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4 Maccabees

  CATSS LXX Brenton (1851) Wiki English Translation‎ / World English Bible11ὥσπερ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὥσ·περ
ωσπερ
indecl
just as
Lit:"wholly/very/completely-as/like", hence "just-as", "just-like".
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
ἄριστος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἄριστος -η -ον [LXX] (Superl. of ἀγαθός)
αριστ·ος
mas nom sg
best
excellent
κυβερνήτης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

κυβερνήτης, -ου, ὁ
κυβερνητ·ης
(mas) nom sg
pilot
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
πατρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

πατήρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ὁ, voc. pl. πατέρες
πατ[ε]ρ·ος
(mas) gen sg
father
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
us
Ελεαζαρου λογισμὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λογισμός, -οῦ, ὁ
λογισμ·ος
(mas) nom sg
logic
reasoning, calculation
πηδαλιουχῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

πηδαλι·οῦχος, -ου, ὁ [LXX]
πηδαλιουχ·ων
(mas) gen pl
steermen
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
εὐσεβείας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

εὐ·σέβεια, -ας, ἡ
ευσεβει·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
godliness, godlinesses
Lit:"good=veneration/homage", hence reverence-to-God, god-likeness
ναῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

ναῦς, νεώς, ἡ
ν(αυ)·ν
(fem) acc sg
ship
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
simple article
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
παθῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.); Verb

πάθο·ς, -ους, τό; πάσχω (πασχ-, -, 2nd παθ-, πεπονθ·[κ]-, -, -)
παθ(ε)·ων; παθ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(neu) gen pl; 2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
emotion, passions; upon SUFFER-ing
[see pathology, pathetic]; , experience-heavy-emotion/suffering
πελάγει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πέλαγο·ς, -ους, τό
πελαγ(ε)·ι
(neu) dat sg
depth
high sea
4Mc 7:1The reasoning of our father Eleazar, like a first-rate pilot, steering the vessel of piety in the sea of passions,4Mc 7:1
¶The reasoning of our father Eleazar, like a first-rate pilot, steering the vessel of piety in the sea of emotions,
22καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
καταικιζόμενος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατ·αικίζω [LXX] (κατ+αικιζ-, -, κατ+αικι·σ-, -, -, κατ+αικισ·θ-)
κατ·αικιζ·ομεν·ος
pres mp ptcp mas nom sg
while being-???-ed
ταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·αις
fem dat pl
the
simple article
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
τυράννου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

τύραννος[1], -ου, ὁ [LXX]; Τύραννος[2], -ου, ὁ
τυρανν·ου; τυρανν·ου
(mas) gen sg; (mas) gen sg
tyrant; Tyrannus
;
ἀπειλαῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀπειλή, -ῆς, ἡ
απειλ·αις
(fem) dat pl
threats
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
καταντλούμενος ταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·αις
fem dat pl
the
simple article
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
βασάνων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl.)

βάσανος, -ου, ἡ
βασαν·ων
(fem) gen pl
torments
τρικυμίαις
4Mc 7:2and flouted by the threats of the tyrant, and overwhelmed with the breakers of torture,4Mc 7:2
and flouted by the threats of the tyrant, and overwhelmed with the breakers of torture,
33κατ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατ’
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
οὐδένα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

οὐδ·είς οὐδε·μία οὐδ·έν and οὐθ·είς (οὐθε·μία) οὐθ·έν
ουδε[ι]ν·α
mas acc sg
none
[not one, no one]
τρόπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

τρόπος, -ου, ὁ
τροπ·ον
(mas) acc sg
manner
,way, means, method, attitude
ἔτρεψε τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
simple article
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
εὐσεβείας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

εὐ·σέβεια, -ας, ἡ
ευσεβει·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
godliness, godlinesses
Lit:"good=veneration/homage", hence reverence-to-God, god-likeness
οἴακας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

οἴαξ, -ακος, ὁ [LXX]
οιακ·ας
(mas) acc pl
???s
ἕως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction; Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl.)

ἕως[1]; ἕως[2], -ω, ἡ [LXX], acc.
εως; ε(ω)·ος, ε(ω)·ους
indecl; (fem) nom|voc sg, (fem) acc pl
until; dawn, dawns
, up-until/as-far-as, Often used as a conjunctive-adverbial preposition concerning time/place/number, "until +(genitive)";
οὗ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle; Pronoun (Relative)

οὗ[1]; ὅς ἥ ὅ
ου; ου
indecl; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
where; who/whom/which
;
ἔπλευσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πλέω (πλε-, -, πλευ·σ-, -, -, -)
ε·πλευ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAIL-ed
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
ἀθανάτου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἀ·θάνατος -ον [LXX]
αθανατ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg or fem gen sg
immortal
νίκης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

νίκη, -ης, ἡ
νικ·ης
(fem) gen sg
victory
λιμένα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

λιμήν, -ένος, ὁ
λιμεν·α
(mas) acc sg
harbor
4Mc 7:3in no way shifted the rudder of piety till it sailed into the harbour of victory over death.4Mc 7:3
in no way shifted the rudder of piety until it sailed into the harbor of victory over death.
44οὐχ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουχ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
οὕτως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὕτως/οὕτω
ουτως
indecl
so, thus
[Lit:"like-this": in-this-manner (οὕτως before vowels and consonants; οὕτω before consonants only]
πόλις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

πόλις, -εως, ἡ
πολ(ι)·ς
(fem) nom sg
city
πολλοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral, irreg.)

