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Μακκαβαίων Γʹ

3 Maccabees

  CATSS LXX Brenton (1851) Wiki English Translation‎ / World English Bible11τότε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

τότε
τοτε
indecl
then
προσκαλεσάμενος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·καλέω (προσ+καλ(ε)-, προσ+καλε·σ-, προσ+καλε·σ-, -, προσ+κεκλη-, προσ+κλη·θ-)
προσ·καλε·σαμεν·ος
1aor mp ptcp mas nom sg
upon being-SUMMON-ed
Lit: "call-toward", hence summon
Ἕρμωνα τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
simple article
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
ἐλεφάντων ἐπιμελείᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἐπι·μέλεια, -ας, ἡ
επιμελει·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
care
βαρείᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-1-3)

βαρύς -εῖα -ύ, gen. sg. -έος and -έως
βαρει·ᾳ
fem dat sg
heavy
μεμεστωμένος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μεστόω (-, -, -, -, μεμεστω-, -)
μεμεστω·μεν·ος
perf mp ptcp mas nom sg
having-been-FILL-ed
ὀργῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ὀργή, -ῆς, ἡ (cf. θυμός)
οργ·ῃ
(fem) dat sg
wrath/anger
natural impulse, always of anger
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
χόλῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

χολάω (χολ(α)-, -, -, -, -, -)
χολ(α)·οι
pres act opt 3rd sg
he/she/it-happens-to-be-BE-ing-ANGRY
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
πᾶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παν[τ]
neu nom|acc|voc sg
each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
ἀμετάθετος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἀ·μετά·θετος -ον
αμεταθετ·ος
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
unalterable
3Mc 5:1Then he called Hermon, who had charge of the elephants. Full of rage, altogether fixed in his furious design,3Mc 5:1
¶Then he called Hermon, who had charge of the elephants. Full of rage, altogether fixed in his furious design,
22ἐκέλευσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κελεύω (κελευ-, -, κελευ·σ-, -, -, κελευσ·θ-)
ε·κελευ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-COMMAND-ed
i.e., urge on by word.
ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen)
ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
ἐπερχομένην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπ·έρχομαι (επ+ερχ-, επ+ελευ·σ-, επ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd επ+ελθ-, επ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
επ·ερχ·ομεν·ην
pres mp ptcp fem acc sg
while being-COME-ed-UPON/APPROACH
ἡμέραν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·αν
(fem) acc sg
day
δαψιλέσι δράκεσι λιβανωτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λιβανωτός, -οῦ, ὁ
λιβανωτ·ου
(mas) gen sg
ἐξιλάσεται
frankincense
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
οἴνῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

οἶνος, -ου, ὁ
οιν·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
wine
πλείονι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πλείων -ον and πλέων -ον, gen. sg. -ονος (Comp. of πολύς)
πλειον·ι
neu dat sg or mas dat sg or fem dat sg
more
/greater/better.
ἀκράτῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἄ·κρατος -ον
ακρατ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg or fem dat sg
unmixed
(undiluted, full strength)
ἅπαντας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

ἅπα[ντ]ς ἅπασα ἅπαν[τ], gen. sg. ἅπαντος ἁπάσης ἅπαντος
απαντ·ας
mas acc pl
all
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
simple article
ἐλέφαντας ποτίσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποτίζω (ποτιζ-, ποτι(ε)·[σ]-/ποτι·σ-, ποτι·σ-, πεποτι·κ-, -, ποτισ·θ-)
ποτι·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-WATER/GIVE-TO-DRINK, be-you(sg)-WATER/GIVE-ed-TO-DRINK!, he/she/it-happens-to-WATER/GIVE-TO-DRINK
to watered, as a plant, saturate with water
ὄντας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·ο[υ]ντ·ας
pres act ptcp mas acc pl
while being
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
ἀριθμὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀριθμός, -οῦ, ὁ
αριθμ·ον
(mas) acc sg
number
[see arithmetic]
πεντακοσίους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

πεντα·κόσιοι -αι -α
πεντακοσι·ους
mas acc pl
five hundred
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀγριωθέντας τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
simple article
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
πόματος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πόμα[τ], -ατος, τό
ποματ·ος
(neu) gen sg
drink
ἀφθόνῳ χορηγίᾳ εἰσαγαγεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰσ·άγω (εισ+αγ-, εισ+αξ-, 2nd εισ+αγαγ-, εισ+αγειοχ·[κ]-, -, εισ+αχ·θ-)
εισ·αγαγ·ειν
2aor act inf
to-LEAD/BRING-INTO
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
συνάντησιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

συν·άντησις, -εως, ἡ
συναντησ(ι)·ν
(fem) acc sg
meeting
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
μόρου τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
Ιουδαίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
Jewish
3Mc 5:2he commanded him, with a quantity of unmixed wine and handfuls of incense infused to drug the elephants early on the following day. These five hundred elephants were, when infuriated by the copious draughts of frankincense, to be led up to the execution of death upon the Jews.3Mc 5:2
he commanded him, with a quantity of unmixed wine with handfuls of incense infused, to drug the elephants early on the following day. These five hundred elephants were, when infuriated by the copious drinks of frankincense, to be led up to the execution of death upon the Jews.
33 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
μὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μέν
μεν
indecl
indeed
/certainly/surely.
τάδε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

ὅ·δε ἥ·δε τό·δε
τ·α·δε
neu nom|acc pl
these
demonstrative pronoun ὁ, ἡ, τό added to the enclitic "δε", and declined like the pronoun according to case = "this", "thus", "such-and-such", etc.
προστάσσων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·τάσσω/-τάττω (προσ+τασσ-/προσ+ταττ-, προσ+ταξ-, προσ+ταξ-, προσ+τεταχ·[κ]-, προσ+τετασσ-, προσ+ταγ·[θ]-/προσ+ταχ·θ-)
προσ·τασσ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while GIVE-ing-A-DIRECTIVE
ἐτρέπετο πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
εὐωχίαν συναγαγὼν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συν·άγω (συν+αγ-, συν+αξ-, συν+ηξ- or 2nd συν+αγαγ-, συν+αγειοχ·[κ]-, συν+ηγ-, συν+αχ·θ-)
συν·αγαγ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
upon GATHER/ASSEMBLE-ing
Lit:"together-lead", lead/bring/gather-together, hence assemble.
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
simple article
μάλιστα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

μάλιστα
μαλιστα
indecl
more so
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
φίλων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

φίλος -η -ον; φιλέω (φιλ(ε)-, φιλη·σ-, φιλη·σ-, πεφιλη·κ-, -, -)
φιλ·ων; φιλ(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
friend; while BE-ing-FOND-OF
companion; [hold at high degree of association, have affection toward; raraly of kissing]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
στρατιᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

στρατιά, -ᾶς, ἡ (cf. στρατηγός)
στρατι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
army, armies
ἀπεχθῶς ἔχοντας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
εχ·ο[υ]ντ·ας
pres act ptcp mas acc pl
while HAVE-ing
/hold.
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
simple article
Ιουδαίους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ους
mas acc pl
Jewish
3Mc 5:3The king, after issuing these orders, went to his feasting, and gathered together all those of his friends and of the army who hated the Jews the most.3Mc 5:3
The king, after issuing these orders, went to his feasting, and gathered together all those of his friends and of the army who hated the Jews the most.
44 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἐλεφαντάρχης τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
simple article
προσταγὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·τάσσω/-τάττω (προσ+τασσ-/προσ+ταττ-, προσ+ταξ-, προσ+ταξ-, προσ+τεταχ·[κ]-, προσ+τετασσ-, προσ+ταγ·[θ]-/προσ+ταχ·θ-)
προσ·ταγ·[θ]ε[ι]ν[τ]
aor θη ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
upon being-GIVE-ed-A-DIRECTIVE
ἀραρότως Ἕρμων συνετέλει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συν·τελέω (συν+τελ(ε)-, συν+τελε·σ-, συν+τελε·σ-, συν+τετελε·κ-, συν+τετελεσ-, συν+τελεσ·θ-)
συν·ε·τελ(ε)·ε
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-FINISH/COMPLETE-ing
Lit:"complete/perfect-together-with", hence finish/thoroughly-complete.
3Mc 5:4The master of the elephants, Hermon, fulfilled his commission punctually.3Mc 5:4
The master of the elephants, Hermon, fulfilled his commission punctually.
55οἵ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
οι
mas nom pl
who/whom/which
τε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

τέ
τε
indecl
and [postpositive coordinate]
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
τούτοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
λειτουργοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Verb

λειτουργός, -οῦ, ὁ; λειτ·ουργέω (λειτουργ(ε)-, λειτουργη·σ-, λειτουργη·σ-, -, -, -)
λειτουργ·οι; λειτουργ(ε)·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl; pres act opt 3rd sg
functionaries; he/she/it-happens-to-be-OFFICIATE-ing
public servant, servant, attendant at sacrifices, acolyte, altar boy; [see liturgy, liturgist]
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
ἑσπέραν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἑσπέρα, -ας, ἡ
εσπερ·αν
(fem) acc sg
evening
ἐξιόντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔξ·ειμι fr. εἶμι[2] (ath. εξ+ι-/ath. εξ+ει-, -, -, -, -, -)
εξ·ι·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while DEPART-ing
τὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ας
fem acc pl
the
simple article
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
ταλαιπωρούντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ταλαιπωρέω (ταλαιπωρ(ε)-, ταλαιπωρη·σ-, ταλαιπωρη·σ-, τεταλαιπωρη·κ-, -, -)
ταλαιπωρ(ε)·οντων, ταλαιπωρ(ε)·ο[υ]ντ·ων
pres act imp 3rd pl classical, pres act ptcp mas gen pl or pres act ptcp neu gen pl
let-them-be-SUFFER-ing!, while SUFFER-ing
distress
ἐδέσμευον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δεσμεύω v.l. -μέω (δεσμευ-/δεσμ(ε)-, -, -, -, -, -)
ε·δεσμευ·ον
impf act ind 1st sg or impf act ind 3rd pl
I-was-BIND-ing, they-were-BIND-ing
χεῖρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

χείρ, χειρός, ἡ, dat. pl. χερσίν
χειρ·ας
(fem) acc pl
hands
τήν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
τε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

τέ
τε
indecl
and [postpositive coordinate]
λοιπὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

λοιπός -ή -όν
λοιπ·ην
fem acc sg
remaining
well then, sο, now, the rest, finally
ἐμηχανῶντο περὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

περί
περι
indecl
about (+acc,+gen)
Lit:"around" (as in perimeter "around-measure"). Fig:about/regarding/concerning
αὐτοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ους
mas acc pl
them/same
ἀσφάλειαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀ·σφάλεια, -ας, ἡ
ασφαλει·αν
(fem) acc sg
security
assurance, certainty, without stumbling
ἔννυχον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἔν·νυχος -ον
εννυχ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
at night
δόξαντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δοκέω (δοκ(ε)-, δοξ-, δοξ-, -, δεδοκ-, -)
δοκ·σαντ·ες
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon SUPPOSE-ing
,from "dokos"(opinion), hence suppose/seem/think/consider. Same root as "εὐδοκέω"(seem-good). Often rendered "think", but less objective than "νοέω"(think) and less visceral than "φρονέω"(think).
ὁμοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὁμοῦ
ομου
indecl
together
λήμψεσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαμβάνω (λαμβαν-, λημψ-/ληψ-, λαβ·[σ]- or 2nd λαβ-, ειληφ·[κ]-, ειληβ-, λημφ·θ-/ληφ·θ-)
λημβ·σεσθαι
fut mp inf
to-will-be-TAKE/RECEIVE-ed
grasp, clutch, cling-to, seize, lay-hands-upon, take by violence, carry off, of a deity, seize, possess, catch, find out, detect, overtake, understand
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
simple article
φῦλον πέρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πέρα[τ]ς, -ατος, τό
περα[τ]·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
boundary
end, limit, boundary, beyond, end, close, close by (in local sense, “ἐκ περάτων γᾶς)
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
ὀλεθρίας
3Mc 5:5The underlings appointed for the purpose went out about eventide and bound the hands of the miserable victims, and took other precautions for their security at night, thinking that the whole race would perish together.3Mc 5:5
The servants appointed for the purpose went out about evening and bound the hands of the miserable victims, and took other precautions for their security at night, thinking that the whole race would perish together.
66οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
simple article
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
πάσης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
πασ·ης
fem gen sg
each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
σκέπης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

σκέπη, -ῆς, ἡ [LXX]
σκεπ·ης
(fem) gen sg
shelter
ἔρημοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2); Verb

ἔρημος -ον; ἐρημόω (ερημ(ο)-, ερημω·σ-, ερημω·σ-, ηρημω·κ-, ηρημω-, ερημω·θ-)
ερημ·οι; ερημ(ο)·ει, ερημ(ο)·ῃ, ερημ(ο)·οι
mas nom|voc pl or fem nom|voc pl; pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, pres mp ind 2nd sg or pres act sub 3rd sg or pres mp sub 2nd sg, pres act opt 3rd sg
deserted; he/she/it-is-STRIP-BARE-ing, you(sg)-are-being-STRIP-BARE-ed, you(sg)-are-being-STRIP-BARE-ed, he/she/it-should-be-STRIP-BARE-ing, you(sg)-should-be-being-STRIP-BARE-ed, he/she/it-happens-to-be-STRIP-BARE-ing
,unpopulated/uncultivated hence solitary, wilderness; [lay-waste, cause to be abandoned]
δοκοῦντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δοκέω (δοκ(ε)-, δοξ-, δοξ-, -, δεδοκ-, -)
δοκ(ε)·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while SUPPOSE-ing
,from "dokos"(opinion), hence suppose/seem/think/consider. Same root as "εὐδοκέω"(seem-good). Often rendered "think", but less objective than "νοέω"(think) and less visceral than "φρονέω"(think).
εἶναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·εναι
pres act inf
to-be
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
ἔθνεσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ε)·σι(ν)
(neu) dat pl
nations
Lit: from etho (vb: to form a custom/culture). Hence, a race/people, joined by shared language, customs, history, and culture. Usually applied to Gentiles (except Jn 11:50).
Ιουδαῖοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·οι
mas nom|voc pl
Jewish
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
πάντοθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πάντο·θεν
παντοθεν
indecl
from everywhere
περιέχουσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

περι·έχω (περι+εχ-, -, 2nd περι+σχ-, -, -, -)
περι·εχ·ουσ·αν
pres act ptcp fem acc sg
while CONTAINED-ing
[metaph: to be hard pressed; encompass, embrace, surround]
αὐτοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ους
mas acc pl
them/same
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
δεσμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl. and Neu. 2nd Decl.); Verb

δέσμη, -ης, ἡ; δεσμός, -οῦ, ὁ and δεσμά, -ῶν, τά; δεσμεύω v.l. -μέω (δεσμευ-/δεσμ(ε)-, -, -, -, -, -)
δεσμ·ων; δεσμ·ων; δεσμ(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(fem) gen pl; (mas) gen pl or (neu) gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
bundles; restraints; while BIND-ing
; restraint, handcuff;
ἀνάγκην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀνάγκη, -ης, ἡ
αναγκ·ην
(fem) acc sg
necessity
,compelling-need,compulsion
3Mc 5:6The heathen believed the Jews to be destitute of all protection; for chains fettered them about.3Mc 5:6
The heathen believed the Jews to be destitute of all protection, for chains bound them.
77τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
παντοκράτορα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

παντο·κράτωρ, -ορος, ὁ
παντοκρατορ·α
(mas) acc sg
All-Powerful
Lit:"all-might/dominion", hence almighty-ruler, going before all.
κύριον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ον; κυρι·ον
(mas) acc sg; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
πάσης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
πασ·ης
fem gen sg
each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
δυνάμεως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

δύναμις, -εως, ἡ
δυναμ(ι)·ος
(fem) gen sg
ability
force /power
δυναστεύοντα ἐλεήμονα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3)

ἐλεήμων -ον, gen. sg. -ονος
ελεημον·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
merciful
θεὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ον
(mas) acc sg
god
[see theology]
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
πατέρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

πατήρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ὁ, voc. pl. πατέρες
πατερ·α
(mas) acc sg
father
δυσκαταπαύστῳ βοῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βοή, -ῆς, ἡ
βο·ῃ
(fem) dat sg
outcry
πάντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ες
mas nom|voc pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
δακρύων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl., irreg.); Verb

