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Ἐσθὴρ

Esther

  CATSS LXX Brenton (1851) Wiki English Translation‎ / World English Bible1a1a Addition to Esther I (1:1a–1r/Vulgate 11:2-12:6)
ἔτους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔτο·ς, -ους, τό
ετ(ε)·ος
(neu) gen sg
year
δευτέρου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

δεύτερος -α -ον
δευτερ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
second
βασιλεύοντος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βασιλεύω (βασιλευ-, βασιλευ·σ-, βασιλευ·σ-, βεβασιλευ·κ-, βεβασιλευ-, -)
βασιλευ·ο[υ]ντ·ος
pres act ptcp mas gen sg or pres act ptcp neu gen sg
while REIGN-ing
Lit:"be-king"
Ἀρταξέρξου τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
μεγάλου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2, irreg.)

μέγ[αλ]ας μεγάλη μέγ[αλ]α
μεγαλ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
great
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
simple article
μιᾷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
μι·ᾳ
fem dat sg
one
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
Νισα ἐνύπνιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ἐν·ύπνιον, -ου, τό
ενυπνι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
dream
εἶδεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ε·ιδ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ιδ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SEE/BEHOLD-ed
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
Μαρδοχαῖος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
Ιαϊρου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Ἰάϊρος v.l. Ἰάειρ-, -ου, ὁ
ιαιρ·ου
(mas) gen sg
Jairus
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
Σεμεϊου τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
Κισαιου ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
from-out-of (+gen)
signifies origin of motion. sometimes rendered, "from", when the motion is already implied by the context. ἐξ before vowels.
φυλῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

φυλή, -ῆς, ἡ
φυλ·ης
(fem) gen sg
tribe
Βενιαμιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Indecl.)

Βενιαμ(ε)ίν, ὁ
βενιαμιν
(mas) indecl
Benjamin
Est 1:1(a) In the second year of the reign of Artaxerxes the great king, on the first day of Nisan, Mardochaeus the son of Jarius, the son of Semeias, the son of Cisaus, of the tribe of Benjamine, a Jew dwelling in the city Susa, a great man, serving in the king's palace, saw a vision. Now he was of the captivity which Nabuchodonosor king of Babylon had carried captive from Jerusalem, with Jachonias the king of Judea. And this was his dream: Behold, voices and a noise, thunders and earthquake, tumult upon the earth. And, behold, two great serpents came forth, both ready for conflict, and there came from them a great voice, and by their voice every nation was prepared for battle, even to fight against the nation of the just. And, behold, a day of darkness and blackness, tribulation and anguish, affection and tumult upon the earth. And all the righteous nation was troubled, fearing their own afflictions; and they prepared to die, and cried to God: and from their cry there came as it were a great river from a little fountain , even much water. And light and the sun arose, and the lowly were exalted, and devoured the honorable. And Mardochaeus who had seen this vision and what God desired to do, having awoke, kept it in his heart, and desired by all means to interpret it, even till night. And Mardochaeus rested quiet in the palace with Gabatha and Tharrha the king's two chamberlains, eunuchs who guarded the palace. And he heard their reasoning and searched out their plans, and learnt that they were preparing to lay hands on king Artaxerxes: and he informed the king concerning them. And the king examined the two chamberlains, and they confessed, and were executed. And the king wrote these things for a memorial: also Mardochaeus wrote concerning these matters. And the king commanded Mardochaeus to attend in the palace, and gave gifts for this service. And Aman the son of Amadathes the Bugean was honourable in the sight of the king, and he endeavored to hurt Mardochaeus and his people, because of the two chamberlains of the king. And it came to pass after these things in the days of Artaxerxes, —(this Artaxerxes ruled over a hundred and twenty-seven provinces from India)—GrEst 1:1
¶[In the second year of the reign of Ahasuerus the great king, on the first day of Nisan, Mordecai the son of Jair, the son of Shimei, the son of Kish, of the tribe of Benjamin, a Jew dwelling in the city Susa, a great man, serving in the king’s palace, saw a vision. Now he was one of the captives whom Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon had carried captive from Jerusalem with Jeconiah the king of Judea. This was his dream: Behold, voices and a noise, thunders and earthquake, tumult upon the earth. And, behold, two great serpents came out, both ready for conflict. A great voice came from them. Every nation was prepared for battle by their voice, even to fight against the nation of the just. Behold, a day of darkness and blackness, suffering and anguish, affection and tumult upon the earth. And all the righteous nation was troubled, fearing their own afflictions. They prepared to die, and cried to God. Something like a great river from a little spring with much water, came from their cry. Light and the sun arose, and the lowly were exalted, and devoured the honorable. ¶Mordecai, who had seen this vision and what God desired to do, having arisen, kept it in his heart, and desired by all means to interpret it, even until night. ¶Mordecai rested quietly in the palace with Gabatha and Tharrha the king’s two chamberlains, eunuchs who guarded the palace. He heard their conversation and searched out their plans. He learned that they were preparing to lay hands on King Ahasuerus; and he informed the king concerning them. The king examined the two chamberlains. They confessed, and were led away and executed. The king wrote these things for a record. Mordecai also wrote concerning these matters. The king commanded Mordecai to serve in the palace, and gave gifts for this service. But Haman the son of Hammedatha the Bougean was honored in the sight of the king, and he endeavored to harm Mordecai and his people, because of the king’s two chamberlains.] ¶* And it came to pass after these things* in the days of Ahasuerus, —(this Ahasuerus ruled over one hundred twenty-seven provinces from India)—
1b1bἄνθρωπος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ος
(mas) nom sg
person
"man, both as a generic term and of individuals" (Liddell, Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon) Often means "human being", but can refer specifically to a man/men (when required by context).
Ιουδαῖος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ος
mas nom sg
Jewish
οἰκῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Verb

οἶκος, -ου, ὁ (cf. οἰκία); οἰκέω (οικ(ε)-, οικη·σ-, οικη·σ-, -, -, οικη·θ-)
οικ·ων; οικ(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(mas) gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
house/homes; while DWELL-ing
/dwelling-place, by extension, household.;
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
Σούσοις τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
simple article
πόλει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

πόλις, -εως, ἡ
πολ(ι)·ι
(fem) dat sg
city
ἄνθρωπος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ος
(mas) nom sg
person
"man, both as a generic term and of individuals" (Liddell, Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon) Often means "human being", but can refer specifically to a man/men (when required by context).
μέγας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2, irreg.)

μέγ[αλ]ας μεγάλη μέγ[αλ]α
irreg. μεγα[λ·ο]ς ( instead of μεγαλ·ος)
mas nom sg
great
θεραπεύων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θεραπεύω (θεραπευ-, θεραπευ·σ-, θεραπευ·σ-, -, τεθεραπευ-, θεραπευ·θ-)
θεραπευ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while TEND/TREAT/ATTEND-ing-TO
salve; archaic term for salvage; save from destruction΄treat medically to salvage, heal, doctor, treat
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
simple article
αὐλῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Verb

αὐλή, -ῆς, ἡ; αὐλέω (αυλ(ε)-, -, αυλη·σ-, -, -, -)
αυλ·ῃ; αυλ(ε)·ῃ
(fem) dat sg; pres mp ind 2nd sg or pres act sub 3rd sg or pres mp sub 2nd sg
courtyard; you(sg)-are-being-FLUTE-ed, he/she/it-should-be-FLUTE-ing, you(sg)-should-be-being-FLUTE-ed
[sheep-fold, palace, house];
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
βασιλέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
king
Est 1:1(b) a Jew dwelling in the city Susa, a great man, serving in the king's palace, saw a vision. 1b
1c1cἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
from-out-of (+gen)
signifies origin of motion. sometimes rendered, "from", when the motion is already implied by the context. ἐξ before vowels.
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
αἰχμαλωσίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

αἰχμ·αλωσία, -ας, ἡ
αιχμαλωσι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
captivity, captivities
ἧς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ης
fem gen sg
who/whom/which
ᾐχμαλώτευσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

αἰχμ·αλωτεύω (αιχμαλωτευ-, αιχμαλωτευ·σ-, αιχμαλωτευ·σ-, -, ῃχμαλωτευ-, αιχμαλωτευ·θ-)
ε·αιχμαλωτευ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-CAPTURE-ed
κατέφαγε
Ναβουχοδονοσορ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ναβουχοδονοσορ, ὁ [LXX]
ναβουχοδονοσορ
(mas) indecl
Nebuchadnezzar
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
Βαβυλῶνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

Βαβυλών, -ῶνος, ὁ
βαβυλων·ος
(mas) gen sg
Babylon
ἐξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εξ
indecl
from-out-of (+gen)
signifies origin of motion. sometimes rendered, "from", when the motion is already implied by the context. ἐξ before vowels.
Ιερουσαλημ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl. and Fem. 1st Decl. and Fem. Indecl.)

Ἱεροσόλυμα, -ων, τά and -ας, ἡ and Ἰερουσαλήμ v.l. Ἱ-, ἡ indecl.
ιερουσαλημ
(fem) indecl
Jerusalem
[city of]
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
Ιεχονιου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

Ἰεχονίας, -ου, ὁ
ιεχονι·ου
(mas) gen sg
Jechoniah
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
βασιλέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
king
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
Ιουδαίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαία, -ας, ἡ; Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ας; ιουδαι·ας
(fem) gen sg; fem gen sg or fem acc pl
Judea; Jewish
[region of];
Est 1:1(c) Now he was of the captivity which Nabuchodonosor king of Babylon had carried captive from Jerusalem, with Jachonias the king of Judea. 1c
1d1dκαὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τοῦτο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
simple article
ἐνύπνιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ἐν·ύπνιον, -ου, τό
ενυπνι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
dream
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἰδοὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ου
2aor mp imp 2nd sg
be-you(sg)-SEE/BEHOLD-ed!
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
φωναὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

φωνή, -ῆς, ἡ
φων·αι
(fem) nom|voc pl
sounds/voices
cries
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
θόρυβος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θόρυβος, -ου, ὁ
θορυβ·ος
(mas) nom sg
tumult/clamor
[noise of crowded assembly]
βρονταὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βροντή, -ῆς, ἡ
βροντ·αι
(fem) nom|voc pl
thunders
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
σεισμός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

σεισμός, -οῦ, ὁ
σεισμ·ος
(mas) nom sg
earthquake
[see seismic]
τάραχος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

τάραχος, -ου, ὁ
ταραχ·ος
(mas) nom sg
disturbance
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
γῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

γῆ, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. γῆ
γ·ης
(fem) gen sg
earth/land
Est 1:1(d) And this was his dream: Behold, voices and a noise, thunders and earthquake, tumult upon the earth. 1d
1e1eκαὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἰδοὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ου
2aor mp imp 2nd sg
be-you(sg)-SEE/BEHOLD-ed!
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
δύο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

δύο, gen. δύο, dat. δυσί(ν), acc. δύο
δυο
nom|acc|gen pl
two
δράκοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

δράκων[τ], -ο[υ]ντος, ὁ, dat. pl. δράκουσιν
δρακο[υ]ντ·ες
(mas) nom|voc pl
dragons/serpents
μεγάλοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2, irreg.)

