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ΠΡΟΣ ΡΩΜΑΙΟΥΣ

Letter to the Romans

 Robinson-Pierpont 2005 Wiki English Translation‎ / World English Bible
1Ἀλήθειαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀ·λήθεια, -ας, ἡ
αληθει·αν
(fem) acc sg
truth
λέγω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ω
pres act ind 1st sg or pres act sub 1st sg
I-am-SAY/TELL-ing, I-should-be-SAY/TELL-ing
speak, tell, recount
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
χριστῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Χριστός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. Χριστέ
χριστ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
Christ
lit. 'anointed'
, οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ψεύδομαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ψεύδομαι (ψευδ-, ψευ[δ]·σ-, ψευ[δ]·σ-, -, εψευδ-, ψευδ·θ-)
ψευδ·ομαι
pres mp ind 1st sg
I-am-being-LIE/DECEIVE-ed
[make liar? see Jer 5:12]
, συμμαρτυρούσης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συμ·μαρτυρέω (συν+μαρτυρ(ε)-, -, -, -, -, -)
συν·μαρτυρ(ε)·ουσ·ης
pres act ptcp fem gen sg
while CONFIRM-ing
μοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μοι
dat sg
me
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
συνειδήσεώς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

συν·είδησις, -εως, ἡ
συνειδησ(ι)·ος
(fem) gen sg
conscience
Lit:"know/see-together-with", hence joint-knowing, moral and spiritual consciousness.
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
πνεύματι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πνεῦμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πνευματ·ι
(neu) dat sg
spirit
/breath/wind, spiritual-utterance
ἁγίῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἅγιος -α -ον (cf. ὅσιος and ἱερός)
αγι·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
holy
[dedicated, divine, pure]
,
Rom 9:1
¶I tell the truth in Christ. I am not lying, my conscience testifying with me in the Holy Spirit,
2ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
λύπη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

λύπη, -ῆς, ἡ
λυπ·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
pain
pain of body/mind, hence pain, sorrow, grief, distress
μοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μοι
dat sg
me
ἐστὶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
μεγάλη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2, irreg.)

μέγ[αλ]ας μεγάλη μέγ[αλ]α
μεγαλ·η
fem nom|voc sg
great
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀδιάλειπτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἀ·διά·λειπτος -ον
αδιαλειπτ·ος
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
incessant
unintermitting
ὀδύνη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ὀδύνη, -ης, ἡ
οδυν·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
pain of mind/spirit
sorrow/terror/bitterness/grief/mourning
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
καρδίᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

καρδία, -ας, ἡ
καρδι·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
heart
καρδιας With the eyes of the heart enlightened (Eph_1:18)
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
.
Rom 9:2
that I have great sorrow and unceasing pain in my heart.
3{ Εὐχόμην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εὔχομαι (ευχ-, ευξ-, ευξ-, -, ηυχ-, -)
ε·ευχ·ομην
impf mp ind 1st sg
I-was-being-PRAY-ed
, entreat, vow, to-make-vow
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
αὐτὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ος
mas nom sg
he/it/same
ἐγὼ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
εγω
nom sg
I
ἀνάθεμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἀνάθεμα[τ], -ατος, τό
αναθεμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
curse
[devoted to be slain]
εἶναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·εναι
pres act inf
to-be
Ηὐχόμην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εὔχομαι (ευχ-, ευξ-, ευξ-, -, ηυχ-, -)
ε·ευχ·ομην
impf mp ind 1st sg
I-was-being-PRAY-ed
, entreat, vow, to-make-vow
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
ἀνάθεμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἀνάθεμα[τ], -ατος, τό
αναθεμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
curse
[devoted to be slain]
εἶναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·εναι
pres act inf
to-be
αὐτὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ος
mas nom sg
he/it/same
ἐγὼ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
εγω
nom sg
I
} ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
χριστοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Χριστός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. Χριστέ
χριστ·ου
(mas) gen sg
Christ
lit. 'anointed'
ὑπὲρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπέρ
υπερ
indecl
above (+acc), on behalf of (+gen)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
ἀδελφῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί; ἀδελφή, -ῆς, ἡ
αδελφ·ων; αδελφ·ων
(mas) gen pl; (fem) gen pl
brothers; sisters
How do we know these are accurate if anyone can edit them?;
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
, τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
συγγενῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3)

συγ·γενής -ές, dat. pl. συγγενεῦσιν v.l. συγγενέσιν
συγγεν(ε)·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
relative
of the same family or kind; a blood relative
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
σάρκα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

σάρξ, -αρκός, ἡ
σαρκ·α
(fem) acc sg
flesh
·
———
RP: Εὐχόμην γὰρ αὐτὸς ἐγὼ ἀνάθεμα εἶναι ◆ NA/UBS: Ηὐχόμην γὰρ ἀνάθεμα εἶναι αὐτὸς ἐγὼ
Rom 9:3
For I could wish that I myself were accursed from Christ for my brothers’ sake, my relatives according to the flesh,
4οἵτινές [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅσ·τις ἥ·τις ὄ τι
οι·τιν·ες
mas nom pl
those/such-who/which/that
, Lit: a-particular/some-who/which/that; "ἕως ὅτου": until-when
εἰσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^σι(ν); (εσ)·ασι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg; pres act ind 3rd pl
he/she/it-is-BE-ing; they-are
;
Ἰσραηλῖται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

Ἰσραηλίτης, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. Ἰσραηλῖται
ισραηλιτ·αι
(mas) nom|voc pl
Israelites
, ὧν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
who/whom/which
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
υἱοθεσία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

υἱο·θεσία, -ας, ἡ
υιοθεσι·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
adoption
[Lit: adoption as son]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
δόξα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

δόξα, -ης, ἡ
δοξ·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
glory/honor
praise
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
αἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·αι
fem nom pl
the
διαθῆκαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

δια·θήκη, -ης, ἡ
διαθηκ·αι
(fem) nom|voc pl
covenants
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
νομοθεσία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

νομο·θεσία, -ας, ἡ
νομοθεσι·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
legislation
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
λατρεία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

λατρεία, -ας, ἡ
λατρει·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
rite
(divine/offering service, devoted/worship service)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
αἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·αι
fem nom pl
the
ἐπαγγελίαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἐπ·αγγελία, -ας, ἡ
επαγγελι·αι
(fem) nom|voc pl
promises
Lit:"announcement-upon", hence specific/sanctioned-promise/announcement/proclamation.
,
Rom 9:4
who are Israelites; whose is the adoption, the glory, the covenants, the giving of the law, the service, and the promises;
5ὧν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
who/whom/which
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
πατέρες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

πατήρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ὁ, voc. pl. πατέρες
πατερ·ες
(mas) nom|voc pl
fathers
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εξ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
ὧν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
who/whom/which
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
χριστὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Χριστός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. Χριστέ
χριστ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Christ
lit. 'anointed'
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
σάρκα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

σάρξ, -αρκός, ἡ
σαρκ·α
(fem) acc sg
flesh
, [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
ὢν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while being
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
πάντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
, θεὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ος
(mas) nom sg
god
[see theology]
εὐλογητὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

εὐ·λογητός -ή -όν
ευλογητ·ος
mas nom sg
blessed
Lit:"good-messaged", hence eulogized/well-spoken-of, praised
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
{ αἰῶνας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

αἰών, -ῶνος, ὁ
αιων·ας
(mas) acc pl
eons
/age, "εἰς τοὺς αἰῶνα/αἰῶνας"(into the eon/eons) are both usually rendered "forever".
. Ἀμήν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Hebrew-Aramaic

ἀμήν
αμην
indecl
amen
[faithful and true witness]
. ◆ αἰῶνας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

αἰών, -ῶνος, ὁ
αιων·ας
(mas) acc pl
eons
/age, "εἰς τοὺς αἰῶνα/αἰῶνας"(into the eon/eons) are both usually rendered "forever".
, ἀμήν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Hebrew-Aramaic

