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Μακκαβαίων Δʹ

4 Maccabees

  CATSS LXX Brenton (1851) Wiki English Translation‎ / World English Bible11διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
τοῦτό [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
γέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

γέ
γε
indecl
indeed
An emphatic particle meaning at least, indeed. It emphasizes the word to which it is associated.
τοι καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
μειρακίσκοι τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
simple article
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
εὐσεβείας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

εὐ·σέβεια, -ας, ἡ
ευσεβει·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
godliness, godlinesses
Lit:"good=veneration/homage", hence reverence-to-God, god-likeness
λογισμῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λογισμός, -οῦ, ὁ
λογισμ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
logic
reasoning, calculation
φιλοσοφοῦντες χαλεπωτέρων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

χαλεπώ·τερος -α -ον [LXX] (Comp. of χαλεπός)
χαλεπωτερ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
more difficult
βασανιστηρίων ἐπεκράτησαν
4Mc 8:1Then, indeed, vehemently swayed with passion, he commanded to bring others of the adult Hebrews, and if they would eat of the unclean thing, to let them go when they had eaten; but if they objected, to torment them more grievously.4Mc 8:1
¶then, indeed, vehemently swayed with emotion, he commanded to bring others of the adult Hebrews, and if they would eat of the unclean thing, to let them go when they had eaten; but if they objected, to torment them more grievously.
22ἐπειδὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἐπει·δή
επειδη
indecl
when/since
[another form of "ἐπεί". after, because]
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
πρώτην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

πρῶτος -η -ον
πρωτ·ην
fem acc sg
first
πεῖραν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Verb

πεῖρα, -ας, ἡ; πειράω (πειρ(α)-, πειρα·σ-, πειρα·σ-, -, πεπειρα-, πειρα·θ-)
πειρ·αν; πειρ(α)·ειν > πειραν
(fem) acc sg; pres act inf
trial/experience/ordeal; to-be-TRY/ATTEMPT-ing
;
ἐνικήθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

νικάω (νικ(α)-, νικη·σ-, νικη·σ-, νενικη·κ-, νενικη-, νικη·θ-)
ε·νικη·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-VICTOR-ed-OVER
[to prevail; Rom 12:21: to not be defeated; Rv 5:5: to succeed]
περιφανῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
τύραννος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

τύραννος[1], -ου, ὁ [LXX]; Τύραννος[2], -ου, ὁ
τυρανν·ος; τυρανν·ος
(mas) nom sg; (mas) nom sg
tyrant; Tyrannus
;
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
δυνηθεὶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δύνα·μαι (ath. δυν(α)-/ath. δυν(η)-, δυνη·σ-, -, -, -, δυνη·θ-/δυνασ·θ-)
δυνη·θει[ντ]·ς
aor θη ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon being-ABLE-ed
ἀναγκάσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀναγκάζω (αναγκαζ-, αναγκα·σ-, αναγκα·σ-, -, ηναγκασ-, αναγκασ·θ-)
αναγκα·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-COMPEL, be-you(sg)-COMPEL-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-COMPEL
force, constrain (cf. ἀνάγκη)
γέροντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

γέρων[τ], -ο[υ]ντος, ὁ, dat. pl. γέρουσιν
γερο[υ]ντ·α
(mas) acc sg
old man
μιαροφαγῆσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μιαρο·φαγέω [LXX] (μιαροφαγ(ε)-, -, μιαροφαγη·σ-, -, -, -)
μιαροφαγη·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-EAT ABOMINABLE MEATS--L, be-you(sg)-EAT ABOMINABLE MEATS-ed--L!, he/she/it-happens-to-EAT ABOMINABLE MEATS--L
τότε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

τότε
τοτε
indecl
then
δὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δή
δη
indecl
indeed
σφόδρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

σφόδρα
σφοδρα
indecl
exceedingly
/intensely/very/vehemently, keenly, inveighingly, eagerly
περιπαθῶς ἐκέλευσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κελεύω (κελευ-, -, κελευ·σ-, -, -, κελευσ·θ-)
ε·κελευ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-COMMAND-ed
i.e., urge on by word.
ἄλλους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Indefinite)

ἄλλος -η -ο (cf. ἕτερος)
αλλ·ους
mas acc pl
others
, as distinguished from "ἕτερος" "other" (of a different/distinct kind)
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
from-out-of (+gen)
signifies origin of motion. sometimes rendered, "from", when the motion is already implied by the context. ἐξ before vowels.
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
λείας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

λεῖος -α -ον
λει·ας
fem gen sg or fem acc pl
smooth/level/plain
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
Εβραίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Ἑβραῖος, -ου, ὁ
εβραι·ων
(mas) gen pl
Hebrews
ἀγαγεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἄγω (αγ-, αξ-, 2nd αγαγ-, αγειοχ·[κ]-, ηγ-, αχ·θ-)
αγαγ·ειν
2aor act inf
to-LEAD
bring, arrest
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
μὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μέν
μεν
indecl
indeed
/certainly/surely.
μιαροφαγήσαιεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μιαρο·φαγέω [LXX] (μιαροφαγ(ε)-, -, μιαροφαγη·σ-, -, -, -)
μιαροφαγη·σαιεν
1aor act opt 3rd pl
they-happen-to-EAT ABOMINABLE MEATS--L
ἀπολύειν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·λύω (απο+λυ-, απο+λυ·σ-, απο+λυ·σ-, απο+λελυ·κ-, απο+λελυ-, απο+λυ·θ-)
απο·λυ·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-RELEASE-ing
Lit:"loose-from", hence release, let-go, divorce, free, pardon. Also a euphemism for die.
φαγόντας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐσθίω, ἔσθω (εσθι-/εσθ-, εδ·[σ]-/φαγ·[σ]-, φαγ·[σ]- or 2nd φαγ-, -, -, -)
φαγ·[σ]ο[υ]ντ·ας, φαγ·ο[υ]ντ·ας
fut act ptcp mas acc pl, 2aor act ptcp mas acc pl
going-to-EAT/DEVOUR, upon EAT/DEVOUR-ing
εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
δ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δ’
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἀντιλέγοιεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀντι·λέγω (αντι+λεγ-, -, 2nd αντ+ειπ-, -, -, -)
αντι·λεγ·οιεν
pres act opt 3rd pl
they-happen-to-be-SPEAK-ing-AGAINST
πικρότερον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

πικρό·τερος -α -ον [LXX] (Comp. of πικρός)
πικροτερ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
more bitter
βασανίζειν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βασανίζω (βασανιζ-, βασανι(ε)·[σ]-/βασανι·σ-, βασανι·σ-, -, -, βασανισ·θ-)
βασανιζ·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-TORMENT-ing
examine closely, cross-question
4Mc 8:2The tyrant having given this charge, seven brethren were brought into his presence, along with their aged mother, handsome, and modest, and well-born, and altogether comely.4Mc 8:2
The tyrant having given this charge, seven kindred were brought into his presence, along with their aged mother. They were handsome, modest, well-born, and altogether comely.
33ταῦτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·α
neu nom|acc pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
διαταξαμένου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δια·τάσσω (δια+τασσ-, δια+ταξ-, δια+ταξ-, δια+τεταχ·[κ]-, δια+τετασσ-, δια+ταγ·[θ]-/δια+ταχ·θ-)
δια·τασσ·σαμεν·ου
1aor mp ptcp mas gen sg or 1aor mp ptcp neu gen sg
upon being-SPECIFICALLY INSTRUCT-ed
instruct thoroughly (δια-)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
τυράννου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

τύραννος[1], -ου, ὁ [LXX]; Τύραννος[2], -ου, ὁ
τυρανν·ου; τυρανν·ου
(mas) gen sg; (mas) gen sg
tyrant; Tyrannus
;
παρῆσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

