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Μακκαβαίων Δʹ

4 Maccabees*

 CATSS LXX Wiki English Translation‎ / World English Bible
1φιλοσοφώτατον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

φιλο·σοφώ·τατος -η -ον [LXX] (Superl. of φιλό·σοφος)
φιλοσοφωτατ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
???
??? (acc, nom|acc|voc)
λόγον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λόγος, -ου, ὁ
λογ·ον
(mas) acc sg
word
word
word (acc)
ἐπιδείκνυσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·δείκνυμι (ath. επι+δεικνυ-, -, επι+δειξ-, -, -, -)
επι·δεικνυ·σθαι
pres mp inf
to-be-being-SHOW-ed
exhibit, demonstrate, display
to-be-being-SHOW-ed
μέλλων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μέλλω (μελλ-, μελλη·σ-, -, -, -, -)
μελλ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while BE-ABOUT/CERTAIN-ing
intended/certain. Often used before an infinitive.
while BE-ABOUT/CERTAIN-ing (nom)
εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
if
αὐτοδέσποτός ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
he/she/it-is
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
παθῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.); Verb

πάθο·ς, -ους, τό; πάσχω (πασχ-, -, 2nd παθ-, πεπονθ·[κ]-, -, -)
παθ(ε)·ων; παθ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(neu) gen pl; 2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
emotion, passions; upon SUFFER-ing
[see pathology, pathetic]; , experience-heavy-emotion/suffering
emotion, passions (gen); upon SUFFER-ing (nom)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
εὐσεβὴς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3)

εὐ·σεβής -ές
ευσεβ(ε)·^ς
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
devout
devout (nom)
λογισμός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λογισμός, -οῦ, ὁ
λογισμ·ος
(mas) nom sg
logic
reasoning, calculation
logic (nom)
συμβουλεύσαιμ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συμ·βουλεύω (συν+βουλευ-, συν+βουλευ·σ-, συν+βουλευ·σ-, -, συν+βεβουλευ-, -)
συμ·βουλευ·σαιμι
1aor act opt 1st sg
I-happen-to-COUNCIL
I-happen-to-COUNCIL (opt)
ἂν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἄν
αν
indecl
ever
(calls attention to optional actions) Precedes aorist and present-subjunctives; Follows future-indicatives.
ever
ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you(pl)
you(pl) (dat)
ὀρθῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὀρθῶς
ορθως
indecl
rightly
Lit:"straight", hence rightly/properly/correctly, conforming to standards
rightly
ὅπως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὅπως
οπως
indecl
how/so that
Lit. contraction:"which-how". Often simplified: how/in-what-way. Sometimes rendered as a consequential-conjunction: "so-that", "in-order-that". But ????, since the conjunction, "ina" would unambiguously convey this
how/so that
προσέχητε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·έχω (προσ+εχ-, προσ+εξ-, 2nd προσ+σχ-/ath. προσ+σχε-, προσ+εσχη·κ-, -, -)
προσ·εχ·ητε
pres act sub 2nd pl
you(pl)-should-be-PAY/TAKE-HEED-ing
Lit:"have/hold-toward". hence attend/pay-attention/heed/give-value(+dative); consider-important; reck [with negative or questions]; it recks (it is important). Cf. εἰσ·ακούω
you(pl)-should-be-PAY/TAKE-HEED-ing
προθύμως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

προ·θύμως
προθυμως
indecl
with propensity
with propensity
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
the (dat)
φιλοσοφίᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

φιλο·σοφία, -ας, ἡ
φιλοσοφι·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
philosophy
philosophy (dat)
1
2καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
for
ἀναγκαῖος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἀναγκαῖος -α -ον
αναγκαι·ος
mas nom sg
necessary
necessary (nom)
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
into (+acc)
ἐπιστήμην παντὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ι
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
each, every (dat)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
λόγος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λόγος, -ου, ὁ
λογ·ος
(mas) nom sg
word
word
word (nom)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἄλλως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἄλλως
αλλως
indecl
otherwise
otherwise
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
the (gen)
μεγίστης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

μέγιστος -η -ον (Superl. of μέγας)
μεγιστ·ης
fem gen sg
greatest
greatest (gen)
ἀρετῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀρετή, -ῆς, ἡ
αρετ·ης
(fem) gen sg
virtue
[praise?]
virtue (gen)
λέγω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ω
pres act ind 1st sg or pres act sub 1st sg
I-am-SAY-ing, I-should-be-SAY-ing
speak, tell
I-am-SAY-ing, I-should-be-SAY-ing
δὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δή
δη
indecl
indeed
indeed
φρονήσεως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

φρόνησις, -εως, ἡ
φρονησ(ι)·ος
(fem) gen sg
contemplation
contemplation (gen)
περιέχει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

περι·έχω (περι+εχ-, -, 2nd περι+σχ-, -, -, -)
περι·εχ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-CONTAINED-ing, you(sg)-are-being-CONTAINED-ed
[metaph: to be hard pressed; encompass, embrace, surround]
he/she/it-is-CONTAINED-ing, you(sg)-are-being-CONTAINED-ed (classical)
ἔπαινον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἔπ·αινος, -ου, ὁ
επαιν·ον
(mas) acc sg
praise
praise (acc)
2
3εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
if
ἄρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἄρα[2]
αρα
indecl
therefore-indeed
/hence/it-follows-that. An inferential conjunction implying under these circumstances, something either is/becomes (whatever follows). Similar to, but more disjunctive than "οὖν" (consequently/accordingly).
therefore-indeed
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
σωφροσύνης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

σω·φρο·σύνη, -ης, ἡ
σωφροσυν·ης
(fem) gen sg
good sense
[sensibleness]
good sense (gen)
κωλυτικῶν παθῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.); Verb

πάθο·ς, -ους, τό; πάσχω (πασχ-, -, 2nd παθ-, πεπονθ·[κ]-, -, -)
παθ(ε)·ων; παθ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(neu) gen pl; 2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
emotion, passions; upon SUFFER-ing
[see pathology, pathetic]; , experience-heavy-emotion/suffering
emotion, passions (gen); upon SUFFER-ing (nom)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
λογισμὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λογισμός, -οῦ, ὁ
λογισμ·ος
(mas) nom sg
logic
reasoning, calculation
logic (nom)
φαίνεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φαίνω (φαιν-, φαν(ε)·[σ]-, φαν·[σ]-, -, -, φαν·[θ]-)
φαιν·εται
pres mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is-being-APPEAR-ed
look, shew, peer, seem, show
he/she/it-is-being-APPEAR-ed
ἐπικρατεῖν γαστριμαργίας τε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

τέ
τε
indecl
and [postpositive coordinate]
and [postpositive coordinate]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἐπιθυμίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἐπι·θυμία, -ας, ἡ
επιθυμι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
lust/yearning, lusts/yearnings
Lit:"desire-over/upon" hence intense/compelling-desire, lust, appetite, yearning
lust/yearning (gen), lusts/yearnings (acc)
3
4ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but-rather
emphatic/hard-adversative, "but-rather/instead", as distinct from the softer, more common, "δέ"
but-rather
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
the (gen)
δικαιοσύνης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

δικαιο·σύνη, -ης, ἡ
δικαιοσυν·ης
(fem) gen sg
righteousness
/justice, fulfillment of the law
righteousness (gen)
ἐμποδιστικῶν παθῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.); Verb

πάθο·ς, -ους, τό; πάσχω (πασχ-, -, 2nd παθ-, πεπονθ·[κ]-, -, -)
παθ(ε)·ων; παθ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(neu) gen pl; 2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
emotion, passions; upon SUFFER-ing
[see pathology, pathetic]; , experience-heavy-emotion/suffering
emotion, passions (gen); upon SUFFER-ing (nom)
κυριεύειν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κυριεύω (κυριευ-, κυριευ·σ-, κυριευ·σ-, -, -, κυριευ·θ-)
κυριευ·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-BE-ing-LORD-OF/OVER
dominant, seize, capture, lord or master of, gain possession of κυριέψω come upon
to-be-BE-ing-LORD-OF/OVER
ἀναφαίνεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀνα·φαίνω (ανα+φαιν-, ανα+φαν(ε)·[σ]-, ανα+φαν·[σ]-, -, -, ανα+φαν·[θ]-)
ανα·φαιν·εται
pres mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is-being-LIGHT-UP-ed
Lit:"manifest/light-up". Made-apparent/visible.
he/she/it-is-being-LIGHT-UP-ed
οἷον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

οἷος -α -ον
οι·ον
neu nom|acc sg or mas acc sg
such-as /what-kind-of
such-as /what-kind-of (acc, nom|acc)
κακοηθείας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

κακο·ήθεια, -ας, ἡ
κακοηθει·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
evil, wickedness
ill, malefaction
evil (gen), wickedness (acc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
the (gen)
ἀνδρείας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἀνδρεῖος -α -ον [LXX]
ανδρει·ας
fem gen sg or fem acc pl
manly
manly (acc, gen)
ἐμποδιστικῶν παθῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.); Verb

πάθο·ς, -ους, τό; πάσχω (πασχ-, -, 2nd παθ-, πεπονθ·[κ]-, -, -)
παθ(ε)·ων; παθ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(neu) gen pl; 2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
emotion, passions; upon SUFFER-ing
[see pathology, pathetic]; , experience-heavy-emotion/suffering
emotion, passions (gen); upon SUFFER-ing (nom)
θυμοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Verb

