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ΚΑΤΑ ΙΩΑΝΝΗΝ

According to John

 Robinson-Pierpont 2005 Wiki English Translation‎ / World English Bible
1Τότε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

τότε
τοτε
indecl
then
then
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
ἔλαβεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαμβάνω (λαμβαν-, λημψ-/ληψ-, λαβ·[σ]- or 2nd λαβ-, ειληφ·[κ]-, ειληβ-, λημφ·θ-/ληφ·θ-)
ε·λαβ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·λαβ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-TAKE/RECEIVE-ed
grasp, clutch, cling-to, seize, lay-hands-upon, take by violence, carry off, of a deity, seize, possess, catch, find out, detect, overtake, understand
he/she/it-TAKE/RECEIVE-ed
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
Πιλάτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Pilate
Pilate (nom)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
Ἰησοῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ον
(mas) acc sg
Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
Jesus (acc)
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἐμαστίγωσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μαστιγόω (μαστιγ(ο)-, μαστιγω·σ-, μαστιγω·σ-, -, μεμαστιγω-, μαστιγω·θ-)
ε·μαστιγω·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-WHIP-ed
literally: flog, scourge; figuratively: punish, chastise; generally: afflict, torment, mistreat
he/she/it-WHIP-ed
.
Jn 19:1
¶So Pilate then took Jesus, and flogged him.
2Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
the (nom)
στρατιῶται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

στρατιώτης, -ου, ὁ
στρατιωτ·αι
(mas) nom|voc pl
soldiers
soldiers (nom|voc)
πλέξαντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πλέκω (-, -, πλεξ-, -, πεπλεκ-, πλακ·[θ]-)
πλεκ·σαντ·ες
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon BRAID-ing
upon BRAID-ing (nom|voc)
στέφανον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

στέφανος[1], -ου, ὁ; Στέφανος[2], -ου, ὁ
στεφαν·ον; στεφαν·ον
(mas) acc sg; (mas) acc sg
wreath; wreath
this is the wreath of victory, a crown only in the sense of an accomplishment but not in the governing sense, it does not signify authority as διαδημα which is the crown of a ruler; wreath (only) not crown
wreath (acc); wreath (acc)
ἐξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εξ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
out of (+gen)
ἀκανθῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἄκανθα, -ης, ἡ
ακανθ·ων
(fem) gen pl
thorns
(thorn plant)
thorns (gen)
ἐπέθηκαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·τίθημι (ath. επι+τιθ(ε)-, επι+θη·σ-, επι+θη·κ- or 2nd ath. επι+θ(ε)-, -, -, επι+τε·θ-)
επι·ε·θη·καν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-PLACE-UPON-ed
Lit:"place/lay/set-upon/over", hence place--on, add
they-PLACE-UPON-ed
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
him/it/same (gen)
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
the (dat)
κεφαλῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

κεφαλή, -ῆς, ἡ
κεφαλ·ῃ
(fem) dat sg
head
head (dat)
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἱμάτιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ἱμάτιον, -ου, τό
ιματι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
clothing
garment, cloak
clothing (nom|acc|voc)
πορφυροῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

πορφυροῦς -ᾶ -οῦν a.k.a. πορφύρεος
πορφυρ(ε)·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
purple
purple (acc, nom|acc|voc)
περιέβαλον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

περι·βάλλω (περι+βαλλ-, περι+βαλ(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd περι+βαλ-, -, περι+βεβλη-, περι+βλη·θ-)
περι·ε·βαλ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
I-ADORN-ed-WITH, they-ADORN-ed-WITH
[throw around]
I-ADORN-ed-WITH, they-ADORN-ed-WITH
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (acc)
,
Jn 19:2
The soldiers twisted thorns into a crown, and put placed (it) on his head, and dressed him in put a purple garment on him.
3καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
{ ἔλεγον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·λεγ·ον
impf act ind 1st sg or impf act ind 3rd pl
I-was-SAY-ing, they-were-SAY-ing
speak, tell
I-was-SAY-ing, they-were-SAY-ing
ἤρχοντο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -); ἄρχω (αρχ-, αρξ-, αρξ-, -, ηρχ-, -)
ε·ερχ·οντο; ε·αρχ·οντο
impf mp ind 3rd pl; impf mp ind 3rd pl
they-were-being-COME-ed; they-were-being-BEGIN/RULE-ed
Sometimes (carelessly?) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).; Lit:"head/chief", hence rule or begin (depending upon context).
they-were-being-COME-ed; they-were-being-BEGIN/RULE-ed
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (acc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἔλεγον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·λεγ·ον
impf act ind 1st sg or impf act ind 3rd pl
I-was-SAY-ing, they-were-SAY-ing
speak, tell
I-was-SAY-ing, they-were-SAY-ing
} , Χαῖρε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

χαίρω (χαιρ-, χαρ(ε)·[σ]-, -, -, -, χαρ·[θ]-)
χαιρ·ε
pres act imp 2nd sg
be-you(sg)-REJOICE-ing!
salute, salutation
be-you(sg)-REJOICE-ing!
, [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
king (nom)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
Ἰουδαίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
Jewish
Jewish (gen)
· καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
{ ἐδίδουν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
ε·διδ(ο)·ον
impf act ind 1st sg or impf act ind 3rd pl
I-was-GIVE-ing, they-were-GIVE-ing
/offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
I-was-GIVE-ing, they-were-GIVE-ing
ἐδίδοσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
ε·διδ(ο)·σαν
impf act ind 3rd pl
they-were-GIVE-ing
/offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
they-were-GIVE-ing
} αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (dat)
ῥαπίσματα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ῥάπισμα[τ], -ατος, τό
ραπισματ·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
blows
blows (nom|acc|voc)
.
———
RP: ἔλεγον ⬪ NA/UBS: ἤρχοντο πρὸς αὐτὸν καὶ ἔλεγον
RP: ἐδίδουν ⬪ NA/UBS: ἐδίδοσαν
Jn 19:3
They kept saying, “Hail, King of the Jews!” and they kept slapping him.
4{ Ἐξῆλθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·έρχομαι (εξ+ερχ-, εξ+ελευ·σ-, εξ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd εξ+ελθ-, εξ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εξ·ε·ελθ·[σ]ε(ν), εξ·ε·ελθ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-COME-ed-OUT
σπειρων
he/she/it-COME-ed-OUT
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἐξῆλθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·έρχομαι (εξ+ερχ-, εξ+ελευ·σ-, εξ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd εξ+ελθ-, εξ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εξ·ε·ελθ·[σ]ε(ν), εξ·ε·ελθ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-COME-ed-OUT
σπειρων
he/she/it-COME-ed-OUT
} πάλιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πάλιν
παλιν
indecl
again
afresh, again, anon, once more, back, backwards, restore
again
ἔξω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Verb; Verb

ἔξω; ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-); ἔξ·εστιν a.k.a. ἔξ·ειμι[2] fr. εἰμί[1] (ath. εξ+(εσ)-/εξ+(εσ)-, -, -, -, -, -)
εξω; εχ·σω; εξ·(εσ)·ω
indecl; fut act ind 1st sg; pres act sub 1st sg
outside; I-will-HAVE; I-should-be-BE-ing-PERMITTED
; /hold.;
outside; I-will-HAVE; I-should-be-BE-ing-PERMITTED
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
Πιλάτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Pilate
Pilate (nom)
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
λέγει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-SAY-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SAY-ed
speak, tell
he/she/it-is-SAY-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SAY-ed (classical)
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
them/same (dat)
, Ἴδε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ε
2aor act imp 2nd sg
do-SEE/BEHOLD-you(sg)!
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
do-SEE/BEHOLD-you(sg)!
, ἄγω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἄγω (αγ-, αξ-, 2nd αγαγ-, αγειοχ·[κ]-, ηγ-, αχ·θ-)
αγ·ω
pres act ind 1st sg or pres act sub 1st sg
I-am-LEAD-ing, I-should-be-LEAD-ing
I-am-LEAD-ing, I-should-be-LEAD-ing
ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you(pl)
you(pl) (dat)
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (acc)
ἔξω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Verb; Verb

ἔξω; ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-); ἔξ·εστιν a.k.a. ἔξ·ειμι[2] fr. εἰμί[1] (ath. εξ+(εσ)-/εξ+(εσ)-, -, -, -, -, -)
εξω; εχ·σω; εξ·(εσ)·ω
indecl; fut act ind 1st sg; pres act sub 1st sg
outside; I-will-HAVE; I-should-be-BE-ing-PERMITTED
; /hold.;
outside; I-will-HAVE; I-should-be-BE-ing-PERMITTED
, ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that
/so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
in-order-that
γνῶτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γινώσκω/γιγν- (γινωσκ-/γιγνωσκ-, γνω·σ-, 2nd ath. γν(ω)-/ath. γν(ο)-, εγνω·κ-, εγνωσ-, γνωσ·θ-)
γν(ω)·τε, γν(ω)·ητε
2aor act imp 2nd pl, 2aor act sub 2nd pl
do-KNOW-you(pl)!, you(pl)-should-KNOW
καί έν τούτω γινώσκομεν
do-KNOW-you(pl)!, you(pl)-should-KNOW
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
because/that
{ ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (dat)
οὐδεμίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

οὐδ·είς οὐδε·μία οὐδ·έν and οὐθ·είς (οὐθε·μία) οὐθ·έν
ουδεμι·αν
fem acc sg
none
[not one, no one]
none (acc)
αἰτίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

αἰτία, -ας, ἡ; αἴτιος -ία -ον
αιτι·αν; αιτι·αν
(fem) acc sg; fem acc sg
circumstance/reason; cause
[responsibility/credit for, basis, blame; cause]; [resposible (for), basis of crime]
circumstance/reason (acc); cause (acc)
εὑρίσκω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εὑρίσκω (ευρισκ-, ευρη·σ-, ευρ·[σ]- or 2nd ευρ-, ευρη·κ-, ευρη-, ευρε·θ-)
ευρισκ·ω
pres act ind 1st sg or pres act sub 1st sg
I-am-FIND-ing, I-should-be-FIND-ing
/learn/discover (after searching)
I-am-FIND-ing, I-should-be-FIND-ing
οὐδεμίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

οὐδ·είς οὐδε·μία οὐδ·έν and οὐθ·είς (οὐθε·μία) οὐθ·έν
ουδεμι·αν
fem acc sg
none
[not one, no one]
none (acc)
αἰτίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

αἰτία, -ας, ἡ; αἴτιος -ία -ον
αιτι·αν; αιτι·αν
(fem) acc sg; fem acc sg
circumstance/reason; cause
[responsibility/credit for, basis, blame; cause]; [resposible (for), basis of crime]
circumstance/reason (acc); cause (acc)
εὑρίσκω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εὑρίσκω (ευρισκ-, ευρη·σ-, ευρ·[σ]- or 2nd ευρ-, ευρη·κ-, ευρη-, ευρε·θ-)
ευρισκ·ω
pres act ind 1st sg or pres act sub 1st sg
I-am-FIND-ing, I-should-be-FIND-ing
/learn/discover (after searching)
I-am-FIND-ing, I-should-be-FIND-ing
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (dat)
} .
———
RP: Ἐξῆλθεν οὖν ⬪ NA/UBS: Καὶ ἐξῆλθεν
RP: ἐν αὐτῷ οὐδεμίαν αἰτίαν εὑρίσκω ⬪ NA/UBS: οὐδεμίαν αἰτίαν εὑρίσκω ἐν αὐτῷ
Jn 19:4
¶Then Pilate went out again, and said to them, “Behold, I bring him out to you, that you may know that I find no basis for a charge against him.”
5Ἐξῆλθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·έρχομαι (εξ+ερχ-, εξ+ελευ·σ-, εξ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd εξ+ελθ-, εξ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εξ·ε·ελθ·[σ]ε(ν), εξ·ε·ελθ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-COME-ed-OUT
σπειρων
he/she/it-COME-ed-OUT
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
Jesus (nom)
ἔξω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Verb; Verb

ἔξω; ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-); ἔξ·εστιν a.k.a. ἔξ·ειμι[2] fr. εἰμί[1] (ath. εξ+(εσ)-/εξ+(εσ)-, -, -, -, -, -)
εξω; εχ·σω; εξ·(εσ)·ω
indecl; fut act ind 1st sg; pres act sub 1st sg
outside; I-will-HAVE; I-should-be-BE-ing-PERMITTED
; /hold.;
outside; I-will-HAVE; I-should-be-BE-ing-PERMITTED
, φορῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.); Verb

φόρος, -ου, ὁ; φόρον, -ου, τό; φορέω (φορ(ε)-, φορε·σ-, φορε·σ-, -, -, -)
φορ·ων; φορ·ων; φορ(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(mas) gen pl; (neu) gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
Taxes; Tributaries; while WEAR-ing
(forced labor, tax, tribute, (load down, impose)); (forced labor, tax, tribute, (load down, impose)); frock, robe, dress, coat, garment, gown
Taxes (gen); Tributaries (gen); while WEAR-ing (nom)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
ἀκάνθινον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἀκάνθινος -η -ον
ακανθιν·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
thorny
thorny (acc, nom|acc|voc)
στέφανον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

στέφανος[1], -ου, ὁ; Στέφανος[2], -ου, ὁ
στεφαν·ον; στεφαν·ον
(mas) acc sg; (mas) acc sg
wreath; wreath
this is the wreath of victory, a crown only in the sense of an accomplishment but not in the governing sense, it does not signify authority as διαδημα which is the crown of a ruler; wreath (only) not crown
wreath (acc); wreath (acc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
the (nom|acc)
πορφυροῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

πορφυροῦς -ᾶ -οῦν a.k.a. πορφύρεος
πορφυρ(ε)·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
purple
purple (acc, nom|acc|voc)
ἱμάτιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ἱμάτιον, -ου, τό
ιματι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
clothing
garment, cloak
clothing (nom|acc|voc)
. Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
λέγει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-SAY-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SAY-ed
speak, tell
he/she/it-is-SAY-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SAY-ed (classical)
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
them/same (dat)
, { Ἴδε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ε
2aor act imp 2nd sg
do-SEE/BEHOLD-you(sg)!
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
do-SEE/BEHOLD-you(sg)!
Ἰδοὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ου
2aor mp imp 2nd sg
be-you(sg)-SEE/BEHOLD-ed!
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
be-you(sg)-SEE/BEHOLD-ed!
} , [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
ἄνθρωπος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ος
(mas) nom sg
man
man (nom)
.
———
RP: Ἴδε ⬪ NA/UBS: Ἰδοὺ
Jn 19:5
¶Jesus therefore came out, wearing the crown of thorns and the purple garment. Pilate said to them, “Behold, the man!”
6Ὅτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὅτε
οτε
indecl
when
when
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
εἶδον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ε·ιδ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
I-SEE/BEHOLD-ed, they-SEE/BEHOLD-ed
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
I-SEE/BEHOLD-ed, they-SEE/BEHOLD-ed
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (acc)
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
the (nom)
ἀρχιερεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀρχ·ιερεύς, -έως, ὁ
αρχιερ(ευ)·ες, αρχιερ(ευ)·ας
(mas) nom|voc pl, (mas) acc pl
archpriests
The High Priest or Chief Priest; often plural in NT due to previous High Priest continuing to share (political) power with the current one, or with "members of High Priestly families" in mind.
archpriests (acc, nom|voc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
the (nom)
ὑπηρέται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