πάρ·ειμι[1] fr. εἰμί[1] (ath. παρ+(εσ)-/παρ+(εσ)-, παρ+εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -); παρ·ίημι (-, παρ+η·σ-, παρ+η·κ- or 2nd ath. παρ+(ε)-, -, παρ+ει-, παρ+ε·θ-)
παρ·ε·(ε[σ])·σαν; παρ·η·σαν[τ]
impf act ind 3rd pl; 1aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
they-were-BE-ing-PRESENT/NEAR; upon HAVE-ing-NOTHING-TO-DO-WITH
Lit:"be-close-beside", hence be-present/here/near/close-beside/at-hand, to-have-come/arrived. Root for "παρουσία"(arrival/coming/visitation/entrance).; pass by, pass over, disregard, permit, allow, give up, relaxed, weakened
ἀγόμενοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἄγω (αγ-, αξ-, 2nd αγαγ-, αγειοχ·[κ]-, ηγ-, αχ·θ-)
αγ·ομεν·οι
pres mp ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while being-LEAD-ed
bring, arrest
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
γεραιᾶς μητρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

μήτηρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ἡ
μητ[ε]ρ·ος
(fem) gen sg
mother
also of motherland
ἑπτὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

ἑπτά
επτα
indecl
seven
ἀδελφοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί
αδελφ·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
brothers
καλοί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

καλός -ή -όν (cf. ἀγαθός); καλέω (καλ(ε)-, καλε·σ-, καλε·σ-, κεκλη·κ-, κεκλη-, κλη·θ-)
καλ·οι; καλ(ε)·οι
mas nom|voc pl; pres act opt 3rd sg
good; he/she/it-happens-to-be-CALL-ing
good, useful, of quality, morally good, physically beautiful; call, summon/invite, or to name
τε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

τέ
τε
indecl
and [postpositive coordinate]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
αἰδήμονες καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
γενναῖοι καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
παντὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ι
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
χαρίεντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-1-3)

χαρίεις χαρίεσσα χαρίεν[τ] [LXX]
χαριεντ·ες
mas nom|voc pl
graceful
4Mc 8:3Whom, when the tyrant beheld, encircling their mother as in a dance, he was pleased at them; and being struck with their becoming and ingenuous mien, smiled upon them, and calling them near, said:4Mc 8:3
When the tyrant saw them encircling their mother as in a dance, he was pleased with them. Being struck with their becoming and innocent manner, smiled at them, and calling them near, said,
44οὓς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ους
mas acc pl
who/whom/which
ἰδὼν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
upon SEE/BEHOLD-ing
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
τύραννος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

τύραννος[1], -ου, ὁ [LXX]; Τύραννος[2], -ου, ὁ
τυρανν·ος; τυρανν·ος
(mas) nom sg; (mas) nom sg
tyrant; Tyrannus
;
καθάπερ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καθάπερ
καθαπερ
indecl
even as
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
χορῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

χορός, -οῦ, ὁ
χορ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
dancing
[see chorus]
μέσην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

μέσος -η -ον
μεσ·ην
fem acc sg
middle
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
μητέρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

μήτηρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ἡ
μητερ·α
(fem) acc sg
mother
also of motherland
περιέχοντας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

περι·έχω (περι+εχ-, -, 2nd περι+σχ-, -, -, -)
περι·εχ·ο[υ]ντ·ας
pres act ptcp mas acc pl
while CONTAINED-ing
[metaph: to be hard pressed; encompass, embrace, surround]
ἥσθετο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐσθίω, ἔσθω (εσθι-/εσθ-, εδ·[σ]-/φαγ·[σ]-, φαγ·[σ]- or 2nd φαγ-, -, -, -)
ε·εσθ·ετο
impf mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-being-EAT/DEVOUR-ed
ἐπ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επ’
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
εὐπρεπείας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

εὐ·πρέπεια, -ας, ἡ
ευπρεπει·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
well-befittedness, well-befittednesss
dignity
ἐκπλαγεὶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·πλήσσω v.l. -πλήττω (εκ+πλησσ-/εκ+πληττ-, -, -, -, -, εκ+πλαγ·[θ]-)
εκ·πλαγ·[θ]ει[ντ]·ς
aor θη ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon being-STUN-ed
astonish, surprise, amazed
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
εὐγενείας προσεμειδίασεν αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
πλησίον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Adjective (2-1-2)

πλησίον (Adv. of πλήσιος); πλήσιος -α -ον [LXX]
πλησιον; πλησι·ον
indecl; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
neighbor; near
one near, close to;
καλέσας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καλέω (καλ(ε)-, καλε·σ-, καλε·σ-, κεκλη·κ-, κεκλη-, κλη·θ-)
καλε·σα[ντ]·ς
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon CALL-ing
call, summon/invite, or to name
ἔφη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φημί (ath. φ(α)-/ath. φ(η)-, -, φη·σ-, -, -, -)
ε·φ(α)·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-DECLARE-ing
declare, affirm, assert
4Mc 8:4O youths, with favourable feelings, I admire the beauty of each of you; and greatly honouring so numerous a band of brethren, I not only counsel you not to share the madness of the old man who has been tortured before,4Mc 8:4
“O youths, with favorable feelings, I admire the beauty of each of you. Greatly honouring so numerous a band of kindred, I not only counsel you not to share the madness of the old man who has been tortured before,
55 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Interjection; Letter; Verb

ὦ[2]; ὦ[1], τό; εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ω; ω; (εσ)·ω
indecl; (neu) indecl; pres act sub 1st sg
O!; omega; I-should-be
; [last letter of Greek alphabet];
νεανίαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

νεανίας, -ου, ὁ
νεανι·αι
(mas) nom|voc pl
young men
φιλοφρόνως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

φιλο·φρόνως
φιλοφρονως
indecl
kindly minded, kindly, friendly, affable
ἐγὼ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
εγω
nom sg
I
καθ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
καθ’
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
ἑνὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ε[ι]ν·ος
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
one
ἑκάστου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Distributive Numeral)

ἕκαστος -η -ον
εκαστ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
each-separately
(from "ἕκας" "separate"), hence each-separately/distinctly (as opposed to "πᾶς" "each-of-a-relevant-set"
ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you(pl)
θαυμάζω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θαυμάζω (θαυμαζ-, θαυμα·σ-, θαυμα·σ-, τεθαυμα·κ-, τεθαυμασ-, θαυμασ·θ-)
θαυμαζ·ω
pres act ind 1st sg or pres act sub 1st sg
I-am-MARVEL-ing, I-should-be-MARVEL-ing
/wonder-at/cause-amazement/surprise/shock/awe, be-impressed
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
simple article
κάλλος καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
simple article
πλῆθος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πλῆθο·ς, -ους, τό
πληθ(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
multitude
a large number, the main body, an assembly
τοσούτων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

τοσ·οῦτος -αύτη -οῦτο(ν)
τοσουτ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl
this-many
[Lit:"this-so-much"]
ἀδελφῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί; ἀδελφή, -ῆς, ἡ
αδελφ·ων; αδελφ·ων
(mas) gen pl; (fem) gen pl
brothers; sisters
;
ὑπερτιμῶν οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
μόνον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Adjective (2-1-2)

μόνον (Adv. of μόνος); μόνος -η -ον
μονον; μον·ον
indecl; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
only; only
; apart, sole, only, alone (see κατάμόνος G2651 apart, solely, only, alone)
συμβουλεύω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συμ·βουλεύω (συν+βουλευ-, συν+βουλευ·σ-, συν+βουλευ·σ-, -, συν+βεβουλευ-, -)
συν·βουλευ·ω
pres act ind 1st sg or pres act sub 1st sg
I-am-COUNCIL-ing, I-should-be-COUNCIL-ing
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
μανῆναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μαίνομαι (μαιν-, -, -, μεμην·[κ]-, -, μαν·[θ]-)
μαν·[θ]ηναι
aor θη inf
to-be-RAVE-ed
to rage, be insane
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
αὐτὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ην
fem acc sg
her/it/same
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
simple article
προβασανισθέντι γέροντι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

γέρων[τ], -ο[υ]ντος, ὁ, dat. pl. γέρουσιν
γερο[υ]ντ·ι
(mas) dat sg
old man
μανίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

