ind 1st pl
we-have-GIVE-ed-A-DIRECTIVE
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
simple article
σημαινομένους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σημαίνω (σημαιν-, σημαν(ε)·[σ]-, σημαν·[σ]-, -, σεσημαν-, σημαν·θ-)
σημαιν·ομεν·ους
pres mp ptcp mas acc pl
while being-INDICATE-ed
signify, indicate, declare
ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you(pl)
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
γεγραμμένοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γράφω (γραφ-, γραψ-, γραψ-, γεγραφ·[κ]-, γεγραφ-, γραφ·[θ]-)
γεγραφ·μεν·οις
perf mp ptcp mas dat pl or perf mp ptcp neu dat pl
having-been-WRITE-ed
ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen)
ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
Αμαν τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
τεταγμένου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τάσσω/τάττω (τασσ-/ταττ-, ταξ-, ταξ-, τεταχ·[κ]-, τετασσ-, ταχ·θ-)
τετασσ·μεν·ου
perf mp ptcp mas gen sg or perf mp ptcp neu gen sg
having-been-APPOINT-ed
prescribe, post, station, assess, ordain, order, command, arrange/organize/set/put/place-in-position.
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
πραγμάτων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πρᾶγμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πραγματ·ων
(neu) gen pl
matters
/thing/business/affair/object [root for "pragmatic"]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
δευτέρου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

δεύτερος -α -ον
δευτερ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
second
πατρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

πατήρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ὁ, voc. pl. πατέρες
πατ[ε]ρ·ος
(mas) gen sg
father
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
us
πάντας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ας
mas acc pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
σὺν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

σύν
συν
indecl
together with/including (+dat)
γυναιξὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

γυνή, -αικος, ἡ, voc. sg. γύναι
γυναικ·σι(ν)
(fem) dat pl
women/wives
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τέκνοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

τέκνον, -ου, τό, voc. sg. τέκνον, voc. pl. τέκνα
τεκν·οις
(neu) dat pl
children
ἀπολέσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·όλλυμι (ath. απ+ολλυ-, απ+ολ(ε)·[σ]-/απ+ολε·σ-, απ+ολε·σ- or 2nd απ+ολ-, απ+ολωλ·[κ]-, -, -)
απ·ολε·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-DESTROY, he/she/it-happens-to-DESTROY
stronger form of ὄλλυμι. Destroy, ruin, or lose (active); be destroyed, perish, be lost (middle/passive).
ὁλορριζεὶ ταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·αις
fem dat pl
the
simple article
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
ἐχθρῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

ἔχθρα, -ας, ἡ; ἐχθρός -ά -όν
εχθρ·ων; εχθρ·ων
(fem) gen pl; neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
enmities; hostile
καταργήσας;
μαχαίραις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

μάχαιρα, -ας and -ης, ἡ (cf. ῥομφαία)
μαχαιρ·αις
(fem) dat pl
swords
carving-knife, large knife or dirk, a knife for cutting up meat, Hdt., attic; metaph., “διὰ μαχαιρῶν καὶ πυρός”
ἄνευ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἄνευ
ανευ
indecl
without
takes a genitive object
παντὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ος
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
οἴκτου καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
φειδοῦς τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
simple article
τεσσαρεσκαιδεκάτῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

τεσσαρεσ·και·δέκατος -η -ον
τεσσαρεσκαιδεκατ·ῃ
fem dat sg
fourteenth
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
δωδεκάτου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

δω·δέκατος -η -ον
δωδεκατ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
twelfth
μηνὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

μήν[2], μηνός, ὁ
μην·ος
(mas) gen sg
month
Αδαρ τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
ἐνεστῶτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐν·ίστημι (ath. εν+ιστ(α)-/ath. εν+ιστ(η)-, εν+στη·σ-, 2nd ath. εν+στ(η)-/ath. εν+στ(α)-, εν+εστη·κ-/εν+εστ(α)·[κ]-, -, -)
εν·εστ(α)·[κ]οτ·ος
perf act ptcp mas gen sg or perf act ptcp neu gen sg
having FIX/PLACE-INTO-POSITION-ed
Lit: "in-stand" , by extn, "be-at-hand, place into position
ἔτους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔτο·ς, -ους, τό
ετ(ε)·ος
(neu) gen sg
year
Est 3:13(f) we signified to you in the letter written by Aman, who is set over the public affairs and is our second governor, to destroy them all utterly with their wives and children by the swords of the enemies, without pitying or sparing any, on the fourteenth day of the twelfth month Adar, of the present year; 13f
13g13gὅπως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὅπως
οπως
indecl
how/so that
Lit. contraction:"which-how". Often simplified: how/in-what-way. Sometimes rendered as a consequential-conjunction: "so-that", "in-order-that". But ????, since the conjunction, "ina" would unambiguously convey this
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
simple article
πάλαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

πάλαι; πάλη, -ης, ἡ
παλαι; παλ·αι
indecl; (fem) nom|voc pl
of old; struggles
;
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
νῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

νῦν
νυν
indecl
now
δυσμενεῖς ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ἡμέρᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
day
μιᾷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
μι·ᾳ
fem dat sg
one
βιαίως εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into +acc
OF PLACE, the oldest and commonest usage into, with Verbs of saying or speaking relating to the person to whom or before whom one is speaking, Verbs expressing rest in a place, when a previous motion into or to it is implied; elliptical usage after Verbs
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
ᾅδην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