ἀμήν
αμην
indecl
amen
[faithful and true witness]
. }
———
RP: αἰῶνας. Ἀμήν. ◆ NA/UBS: αἰῶνας, ἀμήν.
Rom 9:5
of whom are the fathers, and from whom is Christ as concerning the flesh, who is over all, God, blessed forever. Amen.
6Οὐχ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουχ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
οἷον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

οἷος -α -ον
οι·ον
neu nom|acc sg or mas acc sg
such-as /what-kind-of
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
ἐκπέπτωκεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·πίπτω (εκ+πιπτ-, εκ+πεσ(ε)·[σ]-, εκ+πεσ·[σ]- or 2nd εκ+πεσ-, εκ+πεπτω·κ-, -, -)
εκ·πεπτω·κε(ν)
perf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-has-FALL OFF-ed
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
λόγος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λόγος, -ου, ὁ
λογ·ος
(mas) nom sg
word
account, measure, reckoning
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god
[see theology]
. Οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
πάντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ες
mas nom|voc pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
ἐξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εξ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
Ἰσραήλ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰσραήλ, ὁ
ισραηλ
(mas) indecl
Israel
, οὗτοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
[τ]ουτ·οι
mas nom pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
Ἰσραήλ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰσραήλ, ὁ
ισραηλ
(mas) indecl
Israel
·
Rom 9:6
¶But it is not as though the word of God has come to nothing. For they are not all Israel, that are of Israel.
7οὐδ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐδέ (οὐ δέ)
ουδ’
indecl
neither/nor
Lit:"not-moreover" or "not-but", hence neither/nor.
οὐδ’ sometimes before vowels.
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
εἰσὶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^σι(ν); (εσ)·ασι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg; pres act ind 3rd pl
he/she/it-is-BE-ing; they-are
;
σπέρμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

σπέρμα[τ], -ατος, τό
σπερμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
seed
sperm, seed, germ (sprout, bud)
Ἀβραάμ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἀβραάμ, ὁ
αβρααμ
(mas) indecl
Abraham
, πάντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ες
mas nom|voc pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
τέκνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

τέκνον, -ου, τό, voc. sg. τέκνον, voc. pl. τέκνα
τεκν·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
children
· ἀλλ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλ’
indecl
but
Ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
Ἰσαὰκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰσαάκ, ὁ
ισαακ
(mas) indecl
Isaac
κληθήσεταί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καλέω (καλ(ε)-, καλε·σ-, καλε·σ-, κεκλη·κ-, κεκλη-, κλη·θ-)
κλη·θησεται
fut θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-will-be-CALL-ed
summon/invite
σοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive); Verb

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν; τρίβω [LXX] (τριβ-, ·σ-, τριψ-, -, τετριβ-, -)
σοι; σ·οι; ·σοι
dat sg; mas nom|voc pl; fut act opt 3rd sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg); (fut opt)
; ; worn, rub
σπέρμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

σπέρμα[τ], -ατος, τό
σπερμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
seed
sperm, seed, germ (sprout, bud)
.
Rom 9:7
Neither, because they are Abraham’s seed, are they all children. But, “In Isaac will your seed be called.”*
8Τοῦτ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
ἔστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
, οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
τέκνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

τέκνον, -ου, τό, voc. sg. τέκνον, voc. pl. τέκνα
τεκν·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
children
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
σαρκός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

σάρξ, -αρκός, ἡ
σαρκ·ος
(fem) gen sg
flesh
, ταῦτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·α
neu nom|acc pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
τέκνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

τέκνον, -ου, τό, voc. sg. τέκνον, voc. pl. τέκνα
τεκν·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
children
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god
[see theology]
· ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
τέκνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

τέκνον, -ου, τό, voc. sg. τέκνον, voc. pl. τέκνα
τεκν·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
children
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
ἐπαγγελίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἐπ·αγγελία, -ας, ἡ
επαγγελι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
promise, promises
Lit:"announcement-upon", hence specific/sanctioned-promise/announcement/proclamation.
λογίζεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λογίζομαι (λογιζ-, λογι(ε)·[σ]-, λογι·σ-, -, λελογισ-, λογισ·θ-)
λογιζ·εται
pres mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is-being-RECKON-ed
/credit/account/regard/consider/impute,number,compute,reason,use-logic, as in devise/plot.
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
σπέρμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

σπέρμα[τ], -ατος, τό
σπερμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
seed
sperm, seed, germ (sprout, bud)
.
Rom 9:8
That is, it is not the children of the flesh who are children of God, but the children of the promise are counted as a seed.
9Ἐπαγγελίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἐπ·αγγελία, -ας, ἡ
επαγγελι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
promise, promises
Lit:"announcement-upon", hence specific/sanctioned-promise/announcement/proclamation.
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
λόγος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λόγος, -ου, ὁ
λογ·ος
(mas) nom sg
word
account, measure, reckoning
οὗτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
[τ]ουτ·ος
mas nom sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
, Κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
καιρὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

καιρός, -οῦ, ὁ (cf. χρόνος)
καιρ·ον
(mas) acc sg
period-of-time
/season
τοῦτον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ον
mas acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
ἐλεύσομαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ελευ·σομαι
fut mp ind 1st sg
I-will-be-COME-ed
Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἔσται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
irreg. (εσ)·[σε]ται (instead of (εσ)·σεται > εσεται)
fut mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-will-be
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
Σάρρᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

Σάρρα, -ας, ἡ
σαρρ·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
Sarah
υἱός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ος
(mas) nom sg
son
.
Rom 9:9
For this is a word of promise, “At the appointed time I will come, and Sarah will have a son.”*
10Οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
μόνον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Adjective (2-1-2)

μόνον (Adv. of μόνος); μόνος -η -ον
μονον; μον·ον
indecl; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
only; sole
; apart, sole, only, alone (see κατάμόνος G2651 apart, solely, only, alone)
δέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
, ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
Ῥεβέκκα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

Ῥεβέκκα, -ας, ἡ
ρεβεκκ·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
Rebecca
ἐξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εξ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
ἑνὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ε[ι]ν·ος
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
one
κοίτην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

κοίτη, -ης, ἡ
κοιτ·ην
(fem) acc sg
bed
[see coitus]
ἔχουσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
εχ·ουσ·α
pres act ptcp fem nom|voc sg
while HAVE-ing
/hold.
, Ἰσαὰκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰσαάκ, ὁ
ισαακ
(mas) indecl
Isaac
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
πατρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

πατήρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ὁ, voc. pl. πατέρες
πατ[ε]ρ·ος
(mas) gen sg
father
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
us
Rom 9:10
Not only so, but Rebecca also conceived by one, by our father Isaac.
11μήπω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

μήπω (μή πω)
μηπω
indecl
not yet
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
γεννηθέντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γεννάω (γενν(α)-, γεννη·σ-, γεννη·σ-, γεγεννη·κ-, γεγεννη-, γεννη·θ-)
γεννη·θεντων, γεννη·θε[ι]ντ·ων
aor θη imp 3rd pl classical, aor θη ptcp mas gen pl or aor θη ptcp neu gen pl
let-them-be-BEGET/BIRTH-ed!, upon being-BEGET/BIRTH-ed
Lit:"generate", hence beget/bring-forth/give-birth-to (Gen. 6:4): cause genesis of
, μηδὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle; Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

μηδέ (μή δέ); Μῆδος, -ου, ὁ
μηδε; μηδ·ε
indecl; (mas) voc sg
neither/nor; Mede

μηδ’ before ὡς [one occurrence: 1 Pt 5:3]; [inhabitant of Media]
πραξάντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πράσσω/πράττω (πρασσ-/πραττ-, πραξ-, πραξ-, πεπραχ·[κ]-, πεπρασσ-, πραχ·θ-)
πρασσ·σαντων, πρασσ·σαντ·ων
1aor act imp 3rd pl classical, 1aor act ptcp mas gen pl or 1aor act ptcp neu gen pl
let-them-DO!, upon DO-ing
[practice, perform, accomplish]
τι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