μανία, -ας, ἡ
μανι·αν
(fem) acc sg
mania
ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but-rather
emphatic/hard-adversative, "but-rather/instead", as distinct from the softer, more common, "δέ"
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
παρακαλῶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·καλέω (παρα+καλ(ε)-, παρα+καλε·σ-, παρα+καλε·σ-, -, παρα+κεκλη-, παρα+κλη·θ-)
παρα·καλ(ε)·ω
pres act ind 1st sg or pres act sub 1st sg
I-am-ENTREAT/COMFORT-ing, I-should-be-ENTREAT/COMFORT-ing
[Lit: "call-close-beside", hence: entreat/implore, or encourage/comfort (in affliction)]
συνείξαντάς μοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μοι
dat sg
me
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
ἐμῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Possessive)

ἐμός -ή -όν
εμ·ης
fem gen sg
my/mine
ἀπολαύειν φιλίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

φιλία, -ας, ἡ
φιλι·ας
(fem) gen sg
friendship
[high degree of association]
4Mc 8:5but I do beg you to yield, and to enjoy my friendship; for I possess the power, not only of punishing those who disobey my commands, but of doing good to those who obey them.4Mc 8:5
but I beg you to yield, and to enjoy my friendship; for I possess the power, not only of punishing those who disobey my commands, but of doing good to those who obey them.
66δυναίμην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δύνα·μαι (ath. δυν(α)-/ath. δυν(η)-, δυνη·σ-, -, -, -, δυνη·θ-/δυνασ·θ-)
δυν(α)·ιμην
pres mp opt 1st sg
I-happen-to-be-being-ABLE-ed
δ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δ’
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἂν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἄν
αν
indecl
ever
ὥσπερ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὥσ·περ
ωσπερ
indecl
just as
Lit:"wholly/very/completely-as/like", hence "just-as", "just-like".
κολάζειν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κολάζω (κολαζ-, κολα·σ-, κολα·σ-, -, -, κολασ·θ-)
κολαζ·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-CURTAIL/CHASTISE-ing
the main idea is to curtail. It can mean correction, punishment, or harsh pruning or weeding.
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
simple article
ἀπειθοῦντάς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀ·πειθέω (απειθ(ε)-, απειθη·σ-, απειθη·σ-, -, -, -)
απειθ(ε)·ο[υ]ντ·ας
pres act ptcp mas acc pl
while DISOBEY-ing
disobey (w/ dat. of pers. or thing), or be disobedient; as the ultimate disobedience, refuse to believe the gospel (a possible [but disputed] sense in some NT passages [per BAGD] but not outside the NT)
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
ἐπιτάγμασιν οὕτω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὕτως/οὕτω
ουτω
indecl
so, thus
[Lit:"like-this": in-this-manner (οὕτως before vowels and consonants; οὕτω before consonants only]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εὐεργετεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εὐ·εργετέω (ευ+εργετ(ε)-/ευεργετ(ε)-, ευ+εργετη·σ-, ευ+εργετη·σ-/ευεργετη·σ-, -, ευεργετη-, ευ+εργετη·θ-/ευεργετη·θ-)
ευ·εργετ(ε)·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-BENEFIT-ing
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
simple article
εὐπειθοῦντάς μοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μοι
dat sg
me
4Mc 8:6Put confidence in me, then, and you shall receive places of authority in my government, if you forsake your national ordinance,4Mc 8:6
Put confidence in me, then, and you will receive places of authority in my government, if you forsake your national way of life,
77πιστεύσατε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πιστεύω (πιστευ-, πιστευ·σ-, πιστευ·σ-, πεπιστευ·κ-, πεπιστευ-, πιστευ·θ-)
πιστευ·σατε
1aor act imp 2nd pl
do-BELIEVE-you(pl)!
be-persuaded/accept [toward] (heed [to], believe); give management (entrust). PASS. to be entrusted with
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀρχὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀρχή, -ῆς, ἡ
αρχ·ας
(fem) acc pl
rulers
chief/head/ruler, beginning/origin. Context impacts meaning. If dative w/o definite article, "origin" often offers the least contradiction with other scriptures. Titles with definite article, then "chief/head/ruler" (chief-priest, arc
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
ἐμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Possessive)

ἐμός -ή -όν
εμ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
my/mine
πραγμάτων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πρᾶγμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πραγματ·ων
(neu) gen pl
matters
/thing/business/affair/object [root for "pragmatic"]
ἡγεμονικὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἡγεμονικός -ή -όν [LXX]
ηγεμονικ·ας
fem acc pl
leader-like
λήμψεσθε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαμβάνω (λαμβαν-, λημψ-/ληψ-, λαβ·[σ]- or 2nd λαβ-, ειληφ·[κ]-, ειληβ-, λημφ·θ-/ληφ·θ-)
λημβ·σεσθε
fut mp ind 2nd pl
you(pl)-will-be-TAKE/RECEIVE-ed
grasp, clutch, cling-to, seize, lay-hands-upon, take by violence, carry off, of a deity, seize, possess, catch, find out, detect, overtake, understand
ἀρνησάμενοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀρνέομαι (αρν(ε)-, αρνη·σ-, αρνη·σ-, -, ηρνη-, -)
αρνη·σαμεν·οι
1aor mp ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon being-DENY/DISAVOW-ed
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
πάτριον ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you(pl)
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
πολιτείας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

πολιτεία, -ας, ἡ
πολιτει·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
polity, polities
θεσμόν
4Mc 8:7and, conforming to the Greek mode of life, alter your rule, and revel in youth's delights.4Mc 8:7
and, conforming to the Greek way of life, alter your rule and revel in youth’s delights.
88καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
μεταλαβόντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μετα·λαμβάνω (μετα+λαμβαν-, μετα+λημψ-, 2nd μετα+λαβ-, -, -, -)
μετα·λαβ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
2aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon SHARE-ing
Ἑλληνικοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἑλληνικός -ή -όν
ελληνικ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
Greek
[of Greece or Greeks or Greek]
βίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Verb

βίος, -ου, ὁ; βιόω (βι(ο)-, βιω·σ-, βιω·σ-, -, -, -)
βι·ου; βι(ο)·ε, βι(ο)·ου
(mas) gen sg; pres act imp 2nd sg, pres mp imp 2nd sg
life/livelihood; be-you(sg)-LIVE-ing!, be-you(sg)-being-LIVE-ed!
can also refer to property (BDAG 177);
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
μεταδιαιτηθέντες ἐντρυφήσατε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐν·τρυφάω (εν+τρυφ(α)-, εν+τρυφη·σ-, εν+τρυφη·σ-, -, -, -)
εν·τρυφη·σατε
1aor act imp 2nd pl
do-INDULGE-you(pl)-IN!
ταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·αις
fem dat pl
the
simple article
νεότησιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

νεότη[τ]ς, -ητος, ἡ
νεοτη[τ]·σι(ν)
(fem) dat pl
youths
[see neophyte]
ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you(pl)
4Mc 8:8For if you provoke me by your disobedience, you will compel me to destroy you, every one, with terrible punishments by tortures.4Mc 8:8
For if you provoke me by your disobedience, you will compel me to destroy every one of you with terrible punishments by tortures.
99ἐπεί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἐπεί
επει
indecl
since/otherwise
Lit:"upon-if", a logical conjunction: since (Lk 1:34), otherwise (Rom 11:6), because
ἐὰν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἐάν (εἰ ἄν)
εαν
indecl
if haply, therefore
if, followed by subj. (whereas εἰ is foll. by ind. or opt.), epic εἴ κε, αἴ κε. in NTest. ἐάν is used just like the adverb ἄν after relative Pronouns and Conjunctions, as ὃς ἐάν whosoever, ὅσος ἐάν, ὅστις ἐάν, ὅπου ἐάν, etc.
ὀργίλως με [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
με
acc sg
me
διάθησθε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δια·τίθημι (ath. δια+τιθ(ε)-, δια+θη·σ-, δια+θη·κ- or 2nd ath. δια+θ(ε)-, -, -, -)
δια·θ(ε)·ησθε
2aor mp sub 2nd pl
you(pl)-should-be-COVENANT-ed
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
ἀπειθείας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀ·πείθεια, -ας, ἡ
απειθει·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
stubbornness, stubbornnesss
ἀναγκάσετέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀναγκάζω (αναγκαζ-, αναγκα·σ-, αναγκα·σ-, -, ηναγκασ-, αναγκασ·θ-)
αναγκα·σετε
fut act ind 2nd pl
you(pl)-will-COMPEL
force, constrain (cf. ἀνάγκη)
με [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
με
acc sg
me
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
δειναῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

δεινός -ή -όν [LXX]
δειν·αις
fem dat pl
dreadful
κολάσεσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

κόλασις, -εως, ἡ
κολασ(ι)·σι(ν)
(fem) dat pl
curtailments
chastisement, correction, Hp.Praec.5, Pl.Ap.26a, al., Th.1.41; opp. τιμωρία, Arist.Rh.1369b13; of divine retribution, Ev.Matt.25.46 chastisement, discipline, penalize, fine
ἕνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ε[ι]ν·α
mas acc sg
one
ἕκαστον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Distributive Numeral)

ἕκαστος -η -ον
εκαστ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
each-separately
(from "ἕκας" "separate"), hence each-separately/distinctly (as opposed to "πᾶς" "each-of-a-relevant-set"
ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you(pl)
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
βασάνων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl.)