πολ[λ]ύς πολλή πολ[λ]ύ
πολλ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
many
Singular: a lot, great, large, much, voluminous Plural: lots, manifold, many, multiple, numerous
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ποικίλοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ποικίλος -η -ον
ποικιλ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
various
Lit:"many-colored", hence various-kinds-of, varied/manifold.
μηχανήμασιν ἀντέσχε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀντ·έχω (αντ+εχ-, ανθ+εξ-, 2nd αντι+σχ-, -, -, -)
αντι·ε·σχ·ε(ν)
2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-CLING TO BY/ENDURE-ed
[abide, hold out, bear, endure, withstand, stand, stay]
ποτὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ποτέ[2]
ποτε
indecl
once/when
[an indefinite point in either the past, i.e., once, or the future, i.e., when]
πολιορκουμένη ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
πανάγιος ἐκεῖνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

ἐκεῖνος -η -ο
εκειν·ος
mas nom sg
that
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
ἱερὰν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἱερός -ά -όν (cf. ἅγιος and ὅσιος)
ιερ·αν
fem acc sg
sacred
Divine, holy, consecrated. Thus, can refer to a temple or offerings.
ψυχὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ψυχή, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. ψυχή
ψυχ·ην
(fem) acc sg
soul-life
self A. life, “λύθη ψ. τε μένος τε” Il.5.296, etc.; psyche/mind
αἰκισμοῖς τε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

τέ
τε
indecl
and [postpositive coordinate]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
στρέβλαις πυρπολούμενος ἐνίκησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

νικάω (νικ(α)-, νικη·σ-, νικη·σ-, νενικη·κ-, νενικη-, νικη·θ-)
ε·νικη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-VICTOR-ed-OVER
[to prevail; Rom 12:21: to not be defeated; Rv 5:5: to succeed]
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
simple article
πολιορκοῦντας διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
ὑπερασπίζοντα τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
εὐσεβείας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

εὐ·σέβεια, -ας, ἡ
ευσεβει·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
godliness, godlinesses
Lit:"good=veneration/homage", hence reverence-to-God, god-likeness
λογισμόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λογισμός, -οῦ, ὁ
λογισμ·ον
(mas) acc sg
logic
reasoning, calculation
4Mc 7:4Not so has ever a city, when besieged, held out against many and various machines, as did that holy man, when his pious soul was tried with the fiery trial of tortures and rackings, move his besiegers through the religious reasoning that shielded him.4Mc 7:4
No beseiged city has ever held out against many and various war machines as that holy man did when his pious soul was tried with the fiery trial of tortures and rackings and moved his besiegers through the religious reasoning that shielded him.
55ὥσπερ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὥσ·περ
ωσπερ
indecl
just as
Lit:"wholly/very/completely-as/like", hence "just-as", "just-like".
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
πρόκρημνον ἄκραν τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
ἑαυτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

ἑ·αυτοῦ/αὑτοῦ[2] -ῆς -οῦ
εαυτ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
self
him/her/it/our/your/them-selves
διάνοιαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

διά·νοια, -ας, ἡ
διανοι·αν
(fem) acc sg
cognition
intellect, mentality, purpose, plan
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
πατὴρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

πατήρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ὁ, voc. pl. πατέρες
πατερ·^
(mas) nom sg
father
Ελεαζαρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἐλεάζαρ, ὁ
ελεαζαρ
(mas) indecl
Eleazar
ἐκτείνας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·τείνω (εκ+τειν-, εκ+τεν(ε)·[σ]-, εκ+τειν·[σ]-, εκ+τετα·κ-, εκ+τετα-, εκ+τα·θ-)
εκ·τειν·[σ]α[ντ]·ς
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon EXTEND-ing
Lit:"stretch-out-from".
περιέκλασεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

περι·κλάω [LXX] (περι+κλ(α)-, -, περι+κλα·σ-, -, -, περι+κλασ·θ-)
περι·ε·κλα·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-BEND-ed
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
simple article
ἐπιμαινομένους τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
παθῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.); Verb

πάθο·ς, -ους, τό; πάσχω (πασχ-, -, 2nd παθ-, πεπονθ·[κ]-, -, -)
παθ(ε)·ων; παθ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(neu) gen pl; 2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
emotion, passions; upon SUFFER-ing
[see pathology, pathetic]; , experience-heavy-emotion/suffering
κλύδωνας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

κλύδων, -ωνος, ὁ
κλυδων·ας
(mas) acc pl
turbulences
/buffeting (as at the top of a rigging or on rough water).
4Mc 7:5For father Eleazar, projecting his disposition, broke the raging waves of the passions as with a jutting promontory.4Mc 7:5
For father Eleazar, projecting his disposition, broke the raging waves of the emotions as with a jutting cliff.
66 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Interjection; Letter; Verb

ὦ[2]; ὦ[1], τό; εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ω; ω; (εσ)·ω
indecl; (neu) indecl; pres act sub 1st sg
O!; omega; I-should-be
; [last letter of Greek alphabet];
ἄξιε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἄξιος -ία -ον
αξι·ε
mas voc sg
worthy
From "ἄγω" (bring/lead/carry somet5hing valuable), hence worthy/worthwhile/valuable
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
ἱερωσύνης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἱερω·σύνη, -ης, ἡ
ιερωσυν·ης
(fem) gen sg
priesthood
ἱερεῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἱερεύς, -έως, ὁ
ιερ(ευ)
(mas) voc sg
priest
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἐμίανας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μιαίνω (μιαιν-, μιαν(ε)·[σ]-, μιαν·[σ]-, -, μεμιαν-, μιαν·θ-)
ε·μιαν·[σ]ας
1aor act ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-POLLUTE-ed
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
simple article
ἱεροὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἱερός -ά -όν (cf. ἅγιος and ὅσιος)
ιερ·ους
mas acc pl
sacred
Divine, holy, consecrated. Thus, can refer to a temple or offerings.
ὀδόντας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ὀδού[ντ]ς, ὀδόντος, ὁ
οδο[υ]ντ·ας
(mas) acc pl
teeth
οὐδὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐδέ (οὐ δέ)
ουδε
indecl
neither/nor
Lit:"not-moreover" or "not-but", hence neither/nor.
οὐδ’ sometimes before vowels.
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
θεοσέβειαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

θεο·σέβεια, -ας, ἡ
θεοσεβει·αν
(fem) acc sg
piety
Lit: God-reverance/devotion. Often (misleadingly) rendered "fear of God"
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
καθαρισμὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

