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Ροὺθ

Ruth

 CATSS LXX Wiki English Translation‎ / World English Bible
1καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
Βοος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.); Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

βοῦς, βοός, ὁ; Βόες and Βόος v.l. Βόοζ, ὁ
β(ου)·ος; βοος
(mas) gen sg; (mas) indecl
ox; Boaz
;
ἀνέβη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀνα·βαίνω (ανα+βαιν-, ανα+βη·σ-, ανα+βαιν·[σ]- or 2nd ath. ανα+β(η)-/ath. ανα+β(α)-, ανα+βεβη·κ-, -, -)
ανα·ε·β(η)·^
2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-ASCEND-ed
Lit:"step/foot-up", hence ascend.
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
πύλην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

πύλη, -ης, ἡ
πυλ·ην
(fem) acc sg
gate
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐκάθισεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καθίζω (καθιζ-, καθι(ε)·[σ]-/καθι·[σ]-/καθι·σ-, καθι·σ-, κεκαθι·κ-, -, -)
ε·καθι·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SIT-DOWN-ed
from "καθέδρα" (seat), hence take one's seat, sit as judge, Hdt.1.97, 5.25, Pl.Lg.659b, Ph.1.382
ἐκεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἐκεῖ
εκει
indecl
there
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἰδοὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ου
2aor mp imp 2nd sg
be-you(sg)-SEE/BEHOLD-ed!
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
ἀγχιστευτὴς παρεπορεύετο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·πορεύομαι (παρα+πορευ-, παρα+πορευ·σ-, παρα+πορευ·σ-, -, -, παρα+πορευ·θ-)
παρα·ε·πορευ·ετο
impf mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-being-ΚΑῚ-ed
ὃν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative); Verb

ὅς ἥ ὅ; εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ον; (εσ)·ο[υ]ν[τ]
mas acc sg; pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
who/whom/which; while being
;
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY-ed
speak, tell, recount
Βοος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.); Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

βοῦς, βοός, ὁ; Βόες and Βόος v.l. Βόοζ, ὁ
β(ου)·ος; βοος
(mas) gen sg; (mas) indecl
ox; Boaz
;
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY-ed
speak, tell, recount
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
Βοος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.); Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

βοῦς, βοός, ὁ; Βόες and Βόος v.l. Βόοζ, ὁ
β(ου)·ος; βοος
(mas) gen sg; (mas) indecl
ox; Boaz
;
ἐκκλίνας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·κλίνω (εκ+κλιν-, εκ+κλιν(ε)·[σ]-, εκ+κλιν·[σ]-, -, -, -)
εκ·κλιν·[σ]α[ντ]·ς
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon RECOIL/AVOID-ing
Lit:"bend-from-out-of: hence recoil/avoid, deviate/turn-from
κάθισον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καθίζω (καθιζ-, καθι(ε)·[σ]-/καθι·[σ]-/καθι·σ-, καθι·σ-, κεκαθι·κ-, -, -)
καθι·σον, καθι·σο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, fut act ptcp mas voc sg or fut act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
do-SIT-DOWN-you(sg)!, going-to-SIT-DOWN
from "καθέδρα" (seat), hence take one's seat, sit as judge, Hdt.1.97, 5.25, Pl.Lg.659b, Ph.1.382
ὧδε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὧδε
ωδε
indecl
here
κρύφιε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

κρύφιος -α -ον [LXX]
κρυφι·ε
mas voc sg
surreptitious
λαθραίος, κρυφός, μυστικός
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐξέκλινεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·κλίνω (εκ+κλιν-, εκ+κλιν(ε)·[σ]-, εκ+κλιν·[σ]-, -, -, -)
εκ·ε·κλιν·ε(ν), εκ·ε·κλιν·[σ]ε(ν)
impf act ind 3rd sg, 1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-RECOIL/AVOID-ing, he/she/it-RECOIL/AVOID-ed
Lit:"bend-from-out-of: hence recoil/avoid, deviate/turn-from
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐκάθισεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καθίζω (καθιζ-, καθι(ε)·[σ]-/καθι·[σ]-/καθι·σ-, καθι·σ-, κεκαθι·κ-, -, -)
ε·καθι·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SIT-DOWN-ed
from "καθέδρα" (seat), hence take one's seat, sit as judge, Hdt.1.97, 5.25, Pl.Lg.659b, Ph.1.382
Ru 4:1
¶Now Boaz went up to the gate, and sat down there. Behold, the near kinsman of whom Boaz spoke came by; to whom he said, “Come over here, friend, and sit down!” He turned aside, and sat down.
2καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἔλαβεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαμβάνω (λαμβαν-, λημψ-/ληψ-, λαβ·[σ]- or 2nd λαβ-, ειληφ·[κ]-, ειληβ-, λημφ·θ-/ληφ·θ-)
ε·λαβ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·λαβ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-TAKE/RECEIVE-ed
grasp, clutch, cling-to, seize, lay-hands-upon, take by violence, carry off, of a deity, seize, possess, catch, find out, detect, overtake, understand
Βοος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.); Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