βάσανος, -ου, ἡ
βασαν·ων
(fem) gen pl
torments
ἀπολέσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·όλλυμι (ath. απ+ολλυ-, απ+ολ(ε)·[σ]-/απ+ολε·σ-, απ+ολε·σ- or 2nd απ+ολ-, απ+ολωλ·[κ]-, -, -)
απ·ολε·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-DESTROY, he/she/it-happens-to-DESTROY
stronger form of ὄλλυμι. Destroy, ruin, or lose (active); be destroyed, perish, be lost (middle/passive).
4Mc 8:9Have mercy, then, upon your own selves, whom I, although an enemy, compassionate for your age and comeliness.4Mc 8:9
Have mercy, then, upon your own selves, whom I, although an enemy, am compassionate for your age and attractive appearance.
1010κατελεήσατε οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
ἑαυτούς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

ἑ·αυτοῦ/αὑτοῦ[2] -ῆς -οῦ
εαυτ·ους
mas acc pl
selves
him/her/it/our/your/them-selves
οὓς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ους
mas acc pl
who/whom/which
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
πολέμιος ἔγωγε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἔγω·γε [LXX]
εγωγε
indecl
I indeed
Strengthened form of ἐγώ, "I"
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
ἡλικίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡλικία, -ας, ἡ
ηλικι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
age/maturity, age/maturities
get older, stature
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
εὐμορφίας οἰκτίρομαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

οἰκτίρω v.l. -τείρω (οικτειρ-/οικτιρ-, οικτειρη·σ-/οικτιρη·σ-, οικτιρη·σ-, -, -, -)
οικτιρ·ομαι
pres mp ind 1st sg
I-am-being-COMPASSION-ed
feelings of compassion; pity
4Mc 8:10Will you not reason upon this—that if you disobey, there will be nothing left for you but to die in tortures?4Mc 8:10
Won’t you consider this: that if you disobey, there will be nothing left for you but to die in torture?”
1111οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
διαλογιεῖσθε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δια·λογίζομαι (δια+λογιζ-, δια+λογι(ε)·[σ]-, δια+λογι·σ-, -, -, -)
δια·λογι(ε)·[σ]εσθε
fut mp ind 2nd pl
you(pl)-will-be-DELIBERATE-ed
consider, ponder, reason
τοῦτο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
οὐδὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

οὐδ·είς οὐδε·μία οὐδ·έν and οὐθ·είς (οὐθε·μία) οὐθ·έν
ουδε[ι]ν
neu nom|acc sg
none
[not one, no one]
ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you(pl)
ἀπειθήσασιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀ·πειθέω (απειθ(ε)-, απειθη·σ-, απειθη·σ-, -, -, -)
απειθη·σα[ντ]·σι(ν)
1aor act ptcp mas dat pl or 1aor act ptcp neu dat pl
upon DISOBEY-ing
disobey (w/ dat. of pers. or thing), or be disobedient; as the ultimate disobedience, refuse to believe the gospel (a possible [but disputed] sense in some NT passages [per BAGD] but not outside the NT)
πλὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πλήν
πλην
indecl
except/only
[as a conj: yet/nevertheless/however.]
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
στρεβλῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

στρεβλόω (στρεβλ(ο)-, -, στρεβλω·σ-, -, -, στρεβλω·θ-)
στρεβλ(ο)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while TWIST-ing
ἀποθανεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·θνῄσκω (απο+θνῃσκ-, απο+θαν(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd απο+θαν-, -, -, -)
απο·θαν(ε)·[σ]ειν, απο·θαν·ειν
fut act inf, 2aor act inf
to-will-DIE, to-DIE
αποᾑσκουσα
ἀπόκειται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπό·κει·μαι (ath. απο+κει-, -, -, -, -, -)
απο·κει·ται
pres mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is-being-HOLD-ed-IN-STORE
4Mc 8:11Thus speaking, he ordered the instruments of torture to be brought forward, that very fear might prevail upon them to eat unclean meat.4Mc 8:11
¶When he had said this, he ordered the instruments of torture to be brought forward, that fear might prevail upon them to eat unclean meat.
1212ταῦτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·α
neu nom|acc pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
λέγων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while SAY-ing
say, tell, relate, narrate | Present λεγ- | Aorist ειπ- | Future ερ- | Perfect ειρη- | Imperfect ελεγ- | Passive ρηθ- ερρηθ- ερρεθ-
ἐκέλευσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κελεύω (κελευ-, -, κελευ·σ-, -, -, κελευσ·θ-)
ε·κελευ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-COMMAND-ed
i.e., urge on by word.
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into +acc
OF PLACE, the oldest and commonest usage into, with Verbs of saying or speaking relating to the person to whom or before whom one is speaking, Verbs expressing rest in a place, when a previous motion into or to it is implied; elliptical usage after Verbs
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
simple article
ἔμπροσθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἔμ·προσ·θεν/-θε
εμπροσθεν
indecl
before/in-front-of
Lit:"from-in-toward" hence before/facing/in-front-of, former/previous
τιθέναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τίθημι (ath. τιθ(ε)-, θη·σ-, θη·κ- or 2nd ath. θ(ε)-, τεθει·κ-, τεθει-, τε·θ-)
τιθ(ε)·ναι
pres act inf
to-be-PUT-ing
/lay/put/set/situate/arrange/station
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
simple article
βασανιστήρια ὅπως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὅπως
οπως
indecl
how/so that
Lit. contraction:"which-how". Often simplified: how/in-what-way. Sometimes rendered as a consequential-conjunction: "so-that", "in-order-that". But ????, since the conjunction, "ina" would unambiguously convey this
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
φόβου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Verb

φόβος, -ου, ὁ; φοβέω (φοβ(ε)-, -, φοβη·σ-, -, πεφοβη-, φοβη·θ-)
φοβ·ου; φοβ(ε)·ου
(mas) gen sg; pres mp imp 2nd sg
fear; be-you(sg)-being-FEAR-ed!
[see phobia];
πείσειεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πείθω (πειθ-, πει[θ]·σ-, πει[θ]·σ-, πεποιθ·[κ]-, πεπειθ-, πεισ·θ-)
πειθ·σειεν
1aor act opt 3rd pl classical
they-happen-to-PERSUADE/INFLUENCE/CONVINCE
[determine, prevail upon, trust; rely on, be confident in]
αὐτοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ους
mas acc pl
them/same
μιαροφαγῆσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μιαρο·φαγέω [LXX] (μιαροφαγ(ε)-, -, μιαροφαγη·σ-, -, -, -)
μιαροφαγη·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-EAT ABOMINABLE MEATS--L, be-you(sg)-EAT ABOMINABLE MEATS-ed--L!, he/she/it-happens-to-EAT ABOMINABLE MEATS--L
4Mc 8:12And when the spearman brought forward the wheels, and the racks, and the hooks, and catapeltae, and caldrons, pans, and finger-racks, and iron hands and wedges, and bellows, the tyrant continue:4Mc 8:12
When the spearman brought forward the wheels, the racks, the hooks, racks, caldrons, pans, finger-racks, iron hands and wedges, and bellows, the tyrant continued:
1313ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
τροχούς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