καθαρισμός, -οῦ, ὁ
καθαρισμ·ον
(mas) acc sg
purification
χωρήσασαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

χωρέω (χωρ(ε)-, -, χωρη·σ-, -, -, -)
χωρη·σασ·αν
1aor act ptcp fem acc sg
upon HAVE-ing-SPACE
(from "χῶρος" "space/place/region/country), hence have-space/place/room-for. Metaphorical-Trns:accept/hold/contain/receive/welcome; Intrns(with "εἰς"):enter/pass/be-room/welcomed/accepted. Root for "choreograph".
γαστέρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

γαστήρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ἡ
γαστερ·α
(fem) acc sg
belly
ἐκοίνωσας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κοινόω (κοιν(ο)-, -, κοινω·σ-, κεκοινω·κ-, κεκοινω-, -)
ε·κοινω·σας
1aor act ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-SHARE/VULGARIZE-ed
μιαροφαγίᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

μιαρο·φαγία, -ας, ἡ [LXX]
μιαροφαγι·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
eating unclean or contaminating food
4Mc 7:6O priest worthy of the priesthood! thou didst not pollute thy sacred teeth; nor make thine appetite, which had always embraced the clean and lawful, a partaker of profanity.4Mc 7:6
O priest worthy of the priesthood! You didn’t pollute your sacred teeth, nor make your appetite, which had always embraced the clean and lawful, a partaker of profanity.
77 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Interjection; Letter; Verb

ὦ[2]; ὦ[1], τό; εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ω; ω; (εσ)·ω
indecl; (neu) indecl; pres act sub 1st sg
O!; omega; I-should-be
; [last letter of Greek alphabet];
σύμφωνε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

σύμ·φωνος -ον
συμφων·ε
mas voc sg or fem voc sg
harmonious
νόμου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ου
(mas) gen sg
custom/law
ordinance custom practice
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
φιλόσοφε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

φιλό·σοφος, -ου, ὁ
φιλοσοφ·ε
(mas) voc sg
philosopher
θείου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

θεῖον, -ου, τό; θεῖος -α -ον
θει·ου; θει·ου
(neu) gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
sulfur; divine
;
βίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Verb

βίος, -ου, ὁ; βιόω (βι(ο)-, βιω·σ-, βιω·σ-, -, -, -)
βι·ου; βι(ο)·ε, βι(ο)·ου
(mas) gen sg; pres act imp 2nd sg, pres mp imp 2nd sg
life/livelihood; be-you(sg)-LIVE-ing!, be-you(sg)-being-LIVE-ed!
can also refer to property (BDAG 177);
4Mc 7:7O harmonizer with the law, and sage devoted to a divine life!4Mc 7:7
O harmonizer with the law, and sage devoted to a divine life!
88τοιούτους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

τοι·οῦτος -αύτη -οῦτο(ν)
τοιουτ·ους
mas acc pl
such-as-these
Lit"such-this", hence such, such-as-this, like [τοσαυτην]
δεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

δέω (δε-/δ(ε)-, δη·σ-, δη·σ-, δεδε·κ-, δεδε-, δε·θ-); δέομαι (δε-/δ(ε)-, -, -, -, δεδεη-, δεη·θ-)
δ(ε)·ει, δ(ε)·ε; δ(ε)·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg, pres act imp 2nd sg; pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-BIND-ing, be-you(sg)-BIND-ing!; you(sg)-are-being-NEED/REQUIRE-ed
bind, enchain, tie; deeply need/require, by extension, beg/beseech/supplicate/urgently appeal.
εἶναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·εναι
pres act inf
to-be
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
simple article
δημιουργοῦντας τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
νόμον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ον
(mas) acc sg
custom/law
ordinance custom practice
ἰδίῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Possessive)

ἴδιος -ία -ον
ιδι·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
own
privately
αἵματι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

αἷμα[τ], -ατος, τό
αιματ·ι
(neu) dat sg
blood
σημερον
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
γενναίῳ ἱδρῶτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἱδρώ[τ]ς, -ῶτος, ὁ
ιδρωτ·ι
(mas) dat sg
sweat
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
μέχρι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μέχρι/μέχρις
μεχρι
indecl
until
[μέχρι before vowels and consonants; μέχρις before vowels only]
θανάτου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Verb

θάνατος, -ου, ὁ; θανατόω (θανατ(ο)-, θανατω·σ-, θανατω·σ-, -, τεθανατω-, θανατω·θ-)
θανατ·ου; θανατ(ο)·ε, θανατ(ο)·ου
(mas) gen sg; pres act imp 2nd sg, pres mp imp 2nd sg
death; be-you(sg)-PUT-TO-DEATH-ing!, be-you(sg)-being-PUT-TO-DEATH-ed!
; from "θάνατος"(death) and "θνῄσκω"(I-am-dying).
πάθεσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πάθο·ς, -ους, τό
παθ(ε)·σι(ν)
(neu) dat pl
emotion, passions
[see pathology, pathetic]
ὑπερασπίζοντας
4Mc 7:8Of such a character ought those to be who perform the duties of the law at the risk of their own blood, and defend it with generous sweat by sufferings even unto death.4Mc 7:8
Of such a character ought those to be who perform the duties of the law at the risk of their own blood, and defend it with generous sweat by sufferings even to death.
99σύ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
συ
nom sg
you(sg)
πάτερ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

πατήρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ὁ, voc. pl. πατέρες
πατερ
(mas) voc sg
father
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
εὐνομίαν ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
us
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
ὑπομονῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ὑπο·μονή, -ῆς, ἡ
υπομον·ων
(fem) gen pl
endurances
Lit:"remain/stay/endure-under", hence endurance/steadfastness/perseverance.
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into +acc
OF PLACE, the oldest and commonest usage into, with Verbs of saying or speaking relating to the person to whom or before whom one is speaking, Verbs expressing rest in a place, when a previous motion into or to it is implied; elliptical usage after Verbs
δόξαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Verb