βοῦς, βοός, ὁ; Βόες and Βόος v.l. Βόοζ, ὁ
β(ου)·ος; βοος
(mas) gen sg; (mas) indecl
ox; Boaz
;
δέκα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

δέκα
δεκα
indecl
ten
ἄνδρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀνήρ, ἀνδρός, ὁ, voc. sg. ἄνερ
ανδρ·ας
(mas) acc pl
men
(as distinct from woman, beast, god, etc); sometimes "husband".
ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
πρεσβυτέρων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

πρεσβύ·τερος -α -ον (Comp. of πρέσβυς)
πρεσβυτερ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
elder
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
πόλεως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

πόλις, -εως, ἡ
πολ(ι)·ος
(fem) gen sg
city
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY-ed
speak, tell, recount
καθίσατε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καθίζω (καθιζ-, καθι(ε)·[σ]-/καθι·[σ]-/καθι·σ-, καθι·σ-, κεκαθι·κ-, -, -)
καθι·σατε
1aor act imp 2nd pl
do-SIT-DOWN-you(pl)!
from "καθέδρα" (seat), hence take one's seat, sit as judge, Hdt.1.97, 5.25, Pl.Lg.659b, Ph.1.382
ὧδε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὧδε
ωδε
indecl
here
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐκάθισαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καθίζω (καθιζ-, καθι(ε)·[σ]-/καθι·[σ]-/καθι·σ-, καθι·σ-, κεκαθι·κ-, -, -)
ε·καθι·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-SIT-DOWN-ed
from "καθέδρα" (seat), hence take one's seat, sit as judge, Hdt.1.97, 5.25, Pl.Lg.659b, Ph.1.382
Ru 4:2
He took ten men of the elders of the city, and said, “Sit down here.” They sat down.
3καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY-ed
speak, tell, recount
Βοος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.); Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

βοῦς, βοός, ὁ; Βόες and Βόος v.l. Βόοζ, ὁ
β(ου)·ος; βοος
(mas) gen sg; (mas) indecl
ox; Boaz
;
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
ἀγχιστεῖ τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
μερίδα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

μερί[δ]ς, -ίδος, ἡ
μεριδ·α
(fem) acc sg
part
portion
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
ἀγροῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀγρός, -οῦ, ὁ
αγρ·ου
(mas) gen sg
field
ἔχομεν
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
η
fem nom sg
who/whom/which
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
ἀδελφοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί
αδελφ·ου
(mas) gen sg
brother
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
us
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
Αβιμελεχ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Αβιμελεχ, ὁ [LXX]
αβιμελεχ
(mas) indecl
Abimelech
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
η
fem nom sg
who/whom/which
δέδοται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
δεδο·ται
perf mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-has-been-GIVE-ed
/offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
Νωεμιν τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
ἐπιστρεφούσῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·στρέφω (επι+στρεφ-, επι+στρεψ-, επι+στρεψ-, -, -, επι+στραφ·[θ]-)
επι·στρεφ·ουσ·ῃ
pres act ptcp fem dat sg
while TURN-AROUND-ing
Lit:"turn-upon", hence turn-around, return.
ἐξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εξ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
ἀγροῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀγρός, -οῦ, ὁ
αγρ·ου
(mas) gen sg
field
ἔχομεν
Μωαβ
Ru 4:3
He said to the near kinsman, “Naomi, who has come back out of the country of Moab, is selling the parcel of land, which was our brother Elimelech’s.
4κἀγὼ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Crasis (Pronoun [1st Person])

