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ΠΕΤΡΟΥ Α

1st Letter of Peter

 Robinson-Pierpont 2005 Wiki English Translation‎ / World English Bible
1Πρεσβυτέρους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

πρεσβύ·τερος -α -ον (Comp. of πρέσβυς)
πρεσβυτερ·ους
mas acc pl
elder
elder (acc)
{ τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
the (acc)
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
} ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you(pl)
you(pl) (dat)
παρακαλῶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·καλέω (παρα+καλ(ε)-, παρα+καλε·σ-, παρα+καλε·σ-, -, παρα+κεκλη-, παρα+κλη·θ-)
παρα·καλ(ε)·ω
pres act ind 1st sg or pres act sub 1st sg
I-am-ENTREAT/COMFORT-ing, I-should-be-ENTREAT/COMFORT-ing
[Lit: "call-close-beside", hence: entreat/implore, or encourage/comfort (in affliction)]
I-am-ENTREAT/COMFORT-ing, I-should-be-ENTREAT/COMFORT-ing
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
συμπρεσβύτερος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

συμ·πρεσβύτερος, -ου, ὁ
συμπρεσβυτερ·ος
(mas) nom sg
co-elder
co-elder (nom)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
μάρτυς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

μάρτυ[ρ]ς, -υρος, ὁ, dat. pl. μάρτυ[ρ]σιν
μαρτυ[ρ]·ς
(mas) nom|voc sg
witness-bearer
One who bears witness.
witness-bearer (nom|voc)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
χριστοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Χριστός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. Χριστέ
χριστ·ου
(mas) gen sg
Christ
lit. 'anointed'
Christ (gen)
παθημάτων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πάθημα[τ], -ατος, τό
παθηματ·ων
(neu) gen pl
ordeals
affections, feelings, that which befalls one, suffering, misfortune, the passion (of Christ) as in 2 Cor 1:5
ordeals (gen)
, [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
the (gen)
μελλούσης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μέλλω (μελλ-, μελλη·σ-, -, -, -, -)
μελλ·ουσ·ης
pres act ptcp fem gen sg
while BE-ABOUT/CERTAIN-ing
intended/certain. Often used before an infinitive.
while BE-ABOUT/CERTAIN-ing (gen)
ἀποκαλύπτεσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·καλύπτω (απο+καλυπτ-, απο+καλυψ-, απο+καλυψ-, -, απο+κεκαλυπτ-, απο+καλυφ·θ-)
απο·καλυπτ·εσθαι
pres mp inf
to-be-being-UNCOVER/REVEAL-ed
to-be-being-UNCOVER/REVEAL-ed
δόξης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

δόξα, -ης, ἡ
δοξ·ης
(fem) gen sg
glory/honor
praise
glory/honor (gen)
κοινωνός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl. and Fem. 2nd Decl.)

κοινωνός, -οῦ, ὁ and
κοινων·ος
(mas) nom sg or (fem) nom sg
sharer
[companion]
sharer (nom)
·
———
RP: τοὺς ⬪ NA/UBS: οὖν
1Pt 5:1
¶I exhort the elders among you, as a fellow elder, and a witness of the sufferings of Christ, and who will also share in the glory that will be revealed.
2ποιμάνατε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιμαίνω (ποιμαιν-, ποιμαν(ε)·[σ]-, ποιμαν·[σ]-, -, -, ποιμαν·θ-)
ποιμαν·[σ]ατε
1aor act imp 2nd pl
do-SHEPHERD-you(pl)!
/tend (sheep), in contrast to G1006 "βόσκω,"feed/graze"
do-SHEPHERD-you(pl)!
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
the (nom|acc)
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you(pl)
you(pl) (dat)
ποίμνιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ποίμνιον, -ου, τό
ποιμνι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
flock
flock (nom|acc|voc)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god
[see theology]
god (gen)
, { ἐπισκοποῦντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·σκοπέω (επι+σκοπ(ε)-, -, -, -, -, -)
επι·σκοπ(ε)·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while OVERSEE-ing
Psalm 105:4 visitation
while OVERSEE-ing (nom|voc)
⬪ [ ἐπισκοποῦντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·σκοπέω (επι+σκοπ(ε)-, -, -, -, -, -)
επι·σκοπ(ε)·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while OVERSEE-ing
Psalm 105:4 visitation
while OVERSEE-ing (nom|voc)
] } μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
not
ἀναγκαστῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἀναγκαστῶς
αναγκαστως
indecl
compulsorily
compulsorily
, { ἀλλ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλ’
indecl
but-rather
emphatic/hard-adversative, "but-rather/instead", as distinct from the softer, more common, "δέ"
but-rather
ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but-rather
emphatic/hard-adversative, "but-rather/instead", as distinct from the softer, more common, "δέ"
but-rather
} { ἑκουσίως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἑκουσίως
εκουσιως
indecl
voluntarily
voluntarily
ἑκουσίως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἑκουσίως
εκουσιως
indecl
voluntarily
voluntarily
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
θεόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ον
(mas) acc sg
god
[see theology]
god (acc)
} · μηδὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle; Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

μηδέ (μή δέ); Μῆδος, -ου, ὁ
μηδε; μηδ·ε
indecl; (mas) voc sg
neither/nor; Mede

μηδ’ before ὡς [one occurrence: 1 Pt 5:3]; [inhabitant of Media]
neither/nor; Mede (voc)
αἰσχροκερδῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

αἰσχρο·κερδῶς
αισχροκερδως
indecl
with ulterior motives
with ulterior motives
, ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but-rather
emphatic/hard-adversative, "but-rather/instead", as distinct from the softer, more common, "δέ"
but-rather
προθύμως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