δόξα, -ης, ἡ; δοκέω (δοκ(ε)-, δοξ-, δοξ-, -, δεδοκ-, -)
δοξ·αν; δοκ·σαν[τ]
(fem) acc sg; 1aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
glory/honor; upon SUPPOSE-ing
praise; ,from "dokos"(opinion), hence suppose/seem/think/consider. Same root as "εὐδοκέω"(seem-good). Often rendered "think", but less objective than "νοέω"(think) and less visceral than "φρονέω"(think).
ἐκύρωσας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κυρόω (-, -, κυρω·σ-, -, κεκυρω-, κυρω·θ-)
ε·κυρω·σας
1aor act ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-CONFIRM/RATIFY-ed
[decide]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
ἁγιαστίαν σεμνολογήσας οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
κατέλυσας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·λύω (κατα+λυ-, κατα+λυ·σ-, κατα+λυ·σ-, κατα+λελυ·κ-, -, κατα+λυ·θ-)
κατα·ε·λυ·σας
1aor act ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-TEAR-DOWN-ed
Lit:"down-loose", hence unloose/tear-down. Metaph: relax. Similar but distinct from "καταργέω" (make of no effect), and "apollumi" (utterly-destroy).
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
ἔργων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ἔργον, -ου, τό
εργ·ων
(neu) gen pl
works
deed, action
ἐπιστοποίησας τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
simple article
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
θείας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

θεῖος -α -ον
θει·ας
fem gen sg or fem acc pl
divine
φιλοσοφίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

φιλο·σοφία, -ας, ἡ
φιλοσοφι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
philosophy, philosophies
σου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
λόγους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λόγος, -ου, ὁ
λογ·ους
(mas) acc pl
words
word
4Mc 7:9Thou, father, hast gloriously established our right government by thy endurance; and making of much account our service past, prevented its destruction, and, by thy deeds, hast made credible the words of philosophy.4Mc 7:9
You, father, have gloriously established our right government by your endurance; and making of much account our past service, prevented its destruction, and by your deeds, have made credible the words of philosophy.
1010 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Interjection; Letter; Verb

ὦ[2]; ὦ[1], τό; εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ω; ω; (εσ)·ω
indecl; (neu) indecl; pres act sub 1st sg
O!; omega; I-should-be
; [last letter of Greek alphabet];
βασάνων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl.)

βάσανος, -ου, ἡ
βασαν·ων
(fem) gen pl
torments
βιαιότερε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

βιαιό·τερος -α -ον [LXX] (Comp. of βίαιος)
βιαιοτερ·ε
mas voc sg
more violent
γέρων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.); Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

γέρων[τ], -ο[υ]ντος, ὁ, dat. pl. γέρουσιν; γέρας, -ως, τό [LXX]
γερο[υ]ν[τ]·^; γερ(α)·ων
(mas) nom sg; (neu) gen pl
old man; awards
;
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
πυρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πῦρ, -ρός, τό
πυρ·ος
(neu) gen sg
fire
εὐτονώτερε πρεσβῦτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

πρεσβύτης, -ου, ὁ
πρεσβυτ·α
(mas) voc sg
old/aged man
, from "πρεσβύτερος" (elder).
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
παθῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.); Verb

πάθο·ς, -ους, τό; πάσχω (πασχ-, -, 2nd παθ-, πεπονθ·[κ]-, -, -)
παθ(ε)·ων; παθ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(neu) gen pl; 2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
emotion, passions; upon SUFFER-ing
[see pathology, pathetic]; , experience-heavy-emotion/suffering
μέγιστε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

μέγιστος -η -ον (Superl. of μέγας)
μεγιστ·ε
mas voc sg
greatest
βασιλεῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)
(mas) voc sg
king
Ελεαζαρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἐλεάζαρ, ὁ
ελεαζαρ
(mas) indecl
Eleazar
4Mc 7:10O aged man of more power than tortures, elder more vigorous than fire, greatest king over the passions, Eleazar!4Mc 7:10
O aged man of more power than tortures, elder more vigorous than fire, greatest king over the emotions, Eleazar!
1111ὥσπερ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὥσ·περ
ωσπερ
indecl
just as
Lit:"wholly/very/completely-as/like", hence "just-as", "just-like".
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
πατὴρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

πατήρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ὁ, voc. pl. πατέρες
πατερ·^
(mas) nom sg
father
Ααρων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἀαρών, ὁ
ααρων
(mas) indecl
Aaron
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
simple article
θυμιατηρίῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

θυμιατήριον, -ου, τό
θυμιατηρι·ῳ
(neu) dat sg
incense alter
καθωπλισμένος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καθ·οπλίζω (-, -, καθ+οπλι·σ-, -, καθ+ωπλισ-, -)
καθ·ωπλισ·μεν·ος
perf mp ptcp mas nom sg
having-been-FULLY ARM-ed
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
ἐθνοπλήθους ἐπιτρέχων τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
ἐμπυριστὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

ἐμπυριστής, -οῦ, ὁ [LXX]
εμπυριστ·ην
(mas) acc sg
???
ἐνίκησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