ὑπ·ηρέτης, -ου, ὁ
υπηρετ·αι
(mas) nom|voc pl
subordinates
[servant; petty position]
subordinates (nom|voc)
, ἐκραύγασαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κραυγάζω (κραυγαζ-, κραυγα·σ-, κραυγα·σ-, -, -, -)
ε·κραυγα·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-SHOUT-ed
scream, halloo
they-SHOUT-ed
λέγοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while SAY-ing
speak, tell
while SAY-ing (nom|voc)
, Σταύρωσον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σταυρόω (σταυρ(ο)-, σταυρω·σ-, σταυρω·σ-, -, εσταυρω-, σταυρω·θ-)
σταυρω·σον, σταυρω·σο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, fut act ptcp mas voc sg or fut act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
do-CRUCIFY-you(sg)!, going-to-CRUCIFY
impale
do-CRUCIFY-you(sg)!, going-to-CRUCIFY (fut ptcp) (nom|acc|voc, voc)
, σταύρωσον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σταυρόω (σταυρ(ο)-, σταυρω·σ-, σταυρω·σ-, -, εσταυρω-, σταυρω·θ-)
σταυρω·σον, σταυρω·σο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, fut act ptcp mas voc sg or fut act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
do-CRUCIFY-you(sg)!, going-to-CRUCIFY
impale
do-CRUCIFY-you(sg)!, going-to-CRUCIFY (fut ptcp) (nom|acc|voc, voc)
{ αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (acc)
. Λέγει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-SAY-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SAY-ed
speak, tell
he/she/it-is-SAY-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SAY-ed (classical)
Λέγει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-SAY-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SAY-ed
speak, tell
he/she/it-is-SAY-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SAY-ed (classical)
} αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
them/same (dat)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
Πιλάτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Pilate
Pilate (nom)
, Λάβετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαμβάνω (λαμβαν-, λημψ-/ληψ-, λαβ·[σ]- or 2nd λαβ-, ειληφ·[κ]-, ειληβ-, λημφ·θ-/ληφ·θ-)
λαβ·ετε
2aor act imp 2nd pl
do-TAKE/RECEIVE-you(pl)!
grasp, clutch, cling-to, seize, lay-hands-upon, take by violence, carry off, of a deity, seize, possess, catch, find out, detect, overtake, understand
do-TAKE/RECEIVE-you(pl)!
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (acc)
ὑμεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμεις
nom pl
you(pl)
you(pl) (nom)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
σταυρώσατε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σταυρόω (σταυρ(ο)-, σταυρω·σ-, σταυρω·σ-, -, εσταυρω-, σταυρω·θ-)
σταυρω·σατε
1aor act imp 2nd pl
do-CRUCIFY-you(pl)!
impale
do-CRUCIFY-you(pl)!
· ἐγὼ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
εγω
nom sg
I
I (nom)
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
for
οὐχ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουχ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
not
εὑρίσκω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εὑρίσκω (ευρισκ-, ευρη·σ-, ευρ·[σ]- or 2nd ευρ-, ευρη·κ-, ευρη-, ευρε·θ-)
ευρισκ·ω
pres act ind 1st sg or pres act sub 1st sg
I-am-FIND-ing, I-should-be-FIND-ing
/learn/discover (after searching)
I-am-FIND-ing, I-should-be-FIND-ing
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (dat)
αἰτίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

αἰτία, -ας, ἡ; αἴτιος -ία -ον
αιτι·αν; αιτι·αν
(fem) acc sg; fem acc sg
circumstance/reason; cause
[responsibility/credit for, basis, blame; cause]; [resposible (for), basis of crime]
circumstance/reason (acc); cause (acc)
.
———
RP: αὐτόν. Λέγει ⬪ NA/UBS: Λέγει
Jn 19:6
¶When therefore the chief priests and the officers saw him, they shouted, saying, “Crucify! Crucify!”
¶Pilate said to them, “Take him yourselves, and crucify him, for I find no basis for a charge against him.”
7Ἀπεκρίθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κρίνομαι (απο+κριν-, -, απο+κριν·[σ]-, -, απο+κεκρι-, απο+κρι·θ-)
απο·ε·κρι·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
they-were-ANSWER-ed
Lit:"judge/decide-from", hence involves a response that requires some thinking/consideration/decision. Usually rendered "answer" (in response to a question/inquiry)
they-were-ANSWER-ed
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (dat)
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
the (nom)
Ἰουδαῖοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·οι
mas nom|voc pl
Jewish
Jewish (nom|voc)
, Ἡμεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημεις
nom pl
we
we (nom)
νόμον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ον
(mas) acc sg
custom/law
ordinance custom practice
custom/law (acc)
ἔχομεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
εχ·ομεν
pres act ind 1st pl
we-are-HAVE-ing
/hold.
we-are-HAVE-ing
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
νόμον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ον
(mas) acc sg
custom/law
ordinance custom practice
custom/law (acc)
{ ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
us
us (gen)
⬪ - } ὀφείλει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὀφείλω (οφειλ-, οφειλη·σ-/οφειλε·σ-, οφειλη·σ-, -, -, -)
οφειλ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-OWE-ing, you(sg)-are-being-OWE-ed
he/she/it-is-OWE-ing, you(sg)-are-being-OWE-ed (classical)
ἀποθανεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·θνῄσκω (απο+θνῃσκ-, απο+θαν(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd απο+θαν-, -, -, -)
απο·θαν(ε)·[σ]ειν, απο·θαν·ειν
fut act inf, 2aor act inf
to-will-DIE, to-DIE
to-will-DIE, to-DIE
, ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
because/that
{ ἑαυτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

ἑ·αυτοῦ/αὑτοῦ[2] -ῆς -οῦ
εαυτ·ον
mas acc sg
self
him/her/it/our/your/them-selves
self (acc)
υἱὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ον
(mas) acc sg
son
son (acc)
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god
[see theology]
god (gen)
υἱὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ον
(mas) acc sg
son
son (acc)
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god
[see theology]
god (gen)
ἑαυτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

ἑ·αυτοῦ/αὑτοῦ[2] -ῆς -οῦ
εαυτ·ον
mas acc sg
self
him/her/it/our/your/them-selves
self (acc)
} ἐποίησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ε·ποιη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-DO/MAKE-ed
he/she/it-DO/MAKE-ed
.
———
RP: ἡμῶν ⬪ NA/UBS: —
RP: ἑαυτὸν υἱὸν θεοῦ ⬪ NA/UBS: υἱὸν θεοῦ ἑαυτὸν
Jn 19:7
¶The Jews answered him, “We have a law,[a] and by our law he ought to die, because he made himself the Son of God.”[b]
———
a Lv. 24:16: Whoever blasphemes the name of the Lord shall surely be put to death. All the congregation shall stone him. The sojourner as well as the native, when he blasphemes the Name, shall be put to death. (ESV).
b See Jn. 10:33, 36.
8Ὅτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὅτε
οτε
indecl
when
when
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
ἤκουσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀκούω (ακου-, ακου·σ-, ακου·σ-, ακηκο·[κ]-, ηκουσ-, ακουσ·θ-)
ε·ακου·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-HEAR-ed
to hear; to listen (pay attention) to; or to understand what is heard
he/she/it-HEAR-ed
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
Πιλάτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Pilate
Pilate (nom)
τοῦτον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ον
mas acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
this (acc)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
λόγον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λόγος, -ου, ὁ
λογ·ον
(mas) acc sg
word
word
word (acc)
, μᾶλλον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

μᾶλλον
μαλλον
indecl
more/rather
(instead)
more/rather
ἐφοβήθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φοβέω (φοβ(ε)-, -, φοβη·σ-, -, πεφοβη-, φοβη·θ-)
ε·φοβη·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-FEAR-ed
he/she/it-was-FEAR-ed
,
Jn 19:8
¶When therefore Pilate heard this saying, he was more afraid.[a]
———
a Of the Jews, or of Jesus' claim? See also Pilate's wife's warning to him, Mt. 27:19.
9καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
εἰσῆλθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰσ·έρχομαι (εισ+ερχ-, εισ+ελευ·σ-, εισ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd εισ+ελθ-, εισ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εισ·ε·ελθ·[σ]ε(ν), εισ·ε·ελθ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-COME IN/ ENTER-ed
he/she/it-COME IN/ ENTER-ed
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
into (+acc)
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
the (nom|acc)
πραιτώριον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

πραιτώριον, -ου, τό
πραιτωρι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
praetorium
praetorium (nom|acc|voc)
πάλιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πάλιν
παλιν
indecl
again
afresh, again, anon, once more, back, backwards, restore
again
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
λέγει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-SAY-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SAY-ed
speak, tell
he/she/it-is-SAY-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SAY-ed (classical)
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
the (dat)
Ἰησοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
irreg. ιησου (instead of ιησ(ο)·ῳ > ιησῳ), ιησ(ο)·ε, ιησ(ο)·ου, ιησου
(mas) dat sg, (mas) voc sg, (mas) gen sg, (mas) indecl
Jesus, Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
Jesus (dat, gen, voc), Jesus (indecl)
, Πόθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Verb

πό·θεν; πίνω (πιν-, πι·[σ]-, 2nd πι-, πεπω·κ-, -, πο·θ-)
ποθεν; πο·θε[ι]ν[τ]
indecl; aor θη ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
whence; upon being-DRINK-ed
[from where, from which];
whence; upon being-DRINK-ed (nom|acc|voc)
εἶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^ (instead of ι·^ς > εις); (εσ)·^ς
pres act ind 2nd sg; pres act ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-are-BE-ing; you(sg)-are
;
you(sg)-are-BE-ing; you(sg)-are
σύ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
συ
nom sg
you(sg)
you(sg) (nom)
; [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
Jesus (nom)
ἀπόκρισιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

ἀπό·κρισις, -εως, ἡ
αποκρισ(ι)·ν
(fem) acc sg
answer
answer (acc)
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
not
ἔδωκεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
ε·δω·κε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-GIVE-ed
/offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
he/she/it-GIVE-ed
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (dat)
.
Jn 19:9
He entered into the Praetorium again, and said to Jesus, “Where are you from?” But Jesus gave him no answer.
10Λέγει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-SAY-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SAY-ed
speak, tell
he/she/it-is-SAY-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SAY-ed (classical)
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (dat)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
Πιλάτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Pilate
Pilate (nom)
, Ἐμοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person); Determiner (Possessive)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς; ἐμός -ή -όν
εμοι; εμ·οι
dat sg; mas nom|voc pl
me; my/mine
;
me (dat); my/mine (nom|voc)
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
not
λαλεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαλέω (λαλ(ε)-, λαλη·σ-, λαλη·σ-, λελαλη·κ-, λελαλη-, λαλη·θ-)
λαλ(ε)·εις
pres act ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-are-SPEAK-ing
you(sg)-are-SPEAK-ing
; Οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
not
οἶδας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

οἶδα (ath. ιδ-/ath. ειδ(ε)-/ath. ειδ-, ειδη·σ-/ει[δ]·σ-, ειδη·σ-, οιδ·[κ]-/ειδ·[κ]-, -, -)
οιδ·[κ]ας
perf act ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-have-KNOWING-ed
/perceive/be-aware-of/be-acquainted-with/notice. Often rendered "know" (by seeing/observing), in contrast to "γινώσκω" (know by thinking/reasoning/experiencing).
you(sg)-have-KNOWING-ed
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
because/that
ἐξουσίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἐξ·ουσία, -ας, ἡ
εξουσι·αν
(fem) acc sg
authority
control, ruler, power, sway, freedom permitted by peace, licence
authority (acc)
ἔχω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
εχ·ω
pres act ind 1st sg or pres act sub 1st sg
I-am-HAVE-ing, I-should-be-HAVE-ing
/hold.
I-am-HAVE-ing, I-should-be-HAVE-ing
{ σταυρῶσαί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σταυρόω (σταυρ(ο)-, σταυρω·σ-, σταυρω·σ-, -, εσταυρω-, σταυρω·θ-)
σταυρω·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-CRUCIFY, be-you(sg)-CRUCIFY-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-CRUCIFY
impale
to-CRUCIFY, be-you(sg)-CRUCIFY-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-CRUCIFY (opt)
σε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σε; σ·ε
acc sg; mas voc sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
you(sg) (acc); your/yours(sg) (voc)
, ⬪ ἀπολῦσαί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·λύω (απο+λυ-, απο+λυ·σ-, απο+λυ·σ-, απο+λελυ·κ-, απο+λελυ-, απο+λυ·θ-)
απο·λυ·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-RELEASE, be-you(sg)-RELEASE-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-RELEASE
Lit:"loose-from", hence release, let-go, divorce, free, pardon. Also a euphemism for die.
to-RELEASE, be-you(sg)-RELEASE-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-RELEASE (opt)
σε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σε; σ·ε
acc sg; mas voc sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
you(sg) (acc); your/yours(sg) (voc)
, } καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἐξουσίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἐξ·ουσία, -ας, ἡ
εξουσι·αν
(fem) acc sg
authority
control, ruler, power, sway, freedom permitted by peace, licence
authority (acc)
ἔχω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
εχ·ω
pres act ind 1st sg or pres act sub 1st sg
I-am-HAVE-ing, I-should-be-HAVE-ing
/hold.
I-am-HAVE-ing, I-should-be-HAVE-ing
{ ἀπολῦσαί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·λύω (απο+λυ-, απο+λυ·σ-, απο+λυ·σ-, απο+λελυ·κ-, απο+λελυ-, απο+λυ·θ-)
απο·λυ·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-RELEASE, be-you(sg)-RELEASE-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-RELEASE
Lit:"loose-from", hence release, let-go, divorce, free, pardon. Also a euphemism for die.
to-RELEASE, be-you(sg)-RELEASE-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-RELEASE (opt)
σε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σε; σ·ε
acc sg; mas voc sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
you(sg) (acc); your/yours(sg) (voc)
; ⬪ σταυρῶσαί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σταυρόω (σταυρ(ο)-, σταυρω·σ-, σταυρω·σ-, -, εσταυρω-, σταυρω·θ-)
σταυρω·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-CRUCIFY, be-you(sg)-CRUCIFY-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-CRUCIFY
impale
to-CRUCIFY, be-you(sg)-CRUCIFY-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-CRUCIFY (opt)
σε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σε; σ·ε
acc sg; mas voc sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
you(sg) (acc); your/yours(sg) (voc)
; }
———
RP: σταυρῶσαί σε, ⬪ NA/UBS: ἀπολῦσαί σε,
RP: ἀπολῦσαί σε; ⬪ NA/UBS: σταυρῶσαί σε;
Jn 19:10
Pilate therefore said to him, “Aren’t you speaking to me? Don’t you know that I have power to release you, and have power to crucify you?”
11Ἀπεκρίθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κρίνομαι (απο+κριν-, -, απο+κριν·[σ]-, -, απο+κεκρι-, απο+κρι·θ-)
απο·ε·κρι·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-ANSWER-ed
Lit:"judge/decide-from", hence involves a response that requires some thinking/consideration/decision. Usually rendered "answer" (in response to a question/inquiry)
he/she/it-was-ANSWER-ed
{ Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
Jesus (nom)
⬪ [ αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (dat)
] Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
Jesus (nom)
} , Οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
not
εἶχες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
ε·εχ·ες
impf act ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-were-HAVE-ing
/hold.
you(sg)-were-HAVE-ing
ἐξουσίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἐξ·ουσία, -ας, ἡ
εξουσι·αν
(fem) acc sg
authority
control, ruler, power, sway, freedom permitted by peace, licence
authority (acc)
{ οὐδεμίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