προ·θύμως
προθυμως
indecl
with propensity
with propensity
·
———
RP: ἐπισκοποῦντες ⬪ NA/UBS: [ἐπισκοποῦντες]
RP: ἀλλ’ ⬪ NA/UBS: ἀλλὰ
RP: ἑκουσίως ⬪ NA/UBS: ἑκουσίως κατὰ θεόν
1Pt 5:2
Shepherd the flock of God which is among you, exercising the oversight, not under compulsion, but voluntarily, not for dishonest gain with ulterior motives, but willingly with heart;
3{ μηδὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle; Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

μηδέ (μή δέ); Μῆδος, -ου, ὁ
μηδε; μηδ·ε
indecl; (mas) voc sg
neither/nor; Mede

μηδ’ before ὡς [one occurrence: 1 Pt 5:3]; [inhabitant of Media]
neither/nor; Mede (voc)
μηδ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μηδέ (μή δέ)
μηδ’
indecl
neither/nor

μηδ’ before ὡς [one occurrence: 1 Pt 5:3]
neither/nor
} ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
as/like
κατακυριεύοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·κυριεύω (κατα+κυριευ-, κατα+κυριευ·σ-, κατα+κυριευ·σ-, -, -, κατα+κυριευ·θ-)
κατα·κυριευ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while SUBDUE/DOMINATE-ing
[gain/exercise dominion]
while SUBDUE/DOMINATE-ing (nom|voc)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
κλήρων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Verb

κλῆρος, -ου, ὁ; κληρόω (κληρ(ο)-, κληρω·σ-, κληρω·σ-, -, -, κληρω·θ-)
κληρ·ων; κληρ(ο)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(mas) gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
lots; while ALLOT-ing
portion; appoint/obtain by lot
lots (gen); while ALLOT-ing (nom)
, ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but-rather
emphatic/hard-adversative, "but-rather/instead", as distinct from the softer, more common, "δέ"
but-rather
τύποι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

τύπος, -ου, ὁ
τυπ·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
image/examples
[type, model to be imitated]
image/examples (nom|voc)
γινόμενοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
γιν·ομεν·οι
pres mp ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while being-BECOME-ed
become; happen; be ("as a substitute for the forms of εἰμί" --BAGD)
while being-BECOME-ed (nom|voc)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
ποιμνίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ποίμνιον, -ου, τό
ποιμνι·ου
(neu) gen sg
flock
flock (gen)
.
———
RP: μηδὲ ⬪ NA/UBS: μηδ’
1Pt 5:3
neither as lording it over those entrusted to you, but making yourselves examples to the flock.neither as those dominating of the lotsª, but those becoming figures of the flockᵇ
———
a Exodus 6:8 God distributes the land by lot vs salavtion of Jesus, the inheritence is of form
b Romans 5:14, 6:17, 1Cor 10:6, Phil 3:17 τυπος is the engraving, the mark, the cast, the imprint, form of distinction
4Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
φανερωθέντος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φανερόω (φανερ(ο)-, φανερω·σ-, φανερω·σ-, -, πεφανερω-, φανερω·θ-)
φανερω·θε[ι]ντ·ος
aor θη ptcp mas gen sg or aor θη ptcp neu gen sg
upon being-MANIFEST-ed
[from 5457 "phṓs" (light)], hence illumine, make-visible/apparent(by illumination, bring-out, disclose. Distinct from "ἀποκαλύπτω" (to reveal/uncover something hidden or invisible).
upon being-MANIFEST-ed (gen)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
ἀρχιποίμενος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀρχι·ποίμην, -ενος, ὁ
αρχιποιμεν·ος
(mas) gen sg
chief-shepherd
chief-shepherd (gen)
, κομιεῖσθε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κομίζω (κομιζ-, κομι(ε)·[σ]-/κομι·σ-, κομι·σ-, -, κεκομισ-, -)
κομι(ε)·[σ]εσθε
fut mp ind 2nd pl
you(pl)-will-be-PROCURE/OBTAIN-ed
[take care of, provide, attend, give heed to]
you(pl)-will-be-PROCURE/OBTAIN-ed
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
ἀμαράντινον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἀ·μαράντινος -η -ον
αμαραντιν·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
unfading
unfading (acc, nom|acc|voc)
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
the (gen)
δόξης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

δόξα, -ης, ἡ
δοξ·ης
(fem) gen sg
glory/honor
praise
glory/honor (gen)
στέφανον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

στέφανος[1], -ου, ὁ; Στέφανος[2], -ου, ὁ
στεφαν·ον; στεφαν·ον
(mas) acc sg; (mas) acc sg
wreath; wreath
this is the wreath of victory, a crown only in the sense of an accomplishment but not in the governing sense, it does not signify authority as διαδημα which is the crown of a ruler; wreath (only) not crown
wreath (acc); wreath (acc)
.
1Pt 5:4
When the chief Shepherd is revealed, you will receive the crown of glory that doesn’t fade away.
5Ὁμοίως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὁμοίως (cf. ὡσαύτως)
ομοιως
indecl
similarly
similarly
, νεώτεροι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

νεώ·τερος -α -ον (Comp. of νέος)
νεωτερ·οι
mas nom|voc pl
newer/younger
newer/younger (nom|voc)
, ὑποτάγητε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑπο·τάσσω (υπο+τασσ-, υπο+ταξ-, υπο+ταξ-, -, υπο+τετασσ-, υπο+ταγ·[θ]-/υπο+ταχ·θ-)
υπο·ταγ·[θ]ητε
aor θη imp 2nd pl or aor θη sub 2nd pl
be-you(pl)-SUBORDINATE-ed!, you(pl)-should-be-SUBORDINATE-ed
[subdue, place under ones obidience]
be-you(pl)-SUBORDINATE-ed!, you(pl)-should-be-SUBORDINATE-ed
πρεσβυτέροις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

