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ΠΡΟΣ ΘΕΣΣΑΛΟΝΙΚΕΙΣ Α

1st Letter to the Thessalonians

 Robinson-Pierpont 2005 Wiki English Translation‎ / World English Bible
1Περὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

περί
περι
indecl
about (+acc,+gen)
Lit:"around" (as in perimeter "around-measure"). Fig:about/regarding/concerning
about (+acc,+gen)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
χρόνων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

χρόνος, -ου, ὁ (cf. καιρός)
χρον·ων
(mas) gen pl
times
, a specific (clock) time, period-of-time (a while). Distinct from kairos (season)
times (gen)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
καιρῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

καιρός, -οῦ, ὁ (cf. χρόνος)
καιρ·ων
(mas) gen pl
periods of time
/season
periods of time (gen)
, ἀδελφοί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί
αδελφ·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
brothers
How do we know these are accurate if anyone can edit them?
brothers (nom|voc)
, οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
not
χρείαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

χρεία, -ας, ἡ
χρει·αν
(fem) acc sg
need
need (acc)
ἔχετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
εχ·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-HAVE-ing, be-you(pl)-HAVE-ing!
/hold.
you(pl)-are-HAVE-ing, be-you(pl)-HAVE-ing!
ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you(pl)
you(pl) (dat)
γράφεσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γράφω (γραφ-, γραψ-, γραψ-, γεγραφ·[κ]-, γεγραφ-, γραφ·[θ]-)
γραφ·εσθαι
pres mp inf
to-be-being-WRITE-ed
to-be-being-WRITE-ed
.
1Thes 5:1
¶But concerning the times and the seasons, brothers, you have no need that anything be written to you.
2Αὐτοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οι
mas nom pl
they/same
they/same (nom)
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
for
ἀκριβῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἀκριβῶς (Adv. of ἀκριβής)
ακριβως
indecl
exactly
- accurately (carefully)
exactly
οἴδατε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

οἶδα (ath. ιδ-/ath. ειδ(ε)-/ath. ειδ-, ειδη·σ-/ει[δ]·σ-, ειδη·σ-, οιδ·[κ]-/ειδ·[κ]-, -, -)
οιδ·[κ]ατε
perf act ind 2nd pl
you(pl)-have-KNOWING-ed
/perceive/be-aware-of/be-acquainted-with/notice. Often rendered "know" (by seeing/observing), in contrast to "γινώσκω" (know by thinking/reasoning/experiencing).
you(pl)-have-KNOWING-ed
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
because/that
{ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
the (nom)
⬪ - } ἡμέρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
day
day (nom|voc)
κυρίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ου; κυρι·ου
(mas) gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
lord (gen); authoritative (gen)
ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
as/like
κλέπτης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

κλέπτης, -ου, ὁ
κλεπτ·ης
(mas) nom sg
thief
[see kleptomania]
thief (nom)
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
νυκτὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

νύξ, -υκτός, ἡ
νυκτ·ι
(fem) dat sg
night
night (dat)
οὕτως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὕτως/οὕτω
ουτως
indecl
thus
[Lit:"like-this": in-this-manner (οὕτως before vowels and consonants; οὕτω before consonants only]
thus
ἔρχεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ερχ·εται
pres mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is-being-COME-ed
Sometimes (carelessly?) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
he/she/it-is-being-COME-ed
·
———
RP: ἡ ⬪ NA/UBS: —
1Thes 5:2
For you yourselves know well that the day of the Lord comes like a thief in the night.
3ὅταν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὅταν (ὅτε ἄν)
οταν
indecl
whenever
whenever
{ γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
for
⬪ - } λέγωσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ωσι(ν)
pres act sub 3rd pl
they-should-be-SAY-ing
speak, tell
they-should-be-SAY-ing
, Εἰρήνη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

εἰρήνη, -ης, ἡ
ειρην·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
peace
peace (nom|voc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἀσφάλεια [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀ·σφάλεια, -ας, ἡ
ασφαλει·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
security
security (nom|voc)
, τότε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

τότε
τοτε
indecl
then
then
αἰφνίδιος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

αἰφνίδιος -ον
αιφνιδι·ος
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
sudden
sudden (nom)
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
them/same (dat)
ἐφίσταται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐφ·ίστημι (ath. εφ+ιστ(α)-/ath. εφ+ιστ(η)-, επι+στη·σ-, επι+στη·σ- or 2nd ath. επι+στ(η)-/ath. επι+στ(α)-, εφ+εστη·κ-/εφ+εστ(α)·[κ]-, εφ+εστα-, -)
εφ·ιστ(α)·ται
pres mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is-being-STAND-ed
set or place upon or near; intransitive: come up to or arrive at (or stand against)
he/she/it-is-being-STAND-ed
ὄλεθρος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ὄλεθρος, -ου, ὁ
ολεθρ·ος
(mas) nom sg
ruination
destruction, ruin, desolation, short of annihilation
ruination (nom)
, ὥσπερ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὥσ·περ
ωσπερ
indecl
just as
Lit:"wholly/very/completely-as/like", hence "just-as", "just-like".
just as
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
the (nom)
ὠδὶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

ὠδίν, -ῖνος, ἡ
ωδιν
(fem) nom|voc sg
agony
/travail (as in child-birth or death
agony (nom|voc)
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
the (dat)
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
γαστρὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

γαστήρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ἡ
γαστ[ε]ρ·ι
(fem) dat sg
belly
belly (dat)
ἐχούσῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
εχ·ουσ·ῃ
pres act ptcp fem dat sg
while HAVE-ing
/hold.
while HAVE-ing (dat)
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
not
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
not
ἐκφύγωσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·φεύγω (εκ+φευγ-, εκ+φευξ-, 2nd εκ+φυγ-, εκ+πεφευγ·[κ]-, -, -)
εκ·φυγ·ωσι(ν)
2aor act sub 3rd pl
they-should-ESCAPE/FLEE-FROM
Lit: "flee-away-from-out-of", hence escape
they-should-ESCAPE/FLEE-FROM
.
———
RP: γὰρ ⬪ NA/UBS: —
1Thes 5:3
For when they are saying, “Peace and safety,” then sudden destruction will come on them, like birth pains on a pregnant woman; and they will in no way escape.
4Ὑμεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμεις
nom pl
you(pl)
you(pl) (nom)
δέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
, ἀδελφοί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί
αδελφ·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
brothers
How do we know these are accurate if anyone can edit them?
brothers (nom|voc)
, οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
not
ἐστὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·τε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are, be-you(pl)!
you(pl)-are, be-you(pl)!
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
σκότει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