οὐδ·είς οὐδε·μία οὐδ·έν and οὐθ·είς (οὐθε·μία) οὐθ·έν
ουδεμι·αν
fem acc sg
none
[not one, no one]
none (acc)
κατ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατ’
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
ἐμοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person); Determiner (Possessive)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς; ἐμός -ή -όν
εμου; εμ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
me; my/mine
;
me (gen); my/mine (gen)
κατ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατ’
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
ἐμοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person); Determiner (Possessive)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς; ἐμός -ή -όν
εμου; εμ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
me; my/mine
;
me (gen); my/mine (gen)
οὐδεμίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

οὐδ·είς οὐδε·μία οὐδ·έν and οὐθ·είς (οὐθε·μία) οὐθ·έν
ουδεμι·αν
fem acc sg
none
[not one, no one]
none (acc)
} , εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
if
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
not
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
he/she/it-was
{ σοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive); Verb

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν; τρίβω [LXX] (τριβ-, ·σ-, τριψ-, -, τετριβ-, -)
σοι; σ·οι; ·σοι
dat sg; mas nom|voc pl; fut act opt 3rd sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg); (fut opt)
; ; worn, rub
you(sg) (dat); your/yours(sg) (nom|voc); (fut opt)
δεδομένον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
δεδο·μεν·ον
perf mp ptcp mas acc sg or perf mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
having-been-GIVE-ed
/offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
having-been-GIVE-ed (acc, nom|acc|voc)
δεδομένον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
δεδο·μεν·ον
perf mp ptcp mas acc sg or perf mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
having-been-GIVE-ed
/offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
having-been-GIVE-ed (acc, nom|acc|voc)
σοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive); Verb

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν; τρίβω [LXX] (τριβ-, ·σ-, τριψ-, -, τετριβ-, -)
σοι; σ·οι; ·σοι
dat sg; mas nom|voc pl; fut act opt 3rd sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg); (fut opt)
; ; worn, rub
you(sg) (dat); your/yours(sg) (nom|voc); (fut opt)
} ἄνωθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἄνω·θεν
ανωθεν
indecl
from above
from above
· διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
τοῦτο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
this (nom|acc)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
{ παραδιδούς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·δίδωμι (ath. παρα+διδ(ο)-/ath. παρα+διδ(ω)-, παρα+δω·σ-, παρα+δω·κ- or 2nd ath. παρα+δ(ο)-/ath. παρα+δ(ω)-, παρα+δεδω·κ-, παρα+δεδο-, παρα+δο·θ-)
παρα·διδ(ο)·[ντ]·ς
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
while DELIVER-OVER-ing
Lit:"give-close-beside", hence deliver/surrender/hand-over, betray, commit, give-in/over/up, turn-in, consign, grant, bestow, teach-doctrine
while DELIVER-OVER-ing (nom|voc)
παραδούς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·δίδωμι (ath. παρα+διδ(ο)-/ath. παρα+διδ(ω)-, παρα+δω·σ-, παρα+δω·κ- or 2nd ath. παρα+δ(ο)-/ath. παρα+δ(ω)-, παρα+δεδω·κ-, παρα+δεδο-, παρα+δο·θ-)
παρα·δ(ο)·[ντ]·ς
2aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon DELIVER-OVER-ing
Lit:"give-close-beside", hence deliver/surrender/hand-over, betray, commit, give-in/over/up, turn-in, consign, grant, bestow, teach-doctrine
upon DELIVER-OVER-ing (nom|voc)
} μέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
με
acc sg
me
me (acc)
σοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive); Verb

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν; τρίβω [LXX] (τριβ-, ·σ-, τριψ-, -, τετριβ-, -)
σοι; σ·οι; ·σοι
dat sg; mas nom|voc pl; fut act opt 3rd sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg); (fut opt)
; ; worn, rub
you(sg) (dat); your/yours(sg) (nom|voc); (fut opt)
μείζονα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3)

μείζων -ον, gen. sg. -ονος (Comp. of μέγας)
μειζον·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
greater
greater (acc, nom|acc|voc)
ἁμαρτίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἁ·μαρτία, -ίας, ἡ
αμαρτι·αν
(fem) acc sg
sin
Typical NT usage: "sin", also used to denote failure in a more generic fashion.
sin (acc)
ἔχει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
εχ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-HAVE-ing, you(sg)-are-being-HAVE-ed
/hold.
he/she/it-is-HAVE-ing, you(sg)-are-being-HAVE-ed (classical)
.
———
RP: Ἰησοῦς ⬪ NA/UBS: [αὐτῷ] Ἰησοῦς
RP: οὐδεμίαν κατ’ ἐμοῦ ⬪ NA/UBS: κατ’ ἐμοῦ οὐδεμίαν
RP: σοι δεδομένον ⬪ NA/UBS: δεδομένον σοι
RP: παραδιδούς ⬪ NA/UBS: παραδούς
Jn 19:11
¶Jesus answered, “You would have no power at all against me, unless it were given to you from above. Therefore he who delivered me to you has greater sin.”
12Ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
out of (+gen)
τούτου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
this (gen)
{ ἐζήτει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ζητέω (ζητ(ε)-, ζητη·σ-, ζητη·σ-, -, -, ζητη·θ-)
ε·ζητ(ε)·ε
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-SEEK-ing
/search/inquire, look-into
he/she/it-was-SEEK-ing
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
Πιλάτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Pilate
Pilate (nom)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
Πιλᾶτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Pilate
Pilate (nom)
ἐζήτει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ζητέω (ζητ(ε)-, ζητη·σ-, ζητη·σ-, -, -, ζητη·θ-)
ε·ζητ(ε)·ε
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-SEEK-ing
/search/inquire, look-into
he/she/it-was-SEEK-ing
} ἀπολῦσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·λύω (απο+λυ-, απο+λυ·σ-, απο+λυ·σ-, απο+λελυ·κ-, απο+λελυ-, απο+λυ·θ-)
απο·λυ·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-RELEASE, be-you(sg)-RELEASE-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-RELEASE
Lit:"loose-from", hence release, let-go, divorce, free, pardon. Also a euphemism for die.
to-RELEASE, be-you(sg)-RELEASE-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-RELEASE (opt)
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (acc)
. Οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
the (nom)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
Ἰουδαῖοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·οι
mas nom|voc pl
Jewish
Jewish (nom|voc)
{ ἔκραζον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κράζω (κραζ-, κραξ-/κεκραξ-, κραξ-/κεκραξ- or 2nd κεκραγ-, κεκραγ·[κ]-, -, -)
ε·κραζ·ον
impf act ind 1st sg or impf act ind 3rd pl
I-was-CALL/CRY-ing-OUT, they-were-CALL/CRY-ing-OUT
I-was-CALL/CRY-ing-OUT, they-were-CALL/CRY-ing-OUT
ἐκραύγασαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κραυγάζω (κραυγαζ-, κραυγα·σ-, κραυγα·σ-, -, -, -)
ε·κραυγα·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-SHOUT-ed
scream, halloo
they-SHOUT-ed
} λέγοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while SAY-ing
speak, tell
while SAY-ing (nom|voc)
, Ἐὰν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἐάν (εἰ ἄν)
εαν
indecl
if-ever
"ἐὰν μή" (Lit:if-ever not) means "except", "unless"
if-ever
τοῦτον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ον
mas acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
this (acc)
ἀπολύσῃς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·λύω (απο+λυ-, απο+λυ·σ-, απο+λυ·σ-, απο+λελυ·κ-, απο+λελυ-, απο+λυ·θ-)
απο·λυ·σῃς
1aor act sub 2nd sg
you(sg)-should-RELEASE
Lit:"loose-from", hence release, let-go, divorce, free, pardon. Also a euphemism for die.
you(sg)-should-RELEASE
, οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
not
εἶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^ (instead of ι·^ς > εις); (εσ)·^ς
pres act ind 2nd sg; pres act ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-are-BE-ing; you(sg)-are
;
you(sg)-are-BE-ing; you(sg)-are
φίλος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

φίλος -η -ον
φιλ·ος
mas nom sg
friend
companion
friend (nom)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
Καίσαρος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

Καῖσαρ, -αρος, ὁ
καισαρ·ος
(mas) gen sg
Caesar
Caesar (gen)
· πᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
πα[ντ]·ς
mas nom|voc sg
each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
each, every (nom|voc)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
βασιλέα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·α
(mas) acc sg
king
king (acc)
ἑαυτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

ἑ·αυτοῦ/αὑτοῦ[2] -ῆς -οῦ
εαυτ·ον
mas acc sg
self
him/her/it/our/your/them-selves
self (acc)
ποιῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative); Verb

ποῖος -α -ον; ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποι·ων; ποι(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
what-kind; while DO/MAKE-ing
;
what-kind (gen); while DO/MAKE-ing (nom)
, ἀντιλέγει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀντι·λέγω (αντι+λεγ-, -, 2nd αντ+ειπ-, -, -, -)
αντι·λεγ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-SPEAK-ing-AGAINST, you(sg)-are-being-SPEAK-ed-AGAINST
he/she/it-is-SPEAK-ing-AGAINST, you(sg)-are-being-SPEAK-ed-AGAINST (classical)
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
the (dat)
Καίσαρι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

Καῖσαρ, -αρος, ὁ
καισαρ·ι
(mas) dat sg
Caesar
Caesar (dat)
.
———
RP: ἐζήτει ὁ Πιλάτος ⬪ NA/UBS: ὁ Πιλᾶτος ἐζήτει
RP: ἔκραζον ⬪ NA/UBS: ἐκραύγασαν
Jn 19:12
¶At this, Pilate was seeking to release him, but the Jews cried out, saying, “If you release this man, you aren’t Caesar’s friend! Everyone who makes himself a king speaks against Caesar!”
13 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
Πιλάτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Pilate
Pilate (nom)
ἀκούσας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-1-3); Verb

ἄκων[τ] ἄκουσα ἆκο[υ]ν[τ]; ἀκούω (ακου-, ακου·σ-, ακου·σ-, ακηκο·[κ]-, ηκουσ-, ακουσ·θ-)
ακουσ·ας; ακου·σα[ντ]·ς
fem acc pl; 1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
unwilling; upon HEAR-ing
; to hear; to listen (pay attention) to; or to understand what is heard
unwilling (acc); upon HEAR-ing (nom|voc)
{ τοῦτον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ον
mas acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
this (acc)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
λόγον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λόγος, -ου, ὁ
λογ·ον
(mas) acc sg
word
word
word (acc)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
λόγων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λόγος, -ου, ὁ
λογ·ων
(mas) gen pl
words
word
words (gen)
τούτων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
these (gen)
} ἤγαγεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἄγω (αγ-, αξ-, 2nd αγαγ-, αγειοχ·[κ]-, ηγ-, αχ·θ-)
ε·αγαγ·ε(ν)
2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-LEAD-ed
he/she/it-LEAD-ed
ἔξω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Verb; Verb

ἔξω; ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-); ἔξ·εστιν a.k.a. ἔξ·ειμι[2] fr. εἰμί[1] (ath. εξ+(εσ)-/εξ+(εσ)-, -, -, -, -, -)
εξω; εχ·σω; εξ·(εσ)·ω
indecl; fut act ind 1st sg; pres act sub 1st sg
outside; I-will-HAVE; I-should-be-BE-ing-PERMITTED
; /hold.;
outside; I-will-HAVE; I-should-be-BE-ing-PERMITTED
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
Ἰησοῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ον
(mas) acc sg
Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
Jesus (acc)
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἐκάθισεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καθίζω (καθιζ-, καθι(ε)·[σ]-/καθι·[σ]-/καθι·σ-, καθι·σ-, κεκαθι·κ-, -, -)
ε·καθι·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SIT-DOWN-ed
from "καθέδρα" (seat), hence take one's seat, sit as judge, Hdt.1.97, 5.25, Pl.Lg.659b, Ph.1.382
he/she/it-SIT-DOWN-ed
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
{ τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
⬪ - } βήματος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

βῆμα[τ], -ατος, τό
βηματ·ος
(neu) gen sg
step
judgment seat
step (gen)
, εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
into (+acc)
τόπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

τόπος, -ου, ὁ
τοπ·ον
(mas) acc sg
place
place (acc)
λεγόμενον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ομεν·ον
pres mp ptcp mas acc sg or pres mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
while being-SAY-ed
speak, tell
while being-SAY-ed (acc, nom|acc|voc)
Λιθόστρωτον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

λιθό·στρωτος -ον
λιθοστρωτ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
pavement
John 19:13, 2Chrn 7:3
pavement (acc, nom|acc|voc)
, Ἑβραϊστὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

Ἑβραϊστί
εβραιστι
indecl
in Hebrew/Aramaic
in Hebrew/Aramaic
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
Γαββαθᾶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Hebrew-Aramaic

Γαββαθά
γαββαθα
indecl
Gabbatha
Gabbatha
·
———
RP: τοῦτον τὸν λόγον ⬪ NA/UBS: τῶν λόγων τούτων
RP: τοῦ ⬪ NA/UBS: —
Jn 19:13
¶When Pilate therefore heard these words, he brought Jesus out, and sat down on the judgment seat at a place called “The Pavement,” but in Hebrew, “Gabbatha.”
14ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
he/she/it-was
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
Παρασκευὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

παρα·σκευή, -ῆς, ἡ
παρασκευ·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
preparation
[Friday: day before Sabbath in NT]
preparation (nom|voc)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
Πάσχα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. Indecl.)