πρεσβύ·τερος -α -ον (Comp. of πρέσβυς)
πρεσβυτερ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
elder
elder (dat)
· πάντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ες
mas nom|voc pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
all (nom|voc)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
ἀλλήλοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reciprocal)

ἀλλήλων (gen. pl.)
αλληλ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
one another
one another (dat)
{ ὑποτασσόμενοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑπο·τάσσω (υπο+τασσ-, υπο+ταξ-, υπο+ταξ-, -, υπο+τετασσ-, υπο+ταγ·[θ]-/υπο+ταχ·θ-)
υπο·τασσ·ομεν·οι
pres mp ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while being-SUBORDINATE-ed
[subdue, place under ones obidience]
while being-SUBORDINATE-ed (nom|voc)
⬪ - } , τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
the (acc)
ταπεινοφροσύνην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ταπεινο·φρο·σύνη, -ης, ἡ
ταπεινοφροσυν·ην
(fem) acc sg
humility
[Lit: low-minded]
humility (acc)
ἐγκομβώσασθε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐγ·κομβόομαι (-, -, εν+κομβω·σ-, -, -, -)
εν·κομβω·σασθε
1aor mp imp 2nd pl
be-you(pl)-PUT-ed-ON!
be-you(pl)-PUT-ed-ON!
· ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
because/that
{ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
⬪ [ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
] } θεὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ος
(mas) nom sg
god
[see theology]
god (nom)
ὑπερηφάνοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ὑπερή·φανος -ον
υπερηφαν·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl or fem dat pl
proud/arrogant
[Lit: over- appearing]
proud/arrogant (dat)
ἀντιτάσσεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀντι·τάσσω (αντι+τασσ-, αντι+ταξ-, -, -, -, -)
αντι·τασσ·εται
pres mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is-being-LINE-ed-UP-AGAINST
[to set up in opposition to; to direct or be directed against]
he/she/it-is-being-LINE-ed-UP-AGAINST
, ταπεινοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

ταπεινός -ή -όν; ταπεινόω (ταπειν(ο)-, ταπεινω·σ-, ταπεινω·σ-, -, τεταπεινω-, ταπεινω·θ-)
ταπειν·οις; ταπειν(ο)·εις, ταπειν(ο)·ῃς, ταπειν(ο)·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl; pres act ind 2nd sg, pres act sub 2nd sg, pres act opt 2nd sg
lowly; you(sg)-are-HUMBLE-ing, you(sg)-should-be-HUMBLE-ing, you(sg)-happen-to-be-HUMBLE-ing
[abase, humble, humiliate, submissive]; Lit:"make-low", hence humble
lowly (dat); you(sg)-are-HUMBLE-ing, you(sg)-should-be-HUMBLE-ing, you(sg)-happen-to-be-HUMBLE-ing (opt)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
δίδωσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
διδ(ο)·^σι(ν), διδ(ω)·ωσι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg, pres act sub 3rd pl
he/she/it-is-GIVE-ing, they-should-be-GIVE-ing
/offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
he/she/it-is-GIVE-ing, they-should-be-GIVE-ing
χάριν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

χάριν; χάρι[τ]ς, -ιτος, ἡ, acc. χάρι[τ]ν and χάριτα
χαριν; χαρι[τ]·ν
indecl; (fem) acc sg
for the sake of; favor/grace
[acc. of χάρις used adverbially] prep. for; [see charity]
for the sake of; favor/grace (acc)
.
———
RP: ὑποτασσόμενοι ⬪ NA/UBS: —
RP: ὁ ⬪ NA/UBS: [ὁ]
1Pt 5:5
¶Likewise, you younger ones, be subjectordinate to the elder ones. Yes, all of you clothe yourselves with humility, to subjectsuborinate yourselves to one another; for “God resists rebuffs the proud, but to the lowly he gives grace to the humble.”[a]*
———
a Proverbs 3:34 LXX: Κύριος ὑπερηφάνοις ἀντιτάσσεται, ταπεινοῖς δὲ δίδωσι χάριν. (See also James 4:6.)
6Ταπεινώθητε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ταπεινόω (ταπειν(ο)-, ταπεινω·σ-, ταπεινω·σ-, -, τεταπεινω-, ταπεινω·θ-)
ταπεινω·θητε
aor θη imp 2nd pl or aor θη sub 2nd pl
be-you(pl)-HUMBLE-ed!, you(pl)-should-be-HUMBLE-ed
Lit:"make-low", hence humble
be-you(pl)-HUMBLE-ed!, you(pl)-should-be-HUMBLE-ed
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen)
ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
under (+acc), by (+gen)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
the (acc)
κραταιὰν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

κραταιός -ά -όν
κραται·αν
fem acc sg
mighty
to sway the scepter
mighty (acc)
χεῖρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

χείρ, χειρός, ἡ, dat. pl. χερσίν
χειρ·α
(fem) acc sg
hand
hand (acc)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god
[see theology]
god (gen)
, ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that
/so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
in-order-that
ὑμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμας
acc pl
you(pl)
you(pl) (acc)
ὑψώσῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑψόω (υψ(ο)-, υψω·σ-, υψω·σ-, -, υψω-, υψω·θ-)
υψω·σῃ
fut mp ind 2nd sg or 1aor act sub 3rd sg or 1aor mp sub 2nd sg or fuper mp ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-will-be-LIFT-UP/EXALT-ed, he/she/it-should-LIFT-UP/EXALT, you(sg)-should-be-LIFT-UP/EXALT-ed,
(from "ὕψος" "height", Lit:"set-high/elevate/lift-up". Fig:"exalt".
you(sg)-will-be-LIFT-UP/EXALT-ed, he/she/it-should-LIFT-UP/EXALT, you(sg)-should-be-LIFT-UP/EXALT-ed, (fut perf)
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
καιρῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