θυμός, -οῦ, ὁ (cf. ὀργή); θυμόω (θυμ(ο)-, -, θυμω·σ-, -, -, θυμω·θ-)
θυμ·ου; θυμ(ο)·ε, θυμ(ο)·ου
(mas) gen sg; pres act imp 2nd sg, pres mp imp 2nd sg
inclination/passion; be-you(sg)-ANGER-ing!, be-you(sg)-being-ANGER-ed!
[any strong emotion or passion/desire, an inclination thereof. Almost always of anger];
inclination/passion (gen); be-you(sg)-ANGER-ing!, be-you(sg)-being-ANGER-ed!
τε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

τέ
τε
indecl
and [postpositive coordinate]
and [postpositive coordinate]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
φόβου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Verb

φόβος, -ου, ὁ; φοβέω (φοβ(ε)-, -, φοβη·σ-, -, πεφοβη-, φοβη·θ-)
φοβ·ου; φοβ(ε)·ου
(mas) gen sg; pres mp imp 2nd sg
fear; be-you(sg)-being-FEAR-ed!
[see phobia];
fear (gen); be-you(sg)-being-FEAR-ed!
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
πόνου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

πόνος, -ου, ὁ
πον·ου
(mas) gen sg
toil
(from "penomai" (to toil)" hence labor/sickness/trouble GNT: pain/concern
toil (gen)
4
5πῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

πῶς[1]
πως
indecl
how
how
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
ἴσως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἴσως
ισως
indecl
equally/perhaps
[in like manner]
equally/perhaps
εἴποιεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειπ·οιεν
2aor act opt 3rd pl
they-happen-to-SAY
speak, tell
they-happen-to-SAY (opt)
ἄν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἄν
αν
indecl
ever
(calls attention to optional actions) Precedes aorist and present-subjunctives; Follows future-indicatives.
ever
τινες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

τὶ[ν]ς[2] τὶ[ν], gen. τινός, dat. τινί, acc. τινά τὶ
τιν·ες
mas nom pl or fem nom pl
some/several
indefinite pronoun; someone, something, anyone, anything. Specific(certain-one/some) determined from text-markings/context, otherwise non-specific (anyone/several).
some/several (nom)
εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
if
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
παθῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.); Verb

πάθο·ς, -ους, τό; πάσχω (πασχ-, -, 2nd παθ-, πεπονθ·[κ]-, -, -)
παθ(ε)·ων; παθ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(neu) gen pl; 2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
emotion, passions; upon SUFFER-ing
[see pathology, pathetic]; , experience-heavy-emotion/suffering
emotion, passions (gen); upon SUFFER-ing (nom)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
λογισμὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λογισμός, -οῦ, ὁ
λογισμ·ος
(mas) nom sg
logic
reasoning, calculation
logic (nom)
κρατεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.); Adjective (3-1-3); Verb

κράτο·ς, -ους, τό; κρατύς (-εῖα) -ύ [EXTRA], gen. sg. -έος and -έως; κρατέω (κρατ(ε)-, κρατη·σ-, κρατη·σ-, κεκρατη·κ-, κεκρατη-, κρατη·θ-)
κρατ(ε)·ι; κρατ(υ)·ι; κρατ(ε)·ει, κρατ(ε)·ε
(neu) dat sg; neu dat sg or mas dat sg; pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, pres act imp 2nd sg
might; mighty; he/she/it-is-SEIZE/TAKE-HOLD-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SEIZE/TAKE-HOLD-ed, be-you(sg)-SEIZE/TAKE-HOLD-ing!
might power; ; , from "κράτος" (strength/might), hence take-hold/control-of/retain, exercise-power-over, seize/arrest/detain, bear/carry,
might (dat); mighty (dat); he/she/it-is-SEIZE/TAKE-HOLD-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SEIZE/TAKE-HOLD-ed (classical), be-you(sg)-SEIZE/TAKE-HOLD-ing!
λήθης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

λήθη, -ῆς, ἡ
ληθ·ης
(fem) gen sg
forgetfulness
forgetfulness (gen)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἀγνοίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἄ·γνοια, -ας, ἡ
αγνοι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
ignorance, ignorances
ignorance (gen), ignorances (acc)
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
not
δεσπόζει γελοῖον ἐπιχειροῦντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·χειρέω (επι+χειρ(ε)-, -, επι+χειρη·σ-, -, -, -)
επι·χειρ(ε)·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while UNDERTAKE-ing
while UNDERTAKE-ing (nom|voc)
λέγειν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-SAY-ing
speak, tell
to-be-SAY-ing
5
6οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
not
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
for
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
αὑτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

ἑ·αυτοῦ/αὑτοῦ[2] -ῆς -οῦ
αυτ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
self
him/her/it/our/your/them-selves
self (gen)
παθῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.); Verb

πάθο·ς, -ους, τό; πάσχω (πασχ-, -, 2nd παθ-, πεπονθ·[κ]-, -, -)
παθ(ε)·ων; παθ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(neu) gen pl; 2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
emotion, passions; upon SUFFER-ing
[see pathology, pathetic]; , experience-heavy-emotion/suffering
emotion, passions (gen); upon SUFFER-ing (nom)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
λογισμὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λογισμός, -οῦ, ὁ
λογισμ·ος
(mas) nom sg
logic
reasoning, calculation
logic (nom)
κρατεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.); Adjective (3-1-3); Verb

κράτο·ς, -ους, τό; κρατύς (-εῖα) -ύ [EXTRA], gen. sg. -έος and -έως; κρατέω (κρατ(ε)-, κρατη·σ-, κρατη·σ-, κεκρατη·κ-, κεκρατη-, κρατη·θ-)
κρατ(ε)·ι; κρατ(υ)·ι; κρατ(ε)·ει, κρατ(ε)·ε
(neu) dat sg; neu dat sg or mas dat sg; pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, pres act imp 2nd sg
might; mighty; he/she/it-is-SEIZE/TAKE-HOLD-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SEIZE/TAKE-HOLD-ed, be-you(sg)-SEIZE/TAKE-HOLD-ing!
might power; ; , from "κράτος" (strength/might), hence take-hold/control-of/retain, exercise-power-over, seize/arrest/detain, bear/carry,
might (dat); mighty (dat); he/she/it-is-SEIZE/TAKE-HOLD-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SEIZE/TAKE-HOLD-ed (classical), be-you(sg)-SEIZE/TAKE-HOLD-ing!
ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but-rather
emphatic/hard-adversative, "but-rather/instead", as distinct from the softer, more common, "δέ"
but-rather
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
the (gen)
δικαιοσύνης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

δικαιο·σύνη, -ης, ἡ
δικαιοσυν·ης
(fem) gen sg
righteousness
/justice, fulfillment of the law
righteousness (gen)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἀνδρείας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἀνδρεῖος -α -ον [LXX]
ανδρει·ας
fem gen sg or fem acc pl
manly
manly (acc, gen)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
σωφροσύνης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

σω·φρο·σύνη, -ης, ἡ
σωφροσυν·ης
(fem) gen sg
good sense
[sensibleness]
good sense (gen)
ἐναντίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἐν·αντίος -α -ον
εναντι·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
contrary
opposite, adverse, against,
contrary (gen)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
τούτων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
these (gen)
οὐχ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουχ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
not
ὥστε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὥστε
ωστε
indecl
so that
Lit: "like-also"
so that
αὐτὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·α
neu nom|acc pl
they/them/same
they/them/same (nom|acc)
καταλῦσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·λύω (κατα+λυ-, κατα+λυ·σ-, κατα+λυ·σ-, κατα+λελυ·κ-, -, κατα+λυ·θ-)
κατα·λυ·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-TEAR-DOWN, be-you(sg)-TEAR-DOWN-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-TEAR-DOWN
Lit:"down-loose", hence unloose/tear-down. Metaph: relax. Similar but distinct from "καταργέω" (make of no effect), and "apollumi" (utterly-destroy).
to-TEAR-DOWN, be-you(sg)-TEAR-DOWN-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-TEAR-DOWN (opt)
ἀλλ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλ’
indecl
but-rather
emphatic/hard-adversative, "but-rather/instead", as distinct from the softer, more common, "δέ"
but-rather
ὥστε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὥστε
ωστε
indecl
so that
Lit: "like-also"
so that
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
them/same (dat)
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
not
εἶξαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἴκω[1] (-, -, ειξ-, -, -, -)
εικ·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-YIELD, be-you(sg)-YIELD-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-YIELD
(give place to, give in)
to-YIELD, be-you(sg)-YIELD-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-YIELD (opt)
6
7πολλαχόθεν μὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μέν
μεν
indecl
indeed
/certainly/surely.
indeed
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἀλλαχόθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἀλλαχό·θεν
αλλαχοθεν
indecl
from elsewhere
from elsewhere
ἔχοιμ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
εχ·οιμι
pres act opt 1st sg
I-happen-to-be-HAVE-ing
/hold.
I-happen-to-be-HAVE-ing (opt)
ἂν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἄν
αν
indecl
ever
(calls attention to optional actions) Precedes aorist and present-subjunctives; Follows future-indicatives.
ever
ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you(pl)
you(pl) (dat)
ἐπιδεῖξαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·δείκνυμι (ath. επι+δεικνυ-, -, επι+δειξ-, -, -, -)
επι·δεικ·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-SHOW, be-you(sg)-SHOW-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-SHOW
exhibit, demonstrate, display
to-SHOW, be-you(sg)-SHOW-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-SHOW (opt)
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
because/that
αὐτοκράτωρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

αὐτο·κράτωρ, -ορος, ὁ [LXX]
αυτοκρατορ·^
(mas) nom sg
absolute ruler
[see autocrat]
absolute ruler (nom)
ἐστὶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
he/she/it-is
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
παθῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.); Verb

πάθο·ς, -ους, τό; πάσχω (πασχ-, -, 2nd παθ-, πεπονθ·[κ]-, -, -)
παθ(ε)·ων; παθ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(neu) gen pl; 2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
emotion, passions; upon SUFFER-ing
[see pathology, pathetic]; , experience-heavy-emotion/suffering
emotion, passions (gen); upon SUFFER-ing (nom)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
λογισμός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λογισμός, -οῦ, ὁ
λογισμ·ος
(mas) nom sg
logic
reasoning, calculation
logic (nom)
7
8πολὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral, irreg.)

