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Μακκαβαίων Δʹ

4 Maccabees

  CATSS LXX Brenton (1851) Wiki English Translation‎ / World English Bible11ἔλεγον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·λεγ·ον
impf act ind 1st sg or impf act ind 3rd pl
I-was-SAY-ing, they-were-SAY-ing
say, tell, relate, narrate | Present λεγ- | Aorist ειπ- | Future ερ- | Perfect ειρη- | Imperfect ελεγ- | Passive ρηθ- ερρηθ- ερρεθ-
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
δορυφόρων τινὲς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

τὶ[ν]ς[2] τὶ[ν], gen. τινός, dat. τινί, acc. τινά τὶ
τιν·ες
mas nom pl or fem nom pl
some/several
indefinite pronoun; someone, something, anyone, anything. Specific(certain-one/some) determined from text-markings/context, otherwise non-specific (anyone/several).
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
ἔμελλεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μέλλω (μελλ-, μελλη·σ-, -, -, -, -)
ε·μελλ·ε(ν)
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-IMPEND/INTEND-ing
impend, intend, about to be; denotes imminence. Often used before an infinitive.
συλλαμβάνεσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συλ·λαμβάνω (συν+λαμβαν-, συν+λημψ-/συν+ληψ-, 2nd συν+λαβ-, συν+ειληφ·[κ]-, συν+ειληβ-, συν+λημφ·θ-/συν+ληφ·θ-)
συν·λαμβαν·εσθαι
pres mp inf
to-be-being-SEIZING-ed
lasso, catch, conceive, nab, apprehend, arrest, capture
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
αὐτὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·η
fem nom sg
she/it/same
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
θάνατον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θάνατος, -ου, ὁ
θανατ·ον
(mas) acc sg
death
ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that
/so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
ψαύσειέν τις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

τὶ[ν]ς[2] τὶ[ν], gen. τινός, dat. τινί, acc. τινά τὶ
τι[ν]·ς
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
someone/anyone
indefinite pronoun; someone, something, anyone, anything. Specific(certain-one/some) determined from text-markings/context, otherwise non-specific (anyone/several).
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
σώματος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

σῶμα[τ], -ατος, τό
σωματ·ος
(neu) gen sg
body
αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
her/it/same
ἑαυτὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

ἑ·αυτοῦ/αὑτοῦ[2] -ῆς -οῦ
εαυτ·ην
fem acc sg
self
him/her/it/our/your/them-selves
ἔρριψε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ῥίπτω, ῥιπτέω (ριπτ(ε)-/ριπτ-, ριψ-, ριψ-, -, ερριπτ-/ρεριπτ-, ριφ·[θ]-)
ε·ριπτ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-TOSS/FLING/DUMP-ed
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
πυρᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

πυρά, -ᾶς, ἡ
πυρ·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
fire, fires
4Mc 17:1And some of the spearbearers said, that when she herself was about to be seized for the purpose of being put to death, she threw herself upon the pile, rather than they should touch her person.4Mc 17:1
¶Some of the spearbearers said that when she herself was about to be seized for the purpose of being put to death, she threw herself on the pile, rather than let them touch her body.
22 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Interjection; Letter; Verb

ὦ[2]; ὦ[1], τό; εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ω; ω; (εσ)·ω
indecl; (neu) indecl; pres act sub 1st sg
O!; omega; I-should-be
; [last letter of Greek alphabet];
μήτηρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

μήτηρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ἡ
μητερ·^
(fem) nom sg
mother
also of motherland
σὺν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

σύν
συν
indecl
together with/including (+dat)
ἑπτὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

ἑπτά
επτα
indecl
seven
παισὶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl. and Fem. 3rd Decl.)

παῖ[δ]ς, -αιδός, ὁ and
παι[δ]·σι(ν)
(mas) dat pl or (fem) dat pl
children/servants
καταλύσασα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·λύω (κατα+λυ-, κατα+λυ·σ-, κατα+λυ·σ-, κατα+λελυ·κ-, -, κατα+λυ·θ-)
κατα·λυ·σασ·α
1aor act ptcp fem nom|voc sg
upon TEAR-DOWN-ing
Lit:"down-loose", hence unloose/tear-down. Metaph: relax. Similar but distinct from "καταργέω" (make of no effect), and "apollumi" (utterly-destroy).
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
τυράννου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

τύραννος[1], -ου, ὁ [LXX]; Τύραννος[2], -ου, ὁ
τυρανν·ου; τυρανν·ου
(mas) gen sg; (mas) gen sg
tyrant; Tyrannus
;
βίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βία, -ας, ἡ
βι·αν
(fem) acc sg
force
(violence)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀκυρώσασα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀ·κυρόω (ακυρ(ο)-, -, ακυρω·σ-, -, -, -)
ακυρω·σασ·α
1aor act ptcp fem nom|voc sg
upon VOID-ing
τὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ας
fem acc pl
the
simple article
κακὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

κακός -ή -όν (cf. φαῦλος)
κακ·ας
fem acc pl
wicked
/evil
ἐπινοίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἐπί·νοια, -ας, ἡ
επινοι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
thought, thoughts
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
δείξασα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δείκνυμι a.k.a. δεικνύω (ath. δεικνυ-, δειξ-, δειξ-, -, -, δειχ·θ-)
δεικ·σασ·α
1aor act ptcp fem nom|voc sg
upon SHOW-ing
prove
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
πίστεως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

πίστις, -εως, ἡ
πιστ(ι)·ος
(fem) gen sg
faith/faithfulness
allegiance; trust; trustworthiness; πίστις can refer to faith/trust, to that which one believes or trusts (the content of one's faith), or to the personal trait of faithfulness/trustworthiness/integrity.
γενναιότητα
4Mc 17:2O thou mother, who together with seven children didst destroy the violence of the tyrant, and render void his wicked intentions, and exhibit the nobleness of faith!4Mc 17:2
O you mother, who together with seven children destroyed the violence of the tyrant, and rendered void his wicked intentions, and exhibited the nobleness of faith!
33καθάπερ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καθάπερ
καθαπερ
indecl
even as
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
σὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
συ
nom sg
you(sg)
στέγη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

στέγη, -ης, ἡ (cf. δῶμα)
στεγ·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
roof
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
simple article
στύλους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

στῦλος, -ου, ὁ
στυλ·ους
(mas) acc pl
pillars
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
παίδων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl. and Fem. 3rd Decl.)