σκότο·ς, -ους, τό
σκοτ(ε)·ι
(neu) dat sg
darkness
gloom, darkness
darkness (dat)
, ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that
/so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
in-order-that
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
the (nom)
ἡμέρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
day
day (nom|voc)
ὑμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμας
acc pl
you(pl)
you(pl) (acc)
ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
as/like
κλέπτης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

κλέπτης, -ου, ὁ
κλεπτ·ης
(mas) nom sg
thief
[see kleptomania]
thief (nom)
καταλάβῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·λαμβάνω (κατα+λαμβαν-, κατα+λημψ-/κατα+ληψ-, 2nd κατα+λαβ-, κατ+ειληφ·[κ]-, κατ+ειληβ-, κατα+λημφ·θ-/κατα+ληφ·θ-)
κατα·λαβ·ῃ
2aor act sub 3rd sg or 2aor mp sub 2nd sg
he/she/it-should-LAY-HOLD-OF, you(sg)-should-be-LAY-HOLD-OF-ed
Lit:"take-down", hence grasp/clench/snag/catch/overtake/take-hold-of/take/capture. Fig:realize/understand/comprehend/seize with the mind
he/she/it-should-LAY-HOLD-OF, you(sg)-should-be-LAY-HOLD-OF-ed
·
1Thes 5:4
But you, brothers, aren’t in darkness, that the day should overtake you like a thief.
5πάντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ες
mas nom|voc pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
all (nom|voc)
{ ὑμεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμεις
nom pl
you(pl)
you(pl) (nom)
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
for
ὑμεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμεις
nom pl
you(pl)
you(pl) (nom)
} υἱοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
sons
sons (nom|voc)
φωτός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

φῶ[τ]ς, -ωτός, τό
φωτ·ος
(neu) gen sg
light
light (gen)
ἐστε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·τε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are, be-you(pl)!
you(pl)-are, be-you(pl)!
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
υἱοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
sons
sons (nom|voc)
ἡμέρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
day, days
day (gen), days (acc)
· οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
not
ἐσμὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·μεν
pres act ind 1st pl
we-are
we-are
νυκτὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

νύξ, -υκτός, ἡ
νυκτ·ος
(fem) gen sg
night
night (gen)
οὐδὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐδέ (οὐ δέ)
ουδε
indecl
neither/nor
Lit:"not-moreover" or "not-but", hence neither/nor.
οὐδ’ sometimes before vowels.
neither/nor
σκότους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

σκότο·ς, -ους, τό
σκοτ(ε)·ος
(neu) gen sg
darkness
gloom, darkness
darkness (gen)
·
———
RP: ὑμεῖς ⬪ NA/UBS: γὰρ ὑμεῖς
1Thes 5:5
You are all children of light, and children of the day. We don’t belong to the night, nor to darkness,
6ἄρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἄρα[2]
αρα
indecl
therefore-indeed
/hence/it-follows-that. An inferential conjunction implying under these circumstances, something either is/becomes (whatever follows). Similar to, but more disjunctive than "οὖν" (consequently/accordingly).
therefore-indeed
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
not
καθεύδωμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καθεύδω (καθευδ-, -, -, -, -, -)
καθευδ·ωμεν
pres act sub 1st pl
we-should-be-SLEEP-ing
we-should-be-SLEEP-ing
ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
as/like
{ καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
the (nom)
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
the (nom)
} λοιποί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

λοιπός -ή -όν
λοιπ·οι
mas nom|voc pl
remaining
well then, sο, now, the rest, finally
remaining (nom|voc)
, ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but-rather
emphatic/hard-adversative, "but-rather/instead", as distinct from the softer, more common, "δέ"
but-rather
γρηγορῶμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γρηγορέω (γρηγορ(ε)-, γρηγορη·σ-, γρηγορη·σ-, -, -, γρηγορη·θ-)
γρηγορ(ε)·ωμεν
pres act sub 1st pl
we-should-be-BE-ing-VIGILANT
[to be fully awake]
we-should-be-BE-ing-VIGILANT
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
νήφωμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

νήφω (νηφ-, -, νηψ-, -, -, -)
νηφ·ωμεν
pres act sub 1st pl
we-should-be-BE-ing-SOBER
[clearheaded, rational]
we-should-be-BE-ing-SOBER
.
———
RP: καὶ οἱ ⬪ NA/UBS: οἱ
1Thes 5:6
so then let’s not sleep, as the rest do, but let’s watch and be sober clearheaded.
7Οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
the (nom)
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
for
καθεύδοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καθεύδω (καθευδ-, -, -, -, -, -)
καθευδ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while SLEEP-ing
while SLEEP-ing (nom|voc)
νυκτὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

νύξ, -υκτός, ἡ
νυκτ·ος
(fem) gen sg
night
night (gen)
καθεύδουσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καθεύδω (καθευδ-, -, -, -, -, -)
καθευδ·ουσι(ν), καθευδ·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
they-are-SLEEP-ing, while SLEEP-ing
they-are-SLEEP-ing, while SLEEP-ing (dat)
· καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
the (nom)
μεθυσκόμενοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μεθύσκω (μεθυσκ-, μεθυ·σ-, μεθυ·σ-, -, μεμεθυσ-, μεθυσ·θ-)
μεθυσκ·ομεν·οι
pres mp ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while being-GET-ed-DRUNK
Cheer
while being-GET-ed-DRUNK (nom|voc)
, νυκτὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

νύξ, -υκτός, ἡ
νυκτ·ος
(fem) gen sg
night
night (gen)
μεθύουσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μεθύω (μεθυ-, -, -, -, -, -)
μεθυ·ουσι(ν), μεθυ·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
they-are-BE-ing-DRUNK, while BE-ing-DRUNK
they-are-BE-ing-DRUNK, while BE-ing-DRUNK (dat)
.
1Thes 5:7
For those who sleep, sleep in the night, and those who are drunk are drunk in the night.
8Ἡμεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημεις
nom pl
we
we (nom)
δέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
, ἡμέρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
day, days
day (gen), days (acc)
ὄντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while being
while being (nom|voc)
, νήφωμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

νήφω (νηφ-, -, νηψ-, -, -, -)
νηφ·ωμεν
pres act sub 1st pl
we-should-be-BE-ing-SOBER
[clearheaded, rational]
we-should-be-BE-ing-SOBER
, ἐνδυσάμενοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐν·δύω (εν+δυ-, εν+δυ·σ-, εν+δυ·σ-, εν+δεδυ·κ-, εν+δεδυ-, -)
εν·δυ·σαμεν·οι
1aor mp ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon being-CLOTHE-ed
upon being-CLOTHE-ed (nom|voc)
θώρακα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