νικάω (νικ(α)-, νικη·σ-, νικη·σ-, νενικη·κ-, νενικη-, νικη·θ-)
ε·νικη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-VICTOR-ed-OVER
[to prevail; Rom 12:21: to not be defeated; Rv 5:5: to succeed]
ἄγγελον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἄγγελος, -ου, ὁ
αγγελ·ον
(mas) acc sg
angel
messenger, envoy (human or otherwise); often in NT: Angel (spirit being sent as God's messenger)
4Mc 7:11For as father Aaron, armed with a censer, hastening through the consuming fire, vanquished the flame-bearing angel,4Mc 7:11
For as father Aaron, armed with a censer, hastening through the consuming fire, vanquished the flame-bearing angel,
1212οὕτως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὕτως/οὕτω
ουτως
indecl
so, thus
[Lit:"like-this": in-this-manner (οὕτως before vowels and consonants; οὕτω before consonants only]
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
Ααρωνίδης Ελεαζαρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἐλεάζαρ, ὁ
ελεαζαρ
(mas) indecl
Eleazar
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
πυρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πῦρ, -ρός, τό
πυρ·ος
(neu) gen sg
fire
ὑπερτηκόμενος οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
μετετράπη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μετα·τρέπω (μετα+τρεπ-, -, μετα+τρεψ-, -, -, μετα+τραπ·[θ]-)
μετα·ε·τραπ·[θ]η
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-TURN-ed-BACK
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
λογισμόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λογισμός, -οῦ, ὁ
λογισμ·ον
(mas) acc sg
logic
reasoning, calculation
4Mc 7:12so, Eleazar, the descendant of Aaron, wasted away by the fire, did not give up his reasoning.4Mc 7:12
so, Eleazar, the descendant of Aaron, wasted away by the fire, didn’t give up his reasoning.
1313καίτοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

καί·τοι
καιτοι
indecl
and such
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
simple article
θαυμασιώτατον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

θαυμασιώ·τατος -η -ον [LXX] (Superl. Adj. of θαυμάσιος)
θαυμασιωτατ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
most amazing
γέρων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.); Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

γέρων[τ], -ο[υ]ντος, ὁ, dat. pl. γέρουσιν; γέρας, -ως, τό [LXX]
γερο[υ]ν[τ]·^; γερ(α)·ων
(mas) nom sg; (neu) gen pl
old man; awards
;
ὢν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while being
λελυμένων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λύω (λυ-, λυ·σ-, λυ·σ-, λελυ·κ-, λελυ-, λυ·θ-)
λελυ·μεν·ων
perf mp ptcp fem gen pl or perf mp ptcp mas gen pl or perf mp ptcp neu gen pl
having-been-LOOSEN/UNBIND/RELEASE-ed
/destroy
μὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μέν
μεν
indecl
indeed
/certainly/surely.
ἤδη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἤδη
ηδη
indecl
already
by now, by then
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
σώματος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

σῶμα[τ], -ατος, τό
σωματ·ος
(neu) gen sg
body
τόνων περικεχαλασμένων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

περι·χαλάω [LXX] (-, -, -, -, περι+κεχαλασ-, -)
περι·κεχαλασ·μεν·ων
perf mp ptcp fem gen pl or perf mp ptcp mas gen pl or perf mp ptcp neu gen pl
having-been-???-ed
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
σαρκῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

σάρξ, -αρκός, ἡ
σαρκ·ων
(fem) gen pl
flesh
κεκμηκότων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κάμνω (καμν-, -, 2nd καμ-, κεκμη·κ-, -, -)
κεκμη·κοτ·ων
perf act ptcp mas gen pl or perf act ptcp neu gen pl
having WEARY/LABORED-ed
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
νεύρων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

νευρά, -ᾶς, ἡ [LXX]
νευρ·ων
(fem) gen pl
bowstring/sinews
[nerves or sinews in Job 30:17...etc]
ἀνενέασεν
4Mc 7:13And, what is most wonderful, though an old man, though the labours of his body were now spent, and his fibres were relaxed, and his sinews worn out, he recovered youth.4Mc 7:13
What is most wonderful is that though he was an old man, though the labors of his body were now spent, his muscles were relaxed, and his sinews worn out, he recovered youth.
1414τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
simple article
πνεύματι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πνεῦμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πνευματ·ι
(neu) dat sg
spirit
spirit; also wind, breath
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
λογισμοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λογισμός, -οῦ, ὁ
λογισμ·ου
(mas) gen sg
logic
reasoning, calculation
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
simple article
Ισακίῳ λογισμῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λογισμός, -οῦ, ὁ
λογισμ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
logic
reasoning, calculation
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
πολυκέφαλον στρέβλαν ἠκύρωσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀ·κυρόω (ακυρ(ο)-, -, ακυρω·σ-, -, -, -)
ε·ακυρω·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-VOID-ed
4Mc 7:14By the spirit of reasoning, and the reasoning of Isaac, he rendered powerless the many-headed instrument.4Mc 7:14
By the spirit of reasoning, and the reasoning of Isaac, he rendered powerless the many-headed rack.
1515 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Interjection; Letter; Verb

ὦ[2]; ὦ[1], τό; εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ω; ω; (εσ)·ω
indecl; (neu) indecl; pres act sub 1st sg
O!; omega; I-should-be
; [last letter of Greek alphabet];
μακαρίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

μακάριος -ία -ον
μακαρι·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
bless
blessed
γήρως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

γῆρας, -ως and γῆρο·ς, -ους, τό
γηρ(α)·ος
(neu) gen sg
old age
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
σεμνῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

σεμνός -ή -όν
σεμν·ης
fem gen sg
respectable
worthy of respect or honor; noble, dignified.
πολιᾶς καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
βίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Verb

βίος, -ου, ὁ; βιόω (βι(ο)-, βιω·σ-, βιω·σ-, -, -, -)
βι·ου; βι(ο)·ε, βι(ο)·ου
(mas) gen sg; pres act imp 2nd sg, pres mp imp 2nd sg
life/livelihood; be-you(sg)-LIVE-ing!, be-you(sg)-being-LIVE-ed!
can also refer to property (BDAG 177);
νομίμου ὃν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative); Verb

ὅς ἥ ὅ; εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ον; (εσ)·ο[υ]ν[τ]
mas acc sg; pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
who/whom/which; while being
;
πιστὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

πιστός -ή -όν
πιστ·η
fem nom|voc sg
faithful
trusthworthy
θανάτου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Verb

θάνατος, -ου, ὁ; θανατόω (θανατ(ο)-, θανατω·σ-, θανατω·σ-, -, τεθανατω-, θανατω·θ-)
θανατ·ου; θανατ(ο)·ε, θανατ(ο)·ου
(mas) gen sg; pres act imp 2nd sg, pres mp imp 2nd sg
death; be-you(sg)-PUT-TO-DEATH-ing!, be-you(sg)-being-PUT-TO-DEATH-ed!
; from "θάνατος"(death) and "θνῄσκω"(I-am-dying).
σφραγὶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