δάκρυον, -ου, τό, dat. pl. δάκρυσιν; δακρύω (δακρυ-, δακρυ·σ-, δακρυ·σ-, -, -, -)
δακρυ·ων; δακρυ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(neu) gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
tears; while CRY-ing
;
ἐπεκαλέσαντο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·καλέω (επι+καλ(ε)-, επι+καλε·σ-, επι+καλε·σ-, -, επι+κεκλη-, επι+κλη·θ-)
επι·ε·καλε·σαντο
1aor mp ind 3rd pl
they-were-CALL-UPON-ed
Lit:"call-upon", hence call-upon(+gen), appeal-to(+acc, dat), surnamed (passive + specific name)
δεόμενοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δέομαι (δε-/δ(ε)-, -, -, -, δεδεη-, δεη·θ-)
δε·ομεν·οι
pres mp ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while being-NEED/REQUIRE-ed
deeply need/require, by extension, beg/beseech/supplicate/urgently appeal.
3Mc 5:7they invoked the Almighty Lord, and ceaselessly besought with tears their merciful God and Father, Ruler of all, Lord of every power,3Mc 5:7
They invoked the Almighty Lord, and ceaselessly implored with tears their merciful God and Father, Ruler of all, Lord of every power,
88τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
κατ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατ’
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
μεταστρέψαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μετα·στρέφω (μετα+στρεφ-, -, μετα+στρεψ-, -, -, μετα+στραφ·[θ]-)
μετα·στρεφ·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-CHANGE, be-you(sg)-CHANGE-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-CHANGE
Literally turn about, perhaps to face the enemy; or, turn another way. Thus, figuratively, retort; alter/change/pervert.
βουλὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βουλή, -ῆς, ἡ
βουλ·ην
(fem) acc sg
will/plan/intent
counsel, design, advice
ἀνοσίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2 and 2-1-2)

ἀν·όσιος (-α) -ον
ανοσι·αν
fem acc sg
unholy
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ῥύσασθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ῥύομαι (ρυ-, ρυ·σ-, ρυ·σ-, -, -, ρυσ·θ-)
ρυ·σασθαι
1aor mp inf
to-be-DELIVER-ed
/draw/pull/deliver/rescue (from harm/danger/evil).
αὐτοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ους
mas acc pl
them/same
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
μεγαλομεροῦς ἐπιφανείας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Verb

ἐπι·φάνεια, -ας, ἡ; ἐπι·φαίνω (επι+φαιν-, επι+φαν(ε)·[σ]-, επι+φαν·[σ]-, -, -, επι+φαν·[θ]-)
επιφανει·ας; επι·φαν·[σ]ειας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl; 1aor act opt 2nd sg classical
appearance, appearances; you(sg)-happen-to-SHOW
[epiphany];
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
from-out-of (+gen)
signifies origin of motion. sometimes rendered, "from", when the motion is already implied by the context. ἐξ before vowels.
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
παρὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

παρά
παρα
indecl
frοm beside (+acc,+gen,+dat)
παρ’ before vowels I. beside, near, by, II. along, III. past, beyond. 1. with Verbs of coming, going, etc., to the side of, to, with Verbs of placing, examining, etc., side by side with, near, together
πόδας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

πούς, ποδός, ὁ (cf. βάσις)
ποδ·ας
(mas) acc pl
feet
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ἑτοίμῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἕτοιμος -η -ον
ετοιμ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
ready
prepared see Matt 22:4 of the wedding feast
μόρου
3Mc 5:8to overthrow the evil purpose which was gone out against them, and to deliver them by extraordinary manifestation from that death which was in store for them.3Mc 5:8
to overthrow the evil purpose which had gone out against them, and to deliver them by extraordinary manifestation from that death which was in store for them.
99τούτων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
μὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μέν
μεν
indecl
indeed
/certainly/surely.
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
ἐκτενῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἐκ·τενῶς (Adv. of ἐκ·τενής)
εκτενως
indecl
exertedly
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
simple article
λιτανεία ἀνέβαινεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀνα·βαίνω (ανα+βαιν-, ανα+βη·σ-, ανα+βαιν·[σ]- or 2nd ath. ανα+β(η)-/ath. ανα+β(α)-, ανα+βεβη·κ-, -, -)
ανα·ε·βαιν·ε(ν), ανα·ε·βαιν·[σ]ε(ν)
impf act ind 3rd sg, 1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-ASCEND-ing, he/she/it-ASCEND-ed
Lit. "step/foot-up" denoting upward or forward movement; hence ascend/come/go/mount/rise 'up'
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into +acc
OF PLACE, the oldest and commonest usage into, with Verbs of saying or speaking relating to the person to whom or before whom one is speaking, Verbs expressing rest in a place, when a previous motion into or to it is implied; elliptical usage after Verbs
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
οὐρανόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

οὐρανός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. οὐρανοί
ουραν·ον
(mas) acc sg
sky/heaven
3Mc 5:9Their litany so earnest went up to heaven.3Mc 5:9
Their earnest entreaty went up to heaven.
1010 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
Ἕρμων τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
simple article
ἀνηλεεῖς ἐλέφαντας ποτίσας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποτίζω (ποτιζ-, ποτι(ε)·[σ]-/ποτι·σ-, ποτι·σ-, πεποτι·κ-, -, ποτισ·θ-)
ποτι·σα[ντ]·ς
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon WATER/GIVE-ing-TO-DRINK
to watered, as a plant, saturate with water
πεπληρωμένους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πληρόω (πληρ(ο)-, πληρω·σ-, πληρω·σ-, πεπληρω·κ-, πεπληρω-, πληρω·θ-)
πεπληρω·μεν·ους
perf mp ptcp mas acc pl
having-been-FILL-ed
fill, make full or complete (hence, "fulfill").
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
οἴνου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

οἶνος, -ου, ὁ
οιν·ου
(mas) gen sg
wine
πολλῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral, irreg.)

πολ[λ]ύς πολλή πολ[λ]ύ
πολλ·ης
fem gen sg
much
Singular: a lot, great, large, much, voluminous Plural: lots, manifold, many, multiple, numerous
χορηγίας καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
λιβάνου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λίβανος[1], -ου, ὁ; Λίβανος[2], -ου, ὁ [LXX]
λιβαν·ου; λιβαν·ου
(mas) gen sg; (mas) gen sg
frankincense; Lebanon
;
μεμεστωμένους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μεστόω (-, -, -, -, μεμεστω-, -)
μεμεστω·μεν·ους
perf mp ptcp mas acc pl
having-been-FILL-ed
ὄρθριος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ὀρθρινός -ή -όν v.l. -ριος -ία -ιον
ορθρι·ος
mas nom sg
early in the morning
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
αὐλὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

αὐλή, -ῆς, ἡ
αυλ·ην
(fem) acc sg
courtyard
[sheep-fold, palace, house]
παρῆν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πάρ·ειμι[1] fr. εἰμί[1] (ath. παρ+(εσ)-/παρ+(εσ)-, παρ+εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
παρ·ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-BE-ing-PRESENT/NEAR
Lit:"be-close-beside", hence be-present/here/near/close-beside/at-hand, to-have-come/arrived. Root for "παρουσία"(arrival/coming/visitation/entrance).
περὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

περί
περι
indecl
about (+acc,+gen)
Lit:"around" (as in perimeter "around-measure"). Fig:about/regarding/concerning
τούτων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
προσαγγεῖλαι τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
simple article
βασιλεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ι
(mas) dat sg
king
3Mc 5:10Then Hermon, who had filled his merciless elephants with copious draughts of mingled wine and frankincense, came early to the palace to certify the kind thereof.3Mc 5:10
Then Hermon, who had filled his merciless elephants with copious drinks of mixed wine and frankincense, came early to the palace to report on these preparations.
1111τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
simple article
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἀπ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απ’
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
αἰῶνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

αἰών, -ῶνος, ὁ
αιων·ος
(mas) gen sg
eon
/age, "εἰς τοὺς αἰῶνα/αἰῶνας"(into the eon/eons) are both usually rendered "forever".
χρόνου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

χρόνος, -ου, ὁ (cf. καιρός)
χρον·ου
(mas) gen sg
time
, a specific (clock) time, period-of-time (a while). Distinct from kairos (season)
κτίσμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

κτίσμα[τ], -ατος, τό
κτισμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
creature
creature, i.e., created thing. Sometimes "creation".
καλὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

καλός -ή -όν (cf. ἀγαθός)
καλ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
good
good, useful, of quality, morally good, physically beautiful
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
νυκτὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

νύξ, -υκτός, ἡ
νυκτ·ι
(fem) dat sg
night
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἡμέρᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
day
ἐπιβαλλόμενον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·βάλλω (επι+βαλλ-, επι+βαλ(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd επι+βαλ-, επι+βεβλη·κ-, -, επι+βλη·θ-)
επι·βαλλ·ομεν·ον
pres mp ptcp mas acc sg or pres mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
while being-CAST-ed-UPON
[put the mind on, impose, inflict, cast upon]
ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen)
ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
χαριζομένου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

χαρίζομαι (χαριζ-, χαρι·σ-, χαρι·σ-, -, κεχαρισ-, χαρισ·θ-)
χαριζ·ομεν·ου
pres mp ptcp mas gen sg or pres mp ptcp neu gen sg
while being-GRANT/GIVE/FAVOR-ed
From noun "χάρις"(grace/favor/kindness), hence grant/give/favor, by extension, donate/present/endow.
πᾶσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
πα[ντ]·σι(ν)
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
οἷς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
who/whom/which
ἂν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἄν
αν
indecl
ever
αὐτὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ος
mas nom sg
he/it/same
θελήσῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θέλω (θελ-, θελη·σ-, θελη·σ-, τεθελη·κ-, -, -)
θελη·σῃ
fut mp ind 2nd sg or 1aor act sub 3rd sg or 1aor mp sub 2nd sg
you(sg)-will-be-WANT-ed, he/she/it-should-WANT, you(sg)-should-be-WANT-ed
/wish/desire
ὕπνου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Verb

ὕπνος, -ου, ὁ; ὑπνόω [LXX] (υπν(ο)-, υπνω·σ-, υπνω·σ-, -, -, -)
υπν·ου; υπν(ο)·ε, υπν(ο)·ου, ε·υπν(ο)·ε, ε·υπν(ο)·ου
(mas) gen sg; pres act imp 2nd sg, pres mp imp 2nd sg, impf act ind 3rd sg, impf mp ind 2nd sg
sleep; be-you(sg)-SLEEP-ing!, be-you(sg)-being-SLEEP-ed!, he/she/it-was-SLEEP-ing, you(sg)-were-being-SLEEP-ed
;
μέρος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

μέρο·ς, -ους, τό
μερ(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
part/piece
regions
ἀπέστειλεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·στέλλω (απο+στελλ-, απο+στελ(ε)·[σ]-, απο+στειλ·[σ]-, απ+εσταλ·κ-, απ+εσταλ-, απο+σταλ·[θ]-)
απο·ε·στειλ·[σ]ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SEND-FORTH-ed
Lit:"send/arrange-from/away". Often rendered "send-forth" (a message, messenger, action, etc), send
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into +acc
OF PLACE, the oldest and commonest usage into, with Verbs of saying or speaking relating to the person to whom or before whom one is speaking, Verbs expressing rest in a place, when a previous motion into or to it is implied; elliptical usage after Verbs
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
βασιλέα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·α
(mas) acc sg
king
3Mc 5:11He, however, who has sent his good creature sleep from all time by night or by day thus gratifying whom he wills, diffused a portion thereof now upon the king.3Mc 5:11
He, however, who has sent his good creature sleep from all time by night or by day thus gratifying whom he wills, diffused a portion of it now upon the king.
1212καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἡδίστῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἥδιστος -η -ον [LXX] (Superl. of ἡδύς)
ηδιστ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
most pleasant
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
βαθεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.); Adjective (3-1-3)

βάθο·ς, -ους, τό; βαθύς -εῖα -ύ, gen. sg. -έος and -έως
βαθ(ε)·ι; βαθ(υ)·ι
(neu) dat sg; neu dat sg or mas dat sg
depth; deep
;
κατεσχέθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατ·έχω (κατ+εχ-, καθ+εξ-, 2nd κατα+σχ-, -, -, κατα+σχε·θ-)
κατα·ε·σχε·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-HOLD FAST-ed
seize, hold fast, hold back, restrain, bridle, possess, occupy, gain possession of, be master of Lit: hold-down
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
simple article
ἐνεργείᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἐν·έργεια, -ας, ἡ
ενεργει·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
working
(operation)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
δεσπότου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

δεσπότης, -ου, ὁ
δεσποτ·ου
(mas) gen sg
master
/despot/authoritarian-one.
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
ἀθέσμου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἄ·θεσμος -ον
αθεσμ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg or fem gen sg
lawless
μὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μέν
μεν
indecl
indeed
/certainly/surely.
προθέσεως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

πρό·θεσις, -εως, ἡ
προθεσ(ι)·ος
(fem) gen sg
pre-arrangement
from verb "προτίθεμαι" (before-set-forth/aside, before-place/arrange/appoint), hence "pre-arrangement". Often rendered "purpose", yet distinct from "βουλή" (purpose/plan/intent/will), emphasizing a pre-arranging tha
πολὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral, irreg.)

πολ[λ]ύς πολλή πολ[λ]ύ
irreg. πολ(υ) ( instead of πολλ·ο)
neu nom|acc sg
much
Singular: a lot, great, large, much, voluminous Plural: lots, manifold, many, multiple, numerous
διεσφαλμένος τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἀμεταθέτου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἀ·μετά·θετος -ον
αμεταθετ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg or fem gen sg
unalterable
λογισμοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λογισμός, -οῦ, ὁ
λογισμ·ου
(mas) gen sg
logic
reasoning, calculation
μεγάλως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

μεγάλως
μεγαλως
indecl
greatly
διεψευσμένος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δια·ψεύδω [LXX] (-, δια+ψευ[δ]·σ-, δια+ψευ[δ]·σ-, -, δια+εψευδ-, -)
δια·εψευδ·μεν·ος
perf mp ptcp mas nom sg
having-been-???-ed
3Mc 5:12By this sweet and profound influence of the Lord he was held fast, and thus his unjust purpose was quite frustrated, and his unflinching resolve greatly falsified.3Mc 5:12
By this sweet and profound influence of the Lord, he was held fast, and thus his unjust purpose was quite frustrated, and his unflinching resolve greatly falsified.
1313οἵ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
οι
mas nom pl
who/whom/which
τε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

τέ
τε
indecl
and [postpositive coordinate]
Ιουδαῖοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·οι
mas nom|voc pl
Jewish
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
προσημανθεῖσαν ὥραν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ὥρα, -ας, ἡ
ωρ·αν
(fem) acc sg
hour
τήν
διαφυγόντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δια·φεύγω (-, δια+φευξ-, 2nd δια+φυγ-, δια+πεφευγ·[κ]-, δια+πεφευγ-, -)
δια·φυγ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
2aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon GET-ing-AWAY
[break free]
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
ἅγιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἅγιος -α -ον (cf. ὅσιος and ἱερός)
αγι·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
holy
[dedicated, divine, pure]
ᾔνουν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

αἰνέω (αιν(ε)-, αινε·σ-, αινε·σ-, -, -, -)
ε·αιν(ε)·ον
impf act ind 1st sg or impf act ind 3rd pl
I-was-PRAISE-ing, they-were-PRAISE-ing
approve, advise, recommend
θεὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ον
(mas) acc sg
god
[see theology]
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
πάλιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πάλιν
παλιν
indecl
again
afresh, again, anon, once more, back, backwards, restore
ἠξίουν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀξιόω (αξι(ο)-, αξιω·σ-, αξιω·σ-, -, ηξιω-, αξιω·θ-)
ε·αξι(ο)·ον
impf act ind 1st sg or impf act ind 3rd pl
I-was-DEEM-ing-WORTHY, they-were-DEEM-ing-WORTHY
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
εὐκατάλλακτον δεῖξαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δείκνυμι a.k.a. δεικνύω (ath. δεικνυ-, δειξ-, δειξ-, -, -, δειχ·θ-)
δεικ·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-SHOW, be-you(sg)-SHOW-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-SHOW
prove
μεγαλοσθενοῦς ἑαυτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

ἑ·αυτοῦ/αὑτοῦ[2] -ῆς -οῦ
εαυτ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
self
him/her/it/our/your/them-selves
χειρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

χείρ, χειρός, ἡ, dat. pl. χερσίν
χειρ·ος
(fem) gen sg
hand
κράτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