θώραξ, -ακος, ὁ
θωρακ·α
(mas) acc sg
breastplate
[see thorax]
breastplate (acc)
πίστεως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

πίστις, -εως, ἡ
πιστ(ι)·ος
(fem) gen sg
faith/faithfulness
allegiance; trust; trustworthiness; πίστις can refer to faith/trust, to that which one believes or trusts (the content of one's faith), or to the personal trait of faithfulness/trustworthiness/integrity.
faith/faithfulness (gen)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἀγάπης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀγάπη, -ης, ἡ
αγαπ·ης
(fem) gen sg
love
/Calvary-love (as distinguished from "φιλω" (friend-love, affection)
love (gen)
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
περικεφαλαίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

περι·κεφαλαία, -ας, ἡ
περικεφαλαι·αν
(fem) acc sg
helmet
helmet (acc)
, ἐλπίδα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

ἐλπί[δ]ς, -ίδος, ἡ
ελπιδ·α
(fem) acc sg
hope/expectation
[object of hope.. where you place your trust]
hope/expectation (acc)
σωτηρίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

σωτηρία, -ας, ἡ
σωτηρι·ας
(fem) gen sg
salvation/deliverance
salvation/deliverance (gen)
.
1Thes 5:8
But let us, since we belong to the day, be sober clearheaded, putting on the breastplate of faith and love, and, for a helmet, the hope of salvation.[a]
———
a Cf. Eph. 6:13-17.
9Ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
because/that
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
not
ἔθετο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τίθημι (ath. τιθ(ε)-, θη·σ-, θη·κ- or 2nd ath. θ(ε)-, τεθει·κ-, τεθει-, τε·θ-)
ε·θ(ε)·το
2aor mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-PUT-ed
/lay/put/set/situate/arrange/station
he/she/it-was-PUT-ed
ἡμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημας
acc pl
us
us (acc)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
θεὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ος
(mas) nom sg
god
[see theology]
god (nom)
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
into (+acc)
ὀργήν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ὀργή, -ῆς, ἡ (cf. θυμός)
οργ·ην
(fem) acc sg
wrath/anger
natural impulse, always of anger
wrath/anger (acc)
, { ἀλλ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλ’
indecl
but-rather
emphatic/hard-adversative, "but-rather/instead", as distinct from the softer, more common, "δέ"
but-rather
ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but-rather
emphatic/hard-adversative, "but-rather/instead", as distinct from the softer, more common, "δέ"
but-rather
} εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
into (+acc)
περιποίησιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

περι·ποίησις, -εως, ἡ
περιποιησ(ι)·ν
(fem) acc sg
all-around-remaking/doing
Lit:"make/do-all-around/about", hence all-around-remaking/doing. Often rendered gain/preservation/acquisition(process). Possibly keeping-safe, gaining-possession-of, ministration, court, kind, treatment.
all-around-remaking/doing (acc)
σωτηρίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

σωτηρία, -ας, ἡ
σωτηρι·ας
(fem) gen sg
salvation/deliverance
salvation/deliverance (gen)
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
κυρίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ου; κυρι·ου
(mas) gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
lord (gen); authoritative (gen)
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
us
us (gen)
Ἰησοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
irreg. ιησου (instead of ιησ(ο)·ῳ > ιησῳ), ιησ(ο)·ε, ιησ(ο)·ου, ιησου
(mas) dat sg, (mas) voc sg, (mas) gen sg, (mas) indecl
Jesus, Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
Jesus (dat, gen, voc), Jesus (indecl)
χριστοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Χριστός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. Χριστέ
χριστ·ου
(mas) gen sg
Christ
lit. 'anointed'
Christ (gen)
,
———
RP: ἀλλ’ ⬪ NA/UBS: ἀλλὰ
1Thes 5:9
For God didn’t appoint us to wrath,[a] but to the obtaining of salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ,
———
a Is wrath here just the oblivion of death? They are awaiting Jesus' deliverance from the coming wrath (1:10) and the concern of 4:13-18 seems to be that those who die before Jesus' coming will have missed that deliverance or salvation and so not escape wrath.
10τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
ἀποθανόντος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·θνῄσκω (απο+θνῃσκ-, απο+θαν(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd απο+θαν-, -, -, -)
απο·θαν·ο[υ]ντ·ος
2aor act ptcp mas gen sg or 2aor act ptcp neu gen sg
upon DIE-ing
upon DIE-ing (gen)
ὑπὲρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπέρ
υπερ
indecl
above (+acc), on behalf of (+gen)
above (+acc), on behalf of (+gen)
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
us
us (gen)
, ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that
/so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
in-order-that
, εἴτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἴ·τε
ειτε
indecl
whether
Lit:"if-also".
whether
γρηγορῶμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γρηγορέω (γρηγορ(ε)-, γρηγορη·σ-, γρηγορη·σ-, -, -, γρηγορη·θ-)
γρηγορ(ε)·ωμεν
pres act sub 1st pl
we-should-be-BE-ing-VIGILANT
[to be fully awake]
we-should-be-BE-ing-VIGILANT
εἴτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἴ·τε
ειτε
indecl
whether
Lit:"if-also".
whether
καθεύδωμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καθεύδω (καθευδ-, -, -, -, -, -)
καθευδ·ωμεν
pres act sub 1st pl
we-should-be-SLEEP-ing
we-should-be-SLEEP-ing
, ἅμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἅμα
αμα
indecl
simultaneously
[in concert with, at the same time as]
simultaneously
σὺν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

σύν
συν
indecl
together with/including (+dat)
together with/including (+dat)
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (dat)
ζήσωμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ζάω (ζ(η)-/ath. ζ(η)-, ζη·σ-, ζη·σ-, -, -, -)
ζη·σωμεν
1aor act sub 1st pl
we-should-LIVE
Verb from "ζωή"(life), hence live/made-alive, exist, inhabit
we-should-LIVE
.
1Thes 5:10
who died for us, that, whether we wake or sleep, we should live together with him.
11Διὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

διό (δι’ ὅ)
διο
indecl
therefore
therefore
παρακαλεῖτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·καλέω (παρα+καλ(ε)-, παρα+καλε·σ-, παρα+καλε·σ-, -, παρα+κεκλη-, παρα+κλη·θ-)
παρα·καλ(ε)·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-ENTREAT/COMFORT-ing, be-you(pl)-ENTREAT/COMFORT-ing!
[Lit: "call-close-beside", hence: entreat/implore, or encourage/comfort (in affliction)]
you(pl)-are-ENTREAT/COMFORT-ing, be-you(pl)-ENTREAT/COMFORT-ing!
ἀλλήλους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reciprocal)