καιρός, -οῦ, ὁ (cf. χρόνος)
καιρ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
period-of-time
/season
period-of-time (dat)
,
1Pt 5:6
Humble yourselves therefore So be lessened under the mighty hand of God God's hand of enduring creative control, that he may exalt lift you in (due) time;[a]
———
a James 4:10: Prostrate (yourselves) before the Lord, and he will lift you (WET). Cf. also Lk. 14:11, 18:14.
7πᾶσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral); Verb

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός; πάσσω [LXX] (πασσ-, -, πα·σ-, -, πεπασ-, -)
πασ·αν; πα·σαν[τ]
fem acc sg; 1aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
each, every; upon SPRINKLE-ing
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".;
each, every (acc); upon SPRINKLE-ing (nom|acc|voc)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
the (acc)
μέριμναν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Verb

μέριμνα, -ης, ἡ; μεριμνάω (μεριμν(α)-, μεριμνη·σ-, μεριμνη·σ-, -, -, -)
μεριμν·αν; μεριμν(α)·ειν > μεριμναν
(fem) acc sg; pres act inf
worry; to-be-BE ANXIOUS-ing
pursuit, ambition, object of care;
worry (acc); to-be-BE ANXIOUS-ing
ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you(pl)
you(pl) (gen)
{ ἐπιρρίψαντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·ρρίπτω/-ρίπτω (-, επι+ρριψ-, επι+ρριψ-/επι+ριψ-, επι+ερριφ·[κ]-, -, επι+ρριφ·[θ]-)
επι·ρριπτ·σαντ·ες
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon CAST-ing
[throw upon]
upon CAST-ing (nom|voc)
ἐπιρίψαντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·ρρίπτω/-ρίπτω (-, επι+ρριψ-, επι+ρριψ-/επι+ριψ-, επι+ερριφ·[κ]-, -, επι+ρριφ·[θ]-)
επι·ριπτ·σαντ·ες
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon CAST-ing
[throw upon]
upon CAST-ing (nom|voc)
} ἐπ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επ’
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (acc)
, ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
because/that
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (dat)
μέλει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.); Verb; Verb

μέλο·ς, -ους, τό; μέλω a.k.a. μέλει (μελ-, -, -, -, -, -); μέλομαι (μελ-, -, -, -, -, -)
μελ(ε)·ι; μελ·ει; μελ·ει
(neu) dat sg; pres act ind 3rd sg; pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
member; he/she/it-is-MATTER-ing-TO; you(sg)-are-being-MATTER-ed-TO
; care about; [middle/passive of μέλω, to be an object of care, concern oneself]
member (dat); he/she/it-is-MATTER-ing-TO; you(sg)-are-being-MATTER-ed-TO (classical)
περὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

περί
περι
indecl
about (+acc,+gen)
Lit:"around" (as in perimeter "around-measure"). Fig:about/regarding/concerning
about (+acc,+gen)
ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you(pl)
you(pl) (gen)
.
———
RP: ἐπιρρίψαντες ⬪ NA/UBS: ἐπιρίψαντες
1Pt 5:7
casting having rapidly cast all your worries worry on him, because he cares for you. in Himself He is concerned about you [c].
———
a Verse 6 and 7 are Hebrew parallelism. It's not about humbling yourself. It's about being lessened inside (clearing your worrying mind) by filling yourself with Jesus Christ the Word (the creative control of His hand).
b It's the worry that drags you down, filling yourself with Christ will clear your mind and lift you up.
c He is personally concerned about you! He has you in mind always.
8Νήψατε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

νήφω (νηφ-, -, νηψ-, -, -, -)
νηφ·σατε
1aor act imp 2nd pl
do-BE-you(pl)-SOBER!
[clearheaded, rational]
do-BE-you(pl)-SOBER!
, γρηγορήσατε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γρηγορέω (γρηγορ(ε)-, γρηγορη·σ-, γρηγορη·σ-, -, -, γρηγορη·θ-)
γρηγορη·σατε
1aor act imp 2nd pl
do-BE-you(pl)-VIGILANT!
[to be fully awake]
do-BE-you(pl)-VIGILANT!
· [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
ἀντίδικος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀντί·δικος, -ου, ὁ
αντιδικ·ος
(mas) nom sg
adversary
Lit:"against-justice", hence adversary/accuser/antagonist/opponent-at-law. By extension, prosecutor.
adversary (nom)
ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you(pl)
you(pl) (gen)
διάβολος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

διά·βολος -ον
διαβολ·ος
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
diabolical
Slanderous, hurtful, or corrupting. One who slanders, hurts, and corrupts (casting or sowing throughout).
diabolical (nom)
, ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
as/like
λέων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

λέων[τ], -ο[υ]ντος, ὁ, dat. pl. λέουσιν
λεο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(mas) nom sg
lion
lion (nom)
ὠρυόμενος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὠρύομαι (ωρυ-, ωρυ·σ-, -, -, -, -)
ωρυ·ομεν·ος
pres mp ptcp mas nom sg
while being-SCREAMING-ed-
yelling
while being-SCREAMING-ed- (nom)
, περιπατεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