τροχός, -οῦ, ὁ
τροχ·ους
(mas) acc pl
wheels
τε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

τέ
τε
indecl
and [postpositive coordinate]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀρθρέμβολα στρεβλωτήριά τε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

τέ
τε
indecl
and [postpositive coordinate]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τροχαντῆρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

τροχαντήρ, -ῆρος, ὁ [LXX]
τροχαντηρ·ας
(mas) acc pl
trochanters
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
καταπέλτας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

καταπέλτης, -ου, ὁ [LXX]
καταπελτ·ας
(mas) acc pl
catapults
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
λέβητας τήγανά τε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

τέ
τε
indecl
and [postpositive coordinate]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
δακτυλήθρας καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
χεῖρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

χείρ, χειρός, ἡ, dat. pl. χερσίν
χειρ·ας
(fem) acc pl
hands
σιδηρᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

σιδηροῦς -ᾶ -οῦν a.k.a. σιδήρεος
σιδηρ(ε)·ας
fem gen sg or fem acc pl
iron
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
σφῆνας καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
simple article
ζώπυρα τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
πυρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πῦρ, -ρός, τό
πυρ·ος
(neu) gen sg
fire
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
simple article
δορυφόροι προέθεσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προ·τίθημι (-, προ+θη·σ-, προ+θη·κ- or 2nd ath. προ+θ(ε)-, -, προ+τεθει-, προ+τε·θ-)
προ·ε·θ(ε)·σαν
2aor act ind 3rd pl
they-PUT-ed-FORWARD
Lit: before-place/set/lay, hence prearrange, plan
ὑπολαβὼν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑπο·λαμβάνω (υπο+λαμβαν-, -, 2nd υπο+λαβ-, υπο+ειληφ·[κ]-, -, -)
υπο·λαβ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
upon TAKE UP-ing--SUPPOSE
Literally, take up. Figuratively, "take up what is said", that is, interpret or understand in a certain way; suppose.
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
τύραννος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

τύραννος[1], -ου, ὁ [LXX]; Τύραννος[2], -ου, ὁ
τυρανν·ος; τυρανν·ος
(mas) nom sg; (mas) nom sg
tyrant; Tyrannus
;
ἔφη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φημί (ath. φ(α)-/ath. φ(η)-, -, φη·σ-, -, -, -)
ε·φ(α)·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-DECLARE-ing
declare, affirm, assert
4Mc 8:13Fear, young men, and the righteousness which ye worship will be merciful to you if you err from compulsion.4Mc 8:13
“Fear, young men, and the righteousness which you worship will be merciful to you if you transgress because of compulsion.”
1414μειράκια φοβήθητε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φοβέω (φοβ(ε)-, -, φοβη·σ-, -, πεφοβη-, φοβη·θ-)
φοβη·θητε
aor θη imp 2nd pl or aor θη sub 2nd pl
be-you(pl)-FEAR-ed!, you(pl)-should-be-FEAR-ed
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἣν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ην
fem acc sg
who/whom/which
σέβεσθε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σέβω (σεβ-, -, -, -, -, -)
σεβ·εσθε
pres mp ind 2nd pl or pres mp imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-being-REVERE-ed, be-you(pl)-being-REVERE-ed!
defer to, respect,
δίκην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

δίκη, -ης, ἡ
δικ·ην
(fem) acc sg
justice/rightness, penalty
trial, lawsuit, court hearing, penalty/punishment(acc)
ἵλεως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἵλεως -ων
ιλε(ω)·ος, ιλε(ω)·ους
mas nom|voc sg or fem nom|voc sg, mas acc pl or fem acc pl
merciful
/appeasing (wrath) pagan view, forgiving/gracious/merciful (God of Jacob), helot(??) to a serf/slave. 2x(GNT); 34x(LXX) propitious
ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you(pl)
ἔσται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
irreg. (εσ)·[σε]ται (instead of (εσ)·σεται > εσεται)
fut mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-will-be
δι’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δι’
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
ἀνάγκην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀνάγκη, -ης, ἡ
αναγκ·ην
(fem) acc sg
necessity
,compelling-need,compulsion
παρανομήσασιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·νομέω/παρ·α·νομέω (παρα+νομ(ε)-/παρ+ανομ(ε)-, -, παρα+νομη·σ-/παρ+ανομη·σ-, -, -, -)
παρα·νομη·σα[ντ]·σι(ν)
1aor act ptcp mas dat pl or 1aor act ptcp neu dat pl
upon BE-ing-OUTSIDE-THE-LAW
4Mc 8:14Now they having listened to these words of persuasion, and seeing the fearful instruments, not only were not afraid, but even answered the arguments of the tyrant, and through their good reasoning destroyed his power.4Mc 8:14
¶Now they having listened to these words of persuasion, and seeing the fearful instruments, not only were not afraid, but even answered the arguments of the tyrant, and through their good reasoning destroyed his power.
1515οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
simple article
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἀκούσαντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀκούω (ακου-, ακου·σ-, ακου·σ-, ακηκο·[κ]-, ηκουσ-, ακουσ·θ-)
ακου·σαντ·ες
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon HEAR-ing
to hear; to listen (pay attention) to; or to understand what is heard
ἐπαγωγὰ καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ὁρῶντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ορ(α)·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while SEE/BEHOLD-ing
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
δεινὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Indefinite); Adjective (2-1-2)

δεῖνα, ὁ, ἡ, τό; δεινός -ή -όν [LXX]
δειν·α; δειν·α
neu nom|acc sg or mas nom|acc sg or fem nom|acc sg; neu nom|acc|voc pl
certain someone; dreadful
(such an one, so and so);
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
μόνον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Adjective (2-1-2)

μόνον (Adv. of μόνος); μόνος -η -ον
μονον; μον·ον
indecl; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
only; only
; apart, sole, only, alone (see κατάμόνος G2651 apart, solely, only, alone)
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἐφοβήθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φοβέω (φοβ(ε)-, -, φοβη·σ-, -, πεφοβη-, φοβη·θ-)
ε·φοβη·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
they-were-FEAR-ed
ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but-rather
emphatic/hard-adversative, "but-rather/instead", as distinct from the softer, more common, "δέ"
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀντεφιλοσόφησαν τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
simple article
τυράννῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

τύραννος[1], -ου, ὁ [LXX]; Τύραννος[2], -ου, ὁ
τυρανν·ῳ; τυρανν·ῳ
(mas) dat sg; (mas) dat sg
tyrant; Tyrannus
;
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
εὐλογιστίας τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
τυραννίδα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

τυραννί[δ]ς, -ίδος, ἡ [LXX]
τυραννιδ·α
(fem) acc sg
tyranny
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
κατέλυσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·λύω (κατα+λυ-, κατα+λυ·σ-, κατα+λυ·σ-, κατα+λελυ·κ-, -, κατα+λυ·θ-)
κατα·ε·λυ·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-TEAR-DOWN-ed
Lit:"down-loose", hence unloose/tear-down. Metaph: relax. Similar but distinct from "καταργέω" (make of no effect), and "apollumi" (utterly-destroy).
4Mc 8:15Now let us consider the matter: had any of them been weak-spirited and cowardly among them, what reasonings would they have employed but these?4Mc 8:15
Now let’s consider the matter. Had any of them been weak-spirited and cowardly among them, what reasoning would they have employed but these?
1616καίτοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

καί·τοι
καιτοι
indecl
and such
λογισώμεθα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λογίζομαι (λογιζ-, λογι(ε)·[σ]-, λογι·σ-, -, λελογισ-, λογισ·θ-)
λογι·σωμεθα
1aor mp sub 1st pl
we-should-be-RECKON-ed
/credit/account/regard/consider/impute,number,compute,reason,use-logic, as in devise/plot.
εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
δειλόψυχοί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

δειλό·ψυχος -ον [LXX]
δειλοψυχ·οι
mas nom|voc pl or fem nom|voc pl
faint-hearted
τινες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

