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Ἐσθὴρ

Esther (with Additions)

 CATSS LXX Wiki English Translation‎ / World English Bible
1aAddition to Esther I (1:1a–1r/Vulgate 11:2-12:6)
ἔτους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔτο·ς, -ους, τό
ετ(ε)·ος
(neu) gen sg
year
year (gen)
δευτέρου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

δεύτερος -α -ον
δευτερ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
second
second (gen)
βασιλεύοντος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βασιλεύω (βασιλευ-, βασιλευ·σ-, βασιλευ·σ-, βεβασιλευ·κ-, βεβασιλευ-, -)
βασιλευ·ο[υ]ντ·ος
pres act ptcp mas gen sg or pres act ptcp neu gen sg
while REIGN-ing
Lit:"be-king"
while REIGN-ing (gen)
Ἀρταξέρξου τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
μεγάλου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2, irreg.)

μέγ[αλ]ας μεγάλη μέγ[αλ]α
μεγαλ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
great
great (gen)
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
the (dat)
μιᾷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
μι·ᾳ
fem dat sg
one
one (dat)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
Νισα ἐνύπνιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ἐν·ύπνιον, -ου, τό
ενυπνι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
dream
dream (nom|acc|voc)
εἶδεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ε·ιδ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ιδ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SEE/BEHOLD-ed
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
he/she/it-SEE/BEHOLD-ed
Μαρδοχαῖος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
Ιαϊρου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Ἰάϊρος v.l. Ἰάειρ-, -ου, ὁ
ιαιρ·ου
(mas) gen sg
Jairus
Jairus (gen)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
Σεμεϊου τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
Κισαιου ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
out of (+gen)
φυλῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

φυλή, -ῆς, ἡ
φυλ·ης
(fem) gen sg
tribe
tribe (gen)
Βενιαμιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Indecl.)

Βενιαμ(ε)ίν, ὁ
βενιαμιν
(mas) indecl
Benjamin
Benjamin (indecl)
GrEst 1:1
¶In the second year of the reign of Ahasuerus the great, on the first day of the month of Nisan, Mordecai, the son of Jair, the son of Shimei, the son of Kish, of the tribe of Benjamin, had a dream.
1bἄνθρωπος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ος
(mas) nom sg
man
man (nom)
Ιουδαῖος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ος
mas nom sg
Jewish
Jewish (nom)
οἰκῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Verb

οἶκος, -ου, ὁ (cf. οἰκία); οἰκέω (οικ(ε)-, οικη·σ-, οικη·σ-, -, -, οικη·θ-)
οικ·ων; οικ(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(mas) gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
house/homes; while DWELL-ing
/dwelling-place, by extension, household.;
house/homes (gen); while DWELL-ing (nom)
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
Σούσοις τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
the (dat)
πόλει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

πόλις, -εως, ἡ
πολ(ι)·ι
(fem) dat sg
city
city (dat)
ἄνθρωπος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ος
(mas) nom sg
man
man (nom)
μέγας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2, irreg.)

μέγ[αλ]ας μεγάλη μέγ[αλ]α
irreg. μεγα[λ·ο]ς ( instead of μεγαλ·ος)
mas nom sg
great
great (nom)
θεραπεύων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θεραπεύω (θεραπευ-, θεραπευ·σ-, θεραπευ·σ-, -, τεθεραπευ-, θεραπευ·θ-)
θεραπευ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while TEND/TREAT/ATTEND-ing-TO
salve; archaic term for salvage; save from destruction΄treat medically to salvage, heal, doctor, treat
while TEND/TREAT/ATTEND-ing-TO (nom)
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
the (dat)
αὐλῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Verb

αὐλή, -ῆς, ἡ; αὐλέω (αυλ(ε)-, -, αυλη·σ-, -, -, -)
αυλ·ῃ; αυλ(ε)·ῃ
(fem) dat sg; pres mp ind 2nd sg or pres act sub 3rd sg or pres mp sub 2nd sg
courtyard; you(sg)-are-being-FLUTE-ed, he/she/it-should-be-FLUTE-ing, you(sg)-should-be-being-FLUTE-ed
[sheep-fold, palace, house];
courtyard (dat); you(sg)-are-being-FLUTE-ed, he/she/it-should-be-FLUTE-ing, you(sg)-should-be-being-FLUTE-ed
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
βασιλέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
king
king (gen)
GrEst 1:2
He was a Jew, and dwelt in the city of Susa, a great man, who was a servant in the king’s court.
1cἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
he/she/it-was
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
out of (+gen)
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
the (gen)
αἰχμαλωσίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

αἰχμ·αλωσία, -ας, ἡ
αιχμαλωσι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
captivity, captivities
captivity (gen), captivities (acc)
ἧς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ης
fem gen sg
who/whom/which
who/whom/which (gen)
ᾐχμαλώτευσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

αἰχμ·αλωτεύω (αιχμαλωτευ-, αιχμαλωτευ·σ-, αιχμαλωτευ·σ-, -, ῃχμαλωτευ-, αιχμαλωτευ·θ-)
ε·αιχμαλωτευ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-CAPTURE-ed
he/she/it-CAPTURE-ed
Ναβουχοδονοσορ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
king (nom)
Βαβυλῶνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

Βαβυλών, -ῶνος, ὁ
βαβυλων·ος
(mas) gen sg
Babylon
Babylon (gen)
ἐξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εξ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
out of (+gen)
Ιερουσαλημ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl. and Fem. 1st Decl. and Fem. Indecl.)

Ἱεροσόλυμα, -ων, τά and -ας, ἡ and Ἰερουσαλήμ v.l. Ἱ-, ἡ indecl.
ιερουσαλημ
(fem) indecl
Jerusalem
[city of]
Jerusalem (indecl)
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Ιεχονιου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

Ἰεχονίας, -ου, ὁ
ιεχονι·ου
(mas) gen sg
Jechoniah
Jechoniah (gen)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
βασιλέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
king
king (gen)
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
the (gen)
Ιουδαίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαία, -ας, ἡ; Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ας; ιουδαι·ας
(fem) gen sg; fem gen sg or fem acc pl
Judea; Jewish
[region of];
Judea (gen); Jewish (acc, gen)
GrEst 1:3
He was also one of the captives, which Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon carried from Jerusalem with Jeconiah king of Judea; and this was his dream:
1dκαὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
τοῦτο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
this (nom|acc)
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
him/it/same (gen)
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
the (nom|acc)
ἐνύπνιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ἐν·ύπνιον, -ου, τό
ενυπνι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
dream
dream (nom|acc|voc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἰδοὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ου
2aor mp imp 2nd sg
be-you(sg)-SEE/BEHOLD-ed!
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
be-you(sg)-SEE/BEHOLD-ed!
φωναὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

φωνή, -ῆς, ἡ
φων·αι
(fem) nom|voc pl
sounds/voices
cries
sounds/voices (nom|voc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
θόρυβος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θόρυβος, -ου, ὁ
θορυβ·ος
(mas) nom sg
tumult/clamor
[noise of crowded assembly]
tumult/clamor (nom)
βρονταὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βροντή, -ῆς, ἡ
βροντ·αι
(fem) nom|voc pl
thunders
thunders (nom|voc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
σεισμός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

σεισμός, -οῦ, ὁ
σεισμ·ος
(mas) nom sg
earthquake
[see seismic]
earthquake (nom)
τάραχος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

τάραχος, -ου, ὁ
ταραχ·ος
(mas) nom sg
disturbance
disturbance (nom)
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
the (gen)
γῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

γῆ, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. γῆ
γ·ης
(fem) gen sg
earth/land
earth/land (gen)
GrEst 1:4
¶Behold a noise of a tumult, with thunder and earthquakes and uproar in the land:
1eκαὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἰδοὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ου
2aor mp imp 2nd sg
be-you(sg)-SEE/BEHOLD-ed!
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
be-you(sg)-SEE/BEHOLD-ed!
δύο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

δύο, gen. δύο, dat. δυσί(ν), acc. δύο
δυο
nom|acc|gen pl
two
two (nom, acc, gen)
δράκοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

δράκων[τ], -ο[υ]ντος, ὁ, dat. pl. δράκουσιν
δρακο[υ]ντ·ες
(mas) nom|voc pl
dragons/serpents
dragons/serpents (nom|voc)
μεγάλοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2, irreg.)

μέγ[αλ]ας μεγάλη μέγ[αλ]α
μεγαλ·οι
mas nom|voc pl
great
great (nom|voc)
ἕτοιμοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἕτοιμος -η -ον
ετοιμ·οι
mas nom|voc pl
ready
prepared see Matt 22:4 of the wedding feast
ready (nom|voc)
προῆλθον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προ·έρχομαι (προ+ερχ-, προ+ελευ·σ-, 2nd προ+ελθ-, -, -, -)
προ·ε·ελθ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
I-COME-FORTH/ADVANCE-ed, they-COME-FORTH/ADVANCE-ed
I-COME-FORTH/ADVANCE-ed, they-COME-FORTH/ADVANCE-ed
ἀμφότεροι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

ἀμφότεροι -αι -α
αμφοτερ·οι
mas nom|voc pl
both
both (nom|voc)
παλαίειν καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἐγένετο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
ε·γεν·ετο
2aor mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-BECOME-ed
become; happen; be ("as a substitute for the forms of εἰμί" --BAGD)
he/she/it-was-BECOME-ed
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
them/same (gen)
φωνὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

φωνή, -ῆς, ἡ
φων·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
sound/voice
cries
sound/voice (nom|voc)
μεγάλη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2, irreg.)

μέγ[αλ]ας μεγάλη μέγ[αλ]α
μεγαλ·η
fem nom|voc sg
great
great (nom|voc)
GrEst 1:5
And behold, two great dragons came forth ready to fight, and their cry was great.
1fκαὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
the (dat)
φωνῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Verb

φωνή, -ῆς, ἡ; φωνέω (φων(ε)-, φωνη·σ-, φωνη·σ-, -, -, φωνη·θ-)
φων·ῃ; φων(ε)·ῃ
(fem) dat sg; pres mp ind 2nd sg or pres act sub 3rd sg or pres mp sub 2nd sg
sound/voice; you(sg)-are-being-SOUND-ed, he/she/it-should-be-SOUND-ing, you(sg)-should-be-being-SOUND-ed
cries;
sound/voice (dat); you(sg)-are-being-SOUND-ed, he/she/it-should-be-SOUND-ing, you(sg)-should-be-being-SOUND-ed
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
them/same (gen)
ἡτοιμάσθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἑτοιμάζω (ετοιμαζ-, ετοιμα·σ-, ετοιμα·σ-, ητοιμα·κ-, ητοιμασ-, ετοιμασ·θ-)
ε·ετοιμασ·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-PREPARE/MAKE-READY-ed
he/she/it-was-PREPARE/MAKE-READY-ed
πᾶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παν[τ]
neu nom|acc|voc sg
each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
each, every (nom|acc|voc)
ἔθνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
nation/culture/race
Lit: from etho (vb: to form a custom/culture). Hence, a race/people, joined by shared language, customs, history, and culture. Usually applied to Gentiles (except Jn 11:50).
nation/culture/race (nom|acc|voc)
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
into (+acc)
πόλεμον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

πόλεμος, -ου, ὁ
πολεμ·ον
(mas) acc sg
war
[see polemic]
war (acc)
ὥστε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὥστε
ωστε
indecl
so that
Lit: "like-also"
so that
πολεμῆσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πολεμέω (πολεμ(ε)-, πολεμη·σ-, πολεμη·σ-, -, -, πολεμη·θ-)
πολεμη·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-WAGE-WAR, be-you(sg)-WAGE-ed-WAR!, he/she/it-happens-to-WAGE-WAR
to-WAGE-WAR, be-you(sg)-WAGE-ed-WAR!, he/she/it-happens-to-WAGE-WAR (opt)
δικαίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

