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Ἐσθὴρ

Esther (with Additions)

 CATSS LXX Wiki English Translation‎ / World English Bible
1μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ταῦτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·α
neu nom|acc pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
ἐδόξασεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δοξάζω (δοξαζ-, δοξα·σ-, δοξα·σ-, -, δεδοξασ-, δοξασ·θ-)
ε·δοξα·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-GLORIFY/EXTOL/PRAISE-ed
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
Ἀρταξέρξης Αμαν Αμαδαθου Βουγαῖον καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ὕψωσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑψόω (υψ(ο)-, υψω·σ-, υψω·σ-, -, υψω-, υψω·θ-)
ε·υψω·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-LIFT-UP/EXALT-ed
(from "ὕψος" "height", Lit:"set-high/elevate/lift-up". Fig:"exalt".
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐπρωτοβάθρει πάντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
φίλων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

φίλος -η -ον; φιλέω (φιλ(ε)-, φιλη·σ-, φιλη·σ-, πεφιλη·κ-, -, -)
φιλ·ων; φιλ(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
friend; while BE-ing-FOND-OF
companion; [hold at high degree of association, have affection toward; raraly of kissing]
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
Est 3:1
¶After these things King Ahasuerus promoted Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, and advanced him, and set his seat above all the princes who were with him.
2καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
πάντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ες
mas nom|voc pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
αὐλῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Verb

αὐλή, -ῆς, ἡ; αὐλέω (αυλ(ε)-, -, αυλη·σ-, -, -, -)
αυλ·ῃ; αυλ(ε)·ῃ
(fem) dat sg; pres mp ind 2nd sg or pres act sub 3rd sg or pres mp sub 2nd sg
courtyard; you(sg)-are-being-FLUTE-ed, he/she/it-should-be-FLUTE-ing, you(sg)-should-be-being-FLUTE-ed
[sheep-fold, palace, house];
προσεκύνουν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·κυνέω (προσ+κυν(ε)-, προσ+κυνη·σ-, προσ+κυνη·σ-, προσ+κεκυνη·κ-, -, -)
προσ·ε·κυν(ε)·ον
impf act ind 1st sg or impf act ind 3rd pl
I-was-PROSTRATE-ing, they-were-PROSTRATE-ing
kneel or prostrate oneself before, in worship/reverence/honor
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
οὕτως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὕτως/οὕτω
ουτως
indecl
thusly/like-this
[Lit:"like-this": in-this-manner (οὕτως before vowels and consonants; οὕτω before consonants only]
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
προσέταξεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·τάσσω/-τάττω (προσ+τασσ-/προσ+ταττ-, προσ+ταξ-, προσ+ταξ-, προσ+τεταχ·[κ]-, προσ+τετασσ-, προσ+ταγ·[θ]-/προσ+ταχ·θ-)
προσ·ε·τασσ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-GIVE-ed-A-DIRECTIVE
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
ποιῆσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποιη·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-DO/MAKE, be-you(sg)-DO/MAKE-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-DO/MAKE
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
Μαρδοχαῖος οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
προσεκύνει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·κυνέω (προσ+κυν(ε)-, προσ+κυνη·σ-, προσ+κυνη·σ-, προσ+κεκυνη·κ-, -, -)
προσ·ε·κυν(ε)·ε
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-PROSTRATE-ing
kneel or prostrate oneself before, in worship/reverence/honor
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
Est 3:2
All the king’s servants who were in the king’s gate bowed down, and paid homage to Haman; for the king had so commanded concerning him. But Mordecai didn’t bow down or pay him homage.
3καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐλάλησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαλέω (λαλ(ε)-, λαλη·σ-, λαλη·σ-, λελαλη·κ-, λελαλη-, λαλη·θ-)
ε·λαλη·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-SPEAK-ed
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
αὐλῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Verb

αὐλή, -ῆς, ἡ; αὐλέω (αυλ(ε)-, -, αυλη·σ-, -, -, -)
αυλ·ῃ; αυλ(ε)·ῃ
(fem) dat sg; pres mp ind 2nd sg or pres act sub 3rd sg or pres mp sub 2nd sg
courtyard; you(sg)-are-being-FLUTE-ed, he/she/it-should-be-FLUTE-ing, you(sg)-should-be-being-FLUTE-ed
[sheep-fold, palace, house];
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
βασιλέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
king
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
Μαρδοχαίῳ Μαρδοχαῖε τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
παρακούεις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρ·ακούω (παρ+ακου-, παρ+ακου·σ-, παρ+ακου·σ-, -, -, -)
παρ·ακου·εις
pres act ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-are-IGNORE-ing
(disobey, overhear)
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen)
ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
βασιλέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
king
λεγόμενα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ομεν·α
pres mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
while being-SAY/TELL-ed
speak, tell, recount
Est 3:3
Then the king’s servants, who were in the king’s gate, said to Mordecai, “Why do you disobey the king’s commandment?”
4καθ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
καθ’
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
ἑκάστην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Distributive Numeral)

ἕκαστος -η -ον
εκαστ·ην
fem acc sg
each-separately
(from "ἕκας" "separate"), hence each-separately/distinctly (as opposed to "πᾶς" "each-of-a-relevant-set"
ἡμέραν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·αν
(fem) acc sg
day
ἐλάλουν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαλέω (λαλ(ε)-, λαλη·σ-, λαλη·σ-, λελαλη·κ-, λελαλη-, λαλη·θ-)
ε·λαλ(ε)·ον
impf act ind 1st sg or impf act ind 3rd pl
I-was-SPEAK-ing, they-were-SPEAK-ing
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
οὐχ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουχ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ὑπήκουεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑπ·ακούω (υπ+ακου-, υπ+ακου·σ-, υπ+ακου·σ-, -, -, -)
υπ·ε·ακου·ε(ν)
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-OBEY-ing
Lit:"hear-under", hence attend/obey
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ὑπέδειξαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑπο·δείκνυμι (-, υπο+δειξ-, υπο+δειξ-, -, -, -)
υπο·ε·δεικ·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-MAKE KNOWN-ed
to indicate, intimate, suggest, show, prove
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
Αμαν Μαρδοχαῖον τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
βασιλέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
king
λόγοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λόγος, -ου, ὁ
λογ·οις
(mas) dat pl
words/messages
account, measure, reckoning
ἀντιτασσόμενον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀντι·τάσσω (αντι+τασσ-, αντι+ταξ-, -, -, -, -)
αντι·τασσ·ομεν·ον
pres mp ptcp mas acc sg or pres mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
while being-LINE-ed-UP-AGAINST
[to set up in opposition to; to direct or be directed against]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ὑπέδειξεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑπο·δείκνυμι (-, υπο+δειξ-, υπο+δειξ-, -, -, -)
υπο·ε·δεικ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-MAKE KNOWN-ed
to indicate, intimate, suggest, show, prove
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
Μαρδοχαῖος ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
Ιουδαῖός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ος
mas nom sg
Jewish
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
Est 3:4
Now it came to pass, when they spoke daily to him, and he didn’t listen to them, that they told Haman, to see whether Mordecai’s reason would stand; for he had told them that he was a Jew.
5καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐπιγνοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·γινώσκω (επι+γινωσκ-, επι+γνω·σ-, 2nd ath. επι+γν(ω)-/ath. επι+γν(ο)-, επ+εγνω·κ-, -, επι+γνωσ·θ-)
επι·γν(ο)·[ντ]·ς
2aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon RECOGNIZE-ing
Lit:"over/above-know-experientially", hence to fully/intimately-know/understand, have-insight/consciousness, ackowledge
Αμαν ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
προσκυνεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·κυνέω (προσ+κυν(ε)-, προσ+κυνη·σ-, προσ+κυνη·σ-, προσ+κεκυνη·κ-, -, -)
προσ·κυν(ε)·ει, προσ·κυν(ε)·ε
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, pres act imp 2nd sg
he/she/it-is-PROSTRATE-ing, you(sg)-are-being-PROSTRATE-ed, be-you(sg)-PROSTRATE-ing!
kneel or prostrate oneself before, in worship/reverence/honor
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
Μαρδοχαῖος ἐθυμώθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θυμόω (θυμ(ο)-, -, θυμω·σ-, -, -, θυμω·θ-)
ε·θυμω·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-ANGER-ed
σφόδρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