τὶ[ν]ς[2] τὶ[ν], gen. τινός, dat. τινί, acc. τινά τὶ
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
someone
indefinite pronoun; someone, something, anyone, anything. Specific/non-specific is determined from text-markings and/or context).
ἀγαθὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἀγαθός -ή -όν (cf. καλός)
αγαθ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
good
/inherently-good, i.e. God-wrought.. Distinct from "καλός" (beautiful-good).
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἤ[1]
η
indecl
or/than
{ κακόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

κακός -ή -όν (cf. φαῦλος)
κακ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
wicked
/evil
φαῦλον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

φαῦλος -η -ον (cf. κακός)
φαυλ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
wicked
vicious, archaic (of language or reasoning) imperfect; defective; cruel or violent; ME: from OFr. vicious or L. vitiosus, from vitium 'vice'
} , ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that
/so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
κατ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατ’
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
ἐκλογὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἐκ·λογή, -ῆς, ἡ
εκλογ·ην
(fem) acc sg
choice
πρόθεσις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

πρό·θεσις, -εως, ἡ
προθεσ(ι)·ς
(fem) nom sg
pre-arrangement
from verb "προτίθεμαι" (before-set-forth/aside, before-place/arrange/appoint), hence "pre-arrangement". Often rendered "purpose", yet distinct from "βουλή" (purpose/plan/intent/will), emphasizing a pre-arranging tha
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god
[see theology]
μένῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μένω (μεν-, μεν(ε)·[σ]-, μειν·[σ]-, μεμενη·κ-, -, -)
μεν·ῃ, μεν(ε)·[σ]ῃ
pres mp ind 2nd sg or pres act sub 3rd sg or pres mp sub 2nd sg, fut mp ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-are-being-REMAIN-ed--EXPECT, he/she/it-should-be-REMAIN-ing--EXPECT, you(sg)-should-be-being-REMAIN-ed--EXPECT, you(sg)-will-be-REMAIN-ed--EXPECT
/stay. hence abide/dwell
, οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἐξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εξ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
ἔργων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ἔργον, -ου, τό
εργ·ων
(neu) gen pl
works
, ἀλλ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλ’
indecl
but
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
καλοῦντος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καλέω (καλ(ε)-, καλε·σ-, καλε·σ-, κεκλη·κ-, κεκλη-, κλη·θ-)
καλ(ε)·ο[υ]ντ·ος
pres act ptcp mas gen sg or pres act ptcp neu gen sg
while CALL-ing
summon/invite
,
———
RP: κακόν ◆ NA/UBS: φαῦλον
Rom 9:11
For being not yet born, neither having done anything good or bad, that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works, but of him who calls,
12{ ἐρρήθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ρη·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-SAY/TELL-ed
speak, tell, recount
ἐρρέθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ρε·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-SAY/TELL-ed
speak, tell, recount
} αὐτῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῃ
fem dat sg
her/it/same
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
μείζων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3)

μείζων -ον, gen. sg. -ονος (Comp. of μέγας)
μειζον·^
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
greater
δουλεύσει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δουλεύω (δουλευ-, δουλευ·σ-, δουλευ·σ-, δεδουλευ·κ-, -, -)
δουλευ·σει
fut act ind 3rd sg or fut mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-will-SERVE(AS SLAVE), you(sg)-will-be-SERVE(AS SLAVE)-ed
/be-bond-slaved, hence serve/do-service, be-enslaved(+Dat). be-in-bondage-to (give over the prerogative of self-governance).
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
ἐλάσσονι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3)

ἐλάσσων ἔλασσον and ἐλάττων ἔλαττον, gen. sg. -ονος
ελασσον·ι
neu dat sg or mas dat sg or fem dat sg
lesser
.
———
RP: ἐρρήθη ◆ NA/UBS: ἐρρέθη
Rom 9:12
it was said to her, “The elder will serve the younger.”*
13Καθὼς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

καθ·ώς
καθως
indecl
as accordingly
[according to how/in accordance with how]
γέγραπται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γράφω (γραφ-, γραψ-, γραψ-, γεγραφ·[κ]-, γεγραφ-, γραφ·[θ]-)
γεγραφ·ται
perf mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-has-been-WRITE-ed
, Τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
Ἰακὼβ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰακώβ, ὁ
ιακωβ
(mas) indecl
Jacob
ἠγάπησα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀγαπάω (αγαπ(α)-, αγαπη·σ-, αγαπη·σ-, ηγαπη·κ-, ηγαπη-, αγαπη·θ-)
ε·αγαπη·σα
1aor act ind 1st sg
I-AGAPE-LOVE-ed
/Calvary/sacrificial-love. Distinct from "φιλέω" (affection, friendship-love) and "έρος" (romantic/sexual-love).
, τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
Ἠσαῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἠσαῦ, ὁ
ησαυ
(mas) indecl
Esau
ἐμίσησα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μισέω (μισ(ε)-, μιση·σ-, μιση·σ-, μεμιση·κ-, μεμιση-, μιση·θ-)
ε·μιση·σα
1aor act ind 1st sg
I-HATE/DETEST-ed
/dislike, abominate
.
Rom 9:13
Even as it is written, “Jacob I loved, but Esau I hated.”*
14Τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
ἐροῦμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ερ(ε)·[σ]ομεν
fut act ind 1st pl
we-will-SAY/TELL
speak, tell, recount
; Μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
ἀδικία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀ·δικία, -ας, ἡ
αδικι·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
wrongdoing
Lit:"unrighteousness/injustice".
παρὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

παρά
παρα
indecl
frοm beside (+acc,+gen,+dat)
παρ’ before vowels I. beside, near, by, II. along, III. past, beyond. 1. with Verbs of coming, going, etc., to the side of, to, with Verbs of placing, examining, etc., side by side with, near, together
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
θεῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
god
[see theology]
; Μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
γένοιτο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
γεν·οιτο
2aor mp opt 3rd sg
he/she/it-happens-to-be-BECOME-ed
become; happen; sometimes left untranslated
.
Rom 9:14
¶What shall we say then? Is there unrighteousness with God? May it never be!
15Τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
{ γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
Μωϋσῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl. and Mas. 3rd Decl.)

Μωϋσῆς v.l. Μωσῆς, -ῆ, ὁ and Μωϋσεύς v.l. Μωσεύς, -έως, ὁ
μωυσ·ῃ
(mas) dat sg
Moses
Μωϋσεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl. and Mas. 3rd Decl.)

Μωϋσῆς v.l. Μωσῆς, -ῆ, ὁ and Μωϋσεύς v.l. Μωσεύς, -έως, ὁ
μωυσ(ευ)·ι
(mas) dat sg
Moses
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
} λέγει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-SAY/TELL-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SAY/TELL-ed
speak, tell, recount
, Ἐλεήσω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐλεέω (cf. ἐλεάω) (ελε(ε)-, ελεη·σ-, ελεη·σ-, -, ηλεη-, ελεη·θ-)
ελεη·σω
fut act ind 1st sg or 1aor act sub 1st sg
I-will-MERCY, I-should-MERCY
ὃν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative); Verb

ὅς ἥ ὅ; εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ον; (εσ)·ο[υ]ν[τ]
mas acc sg; pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
who/whom/which; while being
;
ἂν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἄν
αν
indecl
ever
(calls attention to optional actions) Precedes aorist and present-subjunctives; Follows future-indicatives.
ἐλεῶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

ἐλεέω (cf. ἐλεάω) (ελε(ε)-, ελεη·σ-, ελεη·σ-, -, ηλεη-, ελεη·θ-); ἐλεάω (cf. ἐλεέω) (ελε(α)-, -, -, -, -, -)
ελε(ε)·ω; ελε(α)·ω, ελε(α)·ου
pres act ind 1st sg or pres act sub 1st sg; pres act ind 1st sg or pres act sub 1st sg, pres mp imp 2nd sg
I-am-MERCY-ing, I-should-be-MERCY-ing; I-am-HAVE MERCY-ing, be-you(sg)-being-HAVE MERCY-ed!, I-should-be-HAVE MERCY-ing
;
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
{ οἰκτειρήσω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