κἀγώ (καὶ ἐγώ)
και εγω
nom sg
and/also I
εἶπα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]α
1aor act ind 1st sg
I-SAY-ed
speak, tell, recount
ἀποκαλύψω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·καλύπτω (απο+καλυπτ-, απο+καλυψ-, απο+καλυψ-, -, απο+κεκαλυπτ-, απο+καλυφ·θ-)
απο·καλυπτ·σω
fut act ind 1st sg or 1aor act sub 1st sg
I-will-UNCOVER/REVEAL, I-should-UNCOVER/REVEAL
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
οὖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

οὖς, ὠτός, τό
ω[τ]·ς > irreg. ους
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
ear
σου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
λέγων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while SAY-ing
speak, tell, recount
κτῆσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κτάομαι (κτ(α)-, κτη·σ-, κτη·σ-, -, κεκτη-, κτη·θ-)
κτη·σαι
1aor mp imp 2nd sg
be-you(sg)-ACQUIRE-ed!
/obtain/buy/purchase/possess/control; κτησησθε κτῶμα κτάομαι κτήση temporality; domain and property are often considered correlative terms.
ἐναντίον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition; Adjective (2-1-2)

ἐν·αντίον; ἐν·αντίος -α -ον
εναντιον; εναντι·ον
indecl; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
in front of (+gen); contrary
; opposite, adverse, against,
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
καθημένων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κάθ·η·μαι (ath. καθ(η)-, καθη·σ-, -, -, -, -)
καθ(η)·μεν·ων
pres mp ptcp fem gen pl or pres mp ptcp mas gen pl or pres mp ptcp neu gen pl
while being-SIT-ed
Lit:"down-sit".
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐναντίον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition; Adjective (2-1-2)

ἐν·αντίον; ἐν·αντίος -α -ον
εναντιον; εναντι·ον
indecl; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
in front of (+gen); contrary
; opposite, adverse, against,
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
πρεσβυτέρων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

πρεσβύ·τερος -α -ον (Comp. of πρέσβυς)
πρεσβυτερ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
elder
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
λαοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λαός, -οῦ, ὁ
λα·ου
(mas) gen sg
people
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
ἀγχιστεύεις ἀγχίστευε εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
ἀγχιστεύεις ἀνάγγειλόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀν·αγγέλλω (αν+αγγελλ-, αν+αγγελ(ε)·[σ]-, αν+αγγειλ·[σ]-, αν+ηγγελ·κ-, -, αν+αγγελ·[θ]-)
αν·αγγειλ·[σ]ον
1aor act imp 2nd sg
do-PROCLAIM-you(sg)!
carry back tidings of, report, Lit:"declare-up/again", hence proclaim, announce, report
μοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μοι
dat sg
me
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
γνώσομαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γινώσκω/γιγν- (γινωσκ-/γιγνωσκ-, γνω·σ-, 2nd ath. γν(ω)-/ath. γν(ο)-, εγνω·κ-, εγνωσ-, γνωσ·θ-)
γνω·σομαι
fut mp ind 1st sg
I-will-be-KNOW-ed
καί έν τούτω γινώσκομεν
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἔστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
πάρεξ σοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
ἀγχιστεῦσαι κἀγώ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Crasis (Pronoun [1st Person])

κἀγώ (καὶ ἐγώ)
και εγω
nom sg
and/also I
εἰμι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^μι; (εσ)·^μι
pres act ind 1st sg; pres act ind 1st sg
I-am-BE-ing; I-am
;
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
σέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σε; σ·ε
acc sg; mas voc sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY-ed
speak, tell, recount
ἐγώ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
εγω
nom sg
I
εἰμι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^μι; (εσ)·^μι
pres act ind 1st sg; pres act ind 1st sg
I-am-BE-ing; I-am
;
ἀγχιστεύσω
Ru 4:4
I thought to disclose it to you, saying, ‘Buy it before those who sit here, and before the elders of my people.’ If you will redeem it, redeem it; but if you will not redeem it, then tell me, that I may know. For there is no one to redeem it besides you; and I am after you.”
¶He said, “I will redeem it.”
5καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY-ed
speak, tell, recount
Βοος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.); Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