μέγ[αλ]ας μεγάλη μέγ[αλ]α
μεγαλ·οι
mas nom|voc pl
great
ἕτοιμοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἕτοιμος -η -ον
ετοιμ·οι
mas nom|voc pl
ready
prepared see Matt 22:4 of the wedding feast
προῆλθον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προ·έρχομαι (προ+ερχ-, προ+ελευ·σ-, 2nd προ+ελθ-, -, -, -)
προ·ε·ελθ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
I-COME-FORTH/ADVANCE-ed, they-COME-FORTH/ADVANCE-ed
ἀμφότεροι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

ἀμφότεροι -αι -α
αμφοτερ·οι
mas nom|voc pl
both
παλαίειν καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐγένετο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
ε·γεν·ετο
2aor mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-BECOME-ed
become; happen; be ("as a substitute for the forms of εἰμί" --BAGD)
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
φωνὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

φωνή, -ῆς, ἡ
φων·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
sound/voice
cries
μεγάλη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2, irreg.)

μέγ[αλ]ας μεγάλη μέγ[αλ]α
μεγαλ·η
fem nom|voc sg
great
Est 1:1(e) And, behold, two great serpents came forth, both ready for conflict, and there came from them a great voice, 1e
1f1fκαὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
simple article
φωνῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Verb

φωνή, -ῆς, ἡ; φωνέω (φων(ε)-, φωνη·σ-, φωνη·σ-, -, -, φωνη·θ-)
φων·ῃ; φων(ε)·ῃ
(fem) dat sg; pres mp ind 2nd sg or pres act sub 3rd sg or pres mp sub 2nd sg
sound/voice; you(sg)-are-being-SOUND-ed, he/she/it-should-be-SOUND-ing, you(sg)-should-be-being-SOUND-ed
cries; call out, summon
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
ἡτοιμάσθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἑτοιμάζω (ετοιμαζ-, ετοιμα·σ-, ετοιμα·σ-, ητοιμα·κ-, ητοιμασ-, ετοιμασ·θ-)
ε·ετοιμασ·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-PREPARE/MAKE-READY-ed
αρξασθωσαν
πᾶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παν[τ]
neu nom|acc|voc sg
each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
ἔθνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
nation/culture/race
Lit: from etho (vb: to form a custom/culture). Hence, a race/people, joined by shared language, customs, history, and culture. Usually applied to Gentiles (except Jn 11:50).
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into +acc
OF PLACE, the oldest and commonest usage into, with Verbs of saying or speaking relating to the person to whom or before whom one is speaking, Verbs expressing rest in a place, when a previous motion into or to it is implied; elliptical usage after Verbs
πόλεμον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

πόλεμος, -ου, ὁ
πολεμ·ον
(mas) acc sg
war
Armed conflict; war, battle, fight, or even 'single combat'. Figuratively: strife, conflict, quarrel
ὥστε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὥστε
ωστε
indecl
so that
Lit: "like-also"
πολεμῆσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πολεμέω (πολεμ(ε)-, πολεμη·σ-, πολεμη·σ-, -, -, πολεμη·θ-)
πολεμη·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-WAGE-WAR, be-you(sg)-WAGE-ed-WAR!, he/she/it-happens-to-WAGE-WAR
δικαίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

δίκαιος -αία -ον; δικαιόω (δικαι(ο)-, δικαιω·σ-, δικαιω·σ-, -, δεδικαιω-, δικαιω·θ-)
δικαι·ων; δικαι(ο)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
righteous; while JUSTIFY-ing
/just/right, (by judicial implication) innocent.; vindicate; rectify: to do justice to; to declare or regard as just/righteous; to make free or pure of (sin, etc.)
ἔθνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
nation/culture/race
Lit: from etho (vb: to form a custom/culture). Hence, a race/people, joined by shared language, customs, history, and culture. Usually applied to Gentiles (except Jn 11:50).
Est 1:1(f) and by their voice every nation was prepared for battle, even to fight against the nation of the just. 1f
1g1gκαὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἰδοὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ου
2aor mp imp 2nd sg
be-you(sg)-SEE/BEHOLD-ed!
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
ἡμέρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
day
σκότους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

σκότο·ς, -ους, τό
σκοτ(ε)·ος
(neu) gen sg
darkness
gloom, darkness
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
γνόφου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

γνόφος, -ου, ὁ
γνοφ·ου
(mas) gen sg
tempest/darkness
[storm-clouds, thick darkness, dusk, gloom]
θλῖψις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

θλῖψις, -εως, ἡ
θλιψ(ι)·ς
(fem) nom sg
hardship/tribulation
[squeezing, constriction], affliction
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
στενοχωρία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

στενο·χωρία, -ας, ἡ
στενοχωρι·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
strait
[constriction, as with a straitjacket; narrowness of space]
κάκωσις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

κάκωσις, -εως, ἡ
κακωσ(ι)·ς
(fem) nom sg
mistreatment
distress,suffering, bad-treatment (by others)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τάραχος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

τάραχος, -ου, ὁ
ταραχ·ος
(mas) nom sg
disturbance
μέγας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2, irreg.)

μέγ[αλ]ας μεγάλη μέγ[αλ]α
irreg. μεγα[λ·ο]ς ( instead of μεγαλ·ος)
mas nom sg
great
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
γῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

γῆ, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. γῆ
γ·ης
(fem) gen sg
earth/land
Est 1:1(g) And, behold, a day of darkness and blackness, tribulation and anguish, affection and tumult upon the earth. 1g
1h1hκαὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐταράχθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ταράσσω (ταρασσ-, ταραξ-, ταραξ-, -, τεταρασσ-, ταραχ·θ-)
ε·ταρασσ·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-TROUBLE-ed
[cause to feel anxious, confusion, disorder]
δίκαιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

δίκαιος -αία -ον
δικαι·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
righteous
/just/right, (by judicial implication) innocent.
πᾶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παν[τ]
neu nom|acc|voc sg
each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
ἔθνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
nation/culture/race
Lit: from etho (vb: to form a custom/culture). Hence, a race/people, joined by shared language, customs, history, and culture. Usually applied to Gentiles (except Jn 11:50).
φοβούμενοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φοβέω (φοβ(ε)-, -, φοβη·σ-, -, πεφοβη-, φοβη·θ-)
φοβ(ε)·ομεν·οι
pres mp ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while being-FEAR-ed
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
simple article
ἑαυτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

ἑ·αυτοῦ/αὑτοῦ[2] -ῆς -οῦ
εαυτ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
selves
him/her/it/our/your/them-selves
κακὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

κακός -ή -όν (cf. φαῦλος)
κακ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl
wicked
/evil
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἡτοιμάσθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἑτοιμάζω (ετοιμαζ-, ετοιμα·σ-, ετοιμα·σ-, ητοιμα·κ-, ητοιμασ-, ετοιμασ·θ-)
ε·ετοιμασ·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
they-were-PREPARE/MAKE-READY-ed
αρξασθωσαν
ἀπολέσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·όλλυμι (ath. απ+ολλυ-, απ+ολ(ε)·[σ]-/απ+ολε·σ-, απ+ολε·σ- or 2nd απ+ολ-, απ+ολωλ·[κ]-, -, -)
απ·ολ·εσθαι
2aor mp inf
to-be-DESTROY-ed
stronger form of ὄλλυμι. Destroy, ruin, or lose (active); be destroyed, perish, be lost (middle/passive).
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐβόησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βοάω (βο(α)-, βοη·σ-, βοη·σ-, -, -, βοη·θ-)
ε·βοη·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-BELLOW-ed
cry aloud or command in a loud voice to do a thing, sound aloud, resound, echo, to claim, to call one to one see Matt 3:3, Is 40:3, Gen 4:10
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
θεόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ον
(mas) acc sg
god
[see theology]
Est 1:1(h) And all the righteous nation was troubled, fearing their own afflictions; and they prepared to die, and cried to God: 1h
1i1iἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
βοῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βοή, -ῆς, ἡ
βο·ης
(fem) gen sg
outcry
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
ἐγένετο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
ε·γεν·ετο
2aor mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-BECOME-ed
become; happen; be ("as a substitute for the forms of εἰμί" --BAGD)
ὡσανεὶ ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
μικρᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

μικρός -ά -όν
μικρ·ας
fem gen sg or fem acc pl
small
[see micro]
πηγῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

πηγή, -ῆς, ἡ
πηγ·ης
(fem) gen sg
spring
ποταμὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ποταμός, -οῦ, ὁ
ποταμ·ος
(mas) nom sg
river
[mnemonic: hippopotamus (river-horse)]
μέγας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2, irreg.)

μέγ[αλ]ας μεγάλη μέγ[αλ]α
irreg. μεγα[λ·ο]ς ( instead of μεγαλ·ος)
mas nom sg
great
ὕδωρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

ὕδωρ, ὕδατος, τό
υδα[τ]·ρ > irreg. υδωρ
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
water
πολύ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral, irreg.)

πολ[λ]ύς πολλή πολ[λ]ύ
irreg. πολ(υ) ( instead of πολλ·ο)
neu nom|acc sg
much
Singular: a lot, great, large, much, voluminous Plural: lots, manifold, many, multiple, numerous
Est 1:1(i) and from their cry there came as it were a great river from a little fountain , even much water. 1i
1k1kφῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

φῶ[τ]ς, -ωτός, τό
φω[τ]·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
light
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
ἥλιος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἥλιος, -ου, ὁ
ηλι·ος
(mas) nom sg
sun
In mythology Apollo, ancient Greek god of light, healing and poetry
ἀνέτειλεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀνα·τέλλω (ανα+τελλ-, ανα+τελ(ε)·[σ]-, ανα+τειλ·[σ]-, ανα+τεταλ·κ-, -, -)
ανα·ε·τειλ·[σ]ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-RISE/APPEAR-ed-ON-HORIZON
Lit:"finish/complete-up". Hence, rise/arise/spring-up, dawn
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
simple article
ταπεινοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

ταπεινός -ή -όν; ταπεινόω (ταπειν(ο)-, ταπεινω·σ-, ταπεινω·σ-, -, τεταπεινω-, ταπεινω·θ-)
ταπειν·οι; ταπειν(ο)·ει, ταπειν(ο)·ῃ, ταπειν(ο)·οι
mas nom|voc pl; pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, pres mp ind 2nd sg or pres act sub 3rd sg or pres mp sub 2nd sg, pres act opt 3rd sg
lowly; he/she/it-is-HUMBLE-ing, you(sg)-are-being-HUMBLE-ed, you(sg)-are-being-HUMBLE-ed, he/she/it-should-be-HUMBLE-ing, you(sg)-should-be-being-HUMBLE-ed, he/she/it-happens-to-be-HUMBLE-ing
[abase, humble, humiliate, submissive]; Lit:"make-low", hence humble
ὑψώθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑψόω (υψ(ο)-, υψω·σ-, υψω·σ-, -, υψω-, υψω·θ-)
ε·υψω·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
they-were-LIFT-UP/EXALT-ed
(from "ὕψος" "height", Lit:"set-high/elevate/lift-up". Fig:"exalt".
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
κατέφαγον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατ·εσθίω (κατ+εσθι-/κατ+εσθ-, κατ+εδ·[σ]-/κατα+φαγ·[σ]-, 2nd κατα+φαγ-, -, -, -)
κατα·ε·φαγ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
I-CONSUME-ed, they-CONSUME-ed
[be eaten away, eat away, devour]
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
simple article
ἐνδόξους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἔν·δοξος -ον
ενδοξ·ους
mas acc pl or fem acc pl
honored/glorious
illustrious, renowned
Est 1:1(k) And light and the sun arose, and the lowly were exalted, and devoured the honorable. 1k
1l1lκαὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
διεγερθεὶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δι·εγείρω (δι+εγειρ-, -, δι+εγειρ·[σ]-, -, -, δι+εγερ·θ-)
δι·εγερ·θει[ντ]·ς
aor θη ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon being-AROUSE-ed
excite, wake up, promote, incite, stimulated, switch on
Μαρδοχαῖος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
ἑωρακὼς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
εωρα·κο[τ]·^ς
perf act ptcp mas nom sg
having SEE/BEHOLD-ed
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
simple article
ἐνύπνιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ἐν·ύπνιον, -ου, τό
ενυπνι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
dream
τοῦτο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
θεὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ος
(mas) nom sg
god
[see theology]
βεβούλευται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βουλεύω (βουλευ-, βουλευ·σ-, βουλευ·σ-, -, βεβουλευ-, -)
βεβουλευ·ται
perf mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-has-been-DECIDE-ed
deliberate, determine
ποιῆσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποιη·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-DO/MAKE, be-you(sg)-DO/MAKE-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-DO/MAKE
εἶχεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
ε·εχ·ε(ν)
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-HAVE-ing
/hold.
αὐτὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
it/same
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
simple article
καρδίᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