οἰκτίρω v.l. -τείρω (οικτειρ-/οικτιρ-, οικτειρη·σ-/οικτιρη·σ-, οικτιρη·σ-, -, -, -)
οικτειρη·σω
fut act ind 1st sg
I-will-COMPASSION
feelings of compassion; pity
οἰκτιρήσω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

οἰκτίρω v.l. -τείρω (οικτειρ-/οικτιρ-, οικτειρη·σ-/οικτιρη·σ-, οικτιρη·σ-, -, -, -)
οικτιρη·σω
fut act ind 1st sg or 1aor act sub 1st sg
I-will-COMPASSION, I-should-COMPASSION
feelings of compassion; pity
} ὃν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative); Verb

ὅς ἥ ὅ; εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ον; (εσ)·ο[υ]ν[τ]
mas acc sg; pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
who/whom/which; while being
;
ἂν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἄν
αν
indecl
ever
(calls attention to optional actions) Precedes aorist and present-subjunctives; Follows future-indicatives.
{ οἰκτείρω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

οἰκτίρω v.l. -τείρω (οικτειρ-/οικτιρ-, οικτειρη·σ-/οικτιρη·σ-, οικτιρη·σ-, -, -, -)
οικτειρ·ω
pres act ind 1st sg or pres act sub 1st sg
I-am-COMPASSION-ing, I-should-be-COMPASSION-ing
feelings of compassion; pity
οἰκτίρω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

οἰκτίρω v.l. -τείρω (οικτειρ-/οικτιρ-, οικτειρη·σ-/οικτιρη·σ-, οικτιρη·σ-, -, -, -)
οικτιρ·ω
pres act ind 1st sg or pres act sub 1st sg
I-am-COMPASSION-ing, I-should-be-COMPASSION-ing
feelings of compassion; pity
} .
———
RP: γὰρ Μωϋσῇ ◆ NA/UBS: Μωϋσεῖ γὰρ
RP: οἰκτειρήσω ◆ NA/UBS: οἰκτιρήσω
RP: οἰκτείρω ◆ NA/UBS: οἰκτίρω
Rom 9:15
For he said to Moses, “I will have mercy on whom I have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I have compassion.”*
16Ἄρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἄρα[2]
αρα
indecl
therefore-indeed
/hence/it-follows-that. An inferential conjunction implying under these circumstances, something either is/becomes (whatever follows). Similar to, but more disjunctive than "οὖν" (consequently/accordingly).
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
θέλοντος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θέλω (θελ-, θελη·σ-, θελη·σ-, τεθελη·κ-, -, -)
θελ·ο[υ]ντ·ος
pres act ptcp mas gen sg or pres act ptcp neu gen sg
while CONFESS-ing
/wish/desire
, οὐδὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐδέ (οὐ δέ)
ουδε
indecl
neither/nor
Lit:"not-moreover" or "not-but", hence neither/nor.
οὐδ’ sometimes before vowels.
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
τρέχοντος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τρέχω (τρεχ-, δραμ(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd δραμ-, -, -, -)
τρεχ·ο[υ]ντ·ος
pres act ptcp mas gen sg or pres act ptcp neu gen sg
while RUN-ing
, ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
{ ἐλεοῦντος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐλεέω (cf. ἐλεάω) (ελε(ε)-, ελεη·σ-, ελεη·σ-, -, ηλεη-, ελεη·θ-)
ελε(ε)·ο[υ]ντ·ος
pres act ptcp mas gen sg or pres act ptcp neu gen sg
while MERCY-ing
ἐλεῶντος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐλεάω (cf. ἐλεέω) (ελε(α)-, -, -, -, -, -)
ελε(α)·ο[υ]ντ·ος
pres act ptcp mas gen sg or pres act ptcp neu gen sg
while HAVE MERCY-ing
} θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god
[see theology]
.
———
RP: ἐλεοῦντος ◆ NA/UBS: ἐλεῶντος
Rom 9:16
So then it is not of him who wills, nor of him who runs, but of God who has mercy.
17Λέγει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-SAY/TELL-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SAY/TELL-ed
speak, tell, recount
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
γραφὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

γραφή, -ῆς, ἡ
γραφ·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
writing
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
Φαραὼ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Φαραώ, ὁ
φαραω
(mas) indecl
Pharaoh
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
Εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
αὐτὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
it/same
τοῦτο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
ἐξήγειρά [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·εγείρω (εξ+εγειρ-, εξ+εγερ(ε)·[σ]-, εξ+εγειρ·[σ]-, -, εξ+εγηγερ-, εξ+εγερ·θ-)
εξ·ε·εγειρ·[σ]α
1aor act ind 1st sg
I-RAISE/AROUSE-ed
/wake/raise-up (from death/slumber).
σε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σε; σ·ε
acc sg; mas voc sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
, ὅπως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὅπως
οπως
indecl
how/so that
Adverbial: How, in what way As a conjunction: so that, in order that
ἐνδείξωμαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐν·δείκνυμι (ath. εν+δεικνυ-, -, εν+δειξ-, -, -, -)
εν·δεικ·σωμαι
1aor mp sub 1st sg
I-should-be-DEMONSTRATE-ed
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
σοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive); Verb

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν; τρίβω [LXX] (τριβ-, ·σ-, τριψ-, -, τετριβ-, -)
σοι; σ·οι; ·σοι
dat sg; mas nom|voc pl; fut act opt 3rd sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg); (fut opt)
; ; worn, rub
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
δύναμίν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

δύναμις, -εως, ἡ
δυναμ(ι)·ν
(fem) acc sg
ability
/power
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ὅπως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὅπως
οπως
indecl
how/so that
Adverbial: How, in what way As a conjunction: so that, in order that
διαγγελῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δι·αγγέλλω (δι+αγγελλ-, -, δι+αγγειλ·[σ]-, -, -, δι+αγγελ·[θ]-)
δι·αγγελ·[θ]ῃ
aor θη sub 3rd sg
he/she/it-should-be-PROCLAIM-ed
Lit declare-thoroughly, hence proclaim
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
ὄνομά [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ὄνομα[τ], -ατος, τό
ονομα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
name
(with regard to)
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
πάσῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral); Verb

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός; πάσσω [LXX] (πασσ-, -, πα·σ-, -, πεπασ-, -)
πασ·ῃ; πα·σῃ
fem dat sg; 1aor act sub 3rd sg or 1aor mp sub 2nd sg
each, every; he/she/it-should-SPRINKLE, you(sg)-should-be-SPRINKLE-ed
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".;
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
γῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

γῆ, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. γῆ
γ·ῃ
(fem) dat sg
earth/land
.
Rom 9:17
For the Scripture says to Pharaoh, “For this very purpose I caused you to be raised up, that I might show in you my power, and that my name might be proclaimed in all the earth.”*
18Ἄρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἄρα[2]
αρα
indecl
therefore-indeed
/hence/it-follows-that. An inferential conjunction implying under these circumstances, something either is/becomes (whatever follows). Similar to, but more disjunctive than "οὖν" (consequently/accordingly).
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
ὃν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative); Verb

ὅς ἥ ὅ; εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ον; (εσ)·ο[υ]ν[τ]
mas acc sg; pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
who/whom/which; while being
;
θέλει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θέλω (θελ-, θελη·σ-, θελη·σ-, τεθελη·κ-, -, -)
θελ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-CONFESS-ing, you(sg)-are-being-CONFESS-ed
/wish/desire
ἐλεεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl. and Mas. 2nd Decl.); Verb