βοῦς, βοός, ὁ; Βόες and Βόος v.l. Βόοζ, ὁ
β(ου)·ος; βοος
(mas) gen sg; (mas) indecl
ox; Boaz
;
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ἡμέρᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
day
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
κτήσασθαί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κτάομαι (κτ(α)-, κτη·σ-, κτη·σ-, -, κεκτη-, κτη·θ-)
κτη·σασθαι
1aor mp inf
to-be-ACQUIRE-ed
/obtain/buy/purchase/possess/control; κτησησθε κτῶμα κτάομαι κτήση temporality; domain and property are often considered correlative terms.
σε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σε; σ·ε
acc sg; mas voc sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
ἀγρὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀγρός, -οῦ, ὁ
αγρ·ον
(mas) acc sg
field
ἔχομεν
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
χειρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

χείρ, χειρός, ἡ, dat. pl. χερσίν
χειρ·ος
(fem) gen sg
hand
Νωεμιν καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
παρὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

παρά
παρα
indecl
frοm beside (+acc,+gen,+dat)
παρ’ before vowels I. beside, near, by, II. along, III. past, beyond. 1. with Verbs of coming, going, etc., to the side of, to, with Verbs of placing, examining, etc., side by side with, near, together
Ρουθ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. Indecl.)

Ῥούθ, ἡ
ρουθ
(fem) indecl
Ruth
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
Μωαβίτιδος γυναικὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

γυνή, -αικος, ἡ, voc. sg. γύναι
γυναικ·ος
(fem) gen sg
woman/wife
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
τεθνηκότος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θνῄσκω (-, -, -, τεθνη·κ-, τεθνα-, -)
τεθνη·κοτ·ος
perf act ptcp mas gen sg or perf act ptcp neu gen sg
having BE DEAD-ed
die, be mortal [τεθνηκεν]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
αὐτὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ην
fem acc sg
her/it/same
κτήσασθαί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κτάομαι (κτ(α)-, κτη·σ-, κτη·σ-, -, κεκτη-, κτη·θ-)
κτη·σασθαι
1aor mp inf
to-be-ACQUIRE-ed
/obtain/buy/purchase/possess/control; κτησησθε κτῶμα κτάομαι κτήση temporality; domain and property are often considered correlative terms.
σε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σε; σ·ε
acc sg; mas voc sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
δεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

δέω (δε-/δ(ε)-, δη·σ-, δη·σ-, δεδε·κ-, δεδε-, δε·θ-); δέομαι (δε-/δ(ε)-, -, -, -, δεδεη-, δεη·θ-)
δ(ε)·ει, δ(ε)·ε; δ(ε)·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg, pres act imp 2nd sg; pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-BIND-ing, be-you(sg)-BIND-ing!; you(sg)-are-being-MUST/NEED-TO/REQUIRE-ed
[bond, enchain], sometimes rendered "should".; have to, must, need to, require
ὥστε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὥστε
ωστε
indecl
also-like-this
Lit: "like-also"
ἀναστῆσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀν·ίστημι (ath. αν+ιστ(α)-/ath. αν+ιστ(η)-, ανα+στη·σ-, ανα+στη·σ- or 2nd ath. ανα+στ(η)-/ath. ανα+στ(α)-, ανα+εστη·κ-/ανα+εστα·κ-, -, ανα+στα·θ-)
ανα·στη·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-STAND-UP-AGAIN, be-you(sg)-STAND-UP-AGAIN-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-STAND-UP-AGAIN
Lit:"stand-up-again", hence put-up/raise/arise. Usually resurrect.
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
ὄνομα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ὄνομα[τ], -ατος, τό
ονομα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
name
(with regard to)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
τεθνηκότος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θνῄσκω (-, -, -, τεθνη·κ-, τεθνα-, -)
τεθνη·κοτ·ος
perf act ptcp mas gen sg or perf act ptcp neu gen sg
having BE DEAD-ed
die, be mortal [τεθνηκεν]
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
κληρονομίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

κληρο·νομία, -ας, ἡ
κληρονομι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
inheritance, inheritances
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
Ru 4:5
¶Then Boaz said, “On the day you buy the field from the hand of Naomi, you must buy it also from Ruth the Moabitess, the wife of the dead, to raise up the name of the dead on his inheritance.”
6καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY-ed
speak, tell, recount
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
ἀγχιστεύς οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
δυνήσομαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δύνα·μαι (ath. δυν(α)-/ath. δυν(η)-, δυνη·σ-, -, -, -, δυνη·θ-/δυνασ·θ-)
δυνη·σομαι
fut mp ind 1st sg
I-will-be-ABLE-ed
ἀγχιστεῦσαι ἐμαυτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

