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ΚΑΤΑ ΜΑΡΚΟΝ

According to Mark

 Robinson-Pierpont 2005 Wiki English Translation‎ / World English Bible
1Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
{ εὐθέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Adjective (3-1-3)

εὐ·θέως (cf. ἐξαυτῆς and παραχρῆμα); εὐ·θύς[1] -εῖα -ύ, gen. sg. -έος and -έως
ευθεως; ευθ(υ)·ος
indecl; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
at once; straight
;
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
εὐθὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Adjective (3-1-3)

εὐ·θύς[2]; εὐ·θύς[1] -εῖα -ύ, gen. sg. -έος and -έως
ευθυς; ευθ(υ)·ς
indecl; mas nom sg
straightaway; straight
[mas. nom. sg. of εὐθύς used adverbially in place of the proper adverb εὐθέως];
} πρωῒ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πρωΐ
πρωι
indecl
early/in the morning
συμβούλιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

συμ·βούλιον, -ου, τό
συμβουλι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
council
counsel
ποιήσαντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποιη·σαντ·ες
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon DO/MAKE-ing
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
ἀρχιερεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀρχ·ιερεύς, -έως, ὁ
αρχιερ(ευ)·ες, αρχιερ(ευ)·ας
(mas) nom|voc pl, (mas) acc pl
archpriests
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
πρεσβυτέρων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

πρεσβύ·τερος -α -ον (Comp. of πρέσβυς)
πρεσβυτερ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
elder
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
γραμματέων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

γραμματεύς, -έως, ὁ, voc. pl. γραμματεῖς
γραμματ(ευ)·ων
(mas) gen pl
scribes
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ὅλον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Partitive Numeral)

ὅλος -η -ον
ολ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
whole
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
συνέδριον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

συν·έδριον, -ου, τό
συνεδρι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
sanhedrin
assembly, convention; the diet's lower house: LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY; council, assembly
, δήσαντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δέω (δε-/δ(ε)-, δη·σ-, δη·σ-, δεδε·κ-, δεδε-, δε·θ-)
δη·σαντ·ες
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon BIND-ing
bind, enchain, tie
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
Ἰησοῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ον
(mas) acc sg
Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
ἀπήνεγκαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·φέρω (απο+φερ-, απ+οι·σ-, απ+ενεγκ·[σ]- or 2nd απ+ενεγκ-, -, απ+ενηνεγκ-, απ+ενεχ·θ-)
απ·ε·ενεγκ·[σ]αν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-CARRY AWAY-ed
yield to repay
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
παρέδωκαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·δίδωμι (ath. παρα+διδ(ο)-/ath. παρα+διδ(ω)-, παρα+δω·σ-, παρα+δω·κ- or 2nd ath. παρα+δ(ο)-/ath. παρα+δ(ω)-, παρα+δεδω·κ-, παρα+δεδο-, παρα+δο·θ-)
παρα·ε·δω·καν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-DELIVER-OVER-ed
Lit:"give-close-beside", hence deliver/surrender/hand-over, betray, commit, give-in/over/up, turn-in, consign, grant, bestow, teach-doctrine
{ τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
◆ - } Πιλάτῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
Pilate
.
———
RP: εὐθέως ἐπὶ τὸ ◆ NA/UBS: εὐθὺς
RP: τῷ ◆ NA/UBS: —
Mk 15:1
¶Immediately in the morning the chief priests, with the elders and scribes, and the whole council, held a consultation, and bound Jesus, and carried him away, and delivered him up to Pilate.
2Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐπηρώτησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπ·ερωτάω (επ+ερωτ(α)-, επ+ερωτη·σ-, επ+ερωτη·σ-, -, -, επ+ερωτη·θ-)
επ·ε·ερωτη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-QUESTION-ed
[consult, enquire]
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
Πιλάτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Pilate
, Σὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
συ
nom sg
you(sg)
εἶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^ (instead of ι·^ς > εις); (εσ)·^ς
pres act ind 2nd sg; pres act ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-are-BE-ing; you(sg)-are
;
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
Ἰουδαίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
Jewish
; [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἀποκριθεὶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κρίνομαι (απο+κριν-, -, απο+κριν·[σ]-, -, απο+κεκρι-, απο+κρι·θ-)
απο·κρι·θει[ντ]·ς
aor θη ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon being-ANSWER-ed
Lit:"judge/decide-from", hence involves a response that requires some thinking/consideration/decision. Usually rendered "answer" (in response to a question/inquiry)
{ εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY/TELL-ed
speak, tell, recount
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
λέγει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-SAY/TELL-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SAY/TELL-ed
speak, tell, recount
} , Σὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
συ
nom sg
you(sg)
λέγεις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·εις
pres act ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-are-SAY/TELL-ing
speak, tell, recount
.
———
RP: εἶπεν αὐτῷ ◆ NA/UBS: αὐτῷ λέγει
Mk 15:2
Pilate asked him, “Are you the King of the Jews?”
¶He answered, “So you say.”
3Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
κατηγόρουν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατ·ηγορέω (κατ+ηγορ(ε)-, κατ+ηγορη·σ-, κατ+ηγορη·σ-, -, κατ+ηγορη-, -)
κατ·ε·ηγορ(ε)·ον, κατ·ηγορ(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]
impf act ind 1st sg or impf act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
I-was-ACCUSE-ing, they-were-ACCUSE-ing, while ACCUSE-ing
(reproach)
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
ἀρχιερεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀρχ·ιερεύς, -έως, ὁ
αρχιερ(ευ)·ες, αρχιερ(ευ)·ας
(mas) nom|voc pl, (mas) acc pl
archpriests
πολλά [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral, irreg.)

πολ[λ]ύς πολλή πολ[λ]ύ
πολλ·α
neu nom|acc pl
many
·
Mk 15:3
¶The chief priests accused him of many things.
4 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
Πιλάτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Pilate
πάλιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πάλιν
παλιν
indecl
again
afresh, again, anon, once more, back, backwards, restore
{ ἐπηρώτησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπ·ερωτάω (επ+ερωτ(α)-, επ+ερωτη·σ-, επ+ερωτη·σ-, -, -, επ+ερωτη·θ-)
επ·ε·ερωτη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-QUESTION-ed
[consult, enquire]
ἐπηρώτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπ·ερωτάω (επ+ερωτ(α)-, επ+ερωτη·σ-, επ+ερωτη·σ-, -, -, επ+ερωτη·θ-)
επ·ε·ερωτ(α)·ε
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-QUESTION-ing
[consult, enquire]
} αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
, λέγων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while SAY/TELL-ing
speak, tell, recount
, Οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἀποκρίνῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κρίνομαι (απο+κριν-, -, απο+κριν·[σ]-, -, απο+κεκρι-, απο+κρι·θ-)
απο·κριν·ῃ, απο·κριν·[σ]ῃ
pres mp ind 2nd sg or pres mp sub 2nd sg, 1aor act sub 3rd sg or 1aor mp sub 2nd sg
you(sg)-are-being-ANSWER-ed, you(sg)-should-be-being-ANSWER-ed, he/she/it-should-ANSWER, you(sg)-should-be-ANSWER-ed
Lit:"judge/decide-from", hence involves a response that requires some thinking/consideration/decision. Usually rendered "answer" (in response to a question/inquiry)
οὐδέν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

οὐδ·είς οὐδε·μία οὐδ·έν and οὐθ·είς (οὐθε·μία) οὐθ·έν
ουδε[ι]ν
neu nom|acc sg
none
[not one, no one]
; Ἴδε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ε
2aor act imp 2nd sg
do-SEE/BEHOLD-you(sg)!
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
, πόσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

πόσος -η -ον
ποσ·α
neu nom|acc pl
how many
σου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
{ καταμαρτυροῦσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·μαρτυρέω (κατα+μαρτυρ(ε)-, κατα+μαρτυρη·σ-, κατα+μαρτυρη·σ-, -, -, -)
κατα·μαρτυρ(ε)·ουσι(ν), κατα·μαρτυρ(ε)·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
they-are-WITNESS-ing-AGAINST, while WITNESS-ing-AGAINST
κατηγοροῦσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατ·ηγορέω (κατ+ηγορ(ε)-, κατ+ηγορη·σ-, κατ+ηγορη·σ-, -, κατ+ηγορη-, -)
κατ·ηγορ(ε)·ουσι(ν), κατ·ηγορ(ε)·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
they-are-ACCUSE-ing, while ACCUSE-ing
(reproach)
} .
———
RP: ἐπηρώτησεν ◆ NA/UBS: ἐπηρώτα
RP: καταμαρτυροῦσιν ◆ NA/UBS: κατηγοροῦσιν
Mk 15:4
Pilate again asked him, “Have you no answer? See how many things they testify against you!”
5 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
οὐκέτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὐκέτι (οὐκ ἔτι)
ουκετι
indecl
no longer
οὐδὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

οὐδ·είς οὐδε·μία οὐδ·έν and οὐθ·είς (οὐθε·μία) οὐθ·έν
ουδε[ι]ν
neu nom|acc sg
none
[not one, no one]
ἀπεκρίθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κρίνομαι (απο+κριν-, -, απο+κριν·[σ]-, -, απο+κεκρι-, απο+κρι·θ-)
απο·ε·κρι·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-ANSWER-ed
Lit:"judge/decide-from", hence involves a response that requires some thinking/consideration/decision. Usually rendered "answer" (in response to a question/inquiry)
, ὥστε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὥστε
ωστε
indecl
also-like-this
Lit: "like-also"
θαυμάζειν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θαυμάζω (θαυμαζ-, θαυμα·σ-, θαυμα·σ-, τεθαυμα·κ-, τεθαυμασ-, θαυμασ·θ-)
θαυμαζ·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-MARVEL-ing
/wonder-at/cause-amazement/surprise/shock/awe, be-impressed
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
Πιλάτον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ον
(mas) acc sg
Pilate
.
Mk 15:5
¶But Jesus made no further answer, so that Pilate marveled.
6Κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἑορτὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἑορτή, -ῆς, ἡ
εορτ·ην
(fem) acc sg
festival
ἀπέλυεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·λύω (απο+λυ-, απο+λυ·σ-, απο+λυ·σ-, απο+λελυ·κ-, απο+λελυ-, απο+λυ·θ-)
απο·ε·λυ·ε(ν)
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-RELEASE-ing
Lit:"loose-from", hence release, let-go, divorce, free, pardon. Also a euphemism for die.
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
ἕνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ε[ι]ν·α
mas acc sg
one
δέσμιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-2-2 and 2-1-2)

δέσμιος[2], -ου, ὁ; δέσμιος[1] (-ία) -ον [LXX]
δεσμι·ον; δεσμι·ον
(mas) acc sg; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
prisoner; bound
, from "δέω" (bind/tie/restrain/imprison).;
, { ὅνπερ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅσ·περ ἥ·περ ὅ·περ
ον·περ
mas acc sg
who-/whom-/whichever
ᾐτοῦντο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

αἰτέω (αιτ(ε)-, αιτη·σ-, αιτη·σ-, ῃτη·κ-, ῃτη-, αιτη·θ-)
ε·αιτ(ε)·οντο
impf mp ind 3rd pl
they-were-being-ASK-ed
ὃν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative); Verb

ὅς ἥ ὅ; εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ον; (εσ)·ο[υ]ν[τ]
mas acc sg; pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
who/whom/which; while being
;
παρῃτοῦντο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρ·αιτέομαι (παρ+αιτ(ε)-, -, παρ+αιτη·σ-, -, παρ+ῃτη-, -)
παρ·ε·αιτ(ε)·οντο
impf mp ind 3rd pl
they-were-being-REJECT-ed
abandon, forgo, give up, quit, relinquish, resign from, leave, beg, ask, decline, deprecate
} .
———
RP: ὅνπερ ᾐτοῦντο ◆ NA/UBS: ὃν παρῃτοῦντο
Mk 15:6
¶Now at the feast he used to release to them one prisoner, whom they asked of him.
7Ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
λεγόμενος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ομεν·ος
pres mp ptcp mas nom sg
while being-SAY/TELL-ed
speak, tell, recount
Βαραββᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

