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Μακκαβαίων Δʹ

4 Maccabees

  CATSS LXX Brenton (1851) Wiki English Translation‎ / World English Bible11καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τούτου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
ἀοίδιμον θάνατον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θάνατος, -ου, ὁ
θανατ·ον
(mas) acc sg
death
καρτερήσαντος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καρτερέω (καρτερ(ε)-, καρτερη·σ-, καρτερη·σ-, -, -, -)
καρτερη·σαντ·ος
1aor act ptcp mas gen sg or 1aor act ptcp neu gen sg
upon BE-ing-STEADFAST
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
τρίτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

τρίτος -η -ον
τριτ·ος
mas nom sg
third
ἤγετο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἄγω (αγ-, αξ-, 2nd αγαγ-, αγειοχ·[κ]-, ηγ-, αχ·θ-)
ε·αγ·ετο
impf mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-being-LEAD-ed
bring, arrest
παρακαλούμενος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·καλέω (παρα+καλ(ε)-, παρα+καλε·σ-, παρα+καλε·σ-, -, παρα+κεκλη-, παρα+κλη·θ-)
παρα·καλ(ε)·ομεν·ος
pres mp ptcp mas nom sg
while being-ENTREAT/COMFORT-ed
[Lit: "call-close-beside", hence: entreat/implore, or encourage/comfort (in affliction)]
πολλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral, irreg.)

πολ[λ]ύς πολλή πολ[λ]ύ
πολλ·α
neu nom|acc pl
many
Singular: a lot, great, large, much, voluminous Plural: lots, manifold, many, multiple, numerous
ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen)
ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
πολλῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral, irreg.)

πολ[λ]ύς πολλή πολ[λ]ύ
πολλ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
many
Singular: a lot, great, large, much, voluminous Plural: lots, manifold, many, multiple, numerous
ὅπως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὅπως
οπως
indecl
how/so that
Lit. contraction:"which-how". Often simplified: how/in-what-way. Sometimes rendered as a consequential-conjunction: "so-that", "in-order-that". But ????, since the conjunction, "ina" would unambiguously convey this
ἀπογευσάμενος σῴζοιτο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σῴζω (σῳζ-, σω·σ-, σω·σ-, σεσω·κ-, σεσω-/σεσωσ-/σεσῳσ-, σω·θ-)
σῳζ·οιτο
pres mp opt 3rd sg
he/she/it-happens-to-be-being-DELIVER/SAVE-ed
/rescue/escape, as from ruin/death/destruction/harm/sickness. Also salve, heal, make well, as from sickness. Rendered "save" 50 of 108 instances in NASB of GNT.
4Mc 10:1Now this one, having endured this praiseworthy death, the third was brought along, and exhorted by many to taste and save his life.4Mc 10:1
¶Now this one endured this praiseworthy death. The third was brought along, and exhorted by many to taste and save his life.
22 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἀναβοήσας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀνα·βοάω (ανα+βο(α)-, ανα+βοη·σ-, ανα+βοη·σ-, -, -, -)
ανα·βοη·σα[ντ]·ς
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon CRY-ing-OUT
ἔφη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φημί (ath. φ(α)-/ath. φ(η)-, -, φη·σ-, -, -, -)
ε·φ(α)·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-DECLARE-ing
declare, affirm, assert
ἀγνοεῖτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀ·γνοέω (αγνο(ε)-, αγνοη·σ-, αγνοη·σ-, ηγνοη·κ-, ηγνοη-, -)
αγνο(ε)·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-NOT KNOW/ NOT RECOGNIZE-ing, be-you(pl)-NOT KNOW/ NOT RECOGNIZE-ing!
(ignorant) to not perceive
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
αὑτός με [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
με
acc sg
me
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
ἀποθανοῦσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·θνῄσκω (απο+θνῃσκ-, απο+θαν(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd απο+θαν-, -, -, -)
απο·θαν(ε)·[σ]ουσι(ν), απο·θαν(ε)·[σ]ου[ντ]·σι(ν), απο·θαν·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
fut act ind 3rd pl, fut act ptcp mas dat pl or fut act ptcp neu dat pl, 2aor act ptcp mas dat pl or 2aor act ptcp neu dat pl
they-will-DIE, going-to-DIE, upon DIE-ing
αποᾑσκουσα
ἔσπειρεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σπείρω (σπειρ-, σπερ(ε)·[σ]-, σπειρ·[σ]-, εσπαρ·κ-, εσπαρ-, σπαρ·[θ]-)
ε·σπειρ·ε(ν), ε·σπειρ·[σ]ε(ν)
impf act ind 3rd sg, 1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-SOW-ing, he/she/it-SOW-ed
πατήρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

πατήρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ὁ, voc. pl. πατέρες
πατερ·^
(mas) nom sg
father
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
simple article
αὐτὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·η
fem nom sg
she/it/same
μήτηρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

μήτηρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ἡ
μητερ·^
(fem) nom sg
mother
also of motherland
ἐγέννησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γεννάω (γενν(α)-, γεννη·σ-, γεννη·σ-, γεγεννη·κ-, γεγεννη-, γεννη·θ-)
ε·γεννη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-BEGET/BIRTH-ed
Lit:"generate", hence beget/bring-forth/give-birth-to (Gen. 6:4): cause genesis of
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
ἀνετράφην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀνα·τρέφω (-, -, ανα+θρεψ-, -, ανα+τεθραφ-, ανα+τραφ·[θ]-)
ανα·ε·τραφ·[θ]ην
aor θη ind 1st sg
I-was-BRING UP-ed--EDUCATE;-FEED-UP
δόγμασιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

δόγμα[τ], -ατος, τό
δογμα[τ]·σι(ν)
(neu) dat pl
dogmas
4Mc 10:2But he cried out and said, Know ye not, that the father of those who are dead, begat me also; and that the same mother bare me; and that I was brought up in the same tenets?4Mc 10:2
But he cried out and said, “Don’t you know that the father of those who are dead is my father also, and that the same mother bore me, and that I was brought up in the same way?
33οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἐξόμνυμαι τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
εὐγενῆ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3)

εὐ·γενής -ές, gen. sg. -οῦς
ευγεν(ε)·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
upper-class
Lit:"well-born", hence upper-class, of-noble-birth
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
ἀδελφότητος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

ἀδελφότη[τ]ς, -ητος, ἡ
αδελφοτητ·ος
(fem) gen sg
brotherhood
συγγένειαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

συγ·γένεια, -ας, ἡ
συγγενει·αν
(fem) acc sg
relative
4Mc 10:3I abjure not the noble relationship of my brethren.4Mc 10:3
I don’t renounce the noble relationship of my kindred.
444Mc 10:4Now then, whatever instrument of vengeance ye have, apply it to my body, for ye are not able to touch, even if ye wish it, my soul.4Mc 10:4
Now then, whatever instrument of vengeance you have, apply it to my body, for you aren’t able to touch my soul, even if you want to.”
55οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
simple article
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
πικρῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πικρῶς
πικρως
indecl
bitterly
ἐνέγκαντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φέρω (φερ-, οι·σ-, ενεγκ·[σ]- or 2nd ενεγκ-, ενηνοχ·[κ]-, -, ενεχ·θ-)
ενεγκ·[σ]αντ·ες
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon CARRY-ing
, tote/bear/carry(a load), fetch, carry-off, offer, bring-forth, give-birth
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
παρρησίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

παρρησία, -ας, ἡ
παρρησι·αν
(fem) acc sg
boldness
openness, presumptuousness, temerity, chutzpah
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
ἀνδρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀνήρ, ἀνδρός, ὁ, voc. sg. ἄνερ
ανδρ·ος
(mas) gen sg
man
(as distinct from woman, beast, god, etc); sometimes "husband".
ἀρθρεμβόλοις ὀργάνοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ὄργανος -η -ον [LXX]
οργαν·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
???
τὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ας
fem acc pl
the
simple article
χεῖρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

χείρ, χειρός, ἡ, dat. pl. χερσίν
χειρ·ας
(fem) acc pl
hands
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
simple article
πόδας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