παῖ[δ]ς, -αιδός, ὁ and
παιδ·ων
(mas) gen pl or (fem) gen pl
children/servants
γενναίως ἱδρυμένη ἀκλινὴς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3)

ἀ·κλινής -ές
ακλιν(ε)·^ς
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
unbending
(unbending, w/o wavering or swaying, (relaxing, slack off))
ὑπήνεγκας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑπο·φέρω (υπο+φερ-, υπ+οι·σ-, υπ+ενεγκ·[σ]- or 2nd υπ+ενεγκ-, -, -, -)
υπ·ε·ενεγκ·[σ]ας
1aor act ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-BEAR-ed
carry by being under, endure
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
βασάνων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl.)

βάσανος, -ου, ἡ
βασαν·ων
(fem) gen pl
torments
σεισμόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

σεισμός, -οῦ, ὁ
σεισμ·ον
(mas) acc sg
earthquake
[see seismic]
4Mc 17:3For thou, as an house bravely built upon the pillar of thy children, didst bear without swaying, the shock of tortures.4Mc 17:3
For you, like a house bravely built on the pillar of your children, bore the shock of tortures without swaying.
44θάρρει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θαρρέω (θαρρ(ε)-, -, θαρρη·σ-, -, -, -)
θαρρ(ε)·ει, θαρρ(ε)·ε
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, pres act imp 2nd sg
he/she/it-is-BE ASSERTIVE-ing, you(sg)-are-being-BE ASSERTIVE-ed, be-you(sg)-BE ASSERTIVE-ing!
[have confidence}
τοιγαροῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

τοι·γαρ·οῦν
τοιγαρουν
indecl
consequently
(so now then, therefore)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Interjection; Letter; Verb

ὦ[2]; ὦ[1], τό; εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ω; ω; (εσ)·ω
indecl; (neu) indecl; pres act sub 1st sg
O!; omega; I-should-be
; [last letter of Greek alphabet];
μήτηρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

μήτηρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ἡ
μητερ·^
(fem) nom sg
mother
also of motherland
ἱερόψυχε τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
ἐλπίδα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

ἐλπί[δ]ς, -ίδος, ἡ
ελπιδ·α
(fem) acc sg
hope/expectation
[object of hope.. where you place your trust]
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
ὑπομονῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ὑπο·μονή, -ῆς, ἡ
υπομον·ης
(fem) gen sg
endurance
Lit:"remain/stay/endure-under", hence endurance/steadfastness/perseverance.
βεβαίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

βέβαιος -α -ον
βεβαι·αν
fem acc sg
absolutely certain
ἔχουσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
εχ·ουσ·α
pres act ptcp fem nom|voc sg
while HAVE-ing
/hold.
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
θεόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ον
(mas) acc sg
god
[see theology]
4Mc 17:4Be of good cheer, therefore, O holy-minded mother! holding the firm substance of the hope of your steadfastness with God.4Mc 17:4
Cheer up, therefore, O holy-minded mother! Hold the firm hope of your steadfastness with God.
55οὐχ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουχ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
οὕτως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὕτως/οὕτω
ουτως
indecl
so, thus
[Lit:"like-this": in-this-manner (οὕτως before vowels and consonants; οὕτω before consonants only]
σελήνη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

σελήνη, -ης, ἡ
σελην·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
moon
κατ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατ’
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
οὐρανὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

οὐρανός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. οὐρανοί
ουραν·ον
(mas) acc sg
sky/heaven
σὺν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

σύν
συν
indecl
together with/including (+dat)
ἄστροις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ἄστρον, -ου, τό (See also ἀστήρ)
αστρ·οις
(neu) dat pl
stars
σεμνὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

σεμνός -ή -όν
σεμν·η
fem nom|voc sg
respectable
worthy of respect or honor; noble, dignified.
καθέστηκεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καθ·ίστημι (ath. καθ+ιστ(α)-/ath. καθ+ιστ(η)-, κατα+στη·σ-, κατα+στη·σ- or 2nd ath. κατα+στ(η)-/ath. κατα+στ(α)-, καθ+εστη·κ-/καθ+εστα·κ-/καθ+εστ(α)·[κ]-, καθ+εστα-, κατα+στα·θ-)
καθ·εστη·κε(ν)
perf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-has-APPOINT/ESTABLISH-ed
Lit"down-stand", hence give-standing/authority, hence appoint, put-in-charge set-in-order, lay, render, enable, establish. In some instances, similar to "τίθημι" (place/lay/put/set/appoint).
ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
σὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
συ
nom sg
you(sg)
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
simple article
ἰσαστέρους ἑπτὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

ἑπτά
επτα
indecl
seven
παῖδας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl. and Fem. 3rd Decl.)