Βαρ·αββᾶς, -ᾶ, ὁ
βαραββ·ας
(mas) nom sg
Barabbas
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
{ συστασιαστῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

συ·στασιαστής, -οῦ, ὁ
συστασιαστ·ων
(mas) gen pl
co-insurrectionists
στασιαστῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

στασιαστής, -οῦ, ὁ
στασιαστ·ων
(mas) gen pl
insurgents
mutineer,rebel
} δεδεμένος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δέω (δε-/δ(ε)-, δη·σ-, δη·σ-, δεδε·κ-, δεδε-, δε·θ-)
δεδε·μεν·ος
perf mp ptcp mas nom sg
having-been-BIND-ed
bind, enchain, tie
, οἵτινες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅσ·τις ἥ·τις ὄ τι
οι·τιν·ες
mas nom pl
those/such-who/which/that
, Lit: a-particular/some-who/which/that; "ἕως ὅτου": until-when
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
στάσει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

στάσις, -εως, ἡ
στασ(ι)·ι
(fem) dat sg
uprising
Standing or position; perhaps from this, a party or band (formed around a position)-- especially one formed for seditious purposes; thus, the meaning "strife/discord/dispute", as well as "uprising/riot/rebellion".
φόνον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

φόνος, -ου, ὁ
φον·ον
(mas) acc sg
murder
πεποιήκεισαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
[ε]·πεποιη·κεισαν
plup act ind 3rd pl
they-had-DO/MAKE-ed
.
———
RP: συστασιαστῶν ◆ NA/UBS: στασιαστῶν
Mk 15:7
There was one called Barabbas, bound with those who had made insurrection, men who in the insurrection had committed murder.
8Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
{ ἀναβοήσας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀνα·βοάω (ανα+βο(α)-, ανα+βοη·σ-, ανα+βοη·σ-, -, -, -)
ανα·βοη·σα[ντ]·ς
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon CRY-ing-OUT
ἀναβὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀνα·βαίνω (ανα+βαιν-, ανα+βη·σ-, ανα+βαιν·[σ]- or 2nd ath. ανα+β(η)-/ath. ανα+β(α)-, ανα+βεβη·κ-, -, -)
ανα·β(α)·[ντ]·ς
2aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon ASCEND-ing
Lit:"step/foot-up", hence ascend.
} [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
ὄχλος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ὄχλος, -ου, ὁ
οχλ·ος
(mas) nom sg
crowd
ἤρξατο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἄρχω (αρχ-, αρξ-, αρξ-, -, ηρχ-, -)
ε·αρχ·σατο
1aor mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-BEGIN/RULE-ed
Lit:"head/chief", hence rule or begin (depending upon context).
αἰτεῖσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

αἰτέω (αιτ(ε)-, αιτη·σ-, αιτη·σ-, ῃτη·κ-, ῃτη-, αιτη·θ-)
αιτ(ε)·εσθαι
pres mp inf
to-be-being-ASK-ed
καθὼς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

καθ·ώς
καθως
indecl
as accordingly
[according to how/in accordance with how]
{ ἀεὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἀεί/αἰεί
αει
indecl
always
◆ - } ἐποίει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ε·ποι(ε)·ε
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-DO/MAKE-ing
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
.
———
RP: ἀναβοήσας ◆ NA/UBS: ἀναβὰς
RP: ἀεὶ ◆ NA/UBS: —
Mk 15:8
The multitude, crying aloud, began to ask him to do as he always did for them.
9 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
Πιλάτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Pilate
ἀπεκρίθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κρίνομαι (απο+κριν-, -, απο+κριν·[σ]-, -, απο+κεκρι-, απο+κρι·θ-)
απο·ε·κρι·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-ANSWER-ed
Lit:"judge/decide-from", hence involves a response that requires some thinking/consideration/decision. Usually rendered "answer" (in response to a question/inquiry)
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
, λέγων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while SAY/TELL-ing
speak, tell, recount
, Θέλετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θέλω (θελ-, θελη·σ-, θελη·σ-, τεθελη·κ-, -, -)
θελ·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-CONFESS-ing, be-you(pl)-CONFESS-ing!
/wish/desire
ἀπολύσω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·λύω (απο+λυ-, απο+λυ·σ-, απο+λυ·σ-, απο+λελυ·κ-, απο+λελυ-, απο+λυ·θ-)
απο·λυ·σω
fut act ind 1st sg or 1aor act sub 1st sg
I-will-RELEASE, I-should-RELEASE
Lit:"loose-from", hence release, let-go, divorce, free, pardon. Also a euphemism for die.
ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you(pl)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
βασιλέα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·α
(mas) acc sg
king
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
Ἰουδαίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
Jewish
;
Mk 15:9
Pilate answered them, saying, “Do you want me to release to you the King of the Jews?”
10Ἐγίνωσκεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γινώσκω/γιγν- (γινωσκ-/γιγνωσκ-, γνω·σ-, 2nd ath. γν(ω)-/ath. γν(ο)-, εγνω·κ-, εγνωσ-, γνωσ·θ-)
ε·γινωσκ·ε(ν)
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-KNOW-ing
καί έν τούτω γινώσκομεν
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
φθόνον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

φθόνος, -ου, ὁ
φθον·ον
(mas) acc sg
jealous/agressive-guardedness
Often rendered "envy", except envy arises from wanting what another has, while jealousy arises from anxiety that something valuable might be removed/taken/lost. Neither envy nor resentment fit James 4:5.
παραδεδώκεισαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·δίδωμι (ath. παρα+διδ(ο)-/ath. παρα+διδ(ω)-, παρα+δω·σ-, παρα+δω·κ- or 2nd ath. παρα+δ(ο)-/ath. παρα+δ(ω)-, παρα+δεδω·κ-, παρα+δεδο-, παρα+δο·θ-)
παρα·[ε]·δεδω·κεισαν
plup act ind 3rd pl
they-had-DELIVER-OVER-ed
Lit:"give-close-beside", hence deliver/surrender/hand-over, betray, commit, give-in/over/up, turn-in, consign, grant, bestow, teach-doctrine
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
ἀρχιερεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀρχ·ιερεύς, -έως, ὁ
αρχιερ(ευ)·ες, αρχιερ(ευ)·ας
(mas) nom|voc pl, (mas) acc pl
archpriests
.
Mk 15:10
For he perceived that for envy the chief priests had delivered him up.
11Οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἀρχιερεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀρχ·ιερεύς, -έως, ὁ
αρχιερ(ευ)·ες, αρχιερ(ευ)·ας
(mas) nom|voc pl, (mas) acc pl
archpriests
ἀνέσεισαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀνα·σείω (ανα+σει-, -, ανα+σει·σ-, -, -, -)
ανα·ε·σει·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-SHAKE-ed-UP
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
ὄχλον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ὄχλος, -ου, ὁ
οχλ·ον
(mas) acc sg
crowd
, ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that
/so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
μᾶλλον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

μᾶλλον
μαλλον
indecl
more/rather
(instead)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
Βαραββᾶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

Βαρ·αββᾶς, -ᾶ, ὁ
βαραββ·αν
(mas) acc sg
Barabbas
ἀπολύσῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·λύω (απο+λυ-, απο+λυ·σ-, απο+λυ·σ-, απο+λελυ·κ-, απο+λελυ-, απο+λυ·θ-)
απο·λυ·σῃ
fut mp ind 2nd sg or 1aor act sub 3rd sg or 1aor mp sub 2nd sg
you(sg)-will-be-RELEASE-ed, he/she/it-should-RELEASE, you(sg)-should-be-RELEASE-ed
Lit:"loose-from", hence release, let-go, divorce, free, pardon. Also a euphemism for die.
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
.
Mk 15:11
But the chief priests stirred up the multitude, that he should release Barabbas to them instead.
12 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
Πιλάτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Pilate
{ ἀποκριθεὶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κρίνομαι (απο+κριν-, -, απο+κριν·[σ]-, -, απο+κεκρι-, απο+κρι·θ-)
απο·κρι·θει[ντ]·ς
aor θη ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon being-ANSWER-ed
Lit:"judge/decide-from", hence involves a response that requires some thinking/consideration/decision. Usually rendered "answer" (in response to a question/inquiry)
πάλιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πάλιν
παλιν
indecl
again
afresh, again, anon, once more, back, backwards, restore
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY/TELL-ed
speak, tell, recount
πάλιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πάλιν
παλιν
indecl
again
afresh, again, anon, once more, back, backwards, restore
ἀποκριθεὶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κρίνομαι (απο+κριν-, -, απο+κριν·[σ]-, -, απο+κεκρι-, απο+κρι·θ-)
απο·κρι·θει[ντ]·ς
aor θη ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon being-ANSWER-ed
Lit:"judge/decide-from", hence involves a response that requires some thinking/consideration/decision. Usually rendered "answer" (in response to a question/inquiry)
ἔλεγεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·λεγ·ε(ν)
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-SAY/TELL-ing
speak, tell, recount
} αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
, Τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
{ θέλετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θέλω (θελ-, θελη·σ-, θελη·σ-, τεθελη·κ-, -, -)
θελ·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-CONFESS-ing, be-you(pl)-CONFESS-ing!
/wish/desire
ποιήσω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποιη·σω
fut act ind 1st sg or 1aor act sub 1st sg
I-will-DO/MAKE, I-should-DO/MAKE
ὃν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative); Verb

ὅς ἥ ὅ; εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ον; (εσ)·ο[υ]ν[τ]
mas acc sg; pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
who/whom/which; while being
;
λέγετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-SAY/TELL-ing, be-you(pl)-SAY/TELL-ing!
speak, tell, recount
◆ [ θέλετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θέλω (θελ-, θελη·σ-, θελη·σ-, τεθελη·κ-, -, -)
θελ·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-CONFESS-ing, be-you(pl)-CONFESS-ing!
/wish/desire
] ποιήσω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποιη·σω
fut act ind 1st sg or 1aor act sub 1st sg
I-will-DO/MAKE, I-should-DO/MAKE
[ ὃν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative); Verb

ὅς ἥ ὅ; εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ον; (εσ)·ο[υ]ν[τ]
mas acc sg; pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
who/whom/which; while being
;
λέγετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-SAY/TELL-ing, be-you(pl)-SAY/TELL-ing!
speak, tell, recount
] τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
} βασιλέα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·α
(mas) acc sg
king
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
Ἰουδαίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
Jewish
;
———
RP: ἀποκριθεὶς πάλιν εἶπεν ◆ NA/UBS: πάλιν ἀποκριθεὶς ἔλεγεν
RP: θέλετε ποιήσω ὃν λέγετε ◆ NA/UBS: [θέλετε] ποιήσω [ὃν λέγετε] τὸν
Mk 15:12
Pilate again asked them, “What then should I do to him whom you call the King of the Jews?”
13Οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
πάλιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πάλιν
παλιν
indecl
again
afresh, again, anon, once more, back, backwards, restore
ἔκραξαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κράζω (κραζ-, κραξ-/κεκραξ-, κραξ-/κεκραξ- or 2nd κεκραγ-, κεκραγ·[κ]-, -, -)
ε·κραγ·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-CALL/CRY-ed-OUT
, Σταύρωσον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σταυρόω (σταυρ(ο)-, σταυρω·σ-, σταυρω·σ-, -, εσταυρω-, σταυρω·θ-)
σταυρω·σον, σταυρω·σο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, fut act ptcp mas voc sg or fut act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
do-CRUCIFY-you(sg)!, going-to-CRUCIFY
impale
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
.
Mk 15:13
¶They cried out again, “Crucify him!”
14 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
Πιλάτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Pilate
ἔλεγεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·λεγ·ε(ν)
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-SAY/TELL-ing
speak, tell, recount
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
, Τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
{ κακὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

κακός -ή -όν (cf. φαῦλος)
κακ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
wicked
/evil
ἐποίησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ε·ποιη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-DO/MAKE-ed
ἐποίησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ε·ποιη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-DO/MAKE-ed
κακόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