περι·πατέω (περι+πατ(ε)-, περι+πατη·σ-, περι+πατη·σ-, περι+πεπατη·κ-, -, -)
περι·πατ(ε)·ει, περι·πατ(ε)·ε
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, pres act imp 2nd sg
he/she/it-is-WALK-ing, you(sg)-are-being-WALK-ed, be-you(sg)-WALK-ing!
he/she/it-is-WALK-ing, you(sg)-are-being-WALK-ed (classical), be-you(sg)-WALK-ing!
ζητῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ζητέω (ζητ(ε)-, ζητη·σ-, ζητη·σ-, -, -, ζητη·θ-)
ζητ(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while SEEK-ing
/search/inquire, look-into
while SEEK-ing (nom)
{ τίνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τιν·α
neu nom|acc pl or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
who, who
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
who (nom|acc), who (acc)
καταπίῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·πίνω (κατα+πιν-, κατα+πι·[σ]-, 2nd κατα+πι-, -, -, κατα+πο·θ-)
κατα·πι·[σ]ῃ, κατα·πι·ῃ
fut mp ind 2nd sg, 2aor act sub 3rd sg or 2aor mp sub 2nd sg
you(sg)-will-be-SWALLOW-ed, he/she/it-should-SWALLOW, you(sg)-should-be-SWALLOW-ed
you(sg)-will-be-SWALLOW-ed, he/she/it-should-SWALLOW, you(sg)-should-be-SWALLOW-ed
⬪ [ τινα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

τὶ[ν]ς[2] τὶ[ν], gen. τινός, dat. τινί, acc. τινά τὶ
τιν·α
neu nom|acc pl or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
some, someone/anyone
indefinite pronoun; someone, something, anyone, anything. Specific/non-specific is determined from text-markings and/or context).
some (nom|acc), someone/anyone (acc)
] καταπιεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·πίνω (κατα+πιν-, κατα+πι·[σ]-, 2nd κατα+πι-, -, -, κατα+πο·θ-)
κατα·πι·[σ]ειν, κατα·πι·ειν
fut act inf, 2aor act inf
to-will-SWALLOW, to-SWALLOW
to-will-SWALLOW, to-SWALLOW
} ·
———
RP: τίνα καταπίῃ ⬪ NA/UBS: [τινα] καταπιεῖν
1Pt 5:8
¶Be sober clearheaded and self-controlled. Be watchful alert. Your adversary, the devil, walks around like a roaring lion, seeking whom he may devour.
9 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ

neu dat sg or mas dat sg
who/whom/which
who/whom/which (dat)
ἀντίστητε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀνθ·ίστημι (ath. ανθ+ιστ(α)-/ath. ανθ+ιστ(η)-, αντι+στη·σ-, 2nd ath. αντι+στ(η)-/ath. αντι+στ(α)-, ανθ+εστη·κ-, -, -)
αντι·στ(η)·τε, αντι·στ(η)·ητε
2aor act imp 2nd pl, 2aor act sub 2nd pl
do-OPPOSE-you(pl)!, you(pl)-should-OPPOSE
lit Lit;"stand-against",hence oppose.
do-OPPOSE-you(pl)!, you(pl)-should-OPPOSE
στερεοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

στερεός -ά -όν; στερεόω (στερε(ο)-, στερεω·σ-, στερεω·σ-, -, -, στερεω·θ-)
στερε·οι; στερε(ο)·ει, στερε(ο)·ῃ, στερε(ο)·οι
mas nom|voc pl; pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, pres mp ind 2nd sg or pres act sub 3rd sg or pres mp sub 2nd sg, pres act opt 3rd sg
solid; he/she/it-is-SOLIDIFY-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SOLIDIFY-ed, you(sg)-are-being-SOLIDIFY-ed, he/she/it-should-be-SOLIDIFY-ing, you(sg)-should-be-being-SOLIDIFY-ed, he/she/it-happens-to-be-SOLIDIFY-ing
;
solid (nom|voc); he/she/it-is-SOLIDIFY-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SOLIDIFY-ed, you(sg)-are-being-SOLIDIFY-ed (classical), he/she/it-should-be-SOLIDIFY-ing, you(sg)-should-be-being-SOLIDIFY-ed, he/she/it-happens-to-be-SOLIDIFY-ing (opt)
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
the (dat)
πίστει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

πίστις, -εως, ἡ
πιστ(ι)·ι
(fem) dat sg
faith/faithfulness
allegiance; trust; trustworthiness; πίστις can refer to faith/trust, to that which one believes or trusts (the content of one's faith), or to the personal trait of faithfulness/trustworthiness/integrity.
faith/faithfulness (dat)
, εἰδότες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

οἶδα (ath. ιδ-/ath. ειδ(ε)-/ath. ειδ-, ειδη·σ-/ει[δ]·σ-, ειδη·σ-, οιδ·[κ]-/ειδ·[κ]-, -, -)
ειδ·[κ]οτ·ες
perf act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
having KNOWING-ed
/perceive/be-aware-of/be-acquainted-with/notice. Often rendered "know" (by seeing/observing), in contrast to "γινώσκω" (know by thinking/reasoning/experiencing).
having KNOWING-ed (nom|voc)
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
the (nom|acc)
αὐτὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·α
neu nom|acc pl
they/them/same
they/them/same (nom|acc)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
παθημάτων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πάθημα[τ], -ατος, τό
παθηματ·ων
(neu) gen pl
ordeals
affections, feelings, that which befalls one, suffering, misfortune, the passion (of Christ) as in 2 Cor 1:5
ordeals (gen)
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
the (dat)
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
{ κόσμῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

κόσμος, -ου, ὁ
κοσμ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
world
[present order; material realm; decoration/adornment]
world (dat)
⬪ [ τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
the (dat)
] κόσμῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

κόσμος, -ου, ὁ
κοσμ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
world
[present order; material realm; decoration/adornment]
world (dat)
} ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you(pl)
you(pl) (gen)
ἀδελφότητι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