δίκαιος -αία -ον; δικαιόω (δικαι(ο)-, δικαιω·σ-, δικαιω·σ-, -, δεδικαιω-, δικαιω·θ-)
δικαι·ων; δικαι(ο)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
righteous; while JUSTIFY-ing
/just/right, (by judicial implication) innocent.; vindicate; rectify: to do justice to; to declare or regard as just/righteous; to make free or pure of (sin, etc.)
righteous (gen); while JUSTIFY-ing (nom)
ἔθνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
nation/culture/race
Lit: from etho (vb: to form a custom/culture). Hence, a race/people, joined by shared language, customs, history, and culture. Usually applied to Gentiles (except Jn 11:50).
nation/culture/race (nom|acc|voc)
GrEst 1:6
And at their cry all nations were prepared to battle, that they might fight against the righteous people.
1gκαὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἰδοὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ου
2aor mp imp 2nd sg
be-you(sg)-SEE/BEHOLD-ed!
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
be-you(sg)-SEE/BEHOLD-ed!
ἡμέρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
day
day (nom|voc)
σκότους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

σκότο·ς, -ους, τό
σκοτ(ε)·ος
(neu) gen sg
darkness
gloom, darkness
darkness (gen)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
γνόφου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

γνόφος, -ου, ὁ
γνοφ·ου
(mas) gen sg
tempest/darkness
[storm-clouds, thick darkness, dusk, gloom]
tempest/darkness (gen)
θλῖψις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

θλῖψις, -εως, ἡ
θλιψ(ι)·ς
(fem) nom sg
hardship/tribulation
[squeezing, constriction], affliction
hardship/tribulation (nom)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
στενοχωρία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

στενο·χωρία, -ας, ἡ
στενοχωρι·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
constriction
[narrowness of space]
constriction (nom|voc)
κάκωσις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

κάκωσις, -εως, ἡ
κακωσ(ι)·ς
(fem) nom sg
mistreatment
distress,suffering, bad-treatment (by others)
mistreatment (nom)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
τάραχος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

τάραχος, -ου, ὁ
ταραχ·ος
(mas) nom sg
disturbance
disturbance (nom)
μέγας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2, irreg.)

μέγ[αλ]ας μεγάλη μέγ[αλ]α
irreg. μεγα[λ·ο]ς ( instead of μεγαλ·ος)
mas nom sg
great
great (nom)
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
the (gen)
γῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

γῆ, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. γῆ
γ·ης
(fem) gen sg
earth/land
earth/land (gen)
GrEst 1:7
And lo, a day of darkness and obscurity, tribulation and anguish, affliction and great uproar, upon the earth.
1hκαὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἐταράχθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ταράσσω (ταρασσ-, ταραξ-, ταραξ-, -, τεταρασσ-, ταραχ·θ-)
ε·ταρασσ·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-TROUBLE-ed
[cause to feel anxious, confusion, disorder]
he/she/it-was-TROUBLE-ed
δίκαιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

δίκαιος -αία -ον
δικαι·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
righteous
/just/right, (by judicial implication) innocent.
righteous (acc, nom|acc|voc)
πᾶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παν[τ]
neu nom|acc|voc sg
each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
each, every (nom|acc|voc)
ἔθνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
nation/culture/race
Lit: from etho (vb: to form a custom/culture). Hence, a race/people, joined by shared language, customs, history, and culture. Usually applied to Gentiles (except Jn 11:50).
nation/culture/race (nom|acc|voc)
φοβούμενοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φοβέω (φοβ(ε)-, -, φοβη·σ-, -, πεφοβη-, φοβη·θ-)
φοβ(ε)·ομεν·οι
pres mp ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while being-FEAR-ed
while being-FEAR-ed (nom|voc)
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
the (nom|acc)
ἑαυτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

ἑ·αυτοῦ/αὑτοῦ[2] -ῆς -οῦ
εαυτ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
selves
him/her/it/our/your/them-selves
selves (gen)
κακὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

κακός -ή -όν (cf. φαῦλος)
κακ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl
wicked
/evil
wicked (nom|acc|voc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἡτοιμάσθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἑτοιμάζω (ετοιμαζ-, ετοιμα·σ-, ετοιμα·σ-, ητοιμα·κ-, ητοιμασ-, ετοιμασ·θ-)
ε·ετοιμασ·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
they-were-PREPARE/MAKE-READY-ed
they-were-PREPARE/MAKE-READY-ed
ἀπολέσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·όλλυμι (ath. απ+ολλυ-, απ+ολ(ε)·[σ]-/απ+ολε·σ-, απ+ολε·σ- or 2nd απ+ολ-, απ+ολωλ·[κ]-, -, -)
απ·ολ·εσθαι
2aor mp inf
to-be-DESTROY-ed
Lit:"destroy-from", hence fully/utterly-destroy/ruin/annihilate (active), perish, be lost (middle/passive).
to-be-DESTROY-ed
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἐβόησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βοάω (βο(α)-, βοη·σ-, βοη·σ-, -, -, βοη·θ-)
ε·βοη·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-BELLOW-ed
they-BELLOW-ed
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
θεόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ον
(mas) acc sg
god
[see theology]
god (acc)
GrEst 1:8
And the whole righteous nation was troubled, fearing their own evils, and were ready to perish.
1iἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
from
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
the (gen)
βοῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βοή, -ῆς, ἡ
βο·ης
(fem) gen sg
outcry
outcry (gen)
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
them/same (gen)
ἐγένετο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
ε·γεν·ετο
2aor mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-BECOME-ed
become; happen; be ("as a substitute for the forms of εἰμί" --BAGD)
he/she/it-was-BECOME-ed
ὡσανεὶ ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
from
μικρᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

μικρός -ά -όν
μικρ·ας
fem gen sg or fem acc pl
small
[see micro]
small (acc, gen)
πηγῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

πηγή, -ῆς, ἡ
πηγ·ης
(fem) gen sg
spring
spring (gen)
ποταμὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ποταμός, -οῦ, ὁ
ποταμ·ος
(mas) nom sg
river
[mnemonic: hippopotamus (river-horse)]
river (nom)
μέγας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2, irreg.)

μέγ[αλ]ας μεγάλη μέγ[αλ]α
irreg. μεγα[λ·ο]ς ( instead of μεγαλ·ος)
mas nom sg
great
great (nom)
ὕδωρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

ὕδωρ, ὕδατος, τό
υδα[τ]·ρ > irreg. υδωρ
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
water
water (nom|acc|voc)
πολύ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral, irreg.)

πολ[λ]ύς πολλή πολ[λ]ύ
irreg. πολ(υ) ( instead of πολλ·ο)
neu nom|acc sg
much
much (nom|acc)
GrEst 1:9
Then they cried unto God, and upon their cry, as if from a little fountain, arose the greatest flood and many overflowing waters.
1kφῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

φῶ[τ]ς, -ωτός, τό
φω[τ]·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
light
light (nom|acc|voc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
ἥλιος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἥλιος, -ου, ὁ
ηλι·ος
(mas) nom sg
sun
In mythology Apollo, ancient Greek god of light, healing and poetry
sun (nom)
ἀνέτειλεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀνα·τέλλω (ανα+τελλ-, ανα+τελ(ε)·[σ]-, ανα+τειλ·[σ]-, ανα+τεταλ·κ-, -, -)
ανα·ε·τειλ·[σ]ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-RISE/APPEAR-ed-ON-HORIZON
Lit:"finish/complete-up". Hence, rise/arise/spring-up, dawn
he/she/it-RISE/APPEAR-ed-ON-HORIZON
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
the (nom)
ταπεινοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

ταπεινός -ή -όν; ταπεινόω (ταπειν(ο)-, ταπεινω·σ-, ταπεινω·σ-, -, τεταπεινω-, ταπεινω·θ-)
ταπειν·οι; ταπειν(ο)·ει, ταπειν(ο)·ῃ, ταπειν(ο)·οι
mas nom|voc pl; pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, pres mp ind 2nd sg or pres act sub 3rd sg or pres mp sub 2nd sg, pres act opt 3rd sg
lowly; he/she/it-is-HUMBLE-ing, you(sg)-are-being-HUMBLE-ed, you(sg)-are-being-HUMBLE-ed, he/she/it-should-be-HUMBLE-ing, you(sg)-should-be-being-HUMBLE-ed, he/she/it-happens-to-be-HUMBLE-ing
[abase, humble, humiliate, submissive]; Lit:"make-low", hence humble
lowly (nom|voc); he/she/it-is-HUMBLE-ing, you(sg)-are-being-HUMBLE-ed, you(sg)-are-being-HUMBLE-ed (classical), he/she/it-should-be-HUMBLE-ing, you(sg)-should-be-being-HUMBLE-ed, he/she/it-happens-to-be-HUMBLE-ing (opt)
ὑψώθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑψόω (υψ(ο)-, υψω·σ-, υψω·σ-, -, υψω-, υψω·θ-)
ε·υψω·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
they-were-LIFT-UP/EXALT-ed
(from "ὕψος" "height", Lit:"set-high/elevate/lift-up". Fig:"exalt".
they-were-LIFT-UP/EXALT-ed
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
κατέφαγον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατ·εσθίω (κατ+εσθι-/κατ+εσθ-, κατ+εδ·[σ]-/κατα+φαγ·[σ]-, 2nd κατα+φαγ-, -, -, -)
κατα·ε·φαγ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
I-CONSUME-ed, they-CONSUME-ed
[be eaten away, eat away, devour]
I-CONSUME-ed, they-CONSUME-ed
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
the (acc)
ἐνδόξους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἔν·δοξος -ον
ενδοξ·ους
mas acc pl or fem acc pl
honored/glorious
illustrious, renowned
honored/glorious (acc)
GrEst 1:10
The light and the sun rose up, and the lowly were exalted, and devoured the glorious.
1lκαὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
διεγερθεὶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δι·εγείρω (δι+εγειρ-, -, δι+εγειρ·[σ]-, -, -, δι+εγερ·θ-)
δι·εγερ·θει[ντ]·ς
aor θη ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon being-AROUSE-ed
excite, wake up, promote, incite, stimulated, switch on
upon being-AROUSE-ed (nom|voc)
Μαρδοχαῖος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
ἑωρακὼς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
εωρα·κο[τ]·^ς
perf act ptcp mas nom sg
having SEE/BEHOLD-ed
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
having SEE/BEHOLD-ed (nom)
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
the (nom|acc)
ἐνύπνιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ἐν·ύπνιον, -ου, τό
ενυπνι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
dream
dream (nom|acc|voc)
τοῦτο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
this (nom|acc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
who (nom|acc)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
θεὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ος
(mas) nom sg
god
[see theology]
god (nom)
βεβούλευται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βουλεύω (βουλευ-, βουλευ·σ-, βουλευ·σ-, -, βεβουλευ-, -)
βεβουλευ·ται
perf mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-has-been-DECIDE-ed
deliberate, determine
he/she/it-has-been-DECIDE-ed
ποιῆσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποιη·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-DO/MAKE, be-you(sg)-DO/MAKE-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-DO/MAKE
to-DO/MAKE, be-you(sg)-DO/MAKE-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-DO/MAKE (opt)
εἶχεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
ε·εχ·ε(ν)
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-HAVE-ing
/hold.
he/she/it-was-HAVE-ing
αὐτὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
it/same
it/same (nom|acc)
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
the (dat)
καρδίᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

καρδία, -ας, ἡ
καρδι·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
heart
καρδιας With the eyes of the heart enlightened (Eph_1:18)
heart (dat)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
παντὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ι
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
each, every (dat)
λόγῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λόγος, -ου, ὁ
λογ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
word
word
word (dat)
ἤθελεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θέλω (θελ-, θελη·σ-, θελη·σ-, τεθελη·κ-, -, -)
ε·θελ·ε(ν)
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-WANT-ing
/wish/desire
he/she/it-was-WANT-ing
ἐπιγνῶναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·γινώσκω (επι+γινωσκ-, επι+γνω·σ-, 2nd ath. επι+γν(ω)-/ath. επι+γν(ο)-, επ+εγνω·κ-, -, επι+γνωσ·θ-)
επι·γν(ω)·ναι, επι·γν(ω)·εναι
2aor act inf, 2aor act inf
to-RECOGNIZE
[To fully/intimately-know/understand, come to knowledge of, ackowledge]
to-RECOGNIZE
αὐτὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
it/same
it/same (nom|acc)
ἕως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction; Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl.)