κακός -ή -όν (cf. φαῦλος)
κακ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
wicked
/evil
} ; Οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
{ περισσοτέρως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

περισσοτέρως
περισσοτερως
indecl
more exceptionally/all the more
περισσῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

περισσῶς
περισσως
indecl
all the more
} ἔκραξαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κράζω (κραζ-, κραξ-/κεκραξ-, κραξ-/κεκραξ- or 2nd κεκραγ-, κεκραγ·[κ]-, -, -)
ε·κραγ·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-CALL/CRY-ed-OUT
, Σταύρωσον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σταυρόω (σταυρ(ο)-, σταυρω·σ-, σταυρω·σ-, -, εσταυρω-, σταυρω·θ-)
σταυρω·σον, σταυρω·σο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, fut act ptcp mas voc sg or fut act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
do-CRUCIFY-you(sg)!, going-to-CRUCIFY
impale
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
.
———
RP: κακὸν ἐποίησεν ◆ NA/UBS: ἐποίησεν κακόν
RP: περισσοτέρως ◆ NA/UBS: περισσῶς
Mk 15:14
¶Pilate said to them, “Why, what evil has he done?”
¶But they cried out exceedingly all the more, “Crucify him!”
15 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
Πιλάτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Pilate
βουλόμενος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βούλομαι (βουλ-, βουλη·σ-, -, -, -, βουλη·θ-)
βουλ·ομεν·ος
pres mp ptcp mas nom sg
while being-DESIRE-ed
Similarly to θέλω, may be used for "wish/want/desire". Βούλομαι may also refer to decisions of the will after consideration, thus "decide/plan/intend". (See BAGD 2nd edition; LSJ) "Desire" can stand as a gloss for either nua
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
ὄχλῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ὄχλος, -ου, ὁ
οχλ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
crowd
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
ἱκανὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἱκανός -ή -όν
ικαν·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
ample/enough
[sizeable, considerable, significant, worthy, important]
ποιῆσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποιη·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-DO/MAKE, be-you(sg)-DO/MAKE-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-DO/MAKE
, ἀπέλυσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·λύω (απο+λυ-, απο+λυ·σ-, απο+λυ·σ-, απο+λελυ·κ-, απο+λελυ-, απο+λυ·θ-)
απο·ε·λυ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-RELEASE-ed
Lit:"loose-from", hence release, let-go, divorce, free, pardon. Also a euphemism for die.
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
Βαραββᾶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

Βαρ·αββᾶς, -ᾶ, ὁ
βαραββ·αν
(mas) acc sg
Barabbas
· καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
παρέδωκεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·δίδωμι (ath. παρα+διδ(ο)-/ath. παρα+διδ(ω)-, παρα+δω·σ-, παρα+δω·κ- or 2nd ath. παρα+δ(ο)-/ath. παρα+δ(ω)-, παρα+δεδω·κ-, παρα+δεδο-, παρα+δο·θ-)
παρα·ε·δω·κε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-DELIVER-OVER-ed
Lit:"give-close-beside", hence deliver/surrender/hand-over, betray, commit, give-in/over/up, turn-in, consign, grant, bestow, teach-doctrine
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
Ἰησοῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ον
(mas) acc sg
Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
, φραγελλώσας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φραγελλόω (-, -, φραγελλω·σ-, -, -, -)
φραγελλω·σα[ντ]·ς
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon FLOG-ing
, ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that
/so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
σταυρωθῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σταυρόω (σταυρ(ο)-, σταυρω·σ-, σταυρω·σ-, -, εσταυρω-, σταυρω·θ-)
σταυρω·θῃ
aor θη sub 3rd sg
he/she/it-should-be-CRUCIFY-ed
impale
.
Mk 15:15
¶Pilate, wishing to please the multitude, released Barabbas to them, and handed over Jesus, when he had flogged him, to be crucified.
16Οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
στρατιῶται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

στρατιώτης, -ου, ὁ
στρατιωτ·αι
(mas) nom|voc pl
soldiers
ἀπήγαγον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·άγω (απ+αγ-, απ+αξ-, 2nd απ+αγαγ-, -, απ+ηγ-, απ+αχ·θ-)
απ·ε·αγαγ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
I-LEAD-ed-AWAY, they-LEAD-ed-AWAY
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
ἔσω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἔσω
εσω
indecl
inside
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
αὐλῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

αὐλή, -ῆς, ἡ
αυλ·ης
(fem) gen sg
courtyard
[sheep-fold, palace, house]
, [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ο
neu nom|acc sg
who/whom/which
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
πραιτώριον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

πραιτώριον, -ου, τό
πραιτωρι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
praetorium
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
συγκαλοῦσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συγ·καλέω (συν+καλ(ε)-, συν+καλε·σ-, συν+καλε·σ-, -, -, -)
συν·καλ(ε)·ουσι(ν), συν·καλ(ε)·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
they-are-CALL TOGETHER-ing, while CALL TOGETHER-ing
ὅλην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Partitive Numeral)

ὅλος -η -ον
ολ·ην
fem acc sg
whole
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
σπεῖραν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Verb

σπεῖρα, -ης, ἡ; σπείρω (σπειρ-, σπερ(ε)·[σ]-, σπειρ·[σ]-, εσπαρ·κ-, εσπαρ-, σπαρ·[θ]-)
σπειρ·αν; σπειρ·[σ]αν[τ]
(fem) acc sg; 1aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
cohort; upon SOW-ing
[group of around 800 soldiers];
.
Mk 15:16
The soldiers led him away within the court, which is the Praetorium; and they called together the whole cohort.
17Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
{ ἐνδύουσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐν·δύω (εν+δυ-, εν+δυ·σ-, εν+δυ·σ-, εν+δεδυ·κ-, εν+δεδυ-, -)
εν·δυ·ουσι(ν), εν·δυ·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
they-are-CLOTHE-ing, while CLOTHE-ing
ἐνδιδύσκουσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐν·διδύσκω (εν+διδυσκ-, -, -, -, -, -)
εν·διδυσκ·ουσι(ν), εν·διδυσκ·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
they-are-CLOTHE-IN-ing, while CLOTHE-IN-ing
wear
} αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
πορφύραν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

πορφύρα, -ας, ἡ; πορφυροῦς -ᾶ -οῦν a.k.a. πορφύρεος
πορφυρ·αν; πορφυρ(ε)·αν
(fem) acc sg; fem acc sg
purple; purple
[cloth];
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
περιτιθέασιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

περι·τίθημι (ath. περι+τιθ(ε)-, περι+θη·σ-, περι+θη·κ- or 2nd ath. περι+θ(ε)-, -, -, -)
περι·τιθ(ε)·ασι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl
they-are-PLACE-ing-AROUND
[made a barrier round about it, metaph., bestow, confer upon]
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
πλέξαντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πλέκω (-, -, πλεξ-, -, πεπλεκ-, πλακ·[θ]-)
πλεκ·σαντ·ες
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon BRAID-ing
ἀκάνθινον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἀκάνθινος -η -ον
ακανθιν·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
thorny
στέφανον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

στέφανος[1], -ου, ὁ; Στέφανος[2], -ου, ὁ
στεφαν·ον; στεφαν·ον
(mas) acc sg; (mas) acc sg
wreath; wreath
this is the wreath of victory, a crown only in the sense of an accomplishment but not in the governing sense, it does not signify authority as διαδημα which is the crown of a ruler; wreath (only) not crown
,
———
RP: ἐνδύουσιν ◆ NA/UBS: ἐνδιδύσκουσιν
Mk 15:17
They clothed him with purple, and weaving a crown of thorns, they put it on him.
18καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἤρξαντο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἄρχω (αρχ-, αρξ-, αρξ-, -, ηρχ-, -)
ε·αρχ·σαντο
1aor mp ind 3rd pl
they-were-BEGIN/RULE-ed
Lit:"head/chief", hence rule or begin (depending upon context).
ἀσπάζεσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀσπάζομαι (ασπαζ-, ασπα·σ-, ασπα·σ-, -, -, -)
ασπαζ·εσθαι
pres mp inf
to-be-being-GREET-ed
(welcome, salute)
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
, Χαῖρε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

χαίρω (χαιρ-, χαρ(ε)·[σ]-, -, -, -, χαρ·[θ]-)
χαιρ·ε
pres act imp 2nd sg
be-you(sg)-REJOICE-ing!
salute, salutation
, { [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
βασιλεῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)
(mas) voc sg
king
} τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
Ἰουδαίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
Jewish
·
———
RP: ὁ βασιλεὺς ◆ NA/UBS: βασιλεῦ
Mk 15:18
They began to salute him, “Hail, King of the Jews!”
19καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἔτυπτον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τύπτω (τυπτ-, -, -, -, -, -)
ε·τυπτ·ον
impf act ind 1st sg or impf act ind 3rd pl
I-was-BEAT-ing, they-were-BEAT-ing
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
κεφαλὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

κεφαλή, -ῆς, ἡ
κεφαλ·ην
(fem) acc sg
head
καλάμῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

κάλαμος, -ου, ὁ
καλαμ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
cane
stick, rod; reed
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐνέπτυον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐμ·πτύω (εν+πτυ-, εν+πτυ·σ-, εν+πτυ·σ-, -, -, εν+πτυσ·θ-)
εν·ε·πτυ·ον
impf act ind 1st sg or impf act ind 3rd pl
I-was-SPIT-ing-ON, they-were-SPIT-ing-ON
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τιθέντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τίθημι (ath. τιθ(ε)-, θη·σ-, θη·κ- or 2nd ath. θ(ε)-, τεθει·κ-, τεθει-, τε·θ-)
τιθ(ε)·ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while PLACE-ing
/lay/put/set/situate/arrange/station
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
γόνατα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

γόνυ, γόνατος, τό
γονατ·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
knees
προσεκύνουν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·κυνέω (προσ+κυν(ε)-, προσ+κυνη·σ-, προσ+κυνη·σ-, προσ+κεκυνη·κ-, -, -)
προσ·ε·κυν(ε)·ον
impf act ind 1st sg or impf act ind 3rd pl
I-was-PROSTRATE-ing, they-were-PROSTRATE-ing
kneel or prostrate oneself before, in worship/reverence/honor
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
.
Mk 15:19
They struck his head with a reed, and spat on him, and bowing their knees, did homage to him.
20Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ὅτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὅτε
οτε
indecl
when
ἐνέπαιξαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐμ·παίζω (εν+παιζ-, εν+παιξ-, εν+παιξ-, εν+πεπαιχ·[κ]-, εν+πεπαιγ-, εν+παιχ·θ-)
εν·ε·παιγ·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-MOCK-ed
Lit:"play-in", hence make-sport-of, mock, deride, jeer
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
, ἐξέδυσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·δύω/-δύνω (εκ+δυν-, εκ+δυ·σ-, εκ+δυ·σ-, -, -, -)
εκ·ε·δυ·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-TAKE-ed-OFF
[ex: stripped (me) of (my cloak) Od.14.341]
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
πορφύραν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

πορφύρα, -ας, ἡ; πορφυροῦς -ᾶ -οῦν a.k.a. πορφύρεος
πορφυρ·αν; πορφυρ(ε)·αν
(fem) acc sg; fem acc sg
purple; purple
[cloth];
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐνέδυσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐν·δύω (εν+δυ-, εν+δυ·σ-, εν+δυ·σ-, εν+δεδυ·κ-, εν+δεδυ-, -)
εν·ε·δυ·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-CLOTHE-ed
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
ἱμάτια [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ἱμάτιον, -ου, τό
ιματι·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
clothings
garment, cloak
{ τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
ἴδια [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Possessive)

