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ΚΑΤΑ ΙΩΑΝΝΗΝ

According to John

 Robinson-Pierpont 2005 Wiki English Translation‎ / World English Bible
1Ταῦτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·α
neu nom|acc pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
these (nom|acc)
εἰπὼν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειπ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
upon SAY-ing
speak, tell
upon SAY-ing (nom)
{ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
◆ - } Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
Jesus (nom)
ἐξῆλθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·έρχομαι (εξ+ερχ-, εξ+ελευ·σ-, εξ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd εξ+ελθ-, εξ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εξ·ε·ελθ·[σ]ε(ν), εξ·ε·ελθ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-COME-ed-OUT
[exit]
he/she/it-COME-ed-OUT
σὺν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

σύν
συν
indecl
together with/including (+dat)
together with/including (+dat)
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
the (dat)
μαθηταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

μαθητής, -οῦ, ὁ
μαθητ·αις
(mas) dat pl
disciples
disciples (dat)
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
him/it/same (gen)
πέραν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πέραν
περαν
indecl
across
across
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
χειμάρρου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

χείμα·ρρος/-ρρους, -ου, ὁ
χειμαρρ·ου, χειμαρρ(ο)·ε, χειμαρρ(ο)·ου
(mas) gen sg, (mas) voc sg, (mas) gen sg
torrent-wave
Lit:"winter/storm-flow", hence a faster-than-usual-water/stream-flow.
torrent-wave (gen, voc)
{ τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
} Κέδρων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Κεδρών, ὁ
κεδρων
(mas) indecl
Kidron
[valley of]
Kidron (indecl)
, ὅπου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὅπου
οπου
indecl
where
where
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
he/she/it-was
κῆπος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

κῆπος, -ου, ὁ
κηπ·ος
(mas) nom sg
garden
garden (nom)
, εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
into (+acc)
ὃν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative); Verb

ὅς ἥ ὅ; εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ον; (εσ)·ο[υ]ν[τ]
mas acc sg; pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
who/whom/which; while being
;
who/whom/which (acc); while being (nom|acc|voc, voc)
εἰσῆλθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰσ·έρχομαι (εισ+ερχ-, εισ+ελευ·σ-, εισ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd εισ+ελθ-, εισ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εισ·ε·ελθ·[σ]ε(ν), εισ·ε·ελθ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-COME IN/ ENTER-ed
he/she/it-COME IN/ ENTER-ed
αὐτὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ος
mas nom sg
he/it/same
he/it/same (nom)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
the (nom)
μαθηταὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.); Verb

μαθητής, -οῦ, ὁ; μανθάνω (μανθαν-, μαθη·σ-, 2nd μαθ-, μεμαθη·κ-, -, -)
μαθητ·αι; μαθ·ηται
(mas) nom|voc pl; 2aor mp sub 3rd sg
disciples; he/she/it-should-be-LEARN-ed
; practice, recite
disciples (nom|voc); he/she/it-should-be-LEARN-ed
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
him/it/same (gen)
.
———
RP: ὁ ◆ NA/UBS: —
RP: τῶν ◆ NA/UBS: τοῦ
Jn 18:1
¶When Jesus had spoken these words, he went out with his disciples over the brook Kidron, where there was a garden, into which he and his disciples entered.
2ᾜδει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

οἶδα (ath. ιδ-/ath. ειδ(ε)-/ath. ειδ-, ειδη·σ-/ει[δ]·σ-, ειδη·σ-, οιδ·[κ]-/ειδ·[κ]-, -, -)
ε·ειδ·[κ]ει
plup act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-had-KNOWING-ed
/perceive/be-aware-of/be-acquainted-with/notice. Often rendered "know" (by seeing/observing), in contrast to "γινώσκω" (know by thinking/reasoning/experiencing).
he/she/it-had-KNOWING-ed
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
Ἰούδας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

Ἰούδας, -α and -ου, ὁ
ιουδ·ας
(mas) nom sg
Judas/Judah
Judas/Judah (nom)
, [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
παραδιδοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·δίδωμι (ath. παρα+διδ(ο)-/ath. παρα+διδ(ω)-, παρα+δω·σ-, παρα+δω·κ- or 2nd ath. παρα+δ(ο)-/ath. παρα+δ(ω)-, παρα+δεδω·κ-, παρα+δεδο-, παρα+δο·θ-)
παρα·διδ(ο)·[ντ]·ς
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
while DELIVER-OVER-ing
Lit:"give-close-beside", hence deliver/surrender/hand-over, betray, commit, give-in/over/up, turn-in, consign, grant, bestow, teach-doctrine
while DELIVER-OVER-ing (nom|voc)
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (acc)
, τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
τόπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

τόπος, -ου, ὁ
τοπ·ον
(mas) acc sg
place
place (acc)
· ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
because/that
πολλάκις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Multiplicative Numeral)

πολλά·κις
πολλακις
indecl
many times
many times
συνήχθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συν·άγω (συν+αγ-, συν+αξ-, συν+ηξ- or 2nd συν+αγαγ-, συν+αγειοχ·[κ]-, συν+ηγ-, συν+αχ·θ-)
συν·ε·αγ·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-GATHER/ASSEMBLE-ed
Lit:"together-lead", lead/bring/gather-together, hence assemble.
he/she/it-was-GATHER/ASSEMBLE-ed
{ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
Jesus (nom)
Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
Jesus (nom)
} ἐκεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἐκεῖ
εκει
indecl
there
there
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
μαθητῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

μαθητής, -οῦ, ὁ
μαθητ·ων
(mas) gen pl
disciples
disciples (gen)
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
him/it/same (gen)
.
———
RP: ὁ Ἰησοῦς ◆ NA/UBS: Ἰησοῦς
Jn 18:2
Now Judas, who betrayed him, also knew the place, for Jesus often met there with his disciples.
3 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
Ἰούδας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

Ἰούδας, -α and -ου, ὁ
ιουδ·ας
(mas) nom sg
Judas/Judah
Judas/Judah (nom)
, λαβὼν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαμβάνω (λαμβαν-, λημψ-/ληψ-, λαβ·[σ]- or 2nd λαβ-, ειληφ·[κ]-, ειληβ-, λημφ·θ-/ληφ·θ-)
λαβ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
upon TAKE/RECEIVE-ing
grasp, clutch, cling-to, seize, lay-hands-upon, take by violence, carry off, of a deity, seize, possess, catch, find out, detect, overtake, understand
upon TAKE/RECEIVE-ing (nom)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
the (acc)
σπεῖραν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Verb

σπεῖρα, -ης, ἡ; σπείρω (σπειρ-, σπερ(ε)·[σ]-, σπειρ·[σ]-, εσπαρ·κ-, εσπαρ-, σπαρ·[θ]-)
σπειρ·αν; σπειρ·[σ]αν[τ]
(fem) acc sg; 1aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
cohort; upon SOW-ing
[group of around 800 soldiers];
cohort (acc); upon SOW-ing (nom|acc|voc)
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
out of (+gen)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
ἀρχιερέων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀρχ·ιερεύς, -έως, ὁ
αρχιερ(ευ)·ων
(mas) gen pl
archpriests
The High Priest or Chief Priest; often plural in NT due to previous High Priest continuing to share (political) power with the current one, or with "members of High Priestly families" in mind.
archpriests (gen)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
{ Φαρισαίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Φαρισαῖος, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. Φαρισαῖοι
φαρισαι·ων
(mas) gen pl
Pharisees
Pharisees (gen)
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
out of (+gen)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
Φαρισαίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Φαρισαῖος, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. Φαρισαῖοι
φαρισαι·ων
(mas) gen pl
Pharisees
Pharisees (gen)
} ὑπηρέτας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

ὑπ·ηρέτης, -ου, ὁ
υπηρετ·ας
(mas) acc pl
subordinates
[servant; petty position]
subordinates (acc)
, ἔρχεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ερχ·εται
pres mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is-being-COME-ed
Sometimes (carelessly?) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
he/she/it-is-being-COME-ed
ἐκεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἐκεῖ
εκει
indecl
there
there
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
φανῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Verb

φανός, -οῦ, ὁ (cf. λαμπάς and λύχνος); φαίνω (φαιν-, φαν(ε)·[σ]-, φαν·[σ]-, -, -, φαν·[θ]-)
φαν·ων; φαν(ε)·[σ]ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(mas) gen pl; fut act ptcp mas nom sg
torchs; going-to-APPEAR
; look, shew, peer, seem, show
torchs (gen); going-to-APPEAR (fut ptcp) (nom)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
λαμπάδων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

λαμπά[δ]ς, -άδος, ἡ (cf. λύχνος and φανός)
λαμπαδ·ων
(fem) gen pl
lamps
lamps (gen)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ὅπλων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ὅπλον, -ου, τό
οπλ·ων
(neu) gen pl
implements
tool, weapon. In plural, sometimes: implements of war (arms and armor), or armor, or heavy weapons.
implements (gen)
.
———
RP: Φαρισαίων ◆ NA/UBS: ἐκ τῶν Φαρισαίων
Jn 18:3
Judas then, having taken a detachment of soldiers and officers from the chief priests and the Pharisees, came there with lanterns, torches, and weapons.
4Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
Jesus (nom)
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
, εἰδὼς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

οἶδα (ath. ιδ-/ath. ειδ(ε)-/ath. ειδ-, ειδη·σ-/ει[δ]·σ-, ειδη·σ-, οιδ·[κ]-/ειδ·[κ]-, -, -)
ειδ·[κ]ο[τ]·^ς
perf act ptcp mas nom sg
having KNOWING-ed
/perceive/be-aware-of/be-acquainted-with/notice. Often rendered "know" (by seeing/observing), in contrast to "γινώσκω" (know by thinking/reasoning/experiencing).
having KNOWING-ed (nom)
πάντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or mas acc sg
all, each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
all (nom|acc|voc), each, every (acc)
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
the (nom|acc)
ἐρχόμενα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ερχ·ομεν·α
pres mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
while being-COME-ed
Sometimes (carelessly?) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
while being-COME-ed (nom|acc|voc)
ἐπ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επ’
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (acc)
, { ἐξελθὼν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·έρχομαι (εξ+ερχ-, εξ+ελευ·σ-, εξ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd εξ+ελθ-, εξ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εξ·ελθ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
upon COME-ing-OUT
[exit]
upon COME-ing-OUT (nom)
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY-ed
speak, tell
he/she/it-SAY-ed
ἐξῆλθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·έρχομαι (εξ+ερχ-, εξ+ελευ·σ-, εξ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd εξ+ελθ-, εξ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εξ·ε·ελθ·[σ]ε(ν), εξ·ε·ελθ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-COME-ed-OUT
[exit]
he/she/it-COME-ed-OUT
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
λέγει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-SAY-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SAY-ed
speak, tell
he/she/it-is-SAY-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SAY-ed (classical)
} αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
them/same (dat)
, Τίνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τιν·α
neu nom|acc pl or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
who, who
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
who (nom|acc), who (acc)
ζητεῖτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ζητέω (ζητ(ε)-, ζητη·σ-, ζητη·σ-, -, -, ζητη·θ-)
ζητ(ε)·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-SEEK-ing, be-you(pl)-SEEK-ing!
/search/inquire, look-into
you(pl)-are-SEEK-ing, be-you(pl)-SEEK-ing!
;
———
RP: ἐξελθὼν εἶπεν ◆ NA/UBS: ἐξῆλθεν καὶ λέγει
Jn 18:4
Jesus therefore, knowing all the things that were happening to him, went forth, and said to them, “Who are you looking for?”
5Ἀπεκρίθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κρίνομαι (απο+κριν-, -, απο+κριν·[σ]-, -, απο+κεκρι-, απο+κρι·θ-)
απο·ε·κρι·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
they-were-ANSWER-ed
Lit:"judge/decide-from", hence involves a response that requires some thinking/consideration/decision. Usually rendered "answer" (in response to a question/inquiry)
they-were-ANSWER-ed
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (dat)
, Ἰησοῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ον
(mas) acc sg
Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
Jesus (acc)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
Ναζωραῖον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Ναζωραῖος, -ου, ὁ
ναζωραι·ον
(mas) acc sg
Nazarene
Nazarene (acc)
. Λέγει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-SAY-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SAY-ed
speak, tell
he/she/it-is-SAY-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SAY-ed (classical)
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
them/same (dat)
{ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
Jesus (nom)
◆ - } , Ἐγώ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
εγω
nom sg
I
I (nom)
εἰμι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^μι; (εσ)·^μι
pres act ind 1st sg; pres act ind 1st sg
I-am-BE-ing; I-am
;
I-am-BE-ing; I-am
. Εἱστήκει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἵστημι (ath. ιστ(α)-/ath. ιστ(η)-, στη·σ-, στη·σ- or 2nd ath. στ(η)-/ath. στ(α)-, εστη·κ-/εστα·κ-/εστ(α)·[κ]-, εστη-/εστα-, στα·θ-)
ε·εστη·κει
plup act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-had-STAND-ed
/cause-to-stand
he/she/it-had-STAND-ed
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
Ἰούδας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

Ἰούδας, -α and -ου, ὁ
ιουδ·ας
(mas) nom sg
Judas/Judah
Judas/Judah (nom)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
παραδιδοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·δίδωμι (ath. παρα+διδ(ο)-/ath. παρα+διδ(ω)-, παρα+δω·σ-, παρα+δω·κ- or 2nd ath. παρα+δ(ο)-/ath. παρα+δ(ω)-, παρα+δεδω·κ-, παρα+δεδο-, παρα+δο·θ-)
παρα·διδ(ο)·[ντ]·ς
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
while DELIVER-OVER-ing
Lit:"give-close-beside", hence deliver/surrender/hand-over, betray, commit, give-in/over/up, turn-in, consign, grant, bestow, teach-doctrine
while DELIVER-OVER-ing (nom|voc)
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (acc)
μετ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετ’
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
them/same (gen)
.
———
RP: ὁ Ἰησοῦς ◆ NA/UBS: —
Jn 18:5
¶They answered him, “Jesus of Nazareth.”
¶Jesus said to them, “I am he.”
¶Judas also, who betrayed him, was standing with them.
6Ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
as/like
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY-ed
speak, tell
he/she/it-SAY-ed
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
them/same (dat)
{ ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
because/that
◆ - } Ἐγώ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
εγω
nom sg
I
I (nom)
εἰμι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^μι; (εσ)·^μι
pres act ind 1st sg; pres act ind 1st sg
I-am-BE-ing; I-am
;
I-am-BE-ing; I-am
, ἀπῆλθον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·έρχομαι (απ+ερχ-, απ+ελευ·σ-, απ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd απ+ελθ-, απ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
απ·ε·ελθ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
I-DEPART-ed, they-DEPART-ed
Lit:"came-from", hence go away, depart from
I-DEPART-ed, they-DEPART-ed
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
into (+acc)
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
the (nom|acc)
ὀπίσω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὀπίσω
οπισω
indecl
after/behind
[τὰ ὀπίσω, the rear]
after/behind
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
{ ἔπεσον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πίπτω (πιπτ-, πεσ(ε)·[σ]-, πεσ·[σ]- or 2nd πεσ-, πεπτω·κ-, -, -)
ε·πεσ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
I-FALL-ed, they-FALL-ed
To fall, or throw oneself down. Numerous figurative uses, including to fail or be ruined.
I-FALL-ed, they-FALL-ed
ἔπεσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πίπτω (πιπτ-, πεσ(ε)·[σ]-, πεσ·[σ]- or 2nd πεσ-, πεπτω·κ-, -, -)
ε·πεσ·[σ]αν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-FALL-ed
To fall, or throw oneself down. Numerous figurative uses, including to fail or be ruined.
they-FALL-ed
} χαμαί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