καρδία, -ας, ἡ
καρδι·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
heart
καρδιας With the eyes of the heart enlightened (Eph_1:18)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
παντὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ι
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
λόγῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λόγος, -ου, ὁ
λογ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
word
word
ἤθελεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θέλω (θελ-, θελη·σ-, θελη·σ-, τεθελη·κ-, -, -)
ε·θελ·ε(ν)
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-WANT-ing
/wish/desire
ἐπιγνῶναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·γινώσκω (επι+γινωσκ-, επι+γνω·σ-, 2nd ath. επι+γν(ω)-/ath. επι+γν(ο)-, επ+εγνω·κ-, -, επι+γνωσ·θ-)
επι·γν(ω)·ναι, επι·γν(ω)·εναι
2aor act inf, 2aor act inf
to-RECOGNIZE
[To fully/intimately-know/understand, come to knowledge of, ackowledge]
αὐτὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
it/same
ἕως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction; Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl.)

ἕως[1]; ἕως[2], -ω, ἡ [LXX], acc.
εως; ε(ω)·ος, ε(ω)·ους
indecl; (fem) nom|voc sg, (fem) acc pl
until; dawn, dawns
, up-until/as-far-as, Often used as a conjunctive-adverbial preposition concerning time/place/number, "until +(genitive)";
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
νυκτός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

νύξ, -υκτός, ἡ
νυκτ·ος
(fem) gen sg
night
Est 1:1(l) And Mardochaeus who had seen this vision and what God desired to do, having awoke, kept it in his heart, and desired by all means to interpret it, even till night. 1l
1m1mκαὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἡσύχασεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἡσυχάζω (ησυχαζ-, ησυχα·σ-, ησυχα·σ-, -, -, -)
ε·ησυχα·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-QUIET-ed
/silent/calm/at-peace/still, (by extension) rest
Μαρδοχαῖος ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
simple article
αὐλῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Verb

αὐλή, -ῆς, ἡ; αὐλέω (αυλ(ε)-, -, αυλη·σ-, -, -, -)
αυλ·ῃ; αυλ(ε)·ῃ
(fem) dat sg; pres mp ind 2nd sg or pres act sub 3rd sg or pres mp sub 2nd sg
courtyard; you(sg)-are-being-FLUTE-ed, he/she/it-should-be-FLUTE-ing, you(sg)-should-be-being-FLUTE-ed
[sheep-fold, palace, house];
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
Γαβαθα καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
Θαρρα τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
δύο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

δύο, gen. δύο, dat. δυσί(ν), acc. δύο
δυο
nom|acc|gen pl
two
εὐνούχων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

εὐν·οῦχος, -ου, ὁ
ευνουχ·ων
(mas) gen pl
eunuchs
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
βασιλέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
king
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
φυλασσόντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φυλάσσω/φυλάττω (φυλασσ-/φυλαττ-, φυλαξ-, φυλαξ-, πεφυλα·κ-, πεφυλασσ-, φυλαχ·θ-)
φυλασσ·οντων, φυλασσ·ο[υ]ντ·ων
pres act imp 3rd pl classical, pres act ptcp mas gen pl or pres act ptcp neu gen pl
let-them-be-GUARD-ing!, while GUARD-ing
From "φύλαξ" (military guard/keeper), hence keep-guard/watch-over, protect/preserve.
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
αὐλὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

αὐλή, -ῆς, ἡ
αυλ·ην
(fem) acc sg
courtyard
[sheep-fold, palace, house]
Est 1:1(m) And Mardochaeus rested quiet in the palace with Gabatha and Tharrha the king's two chamberlains, eunuchs who guarded the palace. 1m
1n1nἤκουσέν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀκούω (ακου-, ακου·σ-, ακου·σ-, ακηκο·[κ]-, ηκουσ-, ακουσ·θ-)
ε·ακου·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-HEAR-ed
to hear; to listen (pay attention) to; or to understand what is heard
τε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

τέ
τε
indecl
and [postpositive coordinate]
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
simple article
λογισμοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λογισμός, -οῦ, ὁ
λογισμ·ους
(mas) acc pl
logics
reasoning, calculation
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ας
fem acc pl
the
simple article
μερίμνας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

μέριμνα, -ης, ἡ
μεριμν·ας
(fem) acc pl
worries
pursuit, ambition, object of care
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
ἐξηρεύνησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·εραυνάω v.l. -ερευνάω (εξ+ερευν(α)-, εξ+ερευνη·σ-, εξ+εραυνη·σ-/εξ+ερευνη·σ-, -, -, εξ+ερευνη·θ-)
εξ·ε·ερευνη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SEARCH-ed-DILIGENTLY
[Lit:"search-from-out-of", hence search-out/diligently]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἔμαθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μανθάνω (μανθαν-, μαθη·σ-, 2nd μαθ-, μεμαθη·κ-, -, -)
ε·μαθ·ε(ν)
2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-LEARN-ed
practice, recite
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
ἑτοιμάζουσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἑτοιμάζω (ετοιμαζ-, ετοιμα·σ-, ετοιμα·σ-, ητοιμα·κ-, ητοιμασ-, ετοιμασ·θ-)
ετοιμαζ·ουσι(ν), ετοιμαζ·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
they-are-PREPARE/MAKE-READY-ing, while PREPARE/MAKE-READY-ing
αρξασθωσαν
τὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ας
fem acc pl
the
simple article
χεῖρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

χείρ, χειρός, ἡ, dat. pl. χερσίν
χειρ·ας
(fem) acc pl
hands
ἐπιβαλεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·βάλλω (επι+βαλλ-, επι+βαλ(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd επι+βαλ-, επι+βεβλη·κ-, -, επι+βλη·θ-)
επι·βαλ(ε)·[σ]ειν, επι·βαλ·ειν
fut act inf, 2aor act inf
to-will-CAST-UPON, to-CAST-UPON
[put the mind on, impose, inflict, cast upon]
Ἀρταξέρξῃ τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
simple article
βασιλεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ι
(mas) dat sg
king
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ὑπέδειξεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑπο·δείκνυμι (-, υπο+δειξ-, υπο+δειξ-, -, -, -)
υπο·ε·δεικ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-MAKE KNOWN-ed
to indicate, intimate, suggest, show, prove
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
simple article
βασιλεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ι
(mas) dat sg
king
περὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

περί
περι
indecl
about (+acc,+gen)
Lit:"around" (as in perimeter "around-measure"). Fig:about/regarding/concerning
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
Est 1:1(n) And he heard their reasoning and searched out their plans, and learnt that they were preparing to lay hands on king Artaxerxes: and he informed the king concerning them. 1n
1o1oκαὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐξήτασεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·ετάζω (εξ+εταζ-, εξ+ετα·σ-, εξ+ετα·σ-, -, -, -)
εξ·ε·ετα·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-INVESTIGATE-ed
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
simple article
δύο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

δύο, gen. δύο, dat. δυσί(ν), acc. δύο
δυο
nom|acc|gen pl
two
εὐνούχους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

εὐν·οῦχος, -ου, ὁ
ευνουχ·ους
(mas) acc pl
eunuchs
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ὁμολογήσαντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁμο·λογέω (ομολογ(ε)-, ομολογη·σ-, ομολογη·σ-, -, -, -)
ομολογη·σαντ·ες
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon AVOW-ing
Lit:"say-same", hence confess/profess/avow-similarly. Also agree/concede/admit, come-clean (slang). Usually confess/profess, although neither expresses the adverbial prefix, "homo"(same), as well as "admit".
ἀπήχθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·άγω (απ+αγ-, απ+αξ-, 2nd απ+αγαγ-, -, απ+ηγ-, απ+αχ·θ-)
απ·ε·αγ·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
they-were-LEAD-ed-AWAY
Est 1:1(o) And the king examined the two chamberlains, and they confessed, and were executed. 1o
1p1pκαὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἔγραψεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γράφω (γραφ-, γραψ-, γραψ-, γεγραφ·[κ]-, γεγραφ-, γραφ·[θ]-)
ε·γραφ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-WRITE-ed
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
simple article
λόγους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λόγος, -ου, ὁ
λογ·ους
(mas) acc pl
words
word
τούτους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ους
mas acc pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into +acc
OF PLACE, the oldest and commonest usage into, with Verbs of saying or speaking relating to the person to whom or before whom one is speaking, Verbs expressing rest in a place, when a previous motion into or to it is implied; elliptical usage after Verbs
μνημόσυνον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

μνημό·συνον, -ου, τό
μνημοσυν·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
memory
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
Μαρδοχαῖος ἔγραψεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γράφω (γραφ-, γραψ-, γραψ-, γεγραφ·[κ]-, γεγραφ-, γραφ·[θ]-)
ε·γραφ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-WRITE-ed
περὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

περί
περι
indecl
about (+acc,+gen)
Lit:"around" (as in perimeter "around-measure"). Fig:about/regarding/concerning
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
λόγων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λόγος, -ου, ὁ
λογ·ων
(mas) gen pl
words
word
τούτων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
Est 1:1(p) And the king wrote these things for a memorial: also Mardochaeus wrote concerning these matters. 1p
1q1qκαὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐπέταξεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·τάσσω (επι+τασσ-, -, επι+ταξ-, επι+τεταχ·[κ]-, επι+τετασσ-, επι+ταγ·[θ]-)
επι·ε·τασσ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-ORDER-ed
command/enjoin.
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
Μαρδοχαίῳ θεραπεύειν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θεραπεύω (θεραπευ-, θεραπευ·σ-, θεραπευ·σ-, -, τεθεραπευ-, θεραπευ·θ-)
θεραπευ·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-TEND/TREAT/ATTEND-ing-TO
salve; archaic term for salvage; save from destruction΄treat medically to salvage, heal, doctor, treat
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
simple article
αὐλῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Verb