ἴδιος -ία -ον
ιδι·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or fem nom|voc sg
own, own
privately
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
} .
Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐξάγουσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·άγω (εξ+αγ-, εξ+αξ-, 2nd εξ+αγαγ-, -, -, εξ+αχ·θ-)
εξ·αγ·ουσι(ν), εξ·αγ·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
they-are-BRING/LEAD-OUT-ing, while BRING/LEAD-OUT-ing
Lit:"lead/bring/carry-from-out-of", hence lead/bring-out.
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that
/so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
σταυρώσωσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σταυρόω (σταυρ(ο)-, σταυρω·σ-, σταυρω·σ-, -, εσταυρω-, σταυρω·θ-)
σταυρω·σωσι(ν)
1aor act sub 3rd pl
they-should-CRUCIFY
impale
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
.
———
RP: τὰ ἴδια ◆ NA/UBS: αὐτοῦ
Mk 15:20
When they had mocked him, they took the purple off of him, and put his own garments on him. They led him out to crucify him.
21Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀγγαρεύουσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀγγαρεύω (αγγαρευ-, αγγαρευ·σ-, αγγαρευ·σ-, -, -, -)
αγγαρευ·ουσι(ν), αγγαρευ·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
they-are-FORCE-ing-INTO-SERVICE, while FORCE-ing-INTO-SERVICE
παράγοντά [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρ·άγω (παρ+αγ-, -, 2nd παρ+αγαγ-, -, -, παρ+αχ·θ-)
παρ·αγ·ο[υ]ντ·α
pres act ptcp mas acc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
while PASS/LEAD-BY-ing
Lit:"lead/pass-close-beside", to be influenced, persuaded, go away, derive, generate, procreate, produce
τινα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

τὶ[ν]ς[2] τὶ[ν], gen. τινός, dat. τινί, acc. τινά τὶ
τιν·α
neu nom|acc pl or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
someone, someone
indefinite pronoun; someone, something, anyone, anything. Specific/non-specific is determined from text-markings and/or context).
Σίμωνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

Σίμων, -ωνος, ὁ, voc. sg. Σίμων
σιμων·α
(mas) acc sg
Simon
Κυρηναῖον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Κυρηναῖος, -ου, ὁ
κυρηναι·ον
(mas) acc sg
Cyrenian
, ἐρχόμενον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ερχ·ομεν·ον
pres mp ptcp mas acc sg or pres mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
while being-COME-ed
Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
ἀπ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απ’
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
ἀγροῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀγρός, -οῦ, ὁ
αγρ·ου
(mas) gen sg
field
ἔχομεν
, τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
πατέρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

πατήρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ὁ, voc. pl. πατέρες
πατερ·α
(mas) acc sg
father
Ἀλεξάνδρου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Ἀλέξ·ανδρος, -ου, ὁ
αλεξανδρ·ου
(mas) gen sg
Alexander
[defender/protector (ἀλέξω) of men]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
Ῥούφου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Ῥοῦφος, -ου, ὁ
ρουφ·ου
(mas) gen sg
Rufus
, ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that
/so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
ἄρῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

αἴρω (αιρ-, αρ(ε)·[σ]-, αρ·[σ]-, ηρ·κ-, ηρ-, αρ·θ-)
αρ(ε)·[σ]ῃ, αρ·[σ]ῃ
fut mp ind 2nd sg, 1aor act sub 3rd sg or 1aor mp sub 2nd sg
you(sg)-will-be-LIFT/PICK-UP-ed, he/she/it-should-LIFT/PICK-UP, you(sg)-should-be-LIFT/PICK-UP-ed
, take-up, tote, raise, bear, carry
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
σταυρὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

σταυρός, -οῦ, ὁ
σταυρ·ον
(mas) acc sg
cross
stake, torture stake
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
.
Mk 15:21
They compelled one passing by, coming from the country, Simon of Cyrene, the father of Alexander and Rufus, to go with them, that he might bear his cross.
22Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
φέρουσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φέρω (φερ-, οι·σ-, ενεγκ·[σ]- or 2nd ενεγκ-, ενηνοχ·[κ]-, -, ενεχ·θ-)
φερ·ουσι(ν), φερ·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
they-are-BRING-ing, while BRING-ing
, tote/bear/carry(a load), fetch, carry-off, offer, bring-forth, give-birth
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
{ Γολγοθᾶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

Γολγοθᾶ, ἡ
γολγοθ·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
Golgotha
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
Γολγοθᾶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

Γολγοθᾶ, ἡ
γολγοθ·αν
(fem) acc sg
Golgotha
} τόπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

τόπος, -ου, ὁ
τοπ·ον
(mas) acc sg
place
, [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ο
neu nom|acc sg
who/whom/which
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
μεθερμηνευόμενον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μεθ·ερμηνεύω (μεθ+ερμηνευ-, -, μεθ+ερμηνευ·σ-, -, -, -)
μεθ·ερμηνευ·ομεν·ον
pres mp ptcp mas acc sg or pres mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
while being-TRANSLATE-ed
, Κρανίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

κρανίον, -ου, τό
κρανι·ου
(neu) gen sg
skull
cranium, top of the head
Τόπος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

τόπος, -ου, ὁ
τοπ·ος
(mas) nom sg
place
.
———
RP: Γολγοθᾶ ◆ NA/UBS: τὸν Γολγοθᾶν
Mk 15:22
They brought him to the place called Golgotha, which is, being interpreted, “The place of a skull.”
23Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐδίδουν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
ε·διδ(ο)·ον
impf act ind 1st sg or impf act ind 3rd pl
I-was-GIVE-ing, they-were-GIVE-ing
/offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
{ πιεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πίνω (πιν-, πι·[σ]-, 2nd πι-, πεπω·κ-, -, πο·θ-)
πι·[σ]ειν, πι·ειν
fut act inf, 2aor act inf
to-will-DRINK, to-DRINK
◆ - } ἐσμυρνισμένον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σμυρνίζω (-, -, -, -, εσμυρνισ-, -)
εσμυρνισ·μεν·ον
perf mp ptcp mas acc sg or perf mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
having-been-INFUSE-ed-WITH-MYRRH
οἶνον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

οἶνος, -ου, ὁ
οιν·ον
(mas) acc sg
wine
· { [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
ὃς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ος
mas nom sg
who/whom/which
} δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἔλαβεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαμβάνω (λαμβαν-, λημψ-/ληψ-, λαβ·[σ]- or 2nd λαβ-, ειληφ·[κ]-, ειληβ-, λημφ·θ-/ληφ·θ-)
ε·λαβ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·λαβ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-TAKE/RECEIVE-ed
grasp, clutch, cling-to, seize, lay-hands-upon, take by violence, carry off, of a deity, seize, possess, catch, find out, detect, overtake, understand
.
———
RP: πιεῖν ◆ NA/UBS: —
RP: ὁ ◆ NA/UBS: ὃς
Mk 15:23
They offered him myrrhed[a] wine mixed with myrrh to drink, but he didn’t take it.
———
a Myrrh was used as a painkiller (see archive.archaeology.org/9605/newsbriefs/myrrh.html).
24Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
{ σταυρώσαντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σταυρόω (σταυρ(ο)-, σταυρω·σ-, σταυρω·σ-, -, εσταυρω-, σταυρω·θ-)
σταυρω·σαντ·ες
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon CRUCIFY-ing
impale
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
σταυροῦσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σταυρόω (σταυρ(ο)-, σταυρω·σ-, σταυρω·σ-, -, εσταυρω-, σταυρω·θ-)
σταυρ(ο)·ουσι(ν), σταυρ(ο)·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
they-are-CRUCIFY-ing, while CRUCIFY-ing
impale
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
} , διαμερίζονται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δια·μερίζω (δια+μεριζ-, δια+μερι(ε)·[σ]-/δια+μερι·σ-, δια+μερι·σ-, -, δια+μεμερισ-, δια+μερισ·θ-)
δια·μεριζ·ονται
pres mp ind 3rd pl
they-are-being-DIVIDE-ed
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
ἱμάτια [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ἱμάτιον, -ου, τό
ιματι·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
clothings
garment, cloak
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
, βάλλοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βάλλω (βαλλ-, βαλ(ε)·[σ]-, βαλ·[σ]- or 2nd βαλ-, βεβλη·κ-, βεβλη-, βλη·θ-)
βαλλ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while THROW-ing
/cast
κλῆρον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

κλῆρος, -ου, ὁ
κληρ·ον
(mas) acc sg
lot
ἐπ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επ’
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
αὐτά [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·α
neu nom|acc pl
they/them/same
, τίς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]·ς
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
who
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
ἄρῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

αἴρω (αιρ-, αρ(ε)·[σ]-, αρ·[σ]-, ηρ·κ-, ηρ-, αρ·θ-)
αρ(ε)·[σ]ῃ, αρ·[σ]ῃ
fut mp ind 2nd sg, 1aor act sub 3rd sg or 1aor mp sub 2nd sg
you(sg)-will-be-LIFT/PICK-UP-ed, he/she/it-should-LIFT/PICK-UP, you(sg)-should-be-LIFT/PICK-UP-ed
, take-up, tote, raise, bear, carry
.
———
RP: σταυρώσαντες αὐτόν ◆ NA/UBS: σταυροῦσιν αὐτὸν καὶ
Mk 15:24
¶Crucifying him, they parted his garments among them, casting lots on them, what each should take.
25Ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ὥρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ὥρα, -ας, ἡ
ωρ·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
hour
τρίτη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

τρίτος -η -ον
τριτ·η
fem nom|voc sg
third
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐσταύρωσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σταυρόω (σταυρ(ο)-, σταυρω·σ-, σταυρω·σ-, -, εσταυρω-, σταυρω·θ-)
ε·σταυρω·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-CRUCIFY-ed
impale
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
.
Mk 15:25
It was the third hour, and they crucified him.
26Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
ἐπιγραφὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἐπι·γραφή, -ῆς, ἡ
επιγραφ·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
inscription
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
αἰτίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

αἰτία, -ας, ἡ; αἴτιος -ία -ον
αιτι·ας; αιτι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl; fem gen sg or fem acc pl
circumstance/reason, circumstance/reasons; cause
[responsibility/credit for, basis, blame; cause]; [resposible (for), basis of crime]
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
ἐπιγεγραμμένη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·γράφω (-, επι+γραψ-, επι+γραψ-, -, επι+γεγραφ-, -)
επι·γεγραφ·μεν·η
perf mp ptcp fem nom|voc sg
having-been-INSCRIBE-ed
(write upon, written over)
, [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
Ἰουδαίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
Jewish
.
Mk 15:26
The superscription of his accusation was written over him, “THE KING OF THE JEWS.”
27Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
σὺν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

σύν
συν
indecl
together with/including (+dat)
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
σταυροῦσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σταυρόω (σταυρ(ο)-, σταυρω·σ-, σταυρω·σ-, -, εσταυρω-, σταυρω·θ-)
σταυρ(ο)·ουσι(ν), σταυρ(ο)·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
they-are-CRUCIFY-ing, while CRUCIFY-ing
impale
δύο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

δύο, gen. δύο, dat. δυσί(ν), acc. δύο
δυο
nom|acc|gen pl
two
λῃστάς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

λῃστής, -οῦ, ὁ
λῃστ·ας
(mas) acc pl
robbers
robber, thief, pirate; possibly "revolutionary" or "guerilla fighter", per Josephus and other early sources (J. W. 2.13.2-3 [2.253-254]). See also R. E. Brown (John [AB], 2:857) and K. H. Rengstorf (TDNT 4:258).
, ἕνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ε[ι]ν·α
mas acc sg
one
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
δεξιῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

δεξιός -ά -όν
δεξι·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
right
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἕνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ε[ι]ν·α
mas acc sg
one
ἐξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εξ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
εὐωνύμων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

εὐ·ώνυμος -ον
ευωνυμ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
left
[lit., well-named; euphem. for left]
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
.
Mk 15:27
With him they crucified two robbers; one on his right hand, and one on his left.
28{ Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐπληρώθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πληρόω (πληρ(ο)-, πληρω·σ-, πληρω·σ-, πεπληρω·κ-, πεπληρω-, πληρω·θ-)
ε·πληρω·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-SEEK-ed
fill, make full or complete (hence, "fulfill").
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
γραφὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