ᾅδης, -ου, ὁ
ᾳδ·ην
(mas) acc sg
Hades
κατελθόντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατ·έρχομαι (κατ+ερχ-, -, 2nd κατ+ελθ-, -, -, -)
κατ·ελθ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
2aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon COME-ing-DOWN
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into +acc
OF PLACE, the oldest and commonest usage into, with Verbs of saying or speaking relating to the person to whom or before whom one is speaking, Verbs expressing rest in a place, when a previous motion into or to it is implied; elliptical usage after Verbs
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
μετέπειτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

μετ·έπ·ειτα
μετεπειτα
indecl
thereafter
χρόνον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

χρόνος, -ου, ὁ (cf. καιρός)
χρον·ον
(mas) acc sg
time
, a specific (clock) time, period-of-time (a while). Distinct from kairos (season)
εὐσταθῆ καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀτάραχα παρέχωσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρ·έχω (παρ+εχ-, παρ+εξ-, 2nd παρα+σχ-, -, -, -)
παρ·εχ·ωσι(ν)
pres act sub 3rd pl
they-should-be-PROVIDE-ing
ἡμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημιν
dat pl
us
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
τέλους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

τέλο·ς, -ους, τό
τελ(ε)·ος
(neu) gen sg
end
/consummation/completion
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
simple article
πράγματα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πρᾶγμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πραγματ·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
matters
/thing/business/affair/object [root for "pragmatic"]
Est 3:13(g) that the people aforetime and now ill-disposed to us having been violently consigned to death in one day, may hereafter secure to us continually a well constituted and quiet state of affairs.13g
1414τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
simple article
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἀντίγραφα τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
ἐπιστολῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἐπι·στολή, -ῆς, ἡ
επιστολ·ων
(fem) gen pl
letters
[epistle]
ἐξετίθετο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·τίθημι (ath. εκ+τιθ(ε)-, εκ+θη·σ-, εκ+θη·κ- or 2nd ath. εκ+θ(ε)-, -, -, εκ+τε·θ-)
εκ·ε·τιθ(ε)·το
impf mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-being-PLACE-ed-OUT/EXPOUND
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
χώραν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

χώρα, -ας, ἡ
χωρ·αν
(fem) acc sg
region
realm (clίme); land, country, territory, tract, province
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
προσετάγη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·τάσσω/-τάττω (προσ+τασσ-/προσ+ταττ-, προσ+ταξ-, προσ+ταξ-, προσ+τεταχ·[κ]-, προσ+τετασσ-, προσ+ταγ·[θ]-/προσ+ταχ·θ-)
προσ·ε·ταγ·[θ]η
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-GIVE-ed-A-DIRECTIVE
πᾶσι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
πα[ντ]·σι(ν)
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
ἔθνεσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ε)·σι(ν)
(neu) dat pl
nations
Lit: from etho (vb: to form a custom/culture). Hence, a race/people, joined by shared language, customs, history, and culture. Usually applied to Gentiles (except Jn 11:50).
ἑτοίμους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἕτοιμος -η -ον
ετοιμ·ους
mas acc pl
ready
prepared see Matt 22:4 of the wedding feast
εἶναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·εναι
pres act inf
to-be
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into +acc
OF PLACE, the oldest and commonest usage into, with Verbs of saying or speaking relating to the person to whom or before whom one is speaking, Verbs expressing rest in a place, when a previous motion into or to it is implied; elliptical usage after Verbs
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
ἡμέραν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·αν
(fem) acc sg
day
ταύτην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·ην
fem acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
Est 3:14And the copies of the letters were published in every province; and an order was given to all the nations to be ready against that day.GrEst 3:14
Copies of the letters were published in every province; and an order was given to all the nations to be ready for that day.
1515ἐσπεύδετο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σπεύδω (σπευδ-, σπευ[δ]·σ-, σπευ[δ]·σ-, -, -, -)
ε·σπευδ·ετο
impf mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-being-HASTEN-ed
[urge upon]
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
simple article
πρᾶγμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πρᾶγμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πραγμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
matter
/thing/business/affair/object [root for "pragmatic"]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into +acc
OF PLACE, the oldest and commonest usage into, with Verbs of saying or speaking relating to the person to whom or before whom one is speaking, Verbs expressing rest in a place, when a previous motion into or to it is implied; elliptical usage after Verbs
Σουσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τρίβω [LXX] (τριβ-, ·σ-, τριψ-, -, τετριβ-, -)
·σουσ·αν
fut act ptcp fem acc sg
going-to-RUB
worn, rub
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
Αμαν ἐκωθωνίζοντο ἐταράσσετο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ταράσσω (ταρασσ-, ταραξ-, ταραξ-, -, τεταρασσ-, ταραχ·θ-)
ε·ταρασσ·ετο
impf mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-being-TROUBLE-ed
[cause to feel anxious, confusion, disorder]
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
simple article
πόλις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

πόλις, -εως, ἡ
πολ(ι)·ς
(fem) nom sg
city
Est 3:15And the business was hastened, and that at Susa: and the king and Aman began to drink; but the city was troubled.GrEst 3:15
This business was hastened also in Susa. The king and Haman began to drink, but the city was confused.
« Ch 2» Ch 4

Copyright 2007-2024 Thomas Moore, Email: acct3 at katabiblon.com, Support Forum Set Local Timezone
Tuesday, 16-Jul-2024 05:34:46 EDT

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