χαμαί
χαμαι
indecl
on the ground
on the ground
.
———
RP: ὅτι ◆ NA/UBS: —
RP: ἔπεσον ◆ NA/UBS: ἔπεσαν
Jn 18:6
When therefore he said to them, “I am he,” they went backward, and fell to the ground.
7Πάλιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πάλιν
παλιν
indecl
again
afresh, again, anon, once more, back, backwards, restore
again
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
{ αὐτοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ους
mas acc pl
them/same
them/same (acc)
ἐπηρώτησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπ·ερωτάω (επ+ερωτ(α)-, επ+ερωτη·σ-, επ+ερωτη·σ-, -, -, επ+ερωτη·θ-)
επ·ε·ερωτη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-QUESTION-ed
[consult, enquire]
he/she/it-QUESTION-ed
ἐπηρώτησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπ·ερωτάω (επ+ερωτ(α)-, επ+ερωτη·σ-, επ+ερωτη·σ-, -, -, επ+ερωτη·θ-)
επ·ε·ερωτη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-QUESTION-ed
[consult, enquire]
he/she/it-QUESTION-ed
αὐτούς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ους
mas acc pl
them/same
them/same (acc)
} , Τίνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τιν·α
neu nom|acc pl or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
who, who
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
who (nom|acc), who (acc)
ζητεῖτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ζητέω (ζητ(ε)-, ζητη·σ-, ζητη·σ-, -, -, ζητη·θ-)
ζητ(ε)·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-SEEK-ing, be-you(pl)-SEEK-ing!
/search/inquire, look-into
you(pl)-are-SEEK-ing, be-you(pl)-SEEK-ing!
; Οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
the (nom)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
{ εἶπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειπ·[σ]ον, ε·ειπ·ον, ειπ·ο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, 2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl, 2aor act ptcp mas voc sg or 2aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
do-SAY-you(sg)!, I-SAY-ed, they-SAY-ed, upon SAY-ing
speak, tell
do-SAY-you(sg)!, I-SAY-ed, they-SAY-ed, upon SAY-ing (nom|acc|voc, voc)
εἶπαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]αν, ειπ·[σ]αν[τ]
1aor act ind 3rd pl, 1aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
they-SAY-ed, upon SAY-ing
speak, tell
they-SAY-ed, upon SAY-ing (nom|acc|voc)
} , Ἰησοῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ον
(mas) acc sg
Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
Jesus (acc)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
Ναζωραῖον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Ναζωραῖος, -ου, ὁ
ναζωραι·ον
(mas) acc sg
Nazarene
Nazarene (acc)
.
———
RP: αὐτοὺς ἐπηρώτησεν ◆ NA/UBS: ἐπηρώτησεν αὐτούς
RP: εἶπον ◆ NA/UBS: εἶπαν
Jn 18:7
¶Again therefore he asked them, “Who are you looking for?”
¶They said, “Jesus of Nazareth.”
8Ἀπεκρίθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κρίνομαι (απο+κριν-, -, απο+κριν·[σ]-, -, απο+κεκρι-, απο+κρι·θ-)
απο·ε·κρι·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-ANSWER-ed
Lit:"judge/decide-from", hence involves a response that requires some thinking/consideration/decision. Usually rendered "answer" (in response to a question/inquiry)
he/she/it-was-ANSWER-ed
Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
Jesus (nom)
, Εἶπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειπ·[σ]ον, ε·ειπ·ον, ειπ·ο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, 2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl, 2aor act ptcp mas voc sg or 2aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
do-SAY-you(sg)!, I-SAY-ed, they-SAY-ed, upon SAY-ing
speak, tell
do-SAY-you(sg)!, I-SAY-ed, they-SAY-ed, upon SAY-ing (nom|acc|voc, voc)
ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you(pl)
you(pl) (dat)
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
because/that
ἐγώ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
εγω
nom sg
I
I (nom)
εἰμι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^μι; (εσ)·^μι
pres act ind 1st sg; pres act ind 1st sg
I-am-BE-ing; I-am
;
I-am-BE-ing; I-am
· εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
if
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
ἐμὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person); Determiner (Possessive)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς; ἐμός -ή -όν
εμε; εμ·ε
acc sg; mas voc sg
me; my/mine
;
me (acc); my/mine (voc)
ζητεῖτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ζητέω (ζητ(ε)-, ζητη·σ-, ζητη·σ-, -, -, ζητη·θ-)
ζητ(ε)·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-SEEK-ing, be-you(pl)-SEEK-ing!
/search/inquire, look-into
you(pl)-are-SEEK-ing, be-you(pl)-SEEK-ing!
, ἄφετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀφ·ίημι (ath. αφ+ι(ε)-, αφ+η·σ-, αφ+η·κ- or 2nd ath. αφ+(ε)-, -, αφ+ει-/αφ+εω-, αφ+ε·θ-)
αφ·(ε)·τε
2aor act imp 2nd pl
do-LEAVE/DISMISS/FORGIVE-you(pl)!
dismiss/forgive, let-be, divorce, send-away, allow/permit.
do-LEAVE/DISMISS/FORGIVE-you(pl)!
τούτους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ους
mas acc pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
these (acc)
ὑπάγειν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑπ·άγω (υπ+αγ-, -, 2nd υπ+αγαγ-, -, -, υπ+αχ·θ-)
υπ·αγ·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-GO-ing
Lit:"lead-away-under(authority/commitment))", a transitive verb, to be yoked, to haul in, to be subjected to judgment.. a euphemism of death
to-be-GO-ing
·
Jn 18:8
¶Jesus answered, “I told you that I am he. If therefore you seek me, let these go their way,”
9ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that
/so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
in-order-that
πληρωθῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πληρόω (πληρ(ο)-, πληρω·σ-, πληρω·σ-, πεπληρω·κ-, πεπληρω-, πληρω·θ-)
πληρω·θῃ
aor θη sub 3rd sg
he/she/it-should-be-FILL-ed
fill, make full or complete (hence, "fulfill").
he/she/it-should-be-FILL-ed
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
λόγος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λόγος, -ου, ὁ
λογ·ος
(mas) nom sg
word
word
word (nom)
ὃν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative); Verb

ὅς ἥ ὅ; εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ον; (εσ)·ο[υ]ν[τ]
mas acc sg; pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
who/whom/which; while being
;
who/whom/which (acc); while being (nom|acc|voc, voc)
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY-ed
speak, tell
he/she/it-SAY-ed
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
because/that
Οὓς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ους
mas acc pl
who/whom/which
who/whom/which (acc)
δέδωκάς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
δεδω·κας
perf act ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-have-GIVE-ed
/offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
you(sg)-have-GIVE-ed
μοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μοι
dat sg
me
me (dat)
, οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
not
ἀπώλεσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·όλλυμι (ath. απ+ολλυ-, απ+ολ(ε)·[σ]-/απ+ολε·σ-, απ+ολε·σ- or 2nd απ+ολ-, απ+ολωλ·[κ]-, -, -)
απ·ε·ολε·σα
1aor act ind 1st sg
I-DESTROY-ed
Lit:"destroy-from", hence fully/utterly-destroy/ruin/annihilate (active), perish, be lost (middle/passive).
I-DESTROY-ed
ἐξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εξ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
out of (+gen)
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
them/same (gen)
οὐδένα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

οὐδ·είς οὐδε·μία οὐδ·έν and οὐθ·είς (οὐθε·μία) οὐθ·έν
ουδε[ι]ν·α
mas acc sg
none
[not one, no one]
none (acc)
.
Jn 18:9
that the word might be fulfilled which he spoke, “Of those whom you have given me, I have lost none.”*
10Σίμων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

Σίμων, -ωνος, ὁ, voc. sg. Σίμων
σιμων
(mas) nom|voc sg
Simon
Simon (nom|voc)
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
Πέτρος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Πέτρος, -ου, ὁ
πετρ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Peter
Peter (nom)
ἔχων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
εχ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while HAVE-ing
/hold.
while HAVE-ing (nom)
μάχαιραν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

μάχαιρα, -ας and -ης, ἡ (cf. ῥομφαία)
μαχαιρ·αν
(fem) acc sg
sword
carving-knife, large knife or dirk, a knife for cutting up meat, Hdt., attic; metaph., “διὰ μαχαιρῶν καὶ πυρός”
sword (acc)
εἵλκυσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἕλκω (ελκ-, ελκυ·σ-, ελκυ·σ-, -, -, ελκυσ·θ-)
ε·ελκυ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-PULL/DRAG-ed
Fig: draw. "elkuo", "spao" ("spasm") appear synonymous for drawing a sword (Mk 14:47, Jn 18:10), suggesting a forceful pulling that overcomes any resistance.
he/she/it-PULL/DRAG-ed
αὐτήν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ην
fem acc sg
her/it/same
her/it/same (acc)
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἔπαισεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παίω (παι-, παι·σ-, παι·σ-, πεπαι·κ-, -, -)
ε·παι·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-STRIKE-ed
strike or smite, hit hard
he/she/it-STRIKE-ed
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
ἀρχιερέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀρχ·ιερεύς, -έως, ὁ
αρχιερ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
archpriest
The High Priest or Chief Priest; often plural in NT due to previous High Priest continuing to share (political) power with the current one, or with "members of High Priestly families" in mind.
archpriest (gen)
δοῦλον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

δοῦλος[2], -ου, ὁ; δοῦλος[1] -η -ον
δουλ·ον; δουλ·ον
(mas) acc sg; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
slave; servile
;
slave (acc); servile (acc, nom|acc|voc)
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἀπέκοψεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κόπτω (-, απο+κοψ-, απο+κοψ-, -, απο+κεκοπτ-, απο+κοπ·[θ]-)
απο·ε·κοπτ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SEVER-ed
he/she/it-SEVER-ed
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
him/it/same (gen)
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
the (nom|acc)
{ ὠτίον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ὠτίον, -ου, τό (Dimin. of οὖς)
ωτι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
ear
ear (nom|acc|voc)
ὠτάριον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ὠτάριον, -ου, τό
ωταρι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
ear
ear (nom|acc|voc)
} τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
the (nom|acc)
δεξιόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

δεξιός -ά -όν
δεξι·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
right
right (acc, nom|acc|voc)
. Ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
he/she/it-was
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
ὄνομα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ὄνομα[τ], -ατος, τό
ονομα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
name
(with regard to)
name (nom|acc|voc)
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
the (dat)
δούλῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

δοῦλος[2], -ου, ὁ; δοῦλος[1] -η -ον
δουλ·ῳ; δουλ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg; neu dat sg or mas dat sg
slave; servile
;
slave (dat); servile (dat)
Μάλχος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Μάλχος, -ου, ὁ
μαλχ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Malchus
Malchus (nom)
.
———
RP: ὠτίον ◆ NA/UBS: ὠτάριον
Jn 18:10
¶Simon Peter therefore, having a sword, drew it, and struck the high priest’s servant, and cut off his right ear. The servant’s name was Malchus.
11Εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY-ed
speak, tell
he/she/it-SAY-ed
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
Jesus (nom)
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
the (dat)
Πέτρῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Πέτρος, -ου, ὁ
πετρ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
Peter
Peter (dat)
, Βάλε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βάλλω (βαλλ-, βαλ(ε)·[σ]-, βαλ·[σ]- or 2nd βαλ-, βεβλη·κ-, βεβλη-, βλη·θ-)
βαλ·ε
2aor act imp 2nd sg
do-THROW-you(sg)!
/cast
do-THROW-you(sg)!
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
the (acc)
μάχαιράν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

μάχαιρα, -ας and -ης, ἡ (cf. ῥομφαία)
μαχαιρ·αν
(fem) acc sg
sword
carving-knife, large knife or dirk, a knife for cutting up meat, Hdt., attic; metaph., “διὰ μαχαιρῶν καὶ πυρός”
sword (acc)
{ σου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
you(sg) (gen); your/yours(sg) (gen)
◆ - } εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
into (+acc)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
the (acc)
θήκην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

θήκη, -ης, ἡ
θηκ·ην
(fem) acc sg
receptacle
[a place of storage for another object (case, sheath.. etc)]
receptacle (acc)
· τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
the (nom|acc)
ποτήριον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ποτήριον, -ου, τό
ποτηρι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
cup
cup (nom|acc|voc)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ο
neu nom|acc sg
who/whom/which
who/whom/which (nom|acc)
δέδωκέν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
δεδω·κε(ν)
perf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-has-GIVE-ed
/offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
he/she/it-has-GIVE-ed
μοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μοι
dat sg
me
me (dat)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
πατήρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

πατήρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ὁ, voc. pl. πατέρες
πατερ·^
(mas) nom sg
father
father (nom)
, οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
not
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
not
πίω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3); Verb

πίων -ον [LXX], gen. sg. -ονος; πίνω (πιν-, πι·[σ]-, 2nd πι-, πεπω·κ-, -, πο·θ-)
πι(ο)[ν]·α; πι·[σ]ω, πι·ω
neu nom|acc|voc pl or mas acc sg or fem acc sg; fut act ind 1st sg, 2aor act sub 1st sg
fat; I-will-DRINK, I-should-DRINK
;
fat (acc, nom|acc|voc); I-will-DRINK, I-should-DRINK
αὐτό [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
it/same
it/same (nom|acc)
;
———
RP: σου ◆ NA/UBS: —
Jn 18:11
Jesus therefore said to Peter, “Put the sword into its sheath. The cup which the Father has given me, shall I not surely drink it?”
12 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
the (nom)
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
σπεῖρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

σπεῖρα, -ης, ἡ
σπειρ·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
cohort
[group of around 800 soldiers]
cohort (nom|voc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
χιλίαρχος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

χιλί·αρχος, -ου, ὁ
χιλιαρχ·ος
(mas) nom sg
chiliarch
[leader of a thousand soldiers]
chiliarch (nom)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
the (nom)
ὑπηρέται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