ἐμ·αυτοῦ -ῆς -οῦ
εμαυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg
myself
μήποτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μήποτε (μή ποτέ)
μηποτε
indecl
never
διαφθείρω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δια·φθείρω (δια+φθειρ-, δια+φθερ(ε)·[σ]-, δια+φθειρ·[σ]-, -, δι+εφθαρ-, δια+φθαρ·[θ]-)
δια·φθειρ·ω, δια·φθειρ·[σ]ω
pres act ind 1st sg or pres act sub 1st sg, 1aor act sub 1st sg
I-am-RUIN-ing, I-should-be-RUIN-ing, I-should-RUIN
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
κληρονομίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

κληρο·νομία, -ας, ἡ
κληρονομι·αν
(fem) acc sg
inheritance
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
ἀγχίστευσον σεαυτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

σε·αυτοῦ/σ·αυτοῦ -ῆς -οῦ
σεαυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg
yourself
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
ἀγχιστείαν μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
δυνήσομαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δύνα·μαι (ath. δυν(α)-/ath. δυν(η)-, δυνη·σ-, -, -, -, δυνη·θ-/δυνασ·θ-)
δυνη·σομαι
fut mp ind 1st sg
I-will-be-ABLE-ed
ἀγχιστεῦσαι
Ru 4:6
¶The near kinsman said, “I can’t redeem it for myself, lest I mar my own inheritance. Take my right of redemption for yourself; for I can’t redeem it.”
7καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τοῦτο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
δικαίωμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

δικαίωμα[τ], -ατος, τό
δικαιωμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
ordinance
justification, right of plea, judgment, [standards of the law; righteousness]
ἔμπροσθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἔμ·προσ·θεν/-θε
εμπροσθεν
indecl
before/in-front-of
Lit:"in-toward" hence before/facing/in-front-of, former/previous
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
Ισραηλ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰσραήλ, ὁ
ισραηλ
(mas) indecl
Israel
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
ἀγχιστείαν καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
ἀντάλλαγμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἀντ·άλλαγμα[τ], -ατος, τό
ανταλλαγμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
exchange
[give/take for exchange (change) in ps 54:20?]
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
στῆσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἵστημι (ath. ιστ(α)-/ath. ιστ(η)-, στη·σ-, στη·σ- or 2nd ath. στ(η)-/ath. στ(α)-, εστη·κ-/εστα·κ-/εστ(α)·[κ]-, εστη-/εστα-, στα·θ-)
στη·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-STAND, be-you(sg)-STAND-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-STAND
/cause-to-stand
πᾶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παν[τ]
neu nom|acc|voc sg
each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
λόγον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λόγος, -ου, ὁ
λογ·ον
(mas) acc sg
word
account, measure, reckoning
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ὑπελύετο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
ἀνὴρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀνήρ, ἀνδρός, ὁ, voc. sg. ἄνερ
irreg. ανε[δ]ρ·^
(mas) nom sg
man
(as distinct from woman, beast, god, etc); sometimes "husband".
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
ὑπόδημα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ὑπό·δημα[τ], -ατος, τό
υποδημα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
sandal
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐδίδου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
ε·διδ(ο)·ε
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-GIVE-ing
/offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
πλησίον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Adjective (2-1-2)

πλησίον (Adv. of πλήσιος); πλήσιος -α -ον [LXX]
πλησιον; πλησι·ον
indecl; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
neighbor; near
one near, close to;
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
ἀγχιστεύοντι τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
ἀγχιστείαν αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τοῦτο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
μαρτύριον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

μαρτύριον, -ου, τὁ
μαρτυρι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
testimony
/evidence
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
Ισραηλ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰσραήλ, ὁ
ισραηλ
(mas) indecl
Israel
Ru 4:7
¶Now this was the custom in former time in Israel concerning redeeming and concerning exchanging, to confirm all things: a man took off his shoe, and gave it to his neighbor; and this was the way of attestation in Israel.
8καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY-ed
speak, tell, recount
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
ἀγχιστεὺς τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
Βοος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.); Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