πολ[λ]ύς πολλή πολ[λ]ύ
irreg. πολ(υ) ( instead of πολλ·ο)
neu nom|acc sg
much
much (nom|acc)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
πλέον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral); Verb

πλείων -ον and πλέων -ον, gen. sg. -ονος (Comp. of πολύς); πλέω (πλε-, -, πλευ·σ-, -, -, -)
πλεον; πλε·ο[υ]ν[τ]
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas voc sg or fem voc sg; pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
more; while SAIL-ing
/greater/better.;
more (nom|acc|voc, voc); while SAIL-ing (nom|acc|voc, voc)
τοῦτο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
this (nom|acc)
ἀποδείξαιμι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·δείκνυμι (ath. απο+δεικνυ-, -, απο+δειξ-, -, απο+δεδεικ-, -)
απο·δεικ·σαιμι
1aor act opt 1st sg
I-happen-to-PROCLAIM
make, appoint or proclaim (with double accusative); or: prove, point out, display
I-happen-to-PROCLAIM (opt)
ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
from
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
the (gen)
ἀνδραγαθίας τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
ὑπὲρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπέρ
υπερ
indecl
above (+acc), on behalf of (+gen)
above (+acc), on behalf of (+gen)
ἀρετῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀρετή, -ῆς, ἡ
αρετ·ης
(fem) gen sg
virtue
[praise?]
virtue (gen)
ἀποθανόντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·θνῄσκω (απο+θνῃσκ-, απο+θαν(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd απο+θαν-, -, -, -)
απο·θαν·οντων, απο·θαν·ο[υ]ντ·ων
2aor act imp 3rd pl classical, 2aor act ptcp mas gen pl or 2aor act ptcp neu gen pl
let-them-DIE!, upon DIE-ing
αποᾑσκουσα
let-them-DIE! (classical), upon DIE-ing (gen)
Ελεαζαρου τε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

τέ
τε
indecl
and [postpositive coordinate]
and [postpositive coordinate]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
ἑπτὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

ἑπτά
επτα
indecl
seven
seven
ἀδελφῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί; ἀδελφή, -ῆς, ἡ
αδελφ·ων; αδελφ·ων
(mas) gen pl; (fem) gen pl
brothers; sisters
How do we know these are accurate if anyone can edit them?;
brothers (gen); sisters (gen)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
the (gen)
τούτων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
these (gen)
μητρός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

μήτηρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ἡ
μητ[ε]ρ·ος
(fem) gen sg
mother
also of motherland
mother (gen)
8
9ἅπαντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

ἅπα[ντ]ς ἅπασα ἅπαν[τ], gen. sg. ἅπαντος ἁπάσης ἅπαντος
απαντ·ες
mas nom|voc pl
all
all (nom|voc)
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
for
οὗτοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
[τ]ουτ·οι
mas nom pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
these (nom)
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
the (acc)
ἕως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction; Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl.)

ἕως[1]; ἕως[2], -ω, ἡ [LXX], acc.
εως; ε(ω)·ος, ε(ω)·ους
indecl; (fem) nom|voc sg, (fem) acc pl
until; dawn, dawns
, up-until/as-far-as, Often used as a conjunctive-adverbial preposition concerning time/place/number, "until +(genitive)";
until; dawn (nom|voc), dawns (acc)
θανάτου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Verb

θάνατος, -ου, ὁ; θανατόω (θανατ(ο)-, θανατω·σ-, θανατω·σ-, -, τεθανατω-, θανατω·θ-)
θανατ·ου; θανατ(ο)·ε, θανατ(ο)·ου
(mas) gen sg; pres act imp 2nd sg, pres mp imp 2nd sg
death; be-you(sg)-PUT-TO-DEATH-ing!, be-you(sg)-being-PUT-TO-DEATH-ed!
; from "θάνατος"(death) and "θνῄσκω"(I-am-dying).
death (gen); be-you(sg)-PUT-TO-DEATH-ing!, be-you(sg)-being-PUT-TO-DEATH-ed!
πόνους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

πόνος, -ου, ὁ
πον·ους
(mas) acc pl
toils
(from "penomai" (to toil)" hence labor/sickness/trouble GNT: pain/concern
toils (acc)
ὑπεριδόντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑπερ·οράω a.k.a. ὑπερ·εῖδον (υπερ+ορ(α)-, υπερ+οψ-, 2nd υπερ+ιδ-, -, υπερ+εωρα-, υπερ+οφ·θ-)
υπερ·ιδ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
2aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon OVERLOOK-ing
[take no notice of, look down upon, disdain]
upon OVERLOOK-ing (nom|voc)
ἐπεδείξαντο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·δείκνυμι (ath. επι+δεικνυ-, -, επι+δειξ-, -, -, -)
επι·ε·δεικ·σαντο
1aor mp ind 3rd pl
they-were-SHOW-ed
exhibit, demonstrate, display
they-were-SHOW-ed
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
because/that
περικρατεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3)

περι·κρατής -ές
περικρατ(ε)·ι
neu dat sg or mas dat sg or fem dat sg
overpowering
overpowering (dat)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
παθῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.); Verb

πάθο·ς, -ους, τό; πάσχω (πασχ-, -, 2nd παθ-, πεπονθ·[κ]-, -, -)
παθ(ε)·ων; παθ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(neu) gen pl; 2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
emotion, passions; upon SUFFER-ing
[see pathology, pathetic]; , experience-heavy-emotion/suffering
emotion, passions (gen); upon SUFFER-ing (nom)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
λογισμός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λογισμός, -οῦ, ὁ
λογισμ·ος
(mas) nom sg
logic
reasoning, calculation
logic (nom)
9
10τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
μὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μέν
μεν
indecl
indeed
/certainly/surely.
indeed
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
ἀρετῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀρετή, -ῆς, ἡ
αρετ·ων
(fem) gen pl
virtues
[praise?]
virtues (gen)
ἔπεστί μοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μοι
dat sg
me
me (dat)
ἐπαινεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπ·αινέω (επ+αιν(ε)-, επ+αινε·σ-, επ+αινε·σ-, -, -, επ+αινεσ·θ-/επ+αινε·θ-)
επ·αιν(ε)·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-PRAISE-ing
to-be-PRAISE-ing
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
the (acc)
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
τοῦτον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ον
mas acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
this (acc)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
καιρὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

καιρός, -οῦ, ὁ (cf. χρόνος)
καιρ·ον
(mas) acc sg
period-of-time
/season
period-of-time (acc)
ὑπὲρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπέρ
υπερ
indecl
above (+acc), on behalf of (+gen)
above (+acc), on behalf of (+gen)
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
the (gen)
καλοκἀγαθίας ἀποθανόντας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·θνῄσκω (απο+θνῃσκ-, απο+θαν(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd απο+θαν-, -, -, -)
απο·θαν·ο[υ]ντ·ας
2aor act ptcp mas acc pl
upon DIE-ing
αποᾑσκουσα
upon DIE-ing (acc)
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
the (gen)
μητρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

μήτηρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ἡ
μητ[ε]ρ·ος
(fem) gen sg
mother
also of motherland
mother (gen)
ἄνδρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀνήρ, ἀνδρός, ὁ, voc. sg. ἄνερ
ανδρ·ας
(mas) acc pl
men
(as distinct from woman, beast, god, etc); sometimes "husband".
men (acc)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
τιμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.); Verb