ὑπ·ηρέτης, -ου, ὁ
υπηρετ·αι
(mas) nom|voc pl
subordinates
[servant; petty position]
subordinates (nom|voc)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
Ἰουδαίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
Jewish
Jewish (gen)
συνέλαβον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συλ·λαμβάνω (συν+λαμβαν-, συν+λημψ-/συν+ληψ-, 2nd συν+λαβ-, συν+ειληφ·[κ]-, συν+ειληβ-, συν+λημφ·θ-/συν+ληφ·θ-)
συν·ε·λαβ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
I-SEIZING-ed, they-SEIZING-ed
lasso, catch, conceive, nab, apprehend, arrest, capture
I-SEIZING-ed, they-SEIZING-ed
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
Ἰησοῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ον
(mas) acc sg
Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
Jesus (acc)
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἔδησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δέω (δε-/δ(ε)-, δη·σ-, δη·σ-, δεδε·κ-, δεδε-, δε·θ-)
ε·δη·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-BIND-ed
bind, enchain, tie
they-BIND-ed
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (acc)
,
Jn 18:12
¶So the detachment, the commanding officer, and the officers of the Jews, seized Jesus and bound him,
13καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
{ ἀπήγαγον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·άγω (απ+αγ-, απ+αξ-, 2nd απ+αγαγ-, -, απ+ηγ-, απ+αχ·θ-)
απ·ε·αγαγ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
I-LEAD-ed-AWAY, they-LEAD-ed-AWAY
I-LEAD-ed-AWAY, they-LEAD-ed-AWAY
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (acc)
ἤγαγον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἄγω (αγ-, αξ-, 2nd αγαγ-, αγειοχ·[κ]-, ηγ-, αχ·θ-)
ε·αγαγ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
I-LEAD-ed, they-LEAD-ed
I-LEAD-ed, they-LEAD-ed
} πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Ἅνναν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.); Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

Ἅννας v.l. Ἄ-, -α, ὁ; Ἅννα, -ας, ἡ
ανν·αν; ανν·αν
(mas) acc sg; (fem) acc sg
Hannas/Annas; Hannah/Anna
;
Hannas/Annas (acc); Hannah/Anna (acc)
πρῶτον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

πρώτον (Adv. of πρῶτος); πρῶτος -η -ον
πρωτον; πρωτ·ον
indecl; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
foremost; first
;
foremost; first (acc, nom|acc|voc)
· ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
he/she/it-was
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
for
πενθερὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

πενθερός, -οῦ, ὁ
πενθερ·ος
(mas) nom sg
father-in-law
father-in-law (nom)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
Καϊάφα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

Καϊάφας, -ᾶ, ὁ
καιαφ·α
(mas) voc sg or (mas) gen sg
Caiaphas
Caiaphas (gen, voc)
, ὃς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ος
mas nom sg
who/whom/which
who/whom/which (nom)
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
he/she/it-was
ἀρχιερεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀρχ·ιερεύς, -έως, ὁ
αρχιερ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
archpriest
The High Priest or Chief Priest; often plural in NT due to previous High Priest continuing to share (political) power with the current one, or with "members of High Priestly families" in mind.
archpriest (nom)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
ἐνιαυτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἐνιαυτός, -οῦ, ὁ
ενιαυτ·ου
(mas) gen sg
year
year (gen)
ἐκείνου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

ἐκεῖνος -η -ο
εκειν·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
that
that (gen)
.
———
RP: ἀπήγαγον αὐτὸν ◆ NA/UBS: ἤγαγον
Jn 18:13
and led him to Annas first, for he was father-in-law to Caiaphas, who was high priest that year.
14Ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
he/she/it-was
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
Καϊάφας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

Καϊάφας, -ᾶ, ὁ
καιαφ·ας
(mas) nom sg
Caiaphas
Caiaphas (nom)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
συμβουλεύσας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συμ·βουλεύω (συν+βουλευ-, συν+βουλευ·σ-, συν+βουλευ·σ-, -, συν+βεβουλευ-, -)
συν·βουλευ·σα[ντ]·ς
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon COUNCIL-ing
upon COUNCIL-ing (nom|voc)
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
the (dat)
Ἰουδαίοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
Jewish
Jewish (dat)
, ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
because/that
συμφέρει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συμ·φέρω (συν+φερ-, -, συν+ενεγκ·[σ]-, -, -, -)
συν·φερ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-BE-ing-ADVANTAGEOUS, you(sg)-are-being-BE-ed-ADVANTAGEOUS
Lit:"bring-together" (comport), bear-with, Fig:benefit/profit, be-expedient/profitable/advantageous
he/she/it-is-BE-ing-ADVANTAGEOUS, you(sg)-are-being-BE-ed-ADVANTAGEOUS (classical)
ἕνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ε[ι]ν·α
mas acc sg
one
one (acc)
ἄνθρωπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ον
(mas) acc sg
man
man (acc)
{ ἀπολέσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·όλλυμι (ath. απ+ολλυ-, απ+ολ(ε)·[σ]-/απ+ολε·σ-, απ+ολε·σ- or 2nd απ+ολ-, απ+ολωλ·[κ]-, -, -)
απ·ολ·εσθαι
2aor mp inf
to-be-DESTROY-ed
Lit:"destroy-from", hence fully/utterly-destroy/ruin/annihilate (active), perish, be lost (middle/passive).
to-be-DESTROY-ed
ἀποθανεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·θνῄσκω (απο+θνῃσκ-, απο+θαν(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd απο+θαν-, -, -, -)
απο·θαν(ε)·[σ]ειν, απο·θαν·ειν
fut act inf, 2aor act inf
to-will-DIE, to-DIE
to-will-DIE, to-DIE
} ὑπὲρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπέρ
υπερ
indecl
above (+acc), on behalf of (+gen)
above (+acc), on behalf of (+gen)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
λαοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λαός, -οῦ, ὁ
λα·ου
(mas) gen sg
people
people (gen)
.
———
RP: ἀπολέσθαι ◆ NA/UBS: ἀποθανεῖν
Jn 18:14
Now it was Caiaphas who advised the Jews that it was expedient that one man should perish for the people.
15Ἠκολούθει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀκολουθέω (ακολουθ(ε)-, ακολουθη·σ-, ακολουθη·σ-, ηκολουθη·κ-, -, -)
ε·ακολουθ(ε)·ε
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-FOLLOW-ing
he/she/it-was-FOLLOW-ing
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
the (dat)
Ἰησοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
irreg. ιησου (instead of ιησ(ο)·ῳ > ιησῳ), ιησ(ο)·ε, ιησ(ο)·ου, ιησου
(mas) dat sg, (mas) voc sg, (mas) gen sg, (mas) indecl
Jesus, Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
Jesus (dat, gen, voc), Jesus (indecl)
Σίμων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

Σίμων, -ωνος, ὁ, voc. sg. Σίμων
σιμων
(mas) nom|voc sg
Simon
Simon (nom|voc)
Πέτρος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Πέτρος, -ου, ὁ
πετρ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Peter
Peter (nom)
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
{ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
ἄλλος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Indefinite)

ἄλλος -η -ο (cf. ἕτερος)
αλλ·ος
mas nom sg
other(of similar kind)
, as distinguished from "ἕτερος" "other" (of a different/distinct kind)
other(of similar kind) (nom)
ἄλλος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Indefinite)

ἄλλος -η -ο (cf. ἕτερος)
αλλ·ος
mas nom sg
other(of similar kind)
, as distinguished from "ἕτερος" "other" (of a different/distinct kind)
other(of similar kind) (nom)
} μαθητής [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

μαθητής, -οῦ, ὁ
μαθητ·ης
(mas) nom sg
disciple
disciple (nom)
. [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
μαθητὴς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

μαθητής, -οῦ, ὁ
μαθητ·ης
(mas) nom sg
disciple
disciple (nom)
ἐκεῖνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

ἐκεῖνος -η -ο
εκειν·ος
mas nom sg
that
that (nom)
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
he/she/it-was
γνωστὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

γνωστός -ή -όν
γνωστ·ος
mas nom sg
known
known (nom)
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
the (dat)
ἀρχιερεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀρχ·ιερεύς, -έως, ὁ
αρχιερ(ευ)·ι
(mas) dat sg
archpriest
The High Priest or Chief Priest; often plural in NT due to previous High Priest continuing to share (political) power with the current one, or with "members of High Priestly families" in mind.
archpriest (dat)
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
συνεισῆλθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συν·εισ·έρχομαι (συνεισ+ερχ-, συνεισ+ελευ·σ-, 2nd συνεισ+ελθ-, -, -, -)
συνεισ·ε·ελθ·ε(ν)
2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-ENTER-ed
enter together with, embark with
he/she/it-ENTER-ed
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
the (dat)
Ἰησοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
irreg. ιησου (instead of ιησ(ο)·ῳ > ιησῳ), ιησ(ο)·ε, ιησ(ο)·ου, ιησου
(mas) dat sg, (mas) voc sg, (mas) gen sg, (mas) indecl
Jesus, Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
Jesus (dat, gen, voc), Jesus (indecl)
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
into (+acc)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
the (acc)
αὐλὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

αὐλή, -ῆς, ἡ
αυλ·ην
(fem) acc sg
courtyard
[sheep-fold, palace, house]
courtyard (acc)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
ἀρχιερέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀρχ·ιερεύς, -έως, ὁ
αρχιερ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
archpriest
The High Priest or Chief Priest; often plural in NT due to previous High Priest continuing to share (political) power with the current one, or with "members of High Priestly families" in mind.
archpriest (gen)
·
———
RP: ὁ ἄλλος ◆ NA/UBS: ἄλλος
Jn 18:15
Simon Peter followed Jesus, as did another disciple. Now that disciple was known to the high priest, and entered in with Jesus into the court of the high priest;
16 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
Πέτρος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Πέτρος, -ου, ὁ
πετρ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Peter
Peter (nom)
εἱστήκει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἵστημι (ath. ιστ(α)-/ath. ιστ(η)-, στη·σ-, στη·σ- or 2nd ath. στ(η)-/ath. στ(α)-, εστη·κ-/εστα·κ-/εστ(α)·[κ]-, εστη-/εστα-, στα·θ-)
ε·εστη·κει
plup act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-had-STAND-ed
/cause-to-stand
he/she/it-had-STAND-ed
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
the (dat)
θύρᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

θύρα, -ας, ἡ
θυρ·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
door
gate
door (dat)
ἔξω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Verb; Verb

ἔξω; ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-); ἔξ·εστιν a.k.a. ἔξ·ειμι[2] fr. εἰμί[1] (ath. εξ+(εσ)-/εξ+(εσ)-, -, -, -, -, -)
εξω; εχ·σω; εξ·(εσ)·ω
indecl; fut act ind 1st sg; pres act sub 1st sg
outside; I-will-HAVE; I-should-be-BE-ing-PERMITTED
; /hold.;
outside; I-will-HAVE; I-should-be-BE-ing-PERMITTED
. Ἐξῆλθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·έρχομαι (εξ+ερχ-, εξ+ελευ·σ-, εξ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd εξ+ελθ-, εξ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εξ·ε·ελθ·[σ]ε(ν), εξ·ε·ελθ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-COME-ed-OUT
[exit]
he/she/it-COME-ed-OUT
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
μαθητὴς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

μαθητής, -οῦ, ὁ
μαθητ·ης
(mas) nom sg
disciple
disciple (nom)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
ἄλλος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Indefinite)

ἄλλος -η -ο (cf. ἕτερος)
αλλ·ος
mas nom sg
other(of similar kind)
, as distinguished from "ἕτερος" "other" (of a different/distinct kind)
other(of similar kind) (nom)
{ ὃς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ος
mas nom sg
who/whom/which
who/whom/which (nom)
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
he/she/it-was
γνωστὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

γνωστός -ή -όν
γνωστ·ος
mas nom sg
known
known (nom)
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
the (dat)
ἀρχιερεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀρχ·ιερεύς, -έως, ὁ
αρχιερ(ευ)·ι
(mas) dat sg
archpriest
The High Priest or Chief Priest; often plural in NT due to previous High Priest continuing to share (political) power with the current one, or with "members of High Priestly families" in mind.
archpriest (dat)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
γνωστὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

γνωστός -ή -όν
γνωστ·ος
mas nom sg
known
known (nom)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
ἀρχιερέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀρχ·ιερεύς, -έως, ὁ
αρχιερ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
archpriest
The High Priest or Chief Priest; often plural in NT due to previous High Priest continuing to share (political) power with the current one, or with "members of High Priestly families" in mind.
archpriest (gen)
} , καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY-ed
speak, tell
he/she/it-SAY-ed
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
the (dat)
θυρωρῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θυρωρός, -οῦ, ὁ
θυρωρ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
doorkeeper
doorman, porter, concierge
doorkeeper (dat)
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
εἰσήγαγεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰσ·άγω (εισ+αγ-, εισ+αξ-, 2nd εισ+αγαγ-, εισ+αγειοχ·[κ]-, -, εισ+αχ·θ-)
εισ·ε·αγαγ·ε(ν)
2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-LEAD-ed-INTO
he/she/it-LEAD-ed-INTO
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
Πέτρον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Πέτρος, -ου, ὁ
πετρ·ον
(mas) acc sg
Peter
Peter (acc)
.
———
RP: ὃς ἦν γνωστὸς τῷ ἀρχιερεῖ ◆ NA/UBS: ὁ γνωστὸς τοῦ ἀρχιερέως
Jn 18:16
but Peter was standing at the door outside. So the other disciple, who was known to the high priest, went out and spoke to her who kept the door, and brought in Peter.
17Λέγει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-SAY-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SAY-ed
speak, tell
he/she/it-is-SAY-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SAY-ed (classical)
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
{ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
the (nom)
παιδίσκη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

παιδίσκη, -ης, ἡ (cf. δούλη)
παιδισκ·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
slave girl
slave girl (nom|voc)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
the (nom)
θυρωρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θυρωρός, -οῦ, ὁ
θυρωρ·ος
(mas) nom sg
doorkeeper
doorman, porter, concierge
doorkeeper (nom)
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
the (dat)
Πέτρῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Πέτρος, -ου, ὁ
πετρ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
Peter
Peter (dat)
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
the (dat)
Πέτρῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Πέτρος, -ου, ὁ
πετρ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
Peter
Peter (dat)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
the (nom)
παιδίσκη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

παιδίσκη, -ης, ἡ (cf. δούλη)
παιδισκ·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
slave girl
slave girl (nom|voc)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
the (nom)
θυρωρός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θυρωρός, -οῦ, ὁ
θυρωρ·ος
(mas) nom sg
doorkeeper
doorman, porter, concierge
doorkeeper (nom)
} , Μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
not
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
σὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
συ
nom sg
you(sg)
you(sg) (nom)
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
out of (+gen)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
μαθητῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

μαθητής, -οῦ, ὁ
μαθητ·ων
(mas) gen pl
disciples
disciples (gen)
εἶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^ (instead of ι·^ς > εις); (εσ)·^ς
pres act ind 2nd sg; pres act ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-are-BE-ing; you(sg)-are
;
you(sg)-are-BE-ing; you(sg)-are
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
ἀνθρώπου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ου
(mas) gen sg
man
man (gen)
τούτου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
this (gen)
; Λέγει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-SAY-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SAY-ed
speak, tell
he/she/it-is-SAY-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SAY-ed (classical)
ἐκεῖνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