πούς, ποδός, ὁ (cf. βάσις)
ποδ·ας
(mas) acc pl
feet
ἐξήρθρουν καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εξ
indecl
from-out-of (+gen)
signifies origin of motion. sometimes rendered, "from", when the motion is already implied by the context. ἐξ before vowels.
ἁρμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἁρμός, -οῦ, ὁ
αρμ·ων
(mas) gen pl
joints
ἀναμοχλεύοντες ἐξεμέλιζον
4Mc 10:5But they, highly incensed at his boldness of speech, dislocated his hands and feet with racking engines, and wrenching them from their sockets, dismembered him.4Mc 10:5
But they, highly incensed at his boldness of speech, dislocated his hands and feet with racking engines, and wrenching them from their sockets, dismembered him.
66τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
simple article
δακτύλους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

δάκτυλος, -ου, ὁ
δακτυλ·ους
(mas) acc pl
fingers
[see ptero-dactyl, winged finger]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
simple article
βραχίονας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βραχίων, -ονος, ὁ
βραχιον·ας
(mas) acc pl
arms
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
simple article
σκέλη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

σκέλο·ς, -ους, τό
σκελ(ε)·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
legs
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
simple article
ἀγκῶνας περιέκλων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

περι·κλάω [LXX] (περι+κλ(α)-, -, περι+κλα·σ-, -, -, περι+κλασ·θ-)
περι·ε·κλ(α)·ον
impf act ind 1st sg or impf act ind 3rd pl
I-was-BEND-ing, they-were-BEND-ing
4Mc 10:6And they dragged round his fingers, and his arms, and his legs, and his ankles.4Mc 10:6
They dragged around his fingers, his arms, his legs, and his ankles.
77καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
μηδένα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

μηδ·είς μηδε·μία μηδ·έν and μηθ·είς (μηθε·μία) μηθ·έν
μηδε[ι]ν·α
mas acc sg
not one
τρόπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

τρόπος, -ου, ὁ
τροπ·ον
(mas) acc sg
manner
,way, means, method, attitude
ἰσχύοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἰσχύω (ισχυ-, ισχυ·σ-, ισχυ·σ-, ισχυ·κ-, -, -)
ισχυ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while STRENGTHEN-ing
Lit:"make-strong/give-strength", hence strengthen, have/give-vigor/might/overcoming-ability
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
ἄγξαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἄγχω [LXX] (αγχ-, -, αγξ-, -, -, -)
αγχ·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-STRANGLE/GAG, be-you(sg)-STRANGLE/GAG-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-STRANGLE/GAG
περιλύσαντες τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
simple article
ὄργανα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ὄργανος -η -ον [LXX]
οργαν·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl
???
σὺν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

σύν
συν
indecl
together with/including (+dat)
ἄκραις ταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·αις
fem dat pl
the
simple article
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
δακτύλων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

δάκτυλος, -ου, ὁ
δακτυλ·ων
(mas) gen pl
fingers
[see ptero-dactyl, winged finger]
κορυφαῖς ἀπεσκύθιζον
4Mc 10:7And not being able by any means to strangle him, they tore off his skin, together with the extreme tips of his fingers, flayed him, and then haled him to the wheel;4Mc 10:7
Not being able by any means to strangle him, they tore off his skin, together with the extreme tips of his fingers, and then dragged him to the wheel,
88καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εὐθέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Adjective (3-1-3)

εὐ·θέως (cf. ἐξαυτῆς and παραχρῆμα); εὐ·θύς[1] -εῖα -ύ, gen. sg. -έος and -έως
ευθεως; ευθ(υ)·ος
indecl; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
at once; straight
; ευθύς
ἦγον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἄγω (αγ-, αξ-, 2nd αγαγ-, αγειοχ·[κ]-, ηγ-, αχ·θ-)
ε·αγ·ον
impf act ind 1st sg or impf act ind 3rd pl
I-was-LEAD-ing, they-were-LEAD-ing
bring, arrest
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
τροχόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

τροχός, -οῦ, ὁ
τροχ·ον
(mas) acc sg
wheel
περὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