ἔλεο·ς, -ους, τό v.l. ἔλεος, -ου, ὁ; ἐλεέω (cf. ἐλεάω) (ελε(ε)-, ελεη·σ-, ελεη·σ-, -, ηλεη-, ελεη·θ-)
ελε(ε)·ι; ελε(ε)·ει, ελε(ε)·ε
(neu) dat sg; pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, pres act imp 2nd sg
mercy; he/she/it-is-MERCY-ing, you(sg)-are-being-MERCY-ed, be-you(sg)-MERCY-ing!
[pity, mercy, compassion];
· ὃν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative); Verb

ὅς ἥ ὅ; εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ον; (εσ)·ο[υ]ν[τ]
mas acc sg; pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
who/whom/which; while being
;
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
θέλει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θέλω (θελ-, θελη·σ-, θελη·σ-, τεθελη·κ-, -, -)
θελ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-CONFESS-ing, you(sg)-are-being-CONFESS-ed
/wish/desire
σκληρύνει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σκληρύνω (σκληρυν-, σκληρυν(ε)·[σ]-, σκληρυν·[σ]-, -, -, σκληρυν·θ-)
σκληρυν·ει, σκληρυν(ε)·[σ]ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, fut act ind 3rd sg or fut mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-HARDEN-ing, you(sg)-are-being-HARDEN-ed, he/she/it-will-HARDEN, you(sg)-will-be-HARDEN-ed
.
Rom 9:18
So then, he has mercy on whom he desires, and he hardens whom he desires.
19Ἐρεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.); Verb

ἔρι[δ]ς, -ιδος, ἡ, acc. sg. ἔρι[δ]ν and ἔριδα, nom. pl. ἔριδες and ἔρεις, acc. pl. ἔρεις; λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
3rd decl. ερ(ι)·ες (for εριδ·ες), 3rd decl. ερ(ι)·ας (for εριδ·ας); ερ(ε)·[σ]εις
(fem) nom|voc pl, (fem) acc pl; fut act ind 2nd sg
strifes; you(sg)-will-SAY/TELL
; speak, tell, recount
{ οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
μοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μοι
dat sg
me
, Τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
μοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μοι
dat sg
me
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
Τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
[ οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
] } ἔτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἔτι
ετι
indecl
yet/still
μέμφεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μέμφομαι (μεμφ-, μεμψ-, μεμψ-, -, -, -)
μεμφ·εται
pres mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is-being-???-ed
; Τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
βουλήματι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

βούλημα[τ], -ατος, τό
βουληματ·ι
(neu) dat sg
plan/intention
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
τίς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]·ς
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
who
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
ἀνθέστηκεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀνθ·ίστημι (ath. ανθ+ιστ(α)-/ath. ανθ+ιστ(η)-, αντι+στη·σ-, 2nd ath. αντι+στ(η)-/ath. αντι+στ(α)-, ανθ+εστη·κ-, -, -)
ανθ·εστη·κε(ν)
perf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-has-OPPOSE-ed
lit Lit;"stand-against",hence oppose.
;
———
RP: οὖν μοι, Τί ◆ NA/UBS: μοι οὖν Τί [οὖν]
Rom 9:19
You will say then to me, “Why does he still find fault? For who withstands his purposewill?”
20{ Μενοῦνγε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μενοῦν (μὲν οὖν) and μενοῦνγε (μενοῦν γε)
μενουνγε
indecl
truly/indeed
, [lexicon][inflect][close]
Interjection; Letter; Verb

ὦ[2]; ὦ[1], τό; εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ω; ω; (εσ)·ω
indecl; (neu) indecl; pres act sub 1st sg
O!; omega; I-should-be
; [last letter of Greek alphabet];
ἄνθρωπε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ε
(mas) voc sg
human
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Interjection; Letter; Verb

ὦ[2]; ὦ[1], τό; εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ω; ω; (εσ)·ω
indecl; (neu) indecl; pres act sub 1st sg
O!; omega; I-should-be
; [last letter of Greek alphabet];
ἄνθρωπε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ε
(mas) voc sg
human
μενοῦνγε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μενοῦν (μὲν οὖν) and μενοῦνγε (μενοῦν γε)
μενουνγε
indecl
truly/indeed
} , σὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
συ
nom sg
you(sg)
τίς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]·ς
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
who
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
εἶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^ (instead of ι·^ς > εις); (εσ)·^ς
pres act ind 2nd sg; pres act ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-are-BE-ing; you(sg)-are
;
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
ἀνταποκρινόμενος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀντ·απο·κρίνομαι (ανταπο+κριν-, -, ανταπο+κριν·[σ]-, -, -, ανταπο+κρι·θ-)
ανταπο·κριν·ομεν·ος
pres mp ptcp mas nom sg
while being-REJOIN-ed
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
θεῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
god
[see theology]
; Μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
ἐρεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ερ(ε)·[σ]ει
fut act ind 3rd sg or fut mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-will-SAY/TELL, you(sg)-will-be-SAY/TELL-ed
speak, tell, recount
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
πλάσμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πλάσμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πλασμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
formed thing, image, figure
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
πλάσαντι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πλάσσω (πλασσ-, -, πλασ·[σ]-, -, πεπλασ-, πλασ·θ-)
πλασ·[σ]αντ·ι
1aor act ptcp mas dat sg or 1aor act ptcp neu dat sg
upon MOLD-ing
[see plastic]
, Τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
με [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
με
acc sg
me
ἐποίησας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ε·ποιη·σας
1aor act ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-DO/MAKE-ed
οὕτως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὕτως/οὕτω
ουτως
indecl
thusly/like-this
[Lit:"like-this": in-this-manner (οὕτως before vowels and consonants; οὕτω before consonants only]
;
———
RP: Μενοῦνγε, ὦ ἄνθρωπε ◆ NA/UBS: Ὦ ἄνθρωπε μενοῦνγε
Rom 9:20
But indeed, O man, who are you to reply against God? Will the thing formed ask him who formed it, “Why did you make me like this?”*
21 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἤ[1]
η
indecl
or/than
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἔχει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
εχ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-HAVE-ing, you(sg)-are-being-HAVE-ed
/hold.
ἐξουσίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἐξ·ουσία, -ας, ἡ
εξουσι·αν
(fem) acc sg
authority
control, ruler, power, sway, freedom permitted by peace, licence
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
κεραμεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

κεραμεύς, -έως, ὁ
κεραμ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
potter
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
πηλοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

πηλός, -οῦ, ὁ
πηλ·ου
(mas) gen sg
clay
, ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
φυράματος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

φύραμα[τ], -ατος, τό
φυραματ·ος
(neu) gen sg
lump
ποιῆσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποιη·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-DO/MAKE, be-you(sg)-DO/MAKE-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-DO/MAKE
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ο
neu nom|acc sg
who/whom/which
μὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μέν
μεν
indecl
indeed
/certainly/surely.
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τιμὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

τιμή, -ῆς, ἡ
τιμ·ην
(fem) acc sg
perceived-value
,honor, esteem, worship(of things), worth, price
σκεῦος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

σκεῦο·ς, -ους, τό
σκευ(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
vessel
vessel or implement of any kind
, [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ο
neu nom|acc sg
who/whom/which
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
ἀτιμίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀ·τιμία, -ας, ἡ
ατιμι·αν
(fem) acc sg
dishonor
disgrace
;
Rom 9:21
Or hasn’t the potter a right over the clay, from the same lump to make one part a vessel for honor, and another for dishonor?
22Εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
θέλων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θέλω (θελ-, θελη·σ-, θελη·σ-, τεθελη·κ-, -, -)
θελ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while CONFESS-ing
/wish/desire
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
θεὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ος
(mas) nom sg
god
[see theology]
ἐνδείξασθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐν·δείκνυμι (ath. εν+δεικνυ-, -, εν+δειξ-, -, -, -)
εν·δεικ·σασθαι
1aor mp inf
to-be-DEMONSTRATE-ed
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
ὀργήν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ὀργή, -ῆς, ἡ (cf. θυμός)
οργ·ην
(fem) acc sg
wrath/anger
natural impulse, always of anger
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
γνωρίσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γνωρίζω (γνωριζ-, γνωρι(ε)·[σ]-/γνωρι·σ-, γνωρι·σ-, -, εγνωρισ-, γνωρισ·θ-)
γνωρι·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-MAKE-KNOWN, be-you(sg)-MAKE-ed-KNOWN!, he/she/it-happens-to-MAKE-KNOWN
[inform/show, cause-to-know/discern, give-knowledge]
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
δυνατὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

δυνατός -ή -όν
δυνατ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
capable
/powerful/able/
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
, ἤνεγκεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φέρω (φερ-, οι·σ-, ενεγκ·[σ]- or 2nd ενεγκ-, ενηνοχ·[κ]-, -, ενεχ·θ-)
ε·ενεγκ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ενεγκ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-BRING-ed
, tote/bear/carry(a load), fetch, carry-off, offer, bring-forth, give-birth
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
πολλῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral, irreg.)