ἀλλήλων (gen. pl.)
αλληλ·ους
mas acc pl
one another
one another (acc)
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
οἰκοδομεῖτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

οἰκο·δομέω (οικοδομ(ε)-, οικοδομη·σ-, οικοδομη·σ-, ῳκοδομη·κ-, ῳκοδομη-, οικοδομη·θ-)
οικοδομ(ε)·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-BUILD-UP-ing, be-you(pl)-BUILD-UP-ing!
Lit:"dwelling-building", hence building-refuge, build-up,edify
you(pl)-are-BUILD-UP-ing, be-you(pl)-BUILD-UP-ing!
εἷς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ει[ν]·ς
mas nom sg
one
one (nom)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
ἕνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ε[ι]ν·α
mas acc sg
one
one (acc)
, καθὼς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

καθ·ώς
καθως
indecl
as accordingly
[according to how/in accordance with how]
as accordingly
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ποιεῖτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποι(ε)·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-DO/MAKE-ing, be-you(pl)-DO/MAKE-ing!
you(pl)-are-DO/MAKE-ing, be-you(pl)-DO/MAKE-ing!
.
1Thes 5:11
Therefore exhort one another, and build each other up, even as you also do.
12Ἐρωτῶμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐρωτάω (ερωτ(α)-, ερωτη·σ-, ερωτη·σ-, -, ηρωτη-, ερωτη·θ-)
ερωτ(α)·ομεν, ερωτ(α)·ωμεν
pres act ind 1st pl, pres act sub 1st pl
we-are-ENTREAT-ing, we-should-be-ENTREAT-ing
ask about a thing, interrogate, question inquire, query, quest
we-are-ENTREAT-ing, we-should-be-ENTREAT-ing
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
ὑμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμας
acc pl
you(pl)
you(pl) (acc)
, ἀδελφοί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί
αδελφ·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
brothers
How do we know these are accurate if anyone can edit them?
brothers (nom|voc)
, εἰδέναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

οἶδα (ath. ιδ-/ath. ειδ(ε)-/ath. ειδ-, ειδη·σ-/ει[δ]·σ-, ειδη·σ-, οιδ·[κ]-/ειδ·[κ]-, -, -)
ειδ(ε)·ναι, ειδ·[κ]εναι
pres act inf, perf act inf
to-be-KNOWING-ing, to-have-KNOWING-ed
/perceive/be-aware-of/be-acquainted-with/notice. Often rendered "know" (by seeing/observing), in contrast to "γινώσκω" (know by thinking/reasoning/experiencing).
to-be-KNOWING-ing, to-have-KNOWING-ed
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
the (acc)
κοπιῶντας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κοπιάω (κοπι(α)-, κοπια·σ-, κοπια·σ-, κεκοπια·κ-, -, -)
κοπι(α)·ο[υ]ντ·ας
pres act ptcp mas acc pl
while TOIL-ing
while TOIL-ing (acc)
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you(pl)
you(pl) (dat)
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
προϊσταμένους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προ·ΐστημι (ath. προ+ιστ(α)-/ath. προ+ιστ(η)-, -, 2nd ath. προ+στ(η)-/ath. προ+στ(α)-, προ+εστη·κ-/προ+εστ(α)·[κ]-, -, -)
προ·ιστ(α)·μεν·ους
pres mp ptcp mas acc pl
while being-PRESIDE/GOVERN-ed
while being-PRESIDE/GOVERN-ed (acc)
ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you(pl)
you(pl) (gen)
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
κυρίῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ῳ; κυρι·ῳ
(mas) dat sg; neu dat sg or mas dat sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
lord (dat); authoritative (dat)
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
νουθετοῦντας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

νου·θετέω (νουθετ(ε)-, νουθετη·σ-, νουθετη·σ-, -, νενουθετη-, νουθετη·θ-)
νουθετ(ε)·ο[υ]ντ·ας
pres act ptcp mas acc pl
while ADMONISH-ing
rebuke
while ADMONISH-ing (acc)
ὑμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμας
acc pl
you(pl)
you(pl) (acc)
,
1Thes 5:12
But we beg you, brothers, to know those who labor among you, and are over you in the Lord, and admonish you,
13καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἡγεῖσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἡγέομαι (ηγ(ε)-, -, ηγη·σ-, -, ηγη-, -)
ηγ(ε)·εσθαι
pres mp inf
to-be-being-REGARD/DEEM/GUIDE-ed
/consider/count/account, from "ἄγω" (lead/bring/bear) and cognate of "ἡγεμών" (governor/commander/hegemon)
to-be-being-REGARD/DEEM/GUIDE-ed
αὐτοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ους
mas acc pl
them/same
them/same (acc)
{ ὑπερ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπέρ
υπερ
indecl
above (+acc), on behalf of (+gen)
above (+acc), on behalf of (+gen)
ὑπὲρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπέρ
υπερ
indecl
above (+acc), on behalf of (+gen)
above (+acc), on behalf of (+gen)
ἐκπερισσοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἐκ·περισσός -ή -όν
εκπερισσ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
abundantly
abundantly (gen)
ὑπερεκπερισσοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὑπερ·εκ·περισσοῦ
υπερεκπερισσου
indecl
exceedingly
Lit:"over/above-from-out-of-abundance", hence above-abundantly, exceedingly-abundantly.
exceedingly
} ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
ἀγάπῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀγάπη, -ης, ἡ
αγαπ·ῃ
(fem) dat sg
love
/Calvary-love (as distinguished from "φιλω" (friend-love, affection)
love (dat)
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
the (nom|acc)
ἔργον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ἔργον, -ου, τό
εργ·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
work
work (nom|acc|voc)
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
them/same (gen)
. Εἰρηνεύετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰρηνεύω (ειρηνευ-, ειρηνευ·σ-, ειρηνευ·σ-, -, -, -)
ειρηνευ·ετε, ε·ειρηνευ·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl, impf act ind 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-MAKE-ing-PEACE, be-you(pl)-MAKE-ing-PEACE!, you(pl)-were-MAKE-ing-PEACE
you(pl)-are-MAKE-ing-PEACE, be-you(pl)-MAKE-ing-PEACE!, you(pl)-were-MAKE-ing-PEACE
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
ἑαυτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