παῖ[δ]ς, -αιδός, ὁ and
παιδ·ας
(mas) acc pl or (fem) acc pl
children/servants
φωταγωγήσασα πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
εὐσέβειαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

εὐ·σέβεια, -ας, ἡ
ευσεβει·αν
(fem) acc sg
godliness
Lit:"good=veneration/homage", hence reverence-to-God, god-likeness
ἔντιμος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἔν·τιμος -ον
εντιμ·ος
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
highly,valued
respectable, equitable, honest, honorable
καθέστηκας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καθ·ίστημι (ath. καθ+ιστ(α)-/ath. καθ+ιστ(η)-, κατα+στη·σ-, κατα+στη·σ- or 2nd ath. κατα+στ(η)-/ath. κατα+στ(α)-, καθ+εστη·κ-/καθ+εστα·κ-/καθ+εστ(α)·[κ]-, καθ+εστα-, κατα+στα·θ-)
καθ·εστη·κας
perf act ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-have-APPOINT/ESTABLISH-ed
Lit"down-stand", hence give-standing/authority, hence appoint, put-in-charge set-in-order, lay, render, enable, establish. In some instances, similar to "τίθημι" (place/lay/put/set/appoint).
θεῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
god
[see theology]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐστήρισαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

στηρίζω (στηριζ-, στηρι(ε)·[σ]-/στηρι·σ-/στηριξ-, στηρι·σ-/στηριξ-, εστηρι·κ-, εστηρι-/εστηρισ-/εστηριγ-, στηρισ·θ-/στηριχ·θ-)
εστηρι·σαι, εστηρισ·[σ]αι
perf mp ind 2nd sg, perf mp ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-have-been-SUPPORT-ed
Lit:"make-stand-fixed", hence uphold, buoy, buttress, base, substantiate
σὺν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

σύν
συν
indecl
together with/including (+dat)
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
οὐρανῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

οὐρανός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. οὐρανοί
ουραν·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
sky/heaven
4Mc 17:5Not so gracious does the moon appear with the stars in heaven, as thou art established honourable before God, and fixed in the firmament with thy sons who thou didst illuminate with religion to the stars.4Mc 17:5
Not so gracious does the moon appear with the stars in heaven, as you are established as honorable before God, and fixed in the sky with your sons whom you illuminated with religion to the stars.
66ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
simple article
παιδοποιία σου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
Αβρααμ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἀβραάμ, ὁ
αβρααμ
(mas) indecl
Abraham
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
πατρός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

πατήρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ὁ, voc. pl. πατέρες
πατ[ε]ρ·ος
(mas) gen sg
father
4Mc 17:6For thy bearing of children was after the fashion of a child of Abraham.4Mc 17:6
For your bearing of children was after the manner of a child of Abraham.
77εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἐξὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔξ·εστιν a.k.a. ἔξ·ειμι[2] fr. εἰμί[1] (ath. εξ+(εσ)-/εξ+(εσ)-, -, -, -, -, -)
εξ·(εσ)·ο[υ]ν[τ]
pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
while BE-ing-PERMITTED
ἡμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημιν
dat pl
us
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
ὥσπερ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὥσ·περ
ωσπερ
indecl
just as
Lit:"wholly/very/completely-as/like", hence "just-as", "just-like".
ἐπί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τινος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

τὶ[ν]ς[2] τὶ[ν], gen. τινός, dat. τινί, acc. τινά τὶ
τιν·ος
neu gen sg or mas gen sg or fem gen sg
someone/anyone
indefinite pronoun; someone, something, anyone, anything. Specific(certain-one/some) determined from text-markings/context, otherwise non-specific (anyone/several).
ζωγραφῆσαι τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
εὐσεβείας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

εὐ·σέβεια, -ας, ἡ
ευσεβει·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
godliness, godlinesses
Lit:"good=veneration/homage", hence reverence-to-God, god-likeness
σου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
ἱστορίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἱστορία, -ας, ἡ [LXX]
ιστορι·αν
(fem) acc sg
inquiry
[see history]
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἂν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἄν
αν
indecl
ever
ἔφριττον οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
simple article
θεωροῦντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θεωρέω (θεωρ(ε)-, θεωρη·σ-, θεωρη·σ-, -, -, θεωρη·θ-)
θεωρ(ε)·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while LOOKED AT-ing
behold, gaze, gape, contemplate, consider, judge, observe, speculate, perceive
ὁρῶντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ορ(α)·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while SEE/BEHOLD-ing
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
μητέρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

μήτηρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ἡ
μητερ·α
(fem) acc sg
mother
also of motherland
ἑπτὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

ἑπτά
επτα
indecl
seven
τέκνων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

τέκνον, -ου, τό, voc. sg. τέκνον, voc. pl. τέκνα
τεκν·ων
(neu) gen pl
children
δι’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δι’
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
εὐσέβειαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

εὐ·σέβεια, -ας, ἡ
ευσεβει·αν
(fem) acc sg
godliness
Lit:"good=veneration/homage", hence reverence-to-God, god-likeness
ποικίλας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ποικίλος -η -ον
ποικιλ·ας
fem acc pl
various
Lit:"many-colored", hence various-kinds-of, varied/manifold.
βασάνους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl.)

βάσανος, -ου, ἡ
βασαν·ους
(fem) acc pl
torments
μέχρι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μέχρι/μέχρις
μεχρι
indecl
until
[μέχρι before vowels and consonants; μέχρις before vowels only]
θανάτου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Verb