κράτο·ς, -ους, τό
κρατ(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
might
might power
ἔθνεσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ε)·σι(ν)
(neu) dat pl
nations
Lit: from etho (vb: to form a custom/culture). Hence, a race/people, joined by shared language, customs, history, and culture. Usually applied to Gentiles (except Jn 11:50).
ὑπερηφάνοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ὑπερή·φανος -ον
υπερηφαν·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl or fem dat pl
proud/arrogant
[Lit: over- appearing]
3Mc 5:13But the Jews, having escaped the hour which had been fixed, praised their holy God, and again prayed him who is easily reconciled to display the power of his powerful hand to the overweening Gentiles.3Mc 5:13
But the Jews, having escaped the hour which had been fixed, praised their holy God, and again prayed him who is easily reconciled to display the power of his powerful hand to the arrogant Gentiles.
1414μεσούσης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μεσόω (μεσ(ο)-, -, -, -, -, -)
μεσ(ο)·ουσ·ης
pres act ptcp fem gen sg
while BE-ing-HALF-DONE
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἤδη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἤδη
ηδη
indecl
already
by now, by then
δεκάτης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

δέκατος -η -ον
δεκατ·ης
fem gen sg
tenth
ὥρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ὥρα, -ας, ἡ
ωρ·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
hour, hours
τήν
σχεδὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

σχεδόν
σχεδον
indecl
nearly/well-nigh
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
ταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·αις
fem dat pl
the
simple article
κλήσεσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

κλῆσις, -εως, ἡ
κλησ(ι)·σι(ν)
(fem) dat pl
callings
[summon; an invitation]
τεταγμένος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τάσσω/τάττω (τασσ-/ταττ-, ταξ-, ταξ-, τεταχ·[κ]-, τετασσ-, ταχ·θ-)
τετασσ·μεν·ος
perf mp ptcp mas nom sg
having-been-APPOINT-ed
prescribe, post, station, assess, ordain, order, command, arrange/organize/set/put/place-in-position.
ἀθρόους τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
simple article
κλητοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

κλητός -ή -όν
κλητ·ους
mas acc pl
called
invited, chosen
ἰδὼν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
upon SEE/BEHOLD-ing
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
ἔνυξεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

νύσσω (νυσσ-, -, νυξ-, -, -, -)
ε·νυσσ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-POKE-ed
προσελθὼν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·έρχομαι (προσ+ερχ-, προσ+ελευ·σ-, προσ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd προσ+ελθ-, προσ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
προσ·ελθ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
upon APPROACH-ing
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
βασιλέα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·α
(mas) acc sg
king
3Mc 5:14The middle of the tenth hour had well nigh arrived, when the master-bidder, seeing the guests who were bidden collected, came and shook the king.3Mc 5:14
The middle of the tenth hour had nearly arrived, when the person who sent invitations, seeing the guests who were invited present, came and shook the king.
1515καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
μόλις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

μόλις (cf. μόγις)
μολις
indecl
with difficulty
διεγείρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δι·εγείρω (δι+εγειρ-, -, δι+εγειρ·[σ]-, -, -, δι+εγερ·θ-)
δι·εγειρ·[σ]α[ντ]·ς
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon AROUSE-ing
excite, wake up, promote, incite, stimulated, switch on
ὑπέδειξε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑπο·δείκνυμι (-, υπο+δειξ-, υπο+δειξ-, -, -, -)
υπο·ε·δεικ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-MAKE KNOWN-ed
to indicate, intimate, suggest, show, prove
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
συμποσίας καιρὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

καιρός, -οῦ, ὁ (cf. χρόνος)
καιρ·ον
(mas) acc sg
period-of-time
/season
ἤδη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἤδη
ηδη
indecl
already
by now, by then
παρατρέχοντα τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
περὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

περί
περι
indecl
about (+acc,+gen)
Lit:"around" (as in perimeter "around-measure"). Fig:about/regarding/concerning
τούτων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
λόγον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λόγος, -ου, ὁ
λογ·ον
(mas) acc sg
word
word
ποιούμενος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποι(ε)·ομεν·ος
pres mp ptcp mas nom sg
while being-DO/MAKE-ed
3Mc 5:15He gained his attention with difficulty, and hinting that the mealtime was getting past, talked the matter over with him.3Mc 5:15
He gained his attention with difficulty, and hinting that the mealtime was getting past, talked the matter over with him.
1616ὃν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative); Verb

ὅς ἥ ὅ; εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ον; (εσ)·ο[υ]ν[τ]
mas acc sg; pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
who/whom/which; while being
;
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
λογισάμενος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λογίζομαι (λογιζ-, λογι(ε)·[σ]-, λογι·σ-, -, λελογισ-, λογισ·θ-)
λογι·σαμεν·ος
1aor mp ptcp mas nom sg
upon being-RECKON-ed
/credit/account/regard/consider/impute,number,compute,reason,use-logic, as in devise/plot.
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τραπεὶς εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into +acc
OF PLACE, the oldest and commonest usage into, with Verbs of saying or speaking relating to the person to whom or before whom one is speaking, Verbs expressing rest in a place, when a previous motion into or to it is implied; elliptical usage after Verbs
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
πότον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

πότος, -ου, ὁ; ποτόν, -οῦ, τό [EXTRA]
ποτ·ον; ποτ·ον
(mas) acc sg; (neu) nom|acc|voc sg
drinking party; drinking-party
; (from "πίνω":to-drink), hence drinking-party.
ἐκέλευσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κελεύω (κελευ-, -, κελευ·σ-, -, -, κελευσ·θ-)
ε·κελευ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-COMMAND-ed
i.e., urge on by word.
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
simple article
παραγεγονότας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·γίνομαι (παρα+γιν-, παρα+γενη·σ-, 2nd παρα+γεν-, παρα+γεγον·[κ]-, -, παρα+γενη·θ-)
παρα·γεγον·[κ]οτ·ας
perf act ptcp mas acc pl
having BECOME-PRESENT-ed
Lit:"become-close-beside", hence, appear/arrive, show-up, turn-up.
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
συμποσίαν ἄντικρυς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἄντικρυς v.l. ἀντικρύ
αντικρυς
indecl
???
ἀνακλῖναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀνα·κλίνω (-, ανα+κλιν(ε)·[σ]-, ανα+κλιν·[σ]-, -, -, ανα+κλι·θ-)
ανα·κλιν·[σ]αι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-RECLINE, be-you(sg)-RECLINE-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-RECLINE
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
3Mc 5:16The king listened to this, and then turning aside to his potations, commanded the guests to sit down before him.3Mc 5:16
The king listened to this, and then turning aside to his drinking, commanded the guests to sit down before him.
1717οὗ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle; Pronoun (Relative)

οὗ[1]; ὅς ἥ ὅ
ου; ου
indecl; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
where; who/whom/which
;
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
γενομένου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
γεν·ομεν·ου
2aor mp ptcp mas gen sg or 2aor mp ptcp neu gen sg
upon being-BECOME-ed
become; happen; be ("as a substitute for the forms of εἰμί" --BAGD)
παρῄνει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρ·αινέω (παρ+αιν(ε)-, -, παρ+αινε·σ-, -, -, -)
παρ·ε·αιν(ε)·ε
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-URGE-ing
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into +acc
OF PLACE, the oldest and commonest usage into, with Verbs of saying or speaking relating to the person to whom or before whom one is speaking, Verbs expressing rest in a place, when a previous motion into or to it is implied; elliptical usage after Verbs
εὐωχίαν δόντας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
δ(ο)·ντ·ας
2aor act ptcp mas acc pl
upon GIVE-ing
give, grant, bestow; give over, hand over; entrust, assign; give back, repay, yield; give up, sacrifice
ἑαυτοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

ἑ·αυτοῦ/αὑτοῦ[2] -ῆς -οῦ
εαυτ·ους
mas acc pl
selves
him/her/it/our/your/them-selves
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
simple article
παρὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πάρ·ειμι[1] fr. εἰμί[1] (ath. παρ+(εσ)-/παρ+(εσ)-, παρ+εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
παρ·(εσ)·ο[υ]ν[τ]
pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
while BE-ing-PRESENT/NEAR
Lit:"be-close-beside", hence be-present/here/near/close-beside/at-hand, to-have-come/arrived. Root for "παρουσία"(arrival/coming/visitation/entrance).
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
συμποσίας ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
πολὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral, irreg.)

πολ[λ]ύς πολλή πολ[λ]ύ
irreg. πολ(υ) ( instead of πολλ·ο)
neu nom|acc sg
much
Singular: a lot, great, large, much, voluminous Plural: lots, manifold, many, multiple, numerous
γεραιρομένους εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into +acc
OF PLACE, the oldest and commonest usage into, with Verbs of saying or speaking relating to the person to whom or before whom one is speaking, Verbs expressing rest in a place, when a previous motion into or to it is implied; elliptical usage after Verbs
εὐφροσύνην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

εὐ·φρο·σύνη, -ης, ἡ
ευφροσυν·ην
(fem) acc sg
gladness
Lit:"good-feeling/thinking/attitude", hence cheerfulness, optimism, gladness
καταθέσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·τίθημι (ath. κατα+τιθ(ε)-, -, κατα+θη·κ- or 2nd ath. κατα+θ(ε)-, -, -, -)
κατα·θ(ε)·σθαι
2aor mp inf
to-be-LAY (DOWN)-ed
μέρος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

μέρο·ς, -ους, τό
μερ(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
part/piece
regions
3Mc 5:17This done, he asked them to enjoy themselves, and to indulge in mirth at this somewhat late hour of the banquet.3Mc 5:17
This done, he asked them to enjoy themselves, and to indulge in mirth at this somewhat late hour of the banquet.
1818ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
πλεῖον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πλείων -ον and πλέων -ον, gen. sg. -ονος (Comp. of πολύς)
πλειον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas voc sg or fem voc sg
more
/greater/better.
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
προβαινούσης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προ·βαίνω (προ+βαιν-, -, 2nd ath. προ+β(η)-/ath. προ+β(α)-, προ+βεβη·κ-, -, -)
προ·βαιν·ουσ·ης
pres act ptcp fem gen sg
while ADVANCE-ing
Advance, step forward, go ahead of
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
ὁμιλίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ὁμιλία, -ας, ἡ
ομιλι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
association, associations
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
Ἕρμωνα προσκαλεσάμενος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·καλέω (προσ+καλ(ε)-, προσ+καλε·σ-, προσ+καλε·σ-, -, προσ+κεκλη-, προσ+κλη·θ-)
προσ·καλε·σαμεν·ος
1aor mp ptcp mas nom sg
upon being-SUMMON-ed
Lit: "call-toward", hence summon
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
πικρᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

πικρός -ά -όν
πικρ·ας
fem gen sg or fem acc pl
bitter
ἀπειλῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀπειλή, -ῆς, ἡ
απειλ·ης
(fem) gen sg
threat
ἐπυνθάνετο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πυνθάνομαι (πυνθαν-, -, 2nd πυθ-, -, -, -)
ε·πυνθαν·ετο
impf mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-being-INQUIRE-ed
τίνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τιν·ος
neu gen sg or mas gen sg or fem gen sg
who
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
ἕνεκεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἕνεκα/ἕνεκεν/εἵνεκεν
ενεκεν
indecl
for-cause/reason-of
because-of, for-sake-of, by-reason-of, for-this-cause, why
αἰτίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

αἰτία, -ας, ἡ; αἴτιος -ία -ον
αιτι·ας; αιτι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl; fem gen sg or fem acc pl
charge, charges; cause
accusation [responsibility/credit for, basis, blame; cause]; [resposible (for), basis of crime]
εἰάθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐάω (ε(α)-, εα·σ-, εα·σ-, -, -, εα·θ-)
ε·εα·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
they-were-ALLOW-ed
permit, allow; concede; let alone/let be/have done with (Lk. 22:51 ἐᾶτε ἕως τούτου "Stop! No more of this!" BAGD)
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
simple article
Ιουδαῖοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·οι
mas nom|voc pl
Jewish
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
περιοῦσαν ἡμέραν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·αν
(fem) acc sg
day
περιβεβιωκότες
3Mc 5:18Conversation grew on, and the king sent for Hermon, and enquired of him, with fierce denunciations, why the Jews had been allowed to outlive that day.3Mc 5:18
Conversation grew on, and the king sent for Hermon, and inquired of him, with fierce denunciations, why the Jews had been allowed to outlive that day.
1919τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ὑποδείξαντος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑπο·δείκνυμι (-, υπο+δειξ-, υπο+δειξ-, -, -, -)
υπο·δεικ·σαντ·ος
1aor act ptcp mas gen sg or 1aor act ptcp neu gen sg
upon MAKE KNOWN-ing
to indicate, intimate, suggest, show, prove
ἔτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἔτι
ετι
indecl
yet/still/ while
νυκτὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

νύξ, -υκτός, ἡ
νυκτ·ος
(fem) gen sg
night
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
simple article
προσταγὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·τάσσω/-τάττω (προσ+τασσ-/προσ+ταττ-, προσ+ταξ-, προσ+ταξ-, προσ+τεταχ·[κ]-, προσ+τετασσ-, προσ+ταγ·[θ]-/προσ+ταχ·θ-)
προσ·ταγ·[θ]ε[ι]ν[τ]
aor θη ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
upon being-GIVE-ed-A-DIRECTIVE
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τέλος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

τέλο·ς, -ους, τό
τελ(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
end
/consummation/completion
ἀγειοχέναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἄγω (αγ-, αξ-, 2nd αγαγ-, αγειοχ·[κ]-, ηγ-, αχ·θ-)
αγειογ·κεναι
perf act inf
to-have-LEAD-ed
bring, arrest
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
φίλων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

φίλος -η -ον; φιλέω (φιλ(ε)-, φιλη·σ-, φιλη·σ-, πεφιλη·κ-, -, -)
φιλ·ων; φιλ(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
friend; while BE-ing-FOND-OF
companion; [hold at high degree of association, have affection toward; raraly of kissing]
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
προσμαρτυρησάντων
3Mc 5:19Hermon explained that he had done his bidding over night; and in this he was confirmed by his friends.3Mc 5:19
Hermon explained that he had done his bidding over night; and in this he was confirmed by his friends.
2020τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
ὠμότητα χείρονα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3)

χείρων -ον, gen. sg. -ονος Comp. of κακός
χειρον·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
worse
Φαλάριδος ἐσχηκὼς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
εσχη·κο[τ]·^ς
perf act ptcp mas nom sg
having HAVE-ed
/hold.
ἔφη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φημί (ath. φ(α)-/ath. φ(η)-, -, φη·σ-, -, -, -)
ε·φ(α)·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-DECLARE-ing
declare, affirm, assert
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
simple article
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
σήμερον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

σήμερον
σημερον
indecl
today
day
ὕπνῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ὕπνος, -ου, ὁ
υπν·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
sleep
χάριν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

χάριν; χάρι[τ]ς, -ιτος, ἡ, acc. χάρι[τ]ν and χάριτα
χαριν; χαρι[τ]·ν
indecl; (fem) acc sg
for the sake of; favor/grace
[acc. of χάρις used adverbially] prep. for; [see charity]
ἔχειν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
εχ·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-HAVE-ing
/hold.
αὐτούς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ους
mas acc pl
them/same
ἀνυπερθέτως δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into +acc
OF PLACE, the oldest and commonest usage into, with Verbs of saying or speaking relating to the person to whom or before whom one is speaking, Verbs expressing rest in a place, when a previous motion into or to it is implied; elliptical usage after Verbs
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
ἐπιτελοῦσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·τελέω (επι+τελ(ε)-, επι+τελε·σ-, επι+τελε·σ-, -, -, επι+τελεσ·θ-)
επι·τελ(ε)·ουσ·αν
pres act ptcp fem acc sg
while ACCOMPLISH-ing
finish
ἡμέραν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·αν
(fem) acc sg
day
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
simple article
ὅμοιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ὅμοιος -α -ον
ομοι·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
similar
(+Dat).
ἑτοίμασον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἑτοιμάζω (ετοιμαζ-, ετοιμα·σ-, ετοιμα·σ-, ητοιμα·κ-, ητοιμασ-, ετοιμασ·θ-)
ετοιμα·σον, ετοιμα·σο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, fut act ptcp mas voc sg or fut act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
do-PREPARE/MAKE-READY-you(sg)!, going-to-PREPARE/MAKE-READY
αρξασθωσαν
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
simple article
ἐλέφαντας ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
ἀθεμίτων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἀ·θέμιτος -ον
αθεμιτ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
unacceptable
Lit:"not-acceptable/customary", hence unacceptable/uncustomary, (by extension) unlawful/abominable. Unseemly, forbidden.
Ιουδαίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
Jewish
ἀφανισμόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀ·φανισμός, -οῦ, ὁ
αφανισμ·ον
(mas) acc sg
obliteration/obscurity
[ἀφανίζω: (properly) blot out, remove from sight/notice; dissapear]
3Mc 5:20The king, then, with a barbarity exceeding that of Phalaris, said, That they might thank his sleep of that day. Lose no time, and get ready the elephants against tomorrow, as you did before, for the destruction of these accursed Jews.3Mc 5:20
The king, then, with a barbarity exceeding that of Phalaris, said, “They might thank his sleep of that day. Lose no time, and get ready the elephants against tomorrow, as you did before, for the destruction of these accursed Jews.”
2121εἰπόντος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειπ·ο[υ]ντ·ος
2aor act ptcp mas gen sg or 2aor act ptcp neu gen sg
upon SAY-ing
say, tell, relate, narrate | Present λεγ- | Aorist ειπ- | Future ερ- | Perfect ειρη- | Imperfect ελεγ- | Passive ρηθ- ερρηθ- ερρεθ-
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
βασιλέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
king
ἀσμένως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἀσμένως
ασμενως
indecl
gladly
πάντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ες
mas nom|voc pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
χαρᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