αὐλή, -ῆς, ἡ; αὐλέω (αυλ(ε)-, -, αυλη·σ-, -, -, -)
αυλ·ῃ; αυλ(ε)·ῃ
(fem) dat sg; pres mp ind 2nd sg or pres act sub 3rd sg or pres mp sub 2nd sg
courtyard; you(sg)-are-being-FLUTE-ed, he/she/it-should-be-FLUTE-ing, you(sg)-should-be-being-FLUTE-ed
[sheep-fold, palace, house];
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἔδωκεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
ε·δω·κε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-GIVE-ed
give, grant, bestow; give over, hand over; entrust, assign; give back, repay, yield; give up, sacrifice
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
δόματα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

δόμα[τ], -ατος, τό (cf. δόσις, δωρεά, δώρημα and δῶρον)
δοματ·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
gifts
περὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

περί
περι
indecl
about (+acc,+gen)
Lit:"around" (as in perimeter "around-measure"). Fig:about/regarding/concerning
τούτων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
Est 1:1(q) And the king commanded Mardochaeus to attend in the palace, and gave gifts for this service. 1q
1r1rκαὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
Αμαν Αμαδαθου Βουγαῖος ἔνδοξος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἔν·δοξος -ον
ενδοξ·ος
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
honored/glorious
illustrious, renowned
ἐνώπιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition; Adjective (2-2-2)

ἐν·ώπιον; ἐν·ώπιος -ον [LXX]
ενωπιον; ενωπι·ον
indecl; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
in-the-presence-of (+gen); in the sight of/ in front of
Lit:"in-sight-of"; face to face
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
βασιλέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
king
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐζήτησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ζητέω (ζητ(ε)-, ζητη·σ-, ζητη·σ-, -, -, ζητη·θ-)
ε·ζητη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SEEK-ed
seek
κακοποιῆσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κακο·ποιέω (κακοποι(ε)-, κακοποιη·σ-, κακοποιη·σ-, -, -, -)
κακοποιη·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-DO-BAD, be-you(sg)-DO-ed-BAD!, he/she/it-happens-to-DO-BAD
[Lit: make/do-ill/bad]
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
Μαρδοχαῖον καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
λαὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λαός, -οῦ, ὁ
λα·ον
(mas) acc sg
people
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
ὑπὲρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπέρ
υπερ
indecl
above (+acc), on behalf of (+gen)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
δύο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

δύο, gen. δύο, dat. δυσί(ν), acc. δύο
δυο
nom|acc|gen pl
two
εὐνούχων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

εὐν·οῦχος, -ου, ὁ
ευνουχ·ων
(mas) gen pl
eunuchs
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
βασιλέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
king
Est 1:1(r) And Aman the son of Amadathes the Bugean was honourable in the sight of the king, and he endeavored to hurt Mardochaeus and his people, because of the two chamberlains of the king. 1r
1s1sκαὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐγένετο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
ε·γεν·ετο
2aor mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-BECOME-ed
become; happen; be ("as a substitute for the forms of εἰμί" --BAGD)
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
simple article
λόγους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λόγος, -ου, ὁ
λογ·ους
(mas) acc pl
words
word
τούτους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ους
mas acc pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·αις
fem dat pl
the
simple article
ἡμέραις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·αις
(fem) dat pl
days
Ἀρταξέρξου οὗτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
[τ]ουτ·ος
mas nom sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
Ἀρταξέρξης ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
Ἰνδικῆς ἑκατὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

ἑκατόν
εκατον
indecl
hundred
εἴκοσι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.); Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἰκών, -όνος, ἡ; εἴκοσι
εικο[ν]·σι(ν); εικοσι
(fem) dat pl; indecl
icons; twenty
[image, likeness];
ἑπτὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

ἑπτά
επτα
indecl
seven
χωρῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Verb

χῶρος, -οῦ, ὁ; χώρα, -ας, ἡ; χωρέω (χωρ(ε)-, -, χωρη·σ-, -, -, -)
χωρ·ων; χωρ·ων; χωρ(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(mas) gen pl; (fem) gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
northwests; regions; while HAVE-ing-SPACE
also * region (clίme), land, country; realm (clίme); land, country, territory, tract, province; (from "χῶρος" "space/place/region/country), hence have-space/place/room-for. Metaphorical-Trns:accept/hold/contain/receive/welcome; Intrns(with "εἰς"):enter/pass/be-room/welcomed/accepted. Root for "choreograph".
ἐκράτησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κρατέω (κρατ(ε)-, κρατη·σ-, κρατη·σ-, κεκρατη·κ-, κεκρατη-, κρατη·θ-)
ε·κρατη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SEIZE/TAKE-HOLD-ed
, from "κράτος" (strength/might), hence take-hold/control-of/retain, exercise-power-over, seize/arrest/detain, bear/carry,
Est 1:1(s) And it came to pass after these things in the days of Artaxerxes, —(this Artaxerxes ruled over a hundred and twenty-seven provinces from India)—1s
22ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
αὐταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·αις
fem dat pl
them/same
ταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·αις
fem dat pl
the
simple article
ἡμέραις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·αις
(fem) dat pl
days
ὅτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὅτε
οτε
indecl
when
ἐθρονίσθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
Ἀρταξέρξης ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
Σούσοις τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
simple article
πόλει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

πόλις, -εως, ἡ
πολ(ι)·ι
(fem) dat sg
city
Est 1:2in those days, when king Artaxerxes was on the throne in the city of Susa,GrEst 1:2
in those days, when King Ahasuerus was on the throne in the city of Susa,
33ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
simple article
τρίτῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

τρίτος -η -ον
τριτ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
third
ἔτει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔτο·ς, -ους, τό
ετ(ε)·ι
(neu) dat sg
year
βασιλεύοντος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βασιλεύω (βασιλευ-, βασιλευ·σ-, βασιλευ·σ-, βεβασιλευ·κ-, βεβασιλευ-, -)
βασιλευ·ο[υ]ντ·ος
pres act ptcp mas gen sg or pres act ptcp neu gen sg
while REIGN-ing
Lit:"be-king"
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
δοχὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

δοχή, -ῆς, ἡ
δοχ·ην
(fem) acc sg
feast
(reception)
ἐποίησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ε·ποιη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-DO/MAKE-ed
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
φίλοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

φίλος -η -ον; φιλέω (φιλ(ε)-, φιλη·σ-, φιλη·σ-, πεφιλη·κ-, -, -)
φιλ·οις; φιλ(ε)·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl; pres act opt 2nd sg
friend; you(sg)-happen-to-be-BE-ing-FOND-OF
companion; [hold at high degree of association, have affection toward; raraly of kissing]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
λοιποῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

λοιπός -ή -όν
λοιπ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
remaining
well then, sο, now, the rest, finally
ἔθνεσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ε)·σι(ν)
(neu) dat pl
nations
Lit: from etho (vb: to form a custom/culture). Hence, a race/people, joined by shared language, customs, history, and culture. Usually applied to Gentiles (except Jn 11:50).
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
Περσῶν καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
Μήδων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Μῆδος, -ου, ὁ
μηδ·ων
(mas) gen pl
Medes
[inhabitant of Media]
ἐνδόξοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἔν·δοξος -ον
ενδοξ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl or fem dat pl
honored/glorious
illustrious, renowned
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
ἄρχουσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.); Verb

ἄρχων[τ], -ο[υ]ντος, ὁ, dat. pl. ἄρχουσιν, voc. pl. ἄρχοντες; ἄρχω (αρχ-, αρξ-, αρξ-, -, ηρχ-, -)
αρχου[ντ]·σι(ν); αρχ·ουσι(ν), αρχ·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
(mas) dat pl; pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
rulers; they-are-BEGIN/RULE-ing, while BEGIN/RULE-ing
; Lit:"head/chief", hence rule or begin (depending upon context).
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
σατραπῶν
Est 1:3in the third year of his reign, he made a feast to his friends, and the other nations, and to the nobles of the Persians and Medes, and the chief of the satraps.GrEst 1:3
in the third year of his reign, he made a feast for his friends, for people from the rest of the nations, for the nobles of the Persians and Medes, and for the chief of the local governors.
44καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
ταῦτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·α
neu nom|acc pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
simple article
δεῖξαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δείκνυμι a.k.a. δεικνύω (ath. δεικνυ-, δειξ-, δειξ-, -, -, δειχ·θ-)
δεικ·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-SHOW, be-you(sg)-SHOW-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-SHOW
prove
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
πλοῦτον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl. and Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πλοῦτος, -ου, ὁ and -ους, τό
πλουτ·ον
(mas) acc sg
wealth/abundance
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
βασιλείας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βασιλεία, -ας, ἡ
βασιλει·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
kingdom, kingdoms
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
δόξαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Verb

δόξα, -ης, ἡ; δοκέω (δοκ(ε)-, δοξ-, δοξ-, -, δεδοκ-, -)
δοξ·αν; δοκ·σαν[τ]
(fem) acc sg; 1aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
glory/honor; upon SUPPOSE-ing
praise; ,from "dokos"(opinion), hence suppose/seem/think/consider. Same root as "εὐδοκέω"(seem-good). Often rendered "think", but less objective than "νοέω"(think) and less visceral than "φρονέω"(think).
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
εὐφροσύνης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

εὐ·φρο·σύνη, -ης, ἡ
ευφροσυν·ης
(fem) gen sg
gladness
Lit:"good-feeling/thinking/attitude", hence cheerfulness, optimism, gladness
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
πλούτου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl. and Neu. 3rd Decl.); Verb

πλοῦτος, -ου, ὁ and -ους, τό; πλουτέω (πλουτ(ε)-, πλουτη·σ-, πλουτη·σ-, πεπλουτη·κ-, -, -)
πλουτ·ου; πλουτ(ε)·ου
(mas) gen sg; pres mp imp 2nd sg
wealth/abundance; be-you(sg)-being-ENRICH-ed!
; [prosper]
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
ἡμέρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
day, days
ἑκατὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

ἑκατόν
εκατον
indecl
hundred
ὀγδοήκοντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

ὀγδοή·κοντα
ογδοηκοντα
indecl
eighty
Est 1:4And after this, after he had shewn to them the wealth of his kingdom, and the abundant glory of his wealth during a hundred and eighty days,GrEst 1:4
After this—after he had shown them the wealth of his kingdom and the abundant glory of his wealth during one hundred eighty days—
55ὅτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὅτε
οτε
indecl
when
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἀνεπληρώθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀνα·πληρόω (ανα+πληρ(ο)-, ανα+πληρω·σ-, ανα+πληρω·σ-, -, ανα+πεπληρω-, ανα+πληρω·θ-)
ανα·ε·πληρω·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
they-were-OCCUPY/FULFILL-ed
[Lit"fill-up"]
αἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·αι
fem nom pl
the
simple article
ἡμέραι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·αι
(fem) nom|voc pl
days
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
γάμου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Verb

γάμος, -ου, ὁ; γαμέω (γαμ(ε)-, -, γαμη·σ-/γημ·[σ]-, γεγαμη·κ-, -, γαμη·θ-)
γαμ·ου; γαμ(ε)·ου
(mas) gen sg; pres mp imp 2nd sg
wedding celebration; be-you(sg)-being-MARRY-ed!
;
ἐποίησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ε·ποιη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-DO/MAKE-ed
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
πότον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