ἐκεῖνος -η -ο
εκειν·ος
mas nom sg
that
that (nom)
, Οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
not
εἰμί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^μι; (εσ)·^μι
pres act ind 1st sg; pres act ind 1st sg
I-am-BE-ing; I-am
;
I-am-BE-ing; I-am
.
———
RP: ἡ παιδίσκη ἡ θυρωρὸς τῷ Πέτρῳ ◆ NA/UBS: τῷ Πέτρῳ ἡ παιδίσκη ἡ θυρωρός
Jn 18:17
Then the maid who kept the door said to Peter, “Are you also one of this man’s disciples?”
¶He said, “I am not.”
18Εἱστήκεισαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἵστημι (ath. ιστ(α)-/ath. ιστ(η)-, στη·σ-, στη·σ- or 2nd ath. στ(η)-/ath. στ(α)-, εστη·κ-/εστα·κ-/εστ(α)·[κ]-, εστη-/εστα-, στα·θ-)
ε·εστη·κεισαν
plup act ind 3rd pl
they-had-STAND-ed
/cause-to-stand
they-had-STAND-ed
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
the (nom)
δοῦλοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

δοῦλος[2], -ου, ὁ; δοῦλος[1] -η -ον; δουλόω (δουλ(ο)-, δουλω·σ-, δουλω·σ-, -, δεδουλω-, δουλω·θ-)
δουλ·οι; δουλ·οι; δουλ(ο)·ει, δουλ(ο)·ῃ, δουλ(ο)·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl; mas nom|voc pl; pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, pres mp ind 2nd sg or pres act sub 3rd sg or pres mp sub 2nd sg, pres act opt 3rd sg
slaves; servile; he/she/it-is-ENSLAVE-ing, you(sg)-are-being-ENSLAVE-ed, you(sg)-are-being-ENSLAVE-ed, he/she/it-should-be-ENSLAVE-ing, you(sg)-should-be-being-ENSLAVE-ed, he/she/it-happens-to-be-ENSLAVE-ing
; ;
slaves (nom|voc); servile (nom|voc); he/she/it-is-ENSLAVE-ing, you(sg)-are-being-ENSLAVE-ed, you(sg)-are-being-ENSLAVE-ed (classical), he/she/it-should-be-ENSLAVE-ing, you(sg)-should-be-being-ENSLAVE-ed, he/she/it-happens-to-be-ENSLAVE-ing (opt)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
the (nom)
ὑπηρέται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

ὑπ·ηρέτης, -ου, ὁ
υπηρετ·αι
(mas) nom|voc pl
subordinates
[servant; petty position]
subordinates (nom|voc)
ἀνθρακιὰν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀνθρακιά, -ᾶς, ἡ
ανθρακι·αν
(fem) acc sg
charcoal fire
charcoal fire (acc)
πεποιηκότες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
πεποιη·κοτ·ες
perf act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
having DO/MAKE-ed
having DO/MAKE-ed (nom|voc)
, ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
because/that
ψύχος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ψῦχο·ς, -ους, τό
ψυχ(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
cold weather
cold weather (nom|acc|voc)
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
he/she/it-was
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἐθερμαίνοντο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θερμαίνω (θερμαιν-, -, θερμαν·[σ]-, -, -, θερμαν·θ-)
ε·θερμαιν·οντο
impf mp ind 3rd pl
they-were-being-WARM-ed
they-were-being-WARM-ed
· ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
he/she/it-was
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
{ μετ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετ’
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
them/same (gen)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
Πέτρος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Πέτρος, -ου, ὁ
πετρ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Peter
Peter (nom)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
Πέτρος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Πέτρος, -ου, ὁ
πετρ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Peter
Peter (nom)
μετ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετ’
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
them/same (gen)
} ἑστὼς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἵστημι (ath. ιστ(α)-/ath. ιστ(η)-, στη·σ-, στη·σ- or 2nd ath. στ(η)-/ath. στ(α)-, εστη·κ-/εστα·κ-/εστ(α)·[κ]-, εστη-/εστα-, στα·θ-)
εστ(α)·[κ]ο[τ]·^ς
perf act ptcp mas nom sg
having STAND-ed
/cause-to-stand
having STAND-ed (nom)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
θερμαινόμενος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θερμαίνω (θερμαιν-, -, θερμαν·[σ]-, -, -, θερμαν·θ-)
θερμαιν·ομεν·ος
pres mp ptcp mas nom sg
while being-WARM-ed
while being-WARM-ed (nom)
.
———
RP: μετ’ αὐτῶν ὁ Πέτρος ◆ NA/UBS: καὶ ὁ Πέτρος μετ’ αὐτῶν
Jn 18:18
¶Now the servants and the officers were standing there, having made a fire of coals, for it was cold. They were warming themselves. Peter was with them, standing and warming himself.
19 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
ἀρχιερεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀρχ·ιερεύς, -έως, ὁ
αρχιερ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
archpriest
The High Priest or Chief Priest; often plural in NT due to previous High Priest continuing to share (political) power with the current one, or with "members of High Priestly families" in mind.
archpriest (nom)
ἠρώτησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐρωτάω (ερωτ(α)-, ερωτη·σ-, ερωτη·σ-, -, ηρωτη-, ερωτη·θ-)
ε·ερωτη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-ASK-ed
interrogate, question inquire,query, quest
he/she/it-ASK-ed
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
Ἰησοῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ον
(mas) acc sg
Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
Jesus (acc)
περὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

περί
περι
indecl
about (+acc,+gen)
Lit:"around" (as in perimeter "around-measure"). Fig:about/regarding/concerning
about (+acc,+gen)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
μαθητῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

μαθητής, -οῦ, ὁ
μαθητ·ων
(mas) gen pl
disciples
disciples (gen)
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
him/it/same (gen)
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
περὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

περί
περι
indecl
about (+acc,+gen)
Lit:"around" (as in perimeter "around-measure"). Fig:about/regarding/concerning
about (+acc,+gen)
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
the (gen)
διδαχῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

διδαχή, -ῆς, ἡ
διδαχ·ης
(fem) gen sg
teaching
teaching (gen)
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
him/it/same (gen)
.
Jn 18:19
The high priest therefore asked Jesus about his disciples, and about his teaching.
20Ἀπεκρίθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κρίνομαι (απο+κριν-, -, απο+κριν·[σ]-, -, απο+κεκρι-, απο+κρι·θ-)
απο·ε·κρι·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-ANSWER-ed
Lit:"judge/decide-from", hence involves a response that requires some thinking/consideration/decision. Usually rendered "answer" (in response to a question/inquiry)
he/she/it-was-ANSWER-ed
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (dat)
{ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
◆ - } Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
Jesus (nom)
, Ἐγὼ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
εγω
nom sg
I
I (nom)
παρρησίᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

παρρησία, -ας, ἡ
παρρησι·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
boldness
openness, presumptuousness, temerity, chutzpah
boldness (dat)
{ ἐλάλησα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαλέω (λαλ(ε)-, λαλη·σ-, λαλη·σ-, λελαλη·κ-, λελαλη-, λαλη·θ-)
ε·λαλη·σα
1aor act ind 1st sg
I-SPEAK-ed
I-SPEAK-ed
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
the (dat)
λελάληκα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαλέω (λαλ(ε)-, λαλη·σ-, λαλη·σ-, λελαλη·κ-, λελαλη-, λαλη·θ-)
λελαλη·κα
perf act ind 1st sg
I-have-SPEAK-ed
I-have-SPEAK-ed
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
the (dat)
} κόσμῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

κόσμος, -ου, ὁ
κοσμ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
world
[present order; material realm; decoration/adornment]
world (dat)
· ἐγὼ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
εγω
nom sg
I
I (nom)
πάντοτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πάν·τοτε
παντοτε
indecl
always
always
ἐδίδαξα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

διδάσκω (διδασκ-, διδαξ-, διδαξ-, δεδιδαχ·[κ]-, δεδιδακ-, διδαχ·θ-)
ε·διδακ·σα
1aor act ind 1st sg
I-TEACH-ed
teach, instruct, explain, prove
I-TEACH-ed
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
συναγωγῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

συν·αγωγή, -ῆς, ἡ
συναγωγ·ῃ
(fem) dat sg
gathering
gathering (dat)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
the (dat)
ἱερῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

ἱερόν, -οῦ, τό (cf. ναός); ἱερός -ά -όν (cf. ἅγιος and ὅσιος)
ιερ·ῳ; ιερ·ῳ
(neu) dat sg; neu dat sg or mas dat sg
outer temple; sacred
not ναος which is the dwelling place according to salomon, jospehus and philo. Jesus preached here. it is from here the money changers were cast, whereas ναος was where Zecharias was visited by the angel in Luke 1:9; Divine, holy, consecrated. Thus, can refer to a temple or offerings.
outer temple (dat); sacred (dat)
, ὅπου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὅπου
οπου
indecl
where
where
{ πάντοτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πάν·τοτε
παντοτε
indecl
always
always
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
the (nom)
πάντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ες
mas nom|voc pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
all (nom|voc)
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
the (nom)
} Ἰουδαῖοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·οι
mas nom|voc pl
Jewish
Jewish (nom|voc)
συνέρχονται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συν·έρχομαι (συν+ερχ-, συν+ελευ·σ-, συν+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd συν+ελθ-, συν+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
συν·ερχ·ονται
pres mp ind 3rd pl
they-are-being-COME-ed-TOGETHER
stick together, congregated, convene, meet, come to recuperate
they-are-being-COME-ed-TOGETHER
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
κρυπτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

κρυπτός -ή -όν
κρυπτ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
secret
secret (dat)
ἐλάλησα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαλέω (λαλ(ε)-, λαλη·σ-, λαλη·σ-, λελαλη·κ-, λελαλη-, λαλη·θ-)
ε·λαλη·σα
1aor act ind 1st sg
I-SPEAK-ed
I-SPEAK-ed
οὐδέν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

οὐδ·είς οὐδε·μία οὐδ·έν and οὐθ·είς (οὐθε·μία) οὐθ·έν
ουδε[ι]ν
neu nom|acc sg
none
[not one, no one]
none (nom|acc)
.
———
RP: ὁ ◆ NA/UBS: —
RP: ἐλάλησα τῷ ◆ NA/UBS: λελάληκα τῷ
RP: πάντοτε οἱ ◆ NA/UBS: πάντες οἱ
Jn 18:20
Jesus answered him, “I spoke openly to the world. I always taught in synagogues, and in the temple, where the Jews always meet. I said nothing in secret.
21Τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
who (nom|acc)
με [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
με
acc sg
me
me (acc)
{ ἐπερωτᾷς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπ·ερωτάω (επ+ερωτ(α)-, επ+ερωτη·σ-, επ+ερωτη·σ-, -, -, επ+ερωτη·θ-)
επ·ερωτ(α)·εις, επ·ερωτ(α)·ῃς
pres act ind 2nd sg, pres act sub 2nd sg
you(sg)-are-QUESTION-ing, you(sg)-should-be-QUESTION-ing
[consult, enquire]
you(sg)-are-QUESTION-ing, you(sg)-should-be-QUESTION-ing
; Ἐπερώτησον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπ·ερωτάω (επ+ερωτ(α)-, επ+ερωτη·σ-, επ+ερωτη·σ-, -, -, επ+ερωτη·θ-)
επ·ερωτη·σον, επ·ερωτη·σο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, fut act ptcp mas voc sg or fut act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
do-QUESTION-you(sg)!, going-to-QUESTION
[consult, enquire]
do-QUESTION-you(sg)!, going-to-QUESTION (fut ptcp) (nom|acc|voc, voc)
ἐρωτᾷς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐρωτάω (ερωτ(α)-, ερωτη·σ-, ερωτη·σ-, -, ηρωτη-, ερωτη·θ-)
ερωτ(α)·εις, ερωτ(α)·ῃς
pres act ind 2nd sg, pres act sub 2nd sg
you(sg)-are-ASK-ing, you(sg)-should-be-ASK-ing
interrogate, question inquire,query, quest
you(sg)-are-ASK-ing, you(sg)-should-be-ASK-ing
Ἐρώτησον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐρωτάω (ερωτ(α)-, ερωτη·σ-, ερωτη·σ-, -, ηρωτη-, ερωτη·θ-)
ερωτη·σον, ερωτη·σο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, fut act ptcp mas voc sg or fut act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
do-ASK-you(sg)!, going-to-ASK
interrogate, question inquire,query, quest
do-ASK-you(sg)!, going-to-ASK (fut ptcp) (nom|acc|voc, voc)
} τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
the (acc)
ἀκηκοότας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀκούω (ακου-, ακου·σ-, ακου·σ-, ακηκο·[κ]-, ηκουσ-, ακουσ·θ-)
ακηκο·[κ]οτ·ας
perf act ptcp mas acc pl
having HEAR-ed
to hear; to listen (pay attention) to; or to understand what is heard
having HEAR-ed (acc)
, τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
who (nom|acc)
ἐλάλησα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαλέω (λαλ(ε)-, λαλη·σ-, λαλη·σ-, λελαλη·κ-, λελαλη-, λαλη·θ-)
ε·λαλη·σα
1aor act ind 1st sg
I-SPEAK-ed
I-SPEAK-ed
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
them/same (dat)
· ἴδε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ε
2aor act imp 2nd sg
do-SEE/BEHOLD-you(sg)!
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
do-SEE/BEHOLD-you(sg)!
, οὗτοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
[τ]ουτ·οι
mas nom pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
these (nom)
οἴδασιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

οἶδα (ath. ιδ-/ath. ειδ(ε)-/ath. ειδ-, ειδη·σ-/ει[δ]·σ-, ειδη·σ-, οιδ·[κ]-/ειδ·[κ]-, -, -)
οιδ·[κ]ασι(ν)
perf act ind 3rd pl
they-have-KNOWING-ed
/perceive/be-aware-of/be-acquainted-with/notice. Often rendered "know" (by seeing/observing), in contrast to "γινώσκω" (know by thinking/reasoning/experiencing).
they-have-KNOWING-ed
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
α
neu nom|acc pl
who/whom/which
who/whom/which (nom|acc)
εἶπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειπ·[σ]ον, ε·ειπ·ον, ειπ·ο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, 2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl, 2aor act ptcp mas voc sg or 2aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
do-SAY-you(sg)!, I-SAY-ed, they-SAY-ed, upon SAY-ing
speak, tell
do-SAY-you(sg)!, I-SAY-ed, they-SAY-ed, upon SAY-ing (nom|acc|voc, voc)
ἐγώ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
εγω
nom sg
I
I (nom)
.
———
RP: ἐπερωτᾷς; Ἐπερώτησον ◆ NA/UBS: ἐρωτᾷς Ἐρώτησον
Jn 18:21
Why do you ask me? Ask those who have heard me what I said to them. Behold, these know the things which I said.”
22Ταῦτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·α
neu nom|acc pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
these (nom|acc)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
him/it/same (gen)
εἰπόντος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειπ·ο[υ]ντ·ος
2aor act ptcp mas gen sg or 2aor act ptcp neu gen sg
upon SAY-ing
speak, tell
upon SAY-ing (gen)
, εἷς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ει[ν]·ς
mas nom sg
one
one (nom)
{ τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
ὑπηρετῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.); Verb