πολ[λ]ύς πολλή πολ[λ]ύ
πολλ·ῃ
fem dat sg
much
μακροθυμίᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

μακρο·θυμία, -ας, ἡ
μακροθυμι·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
patience
forbearance
σκεύη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.); Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

σκεῦο·ς, -ους, τό; σκευή, -ῆς, ἡ
σκευ(ε)·α; σκευ·η
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl; (fem) nom|voc sg
vessels; vessel
vessel or implement of any kind; hardware, utensils, implement
ὀργῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ὀργή, -ῆς, ἡ (cf. θυμός)
οργ·ης
(fem) gen sg
wrath/anger
natural impulse, always of anger
κατηρτισμένα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατ·αρτίζω (κατ+αρτιζ-, κατ+αρτι·σ-, κατ+αρτι·σ-, -, κατ+ηρτισ-, κατ+αρτισ·θ-)
κατ·ηρτισ·μεν·α
perf mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
having-been-PUT-ed-INTO-GOOD-ORDER
Lit:"down-adjusted", hence adjusted-exactly, made-fully-functional, mend.
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
ἀπώλειαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀπ·ώλεια, -ας, ἡ
απωλει·αν
(fem) acc sg
destruction
Lit:"ruination/destruction-from", hence intensified (total/utter-cutting-off/perishing) ruination.
·
Rom 9:22
What if God, willing to show his wrath, and to make his power known, endured with much patience vessels of wrath made for destruction annihilation,
23καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that
/so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
γνωρίσῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γνωρίζω (γνωριζ-, γνωρι(ε)·[σ]-/γνωρι·σ-, γνωρι·σ-, -, εγνωρισ-, γνωρισ·θ-)
γνωρι·σῃ
1aor act sub 3rd sg or 1aor mp sub 2nd sg or fut mp ind 2nd sg
he/she/it-should-MAKE-KNOWN, you(sg)-should-be-MAKE-ed-KNOWN, you(sg)-will-be-MAKE-ed-KNOWN
[inform/show, cause-to-know/discern, give-knowledge]
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
πλοῦτον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl. and Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πλοῦτος, -ου, ὁ and -ους, τό
πλουτ·ον
(mas) acc sg
wealth/abundance
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
δόξης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

δόξα, -ης, ἡ
δοξ·ης
(fem) gen sg
glory/honor
praise
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
σκεύη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.); Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

σκεῦο·ς, -ους, τό; σκευή, -ῆς, ἡ
σκευ(ε)·α; σκευ·η
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl; (fem) nom|voc sg
vessels; vessel
vessel or implement of any kind; hardware, utensils, implement
ἐλέους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl. and Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἔλεο·ς, -ους, τό v.l. ἔλεος, -ου, ὁ
ελε(ε)·ος, ελε·ους
(neu) gen sg, (mas) acc pl
mercy, mercies
[pity, mercy, compassion]
, [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
α
neu nom|acc pl
who/whom/which
προητοίμασεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προ·ετοιμάζω (-, προ+ετοιμα·σ-, προ+ετοιμα·σ-, -, -, -)
προ·ε·ετοιμα·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-MADE-READY-IN-ADVANCE-ed
Lit:"before-make-ready"
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
δόξαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Verb

δόξα, -ης, ἡ; δοκέω (δοκ(ε)-, δοξ-, δοξ-, -, δεδοκ-, -)
δοξ·αν; δοκ·σαν[τ]
(fem) acc sg; 1aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
glory/honor; upon SUPPOSE-ing
praise; ,from "dokos"(opinion), hence suppose/seem/think/consider. Same root as "εὐδοκέω"(seem-good). Often rendered "think", but less objective than "νοέω"(think) and less visceral than "φρονέω"(think).
,
Rom 9:23
and that he might make known the riches of his glory on vessels of mercy, which he prepared beforehand for glory,
24οὓς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ους
mas acc pl
who/whom/which
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐκάλεσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καλέω (καλ(ε)-, καλε·σ-, καλε·σ-, κεκλη·κ-, κεκλη-, κλη·θ-)
ε·καλε·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-CALL-ed
summon/invite
ἡμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημας
acc pl
us
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
μόνον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Adjective (2-1-2)

μόνον (Adv. of μόνος); μόνος -η -ον
μονον; μον·ον
indecl; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
only; sole
; apart, sole, only, alone (see κατάμόνος G2651 apart, solely, only, alone)
ἐξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εξ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
Ἰουδαίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
Jewish
, ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εξ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
ἐθνῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ε)·ων
(neu) gen pl
nations
Lit: from etho (vb: to form a custom/culture). Hence, a race/people, joined by shared language, customs, history, and culture. Usually applied to Gentiles (except Jn 11:50).
;
Rom 9:24
us, whom he also called, not from the Jews only, but also from the Gentiles?
25Ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
Ὡσηὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ὡσηέ, ὁ
ωσηε
(mas) indecl
Hosea
λέγει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-SAY/TELL-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SAY/TELL-ed
speak, tell, recount
, Καλέσω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καλέω (καλ(ε)-, καλε·σ-, καλε·σ-, κεκλη·κ-, κεκλη-, κλη·θ-)
καλε·σω
fut act ind 1st sg or 1aor act sub 1st sg
I-will-CALL, I-should-CALL
summon/invite
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
λαόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λαός, -οῦ, ὁ
λα·ον
(mas) acc sg
people
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
λαόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λαός, -οῦ, ὁ
λα·ον
(mas) acc sg
people
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
· καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἠγαπημένην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀγαπάω (αγαπ(α)-, αγαπη·σ-, αγαπη·σ-, ηγαπη·κ-, ηγαπη-, αγαπη·θ-)
ηγαπη·μεν·ην
perf mp ptcp fem acc sg
having-been-AGAPE-LOVE-ed
/Calvary/sacrificial-love. Distinct from "φιλέω" (affection, friendship-love) and "έρος" (romantic/sexual-love).
ἠγαπημένην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀγαπάω (αγαπ(α)-, αγαπη·σ-, αγαπη·σ-, ηγαπη·κ-, ηγαπη-, αγαπη·θ-)
ηγαπη·μεν·ην
perf mp ptcp fem acc sg
having-been-AGAPE-LOVE-ed
/Calvary/sacrificial-love. Distinct from "φιλέω" (affection, friendship-love) and "έρος" (romantic/sexual-love).
.
Rom 9:25
As he says also in Hosea,
“I will call them ‘my people,’ which were not my people;
and her ‘beloved,’ who was not beloved.”*
26Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἔσται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
irreg. (εσ)·[σε]ται (instead of (εσ)·σεται > εσεται)
fut mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-will-be
, ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
τόπῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

τόπος, -ου, ὁ
τοπ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
place
οὗ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle; Pronoun (Relative)