ἑ·αυτοῦ/αὑτοῦ[2] -ῆς -οῦ
εαυτ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
selves
him/her/it/our/your/them-selves
selves (dat)
.
———
RP: ὑπερ ὑπὲρ ἐκπερισσοῦ ⬪ NA/UBS: ὑπερεκπερισσοῦ
1Thes 5:13
and to respect and honor them in love for their work’s sake.
¶Be at peace among yourselves.
14Παρακαλοῦμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·καλέω (παρα+καλ(ε)-, παρα+καλε·σ-, παρα+καλε·σ-, -, παρα+κεκλη-, παρα+κλη·θ-)
παρα·καλ(ε)·ομεν
pres act ind 1st pl
we-are-ENTREAT/COMFORT-ing
[Lit: "call-close-beside", hence: entreat/implore, or encourage/comfort (in affliction)]
we-are-ENTREAT/COMFORT-ing
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
ὑμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμας
acc pl
you(pl)
you(pl) (acc)
, ἀδελφοί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί
αδελφ·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
brothers
How do we know these are accurate if anyone can edit them?
brothers (nom|voc)
, νουθετεῖτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

νου·θετέω (νουθετ(ε)-, νουθετη·σ-, νουθετη·σ-, -, νενουθετη-, νουθετη·θ-)
νουθετ(ε)·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-ADMONISH-ing, be-you(pl)-ADMONISH-ing!
rebuke
you(pl)-are-ADMONISH-ing, be-you(pl)-ADMONISH-ing!
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
the (acc)
ἀτάκτους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἄ·τακτος -ον
ατακτ·ους
mas acc pl or fem acc pl
out of order
out of order (acc)
, παραμυθεῖσθε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·μυθέομαι (παρα+μυθ(ε)-, -, παρα+μυθη·σ-, -, -, -)
παρα·μυθ(ε)·εσθε
pres mp ind 2nd pl or pres mp imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-being-COMFORT-ed, be-you(pl)-being-COMFORT-ed!
encourage, console, speak to, address
you(pl)-are-being-COMFORT-ed, be-you(pl)-being-COMFORT-ed!
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
the (acc)
ὀλιγοψύχους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ὀλιγό·ψυχος -ον
ολιγοψυχ·ους
mas acc pl or fem acc pl
faint-hearted
[be discouraged]
faint-hearted (acc)
, ἀντέχεσθε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀντ·έχω (αντ+εχ-, ανθ+εξ-, 2nd αντι+σχ-, -, -, -)
αντ·εχ·εσθε
pres mp ind 2nd pl or pres mp imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-being-CLING TO BY/ENDURE-ed, be-you(pl)-being-CLING TO BY/ENDURE-ed!
[abide, hold out, bear, endure, withstand, stand, stay]
you(pl)-are-being-CLING TO BY/ENDURE-ed, be-you(pl)-being-CLING TO BY/ENDURE-ed!
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
ἀσθενῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3); Verb

ἀ·σθενής -ές; ἀ·σθενέω (ασθεν(ε)-, ασθενη·σ-, ασθενη·σ-, ησθενη·κ-, -, -)
ασθεν(ε)·ων; ασθεν(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
weak; while BE-WEAK-ing
; Lit:"be-without-strength/vigor", hence, be-weak/sick/helpless, ail. waver/stumble.
weak (gen); while BE-WEAK-ing (nom)
, μακροθυμεῖτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μακρο·θυμέω (μακροθυμ(ε)-, μακροθυμη·σ-, μακροθυμη·σ-, -, -, -)
μακροθυμ(ε)·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-IS-PATIENT-ing, be-you(pl)-IS-PATIENT-ing!
Lit:is-long-tempered, hence persevere, be-long-suffering/patient/slow-to-anger
you(pl)-are-IS-PATIENT-ing, be-you(pl)-IS-PATIENT-ing!
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
πάντας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ας
mas acc pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
all (acc)
.
1Thes 5:14
We exhort you, brothers, admonish the disorderly, encourage the fainthearted, support the weak, be patient toward all.
15Ὁρᾶτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

ὁρατός -ή -όν; ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ορατ·ε; ορ(α)·ετε, ορ(α)·ητε
mas voc sg; pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl, pres act sub 2nd pl
visible; you(pl)-are-SEE/BEHOLD-ing, be-you(pl)-SEE/BEHOLD-ing!, you(pl)-should-be-SEE/BEHOLD-ing
; Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
visible (voc); you(pl)-are-SEE/BEHOLD-ing, be-you(pl)-SEE/BEHOLD-ing!, you(pl)-should-be-SEE/BEHOLD-ing
μή [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
not
τις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

τὶ[ν]ς[2] τὶ[ν], gen. τινός, dat. τινί, acc. τινά τὶ
τι[ν]·ς
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
someone/anyone
indefinite pronoun; someone, something, anyone, anything. Specific(certain-one/some) determined from text-markings/context, otherwise non-specific (anyone/several).
someone/anyone (nom)
κακὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

κακός -ή -όν (cf. φαῦλος)
κακ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
wicked
/evil
wicked (acc, nom|acc|voc)
ἀντὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀντί
αντι
indecl
against/instead (+gen)
as much as, in return for, in exchange ofmma]nti< is the preposition first of equivalence (Homer, Il . ix. 116, 117) and then of ex- change (1 Cor. xi. 15; Heb. xii. 2, 16; Matt. v. 38),
against/instead (+gen)
κακοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

κακός -ή -όν (cf. φαῦλος); κακόω (κακ(ο)-, κακω·σ-, κακω·σ-, κεκακω·κ-, κεκακω-, κακω·θ-)
κακ·ου; κακ(ο)·ε, κακ(ο)·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg; pres act imp 2nd sg, pres mp imp 2nd sg
wicked; be-you(sg)-BADLY-AFFECT-ing!, be-you(sg)-being-BADLY-AFFECT-ed!
/evil; Lit:"badly-affect", hence mistreat/oppress/harm/afflict/trouble/hurt
wicked (gen); be-you(sg)-BADLY-AFFECT-ing!, be-you(sg)-being-BADLY-AFFECT-ed!
τινι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

τὶ[ν]ς[2] τὶ[ν], gen. τινός, dat. τινί, acc. τινά τὶ
τιν·ι
neu dat sg or mas dat sg or fem dat sg
someone/anyone
indefinite pronoun; someone, something, anyone, anything. Specific(certain-one/some) determined from text-markings/context, otherwise non-specific (anyone/several).
someone/anyone (dat)
ἀποδῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·δίδωμι (ath. απο+διδ(ο)-/ath. απο+διδ(ω)-, απο+δω·σ-, απο+δω·κ- or 2nd ath. απο+δ(ο)-/ath. απο+δ(ω)-, -, απο+δεδο-, απο+δο·θ-)
απο·δ(ω)·ῃ
2aor act sub 3rd sg or 2aor mp sub 2nd sg
he/she/it-should-GIVE-BACK, you(sg)-should-be-GIVE-BACK-ed
Lit:"give-from", hence, give/pay-back/repay/restore, assign, impute, convey, refer, sell
he/she/it-should-GIVE-BACK, you(sg)-should-be-GIVE-BACK-ed
· ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but-rather
emphatic/hard-adversative, "but-rather/instead", as distinct from the softer, more common, "δέ"
but-rather
πάντοτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πάν·τοτε
παντοτε
indecl
always
always
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
the (nom|acc)
ἀγαθὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἀγαθός -ή -όν (cf. καλός)
αγαθ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
good
good, fit, capable, useful
good (acc, nom|acc|voc)
{ διώκετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