γραφή, -ῆς, ἡ
γραφ·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
writing
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
λέγουσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ουσ·α
pres act ptcp fem nom|voc sg
while SAY/TELL-ing
speak, tell, recount
, Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
ἀνόμων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἄ·νομος -ον
ανομ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
lawless/lawlessness
[Lit:"without-law", hence lawless, outside-the-law; lawless deed(s)]
ἐλογίσθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λογίζομαι (λογιζ-, λογι(ε)·[σ]-, λογι·σ-, -, λελογισ-, λογισ·θ-)
ε·λογισ·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-RECKON-ed
/credit/account/regard/consider/impute,number,compute,reason,use-logic, as in devise/plot.
. ◆ - }
———
NA/UBS: —
Mk 15:28
29Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
παραπορευόμενοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·πορεύομαι (παρα+πορευ-, παρα+πορευ·σ-, παρα+πορευ·σ-, -, -, παρα+πορευ·θ-)
παρα·πορευ·ομεν·οι
pres mp ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while being-ΚΑῚ-ed
ἐβλασφήμουν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βλασ·φημέω (βλασφημ(ε)-, -, βλασφημη·σ-, -, -, βλασφημη·θ-)
ε·βλασφημ(ε)·ον
impf act ind 1st sg or impf act ind 3rd pl
I-was-BLASPHEME/DISPARAGE-ing, they-were-BLASPHEME/DISPARAGE-ing
Lit:"slow/sluggish-reputation", hence slander/speak-ill/evil-of/malign, refusing to acknowledge good/worthy-of-respect/veneration.
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
, κινοῦντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κινέω (κιν(ε)-, κινη·σ-, κινη·σ-, -, -, κινη·θ-)
κιν(ε)·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while SET-ing-IN-MOTION
τὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ας
fem acc pl
the
κεφαλὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

κεφαλή, -ῆς, ἡ
κεφαλ·ας
(fem) acc pl
heads
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
λέγοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while SAY/TELL-ing
speak, tell, recount
, Οὐά [lexicon][inflect][close]
Interjection

οὐά
ουα
indecl
aha!
, [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
καταλύων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·λύω (κατα+λυ-, κατα+λυ·σ-, κατα+λυ·σ-, κατα+λελυ·κ-, -, κατα+λυ·θ-)
κατα·λυ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while TEAR-DOWN-ing
Lit:"down-loose", hence unloose/tear-down. Metaph: relax. Similar but distinct from "καταργέω" (make of no effect), and "apollumi" (utterly-destroy).
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
ναόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ναός, -οῦ, ὁ (cf. ἱερόν)
να·ον
(mas) acc sg
temple
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
{ ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τρισὶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral, irreg.)

τρεῖς τρία, gen. pl. τριῶν, dat. pl. τρισίν
τρι·σι(ν)
neu dat pl or mas dat pl or fem dat pl
three
ἡμέραις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·αις
(fem) dat pl
days
οἰκοδομῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Verb

οἰκο·δόμος, -ου, ὁ; οἰκο·δομή, -ῆς, ἡ; οἰκο·δομέω (οικοδομ(ε)-, οικοδομη·σ-, οικοδομη·σ-, ῳκοδομη·κ-, ῳκοδομη-, οικοδομη·θ-)
οικοδομ·ων; οικοδομ·ων; οικοδομ(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(mas) gen pl; (fem) gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
builders; building/edifications; while BUILD-UP-ing
[Lit: home builder]; ["Lit:home-building" edifice, structure]; Lit:"dwelling-building", hence building-refuge, build-up,edify
οἰκοδομῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Verb

οἰκο·δόμος, -ου, ὁ; οἰκο·δομή, -ῆς, ἡ; οἰκο·δομέω (οικοδομ(ε)-, οικοδομη·σ-, οικοδομη·σ-, ῳκοδομη·κ-, ῳκοδομη-, οικοδομη·θ-)
οικοδομ·ων; οικοδομ·ων; οικοδομ(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(mas) gen pl; (fem) gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
builders; building/edifications; while BUILD-UP-ing
[Lit: home builder]; ["Lit:home-building" edifice, structure]; Lit:"dwelling-building", hence building-refuge, build-up,edify
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τρισὶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral, irreg.)

τρεῖς τρία, gen. pl. τριῶν, dat. pl. τρισίν
τρι·σι(ν)
neu dat pl or mas dat pl or fem dat pl
three
ἡμέραις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·αις
(fem) dat pl
days
} ,
———
RP: ἐν τρισὶν ἡμέραις οἰκοδομῶν ◆ NA/UBS: οἰκοδομῶν ἐν τρισὶν ἡμέραις
Mk 15:29
¶Those who passed by blasphemed him, wagging shaking their heads, and saying, “Ha! You who destroy the temple, and build it in three days,
30σῶσον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σῴζω (σῳζ-, σω·σ-, σω·σ-, σεσω·κ-, σεσω-/σεσωσ-/σεσῳσ-, σω·θ-)
σω·σον, σω·σο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, fut act ptcp mas voc sg or fut act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
do-SAVE-you(sg)!, going-to-SAVE
/deliver/rescue from ruin/destruction/harm. Also salve
σεαυτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

σε·αυτοῦ/σ·αυτοῦ -ῆς -οῦ
σεαυτ·ον
mas acc sg
yourself
, { καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
κατάβα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·βαίνω (κατα+βαιν-, κατα+βη·σ-, 2nd ath. κατα+β(η)-/ath. κατα+β(α)-, κατα+βεβη·κ-, -, -)
κατα·β(α)·ε
2aor act imp 2nd sg
do-DESCEND-you(sg)!
descend, go down, dismount from, arrive at, attain one's end
καταβὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·βαίνω (κατα+βαιν-, κατα+βη·σ-, 2nd ath. κατα+β(η)-/ath. κατα+β(α)-, κατα+βεβη·κ-, -, -)
κατα·β(α)·[ντ]·ς
2aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon DESCEND-ing
descend, go down, dismount from, arrive at, attain one's end
} ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
σταυροῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Verb

σταυρός, -οῦ, ὁ; σταυρόω (σταυρ(ο)-, σταυρω·σ-, σταυρω·σ-, -, εσταυρω-, σταυρω·θ-)
σταυρ·ου; σταυρ(ο)·ε, σταυρ(ο)·ου
(mas) gen sg; pres act imp 2nd sg, pres mp imp 2nd sg
cross; be-you(sg)-CRUCIFY-ing!, be-you(sg)-being-CRUCIFY-ed!
stake, torture stake; impale
.
———
RP: καὶ κατάβα ◆ NA/UBS: καταβὰς
Mk 15:30
save yourself, and come down from the cross!”
31Ὁμοίως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὁμοίως (cf. ὡσαύτως)
ομοιως
indecl
similarly
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
ἀρχιερεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀρχ·ιερεύς, -έως, ὁ
αρχιερ(ευ)·ες, αρχιερ(ευ)·ας
(mas) nom|voc pl, (mas) acc pl
archpriests
ἐμπαίζοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐμ·παίζω (εν+παιζ-, εν+παιξ-, εν+παιξ-, εν+πεπαιχ·[κ]-, εν+πεπαιγ-, εν+παιχ·θ-)
εν·παιζ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while MOCK-ing
Lit:"play-in", hence make-sport-of, mock, deride, jeer
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
ἀλλήλους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reciprocal)

ἀλλήλων (gen. pl.)
αλληλ·ους
mas acc pl
one another
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
γραμματέων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

γραμματεύς, -έως, ὁ, voc. pl. γραμματεῖς
γραμματ(ευ)·ων
(mas) gen pl
scribes
ἔλεγον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·λεγ·ον
impf act ind 1st sg or impf act ind 3rd pl
I-was-SAY/TELL-ing, they-were-SAY/TELL-ing
speak, tell, recount
, Ἄλλους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Indefinite)

ἄλλος -η -ο (cf. ἕτερος)
αλλ·ους
mas acc pl
others
, as distinguished from "ἕτερος" "other" (of a different/distinct kind)
ἔσωσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σῴζω (σῳζ-, σω·σ-, σω·σ-, σεσω·κ-, σεσω-/σεσωσ-/σεσῳσ-, σω·θ-)
ε·σω·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAVE-ed
/deliver/rescue from ruin/destruction/harm. Also salve
, ἑαυτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

ἑ·αυτοῦ/αὑτοῦ[2] -ῆς -οῦ
εαυτ·ον
mas acc sg
self
him/her/it/our/your/them-selves
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
δύναται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

δυνατός -ή -όν; δύνα·μαι (ath. δυν(α)-/ath. δυν(η)-, δυνη·σ-, -, -, -, δυνη·θ-/δυνασ·θ-)
δυνατ·αι; δυν(α)·ται
fem nom|voc pl; pres mp ind 3rd sg
capable; he/she/it-is-being-ABLE-ed
/powerful/able/;
σῶσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σῴζω (σῳζ-, σω·σ-, σω·σ-, σεσω·κ-, σεσω-/σεσωσ-/σεσῳσ-, σω·θ-)
σω·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-SAVE, be-you(sg)-SAVE-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-SAVE
/deliver/rescue from ruin/destruction/harm. Also salve
.
Mk 15:31
¶Likewise, also the chief priests mocking among themselves with the scribes said, “He saved others. He can’t save himself.
32 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
χριστὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Χριστός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. Χριστέ
χριστ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Christ
lit. 'anointed'
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
{ τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
Ἰσραὴλ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰσραήλ, ὁ
ισραηλ
(mas) indecl
Israel
Ἰσραὴλ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰσραήλ, ὁ
ισραηλ
(mas) indecl
Israel
} καταβάτω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·βαίνω (κατα+βαιν-, κατα+βη·σ-, 2nd ath. κατα+β(η)-/ath. κατα+β(α)-, κατα+βεβη·κ-, -, -)
κατα·β(α)·τω (for κατα·β(η)·τω > καταβητω )
2aor act imp 3rd sg
let-him/her/it-DESCEND!
descend, go down, dismount from, arrive at, attain one's end
νῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

νῦν
νυν
indecl
now
ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
σταυροῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Verb

σταυρός, -οῦ, ὁ; σταυρόω (σταυρ(ο)-, σταυρω·σ-, σταυρω·σ-, -, εσταυρω-, σταυρω·θ-)
σταυρ·ου; σταυρ(ο)·ε, σταυρ(ο)·ου
(mas) gen sg; pres act imp 2nd sg, pres mp imp 2nd sg
cross; be-you(sg)-CRUCIFY-ing!, be-you(sg)-being-CRUCIFY-ed!
stake, torture stake; impale
, ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that
/so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
ἴδωμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·[σ]ωμεν, ιδ·ωμεν
1aor act sub 1st pl, 2aor act sub 1st pl
we-should-SEE/BEHOLD
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
{ πιστεύσωμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πιστεύω (πιστευ-, πιστευ·σ-, πιστευ·σ-, πεπιστευ·κ-, πεπιστευ-, πιστευ·θ-)
πιστευ·σωμεν
1aor act sub 1st pl
we-should-BELIEVE/TRUST
be-persuaded/accept [toward] (heed [to], believe); give management (entrust). PASS. to be entrusted with
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
πιστεύσωμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πιστεύω (πιστευ-, πιστευ·σ-, πιστευ·σ-, πεπιστευ·κ-, πεπιστευ-, πιστευ·θ-)
πιστευ·σωμεν
1aor act sub 1st pl
we-should-BELIEVE/TRUST
be-persuaded/accept [toward] (heed [to], believe); give management (entrust). PASS. to be entrusted with
} . Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
{ συνεσταυρωμένοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συ·σταυρόω (-, -, -, -, συν+εσταυρω-, συν+σταυρω·θ-)
συν·εσταυρω·μεν·οι
perf mp ptcp mas nom|voc pl
having-been-IMPALE TOGETHER-ed
συνεσταυρωμένοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συ·σταυρόω (-, -, -, -, συν+εσταυρω-, συν+σταυρω·θ-)
συν·εσταυρω·μεν·οι
perf mp ptcp mas nom|voc pl
having-been-IMPALE TOGETHER-ed
σὺν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

σύν
συν
indecl
together with/including (+dat)
} αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
ὠνείδιζον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὀνειδίζω (ονειδιζ-, ονειδι(ε)·[σ]-/ονειδι·σ-, ονειδι·σ-, -, -, ονειδισ·θ-)
ε·ονειδιζ·ον
impf act ind 1st sg or impf act ind 3rd pl
I-was-REPROACH/DISPARAGE-ing, they-were-REPROACH/DISPARAGE-ing
/scorn/revile.
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
.
———
RP: τοῦ Ἰσραὴλ ◆ NA/UBS: Ἰσραὴλ
RP: πιστεύσωμεν αὐτῷ ◆ NA/UBS: πιστεύσωμεν
RP: συνεσταυρωμένοι ◆ NA/UBS: συνεσταυρωμένοι σὺν
Mk 15:32
Let the Christ, the King of Israel, now come down from the cross, that we may see and believe him.” Those who were crucified with him insulted him.
33¶ { Γενομένης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
γεν·ομεν·ης
2aor mp ptcp fem gen sg
upon being-BECOME-ed
become; happen; sometimes left untranslated
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
γενομένης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
γεν·ομεν·ης
2aor mp ptcp fem gen sg
upon being-BECOME-ed
become; happen; sometimes left untranslated
} ὥρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ὥρα, -ας, ἡ
ωρ·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
hour, hours
ἕκτης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

ἕκτος[1] -η -ον
εκτ·ης
fem gen sg
sixth
, σκότος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

σκότο·ς, -ους, τό
σκοτ(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
darkness
gloom, darkness
ἐγένετο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
ε·γεν·ετο
2aor mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-BECOME-ed
become; happen; sometimes left untranslated
ἐφ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
εφ’
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
ὅλην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Partitive Numeral)

ὅλος -η -ον
ολ·ην
fem acc sg
whole
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
γῆν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

γῆ, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. γῆ
γ·ην
(fem) acc sg
earth/land
ἕως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction; Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl.)