τιμή, -ῆς, ἡ; Τίμων, -ωνος, ὁ; τιμάω (τιμ(α)-, τιμη·σ-, τιμη·σ-, -, τετιμη-, τιμη·θ-)
τιμ·ων; τιμων; τιμ(α)·ο[υ]ν[τ], τιμ(α)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(fem) gen pl; (mas) nom|voc sg; pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg, pres act ptcp mas nom sg
perceived-values; Timon; while HONOR-ing
honor, esteem, worship(of things), worth, price; ; /assign-value-to, pay-respect/worth-to
perceived-values (gen); Timon (nom|voc); while HONOR-ing (nom, nom|acc|voc, voc)
μακαρίσαιμ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μακαρίζω (μακαριζ-, μακαρι(ε)·[σ]-, μακαρι·σ-, -, -, μακαρισ·θ-)
μακαρι·σαιμι
1aor act opt 1st sg
I-happen-to-BLESS
[regard, deem happy/fortunate]. More about a condition than "εὐλογέω"
I-happen-to-BLESS (opt)
ἄν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἄν
αν
indecl
ever
(calls attention to optional actions) Precedes aorist and present-subjunctives; Follows future-indicatives.
ever
10
11θαυμασθέντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θαυμάζω (θαυμαζ-, θαυμα·σ-, θαυμα·σ-, τεθαυμα·κ-, τεθαυμασ-, θαυμασ·θ-)
θαυμασ·θε[ι]ντ·ες
aor θη ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon being-MARVEL-ed
/wonder-at/cause-amazement/surprise/shock/awe, be-impressed
upon being-MARVEL-ed (nom|voc)
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
for
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
not
μόνον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Adjective (2-1-2)

μόνον (Adv. of μόνος); μόνος -η -ον
μονον; μον·ον
indecl; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
only; sole
; apart, sole, only, alone (see κατάμόνος G2651 apart, solely, only, alone)
only; sole (acc, nom|acc|voc)
ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen)
ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
under (+acc), by (+gen)
πάντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
all (gen)
ἀνθρώπων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ων
(mas) gen pl
mans
mans (gen)
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
the (dat)
ἀνδρείᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἀνδρεῖος -α -ον [LXX]
ανδρει·ᾳ
fem dat sg
manly
manly (dat)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ὑπομονῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ὑπο·μονή, -ῆς, ἡ
υπομον·ῃ
(fem) dat sg
endurance
Lit:"remain/stay/endure-under", hence endurance/steadfastness/perseverance.
endurance (dat)
ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but-rather
emphatic/hard-adversative, "but-rather/instead", as distinct from the softer, more common, "δέ"
but-rather
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen)
ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
under (+acc), by (+gen)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
αἰκισαμένων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

αἰκίζω [LXX] (αικιζ-, -, αικι·σ-, -, ῃκισ-, αικισ·θ-)
αικι·σαμεν·ων
1aor mp ptcp fem gen pl or 1aor mp ptcp mas gen pl or 1aor mp ptcp neu gen pl
upon being-TORTURE-ed
upon being-TORTURE-ed (gen)
αἴτιοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

αἴτιος -ία -ον
αιτι·οι
mas nom|voc pl
cause
[resposible (for), basis of crime]
cause (nom|voc)
κατέστησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καθ·ίστημι (ath. καθ+ιστ(α)-/ath. καθ+ιστ(η)-, κατα+στη·σ-, κατα+στη·σ- or 2nd ath. κατα+στ(η)-/ath. κατα+στ(α)-, καθ+εστη·κ-/καθ+εστα·κ-/καθ+εστ(α)·[κ]-, καθ+εστα-, κατα+στα·θ-)
κατα·ε·στη·σαν, κατα·ε·στ(η)·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl, 2aor act ind 3rd pl
they-APPOINT/ESTABLISH-ed
Lit"down-stand", hence give-standing/authority, hence appoint, put-in-charge set-in-order, lay, render, enable, establish. In some instances, similar to "τίθημι" (place/lay/put/set/appoint).
they-APPOINT/ESTABLISH-ed
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
καταλυθῆναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·λύω (κατα+λυ-, κατα+λυ·σ-, κατα+λυ·σ-, κατα+λελυ·κ-, -, κατα+λυ·θ-)
κατα·λυ·θηναι
aor θη inf
to-be-TEAR-DOWN-ed
Lit:"down-loose", hence unloose/tear-down. Metaph: relax. Similar but distinct from "καταργέω" (make of no effect), and "apollumi" (utterly-destroy).
to-be-TEAR-DOWN-ed
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
the (acc)
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
ἔθνους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ε)·ος
(neu) gen sg
nation/culture/race
Lit: from etho (vb: to form a custom/culture). Hence, a race/people, joined by shared language, customs, history, and culture. Usually applied to Gentiles (except Jn 11:50).
nation/culture/race (gen)
τυραννίδα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

τυραννί[δ]ς, -ίδος, ἡ [LXX]
τυραννιδ·α
(fem) acc sg
tyranny
tyranny (acc)
νικήσαντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

νικάω (νικ(α)-, νικη·σ-, νικη·σ-, νενικη·κ-, νενικη-, νικη·θ-)
νικη·σαντ·ες
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon VICTOR-ing-OVER
[to prevail; Rom 12:21: to not be defeated; Rv 5:5: to succeed]
upon VICTOR-ing-OVER (nom|voc)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
τύραννον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

τύραννος[1], -ου, ὁ [LXX]; Τύραννος[2], -ου, ὁ
τυρανν·ον; τυρανν·ον
(mas) acc sg; (mas) acc sg
tyrant; Tyrannus
;
tyrant (acc); Tyrannus (acc)
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
the (dat)
ὑπομονῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ὑπο·μονή, -ῆς, ἡ
υπομον·ῃ
(fem) dat sg
endurance
Lit:"remain/stay/endure-under", hence endurance/steadfastness/perseverance.
endurance (dat)
ὥστε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὥστε
ωστε
indecl
so that
Lit: "like-also"
so that
καθαρισθῆναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καθαρίζω (καθαριζ-, καθαρι(ε)·[σ]-/καθαρι·σ-, καθαρι·σ-, -, κεκαθαρισ-, καθαρισ·θ-)
καθαρισ·θηναι
aor θη inf
to-be-PURIFY-ed
cleanse
to-be-PURIFY-ed
δι’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δι’
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
them/same (gen)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
the (acc)
πατρίδα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

πατρί[δ]ς, -ίδος, ἡ
πατριδ·α
(fem) acc sg
fatherland
fatherland (acc)
11
12ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but-rather
emphatic/hard-adversative, "but-rather/instead", as distinct from the softer, more common, "δέ"
but-rather
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
περὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

περί
περι
indecl
about (+acc,+gen)
Lit:"around" (as in perimeter "around-measure"). Fig:about/regarding/concerning
about (+acc,+gen)
τούτου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
this (gen)
νῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

νῦν
νυν
indecl
now
now
αὐτίκα δὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δή
δη
indecl
indeed
indeed
λέγειν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-SAY-ing
speak, tell
to-be-SAY-ing
ἐξέσται ἀρξαμένῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἄρχω (αρχ-, αρξ-, αρξ-, -, ηρχ-, -)
αρχ·σαμεν·ῳ
1aor mp ptcp mas dat sg or 1aor mp ptcp neu dat sg
upon being-BEGIN/RULE-ed
Lit:"head/chief", hence rule or begin (depending upon context).
upon being-BEGIN/RULE-ed (dat)
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
the (gen)
ὑποθέσεως ὅπερ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅσ·περ ἥ·περ ὅ·περ
ο·περ
neu nom|acc sg
who-/whom-/whichever
who-/whom-/whichever (nom|acc)
εἴωθα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἴωθα a.k.a. ἔθω (-, -, -, ειωθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ειωθ·[κ]α
perf act ind 1st sg
I-have-MAKE-ed-CUSTOMARY
I-have-MAKE-ed-CUSTOMARY
ποιεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποι(ε)·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-DO/MAKE-ing
to-be-DO/MAKE-ing
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
οὕτως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὕτως/οὕτω
ουτως
indecl
thus
[Lit:"like-this": in-this-manner (οὕτως before vowels and consonants; οὕτω before consonants only]
thus
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
into (+acc)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
περὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

περί
περι
indecl
about (+acc,+gen)
Lit:"around" (as in perimeter "around-measure"). Fig:about/regarding/concerning
about (+acc,+gen)
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
them/same (gen)
τρέψομαι λόγον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λόγος, -ου, ὁ
λογ·ον
(mas) acc sg
word
word
word (acc)
δόξαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Verb

δόξα, -ης, ἡ; δοκέω (δοκ(ε)-, δοξ-, δοξ-, -, δεδοκ-, -)
δοξ·αν; δοκ·σαν[τ]
(fem) acc sg; 1aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
glory/honor; upon SUPPOSE-ing
praise; ,from "dokos"(opinion), hence suppose/seem/think/consider. Same root as "εὐδοκέω"(seem-good). Often rendered "think", but less objective than "νοέω"(think) and less visceral than "φρονέω"(think).
glory/honor (acc); upon SUPPOSE-ing (nom|acc|voc)
διδοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
διδ(ο)·[ντ]·ς
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
while GIVE-ing
/offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
while GIVE-ing (nom|voc)
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
the (dat)
πανσόφῳ θεῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
god
[see theology]
god (dat)
12
13ζητοῦμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ζητέω (ζητ(ε)-, ζητη·σ-, ζητη·σ-, -, -, ζητη·θ-)
ζητ(ε)·ομεν
pres act ind 1st pl
we-are-SEEK-ing
/search/inquire, look-into
we-are-SEEK-ing
δὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δή
δη
indecl
indeed
indeed
τοίνυν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

τοί·νυν
τοινυν
indecl
therefore
therefore, then
therefore
εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
if
αὐτοκράτωρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