διώκω (διωκ-, διωξ-, διωξ-, -, δεδιωκ-, διωχ·θ-)
διωκ·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-PROSECUTE/PURSUE-ing, be-you(pl)-PROSECUTE/PURSUE-ing!
prosecute: put on trial
you(pl)-are-PROSECUTE/PURSUE-ing, be-you(pl)-PROSECUTE/PURSUE-ing!
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
διώκετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

διώκω (διωκ-, διωξ-, διωξ-, -, δεδιωκ-, διωχ·θ-)
διωκ·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-PROSECUTE/PURSUE-ing, be-you(pl)-PROSECUTE/PURSUE-ing!
prosecute: put on trial
you(pl)-are-PROSECUTE/PURSUE-ing, be-you(pl)-PROSECUTE/PURSUE-ing!
[ καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
] } εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
into (+acc)
ἀλλήλους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reciprocal)

ἀλλήλων (gen. pl.)
αλληλ·ους
mas acc pl
one another
one another (acc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
into (+acc)
πάντας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ας
mas acc pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
all (acc)
.
———
RP: διώκετε καὶ ⬪ NA/UBS: διώκετε [καὶ]
1Thes 5:15
See that no one returns evil for evil to anyone, but always follow after that which is good, for one another, and for all.
16Πάντοτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πάν·τοτε
παντοτε
indecl
always
always
χαίρετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

χαίρω (χαιρ-, χαρ(ε)·[σ]-, -, -, -, χαρ·[θ]-)
χαιρ·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-REJOICE-ing, be-you(pl)-REJOICE-ing!
salute, salutation
you(pl)-are-REJOICE-ing, be-you(pl)-REJOICE-ing!
·
1Thes 5:16
¶Rejoice always.
17ἀδιαλείπτως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἀ·δια·λείπτως
αδιαλειπτως
indecl
unceasingly
relentlessly, persistently
unceasingly
προσεύχεσθε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·εύχομαι (προσ+ευχ-, προσ+ευξ-, προσ+ευξ-, -, -, -)
προσ·ευχ·εσθε, προσ·ε·ευχ·εσθε
pres mp ind 2nd pl or pres mp imp 2nd pl, impf mp ind 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-being-PRAY-ed, be-you(pl)-being-PRAY-ed!, you(pl)-were-being-PRAY-ed
you(pl)-are-being-PRAY-ed, be-you(pl)-being-PRAY-ed!, you(pl)-were-being-PRAY-ed
·
1Thes 5:17
Pray without ceasing.
18ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
παντὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ι
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
each, every (dat)
εὐχαριστεῖτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εὐ·χαριστέω (ευχαριστ(ε)-, -, ευχαριστη·σ-, -, -, ευχαριστη·θ-)
ευχαριστ(ε)·ετε, ε·ευχαριστ(ε)·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl, impf act ind 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-GIVE-THANKS-ing, be-you(pl)-GIVE-THANKS-ing!, you(pl)-were-GIVE-THANKS-ing
Lit:"good-grace", hence give-thanks-for-grace.
you(pl)-are-GIVE-THANKS-ing, be-you(pl)-GIVE-THANKS-ing!, you(pl)-were-GIVE-THANKS-ing
· τοῦτο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
this (nom|acc)
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
for
θέλημα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

θέλημα[τ], -ατος, τό
θελημα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
desire
/want/wish. Often rendered "will", but inconsistent with cognate "θέλω" (wish/desire), and distinct from "βουλή" (will/counsel/intent). Sometimes softened to "preferred-will" (so as not to impugn God's sovereignty).
desire (nom|acc|voc)
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god
[see theology]
god (gen)
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
χριστῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Χριστός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. Χριστέ
χριστ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
Christ
lit. 'anointed'
Christ (dat)
Ἰησοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
irreg. ιησου (instead of ιησ(ο)·ῳ > ιησῳ), ιησ(ο)·ε, ιησ(ο)·ου, ιησου
(mas) dat sg, (mas) voc sg, (mas) gen sg, (mas) indecl
Jesus, Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
Jesus (dat, gen, voc), Jesus (indecl)
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
into (+acc)
ὑμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμας
acc pl
you(pl)
you(pl) (acc)
.
1Thes 5:18
In everything give thanks, for this is the will of God in Christ Jesus toward you.
19Τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
the (nom|acc)
πνεῦμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πνεῦμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πνευμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
spirit
/breath/wind, spiritual-utterance
spirit (nom|acc|voc)
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
not
σβέννυτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σβέννυμι (ath. σβεννυ-, σβε·σ-, σβε·σ-, -, εσβεσ-, σβεσ·θ-)
σβεννυ·τε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-EXTINGUISH-ing, be-you(pl)-EXTINGUISH-ing!
you(pl)-are-EXTINGUISH-ing, be-you(pl)-EXTINGUISH-ing!
·
1Thes 5:19
Don’t quench the Spirit.
20προφητείας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

προφητεία, -ας, ἡ
προφητει·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
prophesy, prophesies
prophesy (gen), prophesies (acc)
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
not
ἐξουθενεῖτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·ουθενέω/-νόω (εξ+ουθεν(ε)-, εξ+ουθενη·σ-/εξ+ουθενω·σ-, εξ+ουθενη·σ-/εξ+ουθενω·σ-, εξ+ουθενη·κ-, εξ+ουθενη-, εξ+ουθενη·θ-/εξ+ουθενω·θ-)
εξ·ουθεν(ε)·ετε, εξ·ε·ουθεν(ε)·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl, impf act ind 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-DESPISE/SET-AT-NAUGHT-ing, be-you(pl)-DESPISE/SET-AT-NAUGHT-ing!, you(pl)-were-DESPISE/SET-AT-NAUGHT-ing
Lit:"treat-as-worthless", hence, despise, scorn, invalidate, reject (active self-willed refusal to accept)
you(pl)-are-DESPISE/SET-AT-NAUGHT-ing, be-you(pl)-DESPISE/SET-AT-NAUGHT-ing!, you(pl)-were-DESPISE/SET-AT-NAUGHT-ing
·
1Thes 5:20
Don’t despisescorn prophesies.
21πάντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or mas acc sg
all, each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
all (nom|acc|voc), each, every (acc)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
δοκιμάζετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δοκιμάζω (δοκιμαζ-, δοκιμ(α)·[σ]-/δοκιμα·σ-, δοκιμα·σ-, δεδοκιμα·κ-, δεδοκιμασ-, δοκιμασ·θ-)
δοκιμαζ·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-VET/SCRUTINIZE-ing, be-you(pl)-VET/SCRUTINIZE-ing!
[test by trial/close examination to see if acceptable]
you(pl)-are-VET/SCRUTINIZE-ing, be-you(pl)-VET/SCRUTINIZE-ing!
· τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
the (nom|acc)
καλὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