βοῦς, βοός, ὁ; Βόες and Βόος v.l. Βόοζ, ὁ
β(ου)·ος; βοος
(mas) gen sg; (mas) indecl
ox; Boaz
;
κτῆσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κτάομαι (κτ(α)-, κτη·σ-, κτη·σ-, -, κεκτη-, κτη·θ-)
κτη·σαι
1aor mp imp 2nd sg
be-you(sg)-ACQUIRE-ed!
/obtain/buy/purchase/possess/control; κτησησθε κτῶμα κτάομαι κτήση temporality; domain and property are often considered correlative terms.
σεαυτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

σε·αυτοῦ/σ·αυτοῦ -ῆς -οῦ
σεαυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg
yourself
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
ἀγχιστείαν μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ὑπελύσατο τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
ὑπόδημα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ὑπό·δημα[τ], -ατος, τό
υποδημα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
sandal
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἔδωκεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
ε·δω·κε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-GIVE-ed
/offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
Ru 4:8
So the near kinsman said to Boaz, “Buy it for yourself.” He took off his shoe.
9καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY-ed
speak, tell, recount
Βοος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.); Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

βοῦς, βοός, ὁ; Βόες and Βόος v.l. Βόοζ, ὁ
β(ου)·ος; βοος
(mas) gen sg; (mas) indecl
ox; Boaz
;
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
πρεσβυτέροις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

πρεσβύ·τερος -α -ον (Comp. of πρέσβυς)
πρεσβυτερ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
elder
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
παντὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ι
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
λαῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λαός, -οῦ, ὁ
λα·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
people
μάρτυρες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

μάρτυ[ρ]ς, -υρος, ὁ, dat. pl. μάρτυ[ρ]σιν
μαρτυρ·ες
(mas) nom|voc pl
witness-bearer
One who bears witness.
ὑμεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμεις
nom pl
you(pl)
σήμερον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

σήμερον
σημερον
indecl
today
day
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
κέκτημαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κτάομαι (κτ(α)-, κτη·σ-, κτη·σ-, -, κεκτη-, κτη·θ-)
κεκτη·μαι
perf mp ind 1st sg
I-have-been-ACQUIRE-ed
/obtain/buy/purchase/possess/control; κτησησθε κτῶμα κτάομαι κτήση temporality; domain and property are often considered correlative terms.
πάντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or mas acc sg
all, each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
Αβιμελεχ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Αβιμελεχ, ὁ [LXX]
αβιμελεχ
(mas) indecl
Abimelech
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
πάντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or mas acc sg
all, each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
ὅσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅσος -η -ον
οσ·α
neu nom|acc pl
as much/many as
ὑπάρχει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑπ·άρχω (υπ+αρχ-, υπ+αρξ-, υπ+αρξ-, -, -, -)
υπ·αρχ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-I AM; I EXIST-ing, you(sg)-are-being-I AM; I EXIST-ed
A synonym of εἰμί
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
Χελαιων καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
Μααλων ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
χειρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

χείρ, χειρός, ἡ, dat. pl. χερσίν
χειρ·ος
(fem) gen sg
hand
Νωεμιν
Ru 4:9
¶Boaz said to the elders, and to all the people, “You are witnesses this day, that I have bought all that was Elimelech’s, and all that was Chilion’s and Mahlon’s, from the hand of Naomi.
10καί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
γε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

γέ
γε
indecl
indeed
An emphatic particle meaning at least, indeed. It emphasizes the word to which it is associated.
Ρουθ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. Indecl.)

Ῥούθ, ἡ
ρουθ
(fem) indecl
Ruth
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
Μωαβῖτιν τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
γυναῖκα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

γυνή, -αικος, ἡ, voc. sg. γύναι
γυναικ·α
(fem) acc sg
woman/wife
Μααλων κέκτημαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κτάομαι (κτ(α)-, κτη·σ-, κτη·σ-, -, κεκτη-, κτη·θ-)
κεκτη·μαι
perf mp ind 1st sg
I-have-been-ACQUIRE-ed
/obtain/buy/purchase/possess/control; κτησησθε κτῶμα κτάομαι κτήση temporality; domain and property are often considered correlative terms.
ἐμαυτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

ἐμ·αυτοῦ -ῆς -οῦ
εμαυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg
myself
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
γυναῖκα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