πότος, -ου, ὁ; ποτόν, -οῦ, τό [EXTRA]
ποτ·ον; ποτ·ον
(mas) acc sg; (neu) nom|acc|voc sg
drinking party; drinking-party
; (from "πίνω":to-drink), hence drinking-party.
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
ἔθνεσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ε)·σι(ν)
(neu) dat pl
nations
Lit: from etho (vb: to form a custom/culture). Hence, a race/people, joined by shared language, customs, history, and culture. Usually applied to Gentiles (except Jn 11:50).
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
εὑρεθεῖσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εὑρίσκω (ευρισκ-, ευρη·σ-, ευρ·[σ]- or 2nd ευρ-, ευρη·κ-, ευρη-, ευρε·θ-)
ευρε·θει[ντ]·σι(ν)
aor θη ptcp mas dat pl or aor θη ptcp neu dat pl
upon being-FIND-ed
/learn/discover (after searching)
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into +acc
OF PLACE, the oldest and commonest usage into, with Verbs of saying or speaking relating to the person to whom or before whom one is speaking, Verbs expressing rest in a place, when a previous motion into or to it is implied; elliptical usage after Verbs
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
πόλιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

πόλις, -εως, ἡ
πολ(ι)·ν
(fem) acc sg
city
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
ἡμέρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
day, days
ἓξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

ἕξ
εξ
indecl
six
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
αὐλῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Verb

αὐλή, -ῆς, ἡ; αὐλέω (αυλ(ε)-, -, αυλη·σ-, -, -, -)
αυλ·ῃ; αυλ(ε)·ῃ
(fem) dat sg; pres mp ind 2nd sg or pres act sub 3rd sg or pres mp sub 2nd sg
courtyard; you(sg)-are-being-FLUTE-ed, he/she/it-should-be-FLUTE-ing, you(sg)-should-be-being-FLUTE-ed
[sheep-fold, palace, house];
οἴκου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Verb

οἶκος, -ου, ὁ (cf. οἰκία); οἰκέω (οικ(ε)-, οικη·σ-, οικη·σ-, -, -, οικη·θ-)
οικ·ου; οικ(ε)·ου
(mas) gen sg; pres mp imp 2nd sg
house/home; be-you(sg)-being-DWELL-ed!
/dwelling-place, by extension, household.;
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
βασιλέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
king
Est 1:5when, I say, the days of the marriage feast were completed, the king made a banquet to the nations who were present in the city six days, in the court of the king's house,GrEst 1:5
when the days of the wedding feast were completed, the king made a banquet lasting six days for the people of the nations who were present in the city, in the court of the king’s house,
66κεκοσμημένῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κοσμέω (κοσμ(ε)-, κοσμη·σ-, κοσμη·σ-, -, κεκοσμη-, κοσμη·θ-)
κεκοσμη·μεν·ῃ
perf mp ptcp fem dat sg
having-been-SET-IN-ORDER-ed
to put in proper order, adorn/beautify, grace (ornaments)
βυσσίνοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

βύσσινος -η -ον
βυσσιν·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
made of fine linen
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
καρπασίνοις τεταμένοις ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
σχοινίοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

σχοινίον, -ου, τό
σχοινι·οις
(neu) dat pl
ropes
[cord, rope, tether, also measuring-line]
βυσσίνοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

βύσσινος -η -ον
βυσσιν·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
made of fine linen
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
πορφυροῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

πορφυροῦς -ᾶ -οῦν a.k.a. πορφύρεος
πορφυρ(ε)·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
purple
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
κύβοις χρυσοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

χρυσοῦς -ῆ -οῦν and χρύσεος -έα -ον, fem. acc. sg. -ῆν and -ᾶν; χρυσόω (χρυσ(ο)-, χρυσω·σ-, χρυσω·σ-, -, κεχρυσω-, -)
χρυσ(ε)·οις; χρυσ(ο)·εις, χρυσ(ο)·ῃς, χρυσ(ο)·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl; pres act ind 2nd sg, pres act sub 2nd sg, pres act opt 2nd sg
gold/golden; you(sg)-are-GILD-ing, you(sg)-should-be-GILD-ing, you(sg)-happen-to-be-GILD-ing
;
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀργυροῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἀργυροῦς -ᾶ -οῦν a.k.a. ἀργύρεος
αργυρ(ε)·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
silver
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
στύλοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

στῦλος, -ου, ὁ
στυλ·οις
(mas) dat pl
pillars
παρίνοις καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
λιθίνοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

λίθινος -ίνη -ον
λιθιν·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
stone
κλῖναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Verb

κλίνη, -ης, ἡ; κλίνω (κλιν-, -, κλιν·[σ]-, κεκλι·κ-, κεκλι-, κλι·θ-)
κλιν·αι; κλιν·[σ]αι
(fem) nom|voc pl; 1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
beds; to-BEND/WANE, be-you(sg)-BEND/WANE-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-BEND/WANE
; [see incline, decline, recline]
χρυσαῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

χρυσοῦς -ῆ -οῦν and χρύσεος -έα -ον, fem. acc. sg. -ῆν and -ᾶν
χρυσ(ε)·αι
fem nom|voc pl
gold/golden
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀργυραῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἀργυροῦς -ᾶ -οῦν a.k.a. ἀργύρεος
αργυρ(ε)·αι
fem nom|voc pl
silver
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
λιθοστρώτου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

λιθό·στρωτος -ον
λιθοστρωτ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg or fem gen sg
pavement
John 19:13, 2Chrn 7:3
σμαραγδίτου λίθου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λίθος, -ου, ὁ
λιθ·ου
(mas) gen sg
stone
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
πιννίνου καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
παρίνου λίθου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λίθος, -ου, ὁ
λιθ·ου
(mas) gen sg
stone
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
στρωμναὶ διαφανεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3); Verb

δια·φανής -ές [LXX]; δια·φαίνω [LXX] (δια+φαιν-, δια+φαν(ε)·[σ]-, δια+φαν·[σ]-, -, -, -)
διαφαν(ε)·ες, διαφαν(ε)·ας; δια·φαν(ε)·[σ]εις
mas nom|voc pl or fem nom|voc pl, mas acc pl or fem acc pl; fut act ind 2nd sg
transparent; you(sg)-will-TO SHEW THROUGH--LET
; to shew through, let a thing be seen through, Theocr. Pass., aor2 -εφάνην [ᾰ], to appear or shew through, νεκύων δ. χῶρος shewed clear of dead bodies, Il.; of things seen through a transparent substance, Hdt. to glow, to be red-hot, Od. metaph. to be p
ποικίλως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ποικίλως [LXX]
ποικιλως
indecl
variously
διηνθισμέναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δι·ανθίζω [LXX] (-, -, -, -, δι+ηνθισ-, -)
δι·ηνθισ·μεν·αι
perf mp ptcp fem nom|voc pl
having-been-ADORN-ed-WITH-FLOWERS
κύκλῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

κύκλῳ
κυκλῳ
indecl
in a circle
ῥόδα πεπασμένα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πάσσω [LXX] (πασσ-, -, πα·σ-, -, πεπασ-, -)
πεπασ·μεν·α
perf mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
having-been-SPRINKLE-ed
Est 1:6 which was adorned with hangings of fine linen and flax on cords of fine linen and purple, fastened to golden and silver studs, on pillars of Parian marble and stone: there were golden and silver couches on a pavement of emerald stone, and of pearl, and of Parian stone, and open-worked coverings variously flowered, having roses worked round about;GrEst 1:6
which was adorned with fine linen and flax on cords of fine linen and purple, fastened to golden and silver studs on pillars of white marble and stone. There were golden and silver couches on a pavement of emerald stone, and of mother-of-pearl, and of white marble, with transparent coverings variously flowered, having roses arranged around it.
77ποτήρια [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ποτήριον, -ου, τό
ποτηρι·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
cups
cup receptacle for offerings in temples; absorbent preparation, Gal.13.258, Alex.Trall.10 (pl.).
χρυσᾶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

χρυσοῦς -ῆ -οῦν and χρύσεος -έα -ον, fem. acc. sg. -ῆν and -ᾶν
χρυσ(ε)·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl
gold/golden
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀργυρᾶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἀργυροῦς -ᾶ -οῦν a.k.a. ἀργύρεος
αργυρ(ε)·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or fem nom|voc sg
silver
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀνθράκινον κυλίκιον προκείμενον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πρό·κει·μαι (ath. προ+κει-, -, -, -, -, -)
προ·κει·μεν·ον
pres mp ptcp mas acc sg or pres mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
while being-SET-FORTH-ed
ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
ταλάντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

τάλαντον, -ου, τό
ταλαντ·ων
(neu) gen pl
talents
[Greek monetary unit of weight]
τρισμυρίων οἶνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

οἶνος, -ου, ὁ
οιν·ος
(mas) nom sg
wine
πολὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral, irreg.)

πολ[λ]ύς πολλή πολ[λ]ύ
irreg. πολ(υ)·ς ( instead of πολλ·ος)
mas nom sg
much
Singular: a lot, great, large, much, voluminous Plural: lots, manifold, many, multiple, numerous
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἡδύς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-1-3)

ἡδύς -εῖα -ύ [LXX], gen. sg. -έος and -έως
ηδ(υ)·ς
mas nom sg
pleasant
ὃν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative); Verb

ὅς ἥ ὅ; εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ον; (εσ)·ο[υ]ν[τ]
mas acc sg; pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
who/whom/which; while being
;
αὐτὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ος
mas nom sg
he/it/same
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
ἔπινεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πίνω (πιν-, πι·[σ]-, 2nd πι-, πεπω·κ-, -, πο·θ-)
ε·πιν·ε(ν)
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-DRINK-ing
Est 1:7gold and silver cups, and a small cup of carbuncle set out of the value of thirty thousand talents, abundant and sweet wine, which the king himself drank.GrEst 1:7
There were gold and silver cups, and a small cup of carbuncle set out, of the value of thirty thousand talents, with abundant and sweet wine, which the king himself drank.
88 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
πότος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

πότος, -ου, ὁ
ποτ·ος
(mas) nom sg
drinking party
οὗτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
[τ]ουτ·ος
mas nom sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
προκείμενον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πρό·κει·μαι (ath. προ+κει-, -, -, -, -, -)
προ·κει·μεν·ον
pres mp ptcp mas acc sg or pres mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
while being-SET-FORTH-ed
νόμον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ον
(mas) acc sg
custom/law
ordinance custom practice
ἐγένετο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
ε·γεν·ετο
2aor mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-BECOME-ed
become; happen; be ("as a substitute for the forms of εἰμί" --BAGD)
οὕτως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὕτως/οὕτω
ουτως
indecl
so, thus
[Lit:"like-this": in-this-manner (οὕτως before vowels and consonants; οὕτω before consonants only]
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἠθέλησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θέλω (θελ-, θελη·σ-, θελη·σ-, τεθελη·κ-, -, -)
ε·θελη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-WANT-ed
/wish/desire
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐπέταξεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·τάσσω (επι+τασσ-, -, επι+ταξ-, επι+τεταχ·[κ]-, επι+τετασσ-, επι+ταγ·[θ]-)
επι·ε·τασσ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-ORDER-ed
command/enjoin.
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
οἰκονόμοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Verb

οἰκο·νόμος, -ου, ὁ; οἰκο·νομέω (οικονομ(ε)-, οικονομη·σ-, οικονομη·σ-, -, -, -)
οικονομ·οις; οικονομ(ε)·οις
(mas) dat pl; pres act opt 2nd sg
stewards; you(sg)-happen-to-be-MANAGE-ing
[manager of household, administrator];
ποιῆσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποιη·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-DO/MAKE, be-you(sg)-DO/MAKE-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-DO/MAKE
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
simple article
θέλημα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