οὗ[1]; ὅς ἥ ὅ
ου; ου
indecl; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
where; who/whom/which
ἕως οὗ means "until where (in time)", that is, "until when", "until such time as", or "until the point that";
{ ἐρρήθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ρη·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-SAY/TELL-ed
speak, tell, recount
ἐρρέθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ρε·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-SAY/TELL-ed
speak, tell, recount
} αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
, Οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
λαός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λαός, -οῦ, ὁ
λα·ος
(mas) nom sg
people
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
ὑμεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμεις
nom pl
you(pl)
, ἐκεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἐκεῖ
εκει
indecl
there
κληθήσονται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καλέω (καλ(ε)-, καλε·σ-, καλε·σ-, κεκλη·κ-, κεκλη-, κλη·θ-)
κλη·θησονται
fut θη ind 3rd pl
they-will-be-CALL-ed
summon/invite
υἱοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
sons
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god
[see theology]
ζῶντος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ζάω (ζ(η)-/ath. ζ(η)-, ζη·σ-, ζη·σ-, -, -, -)
ζ(η)·ο[υ]ντ·ος
pres act ptcp mas gen sg or pres act ptcp neu gen sg
while LIVE-ing
Verb from "ζωή"(life), hence live/made-alive, exist, inhabit
.
———
RP: ἐρρήθη ◆ NA/UBS: ἐρρέθη
Rom 9:26
“It will be that in the place where it was said to them, ‘You are not my people,’
There they will be called ‘children of the living God.’”*
27Ἠσαΐας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

Ἠσαΐας, -ου, ὁ
ησαι·ας
(mas) nom sg
Isaiah
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
κράζει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κράζω (κραζ-, κραξ-/κεκραξ-, κραξ-/κεκραξ- or 2nd κεκραγ-, κεκραγ·[κ]-, -, -)
κραζ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-CALL/CRY-ing-OUT, you(sg)-are-being-CALL/CRY-ed-OUT
ὑπὲρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπέρ
υπερ
indecl
above (+acc), on behalf of (+gen)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
Ἰσραήλ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰσραήλ, ὁ
ισραηλ
(mas) indecl
Israel
, Ἐὰν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἐάν (εἰ ἄν)
εαν
indecl
if-ever
"ἐὰν μή" (Lit:if-ever not) means "except", "unless"
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·ῃ
pres act sub 3rd sg
he/she/it-should-be
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
ἀριθμὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀριθμός, -οῦ, ὁ
αριθμ·ος
(mas) nom sg
number
[see arithmetic]
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
υἱῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ων
(mas) gen pl
sons
Ἰσραὴλ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰσραήλ, ὁ
ισραηλ
(mas) indecl
Israel
ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
ἄμμος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl.)

ἄμμος, -ου, ἡ
αμμ·ος
(fem) nom sg
sand
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
θαλάσσης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

θάλασσα, -ης, ἡ
θαλασσ·ης
(fem) gen sg
sea
, τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
{ κατάλειμμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

κατά·λειμμα[τ], -ατος, τό
καταλειμμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
remnant
a remainder, i.e. (by implication) a minute -- remnant.
ὑπόλειμμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ὑπό·λειμμα[τ], -ατος, τό
υπολειμμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
remnant
remainder
} σωθήσεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σῴζω (σῳζ-, σω·σ-, σω·σ-, σεσω·κ-, σεσω-/σεσωσ-/σεσῳσ-, σω·θ-)
σω·θησεται
fut θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-will-be-SAVE-ed
/deliver/rescue from ruin/destruction/harm. Also salve
·
———
RP: κατάλειμμα ◆ NA/UBS: ὑπόλειμμα
Rom 9:27
¶Isaiah cries concerning Israel,
“If the number of the children of Israel are as the sand of the sea,
it is the remnant who will be saved;
28λόγον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λόγος, -ου, ὁ
λογ·ον
(mas) acc sg
word
account, measure, reckoning
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
συντελῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συν·τελέω (συν+τελ(ε)-, συν+τελε·σ-, συν+τελε·σ-, συν+τετελε·κ-, συν+τετελεσ-, συν+τελεσ·θ-)
συν·τελ(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while FINISH/COMPLETE-ing
Lit:"complete/perfect-together-with", hence finish/thoroughly-complete.
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
συντέμνων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συν·τέμνω (συν+τεμν-, -, -, -, συν+τετμη-, συν+τμη·θ-)
συν·τεμν·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while CIRCUMSCRIBE-ing
{ ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
δικαιοσύνῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

δικαιο·σύνη, -ης, ἡ
δικαιοσυν·ῃ
(fem) dat sg
righteousness
/justice, fulfillment of the law
· ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
λόγον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λόγος, -ου, ὁ
λογ·ον
(mas) acc sg
word
account, measure, reckoning
συντετμημένον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συν·τέμνω (συν+τεμν-, -, -, -, συν+τετμη-, συν+τμη·θ-)
συν·τετμη·μεν·ον
perf mp ptcp mas acc sg or perf mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
having-been-CIRCUMSCRIBE-ed
◆ - } ποιήσει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.); Verb

ποίησις, -εως, ἡ; ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποιησ(ι)·ι; ποιη·σει
(fem) dat sg; fut act ind 3rd sg or fut mp ind 2nd sg classical
doing/making; he/she/it-will-DO/MAKE, you(sg)-will-be-DO/MAKE-ed
;
κύριος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ος; κυρι·ος
(mas) nom sg; mas nom sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
γῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

γῆ, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. γῆ
γ·ης
(fem) gen sg
earth/land
.
———
RP: ἐν δικαιοσύνῃ· ὅτι λόγον συντετμημένον ◆ NA/UBS: —
Rom 9:28
for He will finish the work and cut it short in righteousness,
because the LORD will make a short work upon the earth.”*
29Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
καθὼς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

καθ·ώς
καθως
indecl
as accordingly
[according to how/in accordance with how]
προείρηκεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προ·λέγω (προ+λεγ-, -, προ+ειπ·[σ]- or 2nd προ+ειπ-, προ+ειρη·κ-, προ+ειρη-, -)
προ·ειρη·κε(ν)
perf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-has-PROCLAIM-ed
Also to foretell/prophesy.
Ἠσαΐας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

Ἠσαΐας, -ου, ὁ
ησαι·ας
(mas) nom sg
Isaiah
, Εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
κύριος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ος; κυρι·ος
(mas) nom sg; mas nom sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
Σαβαὼθ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Hebrew-Aramaic

Σαβαώθ
σαβαωθ
indecl
Sabaoth
ἐγκατέλιπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐγ·κατα·λείπω (εγκατα+λειπ-, εγκατα+λειψ-, εγκατα+λιπ·[σ]- or 2nd εγκατα+λιπ-, εγκατα+λελοιπ·[κ]-, εγκατα+λελειπ-, εγκατα+λειφ·θ-)
εγκατα·ε·λιπ·[σ]ε(ν), εγκατα·ε·λιπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-LEAVE-ed-UTTERLY
Lit:leave-down-in, hence forsake, desert, abandon (in depth έγκατα) compare κατελιπεν
ἡμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημιν
dat pl
us
σπέρμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

σπέρμα[τ], -ατος, τό
σπερμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
seed
sperm, seed, germ (sprout, bud)
, ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
Σόδομα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

Σόδομα, -ων, τά
σοδομ·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
Sodom
[city of]
ἂν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἄν
αν
indecl
ever
(calls attention to optional actions) Precedes aorist and present-subjunctives; Follows future-indicatives.
ἐγενήθημεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
ε·γενη·θημεν
aor θη ind 1st pl
we-were-BECOME-ed
become; happen; sometimes left untranslated
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
Γόμορρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl. and Fem. 1st Decl.)