περί
περι
indecl
about (+acc,+gen)
Lit:"around" (as in perimeter "around-measure"). Fig:about/regarding/concerning
ὃν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative); Verb

ὅς ἥ ὅ; εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ον; (εσ)·ο[υ]ν[τ]
mas acc sg; pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
who/whom/which; while being
;
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
from-out-of (+gen)
signifies origin of motion. sometimes rendered, "from", when the motion is already implied by the context. ἐξ before vowels.
σπονδύλων ἐκμελιζόμενος ἑώρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ε·ορ(α)·ε
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-SEE/BEHOLD-ing
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
τὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ας
fem acc pl
the
simple article
ἑαυτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

ἑ·αυτοῦ/αὑτοῦ[2] -ῆς -οῦ
εαυτ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
self
him/her/it/our/your/them-selves
σάρκας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

σάρξ, -αρκός, ἡ
σαρκ·ας
(fem) acc pl
flesh
περιλακιζομένας καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
σπλάγχνων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

σπλάγχνον, -ου, τό
σπλαγχν·ων
(neu) gen pl
viscera
bowels, innards, guts
σταγόνας αἵματος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

αἷμα[τ], -ατος, τό
αιματ·ος
(neu) gen sg
blood
σημερον
ἀπορρεούσας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·ρρέω [LXX] (απο+ρρε-, -, 2nd απο+ρρυ-, -, -, απο+ρρυ·[θ]-)
απο·ρρε·ουσ·ας
pres act ptcp fem acc pl
while FALL-ing-OF
4Mc 10:8around which his vertebral joints were loosened, and he saw his own flesh torn to shreds, and streams of blood flowing from his entrails.4Mc 10:8
around which his vertebral joints were loosened, and he saw his own flesh torn to shreds, and streams of blood flowing from his entrails.
99μέλλων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μέλλω (μελλ-, μελλη·σ-, -, -, -, -)
μελλ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while IMPEND/INTEND-ing
impend, intend, about to be; denotes imminence. Often used before an infinitive.
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἀποθνῄσκειν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·θνῄσκω (απο+θνῃσκ-, απο+θαν(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd απο+θαν-, -, -, -)
απο·θνῃσκ·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-DIE-ing
αποᾑσκουσα
ἔφη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φημί (ath. φ(α)-/ath. φ(η)-, -, φη·σ-, -, -, -)
ε·φ(α)·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-DECLARE-ing
declare, affirm, assert
4Mc 10:9And when about to die, he said,4Mc 10:9
When about to die, he said,
1010ἡμεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημεις
nom pl
we
μέν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μέν
μεν
indecl
indeed
/certainly/surely.
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Interjection; Letter; Verb

ὦ[2]; ὦ[1], τό; εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ω; ω; (εσ)·ω
indecl; (neu) indecl; pres act sub 1st sg
O!; omega; I-should-be
; [last letter of Greek alphabet];
μιαρώτατε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

μιαρώ·τατος -η -ον [LXX] (Superl. of μιαρός)
μιαρωτατ·ε
mas voc sg
???
τύραννε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

τύραννος[1], -ου, ὁ [LXX]; Τύραννος[2], -ου, ὁ
τυρανν·ε; τυρανν·ε
(mas) voc sg; (mas) voc sg
tyrant; Tyrannus
;
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
παιδείαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

παιδεία, -ας, ἡ
παιδει·αν
(fem) acc sg
chastisement
education; Culture(v. t.) To cultivate; to educate; training, teaching, education, preparing the earth for seed and raising crops by tillage.
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀρετὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀρετή, -ῆς, ἡ
αρετ·ην
(fem) acc sg
virtue
demonstrated character worthy of praise; excellence of character.
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god
[see theology]
ταῦτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·α
neu nom|acc pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
πάσχομεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πάσχω (πασχ-, -, 2nd παθ-, πεπονθ·[κ]-, -, -)
πασχ·ομεν
pres act ind 1st pl
we-are-SUFFER-ing
, experience-heavy-emotion/suffering
4Mc 10:10We, O accursed tyrant, suffer this for the sake of Divine education and virtue.4Mc 10:10
“We, O accursed tyrant, suffer this for the sake of Divine education and virtue.
1111σὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
συ
nom sg
you(sg)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
ἀσέβειαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀ·σέβεια, -ας, ἡ
ασεβει·αν
(fem) acc sg
ungodliness
lack of deference/effrontery
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
μιαιφονίαν ἀκαταλύτους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἀ·κατά·λυτος -ον
ακαταλυτ·ους
mas acc pl or fem acc pl
endless
καρτερήσεις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καρτερέω (καρτερ(ε)-, καρτερη·σ-, καρτερη·σ-, -, -, -)
καρτερη·σεις
fut act ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-will-BE-STEADFAST
βασάνους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl.)