πάσχα, τό
πασχα
(neu) indecl
passover
The Passover supper, or the lamb used in the supper, or the Feast of the Passover celebrated from the 14th to the 20th day of the month Nisan.
passover (indecl)
, ὥρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ὥρα, -ας, ἡ
ωρ·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
hour
τήν
hour (nom|voc)
{ δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
ὡσεὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle; Verb

ὡσεί; ὠθέω [LXX] (-, ω[θ]·σ-, ω[θ]·σ-, -, ωθ-, ωσ·θ-)
ωσει; ωθ·σει
indecl; fut act ind 3rd sg or fut mp ind 2nd sg classical or fuper mp ind 2nd sg classical
just-like; he/she/it-will-PUSH, you(sg)-will-be-PUSH-ed,
Lit:"like/as-if"; hence just as. just-like;
just-like; he/she/it-will-PUSH, you(sg)-will-be-PUSH-ed (classical), (fut perf) (classical)
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
he/she/it-was
ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
as/like
} ἕκτη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

ἕκτος[1] -η -ον
εκτ·η
fem nom|voc sg
sixth
sixth (nom|voc)
· καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
λέγει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-SAY-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SAY-ed
speak, tell
he/she/it-is-SAY-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SAY-ed (classical)
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
the (dat)
Ἰουδαίοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
Jewish
Jewish (dat)
, Ἴδε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ε
2aor act imp 2nd sg
do-SEE/BEHOLD-you(sg)!
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
do-SEE/BEHOLD-you(sg)!
, [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
king (nom)
ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you(pl)
you(pl) (gen)
.
———
RP: δὲ ὡσεὶ ⬪ NA/UBS: ἦν ὡς
Jn 19:14
Now it was the Preparation Day of the Passover, at about the sixth hour. He said to the Jews, “Behold, your King!”
15{ Οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
the (nom)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
ἐκραύγασαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κραυγάζω (κραυγαζ-, κραυγα·σ-, κραυγα·σ-, -, -, -)
ε·κραυγα·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-SHOUT-ed
scream, halloo
they-SHOUT-ed
Ἐκραύγασαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κραυγάζω (κραυγαζ-, κραυγα·σ-, κραυγα·σ-, -, -, -)
ε·κραυγα·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-SHOUT-ed
scream, halloo
they-SHOUT-ed
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
ἐκεῖνοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

ἐκεῖνος -η -ο
εκειν·οι
mas nom pl
those
those (nom)
} , Ἆρον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

αἴρω (αιρ-, αρ(ε)·[σ]-, αρ·[σ]-, ηρ·κ-, ηρ-, αρ·θ-)
αρ·[σ]ον
1aor act imp 2nd sg
do-LIFT/PICK-UP-you(sg)!
, take-up, tote, raise, bear, carry
do-LIFT/PICK-UP-you(sg)!
, ἆρον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

αἴρω (αιρ-, αρ(ε)·[σ]-, αρ·[σ]-, ηρ·κ-, ηρ-, αρ·θ-)
αρ·[σ]ον
1aor act imp 2nd sg
do-LIFT/PICK-UP-you(sg)!
, take-up, tote, raise, bear, carry
do-LIFT/PICK-UP-you(sg)!
, σταύρωσον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σταυρόω (σταυρ(ο)-, σταυρω·σ-, σταυρω·σ-, -, εσταυρω-, σταυρω·θ-)
σταυρω·σον, σταυρω·σο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, fut act ptcp mas voc sg or fut act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
do-CRUCIFY-you(sg)!, going-to-CRUCIFY
impale
do-CRUCIFY-you(sg)!, going-to-CRUCIFY (fut ptcp) (nom|acc|voc, voc)
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (acc)
. Λέγει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-SAY-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SAY-ed
speak, tell
he/she/it-is-SAY-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SAY-ed (classical)
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
them/same (dat)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
Πιλάτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Pilate
Pilate (nom)
, Τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
βασιλέα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·α
(mas) acc sg
king
king (acc)
ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you(pl)
you(pl) (gen)
σταυρώσω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σταυρόω (σταυρ(ο)-, σταυρω·σ-, σταυρω·σ-, -, εσταυρω-, σταυρω·θ-)
σταυρω·σω
fut act ind 1st sg or 1aor act sub 1st sg
I-will-CRUCIFY, I-should-CRUCIFY
impale
I-will-CRUCIFY, I-should-CRUCIFY
; Ἀπεκρίθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κρίνομαι (απο+κριν-, -, απο+κριν·[σ]-, -, απο+κεκρι-, απο+κρι·θ-)
απο·ε·κρι·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
they-were-ANSWER-ed
Lit:"judge/decide-from", hence involves a response that requires some thinking/consideration/decision. Usually rendered "answer" (in response to a question/inquiry)
they-were-ANSWER-ed
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
the (nom)
ἀρχιερεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀρχ·ιερεύς, -έως, ὁ
αρχιερ(ευ)·ες, αρχιερ(ευ)·ας
(mas) nom|voc pl, (mas) acc pl
archpriests
The High Priest or Chief Priest; often plural in NT due to previous High Priest continuing to share (political) power with the current one, or with "members of High Priestly families" in mind.
archpriests (acc, nom|voc)
, Οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
not
ἔχομεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
εχ·ομεν
pres act ind 1st pl
we-are-HAVE-ing
/hold.
we-are-HAVE-ing
βασιλέα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·α
(mas) acc sg
king
king (acc)
εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
if
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
not
Καίσαρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

Καῖσαρ, -αρος, ὁ
καισαρ·α
(mas) acc sg
Caesar
Caesar (acc)
.
———
RP: Οἱ δὲ ἐκραύγασαν ⬪ NA/UBS: Ἐκραύγασαν οὖν ἐκεῖνοι
Jn 19:15
¶They cried out, “Away with him! Away with him! Crucify him!”
¶Pilate said to them, “Shall I crucify your King?”
¶The chief priests answered, “We have no king but Caesar!”
16Τότε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

τότε
τοτε
indecl
then
then
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
παρέδωκεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·δίδωμι (ath. παρα+διδ(ο)-/ath. παρα+διδ(ω)-, παρα+δω·σ-, παρα+δω·κ- or 2nd ath. παρα+δ(ο)-/ath. παρα+δ(ω)-, παρα+δεδω·κ-, παρα+δεδο-, παρα+δο·θ-)
παρα·ε·δω·κε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-DELIVER-OVER-ed
Lit:"give-close-beside", hence deliver/surrender/hand-over, betray, commit, give-in/over/up, turn-in, consign, grant, bestow, teach-doctrine
he/she/it-DELIVER-OVER-ed
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (acc)
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
them/same (dat)
, ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that
/so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
in-order-that
σταυρωθῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σταυρόω (σταυρ(ο)-, σταυρω·σ-, σταυρω·σ-, -, εσταυρω-, σταυρω·θ-)
σταυρω·θῃ
aor θη sub 3rd sg
he/she/it-should-be-CRUCIFY-ed
impale
he/she/it-should-be-CRUCIFY-ed
.
Παρέλαβον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·λαμβάνω (παρα+λαμβαν-, παρα+λημψ-/παρα+ληψ-, 2nd παρα+λαβ-, -, παρα+ειληβ-, παρα+λημφ·θ-/παρα+ληφ·θ-)
παρα·ε·λαβ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
I-TAKE-CLOSE-BESIDE/RECEIVE-ed, they-TAKE-CLOSE-BESIDE/RECEIVE-ed
Lit:"aggressively/decisively take-close-beside"[take under one's wing; seize/grasp/take-care/control/ownership/possession/responsibility] Often rendered "receive", but more aggressive than dechomai "receive"
I-TAKE-CLOSE-BESIDE/RECEIVE-ed, they-TAKE-CLOSE-BESIDE/RECEIVE-ed
{ δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
Ἰησοῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ον
(mas) acc sg
Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
Jesus (acc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἤγαγον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἄγω (αγ-, αξ-, 2nd αγαγ-, αγειοχ·[κ]-, ηγ-, αχ·θ-)
ε·αγαγ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
I-LEAD-ed, they-LEAD-ed
I-LEAD-ed, they-LEAD-ed
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
Ἰησοῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ον
(mas) acc sg
Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
Jesus (acc)
} ·
———
RP: δὲ τὸν Ἰησοῦν καὶ ἤγαγον ⬪ NA/UBS: οὖν τὸν Ἰησοῦν
Jn 19:16
¶So then he delivered him to them to be crucified. So they took Jesus and led him away.
17καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
βαστάζων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βαστάζω (βασταζ-, βαστα·σ-, βαστα·σ-/βασταξ-, -, -, βασταχ·θ-)
βασταζ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while BEAR-ing
while BEAR-ing (nom)
{ τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
σταυρὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

σταυρός, -οῦ, ὁ
σταυρ·ον
(mas) acc sg
cross
stake, torture stake
cross (acc)
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
him/it/same (gen)
ἑαυτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

ἑ·αυτοῦ/αὑτοῦ[2] -ῆς -οῦ
εαυτ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
self
him/her/it/our/your/them-selves
self (dat)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
σταυρὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

σταυρός, -οῦ, ὁ
σταυρ·ον
(mas) acc sg
cross
stake, torture stake
cross (acc)
} ἐξῆλθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·έρχομαι (εξ+ερχ-, εξ+ελευ·σ-, εξ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd εξ+ελθ-, εξ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εξ·ε·ελθ·[σ]ε(ν), εξ·ε·ελθ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-COME-ed-OUT
σπειρων
he/she/it-COME-ed-OUT
{ εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
into (+acc)
τόπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

τόπος, -ου, ὁ
τοπ·ον
(mas) acc sg
place
place (acc)
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
into (+acc)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
} λεγόμενον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ομεν·ον
pres mp ptcp mas acc sg or pres mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
while being-SAY-ed
speak, tell
while being-SAY-ed (acc, nom|acc|voc)
Κρανίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

κρανίον, -ου, τό
κρανι·ου
(neu) gen sg
skull
cranium, top of the head
skull (gen)
Τόπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

τόπος, -ου, ὁ
τοπ·ον
(mas) acc sg
place
place (acc)
, { ὅς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ος
mas nom sg
who/whom/which
who/whom/which (nom)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ο
neu nom|acc sg
who/whom/which
who/whom/which (nom|acc)
} λέγεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·εται
pres mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is-being-SAY-ed
speak, tell
he/she/it-is-being-SAY-ed
Ἑβραϊστὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

Ἑβραϊστί
εβραιστι
indecl
in Hebrew/Aramaic
in Hebrew/Aramaic
Γολγοθᾶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

Γολγοθᾶ, ἡ
γολγοθ·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
Golgotha
Golgotha (nom|voc)
·
———
RP: τὸν σταυρὸν αὐτοῦ ⬪ NA/UBS: ἑαυτῷ τὸν σταυρὸν
RP: εἰς τόπον ⬪ NA/UBS: εἰς τὸν
RP: ὅς ⬪ NA/UBS: ὃ
Jn 19:17
He went out, bearing his cross, to the place called “The Place of a Skull,” which is called in Hebrew, “Golgotha,”
18ὅπου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὅπου
οπου
indecl
where
where
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (acc)
ἐσταύρωσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σταυρόω (σταυρ(ο)-, σταυρω·σ-, σταυρω·σ-, -, εσταυρω-, σταυρω·θ-)
ε·σταυρω·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-CRUCIFY-ed
impale
they-CRUCIFY-ed
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
μετ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετ’
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
him/it/same (gen)
ἄλλους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Indefinite)

ἄλλος -η -ο (cf. ἕτερος)
αλλ·ους
mas acc pl
others
, as distinguished from "ἕτερος" "other" (of a different/distinct kind)
others (acc)
δύο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

δύο, gen. δύο, dat. δυσί(ν), acc. δύο
δυο
nom|acc|gen pl
two
two (nom, acc, gen)
, ἐντεῦθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἐντεῦ·θεν
εντευθεν
indecl
from here
from here
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἐντεῦθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἐντεῦ·θεν
εντευθεν
indecl
from here
from here
, μέσον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

μέσος -η -ον
μεσ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
middle
middle (acc, nom|acc|voc)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
Ἰησοῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ον
(mas) acc sg
Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
Jesus (acc)
.
Jn 19:18
where they crucified him, and with him two others, on either side one, and Jesus in the middle.
19Ἔγραψεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γράφω (γραφ-, γραψ-, γραψ-, γεγραφ·[κ]-, γεγραφ-, γραφ·[θ]-)
ε·γραφ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-WRITE-ed
he/she/it-WRITE-ed
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
τίτλον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

τίτλος, -ου, ὁ
τιτλ·ον
(mas) acc sg
notice
notice (acc)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
Πιλάτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Pilate
Pilate (nom)
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἔθηκεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τίθημι (ath. τιθ(ε)-, θη·σ-, θη·κ- or 2nd ath. θ(ε)-, τεθει·κ-, τεθει-, τε·θ-)
ε·θη·κε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-PUT-ed
/lay/put/set/situate/arrange/station
he/she/it-PUT-ed
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
σταυροῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Verb

σταυρός, -οῦ, ὁ; σταυρόω (σταυρ(ο)-, σταυρω·σ-, σταυρω·σ-, -, εσταυρω-, σταυρω·θ-)
σταυρ·ου; σταυρ(ο)·ε, σταυρ(ο)·ου
(mas) gen sg; pres act imp 2nd sg, pres mp imp 2nd sg
cross; be-you(sg)-CRUCIFY-ing!, be-you(sg)-being-CRUCIFY-ed!
stake, torture stake; impale
cross (gen); be-you(sg)-CRUCIFY-ing!, be-you(sg)-being-CRUCIFY-ed!
· ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
he/she/it-was
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
γεγραμμένον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γράφω (γραφ-, γραψ-, γραψ-, γεγραφ·[κ]-, γεγραφ-, γραφ·[θ]-)
γεγραφ·μεν·ον
perf mp ptcp mas acc sg or perf mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
having-been-WRITE-ed
having-been-WRITE-ed (acc, nom|acc|voc)
, Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
Jesus (nom)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
Ναζωραῖος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Ναζωραῖος, -ου, ὁ
ναζωραι·ος
(mas) nom sg
Nazarene
Nazarene (nom)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
king (nom)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
Ἰουδαίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
Jewish
Jewish (gen)
.
Jn 19:19
Pilate wrote a title also, and put it on the cross. There was written, “JESUS OF NAZARETH, THE KING OF THE JEWS.”
20Τοῦτον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ον
mas acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
this (acc)
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
τίτλον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

τίτλος, -ου, ὁ
τιτλ·ον
(mas) acc sg
notice
notice (acc)
πολλοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral, irreg.)

πολ[λ]ύς πολλή πολ[λ]ύ
πολλ·οι
mas nom pl
many
many (nom)
ἀνέγνωσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀνα·γινώσκω/-γιγν- (ανα+γινωσκ-/ανα+γιγνωσκ-, ανα+γνω·σ-, 2nd ath. ανα+γν(ω)-/ath. ανα+γν(ο)-, -, ανα+εγνωσ-, ανα+γνωσ·θ-)
ανα·ε·γν(ω)·σαν
2aor act ind 3rd pl
they-RE-READ-ed
Lit:"know-again", hence acquaint/perceive/recognize-again
they-RE-READ-ed
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
Ἰουδαίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
Jewish
Jewish (gen)
, ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
because/that
ἐγγὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἐγγύς
εγγυς
indecl
near
near
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
he/she/it-was
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
τόπος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

τόπος, -ου, ὁ
τοπ·ος
(mas) nom sg
place
place (nom)
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
the (gen)
πόλεως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

πόλις, -εως, ἡ
πολ(ι)·ος
(fem) gen sg
city
city (gen)
ὅπου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὅπου
οπου
indecl
where
where
ἐσταυρώθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σταυρόω (σταυρ(ο)-, σταυρω·σ-, σταυρω·σ-, -, εσταυρω-, σταυρω·θ-)
ε·σταυρω·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-CRUCIFY-ed
impale
he/she/it-was-CRUCIFY-ed
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
Jesus (nom)
· καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
he/she/it-was
γεγραμμένον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γράφω (γραφ-, γραψ-, γραψ-, γεγραφ·[κ]-, γεγραφ-, γραφ·[θ]-)
γεγραφ·μεν·ον
perf mp ptcp mas acc sg or perf mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
having-been-WRITE-ed
having-been-WRITE-ed (acc, nom|acc|voc)
Ἑβραϊστί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

Ἑβραϊστί
εβραιστι
indecl
in Hebrew/Aramaic
in Hebrew/Aramaic
, { Ἑλληνιστί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

Ἑλληνιστί
ελληνιστι
indecl
in Greek
in Greek
, Ῥωμαϊστί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

Ῥωμαϊστί
ρωμαιστι
indecl
in Latin
in Latin
Ῥωμαϊστί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

Ῥωμαϊστί
ρωμαιστι
indecl
in Latin
in Latin
Ἑλληνιστί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