ὑπ·ηρέτης, -ου, ὁ; ὑπ·ηρετέω (υπ+ηρετ(ε)-, υπ+ηρετη·σ-, υπ+ηρετη·σ-, -, -, -)
υπηρετ·ων; υπ·ηρετ(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(mas) gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
subordinates; while SERVE-ing
[servant; petty position]; minister, render service
subordinates (gen); while SERVE-ing (nom)
παρεστηκὼς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρ·ίστημι (ath. παρ+ιστ(α)-/ath. παρ+ιστ(η)-, παρα+στη·σ-, παρα+στη·σ- or 2nd ath. παρα+στ(η)-/ath. παρα+στ(α)-, παρ+εστη·κ-/παρ+εστ(α)·[κ]-, -, -)
παρ·εστη·κο[τ]·^ς
perf act ptcp mas nom sg
having STAND-WITH/BESIDE-ed
Lit: "stand-close-beside", hence cause-to-stand/place-beside, present, be-beside-oneself, lose one's wits, dispose, induce, arouse, inspire, arouse, inspire, furnish, supply, deliver, prove, show.
having STAND-WITH/BESIDE-ed (nom)
παρεστηκὼς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρ·ίστημι (ath. παρ+ιστ(α)-/ath. παρ+ιστ(η)-, παρα+στη·σ-, παρα+στη·σ- or 2nd ath. παρα+στ(η)-/ath. παρα+στ(α)-, παρ+εστη·κ-/παρ+εστ(α)·[κ]-, -, -)
παρ·εστη·κο[τ]·^ς
perf act ptcp mas nom sg
having STAND-WITH/BESIDE-ed
Lit: "stand-close-beside", hence cause-to-stand/place-beside, present, be-beside-oneself, lose one's wits, dispose, induce, arouse, inspire, arouse, inspire, furnish, supply, deliver, prove, show.
having STAND-WITH/BESIDE-ed (nom)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
ὑπηρετῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.); Verb

ὑπ·ηρέτης, -ου, ὁ; ὑπ·ηρετέω (υπ+ηρετ(ε)-, υπ+ηρετη·σ-, υπ+ηρετη·σ-, -, -, -)
υπηρετ·ων; υπ·ηρετ(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(mas) gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
subordinates; while SERVE-ing
[servant; petty position]; minister, render service
subordinates (gen); while SERVE-ing (nom)
} ἔδωκεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
ε·δω·κε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-GIVE-ed
/offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
he/she/it-GIVE-ed
ῥάπισμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ῥάπισμα[τ], -ατος, τό
ραπισμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
blow
blow (nom|acc|voc)
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
the (dat)
Ἰησοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
irreg. ιησου (instead of ιησ(ο)·ῳ > ιησῳ), ιησ(ο)·ε, ιησ(ο)·ου, ιησου
(mas) dat sg, (mas) voc sg, (mas) gen sg, (mas) indecl
Jesus, Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
Jesus (dat, gen, voc), Jesus (indecl)
, εἰπών [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειπ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
upon SAY-ing
speak, tell
upon SAY-ing (nom)
, Οὕτως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὕτως/οὕτω
ουτως
indecl
thus
[Lit:"like-this": in-this-manner (οὕτως before vowels and consonants; οὕτω before consonants only]
thus
ἀποκρίνῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κρίνομαι (απο+κριν-, -, απο+κριν·[σ]-, -, απο+κεκρι-, απο+κρι·θ-)
απο·κριν·ῃ, απο·κριν·[σ]ῃ
pres mp ind 2nd sg or pres mp sub 2nd sg, 1aor act sub 3rd sg or 1aor mp sub 2nd sg
you(sg)-are-being-ANSWER-ed, you(sg)-should-be-being-ANSWER-ed, he/she/it-should-ANSWER, you(sg)-should-be-ANSWER-ed
Lit:"judge/decide-from", hence involves a response that requires some thinking/consideration/decision. Usually rendered "answer" (in response to a question/inquiry)
you(sg)-are-being-ANSWER-ed, you(sg)-should-be-being-ANSWER-ed, he/she/it-should-ANSWER, you(sg)-should-be-ANSWER-ed
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
the (dat)
ἀρχιερεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀρχ·ιερεύς, -έως, ὁ
αρχιερ(ευ)·ι
(mas) dat sg
archpriest
The High Priest or Chief Priest; often plural in NT due to previous High Priest continuing to share (political) power with the current one, or with "members of High Priestly families" in mind.
archpriest (dat)
;
———
RP: τῶν ὑπηρετῶν παρεστηκὼς ◆ NA/UBS: παρεστηκὼς τῶν ὑπηρετῶν
Jn 18:22
¶When he had said this, one of the officers standing by slapped Jesus with his hand, saying, “Do you answer the high priest like that?”
23Ἀπεκρίθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κρίνομαι (απο+κριν-, -, απο+κριν·[σ]-, -, απο+κεκρι-, απο+κρι·θ-)
απο·ε·κρι·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-ANSWER-ed
Lit:"judge/decide-from", hence involves a response that requires some thinking/consideration/decision. Usually rendered "answer" (in response to a question/inquiry)
he/she/it-was-ANSWER-ed
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (dat)
{ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
◆ - } Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
Jesus (nom)
, Εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
if
κακῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

κακῶς
κακως
indecl
wrongly
wrongly
ἐλάλησα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαλέω (λαλ(ε)-, λαλη·σ-, λαλη·σ-, λελαλη·κ-, λελαλη-, λαλη·θ-)
ε·λαλη·σα
1aor act ind 1st sg
I-SPEAK-ed
I-SPEAK-ed
, μαρτύρησον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μαρτυρέω (μαρτυρ(ε)-, μαρτυρη·σ-, μαρτυρη·σ-, μεμαρτυρη·κ-, μεμαρτυρη-, μαρτυρη·θ-)
μαρτυρη·σον, μαρτυρη·σο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, fut act ptcp mas voc sg or fut act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
do-BEAR-you(sg)-WITNESS!, going-to-BEAR
[testify, report, attest]
do-BEAR-you(sg)-WITNESS!, going-to-BEAR (fut ptcp) (nom|acc|voc, voc)
περὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

περί
περι
indecl
about (+acc,+gen)
Lit:"around" (as in perimeter "around-measure"). Fig:about/regarding/concerning
about (+acc,+gen)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
κακοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

κακός -ή -όν (cf. φαῦλος); κακόω (κακ(ο)-, κακω·σ-, κακω·σ-, κεκακω·κ-, κεκακω-, κακω·θ-)
κακ·ου; κακ(ο)·ε, κακ(ο)·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg; pres act imp 2nd sg, pres mp imp 2nd sg
wicked; be-you(sg)-BADLY-AFFECT-ing!, be-you(sg)-being-BADLY-AFFECT-ed!
/evil; Lit:"badly-affect", hence mistreat/oppress/harm/afflict/trouble/hurt
wicked (gen); be-you(sg)-BADLY-AFFECT-ing!, be-you(sg)-being-BADLY-AFFECT-ed!
· εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
if
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
καλῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

καλῶς
καλως
indecl
ideally
well, rightly
ideally
, τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
who (nom|acc)
με [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
με
acc sg
me
me (acc)
δέρεις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δέρω (δερ-, -, δειρ·[σ]-, -, -, δαρ·[θ]-)
δερ·εις
pres act ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-are-BEAT-ing
you(sg)-are-BEAT-ing
;
———
RP: ὁ ◆ NA/UBS: —
Jn 18:23
¶Jesus answered him, “If I have spoken evil, testify of the evil; but if well, why do you beat me?”
24Ἀπέστειλεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·στέλλω (απο+στελλ-, απο+στελ(ε)·[σ]-, απο+στειλ·[σ]-, απ+εσταλ·κ-, απ+εσταλ-, απο+σταλ·[θ]-)
απο·ε·στειλ·[σ]ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SEND-FORTH-ed
Lit:"send/arrange-from/away". Often rendered "send-forth" (a message, messenger, action, etc), send
he/she/it-SEND-FORTH-ed
{ αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (acc)
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (acc)
} [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
{ Ἄννας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.); Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

Ἅννας v.l. Ἄ-, -α, ὁ; Ἅννα, -ας, ἡ
ανν·ας; ανν·ας
(mas) nom sg; (fem) gen sg
Hannas/Annas; Hannah/Anna
;
Hannas/Annas (nom); Hannah/Anna (gen)
Ἅννας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.); Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

Ἅννας v.l. Ἄ-, -α, ὁ; Ἅννα, -ας, ἡ
ανν·ας; ανν·ας
(mas) nom sg; (fem) gen sg
Hannas/Annas; Hannah/Anna
;
Hannas/Annas (nom); Hannah/Anna (gen)
} δεδεμένον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δέω (δε-/δ(ε)-, δη·σ-, δη·σ-, δεδε·κ-, δεδε-, δε·θ-)
δεδε·μεν·ον
perf mp ptcp mas acc sg or perf mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
having-been-BIND-ed
bind, enchain, tie
having-been-BIND-ed (acc, nom|acc|voc)
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Καϊάφαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

Καϊάφας, -ᾶ, ὁ
καιαφ·αν
(mas) acc sg
Caiaphas
Caiaphas (acc)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
ἀρχιερέα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀρχ·ιερεύς, -έως, ὁ
αρχιερ(ευ)·α
(mas) acc sg
archpriest
The High Priest or Chief Priest; often plural in NT due to previous High Priest continuing to share (political) power with the current one, or with "members of High Priestly families" in mind.
archpriest (acc)
.
———
RP: αὐτὸν ◆ NA/UBS: οὖν αὐτὸν
RP: Ἄννας ◆ NA/UBS: Ἅννας
Jn 18:24
¶Annas sentordered him forth bound to Caiaphas, the high priest.
25Ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
he/she/it-was
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
Σίμων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

Σίμων, -ωνος, ὁ, voc. sg. Σίμων
σιμων
(mas) nom|voc sg
Simon
Simon (nom|voc)
Πέτρος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Πέτρος, -ου, ὁ
πετρ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Peter
Peter (nom)
ἑστὼς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἵστημι (ath. ιστ(α)-/ath. ιστ(η)-, στη·σ-, στη·σ- or 2nd ath. στ(η)-/ath. στ(α)-, εστη·κ-/εστα·κ-/εστ(α)·[κ]-, εστη-/εστα-, στα·θ-)
εστ(α)·[κ]ο[τ]·^ς
perf act ptcp mas nom sg
having STAND-ed
/cause-to-stand
having STAND-ed (nom)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
θερμαινόμενος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θερμαίνω (θερμαιν-, -, θερμαν·[σ]-, -, -, θερμαν·θ-)
θερμαιν·ομεν·ος
pres mp ptcp mas nom sg
while being-WARM-ed
while being-WARM-ed (nom)
· εἶπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειπ·[σ]ον, ε·ειπ·ον, ειπ·ο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, 2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl, 2aor act ptcp mas voc sg or 2aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
do-SAY-you(sg)!, I-SAY-ed, they-SAY-ed, upon SAY-ing
speak, tell
do-SAY-you(sg)!, I-SAY-ed, they-SAY-ed, upon SAY-ing (nom|acc|voc, voc)
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (dat)
, Μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
not
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
σὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
συ
nom sg
you(sg)
you(sg) (nom)
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
out of (+gen)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
μαθητῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

μαθητής, -οῦ, ὁ
μαθητ·ων
(mas) gen pl
disciples
disciples (gen)
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
him/it/same (gen)
εἶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^ (instead of ι·^ς > εις); (εσ)·^ς
pres act ind 2nd sg; pres act ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-are-BE-ing; you(sg)-are
;
you(sg)-are-BE-ing; you(sg)-are
; Ἠρνήσατο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀρνέομαι (αρν(ε)-, αρνη·σ-, αρνη·σ-, -, ηρνη-, -)
ε·αρνη·σατο
1aor mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-DENY/DISAVOW-ed
he/she/it-was-DENY/DISAVOW-ed
{ οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
ἐκεῖνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

ἐκεῖνος -η -ο
εκειν·ος
mas nom sg
that
that (nom)
ἐκεῖνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

ἐκεῖνος -η -ο
εκειν·ος
mas nom sg
that
that (nom)
} , καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY-ed
speak, tell
he/she/it-SAY-ed
, Οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
not
εἰμί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^μι; (εσ)·^μι
pres act ind 1st sg; pres act ind 1st sg
I-am-BE-ing; I-am
;
I-am-BE-ing; I-am
.
———
RP: οὖν ἐκεῖνος ◆ NA/UBS: ἐκεῖνος
Jn 18:25
Now Simon Peter was standing and warming himself. They said therefore to him, “You aren’t also one of his disciples, are you?”
¶He denied it, and said, “I am not.”
26Λέγει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-SAY-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SAY-ed
speak, tell
he/she/it-is-SAY-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SAY-ed (classical)
εἷς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ει[ν]·ς
mas nom sg
one
one (nom)
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
out of (+gen)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
δούλων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

δοῦλος[2], -ου, ὁ; δούλη, -ης, ἡ (cf. παιδίσκη); δοῦλος[1] -η -ον; δουλόω (δουλ(ο)-, δουλω·σ-, δουλω·σ-, -, δεδουλω-, δουλω·θ-)
δουλ·ων; δουλ·ων; δουλ·ων; δουλ(ο)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(mas) gen pl; (fem) gen pl; neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
slaves; slave girls; servile; while ENSLAVE-ing
; ; ;
slaves (gen); slave girls (gen); servile (gen); while ENSLAVE-ing (nom)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
ἀρχιερέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀρχ·ιερεύς, -έως, ὁ
αρχιερ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
archpriest
The High Priest or Chief Priest; often plural in NT due to previous High Priest continuing to share (political) power with the current one, or with "members of High Priestly families" in mind.
archpriest (gen)
, συγγενὴς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3)

συγ·γενής -ές, dat. pl. συγγενεῦσιν v.l. συγγενέσιν
συγγεν(ε)·^ς
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
relative
of the same family or kind; a blood relative
relative (nom)
ὢν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while being
while being (nom)
οὗ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle; Pronoun (Relative)