σφραγί[δ]ς, -ίδος, ἡ
σφραγι[δ]·ς
(fem) nom sg
seal
/hallmark/stamp (to indicate purity/authenticity); print[σφράγιζα seal].
ἐτελείωσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τελειόω (τελει(ο)-, τελειω·σ-, τελειω·σ-, τετελειω·κ-, τετελειω-, τελειω·θ-)
ε·τελειω·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-COMPLETE-ed
[to fully realize, complete, or finish; to perfect, in the sense of satisfying all requirements [intended purpose], but not in the sense of being entirely without fault or defect]
4Mc 7:15O blessed old age, and reverend hoar head, and life obedient to the law, which the faithful seal of death perfected.4Mc 7:15
O blessed old age, and reverend hoar head, and life obedient to the law, which the faithful seal of death perfected.
1616εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
δὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δή
δη
indecl
indeed
τοίνυν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

τοί·νυν
τοινυν
indecl
therefore
therefore, then
γέρων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.); Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

γέρων[τ], -ο[υ]ντος, ὁ, dat. pl. γέρουσιν; γέρας, -ως, τό [LXX]
γερο[υ]ν[τ]·^; γερ(α)·ων
(mas) nom sg; (neu) gen pl
old man; awards
;
ἀνὴρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀνήρ, ἀνδρός, ὁ, voc. sg. ἄνερ
irreg. ανε[δ]ρ·^
(mas) nom sg
man
(as distinct from woman, beast, god, etc); sometimes "husband".
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
μέχρι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μέχρι/μέχρις
μεχρι
indecl
until
[μέχρι before vowels and consonants; μέχρις before vowels only]
θανάτου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Verb

θάνατος, -ου, ὁ; θανατόω (θανατ(ο)-, θανατω·σ-, θανατω·σ-, -, τεθανατω-, θανατω·θ-)
θανατ·ου; θανατ(ο)·ε, θανατ(ο)·ου
(mas) gen sg; pres act imp 2nd sg, pres mp imp 2nd sg
death; be-you(sg)-PUT-TO-DEATH-ing!, be-you(sg)-being-PUT-TO-DEATH-ed!
; from "θάνατος"(death) and "θνῄσκω"(I-am-dying).
βασάνων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl.)

βάσανος, -ου, ἡ
βασαν·ων
(fem) gen pl
torments
περιεφρόνει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

περι·φρονέω (περι+φρον(ε)-, -, περι+φρονη·σ-, -, -, -)
περι·ε·φρον(ε)·ε
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-CONTEMN-ing
speculate about, compas in thought, despise
δι’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δι’
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
εὐσέβειαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

εὐ·σέβεια, -ας, ἡ
ευσεβει·αν
(fem) acc sg
godliness
Lit:"good=veneration/homage", hence reverence-to-God, god-likeness
ὁμολογουμένως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὁμο·λογουμένως
ομολογουμενως
indecl
undeniably
ἡγεμών [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἡγεμών, -όνος, ὁ
ηγεμον·^
(mas) nom|voc sg
leader
leader, commander, etc. Often in NT, a provincial governor ("princeps" or "procurator")
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
παθῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.); Verb

πάθο·ς, -ους, τό; πάσχω (πασχ-, -, 2nd παθ-, πεπονθ·[κ]-, -, -)
παθ(ε)·ων; παθ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(neu) gen pl; 2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
emotion, passions; upon SUFFER-ing
[see pathology, pathetic]; , experience-heavy-emotion/suffering
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
εὐσεβὴς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3)

εὐ·σεβής -ές
ευσεβ(ε)·^ς
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
devout
λογισμός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λογισμός, -οῦ, ὁ
λογισμ·ος
(mas) nom sg
logic
reasoning, calculation
4Mc 7:16If, then, an old man, through religion, despised tortures even unto death, confessedly religious reasoning is ruler of the passions.4Mc 7:16
If, then, an old man, through religion, despised tortures even to death, then certainly religious reasoning is ruler of the emotions.
1717ἴσως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἴσως
ισως
indecl
equally/perhaps
[in like manner]
δ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δ’
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἂν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἄν
αν
indecl
ever
εἴποιέν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειπ·οιεν
2aor act opt 3rd pl
they-happen-to-SAY
say, tell, relate, narrate | Present λεγ- | Aorist ειπ- | Future ερ- | Perfect ειρη- | Imperfect ελεγ- | Passive ρηθ- ερρηθ- ερρεθ-
τινες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

τὶ[ν]ς[2] τὶ[ν], gen. τινός, dat. τινί, acc. τινά τὶ
τιν·ες
mas nom pl or fem nom pl
some/several
indefinite pronoun; someone, something, anyone, anything. Specific(certain-one/some) determined from text-markings/context, otherwise non-specific (anyone/several).
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
παθῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.); Verb

πάθο·ς, -ους, τό; πάσχω (πασχ-, -, 2nd παθ-, πεπονθ·[κ]-, -, -)
παθ(ε)·ων; παθ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(neu) gen pl; 2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
emotion, passions; upon SUFFER-ing
[see pathology, pathetic]; , experience-heavy-emotion/suffering
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
πάντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ες
mas nom|voc pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
περικρατοῦσιν ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
οὐδὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐδέ (οὐ δέ)
ουδε
indecl
neither/nor
Lit:"not-moreover" or "not-but", hence neither/nor.
οὐδ’ sometimes before vowels.
πάντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ες
mas nom|voc pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
φρόνιμον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2 and 2-1-2)