ἕως[1]; ἕως[2], -ω, ἡ [LXX], acc.
εως; ε(ω)·ος, ε(ω)·ους
indecl; (fem) nom|voc sg, (fem) acc pl
until; dawn, dawns
;
ὥρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ὥρα, -ας, ἡ
ωρ·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
hour, hours
ἐνάτης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἔνατος -η -ον
ενατ·ης
fem gen sg
ninth
.
———
RP: Γενομένης δὲ ◆ NA/UBS: Καὶ γενομένης
Mk 15:33
¶When the sixth hour had come, there was darkness over the whole land until the ninth hour.
34Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
{ ὥρᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ὥρα, -ας, ἡ
ωρ·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
hour
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
ἐνάτῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἔνατος -η -ον
ενατ·ῃ
fem dat sg
ninth
ἐνάτῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἔνατος -η -ον
ενατ·ῃ
fem dat sg
ninth
ὥρᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ὥρα, -ας, ἡ
ωρ·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
hour
} ἐβόησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βοάω (βο(α)-, βοη·σ-, βοη·σ-, -, -, βοη·θ-)
ε·βοη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-BELLOW-ed
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
φωνῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Verb

φωνή, -ῆς, ἡ; φωνέω (φων(ε)-, φωνη·σ-, φωνη·σ-, -, -, φωνη·θ-)
φων·ῃ; φων(ε)·ῃ
(fem) dat sg; pres mp ind 2nd sg or pres act sub 3rd sg or pres mp sub 2nd sg
sound/voice; you(sg)-are-being-SOUND-ed, he/she/it-should-be-SOUND-ing, you(sg)-should-be-being-SOUND-ed
cries;
μεγάλῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2, irreg.)

μέγ[αλ]ας μεγάλη μέγ[αλ]α
μεγαλ·ῃ
fem dat sg
great
, { λέγων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while SAY/TELL-ing
speak, tell, recount
◆ - } , { Ἐλωΐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Hebrew-Aramaic

ἐλωΐ (Aram.; see also Heb. ἠλί)
ελωι
indecl
my God
, Ἐλωΐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Hebrew-Aramaic

ἐλωΐ (Aram.; see also Heb. ἠλί)
ελωι
indecl
my God
, λιμὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Hebrew-Aramaic

λεμά vv.ll. λιμά and λαμά and λαμμᾶ
λιμα
indecl
why?
σαβαχθανί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Hebrew-Aramaic

σαβαχθάνι
σαβαχθανι
indecl
you have forsaken me
ελωι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Hebrew-Aramaic

ἐλωΐ (Aram.; see also Heb. ἠλί)
ελωι
indecl
my God
ελωι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Hebrew-Aramaic

ἐλωΐ (Aram.; see also Heb. ἠλί)
ελωι
indecl
my God
λεμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Hebrew-Aramaic

λεμά vv.ll. λιμά and λαμά and λαμμᾶ
λεμα
indecl
why?
σαβαχθανι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Hebrew-Aramaic

σαβαχθάνι
σαβαχθανι
indecl
you have forsaken me
} ; [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ο
neu nom|acc sg
who/whom/which
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
μεθερμηνευόμενον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μεθ·ερμηνεύω (μεθ+ερμηνευ-, -, μεθ+ερμηνευ·σ-, -, -, -)
μεθ·ερμηνευ·ομεν·ον
pres mp ptcp mas acc sg or pres mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
while being-TRANSLATE-ed
, [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
θεός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ος
(mas) nom sg
god
[see theology]
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
, [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
θεός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ος
(mas) nom sg
god
[see theology]
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
, εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
{ με [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
με
acc sg
me
ἐγκατέλιπες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐγ·κατα·λείπω (εγκατα+λειπ-, εγκατα+λειψ-, εγκατα+λιπ·[σ]- or 2nd εγκατα+λιπ-, εγκατα+λελοιπ·[κ]-, εγκατα+λελειπ-, εγκατα+λειφ·θ-)
εγκατα·ε·λιπ·ες
2aor act ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-LEAVE-ed-UTTERLY
Lit:leave-down-in, hence forsake, desert, abandon (in depth έγκατα) compare κατελιπεν
ἐγκατέλιπές [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐγ·κατα·λείπω (εγκατα+λειπ-, εγκατα+λειψ-, εγκατα+λιπ·[σ]- or 2nd εγκατα+λιπ-, εγκατα+λελοιπ·[κ]-, εγκατα+λελειπ-, εγκατα+λειφ·θ-)
εγκατα·ε·λιπ·ες
2aor act ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-LEAVE-ed-UTTERLY
Lit:leave-down-in, hence forsake, desert, abandon (in depth έγκατα) compare κατελιπεν
με [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
με
acc sg
me
} ;
———
RP: ὥρᾳ τῇ ἐνάτῃ ◆ NA/UBS: ἐνάτῃ ὥρᾳ
RP: λέγων ◆ NA/UBS: —
RP: Ἐλωΐ, Ἐλωΐ, λιμὰ σαβαχθανί ◆ NA/UBS: ελωι ελωι λεμα σαβαχθανι
RP: με ἐγκατέλιπες ◆ NA/UBS: ἐγκατέλιπές με
Mk 15:34
At the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, “Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani?” which is, being interpreted, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?”*
———
a see Isaiah 59:19 ηλιου.. sun/ elijah. The Jews did not understand Jesus calling for God in "Hebrew" because they had been speaking Greek for 400y in Jerusalem by the day Jesus called this name from the cross. Eloi in "Hebrew" sounds just like Elijah to a Greek speaking audience.
35Καί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τινες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

τὶ[ν]ς[2] τὶ[ν], gen. τινός, dat. τινί, acc. τινά τὶ
τιν·ες
mas nom pl or fem nom pl
someone
indefinite pronoun; someone, something, anyone, anything. Specific/non-specific is determined from text-markings and/or context).
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
παρεστηκότων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρ·ίστημι (ath. παρ+ιστ(α)-/ath. παρ+ιστ(η)-, παρα+στη·σ-, παρα+στη·σ- or 2nd ath. παρα+στ(η)-/ath. παρα+στ(α)-, παρ+εστη·κ-/παρ+εστ(α)·[κ]-, -, -)
παρ·εστη·κοτ·ων
perf act ptcp mas gen pl or perf act ptcp neu gen pl
having STAND-WITH/BESIDE-ed
Lit: "stand-close-beside", hence cause-to-stand/place-beside, present, be-beside-oneself, lose one's wits, dispose, induce, arouse, inspire, arouse, inspire, furnish, supply, deliver, prove, show.
ἀκούσαντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀκούω (ακου-, ακου·σ-, ακου·σ-, ακηκο·[κ]-, ηκουσ-, ακουσ·θ-)
ακου·σαντ·ες
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon HEAR-ing
hearken to
ἔλεγον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·λεγ·ον
impf act ind 1st sg or impf act ind 3rd pl
I-was-SAY/TELL-ing, they-were-SAY/TELL-ing
speak, tell, recount
, { Ἰδού [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ου
2aor mp imp 2nd sg
be-you(sg)-SEE/BEHOLD-ed!
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
Ἴδε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ε
2aor act imp 2nd sg
do-SEE/BEHOLD-you(sg)!
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
} , Ἠλίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

Ἠλίας, -ου, ὁ
ηλι·αν
(mas) acc sg
Elijah
φωνεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φωνέω (φων(ε)-, φωνη·σ-, φωνη·σ-, -, -, φωνη·θ-)
φων(ε)·ει, φων(ε)·ε
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, pres act imp 2nd sg
he/she/it-is-SOUND-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SOUND-ed, be-you(sg)-SOUND-ing!
.
———
RP: Ἰδού ◆ NA/UBS: Ἴδε
Mk 15:35
¶Some of those who stood by, when they heard it, said, “Behold, he is calling Elijah.”
36Δραμὼν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τρέχω (τρεχ-, δραμ(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd δραμ-, -, -, -)
δραμ(ε)·[σ]ο[υ]ν[τ]·^, δραμ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
fut act ptcp mas nom sg, 2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
going-to-RUN, upon RUN-ing
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
{ εἷς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ει[ν]·ς
mas nom sg
one
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

τὶ[ν]ς[2] τὶ[ν], gen. τινός, dat. τινί, acc. τινά τὶ
τι[ν]·ς
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
someone
indefinite pronoun; someone, something, anyone, anything. Specific/non-specific is determined from text-markings and/or context).
[ καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
] } γεμίσας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γεμίζω (γεμιζ-, -, γεμι·σ-, -, -, γεμισ·θ-)
γεμι·σα[ντ]·ς
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon FILL-ing
σπόγγον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

σπόγγος, -ου, ὁ
σπογγ·ον
(mas) acc sg
sponge
ὄξους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ὄξο·ς, -ους, τό
οξ(ε)·ος
(neu) gen sg
vinegar
, περιθείς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

περι·τίθημι (ath. περι+τιθ(ε)-, περι+θη·σ-, περι+θη·κ- or 2nd ath. περι+θ(ε)-, -, -, -)
περι·θ(ε)·[ντ]·ς
2aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon PLACE-ing-AROUND
[made a barrier round about it, metaph., bestow, confer upon]
{ τε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

τέ
τε
indecl
and [postpositive coordinate]
◆ - } καλάμῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

κάλαμος, -ου, ὁ
καλαμ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
cane
stick, rod; reed
, ἐπότιζεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποτίζω (ποτιζ-, ποτι(ε)·[σ]-/ποτι·σ-, ποτι·σ-, πεποτι·κ-, -, ποτισ·θ-)
ε·ποτιζ·ε(ν)
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-WATER/GIVE-ing-TO-DRINK
to watered, as a plant, saturate with water
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
, λέγων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while SAY/TELL-ing
speak, tell, recount
, Ἄφετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀφ·ίημι (ath. αφ+ι(ε)-, αφ+η·σ-, αφ+η·κ- or 2nd ath. αφ+(ε)-, -, αφ+ει-/αφ+εω-, αφ+ε·θ-)
αφ·(ε)·τε
2aor act imp 2nd pl
do-LEAVE/DISMISS/FORGIVE-you(pl)!
dismiss/forgive, let-be, divorce, send-away, allow/permit.
, ἴδωμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·[σ]ωμεν, ιδ·ωμεν
1aor act sub 1st pl, 2aor act sub 1st pl
we-should-SEE/BEHOLD
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
ἔρχεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ερχ·εται
pres mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is-being-COME-ed
Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
Ἠλίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

Ἠλίας, -ου, ὁ
ηλι·ας
(mas) nom sg
Elijah
καθελεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καθ·αιρέω (καθ+αιρ(ε)-, καθ+ελ(ε)·[σ]-, καθ+ελ·[σ]- or 2nd καθ+ελ-, -, καθ+ῃρη-, καθ+αιρε·θ-)
καθ·ελ(ε)·[σ]ειν, καθ·ελ·ειν
fut act inf, 2aor act inf
to-will-TAKE-DOWN, to-TAKE-DOWN
purge
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
.
———
RP: εἷς, καὶ ◆ NA/UBS: τις [καὶ]
RP: τε ◆ NA/UBS: —
Mk 15:36
¶One ran, and filling a sponge full of vinegar, put it on a reed, and gave it to him to drink, saying, “Let him be. Let’s see whether Elijah comes to take him down.”
37 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
ἀφεὶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀφ·ίημι (ath. αφ+ι(ε)-, αφ+η·σ-, αφ+η·κ- or 2nd ath. αφ+(ε)-, -, αφ+ει-/αφ+εω-, αφ+ε·θ-)
irreg. αφ·(ε)·εις (instead of αφ·ι(ε)·εις > αφιεις), αφ·(ε)·[ντ]·ς
pres act ind 2nd sg, 2aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
you(sg)-are-LEAVE/DISMISS/FORGIVE-ing, upon LEAVE/DISMISS/FORGIVE-ing
dismiss/forgive, let-be, divorce, send-away, allow/permit.
φωνὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

φωνή, -ῆς, ἡ
φων·ην
(fem) acc sg
sound/voice
cries
μεγάλην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2, irreg.)