χαρά, -ᾶς, ἡ
χαρ·ας
(fem) gen sg
joy
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
simple article
παρόντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πάρ·ειμι[1] fr. εἰμί[1] (ath. παρ+(εσ)-/παρ+(εσ)-, παρ+εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
παρ·(εσ)·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while BE-ing-PRESENT/NEAR
Lit:"be-close-beside", hence be-present/here/near/close-beside/at-hand, to-have-come/arrived. Root for "παρουσία"(arrival/coming/visitation/entrance).
ὁμοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὁμοῦ
ομου
indecl
together
συναινέσαντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συν·αινέω [LXX] (-, -, συν+αινε·σ-, -, -, -)
συν·αινε·σαντ·ες
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon TO JOIN IN PRAISING; TO CONSENT-ing
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into +acc
OF PLACE, the oldest and commonest usage into, with Verbs of saying or speaking relating to the person to whom or before whom one is speaking, Verbs expressing rest in a place, when a previous motion into or to it is implied; elliptical usage after Verbs
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
ἴδιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Possessive)

ἴδιος -ία -ον
ιδι·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
own
privately
οἶκον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

οἶκος, -ου, ὁ (cf. οἰκία)
οικ·ον
(mas) acc sg
house/home
/dwelling-place, by extension, household.
ἕκαστος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Distributive Numeral)

ἕκαστος -η -ον
εκαστ·ος
mas nom sg
each-separately
(from "ἕκας" "separate"), hence each-separately/distinctly (as opposed to "πᾶς" "each-of-a-relevant-set"
ἀνέλυσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀνα·λύω (ανα+λυ-, -, ανα+λυ·σ-, ανα+λελυ·κ-, -, ανα+λυ·θ-)
ανα·ε·λυ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-DETACH/BREAK-ed-FREE
[see analyze: to deconstruct or decompose (in order to identify) the parts from a whole]
3Mc 5:21When the king said this, the company present were glad, and approved; and then each man went to his own home.3Mc 5:21
When the king said this, the company present were glad, and approved. Then each man went to his own home.
2222καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
οὐχ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουχ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
οὕτως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὕτως/οὕτω
ουτως
indecl
so, thus
[Lit:"like-this": in-this-manner (οὕτως before vowels and consonants; οὕτω before consonants only]
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into +acc
OF PLACE, the oldest and commonest usage into, with Verbs of saying or speaking relating to the person to whom or before whom one is speaking, Verbs expressing rest in a place, when a previous motion into or to it is implied; elliptical usage after Verbs
ὕπνον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ὕπνος, -ου, ὁ
υπν·ον
(mas) acc sg
sleep
κατεχρήσαντο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·χράομαι (κατα+χρ(α)-, -, κατα+χρη·σ-, -, -, -)
κατα·ε·χρη·σαντο
1aor mp ind 3rd pl
they-were-MISUSE-ed
abuse; injure, harm, mistreat; insult, malign, curse, revile, to pretend, allege
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
χρόνον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

χρόνος, -ου, ὁ (cf. καιρός)
χρον·ον
(mas) acc sg
time
, a specific (clock) time, period-of-time (a while). Distinct from kairos (season)
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
νυκτός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

νύξ, -υκτός, ἡ
νυκτ·ος
(fem) gen sg
night
ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into +acc
OF PLACE, the oldest and commonest usage into, with Verbs of saying or speaking relating to the person to whom or before whom one is speaking, Verbs expressing rest in a place, when a previous motion into or to it is implied; elliptical usage after Verbs
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
simple article
παντοίους μηχανᾶσθαι τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
ταλαιπώροις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2); Verb

ταλαίπωρος -ον; ταλαιπωρέω (ταλαιπωρ(ε)-, ταλαιπωρη·σ-, ταλαιπωρη·σ-, τεταλαιπωρη·κ-, -, -)
ταλαιπωρ·οις; ταλαιπωρ(ε)·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl or fem dat pl; pres act opt 2nd sg
miserable; you(sg)-happen-to-be-SUFFER-ing
; distress
δοκοῦσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δοκέω (δοκ(ε)-, δοξ-, δοξ-, -, δεδοκ-, -)
δοκ(ε)·ουσι(ν), δοκ(ε)·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
they-are-SUPPOSE-ing, while SUPPOSE-ing
,from "dokos"(opinion), hence suppose/seem/think/consider. Same root as "εὐδοκέω"(seem-good). Often rendered "think", but less objective than "νοέω"(think) and less visceral than "φρονέω"(think).
ἐμπαιγμούς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἐμ·παιγμός, -οῦ, ὁ
εμπαιγμ·ους
(mas) acc pl
derisions
3Mc 5:22Nor did they employ the night in sleep, so much as in contriving cruel mockeries for those deemed miserable.3Mc 5:22
They didn’t employ the night in sleep, but in contriving cruel mockeries for those deemed miserable.
2323ἄρτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἄρτι
αρτι
indecl
just-now
,presently, at-this-moment.
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἀλεκτρυὼν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀλεκτρυών, -όνος, ὁ [LXX]
αλεκτρυον·^
(mas) nom sg
rooster
ἐκέκραγεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κράζω (κραζ-, κραξ-/κεκραξ-, κραξ-/κεκραξ- or 2nd κεκραγ-, κεκραγ·[κ]-, -, -)
ε·κεκραγ·ε(ν)
2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-CALL/CRY-ed-OUT
ὄρθριος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ὀρθρινός -ή -όν v.l. -ριος -ία -ιον
ορθρι·ος
mas nom sg
early in the morning
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
simple article
θηρία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

θηρίον, -ου, τό
θηρι·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
beasts
καθωπλικὼς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
Ἕρμων ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
simple article
μεγάλῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2, irreg.)

μέγ[αλ]ας μεγάλη μέγ[αλ]α
μεγαλ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
great
περιστύλῳ διεκίνει
3Mc 5:23The morning cock had just crowed, and Hermon, having harnessed the brutes, was stimulating them in the great colonnade.3Mc 5:23
The morning cock had just crowed, and Hermon, having harnessed the brutes, was stimulating them in the great colonnade.
2424τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
simple article
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
πόλιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

πόλις, -εως, ἡ
πολ(ι)·ν
(fem) acc sg
city
πλήθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πλῆθο·ς, -ους, τό
πληθ(ε)·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
multitudes
a large number, the main body, an assembly
συνήθροιστο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συν·αθροίζω (συν+αθροιζ-, -, συν+αθροι·σ-, -, συν+ηθροισ-, συν+αθροισ·θ-)
συν·ε·ηθροισ·το
plup mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-had-been-GATHER TOGETHER-ed!
gather into one mass
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
οἰκτροτάτην θεωρίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

θεωρία, -ας, ἡ
θεωρι·αν
(fem) acc sg
spectacle
προσδοκῶντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·δοκάω (προσ+δοκ(α)-, -, προσ+δοκη·σ-, -, -, -)
προσ·δοκ(α)·ο[υ]ντ·α
pres act ptcp mas acc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
while EXPECT-ing
expect, look for, wait for
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
πρωίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

πρωΐα, -ας, ἡ
πρωι·αν
(fem) acc sg
morning
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
σπουδῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

σπουδή, -ῆς, ἡ
σπουδ·ης
(fem) gen sg
diligence/haste
3Mc 5:24The city crowds were collected together to see the hideous spectacle, and waited impatiently for the dawn.3Mc 5:24
The city crowds were collected together to see the hideous spectacle, and waited impatiently for the dawn.
2525οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
simple article
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
Ιουδαῖοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·οι
mas nom|voc pl
Jewish
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
ἀμερῆ ψυχουλκούμενοι χρόνον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

χρόνος, -ου, ὁ (cf. καιρός)
χρον·ον
(mas) acc sg
time
, a specific (clock) time, period-of-time (a while). Distinct from kairos (season)
πολύδακρυν ἱκετείαν ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
μέλεσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

μέλο·ς, -ους, τό
μελ(ε)·σι(ν)
(neu) dat pl
members
γοεροῖς τείνοντες τὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ας
fem acc pl
the
simple article
χεῖρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

χείρ, χειρός, ἡ, dat. pl. χερσίν
χειρ·ας
(fem) acc pl
hands
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into +acc
OF PLACE, the oldest and commonest usage into, with Verbs of saying or speaking relating to the person to whom or before whom one is speaking, Verbs expressing rest in a place, when a previous motion into or to it is implied; elliptical usage after Verbs
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
οὐρανὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

οὐρανός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. οὐρανοί
ουραν·ον
(mas) acc sg
sky/heaven
ἐδέοντο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δέομαι (δε-/δ(ε)-, -, -, -, δεδεη-, δεη·θ-)
ε·δε·οντο
impf mp ind 3rd pl
they-were-being-NEED/REQUIRE-ed
deeply need/require, by extension, beg/beseech/supplicate/urgently appeal.
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
μεγίστου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

μέγιστος -η -ον (Superl. of μέγας)
μεγιστ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
greatest
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god
[see theology]
πάλιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πάλιν
παλιν
indecl
again
afresh, again, anon, once more, back, backwards, restore
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
βοηθῆσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βοηθέω (βοηθ(ε)-, βοηθη·σ-, βοηθη·σ-, -, βεβοηθη-, βοηθη·θ-)
βοηθη·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-HELP, be-you(sg)-HELP-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-HELP
Lit:"run-to-urgent-exclamation", hence supply-urgently-needed-help, come-to-the-aid.
συντόμως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

συν·τόμως
συντομως
indecl
briefly
3Mc 5:25The Jews, breathless with momentary suspense, stretched forth their hands, and prayed the Greatest God, in mournful strains, again to help them speedily.3Mc 5:25
The Jews, breathless with momentary suspense, stretched out their hands and prayed the Greatest God, in mournful strains, again to help them speedily.
2626οὔπω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὔπω (οὔ πω)
ουπω
indecl
not yet
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἡλίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.); Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Ἠλίας, -ου, ὁ; ἥλιος, -ου, ὁ
ηλι·ου; ηλι·ου
(mas) gen sg; (mas) gen sg
Elijah; sun
; In mythology Apollo, ancient Greek god of light, healing and poetry
βολαὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βολή, -ῆς, ἡ
βολ·αι
(fem) nom|voc pl
throw befores
radiance, rays, payment,quick glances
κατεσπείροντο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·σπείρω [LXX] (κατα+σπειρ-, κατα+σπερ(ε)·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
κατα·ε·σπειρ·οντο
impf mp ind 3rd pl
they-were-being-???-ed
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
βασιλέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
king
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
simple article
φίλους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

φίλος -η -ον
φιλ·ους
mas acc pl
friend
companion
ἐκδεχομένου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·δέχομαι (εκ+δεχ-, εκ+δεξ-, εκ+δεξ-, -, εκ+δεδεχ-, -)
εκ·δεχ·ομεν·ου
pres mp ptcp mas gen sg or pres mp ptcp neu gen sg
while being-WAIT-FOR-ed
[anticipate, expect, take in, receive]
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
Ἕρμων παραστὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρ·ίστημι (ath. παρ+ιστ(α)-/ath. παρ+ιστ(η)-, παρα+στη·σ-, παρα+στη·σ- or 2nd ath. παρα+στ(η)-/ath. παρα+στ(α)-, παρ+εστη·κ-/παρ+εστ(α)·[κ]-, -, -)
παρα·στ(α)·[ντ]·ς
2aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon STAND-WITH/BESIDE-ing
Lit: "stand-close-beside", hence cause-to-stand/place-beside, present, be-beside-oneself, lose one's wits, dispose, induce, arouse, inspire, arouse, inspire, furnish, supply, deliver, prove, show.
ἐκάλει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καλέω (καλ(ε)-, καλε·σ-, καλε·σ-, κεκλη·κ-, κεκλη-, κλη·θ-)
ε·καλ(ε)·ε
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-CALL-ing
call, summon/invite, or to name
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
ἔξοδον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl.)

ἔξ·οδος, -ου, ἡ
εξοδ·ον
(fem) acc sg
exodus
departure
ὑποδεικνύων τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
simple article
πρόθυμον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

πρό·θυμος -ον
προθυμ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
dispositioned/predisposed
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
βασιλέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
king
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ἑτοίμῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἕτοιμος -η -ον
ετοιμ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
ready
prepared see Matt 22:4 of the wedding feast
κεῖσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κεῖ·μαι (ath. κει-, -, -, -, -, -)
κει·σθαι
pres mp inf
to-be-being-LIE-ed
Pass: be-laid/situated/enacted. Sometime metaphor: appoint/set/stand.
3Mc 5:26The sun's rays were not yet shed abroad, and the king was waiting for his friends, when Hermon came to him, calling him out, and saying, That his desires could now be realized.3Mc 5:26
The sun’s rays were not yet shining and the king was waiting for his friends when Hermon came to him, calling him out, and saying that his desires could now be realized.
2727τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἀποδεξαμένου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·δέχομαι (απο+δεχ-, -, απο+δεξ-, -, -, απο+δεχ·θ-)
απο·δεχ·σαμεν·ου
1aor mp ptcp mas gen sg or 1aor mp ptcp neu gen sg
upon being-WELCOME-ed
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
καταπλαγέντος ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
simple article
παρανόμῳ ἐξόδῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl.)