ἕως[1]; ἕως[2], -ω, ἡ [LXX], acc.
εως; ε(ω)·ος, ε(ω)·ους
indecl; (fem) nom|voc sg, (fem) acc pl
until; dawn, dawns
, up-until/as-far-as, Often used as a conjunctive-adverbial preposition concerning time/place/number, "until +(genitive)";
until; dawn (nom|voc), dawns (acc)
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
the (gen)
νυκτός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

νύξ, -υκτός, ἡ
νυκτ·ος
(fem) gen sg
night
night (gen)
GrEst 1:11
¶Now when Mordecai, who had seen this dream, and what God had determined to do, was awake, he kept this dream in mind, and until night by all means desired to understand it.
1mκαὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἡσύχασεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἡσυχάζω (ησυχαζ-, ησυχα·σ-, ησυχα·σ-, -, -, -)
ε·ησυχα·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-QUIET-ed
/silent/calm/at-peace/still, (by extension) rest
he/she/it-QUIET-ed
Μαρδοχαῖος ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
the (dat)
αὐλῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Verb

αὐλή, -ῆς, ἡ; αὐλέω (αυλ(ε)-, -, αυλη·σ-, -, -, -)
αυλ·ῃ; αυλ(ε)·ῃ
(fem) dat sg; pres mp ind 2nd sg or pres act sub 3rd sg or pres mp sub 2nd sg
courtyard; you(sg)-are-being-FLUTE-ed, he/she/it-should-be-FLUTE-ing, you(sg)-should-be-being-FLUTE-ed
[sheep-fold, palace, house];
courtyard (dat); you(sg)-are-being-FLUTE-ed, he/she/it-should-be-FLUTE-ing, you(sg)-should-be-being-FLUTE-ed
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Γαβαθα καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
Θαρρα τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
δύο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

δύο, gen. δύο, dat. δυσί(ν), acc. δύο
δυο
nom|acc|gen pl
two
two (nom, acc, gen)
εὐνούχων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

εὐν·οῦχος, -ου, ὁ
ευνουχ·ων
(mas) gen pl
eunuchs
eunuchs (gen)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
βασιλέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
king
king (gen)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
φυλασσόντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φυλάσσω/φυλάττω (φυλασσ-/φυλαττ-, φυλαξ-, φυλαξ-, πεφυλα·κ-, πεφυλασσ-, φυλαχ·θ-)
φυλασσ·οντων, φυλασσ·ο[υ]ντ·ων
pres act imp 3rd pl classical, pres act ptcp mas gen pl or pres act ptcp neu gen pl
let-them-be-GUARD-ing!, while GUARD-ing
From "φύλαξ" (military guard/keeper), hence keep-guard/watch-over, protect/preserve.
let-them-be-GUARD-ing! (classical), while GUARD-ing (gen)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
the (acc)
αὐλὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

αὐλή, -ῆς, ἡ
αυλ·ην
(fem) acc sg
courtyard
[sheep-fold, palace, house]
courtyard (acc)
GrEst 2:1
And Mordecai took his rest in the court with Gabatha and Tharra, the two eunuchs of the king, and keepers of the palace.
1nἤκουσέν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀκούω (ακου-, ακου·σ-, ακου·σ-, ακηκο·[κ]-, ηκουσ-, ακουσ·θ-)
ε·ακου·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-HEAR-ed
to hear; to listen (pay attention) to; or to understand what is heard
he/she/it-HEAR-ed
τε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

τέ
τε
indecl
and [postpositive coordinate]
and [postpositive coordinate]
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
them/same (gen)
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
the (acc)
λογισμοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λογισμός, -οῦ, ὁ
λογισμ·ους
(mas) acc pl
logics
reasoning, calculation
logics (acc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
τὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ας
fem acc pl
the
the (acc)
μερίμνας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

μέριμνα, -ης, ἡ
μεριμν·ας
(fem) acc pl
worries
pursuit, ambition, object of care
worries (acc)
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
them/same (gen)
ἐξηρεύνησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·εραυνάω v.l. -ερευνάω (εξ+ερευν(α)-, εξ+ερευνη·σ-, εξ+εραυνη·σ-/εξ+ερευνη·σ-, -, -, εξ+ερευνη·θ-)
εξ·ε·ερευνη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SEARCH-ed-DILIGENTLY
[Lit:"search-from-out-of", hence search-out/diligently]
he/she/it-SEARCH-ed-DILIGENTLY
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἔμαθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μανθάνω (μανθαν-, μαθη·σ-, 2nd μαθ-, μεμαθη·κ-, -, -)
ε·μαθ·ε(ν)
2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-LEARN-ed
practice, recite
he/she/it-LEARN-ed
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
because/that
ἑτοιμάζουσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἑτοιμάζω (ετοιμαζ-, ετοιμα·σ-, ετοιμα·σ-, ητοιμα·κ-, ητοιμασ-, ετοιμασ·θ-)
ετοιμαζ·ουσι(ν), ετοιμαζ·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
they-are-PREPARE/MAKE-READY-ing, while PREPARE/MAKE-READY-ing
they-are-PREPARE/MAKE-READY-ing, while PREPARE/MAKE-READY-ing (dat)
τὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ας
fem acc pl
the
the (acc)
χεῖρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

χείρ, χειρός, ἡ, dat. pl. χερσίν
χειρ·ας
(fem) acc pl
hands
hands (acc)
ἐπιβαλεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·βάλλω (επι+βαλλ-, επι+βαλ(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd επι+βαλ-, επι+βεβλη·κ-, -, επι+βλη·θ-)
επι·βαλ(ε)·[σ]ειν, επι·βαλ·ειν
fut act inf, 2aor act inf
to-will-CAST-UPON, to-CAST-UPON
[put the mind on, impose, inflict, cast upon]
to-will-CAST-UPON, to-CAST-UPON
Ἀρταξέρξῃ τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
the (dat)
βασιλεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ι
(mas) dat sg
king
king (dat)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ὑπέδειξεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑπο·δείκνυμι (-, υπο+δειξ-, υπο+δειξ-, -, -, -)
υπο·ε·δεικ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-MAKE KNOWN-ed
to indicate, intimate, suggest, show, prove
he/she/it-MAKE KNOWN-ed
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
the (dat)
βασιλεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ι
(mas) dat sg
king
king (dat)
περὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

περί
περι
indecl
about (+acc,+gen)
Lit:"around" (as in perimeter "around-measure"). Fig:about/regarding/concerning
about (+acc,+gen)
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
them/same (gen)
GrEst 2:2
And he heard their plan, and searched out their purposes, and learned that they were about to lay hands upon Ahasuerus the king; and so he testified to the king about them.
1oκαὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἐξήτασεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·ετάζω (εξ+εταζ-, εξ+ετα·σ-, εξ+ετα·σ-, -, -, -)
εξ·ε·ετα·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-INVESTIGATE-ed
he/she/it-INVESTIGATE-ed
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
king (nom)
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
the (acc)
δύο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

δύο, gen. δύο, dat. δυσί(ν), acc. δύο
δυο
nom|acc|gen pl
two
two (nom, acc, gen)
εὐνούχους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

εὐν·οῦχος, -ου, ὁ
ευνουχ·ους
(mas) acc pl
eunuchs
eunuchs (acc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ὁμολογήσαντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁμο·λογέω (ομολογ(ε)-, ομολογη·σ-, ομολογη·σ-, -, -, -)
ομολογη·σαντ·ες
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon AVOW-ing
Lit:"say-same", hence confess/profess/avow-similarly. Also agree/concede/admit, come-clean (slang). Usually confess/profess, although neither expresses the adverbial prefix, "homo"(same), as well as "admit".
upon AVOW-ing (nom|voc)
ἀπήχθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·άγω (απ+αγ-, απ+αξ-, 2nd απ+αγαγ-, -, απ+ηγ-, απ+αχ·θ-)
απ·ε·αγ·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
they-were-LEAD-ed-AWAY
they-were-LEAD-ed-AWAY
GrEst 2:3
Then the king examined the two eunuchs, and after they had confessed, they were strangled.
1pκαὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἔγραψεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γράφω (γραφ-, γραψ-, γραψ-, γεγραφ·[κ]-, γεγραφ-, γραφ·[θ]-)
ε·γραφ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-WRITE-ed
he/she/it-WRITE-ed
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
king (nom)
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
the (acc)
λόγους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λόγος, -ου, ὁ
λογ·ους
(mas) acc pl
words
word
words (acc)
τούτους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ους
mas acc pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
these (acc)
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
into (+acc)
μνημόσυνον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

μνημό·συνον, -ου, τό
μνημοσυν·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
memory
memory (nom|acc|voc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
Μαρδοχαῖος ἔγραψεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γράφω (γραφ-, γραψ-, γραψ-, γεγραφ·[κ]-, γεγραφ-, γραφ·[θ]-)
ε·γραφ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-WRITE-ed
he/she/it-WRITE-ed
περὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

περί
περι
indecl
about (+acc,+gen)
Lit:"around" (as in perimeter "around-measure"). Fig:about/regarding/concerning
about (+acc,+gen)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
λόγων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λόγος, -ου, ὁ
λογ·ων
(mas) gen pl
words
word
words (gen)
τούτων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
these (gen)
GrEst 2:4
And the king made a record of these things, and Mordecai also wrote thereof.
1qκαὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἐπέταξεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·τάσσω (επι+τασσ-, -, επι+ταξ-, επι+τεταχ·[κ]-, επι+τετασσ-, επι+ταγ·[θ]-)
επι·ε·τασσ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-ORDER-ed
command/enjoin.
he/she/it-ORDER-ed
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
king (nom)
Μαρδοχαίῳ θεραπεύειν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θεραπεύω (θεραπευ-, θεραπευ·σ-, θεραπευ·σ-, -, τεθεραπευ-, θεραπευ·θ-)
θεραπευ·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-TEND/TREAT/ATTEND-ing-TO
salve; archaic term for salvage; save from destruction΄treat medically to salvage, heal, doctor, treat
to-be-TEND/TREAT/ATTEND-ing-TO
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
the (dat)
αὐλῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Verb

αὐλή, -ῆς, ἡ; αὐλέω (αυλ(ε)-, -, αυλη·σ-, -, -, -)
αυλ·ῃ; αυλ(ε)·ῃ
(fem) dat sg; pres mp ind 2nd sg or pres act sub 3rd sg or pres mp sub 2nd sg
courtyard; you(sg)-are-being-FLUTE-ed, he/she/it-should-be-FLUTE-ing, you(sg)-should-be-being-FLUTE-ed
[sheep-fold, palace, house];
courtyard (dat); you(sg)-are-being-FLUTE-ed, he/she/it-should-be-FLUTE-ing, you(sg)-should-be-being-FLUTE-ed
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἔδωκεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
ε·δω·κε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-GIVE-ed
/offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
he/she/it-GIVE-ed
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (dat)
δόματα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

δόμα[τ], -ατος, τό (cf. δόσις, δωρεά, δώρημα and δῶρον)
δοματ·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
gifts
gifts (nom|acc|voc)
περὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

περί
περι
indecl
about (+acc,+gen)
Lit:"around" (as in perimeter "around-measure"). Fig:about/regarding/concerning
about (+acc,+gen)
τούτων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
these (gen)
GrEst 2:5
So the king commanded, Mordecai to serve in the court, and for this he rewarded him.
1rκαὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
he/she/it-was
Αμαν Αμαδαθου Βουγαῖος ἔνδοξος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἔν·δοξος -ον
ενδοξ·ος
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
honored/glorious
illustrious, renowned
honored/glorious (nom)
ἐνώπιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition; Adjective (2-2-2)