αὐτο·κράτωρ, -ορος, ὁ [LXX]
αυτοκρατορ·^
(mas) nom sg
absolute ruler
[see autocrat]
absolute ruler (nom)
ἐστὶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
he/she/it-is
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
παθῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.); Verb

πάθο·ς, -ους, τό; πάσχω (πασχ-, -, 2nd παθ-, πεπονθ·[κ]-, -, -)
παθ(ε)·ων; παθ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(neu) gen pl; 2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
emotion, passions; upon SUFFER-ing
[see pathology, pathetic]; , experience-heavy-emotion/suffering
emotion, passions (gen); upon SUFFER-ing (nom)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
λογισμός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λογισμός, -οῦ, ὁ
λογισμ·ος
(mas) nom sg
logic
reasoning, calculation
logic (nom)
13
14διακρίνομεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δια·κρίνω (δια+κριν-, -, δια+κριν·[σ]-, -, -, δια+κρι·θ-)
δια·κριν·ομεν
pres act ind 1st pl
we-are-DISCRIMINATE(POS)-ing--DOUBT(NEG)
Lit:"judge-from-side-to-side", hence thoroughly-discern/decide/distinguish/judge/separate, or doubt(neg).
we-are-DISCRIMINATE(POS)-ing--DOUBT(NEG)
τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
who (nom|acc)
ποτέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ποτέ[2]
ποτε
indecl
once/when
[an indefinite point in either the past, i.e., once, or the future, i.e., when]
once/when
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
he/she/it-is
λογισμὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λογισμός, -οῦ, ὁ
λογισμ·ος
(mas) nom sg
logic
reasoning, calculation
logic (nom)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
who (nom|acc)
πάθος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πάθο·ς, -ους, τό
παθ(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
emotion, passion
[see pathology, pathetic]
emotion, passion (nom|acc|voc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
πόσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

πόσος -η -ον
ποσ·αι
fem nom pl
how many
how many (nom)
παθῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.); Verb

πάθο·ς, -ους, τό; πάσχω (πασχ-, -, 2nd παθ-, πεπονθ·[κ]-, -, -)
παθ(ε)·ων; παθ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(neu) gen pl; 2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
emotion, passions; upon SUFFER-ing
[see pathology, pathetic]; , experience-heavy-emotion/suffering
emotion, passions (gen); upon SUFFER-ing (nom)
ἰδέαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

εἰδέα v.l. ἰδέα, -ας, ἡ
ιδε·αι
(fem) nom|voc pl
appearances
appearances (nom|voc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
if
πάντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
all (gen)
ἐπικρατεῖ τούτων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
these (gen)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
λογισμός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λογισμός, -οῦ, ὁ
λογισμ·ος
(mas) nom sg
logic
reasoning, calculation
logic (nom)
14
15λογισμὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λογισμός, -οῦ, ὁ
λογισμ·ος
(mas) nom sg
logic
reasoning, calculation
logic (nom)
μὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μέν
μεν
indecl
indeed
/certainly/surely.
indeed
δὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δή
δη
indecl
indeed
indeed
τοίνυν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

τοί·νυν
τοινυν
indecl
therefore
therefore, then
therefore
ἐστὶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
he/she/it-is
νοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

νοῦς, νοός, νοΐ, νοῦν, ὁ
ν(ου)·ς
(mas) nom sg
mind
mind (nom)
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
ὀρθοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ὀρθός -ή -όν
ορθ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
straight
straight (gen)
λόγου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λόγος, -ου, ὁ
λογ·ου
(mas) gen sg
word
word
word (gen)
προτιμῶν τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
σοφίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

σοφία, -ας, ἡ
σοφι·ας
(fem) gen sg
wisdom
/sagacity/skill/learning/cleverness/sapience. Usually rendered "wisdom", but misses the aspect of learned-skill.
wisdom (gen)
βίον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

βίος, -ου, ὁ
βι·ον
(mas) acc sg
life/livelihood
can also refer to property (BDAG 177)
life/livelihood (acc)
15
16σοφία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

σοφία, -ας, ἡ
σοφι·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
wisdom
/sagacity/skill/learning/cleverness/sapience. Usually rendered "wisdom", but misses the aspect of learned-skill.
wisdom (nom|voc)
δὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δή
δη
indecl
indeed
indeed
τοίνυν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

τοί·νυν
τοινυν
indecl
therefore
therefore, then
therefore
ἐστὶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
he/she/it-is
γνῶσις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

γνῶσις, -εως, ἡ
γνωσ(ι)·ς
(fem) nom sg
knowledge
seeking to know, or the result of such an inquiry; knowledge of someone or something
knowledge (nom)
θείων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

θεῖος -α -ον
θει·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
divine
divine (gen)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἀνθρωπίνων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἀνθρώπινος -η -ον
ανθρωπιν·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
human
human (gen)
πραγμάτων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πρᾶγμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πραγματ·ων
(neu) gen pl
matters
/thing/business/affair/object [root for "pragmatic"]
matters (gen)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
τούτων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
these (gen)
αἰτιῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

αἰτία, -ας, ἡ; αἴτιος -ία -ον
αιτι·ων; αιτι·ων
(fem) gen pl; neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
circumstance/reasons; cause
[responsibility/credit for, basis, blame; cause]; [resposible (for), basis of crime]
circumstance/reasons (gen); cause (gen)
16
17αὕτη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
[τ]αυτ·η
fem nom sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
this (nom)
δὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δή
δη
indecl
indeed
indeed
τοίνυν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

τοί·νυν
τοινυν
indecl
therefore
therefore, then
therefore
ἐστὶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
he/she/it-is
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
the (nom)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
νόμου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ου
(mas) gen sg
custom/law
ordinance custom practice
custom/law (gen)
παιδεία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

παιδεία, -ας, ἡ
παιδει·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
chastisement
education; Culture(v. t.) To cultivate; to educate; training, teaching, education, preparing the earth for seed and raising crops by tillage.
chastisement (nom|voc)
δι’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δι’
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
ἧς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ης
fem gen sg
who/whom/which
who/whom/which (gen)
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
the (nom|acc)
θεῖα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

θεῖος -α -ον
θει·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or fem nom|voc sg
divine
divine (nom|acc|voc, nom|voc)
σεμνῶς καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
the (nom|acc)
ἀνθρώπινα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἀνθρώπινος -η -ον
ανθρωπιν·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl
human
human (nom|acc|voc)
συμφερόντως μανθάνομεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μανθάνω (μανθαν-, μαθη·σ-, 2nd μαθ-, μεμαθη·κ-, -, -)
μανθαν·ομεν
pres act ind 1st pl
we-are-LEARN-ing
practice, recite
we-are-LEARN-ing
17
18τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
the (gen)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
σοφίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

σοφία, -ας, ἡ
σοφι·ας
(fem) gen sg
wisdom
/sagacity/skill/learning/cleverness/sapience. Usually rendered "wisdom", but misses the aspect of learned-skill.
wisdom (gen)
ἰδέαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

εἰδέα v.l. ἰδέα, -ας, ἡ
ιδε·αι
(fem) nom|voc pl
appearances
appearances (nom|voc)
καθεστήκασιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καθ·ίστημι (ath. καθ+ιστ(α)-/ath. καθ+ιστ(η)-, κατα+στη·σ-, κατα+στη·σ- or 2nd ath. κατα+στ(η)-/ath. κατα+στ(α)-, καθ+εστη·κ-/καθ+εστα·κ-/καθ+εστ(α)·[κ]-, καθ+εστα-, κατα+στα·θ-)
καθ·εστη·κασι(ν)
perf act ind 3rd pl
they-have-APPOINT/ESTABLISH-ed
Lit"down-stand", hence give-standing/authority, hence appoint, put-in-charge set-in-order, lay, render, enable, establish. In some instances, similar to "τίθημι" (place/lay/put/set/appoint).
they-have-APPOINT/ESTABLISH-ed
φρόνησις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

φρόνησις, -εως, ἡ
φρονησ(ι)·ς
(fem) nom sg
contemplation
contemplation (nom)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
δικαιοσύνη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

δικαιο·σύνη, -ης, ἡ
δικαιοσυν·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
righteousness
/justice, fulfillment of the law
righteousness (nom|voc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἀνδρεία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἀνδρεῖος -α -ον [LXX]
ανδρει·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or fem nom|voc sg
manly
manly (nom|acc|voc, nom|voc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
σωφροσύνη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

σω·φρο·σύνη, -ης, ἡ
σωφροσυν·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
good sense
[sensibleness]
good sense (nom|voc)
18
19κυριωτάτη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

κυριώ·τατος -η -ον [LXX] (Superl. of κύριος)
κυριωτατ·η
fem nom|voc sg
most authoritative
most authoritative (nom|voc)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
πάντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
all (gen)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
the (nom)
φρόνησις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

φρόνησις, -εως, ἡ
φρονησ(ι)·ς
(fem) nom sg
contemplation
contemplation (nom)
ἐξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εξ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
out of (+gen)
ἧς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ης
fem gen sg
who/whom/which
who/whom/which (gen)
δὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δή
δη
indecl
indeed
indeed
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
παθῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.); Verb