καλός -ή -όν (cf. ἀγαθός)
καλ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
good
good, useful, of quality, morally good, physically beautiful
good (acc, nom|acc|voc)
κατέχετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατ·έχω (κατ+εχ-, καθ+εξ-, 2nd κατα+σχ-, -, -, κατα+σχε·θ-)
κατ·εχ·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-HOLD FAST-ing, be-you(pl)-HOLD FAST-ing!
seize, hold fast, hold back, restrain, bridle, possess, occupy, gain possession of, be master of Lit: hold-down
you(pl)-are-HOLD FAST-ing, be-you(pl)-HOLD FAST-ing!
·
1Thes 5:21
Test all things, and hold firmly that which is good.
22ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
from
παντὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ος
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
each, every (gen)
εἴδους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

εἶδο·ς, -ους, τό
ειδ(ε)·ος
(neu) gen sg
appearance
appearance (gen)
πονηροῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

πονηρός -ά -όν
πονηρ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
evil, wicked
Adj.from πόνος + αἴρω: hence pain/labor/trouble-lifting/bearing/propounding.
evil, wicked (gen)
ἀπέχεσθε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·έχω (απ+εχ-, αφ+εξ-, 2nd απο+σχ-, απ+εσχη·κ-, απ+εσχη-, -)
απ·εχ·εσθε
pres mp ind 2nd pl or pres mp imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-being-HOLD-ed-BACK, be-you(pl)-being-HOLD-ed-BACK!
[Lit:"from-have/from-hold"; c. acc., receive something from someone; c. gen. or c. ἀπό, hold a distance away, or abstain from]
you(pl)-are-being-HOLD-ed-BACK, be-you(pl)-being-HOLD-ed-BACK!
.
1Thes 5:22
Abstain from every form of evil.
23Αὐτὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ος
mas nom sg
he/it/same
he/it/same (nom)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
θεὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ος
(mas) nom sg
god
[see theology]
god (nom)
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
the (gen)
εἰρήνης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

εἰρήνη, -ης, ἡ
ειρην·ης
(fem) gen sg
peace
peace (gen)
ἁγιάσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἁγιάζω (αγιαζ-, αγια·σ-, αγια·σ-, ηγια·κ-, ηγιασ-, αγιασ·θ-)
αγια·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-CONSECRATE, be-you(sg)-CONSECRATE-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-CONSECRATE
sanctify, hallow, become holy
to-CONSECRATE, be-you(sg)-CONSECRATE-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-CONSECRATE (opt)
ὑμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμας
acc pl
you(pl)
you(pl) (acc)
ὁλοτελεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3)

ὁλο·τελής -ές
ολοτελ(ε)·ες, ολοτελ(ε)·ας
mas nom|voc pl or fem nom|voc pl, mas acc pl or fem acc pl
complete
Lit:"whole-complete", Used 1x (1Th 5:23). Usually (erroneously?) rendered as adverb, "completely/entirely/wholly/perfectly", despite its compound-adjective spelling.
complete (acc, nom|voc)
· καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ὁλόκληρον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ὁλό·κληρος -ον
ολοκληρ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
divine-allotted whole
Lit:"whole-cast-lot". Often rendered "whole/complete/entire", which completely ignores the κληρος (cast-lot) aspect/property.
divine-allotted whole (acc, nom|acc|voc)
ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you(pl)
you(pl) (gen)
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
the (nom|acc)
πνεῦμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πνεῦμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πνευμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
spirit
/breath/wind, spiritual-utterance
spirit (nom|acc|voc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
the (nom)
ψυχὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.); Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ψῦχο·ς, -ους, τό; ψυχή, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. ψυχή
ψυχ(ε)·α; ψυχ·η
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl; (fem) nom|voc sg
cold weathers; soul-life
; self A. life, “λύθη ψ. τε μένος τε” Il.5.296, etc.; psyche/mind
cold weathers (nom|acc|voc); soul-life (nom|voc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
the (nom|acc)
σῶμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

σῶμα[τ], -ατος, τό
σωμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
body
body (nom|acc|voc)
ἀμέμπτως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἀ·μέμπτως
αμεμπτως
indecl
blamelessly
blamelessly
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
the (dat)
παρουσίᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

παρ·ουσία, -ας, ἡ
παρουσι·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
arrival
from pres-part. of "pareimi", Lit:"being/existing-close-beside", thus "arrival/presence". Usually rendered "coming", but more about presence, than process "erchomai".
arrival (dat)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
κυρίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ου; κυρι·ου
(mas) gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
lord (gen); authoritative (gen)
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
us
us (gen)
Ἰησοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
irreg. ιησου (instead of ιησ(ο)·ῳ > ιησῳ), ιησ(ο)·ε, ιησ(ο)·ου, ιησου
(mas) dat sg, (mas) voc sg, (mas) gen sg, (mas) indecl
Jesus, Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
Jesus (dat, gen, voc), Jesus (indecl)
χριστοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Χριστός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. Χριστέ
χριστ·ου
(mas) gen sg
Christ
lit. 'anointed'
Christ (gen)
τηρηθείη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τηρέω (τηρ(ε)-, τηρη·σ-, τηρη·σ-, τετηρη·κ-, τετηρη-, τηρη·θ-)
τηρη·θειη
aor θη opt 3rd sg
he/she/it-happens-to-be-KEEP-ed
From "τηρος" (guard/watchman), hence guard/watch-over(something valuable)". Usually rendered "keep", as in maintain/retain/keep-intact/preserve/reserve/heed/observe/abide-by/take-care-for/attend-carefully (not as in hold/possess/o
he/she/it-happens-to-be-KEEP-ed (opt)
.
1Thes 5:23
¶May the God of peace himself sanctify you completely. May your whole spirit, soul, and body be preserved blameless at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.
24Πιστὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

πιστός -ή -όν
πιστ·ος
mas nom sg
faithful
trusthworthy
faithful (nom)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
καλῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