σφόδρα
σφοδρα
indecl
exceedingly
/intensely/very/vehemently, keenly, inveighingly, eagerly
Est 3:5
When Haman saw that Mordecai didn’t bow down, nor pay him homage, Haman was full of wrath.
6καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐβουλεύσατο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βουλεύω (βουλευ-, βουλευ·σ-, βουλευ·σ-, -, βεβουλευ-, -)
ε·βουλευ·σατο
1aor mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-DECIDE-ed
deliberate, determine
ἀφανίσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀ·φανίζω (αφανιζ-, αφανι(ε)·[σ]-/αφανι·σ-, αφανι·σ-, -, ηφανισ-, αφανισ·θ-)
αφανι·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-DISAPPEAR/BLOT-OUT, be-you(sg)-DISAPPEAR/BLOT-ed-OUT!, he/she/it-happens-to-DISAPPEAR/BLOT-OUT
[remove from sight/notice/existence; obscure]
πάντας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ας
mas acc pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen)
ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
Ἀρταξέρξου βασιλείαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βασιλεία, -ας, ἡ
βασιλει·αν
(fem) acc sg
kingdom
Ιουδαίους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ους
mas acc pl
Jewish
Est 3:6
But he scorned the thought of laying hands on Mordecai alone, for they had made known to him Mordecai’s people. Therefore Haman sought to destroy all the Jews who were throughout the whole kingdom of Ahasuerus, even Mordecai’s people.
7καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐποίησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ε·ποιη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-DO/MAKE-ed
ψήφισμα ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ἔτει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔτο·ς, -ους, τό
ετ(ε)·ι
(neu) dat sg
year
δωδεκάτῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

δω·δέκατος -η -ον
δωδεκατ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
twelfth
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
βασιλείας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βασιλεία, -ας, ἡ
βασιλει·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
kingdom, kingdoms
Ἀρταξέρξου καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἔβαλεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βάλλω (βαλλ-, βαλ(ε)·[σ]-, βαλ·[σ]- or 2nd βαλ-, βεβλη·κ-, βεβλη-, βλη·θ-)
ε·βαλ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·βαλ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-THROW-ed
/cast
κλήρους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

κλῆρος, -ου, ὁ
κληρ·ους
(mas) acc pl
lots
ἡμέραν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·αν
(fem) acc sg
day
ἐξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εξ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
ἡμέρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
day, days
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
μῆνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

μήν[2], μηνός, ὁ
μην·α
(mas) acc sg
month
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
μηνὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

μήν[2], μηνός, ὁ
μην·ος
(mas) gen sg
month
ὥστε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὥστε
ωστε
indecl
also-like-this
Lit: "like-also"
ἀπολέσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·όλλυμι (ath. απ+ολλυ-, απ+ολ(ε)·[σ]-/απ+ολε·σ-, απ+ολε·σ- or 2nd απ+ολ-, απ+ολωλ·[κ]-, -, -)
απ·ολε·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-DESTROY, he/she/it-happens-to-DESTROY
Lit:"destroy-from", hence fully/utterly-destroy/ruin/annihilate (active), perish, be lost (middle/passive).
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
μιᾷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
μι·ᾳ
fem dat sg
one
ἡμέρᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
day
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
γένος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

γένο·ς, -ους, τό
γεν(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
race
race, class, kind
Μαρδοχαίου καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἔπεσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πίπτω (πιπτ-, πεσ(ε)·[σ]-, πεσ·[σ]- or 2nd πεσ-, πεπτω·κ-, -, -)
ε·πεσ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·πεσ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-FALL-ed
Either (involuntarily)disastrously, or (voluntarily) quickly-bow-low. Fig: fail/be-unsuccessful
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
κλῆρος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

κλῆρος, -ου, ὁ
κληρ·ος
(mas) nom sg
lot
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
τεσσαρεσκαιδεκάτην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

τεσσαρεσ·και·δέκατος -η -ον
τεσσαρεσκαιδεκατ·ην
fem acc sg
fourteenth
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
μηνός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

μήν[2], μηνός, ὁ
μην·ος
(mas) gen sg
month
ὅς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ος
mas nom sg
who/whom/which
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
Αδαρ
Est 3:7
¶In the first month, which is the month Nisan, in the twelfth year of King Ahasuerus, they cast Pur, that is, the lot, before Haman from day to day, and from month to month, and chose the twelfth month, which is the month Adar.
8καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐλάλησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαλέω (λαλ(ε)-, λαλη·σ-, λαλη·σ-, λελαλη·κ-, λελαλη-, λαλη·θ-)
ε·λαλη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SPEAK-ed
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
βασιλέα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·α
(mas) acc sg
king
Ἀρταξέρξην λέγων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while SAY/TELL-ing
speak, tell, recount
ὑπάρχει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑπ·άρχω (υπ+αρχ-, υπ+αρξ-, υπ+αρξ-, -, -, -)
υπ·αρχ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-I AM; I EXIST-ing, you(sg)-are-being-I AM; I EXIST-ed
A synonym of εἰμί
ἔθνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
nation/culture/race
Lit: from etho (vb: to form a custom/culture). Hence, a race/people, joined by shared language, customs, history, and culture. Usually applied to Gentiles (except Jn 11:50).
διεσπαρμένον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δια·σπείρω (δια+σπειρ-, δια+σπερ(ε)·[σ]-, δια+σπειρ·[σ]-, -, δι+εσπαρ-, δια+σπαρ·[θ]-)
δι·εσπαρ·μεν·ον
perf mp ptcp mas acc sg or perf mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
having-been-DISPERSE-ed
[Lit:"sow-across", hence scatter/disperse. Source of English "diaspora"]
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
ἔθνεσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ε)·σι(ν)
(neu) dat pl
nations
Lit: from etho (vb: to form a custom/culture). Hence, a race/people, joined by shared language, customs, history, and culture. Usually applied to Gentiles (except Jn 11:50).
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
πάσῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral); Verb

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός; πάσσω [LXX] (πασσ-, -, πα·σ-, -, πεπασ-, -)
πασ·ῃ; πα·σῃ
fem dat sg; 1aor act sub 3rd sg or 1aor mp sub 2nd sg
each, every; he/she/it-should-SPRINKLE, you(sg)-should-be-SPRINKLE-ed
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".;
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
βασιλείᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βασιλεία, -ας, ἡ
βασιλει·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
kingdom
σου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
νόμοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
custom/laws
ordinance custom practice
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
ἔξαλλοι παρὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