μέγ[αλ]ας μεγάλη μέγ[αλ]α
μεγαλ·ην
fem acc sg
great
ἐξέπνευσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·πνέω (-, -, εκ+πνευ·σ-, -, -, -)
εκ·ε·πνευ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-EXHALE-ed
.
Mk 15:37
¶Jesus cried out with a loud voice, and gave up the spirit.
38Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
καταπέτασμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

κατα·πέτασμα[τ], -ατος, τό
καταπετασμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
curtain
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
ναοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ναός, -οῦ, ὁ (cf. ἱερόν)
να·ου
(mas) gen sg
temple
ἐσχίσθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σχίζω (σχιζ-, σχι·σ-, σχι·σ-, -, εσχισ-, σχισ·θ-)
ε·σχισ·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-TEAR/TORN-ed
split, ripped, rend, laceration
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
δύο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

δύο, gen. δύο, dat. δυσί(ν), acc. δύο
δυο
nom|acc|gen pl
two
{ ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
ἀπ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απ’
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
} ἄνωθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἄνω·θεν
ανωθεν
indecl
from above
ἕως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction; Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl.)

ἕως[1]; ἕως[2], -ω, ἡ [LXX], acc.
εως; ε(ω)·ος, ε(ω)·ους
indecl; (fem) nom|voc sg, (fem) acc pl
until; dawn, dawns
;
κάτω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

κάτω
κατω
indecl
down
adown, under, to the bottom, below, nether
.
———
RP: ἀπὸ ◆ NA/UBS: ἀπ’
Mk 15:38
The veil of the temple was torn in two from the top to the bottom.
39Ἰδὼν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
upon SEE/BEHOLD-ing
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
κεντυρίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

κεντυρίων, -ωνος, ὁ (See also ἑκατοντάρχης/ἑκατόνταρχος)
κεντυριων
(mas) nom|voc sg
centurion
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
παρεστηκὼς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρ·ίστημι (ath. παρ+ιστ(α)-/ath. παρ+ιστ(η)-, παρα+στη·σ-, παρα+στη·σ- or 2nd ath. παρα+στ(η)-/ath. παρα+στ(α)-, παρ+εστη·κ-/παρ+εστ(α)·[κ]-, -, -)
παρ·εστη·κο[τ]·^ς
perf act ptcp mas nom sg
having STAND-WITH/BESIDE-ed
Lit: "stand-close-beside", hence cause-to-stand/place-beside, present, be-beside-oneself, lose one's wits, dispose, induce, arouse, inspire, arouse, inspire, furnish, supply, deliver, prove, show.
ἐξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εξ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
ἐναντίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἐν·αντίος -α -ον
εναντι·ας
fem gen sg or fem acc pl
contrary
opposite, adverse, against,
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
οὕτως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὕτως/οὕτω
ουτως
indecl
thusly/like-this
[Lit:"like-this": in-this-manner (οὕτως before vowels and consonants; οὕτω before consonants only]
{ κράξας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κράζω (κραζ-, κραξ-/κεκραξ-, κραξ-/κεκραξ- or 2nd κεκραγ-, κεκραγ·[κ]-, -, -)
κραγ·σα[ντ]·ς
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon CALL/CRY-ing-OUT
◆ - } ἐξέπνευσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·πνέω (-, -, εκ+πνευ·σ-, -, -, -)
εκ·ε·πνευ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-EXHALE-ed
, εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY/TELL-ed
speak, tell, recount
, Ἀληθῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἀ·ληθῶς
αληθως
indecl
truly
{ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
ἄνθρωπος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ος
(mas) nom sg
human
οὗτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
[τ]ουτ·ος
mas nom sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
οὗτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
[τ]ουτ·ος
mas nom sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
ἄνθρωπος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ος
(mas) nom sg
human
} υἱὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ος
(mas) nom sg
son
{ ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god
[see theology]
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god
[see theology]
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
} .
———
RP: κράξας ◆ NA/UBS: —
RP: ὁ ἄνθρωπος οὗτος ◆ NA/UBS: οὗτος ὁ ἄνθρωπος
RP: ἦν θεοῦ ◆ NA/UBS: θεοῦ ἦν
Mk 15:39
When the centurion, who stood by opposite him, saw that he cried out like this and breathed his last, he said, “Truly this man was the Son of God!”
40Ἦσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·σαν
impf act ind 3rd pl
they-were
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
γυναῖκες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

γυνή, -αικος, ἡ, voc. sg. γύναι
γυναικ·ες
(fem) nom|voc pl
women/wives
ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
μακρόθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

μακρό·θεν
μακροθεν
indecl
from afar
θεωροῦσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θεωρέω (θεωρ(ε)-, θεωρη·σ-, θεωρη·σ-, -, -, θεωρη·θ-)
θεωρ(ε)·ουσ·αι
pres act ptcp fem nom|voc pl
while LOOKED AT-ing
behold, gaze, gape, contemplate, consider, judge, observe, speculate, perceive
, ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
αἷς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
αις
fem dat pl
who/whom/which
{ ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
◆ - } καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
Μαρία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

Μαρία, -ας, ἡ
μαρι·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
Mary
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
Μαγδαληνή [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

Μαγδαληνή, -ῆς, ἡ
μαγδαλην·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
Magdalene
Presumably signifies "from Magdala" - a village on the Sea of Galilee whose name meant "tower" in Aramaic.
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
Μαρία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

Μαρία, -ας, ἡ
μαρι·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
Mary
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
{ τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
Ἰακώβου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Ἰάκωβος, -ου, ὁ
ιακωβ·ου
(mas) gen sg
James
Ἰακώβου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Ἰάκωβος, -ου, ὁ
ιακωβ·ου
(mas) gen sg
James
} τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
μικροῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

μικρός -ά -όν
μικρ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
small
[see micro]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
{ Ἰωσῆ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl. and Mas. 3rd Decl.)

Ἰωσῆς, -ῆ and Ἰωσῆ[τ]ς, -ῆτος, ὁ
ιωσ·η
(mas) voc sg or (mas) gen sg
Joses
Ἰωσῆτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl. and Mas. 3rd Decl.)

Ἰωσῆς, -ῆ and Ἰωσῆ[τ]ς, -ῆτος, ὁ
ιωσητ·ος
(mas) gen sg
Joses
} μήτηρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

μήτηρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ἡ
μητερ·^
(fem) nom sg
mother
also of motherland
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
Σαλώμη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

Σαλώμη, -ης, ἡ
σαλωμ·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
Salome
,
———
RP: ἦν ◆ NA/UBS: —
RP: τοῦ Ἰακώβου ◆ NA/UBS: Ἰακώβου
RP: Ἰωσῆ ◆ NA/UBS: Ἰωσῆτος
Mk 15:40
¶There were also women watching from afar, among whom were both Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James the less and of Joses, and Salome;
41{ αἳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
αι
fem nom pl
who/whom/which
καί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
αἳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
αι
fem nom pl
who/whom/which
} , ὅτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὅτε
οτε
indecl
when
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
Γαλιλαίᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

Γαλιλαία, -ας, ἡ; Γαλιλαῖος -α -ον
γαλιλαι·ᾳ; γαλιλαι·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg; fem dat sg
Galilee ; Galilean
[district of];
, ἠκολούθουν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀκολουθέω (ακολουθ(ε)-, ακολουθη·σ-, ακολουθη·σ-, ηκολουθη·κ-, -, -)
ε·ακολουθ(ε)·ον
impf act ind 1st sg or impf act ind 3rd pl
I-was-FOLLOW-ing, they-were-FOLLOW-ing
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
διηκόνουν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δι·ακονέω (δι+ακον(ε)-, δι+ακονη·σ-, δι+ακονη·σ-, -, -, δι+ακονη·θ-)
δι·ε·ακον(ε)·ον
impf act ind 1st sg or impf act ind 3rd pl
I-was-SERVE-ing, they-were-SERVE-ing
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἄλλαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Indefinite)

ἄλλος -η -ο (cf. ἕτερος)
αλλ·αι
fem nom pl
others
, as distinguished from "ἕτερος" "other" (of a different/distinct kind)
πολλαὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral, irreg.)

πολ[λ]ύς πολλή πολ[λ]ύ
πολλ·αι
fem nom pl
many
αἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·αι
fem nom pl
the
συναναβᾶσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συν·ανα·βαίνω (συνανα+βαιν-, συνανα+βη·σ-, 2nd ath. συνανα+β(η)-/ath. συνανα+β(α)-, -, -, -)
συνανα·β(α)·εσ·αι
2aor act ptcp fem nom|voc pl
upon CAME UP WITH-ing
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
Ἱεροσόλυμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl. and Fem. 1st Decl. and Fem. Indecl.)