καλός -ή -όν (cf. ἀγαθός); καλέω (καλ(ε)-, καλε·σ-, καλε·σ-, κεκλη·κ-, κεκλη-, κλη·θ-)
καλ·ων; καλ(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
good; while CALL-ing
good, useful, of quality, morally good, physically beautiful; call, summon/invite, or to name
good (gen); while CALL-ing (nom)
ὑμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμας
acc pl
you(pl)
you(pl) (acc)
, ὃς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ος
mas nom sg
who/whom/which
who/whom/which (nom)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ποιήσει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.); Verb

ποίησις, -εως, ἡ; ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποιησ(ι)·ι; ποιη·σει
(fem) dat sg; fut act ind 3rd sg or fut mp ind 2nd sg classical
doing/making; he/she/it-will-DO/MAKE, you(sg)-will-be-DO/MAKE-ed
;
doing/making (dat); he/she/it-will-DO/MAKE, you(sg)-will-be-DO/MAKE-ed (classical)
.
1Thes 5:24
¶He who calls you is faithful, who will also do it.
25Ἀδελφοί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί
αδελφ·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
brothers
How do we know these are accurate if anyone can edit them?
brothers (nom|voc)
, προσεύχεσθε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·εύχομαι (προσ+ευχ-, προσ+ευξ-, προσ+ευξ-, -, -, -)
προσ·ευχ·εσθε, προσ·ε·ευχ·εσθε
pres mp ind 2nd pl or pres mp imp 2nd pl, impf mp ind 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-being-PRAY-ed, be-you(pl)-being-PRAY-ed!, you(pl)-were-being-PRAY-ed
you(pl)-are-being-PRAY-ed, be-you(pl)-being-PRAY-ed!, you(pl)-were-being-PRAY-ed
{ περὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

περί
περι
indecl
about (+acc,+gen)
Lit:"around" (as in perimeter "around-measure"). Fig:about/regarding/concerning
about (+acc,+gen)
⬪ [ καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
] περὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

περί
περι
indecl
about (+acc,+gen)
Lit:"around" (as in perimeter "around-measure"). Fig:about/regarding/concerning
about (+acc,+gen)
} ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
us
us (gen)
.
———
RP: περὶ ⬪ NA/UBS: [καὶ] περὶ
1Thes 5:25
Brothers, pray for us.
26Ἀσπάσασθε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀσπάζομαι (ασπαζ-, ασπα·σ-, ασπα·σ-, -, -, -)
ασπα·σασθε
1aor mp imp 2nd pl
be-you(pl)-GREET-ed!
(welcome, salute)
be-you(pl)-GREET-ed!
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
the (acc)
ἀδελφοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί
αδελφ·ους
(mas) acc pl
brothers
How do we know these are accurate if anyone can edit them?
brothers (acc)
πάντας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ας
mas acc pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
all (acc)
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
φιλήματι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

φίλημα[τ], -ατος, τό
φιληματ·ι
(neu) dat sg
kiss
kiss (dat)
ἁγίῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἅγιος -α -ον (cf. ὅσιος and ἱερός)
αγι·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
holy
[dedicated, divine, pure]
holy (dat)
.
1Thes 5:26
Greet all the brothers with a holy kiss.
27{ Ὁρκίζω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁρκίζω (ορκιζ-, ορκι(ε)·[σ]-, ορκι·σ-, -, -, ορκισ·θ-)
ορκιζ·ω
pres act ind 1st sg or pres act sub 1st sg
I-am-OATH-IZE-ing, I-should-be-OATH-IZE-ing
I-am-OATH-IZE-ing, I-should-be-OATH-IZE-ing
Ἐνορκίζω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐν·ορκίζω (εν+ορκιζ-, -, -, -, -, -)
εν·ορκιζ·ω
pres act ind 1st sg or pres act sub 1st sg
I-am-???-ing, I-should-be-???-ing
I-am-???-ing, I-should-be-???-ing
} ὑμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμας
acc pl
you(pl)
you(pl) (acc)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
κύριον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ον; κυρι·ον
(mas) acc sg; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
lord (acc); authoritative (acc, nom|acc|voc)
, ἀναγνωσθῆναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀνα·γινώσκω/-γιγν- (ανα+γινωσκ-/ανα+γιγνωσκ-, ανα+γνω·σ-, 2nd ath. ανα+γν(ω)-/ath. ανα+γν(ο)-, -, ανα+εγνωσ-, ανα+γνωσ·θ-)
ανα·γνωσ·θηναι
aor θη inf
to-be-RE-READ-ed
Lit:"know-again", hence acquaint/perceive/recognize-again
to-be-RE-READ-ed
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
the (acc)
ἐπιστολὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἐπι·στολή, -ῆς, ἡ
επιστολ·ην
(fem) acc sg
letter
[epistle]
letter (acc)
πᾶσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
πα[ντ]·σι(ν)
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
all (dat)
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
the (dat)
{ ἁγίοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἅγιος -α -ον (cf. ὅσιος and ἱερός)
αγι·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
holy
[dedicated, divine, pure]
holy (dat)
⬪ - } ἀδελφοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί
αδελφ·οις
(mas) dat pl
brothers
How do we know these are accurate if anyone can edit them?
brothers (dat)
.
———
RP: Ὁρκίζω ⬪ NA/UBS: Ἐνορκίζω
RP: ἁγίοις ⬪ NA/UBS: —
1Thes 5:27
I solemnly command you by the Lord that this letter be read to all the holy brothers.
28 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
the (nom)
χάρις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

χάρι[τ]ς, -ιτος, ἡ, acc. χάρι[τ]ν and χάριτα
χαρι[τ]·ς
(fem) nom sg
favor/grace
[see charity]
favor/grace (nom)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
κυρίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ου; κυρι·ου
(mas) gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
lord (gen); authoritative (gen)
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
us
us (gen)
Ἰησοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
irreg. ιησου (instead of ιησ(ο)·ῳ > ιησῳ), ιησ(ο)·ε, ιησ(ο)·ου, ιησου
(mas) dat sg, (mas) voc sg, (mas) gen sg, (mas) indecl
Jesus, Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
Jesus (dat, gen, voc), Jesus (indecl)
χριστοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Χριστός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. Χριστέ
χριστ·ου
(mas) gen sg
Christ
lit. 'anointed'
Christ (gen)
μεθ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μεθ’
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you(pl)
you(pl) (gen)
. { Ἀμήν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Hebrew-Aramaic

ἀμήν
αμην
indecl
amen
[faithful and true witness]
amen
. ⬪ - }
———
RP: Ἀμήν. ⬪ NA/UBS: —
1Thes 5:28
¶The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you. Amen.
« Ch 4

Copyright 2007-2020 Thomas Moore, Email: acct3 at katabiblon.com, Support Forum Set Local Timezone
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