θάνατος, -ου, ὁ; θανατόω (θανατ(ο)-, θανατω·σ-, θανατω·σ-, -, τεθανατω-, θανατω·θ-)
θανατ·ου; θανατ(ο)·ε, θανατ(ο)·ου
(mas) gen sg; pres act imp 2nd sg, pres mp imp 2nd sg
death; be-you(sg)-PUT-TO-DEATH-ing!, be-you(sg)-being-PUT-TO-DEATH-ed!
; from "θάνατος"(death) and "θνῄσκω"(I-am-dying).
ὑπομείνασαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑπο·μένω (υπο+μεν-, υπο+μεν(ε)·[σ]-, υπο+μειν·[σ]-, υπο+μεμενη·κ-, -, -)
υπο·μειν·[σ]ασ·αν
1aor act ptcp fem acc sg
upon ENDURE-ing
Lit:"stay/abide/remain-under" hence endure/persevere-under, bear-up-under, suffer, undergo, tolerate, sustain
4Mc 17:7And, were it lawful for us to paint as on a tablet the religion of thy story, the spectators would not shudder at beholding the mother of seven children enduring for the sake of religion various tortures even unto death.4Mc 17:7
¶If it were lawful for us to paint as on a tablet the religion of your story, the spectators wouldn’t shudder at seeing the mother of seven children enduring for the sake of religion various tortures even to death.
88καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
ἄξιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἄξιος -ία -ον
αξι·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
worthy
From "ἄγω" (bring/lead/carry somet5hing valuable), hence worthy/worthwhile/valuable
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐπ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επ’
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
ἐπιταφίου ἀναγράψαι καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ταῦτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·α
neu nom|acc pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
ἔθνους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ε)·ος
(neu) gen sg
nation/culture/race
Lit: from etho (vb: to form a custom/culture). Hence, a race/people, joined by shared language, customs, history, and culture. Usually applied to Gentiles (except Jn 11:50).
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into +acc
OF PLACE, the oldest and commonest usage into, with Verbs of saying or speaking relating to the person to whom or before whom one is speaking, Verbs expressing rest in a place, when a previous motion into or to it is implied; elliptical usage after Verbs
μνείαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

μνεία, -ας, ἡ
μνει·αν
(fem) acc sg
remembrance
λεγόμενα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ομεν·α
pres mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
while being-SAY-ed
say, tell, relate, narrate | Present λεγ- | Aorist ειπ- | Future ερ- | Perfect ειρη- | Imperfect ελεγ- | Passive ρηθ- ερρηθ- ερρεθ-
4Mc 17:8And it had been a worth thing to have inscribed upon the tomb itself these words as a memorial to those of the nation,4Mc 17:8
It would have been a worthwhile thing to have inscribed on the tomb itself these words as a memorial to those of the nation,
99ἐνταῦθα γέρων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.); Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

γέρων[τ], -ο[υ]ντος, ὁ, dat. pl. γέρουσιν; γέρας, -ως, τό [LXX]
γερο[υ]ν[τ]·^; γερ(α)·ων
(mas) nom sg; (neu) gen pl
old man; awards
;
ἱερεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἱερεύς, -έως, ὁ
ιερ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
priest
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
γυνὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

γυνή, -αικος, ἡ, voc. sg. γύναι
γυναι[κ] > irreg. γυνη
(fem) nom sg
woman/wife
γεραιὰ καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἑπτὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

ἑπτά
επτα
indecl
seven
παῖδες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl. and Fem. 3rd Decl.)

παῖ[δ]ς, -αιδός, ὁ and
παιδ·ες
(mas) nom|voc pl or (fem) nom|voc pl
children/servants
ἐγκεκήδευνται διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
τυράννου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

τύραννος[1], -ου, ὁ [LXX]; Τύραννος[2], -ου, ὁ
τυρανν·ου; τυρανν·ου
(mas) gen sg; (mas) gen sg
tyrant; Tyrannus
;
βίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βία, -ας, ἡ
βι·αν
(fem) acc sg
force
(violence)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
Εβραίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Ἑβραῖος, -ου, ὁ
εβραι·ων
(mas) gen pl
Hebrews
πολιτείαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

πολιτεία, -ας, ἡ
πολιτει·αν
(fem) acc sg
polity
καταλῦσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·λύω (κατα+λυ-, κατα+λυ·σ-, κατα+λυ·σ-, κατα+λελυ·κ-, -, κατα+λυ·θ-)
κατα·λυ·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-TEAR-DOWN, be-you(sg)-TEAR-DOWN-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-TEAR-DOWN
Lit:"down-loose", hence unloose/tear-down. Metaph: relax. Similar but distinct from "καταργέω" (make of no effect), and "apollumi" (utterly-destroy).
θέλοντος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θέλω (θελ-, θελη·σ-, θελη·σ-, τεθελη·κ-, -, -)
θελ·ο[υ]ντ·ος
pres act ptcp mas gen sg or pres act ptcp neu gen sg
while WANT-ing
/wish/desire
4Mc 17:9Here an aged priest, and an aged woman, and seven sons, are buried through the violence of a tyrant, who wished to destroy the polity of the Hebrews.4Mc 17:9
“Here an aged priest, and an aged woman, and seven sons, are buried through the violence of a tyrant, who wished to destroy the society of the Hebrews.
1010οἳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
οι
mas nom pl
who/whom/which
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐξεδίκησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·δικέω (εκ+δικ(ε)-, εκ+δικη·σ-, εκ+δικη·σ-, -, εκ+δεδικη-, εκ+δικη·θ-)
εκ·ε·δικη·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-EXECUTE/DISPENSE-JUSTICE-ed
Lit:"out-just", hence execute/deliver/provide/dispense-justice. By extension: provide legal-protection, avenge(blood), defend(weak), vindicate(wronged), rectify(wrongs).
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
simple article
γένος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

γένο·ς, -ους, τό
γεν(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
race
race, class, kind
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into +acc
OF PLACE, the oldest and commonest usage into, with Verbs of saying or speaking relating to the person to whom or before whom one is speaking, Verbs expressing rest in a place, when a previous motion into or to it is implied; elliptical usage after Verbs
θεὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ον
(mas) acc sg
god
[see theology]
ἀφορῶντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀφ·οράω (αφ+ορ(α)-, -, 2nd απ+ιδ-/αφ+ιδ-, -, -, -)
αφ·ορ(α)·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while LOOK-ing-FROM/AT
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
μέχρι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μέχρι/μέχρις
μεχρι
indecl
until
[μέχρι before vowels and consonants; μέχρις before vowels only]
θανάτου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Verb

θάνατος, -ου, ὁ; θανατόω (θανατ(ο)-, θανατω·σ-, θανατω·σ-, -, τεθανατω-, θανατω·θ-)
θανατ·ου; θανατ(ο)·ε, θανατ(ο)·ου
(mas) gen sg; pres act imp 2nd sg, pres mp imp 2nd sg
death; be-you(sg)-PUT-TO-DEATH-ing!, be-you(sg)-being-PUT-TO-DEATH-ed!
; from "θάνατος"(death) and "θνῄσκω"(I-am-dying).
τὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ας
fem acc pl
the
simple article
βασάνους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl.)