πάθο·ς, -ους, τό; πάσχω (πασχ-, -, 2nd παθ-, πεπονθ·[κ]-, -, -)
παθ(ε)·ων; παθ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(neu) gen pl; 2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
emotion, passions; upon SUFFER-ing
[see pathology, pathetic]; , experience-heavy-emotion/suffering
emotion, passions (gen); upon SUFFER-ing (nom)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
λογισμὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λογισμός, -οῦ, ὁ
λογισμ·ος
(mas) nom sg
logic
reasoning, calculation
logic (nom)
ἐπικρατεῖ
19
20παθῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.); Verb

πάθο·ς, -ους, τό; πάσχω (πασχ-, -, 2nd παθ-, πεπονθ·[κ]-, -, -)
παθ(ε)·ων; παθ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(neu) gen pl; 2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
emotion, passions; upon SUFFER-ing
[see pathology, pathetic]; , experience-heavy-emotion/suffering
emotion, passions (gen); upon SUFFER-ing (nom)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
φύσεις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

φύσις, -εως, ἡ
φυσ(ι)·ες, φυσ(ι)·ας
(fem) nom|voc pl, (fem) acc pl
natures
natures (acc, nom|voc)
εἰσὶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^σι(ν); (εσ)·ασι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg; pres act ind 3rd pl
he/she/it-is-BE-ing; they-are
;
he/she/it-is-BE-ing; they-are
αἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·αι
fem nom pl
the
the (nom)
περιεκτικώταται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

περι·εκτικώ·τατος -η -ον [LXX] (Superl. of περι·εκ·τικός)
περιεκτικωτατ·αι
fem nom|voc pl
???
??? (nom|voc)
δύο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

δύο, gen. δύο, dat. δυσί(ν), acc. δύο
δυο
nom|acc|gen pl
two
two (nom, acc, gen)
ἡδονή [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡδονή, -ῆς, ἡ
ηδον·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
pleasure
pleasure (nom|voc)
τε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

τέ
τε
indecl
and [postpositive coordinate]
and [postpositive coordinate]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
πόνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

πόνος, -ου, ὁ
πον·ος
(mas) nom sg
toil
(from "penomai" (to toil)" hence labor/sickness/trouble GNT: pain/concern
toil (nom)
τούτων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
these (gen)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
ἑκάτερον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Distributive Numeral)

ἑκάτερος -α -ον [LXX]
εκατερ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
each (of two)
each (of two) (acc, nom|acc|voc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
περὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

περί
περι
indecl
about (+acc,+gen)
Lit:"around" (as in perimeter "around-measure"). Fig:about/regarding/concerning
about (+acc,+gen)
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
the (nom|acc)
σῶμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

σῶμα[τ], -ατος, τό
σωμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
body
body (nom|acc|voc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
περὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

περί
περι
indecl
about (+acc,+gen)
Lit:"around" (as in perimeter "around-measure"). Fig:about/regarding/concerning
about (+acc,+gen)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
the (acc)
ψυχὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ψυχή, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. ψυχή
ψυχ·ην
(fem) acc sg
soul-life
self A. life, “λύθη ψ. τε μένος τε” Il.5.296, etc.; psyche/mind
soul-life (acc)
πέφυκεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φύω (φυ-, φυη·σ-, -, πεφυ·κ-, -, φυ·[θ]-)
πεφυ·κε(ν)
perf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-has-GROW-ed
he/she/it-has-GROW-ed
20
21πολλαὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral, irreg.)

πολ[λ]ύς πολλή πολ[λ]ύ
πολλ·αι
fem nom pl
many
many (nom)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
περὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

περί
περι
indecl
about (+acc,+gen)
Lit:"around" (as in perimeter "around-measure"). Fig:about/regarding/concerning
about (+acc,+gen)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
the (acc)
ἡδονὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡδονή, -ῆς, ἡ
ηδον·ην
(fem) acc sg
pleasure
pleasure (acc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
πόνον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

πόνος, -ου, ὁ
πον·ον
(mas) acc sg
toil
(from "penomai" (to toil)" hence labor/sickness/trouble GNT: pain/concern
toil (acc)
παθῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.); Verb

πάθο·ς, -ους, τό; πάσχω (πασχ-, -, 2nd παθ-, πεπονθ·[κ]-, -, -)
παθ(ε)·ων; παθ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(neu) gen pl; 2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
emotion, passions; upon SUFFER-ing
[see pathology, pathetic]; , experience-heavy-emotion/suffering
emotion, passions (gen); upon SUFFER-ing (nom)
εἰσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^σι(ν); (εσ)·ασι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg; pres act ind 3rd pl
he/she/it-is-BE-ing; they-are
;
he/she/it-is-BE-ing; they-are
ἀκολουθίαι
21
22πρὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρό
προ
indecl
before (+gen)
before (+gen)
μὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μέν
μεν
indecl
indeed
/certainly/surely.
indeed
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
the (gen)
ἡδονῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡδονή, -ῆς, ἡ
ηδον·ης
(fem) gen sg
pleasure
pleasure (gen)
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
he/she/it-is
ἐπιθυμία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἐπι·θυμία, -ας, ἡ
επιθυμι·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
lust/yearning
Lit:"desire-over/upon" hence intense/compelling-desire, lust, appetite, yearning
lust/yearning (nom|voc)
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
the (acc)
ἡδονὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡδονή, -ῆς, ἡ
ηδον·ην
(fem) acc sg
pleasure
pleasure (acc)
χαρά [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

χαρά, -ᾶς, ἡ
χαρ·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
joy
joy (nom|voc)
22
23πρὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρό
προ
indecl
before (+gen)
before (+gen)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
πόνου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

πόνος, -ου, ὁ
πον·ου
(mas) gen sg
toil
(from "penomai" (to toil)" hence labor/sickness/trouble GNT: pain/concern
toil (gen)
ἐστὶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
he/she/it-is
φόβος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

φόβος, -ου, ὁ
φοβ·ος
(mas) nom sg
fear
[see phobia]
fear (nom)
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
πόνον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

πόνος, -ου, ὁ
πον·ον
(mas) acc sg
toil
(from "penomai" (to toil)" hence labor/sickness/trouble GNT: pain/concern
toil (acc)
λύπη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

λύπη, -ῆς, ἡ
λυπ·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
pain
pain of body/mind, hence pain, sorrow, grief, distress
pain (nom|voc)
23
24θυμὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θυμός, -οῦ, ὁ (cf. ὀργή)
θυμ·ος
(mas) nom sg
inclination/passion
[any strong emotion or passion/desire, an inclination thereof. Almost always of anger]
inclination/passion (nom)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
κοινὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

κοινός -ή -όν
κοιν·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
common
/stripped of specialness, by extension vulgar. For Hebrews: defiled/unclean/profaned.
common (acc, nom|acc|voc)
πάθος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πάθο·ς, -ους, τό
παθ(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
emotion, passion
[see pathology, pathetic]
emotion, passion (nom|acc|voc)
ἐστὶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
he/she/it-is
ἡδονῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡδονή, -ῆς, ἡ
ηδον·ης
(fem) gen sg
pleasure
pleasure (gen)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
πόνου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

πόνος, -ου, ὁ
πον·ου
(mas) gen sg
toil
(from "penomai" (to toil)" hence labor/sickness/trouble GNT: pain/concern
toil (gen)
ἐὰν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἐάν (εἰ ἄν)
εαν
indecl
if-ever
"ἐὰν μή" (Lit:if-ever not) means "except", "unless"
if-ever
ἐννοηθῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐν·νοέω [LXX] (εν+νο(ε)-, -, εν+νοη·σ-, -, -, εν+νοη·θ-)
εν·νοη·θῃ
aor θη sub 3rd sg
he/she/it-should-be-THINK-ed
he/she/it-should-be-THINK-ed
τις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

τὶ[ν]ς[2] τὶ[ν], gen. τινός, dat. τινί, acc. τινά τὶ
τι[ν]·ς
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
someone/anyone
indefinite pronoun; someone, something, anyone, anything. Specific(certain-one/some) determined from text-markings/context, otherwise non-specific (anyone/several).
someone/anyone (nom)
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
because/that
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
him/it/same (dat)
περιέπεσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

περι·πίπτω (περι+πιπτ-, περι+πεσ(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd περι+πεσ-, -, -, -)
περι·ε·πεσ·ε(ν)
2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-ENCOUNTER-ed
[beside-fall]
he/she/it-ENCOUNTER-ed
24
25ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
in/with/by
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
the (dat)
ἡδονῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡδονή, -ῆς, ἡ
ηδον·ῃ
(fem) dat sg
pleasure
pleasure (dat)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
ἔνεστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔν·ειμι fr. εἰμί[1] (ath. εν+(εσ)-/εν+(εσ)-, -, -, -, -, -)
εν·(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is-BE-ing-WITHIN
he/she/it-is-BE-ing-WITHIN
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
the (nom)
κακοήθης διάθεσις πολυτροπωτάτη πάντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
all (gen)
οὖσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·ουσ·α
pres act ptcp fem nom|voc sg
while being
while being (nom|voc)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
παθῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.); Verb