γυνή, -αικος, ἡ, voc. sg. γύναι
γυναικ·α
(fem) acc sg
woman/wife
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
ἀναστῆσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀν·ίστημι (ath. αν+ιστ(α)-/ath. αν+ιστ(η)-, ανα+στη·σ-, ανα+στη·σ- or 2nd ath. ανα+στ(η)-/ath. ανα+στ(α)-, ανα+εστη·κ-/ανα+εστα·κ-, -, ανα+στα·θ-)
ανα·στη·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-STAND-UP-AGAIN, be-you(sg)-STAND-UP-AGAIN-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-STAND-UP-AGAIN
Lit:"stand-up-again", hence put-up/raise/arise. Usually resurrect.
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
ὄνομα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ὄνομα[τ], -ατος, τό
ονομα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
name
(with regard to)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
τεθνηκότος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θνῄσκω (-, -, -, τεθνη·κ-, τεθνα-, -)
τεθνη·κοτ·ος
perf act ptcp mas gen sg or perf act ptcp neu gen sg
having BE DEAD-ed
die, be mortal [τεθνηκεν]
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
κληρονομίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

κληρο·νομία, -ας, ἡ
κληρονομι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
inheritance, inheritances
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἐξολεθρευθήσεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·ολεθρεύω v.l. -ολο- (εξ+ολεθρευ-, εξ+ολεθρευ·σ-, εξ+ολεθρευ·σ-, -, -, εξ+ολεθρευ·θ-/εξ+ολοθρευ·θ-)
εξ·ολεθρευ·θησεται
fut θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-will-be-UTTERLY-DESTROY-ed
Lit:"destroy/ruin-from-out-of", hence exterminate/obliterate/annihilate/eliminate, utterly-destroy/ruin. LXX: "cut-off/destroy".
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
ὄνομα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ὄνομα[τ], -ατος, τό
ονομα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
name
(with regard to)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
τεθνηκότος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θνῄσκω (-, -, -, τεθνη·κ-, τεθνα-, -)
τεθνη·κοτ·ος
perf act ptcp mas gen sg or perf act ptcp neu gen sg
having BE DEAD-ed
die, be mortal [τεθνηκεν]
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
ἀδελφῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί; ἀδελφή, -ῆς, ἡ
αδελφ·ων; αδελφ·ων
(mas) gen pl; (fem) gen pl
brothers; sisters
;
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
φυλῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

φυλή, -ῆς, ἡ
φυλ·ης
(fem) gen sg
tribe
λαοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λαός, -οῦ, ὁ
λα·ου
(mas) gen sg
people
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
μάρτυρες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

μάρτυ[ρ]ς, -υρος, ὁ, dat. pl. μάρτυ[ρ]σιν
μαρτυρ·ες
(mas) nom|voc pl
witness-bearer
One who bears witness.
ὑμεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμεις
nom pl
you(pl)
σήμερον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

σήμερον
σημερον
indecl
today
day
Ru 4:10
Moreover Ruth the Moabitess, the wife of Mahlon, I have purchased to be my wife, to raise up the name of the dead on his inheritance, that the name of the dead not be cut off from among his brothers, and from the gate of his place. You are witnesses this day.”
11καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εἴποσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·οσαν
2aor act ind 3rd pl alt
they-SAY-ed
speak, tell, recount
πᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
πα[ντ]·ς
mas nom|voc sg
each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
λαὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λαός, -οῦ, ὁ
λα·ος
(mas) nom sg
people
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
πύλῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

πύλη, -ης, ἡ
πυλ·ῃ
(fem) dat sg
gate
μάρτυρες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

μάρτυ[ρ]ς, -υρος, ὁ, dat. pl. μάρτυ[ρ]σιν
μαρτυρ·ες
(mas) nom|voc pl
witness-bearer
One who bears witness.
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
πρεσβύτεροι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

πρεσβύ·τερος -α -ον (Comp. of πρέσβυς)
πρεσβυτερ·οι
mas nom|voc pl
elder
εἴποσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·οσαν
2aor act ind 3rd pl alt
they-SAY-ed
speak, tell, recount
δῴη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
δ(ω)·ιη (instead of δ(ο)·ιη > δοιη)
2aor act opt 3rd sg
he/she/it-happens-to-GIVE
/offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
κύριος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ος; κυρι·ος
(mas) nom sg; mas nom sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
γυναῖκά [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

γυνή, -αικος, ἡ, voc. sg. γύναι
γυναικ·α
(fem) acc sg
woman/wife
σου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
εἰσπορευομένην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰσ·πορεύομαι (εισ+πορευ-, εισ+πορευ·σ-, -, -, εισ+πεπορευ-, εισ+πορευ·θ-)
εισ·πορευ·ομεν·ην
pres mp ptcp fem acc sg
while being-ENTER-ed
Lit:"go-into", hence enter.
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
οἶκόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

οἶκος, -ου, ὁ (cf. οἰκία)
οικ·ον
(mas) acc sg
house/home
/dwelling-place, by extension, household.
σου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
Ραχηλ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. Indecl.)