ἀδελφότη[τ]ς, -ητος, ἡ
αδελφοτητ·ι
(fem) dat sg
brotherhood
brotherhood (dat)
ἐπιτελεῖσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·τελέω (επι+τελ(ε)-, επι+τελε·σ-, επι+τελε·σ-, -, -, επι+τελεσ·θ-)
επι·τελ(ε)·εσθαι
pres mp inf
to-be-being-ACCOMPLISH-ed
finish
to-be-being-ACCOMPLISH-ed
.
———
RP: κόσμῳ ⬪ NA/UBS: [τῷ] κόσμῳ
1Pt 5:9
Withstand him steadfast solid in your faith, knowing that your brothers who are in the world are undergoing the same sufferings.
10 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
θεὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ος
(mas) nom sg
god
[see theology]
god (nom)
πάσης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
πασ·ης
fem gen sg
each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
each, every (gen)
χάριτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

χάρι[τ]ς, -ιτος, ἡ, acc. χάρι[τ]ν and χάριτα
χαριτ·ος
(fem) gen sg
favor/grace
[see charity]
favor/grace (gen)
, [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
καλέσας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καλέω (καλ(ε)-, καλε·σ-, καλε·σ-, κεκλη·κ-, κεκλη-, κλη·θ-)
καλε·σα[ντ]·ς
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon CALL-ing
summon/invite
upon CALL-ing (nom|voc)
ὑμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμας
acc pl
you(pl)
you(pl) (acc)
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
into (+acc)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
the (acc)
αἰώνιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

αἰώνιος -ία -ον
αιωνι·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
age-long/ unending
age-long, and therefore: practically eternal, unending; partaking of the character of that which lasts for an age, as contrasted with that which is brief and fleeting
age-long/ unending (acc, nom|acc|voc)
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
him/it/same (gen)
δόξαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Verb

δόξα, -ης, ἡ; δοκέω (δοκ(ε)-, δοξ-, δοξ-, -, δεδοκ-, -)
δοξ·αν; δοκ·σαν[τ]
(fem) acc sg; 1aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
glory/honor; upon SUPPOSE-ing
praise; ,from "dokos"(opinion), hence suppose/seem/think/consider. Same root as "εὐδοκέω"(seem-good). Often rendered "think", but less objective than "νοέω"(think) and less visceral than "φρονέω"(think).
glory/honor (acc); upon SUPPOSE-ing (nom|acc|voc)
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
χριστῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Χριστός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. Χριστέ
χριστ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
Christ
lit. 'anointed'
Christ (dat)
{ Ἰησοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
irreg. ιησου (instead of ιησ(ο)·ῳ > ιησῳ), ιησ(ο)·ε, ιησ(ο)·ου, ιησου
(mas) dat sg, (mas) voc sg, (mas) gen sg, (mas) indecl
Jesus, Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
Jesus (dat, gen, voc), Jesus (indecl)
⬪ [ Ἰησοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
irreg. ιησου (instead of ιησ(ο)·ῳ > ιησῳ), ιησ(ο)·ε, ιησ(ο)·ου, ιησου
(mas) dat sg, (mas) voc sg, (mas) gen sg, (mas) indecl
Jesus, Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
Jesus (dat, gen, voc), Jesus (indecl)
] } , ὀλίγον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

ὀλίγος -η -ον
ολιγ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
little
[see oligarchy]
little (acc, nom|acc|voc)
παθόντας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πάσχω (πασχ-, -, 2nd παθ-, πεπονθ·[κ]-, -, -)
παθ·ο[υ]ντ·ας
2aor act ptcp mas acc pl
upon SUFFER-ing
, experience-heavy-emotion/suffering
upon SUFFER-ing (acc)
αὐτὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ος
mas nom sg
he/it/same
he/it/same (nom)
{ καταρτίσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατ·αρτίζω (κατ+αρτιζ-, κατ+αρτι·σ-, κατ+αρτι·σ-, -, κατ+ηρτισ-, κατ+αρτισ·θ-)
κατ·αρτι·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-PUT-INTO-GOOD-ORDER, be-you(sg)-PUT-ed-INTO-GOOD-ORDER!, he/she/it-happens-to-PUT-INTO-GOOD-ORDER
Lit:"down-adjusted", hence adjusted-exactly, made-fully-functional, mend.
to-PUT-INTO-GOOD-ORDER, be-you(sg)-PUT-ed-INTO-GOOD-ORDER!, he/she/it-happens-to-PUT-INTO-GOOD-ORDER (opt)
ὑμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμας
acc pl
you(pl)
you(pl) (acc)
καταρτίσει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.); Verb

κατ·άρτισις, -εως, ἡ; κατ·αρτίζω (κατ+αρτιζ-, κατ+αρτι·σ-, κατ+αρτι·σ-, -, κατ+ηρτισ-, κατ+αρτισ·θ-)
καταρτισ(ι)·ι; κατ·αρτι·σει
(fem) dat sg; fut act ind 3rd sg or fut mp ind 2nd sg classical
maturation; he/she/it-will-PUT-INTO-GOOD-ORDER, you(sg)-will-be-PUT-ed-INTO-GOOD-ORDER
; Lit:"down-adjusted", hence adjusted-exactly, made-fully-functional, mend.
maturation (dat); he/she/it-will-PUT-INTO-GOOD-ORDER, you(sg)-will-be-PUT-ed-INTO-GOOD-ORDER (classical)
} , στηρίξει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