παρά
παρα
indecl
frοm beside (+acc,+gen,+dat)
παρ’ before vowels I. beside, near, by, II. along, III. past, beyond. 1. with Verbs of coming, going, etc., to the side of, to, with Verbs of placing, examining, etc., side by side with, near, together
πάντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or mas acc sg
all, each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
ἔθνη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ε)·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
nations
Lit: from etho (vb: to form a custom/culture). Hence, a race/people, joined by shared language, customs, history, and culture. Usually applied to Gentiles (except Jn 11:50).
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
νόμων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ; νομή, -ῆς, ἡ
νομ·ων; νομ·ων
(mas) gen pl; (fem) gen pl
custom/laws; pasturages
ordinance custom practice;
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
βασιλέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
king
παρακούουσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρ·ακούω (παρ+ακου-, παρ+ακου·σ-, παρ+ακου·σ-, -, -, -)
παρ·ακου·ουσι(ν), παρ·ακου·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
they-are-IGNORE-ing, while IGNORE-ing
(disobey, overhear)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
συμφέρει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συμ·φέρω (συν+φερ-, -, συν+ενεγκ·[σ]-, -, -, -)
συν·φερ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-BE-ing-ADVANTAGEOUS, you(sg)-are-being-BE-ed-ADVANTAGEOUS
Lit:"bring-together" (comport), bear-with, Fig:benefit/profit, be-expedient/profitable/advantageous
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
βασιλεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ι
(mas) dat sg
king
ἐᾶσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐάω (ε(α)-, εα·σ-, εα·σ-, -, -, εα·θ-)
ε(α)·εσαι, εα·σαι
pres mp ind 2nd sg alt, 1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
you(sg)-are-being-ALLOW-ed, to-ALLOW, be-you(sg)-ALLOW-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-ALLOW
αὐτούς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ους
mas acc pl
them/same
Est 3:8
Haman said to King Ahasuerus, “There is a certain people scattered abroad and dispersed among the peoples in all the provinces of your kingdom, and their laws are different than other people’s. They don’t keep the king’s laws. Therefore it is not for the king’s profit to allow them to remain.
9εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
δοκεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δοκέω (δοκ(ε)-, δοξ-, δοξ-, -, δεδοκ-, -)
δοκ(ε)·ει, δοκ(ε)·ε
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, pres act imp 2nd sg
he/she/it-is-SUPPOSE-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SUPPOSE-ed, be-you(sg)-SUPPOSE-ing!
,from "dokos"(opinion), hence suppose/seem/think/consider. Same root as "εὐδοκέω"(seem-good). Often rendered "think", but less objective than "νοέω"(think) and less visceral than "φρονέω"(think).
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
βασιλεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ι
(mas) dat sg
king
δογματισάτω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δογματίζω (δογματιζ-, -, δογματι·σ-, δεδογματι·κ-, δεδογματισ-, δογματισ·θ-)
δογματι·σατω
1aor act imp 3rd sg
let-him/her/it-DOGMATIZE!
ἀπολέσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·όλλυμι (ath. απ+ολλυ-, απ+ολ(ε)·[σ]-/απ+ολε·σ-, απ+ολε·σ- or 2nd απ+ολ-, απ+ολωλ·[κ]-, -, -)
απ·ολε·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-DESTROY, he/she/it-happens-to-DESTROY
Lit:"destroy-from", hence fully/utterly-destroy/ruin/annihilate (active), perish, be lost (middle/passive).
αὐτούς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ους
mas acc pl
them/same
κἀγὼ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Crasis (Pronoun [1st Person])

κἀγώ (καὶ ἐγώ)
και εγω
nom sg
and/also I
διαγράψω εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
γαζοφυλάκιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

γαζο·φυλάκιον, -ου, τό
γαζοφυλακι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
treasury
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
βασιλέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
king
ἀργυρίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ἀργύριον, -ου, τό (Dimin. of ἄργυρος)
αργυρι·ου
(neu) gen sg
silver
τάλαντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

τάλαντον, -ου, τό
ταλαντ·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
talents
[Greek monetary unit of weight]
μύρια [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

μύριοι -αι -α
μυρι·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or fem nom|voc sg
ten thousand/innumerable, ten thousand/innumerable
Est 3:9
If it pleases the king, let it be written that they be destroyed; and I will pay ten thousand talents of silver into the hands of those who are in charge of the king’s business, to bring it into the king’s treasuries.”
10καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
περιελόμενος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

περι·αιρέω (περι+αιρ(ε)-, περι+ελ(ε)·[σ]-, περι+ελ·[σ]- or 2nd περι+ελ-, -, -, περι+αιρε·θ-)
περι·ελ·ομεν·ος
2aor mp ptcp mas nom sg
upon being-TAKING OFF-ed
strip off, remove, take away
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
δακτύλιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

δακτύλιος, -ου, ὁ
δακτυλι·ον
(mas) acc sg
ring
ἔδωκεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
ε·δω·κε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-GIVE-ed
/offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
χεῖρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

χείρ, χειρός, ἡ, dat. pl. χερσίν
χειρ·α
(fem) acc sg
hand
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
Αμαν σφραγίσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σφραγίζω (σφραγιζ-, σφραγι(ε)·[σ]-, σφραγι·σ-, -, εσφραγισ-, σφραγισ·θ-)
σφραγι·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-SEAL, be-you(sg)-SEAL-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-SEAL
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
γεγραμμένων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γράφω (γραφ-, γραψ-, γραψ-, γεγραφ·[κ]-, γεγραφ-, γραφ·[θ]-)
γεγραφ·μεν·ων
perf mp ptcp fem gen pl or perf mp ptcp mas gen pl or perf mp ptcp neu gen pl
having-been-WRITE-ed
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
Ιουδαίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
Jewish
Est 3:10
¶The king took his ring from his hand, and gave it to Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, the Jews’ enemy.
11καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY/TELL-ed
speak, tell, recount
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
Αμαν τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
μὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μέν
μεν
indecl
indeed
/certainly/surely.
ἀργύριον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ἀργύριον, -ου, τό (Dimin. of ἄργυρος)
αργυρι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
silver
ἔχε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
εχ·ε
pres act imp 2nd sg
be-you(sg)-HAVE-ing!
/hold.
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἔθνει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ε)·ι
(neu) dat sg
nation/culture/race
Lit: from etho (vb: to form a custom/culture). Hence, a race/people, joined by shared language, customs, history, and culture. Usually applied to Gentiles (except Jn 11:50).
χρῶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

χράομαι (χρ(η)-/χρ(α)-, χρη·σ-, χρη·σ-, -, κεχρη-, χρησ·θ-)
χρ(η)·ου, χρ(α)·ου
pres mp imp 2nd sg, pres mp imp 2nd sg
be-you(sg)-being-USE/TREAT-ed!
(profit, advise)
ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
βούλει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βούλομαι (βουλ-, βουλη·σ-, -, -, -, βουλη·θ-)
βουλ·ει
pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
you(sg)-are-being-DESIRE-ed
Similarly to θέλω, may be used for "wish/want/desire". Βούλομαι may also refer to decisions of the will after consideration, thus "decide/plan/intend". (See BAGD 2nd edition; LSJ) "Desire" can stand as a gloss for either nua
Est 3:11
The king said to Haman, “The silver is given to you, the people also, to do with them as it seems good to you.”
12καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐκλήθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καλέω (καλ(ε)-, καλε·σ-, καλε·σ-, κεκλη·κ-, κεκλη-, κλη·θ-)
ε·κλη·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
they-were-CALL-ed
summon/invite
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
γραμματεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