βάσανος, -ου, ἡ
βασαν·ους
(fem) acc pl
torments
4Mc 10:11But thou, for thine impiety and blood-shedding, shalt endure indissoluble torments.4Mc 10:11
But you, for your impiety and blood shedding, will endure unceasing torments.”
1212καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τούτου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
θανόντος ἀδελφοπρεπῶς τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
τέταρτον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

τέταρτος -η -ον
τεταρτ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
fourth
ἐπεσπῶντο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·σπάω (επι+σπ(α)-, -, επι+σπα·σ-, -, -, επι+σπασ·θ-)
επι·ε·σπ(α)·οντο
impf mp ind 3rd pl
they-were-being-DRAW/DRAG-ed
[pull, allure?]
λέγοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while SAY-ing
say, tell, relate, narrate | Present λεγ- | Aorist ειπ- | Future ερ- | Perfect ειρη- | Imperfect ελεγ- | Passive ρηθ- ερρηθ- ερρεθ-
4Mc 10:12And thus having died worthily of his brethren, they dragged forward the fourth, saying,4Mc 10:12
¶Thus having died worthily of his kindred, they dragged forward the fourth, saying,
1313μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
μανῇς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μαίνομαι (μαιν-, -, -, μεμην·[κ]-, -, μαν·[θ]-)
μαν·[θ]ῃς
aor θη sub 2nd sg
you(sg)-should-be-RAVE-ed
to rage, be insane
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
σὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
συ
nom sg
you(sg)
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
ἀδελφοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί
αδελφ·οις
(mas) dat pl
brothers
σου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
αὐτὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ην
fem acc sg
her/it/same
μανίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

μανία, -ας, ἡ
μανι·αν
(fem) acc sg
mania
ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but-rather
emphatic/hard-adversative, "but-rather/instead", as distinct from the softer, more common, "δέ"
πεισθεὶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πείθω (πειθ-, πει[θ]·σ-, πει[θ]·σ-, πεποιθ·[κ]-, πεπειθ-, πεισ·θ-)
πειθ·θει[ντ]·ς
aor θη ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon being-PERSUADE/INFLUENCE/CONVINCE-ed
[determine, prevail upon, trust; rely on, be confident in]
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
simple article
βασιλεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ι
(mas) dat sg
king
σῷζε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σῴζω (σῳζ-, σω·σ-, σω·σ-, σεσω·κ-, σεσω-/σεσωσ-/σεσῳσ-, σω·θ-)
σῳζ·ε
pres act imp 2nd sg
be-you(sg)-DELIVER/SAVE-ing!
/rescue/escape, as from ruin/death/destruction/harm/sickness. Also salve, heal, make well, as from sickness. Rendered "save" 50 of 108 instances in NASB of GNT.
σεαυτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