Γόμορρα, -ων, τά and -ας, ἡ
γομορρ·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl or (fem) nom|voc sg
Gomorrah, Gomorrah
[city of]
ἂν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἄν
αν
indecl
ever
(calls attention to optional actions) Precedes aorist and present-subjunctives; Follows future-indicatives.
ὡμοιώθημεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁμοιόω (-, ομοιω·σ-, ομοιω·σ-, -, ωμοιω-, ομοιω·θ-)
ε·ομοιω·θημεν
aor θη ind 1st pl
we-were-LIKEN-ed
.
Rom 9:29
¶As Isaiah has said before,
“Unless the Lord of Armies had left us a seed,
we would have become like Sodom,
and would have been made like Gomorrah.”*
30Τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
ἐροῦμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ερ(ε)·[σ]ομεν
fut act ind 1st pl
we-will-SAY/TELL
speak, tell, recount
; Ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
ἔθνη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ε)·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
nations
Lit: from etho (vb: to form a custom/culture). Hence, a race/people, joined by shared language, customs, history, and culture. Usually applied to Gentiles (except Jn 11:50).
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
διώκοντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

διώκω (διωκ-, διωξ-, διωξ-, -, δεδιωκ-, διωχ·θ-)
διωκ·ο[υ]ντ·α
pres act ptcp mas acc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
while PROSECUTE/PURSUE-ing
prosecute: put on trial
δικαιοσύνην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

δικαιο·σύνη, -ης, ἡ
δικαιοσυν·ην
(fem) acc sg
righteousness
/justice, fulfillment of the law
, κατέλαβεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·λαμβάνω (κατα+λαμβαν-, κατα+λημψ-/κατα+ληψ-, 2nd κατα+λαβ-, κατ+ειληφ·[κ]-, κατ+ειληβ-, κατα+λημφ·θ-/κατα+ληφ·θ-)
κατα·ε·λαβ·ε(ν)
2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-LAY-HOLD-OF-ed
Lit:"take-down", hence grasp/clench/snag/catch/overtake/take-hold-of/take/capture. Fig:realize/understand/comprehend/seize with the mind
δικαιοσύνην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

δικαιο·σύνη, -ης, ἡ
δικαιοσυν·ην
(fem) acc sg
righteousness
/justice, fulfillment of the law
, δικαιοσύνην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

δικαιο·σύνη, -ης, ἡ
δικαιοσυν·ην
(fem) acc sg
righteousness
/justice, fulfillment of the law
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
πίστεως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

πίστις, -εως, ἡ
πιστ(ι)·ος
(fem) gen sg
faith
πίστις can refer to faith/trust, to that which one believes or trusts (the content of one's faith), or to the personal trait of faithfulness/trustworthiness/integrity.
·
Rom 9:30
¶What shall we say then? That the Gentiles, who didn’t follow after without persuing righteousness, attained to snagged righteousness, even the righteousness which is of faith;
31Ἰσραὴλ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰσραήλ, ὁ
ισραηλ
(mas) indecl
Israel
δέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
, διώκων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

διώκω (διωκ-, διωξ-, διωξ-, -, δεδιωκ-, διωχ·θ-)
διωκ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while PROSECUTE/PURSUE-ing
prosecute: put on trial
νόμον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ον
(mas) acc sg
custom/law
ordinance custom practice
δικαιοσύνης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

δικαιο·σύνη, -ης, ἡ
δικαιοσυν·ης
(fem) gen sg
righteousness
/justice, fulfillment of the law
, εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
νόμον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ον
(mas) acc sg
custom/law
ordinance custom practice
{ δικαιοσύνης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

δικαιο·σύνη, -ης, ἡ
δικαιοσυν·ης
(fem) gen sg
righteousness
/justice, fulfillment of the law
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
} ἔφθασεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φθάνω (φθαν-, -, φθα·σ-, εφθα·κ-, -, -)
ε·φθα·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-PRECEDE-ed
to arrive first
.
———
RP: δικαιοσύνης οὐκ ◆ NA/UBS: οὐκ
Rom 9:31
but Israel, following after a law of righteousness, didn’t arrive at the law of righteousness.
32Διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
; Ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
πίστεως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

πίστις, -εως, ἡ
πιστ(ι)·ος
(fem) gen sg
faith
πίστις can refer to faith/trust, to that which one believes or trusts (the content of one's faith), or to the personal trait of faithfulness/trustworthiness/integrity.
, ἀλλ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλ’
indecl
but
ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
ἐξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εξ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
ἔργων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ἔργον, -ου, τό
εργ·ων
(neu) gen pl
works
{ νόμου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ου
(mas) gen sg
custom/law
ordinance custom practice
· προσέκοψαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·κόπτω (προσ+κοπτ-, προσ+κοψ-, προσ+κοψ-, -, -, -)
προσ·ε·κοπτ·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-STUMBLE-ed
/strike-against
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
προσέκοψαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·κόπτω (προσ+κοπτ-, προσ+κοψ-, προσ+κοψ-, -, -, -)
προσ·ε·κοπτ·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-STUMBLE-ed
/strike-against
} τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
λίθῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λίθος, -ου, ὁ
λιθ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
stone
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
προσκόμματος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πρόσ·κομμα[τ], -ατος, τό
προσκομματ·ος
(neu) gen sg
stumbling-block
/obstacle-causing-offense/stumbling.
,
———
RP: νόμου· προσέκοψαν γὰρ ◆ NA/UBS: προσέκοψαν
Rom 9:32
Why? Because they didn’t seek it by faith, but as it were by works of the law. They stumbled over the stumbling stone;
33καθὼς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

καθ·ώς
καθως
indecl
as accordingly
[according to how/in accordance with how]
γέγραπται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γράφω (γραφ-, γραψ-, γραψ-, γεγραφ·[κ]-, γεγραφ-, γραφ·[θ]-)
γεγραφ·ται
perf mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-has-been-WRITE-ed
, Ἰδοὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ου
2aor mp imp 2nd sg
be-you(sg)-SEE/BEHOLD-ed!
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
τίθημι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τίθημι (ath. τιθ(ε)-, θη·σ-, θη·κ- or 2nd ath. θ(ε)-, τεθει·κ-, τεθει-, τε·θ-)
τιθ(ε)·^μι
pres act ind 1st sg
I-am-PLACE-ing
/lay/put/set/situate/arrange/station
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
Σιὼν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. Indecl.)

Σιών, ἡ
σιων
(fem) indecl
Zion
λίθον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λίθος, -ου, ὁ
λιθ·ον
(mas) acc sg
stone
προσκόμματος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πρόσ·κομμα[τ], -ατος, τό
προσκομματ·ος
(neu) gen sg
stumbling-block
/obstacle-causing-offense/stumbling.
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
πέτραν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

πέτρα, -ας, ἡ
πετρ·αν
(fem) acc sg
rock
σκανδάλου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

σκάνδαλον, -ου, τό
σκανδαλ·ου
(neu) gen sg
snare
Lit:"a trigger of a trap", fig. snare/scandal-trigger, trip-hazard, impediment. Often rendered "stumbling-block", but distinct from "πρόσκομμα"(something to cause stumbling). Also distinct from "παγίς" (snare/trap
· καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
{ πᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
πα[ντ]·ς
mas nom|voc sg
each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
◆ - } [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
πιστεύων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πιστεύω (πιστευ-, πιστευ·σ-, πιστευ·σ-, πεπιστευ·κ-, πεπιστευ-, πιστευ·θ-)
πιστευ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while BELIEVE/TRUST-ing
be-persuaded/accept [toward] (heed [to], believe); give management (entrust). PASS. to be entrusted with
ἐπ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επ’
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
καταισχυνθήσεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατ·αισχύνω (not to be confused with κατ·ισχύω) (κατ+αισχυν-, -, κατ+αισχυν·[σ]-, -, κατ+ῃσχυν-, κατ+αισχυν·θ-)
κατ·αισχυν·θησεται
fut θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-will-be-HUMILIATE-ed
Lit:"down-shame", hence humiliate, put-to-shame, utterly-disgrace/embarrass.
.
———
RP: πᾶς ◆ NA/UBS: —
Rom 9:33
even as it is written,
“Behold, I lay in Zion a stumbling stone and a rock of offense;
and no one who believes in him will be disappointed.”*
« Ch 8» Ch 10

Copyright 2007-2018 Thomas Moore, Email: acct3 at katabiblon.com, Support Forum Set Local Timezone
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