θέλημα[τ], -ατος, τό
θελημα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
will
/want/wish. Often rendered "will", 100% consistent with cognate "θέλω" (wish/desire), but distinct from "βουλή" (will/counsel/intent).
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
ἀνθρώπων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ων
(mas) gen pl
persons
"man, both as a generic term and of individuals" (Liddell, Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon) Often means "human being", but can refer specifically to a man/men (when required by context).
Est 1:8And this banquet was not according to the appointed law; but so the king would have it: and he charged the stewards to perform his will and that of the company.GrEst 1:8
This banquet was not according to the appointed law, but as the king desired to have it. He charged the stewards to perform his will and that of the company.
99καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
Αστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
simple article
βασίλισσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βασίλισσα, -ης, ἡ
βασιλισσ·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
queen
ἐποίησε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ε·ποιη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-DO/MAKE-ed
πότον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

πότος, -ου, ὁ; ποτόν, -οῦ, τό [EXTRA]
ποτ·ον; ποτ·ον
(mas) acc sg; (neu) nom|acc|voc sg
drinking party; drinking-party
; (from "πίνω":to-drink), hence drinking-party.
ταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·αις
fem dat pl
the
simple article
γυναιξὶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

γυνή, -αικος, ἡ, voc. sg. γύναι
γυναικ·σι(ν)
(fem) dat pl
women/wives
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
βασιλείοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

βασίλειος -ον
βασιλει·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl or fem dat pl
royal
ὅπου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὅπου
οπου
indecl
where
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
Ἀρταξέρξης
Est 1:9Also Astin the queen made a banquet for the women in the palace where king Artaxerxes dwelt.GrEst 1:9
¶Also Vashti the queen made a banquet for the women in the palace where King Ahasuerus lived.
1010ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
simple article
ἡμέρᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
day
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
simple article
ἑβδόμῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

ἕβδομος -η -ον
εβδομ·ῃ
fem dat sg
seventh
ἡδέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Adjective (3-1-3)

ἡδέως (Adv. of ἡδύς); ἡδύς -εῖα -ύ [LXX], gen. sg. -έος and -έως
ηδεως; ηδ(υ)·ος
indecl; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
gladly; pleasant
[with pleasure];
γενόμενος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
γεν·ομεν·ος
2aor mp ptcp mas nom sg
upon being-BECOME-ed
become; happen; be ("as a substitute for the forms of εἰμί" --BAGD)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY-ed
say, tell, relate, narrate | Present λεγ- | Aorist ειπ- | Future ερ- | Perfect ειρη- | Imperfect ελεγ- | Passive ρηθ- ερρηθ- ερρεθ-
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
simple article
Αμαν καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
Βαζαν καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
Θαρρα καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
Βωραζη καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
Ζαθολθα καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
Αβαταζα καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
Θαραβα τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
ἑπτὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

ἑπτά
επτα
indecl
seven
εὐνούχοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

εὐν·οῦχος, -ου, ὁ
ευνουχ·οις
(mas) dat pl
eunuchs
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
διακόνοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl. and Fem. 2nd Decl.); Verb

δι·άκονος, -ου, ὁ and ἡ; δι·ακονέω (δι+ακον(ε)-, δι+ακονη·σ-, δι+ακονη·σ-, -, -, δι+ακονη·θ-)
διακον·οις; δι·ακον(ε)·οις
(mas) dat pl or (fem) dat pl; pres act opt 2nd sg
servants; you(sg)-happen-to-be-SERVE-ing
attendant;
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
βασιλέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
king
Ἀρταξέρξου
Est 1:10Now on the seventh day the king, being merry, told Aman, and Bazan, and Tharrha, and Barazi, and Zatholtha, and Abataza, and Tharaba, the seven chamberlains, servants of king Artaxerxes,GrEst 1:10
Now on the seventh day, the king, being merry, told Haman, Bazan, Tharrha, Baraze, Zatholtha, Abataza, and Tharaba, the seven chamberlains, servants of King Ahasuerus,
1111εἰσαγαγεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰσ·άγω (εισ+αγ-, εισ+αξ-, 2nd εισ+αγαγ-, εισ+αγειοχ·[κ]-, -, εισ+αχ·θ-)
εισ·αγαγ·ειν
2aor act inf
to-LEAD/BRING-INTO
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
βασίλισσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βασίλισσα, -ης, ἡ
βασιλισσ·αν
(fem) acc sg
queen
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
βασιλεύειν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βασιλεύω (βασιλευ-, βασιλευ·σ-, βασιλευ·σ-, βεβασιλευ·κ-, βεβασιλευ-, -)
βασιλευ·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-REIGN-ing
Lit:"be-king"
αὐτὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ην
fem acc sg
her/it/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
περιθεῖναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

περι·τίθημι (ath. περι+τιθ(ε)-, περι+θη·σ-, περι+θη·κ- or 2nd ath. περι+θ(ε)-, -, -, -)
περι·θ(ε)·εναι
2aor act inf
to-PLACE-AROUND
[made a barrier round about it, metaph., bestow, confer upon]
αὐτῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῃ
fem dat sg
her/it/same
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
simple article
διάδημα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

διά·δημα[τ], -ατος, τό
διαδημα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
diadem
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
δεῖξαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δείκνυμι a.k.a. δεικνύω (ath. δεικνυ-, δειξ-, δειξ-, -, -, δειχ·θ-)
δεικ·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-SHOW, be-you(sg)-SHOW-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-SHOW
prove
αὐτὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ην
fem acc sg
her/it/same
πᾶσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
πα[ντ]·σι(ν)
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
ἄρχουσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.); Verb

ἄρχων[τ], -ο[υ]ντος, ὁ, dat. pl. ἄρχουσιν, voc. pl. ἄρχοντες; ἄρχω (αρχ-, αρξ-, αρξ-, -, ηρχ-, -)
αρχου[ντ]·σι(ν); αρχ·ουσι(ν), αρχ·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
(mas) dat pl; pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
rulers; they-are-BEGIN/RULE-ing, while BEGIN/RULE-ing
; Lit:"head/chief", hence rule or begin (depending upon context).
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
ἔθνεσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ε)·σι(ν)
(neu) dat pl
nations
Lit: from etho (vb: to form a custom/culture). Hence, a race/people, joined by shared language, customs, history, and culture. Usually applied to Gentiles (except Jn 11:50).
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
simple article
κάλλος αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
her/it/same
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
καλὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

καλός -ή -όν (cf. ἀγαθός)
καλ·η
fem nom|voc sg
good
good, useful, of quality, morally good, physically beautiful
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
Est 1:11to bring in the queen to him, to enthrone her, and crown her with the diadem, and to shew her to the princes, and her beauty to the nations: for she was beautiful.GrEst 1:11
to bring in the queen to him, to* enthrone her, and crown her with the diadem, and to show her to the princes, and her beauty to the nations, for she was beautiful.
1212καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
εἰσήκουσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰσ·ακούω (εισ+ακου-, εισ+ακου·σ-, εισ+ακου·σ-, εισ+ακηκο·[κ]-, -, εισ+ακουσ·θ-)
εισ·ε·ακου·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-HEAR-ed
Lit:"hear-into", hence listen-intently, hear-deeply, hearken-to, by extension obey. Cf. προσ·έχω
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
Αστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
simple article
βασίλισσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βασίλισσα, -ης, ἡ
βασιλισσ·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
queen
ἐλθεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ελθ·ειν
2aor act inf
to-COME
"Come"; sometimes "go" or "appear". A general verb of motion, whether literal or figurative.
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
εὐνούχων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

εὐν·οῦχος, -ου, ὁ
ευνουχ·ων
(mas) gen pl
eunuchs
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐλυπήθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λυπέω (λυπ(ε)-, λυπη·σ-, λυπη·σ-, λελυπη·κ-, λελυπη-, λυπη·θ-)
ε·λυπη·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-GRIEVE-ed
(from "λύπη" [intense pain of mind]), hence distress/vex/make-upset. cause-sorrow/pain, be/make-sorry. LXX: (also) make-angry.
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ὠργίσθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὀργίζω (οργιζ-, -, -, -, -, οργισ·θ-)
ε·οργισ·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-BE/MAKE-ANGRY-ed
,from "ὀργή"(settled-anger/wrath), hence to-anger, be/feel-angry, make-angry.
Est 1:12But queen Astin hearkened not to him to come with the chamberlains: so the king was grieved and angered.GrEst 1:12
But queen Vashti refused to come with the chamberlains; so the king was grieved and angered.
1313καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY-ed
say, tell, relate, narrate | Present λεγ- | Aorist ειπ- | Future ερ- | Perfect ειρη- | Imperfect ελεγ- | Passive ρηθ- ερρηθ- ερρεθ-
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
φίλοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

φίλος -η -ον; φιλέω (φιλ(ε)-, φιλη·σ-, φιλη·σ-, πεφιλη·κ-, -, -)
φιλ·οις; φιλ(ε)·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl; pres act opt 2nd sg
friend; you(sg)-happen-to-be-BE-ing-FOND-OF
companion; [hold at high degree of association, have affection toward; raraly of kissing]
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
ταῦτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·α
neu nom|acc pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
ἐλάλησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαλέω (λαλ(ε)-, λαλη·σ-, λαλη·σ-, λελαλη·κ-, λελαλη-, λαλη·θ-)
ε·λαλη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SPEAK-ed
speak, talk, utter
Αστιν ποιήσατε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποιη·σατε
1aor act imp 2nd pl
do-DO/MAKE-you(pl)!
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
περὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

περί
περι
indecl
about (+acc,+gen)
Lit:"around" (as in perimeter "around-measure"). Fig:about/regarding/concerning
τούτου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
νόμον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ον
(mas) acc sg
custom/law
ordinance custom practice
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
κρίσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

κρίσις, -εως, ἡ
κρισ(ι)·ν
(fem) acc sg
judgment
/decision, turning point, sudden change, crisis, estimation, conceit
Est 1:13And he said to his friends, Thus hast Astin spoken: pronounce therefore upon this case law and judgment.GrEst 1:13
And he said to his friends, “This is what Vashti said. Therefore pronounce your legal judgment on this case.”
1414καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
προσῆλθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·έρχομαι (προσ+ερχ-, προσ+ελευ·σ-, προσ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd προσ+ελθ-, προσ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
προσ·ε·ελθ·[σ]ε(ν), προσ·ε·ελθ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-APPROACH-ed
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
Αρκεσαιος καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
Σαρσαθαιος καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
Μαλησεαρ οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
simple article
ἄρχοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.); Verb

ἄρχων[τ], -ο[υ]ντος, ὁ, dat. pl. ἄρχουσιν, voc. pl. ἄρχοντες; ἄρχω (αρχ-, αρξ-, αρξ-, -, ηρχ-, -)
αρχο[υ]ντ·ες; αρχ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
(mas) nom|voc pl; pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
rulers; while BEGIN/RULE-ing
; Lit:"head/chief", hence rule or begin (depending upon context).
Περσῶν καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
Μήδων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Μῆδος, -ου, ὁ
μηδ·ων
(mas) gen pl
Medes
[inhabitant of Media]
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
simple article
ἐγγὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἐγγύς
εγγυς
indecl
near
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
βασιλέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
king
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
simple article
πρῶτοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