στηρίζω (στηριζ-, στηρι(ε)·[σ]-/στηρι·σ-/στηριξ-, στηρι·σ-/στηριξ-, εστηρι·κ-, εστηρι-/εστηρισ-/εστηριγ-, στηρισ·θ-/στηριχ·θ-)
στηριγ·σει
fut act ind 3rd sg or fut mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-will-SUPPORT, you(sg)-will-be-SUPPORT-ed
Lit:"make-stand-fixed", hence uphold, buoy, buttress, base, substantiate
he/she/it-will-SUPPORT, you(sg)-will-be-SUPPORT-ed (classical)
, σθενώσει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σθενόω (-, σθενω·σ-, -, -, -, -)
σθενω·σει
fut act ind 3rd sg or fut mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-will-STRENGTHEN, you(sg)-will-be-STRENGTHEN-ed
he/she/it-will-STRENGTHEN, you(sg)-will-be-STRENGTHEN-ed (classical)
, θεμελιώσει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θεμελιόω (θεμελι(ο)-, θεμελιω·σ-, θεμελιω·σ-, -, τεθεμελιω-, θεμελιω·θ-)
θεμελιω·σει
fut act ind 3rd sg or fut mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-will-FOUND, you(sg)-will-be-FOUND-ed
[lay foundation]
he/she/it-will-FOUND, you(sg)-will-be-FOUND-ed (classical)
.
———
RP: Ἰησοῦ ⬪ NA/UBS: [Ἰησοῦ]
RP: καταρτίσαι ὑμᾶς ⬪ NA/UBS: καταρτίσει
1Pt 5:10
But may the God of all grace, who called you to his perpetualeternal glory by Christ Jesus, after you have suffered a little while, perfect, establish, strengthen, and settle you.
11Αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (dat)
{ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
the (nom)
δόξα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

δόξα, -ης, ἡ
δοξ·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
glory/honor
praise
glory/honor (nom|voc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
⬪ - } τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
the (nom|acc)
κράτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

κράτο·ς, -ους, τό
κρατ(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
might
might power
might (nom|acc|voc)
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
into (+acc)
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
the (acc)
{ αἰῶνας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

αἰών, -ῶνος, ὁ
αιων·ας
(mas) acc pl
eons
/age, "εἰς τοὺς αἰῶνα/αἰῶνας"(into the eon/eons) are both usually rendered "forever".
eons (acc)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
αἰώνων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

αἰών, -ῶνος, ὁ
αιων·ων
(mas) gen pl
eons
/age, "εἰς τοὺς αἰῶνα/αἰῶνας"(into the eon/eons) are both usually rendered "forever".
eons (gen)
. Ἀμήν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Hebrew-Aramaic

ἀμήν
αμην
indecl
amen
[faithful and true witness]
amen
. ⬪ αἰῶνας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

αἰών, -ῶνος, ὁ
αιων·ας
(mas) acc pl
eons
/age, "εἰς τοὺς αἰῶνα/αἰῶνας"(into the eon/eons) are both usually rendered "forever".
eons (acc)
, ἀμήν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Hebrew-Aramaic

ἀμήν
αμην
indecl
amen
[faithful and true witness]
amen
. }
———
RP: ἡ δόξα καὶ ⬪ NA/UBS: —
RP: αἰῶνας τῶν αἰώνων. Ἀμήν. ⬪ NA/UBS: αἰῶνας, ἀμήν.
1Pt 5:11
To him be the glory and the power forever and ever. Amen.
12Διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
Σιλουανοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Σιλουανός, -οῦ, ὁ
σιλουαν·ου
(mas) gen sg
Silvanus
Silvanus (gen)
ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you(pl)
you(pl) (dat)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
πιστοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

πιστός -ή -όν; πιστόω (πιστ(ο)-, πιστω·σ-, πιστω·σ-, -, -, πιστω·θ-)
πιστ·ου; πιστ(ο)·ε, πιστ(ο)·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg; pres act imp 2nd sg, pres mp imp 2nd sg
faithful; be-you(sg)-ACT-WITH-FAITH/ASSURANCE-ing!, be-you(sg)-being-ACT-WITH-FAITH/ASSURANCE-ed!
trusthworthy; "πιστόω",from adj."πιστός" (faithful). GNT:1x, 2Tim 3:14 (AIP), KJV:"hast-been-assured-of", NAS: have-become-convinced". LXX (16x): make certain/steadfast/firm/establish
faithful (gen); be-you(sg)-ACT-WITH-FAITH/ASSURANCE-ing!, be-you(sg)-being-ACT-WITH-FAITH/ASSURANCE-ed!
ἀδελφοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί
αδελφ·ου
(mas) gen sg
brother
How do we know these are accurate if anyone can edit them?
brother (gen)
, ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
as/like
λογίζομαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λογίζομαι (λογιζ-, λογι(ε)·[σ]-, λογι·σ-, -, λελογισ-, λογισ·θ-)
λογιζ·ομαι
pres mp ind 1st sg
I-am-being-RECKON-ed
/credit/account/regard/consider/impute,number,compute,reason,use-logic, as in devise/plot.
I-am-being-RECKON-ed
, δι’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δι’
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
ὀλίγων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

ὀλίγος -η -ον
ολιγ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
few
[see oligarchy]
few (gen)
ἔγραψα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γράφω (γραφ-, γραψ-, γραψ-, γεγραφ·[κ]-, γεγραφ-, γραφ·[θ]-)
ε·γραφ·σα
1aor act ind 1st sg
I-WRITE-ed
I-WRITE-ed
, παρακαλῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·καλέω (παρα+καλ(ε)-, παρα+καλε·σ-, παρα+καλε·σ-, -, παρα+κεκλη-, παρα+κλη·θ-)
παρα·καλ(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while ENTREAT/COMFORT-ing
[Lit: "call-close-beside", hence: entreat/implore, or encourage/comfort (in affliction)]
while ENTREAT/COMFORT-ing (nom)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἐπιμαρτυρῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·μαρτυρέω (επι+μαρτυρ(ε)-, -, -, -, -, -)
επι·μαρτυρ(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while ATTEST-ing
while ATTEST-ing (nom)
ταύτην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·ην
fem acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
this (acc)
εἶναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·εναι
pres act inf
to-be
to-be
ἀληθῆ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3)