ἐν·ώπιον; ἐν·ώπιος -ον [LXX]
ενωπιον; ενωπι·ον
indecl; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
in-the-presence-of (+gen); in the sight of/ in front of
Lit:"in-sight-of"; face to face
in-the-presence-of (+gen); in the sight of/ in front of (acc, nom|acc|voc)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
βασιλέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
king
king (gen)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἐζήτησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ζητέω (ζητ(ε)-, ζητη·σ-, ζητη·σ-, -, -, ζητη·θ-)
ε·ζητη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SEEK-ed
/search/inquire, look-into
he/she/it-SEEK-ed
κακοποιῆσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κακο·ποιέω (κακοποι(ε)-, κακοποιη·σ-, κακοποιη·σ-, -, -, -)
κακοποιη·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-DO-BAD, be-you(sg)-DO-ed-BAD!, he/she/it-happens-to-DO-BAD
[Lit: make/do-ill/bad]
to-DO-BAD, be-you(sg)-DO-ed-BAD!, he/she/it-happens-to-DO-BAD (opt)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
Μαρδοχαῖον καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
λαὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λαός, -οῦ, ὁ
λα·ον
(mas) acc sg
people
people (acc)
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
him/it/same (gen)
ὑπὲρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπέρ
υπερ
indecl
above (+acc), on behalf of (+gen)
above (+acc), on behalf of (+gen)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
δύο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

δύο, gen. δύο, dat. δυσί(ν), acc. δύο
δυο
nom|acc|gen pl
two
two (nom, acc, gen)
εὐνούχων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

εὐν·οῦχος, -ου, ὁ
ευνουχ·ων
(mas) gen pl
eunuchs
eunuchs (gen)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
βασιλέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
king
king (gen)
GrEst 2:6
However, Haman, the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, was in great honor with the king, and sought to injure Mordecai and his people because of the two eunuchs of the king.
1sκαὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἐγένετο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
ε·γεν·ετο
2aor mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-BECOME-ed
become; happen; be ("as a substitute for the forms of εἰμί" --BAGD)
he/she/it-was-BECOME-ed
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
the (acc)
λόγους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λόγος, -ου, ὁ
λογ·ους
(mas) acc pl
words
word
words (acc)
τούτους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ους
mas acc pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
these (acc)
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
ταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·αις
fem dat pl
the
the (dat)
ἡμέραις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·αις
(fem) dat pl
days
days (dat)
Ἀρταξέρξου οὗτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
[τ]ουτ·ος
mas nom sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
this (nom)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
Ἀρταξέρξης ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
from
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
the (gen)
Ἰνδικῆς ἑκατὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

ἑκατόν
εκατον
indecl
hundred
hundred
εἴκοσι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.); Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἰκών, -όνος, ἡ; εἴκοσι
εικο[ν]·σι(ν); εικοσι
(fem) dat pl; indecl
icons; twenty
[image, likeness];
icons (dat); twenty
ἑπτὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

ἑπτά
επτα
indecl
seven
seven
χωρῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Verb

χῶρος, -οῦ, ὁ; χώρα, -ας, ἡ; χωρέω (χωρ(ε)-, -, χωρη·σ-, -, -, -)
χωρ·ων; χωρ·ων; χωρ(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(mas) gen pl; (fem) gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
northwests; regions; while HAVE-ing-SPACE
also * region (clίme), land, country; realm (clίme); land, country, territory, tract, province; (from "χῶρος" "space/place/region/country), hence have-space/place/room-for. Metaphorical-Trns:accept/hold/contain/receive/welcome; Intrns(with "εἰς"):enter/pass/be-room/welcomed/accepted. Root for "choreograph".
northwests (gen); regions (gen); while HAVE-ing-SPACE (nom)
ἐκράτησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κρατέω (κρατ(ε)-, κρατη·σ-, κρατη·σ-, κεκρατη·κ-, κεκρατη-, κρατη·θ-)
ε·κρατη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SEIZE/TAKE-HOLD-ed
, from "κράτος" (strength/might), hence take-hold/control-of/retain, exercise-power-over, seize/arrest/detain, bear/carry,
he/she/it-SEIZE/TAKE-HOLD-ed
Est 1:1
¶Now it happened in the days of Ahasuerus (this is Ahasuerus who reigned from India even to Ethiopia, over one hundred twenty-seven provinces),
2ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
αὐταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·αις
fem dat pl
them/same
them/same (dat)
ταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·αις
fem dat pl
the
the (dat)
ἡμέραις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·αις
(fem) dat pl
days
days (dat)
ὅτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὅτε
οτε
indecl
when
when
ἐθρονίσθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
king (nom)
Ἀρταξέρξης ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
Σούσοις τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
the (dat)
πόλει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

πόλις, -εως, ἡ
πολ(ι)·ι
(fem) dat sg
city
city (dat)
Est 1:2
that in those days, when the King Ahasuerus sat on the throne of his kingdom, which was in Shushan the palace,
3ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
the (dat)
τρίτῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

τρίτος -η -ον
τριτ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
third
third (dat)
ἔτει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔτο·ς, -ους, τό
ετ(ε)·ι
(neu) dat sg
year
year (dat)
βασιλεύοντος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βασιλεύω (βασιλευ-, βασιλευ·σ-, βασιλευ·σ-, βεβασιλευ·κ-, βεβασιλευ-, -)
βασιλευ·ο[υ]ντ·ος
pres act ptcp mas gen sg or pres act ptcp neu gen sg
while REIGN-ing
Lit:"be-king"
while REIGN-ing (gen)
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
him/it/same (gen)
δοχὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

δοχή, -ῆς, ἡ
δοχ·ην
(fem) acc sg
feast
(reception)
feast (acc)
ἐποίησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ε·ποιη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-DO/MAKE-ed
he/she/it-DO/MAKE-ed
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
the (dat)
φίλοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

φίλος -η -ον; φιλέω (φιλ(ε)-, φιλη·σ-, φιλη·σ-, πεφιλη·κ-, -, -)
φιλ·οις; φιλ(ε)·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl; pres act opt 2nd sg
friend; you(sg)-happen-to-be-BE-ing-FOND-OF
companion; [hold at high degree of association, have affection toward; raraly of kissing]
friend (dat); you(sg)-happen-to-be-BE-ing-FOND-OF (opt)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
the (dat)
λοιποῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

λοιπός -ή -όν
λοιπ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
remaining
well then, sο, now, the rest, finally
remaining (dat)
ἔθνεσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ε)·σι(ν)
(neu) dat pl
nations
Lit: from etho (vb: to form a custom/culture). Hence, a race/people, joined by shared language, customs, history, and culture. Usually applied to Gentiles (except Jn 11:50).
nations (dat)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
the (dat)
Περσῶν καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
Μήδων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Μῆδος, -ου, ὁ
μηδ·ων
(mas) gen pl
Medes
[inhabitant of Media]
Medes (gen)
ἐνδόξοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἔν·δοξος -ον
ενδοξ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl or fem dat pl
honored/glorious
illustrious, renowned
honored/glorious (dat)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
the (dat)
ἄρχουσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.); Verb

ἄρχων[τ], -ο[υ]ντος, ὁ, dat. pl. ἄρχουσιν, voc. pl. ἄρχοντες; ἄρχω (αρχ-, αρξ-, αρξ-, -, ηρχ-, -)
αρχου[ντ]·σι(ν); αρχ·ουσι(ν), αρχ·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
(mas) dat pl; pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
rulers; they-are-BEGIN/RULE-ing, while BEGIN/RULE-ing
; Lit:"head/chief", hence rule or begin (depending upon context).
rulers (dat); they-are-BEGIN/RULE-ing, while BEGIN/RULE-ing (dat)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
σατραπῶν
Est 1:3
in the third year of his reign, he made a feast for all his princes and his servants; the power of Persia and Media, the nobles and princes of the provinces, being before him.
4καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
ταῦτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·α
neu nom|acc pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
these (nom|acc)
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
the (nom|acc)
δεῖξαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δείκνυμι a.k.a. δεικνύω (ath. δεικνυ-, δειξ-, δειξ-, -, -, δειχ·θ-)
δεικ·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-SHOW, be-you(sg)-SHOW-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-SHOW
to-SHOW, be-you(sg)-SHOW-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-SHOW (opt)
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
them/same (dat)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
πλοῦτον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl. and Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πλοῦτος, -ου, ὁ and -ους, τό
πλουτ·ον
(mas) acc sg
wealth/abundance
wealth/abundance (acc)
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
the (gen)
βασιλείας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βασιλεία, -ας, ἡ
βασιλει·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
kingdom, kingdoms
kingdom (gen), kingdoms (acc)
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
him/it/same (gen)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
the (acc)
δόξαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Verb

δόξα, -ης, ἡ; δοκέω (δοκ(ε)-, δοξ-, δοξ-, -, δεδοκ-, -)
δοξ·αν; δοκ·σαν[τ]
(fem) acc sg; 1aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
glory/honor; upon SUPPOSE-ing
praise; ,from "dokos"(opinion), hence suppose/seem/think/consider. Same root as "εὐδοκέω"(seem-good). Often rendered "think", but less objective than "νοέω"(think) and less visceral than "φρονέω"(think).
glory/honor (acc); upon SUPPOSE-ing (nom|acc|voc)
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
the (gen)
εὐφροσύνης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

εὐ·φρο·σύνη, -ης, ἡ
ευφροσυν·ης
(fem) gen sg
gladness
Lit:"good-feeling/thinking/attitude", hence cheerfulness, optimism, gladness
gladness (gen)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
πλούτου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl. and Neu. 3rd Decl.); Verb

πλοῦτος, -ου, ὁ and -ους, τό; πλουτέω (πλουτ(ε)-, πλουτη·σ-, πλουτη·σ-, πεπλουτη·κ-, -, -)
πλουτ·ου; πλουτ(ε)·ου
(mas) gen sg; pres mp imp 2nd sg
wealth/abundance; be-you(sg)-being-ENRICH-ed!
; [prosper]
wealth/abundance (gen); be-you(sg)-being-ENRICH-ed!
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
him/it/same (gen)
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἡμέρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
day, days
day (gen), days (acc)
ἑκατὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

ἑκατόν
εκατον
indecl
hundred
hundred
ὀγδοήκοντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

ὀγδοή·κοντα
ογδοηκοντα
indecl
eighty
eighty
Est 1:4
He displayed the riches of his glorious kingdom and the honor of his excellent majesty many days, even one hundred eighty days.
5ὅτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὅτε
οτε
indecl
when
when
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
ἀνεπληρώθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀνα·πληρόω (ανα+πληρ(ο)-, ανα+πληρω·σ-, ανα+πληρω·σ-, -, ανα+πεπληρω-, ανα+πληρω·θ-)
ανα·ε·πληρω·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
they-were-OCCUPY/FULFILL-ed
[Lit"fill-up"]
they-were-OCCUPY/FULFILL-ed
αἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·αι
fem nom pl
the
the (nom)
ἡμέραι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·αι
(fem) nom|voc pl
days
days (nom|voc)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
γάμου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Verb

γάμος, -ου, ὁ; γαμέω (γαμ(ε)-, -, γαμη·σ-/γημ·[σ]-, γεγαμη·κ-, -, γαμη·θ-)
γαμ·ου; γαμ(ε)·ου
(mas) gen sg; pres mp imp 2nd sg
wedding celebration; be-you(sg)-being-MARRY-ed!
;
wedding celebration (gen); be-you(sg)-being-MARRY-ed!
ἐποίησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ε·ποιη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-DO/MAKE-ed
he/she/it-DO/MAKE-ed
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
king (nom)
πότον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

πότος, -ου, ὁ; ποτόν, -οῦ, τό [EXTRA]
ποτ·ον; ποτ·ον
(mas) acc sg; (neu) nom|acc|voc sg
drinking party; drinking-party
; (from "πίνω":to-drink), hence drinking-party.
drinking party (acc); drinking-party (nom|acc|voc)
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
the (dat)
ἔθνεσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ε)·σι(ν)
(neu) dat pl
nations
Lit: from etho (vb: to form a custom/culture). Hence, a race/people, joined by shared language, customs, history, and culture. Usually applied to Gentiles (except Jn 11:50).
nations (dat)
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
the (dat)
εὑρεθεῖσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εὑρίσκω (ευρισκ-, ευρη·σ-, ευρ·[σ]- or 2nd ευρ-, ευρη·κ-, ευρη-, ευρε·θ-)
ευρε·θει[ντ]·σι(ν)
aor θη ptcp mas dat pl or aor θη ptcp neu dat pl
upon being-FIND-ed
/learn/discover (after searching)
upon being-FIND-ed (dat)
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
into (+acc)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
the (acc)
πόλιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