γραμματεύς, -έως, ὁ, voc. pl. γραμματεῖς
γραμματ(ευ)·ες, γραμματ(ευ)·ας
(mas) nom|voc pl, (mas) acc pl
scribes
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
βασιλέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
king
μηνὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.); Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

μῆνις, -ιος, ἡ [LXX]; μήν[2], μηνός, ὁ
μηνι; μην·ι
(fem) voc sg; (mas) dat sg
wrath; month
;
πρώτῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

πρῶτος -η -ον
πρωτ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
first
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
τρισκαιδεκάτῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

τρισ·και·δέκατος -η -ον [LXX]
τρισκαιδεκατ·ῃ
fem dat sg
thirteenth
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἔγραψαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γράφω (γραφ-, γραψ-, γραψ-, γεγραφ·[κ]-, γεγραφ-, γραφ·[θ]-)
ε·γραφ·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-WRITE-ed
ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
ἐπέταξεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·τάσσω (επι+τασσ-, -, επι+ταξ-, επι+τεταχ·[κ]-, επι+τετασσ-, επι+ταγ·[θ]-)
επι·ε·τασσ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-ORDER-ed
command/enjoin.
Αμαν τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
στρατηγοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

στρατ·ηγός, -οῦ, ὁ (cf. στρατιά)
στρατηγ·οις
(mas) dat pl
commanders
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
ἄρχουσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.); Verb

ἄρχων[τ], -ο[υ]ντος, ὁ, dat. pl. ἄρχουσιν, voc. pl. ἄρχοντες; ἄρχω (αρχ-, αρξ-, αρξ-, -, ηρχ-, -)
αρχου[ντ]·σι(ν); αρχ·ουσι(ν), αρχ·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
(mas) dat pl; pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
rulers; they-are-BEGIN/RULE-ing, while BEGIN/RULE-ing
; Lit:"head/chief", hence rule or begin (depending upon context).
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
πᾶσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral); Verb

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός; πάσσω [LXX] (πασσ-, -, πα·σ-, -, πεπασ-, -)
πασ·αν; πα·σαν[τ]
fem acc sg; 1aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
each, every; upon SPRINKLE-ing
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".;
χώραν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

χώρα, -ας, ἡ
χωρ·αν
(fem) acc sg
region
realm (clίme); land, country, territory, tract, province
ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
Ἰνδικῆς ἕως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction; Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl.)

ἕως[1]; ἕως[2], -ω, ἡ [LXX], acc.
εως; ε(ω)·ος, ε(ω)·ους
indecl; (fem) nom|voc sg, (fem) acc pl
until; dawn, dawns
;
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
Αἰθιοπίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

Αἰθιοπία, -ας, ἡ [LXX]
αιθιοπι·ας
(fem) gen sg
Ethiopia
ταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·αις
fem dat pl
the
ἑκατὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

ἑκατόν
εκατον
indecl
hundred
εἴκοσι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.); Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἰκών, -όνος, ἡ; εἴκοσι
εικο[ν]·σι(ν); εικοσι
(fem) dat pl; indecl
icons; twenty
[image, likeness];
ἑπτὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

ἑπτά
επτα
indecl
seven
χώραις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

χώρα, -ας, ἡ
χωρ·αις
(fem) dat pl
regions
realm (clίme); land, country, territory, tract, province
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
τε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

τέ
τε
indecl
and [postpositive coordinate]
ἄρχουσι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.); Verb

ἄρχων[τ], -ο[υ]ντος, ὁ, dat. pl. ἄρχουσιν, voc. pl. ἄρχοντες; ἄρχω (αρχ-, αρξ-, αρξ-, -, ηρχ-, -)
αρχου[ντ]·σι(ν); αρχ·ουσι(ν), αρχ·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
(mas) dat pl; pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
rulers; they-are-BEGIN/RULE-ing, while BEGIN/RULE-ing
; Lit:"head/chief", hence rule or begin (depending upon context).
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
ἐθνῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ε)·ων
(neu) gen pl
nations
Lit: from etho (vb: to form a custom/culture). Hence, a race/people, joined by shared language, customs, history, and culture. Usually applied to Gentiles (except Jn 11:50).
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
λέξιν δι’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δι’
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
Ἀρταξέρξου τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
βασιλέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
king
Est 3:12
Then the king’s scribes were called in on the first month, on the thirteenth day of the month; and all that Haman commanded was written to the king’s satraps, and to the governors who were over every province, and to the princes of every people, to every province according its writing, and to every people in their language. It was written in the name of King Ahasuerus, and it was sealed with the king’s ring.
13καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀπεστάλη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·στέλλω (απο+στελλ-, απο+στελ(ε)·[σ]-, απο+στειλ·[σ]-, απ+εσταλ·κ-, απ+εσταλ-, απο+σταλ·[θ]-)
απο·ε·σταλ·[θ]η
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-SEND-FORTH-ed
Lit:"send/arrange-from/away". Often rendered "send-forth" (a message, messenger, action, etc), send
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
βιβλιαφόρων εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
Ἀρταξέρξου βασιλείαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βασιλεία, -ας, ἡ
βασιλει·αν
(fem) acc sg
kingdom
ἀφανίσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀ·φανίζω (αφανιζ-, αφανι(ε)·[σ]-/αφανι·σ-, αφανι·σ-, -, ηφανισ-, αφανισ·θ-)
αφανι·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-DISAPPEAR/BLOT-OUT, be-you(sg)-DISAPPEAR/BLOT-ed-OUT!, he/she/it-happens-to-DISAPPEAR/BLOT-OUT
[remove from sight/notice/existence; obscure]
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
γένος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

γένο·ς, -ους, τό
γεν(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
race
race, class, kind
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
Ιουδαίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
Jewish
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ἡμέρᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
day
μιᾷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
μι·ᾳ
fem dat sg
one
μηνὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

μήν[2], μηνός, ὁ
μην·ος
(mas) gen sg
month
δωδεκάτου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

δω·δέκατος -η -ον
δωδεκατ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
twelfth
ὅς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ος
mas nom sg
who/whom/which
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
Αδαρ καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
διαρπάσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δι·αρπάζω (δι+αρπαζ-, δι+αρπ(α)·[σ]-/δι+αρπα·σ-, δι+αρπα·σ-, -, δι+ηρπασ-, δι+αρπασ·θ-/δι+αρπαγ·[θ]-)
δι·αρπ(α)·[σ]εσαι, δι·αρπα·σαι
fut mp ind 2nd sg alt, 1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
you(sg)-will-be-SPOLIATE-ed, to-SPOLIATE, be-you(sg)-SPOLIATE-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-SPOLIATE
[rob, plunder, pillage]
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
ὑπάρχοντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑπ·άρχω (υπ+αρχ-, υπ+αρξ-, υπ+αρξ-, -, -, -)
υπ·αρχ·ο[υ]ντ·α
pres act ptcp mas acc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
while I AM; I EXIST-ing
A synonym of εἰμί
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
Est 3:13
Letters were sent by couriers into all the king’s provinces, to destroy, to kill, and to cause to perish, all Jews, both young and old, little children and women, in one day, even on the thirteenth day of the twelfth month, which is the month Adar, and to plunder their possessions.
13aAddition to Esther II (3:13a–13g/Vulgate 13:1–7)
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἐπιστολῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἐπι·στολή, -ῆς, ἡ
επιστολ·ης
(fem) gen sg
letter
[epistle]
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
ἀντίγραφον τόδε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

ὅ·δε ἥ·δε τό·δε
τ·ο·δε
neu nom|acc sg
this
demonstrative pronoun ὁ, ἡ, τό added to the enclitic "δε", and declined like the pronoun according to case = "this", "thus", "such-and-such", etc.
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
μέγας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2, irreg.)