φρόνιμος (-η) -ον
φρονιμ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
prudent-wise
possessing sagacity or discernment from "φρήν"(personal-visceral-opinion), hence thoughtful/mindful, prudent/sensible/shrewd. Often rendered "wise", but distinct from "σοφός"(learned/skilled-wise)or "συνετός"(intel
ἔχουσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
εχ·ουσι(ν), εχ·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
they-are-HAVE-ing, while HAVE-ing
/hold.
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
λογισμόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λογισμός, -οῦ, ὁ
λογισμ·ον
(mas) acc sg
logic
reasoning, calculation
4Mc 7:17But perhaps some might say, It is not all who conquer passions, as all do not possess wise reasoning.4Mc 7:17
But perhaps some might say, “It is not all who conquer emotions, as not all possess wise reasoning.”
1818ἀλλ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλ’
indecl
but-rather
emphatic/hard-adversative, "but-rather/instead", as distinct from the softer, more common, "δέ"
ὅσοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅσος -η -ον
οσ·οι
mas nom pl
as much/many as
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
εὐσεβείας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

εὐ·σέβεια, -ας, ἡ
ευσεβει·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
godliness, godlinesses
Lit:"good=veneration/homage", hence reverence-to-God, god-likeness
προνοοῦσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προ·νοέω (προ+νο(ε)-, -, προ+νοη·σ-, -, -, προ+νοη·θ-)
προ·νο(ε)·ουσι(ν), προ·νο(ε)·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
they-are-PROVIDE-ing, while PROVIDE-ing
[take thought for, foreknowledge]
ἐξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εξ
indecl
from-out-of (+gen)
signifies origin of motion. sometimes rendered, "from", when the motion is already implied by the context. ἐξ before vowels.
ὅλης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Partitive Numeral)

ὅλος -η -ον
ολ·ης
fem gen sg
whole
καρδίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

καρδία, -ας, ἡ
καρδι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
heart, hearts
καρδιας With the eyes of the heart enlightened (Eph_1:18)
οὗτοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
[τ]ουτ·οι
mas nom pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
μόνοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

μόνος -η -ον
μον·οι
mas nom|voc pl
only
apart, sole, only, alone (see κατάμόνος G2651 apart, solely, only, alone)
δύνανται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δύνα·μαι (ath. δυν(α)-/ath. δυν(η)-, δυνη·σ-, -, -, -, δυνη·θ-/δυνασ·θ-)
δυν(α)·νται
pres mp ind 3rd pl
they-are-being-ABLE-ed
κρατεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κρατέω (κρατ(ε)-, κρατη·σ-, κρατη·σ-, κεκρατη·κ-, κεκρατη-, κρατη·θ-)
κρατ(ε)·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-SEIZE/TAKE-HOLD-ing
, from "κράτος" (strength/might), hence take-hold/control-of/retain, exercise-power-over, seize/arrest/detain, bear/carry,
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
σαρκὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

σάρξ, -αρκός, ἡ
σαρκ·ος
(fem) gen sg
flesh
παθῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.); Verb

πάθο·ς, -ους, τό; πάσχω (πασχ-, -, 2nd παθ-, πεπονθ·[κ]-, -, -)
παθ(ε)·ων; παθ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(neu) gen pl; 2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
emotion, passions; upon SUFFER-ing
[see pathology, pathetic]; , experience-heavy-emotion/suffering
4Mc 7:18But they who have meditated upon religion with their whole heart, these alone can master the passions of the flesh;4Mc 7:18
But those who have meditated upon religion with their whole heart, these alone can master the emotions of the flesh:
1919πιστεύοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πιστεύω (πιστευ-, πιστευ·σ-, πιστευ·σ-, πεπιστευ·κ-, πεπιστευ-, πιστευ·θ-)
πιστευ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while BELIEVE-ing
be-persuaded/accept [toward] (heed [to], believe); give management (entrust). PASS. to be entrusted with
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
θεῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
god
[see theology]
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἀποθνῄσκουσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·θνῄσκω (απο+θνῃσκ-, απο+θαν(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd απο+θαν-, -, -, -)
απο·θνῃσκ·ουσι(ν), απο·θνῃσκ·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
they-are-DIE-ing, while DIE-ing
αποᾑσκουσα
ὥσπερ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὥσ·περ
ωσπερ
indecl
just as
Lit:"wholly/very/completely-as/like", hence "just-as", "just-like".
οὐδὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐδέ (οὐ δέ)
ουδε
indecl
neither/nor
Lit:"not-moreover" or "not-but", hence neither/nor.
οὐδ’ sometimes before vowels.
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
simple article
πατριάρχαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

πατρι·άρχης, -ου, ὁ
πατριαρχ·αι
(mas) nom|voc pl
patriarchs
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
us
Αβρααμ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἀβραάμ, ὁ
αβρααμ
(mas) indecl
Abraham
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
Ισαακ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰσαάκ, ὁ
ισαακ
(mas) indecl
Isaac
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
Ιακωβ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰακώβ, ὁ
ιακωβ
(mas) indecl
Jacob
ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but-rather
emphatic/hard-adversative, "but-rather/instead", as distinct from the softer, more common, "δέ"
ζῶσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ζάω (ζ(η)-/ath. ζ(η)-, ζη·σ-, ζη·σ-, -, -, -)
ζ(η)·ουσι(ν), ζ(η)·ωσι(ν), ζ(η)·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act sub 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
they-are-LIVE-ing, they-should-be-LIVE-ing, while LIVE-ing
Verb from "ζωή"(life), hence live/made-alive, exist, inhabit
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
simple article
θεῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
god
[see theology]
4Mc 7:19they who believe that to God they die not; for, as our forefathers, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, they live to God.4Mc 7:19
they who believe that to God they don’t die; for, as our forefathers, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, they live to God.
2020οὐδὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

οὐδ·είς οὐδε·μία οὐδ·έν and οὐθ·είς (οὐθε·μία) οὐθ·έν
ουδε[ι]ν
neu nom|acc sg
none
[not one, no one]
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
ἐναντιοῦται τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
simple article
φαίνεσθαί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φαίνω (φαιν-, φαν(ε)·[σ]-, φαν·[σ]-, -, -, φαν·[θ]-)
φαιν·εσθαι
pres mp inf
to-be-being-APPEAR-ed
look, shew, peer, seem, show
τινας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