πόλις, -εως, ἡ
πολ(ι)·ν
(fem) acc sg
city
city (acc)
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἡμέρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
day, days
day (gen), days (acc)
ἓξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

ἕξ
εξ
indecl
six
six
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
αὐλῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Verb

αὐλή, -ῆς, ἡ; αὐλέω (αυλ(ε)-, -, αυλη·σ-, -, -, -)
αυλ·ῃ; αυλ(ε)·ῃ
(fem) dat sg; pres mp ind 2nd sg or pres act sub 3rd sg or pres mp sub 2nd sg
courtyard; you(sg)-are-being-FLUTE-ed, he/she/it-should-be-FLUTE-ing, you(sg)-should-be-being-FLUTE-ed
[sheep-fold, palace, house];
courtyard (dat); you(sg)-are-being-FLUTE-ed, he/she/it-should-be-FLUTE-ing, you(sg)-should-be-being-FLUTE-ed
οἴκου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Verb

οἶκος, -ου, ὁ (cf. οἰκία); οἰκέω (οικ(ε)-, οικη·σ-, οικη·σ-, -, -, οικη·θ-)
οικ·ου; οικ(ε)·ου
(mas) gen sg; pres mp imp 2nd sg
house/home; be-you(sg)-being-DWELL-ed!
/dwelling-place, by extension, household.;
house/home (gen); be-you(sg)-being-DWELL-ed!
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
βασιλέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
king
king (gen)
Est 1:5
When these days were fulfilled, the king made a seven day feast for all the people who were present in Shushan the palace, both great and small, in the court of the garden of the king’s palace.
6κεκοσμημένῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κοσμέω (κοσμ(ε)-, κοσμη·σ-, κοσμη·σ-, -, κεκοσμη-, κοσμη·θ-)
κεκοσμη·μεν·ῃ
perf mp ptcp fem dat sg
having-been-SET-IN-ORDER-ed
to put in proper order, adorn/beautify, grace (ornaments)
having-been-SET-IN-ORDER-ed (dat)
βυσσίνοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

βύσσινος -η -ον
βυσσιν·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
made of fine linen
made of fine linen (dat)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
καρπασίνοις τεταμένοις ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
σχοινίοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

σχοινίον, -ου, τό
σχοινι·οις
(neu) dat pl
ropes
[cord, rope, tether, also measuring-line]
ropes (dat)
βυσσίνοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

βύσσινος -η -ον
βυσσιν·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
made of fine linen
made of fine linen (dat)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
πορφυροῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

πορφυροῦς -ᾶ -οῦν a.k.a. πορφύρεος
πορφυρ(ε)·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
purple
purple (dat)
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
κύβοις χρυσοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

χρυσοῦς -ῆ -οῦν and χρύσεος -έα -ον, fem. acc. sg. -ῆν and -ᾶν; χρυσόω (χρυσ(ο)-, χρυσω·σ-, χρυσω·σ-, -, κεχρυσω-, -)
χρυσ(ε)·οις; χρυσ(ο)·εις, χρυσ(ο)·ῃς, χρυσ(ο)·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl; pres act ind 2nd sg, pres act sub 2nd sg, pres act opt 2nd sg
gold/golden; you(sg)-are-GILD-ing, you(sg)-should-be-GILD-ing, you(sg)-happen-to-be-GILD-ing
;
gold/golden (dat); you(sg)-are-GILD-ing, you(sg)-should-be-GILD-ing, you(sg)-happen-to-be-GILD-ing (opt)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἀργυροῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἀργυροῦς -ᾶ -οῦν a.k.a. ἀργύρεος
αργυρ(ε)·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
silver
silver (dat)
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
στύλοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

στῦλος, -ου, ὁ
στυλ·οις
(mas) dat pl
pillars
pillars (dat)
παρίνοις καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
λιθίνοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

λίθινος -ίνη -ον
λιθιν·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
stone
stone (dat)
κλῖναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Verb

κλίνη, -ης, ἡ; κλίνω (κλιν-, -, κλιν·[σ]-, κεκλι·κ-, κεκλι-, κλι·θ-)
κλιν·αι; κλιν·[σ]αι
(fem) nom|voc pl; 1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
beds; to-BEND/WANE, be-you(sg)-BEND/WANE-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-BEND/WANE
; [see incline, decline, recline]
beds (nom|voc); to-BEND/WANE, be-you(sg)-BEND/WANE-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-BEND/WANE (opt)
χρυσαῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

χρυσοῦς -ῆ -οῦν and χρύσεος -έα -ον, fem. acc. sg. -ῆν and -ᾶν
χρυσ(ε)·αι
fem nom|voc pl
gold/golden
gold/golden (nom|voc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἀργυραῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἀργυροῦς -ᾶ -οῦν a.k.a. ἀργύρεος
αργυρ(ε)·αι
fem nom|voc pl
silver
silver (nom|voc)
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
λιθοστρώτου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

λιθό·στρωτος -ον
λιθοστρωτ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg or fem gen sg
pavement
John 19:13, 2Chrn 7:3
pavement (gen)
σμαραγδίτου λίθου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λίθος, -ου, ὁ
λιθ·ου
(mas) gen sg
stone
stone (gen)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
πιννίνου καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
παρίνου λίθου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λίθος, -ου, ὁ
λιθ·ου
(mas) gen sg
stone
stone (gen)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
στρωμναὶ διαφανεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3); Verb

δια·φανής -ές [LXX]; δια·φαίνω [LXX] (δια+φαιν-, δια+φαν(ε)·[σ]-, δια+φαν·[σ]-, -, -, -)
διαφαν(ε)·ες, διαφαν(ε)·ας; δια·φαν(ε)·[σ]εις
mas nom|voc pl or fem nom|voc pl, mas acc pl or fem acc pl; fut act ind 2nd sg
transparent; you(sg)-will-???
;
transparent (acc, nom|voc); you(sg)-will-???
ποικίλως διηνθισμέναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δι·ανθίζω [LXX] (-, -, -, -, δι+ηνθισ-, -)
δι·ηνθισ·μεν·αι
perf mp ptcp fem nom|voc pl
having-been-ADORN-ed-WITH-FLOWERS
having-been-ADORN-ed-WITH-FLOWERS (nom|voc)
κύκλῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

κύκλῳ
κυκλῳ
indecl
in a circle
in a circle
ῥόδα πεπασμένα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πάσσω [LXX] (πασσ-, -, πα·σ-, -, πεπασ-, -)
πεπασ·μεν·α
perf mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
having-been-SPRINKLE-ed
having-been-SPRINKLE-ed (nom|acc|voc)
Est 1:6
There were hangings of white, green, and blue material, fastened with cords of fine linen and purple to silver rings and marble pillars. The couches were of gold and silver, on a pavement of red, white, yellow, and black marble.
7ποτήρια [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ποτήριον, -ου, τό
ποτηρι·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
cups
cups (nom|acc|voc)
χρυσᾶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

χρυσοῦς -ῆ -οῦν and χρύσεος -έα -ον, fem. acc. sg. -ῆν and -ᾶν
χρυσ(ε)·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl
gold/golden
gold/golden (nom|acc|voc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἀργυρᾶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἀργυροῦς -ᾶ -οῦν a.k.a. ἀργύρεος
αργυρ(ε)·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or fem nom|voc sg
silver
silver (nom|acc|voc, nom|voc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἀνθράκινον κυλίκιον προκείμενον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πρό·κει·μαι (ath. προ+κει-, -, -, -, -, -)
προ·κει·μεν·ον
pres mp ptcp mas acc sg or pres mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
while being-SET-FORTH-ed
while being-SET-FORTH-ed (acc, nom|acc|voc)
ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
from
ταλάντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

τάλαντον, -ου, τό
ταλαντ·ων
(neu) gen pl
talents
[Greek monetary unit of weight]
talents (gen)
τρισμυρίων οἶνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

οἶνος, -ου, ὁ
οιν·ος
(mas) nom sg
wine
wine (nom)
πολὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral, irreg.)

πολ[λ]ύς πολλή πολ[λ]ύ
irreg. πολ(υ)·ς ( instead of πολλ·ος)
mas nom sg
much
much (nom)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἡδύς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-1-3)

ἡδύς -εῖα -ύ [LXX], gen. sg. -έος and -έως
ηδ(υ)·ς
mas nom sg
pleasant
pleasant (nom)
ὃν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative); Verb

ὅς ἥ ὅ; εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ον; (εσ)·ο[υ]ν[τ]
mas acc sg; pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
who/whom/which; while being
;
who/whom/which (acc); while being (nom|acc|voc, voc)
αὐτὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ος
mas nom sg
he/it/same
he/it/same (nom)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
king (nom)
ἔπινεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πίνω (πιν-, πι·[σ]-, 2nd πι-, πεπω·κ-, -, πο·θ-)
ε·πιν·ε(ν)
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-DRINK-ing
he/she/it-was-DRINK-ing
Est 1:7
They gave them drinks in golden vessels of various kinds, including royal wine in abundance, according to the bounty of the king.
8 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
πότος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

πότος, -ου, ὁ
ποτ·ος
(mas) nom sg
drinking party
drinking party (nom)
οὗτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
[τ]ουτ·ος
mas nom sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
this (nom)
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
not
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
προκείμενον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πρό·κει·μαι (ath. προ+κει-, -, -, -, -, -)
προ·κει·μεν·ον
pres mp ptcp mas acc sg or pres mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
while being-SET-FORTH-ed
while being-SET-FORTH-ed (acc, nom|acc|voc)
νόμον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ον
(mas) acc sg
custom/law
ordinance custom practice
custom/law (acc)
ἐγένετο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
ε·γεν·ετο
2aor mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-BECOME-ed
become; happen; be ("as a substitute for the forms of εἰμί" --BAGD)
he/she/it-was-BECOME-ed
οὕτως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὕτως/οὕτω
ουτως
indecl
thus
[Lit:"like-this": in-this-manner (οὕτως before vowels and consonants; οὕτω before consonants only]
thus
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
ἠθέλησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θέλω (θελ-, θελη·σ-, θελη·σ-, τεθελη·κ-, -, -)
ε·θελη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-WANT-ed
/wish/desire
he/she/it-WANT-ed
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
king (nom)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἐπέταξεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·τάσσω (επι+τασσ-, -, επι+ταξ-, επι+τεταχ·[κ]-, επι+τετασσ-, επι+ταγ·[θ]-)
επι·ε·τασσ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-ORDER-ed
command/enjoin.
he/she/it-ORDER-ed
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
the (dat)
οἰκονόμοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Verb

οἰκο·νόμος, -ου, ὁ; οἰκο·νομέω (οικονομ(ε)-, οικονομη·σ-, οικονομη·σ-, -, -, -)
οικονομ·οις; οικονομ(ε)·οις
(mas) dat pl; pres act opt 2nd sg
stewards; you(sg)-happen-to-be-MANAGE-ing
[manager of household, administrator];
stewards (dat); you(sg)-happen-to-be-MANAGE-ing (opt)
ποιῆσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποιη·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-DO/MAKE, be-you(sg)-DO/MAKE-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-DO/MAKE
to-DO/MAKE, be-you(sg)-DO/MAKE-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-DO/MAKE (opt)
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
the (nom|acc)
θέλημα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