μέγ[αλ]ας μεγάλη μέγ[αλ]α
irreg. μεγα[λ·ο]ς ( instead of μεγαλ·ος)
mas nom sg
great
Ἀρταξέρξης τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
Ἰνδικῆς ἕως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction; Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl.)

ἕως[1]; ἕως[2], -ω, ἡ [LXX], acc.
εως; ε(ω)·ος, ε(ω)·ους
indecl; (fem) nom|voc sg, (fem) acc pl
until; dawn, dawns
;
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
Αἰθιοπίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

Αἰθιοπία, -ας, ἡ [LXX]
αιθιοπι·ας
(fem) gen sg
Ethiopia
ἑκατὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

ἑκατόν
εκατον
indecl
hundred
εἴκοσι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.); Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἰκών, -όνος, ἡ; εἴκοσι
εικο[ν]·σι(ν); εικοσι
(fem) dat pl; indecl
icons; twenty
[image, likeness];
ἑπτὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

ἑπτά
επτα
indecl
seven
χωρῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Verb

χῶρος, -οῦ, ὁ; χώρα, -ας, ἡ; χωρέω (χωρ(ε)-, -, χωρη·σ-, -, -, -)
χωρ·ων; χωρ·ων; χωρ(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(mas) gen pl; (fem) gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
northwests; regions; while HAVE-ing-SPACE
also * region (clίme), land, country; realm (clίme); land, country, territory, tract, province; (from "χῶρος" "space/place/region/country), hence have-space/place/room-for. Metaphorical-Trns:accept/hold/contain/receive/welcome; Intrns(with "εἰς"):enter/pass/be-room/welcomed/accepted. Root for "choreograph".
ἄρχουσι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.); Verb

ἄρχων[τ], -ο[υ]ντος, ὁ, dat. pl. ἄρχουσιν, voc. pl. ἄρχοντες; ἄρχω (αρχ-, αρξ-, αρξ-, -, ηρχ-, -)
αρχου[ντ]·σι(ν); αρχ·ουσι(ν), αρχ·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
(mas) dat pl; pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
rulers; they-are-BEGIN/RULE-ing, while BEGIN/RULE-ing
; Lit:"head/chief", hence rule or begin (depending upon context).
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τοπάρχαις ὑποτεταγμένοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑπο·τάσσω (υπο+τασσ-, υπο+ταξ-, υπο+ταξ-, -, υπο+τετασσ-, υπο+ταγ·[θ]-/υπο+ταχ·θ-)
υπο·τετασσ·μεν·οις
perf mp ptcp mas dat pl or perf mp ptcp neu dat pl
having-been-SUBORDINATE-ed
[subdue, place under ones obidience]
τάδε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

ὅ·δε ἥ·δε τό·δε
τ·α·δε
neu nom|acc pl
these
demonstrative pronoun ὁ, ἡ, τό added to the enclitic "δε", and declined like the pronoun according to case = "this", "thus", "such-and-such", etc.
γράφει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γράφω (γραφ-, γραψ-, γραψ-, γεγραφ·[κ]-, γεγραφ-, γραφ·[θ]-)
γραφ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-WRITE-ing, you(sg)-are-being-WRITE-ed
GrEst 6:1
¶This is a copy of the letters:
¶“The great king Ahasuerus writes these things to the princes and governors, who are under him from India unto Ethiopia in one hundred twenty-seven provinces.
13bπολλῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral, irreg.)

πολ[λ]ύς πολλή πολ[λ]ύ
πολλ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
many
ἐπάρξας ἐθνῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ε)·ων
(neu) gen pl
nations
Lit: from etho (vb: to form a custom/culture). Hence, a race/people, joined by shared language, customs, history, and culture. Usually applied to Gentiles (except Jn 11:50).
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
πάσης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
πασ·ης
fem gen sg
each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
ἐπικρατήσας οἰκουμένης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Verb

οἰκουμένη, -ης, ἡ; οἰκέω (οικ(ε)-, οικη·σ-, οικη·σ-, -, -, οικη·θ-)
οικουμεν·ης; οικ(ε)·ομεν·ης
(fem) gen sg; pres mp ptcp fem gen sg
inhabited-region; while being-DWELL-ed
From the fem-pres-pass-part. of "οἰκέω" (dwell), hence being-inhabited world/land/region. Often rendered "world", but distinct from "cosmos".;
ἐβουλήθην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βούλομαι (βουλ-, βουλη·σ-, -, -, -, βουλη·θ-)
ε·βουλη·θην
aor θη ind 1st sg
I-was-DESIRE-ed
Similarly to θέλω, may be used for "wish/want/desire". Βούλομαι may also refer to decisions of the will after consideration, thus "decide/plan/intend". (See BAGD 2nd edition; LSJ) "Desire" can stand as a gloss for either nua
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
θράσει τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
ἐξουσίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἐξ·ουσία, -ας, ἡ
εξουσι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
authority, authorities
control, ruler, power, sway, freedom permitted by peace, licence
ἐπαιρόμενος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπ·αίρω (επ+αιρ-, -, επ+αρ·[σ]-, -, επ+ηρ-, επ+αρ·θ-)
επ·αιρ·ομεν·ος
pres mp ptcp mas nom sg
while being-RAISE/LIFT-UP-ed
Lit:"lift/raise-upon", hence raise/lift-up.
ἐπιεικέστερον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἐπιεικέσ·τερος -α -ον [LXX] (Comp. of ἐπι·εικής)
επιεικεστερ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
???
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
ἠπιότητος ἀεὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἀεί/αἰεί
αει
indecl
always
διεξάγων τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
ὑποτεταγμένων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑπο·τάσσω (υπο+τασσ-, υπο+ταξ-, υπο+ταξ-, -, υπο+τετασσ-, υπο+ταγ·[θ]-/υπο+ταχ·θ-)
υπο·τετασσ·μεν·ων
perf mp ptcp fem gen pl or perf mp ptcp mas gen pl or perf mp ptcp neu gen pl
having-been-SUBORDINATE-ed
[subdue, place under ones obidience]
ἀκυμάτους διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
παντὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ος
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
καταστῆσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καθ·ίστημι (ath. καθ+ιστ(α)-/ath. καθ+ιστ(η)-, κατα+στη·σ-, κατα+στη·σ- or 2nd ath. κατα+στ(η)-/ath. κατα+στ(α)-, καθ+εστη·κ-/καθ+εστα·κ-/καθ+εστ(α)·[κ]-, καθ+εστα-, κατα+στα·θ-)
κατα·στη·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-APPOINT, be-you(sg)-APPOINT-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-APPOINT
Lit"down-stand", hence give-standing/authority, hence appoint, put-in-charge set-in-order, lay, render, enable, widowed. In some instances, similar to "τίθημι" (place/lay/put/set/appoint).
βίους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