ἔξ·οδος, -ου, ἡ
εξοδ·ῳ
(fem) dat sg
exodus
departure
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
πᾶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παν[τ]
neu nom|acc|voc sg
each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
ἀγνωσίᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀ·γνωσία, -ας, ἡ
αγνωσι·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
ignorance
κεκρατημένος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κρατέω (κρατ(ε)-, κρατη·σ-, κρατη·σ-, κεκρατη·κ-, κεκρατη-, κρατη·θ-)
κεκρατη·μεν·ος
perf mp ptcp mas nom sg
having-been-SEIZE/TAKE-HOLD-ed
, from "κράτος" (strength/might), hence take-hold/control-of/retain, exercise-power-over, seize/arrest/detain, bear/carry,
ἐπυνθάνετο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πυνθάνομαι (πυνθαν-, -, 2nd πυθ-, -, -, -)
ε·πυνθαν·ετο
impf mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-being-INQUIRE-ed
τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
simple article
πρᾶγμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πρᾶγμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πραγμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
matter
/thing/business/affair/object [root for "pragmatic"]
ἐφ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
εφ’
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
οὗ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle; Pronoun (Relative)

οὗ[1]; ὅς ἥ ὅ
ου; ου
indecl; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
where; who/whom/which
;
τοῦτο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
σπουδῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

σπουδή, -ῆς, ἡ
σπουδ·ης
(fem) gen sg
diligence/haste
τετέλεσται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τελέω (τελ(ε)-, τελε·σ-, τελε·σ-, τετελε·κ-, τετελεσ-, τελεσ·θ-)
τετελεσ·ται
perf mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-has-been-END-ed
/finish/complete
3Mc 5:27The king, receiving him, was astonished at his unwonted exit; and, overwhelmed with a spirit of oblivion about everything, enquired the object of this earnest preparation.3Mc 5:27
The king, receiving him, was astonished at his unusual invitation. Overwhelmed with a spirit of oblivion about everything, inquired about the object of this earnest preparation.
2828τοῦτο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
simple article
ἐνέργεια [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἐν·έργεια, -ας, ἡ
ενεργει·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
working
(operation)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
πάντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or mas acc sg
all, each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
δεσποτεύοντος θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god
[see theology]
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
πρὶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πρίν
πριν
indecl
before
prior-to
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
μεμηχανημένων λήθην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

λήθη, -ῆς, ἡ
ληθ·ην
(fem) acc sg
forgetfulness
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
διάνοιαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

διά·νοια, -ας, ἡ
διανοι·αν
(fem) acc sg
cognition
intellect, mentality, purpose, plan
ἐντεθεικότος
3Mc 5:28But this was the working of that Almighty God who had made him forget all his purpose.3Mc 5:28
But this was the working of that Almighty God who had made him forget all his purpose.
2929ὑπεδείκνυεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
Ἕρμων καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
πάντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ες
mas nom|voc pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
simple article
φίλοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

φίλος -η -ον; φιλέω (φιλ(ε)-, φιλη·σ-, φιλη·σ-, πεφιλη·κ-, -, -)
φιλ·οι; φιλ(ε)·οι
mas nom|voc pl; pres act opt 3rd sg
friend; he/she/it-happens-to-be-BE-ing-FOND-OF
companion; [hold at high degree of association, have affection toward; raraly of kissing]
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
simple article
θηρία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

θηρίον, -ου, τό
θηρι·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
beasts
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ας
fem acc pl
the
simple article
δυνάμεις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

δύναμις, -εως, ἡ
δυναμ(ι)·ες, δυναμ(ι)·ας
(fem) nom|voc pl, (fem) acc pl
abilities
force /power
ἡτοιμάσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἑτοιμάζω (ετοιμαζ-, ετοιμα·σ-, ετοιμα·σ-, ητοιμα·κ-, ητοιμασ-, ετοιμασ·θ-)
ητοιμασ·[σ]θαι
perf mp inf
to-have-been-PREPARE/MAKE-READY-ed
αρξασθωσαν
βασιλεῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)
(mas) voc sg
king
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
σὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Possessive)

σός -ή -όν
σ·ην
fem acc sg
your/yours(sg)
ἐκτενῆ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3)

ἐκ·τενής -ές
εκτεν(ε)·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
extended
Lit:"stretched-out".
πρόθεσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

πρό·θεσις, -εως, ἡ
προθεσ(ι)·ν
(fem) acc sg
pre-arrangement
from verb "προτίθεμαι" (before-set-forth/aside, before-place/arrange/appoint), hence "pre-arrangement". Often rendered "purpose", yet distinct from "βουλή" (purpose/plan/intent/will), emphasizing a pre-arranging tha
3Mc 5:29Hermon, and all his friends, pointed out the preparation of the animals. They are ready, O king, according to your own strict injunction.3Mc 5:29
Hermon and all his friends pointed out the preparation of the animals. They are ready, O king, according to your own strict injunction.
3030 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
ῥηθεῖσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ρη·θει[ντ]·σι(ν)
aor θη ptcp mas dat pl or aor θη ptcp neu dat pl
upon being-SAY-ed
say, tell, relate, narrate | Present λεγ- | Aorist ειπ- | Future ερ- | Perfect ειρη- | Imperfect ελεγ- | Passive ρηθ- ερρηθ- ερρεθ-
πληρωθεὶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πληρόω (πληρ(ο)-, πληρω·σ-, πληρω·σ-, πεπληρω·κ-, πεπληρω-, πληρω·θ-)
πληρω·θει[ντ]·ς
aor θη ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon being-FILL-ed
fill, make full or complete (hence, "fulfill").
βαρεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.); Adjective (3-1-3); Verb

βάρο·ς, -ους, τό; βαρύς -εῖα -ύ, gen. sg. -έος and -έως; βαρέω (βαρ(ε)-, -, -, -, βεβαρη-, βαρη·θ-)
βαρ(ε)·ι; βαρ(υ)·ι; βαρ(ε)·ει, βαρ(ε)·ε
(neu) dat sg; neu dat sg or mas dat sg; pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, pres act imp 2nd sg
weight; heavy; he/she/it-is-WEIGH-ing-DOWN, you(sg)-are-being-WEIGH-ed-DOWN, be-you(sg)-WEIGH-ing-DOWN!
; ; βαρύς , εῖα, ύ: heavy, oftener figurative than literal; σχέθε χεῖρα βαρεῖαν, stayed his ‘heavy hand,’ suggesting power, Il. 1.219; βαρείᾱς χεῖρας ἐποίσει, ‘violent’ hands, Il. 1.89; of ‘grievous’ pains, Il. 5.417; ‘dread’ fates, Il. 21.548; ‘low,’ ‘gruff’
χόλῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

χολάω (χολ(α)-, -, -, -, -, -)
χολ(α)·οι
pres act opt 3rd sg
he/she/it-happens-to-be-BE-ing-ANGRY
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
simple article
περὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

περί
περι
indecl
about (+acc,+gen)
Lit:"around" (as in perimeter "around-measure"). Fig:about/regarding/concerning
τούτων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
προνοίᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

πρό·νοια, -ας, ἡ
προνοι·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
provision
[forethought, caution, providence, care for]
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god
[see theology]
διεσκεδάσθαι πᾶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παν[τ]
neu nom|acc|voc sg
each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
simple article
νόημα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

νόημα[τ], -ατος, τό
νοημα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
understanding
thought, purpose, idea, mind, perspective
ἐνατενίσας μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
ἀπειλῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀπειλή, -ῆς, ἡ
απειλ·ης
(fem) gen sg
threat
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY-ed
say, tell, relate, narrate | Present λεγ- | Aorist ειπ- | Future ερ- | Perfect ειρη- | Imperfect ελεγ- | Passive ρηθ- ερρηθ- ερρεθ-
3Mc 5:30The king was filled with fierce anger at these words; for, by the Providence of God regarding these things, his mind had become entirely confused. He looked hard at Hermon, and threatened him as follows:3Mc 5:30
The king was filled with fierce anger at these words, for, by the Providence of God regarding these things, his mind had become entirely confused. He looked hard at Hermon, and threatened him as follows:
3131ὅσοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅσος -η -ον
οσ·οι
mas nom pl
as much/many as
γονεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

γονεύς, -έως, ὁ
γον(ευ)·ες, γον(ευ)·ας
(mas) nom|voc pl, (mas) acc pl
parents
παρῆσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

πάρ·ειμι[1] fr. εἰμί[1] (ath. παρ+(εσ)-/παρ+(εσ)-, παρ+εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -); παρ·ίημι (-, παρ+η·σ-, παρ+η·κ- or 2nd ath. παρ+(ε)-, -, παρ+ει-, παρ+ε·θ-)
παρ·ε·(ε[σ])·σαν; παρ·η·σαν[τ]
impf act ind 3rd pl; 1aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
they-were-BE-ing-PRESENT/NEAR; upon HAVE-ing-NOTHING-TO-DO-WITH
Lit:"be-close-beside", hence be-present/here/near/close-beside/at-hand, to-have-come/arrived. Root for "παρουσία"(arrival/coming/visitation/entrance).; pass by, pass over, disregard, permit, allow, give up, relaxed, weakened
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἤ[1]
η
indecl
or/than
παίδων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl. and Fem. 3rd Decl.)

παῖ[δ]ς, -αιδός, ὁ and
παιδ·ων
(mas) gen pl or (fem) gen pl
children/servants
γόνοι τήνδε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

ὅ·δε ἥ·δε τό·δε
τ·ην·δε
fem acc sg
this
demonstrative pronoun ὁ, ἡ, τό added to the enclitic "δε", and declined like the pronoun according to case = "this", "thus", "such-and-such", etc.
θηρσὶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

θήρ, -ερός, ὁ [LXX], dat. pl. θηρσίν
θηρ·σι(ν)
(mas) dat pl
wild beasts
ἀγρίοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἄγριος -ία -ον
αγρι·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
wild
ἐσκεύασα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σκευάζω [LXX] (-, -, σκευα·σ-, -, εσκευασ-, -)
ε·σκευα·σα
1aor act ind 1st sg
I-PREPARE-ed
to prepare; to make ready
ἂν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἄν
αν
indecl
ever
δαψιλῆ θοῖναν ἀντὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀντί
αντι
indecl
against/instead (+gen)
as much as, in return for, in exchange ofmma]nti< is the preposition first of equivalence (Homer, Il . ix. 116, 117) and then of ex- change (1 Cor. xi. 15; Heb. xii. 2, 16; Matt. v. 38),
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
ἀνεγκλήτων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἀν·έγ·κλητος -ον
ανεγκλητ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
blameless
Lit:"not-in-call-able", hence, above/beyond-reproach, not-convict-able when properly scrutinized.
ἐμοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person); Determiner (Possessive)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς; ἐμός -ή -όν
εμοι; εμ·οι
dat sg; mas nom|voc pl
me; my/mine
;
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
προγόνοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

πρό·γονος -ον
προγον·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl or fem dat pl
fore-born
ἐμοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Possessive)

ἐμός -ή -όν
εμ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
my/mine
ἀποδεδειγμένων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·δείκνυμι (ath. απο+δεικνυ-, -, απο+δειξ-, -, απο+δεδεικ-, -)
απο·δεδεικ·μεν·ων
perf mp ptcp fem gen pl or perf mp ptcp mas gen pl or perf mp ptcp neu gen pl
having-been-PROCLAIM-ed
make, appoint or proclaim (with double accusative); or: prove, point out, display
ὁλοσχερῆ βεβαίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

βέβαιος -α -ον
βεβαι·αν
fem acc sg
absolutely certain
πίστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

πίστις, -εως, ἡ
πιστ(ι)·ν
(fem) acc sg
faith/faithfulness
allegiance; trust; trustworthiness; πίστις can refer to faith/trust, to that which one believes or trusts (the content of one's faith), or to the personal trait of faithfulness/trustworthiness/integrity.
ἐξόχως Ιουδαίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
Jewish
3Mc 5:31Your parents, or your children, were they here, to these wild beasts a large repast they should have furnished; not these innocent Jews, who me and my forefathers loyally have served.3Mc 5:31
“Your parents, or your children, were they here, would have given a large meal to these wild animals, not these innocent Jews, who have loyally served me and my forefathers.
3232καίπερ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί·περ
καιπερ
indecl
although
εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
συντροφίας στοργὴν καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
χρείας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

χρεία, -ας, ἡ
χρει·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
need, needs
use, advantage, service; generally, business, employment, function; of persons, familiarity, intimacy; Rhet., pregnant sentence, maxim, freq. illustrated by an anecdote
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
simple article
ζῆν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ζάω (ζ(η)-/ath. ζ(η)-, ζη·σ-, ζη·σ-, -, -, -)
ζ(η)·ειν > ζην
pres act inf
to-be-LIVE-ing
Verb from "ζωή"(life), hence live/made-alive, exist, inhabit
ἀντὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀντί
αντι
indecl
against/instead (+gen)
as much as, in return for, in exchange ofmma]nti< is the preposition first of equivalence (Homer, Il . ix. 116, 117) and then of ex- change (1 Cor. xi. 15; Heb. xii. 2, 16; Matt. v. 38),
τούτων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
ἐστερήθης
3Mc 5:32Had it not been for familiar friendship, and the claims of your office, your life should have gone for theirs.3Mc 5:32
Had it not been for familiar friendship, and the claims of your office, your life should have gone for theirs.”
3333οὕτως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὕτως/οὕτω
ουτως
indecl
so, thus
[Lit:"like-this": in-this-manner (οὕτως before vowels and consonants; οὕτω before consonants only]
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
Ἕρμων ἀπροσδόκητον ἐπικίνδυνον ὑπήνεγκεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑπο·φέρω (υπο+φερ-, υπ+οι·σ-, υπ+ενεγκ·[σ]- or 2nd υπ+ενεγκ-, -, -, -)
υπ·ε·ενεγκ·[σ]ε(ν), υπ·ε·ενεγκ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-BEAR-ed
carry by being under, endure
ἀπειλὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀπειλή, -ῆς, ἡ
απειλ·ην
(fem) acc sg
threat
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
simple article
ὁράσει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

ὅρασις, -εως, ἡ
ορασ(ι)·ι
(fem) dat sg
vision
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
simple article
προσώπῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

πρόσ·ωπον, -ου, τό
προσωπ·ῳ
(neu) dat sg
face
face/countenance; person; (external) appearance
συνεστάλη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συ·στέλλω (συν+στελλ-, -, συν+στειλ·[σ]-, -, συν+εσταλ-, συν+σταλ·[θ]-)
συν·ε·σταλ·[θ]η
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-RETRACT-ed
3Mc 5:33Hermon, being threatened in this unexpected and alarming manner, was troubled in visage, and depressed in countenance.3Mc 5:33
¶Hermon, being threatened in this unexpected and alarming manner, was troubled in his eyes, and his face fell.
3434 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
καθεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Distributive Numeral); Verb

καθ·εῖς -ἕν; καθ·ίημι (ath. καθ+ι(ε)-, καθ+η·σ-, καθ+η·κ- or 2nd ath. καθ+(ε)-, -, -, -)
καθει[ν]·ς; irreg. καθ·(ε)·εις (instead of καθ·ι(ε)·εις > αφιεις), καθ·(ε)·[ντ]·ς
mas nom sg; pres act ind 2nd sg, 2aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
each one/one-by-one; you(sg)-are-SET-ing, upon SET-ing
;
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
φίλων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

φίλος -η -ον; φιλέω (φιλ(ε)-, φιλη·σ-, φιλη·σ-, πεφιλη·κ-, -, -)
φιλ·ων; φιλ(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
friend; while BE-ing-FOND-OF
companion; [hold at high degree of association, have affection toward; raraly of kissing]
σκυθρωπῶς ὑπεκρέων τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
simple article
συνηθροισμένους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συν·αθροίζω (συν+αθροιζ-, -, συν+αθροι·σ-, -, συν+ηθροισ-, συν+αθροισ·θ-)
συν·ηθροισ·μεν·ους
perf mp ptcp mas acc pl
having-been-GATHER TOGETHER-ed
gather into one mass
ἀπέλυσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·λύω (απο+λυ-, απο+λυ·σ-, απο+λυ·σ-, απο+λελυ·κ-, απο+λελυ-, απο+λυ·θ-)
απο·ε·λυ·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-RELEASE-ed
Lit:"loose-from", hence release, let-go, divorce, free, pardon. Also a euphemism for die.
ἕκαστον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Distributive Numeral)

ἕκαστος -η -ον
εκαστ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
each-separately
(from "ἕκας" "separate"), hence each-separately/distinctly (as opposed to "πᾶς" "each-of-a-relevant-set"
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
ἰδίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Possessive)

ἴδιος -ία -ον
ιδι·αν
fem acc sg
own
privately
ἀσχολίαν
3Mc 5:34The friends, too, stole out one by one, and dismissed the assembled multitudes to their respective occupations.3Mc 5:34
The friends, too, stole out one by one, and dismissed the assembled multitudes to their respective occupations.
3535οἵ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
οι
mas nom pl
who/whom/which
τε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

τέ
τε
indecl
and [postpositive coordinate]
Ιουδαῖοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·οι
mas nom|voc pl
Jewish
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
simple article
παρὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

παρά
παρα
indecl
frοm beside (+acc,+gen,+dat)
παρ’ before vowels I. beside, near, by, II. along, III. past, beyond. 1. with Verbs of coming, going, etc., to the side of, to, with Verbs of placing, examining, etc., side by side with, near, together
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
βασιλέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
king
ἀκούσαντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀκούω (ακου-, ακου·σ-, ακου·σ-, ακηκο·[κ]-, ηκουσ-, ακουσ·θ-)
ακου·σαντ·ες
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon HEAR-ing
to hear; to listen (pay attention) to; or to understand what is heard
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
ἐπιφανῆ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3)

ἐπι·φανής -ές
επιφαν(ε)·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
in-full-view
Lit:"viewable/illuminated-upon", hence manifest, in-full-view, fully-visible.
θεὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ον
(mas) acc sg
god
[see theology]
κύριον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ον; κυρι·ον
(mas) acc sg; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
βασιλέα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·α
(mas) acc sg
king
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
βασιλέων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ων
(mas) gen pl
kings
ᾔνουν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

αἰνέω (αιν(ε)-, αινε·σ-, αινε·σ-, -, -, -)
ε·αιν(ε)·ον
impf act ind 1st sg or impf act ind 3rd pl
I-was-PRAISE-ing, they-were-PRAISE-ing
approve, advise, recommend
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τῆσδε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

ὅ·δε ἥ·δε τό·δε
τ·ησ·δε
fem gen sg
this
demonstrative pronoun ὁ, ἡ, τό added to the enclitic "δε", and declined like the pronoun according to case = "this", "thus", "such-and-such", etc.
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
βοηθείας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βοήθεια, -ας, ἡ
βοηθει·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
help, helps
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
τετευχότες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