πάθο·ς, -ους, τό; πάσχω (πασχ-, -, 2nd παθ-, πεπονθ·[κ]-, -, -)
παθ(ε)·ων; παθ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(neu) gen pl; 2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
emotion, passions; upon SUFFER-ing
[see pathology, pathetic]; , experience-heavy-emotion/suffering
emotion, passions (gen); upon SUFFER-ing (nom)
25
26καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
the (nom|acc)
μὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μέν
μεν
indecl
indeed
/certainly/surely.
indeed
ψυχῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ψυχή, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. ψυχή
ψυχ·ης
(fem) gen sg
soul-life
self A. life, “λύθη ψ. τε μένος τε” Il.5.296, etc.; psyche/mind
soul-life (gen)
ἀλαζονεία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀλαζονεία, -ίας, ἡ
αλαζονει·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
affectation/imposture
[ostentatiousness, affictation, pretension. atempt to impress: hence bragging]
affectation/imposture (nom|voc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
φιλαργυρία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

φιλ·αργυρία, -ας, ἡ
φιλαργυρι·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
lover-of-money
Lit:"lover-of-silver"
lover-of-money (nom|voc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
φιλοδοξία καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
φιλονεικία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

φιλο·νεικία, -ας, ἡ
φιλονεικι·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
competitiveness
[contentiousness, love of victory, rivalry]
competitiveness (nom|voc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
βασκανία
26
27κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
the (nom|acc)
σῶμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

σῶμα[τ], -ατος, τό
σωμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
body
body (nom|acc|voc)
παντοφαγία καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
λαιμαργία καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
μονοφαγία
27
28καθάπερ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καθάπερ
καθαπερ
indecl
even as
even as
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
therefore
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
therefore
δυεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral); Verb

δύο, gen. δύο, dat. δυσί(ν), acc. δύο; δύνω/δύω (δυ-/δυν-, δυ·σ-, 2nd ath. δυ-, δεδυ·κ-, -, -)
δυειν; δυ·ειν
dat|gen dual; pres act inf
two; to-be-SET-ing
; /go-down (sun/star/moon). See Ecclesiastes 1:5 LXX.
two (dat, gen); to-be-SET-ing
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
σώματος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

σῶμα[τ], -ατος, τό
σωματ·ος
(neu) gen sg
body
body (gen)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
the (gen)
ψυχῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ψυχή, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. ψυχή
ψυχ·ης
(fem) gen sg
soul-life
self A. life, “λύθη ψ. τε μένος τε” Il.5.296, etc.; psyche/mind
soul-life (gen)
φυτῶν ὄντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·οντων (in addition to (εσ)·[ν]των > εστων), (εσ)·ο[υ]ντ·ων
pres act imp 3rd pl classical, pres act ptcp mas gen pl or pres act ptcp neu gen pl
let-them-be!, while being
let-them-be! (classical), while being (gen)
ἡδονῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡδονή, -ῆς, ἡ
ηδον·ης
(fem) gen sg
pleasure
pleasure (gen)
τε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

τέ
τε
indecl
and [postpositive coordinate]
and [postpositive coordinate]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
πόνου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

πόνος, -ου, ὁ
πον·ου
(mas) gen sg
toil
(from "penomai" (to toil)" hence labor/sickness/trouble GNT: pain/concern
toil (gen)
πολλαὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral, irreg.)

πολ[λ]ύς πολλή πολ[λ]ύ
πολλ·αι
fem nom pl
many
many (nom)
τούτων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
these (gen)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
φυτῶν εἰσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^σι(ν); (εσ)·ασι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg; pres act ind 3rd pl
he/she/it-is-BE-ing; they-are
;
he/she/it-is-BE-ing; they-are
παραφυάδες
28
29ὧν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
who/whom/which
who/whom/which (gen)
ἑκάστην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Distributive Numeral)

ἕκαστος -η -ον
εκαστ·ην
fem acc sg
each-separately
(from "ἕκας" "separate"), hence each-separately/distinctly (as opposed to "πᾶς" "each-of-a-relevant-set"
each-separately (acc)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
παγγέωργος λογισμὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λογισμός, -οῦ, ὁ
λογισμ·ος
(mas) nom sg
logic
reasoning, calculation
logic (nom)
περικαθαίρων καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἀποκνίζων καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
περιπλέκων καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ἐπάρδων καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
πάντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or mas acc sg
all, each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
all (nom|acc|voc), each, every (acc)
τρόπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

τρόπος, -ου, ὁ
τροπ·ον
(mas) acc sg
manner
,way, means, method, attitude
manner (acc)
μεταχέων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μετα·χέω [LXX] (μετα+χε-, -, -, -, -, -)
μετα·χε·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while ???-ing
while ???-ing (nom)
ἐξημεροῖ τὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ας
fem acc pl
the
the (acc)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
ἠθῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἦθο·ς, -ους, τό
ηθ(ε)·ων
(neu) gen pl
customs
customs (gen)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
παθῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.); Verb

πάθο·ς, -ους, τό; πάσχω (πασχ-, -, 2nd παθ-, πεπονθ·[κ]-, -, -)
παθ(ε)·ων; παθ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(neu) gen pl; 2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
emotion, passions; upon SUFFER-ing
[see pathology, pathetic]; , experience-heavy-emotion/suffering
emotion, passions (gen); upon SUFFER-ing (nom)
ὕλας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ὕλη, -ης, ἡ
υλ·ας
(fem) acc pl
material, forests
material, forests (acc)
29
30 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
for
λογισμὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λογισμός, -οῦ, ὁ
λογισμ·ος
(mas) nom sg
logic
reasoning, calculation
logic (nom)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
μὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μέν
μεν
indecl
indeed
/certainly/surely.
indeed
ἀρετῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀρετή, -ῆς, ἡ
αρετ·ων
(fem) gen pl
virtues
[praise?]
virtues (gen)
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
he/she/it-is
ἡγεμών [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἡγεμών, -όνος, ὁ
ηγεμον·^
(mas) nom|voc sg
leader
leader, commander, etc. Often in NT, a provincial governor ("princeps" or "procurator")
leader (nom|voc)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
παθῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.); Verb

πάθο·ς, -ους, τό; πάσχω (πασχ-, -, 2nd παθ-, πεπονθ·[κ]-, -, -)
παθ(ε)·ων; παθ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(neu) gen pl; 2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
emotion, passions; upon SUFFER-ing
[see pathology, pathetic]; , experience-heavy-emotion/suffering
emotion, passions (gen); upon SUFFER-ing (nom)
αὐτοκράτωρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

αὐτο·κράτωρ, -ορος, ὁ [LXX]
αυτοκρατορ·^
(mas) nom sg
absolute ruler
[see autocrat]
absolute ruler (nom)
ἐπιθεωρεῖτε τοίνυν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

τοί·νυν
τοινυν
indecl
therefore
therefore, then
therefore
πρῶτον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

πρώτον (Adv. of πρῶτος); πρῶτος -η -ον
πρωτον; πρωτ·ον
indecl; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
foremost; first
;
foremost; first (acc, nom|acc|voc)
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
κωλυτικῶν τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
the (gen)
σωφροσύνης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

σω·φρο·σύνη, -ης, ἡ
σωφροσυν·ης
(fem) gen sg
good sense
[sensibleness]
good sense (gen)
ἔργων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ἔργον, -ου, τό
εργ·ων
(neu) gen pl
works
deed, action
works (gen)
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
because/that
αὐτοδέσποτός ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
he/she/it-is
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
παθῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.); Verb

πάθο·ς, -ους, τό; πάσχω (πασχ-, -, 2nd παθ-, πεπονθ·[κ]-, -, -)
παθ(ε)·ων; παθ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(neu) gen pl; 2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
emotion, passions; upon SUFFER-ing
[see pathology, pathetic]; , experience-heavy-emotion/suffering
emotion, passions (gen); upon SUFFER-ing (nom)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
λογισμός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λογισμός, -οῦ, ὁ
λογισμ·ος
(mas) nom sg
logic
reasoning, calculation
logic (nom)
30
31σωφροσύνη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

σω·φρο·σύνη, -ης, ἡ
σωφροσυν·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
good sense
[sensibleness]
good sense (nom|voc)
δὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δή
δη
indecl
indeed
indeed
τοίνυν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

τοί·νυν
τοινυν
indecl
therefore
therefore, then
therefore
ἐστὶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
he/she/it-is
ἐπικράτεια τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
ἐπιθυμιῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἐπι·θυμία, -ας, ἡ
επιθυμι·ων
(fem) gen pl
lusts/yearnings
Lit:"desire-over/upon" hence intense/compelling-desire, lust, appetite, yearning
lusts/yearnings (gen)
31
32τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
ἐπιθυμιῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἐπι·θυμία, -ας, ἡ
επιθυμι·ων
(fem) gen pl
lusts/yearnings
Lit:"desire-over/upon" hence intense/compelling-desire, lust, appetite, yearning
lusts/yearnings (gen)
αἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·αι
fem nom pl
the
the (nom)
μέν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μέν
μεν
indecl
indeed
/certainly/surely.
indeed
εἰσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^σι(ν); (εσ)·ασι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg; pres act ind 3rd pl
he/she/it-is-BE-ing; they-are
;
he/she/it-is-BE-ing; they-are
ψυχικαί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ψυχικός -ή -όν
ψυχικ·αι
fem nom|voc pl
breath of life; psychical
breath of life, Plu.2.1084e, etc
breath of life; psychical (nom|voc)
αἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·αι
fem nom pl
the
the (nom)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
but, yet
σωματικαί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