βίος, -ου, ὁ
βι·ους
(mas) acc pl
life/livelihoods
can also refer to property (BDAG 177)
τήν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
τε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

τέ
τε
indecl
and [postpositive coordinate]
βασιλείαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βασιλεία, -ας, ἡ
βασιλει·αν
(fem) acc sg
kingdom
ἥμερον καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
πορευτὴν μέχρι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μέχρι/μέχρις
μεχρι
indecl
until
[μέχρι before vowels and consonants; μέχρις before vowels only]
περάτων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πέρα[τ]ς, -ατος, τό
περατ·ων
(neu) gen pl
boundaries
end, limit, boundary, beyond, end, close, close by (in local sense, “ἐκ περάτων γᾶς)
παρεξόμενος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρ·έχω (παρ+εχ-, παρ+εξ-, 2nd παρα+σχ-, -, -, -)
παρ·εχ·σομεν·ος
fut mp ptcp mas nom sg
going-to-be-PROVIDE-ed
ἀνανεώσασθαί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀνα·νεόω (ανα+νε(ο)-, ανα+νεω·σ-, ανα+νεω·σ-, -, -, -)
ανα·νεω·σασθαι
1aor mp inf
to-be-RENEW-ed
τε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

τέ
τε
indecl
and [postpositive coordinate]
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
ποθουμένην τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
πᾶσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
πα[ντ]·σι(ν)
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
ἀνθρώποις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·οις
(mas) dat pl
humans
εἰρήνην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

εἰρήνη, -ης, ἡ
ειρην·ην
(fem) acc sg
peace
GrEst 6:2
¶“After I became lord over many nations and had dominion over the whole world, not lifted up with presumption of my authority, but carrying myself always with equity and mildness, I purposed to settle my subjects continually in a quiet life, and make my kingdom peaceable and open for passage to the utmost coasts, to renew peace, which is desired of all men.
13cπυθομένου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πυνθάνομαι (πυνθαν-, -, 2nd πυθ-, -, -, -)
πυθ·ομεν·ου
2aor mp ptcp mas gen sg or 2aor mp ptcp neu gen sg
upon being-INQUIRE-ed
δέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
συμβούλων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

σύμ·βουλος, -ου, ὁ
συμβουλ·ων
(mas) gen pl
counselors
Lit:"determined-plan-with", hence consultant/counselor/advisor
πῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

πῶς[1]
πως
indecl
how
ἂν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἄν
αν
indecl
ever
(calls attention to optional actions) Precedes aorist and present-subjunctives; Follows future-indicatives.
ἀχθείη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἄγω (αγ-, αξ-, 2nd αγαγ-, αγειοχ·[κ]-, ηγ-, αχ·θ-)
αγ·θειη
aor θη opt 3rd sg
he/she/it-happens-to-be-LEAD-ed
τοῦτο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
πέρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πέρα[τ]ς, -ατος, τό
περα[τ]·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
boundary
end, limit, boundary, beyond, end, close, close by (in local sense, “ἐκ περάτων γᾶς)
σωφροσύνῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

σω·φρο·σύνη, -ης, ἡ
σωφροσυν·ῃ
(fem) dat sg
good sense
[sensibleness]
παρ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

παρά
παρ’
indecl
frοm beside (+acc,+gen,+dat)
παρ’ before vowels I. beside, near, by, II. along, III. past, beyond. 1. with Verbs of coming, going, etc., to the side of, to, with Verbs of placing, examining, etc., side by side with, near, together
ἡμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημιν
dat pl
us
διενέγκας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δια·φέρω (δια+φερ-, δι+οι·σ-, δι+ενεγκ·[σ]-, -, δια+ενηνεγκ-, δια+ενεχ·θ-)
δι·ενεγκ·[σ]α[ντ]·ς
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon SURPASS/CARRY-ing-THROUGH
(exceeding, different, valuable (excess, surpass, excel))
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
εὐνοίᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

εὔ·νοια, -ας, ἡ
ευνοι·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
agreement
ἀπαραλλάκτως καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
βεβαίᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

βέβαιος -α -ον
βεβαι·ᾳ
fem dat sg
absolutely certain
πίστει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

πίστις, -εως, ἡ
πιστ(ι)·ι
(fem) dat sg
faith
πίστις can refer to faith/trust, to that which one believes or trusts (the content of one's faith), or to the personal trait of faithfulness/trustworthiness/integrity.
ἀποδεδειγμένος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·δείκνυμι (ath. απο+δεικνυ-, -, απο+δειξ-, -, απο+δεδεικ-, -)
απο·δεδεικ·μεν·ος
perf mp ptcp mas nom sg
having-been-PROCLAIM-ed
make, appoint or proclaim (with double accusative); or: prove, point out, display
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
δεύτερον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

δεύτερος -α -ον
δευτερ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
second
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
βασιλειῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Adjective (2-2-2)

βασιλεία, -ας, ἡ; βασίλειος -ον
βασιλει·ων; βασιλει·ων
(fem) gen pl; neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
kingdoms; royal
;
γέρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

γέρας, -ως, τό [LXX]
γερ(α)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
award
ἀπενηνεγμένος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·φέρω (απο+φερ-, απ+οι·σ-, απ+ενεγκ·[σ]- or 2nd απ+ενεγκ-, -, απ+ενηνεγκ-, απ+ενεχ·θ-)
απ·ενηνεγκ·μεν·ος
perf mp ptcp mas nom sg
having-been-CARRY AWAY-ed
yield to repay
Αμαν
GrEst 6:3
¶“Now when I asked my counselors how this might be brought to pass, Haman, who excelled in wisdom among us and was approved for his constant good will and steadfast fidelity and had the honor of the second place in the kingdom,
13dἐπέδειξεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·δείκνυμι (ath. επι+δεικνυ-, -, επι+δειξ-, -, -, -)
επι·ε·δεικ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SHOW-ed
exhibit, demonstrate, display
ἡμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημιν
dat pl
us
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
πάσαις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral); Verb

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός; πάσσω [LXX] (πασσ-, -, πα·σ-, -, πεπασ-, -)
πασ·αις; πα·σαις
fem dat pl; 1aor act opt 2nd sg
all; you(sg)-happen-to-SPRINKLE
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".;
ταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·αις
fem dat pl
the
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
οἰκουμένην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Verb

οἰκουμένη, -ης, ἡ; οἰκέω (οικ(ε)-, οικη·σ-, οικη·σ-, -, -, οικη·θ-)
οικουμεν·ην; οικ(ε)·ομεν·ην
(fem) acc sg; pres mp ptcp fem acc sg
inhabited-region; while being-DWELL-ed
From the fem-pres-pass-part. of "οἰκέω" (dwell), hence being-inhabited world/land/region. Often rendered "world", but distinct from "cosmos".;
φυλαῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

φυλή, -ῆς, ἡ
φυλ·αις
(fem) dat pl
tribes
ἀναμεμεῖχθαι δυσμενῆ λαόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λαός, -οῦ, ὁ
λα·ον
(mas) acc sg
people
τινα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