οὗ[1]; ὅς ἥ ὅ
ου; ου
indecl; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
where; who/whom/which
ἕως οὗ means "until where (in time)", that is, "until when", "until such time as", or "until the point that";
where; who/whom/which (gen)
ἀπέκοψεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κόπτω (-, απο+κοψ-, απο+κοψ-, -, απο+κεκοπτ-, απο+κοπ·[θ]-)
απο·ε·κοπτ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SEVER-ed
he/she/it-SEVER-ed
Πέτρος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Πέτρος, -ου, ὁ
πετρ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Peter
Peter (nom)
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
the (nom|acc)
ὠτίον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ὠτίον, -ου, τό (Dimin. of οὖς)
ωτι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
ear
ear (nom|acc|voc)
, Οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
not
ἐγώ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
εγω
nom sg
I
I (nom)
σε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σε; σ·ε
acc sg; mas voc sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
you(sg) (acc); your/yours(sg) (voc)
εἶδον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ε·ιδ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
I-SEE/BEHOLD-ed, they-SEE/BEHOLD-ed
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
I-SEE/BEHOLD-ed, they-SEE/BEHOLD-ed
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
the (dat)
κήπῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

κῆπος, -ου, ὁ
κηπ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
garden
garden (dat)
μετ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετ’
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
him/it/same (gen)
;
Jn 18:26
¶One of the servants of the high priest, being a relative of him whose ear Peter had cut off, said, “Didn’t I see you in the garden with him?”
27Πάλιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πάλιν
παλιν
indecl
again
afresh, again, anon, once more, back, backwards, restore
again
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
ἠρνήσατο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀρνέομαι (αρν(ε)-, αρνη·σ-, αρνη·σ-, -, ηρνη-, -)
ε·αρνη·σατο
1aor mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-DENY/DISAVOW-ed
he/she/it-was-DENY/DISAVOW-ed
{ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
◆ - } Πέτρος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Πέτρος, -ου, ὁ
πετρ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Peter
Peter (nom)
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
εὐθέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Adjective (3-1-3)

εὐ·θέως (cf. ἐξαυτῆς and παραχρῆμα); εὐ·θύς[1] -εῖα -ύ, gen. sg. -έος and -έως
ευθεως; ευθ(υ)·ος
indecl; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
at once; straight
;
at once; straight (gen)
ἀλέκτωρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀλέκτωρ, -ορος, ὁ
αλεκτορ·^
(mas) nom sg
rooster
rooster (nom)
ἐφώνησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φωνέω (φων(ε)-, φωνη·σ-, φωνη·σ-, -, -, φωνη·θ-)
ε·φωνη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SOUND-ed
he/she/it-SOUND-ed
.
———
RP: ὁ ◆ NA/UBS: —
Jn 18:27
¶Peter therefore denied it again, and immediately the rooster crowed.
28Ἄγουσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἄγω (αγ-, αξ-, 2nd αγαγ-, αγειοχ·[κ]-, ηγ-, αχ·θ-)
αγ·ουσι(ν), αγ·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
they-are-LEAD-ing, while LEAD-ing
they-are-LEAD-ing, while LEAD-ing (dat)
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
Ἰησοῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ον
(mas) acc sg
Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
Jesus (acc)
ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
from
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
Καϊάφα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

Καϊάφας, -ᾶ, ὁ
καιαφ·α
(mas) voc sg or (mas) gen sg
Caiaphas
Caiaphas (gen, voc)
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
into (+acc)
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
the (nom|acc)
πραιτώριον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

πραιτώριον, -ου, τό
πραιτωρι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
praetorium
praetorium (nom|acc|voc)
· ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
he/she/it-was
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
πρωΐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πρωΐ
πρωι
indecl
early/in the morning
early/in the morning
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
αὐτοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οι
mas nom pl
they/same
they/same (nom)
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
not
εἰσῆλθον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰσ·έρχομαι (εισ+ερχ-, εισ+ελευ·σ-, εισ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd εισ+ελθ-, εισ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εισ·ε·ελθ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
I-COME IN/ ENTER-ed, they-COME IN/ ENTER-ed
I-COME IN/ ENTER-ed, they-COME IN/ ENTER-ed
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
into (+acc)
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
the (nom|acc)
πραιτώριον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

πραιτώριον, -ου, τό
πραιτωρι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
praetorium
praetorium (nom|acc|voc)
, ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that
/so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
in-order-that
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
not
μιανθῶσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μιαίνω (μιαιν-, μιαν(ε)·[σ]-, μιαν·[σ]-, -, μεμιαν-, μιαν·θ-)
μιαν·θωσι(ν)
aor θη sub 3rd pl
they-should-be-POLLUTE-ed
they-should-be-POLLUTE-ed
, { ἀλλ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλ’
indecl
but-rather
emphatic/hard-adversative, "but-rather/instead", as distinct from the softer, more common, "δέ"
but-rather
ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that
/so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
in-order-that
ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but-rather
emphatic/hard-adversative, "but-rather/instead", as distinct from the softer, more common, "δέ"
but-rather
} φάγωσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐσθίω, ἔσθω (εσθι-/εσθ-, εδ·[σ]-/φαγ·[σ]-, φαγ·[σ]- or 2nd φαγ-, -, -, -)
φαγ·[σ]ωσι(ν), φαγ·ωσι(ν)
1aor act sub 3rd pl, 2aor act sub 3rd pl
they-should-EAT/DEVOUR
they-should-EAT/DEVOUR
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
the (nom|acc)
Πάσχα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. Indecl.)

πάσχα, τό
πασχα
(neu) indecl
passover
The Passover supper, or the lamb used in the supper, or the Feast of the Passover celebrated from the 14th to the 20th day of the month Nisan.
passover (indecl)
.
———
RP: ἀλλ’ ἵνα ◆ NA/UBS: ἀλλὰ
Jn 18:28
¶They led Jesus therefore from Caiaphas into the Praetorium. It was early, and they themselves didn’t enter into the Praetorium, that they might not be defiled befouled, but might eat the Passover.
29Ἐξῆλθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·έρχομαι (εξ+ερχ-, εξ+ελευ·σ-, εξ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd εξ+ελθ-, εξ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εξ·ε·ελθ·[σ]ε(ν), εξ·ε·ελθ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-COME-ed-OUT
[exit]
he/she/it-COME-ed-OUT
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
Πιλάτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Pilate
Pilate (nom)
{ πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἔξω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Verb; Verb

ἔξω; ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-); ἔξ·εστιν a.k.a. ἔξ·ειμι[2] fr. εἰμί[1] (ath. εξ+(εσ)-/εξ+(εσ)-, -, -, -, -, -)
εξω; εχ·σω; εξ·(εσ)·ω
indecl; fut act ind 1st sg; pres act sub 1st sg
outside; I-will-HAVE; I-should-be-BE-ing-PERMITTED
; /hold.;
outside; I-will-HAVE; I-should-be-BE-ing-PERMITTED
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
} αὐτούς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ους
mas acc pl
them/same
them/same (acc)
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
{ εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY-ed
speak, tell
he/she/it-SAY-ed
φησίν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φημί (ath. φ(α)-/ath. φ(η)-, -, φη·σ-, -, -, -)
φ(α)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is-SAY-ing
he/she/it-is-SAY-ing
} , Τίνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τιν·α
neu nom|acc pl or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
who, who
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
who (nom|acc), who (acc)
κατηγορίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

κατ·ηγορία, -ας, ἡ
κατηγορι·αν
(fem) acc sg
accusation
accusation (acc)
φέρετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φέρω (φερ-, οι·σ-, ενεγκ·[σ]- or 2nd ενεγκ-, ενηνοχ·[κ]-, -, ενεχ·θ-)
φερ·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-CARRY-ing, be-you(pl)-CARRY-ing!
, tote/bear/carry(a load), fetch, carry-off, offer, bring-forth, give-birth
you(pl)-are-CARRY-ing, be-you(pl)-CARRY-ing!
{ κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
◆ [ κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
] } τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
ἀνθρώπου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ου
(mas) gen sg
man
man (gen)
τούτου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
this (gen)
;
———
RP: πρὸς ◆ NA/UBS: ἔξω πρὸς
RP: εἶπεν ◆ NA/UBS: φησίν
RP: κατὰ ◆ NA/UBS: [κατὰ]
Jn 18:29
Pilate therefore went out to them, and said, “What accusation do you bring against this man?”
30Ἀπεκρίθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κρίνομαι (απο+κριν-, -, απο+κριν·[σ]-, -, απο+κεκρι-, απο+κρι·θ-)
απο·ε·κρι·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
they-were-ANSWER-ed
Lit:"judge/decide-from", hence involves a response that requires some thinking/consideration/decision. Usually rendered "answer" (in response to a question/inquiry)
they-were-ANSWER-ed
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
{ εἶπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειπ·[σ]ον, ε·ειπ·ον, ειπ·ο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, 2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl, 2aor act ptcp mas voc sg or 2aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
do-SAY-you(sg)!, I-SAY-ed, they-SAY-ed, upon SAY-ing
speak, tell
do-SAY-you(sg)!, I-SAY-ed, they-SAY-ed, upon SAY-ing (nom|acc|voc, voc)
εἶπαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]αν, ειπ·[σ]αν[τ]
1aor act ind 3rd pl, 1aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
they-SAY-ed, upon SAY-ing
speak, tell
they-SAY-ed, upon SAY-ing (nom|acc|voc)
} αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (dat)
, Εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
if
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
not
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
he/she/it-was
οὗτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
[τ]ουτ·ος
mas nom sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
this (nom)
{ κακοποιός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

κακο·ποιός -όν
κακοποι·ος
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
wrong-doing
wrong-doing (nom)
κακὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

κακός -ή -όν (cf. φαῦλος)
κακ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
wicked
/evil
wicked (acc, nom|acc|voc)
ποιῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative); Verb

ποῖος -α -ον; ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποι·ων; ποι(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
what-kind; while DO/MAKE-ing
;
what-kind (gen); while DO/MAKE-ing (nom)
} , οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
not
ἄν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἄν
αν
indecl
ever
(calls attention to optional actions) Precedes aorist and present-subjunctives; Follows future-indicatives.
ever
σοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive); Verb

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν; τρίβω [LXX] (τριβ-, ·σ-, τριψ-, -, τετριβ-, -)
σοι; σ·οι; ·σοι
dat sg; mas nom|voc pl; fut act opt 3rd sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg); (fut opt)
; ; worn, rub
you(sg) (dat); your/yours(sg) (nom|voc); (fut opt)
παρεδώκαμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·δίδωμι (ath. παρα+διδ(ο)-/ath. παρα+διδ(ω)-, παρα+δω·σ-, παρα+δω·κ- or 2nd ath. παρα+δ(ο)-/ath. παρα+δ(ω)-, παρα+δεδω·κ-, παρα+δεδο-, παρα+δο·θ-)
παρα·ε·δω·καμεν
1aor act ind 1st pl
we-DELIVER-OVER-ed
Lit:"give-close-beside", hence deliver/surrender/hand-over, betray, commit, give-in/over/up, turn-in, consign, grant, bestow, teach-doctrine
we-DELIVER-OVER-ed
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (acc)
.
———
RP: εἶπον ◆ NA/UBS: εἶπαν
RP: κακοποιός ◆ NA/UBS: κακὸν ποιῶν
Jn 18:30
¶They answered him, “If this man weren’t an evildoer, we wouldn’t have delivered him up to you.”
31Εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY-ed
speak, tell
he/she/it-SAY-ed
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
them/same (dat)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
Πιλάτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Pilate
Pilate (nom)
, Λάβετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαμβάνω (λαμβαν-, λημψ-/ληψ-, λαβ·[σ]- or 2nd λαβ-, ειληφ·[κ]-, ειληβ-, λημφ·θ-/ληφ·θ-)
λαβ·ετε
2aor act imp 2nd pl
do-TAKE/RECEIVE-you(pl)!
grasp, clutch, cling-to, seize, lay-hands-upon, take by violence, carry off, of a deity, seize, possess, catch, find out, detect, overtake, understand
do-TAKE/RECEIVE-you(pl)!
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (acc)
ὑμεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμεις
nom pl
you(pl)
you(pl) (nom)
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
νόμον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ον
(mas) acc sg
custom/law
ordinance custom practice
custom/law (acc)
ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you(pl)
you(pl) (gen)
κρίνατε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κρίνω (κριν-, κριν(ε)·[σ]-, κριν·[σ]-, κεκρι·κ-, κεκρι-, κρι·θ-)
κριν·[σ]ατε
1aor act imp 2nd pl
do-JUDGE-you(pl)!
/decide, assess/determine, discriminate/separate. Also LXX: contend, avenge/vindicate, decree.
do-JUDGE-you(pl)!
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (acc)
. Εἶπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειπ·[σ]ον, ε·ειπ·ον, ειπ·ο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, 2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl, 2aor act ptcp mas voc sg or 2aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
do-SAY-you(sg)!, I-SAY-ed, they-SAY-ed, upon SAY-ing
speak, tell
do-SAY-you(sg)!, I-SAY-ed, they-SAY-ed, upon SAY-ing (nom|acc|voc, voc)
{ οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (dat)
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (dat)
} οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
the (nom)
Ἰουδαῖοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·οι
mas nom|voc pl
Jewish
Jewish (nom|voc)
, Ἡμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημιν
dat pl
us
us (dat)
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
not
ἔξεστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔξ·εστιν a.k.a. ἔξ·ειμι[2] fr. εἰμί[1] (ath. εξ+(εσ)-/εξ+(εσ)-, -, -, -, -, -)
εξ·(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is-BE-ing-PERMITTED
he/she/it-is-BE-ing-PERMITTED
ἀποκτεῖναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κτείνω, απο·κτέννω/απο·κτένω (απο+κτειν-/απο+κτενν-/απο+κτεν-, απο+κτεν(ε)·[σ]-, απο+κτειν·[σ]-, απ+εκταγ·κ-/απ+εκτονη·κ-, απ+εκταν-/απ+εκτονη-, απο+κταν·θ-)
απο·κτειν·[σ]αι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-KILL, be-you(sg)-KILL-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-KILL
Lit:"kill-from", hence kill (and remove), put-to-death;
to-KILL, be-you(sg)-KILL-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-KILL (opt)
οὐδένα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

οὐδ·είς οὐδε·μία οὐδ·έν and οὐθ·είς (οὐθε·μία) οὐθ·έν
ουδε[ι]ν·α
mas acc sg
none
[not one, no one]
none (acc)
·
———
RP: οὖν αὐτῷ ◆ NA/UBS: αὐτῷ
Jn 18:31
¶Pilate therefore said to them, “Take him yourselves, and judge him according to your law.”
¶Therefore the Jews said to him, “It is not lawful for us to put anyone to death,”[a]
———
a Cf. Jn. 10:31: The Jews picked up stones again to stone him. 32 Jesus answered them, I have shown you many good works from the Father; for which of them are you going to stone me? 33 The Jews answered him, It is not for a good work that we are going to stone you but for blasphemy, because you, being a man, make yourself God (ESV).
32ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that
/so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
in-order-that
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
λόγος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λόγος, -ου, ὁ
λογ·ος
(mas) nom sg
word
word
word (nom)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
Ἰησοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
irreg. ιησου (instead of ιησ(ο)·ῳ > ιησῳ), ιησ(ο)·ε, ιησ(ο)·ου, ιησου
(mas) dat sg, (mas) voc sg, (mas) gen sg, (mas) indecl
Jesus, Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
Jesus (dat, gen, voc), Jesus (indecl)
πληρωθῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πληρόω (πληρ(ο)-, πληρω·σ-, πληρω·σ-, πεπληρω·κ-, πεπληρω-, πληρω·θ-)
πληρω·θῃ
aor θη sub 3rd sg
he/she/it-should-be-FILL-ed
fill, make full or complete (hence, "fulfill").
he/she/it-should-be-FILL-ed
, ὃν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative); Verb