θέλημα[τ], -ατος, τό
θελημα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
desire
/want/wish. Often rendered "will", but inconsistent with cognate "θέλω" (wish/desire), and distinct from "βουλή" (will/counsel/intent). Sometimes softened to "preferred-will" (so as not to impugn God's sovereignty).
desire (nom|acc|voc)
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
him/it/same (gen)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
ἀνθρώπων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ων
(mas) gen pl
mans
mans (gen)
Est 1:8
In accordance with the law, the drinking was not compulsory; for so the king had instructed all the officials of his house, that they should do according to every man’s pleasure.
9καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
Αστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
the (nom)
βασίλισσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βασίλισσα, -ης, ἡ
βασιλισσ·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
queen
queen (nom|voc)
ἐποίησε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ε·ποιη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-DO/MAKE-ed
he/she/it-DO/MAKE-ed
πότον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

πότος, -ου, ὁ; ποτόν, -οῦ, τό [EXTRA]
ποτ·ον; ποτ·ον
(mas) acc sg; (neu) nom|acc|voc sg
drinking party; drinking-party
; (from "πίνω":to-drink), hence drinking-party.
drinking party (acc); drinking-party (nom|acc|voc)
ταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·αις
fem dat pl
the
the (dat)
γυναιξὶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

γυνή, -αικος, ἡ, voc. sg. γύναι
γυναικ·σι(ν)
(fem) dat pl
women/wives
women/wives (dat)
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
the (dat)
βασιλείοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

βασίλειος -ον
βασιλει·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl or fem dat pl
royal
royal (dat)
ὅπου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὅπου
οπου
indecl
where
where
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
king (nom)
Ἀρταξέρξης
Est 1:9
Also Vashti the queen made a feast for the women in the royal house which belonged to King Ahasuerus.
10ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
the (dat)
ἡμέρᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
day
day (dat)
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
the (dat)
ἑβδόμῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

ἕβδομος -η -ον
εβδομ·ῃ
fem dat sg
seventh
seventh (dat)
ἡδέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Adjective (3-1-3)

ἡδέως (Adv. of ἡδύς); ἡδύς -εῖα -ύ [LXX], gen. sg. -έος and -έως
ηδεως; ηδ(υ)·ος
indecl; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
gladly; pleasant
[with pleasure];
gladly; pleasant (gen)
γενόμενος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
γεν·ομεν·ος
2aor mp ptcp mas nom sg
upon being-BECOME-ed
become; happen; be ("as a substitute for the forms of εἰμί" --BAGD)
upon being-BECOME-ed (nom)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
king (nom)
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY-ed
speak, tell
he/she/it-SAY-ed
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
the (dat)
Αμαν καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
Βαζαν καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
Θαρρα καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
Βωραζη καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
Ζαθολθα καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
Αβαταζα καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
Θαραβα τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
the (dat)
ἑπτὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

ἑπτά
επτα
indecl
seven
seven
εὐνούχοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

εὐν·οῦχος, -ου, ὁ
ευνουχ·οις
(mas) dat pl
eunuchs
eunuchs (dat)
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
the (dat)
διακόνοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl. and Fem. 2nd Decl.); Verb

δι·άκονος, -ου, ὁ and ἡ; δι·ακονέω (δι+ακον(ε)-, δι+ακονη·σ-, δι+ακονη·σ-, -, -, δι+ακονη·θ-)
διακον·οις; δι·ακον(ε)·οις
(mas) dat pl or (fem) dat pl; pres act opt 2nd sg
servants; you(sg)-happen-to-be-SERVE-ing
attendant;
servants (dat); you(sg)-happen-to-be-SERVE-ing (opt)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
βασιλέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
king
king (gen)
Ἀρταξέρξου
Est 1:10
¶On the seventh day, when the heart of the king was merry with wine, he commanded Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, and Abagtha, Zethar, and Carcass, the seven eunuchs who served in the presence of Ahasuerus the king,
11εἰσαγαγεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰσ·άγω (εισ+αγ-, εισ+αξ-, 2nd εισ+αγαγ-, εισ+αγειοχ·[κ]-, -, εισ+αχ·θ-)
εισ·αγαγ·ειν
2aor act inf
to-LEAD-INTO
to-LEAD-INTO
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
the (acc)
βασίλισσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βασίλισσα, -ης, ἡ
βασιλισσ·αν
(fem) acc sg
queen
queen (acc)
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (acc)
βασιλεύειν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βασιλεύω (βασιλευ-, βασιλευ·σ-, βασιλευ·σ-, βεβασιλευ·κ-, βεβασιλευ-, -)
βασιλευ·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-REIGN-ing
Lit:"be-king"
to-be-REIGN-ing
αὐτὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ην
fem acc sg
her/it/same
her/it/same (acc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
περιθεῖναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

περι·τίθημι (ath. περι+τιθ(ε)-, περι+θη·σ-, περι+θη·κ- or 2nd ath. περι+θ(ε)-, -, -, -)
περι·θ(ε)·εναι
2aor act inf
to-PLACE-AROUND
[made a barrier round about it, metaph., bestow, confer upon]
to-PLACE-AROUND
αὐτῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῃ
fem dat sg
her/it/same
her/it/same (dat)
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
the (nom|acc)
διάδημα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

διά·δημα[τ], -ατος, τό
διαδημα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
diadem
diadem (nom|acc|voc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
δεῖξαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δείκνυμι a.k.a. δεικνύω (ath. δεικνυ-, δειξ-, δειξ-, -, -, δειχ·θ-)
δεικ·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-SHOW, be-you(sg)-SHOW-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-SHOW
to-SHOW, be-you(sg)-SHOW-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-SHOW (opt)
αὐτὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ην
fem acc sg
her/it/same
her/it/same (acc)
πᾶσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
πα[ντ]·σι(ν)
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
all (dat)
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
the (dat)
ἄρχουσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.); Verb

ἄρχων[τ], -ο[υ]ντος, ὁ, dat. pl. ἄρχουσιν, voc. pl. ἄρχοντες; ἄρχω (αρχ-, αρξ-, αρξ-, -, ηρχ-, -)
αρχου[ντ]·σι(ν); αρχ·ουσι(ν), αρχ·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
(mas) dat pl; pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
rulers; they-are-BEGIN/RULE-ing, while BEGIN/RULE-ing
; Lit:"head/chief", hence rule or begin (depending upon context).
rulers (dat); they-are-BEGIN/RULE-ing, while BEGIN/RULE-ing (dat)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
the (dat)
ἔθνεσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ε)·σι(ν)
(neu) dat pl
nations
Lit: from etho (vb: to form a custom/culture). Hence, a race/people, joined by shared language, customs, history, and culture. Usually applied to Gentiles (except Jn 11:50).
nations (dat)
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
the (nom|acc)
κάλλος αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
her/it/same
her/it/same (gen)
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
because/that
καλὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

καλός -ή -όν (cf. ἀγαθός)
καλ·η
fem nom|voc sg
good
good, useful, of quality, morally good, physically beautiful
good (nom|voc)
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
he/she/it-was
Est 1:11
to bring Vashti the queen before the king with the royal crown, to show the people and the princes her beauty; for she was beautiful.
12καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
not
εἰσήκουσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰσ·ακούω (εισ+ακου-, εισ+ακου·σ-, εισ+ακου·σ-, εισ+ακηκο·[κ]-, -, εισ+ακουσ·θ-)
εισ·ε·ακου·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-HEAR-ed
Lit:"hear-into", hence listen-intently, hear-deeply, hearken-to, by extension obey. Cf. προσ·έχω
he/she/it-HEAR-ed
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
him/it/same (gen)
Αστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
the (nom)
βασίλισσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βασίλισσα, -ης, ἡ
βασιλισσ·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
queen
queen (nom|voc)
ἐλθεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ελθ·ειν
2aor act inf
to-COME
Sometimes (carelessly?) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
to-COME
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
εὐνούχων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

εὐν·οῦχος, -ου, ὁ
ευνουχ·ων
(mas) gen pl
eunuchs
eunuchs (gen)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἐλυπήθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λυπέω (λυπ(ε)-, λυπη·σ-, λυπη·σ-, λελυπη·κ-, λελυπη-, λυπη·θ-)
ε·λυπη·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-GRIEVE-ed
(from "λύπη" [intense pain of mind]), hence distress/vex/make-upset. cause-sorrow/pain, be/make-sorry. LXX: (also) make-angry.
he/she/it-was-GRIEVE-ed
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
king (nom)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ὠργίσθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὀργίζω (οργιζ-, -, -, -, -, οργισ·θ-)
ε·οργισ·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-BE/MAKE-ANGRY-ed
,from "ὀργή"(settled-anger/wrath), hence to-anger, be/feel-angry, make-angry.
he/she/it-was-BE/MAKE-ANGRY-ed
Est 1:12
But the queen Vashti refused to come at the king’s commandment by the eunuchs. Therefore the king was very angry, and his anger burned in him.
13καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY-ed
speak, tell
he/she/it-SAY-ed
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
the (dat)
φίλοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

φίλος -η -ον; φιλέω (φιλ(ε)-, φιλη·σ-, φιλη·σ-, πεφιλη·κ-, -, -)
φιλ·οις; φιλ(ε)·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl; pres act opt 2nd sg
friend; you(sg)-happen-to-be-BE-ing-FOND-OF
companion; [hold at high degree of association, have affection toward; raraly of kissing]
friend (dat); you(sg)-happen-to-be-BE-ing-FOND-OF (opt)
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
him/it/same (gen)
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
ταῦτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·α
neu nom|acc pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
these (nom|acc)
ἐλάλησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαλέω (λαλ(ε)-, λαλη·σ-, λαλη·σ-, λελαλη·κ-, λελαλη-, λαλη·θ-)
ε·λαλη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SPEAK-ed
he/she/it-SPEAK-ed
Αστιν ποιήσατε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποιη·σατε
1aor act imp 2nd pl
do-DO/MAKE-you(pl)!
do-DO/MAKE-you(pl)!
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
περὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

περί
περι
indecl
about (+acc,+gen)
Lit:"around" (as in perimeter "around-measure"). Fig:about/regarding/concerning
about (+acc,+gen)
τούτου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
this (gen)
νόμον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ον
(mas) acc sg
custom/law
ordinance custom practice
custom/law (acc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
κρίσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

κρίσις, -εως, ἡ
κρισ(ι)·ν
(fem) acc sg
judgment
/decision, turning point, sudden change, crisis, estimation, conceit
judgment (acc)
Est 1:13
Then the king said to the wise men, who knew the times, (for it was the king’s custom to consult those who knew law and judgment;
14καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
προσῆλθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·έρχομαι (προσ+ερχ-, προσ+ελευ·σ-, προσ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd προσ+ελθ-, προσ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
προσ·ε·ελθ·[σ]ε(ν), προσ·ε·ελθ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-APPROACH-ed
he/she/it-APPROACH-ed
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (dat)
Αρκεσαιος καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
Σαρσαθαιος καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
Μαλησεαρ οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
the (nom)
ἄρχοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.); Verb

ἄρχων[τ], -ο[υ]ντος, ὁ, dat. pl. ἄρχουσιν, voc. pl. ἄρχοντες; ἄρχω (αρχ-, αρξ-, αρξ-, -, ηρχ-, -)
αρχο[υ]ντ·ες; αρχ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
(mas) nom|voc pl; pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
rulers; while BEGIN/RULE-ing
; Lit:"head/chief", hence rule or begin (depending upon context).
rulers (nom|voc); while BEGIN/RULE-ing (nom|voc)
Περσῶν καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
Μήδων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Μῆδος, -ου, ὁ
μηδ·ων
(mas) gen pl
Medes
[inhabitant of Media]
Medes (gen)
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
the (nom)
ἐγγὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἐγγύς
εγγυς
indecl
near
near
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
βασιλέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
king
king (gen)
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
the (nom)
πρῶτοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