τὶ[ν]ς[2] τὶ[ν], gen. τινός, dat. τινί, acc. τινά τὶ
τιν·ες
mas nom pl or fem nom pl
some/several
indefinite pronoun; someone, something, anyone, anything. Specific(certain-one/some) determined from text-markings/context, otherwise non-specific (anyone/several).
ἦσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·σαν
impf act ind 3rd pl
they-were
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἄνανδροι ποίοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative); Verb

ποῖος -α -ον; ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποι·οις; ποι(ε)·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl; pres act opt 2nd sg
what-kind; you(sg)-happen-to-be-DO/MAKE-ing
;
ἂν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἄν
αν
indecl
ever
ἐχρήσαντο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

χράομαι (χρ(η)-/χρ(α)-, χρη·σ-, χρη·σ-, -, κεχρη-, χρησ·θ-)
ε·χρη·σαντο
1aor mp ind 3rd pl
they-were-USE/TREAT-ed
(profit, advise)
λόγοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λόγος, -ου, ὁ
λογ·οις
(mas) dat pl
words
word
οὐχὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὐχί
ουχι
indecl
not
[strengthened form of οὐ/οὐκ/οὐχ]
τούτοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
4Mc 8:16O wretched that we are, and exceeding senseless! when the king exhorts us, and calls us to his bounty, should we not obey him?4Mc 8:16
“O wretched that we are, and exceedingly senseless! When the king exhorts us, and calls us to his bounty, should we not obey him?
1717 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Interjection; Letter; Verb

ὦ[2]; ὦ[1], τό; εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ω; ω; (εσ)·ω
indecl; (neu) indecl; pres act sub 1st sg
O!; omega; I-should-be
; [last letter of Greek alphabet];
τάλανες ἡμεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημεις
nom pl
we
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
λίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

λίαν
λιαν
indecl
very
ἀνόητοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἀ·νόητος -ον
ανοητ·οι
mas nom|voc pl or fem nom|voc pl
ignorant
βασιλέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
king
ἡμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημας
acc pl
us
καλοῦντος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καλέω (καλ(ε)-, καλε·σ-, καλε·σ-, κεκλη·κ-, κεκλη-, κλη·θ-)
καλ(ε)·ο[υ]ντ·ος
pres act ptcp mas gen sg or pres act ptcp neu gen sg
while CALL-ing
call, summon/invite, or to name
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
εὐεργεσίᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

εὐ·εργεσία, -ας, ἡ
ευεργεσι·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
good deed
παρακαλοῦντος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·καλέω (παρα+καλ(ε)-, παρα+καλε·σ-, παρα+καλε·σ-, -, παρα+κεκλη-, παρα+κλη·θ-)
παρα·καλ(ε)·ο[υ]ντ·ος
pres act ptcp mas gen sg or pres act ptcp neu gen sg
while ENTREAT/COMFORT-ing
[Lit: "call-close-beside", hence: entreat/implore, or encourage/comfort (in affliction)]
εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
πεισθείημεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πείθω (πειθ-, πει[θ]·σ-, πει[θ]·σ-, πεποιθ·[κ]-, πεπειθ-, πεισ·θ-)
πειθ·θειημεν
aor θη opt 1st pl
we-happen-to-be-PERSUADE/INFLUENCE/CONVINCE-ed
[determine, prevail upon, trust; rely on, be confident in]
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
4Mc 8:17Why do we cheer ourselves with vain counsels, and venture upon a disobedience bringing death?4Mc 8:17
Why do we cheer ourselves with vain counsels, and venture upon a disobedience bringing death?
1818τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
βουλήμασιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

βούλημα[τ], -ατος, τό
βουλημα[τ]·σι(ν)
(neu) dat pl
plans/intentions
κενοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

κενός -ή -όν
κεν·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
empty/devoid
fruitless, destitute, vain
ἑαυτοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

ἑ·αυτοῦ/αὑτοῦ[2] -ῆς -οῦ
εαυτ·ους
mas acc pl
selves
him/her/it/our/your/them-selves
εὐφραίνομεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εὐ·φραίνω (ευφραιν-, ευφραν(ε)·[σ]-, ευφραν·[σ]-, -, -, ευφραν·θ-)
ευφραιν·ομεν, ε·ευφραιν·ομεν
pres act ind 1st pl, impf act ind 1st pl
we-are-CELEBRATE/REJOICE-ing, we-were-CELEBRATE/REJOICE-ing
, be/make-glad/joyous, make-merry
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
θανατηφόρον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

θανατη·φόρος -ον
θανατηφορ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
death,bearing
ἀπείθειαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀ·πείθεια, -ας, ἡ
απειθει·αν
(fem) acc sg
stubbornness
τολμῶμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τολμάω (τολμ(α)-, τολμη·σ-, τολμη·σ-, -, -, -)
τολμ(α)·ομεν, τολμ(α)·ωμεν
pres act ind 1st pl, pres act sub 1st pl
we-are-DARE-ing, we-should-be-DARE-ing
4Mc 8:18Shall we not fear, O brethren, the instruments of torture and weigh the threatenings of torment and shun this vain-glory and destructive pride?4Mc 8:18
Shall we not fear, O kindred, the instruments of torture and weigh the threatenings of torment and shun this vain-glory and destructive pride?
1919οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
φοβηθησόμεθα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φοβέω (φοβ(ε)-, -, φοβη·σ-, -, πεφοβη-, φοβη·θ-)
φοβη·θησομεθα
fut θη ind 1st pl
we-will-be-FEAR-ed
ἄνδρες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀνήρ, ἀνδρός, ὁ, voc. sg. ἄνερ
ανδρ·ες
(mas) nom|voc pl
men
(as distinct from woman, beast, god, etc); sometimes "husband".
ἀδελφοί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί
αδελφ·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
brothers
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
simple article
βασανιστήρια καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
λογιούμεθα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λογίζομαι (λογιζ-, λογι(ε)·[σ]-, λογι·σ-, -, λελογισ-, λογισ·θ-)
λογι(ε)·[σ]ομεθα
fut mp ind 1st pl
we-will-be-RECKON-ed
/credit/account/regard/consider/impute,number,compute,reason,use-logic, as in devise/plot.
τὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ας
fem acc pl
the
simple article
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
βασάνων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl.)

βάσανος, -ου, ἡ
βασαν·ων
(fem) gen pl
torments
ἀπειλὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀπειλή, -ῆς, ἡ
απειλ·ας
(fem) acc pl
threats
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
φευξόμεθα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φεύγω (φευγ-, φευξ-, φυγ·[σ]- or 2nd φυγ-, πεφευγ·[κ]-, -, -)
φευγ·σομεθα
fut mp ind 1st pl
we-will-be-FLEE-ed
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
κενοδοξίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

κενο·δοξία, -ας, ἡ
κενοδοξι·αν
(fem) acc sg
vainglory
ὑπερέχοντας
ταύτην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·ην
fem acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ὀλεθροφόρον ἀλαζονείαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀλαζονεία, -ίας, ἡ
αλαζονει·αν
(fem) acc sg
arrogance
[ostentatiousness, affictation, pretension. atempt to impress: hence bragging]
4Mc 8:19Let us have compassion upon our age and relent over the years of our mother.4Mc 8:19
Let’s have compassion upon our age and relent over the years of our mother.
2020ἐλεήσωμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐλεέω (cf. ἐλεάω) (ελε(ε)-, ελεη·σ-, ελεη·σ-, -, ηλεη-, ελεη·θ-)
ελεη·σωμεν
1aor act sub 1st pl
we-should-HAVE MERCY ON
τὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ας
fem acc pl
the
simple article
ἑαυτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

ἑ·αυτοῦ/αὑτοῦ[2] -ῆς -οῦ
εαυτ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
selves
him/her/it/our/your/them-selves
ἡλικίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡλικία, -ας, ἡ
ηλικι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
age/maturity, age/maturities
get older, stature
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
κατοικτίρωμεν τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
simple article
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
μητρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

μήτηρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ἡ
μητ[ε]ρ·ος
(fem) gen sg
mother
also of motherland
γῆρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

γῆρας, -ως and γῆρο·ς, -ους, τό
γηρ(α)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
old age
4Mc 8:20And let us bear in mind that we shall be dying as rebels.4Mc 8:20
Let’s bear in mind that we will be dying as rebels.
2121καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐνθυμηθῶμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐν·θυμέομαι (εν+θυμ(ε)-, -, -, -, εν+τεθυμη-, εν+θυμη·θ-)
εν·θυμη·θωμεν
aor θη sub 1st pl
we-should-be-PONDER-ed
[lay to heart, think much/deeply of, fabrication of heart. compare διαλογισμοι mat 12:25, luk 5:22]
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
ἀπειθοῦντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀ·πειθέω (απειθ(ε)-, απειθη·σ-, απειθη·σ-, -, -, -)
απειθ(ε)·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while DISOBEY-ing
disobey (w/ dat. of pers. or thing), or be disobedient; as the ultimate disobedience, refuse to believe the gospel (a possible [but disputed] sense in some NT passages [per BAGD] but not outside the NT)
τεθνηξόμεθα
4Mc 8:21And Divine Justice will pardon us if we fear the king through necessity.4Mc 8:21
Divine Justice will pardon us if we fear the king through necessity.
2222συγγνώσεται δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἡμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημιν
dat pl
us
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
simple article
θεία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

θεῖος -α -ον
θει·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or fem nom|voc sg
divine
δίκη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

δίκη, -ης, ἡ
δικ·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
justice/rightness, penalty
trial, lawsuit, court hearing, penalty/punishment(acc)
δι’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δι’
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
ἀνάγκην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀνάγκη, -ης, ἡ
αναγκ·ην
(fem) acc sg
necessity
,compelling-need,compulsion
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
βασιλέα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·α
(mas) acc sg
king
φοβηθεῖσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φοβέω (φοβ(ε)-, -, φοβη·σ-, -, πεφοβη-, φοβη·θ-)
φοβη·θει[ντ]·σι(ν)
aor θη ptcp mas dat pl or aor θη ptcp neu dat pl
upon being-FEAR-ed
4Mc 8:22Why withdraw ourselves from a most sweet life, and deprive ourselves of this pleasant world?4Mc 8:22
Why withdraw ourselves from a most sweet life, and deprive ourselves of this pleasant world?
2323τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
ἐξάγομεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·άγω (εξ+αγ-, εξ+αξ-, 2nd εξ+αγαγ-, -, -, εξ+αχ·θ-)
εξ·αγ·ομεν
pres act ind 1st pl
we-are-BRING/LEAD-OUT-ing
Lit:"lead/bring/carry-from-out-of", hence lead/bring-out.
ἑαυτοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

ἑ·αυτοῦ/αὑτοῦ[2] -ῆς -οῦ
εαυτ·ους
mas acc pl
selves
him/her/it/our/your/them-selves
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
ἡδίστου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἥδιστος -η -ον [LXX] (Superl. of ἡδύς)
ηδιστ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
most pleasant
βίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Verb

βίος, -ου, ὁ; βιόω (βι(ο)-, βιω·σ-, βιω·σ-, -, -, -)
βι·ου; βι(ο)·ε, βι(ο)·ου
(mas) gen sg; pres act imp 2nd sg, pres mp imp 2nd sg
life/livelihood; be-you(sg)-LIVE-ing!, be-you(sg)-being-LIVE-ed!
can also refer to property (BDAG 177);
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀποστεροῦμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·στερέω (απο+στερ(ε)-, απο+στερη·σ-, απο+στερη·σ-, -, απ+εστερη-, απο+στερη·θ-)
απο·στερ(ε)·ομεν
pres act ind 1st pl
we-are-DEFRAUD-ing
[withhold what is owed]
ἑαυτοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

ἑ·αυτοῦ/αὑτοῦ[2] -ῆς -οῦ
εαυτ·ους
mas acc pl
selves
him/her/it/our/your/them-selves
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
γλυκέος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-1-3)

γλυκύς -εῖα -ύ, gen. sg. -έος and -έως
γλυκ(υ)·ος
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
sweet
[see glucose]
κόσμου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Verb

κόσμος, -ου, ὁ; κοσμέω (κοσμ(ε)-, κοσμη·σ-, κοσμη·σ-, -, κεκοσμη-, κοσμη·θ-)
κοσμ·ου; κοσμ(ε)·ου
(mas) gen sg; pres mp imp 2nd sg
world; be-you(sg)-being-SET-IN-ORDER-ed!
[present order; material realm; decoration/adornment]; to put in proper order, adorn/beautify, grace (ornaments)
4Mc 8:23Let us not oppose necessity, nor seek vain-glory by our own excruciation.4Mc 8:23
Let’s not oppose necessity, nor seek vain-glory by our own torture.
2424μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
βιαζώμεθα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βιάζω (βιαζ-, -, βια·σ-, -, -, βιασ·θ-)
βιαζ·ωμεθα
pres mp sub 1st pl
we-should-be-being-SUFFER VIOLENCE-ed
force LXX: press against a boundary or some resistance to a desired outcome
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
ἀνάγκην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀνάγκη, -ης, ἡ
αναγκ·ην
(fem) acc sg
necessity
,compelling-need,compulsion
μηδὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle; Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

μηδέ (μή δέ); Μῆδος, -ου, ὁ
μηδε; μηδ·ε
indecl; (mas) voc sg
neither/nor; Mede

μηδ’ before ὡς [one occurrence: 1 Pt 5:3]; [inhabitant of Media]
κενοδοξήσωμεν ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
simple article
ἑαυτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

ἑ·αυτοῦ/αὑτοῦ[2] -ῆς -οῦ
εαυτ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
selves
him/her/it/our/your/them-selves
στρέβλῃ
4Mc 8:24The law itself is not forward to put us to death, if we dread torture.4Mc 8:24
The law itself wouldn’t arbitrarily put us to death because we dread torture.
2525οὐδ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐδέ (οὐ δέ)
ουδ’
indecl
neither/nor
Lit:"not-moreover" or "not-but", hence neither/nor.
οὐδ’ sometimes before vowels.
αὐτὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ος
mas nom sg
he/it/same
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
νόμος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ος
(mas) nom sg
custom/law
ordinance custom practice
ἑκουσίως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἑκουσίως
εκουσιως
indecl
voluntarily
ἡμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημας
acc pl
us
θανατοῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Verb

θάνατος, -ου, ὁ; θανατόω (θανατ(ο)-, θανατω·σ-, θανατω·σ-, -, τεθανατω-, θανατω·θ-)
θανατ·οι; θανατ(ο)·ει, θανατ(ο)·ῃ, θανατ(ο)·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl; pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, pres mp ind 2nd sg or pres act sub 3rd sg or pres mp sub 2nd sg, pres act opt 3rd sg
deaths; he/she/it-is-PUT-TO-DEATH-ing, you(sg)-are-being-PUT-TO-DEATH-ed, you(sg)-are-being-PUT-TO-DEATH-ed, he/she/it-should-be-PUT-TO-DEATH-ing, you(sg)-should-be-being-PUT-TO-DEATH-ed, he/she/it-happens-to-be-PUT-TO-DEATH-ing
; from "θάνατος"(death) and "θνῄσκω"(I-am-dying).
φοβηθέντας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φοβέω (φοβ(ε)-, -, φοβη·σ-, -, πεφοβη-, φοβη·θ-)
φοβη·θε[ι]ντ·ας
aor θη ptcp mas acc pl
upon being-FEAR-ed
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
simple article
βασανιστήρια
4Mc 8:25Whence has such angry zeal taken root in us, and such fatal obstinacy approved itself to us, when we might live unmolested by the king?4Mc 8:25
Why has such angry zeal taken root in us, and such fatal obstinacy approved itself to us, when we might live unmolested by the king?”
2626πόθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Verb