πρῶτος -η -ον
πρωτ·οι
mas nom|voc pl
first
παρακαθήμενοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·κάθ·η·μαι [LXX] (ath. παρα+καθ(η)-, -, -, -, -, -)
παρα·καθ(η)·μεν·οι
pres mp ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while being-TO BE SEATED BESIDE OR NEAR-ed--PL.-CRI.-43
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
simple article
βασιλεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ι
(mas) dat sg
king
Est 1:14So Arkesaeus, and Sarsathaeus, and Malisear, the princes of the Persians and Medes, who were near the king, who sat chief in rank by the king, drew near to him,GrEst 1:14
¶So Arkesaeus, Sarsathaeus, and Malisear, the princes of the Persians and Medes, who were near the king, who sat chief in rank by the king, drew near to him,
1515καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀπήγγειλαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·αγγέλλω (απ+αγγελλ-, απ+αγγελ(ε)·[σ]-, απ+αγγειλ·[σ]-, απ+ηγγελ·κ-, -, απ+αγγελ·[θ]-)
απ·ε·αγγειλ·[σ]αν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-REPORT-ed
– to report or tell.
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
simple article
νόμους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ους
(mas) acc pl
custom/laws
ordinance custom practice
ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
δεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

δέω (δε-/δ(ε)-, δη·σ-, δη·σ-, δεδε·κ-, δεδε-, δε·θ-); δέομαι (δε-/δ(ε)-, -, -, -, δεδεη-, δεη·θ-)
δ(ε)·ει, δ(ε)·ε; δ(ε)·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg, pres act imp 2nd sg; pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-BIND-ing, be-you(sg)-BIND-ing!; you(sg)-are-being-NEED/REQUIRE-ed
bind, enchain, tie; deeply need/require, by extension, beg/beseech/supplicate/urgently appeal.
ποιῆσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποιη·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-DO/MAKE, be-you(sg)-DO/MAKE-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-DO/MAKE
Αστιν τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
simple article
βασιλίσσῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βασίλισσα, -ης, ἡ
βασιλισσ·ῃ
(fem) dat sg
queen
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἐποίησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ε·ποιη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-DO/MAKE-ed
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
simple article
ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen)
ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
βασιλέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
king
προσταχθέντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·τάσσω/-τάττω (προσ+τασσ-/προσ+ταττ-, προσ+ταξ-, προσ+ταξ-, προσ+τεταχ·[κ]-, προσ+τετασσ-, προσ+ταγ·[θ]-/προσ+ταχ·θ-)
προσ·τασσ·θε[ι]ντ·α
aor θη ptcp mas acc sg or aor θη ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
upon being-GIVE-ed-A-DIRECTIVE
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
εὐνούχων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

εὐν·οῦχος, -ου, ὁ
ευνουχ·ων
(mas) gen pl
eunuchs
Est 1:15and reported to him according to the laws how it was proper to do to queen Astin, because she had not done the things commanded of the king by the chamberlains.GrEst 1:15
and reported to him according to the laws what it was proper to do to queen Vashti, because she had not done the things commanded by the king through the chamberlains.
1616καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY-ed
say, tell, relate, narrate | Present λεγ- | Aorist ειπ- | Future ερ- | Perfect ειρη- | Imperfect ελεγ- | Passive ρηθ- ερρηθ- ερρεθ-
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
Μουχαιος πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
βασιλέα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·α
(mas) acc sg
king
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
simple article
ἄρχοντας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.); Verb

ἄρχων[τ], -ο[υ]ντος, ὁ, dat. pl. ἄρχουσιν, voc. pl. ἄρχοντες; ἄρχω (αρχ-, αρξ-, αρξ-, -, ηρχ-, -)
αρχο[υ]ντ·ας; αρχ·ο[υ]ντ·ας
(mas) acc pl; pres act ptcp mas acc pl
rulers; while BEGIN/RULE-ing
; Lit:"head/chief", hence rule or begin (depending upon context).
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
βασιλέα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·α
(mas) acc sg
king
μόνον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Adjective (2-1-2)

μόνον (Adv. of μόνος); μόνος -η -ον
μονον; μον·ον
indecl; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
only; only
; apart, sole, only, alone (see κατάμόνος G2651 apart, solely, only, alone)
ἠδίκησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀ·δικέω (αδικ(ε)-, αδικη·σ-, αδικη·σ-, ηδικη·κ-, ηδικη-, αδικη·θ-)
ε·αδικη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-DO-HARM/WRONG-ed
Lit:"do-unright".
Αστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
simple article
βασίλισσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βασίλισσα, -ης, ἡ
βασιλισσ·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
queen
ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but-rather
emphatic/hard-adversative, "but-rather/instead", as distinct from the softer, more common, "δέ"
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
πάντας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ας
mas acc pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
simple article
ἄρχοντας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.); Verb

ἄρχων[τ], -ο[υ]ντος, ὁ, dat. pl. ἄρχουσιν, voc. pl. ἄρχοντες; ἄρχω (αρχ-, αρξ-, αρξ-, -, ηρχ-, -)
αρχο[υ]ντ·ας; αρχ·ο[υ]ντ·ας
(mas) acc pl; pres act ptcp mas acc pl
rulers; while BEGIN/RULE-ing
; Lit:"head/chief", hence rule or begin (depending upon context).
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
simple article
ἡγουμένους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἡγέομαι (ηγ(ε)-, -, ηγη·σ-, -, ηγη-, -)
ηγ(ε)·ομεν·ους
pres mp ptcp mas acc pl
while being-REGARD/DEEM/GUIDE-ed
/consider/count/account, from "ἄγω" (lead/bring/bear) and cognate of "ἡγεμών" (governor/commander/hegemon)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
βασιλέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
king
Est 1:16And Muchaeus said to the king and to the princes, Queen Astin has not wronged the king only, but also all the king's rulers and princes:GrEst 1:16
And Memucan said to the king and to the princes, “Queen Vashti has not wronged the king only, but also all the king’s rulers and princes;
1717καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
διηγήσατο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δι·ηγέομαι (δι+ηγ(ε)-, δι+ηγη·σ-, δι+ηγη·σ-, -, -, -)
δι·ε·ηγη·σατο
1aor mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-EXPOSIT-ed
set out in detail, describe,
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
simple article
ῥήματα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ῥῆμα[τ], -ατος, τό
ρηματ·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
declarations
/saying/statement/utterance Often "word" but distinguished from "logos" (message)
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
βασιλίσσης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βασίλισσα, -ης, ἡ
βασιλισσ·ης
(fem) gen sg
queen
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
ἀντεῖπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀντι·λέγω (αντι+λεγ-, -, 2nd αντ+ειπ-, -, -, -)
αντ·ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SPEAK-ed-AGAINST
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
simple article
βασιλεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ι
(mas) dat sg
king
ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
ἀντεῖπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀντι·λέγω (αντι+λεγ-, -, 2nd αντ+ειπ-, -, -, -)
αντ·ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SPEAK-ed-AGAINST
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
simple article
βασιλεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ι
(mas) dat sg
king
Ἀρταξέρξῃ
Est 1:17for he has told them the words of the queen, and how she disobeyed the king. As then, said he, she refused to obey king Artaxerxes,GrEst 1:17
for he has told them the words of the queen, and how she* disobeyed the king. As she then refused to obey King Ahasuerus,
1818οὕτως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὕτως/οὕτω
ουτως
indecl
so, thus
[Lit:"like-this": in-this-manner (οὕτως before vowels and consonants; οὕτω before consonants only]
σήμερον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

σήμερον
σημερον
indecl
today
day
αἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·αι
fem nom pl
the
simple article
τυραννίδες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

τυραννί[δ]ς, -ίδος, ἡ [LXX]
τυραννιδ·ες
(fem) nom|voc pl
tyrannies
αἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·αι
fem nom pl
the
simple article
λοιπαὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

λοιπός -ή -όν
λοιπ·αι
fem nom|voc pl
remaining
well then, sο, now, the rest, finally
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
ἀρχόντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.); Verb

ἄρχων[τ], -ο[υ]ντος, ὁ, dat. pl. ἄρχουσιν, voc. pl. ἄρχοντες; ἄρχω (αρχ-, αρξ-, αρξ-, -, ηρχ-, -)
αρχο[υ]ντ·ων; αρχ·οντων, αρχ·ο[υ]ντ·ων
(mas) gen pl; pres act imp 3rd pl classical, pres act ptcp mas gen pl or pres act ptcp neu gen pl
rulers; let-them-be-BEGIN/RULE-ing!, while BEGIN/RULE-ing
; Lit:"head/chief", hence rule or begin (depending upon context).
Περσῶν καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
Μήδων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Μῆδος, -ου, ὁ
μηδ·ων
(mas) gen pl
Medes
[inhabitant of Media]
ἀκούσασαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀκούω (ακου-, ακου·σ-, ακου·σ-, ακηκο·[κ]-, ηκουσ-, ακουσ·θ-)
ακου·σασ·αι
1aor act ptcp fem nom|voc pl
upon HEAR-ing
to hear; to listen (pay attention) to; or to understand what is heard
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
simple article
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
simple article
βασιλεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ι
(mas) dat sg
king
λεχθέντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·θε[ι]ντ·α
aor θη ptcp mas acc sg or aor θη ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
upon being-SAY-ed
say, tell, relate, narrate | Present λεγ- | Aorist ειπ- | Future ερ- | Perfect ειρη- | Imperfect ελεγ- | Passive ρηθ- ερρηθ- ερρεθ-
ὑπ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπ’
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen)
ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
her/it/same
τολμήσουσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τολμάω (τολμ(α)-, τολμη·σ-, τολμη·σ-, -, -, -)
τολμη·σουσι(ν), τολμη·σου[ντ]·σι(ν)
fut act ind 3rd pl, fut act ptcp mas dat pl or fut act ptcp neu dat pl
they-will-DARE, going-to-DARE
ὁμοίως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὁμοίως (cf. ὡσαύτως)
ομοιως
indecl
similarly
ἀτιμάσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀ·τιμάζω (ατιμαζ-, -, ατιμα·σ-, -, ητιμασ-, ατιμασ·θ-)
ατιμα·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-DISHONOR, be-you(sg)-DISHONOR-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-DISHONOR
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
simple article
ἄνδρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀνήρ, ἀνδρός, ὁ, voc. sg. ἄνερ
ανδρ·ας
(mas) acc pl
men
(as distinct from woman, beast, god, etc); sometimes "husband".
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
Est 1:18so this day shall the other ladies of the chiefs of the Persians and Medes, having heard what she said to the king, dare in the same way to dishonour their husbands.GrEst 1:18
so this day the other wives of the chiefs of the Persians and Medes, having heard what she said to the king, will dare in the same way to dishonor their husbands.
1919εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
δοκεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δοκέω (δοκ(ε)-, δοξ-, δοξ-, -, δεδοκ-, -)
δοκ(ε)·ει, δοκ(ε)·ε
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, pres act imp 2nd sg
he/she/it-is-SUPPOSE-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SUPPOSE-ed, be-you(sg)-SUPPOSE-ing!
,from "dokos"(opinion), hence suppose/seem/think/consider. Same root as "εὐδοκέω"(seem-good). Often rendered "think", but less objective than "νοέω"(think) and less visceral than "φρονέω"(think).
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
simple article
βασιλεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ι
(mas) dat sg
king
προσταξάτω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·τάσσω/-τάττω (προσ+τασσ-/προσ+ταττ-, προσ+ταξ-, προσ+ταξ-, προσ+τεταχ·[κ]-, προσ+τετασσ-, προσ+ταγ·[θ]-/προσ+ταχ·θ-)
προσ·τασσ·σατω
1aor act imp 3rd sg
let-him/her/it-GIVE-A-DIRECTIVE!
βασιλικόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