σε·αυτοῦ/σ·αυτοῦ -ῆς -οῦ
σεαυτ·ον
mas acc sg
yourself
4Mc 10:13Do not thou share the madness of thy brethren: but give regard to the king, and save thyself.4Mc 10:13
“Don’t share the madness of your kindred, but respect the king and save yourself.”
1414 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
ἔφη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φημί (ath. φ(α)-/ath. φ(η)-, -, φη·σ-, -, -, -)
ε·φ(α)·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-DECLARE-ing
declare, affirm, assert
οὐχ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουχ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
οὕτως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὕτως/οὕτω
ουτως
indecl
so, thus
[Lit:"like-this": in-this-manner (οὕτως before vowels and consonants; οὕτω before consonants only]
καυστικώτερον ἔχετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
εχ·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-HAVE-ing, be-you(pl)-HAVE-ing!
/hold.
κατ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατ’
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
ἐμοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person); Determiner (Possessive)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς; ἐμός -ή -όν
εμου; εμ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
me; my/mine
;
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
simple article
πῦρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πῦρ, -ρός, τό
πυρ
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
fire
ὥστε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὥστε
ωστε
indecl
so that
Lit: "like-also"
με [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
με
acc sg
me
δειλανδρῆσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δειλ·ανδρέω [LXX] (δειλανδρ(ε)-, δειλανδρη·σ-, δειλανδρη·σ-, -, -, -)
δειλανδρη·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-BE-COWARDLY, be-you(sg)-BE-ed-COWARDLY!, he/she/it-happens-to-BE-COWARDLY
4Mc 10:14But he said to them, You have not a fire so scorching as to make me play the coward.4Mc 10:14
¶But he said to them, “You don’t have a fire so scorching as to make me play the coward.
1515μὰ τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
μακάριον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

μακάριος -ία -ον
μακαρι·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
bless
blessed
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
ἀδελφῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί; ἀδελφή, -ῆς, ἡ
αδελφ·ων; αδελφ·ων
(mas) gen pl; (fem) gen pl
brothers; sisters
;
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
θάνατον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θάνατος, -ου, ὁ
θανατ·ον
(mas) acc sg
death
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
αἰώνιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

αἰώνιος -ία -ον
αιωνι·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
age-long/ unending
age-long, and therefore: practically eternal, unending; partaking of the character of that which lasts for an age, as contrasted with that which is brief and fleeting
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
τυράννου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

τύραννος[1], -ου, ὁ [LXX]; Τύραννος[2], -ου, ὁ
τυρανν·ου; τυρανν·ου
(mas) gen sg; (mas) gen sg
tyrant; Tyrannus
;
ὄλεθρον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ὄλεθρος, -ου, ὁ
ολεθρ·ον
(mas) acc sg
ruination
destruction, ruin, desolation, short of annihilation
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
ἀΐδιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἀΐδιος -ον
αιδι·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
eternal
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
εὐσεβῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3); Verb

εὐ·σεβής -ές; εὐ·σεβέω (ευσεβ(ε)-, ευσεβη·σ-, ευσεβη·σ-, -, -, -)
ευσεβ(ε)·ων; ευσεβ(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
devout; while REVERE-ing
;
βίον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

βίος, -ου, ὁ
βι·ον
(mas) acc sg
life/livelihood
can also refer to property (BDAG 177)
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἀρνήσομαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀρνέομαι (αρν(ε)-, αρνη·σ-, αρνη·σ-, -, ηρνη-, -)
αρνη·σομαι
fut mp ind 1st sg
I-will-be-DENY/DISAVOW-ed
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
εὐγενῆ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3)

εὐ·γενής -ές, gen. sg. -οῦς
ευγεν(ε)·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
upper-class
Lit:"well-born", hence upper-class, of-noble-birth
ἀδελφότητα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

ἀδελφότη[τ]ς, -ητος, ἡ
αδελφοτητ·α
(fem) acc sg
brotherhood
4Mc 10:15By the blessed death of my brethren, and the eternal punishment of the tyrant, and the glorious life of the pious, I will not repudiate the noble brotherhood.4Mc 10:15
By the blessed death of my kindred, and the eternal punishment of the tyrant, and the glorious life of the pious, I will not repudiate the noble brotherhood.
1616ἐπινόει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·νοέω [LXX] (επι+νο(ε)-, -, επι+νοη·σ-, -, -, επι+νοη·θ-)
επι·νο(ε)·ει, επι·νο(ε)·ε
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, pres act imp 2nd sg
he/she/it-is-THINK ABOUT-ing, you(sg)-are-being-THINK ABOUT-ed, be-you(sg)-THINK ABOUT-ing!
have on one's mind
τύραννε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

τύραννος[1], -ου, ὁ [LXX]; Τύραννος[2], -ου, ὁ
τυρανν·ε; τυρανν·ε
(mas) voc sg; (mas) voc sg
tyrant; Tyrannus
;
βασάνους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl.)