Ἑλληνιστί
ελληνιστι
indecl
in Greek
in Greek
} .
———
RP: Ἑλληνιστί, Ῥωμαϊστί ⬪ NA/UBS: Ῥωμαϊστί Ἑλληνιστί
Jn 19:20
Therefore many of the Jews read this title, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city; and it was written in Hebrew, in Latin, and in Greek.
21Ἔλεγον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·λεγ·ον
impf act ind 1st sg or impf act ind 3rd pl
I-was-SAY-ing, they-were-SAY-ing
speak, tell
I-was-SAY-ing, they-were-SAY-ing
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
the (dat)
Πιλάτῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
Pilate
Pilate (dat)
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
the (nom)
ἀρχιερεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀρχ·ιερεύς, -έως, ὁ
αρχιερ(ευ)·ες, αρχιερ(ευ)·ας
(mas) nom|voc pl, (mas) acc pl
archpriests
The High Priest or Chief Priest; often plural in NT due to previous High Priest continuing to share (political) power with the current one, or with "members of High Priestly families" in mind.
archpriests (acc, nom|voc)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
Ἰουδαίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
Jewish
Jewish (gen)
, Μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
not
γράφε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γράφω (γραφ-, γραψ-, γραψ-, γεγραφ·[κ]-, γεγραφ-, γραφ·[θ]-)
γραφ·ε
pres act imp 2nd sg
be-you(sg)-WRITE-ing!
be-you(sg)-WRITE-ing!
, [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
king (nom)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
Ἰουδαίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
Jewish
Jewish (gen)
· ἀλλ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλ’
indecl
but-rather
emphatic/hard-adversative, "but-rather/instead", as distinct from the softer, more common, "δέ"
but-rather
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
because/that
Ἐκεῖνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

ἐκεῖνος -η -ο
εκειν·ος
mas nom sg
that
that (nom)
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY-ed
speak, tell
he/she/it-SAY-ed
, Βασιλεύς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
king (nom)
εἰμι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^μι; (εσ)·^μι
pres act ind 1st sg; pres act ind 1st sg
I-am-BE-ing; I-am
;
I-am-BE-ing; I-am
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
Ἰουδαίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
Jewish
Jewish (gen)
.
Jn 19:21
The chief priests of the Jews therefore said to Pilate, “Don’t write, ‘The King of the Jews,’ but, ‘he said, I am King of the Jews.’”
22Ἀπεκρίθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κρίνομαι (απο+κριν-, -, απο+κριν·[σ]-, -, απο+κεκρι-, απο+κρι·θ-)
απο·ε·κρι·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-ANSWER-ed
Lit:"judge/decide-from", hence involves a response that requires some thinking/consideration/decision. Usually rendered "answer" (in response to a question/inquiry)
he/she/it-was-ANSWER-ed
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
Πιλάτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Pilate
Pilate (nom)
, [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ο
neu nom|acc sg
who/whom/which
who/whom/which (nom|acc)
γέγραφα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γράφω (γραφ-, γραψ-, γραψ-, γεγραφ·[κ]-, γεγραφ-, γραφ·[θ]-)
γεγραφ·[κ]α
perf act ind 1st sg
I-have-WRITE-ed
I-have-WRITE-ed
, γέγραφα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γράφω (γραφ-, γραψ-, γραψ-, γεγραφ·[κ]-, γεγραφ-, γραφ·[θ]-)
γεγραφ·[κ]α
perf act ind 1st sg
I-have-WRITE-ed
I-have-WRITE-ed
.
Jn 19:22
¶Pilate answered, “What I have written, I have written.”
23Οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
the (nom)
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
στρατιῶται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

στρατιώτης, -ου, ὁ
στρατιωτ·αι
(mas) nom|voc pl
soldiers
soldiers (nom|voc)
, ὅτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὅτε
οτε
indecl
when
when
ἐσταύρωσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σταυρόω (σταυρ(ο)-, σταυρω·σ-, σταυρω·σ-, -, εσταυρω-, σταυρω·θ-)
ε·σταυρω·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-CRUCIFY-ed
impale
they-CRUCIFY-ed
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
Ἰησοῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ον
(mas) acc sg
Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
Jesus (acc)
, ἔλαβον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαμβάνω (λαμβαν-, λημψ-/ληψ-, λαβ·[σ]- or 2nd λαβ-, ειληφ·[κ]-, ειληβ-, λημφ·θ-/ληφ·θ-)
ε·λαβ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
I-TAKE/RECEIVE-ed, they-TAKE/RECEIVE-ed
grasp, clutch, cling-to, seize, lay-hands-upon, take by violence, carry off, of a deity, seize, possess, catch, find out, detect, overtake, understand
I-TAKE/RECEIVE-ed, they-TAKE/RECEIVE-ed
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
the (nom|acc)
ἱμάτια [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ἱμάτιον, -ου, τό
ιματι·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
clothings
garment, cloak
clothings (nom|acc|voc)
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
him/it/same (gen)
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἐποίησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ε·ποιη·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-DO/MAKE-ed
they-DO/MAKE-ed
τέσσαρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

τέσσαρες -α, dat. pl. τέσσαρσιν
τεσσαρ·α
neu nom|acc pl
four
four (nom|acc)
μέρη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

μέρο·ς, -ους, τό
μερ(ε)·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
parts/pieces
regions
parts/pieces (nom|acc|voc)
, ἑκάστῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Distributive Numeral)

ἕκαστος -η -ον
εκαστ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
each-separately
(from "ἕκας" "separate"), hence each-separately/distinctly (as opposed to "πᾶς" "each-of-a-relevant-set"
each-separately (dat)
στρατιώτῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

στρατιώτης, -ου, ὁ
στρατιωτ·ῃ
(mas) dat sg
soldier
soldier (dat)
μέρος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

μέρο·ς, -ους, τό
μερ(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
part/piece
regions
part/piece (nom|acc|voc)
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
χιτῶνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

χιτών, -ῶνος, ὁ
χιτων·α
(mas) acc sg
long belted tunic
caftan, long belted tunic, gaberdine, camisole, cassock
long belted tunic (acc)
. Ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
he/she/it-was
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
χιτὼν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

χιτών, -ῶνος, ὁ
χιτων
(mas) nom|voc sg
long belted tunic
caftan, long belted tunic, gaberdine, camisole, cassock
long belted tunic (nom|voc)
ἄραφος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἄραφος v.l. ἄρραφος -ον
αραφ·ος
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
seemless
seemless (nom)
, ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
out of (+gen)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
ἄνωθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἄνω·θεν
ανωθεν
indecl
from above
from above
ὑφαντὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ὑφαντός -ή -όν
υφαντ·ος
mas nom sg
woven
woven (nom)
δι’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δι’
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
ὅλου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Partitive Numeral)

ὅλος -η -ον
ολ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
whole
whole (gen)
.
Jn 19:23
¶Then the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took his garments and made four parts, to every soldier a part; and also the coat. Now the coat was without seam, woven from the top throughout.
24{ Εἶπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειπ·[σ]ον, ε·ειπ·ον, ειπ·ο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, 2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl, 2aor act ptcp mas voc sg or 2aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
do-SAY-you(sg)!, I-SAY-ed, they-SAY-ed, upon SAY-ing
speak, tell
do-SAY-you(sg)!, I-SAY-ed, they-SAY-ed, upon SAY-ing (nom|acc|voc, voc)
Εἶπαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]αν, ειπ·[σ]αν[τ]
1aor act ind 3rd pl, 1aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
they-SAY-ed, upon SAY-ing
speak, tell
they-SAY-ed, upon SAY-ing (nom|acc|voc)
} οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἀλλήλους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reciprocal)

ἀλλήλων (gen. pl.)
αλληλ·ους
mas acc pl
one another
one another (acc)
, Μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
not
σχίσωμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σχίζω (σχιζ-, σχι·σ-, σχι·σ-, -, εσχισ-, σχισ·θ-)
σχι·σωμεν
1aor act sub 1st pl
we-should-TEAR/TORN
split, ripped, rend, laceration
we-should-TEAR/TORN
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (acc)
, ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but-rather
emphatic/hard-adversative, "but-rather/instead", as distinct from the softer, more common, "δέ"
but-rather
λάχωμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαγχάνω (-, -, 2nd λαχ-, λελογχ·[κ]-, -, -)
λαχ·ωμεν
2aor act sub 1st pl
we-should-OBTAIN
to obtain by lot or as one's portion
we-should-OBTAIN
περὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

περί
περι
indecl
about (+acc,+gen)
Lit:"around" (as in perimeter "around-measure"). Fig:about/regarding/concerning
about (+acc,+gen)
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
him/it/same (gen)
, τίνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τιν·ος
neu gen sg or mas gen sg or fem gen sg
who
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
who (gen)
ἔσται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
irreg. (εσ)·[σε]ται (instead of (εσ)·σεται > εσεται)
fut mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-will-be
he/she/it-will-be
· ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that
/so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
in-order-that
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
the (nom)
γραφὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

γραφή, -ῆς, ἡ
γραφ·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
writing
writing (nom|voc)
πληρωθῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πληρόω (πληρ(ο)-, πληρω·σ-, πληρω·σ-, πεπληρω·κ-, πεπληρω-, πληρω·θ-)
πληρω·θῃ
aor θη sub 3rd sg
he/she/it-should-be-FILL-ed
fill, make full or complete (hence, "fulfill").
he/she/it-should-be-FILL-ed
{ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
the (nom)
λέγουσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ουσ·α
pres act ptcp fem nom|voc sg
while SAY-ing
speak, tell
while SAY-ing (nom|voc)
⬪ [ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
the (nom)
λέγουσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ουσ·α
pres act ptcp fem nom|voc sg
while SAY-ing
speak, tell
while SAY-ing (nom|voc)
] } , Διεμερίσαντο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δια·μερίζω (δια+μεριζ-, δια+μερι(ε)·[σ]-/δια+μερι·σ-, δια+μερι·σ-, -, δια+μεμερισ-, δια+μερισ·θ-)
δια·ε·μερι·σαντο
1aor mp ind 3rd pl
they-were-DIVIDE-ed
they-were-DIVIDE-ed
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
the (nom|acc)
ἱμάτιά [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ἱμάτιον, -ου, τό
ιματι·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
clothings
garment, cloak
clothings (nom|acc|voc)
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
me (gen)
ἑαυτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

ἑ·αυτοῦ/αὑτοῦ[2] -ῆς -οῦ
εαυτ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
selves
him/her/it/our/your/them-selves
selves (dat)
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
ἱματισμόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἱματισμός, -οῦ, ὁ
ιματισμ·ον
(mas) acc sg
clothing
clothing (acc)
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
me (gen)
ἔβαλον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βάλλω (βαλλ-, βαλ(ε)·[σ]-, βαλ·[σ]- or 2nd βαλ-, βεβλη·κ-, βεβλη-, βλη·θ-)
ε·βαλ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
I-THROW-ed, they-THROW-ed
/cast
I-THROW-ed, they-THROW-ed
κλῆρον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

κλῆρος, -ου, ὁ
κληρ·ον
(mas) acc sg
lot
portion
lot (acc)
. Οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
the (nom)
μὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μέν
μεν
indecl
indeed
/certainly/surely.
indeed
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
στρατιῶται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

στρατιώτης, -ου, ὁ
στρατιωτ·αι
(mas) nom|voc pl
soldiers
soldiers (nom|voc)
ταῦτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·α
neu nom|acc pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
these (nom|acc)
ἐποίησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ε·ποιη·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-DO/MAKE-ed
they-DO/MAKE-ed
.
———
RP: Εἶπον ⬪ NA/UBS: Εἶπαν
RP: ἡ λέγουσα ⬪ NA/UBS: [ἡ λέγουσα]
Jn 19:24
Then they said to one another, “Let’s not tear it, but cast lots for it to decide whose it will be,” that the Scripture might be fulfilled, which says,
“They parted my garments among them.
For my cloak they cast lots.”*
¶Therefore the soldiers did these things.
25Εἱστήκεισαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἵστημι (ath. ιστ(α)-/ath. ιστ(η)-, στη·σ-, στη·σ- or 2nd ath. στ(η)-/ath. στ(α)-, εστη·κ-/εστα·κ-/εστ(α)·[κ]-, εστη-/εστα-, στα·θ-)
ε·εστη·κεισαν
plup act ind 3rd pl
they-had-STAND-ed
/cause-to-stand
they-had-STAND-ed
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
παρὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

παρά
παρα
indecl
frοm beside (+acc,+gen,+dat)
παρ’ before vowels I. beside, near, by, II. along, III. past, beyond. 1. with Verbs of coming, going, etc., to the side of, to, with Verbs of placing, examining, etc., side by side with, near, together
frοm beside (+acc,+gen,+dat)
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
the (dat)
σταυρῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

σταυρός, -οῦ, ὁ
σταυρ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
cross
stake, torture stake
cross (dat)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
Ἰησοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
irreg. ιησου (instead of ιησ(ο)·ῳ > ιησῳ), ιησ(ο)·ε, ιησ(ο)·ου, ιησου
(mas) dat sg, (mas) voc sg, (mas) gen sg, (mas) indecl
Jesus, Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
Jesus (dat, gen, voc), Jesus (indecl)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
the (nom)
μήτηρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

μήτηρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ἡ
μητερ·^
(fem) nom sg
mother
also of motherland
mother (nom)
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
him/it/same (gen)
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
the (nom)
ἀδελφὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀδελφή, -ῆς, ἡ
αδελφ·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
sister
sister (nom|voc)
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
the (gen)
μητρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

μήτηρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ἡ
μητ[ε]ρ·ος
(fem) gen sg
mother
also of motherland
mother (gen)
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
him/it/same (gen)
, Μαρία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

Μαρία, -ας, ἡ
μαρι·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
Mary
Mary (nom|voc)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
the (nom)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
Κλωπᾶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

Κλωπᾶς, -ᾶ, ὁ
κλωπ·α
(mas) voc sg or (mas) gen sg
Clopas
Clopas (gen, voc)
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
Μαρία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

Μαρία, -ας, ἡ
μαρι·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
Mary
Mary (nom|voc)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
the (nom)
Μαγδαληνή [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

Μαγδαληνή, -ῆς, ἡ
μαγδαλην·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
Magdalene
Presumably signifies "from Magdala" - a village on the Sea of Galilee whose name meant "tower" in Aramaic.
Magdalene (nom|voc)
.
Jn 19:25
But there were standing by the cross of Jesus his mother, and his mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene.
26Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
Jesus (nom)
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
ἰδὼν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
upon SEE/BEHOLD-ing
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
upon SEE/BEHOLD-ing (nom)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
the (acc)
μητέρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

μήτηρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ἡ
μητερ·α
(fem) acc sg
mother
also of motherland
mother (acc)
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
μαθητὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

μαθητής, -οῦ, ὁ
μαθητ·ην
(mas) acc sg
disciple
disciple (acc)
παρεστῶτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρ·ίστημι (ath. παρ+ιστ(α)-/ath. παρ+ιστ(η)-, παρα+στη·σ-, παρα+στη·σ- or 2nd ath. παρα+στ(η)-/ath. παρα+στ(α)-, παρ+εστη·κ-/παρ+εστ(α)·[κ]-, -, -)
παρ·εστ(α)·[κ]οτ·α
perf act ptcp mas acc sg or perf act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
having STAND-WITH/BESIDE-ed
Lit: "stand-close-beside", hence cause-to-stand/place-beside, present, be-beside-oneself, lose one's wits, dispose, induce, arouse, inspire, arouse, inspire, furnish, supply, deliver, prove, show.
having STAND-WITH/BESIDE-ed (acc, nom|acc|voc)
ὃν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative); Verb