βάσανος, -ου, ἡ
βασαν·ους
(fem) acc pl
torments
ὑπομείναντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑπο·μένω (υπο+μεν-, υπο+μεν(ε)·[σ]-, υπο+μειν·[σ]-, υπο+μεμενη·κ-, -, -)
υπο·μειν·[σ]αντ·ες
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon ENDURE-ing
Lit:"stay/abide/remain-under" hence endure/persevere-under, bear-up-under, suffer, undergo, tolerate, sustain
4Mc 17:10These also avenged their nation, looking unto God, and enduring torments unto death.4Mc 17:10
These also avenged their nation, looking to God, and enduring torments to death.”
1111ἀληθῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἀ·ληθῶς
αληθως
indecl
truly
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
ἀγὼν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.); Verb

ἀγών, -ῶνος, ὁ; ἄγω (αγ-, αξ-, 2nd αγαγ-, αγειοχ·[κ]-, ηγ-, αχ·θ-)
αγων; αγ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(mas) nom|voc sg; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
struggle; while LEAD-ing
competition; bring, arrest
θεῖος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

θεῖος -α -ον
θει·ος
mas nom sg
divine
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
δι’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δι’
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
γεγενημένος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
γεγενη·μεν·ος
perf mp ptcp mas nom sg
having-been-BECOME-ed
become; happen; be ("as a substitute for the forms of εἰμί" --BAGD)
4Mc 17:11For it was truly a divine contest which was carried through by them.4Mc 17:11
For it was truly a divine contest which was carried through by them.
1212ἠθλοθέτει γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
τότε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

τότε
τοτε
indecl
then
ἀρετὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀρετή, -ῆς, ἡ
αρετ·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
virtue
demonstrated character worthy of praise; excellence of character.
δι’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δι’
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
ὑπομονῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ὑπο·μονή, -ῆς, ἡ
υπομον·ης
(fem) gen sg
endurance
Lit:"remain/stay/endure-under", hence endurance/steadfastness/perseverance.
δοκιμάζουσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δοκιμάζω (δοκιμαζ-, δοκιμ(α)·[σ]-/δοκιμα·σ-, δοκιμα·σ-, δεδοκιμα·κ-, δεδοκιμασ-, δοκιμασ·θ-)
δοκιμαζ·ουσ·α
pres act ptcp fem nom|voc sg
while VET/SCRUTINIZE-ing
[test by trial/close examination to see if acceptable]
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
simple article
νῖκος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

νῖκο·ς, -ους, τό
νικ(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
victory
ἀφθαρσία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀ·φθαρσία, -ας, ἡ
αφθαρσι·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
incorruptibility
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ζωῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

ζωή, -ῆς, ἡ; ζωός -ή -όν [EXTRA]
ζω·ῃ; ζω·ῃ
(fem) dat sg; fem dat sg
life; alive
life, whether physical or supernatural;
πολυχρονίῳ
4Mc 17:12For at that time virtue presided over the contest, approving the victory through endurance, namely, immortality, eternal life.4Mc 17:12
For at that time virtue presided over the contest, approving the victory through endurance, namely, immortality, eternal life.
1313Ελεαζαρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἐλεάζαρ, ὁ
ελεαζαρ
(mas) indecl
Eleazar
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
προηγωνίζετο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
simple article
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
μήτηρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

μήτηρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ἡ
μητερ·^
(fem) nom sg
mother
also of motherland
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
ἑπτὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

ἑπτά
επτα
indecl
seven
παίδων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl. and Fem. 3rd Decl.)

παῖ[δ]ς, -αιδός, ὁ and
παιδ·ων
(mas) gen pl or (fem) gen pl
children/servants
ἐνήθλει οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
simple article
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἀδελφοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί
αδελφ·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
brothers
ἠγωνίζοντο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀγωνίζομαι (αγωνιζ-, -, αγωνι·σ-, -, ηγωνισ-, -)
ε·αγωνιζ·οντο
impf mp ind 3rd pl
they-were-being-STRUGGLE-ed
4Mc 17:13Eleazar was the first to contend: and the mother of the seven children entered the contest; and the brethren contended.4Mc 17:13
Eleazar was the first to contend. The mother of the seven children entered the contest, and the kindred contended.
1414 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
τύραννος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

τύραννος[1], -ου, ὁ [LXX]; Τύραννος[2], -ου, ὁ
τυρανν·ος; τυρανν·ος
(mas) nom sg; (mas) nom sg
tyrant; Tyrannus
;
ἀντηγωνίζετο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀντ·αγωνίζομαι (αντ+αγωνιζ-, -, -, -, -, -)
αντ·ε·αγωνιζ·ετο
impf mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-being-ANTAGONIZE-ed
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
κόσμος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

κόσμος, -ου, ὁ
κοσμ·ος
(mas) nom sg
world
[present order; material realm; decoration/adornment]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
ἀνθρώπων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ων
(mas) gen pl
persons
"man, both as a generic term and of individuals" (Liddell, Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon) Often means "human being", but can refer specifically to a man/men (when required by context).
βίος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