Ἱεροσόλυμα, -ων, τά and -ας, ἡ and Ἰερουσαλήμ v.l. Ἱ-, ἡ indecl.
ιεροσολυμ·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl or (fem) nom|voc sg
Jerusalem, Jerusalem
[city of]
.
———
RP: αἳ καί ◆ NA/UBS: αἳ
Mk 15:41
who, when he was in Galilee, followed him, and served him; and many other women who came up with him to Jerusalem.
42Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἤδη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἤδη
ηδη
indecl
already
by now, by then
ὀψίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ὄψιος -α -ον
οψι·ας
fem gen sg or fem acc pl
late
[late (adj.)/evening (subst.)]
γενομένης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
γεν·ομεν·ης
2aor mp ptcp fem gen sg
upon being-BECOME-ed
become; happen; sometimes left untranslated
, ἐπεὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἐπεί
επει
indecl
since/otherwise
Lit:"upon-if", a logical conjunction: since (Lk 1:34), otherwise (Rom 11:6), because
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
Παρασκευή [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

παρα·σκευή, -ῆς, ἡ
παρασκευ·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
preparation
[Friday: day before Sabbath in NT]
, [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ο
neu nom|acc sg
who/whom/which
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
προσάββατον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

προ·σάββατον, -ου, τό
προσαββατ·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
day before the Sabbath
,
Mk 15:42
¶When evening had now come, because it was the Preparation Day, that is, the day before the Sabbath,
43{ ἦλθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ε·ελθ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ελθ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-COME-ed
Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
Ἰωσὴφ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰωσήφ, ὁ
ιωσηφ
(mas) indecl
Joseph
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
ἐλθὼν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ελθ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
upon COME-ing
Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
Ἰωσὴφ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰωσήφ, ὁ
ιωσηφ
(mas) indecl
Joseph
[ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
] } ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
{ Ἀριμαθαίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

Ἁριμαθαία v.l. Ἀ-, -ας, ἡ
αριμαθαι·ας
(fem) gen sg
Arimathea
Ἁριμαθαίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

Ἁριμαθαία v.l. Ἀ-, -ας, ἡ
αριμαθαι·ας
(fem) gen sg
Arimathea
} , εὐσχήμων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3)

εὐ·σχήμων -ον, gen. sg. -ονος
ευσχημον·^
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
respectable
[honorable, noble; elegant?]
βουλευτής [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

βουλευτής, -οῦ, ὁ
βουλευτ·ης
(mas) nom sg
councillor/plotter
, ὃς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ος
mas nom sg
who/whom/which
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
αὐτὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ος
mas nom sg
he/it/same
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
προσδεχόμενος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·δέχομαι (προσ+δεχ-, προσ+δεξ-, προσ+δεξ-, -, -, προσ+δεχ·θ-)
προσ·δεχ·ομεν·ος
pres mp ptcp mas nom sg
while being-ACCEPT-ed
receive favourably, accept
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
βασιλείαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βασιλεία, -ας, ἡ
βασιλει·αν
(fem) acc sg
kingdom
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god
[see theology]
· τολμήσας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τολμάω (τολμ(α)-, τολμη·σ-, τολμη·σ-, -, -, -)
τολμη·σα[ντ]·ς
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon DARE-ing
εἰσῆλθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰσ·έρχομαι (εισ+ερχ-, εισ+ελευ·σ-, εισ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd εισ+ελθ-, εισ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εισ·ε·ελθ·[σ]ε(ν), εισ·ε·ελθ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-ENTER-ed
Lit:"come-into", hence enter.
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
{ Πιλάτον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ον
(mas) acc sg
Pilate
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
Πιλᾶτον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ον
(mas) acc sg
Pilate
} , καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ᾐτήσατο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

αἰτέω (αιτ(ε)-, αιτη·σ-, αιτη·σ-, ῃτη·κ-, ῃτη-, αιτη·θ-)
ε·αιτη·σατο
1aor mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-ASK-ed
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
σῶμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

σῶμα[τ], -ατος, τό
σωμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
body
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
Ἰησοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
irreg. ιησου (instead of ιησ(ο)·ῳ > ιησῳ), ιησ(ο)·ε, ιησ(ο)·ου, ιησου
(mas) dat sg, (mas) voc sg, (mas) gen sg, (mas) indecl
Jesus, Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
.
———
RP: ἦλθεν Ἰωσὴφ ὁ ◆ NA/UBS: ἐλθὼν Ἰωσὴφ [ὁ]
RP: Πιλάτον ◆ NA/UBS: τὸν Πιλᾶτον
RP: Ἀριμαθαίας ◆ NA/UBS: Ἁριμαθαίας
Mk 15:43
Joseph of Arimathaea, a prominent council member who also himself was looking for the Kingdom of God, came. He boldly went in to Pilate, and asked for Jesus’ body.
44 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
Πιλάτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Pilate
ἐθαύμασεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θαυμάζω (θαυμαζ-, θαυμα·σ-, θαυμα·σ-, τεθαυμα·κ-, τεθαυμασ-, θαυμασ·θ-)
ε·θαυμα·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-MARVEL-ed
/wonder-at/cause-amazement/surprise/shock/awe, be-impressed
εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
ἤδη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἤδη
ηδη
indecl
already
by now, by then
τέθνηκεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θνῄσκω (-, -, -, τεθνη·κ-, τεθνα-, -)
τεθνη·κε(ν)
perf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-has-BE DEAD-ed
die, be mortal [τεθνηκεν]
· καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
προσκαλεσάμενος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·καλέω (προσ+καλ(ε)-, προσ+καλε·σ-, προσ+καλε·σ-, -, προσ+κεκλη-, προσ+κλη·θ-)
προσ·καλε·σαμεν·ος
1aor mp ptcp mas nom sg
upon being-SUMMON-ed
Lit: "call-toward", hence summon
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
κεντυρίωνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

κεντυρίων, -ωνος, ὁ (See also ἑκατοντάρχης/ἑκατόνταρχος)
κεντυριων·α
(mas) acc sg
centurion
, ἐπηρώτησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπ·ερωτάω (επ+ερωτ(α)-, επ+ερωτη·σ-, επ+ερωτη·σ-, -, -, επ+ερωτη·θ-)
επ·ε·ερωτη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-QUESTION-ed
[consult, enquire]
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
πάλαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

πάλαι; πάλη, -ης, ἡ
παλαι; παλ·αι
indecl; (fem) nom|voc pl
of old; struggles
;
ἀπέθανεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·θνῄσκω (απο+θνῃσκ-, απο+θαν(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd απο+θαν-, -, -, -)
απο·ε·θαν·ε(ν)
2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-DIE-ed
.
Mk 15:44
Pilate marveled if he were already dead; and summoning the centurion, he asked him whether he had been dead long.
45Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
γνοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γινώσκω/γιγν- (γινωσκ-/γιγνωσκ-, γνω·σ-, 2nd ath. γν(ω)-/ath. γν(ο)-, εγνω·κ-, εγνωσ-, γνωσ·θ-)
γν(ο)·[ντ]·ς
2aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon KNOW-ing
καί έν τούτω γινώσκομεν
ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
κεντυρίωνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

κεντυρίων, -ωνος, ὁ (See also ἑκατοντάρχης/ἑκατόνταρχος)
κεντυριων·ος
(mas) gen sg
centurion
, ἐδωρήσατο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δωρέομαι (δωρ(ε)-, -, δωρη·σ-, -, δεδωρη-, -)
ε·δωρη·σατο
1aor mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-GRANT-ed
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
{ σῶμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

σῶμα[τ], -ατος, τό
σωμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
body
πτῶμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πτῶμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πτωμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
corpse/fall
[in LXX: fall, collapse]
} τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
Ἰωσήφ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰωσήφ, ὁ
ιωσηφ
(mas) indecl
Joseph
.
———
RP: σῶμα ◆ NA/UBS: πτῶμα
Mk 15:45
When he found out from the centurion, he granted the body to Joseph.
46Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀγοράσας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀγοράζω (αγοραζ-, αγορ(α)·[σ]-/αγορα·σ-, αγορα·σ-, -, ηγορασ-, αγορασ·θ-)
αγορα·σα[ντ]·ς
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon BUY/PURCHASE-ing
From noun "ἀγορά" (market-place), hence buy/purchase.
σινδόνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

σινδών, -όνος, ἡ
σινδον·α
(fem) acc sg
sheet
, { καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
καθελὼν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καθ·αιρέω (καθ+αιρ(ε)-, καθ+ελ(ε)·[σ]-, καθ+ελ·[σ]- or 2nd καθ+ελ-, -, καθ+ῃρη-, καθ+αιρε·θ-)
καθ·ελ(ε)·[σ]ο[υ]ν[τ]·^, καθ·ελ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
fut act ptcp mas nom sg, 2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
going-to-TAKE, upon TAKE-ing-DOWN
purge
καθελὼν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καθ·αιρέω (καθ+αιρ(ε)-, καθ+ελ(ε)·[σ]-, καθ+ελ·[σ]- or 2nd καθ+ελ-, -, καθ+ῃρη-, καθ+αιρε·θ-)
καθ·ελ(ε)·[σ]ο[υ]ν[τ]·^, καθ·ελ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
fut act ptcp mas nom sg, 2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
going-to-TAKE, upon TAKE-ing-DOWN
purge
} αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
, ἐνείλησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐν·ειλέω (-, -, εν+ειλη·σ-, -, εν+ειλη-, -)
εν·ε·ειλη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-INVOLUTED-ed
closely coiled in a spiral shape
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
σινδόνι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

σινδών, -όνος, ἡ
σινδον·ι
(fem) dat sg
sheet
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
{ κατέθηκεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·τίθημι (ath. κατα+τιθ(ε)-, -, κατα+θη·κ- or 2nd ath. κατα+θ(ε)-, -, -, -)
κατα·ε·θη·κε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-LAY (DOWN)-ed
ἔθηκεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τίθημι (ath. τιθ(ε)-, θη·σ-, θη·κ- or 2nd ath. θ(ε)-, τεθει·κ-, τεθει-, τε·θ-)
ε·θη·κε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-PLACE-ed
/lay/put/set/situate/arrange/station
} αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
μνημείῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

μνημεῖον, -ου, τό (cf. μνῆμα)
μνημει·ῳ
(neu) dat sg
tomb
, [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ο
neu nom|acc sg
who/whom/which
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
λελατομημένον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λατομέω (λατομ(ε)-, -, λατομη·σ-, -, λελατομη-, λατομη·θ-)
λελατομη·μεν·ον
perf mp ptcp mas acc sg or perf mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
having-been-HEW-ed
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
πέτρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

πέτρα, -ας, ἡ
πετρ·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
rock, rocks
· καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
προσεκύλισεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·κυλίω (-, -, προσ+κυλι·σ-, -, -, -)
προσ·ε·κυλι·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-ROLL-ed-UP
λίθον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λίθος, -ου, ὁ
λιθ·ον
(mas) acc sg
stone
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
θύραν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

θύρα, -ας, ἡ
θυρ·αν
(fem) acc sg
door
gate
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
μνημείου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

μνημεῖον, -ου, τό (cf. μνῆμα)
μνημει·ου
(neu) gen sg
tomb
.
———
RP: καὶ καθελὼν ◆ NA/UBS: καθελὼν
RP: κατέθηκεν ◆ NA/UBS: ἔθηκεν
Mk 15:46
He bought a linen cloth, and taking him down, wound him in the linen cloth, and laid him in a tomb which had been cut out of a rock. He rolled a stone against the door of the tomb.
47 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
Μαρία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

Μαρία, -ας, ἡ
μαρι·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
Mary
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
Μαγδαληνὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

Μαγδαληνή, -ῆς, ἡ
μαγδαλην·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
Magdalene
Presumably signifies "from Magdala" - a village on the Sea of Galilee whose name meant "tower" in Aramaic.
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
Μαρία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

Μαρία, -ας, ἡ
μαρι·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
Mary
{ Ἰωσῆ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl. and Mas. 3rd Decl.)

Ἰωσῆς, -ῆ and Ἰωσῆ[τ]ς, -ῆτος, ὁ
ιωσ·η
(mas) voc sg or (mas) gen sg
Joses
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
Ἰωσῆτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl. and Mas. 3rd Decl.)

Ἰωσῆς, -ῆ and Ἰωσῆ[τ]ς, -ῆτος, ὁ
ιωσητ·ος
(mas) gen sg
Joses
} ἐθεώρουν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θεωρέω (θεωρ(ε)-, θεωρη·σ-, θεωρη·σ-, -, -, θεωρη·θ-)
ε·θεωρ(ε)·ον
impf act ind 1st sg or impf act ind 3rd pl
I-was-LOOKED AT-ing, they-were-LOOKED AT-ing
behold, gaze, gape, contemplate, consider, judge, observe, speculate, perceive
ποῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ποῦ[1]
που
indecl
where
{ τίθεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τίθημι (ath. τιθ(ε)-, θη·σ-, θη·κ- or 2nd ath. θ(ε)-, τεθει·κ-, τεθει-, τε·θ-)
τιθ(ε)·ται
pres mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is-being-PLACE-ed
/lay/put/set/situate/arrange/station
τέθειται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τίθημι (ath. τιθ(ε)-, θη·σ-, θη·κ- or 2nd ath. θ(ε)-, τεθει·κ-, τεθει-, τε·θ-)
τεθει·ται
perf mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-has-been-PLACE-ed
/lay/put/set/situate/arrange/station
} .
———
RP: Ἰωσῆ ◆ NA/UBS: ἡ Ἰωσῆτος
RP: τίθεται ◆ NA/UBS: τέθειται
Mk 15:47
Mary Magdalene and Mary, the mother of Joses, saw where he was laid.
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