τυγχάνω (τυγχαν-, τευξ-, τευξ- or 2nd τυχ-, τετυχ·[κ]-/τετευχ·[κ]-, -, -); τεύχω [LXX] (-, τευξ-, τευξ-, τετευχ·[κ]-, -, -)
τετευχ·[κ]οτ·ες; τετευχ·[κ]οτ·ες
perf act ptcp mas nom|voc pl; perf act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
having CHANCE-ed-UPON; having TO MAKE READY-ed--WORK
; of events, to cause, make, bring to pass, bring about; c. acc. pers. to make so and so
3Mc 5:35The Jews, having heard of these events, praised the glorious God and King of kings, because they had obtained this help, too, from him.3Mc 5:35
The Jews, having heard of these events, praised the glorious God and King of kings, because they had obtained this help, too, from him.
3636κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
simple article
αὐτοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ους
mas acc pl
them/same
νόμους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ους
(mas) acc pl
custom/laws
ordinance custom practice
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
συστησάμενος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συν·ίστημι (ath. συν+ιστ(α)-/ath. συν+ιστ(η)-, συν+στη·σ-, συν+στη·σ- or 2nd ath. συν+στ(η)-/ath. συν+στ(α)-, συν+εστη·κ-/συν+εστ(α)·[κ]-, -, συν+στα·θ-)
συν·στη·σαμεν·ος
1aor mp ptcp mas nom sg
upon being-STAND-ed-WITH
πᾶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παν[τ]
neu nom|acc|voc sg
each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
simple article
συμπόσιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

συμ·πόσιον, -ου, τό
συμποσι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
feast
banquet, symposium
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into +acc
OF PLACE, the oldest and commonest usage into, with Verbs of saying or speaking relating to the person to whom or before whom one is speaking, Verbs expressing rest in a place, when a previous motion into or to it is implied; elliptical usage after Verbs
εὐφροσύνην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

εὐ·φρο·σύνη, -ης, ἡ
ευφροσυν·ην
(fem) acc sg
gladness
Lit:"good-feeling/thinking/attitude", hence cheerfulness, optimism, gladness
τραπῆναι παρεκάλει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·καλέω (παρα+καλ(ε)-, παρα+καλε·σ-, παρα+καλε·σ-, -, παρα+κεκλη-, παρα+κλη·θ-)
παρα·ε·καλ(ε)·ε
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-ENTREAT/COMFORT-ing
[Lit: "call-close-beside", hence: entreat/implore, or encourage/comfort (in affliction)]
3Mc 5:36Now the king arranged another banquet after the same manner, and proclaimed an invitation to mirth.3Mc 5:36
Now the king arranged another banquet in the same way, and proclaimed an invitation to mirth.
3737τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
Ἕρμωνα προσκαλεσάμενος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·καλέω (προσ+καλ(ε)-, προσ+καλε·σ-, προσ+καλε·σ-, -, προσ+κεκλη-, προσ+κλη·θ-)
προσ·καλε·σαμεν·ος
1aor mp ptcp mas nom sg
upon being-SUMMON-ed
Lit: "call-toward", hence summon
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
ἀπειλῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀπειλή, -ῆς, ἡ
απειλ·ης
(fem) gen sg
threat
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY-ed
say, tell, relate, narrate | Present λεγ- | Aorist ειπ- | Future ερ- | Perfect ειρη- | Imperfect ελεγ- | Passive ρηθ- ερρηθ- ερρεθ-
ποσάκις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Multiplicative Numeral)

ποσά·κις
ποσακις
indecl
how many times
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
δεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

δέω (δε-/δ(ε)-, δη·σ-, δη·σ-, δεδε·κ-, δεδε-, δε·θ-); δέομαι (δε-/δ(ε)-, -, -, -, δεδεη-, δεη·θ-)
δ(ε)·ει, δ(ε)·ε; δ(ε)·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg, pres act imp 2nd sg; pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-BIND-ing, be-you(sg)-BIND-ing!; you(sg)-are-being-NEED/REQUIRE-ed
bind, enchain, tie; deeply need/require, by extension, beg/beseech/supplicate/urgently appeal.
σοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive); Verb

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν; τρίβω [LXX] (τριβ-, ·σ-, τριψ-, -, τετριβ-, -)
σοι; σ·οι; ·σοι
dat sg; mas nom|voc pl; fut act opt 3rd sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg); (fut opt)
; ; worn, rub
περὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

περί
περι
indecl
about (+acc,+gen)
Lit:"around" (as in perimeter "around-measure"). Fig:about/regarding/concerning
τούτων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
προστάττειν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·τάσσω/-τάττω (προσ+τασσ-/προσ+ταττ-, προσ+ταξ-, προσ+ταξ-, προσ+τεταχ·[κ]-, προσ+τετασσ-, προσ+ταγ·[θ]-/προσ+ταχ·θ-)
προσ·ταττ·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-GIVE-ing-A-DIRECTIVE
ἀθλιώτατε
3Mc 5:37And he summoned Hermon to his presence, and said, with threats, How often, O wretch, must I repeat my orders to thee about these same persons?3Mc 5:37
He summoned Hermon to his presence, and said, with threats, “How often, O wretch, must I repeat my orders to you about these same persons?
3838τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
simple article
ἐλέφαντας ἔτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἔτι
ετι
indecl
yet/still/ while
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
νῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

νῦν
νυν
indecl
now
καθόπλισον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καθ·οπλίζω (-, -, καθ+οπλι·σ-, -, καθ+ωπλισ-, -)
καθ·οπλι·σον
1aor act imp 2nd sg
do-FULLY ARM-you(sg)!
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into +acc
OF PLACE, the oldest and commonest usage into, with Verbs of saying or speaking relating to the person to whom or before whom one is speaking, Verbs expressing rest in a place, when a previous motion into or to it is implied; elliptical usage after Verbs
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
αὔριον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

αὔριον
αυριον
indecl
next day/tomorrow
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
Ιουδαίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
Jewish
ἀφανισμόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀ·φανισμός, -οῦ, ὁ
αφανισμ·ον
(mas) acc sg
obliteration/obscurity
[ἀφανίζω: (properly) blot out, remove from sight/notice; dissapear]
3Mc 5:38Once more, arm the elephants against the morrow for the extermination of the Jews.3Mc 5:38
Once more, arm the elephants for the extermination of the Jews tomorrow!”
3939οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
simple article
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
συνανακείμενοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συν·ανά·κει·μαι (ath. συνανα+κει-, -, -, -, -, -)
συνανα·κει·μεν·οι
pres mp ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while being-SIT-TOGETHER-ed
sit together at table.
συγγενεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3)

συγ·γενής -ές, dat. pl. συγγενεῦσιν v.l. συγγενέσιν
συγγεν(ε)·ες, συγγεν(ε)·ας
mas nom|voc pl or fem nom|voc pl, mas acc pl or fem acc pl
relative
of the same family or kind; a blood relative
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
ἀσταθῆ διάνοιαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

διά·νοια, -ας, ἡ
διανοι·αν
(fem) acc sg
cognition
intellect, mentality, purpose, plan
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
θαυμάζοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θαυμάζω (θαυμαζ-, θαυμα·σ-, θαυμα·σ-, τεθαυμα·κ-, τεθαυμασ-, θαυμασ·θ-)
θαυμαζ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while MARVEL-ing
/wonder-at/cause-amazement/surprise/shock/awe, be-impressed
προεφέροντο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προ·φέρω (προ+φερ-, -, προ+ενεγκ·[σ]-, -, -, -)
προ·ε·φερ·οντο
impf mp ind 3rd pl
they-were-being-BRING-ed-FORWARD
τάδε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

ὅ·δε ἥ·δε τό·δε
τ·α·δε
neu nom|acc pl
these
demonstrative pronoun ὁ, ἡ, τό added to the enclitic "δε", and declined like the pronoun according to case = "this", "thus", "such-and-such", etc.
3Mc 5:39His kinsmen, who were reclining with him, wondered at his instability, and thus expressed themselves:3Mc 5:39
His kinsmen, who were reclining with him, wondered at his instability, and thus expressed themselves:
4040βασιλεῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)
(mas) voc sg
king
μέχρι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μέχρι/μέχρις
μεχρι
indecl
until
[μέχρι before vowels and consonants; μέχρις before vowels only]
τίνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τιν·ος
neu gen sg or mas gen sg or fem gen sg
who
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
ἀλόγους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἄ·λογος -ον
αλογ·ους
mas acc pl or fem acc pl
unreasoning/speechless
[without reckoning/understanding, illogical]
ἡμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημας
acc pl
us
διαπειράζεις προστάσσων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·τάσσω/-τάττω (προσ+τασσ-/προσ+ταττ-, προσ+ταξ-, προσ+ταξ-, προσ+τεταχ·[κ]-, προσ+τετασσ-, προσ+ταγ·[θ]-/προσ+ταχ·θ-)
προσ·τασσ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while GIVE-ing-A-DIRECTIVE
ἤδη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἤδη
ηδη
indecl
already
by now, by then
τρίτον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

τρίτος -η -ον
τριτ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
third
αὐτοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ους
mas acc pl
them/same
ἀφανίσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀ·φανίζω (αφανιζ-, αφανι(ε)·[σ]-/αφανι·σ-, αφανι·σ-, -, ηφανισ-, αφανισ·θ-)
αφανι·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-DISAPPEAR/BLOT-OUT, be-you(sg)-DISAPPEAR/BLOT-ed-OUT!, he/she/it-happens-to-DISAPPEAR/BLOT-OUT
[remove from sight/notice/existence; obscure]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
πάλιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πάλιν
παλιν
indecl
again
afresh, again, anon, once more, back, backwards, restore
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
πραγμάτων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πρᾶγμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πραγματ·ων
(neu) gen pl
matters
/thing/business/affair/object [root for "pragmatic"]
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
from-out-of (+gen)
signifies origin of motion. sometimes rendered, "from", when the motion is already implied by the context. ἐξ before vowels.
μεταβολῆς ἀναλύων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀνα·λύω (ανα+λυ-, -, ανα+λυ·σ-, ανα+λελυ·κ-, -, ανα+λυ·θ-)
ανα·λυ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while DETACH/BREAK-ing-FREE
[see analyze: to deconstruct or decompose (in order to identify) the parts from a whole]
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
simple article
σοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive); Verb

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν; τρίβω [LXX] (τριβ-, ·σ-, τριψ-, -, τετριβ-, -)
σοι; σ·οι; ·σοι
dat sg; mas nom|voc pl; fut act opt 3rd sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg); (fut opt)
; ; worn, rub
δεδογμένα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δοκέω (δοκ(ε)-, δοξ-, δοξ-, -, δεδοκ-, -)
δεδοκ·μεν·α
perf mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
having-been-SUPPOSE-ed
,from "dokos"(opinion), hence suppose/seem/think/consider. Same root as "εὐδοκέω"(seem-good). Often rendered "think", but less objective than "νοέω"(think) and less visceral than "φρονέω"(think).
3Mc 5:40O king, how long dost thou make trial of us, as of men bereft of reason? This is the third time that thou hast ordered their destruction. When the thing is to be done, thou changest thy mind, and recallest thy instructions.3Mc 5:40
“O king, how long do you test us, as of men bereft of reason? This is the third time that you have ordered their destruction. When the thing is to be done, you change your mind, and recall your instructions.
4141ὧν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
who/whom/which
χάριν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

χάριν; χάρι[τ]ς, -ιτος, ἡ, acc. χάρι[τ]ν and χάριτα
χαριν; χαρι[τ]·ν
indecl; (fem) acc sg
for the sake of; favor/grace
[acc. of χάρις used adverbially] prep. for; [see charity]
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
simple article
πόλις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

πόλις, -εως, ἡ
πολ(ι)·ς
(fem) nom sg
city
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
προσδοκίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

προσ·δοκία, -ας, ἡ
προσδοκι·αν
(fem) acc sg
expectation
(from "προσδοκάω" "watch-toward/expect").
ὀχλεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὀχλέω (οχλ(ε)-, -, -, -, -, οχλη·θ-)
οχλ(ε)·ει, οχλ(ε)·ε
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, pres act imp 2nd sg
he/she/it-is-DISTURB-ing, you(sg)-are-being-DISTURB-ed, be-you(sg)-DISTURB-ing!
annoy, trouble
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
πληθύουσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πληθύω [LXX] (πληθυ-, -, -, -, -, -)
πληθυ·ουσ·α
pres act ptcp fem nom|voc sg
while TO BE OR BECOME FULL-ing
increase in number, multiply; abound; spread, prevail
συστροφαῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

συ·στροφή, -ῆς, ἡ
συστροφ·αις
(fem) dat pl
collections
swarm, gathering, concentration
ἤδη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἤδη
ηδη
indecl
already
by now, by then
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
κινδυνεύει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κινδυνεύω (κινδυνευ-, κινδυνευ·σ-, κινδυνευ·σ-, -, -, -)
κινδυνευ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-ENDANGER-ing, you(sg)-are-being-ENDANGER-ed
πολλάκις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Multiplicative Numeral)

πολλά·κις
πολλακις
indecl
many times
διαρπασθῆναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δι·αρπάζω (δι+αρπαζ-, δι+αρπ(α)·[σ]-/δι+αρπα·σ-, δι+αρπα·σ-, -, δι+ηρπασ-, δι+αρπασ·θ-/δι+αρπαγ·[θ]-)
δι·αρπασ·θηναι
aor θη inf
to-be-SPOLIATE-ed
[rob, plunder, pillage]
3Mc 5:41For this cause the feeling of expectation causes tumult in the city: it swarms with factions; and is continually on the point of being plundered.3Mc 5:41
Because of this, the feeling of expectation causes tumult in the city. It swarms with factions, and is continually on the point of being plundered.”
4242ὅθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὅ·θεν
οθεν
indecl
from where
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
πάντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or mas acc sg
all, each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
Φάλαρις βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
ἐμπληθυνθεὶς ἀλογιστίας καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ας
fem acc pl
the
simple article
γινομένας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
γιν·ομεν·ας
pres mp ptcp fem acc pl
while being-BECOME-ed
become; happen; be ("as a substitute for the forms of εἰμί" --BAGD)
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
ἐπισκοπὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἐπι·σκοπή, -ῆς, ἡ
επισκοπ·ην
(fem) acc sg
oversight
visitation
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
Ιουδαίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
Jewish
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
μεταβολὰς τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
ψυχῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ψυχή, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. ψυχή
ψυχ·ης
(fem) gen sg
soul-life
self A. life, “λύθη ψ. τε μένος τε” Il.5.296, etc.; psyche/mind
παρ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

παρά
παρ’
indecl
frοm beside (+acc,+gen,+dat)
παρ’ before vowels I. beside, near, by, II. along, III. past, beyond. 1. with Verbs of coming, going, etc., to the side of, to, with Verbs of placing, examining, etc., side by side with, near, together
οὐδὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

οὐδ·είς οὐδε·μία οὐδ·έν and οὐθ·είς (οὐθε·μία) οὐθ·έν
ουδε[ι]ν
neu nom|acc sg
none
[not one, no one]
ἡγούμενος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἡγέομαι (ηγ(ε)-, -, ηγη·σ-, -, ηγη-, -)
ηγ(ε)·ομεν·ος
pres mp ptcp mas nom sg
while being-REGARD/DEEM/GUIDE-ed
/consider/count/account, from "ἄγω" (lead/bring/bear) and cognate of "ἡγεμών" (governor/commander/hegemon)
ἀτελέστατον βεβαίως ὅρκον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ὅρκος, -ου, ὁ
ορκ·ον
(mas) acc sg
oath
ὁρισάμενος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁρίζω (οριζ-, ορι(ε)·[σ]-, ορι·σ-, -, ωρισ-, ορισ·θ-)
ορι·σαμεν·ος
1aor mp ptcp mas nom sg
upon being-SET-BOUNDARY/ORDAIN-ed
[surrounding boudary, separate by boundaries, ordain, lay down determine.]
τούτους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ους
mas acc pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
μὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μέν
μεν
indecl
indeed
/certainly/surely.
ἀνυπερθέτως πέμψειν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πέμπω (πεμπ-, πεμψ-, πεμψ-, πεπομφ·[κ]-, -, πεμφ·θ-)
πεμπ·σειν
fut act inf
to-will-SEND
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into +acc
OF PLACE, the oldest and commonest usage into, with Verbs of saying or speaking relating to the person to whom or before whom one is speaking, Verbs expressing rest in a place, when a previous motion into or to it is implied; elliptical usage after Verbs
ᾅδην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