πρῶτος -η -ον
πρωτ·οι
mas nom|voc pl
first
first (nom|voc)
παρακαθήμενοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·κάθ·η·μαι [LXX] (ath. παρα+καθ(η)-, -, -, -, -, -)
παρα·καθ(η)·μεν·οι
pres mp ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while being-???-ed
while being-???-ed (nom|voc)
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
the (dat)
βασιλεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ι
(mas) dat sg
king
king (dat)
Est 1:14
and the next to him were Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan, the seven princes of Persia and Media, who saw the king’s face, and sat first in the kingdom),
15καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἀπήγγειλαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·αγγέλλω (απ+αγγελλ-, απ+αγγελ(ε)·[σ]-, απ+αγγειλ·[σ]-, απ+ηγγελ·κ-, -, απ+αγγελ·[θ]-)
απ·ε·αγγειλ·[σ]αν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-REPORT-ed
– to report or tell.
they-REPORT-ed
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (dat)
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
the (acc)
νόμους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ους
(mas) acc pl
custom/laws
ordinance custom practice
custom/laws (acc)
ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
as/like
δεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

δέω (δε-/δ(ε)-, δη·σ-, δη·σ-, δεδε·κ-, δεδε-, δε·θ-); δέομαι (δε-/δ(ε)-, -, -, -, δεδεη-, δεη·θ-)
δ(ε)·ει, δ(ε)·ε; δ(ε)·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg, pres act imp 2nd sg; pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-BIND-ing, be-you(sg)-BIND-ing!; you(sg)-are-being-NEED/REQUIRE-ed
bind, enchain, tie; deeply need/require, by extension, beg/beseech/supplicate/urgently appeal.
he/she/it-is-BIND-ing, be-you(sg)-BIND-ing!; you(sg)-are-being-NEED/REQUIRE-ed (classical)
ποιῆσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποιη·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-DO/MAKE, be-you(sg)-DO/MAKE-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-DO/MAKE
to-DO/MAKE, be-you(sg)-DO/MAKE-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-DO/MAKE (opt)
Αστιν τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
the (dat)
βασιλίσσῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βασίλισσα, -ης, ἡ
βασιλισσ·ῃ
(fem) dat sg
queen
queen (dat)
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
because/that
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
not
ἐποίησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ε·ποιη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-DO/MAKE-ed
he/she/it-DO/MAKE-ed
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
the (nom|acc)
ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen)
ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
under (+acc), by (+gen)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
βασιλέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
king
king (gen)
προσταχθέντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·τάσσω/-τάττω (προσ+τασσ-/προσ+ταττ-, προσ+ταξ-, προσ+ταξ-, προσ+τεταχ·[κ]-, προσ+τετασσ-, προσ+ταγ·[θ]-/προσ+ταχ·θ-)
προσ·τασσ·θε[ι]ντ·α
aor θη ptcp mas acc sg or aor θη ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
upon being-GIVE-ed-A-DIRECTIVE
upon being-GIVE-ed-A-DIRECTIVE (acc, nom|acc|voc)
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
εὐνούχων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

εὐν·οῦχος, -ου, ὁ
ευνουχ·ων
(mas) gen pl
eunuchs
eunuchs (gen)
Est 1:15
“What shall we do to the queen Vashti according to law, because she has not done the bidding of the King Ahasuerus by the eunuchs?”
16καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY-ed
speak, tell
he/she/it-SAY-ed
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
Μουχαιος πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
βασιλέα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·α
(mas) acc sg
king
king (acc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
the (acc)
ἄρχοντας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.); Verb

ἄρχων[τ], -ο[υ]ντος, ὁ, dat. pl. ἄρχουσιν, voc. pl. ἄρχοντες; ἄρχω (αρχ-, αρξ-, αρξ-, -, ηρχ-, -)
αρχο[υ]ντ·ας; αρχ·ο[υ]ντ·ας
(mas) acc pl; pres act ptcp mas acc pl
rulers; while BEGIN/RULE-ing
; Lit:"head/chief", hence rule or begin (depending upon context).
rulers (acc); while BEGIN/RULE-ing (acc)
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
not
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
βασιλέα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·α
(mas) acc sg
king
king (acc)
μόνον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Adjective (2-1-2)

μόνον (Adv. of μόνος); μόνος -η -ον
μονον; μον·ον
indecl; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
only; sole
; apart, sole, only, alone (see κατάμόνος G2651 apart, solely, only, alone)
only; sole (acc, nom|acc|voc)
ἠδίκησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀ·δικέω (αδικ(ε)-, αδικη·σ-, αδικη·σ-, ηδικη·κ-, ηδικη-, αδικη·θ-)
ε·αδικη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-DO-HARM/WRONG-ed
Lit:"do-unright".
he/she/it-DO-HARM/WRONG-ed
Αστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
the (nom)
βασίλισσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βασίλισσα, -ης, ἡ
βασιλισσ·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
queen
queen (nom|voc)
ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but-rather
emphatic/hard-adversative, "but-rather/instead", as distinct from the softer, more common, "δέ"
but-rather
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
πάντας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ας
mas acc pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
all (acc)
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
the (acc)
ἄρχοντας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.); Verb

ἄρχων[τ], -ο[υ]ντος, ὁ, dat. pl. ἄρχουσιν, voc. pl. ἄρχοντες; ἄρχω (αρχ-, αρξ-, αρξ-, -, ηρχ-, -)
αρχο[υ]ντ·ας; αρχ·ο[υ]ντ·ας
(mas) acc pl; pres act ptcp mas acc pl
rulers; while BEGIN/RULE-ing
; Lit:"head/chief", hence rule or begin (depending upon context).
rulers (acc); while BEGIN/RULE-ing (acc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
the (acc)
ἡγουμένους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἡγέομαι (ηγ(ε)-, -, ηγη·σ-, -, ηγη-, -)
ηγ(ε)·ομεν·ους
pres mp ptcp mas acc pl
while being-REGARD/DEEM/GUIDE-ed
/consider/count/account, from "ἄγω" (lead/bring/bear) and cognate of "ἡγεμών" (governor/commander/hegemon)
while being-REGARD/DEEM/GUIDE-ed (acc)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
βασιλέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
king
king (gen)
Est 1:16
¶Memucan answered before the king and the princes, “Vashti the queen has not done wrong to just the king, but also to all the princes, and to all the people who are in all the provinces of the King Ahasuerus.
17καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
for
διηγήσατο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δι·ηγέομαι (δι+ηγ(ε)-, δι+ηγη·σ-, δι+ηγη·σ-, -, -, -)
δι·ε·ηγη·σατο
1aor mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-EXPOSIT-ed
set out in detail, describe,
he/she/it-was-EXPOSIT-ed
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
them/same (dat)
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
the (nom|acc)
ῥήματα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ῥῆμα[τ], -ατος, τό
ρηματ·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
declarations
/saying/statement/utterance Often "word" but distinguished from "logos" (message)
declarations (nom|acc|voc)
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
the (gen)
βασιλίσσης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βασίλισσα, -ης, ἡ
βασιλισσ·ης
(fem) gen sg
queen
queen (gen)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
as/like
ἀντεῖπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀντι·λέγω (αντι+λεγ-, -, 2nd αντ+ειπ-, -, -, -)
αντ·ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SPEAK-ed-AGAINST
he/she/it-SPEAK-ed-AGAINST
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
the (dat)
βασιλεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ι
(mas) dat sg
king
king (dat)
ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
as/like
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
ἀντεῖπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀντι·λέγω (αντι+λεγ-, -, 2nd αντ+ειπ-, -, -, -)
αντ·ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SPEAK-ed-AGAINST
he/she/it-SPEAK-ed-AGAINST
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
the (dat)
βασιλεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ι
(mas) dat sg
king
king (dat)
Ἀρταξέρξῃ
Est 1:17
For this deed of the queen will become known to all women, causing them to show contempt for their husbands, when it is reported, ‘King Ahasuerus commanded Vashti the queen to be brought in before him, but she didn’t come.’
18οὕτως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὕτως/οὕτω
ουτως
indecl
thus
[Lit:"like-this": in-this-manner (οὕτως before vowels and consonants; οὕτω before consonants only]
thus
σήμερον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

σήμερον
σημερον
indecl
today
day
today
αἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·αι
fem nom pl
the
the (nom)
τυραννίδες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

τυραννί[δ]ς, -ίδος, ἡ [LXX]
τυραννιδ·ες
(fem) nom|voc pl
tyrannies
tyrannies (nom|voc)
αἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·αι
fem nom pl
the
the (nom)
λοιπαὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

λοιπός -ή -όν
λοιπ·αι
fem nom|voc pl
remaining
well then, sο, now, the rest, finally
remaining (nom|voc)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
ἀρχόντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.); Verb

ἄρχων[τ], -ο[υ]ντος, ὁ, dat. pl. ἄρχουσιν, voc. pl. ἄρχοντες; ἄρχω (αρχ-, αρξ-, αρξ-, -, ηρχ-, -)
αρχο[υ]ντ·ων; αρχ·οντων, αρχ·ο[υ]ντ·ων
(mas) gen pl; pres act imp 3rd pl classical, pres act ptcp mas gen pl or pres act ptcp neu gen pl
rulers; let-them-be-BEGIN/RULE-ing!, while BEGIN/RULE-ing
; Lit:"head/chief", hence rule or begin (depending upon context).
rulers (gen); let-them-be-BEGIN/RULE-ing! (classical), while BEGIN/RULE-ing (gen)
Περσῶν καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
Μήδων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Μῆδος, -ου, ὁ
μηδ·ων
(mas) gen pl
Medes
[inhabitant of Media]
Medes (gen)
ἀκούσασαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀκούω (ακου-, ακου·σ-, ακου·σ-, ακηκο·[κ]-, ηκουσ-, ακουσ·θ-)
ακου·σασ·αι
1aor act ptcp fem nom|voc pl
upon HEAR-ing
to hear; to listen (pay attention) to; or to understand what is heard
upon HEAR-ing (nom|voc)
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
the (nom|acc)
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
the (dat)
βασιλεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ι
(mas) dat sg
king
king (dat)
λεχθέντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·θε[ι]ντ·α
aor θη ptcp mas acc sg or aor θη ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
upon being-SAY-ed
speak, tell
upon being-SAY-ed (acc, nom|acc|voc)
ὑπ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπ’
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen)
ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
under (+acc), by (+gen)
αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
her/it/same
her/it/same (gen)
τολμήσουσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τολμάω (τολμ(α)-, τολμη·σ-, τολμη·σ-, -, -, -)
τολμη·σουσι(ν), τολμη·σου[ντ]·σι(ν)
fut act ind 3rd pl, fut act ptcp mas dat pl or fut act ptcp neu dat pl
they-will-DARE, going-to-DARE
they-will-DARE, going-to-DARE (fut ptcp) (dat)
ὁμοίως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὁμοίως (cf. ὡσαύτως)
ομοιως
indecl
similarly
similarly
ἀτιμάσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀ·τιμάζω (ατιμαζ-, -, ατιμα·σ-, -, ητιμασ-, ατιμασ·θ-)
ατιμα·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-DISHONOR, be-you(sg)-DISHONOR-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-DISHONOR
to-DISHONOR, be-you(sg)-DISHONOR-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-DISHONOR (opt)
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
the (acc)
ἄνδρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀνήρ, ἀνδρός, ὁ, voc. sg. ἄνερ
ανδρ·ας
(mas) acc pl
men
(as distinct from woman, beast, god, etc); sometimes "husband".
men (acc)
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
them/same (gen)
Est 1:18
Today, the princesses of Persia and Media who have heard of the queen’s deed will tell all the king’s princes. This will cause much contempt and wrath.
19εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
if
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
δοκεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δοκέω (δοκ(ε)-, δοξ-, δοξ-, -, δεδοκ-, -)
δοκ(ε)·ει, δοκ(ε)·ε
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, pres act imp 2nd sg
he/she/it-is-SUPPOSE-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SUPPOSE-ed, be-you(sg)-SUPPOSE-ing!
,from "dokos"(opinion), hence suppose/seem/think/consider. Same root as "εὐδοκέω"(seem-good). Often rendered "think", but less objective than "νοέω"(think) and less visceral than "φρονέω"(think).
he/she/it-is-SUPPOSE-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SUPPOSE-ed (classical), be-you(sg)-SUPPOSE-ing!
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
the (dat)
βασιλεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ι
(mas) dat sg
king
king (dat)
προσταξάτω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·τάσσω/-τάττω (προσ+τασσ-/προσ+ταττ-, προσ+ταξ-, προσ+ταξ-, προσ+τεταχ·[κ]-, προσ+τετασσ-, προσ+ταγ·[θ]-/προσ+ταχ·θ-)
προσ·τασσ·σατω
1aor act imp 3rd sg
let-him/her/it-GIVE-A-DIRECTIVE!
let-him/her/it-GIVE-A-DIRECTIVE!
βασιλικόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