τὶ[ν]ς[2] τὶ[ν], gen. τινός, dat. τινί, acc. τινά τὶ
τιν·α
neu nom|acc pl or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
someone, someone
indefinite pronoun; someone, something, anyone, anything. Specific/non-specific is determined from text-markings and/or context).
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
νόμοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·οις
(mas) dat pl
custom/laws
ordinance custom practice
ἀντίθετον πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
πᾶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παν[τ]
neu nom|acc|voc sg
each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
ἔθνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
nation/culture/race
Lit: from etho (vb: to form a custom/culture). Hence, a race/people, joined by shared language, customs, history, and culture. Usually applied to Gentiles (except Jn 11:50).
τά [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
τε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

τέ
τε
indecl
and [postpositive coordinate]
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
βασιλέων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ων
(mas) gen pl
kings
παραπέμποντας διηνεκῶς διατάγματα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

διά·ταγμα[τ], -ατος, τό
διαταγματ·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
edicts
(mandate, order, directive)
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
κατατίθεσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·τίθημι (ath. κατα+τιθ(ε)-, -, κατα+θη·κ- or 2nd ath. κατα+θ(ε)-, -, -, -)
κατα·τιθ(ε)·σθαι
pres mp inf
to-be-being-LAY (DOWN)-ed
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
ὑφ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υφ’
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen)
ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
us
κατευθυνομένην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατ·ευ·θύνω (κατ+ευθυν-, -, κατ+ευθυν·[σ]-, -, -, κατ+ευθυν·θ-)
κατ·ευθυν·ομεν·ην
pres mp ptcp fem acc sg
while being-DIRECT-ed
Lit:make-exactly-straight, hence direct/guide/instruct, make/keep-straight LXX: also prosper/succeed/establish, set-right/promote
ἀμέμπτως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἀ·μέμπτως
αμεμπτως
indecl
blamelessly
συναρχίαν
GrEst 6:4
declared to us that in all nations throughout the world there was scattered a certain malicious people, who had laws contrary to all nations and continually despised the commandments of kings, so that the uniting of our kingdoms, honorably intended by us, cannot go forward.
13eδιειληφότες οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
τόδε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

ὅ·δε ἥ·δε τό·δε
τ·ο·δε
neu nom|acc sg
this
demonstrative pronoun ὁ, ἡ, τό added to the enclitic "δε", and declined like the pronoun according to case = "this", "thus", "such-and-such", etc.
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
ἔθνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
nation/culture/race
Lit: from etho (vb: to form a custom/culture). Hence, a race/people, joined by shared language, customs, history, and culture. Usually applied to Gentiles (except Jn 11:50).
μονώτατον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

μονώ·τατος -η -ον [LXX] (Superl. of μόνος)
μονωτατ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
single most
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ἀντιπαραγωγῇ παντὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ι
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
παντὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ος
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
ἀνθρώπῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
human
κείμενον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κεῖ·μαι (ath. κει-, -, -, -, -, -)
κει·μεν·ον
pres mp ptcp mas acc sg or pres mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
while being-LIE-ed
Pass: be-laid/situated/enacted. Sometime metaphor: appoint/set/stand.
διαγωγὴν νόμων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ; νομή, -ῆς, ἡ
νομ·ων; νομ·ων
(mas) gen pl; (fem) gen pl
custom/laws; pasturages
ordinance custom practice;
ξενίζουσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ξενίζω (ξενιζ-, ξενι(ε)·[σ]-, ξενι·σ-, -, -, ξενισ·θ-)
ξενιζ·ουσ·αν
pres act ptcp fem acc sg
while TREAT-AS-STRANGE/FOREIGN-ing
(from "ξένος":strange/foreign/novel), hence consider/treat-as-strange/foreign/novel, (by extension host/entertain.
παραλλάσσον καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
δυσνοοῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δυσ·νοέω [LXX] (δυσνο(ε)-, -, -, -, -, -)
δυσνο(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]
pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
while ???-ing
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
ἡμετέροις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Possessive)

ἡμέτερος -α -ον
ημετερ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
our-own
emphatic 1p-possessive pronoun
πράγμασιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πρᾶγμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πραγμα[τ]·σι(ν)
(neu) dat pl
matters
/thing/business/affair/object [root for "pragmatic"]
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
χείριστα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

χείριστος -η -ον [LXX] (Superl. of κακός)
χειριστ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl
worst
συντελοῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συν·τελέω (συν+τελ(ε)-, συν+τελε·σ-, συν+τελε·σ-, συν+τετελε·κ-, συν+τετελεσ-, συν+τελεσ·θ-)
συν·τελ(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]
pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
while FINISH/COMPLETE-ing
Lit:"complete/perfect-together-with", hence finish/thoroughly-complete.
κακὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

κακός -ή -όν (cf. φαῦλος)
κακ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl
wicked
/evil
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
βασιλείαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βασιλεία, -ας, ἡ
βασιλει·αν
(fem) acc sg
kingdom
εὐσταθείας τυγχάνειν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τυγχάνω (τυγχαν-, τευξ-, τευξ- or 2nd τυχ-, τετυχ·[κ]-/τετευχ·[κ]-, -, -)
τυγχαν·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-CHANCE-ing-UPON
GrEst 6:5
Seeing this, we understand that this people alone is continually in opposition unto all men, differing in the strange ways of their laws and bringing about evil to our state, working all the mischief they can, so that our kingdom may not be firmly established:
13fπροστετάχαμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·τάσσω/-τάττω (προσ+τασσ-/προσ+ταττ-, προσ+ταξ-, προσ+ταξ-, προσ+τεταχ·[κ]-, προσ+τετασσ-, προσ+ταγ·[θ]-/προσ+ταχ·θ-)
προσ·τετασσ·καμεν
perf act ind 1st pl
we-have-GIVE-ed-A-DIRECTIVE
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
σημαινομένους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σημαίνω (σημαιν-, σημαν(ε)·[σ]-, σημαν·[σ]-, -, σεσημαν-, σημαν·θ-)
σημαιν·ομεν·ους
pres mp ptcp mas acc pl
while being-INDICATE-ed
signify, indicate, declare
ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you(pl)
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
γεγραμμένοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γράφω (γραφ-, γραψ-, γραψ-, γεγραφ·[κ]-, γεγραφ-, γραφ·[θ]-)
γεγραφ·μεν·οις
perf mp ptcp mas dat pl or perf mp ptcp neu dat pl
having-been-WRITE-ed
ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen)
ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
Αμαν τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
τεταγμένου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τάσσω/τάττω (τασσ-/ταττ-, ταξ-, ταξ-, τεταχ·[κ]-, τετασσ-, ταχ·θ-)
τετασσ·μεν·ου
perf mp ptcp mas gen sg or perf mp ptcp neu gen sg
having-been-APPOINT-ed
prescribe, post, station, assess, ordain, order, command, arrange/organize/set/put/place-in-position.
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
πραγμάτων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πρᾶγμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πραγματ·ων
(neu) gen pl
matters
/thing/business/affair/object [root for "pragmatic"]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
δευτέρου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

δεύτερος -α -ον
δευτερ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
second
πατρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

πατήρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ὁ, voc. pl. πατέρες
πατ[ε]ρ·ος
(mas) gen sg
father
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
us
πάντας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ας
mas acc pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
σὺν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

σύν
συν
indecl
together with/including (+dat)
γυναιξὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

γυνή, -αικος, ἡ, voc. sg. γύναι
γυναικ·σι(ν)
(fem) dat pl
women/wives
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τέκνοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