ᾅδης, -ου, ὁ
ᾳδ·ην
(mas) acc sg
Hades
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
γόνασιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

γόνυ, γόνατος, τό
γονα[τ]·σι(ν)
(neu) dat pl
knees
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ποσὶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.); Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

πόσις, -εως, ἡ; πούς, ποδός, ὁ (cf. βάσις)
ποσ(ι)·ν; πο[δ]·σι(ν)
(fem) acc sg; (mas) dat pl
drink; feet
;
θηρίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

θηρίον, -ου, τό
θηρι·ων
(neu) gen pl
beasts
ᾐκισμένους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

αἰκίζω [LXX] (αικιζ-, -, αικι·σ-, -, ῃκισ-, αικισ·θ-)
ῃκισ·μεν·ους
perf mp ptcp mas acc pl
having-been-TORTURE-ed
3Mc 5:42The king, just like another Phalaris, a prey to thoughtlessness, made no account of the changes which his own mind had undergone, issuing in the deliverance of the Jews. He swore a fruitless oath, and determined forthwith to send them to hades, crushed by the knees and feet of the elephants.3Mc 5:42
¶The king, just like another Phalaris, a prey to thoughtlessness, made no account of the changes which his own mind had undergone, issuing in the deliverance of the Jews. He swore a fruitless oath, and determined immediately to send them to hades, crushed by the knees and feet of the elephants.
4343ἐπιστρατεύσαντα δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
Ιουδαίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαία, -ας, ἡ; Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·αν; ιουδαι·αν
(fem) acc sg; fem acc sg
Judea; Jewish
[region of];
ἰσόπεδον πυρὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πῦρ, -ρός, τό
πυρ·ι
(neu) dat sg
fire
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
δόρατι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

δόρυ, δόρατος, τό
δορατ·ι
(neu) dat sg
spear
θήσεσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τίθημι (ath. τιθ(ε)-, θη·σ-, θη·κ- or 2nd ath. θ(ε)-, τεθει·κ-, τεθει-, τε·θ-)
θη·σεσθαι
fut mp inf
to-will-be-PUT-ed
/lay/put/set/situate/arrange/station
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
τάχους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

τάχο·ς, -ους, τό
ταχ(ε)·ος
(neu) gen sg
speed
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
ἄβατον ἡμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημιν
dat pl
us
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
ναὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ναός, -οῦ, ὁ (cf. ἱερόν)
να·ον
(mas) acc sg
inner temple
πυρὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πῦρ, -ρός, τό
πυρ·ι
(neu) dat sg
fire
πρηνέα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3)

πρηνής -ές, gen. sg. -οῦς
πρην(ε)·α > uncontr. πρηνεα (for πρηνη)
neu nom|acc|voc pl or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
prostrate?
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τάχει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.); Adjective (3-1-3)

τάχο·ς, -ους, τό; ταχύς -εῖα -ύ, gen. -έος and -έως
ταχ(ε)·ι; ταχ(υ)·ι
(neu) dat sg; neu dat sg or mas dat sg
speed; quick
; speedy, swift, ‘throw headlong’ fast, επίθ. precipitate
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
συντελούντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συν·τελέω (συν+τελ(ε)-, συν+τελε·σ-, συν+τελε·σ-, συν+τετελε·κ-, συν+τετελεσ-, συν+τελεσ·θ-)
συν·τελ(ε)·οντων, συν·τελ(ε)·ο[υ]ντ·ων
pres act imp 3rd pl classical, pres act ptcp mas gen pl or pres act ptcp neu gen pl
let-them-be-FINISH/COMPLETE-ing!, while FINISH/COMPLETE-ing
Lit:"complete/perfect-together-with", hence finish/thoroughly-complete.
ἐκεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἐκεῖ
εκει
indecl
there
θυσίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

θυσία, -ας, ἡ
θυσι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
sacrifice, sacrifices
(from the verb "θύω" = "I kill for a sacrificial offering upon an altar"; LXX extends to "offering" (erroneous?), victimization, immolation (examples?)
ἔρημον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἔρημος -ον
ερημ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
deserted
,unpopulated/uncultivated hence solitary, wilderness
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into +acc
OF PLACE, the oldest and commonest usage into, with Verbs of saying or speaking relating to the person to whom or before whom one is speaking, Verbs expressing rest in a place, when a previous motion into or to it is implied; elliptical usage after Verbs
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
ἅπαντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral); Verb

ἅπα[ντ]ς ἅπασα ἅπαν[τ], gen. sg. ἅπαντος ἁπάσης ἅπαντος; ἀπ·αντάω (απ+αντ(α)-, απ+αντη·σ-, απ+αντη·σ-, απ+ηντη·κ-, -, -)
απαντ·α; απ·αντ(α)·ε
neu nom|acc|voc pl or mas acc sg; pres act imp 2nd sg
all, every; be-you(sg)-ENCOUNTER-ing!
;
χρόνον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

χρόνος, -ου, ὁ (cf. καιρός)
χρον·ον
(mas) acc sg
time
, a specific (clock) time, period-of-time (a while). Distinct from kairos (season)
καταστήσειν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καθ·ίστημι (ath. καθ+ιστ(α)-/ath. καθ+ιστ(η)-, κατα+στη·σ-, κατα+στη·σ- or 2nd ath. κατα+στ(η)-/ath. κατα+στ(α)-, καθ+εστη·κ-/καθ+εστα·κ-/καθ+εστ(α)·[κ]-, καθ+εστα-, κατα+στα·θ-)
κατα·στη·σειν
fut act inf
to-will-APPOINT/ESTABLISH
Lit"down-stand", hence give-standing/authority, hence appoint, put-in-charge set-in-order, lay, render, enable, establish. In some instances, similar to "τίθημι" (place/lay/put/set/appoint).
3Mc 5:43He would also invade Judea, and level its towns with fire and the sword; and destroy that temple which the heathen might not enter, and prevent sacrifices ever after being offered up there.3Mc 5:43
He would also invade Judea, level its towns with fire and the sword, destroy that temple which the heathen might not enter, and prevent sacrifices ever after being offered up there.
4444τότε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

τότε
τοτε
indecl
then
περιχαρεῖς ἀναλύσαντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀνα·λύω (ανα+λυ-, -, ανα+λυ·σ-, ανα+λελυ·κ-, -, ανα+λυ·θ-)
ανα·λυ·σαντ·ες
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon DETACH/BREAK-ing-FREE
[see analyze: to deconstruct or decompose (in order to identify) the parts from a whole]
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
simple article
φίλοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

φίλος -η -ον; φιλέω (φιλ(ε)-, φιλη·σ-, φιλη·σ-, πεφιλη·κ-, -, -)
φιλ·οι; φιλ(ε)·οι
mas nom|voc pl; pres act opt 3rd sg
friend; he/she/it-happens-to-be-BE-ing-FOND-OF
companion; [hold at high degree of association, have affection toward; raraly of kissing]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
συγγενεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3)

συγ·γενής -ές, dat. pl. συγγενεῦσιν v.l. συγγενέσιν
συγγεν(ε)·ες, συγγεν(ε)·ας
mas nom|voc pl or fem nom|voc pl, mas acc pl or fem acc pl
relative
of the same family or kind; a blood relative
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
πίστεως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

πίστις, -εως, ἡ
πιστ(ι)·ος
(fem) gen sg
faith/faithfulness
allegiance; trust; trustworthiness; πίστις can refer to faith/trust, to that which one believes or trusts (the content of one's faith), or to the personal trait of faithfulness/trustworthiness/integrity.
διέτασσον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δια·τάσσω (δια+τασσ-, δια+ταξ-, δια+ταξ-, δια+τεταχ·[κ]-, δια+τετασσ-, δια+ταγ·[θ]-/δια+ταχ·θ-)
δια·ε·τασσ·ον
impf act ind 1st sg or impf act ind 3rd pl
I-was-SPECIFICALLY INSTRUCT-ing, they-were-SPECIFICALLY INSTRUCT-ing
instruct thoroughly (δια-)
τὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ας
fem acc pl
the
simple article
δυνάμεις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

δύναμις, -εως, ἡ
δυναμ(ι)·ες, δυναμ(ι)·ας
(fem) nom|voc pl, (fem) acc pl
abilities
force /power
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
simple article
εὐκαιροτάτους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

εὐ·καιρό·τατος -η -ον [LXX] (Superl. of εὔ·καιρος)
ευκαιροτατ·ους
mas acc pl
good season, opportunity
good season, opportunity, τὴν εὐ. διαφυλάττειν Isoc. 12.34; ἀπολαύειν τῆς εὐ. Phld. D. 3Fr. 89; εὐκαιρίαν ζητεῖν ἵνα . . Ev.Matt. 26.16; εὐ. τοῦ ἐλθεῖν PMich. in Class.Phil. 22.250 (ii A.D.); leisure, Hp. Ep. 17, 23; κατὰ πολλὴν εὐ. καὶ σχολήν D.H. Comp.
τόπους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

τόπος, -ου, ὁ
τοπ·ους
(mas) acc pl
places
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
πόλεως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

πόλις, -εως, ἡ
πολ(ι)·ος
(fem) gen sg
city
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
τήρησιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

τήρησις, -εως, ἡ
τηρησ(ι)·ν
(fem) acc sg
keep
[guarding, watching-over]
3Mc 5:44Joyfully his friends broke up, together with his kinsmen; and, trusting in his determination, arranged their forces in guard at the most convenient places of the city.3Mc 5:44
Joyfully his friends broke up, together with his kinsmen; and, trusting in his determination, arranged their forces in guard at the most convenient places of the city.
4545 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἐλεφαντάρχης τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
simple article
θηρία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

θηρίον, -ου, τό
θηρι·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
beasts
σχεδὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

σχεδόν
σχεδον
indecl
nearly/well-nigh
ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
εἰπεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειπ·ειν
2aor act inf
to-SAY
say, tell, relate, narrate | Present λεγ- | Aorist ειπ- | Future ερ- | Perfect ειρη- | Imperfect ελεγ- | Passive ρηθ- ερρηθ- ερρεθ-
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into +acc
OF PLACE, the oldest and commonest usage into, with Verbs of saying or speaking relating to the person to whom or before whom one is speaking, Verbs expressing rest in a place, when a previous motion into or to it is implied; elliptical usage after Verbs
κατάστεμα μανιῶδες ἀγειοχὼς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἄγω (αγ-, αξ-, 2nd αγαγ-, αγειοχ·[κ]-, ηγ-, αχ·θ-)
αγειογ·κο[τ]·^ς
perf act ptcp mas nom sg
having LEAD-ed
bring, arrest
εὐωδεστάτοις πόμασιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πόμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πομα[τ]·σι(ν)
(neu) dat pl
drinks
οἴνου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

οἶνος, -ου, ὁ
οιν·ου
(mas) gen sg
wine
λελιβανωμένου φοβερῶς κεκοσμημένα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κοσμέω (κοσμ(ε)-, κοσμη·σ-, κοσμη·σ-, -, κεκοσμη-, κοσμη·θ-)
κεκοσμη·μεν·α
perf mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
having-been-SET-IN-ORDER-ed
to put in proper order, adorn/beautify, grace (ornaments)
κατασκευαῖς
3Mc 5:45And the master of the elephants urged the beasts into an almost maniacal state, drenched them with incense and wine, and decked them with frightful instruments.3Mc 5:45
The master of the elephants urged the animals into an almost maniacal state, drenched them with incense and wine, and decked them with frightful devices.
4646περὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

περί
περι
indecl
about (+acc,+gen)
Lit:"around" (as in perimeter "around-measure"). Fig:about/regarding/concerning
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
ἕω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl.); Verb

ἕως[2], -ω, ἡ [LXX], acc. -ω; ἐάω (ε(α)-, εα·σ-, εα·σ-, -, -, εα·θ-)
ε(ω)·ο(ν), ε(ω)·ου; ε(α)·ω, ε(α)·ου
(fem) acc sg, (fem) gen sg; pres act ind 1st sg or pres act sub 1st sg, pres mp imp 2nd sg
dawn; I-am-ALLOW-ing, be-you(sg)-being-ALLOW-ed!, I-should-be-ALLOW-ing
; permit, allow; concede; let alone/let be/have done with (Lk. 22:51 ἐᾶτε ἕως τούτου "Stop! No more of this!" BAGD)
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
πόλεως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

πόλις, -εως, ἡ
πολ(ι)·ος
(fem) gen sg
city
ἤδη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἤδη
ηδη
indecl
already
by now, by then
πλήθεσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πλῆθο·ς, -ους, τό
πληθ(ε)·σι(ν)
(neu) dat pl
multitudes
a large number, the main body, an assembly
ἀναριθμήτοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἀν·αρίθμητος -ον
αναριθμητ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl or fem dat pl
innumerable
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
ἱπποδρόμου καταμεμεστωμένης εἰσελθὼν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰσ·έρχομαι (εισ+ερχ-, εισ+ελευ·σ-, εισ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd εισ+ελθ-, εισ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εισ·ελθ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
upon ENTER-ing
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into +acc
OF PLACE, the oldest and commonest usage into, with Verbs of saying or speaking relating to the person to whom or before whom one is speaking, Verbs expressing rest in a place, when a previous motion into or to it is implied; elliptical usage after Verbs
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
αὐλὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

αὐλή, -ῆς, ἡ
αυλ·ην
(fem) acc sg
courtyard
[sheep-fold, palace, house]
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
simple article
προκείμενον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πρό·κει·μαι (ath. προ+κει-, -, -, -, -, -)
προ·κει·μεν·ον
pres mp ptcp mas acc sg or pres mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
while being-SET-FORTH-ed
ὤτρυνε τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
βασιλέα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·α
(mas) acc sg
king
3Mc 5:46About early morning, when the city was now filled with an immense number of people at the hippodrome, he entered the palace, and called the king to the business in hand.3Mc 5:46
About early morning, when the city was filled with an immense number of people at the hippodrome, he entered the palace and called the king to the business in hand.
4747 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
simple article
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ὀργῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ὀργή, -ῆς, ἡ (cf. θυμός)
οργ·ῃ
(fem) dat sg
wrath/anger
natural impulse, always of anger
βαρείᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-1-3)

βαρύς -εῖα -ύ, gen. sg. -έος and -έως
βαρει·ᾳ
fem dat sg
heavy
γεμίσας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γεμίζω (γεμιζ-, -, γεμι·σ-, -, -, γεμισ·θ-)
γεμι·σα[ντ]·ς
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon FILL-ing
δυσσεβῆ φρένα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

φρήν, -ενός, ἡ
φρεν·α
(fem) acc sg
mind
distinct from καρδία to which it relates. Inner awareness, determination, and prudence attained from σοφία.
παντὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ι
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
simple article
βάρει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.); Adjective (3-1-3); Verb

βάρο·ς, -ους, τό; βαρύς -εῖα -ύ, gen. sg. -έος and -έως; βαρέω (βαρ(ε)-, -, -, -, βεβαρη-, βαρη·θ-)
βαρ(ε)·ι; βαρ(υ)·ι; βαρ(ε)·ει, βαρ(ε)·ε
(neu) dat sg; neu dat sg or mas dat sg; pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, pres act imp 2nd sg
weight; heavy; he/she/it-is-WEIGH-ing-DOWN, you(sg)-are-being-WEIGH-ed-DOWN, be-you(sg)-WEIGH-ing-DOWN!
; ; βαρύς , εῖα, ύ: heavy, oftener figurative than literal; σχέθε χεῖρα βαρεῖαν, stayed his ‘heavy hand,’ suggesting power, Il. 1.219; βαρείᾱς χεῖρας ἐποίσει, ‘violent’ hands, Il. 1.89; of ‘grievous’ pains, Il. 5.417; ‘dread’ fates, Il. 21.548; ‘low,’ ‘gruff’
σὺν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

σύν
συν
indecl
together with/including (+dat)
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
θηρίοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

θηρίον, -ου, τό
θηρι·οις
(neu) dat pl
beasts
ἐξώρμησε βουλόμενος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βούλομαι (βουλ-, βουλη·σ-, -, -, -, βουλη·θ-)
βουλ·ομεν·ος
pres mp ptcp mas nom sg
while being-INTEND/PLAN-ed
Cognate of βουλη (determinate plan/intent/purpose), thus, a harder, less negotiable form of θέλημα (to wish/want/desire). Often softened to "wish/want" regarding the wishes/desires of a sovereign authority (God/king/general/ruling counsel).
ἀτρώτῳ καρδίᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