βίος, -ου, ὁ
βι·ος
(mas) nom sg
life/livelihood
can also refer to property (BDAG 177)
ἐθεώρει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θεωρέω (θεωρ(ε)-, θεωρη·σ-, θεωρη·σ-, -, -, θεωρη·θ-)
ε·θεωρ(ε)·ε
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-LOOKED AT-ing
behold, gaze, gape, contemplate, consider, judge, observe, speculate, perceive
4Mc 17:14The tyrant was the opposite; and the world and living men were the spectators.4Mc 17:14
The tyrant was the antagonist; and the world and living men were the spectators.
1515θεοσέβεια [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

θεο·σέβεια, -ας, ἡ
θεοσεβει·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
piety
Lit: God-reverance/devotion. Often (misleadingly) rendered "fear of God"
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἐνίκα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

νικάω (νικ(α)-, νικη·σ-, νικη·σ-, νενικη·κ-, νενικη-, νικη·θ-)
ε·νικ(α)·ε
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-VICTOR-ing-OVER
[to prevail; Rom 12:21: to not be defeated; Rv 5:5: to succeed]
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
simple article
ἑαυτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

ἑ·αυτοῦ/αὑτοῦ[2] -ῆς -οῦ
εαυτ·ης
fem gen sg
self
him/her/it/our/your/them-selves
ἀθλητὰς στεφανοῦσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

στεφανόω (στεφαν(ο)-, -, στεφανω·σ-, -, εστεφανω-, στεφανω·θ-)
στεφαν(ο)·ουσ·α
pres act ptcp fem nom|voc sg
while CROWN-ing
4Mc 17:15And reverence for God conquered, and crowned her own athletes.4Mc 17:15
Reverence for God conquered, and crowned her own athletes.
1616τίνες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τιν·ες
mas nom pl or fem nom pl
who
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἐθαύμασαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θαυμάζω (θαυμαζ-, θαυμα·σ-, θαυμα·σ-, τεθαυμα·κ-, τεθαυμασ-, θαυμασ·θ-)
ε·θαυμα·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-MARVEL-ed
/wonder-at/cause-amazement/surprise/shock/awe, be-impressed
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
simple article
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
θείας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

θεῖος -α -ον
θει·ας
fem gen sg or fem acc pl
divine
νομοθεσίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

νομο·θεσία, -ας, ἡ
νομοθεσι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
legislation, legislations
ἀθλητάς τίνες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τιν·ες
mas nom pl or fem nom pl
who
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἐξεπλάγησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·πλήσσω v.l. -πλήττω (εκ+πλησσ-/εκ+πληττ-, -, -, -, -, εκ+πλαγ·[θ]-)
εκ·ε·πλαγ·[θ]ησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
they-were-STUN-ed
astonish, surprise, amazed
4Mc 17:16Who did not admire those champions of true legislation? who were not astonied?4Mc 17:16
Who didn’t admire those champions of true legislation? Who were not amazed?
1717αὐτός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ος
mas nom sg
he/it/same
γέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

γέ
γε
indecl
indeed
An emphatic particle meaning at least, indeed. It emphasizes the word to which it is associated.
τοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
τύραννος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

τύραννος[1], -ου, ὁ [LXX]; Τύραννος[2], -ου, ὁ
τυρανν·ος; τυρανν·ος
(mas) nom sg; (mas) nom sg
tyrant; Tyrannus
;
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ὅλον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Partitive Numeral)

ὅλος -η -ον
ολ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
whole
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
simple article
συμβούλιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

συμ·βούλιον, -ου, τό
συμβουλι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
council
counsel
ἐθαύμασαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θαυμάζω (θαυμαζ-, θαυμα·σ-, θαυμα·σ-, τεθαυμα·κ-, τεθαυμασ-, θαυμασ·θ-)
ε·θαυμα·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-MARVEL-ed
/wonder-at/cause-amazement/surprise/shock/awe, be-impressed
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
ὑπομονήν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ὑπο·μονή, -ῆς, ἡ
υπομον·ην
(fem) acc sg
endurance
Lit:"remain/stay/endure-under", hence endurance/steadfastness/perseverance.
4Mc 17:17The tyrant himself, and all their council, admired their endurance;4Mc 17:17
The tyrant himself, and all their council, admired their endurance,
1818δι’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δι’
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
ἣν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ην
fem acc sg
who/whom/which
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
simple article
θείῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

θεῖον, -ου, τό; θεῖος -α -ον
θει·ῳ; θει·ῳ
(neu) dat sg; neu dat sg or mas dat sg
sulfur; divine
;
νῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

νῦν
νυν
indecl
now
παρεστήκασιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρ·ίστημι (ath. παρ+ιστ(α)-/ath. παρ+ιστ(η)-, παρα+στη·σ-, παρα+στη·σ- or 2nd ath. παρα+στ(η)-/ath. παρα+στ(α)-, παρ+εστη·κ-/παρ+εστ(α)·[κ]-, -, -)
παρ·εστη·κασι(ν)
perf act ind 3rd pl
they-have-STAND-WITH/BESIDE-ed
Lit: "stand-close-beside", hence cause-to-stand/place-beside, present, be-beside-oneself, lose one's wits, dispose, induce, arouse, inspire, arouse, inspire, furnish, supply, deliver, prove, show.
θρόνῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θρόνος, -ου, ὁ
θρον·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
throne
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
μακάριον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

μακάριος -ία -ον
μακαρι·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
bless
blessed
βιοῦσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βιόω (βι(ο)-, βιω·σ-, βιω·σ-, -, -, -)
βι(ο)·ουσι(ν), βι(ο)·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
they-are-LIVE-ing, while LIVE-ing
αἰῶνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

αἰών, -ῶνος, ὁ
αιων·α
(mas) acc sg
eon
/age, "εἰς τοὺς αἰῶνα/αἰῶνας"(into the eon/eons) are both usually rendered "forever".
4Mc 17:18through which, also, they now stand beside the divine throne, and live a blessed life.4Mc 17:18
through which, they also now stand beside the divine throne and live a blessed life.
1919καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
γάρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
φησιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φημί (ath. φ(α)-/ath. φ(η)-, -, φη·σ-, -, -, -)
φ(α)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is-DECLARE-ing
declare, affirm, assert
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
Μωυσῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl. and Mas. 3rd Decl.)