ἀ·ληθής -ες
αληθ(ε)·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
true/unerring
true/unerring (acc, nom|acc|voc)
χάριν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

χάριν; χάρι[τ]ς, -ιτος, ἡ, acc. χάρι[τ]ν and χάριτα
χαριν; χαρι[τ]·ν
indecl; (fem) acc sg
for the sake of; favor/grace
[acc. of χάρις used adverbially] prep. for; [see charity]
for the sake of; favor/grace (acc)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god
[see theology]
god (gen)
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
into (+acc)
ἣν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ην
fem acc sg
who/whom/which
who/whom/which (acc)
{ ἑστήκατε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἵστημι (ath. ιστ(α)-/ath. ιστ(η)-, στη·σ-, στη·σ- or 2nd ath. στ(η)-/ath. στ(α)-, εστη·κ-/εστα·κ-/εστ(α)·[κ]-, εστη-/εστα-, στα·θ-)
εστη·κατε
perf act ind 2nd pl
you(pl)-have-STAND-ed
/cause-to-stand
you(pl)-have-STAND-ed
στῆτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἵστημι (ath. ιστ(α)-/ath. ιστ(η)-, στη·σ-, στη·σ- or 2nd ath. στ(η)-/ath. στ(α)-, εστη·κ-/εστα·κ-/εστ(α)·[κ]-, εστη-/εστα-, στα·θ-)
στ(η)·τε, στ(η)·ητε
2aor act imp 2nd pl, 2aor act sub 2nd pl
do-STAND-you(pl)!, you(pl)-should-STAND
/cause-to-stand
do-STAND-you(pl)!, you(pl)-should-STAND
} .
———
RP: ἑστήκατε ⬪ NA/UBS: στῆτε
1Pt 5:12
¶Through Silvanus, our faithful brother, as I consider him, I have written to you briefly, exhorting, and testifying that this is the true grace of God in which you stand.
13Ἀσπάζεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀσπάζομαι (ασπαζ-, ασπα·σ-, ασπα·σ-, -, -, -)
ασπαζ·εται
pres mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is-being-GREET-ed
(welcome, salute)
he/she/it-is-being-GREET-ed
ὑμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμας
acc pl
you(pl)
you(pl) (acc)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
the (nom)
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
Βαβυλῶνι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

Βαβυλών, -ῶνος, ὁ
βαβυλων·ι
(mas) dat sg
Babylon
Babylon (dat)
συνεκλεκτή [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

συν·εκ·λεκτός -ή -όν
συνεκλεκτ·η
fem nom|voc sg
together,chosen
together,chosen (nom|voc)
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
Μάρκος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Μάρκος, -ου, ὁ
μαρκ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Mark
Mark (nom)
Μᾶρκος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Μάρκος, -ου, ὁ
μαρκ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Mark
Mark (nom)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
υἱός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ος
(mas) nom sg
son
son (nom)
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
me (gen)
.
1Pt 5:13
She who is in Babylon, chosen together with you, greets you; and so does Mark,[a] my son.
———
a See also Acts 12:12, 25; Acts 15:37, 39; Col. 4:10; 2 Tm. 4:11; Phlm. 1:24.
14Ἀσπάσασθε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀσπάζομαι (ασπαζ-, ασπα·σ-, ασπα·σ-, -, -, -)
ασπα·σασθε
1aor mp imp 2nd pl
be-you(pl)-GREET-ed!
(welcome, salute)
be-you(pl)-GREET-ed!
ἀλλήλους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reciprocal)

ἀλλήλων (gen. pl.)
αλληλ·ους
mas acc pl
one another
one another (acc)
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
φιλήματι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

φίλημα[τ], -ατος, τό
φιληματ·ι
(neu) dat sg
kiss
kiss (dat)
ἀγάπης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀγάπη, -ης, ἡ
αγαπ·ης
(fem) gen sg
love
/Calvary-love (as distinguished from "φιλω" (friend-love, affection)
love (gen)
.
Εἰρήνη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

εἰρήνη, -ης, ἡ
ειρην·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
peace
peace (nom|voc)
ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you(pl)
you(pl) (dat)
πᾶσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
πα[ντ]·σι(ν)
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
all (dat)
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
the (dat)
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
{ χριστῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Χριστός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. Χριστέ
χριστ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
Christ
lit. 'anointed'
Christ (dat)
Ἰησοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
irreg. ιησου (instead of ιησ(ο)·ῳ > ιησῳ), ιησ(ο)·ε, ιησ(ο)·ου, ιησου
(mas) dat sg, (mas) voc sg, (mas) gen sg, (mas) indecl
Jesus, Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
Jesus (dat, gen, voc), Jesus (indecl)
. Ἀμήν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Hebrew-Aramaic

ἀμήν
αμην
indecl
amen
[faithful and true witness]
amen
. ⬪ χριστῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Χριστός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. Χριστέ
χριστ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
Christ
lit. 'anointed'
Christ (dat)
. }
———
RP: χριστῷ Ἰησοῦ. Ἀμήν. ⬪ NA/UBS: χριστῷ.
1Pt 5:14
Greet one another with a kiss of love. Peace be to you all who are in Christ Jesus. Amen.
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