βάσανος, -ου, ἡ
βασαν·ους
(fem) acc pl
torments
ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that
/so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
δι’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δι’
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
μάθῃς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μανθάνω (μανθαν-, μαθη·σ-, 2nd μαθ-, μεμαθη·κ-, -, -)
μαθ·ῃς
2aor act sub 2nd sg
you(sg)-should-LEARN
practice, recite
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
ἀδελφός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί
αδελφ·ος
(mas) nom sg
brother
εἰμι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^μι; (εσ)·^μι
pres act ind 1st sg; pres act ind 1st sg
I-am-GO-ing; I-am
;
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
προβασανισθέντων
4Mc 10:16Invent, O tyrant, tortures; that you may learn, even through them, that I am the brother of those tormented before.4Mc 10:16
Invent, O tyrant, tortures, that you may learn, even through them, that I am the brother of those tormented before.”
1717ταῦτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·α
neu nom|acc pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
ἀκούσας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-1-3); Verb

ἄκων[τ] ἄκουσα ἆκο[υ]ν[τ]; ἀκούω (ακου-, ακου·σ-, ακου·σ-, ακηκο·[κ]-, ηκουσ-, ακουσ·θ-)
ακουσ·ας; ακου·σα[ντ]·ς
fem acc pl; 1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
ακουσει; upon HEAR-ing
; to hear; to listen (pay attention) to; or to understand what is heard
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
αἱμοβόρος καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
φονώδης καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
παμμιαρώτατος Ἀντίοχος ἐκέλευσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κελεύω (κελευ-, -, κελευ·σ-, -, -, κελευσ·θ-)
ε·κελευ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-COMMAND-ed
i.e., urge on by word.
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
γλῶτταν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

γλῶσσα/γλῶττα, -ης, ἡ
γλωττ·αν
(fem) acc sg
tongue
the tongue; a language (by metonymy of the thing for what it produces); or something shaped like a tongue
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
ἐκτεμεῖν
4Mc 10:17When he had said this, the blood-thirsty, and murderous, and unhallowed Antiochus ordered his tongue to be cut out.4Mc 10:17
¶When he had said this, the blood-thirsty, murderous, and unholy Antiochus ordered his tongue to be cut out.
1818 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἔφη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φημί (ath. φ(α)-/ath. φ(η)-, -, φη·σ-, -, -, -)
ε·φ(α)·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-DECLARE-ing
declare, affirm, assert
κἂν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Crasis (Conjunction)

κἄν (καὶ ἄν or καὶ ἐάν)
και (ε)αν
indecl
and/also (if) ever
ἀφέλῃς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀφ·αιρέω (αφ+αιρ(ε)-, αφ+ελ(ε)·[σ]-, αφ+ελ·[σ]- or 2nd αφ+ελ-, αφ+ῃρη·κ-, αφ+ῃρη-, αφ+αιρε·θ-)
αφ·ελ·[σ]ῃς, αφ·ελ·ῃς
1aor act sub 2nd sg, 2aor act sub 2nd sg
you(sg)-should-TAKE-AWAY
[Lit:"lift/take-from" deprive]
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
simple article
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
φωνῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