Μωϋσῆς v.l. Μωσῆς, -ῆ, ὁ and Μωϋσεύς v.l. Μωσεύς, -έως, ὁ
μωυσ·ης
(mas) nom sg
Moses
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
πάντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ες
mas nom|voc pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
simple article
ἡγιασμένοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἁγιάζω (αγιαζ-, αγια·σ-, αγια·σ-, ηγια·κ-, ηγιασ-, αγιασ·θ-)
ηγιασ·μεν·οι
perf mp ptcp mas nom|voc pl
having-been-CONSECRATE-ed
sanctify, hallow, become holy
ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen)
ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
τὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ας
fem acc pl
the
simple article
χεῖράς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

χείρ, χειρός, ἡ, dat. pl. χερσίν
χειρ·ας
(fem) acc pl
hands
σου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
4Mc 17:19For Moses saith, And all the saints are under thine hands.4Mc 17:19
For Moses says, “All the saints are under your hands.”
2020καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
οὗτοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
[τ]ουτ·οι
mas nom pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
ἁγιασθέντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἁγιάζω (αγιαζ-, αγια·σ-, αγια·σ-, ηγια·κ-, ηγιασ-, αγιασ·θ-)
αγιασ·θε[ι]ντ·ες
aor θη ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon being-CONSECRATE-ed
sanctify, hallow, become holy
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
θεὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ον
(mas) acc sg
god
[see theology]
τετίμηνται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τιμάω (τιμ(α)-, τιμη·σ-, τιμη·σ-, -, τετιμη-, τιμη·θ-)
τετιμη·νται
perf mp ind 3rd pl
they-have-been-HONOR-ed
/assign-value-to, pay-respect/worth-to
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
μόνον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Adjective (2-1-2)

μόνον (Adv. of μόνος); μόνος -η -ον
μονον; μον·ον
indecl; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
only; only
; apart, sole, only, alone (see κατάμόνος G2651 apart, solely, only, alone)
ταύτῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·ῃ
fem dat sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
simple article
τιμῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

τιμή, -ῆς, ἡ
τιμ·ῃ
(fem) dat sg
perceived-value
honor, esteem, worship(of things), worth, price
ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but-rather
emphatic/hard-adversative, "but-rather/instead", as distinct from the softer, more common, "δέ"
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
simple article
δι’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δι’
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
αὐτοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ους
mas acc pl
them/same
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
simple article
ἔθνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
nation/culture/race
Lit: from etho (vb: to form a custom/culture). Hence, a race/people, joined by shared language, customs, history, and culture. Usually applied to Gentiles (except Jn 11:50).
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
us
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
simple article
πολεμίους μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
ἐπικρατῆσαι
4Mc 17:20These, therefore, having been sanctified through God, have been honoured not only with this honour, but that also by their means the enemy did not overcome our nation;4Mc 17:20
These, therefore, having been sanctified through God, have been honored not only with this honor, but that also by the fact that because of them, the enemy didn’t overcome our nation.
2121καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
τύραννον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

τύραννος[1], -ου, ὁ [LXX]; Τύραννος[2], -ου, ὁ
τυρανν·ον; τυρανν·ον
(mas) acc sg; (mas) acc sg
tyrant; Tyrannus
;
τιμωρηθῆναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τιμωρέω (τιμωρ(ε)-, τιμωρη·σ-, τιμωρη·σ-, -, τετιμωρη-, τιμωρη·θ-)
τιμωρη·θηναι
aor θη inf
to-be-PUNISH-ed
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
πατρίδα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

πατρί[δ]ς, -ίδος, ἡ
πατριδ·α
(fem) acc sg
fatherland
καθαρισθῆναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καθαρίζω (καθαριζ-, καθαρι(ε)·[σ]-/καθαρι·σ-, καθαρι·σ-, -, κεκαθαρισ-, καθαρισ·θ-)
καθαρισ·θηναι
aor θη inf
to-be-PURIFY-ed
cleanse
ὥσπερ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὥσ·περ
ωσπερ
indecl
just as
Lit:"wholly/very/completely-as/like", hence "just-as", "just-like".
ἀντίψυχον γεγονότας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
γεγον·[κ]οτ·ας
perf act ptcp mas acc pl
having BECOME-ed
become; happen; be ("as a substitute for the forms of εἰμί" --BAGD)
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
ἔθνους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ε)·ος
(neu) gen sg
nation/culture/race
Lit: from etho (vb: to form a custom/culture). Hence, a race/people, joined by shared language, customs, history, and culture. Usually applied to Gentiles (except Jn 11:50).
ἁμαρτίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἁ·μαρτία, -ίας, ἡ
αμαρτι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
sin, sins
Typical NT usage: "sin", also used to denote failure in a more generic fashion.
4Mc 17:21and that the tyrant was punished, and their country purified.4Mc 17:21
That tyrant was punished and their country purified.
2222καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
αἵματος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

αἷμα[τ], -ατος, τό
αιματ·ος
(neu) gen sg
blood
σημερον
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
εὐσεβῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3); Verb

εὐ·σεβής -ές; εὐ·σεβέω (ευσεβ(ε)-, ευσεβη·σ-, ευσεβη·σ-, -, -, -)
ευσεβ(ε)·ων; ευσεβ(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
devout; while REVERE-ing
;
ἐκείνων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