ὅς ἥ ὅ; εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ον; (εσ)·ο[υ]ν[τ]
mas acc sg; pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
who/whom/which; while being
;
who/whom/which (acc); while being (nom|acc|voc, voc)
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY-ed
speak, tell
he/she/it-SAY-ed
, σημαίνων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σημαίνω (σημαιν-, σημαν(ε)·[σ]-, σημαν·[σ]-, -, σεσημαν-, σημαν·θ-)
σημαιν·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while INDICATE-ing
signify, indicate, declare
while INDICATE-ing (nom)
ποίῳ θανάτῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θάνατος, -ου, ὁ
θανατ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
death
death (dat)
ἤμελλεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μέλλω (μελλ-, μελλη·σ-, -, -, -, -)
ε·μελλ·ε(ν)
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-BE-ABOUT/CERTAIN-ing
intended/certain. Often used before an infinitive.
he/she/it-was-BE-ABOUT/CERTAIN-ing
ἀποθνῄσκειν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·θνῄσκω (απο+θνῃσκ-, απο+θαν(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd απο+θαν-, -, -, -)
απο·θνῃσκ·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-DIE-ing
to-be-DIE-ing
.
Jn 18:32
that the word of Jesus might be fulfilled, which he spoke, signifying indicating by what kind of death he should was going to die.
33Εἰσῆλθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰσ·έρχομαι (εισ+ερχ-, εισ+ελευ·σ-, εισ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd εισ+ελθ-, εισ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εισ·ε·ελθ·[σ]ε(ν), εισ·ε·ελθ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-COME IN/ ENTER-ed
he/she/it-COME IN/ ENTER-ed
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
{ εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
into (+acc)
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
the (nom|acc)
πραιτώριον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

πραιτώριον, -ου, τό
πραιτωρι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
praetorium
praetorium (nom|acc|voc)
πάλιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πάλιν
παλιν
indecl
again
afresh, again, anon, once more, back, backwards, restore
again
πάλιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πάλιν
παλιν
indecl
again
afresh, again, anon, once more, back, backwards, restore
again
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
into (+acc)
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
the (nom|acc)
πραιτώριον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

πραιτώριον, -ου, τό
πραιτωρι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
praetorium
praetorium (nom|acc|voc)
} [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
Πιλάτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Pilate
Pilate (nom)
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἐφώνησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φωνέω (φων(ε)-, φωνη·σ-, φωνη·σ-, -, -, φωνη·θ-)
ε·φωνη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SOUND-ed
he/she/it-SOUND-ed
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
Ἰησοῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ον
(mas) acc sg
Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
Jesus (acc)
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY-ed
speak, tell
he/she/it-SAY-ed
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (dat)
, Σὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
συ
nom sg
you(sg)
you(sg) (nom)
εἶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^ (instead of ι·^ς > εις); (εσ)·^ς
pres act ind 2nd sg; pres act ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-are-BE-ing; you(sg)-are
;
you(sg)-are-BE-ing; you(sg)-are
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
king (nom)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
Ἰουδαίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
Jewish
Jewish (gen)
;
———
RP: εἰς τὸ πραιτώριον πάλιν ◆ NA/UBS: πάλιν εἰς τὸ πραιτώριον
Jn 18:33
¶Pilate therefore entered again into the Praetorium, called Jesus, and said to him, “Are you the King of the Jews?”
34Ἀπεκρίθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κρίνομαι (απο+κριν-, -, απο+κριν·[σ]-, -, απο+κεκρι-, απο+κρι·θ-)
απο·ε·κρι·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-ANSWER-ed
Lit:"judge/decide-from", hence involves a response that requires some thinking/consideration/decision. Usually rendered "answer" (in response to a question/inquiry)
he/she/it-was-ANSWER-ed
{ αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (dat)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
◆ - } Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
Jesus (nom)
, { Ἀφ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
αφ’
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
from
ἑαυτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

ἑ·αυτοῦ/αὑτοῦ[2] -ῆς -οῦ
εαυτ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
self
him/her/it/our/your/them-selves
self (gen)
Ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
from
σεαυτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

σε·αυτοῦ/σ·αυτοῦ -ῆς -οῦ
σεαυτ·ου
mas gen sg
yourself
yourself (gen)
} σὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
συ
nom sg
you(sg)
you(sg) (nom)
τοῦτο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
this (nom|acc)
λέγεις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·εις
pres act ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-are-SAY-ing
speak, tell
you(sg)-are-SAY-ing
, [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἤ[1]
η
indecl
or/than
or/than
ἄλλοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Indefinite)

ἄλλος -η -ο (cf. ἕτερος)
αλλ·οι
mas nom pl
others
, as distinguished from "ἕτερος" "other" (of a different/distinct kind)
others (nom)
{ σοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive); Verb

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν; τρίβω [LXX] (τριβ-, ·σ-, τριψ-, -, τετριβ-, -)
σοι; σ·οι; ·σοι
dat sg; mas nom|voc pl; fut act opt 3rd sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg); (fut opt)
; ; worn, rub
you(sg) (dat); your/yours(sg) (nom|voc); (fut opt)
εἶπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειπ·[σ]ον, ε·ειπ·ον, ειπ·ο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, 2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl, 2aor act ptcp mas voc sg or 2aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
do-SAY-you(sg)!, I-SAY-ed, they-SAY-ed, upon SAY-ing
speak, tell
do-SAY-you(sg)!, I-SAY-ed, they-SAY-ed, upon SAY-ing (nom|acc|voc, voc)
εἶπόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειπ·[σ]ον, ε·ειπ·ον, ειπ·ο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, 2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl, 2aor act ptcp mas voc sg or 2aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
do-SAY-you(sg)!, I-SAY-ed, they-SAY-ed, upon SAY-ing
speak, tell
do-SAY-you(sg)!, I-SAY-ed, they-SAY-ed, upon SAY-ing (nom|acc|voc, voc)
σοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive); Verb

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν; τρίβω [LXX] (τριβ-, ·σ-, τριψ-, -, τετριβ-, -)
σοι; σ·οι; ·σοι
dat sg; mas nom|voc pl; fut act opt 3rd sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg); (fut opt)
; ; worn, rub
you(sg) (dat); your/yours(sg) (nom|voc); (fut opt)
} περὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

περί
περι
indecl
about (+acc,+gen)
Lit:"around" (as in perimeter "around-measure"). Fig:about/regarding/concerning
about (+acc,+gen)
ἐμοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person); Determiner (Possessive)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς; ἐμός -ή -όν
εμου; εμ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
me; my/mine
;
me (gen); my/mine (gen)
;
———
RP: αὐτῷ ὁ ◆ NA/UBS: —
RP: Ἀφ’ ἑαυτοῦ ◆ NA/UBS: Ἀπὸ σεαυτοῦ
RP: σοι εἶπον ◆ NA/UBS: εἶπόν σοι
Jn 18:34
¶Jesus answered him, “Do you say this by yourself, or did others tell you about me?”
35Ἀπεκρίθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κρίνομαι (απο+κριν-, -, απο+κριν·[σ]-, -, απο+κεκρι-, απο+κρι·θ-)
απο·ε·κρι·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-ANSWER-ed
Lit:"judge/decide-from", hence involves a response that requires some thinking/consideration/decision. Usually rendered "answer" (in response to a question/inquiry)
he/she/it-was-ANSWER-ed
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
Πιλάτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Pilate
Pilate (nom)
, Μήτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μήτι
μητι
indecl
Perhaps
Used with other particles = Perhaps; when the questioner is in doubt. otherwise with the negative expected; not(BDAG)[μήτι γε means surely then]
Perhaps
ἐγὼ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
εγω
nom sg
I
I (nom)
Ἰουδαῖός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ος
mas nom sg
Jewish
Jewish (nom)
εἰμι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^μι; (εσ)·^μι
pres act ind 1st sg; pres act ind 1st sg
I-am-BE-ing; I-am
;
I-am-BE-ing; I-am
; Τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
the (nom|acc)
ἔθνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
nation/culture/race
Lit: from etho (vb: to form a custom/culture). Hence, a race/people, joined by shared language, customs, history, and culture. Usually applied to Gentiles (except Jn 11:50).
nation/culture/race (nom|acc|voc)
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
the (nom|acc)
σὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Possessive); Verb

σός -ή -όν; τρίβω [LXX] (τριβ-, ·σ-, τριψ-, -, τετριβ-, -)
σ·ον; ·σο[υ]ν[τ]
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg; fut act ptcp mas voc sg or fut act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
your/yours(sg); going-to-RUB
; worn, rub
your/yours(sg) (acc, nom|acc|voc); going-to-RUB (fut ptcp) (nom|acc|voc, voc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
the (nom)
ἀρχιερεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀρχ·ιερεύς, -έως, ὁ
αρχιερ(ευ)·ες, αρχιερ(ευ)·ας
(mas) nom|voc pl, (mas) acc pl
archpriests
The High Priest or Chief Priest; often plural in NT due to previous High Priest continuing to share (political) power with the current one, or with "members of High Priestly families" in mind.
archpriests (acc, nom|voc)
παρέδωκάν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·δίδωμι (ath. παρα+διδ(ο)-/ath. παρα+διδ(ω)-, παρα+δω·σ-, παρα+δω·κ- or 2nd ath. παρα+δ(ο)-/ath. παρα+δ(ω)-, παρα+δεδω·κ-, παρα+δεδο-, παρα+δο·θ-)
παρα·ε·δω·καν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-DELIVER-OVER-ed
Lit:"give-close-beside", hence deliver/surrender/hand-over, betray, commit, give-in/over/up, turn-in, consign, grant, bestow, teach-doctrine
they-DELIVER-OVER-ed
σε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σε; σ·ε
acc sg; mas voc sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
you(sg) (acc); your/yours(sg) (voc)
ἐμοί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person); Determiner (Possessive)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς; ἐμός -ή -όν
εμοι; εμ·οι
dat sg; mas nom|voc pl
me; my/mine
;
me (dat); my/mine (nom|voc)
· τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
who (nom|acc)
ἐποίησας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ε·ποιη·σας
1aor act ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-DO/MAKE-ed
you(sg)-DO/MAKE-ed
;
Jn 18:35
¶Pilate answered, “I’m not a Jew, am I? Your own nation and the chief priests delivered you to me. What have you done?”
36Ἀπεκρίθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κρίνομαι (απο+κριν-, -, απο+κριν·[σ]-, -, απο+κεκρι-, απο+κρι·θ-)
απο·ε·κρι·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-ANSWER-ed
Lit:"judge/decide-from", hence involves a response that requires some thinking/consideration/decision. Usually rendered "answer" (in response to a question/inquiry)
he/she/it-was-ANSWER-ed
Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
Jesus (nom)
, [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
the (nom)
βασιλεία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Adjective (2-2-2)

βασιλεία, -ας, ἡ; βασίλειος -ον
βασιλει·α; βασιλει·α
(fem) nom|voc sg; neu nom|acc|voc pl
kingdom; royal
;
kingdom (nom|voc); royal (nom|acc|voc)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
the (nom)
ἐμὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Possessive)

ἐμός -ή -όν
εμ·η
fem nom|voc sg
my/mine
my/mine (nom|voc)
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
not
ἔστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
he/she/it-is
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
out of (+gen)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
κόσμου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Verb

κόσμος, -ου, ὁ; κοσμέω (κοσμ(ε)-, κοσμη·σ-, κοσμη·σ-, -, κεκοσμη-, κοσμη·θ-)
κοσμ·ου; κοσμ(ε)·ου
(mas) gen sg; pres mp imp 2nd sg
world; be-you(sg)-being-SET-IN-ORDER-ed!
[present order; material realm; decoration/adornment]; to put in proper order, adorn/beautify, grace (ornaments)
world (gen); be-you(sg)-being-SET-IN-ORDER-ed!
τούτου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
this (gen)
· εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
if
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
out of (+gen)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
κόσμου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Verb

κόσμος, -ου, ὁ; κοσμέω (κοσμ(ε)-, κοσμη·σ-, κοσμη·σ-, -, κεκοσμη-, κοσμη·θ-)
κοσμ·ου; κοσμ(ε)·ου
(mas) gen sg; pres mp imp 2nd sg
world; be-you(sg)-being-SET-IN-ORDER-ed!
[present order; material realm; decoration/adornment]; to put in proper order, adorn/beautify, grace (ornaments)
world (gen); be-you(sg)-being-SET-IN-ORDER-ed!
τούτου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
this (gen)
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
he/she/it-was
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
the (nom)
βασιλεία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Adjective (2-2-2)

βασιλεία, -ας, ἡ; βασίλειος -ον
βασιλει·α; βασιλει·α
(fem) nom|voc sg; neu nom|acc|voc pl
kingdom; royal
;
kingdom (nom|voc); royal (nom|acc|voc)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
the (nom)
ἐμή [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Possessive)

ἐμός -ή -όν
εμ·η
fem nom|voc sg
my/mine
my/mine (nom|voc)
, οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
the (nom)
ὑπηρέται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

ὑπ·ηρέτης, -ου, ὁ
υπηρετ·αι
(mas) nom|voc pl
subordinates
[servant; petty position]
subordinates (nom|voc)
{ ἂν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἄν
αν
indecl
ever
(calls attention to optional actions) Precedes aorist and present-subjunctives; Follows future-indicatives.
ever
◆ - } οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
the (nom)
ἐμοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person); Determiner (Possessive)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς; ἐμός -ή -όν
εμοι; εμ·οι
dat sg; mas nom|voc pl
me; my/mine
;
me (dat); my/mine (nom|voc)
ἠγωνίζοντο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀγωνίζομαι (αγωνιζ-, -, αγωνι·σ-, -, ηγωνισ-, -)
ε·αγωνιζ·οντο
impf mp ind 3rd pl
they-were-being-STRUGGLE-ed
they-were-being-STRUGGLE-ed
, { ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that
/so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
in-order-that
◆ [ ἂν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἄν
αν
indecl
ever
(calls attention to optional actions) Precedes aorist and present-subjunctives; Follows future-indicatives.
ever
] ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that
/so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
in-order-that
} μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
not
παραδοθῶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·δίδωμι (ath. παρα+διδ(ο)-/ath. παρα+διδ(ω)-, παρα+δω·σ-, παρα+δω·κ- or 2nd ath. παρα+δ(ο)-/ath. παρα+δ(ω)-, παρα+δεδω·κ-, παρα+δεδο-, παρα+δο·θ-)
παρα·δο·θω
aor θη sub 1st sg
I-should-be-DELIVER-OVER-ed
Lit:"give-close-beside", hence deliver/surrender/hand-over, betray, commit, give-in/over/up, turn-in, consign, grant, bestow, teach-doctrine
I-should-be-DELIVER-OVER-ed
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
the (dat)
Ἰουδαίοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
Jewish
Jewish (dat)
· νῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