τέκνον, -ου, τό, voc. sg. τέκνον, voc. pl. τέκνα
τεκν·οις
(neu) dat pl
children
ἀπολέσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·όλλυμι (ath. απ+ολλυ-, απ+ολ(ε)·[σ]-/απ+ολε·σ-, απ+ολε·σ- or 2nd απ+ολ-, απ+ολωλ·[κ]-, -, -)
απ·ολε·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-DESTROY, he/she/it-happens-to-DESTROY
Lit:"destroy-from", hence fully/utterly-destroy/ruin/annihilate (active), perish, be lost (middle/passive).
ὁλορριζεὶ ταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·αις
fem dat pl
the
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
ἐχθρῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

ἔχθρα, -ας, ἡ; ἐχθρός -ά -όν
εχθρ·ων; εχθρ·ων
(fem) gen pl; neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
enmities; hostile
From "ἐχθρός" (hostile), hence hostility/enmity, by extension, enemy.;
μαχαίραις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

μάχαιρα, -ας and -ης, ἡ (cf. ῥομφαία)
μαχαιρ·αις
(fem) dat pl
swords
carving-knife, large knife or dirk, a knife for cutting up meat, Hdt., attic; metaph., “διὰ μαχαιρῶν καὶ πυρός”
ἄνευ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἄνευ
ανευ
indecl
without
takes a genitive object
παντὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ος
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
οἴκτου καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
φειδοῦς τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
τεσσαρεσκαιδεκάτῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

τεσσαρεσ·και·δέκατος -η -ον
τεσσαρεσκαιδεκατ·ῃ
fem dat sg
fourteenth
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
δωδεκάτου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

δω·δέκατος -η -ον
δωδεκατ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
twelfth
μηνὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

μήν[2], μηνός, ὁ
μην·ος
(mas) gen sg
month
Αδαρ τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
ἐνεστῶτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐν·ίστημι (ath. εν+ιστ(α)-/ath. εν+ιστ(η)-, εν+στη·σ-, 2nd ath. εν+στ(η)-/ath. εν+στ(α)-, εν+εστη·κ-/εν+εστ(α)·[κ]-, -, -)
εν·εστ(α)·[κ]οτ·ος
perf act ptcp mas gen sg or perf act ptcp neu gen sg
having FIX-ed-INTO-POSITION
ἔτους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔτο·ς, -ους, τό
ετ(ε)·ος
(neu) gen sg
year
GrEst 6:6
¶“Therefore have we commanded that all those who are signified in writing to you by Haman, who is ordained over these affairs and is next unto us, shall all, with their wives and children, be utterly destroyed by the sword of their enemies, without all mercy and pity, by the fourteenth day of the twelfth month Adar of this present year:
13gὅπως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὅπως
οπως
indecl
how/so that
Adverbial: How, in what way As a conjunction: so that, in order that
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
πάλαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

πάλαι; πάλη, -ης, ἡ
παλαι; παλ·αι
indecl; (fem) nom|voc pl
of old; struggles
;
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
νῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

νῦν
νυν
indecl
now
δυσμενεῖς ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ἡμέρᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
day
μιᾷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
μι·ᾳ
fem dat sg
one
βιαίως εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
ᾅδην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

ᾅδης, -ου, ὁ
ᾳδ·ην
(mas) acc sg
Hades
κατελθόντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατ·έρχομαι (κατ+ερχ-, -, 2nd κατ+ελθ-, -, -, -)
κατ·ελθ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
2aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon COME-ing-DOWN
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
μετέπειτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

μετ·έπ·ειτα
μετεπειτα
indecl
thereafter
χρόνον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

χρόνος, -ου, ὁ (cf. καιρός)
χρον·ον
(mas) acc sg
time
, a specific (clock) time, period-of-time (a while). Distinct from kairos (season)
εὐσταθῆ καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀτάραχα παρέχωσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρ·έχω (παρ+εχ-, παρ+εξ-, 2nd παρα+σχ-, -, -, -)
παρ·εχ·ωσι(ν)
pres act sub 3rd pl
they-should-be-PROVIDE-ing
ἡμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημιν
dat pl
us
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
τέλους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

τέλο·ς, -ους, τό
τελ(ε)·ος
(neu) gen sg
end
/consummation/completion
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
πράγματα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πρᾶγμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πραγματ·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
matters
/thing/business/affair/object [root for "pragmatic"]
GrEst 6:7
Thus may they, who from of old and now also are malicious, may in one day with violence go into the grave, and so ever hereafter cause our affairs to be well settled and without trouble.”
14τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἀντίγραφα τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
ἐπιστολῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἐπι·στολή, -ῆς, ἡ
επιστολ·ων
(fem) gen pl
letters
[epistle]
ἐξετίθετο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·τίθημι (ath. εκ+τιθ(ε)-, εκ+θη·σ-, εκ+θη·κ- or 2nd ath. εκ+θ(ε)-, -, -, εκ+τε·θ-)
εκ·ε·τιθ(ε)·το
impf mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-being-PLACE-ed-OUT/EXPOUND
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
χώραν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

χώρα, -ας, ἡ
χωρ·αν
(fem) acc sg
region
realm (clίme); land, country, territory, tract, province
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
προσετάγη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·τάσσω/-τάττω (προσ+τασσ-/προσ+ταττ-, προσ+ταξ-, προσ+ταξ-, προσ+τεταχ·[κ]-, προσ+τετασσ-, προσ+ταγ·[θ]-/προσ+ταχ·θ-)
προσ·ε·ταγ·[θ]η
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-GIVE-ed-A-DIRECTIVE
πᾶσι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
πα[ντ]·σι(ν)
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
ἔθνεσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ε)·σι(ν)
(neu) dat pl
nations
Lit: from etho (vb: to form a custom/culture). Hence, a race/people, joined by shared language, customs, history, and culture. Usually applied to Gentiles (except Jn 11:50).
ἑτοίμους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἕτοιμος -η -ον
ετοιμ·ους
mas acc pl
ready
εἶναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·εναι
pres act inf
to-be
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
ἡμέραν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·αν
(fem) acc sg
day
ταύτην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·ην
fem acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
Est 3:14
A copy of the letter, that the decree should be given out in every province, was published to all the peoples, that they should be ready against that day.
15ἐσπεύδετο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σπεύδω (σπευδ-, σπευ[δ]·σ-, σπευ[δ]·σ-, -, -, -)
ε·σπευδ·ετο
impf mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-being-HASTEN-ed
[urge upon]
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
πρᾶγμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πρᾶγμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πραγμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
matter
/thing/business/affair/object [root for "pragmatic"]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
Σουσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τρίβω [LXX] (τριβ-, ·σ-, τριψ-, -, τετριβ-, -)
·σουσ·αν
fut act ptcp fem acc sg
going-to-RUB
worn, rub
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
Αμαν ἐκωθωνίζοντο ἐταράσσετο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ταράσσω (ταρασσ-, ταραξ-, ταραξ-, -, τεταρασσ-, ταραχ·θ-)
ε·ταρασσ·ετο
impf mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-being-AGITATE-ed
[cause to feel anxious, confusion, disorder]
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
πόλις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

πόλις, -εως, ἡ
πολ(ι)·ς
(fem) nom sg
city
Est 3:15
The couriers went forth in haste by the king’s commandment, and the decree was given out in the citadel of Susa. The king and Haman sat down to drink; but the city of Shushan was perplexed.
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Copyright 2007-2018 Thomas Moore, Email: acct3 at katabiblon.com, Support Forum Set Local Timezone
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