τὶ[ν]ς[2] τὶ[ν], gen. τινός, dat. τινί, acc. τινά τὶ
τιν·ας
mas acc pl or fem acc pl
some/several
indefinite pronoun; someone, something, anyone, anything. Specific(certain-one/some) determined from text-markings/context, otherwise non-specific (anyone/several).
παθοκρατεῖσθαι διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
ἀσθενῆ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3)

ἀ·σθενής -ές
ασθεν(ε)·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
weak/feeble
λογισμόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λογισμός, -οῦ, ὁ
λογισμ·ον
(mas) acc sg
logic
reasoning, calculation
4Mc 7:20This circumstance, then, is by no means an objection, that some who have weak reasoning, are governed by their passions:4Mc 7:20
This circumstance, then, is by no means an objection, that some who have weak reasoning are governed by their emotions,
2121ἐπεὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἐπεί
επει
indecl
since/otherwise
Lit:"upon-if", a logical conjunction: since (Lk 1:34), otherwise (Rom 11:6), because
τίς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]·ς
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
who
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
ὅλον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Partitive Numeral)

ὅλος -η -ον
ολ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
whole
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
φιλοσοφίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

φιλο·σοφία, -ας, ἡ
φιλοσοφι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
philosophy, philosophies
κανόνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

κανών, -όνος, ὁ
κανον·α
(mas) acc sg
rule
(metaphorically) rule, standard. In I Cor., "sphere of influence".
φιλοσοφῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

φιλό·σοφος, -ου, ὁ
φιλοσοφ·ων
(mas) gen pl
philosophers
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
πεπιστευκὼς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πιστεύω (πιστευ-, πιστευ·σ-, πιστευ·σ-, πεπιστευ·κ-, πεπιστευ-, πιστευ·θ-)
πεπιστευ·κο[τ]·^ς
perf act ptcp mas nom sg
having BELIEVE-ed
be-persuaded/accept [toward] (heed [to], believe); give management (entrust). PASS. to be entrusted with
θεῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
god
[see theology]
4Mc 7:21since what person, walking religiously by the whole rule of philosophy, and believing in God,4Mc 7:21
since what person, walking religiously by the whole rule of philosophy, and believing in God,
2222καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εἰδὼς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

οἶδα (ath. ιδ-/ath. ειδ(ε)-/ath. ειδ-, ειδη·σ-/ει[δ]·σ-, ειδη·σ-, οιδ·[κ]-/ειδ·[κ]-, -, -)
ειδ·[κ]ο[τ]·^ς
perf act ptcp mas nom sg
having BEHOLD/PERCEIVE-ed
/perceive/be-aware-of/be-acquainted-with/notice. Often rendered "know" (by beholding/observing), in contrast to "γινώσκω" (know by thinking/reasoning/experiencing), or " horao", to "know" by seeing.
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
ἀρετὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀρετή, -ῆς, ἡ
αρετ·ην
(fem) acc sg
virtue
demonstrated character worthy of praise; excellence of character.
πάντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or mas acc sg
all, each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
πόνον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

πόνος, -ου, ὁ
πον·ον
(mas) acc sg
pain
ὑπομένειν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑπο·μένω (υπο+μεν-, υπο+μεν(ε)·[σ]-, υπο+μειν·[σ]-, υπο+μεμενη·κ-, -, -)
υπο·μεν·ειν, υπο·μεν(ε)·[σ]ειν
pres act inf, fut act inf
to-be-ENDURE-ing, to-will-ENDURE
Lit:"stay/abide/remain-under" hence endure/persevere-under, bear-up-under, suffer, undergo, tolerate, sustain
μακάριόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

μακάριος -ία -ον
μακαρι·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
bless
blessed
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἂν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἄν
αν
indecl
ever
περικρατήσειεν τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
παθῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.); Verb

πάθο·ς, -ους, τό; πάσχω (πασχ-, -, 2nd παθ-, πεπονθ·[κ]-, -, -)
παθ(ε)·ων; παθ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(neu) gen pl; 2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
emotion, passions; upon SUFFER-ing
[see pathology, pathetic]; , experience-heavy-emotion/suffering
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
θεοσέβειαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

θεο·σέβεια, -ας, ἡ
θεοσεβει·αν
(fem) acc sg
piety
Lit: God-reverance/devotion. Often (misleadingly) rendered "fear of God"
4Mc 7:22and knowing that it is a blessed thing to endure all kinds of hardships for virtue, would not, for the sake of religion, master his passion?4Mc 7:22
and knowing that it is a blessed thing to endure all kinds of hardships for virtue, would not, for the sake of religion, master his emotion?
2323μόνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

μόνος -η -ον
μον·ος
mas nom sg
only
apart, sole, only, alone (see κατάμόνος G2651 apart, solely, only, alone)
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
σοφὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

σοφός -ή -όν
σοφ·ος
mas nom sg
wise
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀνδρεῖός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἀνδρεῖος -α -ον [LXX]
ανδρει·ος
mas nom sg
manly
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
παθῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.); Verb

πάθο·ς, -ους, τό; πάσχω (πασχ-, -, 2nd παθ-, πεπονθ·[κ]-, -, -)
παθ(ε)·ων; παθ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(neu) gen pl; 2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
emotion, passions; upon SUFFER-ing
[see pathology, pathetic]; , experience-heavy-emotion/suffering
κύριος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ος; κυρι·ος
(mas) nom sg; mas nom sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
4Mc 7:23For the wise and brave man only is lord over his passions.4Mc 7:23
For only the wise and brave man is lord over his emotions.
« Ch 6» Ch 8

Copyright 2007-2024 Thomas Moore, Email: acct3 at katabiblon.com, Support Forum Set Local Timezone
Saturday, 13-Jul-2024 14:27:00 EDT

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