ὅς ἥ ὅ; εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ον; (εσ)·ο[υ]ν[τ]
mas acc sg; pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
who/whom/which; while being
;
who/whom/which (acc); while being (nom|acc|voc, voc)
ἠγάπα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀγαπάω (αγαπ(α)-, αγαπη·σ-, αγαπη·σ-, ηγαπη·κ-, ηγαπη-, αγαπη·θ-)
ε·αγαπ(α)·ε
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-AGAPE-LOVE-ing
/Calvary/sacrificial-love. Distinct from "φιλέω" (affection, friendship-love) and "έρος" (romantic/sexual-love).
he/she/it-was-AGAPE-LOVE-ing
, λέγει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-SAY-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SAY-ed
speak, tell
he/she/it-is-SAY-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SAY-ed (classical)
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
the (dat)
μητρὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

μήτηρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ἡ
μητ[ε]ρ·ι
(fem) dat sg
mother
also of motherland
mother (dat)
{ αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
him/it/same (gen)
⬪ - } , Γύναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

γυνή, -αικος, ἡ, voc. sg. γύναι
γυναι[κ]
(fem) voc sg
woman/wife
woman/wife (voc)
, { ἰδοὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ου
2aor mp imp 2nd sg
be-you(sg)-SEE/BEHOLD-ed!
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
be-you(sg)-SEE/BEHOLD-ed!
ἴδε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ε
2aor act imp 2nd sg
do-SEE/BEHOLD-you(sg)!
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
do-SEE/BEHOLD-you(sg)!
} [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
υἱός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ος
(mas) nom sg
son
son (nom)
σου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
you(sg) (gen); your/yours(sg) (gen)
.
———
RP: αὐτοῦ ⬪ NA/UBS: —
RP: ἰδοὺ ⬪ NA/UBS: ἴδε
Jn 19:26
Therefore when Jesus saw his mother, and the disciple whom he loved standing there, he said to his mother, “Woman, behold your son!”
27Εἶτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

εἶτα/εἶτεν
ειτα
indecl
then
then
λέγει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-SAY-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SAY-ed
speak, tell
he/she/it-is-SAY-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SAY-ed (classical)
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
the (dat)
μαθητῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

μαθητής, -οῦ, ὁ
μαθητ·ῃ
(mas) dat sg
disciple
disciple (dat)
, { Ἰδοὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ου
2aor mp imp 2nd sg
be-you(sg)-SEE/BEHOLD-ed!
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
be-you(sg)-SEE/BEHOLD-ed!
Ἴδε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ε
2aor act imp 2nd sg
do-SEE/BEHOLD-you(sg)!
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
do-SEE/BEHOLD-you(sg)!
} [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
the (nom)
μήτηρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

μήτηρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ἡ
μητερ·^
(fem) nom sg
mother
also of motherland
mother (nom)
σου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
you(sg) (gen); your/yours(sg) (gen)
. Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἀπ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απ’
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
from
ἐκείνης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

ἐκεῖνος -η -ο
εκειν·ης
fem gen sg
that
that (gen)
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
the (gen)
ὥρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ὥρα, -ας, ἡ
ωρ·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
hour, hours
τήν
hour (gen), hours (acc)
ἔλαβεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαμβάνω (λαμβαν-, λημψ-/ληψ-, λαβ·[σ]- or 2nd λαβ-, ειληφ·[κ]-, ειληβ-, λημφ·θ-/ληφ·θ-)
ε·λαβ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·λαβ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-TAKE/RECEIVE-ed
grasp, clutch, cling-to, seize, lay-hands-upon, take by violence, carry off, of a deity, seize, possess, catch, find out, detect, overtake, understand
he/she/it-TAKE/RECEIVE-ed
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
μαθητὴς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

μαθητής, -οῦ, ὁ
μαθητ·ης
(mas) nom sg
disciple
disciple (nom)
αὐτὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ην
fem acc sg
her/it/same
her/it/same (acc)
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
into (+acc)
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
the (nom|acc)
ἴδια [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Possessive)

ἴδιος -ία -ον
ιδι·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or fem nom|voc sg
own, own
privately
own (nom|acc|voc), own (nom|voc)
.
———
RP: Ἰδοὺ ⬪ NA/UBS: Ἴδε
Jn 19:27
Then he said to the disciple, “Behold, your mother!” From that hour, the disciple took her to his own home.
28Μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
τοῦτο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
this (nom|acc)
{ ἰδὼν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
upon SEE/BEHOLD-ing
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
upon SEE/BEHOLD-ing (nom)
εἰδὼς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

οἶδα (ath. ιδ-/ath. ειδ(ε)-/ath. ειδ-, ειδη·σ-/ει[δ]·σ-, ειδη·σ-, οιδ·[κ]-/ειδ·[κ]-, -, -)
ειδ·[κ]ο[τ]·^ς
perf act ptcp mas nom sg
having KNOWING-ed
/perceive/be-aware-of/be-acquainted-with/notice. Often rendered "know" (by seeing/observing), in contrast to "γινώσκω" (know by thinking/reasoning/experiencing).
having KNOWING-ed (nom)
} [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
Jesus (nom)
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
because/that
{ πάντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or mas acc sg
all, each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
all (nom|acc|voc), each, every (acc)
ἤδη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἤδη
ηδη
indecl
already
by now, by then
already
ἤδη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἤδη
ηδη
indecl
already
by now, by then
already
πάντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or mas acc sg
all, each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
all (nom|acc|voc), each, every (acc)
} τετέλεσται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τελέω (τελ(ε)-, τελε·σ-, τελε·σ-, τετελε·κ-, τετελεσ-, τελεσ·θ-)
τετελεσ·ται
perf mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-has-been-END-ed
/finish/complete
he/she/it-has-been-END-ed
, ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that
/so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
in-order-that
τελειωθῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τελειόω (τελει(ο)-, τελειω·σ-, τελειω·σ-, τετελειω·κ-, τετελειω-, τελειω·θ-)
τελειω·θῃ
aor θη sub 3rd sg
he/she/it-should-be-COMPLETE-ed
[to fully realize; Make perfect or complete; finish. Passive, of prophecies: to be fulfilled]
he/she/it-should-be-COMPLETE-ed
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
the (nom)
γραφή [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

γραφή, -ῆς, ἡ
γραφ·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
writing
writing (nom|voc)
, λέγει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-SAY-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SAY-ed
speak, tell
he/she/it-is-SAY-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SAY-ed (classical)
, Διψῶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

διψάω (διψ(α)-, διψη·σ-, διψη·σ-, δεδιψη·κ-, -, -)
διψ(α)·ω, διψ(α)·ου
pres act ind 1st sg or pres act sub 1st sg, pres mp imp 2nd sg
I-am-THIRST-ing, be-you(sg)-being-THIRST-ed!, I-should-be-THIRST-ing
I-am-THIRST-ing, be-you(sg)-being-THIRST-ed!, I-should-be-THIRST-ing
.
———
RP: ἰδὼν ⬪ NA/UBS: εἰδὼς
RP: πάντα ἤδη ⬪ NA/UBS: ἤδη πάντα
Jn 19:28
¶After this, Jesus, seeing that all things were now finished, that the Scripture might be fulfilled, said, “I am thirsty.”
29{ Σκεῦος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

σκεῦο·ς, -ους, τό
σκευ(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
vessel
vessel or implement of any kind
vessel (nom|acc|voc)
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
Σκεῦος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

σκεῦο·ς, -ους, τό
σκευ(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
vessel
vessel or implement of any kind
vessel (nom|acc|voc)
} ἔκειτο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κεῖ·μαι (ath. κει-, -, -, -, -, -)
ε·κει·το
impf mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-being-LIE-ed
Pass: be-laid/situated/enacted. Sometime metaphor: appoint/set/stand.
he/she/it-was-being-LIE-ed
ὄξους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ὄξο·ς, -ους, τό
οξ(ε)·ος
(neu) gen sg
vinegar
vinegar (gen)
μεστόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

μεστός -ή -όν
μεστ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
full
full (acc, nom|acc|voc)
· { οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
the (nom)
δέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
, πλήσαντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πίμπλημι (ath. πιμπλ(α)-, πλη·σ-, πλη·σ-, -, -, πλησ·θ-)
πλη·σαντ·ες
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon FILL TO CAPACITY-ing
upon FILL TO CAPACITY-ing (nom|voc)
⬪ - } { σπόγγον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

σπόγγος, -ου, ὁ
σπογγ·ον
(mas) acc sg
sponge
sponge (acc)
σπόγγον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

σπόγγος, -ου, ὁ
σπογγ·ον
(mas) acc sg
sponge
sponge (acc)
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
} { ὄξους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ὄξο·ς, -ους, τό
οξ(ε)·ος
(neu) gen sg
vinegar
vinegar (gen)
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
μεστὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

μεστός -ή -όν
μεστ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
full
full (acc, nom|acc|voc)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
ὄξους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ὄξο·ς, -ους, τό
οξ(ε)·ος
(neu) gen sg
vinegar
vinegar (gen)
} ὑσσώπῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl. and Neu. 2nd Decl. and Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ὕσσωπος, -ου, ἡ andand -πον, ???, τό
υσσωπ·ῳ
(fem) dat sg or (neu) dat sg or (mas) dat sg
hyssop
"Hyssop" (botanically-exact??). Might refer to leafy aromatic herbs of <i>origanum</i> rather than <i>hyssopus officinalis</i>.
hyssop (dat)
περιθέντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

περι·τίθημι (ath. περι+τιθ(ε)-, περι+θη·σ-, περι+θη·κ- or 2nd ath. περι+θ(ε)-, -, -, -)
περι·θ(ε)·ντ·ες
2aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon PLACE-ing-AROUND
[made a barrier round about it, metaph., bestow, confer upon]
upon PLACE-ing-AROUND (nom|voc)
, προσήνεγκαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·φέρω (προσ+φερ-, προσ+οι·σ-, προσ+ενεγκ·[σ]- or 2nd προσ+ενεγκ-, προσ+ενηνοχ·[κ]-, -, προσ+ενεχ·θ-)
προσ·ε·ενεγκ·[σ]αν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-PRESENT/OFFER-ed
Lit:"carry/bear/bring-toward", hence present/bring/offer
they-PRESENT/OFFER-ed
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
him/it/same (gen)
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
the (dat)
στόματι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

στόμα[τ], -ατος, τό
στοματ·ι
(neu) dat sg
mouth/maw
stoma
mouth/maw (dat)
.
———
RP: Σκεῦος οὖν ⬪ NA/UBS: Σκεῦος
RP: οἱ δέ, πλήσαντες ⬪ NA/UBS: —
RP: σπόγγον ⬪ NA/UBS: σπόγγον οὖν
RP: ὄξους, καὶ ⬪ NA/UBS: μεστὸν τοῦ ὄξους
Jn 19:29
Now a vessel full of vinegar was set there; so they put a sponge full of the vinegar on hyssop, and held it at his mouth.
30Ὅτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὅτε
οτε
indecl
when
when
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
ἔλαβεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαμβάνω (λαμβαν-, λημψ-/ληψ-, λαβ·[σ]- or 2nd λαβ-, ειληφ·[κ]-, ειληβ-, λημφ·θ-/ληφ·θ-)
ε·λαβ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·λαβ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-TAKE/RECEIVE-ed
grasp, clutch, cling-to, seize, lay-hands-upon, take by violence, carry off, of a deity, seize, possess, catch, find out, detect, overtake, understand
he/she/it-TAKE/RECEIVE-ed
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
the (nom|acc)
ὄξος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ὄξο·ς, -ους, τό
οξ(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
vinegar
vinegar (nom|acc|voc)
{ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
⬪ [ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
] } Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
Jesus (nom)
, εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY-ed
speak, tell
he/she/it-SAY-ed
, Τετέλεσται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τελέω (τελ(ε)-, τελε·σ-, τελε·σ-, τετελε·κ-, τετελεσ-, τελεσ·θ-)
τετελεσ·ται
perf mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-has-been-END-ed
/finish/complete
he/she/it-has-been-END-ed
· καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
κλίνας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Verb

κλίνη, -ης, ἡ; κλίνω (κλιν-, -, κλιν·[σ]-, κεκλι·κ-, κεκλι-, κλι·θ-)
κλιν·ας; κλιν·[σ]α[ντ]·ς
(fem) acc pl; 1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
beds; upon BEND/WANE-ing
; [see incline, decline, recline]
beds (acc); upon BEND/WANE-ing (nom|voc)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
the (acc)
κεφαλήν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

κεφαλή, -ῆς, ἡ
κεφαλ·ην
(fem) acc sg
head
head (acc)
, παρέδωκεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·δίδωμι (ath. παρα+διδ(ο)-/ath. παρα+διδ(ω)-, παρα+δω·σ-, παρα+δω·κ- or 2nd ath. παρα+δ(ο)-/ath. παρα+δ(ω)-, παρα+δεδω·κ-, παρα+δεδο-, παρα+δο·θ-)
παρα·ε·δω·κε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-DELIVER-OVER-ed
Lit:"give-close-beside", hence deliver/surrender/hand-over, betray, commit, give-in/over/up, turn-in, consign, grant, bestow, teach-doctrine
he/she/it-DELIVER-OVER-ed
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
the (nom|acc)
πνεῦμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πνεῦμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πνευμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
spirit
/breath/wind, spiritual-utterance
spirit (nom|acc|voc)
.
———
RP: ὁ ⬪ NA/UBS: [ὁ]
Jn 19:30
When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, “It is finished.” He bowed his head, and gave up his spirit.
31Οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
the (nom)
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
Ἰουδαῖοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·οι
mas nom|voc pl
Jewish
Jewish (nom|voc)
, { ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that
/so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
in-order-that
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
not
ἐπεὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἐπεί
επει
indecl
since/otherwise
Lit:"upon-if", a logical conjunction: since (Lk 1:34), otherwise (Rom 11:6), because
since/otherwise
Παρασκευὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

παρα·σκευή, -ῆς, ἡ
παρασκευ·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
preparation
[Friday: day before Sabbath in NT]
preparation (nom|voc)
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
he/she/it-was
ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that
/so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
in-order-that
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
not
} μείνῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μένω (μεν-, μεν(ε)·[σ]-, μειν·[σ]-, μεμενη·κ-, -, -)
μειν·[σ]ῃ
1aor act sub 3rd sg or 1aor mp sub 2nd sg
he/she/it-should-REMAIN--EXPECT, you(sg)-should-be-REMAIN-ed--EXPECT
/stay. hence abide/dwell
he/she/it-should-REMAIN--EXPECT, you(sg)-should-be-REMAIN-ed--EXPECT
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
σταυροῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Verb

σταυρός, -οῦ, ὁ; σταυρόω (σταυρ(ο)-, σταυρω·σ-, σταυρω·σ-, -, εσταυρω-, σταυρω·θ-)
σταυρ·ου; σταυρ(ο)·ε, σταυρ(ο)·ου
(mas) gen sg; pres act imp 2nd sg, pres mp imp 2nd sg
cross; be-you(sg)-CRUCIFY-ing!, be-you(sg)-being-CRUCIFY-ed!
stake, torture stake; impale
cross (gen); be-you(sg)-CRUCIFY-ing!, be-you(sg)-being-CRUCIFY-ed!
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
the (nom|acc)
σώματα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

σῶμα[τ], -ατος, τό
σωματ·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
bodies
bodies (nom|acc|voc)
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
the (dat)
{ σαββάτῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl., irreg.)