πό·θεν; πίνω (πιν-, πι·[σ]-, 2nd πι-, πεπω·κ-, -, πο·θ-)
ποθεν; πο·θε[ι]ν[τ]
indecl; aor θη ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
whence; upon being-DRINK-ed
[from where, from which];
ἡμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημιν
dat pl
us
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
simple article
τοσαύτη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

τοσ·οῦτος -αύτη -οῦτο(ν)
τοσαυτ·η
fem nom sg
this-much
[Lit:"this-so-much"]
ἐντέτηκε φιλονεικία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

φιλο·νεικία, -ας, ἡ
φιλονεικι·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
competitiveness
[contentiousness, love of victory, rivalry]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
simple article
θανατηφόρος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

θανατη·φόρος -ον
θανατηφορ·ος
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
death,bearing
ἀρέσκει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀρέσκω (αρεσκ-, αρε·σ-, αρε·σ-, -, -, -)
αρεσκ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-PLEASE-ing, you(sg)-are-being-PLEASE-ed
καρτερία παρὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πάρ·ειμι[1] fr. εἰμί[1] (ath. παρ+(εσ)-/παρ+(εσ)-, παρ+εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
παρ·(εσ)·ο[υ]ν[τ]
pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
while BE-ing-PRESENT/NEAR
Lit:"be-close-beside", hence be-present/here/near/close-beside/at-hand, to-have-come/arrived. Root for "παρουσία"(arrival/coming/visitation/entrance).
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
ἀταραξίας ζῆν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ζάω (ζ(η)-/ath. ζ(η)-, ζη·σ-, ζη·σ-, -, -, -)
ζ(η)·ειν > ζην
pres act inf
to-be-LIVE-ing
Verb from "ζωή"(life), hence live/made-alive, exist, inhabit
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
simple article
βασιλεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ι
(mas) dat sg
king
πεισθέντας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πείθω (πειθ-, πει[θ]·σ-, πει[θ]·σ-, πεποιθ·[κ]-, πεπειθ-, πεισ·θ-)
πειθ·θε[ι]ντ·ας
aor θη ptcp mas acc pl
upon being-PERSUADE/INFLUENCE/CONVINCE-ed
[determine, prevail upon, trust; rely on, be confident in]
4Mc 8:26But nothing of this kind did the young men say or think when about to be tortured.4Mc 8:26
¶But the young men didn’t say or think anything of this kind when about to be tortured.
2727ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but-rather
emphatic/hard-adversative, "but-rather/instead", as distinct from the softer, more common, "δέ"
τούτων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
οὐδὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

οὐδ·είς οὐδε·μία οὐδ·έν and οὐθ·είς (οὐθε·μία) οὐθ·έν
ουδε[ι]ν
neu nom|acc sg
none
[not one, no one]
εἶπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειπ·[σ]ον, ε·ειπ·ον, ειπ·ο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, 2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl, 2aor act ptcp mas voc sg or 2aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
do-SAY-you(sg)!, I-SAY-ed, they-SAY-ed, upon SAY-ing
say, tell, relate, narrate | Present λεγ- | Aorist ειπ- | Future ερ- | Perfect ειρη- | Imperfect ελεγ- | Passive ρηθ- ερρηθ- ερρεθ-
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
simple article
νεανίαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

νεανίας, -ου, ὁ
νεανι·αι
(mas) nom|voc pl
young men
βασανίζεσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βασανίζω (βασανιζ-, βασανι(ε)·[σ]-/βασανι·σ-, βασανι·σ-, -, -, βασανισ·θ-)
βασανιζ·εσθαι
pres mp inf
to-be-being-TORMENT-ed
examine closely, cross-question
μέλλοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μέλλω (μελλ-, μελλη·σ-, -, -, -, -)
μελλ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while IMPEND/INTEND-ing
impend, intend, about to be; denotes imminence. Often used before an infinitive.
οὐδὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐδέ (οὐ δέ)
ουδε
indecl
neither/nor
Lit:"not-moreover" or "not-but", hence neither/nor.
οὐδ’ sometimes before vowels.
ἐνεθυμήθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐν·θυμέομαι (εν+θυμ(ε)-, -, -, -, εν+τεθυμη-, εν+θυμη·θ-)
εν·ε·θυμη·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
they-were-PONDER-ed
[lay to heart, think much/deeply of, fabrication of heart. compare διαλογισμοι mat 12:25, luk 5:22]
4Mc 8:27For they were well aware of the sufferings, and masters of the pains. So that as soon as the tyrant had ceased counselling them to eat the unclean, they altogether with one voice, as from the same heart said:4Mc 8:27
For they were well aware of the sufferings, and masters of the pains.
2828ἦσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·σαν
impf act ind 3rd pl
they-were
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
περίφρονες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3)

περί·φρων -ον [LXX], gen. sg. -ονος
περιφρον·ες
mas nom|voc pl or fem nom|voc pl
thoughtful
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
παθῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.); Verb

πάθο·ς, -ους, τό; πάσχω (πασχ-, -, 2nd παθ-, πεπονθ·[κ]-, -, -)
παθ(ε)·ων; παθ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(neu) gen pl; 2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
emotion, passions; upon SUFFER-ing
[see pathology, pathetic]; , experience-heavy-emotion/suffering
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
αὐτοκράτορες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

αὐτο·κράτωρ, -ορος, ὁ [LXX]
αυτοκρατορ·ες
(mas) nom|voc pl
absolute rulers
[see autocrat]
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
ἀλγηδόνων
284Mc 8:28
So that as soon as the tyrant had ceased counselling them to eat the unclean, they all with one voice, as from the same heart said,
2929ὥστε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὥστε
ωστε
indecl
so that
Lit: "like-also"
ἅμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἅμα
αμα
indecl
simultaneously
[in concert with, at the same time as]
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
simple article
παύσασθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παύω (παυ-, παυ·σ-, παυ·σ-, -, πεπαυ-, -)
παυ·σασθαι
1aor mp inf
to-be-CEASE-ed
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
τύραννον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

τύραννος[1], -ου, ὁ [LXX]; Τύραννος[2], -ου, ὁ
τυρανν·ον; τυρανν·ον
(mas) acc sg; (mas) acc sg
tyrant; Tyrannus
;
συμβουλεύοντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συμ·βουλεύω (συν+βουλευ-, συν+βουλευ·σ-, συν+βουλευ·σ-, -, συν+βεβουλευ-, -)
συν·βουλευ·ο[υ]ντ·α
pres act ptcp mas acc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
while COUNCIL-ing
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
μιαροφαγῆσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μιαρο·φαγέω [LXX] (μιαροφαγ(ε)-, -, μιαροφαγη·σ-, -, -, -)
μιαροφαγη·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-EAT ABOMINABLE MEATS--L, be-you(sg)-EAT ABOMINABLE MEATS-ed--L!, he/she/it-happens-to-EAT ABOMINABLE MEATS--L
πάντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ες
mas nom|voc pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
μιᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
μι·ας
fem gen sg
one
φωνῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

φωνή, -ῆς, ἡ
φων·ης
(fem) gen sg
sound/voice
cries
ὁμοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὁμοῦ
ομου
indecl
together
ὥσπερ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὥσ·περ
ωσπερ
indecl
just as
Lit:"wholly/very/completely-as/like", hence "just-as", "just-like".
ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
her/it/same
ψυχῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ψυχή, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. ψυχή
ψυχ·ης
(fem) gen sg
soul-life
self A. life, “λύθη ψ. τε μένος τε” Il.5.296, etc.; psyche/mind
εἶπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειπ·[σ]ον, ε·ειπ·ον, ειπ·ο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, 2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl, 2aor act ptcp mas voc sg or 2aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
do-SAY-you(sg)!, I-SAY-ed, they-SAY-ed, upon SAY-ing
say, tell, relate, narrate | Present λεγ- | Aorist ειπ- | Future ερ- | Perfect ειρη- | Imperfect ελεγ- | Passive ρηθ- ερρηθ- ερρεθ-
2929
« Ch 7» Ch 9

Copyright 2007-2024 Thomas Moore, Email: acct3 at katabiblon.com, Support Forum Set Local Timezone
Sunday, 26-May-2024 21:41:44 EDT

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