βασιλικός -ή -όν
βασιλικ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
royal
(king's, nobleman)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
γραφήτω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γράφω (γραφ-, γραψ-, γραψ-, γεγραφ·[κ]-, γεγραφ-, γραφ·[θ]-)
γραφ·[θ]ητω
aor θη imp 3rd sg
let-him/her/it-be-WRITE-ed!
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
simple article
νόμους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ους
(mas) acc pl
custom/laws
ordinance custom practice
Μήδων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Μῆδος, -ου, ὁ
μηδ·ων
(mas) gen pl
Medes
[inhabitant of Media]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
Περσῶν καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
ἄλλως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἄλλως
αλλως
indecl
otherwise
χρησάσθω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

χράομαι (χρ(η)-/χρ(α)-, χρη·σ-, χρη·σ-, -, κεχρη-, χρησ·θ-)
χρη·σασθω
1aor mp imp 3rd sg
let-him/her/it-be-USE/TREAT-ed!
(profit, advise)
μηδὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle; Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

μηδέ (μή δέ); Μῆδος, -ου, ὁ
μηδε; μηδ·ε
indecl; (mas) voc sg
neither/nor; Mede

μηδ’ before ὡς [one occurrence: 1 Pt 5:3]; [inhabitant of Media]
εἰσελθάτω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰσ·έρχομαι (εισ+ερχ-, εισ+ελευ·σ-, εισ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd εισ+ελθ-, εισ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εισ·ελθ·[σ]ατω
1aor act imp 3rd sg
let-him/her/it-ENTER!
ἔτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἔτι
ετι
indecl
yet/still/ while
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
simple article
βασίλισσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βασίλισσα, -ης, ἡ
βασιλισσ·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
queen
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
βασιλείαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βασιλεία, -ας, ἡ
βασιλει·αν
(fem) acc sg
kingdom
αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
her/it/same
δότω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
δ(ο)·τω
2aor act imp 3rd sg
let-him/her/it-GIVE!
give, grant, bestow; give over, hand over; entrust, assign; give back, repay, yield; give up, sacrifice
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
γυναικὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

γυνή, -αικος, ἡ, voc. sg. γύναι
γυναικ·ι
(fem) dat sg
woman/wife
κρείττονι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3)

κρείττων -ον and κρείσσων -ον, gen. sg. -ονος
κρειττον·ι
neu dat sg or mas dat sg or fem dat sg
better/superior
Comparative adjective from the noun "κράτος" (dominion/might/power", hence more-mighty/powerful/dominating/noble. Usually rendered "better", but distinguished from "καλός" (better-good), and "προέχω" (better/su
αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
her/it/same
Est 1:19If then it seem good to the king, let him make a royal decree, and let it be written according to the laws of the Medes and Persians, and let him not alter it: and let not the queen come in to him any more; and let the king give her royalty to a woman better than she.GrEst 1:19
If then it seems good to the king, let him make a royal decree, and let it be written according to the laws of the Medes and Persians, and let him not alter it: ‘Don’t allow the queen to come in to him any more. Let the king give her royalty to a woman better than she.’
2020καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀκουσθήτω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀκούω (ακου-, ακου·σ-, ακου·σ-, ακηκο·[κ]-, ηκουσ-, ακουσ·θ-)
ακουσ·θητω
aor θη imp 3rd sg
let-him/her/it-be-HEAR-ed!
to hear; to listen (pay attention) to; or to understand what is heard
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
νόμος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ος
(mas) nom sg
custom/law
ordinance custom practice
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen)
ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
βασιλέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
king
ὃν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative); Verb

ὅς ἥ ὅ; εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ον; (εσ)·ο[υ]ν[τ]
mas acc sg; pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
who/whom/which; while being
;
ἐὰν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἐάν (εἰ ἄν)
εαν
indecl
if haply, therefore
if, followed by subj. (whereas εἰ is foll. by ind. or opt.), epic εἴ κε, αἴ κε. in NTest. ἐάν is used just like the adverb ἄν after relative Pronouns and Conjunctions, as ὃς ἐάν whosoever, ὅσος ἐάν, ὅστις ἐάν, ὅπου ἐάν, etc.
ποιῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποι(ε)·ῃ
pres mp ind 2nd sg or pres act sub 3rd sg or pres mp sub 2nd sg
you(sg)-are-being-DO/MAKE-ed, he/she/it-should-be-DO/MAKE-ing, you(sg)-should-be-being-DO/MAKE-ed
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
simple article
βασιλείᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βασιλεία, -ας, ἡ
βασιλει·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
kingdom
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
οὕτως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὕτως/οὕτω
ουτως
indecl
so, thus
[Lit:"like-this": in-this-manner (οὕτως before vowels and consonants; οὕτω before consonants only]
πᾶσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral); Verb

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός; πάσσω [LXX] (πασσ-, -, πα·σ-, -, πεπασ-, -)
πασ·αι; πα·σαι
fem nom|voc pl; 1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
all; to-SPRINKLE, be-you(sg)-SPRINKLE-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-SPRINKLE
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".;
αἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·αι
fem nom pl
the
simple article
γυναῖκες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

γυνή, -αικος, ἡ, voc. sg. γύναι
γυναικ·ες
(fem) nom|voc pl
women/wives
περιθήσουσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

περι·τίθημι (ath. περι+τιθ(ε)-, περι+θη·σ-, περι+θη·κ- or 2nd ath. περι+θ(ε)-, -, -, -)
περι·θη·σουσι(ν), περι·θη·σου[ντ]·σι(ν)
fut act ind 3rd pl, fut act ptcp mas dat pl or fut act ptcp neu dat pl
they-will-PLACE-AROUND, going-to-PLACE
[made a barrier round about it, metaph., bestow, confer upon]
τιμὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

τιμή, -ῆς, ἡ
τιμ·ην
(fem) acc sg
perceived-value
honor, esteem, worship(of things), worth, price
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
ἀνδράσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀνήρ, ἀνδρός, ὁ, voc. sg. ἄνερ
ανδρ·σι(ν) > ανδρασι(ν)
(mas) dat pl
men
(as distinct from woman, beast, god, etc); sometimes "husband".
ἑαυτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

ἑ·αυτοῦ/αὑτοῦ[2] -ῆς -οῦ
εαυτ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
selves
him/her/it/our/your/them-selves
ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
πτωχοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

πτωχός -ή -όν
πτωχ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
beggarly-poor
/cowering/destitute-poor. Distinct from "πενιχρός" (needy-poor)
ἕως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction; Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl.)

ἕως[1]; ἕως[2], -ω, ἡ [LXX], acc.
εως; ε(ω)·ος, ε(ω)·ους
indecl; (fem) nom|voc sg, (fem) acc pl
until; dawn, dawns
, up-until/as-far-as, Often used as a conjunctive-adverbial preposition concerning time/place/number, "until +(genitive)";
πλουσίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

πλούσιος -ία -ον
πλουσι·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
abundant
Est 1:20And let the law of the king which he shall have made, be widely proclaimed, in his kingdom: and so shall all the women give honour to their husbands, from the poor even to the rich.GrEst 1:20
Let the law of the king which he will have made be widely proclaimed in his kingdom. Then all the women will give honor to their husbands, from the poor even to the rich.”
2121καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἤρεσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀρέσκω (αρεσκ-, αρε·σ-, αρε·σ-, -, -, -)
ε·αρε·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-PLEASE-ed
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
λόγος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λόγος, -ου, ὁ
λογ·ος
(mas) nom sg
word
word
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
simple article
βασιλεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ι
(mas) dat sg
king
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
ἄρχουσι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.); Verb

ἄρχων[τ], -ο[υ]ντος, ὁ, dat. pl. ἄρχουσιν, voc. pl. ἄρχοντες; ἄρχω (αρχ-, αρξ-, αρξ-, -, ηρχ-, -)
αρχου[ντ]·σι(ν); αρχ·ουσι(ν), αρχ·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
(mas) dat pl; pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
rulers; they-are-BEGIN/RULE-ing, while BEGIN/RULE-ing
; Lit:"head/chief", hence rule or begin (depending upon context).
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐποίησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ε·ποιη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-DO/MAKE-ed
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
καθὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καθά (καθ’ ἅ)
καθα
indecl
according to which
ἐλάλησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαλέω (λαλ(ε)-, λαλη·σ-, λαλη·σ-, λελαλη·κ-, λελαλη-, λαλη·θ-)
ε·λαλη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SPEAK-ed
speak, talk, utter
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
Μουχαιος
Est 1:21And the saying pleased the king and the princes; and the king did as Muchaeus had said,GrEst 1:21
This advice pleased the king and the princes; and the king did as Memucan had said,
2222καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀπέστειλεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·στέλλω (απο+στελλ-, απο+στελ(ε)·[σ]-, απο+στειλ·[σ]-, απ+εσταλ·κ-, απ+εσταλ-, απο+σταλ·[θ]-)
απο·ε·στειλ·[σ]ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SEND-FORTH-ed
Lit:"send/arrange-from/away". Often rendered "send-forth" (a message, messenger, action, etc), send
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into +acc
OF PLACE, the oldest and commonest usage into, with Verbs of saying or speaking relating to the person to whom or before whom one is speaking, Verbs expressing rest in a place, when a previous motion into or to it is implied; elliptical usage after Verbs
πᾶσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral); Verb

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός; πάσσω [LXX] (πασσ-, -, πα·σ-, -, πεπασ-, -)
πασ·αν; πα·σαν[τ]
fem acc sg; 1aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
each, every; upon SPRINKLE-ing
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".;
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
βασιλείαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βασιλεία, -ας, ἡ
βασιλει·αν
(fem) acc sg
kingdom
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
χώραν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

χώρα, -ας, ἡ
χωρ·αν
(fem) acc sg
region
realm (clίme); land, country, territory, tract, province
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
λέξιν αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
ὥστε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὥστε
ωστε
indecl
so that
Lit: "like-also"
εἶναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·εναι
pres act inf
to-be
φόβον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

φόβος, -ου, ὁ
φοβ·ον
(mas) acc sg
fear
[see phobia]
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·αις
fem dat pl
the
simple article
οἰκίαις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

οἰκία, -ας, ἡ (cf. οἶκος)
οικι·αις
(fem) dat pl
houses
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
Est 1:22and sent into all his kingdom through the several provinces, according to their language, in order that men might be feared in their own houses.GrEst 1:22
and sent into all his kingdom through the several provinces, according to their language, so that men might be feared in their own houses.
» Ch 2

Copyright 2007-2024 Thomas Moore, Email: acct3 at katabiblon.com, Support Forum Set Local Timezone
Monday, 15-Jul-2024 04:45:57 EDT

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