σάββατον, -ου, τό
σαββατ·ῳ
(neu) dat sg
sabbath
can also refer to a week, e.g., η μια των σαββατων: "the first (day) of the week"
sabbath (dat)
ἐπεὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἐπεί
επει
indecl
since/otherwise
Lit:"upon-if", a logical conjunction: since (Lk 1:34), otherwise (Rom 11:6), because
since/otherwise
Παρασκευὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

παρα·σκευή, -ῆς, ἡ
παρασκευ·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
preparation
[Friday: day before Sabbath in NT]
preparation (nom|voc)
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
he/she/it-was
σαββάτῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl., irreg.)

σάββατον, -ου, τό
σαββατ·ῳ
(neu) dat sg
sabbath
can also refer to a week, e.g., η μια των σαββατων: "the first (day) of the week"
sabbath (dat)
} — ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
he/she/it-was
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
for
μεγάλη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2, irreg.)

μέγ[αλ]ας μεγάλη μέγ[αλ]α
μεγαλ·η
fem nom|voc sg
great
great (nom|voc)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
the (nom)
ἡμέρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
day
day (nom|voc)
ἐκείνου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

ἐκεῖνος -η -ο
εκειν·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
that
that (gen)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
σαββάτου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl., irreg.)

σάββατον, -ου, τό
σαββατ·ου
(neu) gen sg
sabbath
can also refer to a week, e.g., η μια των σαββατων: "the first (day) of the week"
sabbath (gen)
ἠρώτησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐρωτάω (ερωτ(α)-, ερωτη·σ-, ερωτη·σ-, -, ηρωτη-, ερωτη·θ-)
ε·ερωτη·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-ENTREAT-ed
ask about a thing, interrogate, question inquire, query, quest
they-ENTREAT-ed
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
Πιλάτον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ον
(mas) acc sg
Pilate
Pilate (acc)
ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that
/so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
in-order-that
κατεαγῶσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατ·άγνυμι (-, κατ+εαξ-/κατ+αξ-, κατ+εαξ-/κατ+αξ-, -, -, κατ+εαγ·[θ]-/κατ+εαχ·θ-)
κατ·εαγ·[θ]ωσι(ν)
aor θη sub 3rd pl
they-should-be-BREAK-ed
they-should-be-BREAK-ed
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
them/same (gen)
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
the (nom|acc)
σκέλη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

σκέλο·ς, -ους, τό
σκελ(ε)·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
legs
legs (nom|acc|voc)
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἀρθῶσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

αἴρω (αιρ-, αρ(ε)·[σ]-, αρ·[σ]-, ηρ·κ-, ηρ-, αρ·θ-)
αρ·θωσι(ν)
aor θη sub 3rd pl
they-should-be-LIFT/PICK-UP-ed
, take-up, tote, raise, bear, carry
they-should-be-LIFT/PICK-UP-ed
.
———
RP: ἵνα μὴ ⬪ NA/UBS: ἐπεὶ Παρασκευὴ ἦν ἵνα μὴ
RP: σαββάτῳ ἐπεὶ Παρασκευὴ ἦν ⬪ NA/UBS: σαββάτῳ
Jn 19:31
¶Therefore the Jews, because it was the Preparation Day, so that the bodies wouldn’t remain on the cross on the Sabbath (for that Sabbath was a special one), asked of Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away.
32Ἦλθον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ε·ελθ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
I-COME-ed, they-COME-ed
Sometimes (carelessly?) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
I-COME-ed, they-COME-ed
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
the (nom)
στρατιῶται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

στρατιώτης, -ου, ὁ
στρατιωτ·αι
(mas) nom|voc pl
soldiers
soldiers (nom|voc)
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
μὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μέν
μεν
indecl
indeed
/certainly/surely.
indeed
πρώτου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

πρῶτος -η -ον
πρωτ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
first
first (gen)
κατέαξαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατ·άγνυμι (-, κατ+εαξ-/κατ+αξ-, κατ+εαξ-/κατ+αξ-, -, -, κατ+εαγ·[θ]-/κατ+εαχ·θ-)
κατ·ε·εαγ·σαν, κατ·εαγ·σαν[τ]
1aor act ind 3rd pl, 1aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
they-BREAK-ed, upon BREAK-ing
they-BREAK-ed, upon BREAK-ing (nom|acc|voc)
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
the (nom|acc)
σκέλη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

σκέλο·ς, -ους, τό
σκελ(ε)·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
legs
legs (nom|acc|voc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
ἄλλου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Indefinite); Verb

ἄλλος -η -ο (cf. ἕτερος); ἅλλομαι (αλλ-, αλ(ε)·[σ]-, αλ·[σ]-, -, -, -)
αλλ·ου; αλλ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg; pres mp imp 2nd sg
other(of similar kind); be-you(sg)-being-LEAP-ed!
, as distinguished from "ἕτερος" "other" (of a different/distinct kind);
other(of similar kind) (gen); be-you(sg)-being-LEAP-ed!
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
συσταυρωθέντος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συ·σταυρόω (-, -, -, -, συν+εσταυρω-, συν+σταυρω·θ-)
συν·σταυρω·θε[ι]ντ·ος
aor θη ptcp mas gen sg or aor θη ptcp neu gen sg
upon being-IMPALE TOGETHER-ed
upon being-IMPALE TOGETHER-ed (gen)
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (dat)
·
Jn 19:32
Therefore the soldiers came, and broke the legs of the first, and of the other who was crucified with him;
33ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
Ἰησοῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ον
(mas) acc sg
Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
Jesus (acc)
ἐλθόντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ελθ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
2aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon COME-ing
Sometimes (carelessly?) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
upon COME-ing (nom|voc)
, ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
as/like
εἶδον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ε·ιδ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
I-SEE/BEHOLD-ed, they-SEE/BEHOLD-ed
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
I-SEE/BEHOLD-ed, they-SEE/BEHOLD-ed
{ αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (acc)
ἤδη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἤδη
ηδη
indecl
already
by now, by then
already
ἤδη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἤδη
ηδη
indecl
already
by now, by then
already
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (acc)
} τεθνηκότα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θνῄσκω (-, -, -, τεθνη·κ-, τεθνα-, -)
τεθνη·κοτ·α
perf act ptcp mas acc sg or perf act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
having BE DEAD-ed
die, be mortal [τεθνηκεν]
having BE DEAD-ed (acc, nom|acc|voc)
, οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
not
κατέαξαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατ·άγνυμι (-, κατ+εαξ-/κατ+αξ-, κατ+εαξ-/κατ+αξ-, -, -, κατ+εαγ·[θ]-/κατ+εαχ·θ-)
κατ·ε·εαγ·σαν, κατ·εαγ·σαν[τ]
1aor act ind 3rd pl, 1aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
they-BREAK-ed, upon BREAK-ing
they-BREAK-ed, upon BREAK-ing (nom|acc|voc)
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
him/it/same (gen)
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
the (nom|acc)
σκέλη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

σκέλο·ς, -ους, τό
σκελ(ε)·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
legs
legs (nom|acc|voc)
·
———
RP: αὐτὸν ἤδη ⬪ NA/UBS: ἤδη αὐτὸν
Jn 19:33
but when they came to Jesus, and saw that he was already dead, they didn’t break his legs.
34ἀλλ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλ’
indecl
but-rather
emphatic/hard-adversative, "but-rather/instead", as distinct from the softer, more common, "δέ"
but-rather
εἷς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ει[ν]·ς
mas nom sg
one
one (nom)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
στρατιωτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

στρατιώτης, -ου, ὁ
στρατιωτ·ων
(mas) gen pl
soldiers
soldiers (gen)
λόγχῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

λόγχη, -ης, ἡ
λογχ·ῃ
(fem) dat sg
spear
spear (dat)
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
him/it/same (gen)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
the (acc)
πλευρὰν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

πλευρά, -ᾶς, ἡ
πλευρ·αν
(fem) acc sg
rib
rib (acc)
ἔνυξεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

νύσσω (νυσσ-, -, νυξ-, -, -, -)
ε·νυσσ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-POKE-ed
he/she/it-POKE-ed
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
{ εὐθέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Adjective (3-1-3)

εὐ·θέως (cf. ἐξαυτῆς and παραχρῆμα); εὐ·θύς[1] -εῖα -ύ, gen. sg. -έος and -έως
ευθεως; ευθ(υ)·ος
indecl; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
at once; straight
;
at once; straight (gen)
ἐξῆλθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·έρχομαι (εξ+ερχ-, εξ+ελευ·σ-, εξ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd εξ+ελθ-, εξ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εξ·ε·ελθ·[σ]ε(ν), εξ·ε·ελθ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-COME-ed-OUT
σπειρων
he/she/it-COME-ed-OUT
ἐξῆλθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·έρχομαι (εξ+ερχ-, εξ+ελευ·σ-, εξ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd εξ+ελθ-, εξ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εξ·ε·ελθ·[σ]ε(ν), εξ·ε·ελθ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-COME-ed-OUT
σπειρων
he/she/it-COME-ed-OUT
εὐθὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Adjective (3-1-3)

εὐ·θύς[2]; εὐ·θύς[1] -εῖα -ύ, gen. sg. -έος and -έως
ευθυς; ευθ(υ)·ς
indecl; mas nom sg
straightaway; straight
[mas. nom. sg. of εὐθύς used adverbially in place of the proper adverb εὐθέως];
straightaway; straight (nom)
} αἷμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

αἷμα[τ], -ατος, τό
αιμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
blood
blood (nom|acc|voc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ὕδωρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

ὕδωρ, ὕδατος, τό
υδα[τ]·ρ > irreg. υδωρ
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
water
water (nom|acc|voc)
.
———
RP: εὐθέως ἐξῆλθεν ⬪ NA/UBS: ἐξῆλθεν εὐθὺς
Jn 19:34
However one of the soldiers pierced his side with a spear, and immediately blood and water came out.
35Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
ἑωρακὼς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
εωρα·κο[τ]·^ς
perf act ptcp mas nom sg
having SEE/BEHOLD-ed
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
having SEE/BEHOLD-ed (nom)
μεμαρτύρηκεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μαρτυρέω (μαρτυρ(ε)-, μαρτυρη·σ-, μαρτυρη·σ-, μεμαρτυρη·κ-, μεμαρτυρη-, μαρτυρη·θ-)
μεμαρτυρη·κε(ν)
perf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-has-BEAR-ed-WITNESS
[testify, report, attest]
he/she/it-has-BEAR-ed-WITNESS
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἀληθινή [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἀ·ληθινός -ή -όν
αληθιν·η
fem nom|voc sg
true
true (nom|voc)
{ ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
he/she/it-is
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
him/it/same (gen)
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
him/it/same (gen)
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
he/she/it-is
} [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
the (nom)
μαρτυρία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

μαρτύριον, -ου, τὁ; μαρτυρία, -ας, ἡ
μαρτυρι·α; μαρτυρι·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl; (fem) nom|voc sg
testimonies; testimony
/evidence;
testimonies (nom|acc|voc); testimony (nom|voc)
, { κἀκεῖνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Crasis (Demonstrative Determiner)

κἀκεῖνος -η -ο (καὶ ἐκεῖνος)
και εκειν·ος
mas nom sg
and/also that
and/also that (nom)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἐκεῖνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

ἐκεῖνος -η -ο
εκειν·ος
mas nom sg
that
that (nom)
} οἶδεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

οἶδα (ath. ιδ-/ath. ειδ(ε)-/ath. ειδ-, ειδη·σ-/ει[δ]·σ-, ειδη·σ-, οιδ·[κ]-/ειδ·[κ]-, -, -)
οιδ·[κ]ε(ν)
perf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-has-KNOWING-ed
/perceive/be-aware-of/be-acquainted-with/notice. Often rendered "know" (by seeing/observing), in contrast to "γινώσκω" (know by thinking/reasoning/experiencing).
he/she/it-has-KNOWING-ed
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
because/that
ἀληθῆ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3)

ἀ·ληθής -ες
αληθ(ε)·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
true/unerring
true/unerring (acc, nom|acc|voc)
λέγει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-SAY-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SAY-ed
speak, tell
he/she/it-is-SAY-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SAY-ed (classical)
, ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that
/so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
in-order-that
{ ὑμεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμεις
nom pl
you(pl)
you(pl) (nom)
πιστεύσητε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πιστεύω (πιστευ-, πιστευ·σ-, πιστευ·σ-, πεπιστευ·κ-, πεπιστευ-, πιστευ·θ-)
πιστευ·σητε
1aor act sub 2nd pl
you(pl)-should-BELIEVE/TRUST
be-persuaded/accept [toward] (heed [to], believe); give management (entrust). PASS. to be entrusted with
you(pl)-should-BELIEVE/TRUST
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ὑμεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμεις
nom pl
you(pl)
you(pl) (nom)
πιστεύ[σ]ητε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πιστεύω (πιστευ-, πιστευ·σ-, πιστευ·σ-, πεπιστευ·κ-, πεπιστευ-, πιστευ·θ-)
πιστευ·σητε
1aor act sub 2nd pl
you(pl)-should-BELIEVE/TRUST
be-persuaded/accept [toward] (heed [to], believe); give management (entrust). PASS. to be entrusted with
you(pl)-should-BELIEVE/TRUST
} .
———
RP: ἐστιν αὐτοῦ ⬪ NA/UBS: αὐτοῦ ἐστιν
RP: κἀκεῖνος ⬪ NA/UBS: καὶ ἐκεῖνος
RP: ὑμεῖς πιστεύσητε ⬪ NA/UBS: καὶ ὑμεῖς πιστεύ[σ]ητε
Jn 19:35
He who has seen has testified, and his testimony is true. He knows that he tells the truth, that you may believe.
36Ἐγένετο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
ε·γεν·ετο
2aor mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-BECOME-ed
become; happen; be ("as a substitute for the forms of εἰμί" --BAGD)
he/she/it-was-BECOME-ed
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
for
ταῦτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·α
neu nom|acc pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
these (nom|acc)
ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that
/so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
in-order-that
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
the (nom)
γραφὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

γραφή, -ῆς, ἡ
γραφ·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
writing
writing (nom|voc)
πληρωθῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πληρόω (πληρ(ο)-, πληρω·σ-, πληρω·σ-, πεπληρω·κ-, πεπληρω-, πληρω·θ-)
πληρω·θῃ
aor θη sub 3rd sg
he/she/it-should-be-FILL-ed
fill, make full or complete (hence, "fulfill").
he/she/it-should-be-FILL-ed
, Ὀστοῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ὀστέον and ὀστοῦν, -ου, τό
οστ(ε)·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
bone
bone (nom|acc|voc)
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
not
συντριβήσεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συν·τρίβω (συν+τριβ-, συν+τριψ-, συν+τριψ-, -, συν+τετριβ-, συν+τριβ·[θ]-)
συν·τριβ·[θ]ησεται
fut θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-will-be-CRUSH/SHATTER-ed
Lit:"rub-together" stick to light a fire, hence crush-completely, break (into pieces). shatter
he/she/it-will-be-CRUSH/SHATTER-ed
{ ἀπ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απ’
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
from
⬪ - } αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
him/it/same (gen)
.
———
RP: ἀπ’ ⬪ NA/UBS: —
Jn 19:36
For these things happened, that the Scripture might be fulfilled, “A bone of him will not be broken.”*
37Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
πάλιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πάλιν
παλιν
indecl
again
afresh, again, anon, once more, back, backwards, restore
again
ἑτέρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Indefinite)

ἕτερος -α -ον (cf. ἄλλος)
ετερ·α
neu nom|acc pl or fem nom sg
others, other(different/distinct)
, as distinguish from "ἄλλος" "other" (of a similar kind).
others (nom|acc), other(different/distinct) (nom)
γραφὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