βασιλικός -ή -όν
βασιλικ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
the royal
(king's, nobleman)
the royal (acc, nom|acc|voc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
γραφήτω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γράφω (γραφ-, γραψ-, γραψ-, γεγραφ·[κ]-, γεγραφ-, γραφ·[θ]-)
γραφ·[θ]ητω
aor θη imp 3rd sg
let-him/her/it-be-WRITE-ed!
let-him/her/it-be-WRITE-ed!
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
the (acc)
νόμους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ους
(mas) acc pl
custom/laws
ordinance custom practice
custom/laws (acc)
Μήδων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Μῆδος, -ου, ὁ
μηδ·ων
(mas) gen pl
Medes
[inhabitant of Media]
Medes (gen)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
Περσῶν καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
not
ἄλλως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἄλλως
αλλως
indecl
otherwise
otherwise
χρησάσθω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

χράομαι (χρ(η)-/χρ(α)-, χρη·σ-, χρη·σ-, -, κεχρη-, χρησ·θ-)
χρη·σασθω
1aor mp imp 3rd sg
let-him/her/it-be-USE/TREAT-ed!
(profit, advise)
let-him/her/it-be-USE/TREAT-ed!
μηδὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle; Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

μηδέ (μή δέ); Μῆδος, -ου, ὁ
μηδε; μηδ·ε
indecl; (mas) voc sg
neither/nor; Mede

μηδ’ before ὡς [one occurrence: 1 Pt 5:3]; [inhabitant of Media]
neither/nor; Mede (voc)
εἰσελθάτω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰσ·έρχομαι (εισ+ερχ-, εισ+ελευ·σ-, εισ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd εισ+ελθ-, εισ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εισ·ελθ·[σ]ατω
1aor act imp 3rd sg
let-him/her/it-COME IN/ ENTER!
let-him/her/it-COME IN/ ENTER!
ἔτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἔτι
ετι
indecl
yet/still/ while
yet/still/ while
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
the (nom)
βασίλισσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βασίλισσα, -ης, ἡ
βασιλισσ·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
queen
queen (nom|voc)
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (acc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
the (acc)
βασιλείαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βασιλεία, -ας, ἡ
βασιλει·αν
(fem) acc sg
kingdom
kingdom (acc)
αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
her/it/same
her/it/same (gen)
δότω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
δ(ο)·τω
2aor act imp 3rd sg
let-him/her/it-GIVE!
/offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
let-him/her/it-GIVE!
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
king (nom)
γυναικὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

γυνή, -αικος, ἡ, voc. sg. γύναι
γυναικ·ι
(fem) dat sg
woman/wife
woman/wife (dat)
κρείττονι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3)

κρείττων -ον and κρείσσων -ον, gen. sg. -ονος
κρειττον·ι
neu dat sg or mas dat sg or fem dat sg
better/superior
Comparative adjective from the noun "κράτος" (dominion/might/power", hence more-mighty/powerful/dominating/noble. Usually rendered "better", but distinguished from "καλός" (better-good), and "προέχω" (better/su
better/superior (dat)
αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
her/it/same
her/it/same (gen)
Est 1:19
¶“If it please the king, let a royal commandment go from him, and let it be written among the laws of the Persians and the Medes, so that it cannot be altered, that Vashti may never again come before King Ahasuerus; and let the king give her royal estate to another who is better than she.
20καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἀκουσθήτω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀκούω (ακου-, ακου·σ-, ακου·σ-, ακηκο·[κ]-, ηκουσ-, ακουσ·θ-)
ακουσ·θητω
aor θη imp 3rd sg
let-him/her/it-be-HEAR-ed!
to hear; to listen (pay attention) to; or to understand what is heard
let-him/her/it-be-HEAR-ed!
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
νόμος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ος
(mas) nom sg
custom/law
ordinance custom practice
custom/law (nom)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen)
ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
under (+acc), by (+gen)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
βασιλέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
king
king (gen)
ὃν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative); Verb

ὅς ἥ ὅ; εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ον; (εσ)·ο[υ]ν[τ]
mas acc sg; pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
who/whom/which; while being
;
who/whom/which (acc); while being (nom|acc|voc, voc)
ἐὰν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἐάν (εἰ ἄν)
εαν
indecl
if-ever
"ἐὰν μή" (Lit:if-ever not) means "except", "unless"
if-ever
ποιῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποι(ε)·ῃ
pres mp ind 2nd sg or pres act sub 3rd sg or pres mp sub 2nd sg
you(sg)-are-being-DO/MAKE-ed, he/she/it-should-be-DO/MAKE-ing, you(sg)-should-be-being-DO/MAKE-ed
you(sg)-are-being-DO/MAKE-ed, he/she/it-should-be-DO/MAKE-ing, you(sg)-should-be-being-DO/MAKE-ed
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
the (dat)
βασιλείᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βασιλεία, -ας, ἡ
βασιλει·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
kingdom
kingdom (dat)
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
him/it/same (gen)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
οὕτως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὕτως/οὕτω
ουτως
indecl
thus
[Lit:"like-this": in-this-manner (οὕτως before vowels and consonants; οὕτω before consonants only]
thus
πᾶσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral); Verb

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός; πάσσω [LXX] (πασσ-, -, πα·σ-, -, πεπασ-, -)
πασ·αι; πα·σαι
fem nom|voc pl; 1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
all; to-SPRINKLE, be-you(sg)-SPRINKLE-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-SPRINKLE
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".;
all (nom|voc); to-SPRINKLE, be-you(sg)-SPRINKLE-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-SPRINKLE (opt)
αἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·αι
fem nom pl
the
the (nom)
γυναῖκες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

γυνή, -αικος, ἡ, voc. sg. γύναι
γυναικ·ες
(fem) nom|voc pl
women/wives
women/wives (nom|voc)
περιθήσουσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

περι·τίθημι (ath. περι+τιθ(ε)-, περι+θη·σ-, περι+θη·κ- or 2nd ath. περι+θ(ε)-, -, -, -)
περι·θη·σουσι(ν), περι·θη·σου[ντ]·σι(ν)
fut act ind 3rd pl, fut act ptcp mas dat pl or fut act ptcp neu dat pl
they-will-PLACE-AROUND, going-to-PLACE
[made a barrier round about it, metaph., bestow, confer upon]
they-will-PLACE-AROUND, going-to-PLACE (fut ptcp) (dat)
τιμὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

τιμή, -ῆς, ἡ
τιμ·ην
(fem) acc sg
perceived-value
honor, esteem, worship(of things), worth, price
perceived-value (acc)
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
the (dat)
ἀνδράσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀνήρ, ἀνδρός, ὁ, voc. sg. ἄνερ
ανδρ·σι(ν) > ανδρασι(ν)
(mas) dat pl
men
(as distinct from woman, beast, god, etc); sometimes "husband".
men (dat)
ἑαυτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

ἑ·αυτοῦ/αὑτοῦ[2] -ῆς -οῦ
εαυτ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
selves
him/her/it/our/your/them-selves
selves (gen)
ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
from
πτωχοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

πτωχός -ή -όν
πτωχ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
beggarly-poor
/cowering/destitute-poor. Distinct from "πενιχρός" (needy-poor)
beggarly-poor (gen)
ἕως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction; Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl.)

ἕως[1]; ἕως[2], -ω, ἡ [LXX], acc.
εως; ε(ω)·ος, ε(ω)·ους
indecl; (fem) nom|voc sg, (fem) acc pl
until; dawn, dawns
, up-until/as-far-as, Often used as a conjunctive-adverbial preposition concerning time/place/number, "until +(genitive)";
until; dawn (nom|voc), dawns (acc)
πλουσίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

πλούσιος -ία -ον
πλουσι·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
abundant
abundant (gen)
Est 1:20
When the king’s decree which he shall make is published throughout all his kingdom (for it is great), all the wives will give their husbands honor, both great and small.”
21καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἤρεσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀρέσκω (αρεσκ-, αρε·σ-, αρε·σ-, -, -, -)
ε·αρε·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-PLEASE-ed
he/she/it-PLEASE-ed
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
λόγος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λόγος, -ου, ὁ
λογ·ος
(mas) nom sg
word
word
word (nom)
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
the (dat)
βασιλεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ι
(mas) dat sg
king
king (dat)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
the (dat)
ἄρχουσι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.); Verb

ἄρχων[τ], -ο[υ]ντος, ὁ, dat. pl. ἄρχουσιν, voc. pl. ἄρχοντες; ἄρχω (αρχ-, αρξ-, αρξ-, -, ηρχ-, -)
αρχου[ντ]·σι(ν); αρχ·ουσι(ν), αρχ·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
(mas) dat pl; pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
rulers; they-are-BEGIN/RULE-ing, while BEGIN/RULE-ing
; Lit:"head/chief", hence rule or begin (depending upon context).
rulers (dat); they-are-BEGIN/RULE-ing, while BEGIN/RULE-ing (dat)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἐποίησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ε·ποιη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-DO/MAKE-ed
he/she/it-DO/MAKE-ed
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
king (nom)
καθὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καθά (καθ’ ἅ)
καθα
indecl
according to which
according to which
ἐλάλησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαλέω (λαλ(ε)-, λαλη·σ-, λαλη·σ-, λελαλη·κ-, λελαλη-, λαλη·θ-)
ε·λαλη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SPEAK-ed
he/she/it-SPEAK-ed
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
Μουχαιος
Est 1:21
¶This advice pleased the king and the princes, and the king did according to the word of Memucan:
22καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἀπέστειλεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·στέλλω (απο+στελλ-, απο+στελ(ε)·[σ]-, απο+στειλ·[σ]-, απ+εσταλ·κ-, απ+εσταλ-, απο+σταλ·[θ]-)
απο·ε·στειλ·[σ]ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SEND-FORTH-ed
Lit:"send/arrange-from/away". Often rendered "send-forth" (a message, messenger, action, etc), send
he/she/it-SEND-FORTH-ed
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
into (+acc)
πᾶσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral); Verb

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός; πάσσω [LXX] (πασσ-, -, πα·σ-, -, πεπασ-, -)
πασ·αν; πα·σαν[τ]
fem acc sg; 1aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
each, every; upon SPRINKLE-ing
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".;
each, every (acc); upon SPRINKLE-ing (nom|acc|voc)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
the (acc)
βασιλείαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βασιλεία, -ας, ἡ
βασιλει·αν
(fem) acc sg
kingdom
kingdom (acc)
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
χώραν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

χώρα, -ας, ἡ
χωρ·αν
(fem) acc sg
region
realm (clίme); land, country, territory, tract, province
region (acc)
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
the (acc)
λέξιν αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
them/same (gen)
ὥστε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὥστε
ωστε
indecl
so that
Lit: "like-also"
so that
εἶναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·εναι
pres act inf
to-be
to-be
φόβον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

φόβος, -ου, ὁ
φοβ·ον
(mas) acc sg
fear
[see phobia]
fear (acc)
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
them/same (dat)
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
ταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·αις
fem dat pl
the
the (dat)
οἰκίαις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

οἰκία, -ας, ἡ (cf. οἶκος)
οικι·αις
(fem) dat pl
houses
houses (dat)
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
them/same (gen)
Est 1:22
for he sent letters into all the king’s provinces, into every province according to its writing, and to every people in their language, that every man should rule his own house, speaking in the language of his own people.
» Ch 2

Copyright 2007-2020 Thomas Moore, Email: acct3 at katabiblon.com, Support Forum Set Local Timezone
Sunday, 23-Feb-2020 01:48:33 EST

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