νῦν
νυν
indecl
now
now
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
the (nom)
βασιλεία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Adjective (2-2-2)

βασιλεία, -ας, ἡ; βασίλειος -ον
βασιλει·α; βασιλει·α
(fem) nom|voc sg; neu nom|acc|voc pl
kingdom; royal
;
kingdom (nom|voc); royal (nom|acc|voc)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
the (nom)
ἐμὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Possessive)

ἐμός -ή -όν
εμ·η
fem nom|voc sg
my/mine
my/mine (nom|voc)
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
not
ἔστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
he/she/it-is
ἐντεῦθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἐντεῦ·θεν
εντευθεν
indecl
from here
from here
.
———
RP: ἂν ◆ NA/UBS: —
RP: ἵνα ◆ NA/UBS: [ἂν] ἵνα
Jn 18:36
¶Jesus answered, “My Kingdom is not of this world. If my Kingdom were of this world, then my servants would fight, that I wouldn’t be delivered to the Jews. But now my Kingdom is not from here.”
37Εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY-ed
speak, tell
he/she/it-SAY-ed
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (dat)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
Πιλάτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Pilate
Pilate (nom)
, Οὐκοῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὐκ·οῦν
ουκουν
indecl
accordingly
accordingly
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
king (nom)
εἶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^ (instead of ι·^ς > εις); (εσ)·^ς
pres act ind 2nd sg; pres act ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-are-BE-ing; you(sg)-are
;
you(sg)-are-BE-ing; you(sg)-are
σύ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
συ
nom sg
you(sg)
you(sg) (nom)
; Ἀπεκρίθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κρίνομαι (απο+κριν-, -, απο+κριν·[σ]-, -, απο+κεκρι-, απο+κρι·θ-)
απο·ε·κρι·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-ANSWER-ed
Lit:"judge/decide-from", hence involves a response that requires some thinking/consideration/decision. Usually rendered "answer" (in response to a question/inquiry)
he/she/it-was-ANSWER-ed
{ Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
Jesus (nom)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
Jesus (nom)
} , Σὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
συ
nom sg
you(sg)
you(sg) (nom)
λέγεις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·εις
pres act ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-are-SAY-ing
speak, tell
you(sg)-are-SAY-ing
, ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
because/that
βασιλεύς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
king (nom)
{ εἰμι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^μι; (εσ)·^μι
pres act ind 1st sg; pres act ind 1st sg
I-am-BE-ing; I-am
;
I-am-BE-ing; I-am
ἐγώ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
εγω
nom sg
I
I (nom)
εἰμι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^μι; (εσ)·^μι
pres act ind 1st sg; pres act ind 1st sg
I-am-BE-ing; I-am
;
I-am-BE-ing; I-am
} . Ἐγὼ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
εγω
nom sg
I
I (nom)
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
into (+acc)
τοῦτο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
this (nom|acc)
γεγέννημαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γεννάω (γενν(α)-, γεννη·σ-, γεννη·σ-, γεγεννη·κ-, γεγεννη-, γεννη·θ-)
γεγεννη·μαι
perf mp ind 1st sg
I-have-been-BEGET/BIRTH-ed
Lit:"generate", hence beget/bring-forth/give-birth-to (Gen. 6:4): cause genesis of
I-have-been-BEGET/BIRTH-ed
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
into (+acc)
τοῦτο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
this (nom|acc)
ἐλήλυθα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εληλυθ·[κ]α
perf act ind 1st sg
I-have-COME-ed
Sometimes (carelessly?) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
I-have-COME-ed
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
into (+acc)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
κόσμον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

κόσμος, -ου, ὁ
κοσμ·ον
(mas) acc sg
world
[present order; material realm; decoration/adornment]
world (acc)
, ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that
/so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
in-order-that
μαρτυρήσω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μαρτυρέω (μαρτυρ(ε)-, μαρτυρη·σ-, μαρτυρη·σ-, μεμαρτυρη·κ-, μεμαρτυρη-, μαρτυρη·θ-)
μαρτυρη·σω
fut act ind 1st sg or 1aor act sub 1st sg
I-will-BEAR-WITNESS, I-should-BEAR-WITNESS
[testify, report, attest]
I-will-BEAR-WITNESS, I-should-BEAR-WITNESS
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
the (dat)
ἀληθείᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀ·λήθεια, -ας, ἡ
αληθει·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
truth
truth (dat)
. Πᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
πα[ντ]·ς
mas nom|voc sg
each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
each, every (nom|voc)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
ὢν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while being
while being (nom)
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
out of (+gen)
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
the (gen)
ἀληθείας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀ·λήθεια, -ας, ἡ
αληθει·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
truth, truths
truth (gen), truths (acc)
ἀκούει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀκούω (ακου-, ακου·σ-, ακου·σ-, ακηκο·[κ]-, ηκουσ-, ακουσ·θ-)
ακου·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-HEAR-ing, you(sg)-are-being-HEAR-ed
to hear; to listen (pay attention) to; or to understand what is heard
he/she/it-is-HEAR-ing, you(sg)-are-being-HEAR-ed (classical)
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
me (gen)
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
the (gen)
φωνῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

φωνή, -ῆς, ἡ
φων·ης
(fem) gen sg
sound/voice
cries
sound/voice (gen)
.
———
RP: Ἰησοῦς ◆ NA/UBS: ὁ Ἰησοῦς
RP: εἰμι ἐγώ ◆ NA/UBS: εἰμι
Jn 18:37
¶Pilate therefore said to him, “Are you a king then?”
¶Jesus answered, “You say that I am a king. For this reason I have been born, and for this reason I have come into the world, that I should testify to the truth. Everyone who is of the truth listens to my voice.”
38Λέγει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-SAY-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SAY-ed
speak, tell
he/she/it-is-SAY-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SAY-ed (classical)
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (dat)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
Πιλάτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Pilate
Pilate (nom)
, Τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
who (nom|acc)
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
he/she/it-is
ἀλήθεια [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀ·λήθεια, -ας, ἡ
αληθει·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
truth
truth (nom|voc)
;
Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
τοῦτο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
this (nom|acc)
εἰπών [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειπ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
upon SAY-ing
speak, tell
upon SAY-ing (nom)
, πάλιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πάλιν
παλιν
indecl
again
afresh, again, anon, once more, back, backwards, restore
again
ἐξῆλθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·έρχομαι (εξ+ερχ-, εξ+ελευ·σ-, εξ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd εξ+ελθ-, εξ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εξ·ε·ελθ·[σ]ε(ν), εξ·ε·ελθ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-COME-ed-OUT
[exit]
he/she/it-COME-ed-OUT
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
the (acc)
Ἰουδαίους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ους
mas acc pl
Jewish
Jewish (acc)
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
λέγει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-SAY-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SAY-ed
speak, tell
he/she/it-is-SAY-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SAY-ed (classical)
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
them/same (dat)
, Ἐγὼ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
εγω
nom sg
I
I (nom)
οὐδεμίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

οὐδ·είς οὐδε·μία οὐδ·έν and οὐθ·είς (οὐθε·μία) οὐθ·έν
ουδεμι·αν
fem acc sg
none
[not one, no one]
none (acc)
{ αἰτίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

αἰτία, -ας, ἡ; αἴτιος -ία -ον
αιτι·αν; αιτι·αν
(fem) acc sg; fem acc sg
circumstance/reason; cause
[responsibility/credit for, basis, blame; cause]; [resposible (for), basis of crime]
circumstance/reason (acc); cause (acc)
εὑρίσκω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εὑρίσκω (ευρισκ-, ευρη·σ-, ευρ·[σ]- or 2nd ευρ-, ευρη·κ-, ευρη-, ευρε·θ-)
ευρισκ·ω
pres act ind 1st sg or pres act sub 1st sg
I-am-FIND-ing, I-should-be-FIND-ing
/learn/discover (after searching)
I-am-FIND-ing, I-should-be-FIND-ing
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (dat)
εὑρίσκω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εὑρίσκω (ευρισκ-, ευρη·σ-, ευρ·[σ]- or 2nd ευρ-, ευρη·κ-, ευρη-, ευρε·θ-)
ευρισκ·ω
pres act ind 1st sg or pres act sub 1st sg
I-am-FIND-ing, I-should-be-FIND-ing
/learn/discover (after searching)
I-am-FIND-ing, I-should-be-FIND-ing
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (dat)
αἰτίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

αἰτία, -ας, ἡ; αἴτιος -ία -ον
αιτι·αν; αιτι·αν
(fem) acc sg; fem acc sg
circumstance/reason; cause
[responsibility/credit for, basis, blame; cause]; [resposible (for), basis of crime]
circumstance/reason (acc); cause (acc)
} .
———
RP: αἰτίαν εὑρίσκω ἐν αὐτῷ ◆ NA/UBS: εὑρίσκω ἐν αὐτῷ αἰτίαν
Jn 18:38
¶Pilate said to him, “What is truth?”
¶When he had said this, he went out again to the Jews, and said to them, “I find no basis for a charge against him.
39Ἔστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
he/she/it-is
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
συνήθεια [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

συν·ήθεια, -ας, ἡ
συνηθει·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
compatibility
compatibility (nom|voc)
ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you(pl)
you(pl) (dat)
, ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that
/so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
in-order-that
ἕνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ε[ι]ν·α
mas acc sg
one
one (acc)
{ ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you(pl)
you(pl) (dat)
ἀπολύσω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·λύω (απο+λυ-, απο+λυ·σ-, απο+λυ·σ-, απο+λελυ·κ-, απο+λελυ-, απο+λυ·θ-)
απο·λυ·σω
fut act ind 1st sg or 1aor act sub 1st sg
I-will-RELEASE, I-should-RELEASE
Lit:"loose-from", hence release, let-go, divorce, free, pardon. Also a euphemism for die.
I-will-RELEASE, I-should-RELEASE
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
ἀπολύσω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·λύω (απο+λυ-, απο+λυ·σ-, απο+λυ·σ-, απο+λελυ·κ-, απο+λελυ-, απο+λυ·θ-)
απο·λυ·σω
fut act ind 1st sg or 1aor act sub 1st sg
I-will-RELEASE, I-should-RELEASE
Lit:"loose-from", hence release, let-go, divorce, free, pardon. Also a euphemism for die.
I-will-RELEASE, I-should-RELEASE
ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you(pl)
you(pl) (dat)
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
} τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
the (dat)
Πάσχα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. Indecl.)

πάσχα, τό
πασχα
(neu) indecl
passover
The Passover supper, or the lamb used in the supper, or the Feast of the Passover celebrated from the 14th to the 20th day of the month Nisan.
passover (indecl)
· βούλεσθε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βούλομαι (βουλ-, βουλη·σ-, -, -, -, βουλη·θ-)
βουλ·εσθε
pres mp ind 2nd pl or pres mp imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-being-INTEND/PLAN-ed, be-you(pl)-being-INTEND/PLAN-ed!
Cognate of βουλη (determinate plan/intent/purpose), thus, a harder, less negotiable form of θέλημα (to wish/want/desire). Often softened to "wish/want" regarding the wishes/desires of a sovereign authority (God/king/general/ruling counsel).
you(pl)-are-being-INTEND/PLAN-ed, be-you(pl)-being-INTEND/PLAN-ed!
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
{ ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you(pl)
you(pl) (dat)
ἀπολύσω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·λύω (απο+λυ-, απο+λυ·σ-, απο+λυ·σ-, απο+λελυ·κ-, απο+λελυ-, απο+λυ·θ-)
απο·λυ·σω
fut act ind 1st sg or 1aor act sub 1st sg
I-will-RELEASE, I-should-RELEASE
Lit:"loose-from", hence release, let-go, divorce, free, pardon. Also a euphemism for die.
I-will-RELEASE, I-should-RELEASE
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
ἀπολύσω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·λύω (απο+λυ-, απο+λυ·σ-, απο+λυ·σ-, απο+λελυ·κ-, απο+λελυ-, απο+λυ·θ-)
απο·λυ·σω
fut act ind 1st sg or 1aor act sub 1st sg
I-will-RELEASE, I-should-RELEASE
Lit:"loose-from", hence release, let-go, divorce, free, pardon. Also a euphemism for die.
I-will-RELEASE, I-should-RELEASE
ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you(pl)
you(pl) (dat)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
} βασιλέα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·α
(mas) acc sg
king
king (acc)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
Ἰουδαίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
Jewish
Jewish (gen)
;
———
RP: ὑμῖν ἀπολύσω ἐν ◆ NA/UBS: ἀπολύσω ὑμῖν ἐν
RP: ὑμῖν ἀπολύσω τὸν ◆ NA/UBS: ἀπολύσω ὑμῖν τὸν
Jn 18:39
But you have a custom, that I should release someone to you at the Passover. Are you determined, Ttherefore do you want me to, (that) I should release to you the King of the Jews?”
40Ἐκραύγασαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κραυγάζω (κραυγαζ-, κραυγα·σ-, κραυγα·σ-, -, -, -)
ε·κραυγα·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-SHOUT-ed
scream, halloo
they-SHOUT-ed
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
πάλιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πάλιν
παλιν
indecl
again
afresh, again, anon, once more, back, backwards, restore
again
{ πάντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ες
mas nom|voc pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
all (nom|voc)
◆ - } , λέγοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while SAY-ing
speak, tell
while SAY-ing (nom|voc)
, Μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
not
τοῦτον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ον
mas acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
this (acc)
, ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but-rather
emphatic/hard-adversative, "but-rather/instead", as distinct from the softer, more common, "δέ"
but-rather
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
Βαραββᾶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

Βαρ·αββᾶς, -ᾶ, ὁ
βαραββ·αν
(mas) acc sg
Barabbas
Barabbas (acc)
· ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
he/she/it-was
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
Βαραββᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

Βαρ·αββᾶς, -ᾶ, ὁ
βαραββ·ας
(mas) nom sg
Barabbas
Barabbas (nom)
λῃστής [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

λῃστής, -οῦ, ὁ
λῃστ·ης
(mas) nom sg
robber
robber, thief, pirate; possibly "revolutionary" or "guerilla fighter", per Josephus and other early sources (J. W. 2.13.2-3 [2.253-254]). See also R. E. Brown (John [AB], 2:857) and K. H. Rengstorf (TDNT 4:258).
robber (nom)
.
———
RP: πάντες ◆ NA/UBS: —
Jn 18:40
¶Then they all shouted again, saying, “Not this man, but Barabbas!” Now Barabbas was a robber.
« Ch 17» Ch 19

Copyright 2007-2019 Thomas Moore, Email: acct3 at katabiblon.com, Support Forum Set Local Timezone
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