γραφή, -ῆς, ἡ
γραφ·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
writing
writing (nom|voc)
λέγει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-SAY-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SAY-ed
speak, tell
he/she/it-is-SAY-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SAY-ed (classical)
, Ὄψονται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
οφ·σονται
fut mp ind 3rd pl
they-will-be-SEE/BEHOLD-ed
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
they-will-be-SEE/BEHOLD-ed
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
into (+acc)
ὃν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative); Verb

ὅς ἥ ὅ; εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ον; (εσ)·ο[υ]ν[τ]
mas acc sg; pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
who/whom/which; while being
;
who/whom/which (acc); while being (nom|acc|voc, voc)
ἐξεκέντησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·κεντέω (-, -, εκ+κεντη·σ-, -, εκ+κεκεντη-, -)
εκ·ε·κεντη·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-PRICK OUT-ed
stab with a sharp object, perforate, pierce
they-PRICK OUT-ed
.
Jn 19:37
Again another Scripture says, “They will look on him whom they pierced.” [Zec. 12:10][a]*
———
a Zec. 12:10: I will pour out on the kingship of David and the population of Jerusalem a spirit of grace and supplication so that they will look to me, the one they have pierced [דקרו]. They will lament for him as one laments for an only son, and there will be a bitter cry for him like the bitter cry for a firstborn (NET). LXX: ...καὶ ἐπιβλέψονται πρός με ἀνθ’ ὧν κατωρχήσαντο... [...and they shall look upon me, because they have mocked me... (Brenton)]. See also Rv. 1:7.
38Μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
{ ταῦτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·α
neu nom|acc pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
these (nom|acc)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
ταῦτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·α
neu nom|acc pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
these (nom|acc)
} ἠρώτησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐρωτάω (ερωτ(α)-, ερωτη·σ-, ερωτη·σ-, -, ηρωτη-, ερωτη·θ-)
ε·ερωτη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-ENTREAT-ed
ask about a thing, interrogate, question inquire, query, quest
he/she/it-ENTREAT-ed
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
Πιλάτον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ον
(mas) acc sg
Pilate
Pilate (acc)
Ἰωσὴφ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰωσήφ, ὁ
ιωσηφ
(mas) indecl
Joseph
Joseph (indecl)
{ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
from
⬪ [ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
] ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
from
} { Ἀριμαθαίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

Ἁριμαθαία v.l. Ἀ-, -ας, ἡ
αριμαθαι·ας
(fem) gen sg
Arimathea
Arimathea (gen)
Ἁριμαθαίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

Ἁριμαθαία v.l. Ἀ-, -ας, ἡ
αριμαθαι·ας
(fem) gen sg
Arimathea
Arimathea (gen)
} , ὢν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while being
while being (nom)
μαθητὴς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

μαθητής, -οῦ, ὁ
μαθητ·ης
(mas) nom sg
disciple
disciple (nom)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
Ἰησοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
irreg. ιησου (instead of ιησ(ο)·ῳ > ιησῳ), ιησ(ο)·ε, ιησ(ο)·ου, ιησου
(mas) dat sg, (mas) voc sg, (mas) gen sg, (mas) indecl
Jesus, Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
Jesus (dat, gen, voc), Jesus (indecl)
, κεκρυμμένος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κρύπτω/κρύβω (κρυπτ-/κρυβ-, κρυψ-, κρυψ-, -, κεκρυπτ-, κρυβ·[θ]-)
κεκρυπτ·μεν·ος
perf mp ptcp mas nom sg
having-been-SECRET-ed
conceal, skulk
having-been-SECRET-ed (nom)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
φόβον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

φόβος, -ου, ὁ
φοβ·ον
(mas) acc sg
fear
[see phobia]
fear (acc)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
Ἰουδαίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
Jewish
Jewish (gen)
, ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that
/so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
in-order-that
ἄρῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

αἴρω (αιρ-, αρ(ε)·[σ]-, αρ·[σ]-, ηρ·κ-, ηρ-, αρ·θ-)
αρ(ε)·[σ]ῃ, αρ·[σ]ῃ
fut mp ind 2nd sg, 1aor act sub 3rd sg or 1aor mp sub 2nd sg
you(sg)-will-be-LIFT/PICK-UP-ed, he/she/it-should-LIFT/PICK-UP, you(sg)-should-be-LIFT/PICK-UP-ed
, take-up, tote, raise, bear, carry
you(sg)-will-be-LIFT/PICK-UP-ed, he/she/it-should-LIFT/PICK-UP, you(sg)-should-be-LIFT/PICK-UP-ed
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
the (nom|acc)
σῶμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

σῶμα[τ], -ατος, τό
σωμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
body
body (nom|acc|voc)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
Ἰησοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
irreg. ιησου (instead of ιησ(ο)·ῳ > ιησῳ), ιησ(ο)·ε, ιησ(ο)·ου, ιησου
(mas) dat sg, (mas) voc sg, (mas) gen sg, (mas) indecl
Jesus, Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
Jesus (dat, gen, voc), Jesus (indecl)
· καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἐπέτρεψεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·τρέπω (επι+τρεπ-, -, επι+τρεψ-, -, επι+τετραπ-, επι+τραπ·[θ]-)
επι·ε·τρεπ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-ALLOW-ed
he/she/it-ALLOW-ed
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
Πιλάτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Pilate
Pilate (nom)
. Ἦλθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ε·ελθ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ελθ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-COME-ed
Sometimes (carelessly?) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
he/she/it-COME-ed
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
{ ἦρεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

αἴρω (αιρ-, αρ(ε)·[σ]-, αρ·[σ]-, ηρ·κ-, ηρ-, αρ·θ-)
ε·αρ·[σ]ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-LIFT/PICK-UP-ed
, take-up, tote, raise, bear, carry
he/she/it-LIFT/PICK-UP-ed
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
the (nom|acc)
σῶμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

σῶμα[τ], -ατος, τό
σωμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
body
body (nom|acc|voc)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
Ἰησοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
irreg. ιησου (instead of ιησ(ο)·ῳ > ιησῳ), ιησ(ο)·ε, ιησ(ο)·ου, ιησου
(mas) dat sg, (mas) voc sg, (mas) gen sg, (mas) indecl
Jesus, Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
Jesus (dat, gen, voc), Jesus (indecl)
ἦρεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

αἴρω (αιρ-, αρ(ε)·[σ]-, αρ·[σ]-, ηρ·κ-, ηρ-, αρ·θ-)
ε·αρ·[σ]ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-LIFT/PICK-UP-ed
, take-up, tote, raise, bear, carry
he/she/it-LIFT/PICK-UP-ed
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
the (nom|acc)
σῶμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

σῶμα[τ], -ατος, τό
σωμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
body
body (nom|acc|voc)
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
him/it/same (gen)
} .
———
RP: ταῦτα ⬪ NA/UBS: δὲ ταῦτα
RP: ὁ ἀπὸ ⬪ NA/UBS: [ὁ] ἀπὸ
RP: ἦρεν τὸ σῶμα τοῦ Ἰησοῦ ⬪ NA/UBS: ἦρεν τὸ σῶμα αὐτοῦ
RP: Ἀριμαθαίας ⬪ NA/UBS: Ἁριμαθαίας
Jn 19:38
¶After these things, Joseph of Arimathaea, being a disciple of Jesus, but secretly for fear of the Jews, asked of Pilate that he might take away Jesus’ body. Pilate gave him permission. He came therefore and took away his body.
39Ἦλθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ε·ελθ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ελθ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-COME-ed
Sometimes (carelessly?) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
he/she/it-COME-ed
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
Νικόδημος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Νικόδημος, -ου, ὁ
νικοδημ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Nicodemus
Nicodemus (nom)
, [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
ἐλθὼν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ελθ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
upon COME-ing
Sometimes (carelessly?) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
upon COME-ing (nom)
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
{ τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
Ἰησοῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ον
(mas) acc sg
Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
Jesus (acc)
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (acc)
} νυκτὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

νύξ, -υκτός, ἡ
νυκτ·ος
(fem) gen sg
night
night (gen)
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
the (nom|acc)
πρῶτον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

πρώτον (Adv. of πρῶτος); πρῶτος -η -ον
πρωτον; πρωτ·ον
indecl; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
foremost; first
;
foremost; first (acc, nom|acc|voc)
, φέρων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φέρω (φερ-, οι·σ-, ενεγκ·[σ]- or 2nd ενεγκ-, ενηνοχ·[κ]-, -, ενεχ·θ-)
φερ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while CARRY-ing
, tote/bear/carry(a load), fetch, carry-off, offer, bring-forth, give-birth
while CARRY-ing (nom)
μίγμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

μίγμα[τ], -ατος, τό
μιγμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
mixture
mixture (nom|acc|voc)
σμύρνης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

σμύρνα[1], -ης, ἡ; Σμύρνα[2], -ης, ἡ
σμυρν·ης; σμυρν·ης
(fem) gen sg; (fem) gen sg
myrrh; Smyrna
; [city of]
myrrh (gen); Smyrna (gen)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἀλόης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀλόη, -ῆς, ἡ
αλο·ης
(fem) gen sg
aloe
aloe (gen)
ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
as/like
λίτρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

λίτρα, -ας, ἡ
λιτρ·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
pound, pounds
[Roman pound]
pound (gen), pounds (acc)
ἑκατόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

ἑκατόν
εκατον
indecl
hundred
hundred
.
———
RP: τὸν Ἰησοῦν ⬪ NA/UBS: αὐτὸν
Jn 19:39
Nicodemus, who at first came to Jesus by night, also came bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about a hundred Roman pounds.
40Ἔλαβον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαμβάνω (λαμβαν-, λημψ-/ληψ-, λαβ·[σ]- or 2nd λαβ-, ειληφ·[κ]-, ειληβ-, λημφ·θ-/ληφ·θ-)
ε·λαβ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
I-TAKE/RECEIVE-ed, they-TAKE/RECEIVE-ed
grasp, clutch, cling-to, seize, lay-hands-upon, take by violence, carry off, of a deity, seize, possess, catch, find out, detect, overtake, understand
I-TAKE/RECEIVE-ed, they-TAKE/RECEIVE-ed
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
the (nom|acc)
σῶμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

σῶμα[τ], -ατος, τό
σωμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
body
body (nom|acc|voc)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
Ἰησοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
irreg. ιησου (instead of ιησ(ο)·ῳ > ιησῳ), ιησ(ο)·ε, ιησ(ο)·ου, ιησου
(mas) dat sg, (mas) voc sg, (mas) gen sg, (mas) indecl
Jesus, Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
Jesus (dat, gen, voc), Jesus (indecl)
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἔδησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δέω (δε-/δ(ε)-, δη·σ-, δη·σ-, δεδε·κ-, δεδε-, δε·θ-)
ε·δη·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-BIND-ed
bind, enchain, tie
they-BIND-ed
αὐτὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
it/same
it/same (nom|acc)
{ ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
⬪ - } ὀθονίοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ὀθόνιον, -ου, τό
οθονι·οις
(neu) dat pl
bandages
[linen cloth]
bandages (dat)
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
ἀρωμάτων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἄρωμα[τ], -ατος, τό
αρωματ·ων
(neu) gen pl
aromatics
[herb or spice]
aromatics (gen)
, καθὼς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

καθ·ώς
καθως
indecl
as accordingly
[according to how/in accordance with how]
as accordingly
ἔθος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔθο·ς, -ους, τό
εθ(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
custom/habit
[see ethos]
custom/habit (nom|acc|voc)
ἐστὶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
he/she/it-is
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
the (dat)
Ἰουδαίοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
Jewish
Jewish (dat)
ἐνταφιάζειν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐν·ταφιάζω (εν+ταφιαζ-, -, εν+ταφια·σ-, -, -, -)
εν·ταφιαζ·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-???-ing
to-be-???-ing
.
———
RP: ἐν ⬪ NA/UBS: —
Jn 19:40
So they took Jesus’ body, and bound it in linen cloths with the spices, as the custom of the Jews is to bury.
41Ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
he/she/it-was
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
the (dat)
τόπῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

τόπος, -ου, ὁ
τοπ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
place
place (dat)
ὅπου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὅπου
οπου
indecl
where
where
ἐσταυρώθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σταυρόω (σταυρ(ο)-, σταυρω·σ-, σταυρω·σ-, -, εσταυρω-, σταυρω·θ-)
ε·σταυρω·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-CRUCIFY-ed
impale
he/she/it-was-CRUCIFY-ed
κῆπος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

κῆπος, -ου, ὁ
κηπ·ος
(mas) nom sg
garden
garden (nom)
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
the (dat)
κήπῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

κῆπος, -ου, ὁ
κηπ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
garden
garden (dat)
μνημεῖον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

μνημεῖον, -ου, τό (cf. μνῆμα)
μνημει·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
tomb
tomb (nom|acc|voc)
καινόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

καινός -ή -όν
καιν·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
new
unprecedented,newly-invented, novel, fresh, anew
new (acc, nom|acc|voc)
, ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ

neu dat sg or mas dat sg
who/whom/which
who/whom/which (dat)
οὐδέπω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὐδέπω
ουδεπω
indecl
not yet
not yet
οὐδεὶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

οὐδ·είς οὐδε·μία οὐδ·έν and οὐθ·είς (οὐθε·μία) οὐθ·έν
ουδει[ν]·ς
mas nom sg
none
[not one, no one]
none (nom)
{ ἐτέθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τίθημι (ath. τιθ(ε)-, θη·σ-, θη·κ- or 2nd ath. θ(ε)-, τεθει·κ-, τεθει-, τε·θ-)
ε·τε·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-PUT-ed
/lay/put/set/situate/arrange/station
he/she/it-was-PUT-ed
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
he/she/it-was
τεθειμένος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τίθημι (ath. τιθ(ε)-, θη·σ-, θη·κ- or 2nd ath. θ(ε)-, τεθει·κ-, τεθει-, τε·θ-)
τεθει·μεν·ος
perf mp ptcp mas nom sg
having-been-PUT-ed
/lay/put/set/situate/arrange/station
having-been-PUT-ed (nom)
} .
———
RP: ἐτέθη ⬪ NA/UBS: ἦν τεθειμένος
Jn 19:41
Now in the place where he was crucified there was a garden. In the garden was a new tomb in which no man had ever yet been laid.
42Ἐκεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἐκεῖ
εκει
indecl
there
there
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
the (acc)
Παρασκευὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

παρα·σκευή, -ῆς, ἡ
παρασκευ·ην
(fem) acc sg
preparation
[Friday: day before Sabbath in NT]
preparation (acc)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
Ἰουδαίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
Jewish
Jewish (gen)
, ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
because/that
ἐγγὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἐγγύς
εγγυς
indecl
near
near
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
he/she/it-was
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
the (nom|acc)
μνημεῖον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

μνημεῖον, -ου, τό (cf. μνῆμα)
μνημει·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
tomb
tomb (nom|acc|voc)
, ἔθηκαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τίθημι (ath. τιθ(ε)-, θη·σ-, θη·κ- or 2nd ath. θ(ε)-, τεθει·κ-, τεθει-, τε·θ-)
ε·θη·καν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-PUT-ed
/lay/put/set/situate/arrange/station
they-PUT-ed
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
Ἰησοῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ον
(mas) acc sg
Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
Jesus (acc)
.
Jn 19:42
Then because of the Jews’ Preparation Day (for the tomb was near at hand) they laid Jesus there.
« Ch 18» Ch 20

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