ἐκεῖνος -η -ο
εκειν·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
those
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
ἱλαστηρίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ἱλαστήριον, -ου, τό
ιλαστηρι·ου
(neu) gen sg
mercy-seat
A place of propitiation/expiation/atoning-sacrifice in-order-to appeases wrath and reconciles the parties. In the LXX typically refers to the mercy-seat of God's judgment. also ledge/threshold
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
θανάτου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Verb

θάνατος, -ου, ὁ; θανατόω (θανατ(ο)-, θανατω·σ-, θανατω·σ-, -, τεθανατω-, θανατω·θ-)
θανατ·ου; θανατ(ο)·ε, θανατ(ο)·ου
(mas) gen sg; pres act imp 2nd sg, pres mp imp 2nd sg
death; be-you(sg)-PUT-TO-DEATH-ing!, be-you(sg)-being-PUT-TO-DEATH-ed!
; from "θάνατος"(death) and "θνῄσκω"(I-am-dying).
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
simple article
θεία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

θεῖος -α -ον
θει·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or fem nom|voc sg
divine
πρόνοια [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

πρό·νοια, -ας, ἡ
προνοι·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
provision
[forethought, caution, providence, care for]
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
Ισραηλ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰσραήλ, ὁ
ισραηλ
(mas) indecl
Israel
προκακωθέντα διέσωσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δια·σῴζω (δια+σῳζ-, δια+σω·σ-, δια+σω·σ-, -, δια+σεσω-/δια+σεσῳσ-, δια+σω·θ-)
δια·ε·σω·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-PRESERVED-ed
4Mc 17:22For they became the ransom to the sin of the nation; and the Divine Providence saved Israel, aforetime afflicted, by the blood of those pious ones, and the propitiatory death.4Mc 17:22
For they became the ransom to the sin of the nation. The Divine Providence saved Israel, which was afflicted before, by the blood of those pious ones and the death that appeased wrath.
2323πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
ἀνδρείαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἀνδρεῖος -α -ον [LXX]
ανδρει·αν
fem acc sg
manly
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
ἀρετῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀρετή, -ῆς, ἡ
αρετ·ης
(fem) gen sg
virtue
demonstrated character worthy of praise; excellence of character.
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
ταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·αις
fem dat pl
the
simple article
βασάνοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl.)

βάσανος, -ου, ἡ
βασαν·οις
(fem) dat pl
torments
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
ὑπομονὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ὑπο·μονή, -ῆς, ἡ
υπομον·ην
(fem) acc sg
endurance
Lit:"remain/stay/endure-under", hence endurance/steadfastness/perseverance.
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
τύραννος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

τύραννος[1], -ου, ὁ [LXX]; Τύραννος[2], -ου, ὁ
τυρανν·ος; τυρανν·ος
(mas) nom sg; (mas) nom sg
tyrant; Tyrannus
;
ἀπιδὼν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀφ·οράω (αφ+ορ(α)-, -, 2nd απ+ιδ-/αφ+ιδ-, -, -, -)
απ·ιδ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
upon LOOK-ing-FROM/AT
ἀνεκήρυξεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
Ἀντίοχος τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
στρατιώταις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

στρατιώτης, -ου, ὁ
στρατιωτ·αις
(mas) dat pl
soldiers
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into +acc
OF PLACE, the oldest and commonest usage into, with Verbs of saying or speaking relating to the person to whom or before whom one is speaking, Verbs expressing rest in a place, when a previous motion into or to it is implied; elliptical usage after Verbs
ὑπόδειγμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ὑπό·δειγμα[τ], -ατος, τό
υποδειγμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
example/illustration
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
ἐκείνων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

ἐκεῖνος -η -ο
εκειν·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
those
ὑπομονὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ὑπο·μονή, -ῆς, ἡ
υπομον·ην
(fem) acc sg
endurance
Lit:"remain/stay/endure-under", hence endurance/steadfastness/perseverance.
4Mc 17:23For the tyrant Antiochus, looking to their manly virtue, and to their endurance in torture, proclaimed that endurance as an example to his soldiers.4Mc 17:23
For the tyrant Antiochus, looking to their courageous virtue and to their endurance in torture, proclaimed that endurance as an example to his soldiers.
2424ἔσχεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
ε·σχ·ε(ν)
2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-HAVE-ed
/hold.
τε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

τέ
τε
indecl
and [postpositive coordinate]
αὐτοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ους
mas acc pl
them/same
γενναίους καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀνδρείους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἀνδρεῖος -α -ον [LXX]
ανδρει·ους
mas acc pl
manly
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into +acc
OF PLACE, the oldest and commonest usage into, with Verbs of saying or speaking relating to the person to whom or before whom one is speaking, Verbs expressing rest in a place, when a previous motion into or to it is implied; elliptical usage after Verbs
πεζομαχίαν καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
πολιορκίαν καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐκπορθήσας ἐνίκησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

νικάω (νικ(α)-, νικη·σ-, νικη·σ-, νενικη·κ-, νενικη-, νικη·θ-)
ε·νικη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-VICTOR-ed-OVER
[to prevail; Rom 12:21: to not be defeated; Rv 5:5: to succeed]
πάντας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ας
mas acc pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
simple article
πολεμίους
4Mc 17:24And they proved to be to him noble and brave for land battles and for sieges; and he conquered and stormed the towns of all his enemies.4Mc 17:24
They proved to be to him noble and brave for land battles and for sieges; and he conquered and stormed the towns of all his enemies.
« Ch 16» Ch 18

Copyright 2007-2024 Thomas Moore, Email: acct3 at katabiblon.com, Support Forum Set Local Timezone
Thursday, 18-Jul-2024 23:49:48 EDT

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