καρδία, -ας, ἡ
καρδι·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
heart
καρδιας With the eyes of the heart enlightened (Eph_1:18)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
κόραις ὀφθαλμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ὀφθαλμός, -οῦ, ὁ
οφθαλμ·ων
(mas) gen pl
eyes
θεάσασθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θεάομαι (-, -, θεα·σ-, -, τεθεα-, θεα·θ-)
θεα·σασθαι
1aor mp inf
to-be-SEE-ed
look upon (BAG)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
simple article
ἐπίπονον καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ταλαίπωρον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ταλαίπωρος -ον
ταλαιπωρ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
miserable
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
προσεσημαμμένων καταστροφήν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

κατα·στροφή, -ῆς, ἡ
καταστροφ·ην
(fem) acc sg
catastrophe
3Mc 5:47The king's heart teemed with impious rage; and he rushed forth with the mass, along with the elephants. With feelings unsoftened, and eyes pitiless, he longed to gaze at the hard and wretched doom of the abovementioned Jews.3Mc 5:47
The king’s heart teemed with impious rage; and he rushed forth with the mass, along with the elephants. With unsoftened feelings and pitiless eyes, he longed to gaze at the hard and wretched doom of the previously mentioned Jews.
4848ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
ἐλεφάντων ἐξιόντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔξ·ειμι fr. εἶμι[2] (ath. εξ+ι-/ath. εξ+ει-, -, -, -, -, -)
εξ·ι·οντων, εξ·ι·ο[υ]ντ·ων
pres act imp 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas gen pl or pres act ptcp neu gen pl
let-them-be-DEPART-ing!, while DEPART-ing
περὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

περί
περι
indecl
about (+acc,+gen)
Lit:"around" (as in perimeter "around-measure"). Fig:about/regarding/concerning
πύλην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

πύλη, -ης, ἡ
πυλ·ην
(fem) acc sg
gate
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
συνεπομένης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συν·έπομαι (συν+επ-, -, -, -, -, -)
συν·επ·ομεν·ης
pres mp ptcp fem gen sg
while being-???-ed
ἐνόπλου δυνάμεως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

δύναμις, -εως, ἡ
δυναμ(ι)·ος
(fem) gen sg
ability
force /power
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
τε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

τέ
τε
indecl
and [postpositive coordinate]
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
simple article
πλήθους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πλῆθο·ς, -ους, τό
πληθ(ε)·ος
(neu) gen sg
multitude
a large number, the main body, an assembly
πορείας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

πορεία, -ας, ἡ
πορει·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
going, goings
κονιορτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

κονιορτός, -οῦ, ὁ
κονιορτ·ον
(mas) acc sg
dust
ἰδόντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
2aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon SEE/BEHOLD-ing
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
βαρυηχῆ θόρυβον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θόρυβος, -ου, ὁ
θορυβ·ον
(mas) acc sg
tumult/clamor
[noise of crowded assembly]
ἀκούσαντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀκούω (ακου-, ακου·σ-, ακου·σ-, ακηκο·[κ]-, ηκουσ-, ακουσ·θ-)
ακου·σαντ·ες
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon HEAR-ing
to hear; to listen (pay attention) to; or to understand what is heard
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
simple article
Ιουδαῖοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·οι
mas nom|voc pl
Jewish
3Mc 5:48But the Jews, when the elephants went out at the gate, followed by the armed force; and when they saw the dust raised by the throng, and heard the loud cries of the crowd,3Mc 5:48
But the Jews, when the elephants went out at the gate, followed by the armed force. When they saw the dust raised by the throng, and heard the loud cries of the crowd,
4949ὑστάτην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ὕσ·τατος -η -ον [LXX]
υστατ·ην
fem acc sg
last
βίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Verb

βίος, -ου, ὁ; βιόω (βι(ο)-, βιω·σ-, βιω·σ-, -, -, -)
βι·ου; βι(ο)·ε, βι(ο)·ου
(mas) gen sg; pres act imp 2nd sg, pres mp imp 2nd sg
life/livelihood; be-you(sg)-LIVE-ing!, be-you(sg)-being-LIVE-ed!
can also refer to property (BDAG 177);
ῥοπὴν αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
ἐκείνην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

ἐκεῖνος -η -ο
εκειν·ην
fem acc sg
that
δόξαντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δοκέω (δοκ(ε)-, δοξ-, δοξ-, -, δεδοκ-, -)
δοκ·σαντ·ες
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon SUPPOSE-ing
,from "dokos"(opinion), hence suppose/seem/think/consider. Same root as "εὐδοκέω"(seem-good). Often rendered "think", but less objective than "νοέω"(think) and less visceral than "φρονέω"(think).
εἶναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·εναι
pres act inf
to-be
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
simple article
τέλος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

τέλο·ς, -ους, τό
τελ(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
end
/consummation/completion
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
ἀθλιωτάτης προσδοκίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

προσ·δοκία, -ας, ἡ
προσδοκι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
expectation, expectations
(from "προσδοκάω" "watch-toward/expect").
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into +acc
OF PLACE, the oldest and commonest usage into, with Verbs of saying or speaking relating to the person to whom or before whom one is speaking, Verbs expressing rest in a place, when a previous motion into or to it is implied; elliptical usage after Verbs
οἶκτον καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
γόους τραπέντες κατεφίλουν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·φιλέω (κατα+φιλ(ε)-, κατα+φιλη·σ-, κατα+φιλη·σ-, -, -, -)
κατα·ε·φιλ(ε)·ον
impf act ind 1st sg or impf act ind 3rd pl
I-was-KISS-ing, they-were-KISS-ing
caress.
ἀλλήλους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reciprocal)

ἀλλήλων (gen. pl.)
αλληλ·ους
mas acc pl
one another
περιπλεκόμενοι τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
simple article
συγγενέσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3)

συγ·γενής -ές, dat. pl. συγγενεῦσιν v.l. συγγενέσιν
συγγεν(ε)·σι(ν)
neu dat pl or mas dat pl or fem dat pl
relative
of the same family or kind; a blood relative
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
simple article
τραχήλους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

τράχηλος, -ου, ὁ
τραχηλ·ους
(mas) acc pl
throats
neck
ἐπιπίπτοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·πίπτω (επι+πιπτ-, επι+πεσ(ε)·[σ]-, επι+πεσ·[σ]- or 2nd επι+πεσ-, επι+πεπτω·κ-, -, -)
επι·πιπτ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while FALL-UPON-ing
Lit:"fall-upon".
γονεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

γονεύς, -έως, ὁ
γον(ευ)·ες, γον(ευ)·ας
(mas) nom|voc pl, (mas) acc pl
parents
παισὶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl. and Fem. 3rd Decl.)

παῖ[δ]ς, -αιδός, ὁ and
παι[δ]·σι(ν)
(mas) dat pl or (fem) dat pl
children/servants
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
μητέρες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

μήτηρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ἡ
μητερ·ες
(fem) nom|voc pl
mothers
also of motherland
νεάνισιν ἕτεραι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Indefinite)

ἕτερος -α -ον (cf. ἄλλος)
ετερ·αι
fem nom pl
others
, as distinguish from "ἄλλος" "other" (of a similar kind).
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
νεογνὰ πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
μαστοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

μαστός, -οῦ, ὁ
μαστ·ους
(mas) acc pl
breasts
ἔχουσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
εχ·ουσ·αι
pres act ptcp fem nom|voc pl
while HAVE-ing
/hold.
βρέφη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

βρέφο·ς, -ους, τό
βρεφ(ε)·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
babies
τελευταῖον ἕλκοντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἕλκω (ελκ-, ελκυ·σ-, ελκυ·σ-, -, -, ελκυσ·θ-)
ελκ·ο[υ]ντ·α
pres act ptcp mas acc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
while PULL/DRAG-ing
Fig: draw. "elkuo", "spao" ("spasm") appear synonymous for drawing a sword (Mk 14:47, Jn 18:10), suggesting a forceful pulling that overcomes any resistance.
γάλα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

γάλα[κτ], -ακτος, τό
γαλα[κτ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
milk
3Mc 5:49thought that they had come to the last moment of their lives, to the end of what they had tremblingly expected. They gave way, therefore, to lamentations and moans: they kissed each other: those nearest of kin to each other hung about one another's necks: fathers about their sons, mother their daughters: other women held their infants to their breasts, which drew what seemed their last milk.3Mc 5:49
thought that they had come to the last moment of their lives, to the end of what they had tremblingly expected. They gave way, therefore, to lamentations and moans. They kissed each other. Those nearest of kin to each other hung around one another’s necks—fathers hugging their sons and mothers their daughters. Other women held their infants to their breasts, which drew what seemed their last milk.
5050οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
μὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle; Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

μήν[1]; μήν[2], μηνός, ὁ
μην; μην
indecl; (mas) nom|voc sg
verily; month
truly, doubtless;
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but/however/moreover/yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but/however), continuitive (and/now/also/moreover), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but-rather
emphatic/hard-adversative, "but-rather/instead", as distinct from the softer, more common, "δέ"
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ας
fem acc pl
the
simple article
ἔμπροσθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἔμ·προσ·θεν/-θε
εμπροσθεν
indecl
before/in-front-of
Lit:"from-in-toward" hence before/facing/in-front-of, former/previous
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
γεγενημένας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
γεγενη·μεν·ας
perf mp ptcp fem acc pl
having-been-BECOME-ed
become; happen; be ("as a substitute for the forms of εἰμί" --BAGD)
ἀντιλήμψεις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.); Verb

ἀντί·λη(μ)ψις, -εως, ἡ; ἀντι·λαμβάνω (αντι+λαμβαν-, αντι+λημψ-, 2nd αντι+λαβ-, -, -, -)
αντιλημψ(ι)·ες, αντιλημψ(ι)·ας; αντι·λημβ·σεις
(fem) nom|voc pl, (fem) acc pl; fut act ind 2nd sg
helps; you(sg)-will-LAY HOLD/ RECEIVE INSTEAD
1. help; 2. act of attaining (Muraoka's Lexicon); help, aid, succour, defence, hold, managing (Lust, et. al. Lexicon); Lit:"take-hold-against", hence uphold/support/sustain/give-help, take-instead-ofἐπέβλεψα
ἐξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εξ
indecl
from-out-of (+gen)
signifies origin of motion. sometimes rendered, "from", when the motion is already implied by the context. ἐξ before vowels.
οὐρανοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

οὐρανός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. οὐρανοί
ουραν·ου
(mas) gen sg
sky/heaven
συνιδόντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συν·οράω a.k.a. συν·εῖδον (συν+ορ(α)-, -, 2nd συν+ιδ-, -, -, -)
συν·ιδ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
2aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon COMPREHEND-ing
πρηνεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3)

πρηνής -ές, gen. sg. -οῦς
πρην(ε)·ες, πρην(ε)·ας
mas nom|voc pl or fem nom|voc pl, mas acc pl or fem acc pl
prostrate?
ὁμοθυμαδὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὁμοθυμαδόν
ομοθυμαδον
indecl
in-one-accord/conguently
[Lit:"same-passion", hence in-one-accord θυμία ἐν φρεσί not διαλογισμοί ἐν νοί.]
ῥίψαντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ῥίπτω, ῥιπτέω (ριπτ(ε)-/ριπτ-, ριψ-, ριψ-, -, ερριπτ-/ρεριπτ-, ριφ·[θ]-)
ριπτ·σαντ·ες
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon TOSS/FLING/DUMP-ing
ἑαυτοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

ἑ·αυτοῦ/αὑτοῦ[2] -ῆς -οῦ
εαυτ·ους
mas acc pl
selves
him/her/it/our/your/them-selves
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
simple article
νήπια [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

νήπιος -ία -ον
νηπι·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or fem nom|voc sg
infant
χωρίσαντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

χωρίζω (χωριζ-, χωρι·σ-, χωρι·σ-, -, κεχωρισ-, χωρισ·θ-)
χωρι·σαντ·ες
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon SEPARATE-ing
sequester, sever, split
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
simple article
μαστῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

μαστός, -οῦ, ὁ
μαστ·ων
(mas) gen pl
breasts
3Mc 5:50Nevertheless, when they reflected upon the succour before granted them from heaven, they prostrated themselves with one accord; removed even the sucking children from the breasts, and3Mc 5:50
Nevertheless, when they reflected upon the help previously granted them from heaven, they prostrated themselves with one accord, removed even the sucking children from the breasts, and
5151ἀνεβόησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀνα·βοάω (ανα+βο(α)-, ανα+βοη·σ-, ανα+βοη·σ-, -, -, -)
ανα·ε·βοη·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-CRY-ed-OUT
φωνῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Verb

φωνή, -ῆς, ἡ; φωνέω (φων(ε)-, φωνη·σ-, φωνη·σ-, -, -, φωνη·θ-)
φων·ῃ; φων(ε)·ῃ
(fem) dat sg; pres mp ind 2nd sg or pres act sub 3rd sg or pres mp sub 2nd sg
sound/voice; you(sg)-are-being-SOUND-ed, he/she/it-should-be-SOUND-ing, you(sg)-should-be-being-SOUND-ed
cries; call out, summon
μεγάλῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2, irreg.)

μέγ[αλ]ας μεγάλη μέγ[αλ]α
μεγαλ·ῃ
fem dat sg
great
σφόδρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

σφόδρα
σφοδρα
indecl
exceedingly
/intensely/very/vehemently, keenly, inveighingly, eagerly
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
simple article
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
simple article
ἁπάσης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

ἅπα[ντ]ς ἅπασα ἅπαν[τ], gen. sg. ἅπαντος ἁπάσης ἅπαντος
απασ·ης
fem gen sg
every
δυνάμεως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

δύναμις, -εως, ἡ
δυναμ(ι)·ος
(fem) gen sg
ability
force /power
δυνάστην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

δυνάστης, -ου, ὁ
δυναστ·ην
(mas) acc sg
sovereign
ἱκετεύοντες οἰκτῖραι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

οἰκτίρω v.l. -τείρω (οικτειρ-/οικτιρ-, οικτειρη·σ-/οικτιρη·σ-, οικτιρη·σ-, -, -, -)
irreg. οικτιρ·[σ]αι (for οικτιρη·σαι)
1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg or 1aor act inf
to-COMPASSION, he/she/it-happens-to-COMPASSION, be-you(sg)-COMPASSION-ed!
feelings of compassion; pity
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
ἐπιφανείας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Verb

ἐπι·φάνεια, -ας, ἡ; ἐπι·φαίνω (επι+φαιν-, επι+φαν(ε)·[σ]-, επι+φαν·[σ]-, -, -, επι+φαν·[θ]-)
επιφανει·ας; επι·φαν·[σ]ειας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl; 1aor act opt 2nd sg classical
appearance, appearances; you(sg)-happen-to-SHOW
[epiphany];
αὐτοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ους
mas acc pl
them/same
ἤδη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἤδη
ηδη
indecl
already
by now, by then
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
πύλαις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

πύλη, -ης, ἡ
πυλ·αις
(fem) dat pl
gates
ᾅδου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.); Verb

ᾅδης, -ου, ὁ; ᾄδω (ᾳδ-, ᾳ[δ]·σ-, ᾳ[δ]·σ-, -, -, -)
ᾳδ·ου; ᾳδ·ου
(mas) gen sg; pres mp imp 2nd sg
Hades; be-you(sg)-being-SING-ed!
;
καθεστῶτας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καθ·ίστημι (ath. καθ+ιστ(α)-/ath. καθ+ιστ(η)-, κατα+στη·σ-, κατα+στη·σ- or 2nd ath. κατα+στ(η)-/ath. κατα+στ(α)-, καθ+εστη·κ-/καθ+εστα·κ-/καθ+εστ(α)·[κ]-, καθ+εστα-, κατα+στα·θ-)
καθ·εστ(α)·[κ]οτ·ας
perf act ptcp mas acc pl
having APPOINT/ESTABLISH-ed
Lit"down-stand", hence give-standing/authority, hence appoint, put-in-charge set-in-order, lay, render, enable, establish. In some instances, similar to "τίθημι" (place/lay/put/set/appoint).
3Mc 5:51sent up an exceeding great cry entreating the Lord of all power to reveal himself, and have mercy upon those who now lay at the gates of hades.3Mc 5:51
sent up an exceedingly great cry asking the Lord of all power to reveal himself, and have mercy upon those who now lay at the gates of hades.
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Copyright 2007-2024 Thomas Moore, Email: acct3 at katabiblon.com, Support Forum Set Local Timezone
Thursday, 25-Jul-2024 02:31:19 EDT

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