φωνή, -ῆς, ἡ
φων·ης
(fem) gen sg
sound/voice
cries
ὄργανον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ὄργανος -η -ον [LXX]
οργαν·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
???
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
σιωπώντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σιωπάω (σιωπ(α)-, σιωπη·σ-, σιωπη·σ-, σεσιωπη·κ-, -, -)
σιωπ(α)·οντων, σιωπ(α)·ο[υ]ντ·ων
pres act imp 3rd pl classical, pres act ptcp mas gen pl or pres act ptcp neu gen pl
let-them-be-BE-SILENT-ing!, while BE-SILENT-ing
From "σιωπη" (silence).
ἀκούει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀκούω (ακου-, ακου·σ-, ακου·σ-, ακηκο·[κ]-, ηκουσ-, ακουσ·θ-)
ακου·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-HEAR-ing, you(sg)-are-being-HEAR-ed
to hear; to listen (pay attention) to; or to understand what is heard
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
θεός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ος
(mas) nom sg
god
[see theology]
4Mc 10:18But he said, Even if you take away the organ of speech, yet God hears the silent.4Mc 10:18
But he said, “Even if you take away the organ of speech, God still hears the silent.
1919ἰδοὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ου
2aor mp imp 2nd sg
be-you(sg)-SEE/BEHOLD-ed!
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
προκεχάλασται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προ·χαλάω [LXX] (-, -, -, -, προ+κεχαλασ-, -)
προ·κεχαλασ·ται
perf mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-has-been-???-ed
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
simple article
γλῶσσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

γλῶσσα/γλῶττα, -ης, ἡ
γλωσσ·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
tongue
the tongue; a language (by metonymy of the thing for what it produces); or something shaped like a tongue
τέμνε οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
παρὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

παρά
παρα
indecl
frοm beside (+acc,+gen,+dat)
παρ’ before vowels I. beside, near, by, II. along, III. past, beyond. 1. with Verbs of coming, going, etc., to the side of, to, with Verbs of placing, examining, etc., side by side with, near, together
τοῦτο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
λογισμὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λογισμός, -οῦ, ὁ
λογισμ·ον
(mas) acc sg
logic
reasoning, calculation
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
us
γλωττοτομήσεις
4Mc 10:19Behold, my tongue is extended, cut it off; for not for that halt thou extirpate our reasoning.4Mc 10:19
Behold, my tongue is extended, cut it off; for in spite of that you won’t silence our reasoning.
2020ἡδέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Adjective (3-1-3)

ἡδέως (Adv. of ἡδύς); ἡδύς -εῖα -ύ [LXX], gen. sg. -έος and -έως
ηδεως; ηδ(υ)·ος
indecl; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
gladly; pleasant
[with pleasure];
ὑπὲρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπέρ
υπερ
indecl
above (+acc), on behalf of (+gen)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god
[see theology]
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
simple article
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
σώματος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

σῶμα[τ], -ατος, τό
σωματ·ος
(neu) gen sg
body
μέλη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

μέλο·ς, -ους, τό
μελ(ε)·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
members
ἀκρωτηριαζόμεθα
4Mc 10:20Gladly do we lose our limbs in behalf of God.4Mc 10:20
We gladly lose our limbs on behalf of God.
2121σὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σε; σ·ε
acc sg; mas voc sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ταχέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Adjective (3-1-3)

ταχέως (Adv. of ταχύς); ταχύς -εῖα -ύ, gen. -έος and -έως
ταχεως; ταχ(υ)·ος
indecl; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
quickly; quick
cursory, expeditious, express, fast, speedy, swift; speedy, swift, ‘throw headlong’ fast, επίθ. precipitate
μετελεύσεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
θεός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ος
(mas) nom sg
god
[see theology]
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
θείων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

θεῖος -α -ον
θει·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
divine
ὕμνων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Verb

ὕμνος, -ου, ὁ; ὑμνέω (υμν(ε)-, υμνη·σ-, υμνη·σ-, -, -, -)
υμν·ων; υμν(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(mas) gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
hymns; while HYMN-ing
;
μελῳδὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

μελ·ῳδός -ον [LXX]
μελῳδ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
melodious
γλῶτταν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

γλῶσσα/γλῶττα, -ης, ἡ
γλωττ·αν
(fem) acc sg
tongue
the tongue; a language (by metonymy of the thing for what it produces); or something shaped like a tongue
ἐκτέμνεις
4Mc 10:21But God shall speedly find you, since you cut off the tongue, the instrument of divine melody.4Mc 10:21
But God will speedily find you, since you cut off the tongue, the instrument of divine melody.”
« Ch 9» Ch 11

Copyright 2007-2024 Thomas Moore, Email: acct3 at katabiblon.com, Support Forum Set Local Timezone
Monday, 22-Jul-2024 03:58:58 EDT

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