σωματικός -ή -όν
σωματικ·αι
fem nom|voc pl
corporeal
corporeal (nom|voc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
τούτων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
these (gen)
ἀμφοτέρων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

ἀμφότεροι -αι -α
αμφοτερ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
both
both (gen)
ἐπικρατεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
λογισμὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λογισμός, -οῦ, ὁ
λογισμ·ος
(mas) nom sg
logic
reasoning, calculation
logic (nom)
φαίνεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φαίνω (φαιν-, φαν(ε)·[σ]-, φαν·[σ]-, -, -, φαν·[θ]-)
φαιν·εται
pres mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is-being-APPEAR-ed
look, shew, peer, seem, show
he/she/it-is-being-APPEAR-ed
32
33ἐπεὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἐπεί
επει
indecl
since/otherwise
Lit:"upon-if", a logical conjunction: since (Lk 1:34), otherwise (Rom 11:6), because
since/otherwise
πόθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Verb

πό·θεν; πίνω (πιν-, πι·[σ]-, 2nd πι-, πεπω·κ-, -, πο·θ-)
ποθεν; πο·θε[ι]ν[τ]
indecl; aor θη ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
whence; upon being-DRINK-ed
[from where, from which];
whence; upon being-DRINK-ed (nom|acc|voc)
κινούμενοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κινέω (κιν(ε)-, κινη·σ-, κινη·σ-, -, -, κινη·θ-)
κιν(ε)·ομεν·οι
pres mp ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while being-SET-ed-IN-MOTION
while being-SET-ed-IN-MOTION (nom|voc)
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
τὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ας
fem acc pl
the
the (acc)
ἀπειρημένας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·εῖπον (-, -, απ+ειπ·[σ]-, -, απ+ειρη-, -)
απ·ειρη·μεν·ας
perf mp ptcp fem acc pl
having-been-REFUSE-ed
[renounce, deny, disown]
having-been-REFUSE-ed (acc)
τροφὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

τροφή, -ῆς, ἡ
τροφ·ας
(fem) acc pl
foods
foods (acc)
ἀποστρεφόμεθα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·στρέφω (απο+στρεφ-, απο+στρεψ-, απο+στρεψ-, απ+εστροφ·[κ]-, απ+εστραφ-, απο+στραφ·[θ]-)
απο·στρεφ·ομεθα
pres mp ind 1st pl
we-are-being-TURN-AWAY-ed
Lit:"turn-from", hence turn-from/back/away. turn-away/back-from, return
we-are-being-TURN-AWAY-ed
τὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ας
fem acc pl
the
the (acc)
ἐξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εξ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
out of (+gen)
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
them/same (gen)
ἡδονάς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡδονή, -ῆς, ἡ
ηδον·ας
(fem) acc pl
pleasures
pleasures (acc)
οὐχ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουχ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
not
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
because/that
δύναται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

δυνατός -ή -όν; δύνα·μαι (ath. δυν(α)-/ath. δυν(η)-, δυνη·σ-, -, -, -, δυνη·θ-/δυνασ·θ-)
δυνατ·αι; δυν(α)·ται
fem nom|voc pl; pres mp ind 3rd sg
capable; he/she/it-is-being-ABLE-ed
/powerful/able/;
capable (nom|voc); he/she/it-is-being-ABLE-ed
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
ὀρέξεων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

ὄρεξις, -εως, ἡ
ορεξ(ι)·ων
(fem) gen pl
desires
longing, yearning after
desires (gen)
ἐπικρατεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
the (nom)
λογισμός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λογισμός, -οῦ, ὁ
λογισμ·ος
(mas) nom sg
logic
reasoning, calculation
logic (nom)
ἐγὼ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
εγω
nom sg
I
I (nom)
μὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μέν
μεν
indecl
indeed
/certainly/surely.
indeed
οἶμαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

οἴομαι/οἴ·μαι (οι-/ath. οι-, -, -, -, -, οιη·θ-)
οι·μαι
pres mp ind 1st sg
I-am-being-SUPPOSE-ed
I-am-being-SUPPOSE-ed
33
34τοιγαροῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

τοι·γαρ·οῦν
τοιγαρουν
indecl
consequently
(so now then, therefore)
consequently
ἐνύδρων ἐπιθυμοῦντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·θυμέω (επι+θυμ(ε)-, επι+θυμη·σ-, επι+θυμη·σ-, -, -, -)
επι·θυμ(ε)·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while DESIRE-ing
i.e., to lust after: a "fullness" of emotion.
while DESIRE-ing (nom|voc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
ὀρνέων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl. and Fem. 3rd Decl.); Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ὄρνι[θ]ς, -ιθος, ἡ, ὁ and ὄρνις, -εως, ἡ, ὁ (acc. sg. ὄρνι[θ]ν and ὄρνιθα); ὄρνεον, -ου, τό
ορν(ι)·ων; ορνε·ων
(mas) gen pl or (fem) gen pl; (neu) gen pl
birds; birds
[wild or domestic bird/fowl];
birds (gen); birds (gen)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
τετραπόδων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3, irreg.)

τετρά·πους -πουν, gen. sg. -ποδος
τετραποδ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
four-footed
four-footed (gen)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
παντοίων βρωμάτων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

βρῶμα[τ], -ατος, τό
βρωματ·ων
(neu) gen pl
foods
foods (gen)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
ἀπηγορευμένων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·αγορεύω [LXX] (-, -, -, -, απ+ηγορευ-, -)
απ·ηγορευ·μεν·ων
perf mp ptcp fem gen pl or perf mp ptcp mas gen pl or perf mp ptcp neu gen pl
having-been-???-ed
having-been-???-ed (gen)
ἡμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημιν
dat pl
us
us (dat)
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
the (acc)
νόμον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ον
(mas) acc sg
custom/law
ordinance custom practice
custom/law (acc)
ἀπεχόμεθα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·έχω (απ+εχ-, αφ+εξ-, 2nd απο+σχ-, απ+εσχη·κ-, απ+εσχη-, -)
απ·εχ·ομεθα
pres mp ind 1st pl
we-are-being-HOLD-ed-BACK
[Lit:"from-have/from-hold"; c. acc., receive something from someone; c. gen. or c. ἀπό, hold a distance away, or abstain from]
we-are-being-HOLD-ed-BACK
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
the (acc)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
λογισμοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λογισμός, -οῦ, ὁ
λογισμ·ου
(mas) gen sg
logic
reasoning, calculation
logic (gen)
ἐπικράτειαν
34
35ἀνέχεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀν·έχω (αν+εχ-/+αν+εχ-, αν+εξ-, 2nd ανα+σχ-/+αν+σχ-, -, -, -)
αν·εχ·εται
pres mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is-being-BEAR-WITH-ed
Lit: re-have/hold. hence bear-with, put-up-with, tolerate, indulge
he/she/it-is-being-BEAR-WITH-ed
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
for
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
the (nom|acc)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
the (gen)
ὀρέξεων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

ὄρεξις, -εως, ἡ
ορεξ(ι)·ων
(fem) gen pl
desires
longing, yearning after
desires (gen)
πάθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πάθο·ς, -ους, τό
παθ(ε)·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
emotion, passions
[see pathology, pathetic]
emotion, passions (nom|acc|voc)
ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen)
ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
under (+acc), by (+gen)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
σώφρονος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3)

σώ·φρων -ον, gen. sg. -ονος
σωφρον·ος
neu gen sg or mas gen sg or fem gen sg
sensible
Of sound mind, therefore discreet, prudent, sensible or self-controlled (especially of women: chaste, modest)
sensible (gen)
νοὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

νοῦς, νοός, νοΐ, νοῦν, ὁ
ν(ου)·ος
(mas) gen sg
mind
mind (gen)
ἀνακοπτόμενα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀνα·κόπτω [LXX] (ανα+κοπτ-, -, ανα+κοψ-, -, -, -)
ανα·κοπτ·ομεν·α
pres mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
while being-INTERCEPT-ed
halt something, stop something.
while being-INTERCEPT-ed (nom|acc|voc)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
and
φιμοῦται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φιμόω (φιμ(ο)-, φιμω·σ-, φιμω·σ-, -, πεφιμω-, φιμω·θ-)
φιμ(ο)·εται
pres mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is-being-MUZZLE-ed
he/she/it-is-being-MUZZLE-ed
πάντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or mas acc sg
all, each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
all (nom|acc|voc), each, every (acc)
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
the (nom|acc)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
σώματος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

σῶμα[τ], -ατος, τό
σωματ·ος
(neu) gen sg
body
body (gen)
κινήματα ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen)
ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
under (+acc), by (+gen)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
the (gen)
λογισμοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λογισμός, -οῦ, ὁ
λογισμ·ου
(mas) gen sg
logic
reasoning, calculation
logic (gen)
35
» Ch 2

Copyright 2007-2020 Thomas Moore, Email: acct3 at katabiblon.com, Support Forum Set Local Timezone
Thursday, 09-Apr-2020 06:42:36 EDT

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