Ῥαχήλ, ἡ
ραχηλ
(fem) indecl
Rachel
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
Λειαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

λεῖος -α -ον
λει·αν
fem acc sg
smooth/level/plain
αἳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
αι
fem nom pl
who/whom/which
ᾠκοδόμησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

οἰκο·δομέω (οικοδομ(ε)-, οικοδομη·σ-, οικοδομη·σ-, ῳκοδομη·κ-, ῳκοδομη-, οικοδομη·θ-)
ε·οικοδομη·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-BUILD-UP-ed
Lit:"dwelling-building", hence building-refuge, build-up,edify
ἀμφότεραι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

ἀμφότεροι -αι -α
αμφοτερ·αι
fem nom|voc pl
both
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
οἶκον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

οἶκος, -ου, ὁ (cf. οἰκία)
οικ·ον
(mas) acc sg
house/home
/dwelling-place, by extension, household.
Ισραηλ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰσραήλ, ὁ
ισραηλ
(mas) indecl
Israel
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐποίησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ε·ποιη·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-DO/MAKE-ed
δύναμιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

δύναμις, -εως, ἡ
δυναμ(ι)·ν
(fem) acc sg
ability
/power
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
Εφραθα καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἔσται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
irreg. (εσ)·[σε]ται (instead of (εσ)·σεται > εσεται)
fut mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-will-be
ὄνομα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ὄνομα[τ], -ατος, τό
ονομα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
name
(with regard to)
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
Βαιθλεεμ
Ru 4:11
¶All the people who were in the gate, and the elders, said, “We are witnesses. May Yahweh make the woman who has come into your house like Rachel and like Leah, which two built the house of Israel; and treat you worthily in Ephrathah, and be famous in Bethlehem.
12καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
γένοιτο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
γεν·οιτο
2aor mp opt 3rd sg
he/she/it-happens-to-be-BECOME-ed
become; happen; sometimes left untranslated
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
οἶκός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

οἶκος, -ου, ὁ (cf. οἰκία)
οικ·ος
(mas) nom sg
house/home
/dwelling-place, by extension, household.
σου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
οἶκος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

οἶκος, -ου, ὁ (cf. οἰκία)
οικ·ος
(mas) nom sg
house/home
/dwelling-place, by extension, household.
Φαρες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Φαρές, ὁ
φαρες
(mas) indecl
Perez
ὃν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative); Verb

ὅς ἥ ὅ; εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ον; (εσ)·ο[υ]ν[τ]
mas acc sg; pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
who/whom/which; while being
;
ἔτεκεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τίκτω (τικτ-, τεξ-, 2nd τεκ-, τετοκ·[κ]-, -, τεχ·θ-)
ε·τεκ·ε(ν)
2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-GIVE-ed-BIRTH
Θαμαρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. Indecl.)

Θαμάρ v.l. Θάμαρ, ἡ
θαμαρ
(fem) indecl
Tamar
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
Ιουδα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

Ἰούδας, -α and -ου, ὁ
ιουδ·α
(mas) voc sg or (mas) gen sg
Judas/Judah
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
σπέρματος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

σπέρμα[τ], -ατος, τό
σπερματ·ος
(neu) gen sg
seed
sperm, seed, germ (sprout, bud)
οὗ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle; Pronoun (Relative)

οὗ[1]; ὅς ἥ ὅ
ου; ου
indecl; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
where; who/whom/which
ἕως οὗ means "until where (in time)", that is, "until when", "until such time as", or "until the point that";
δώσει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
δω·σει
fut act ind 3rd sg or fut mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-will-GIVE, you(sg)-will-be-GIVE-ed
/offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
κύριός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ος; κυρι·ος
(mas) nom sg; mas nom sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
σοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive); Verb

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν; τρίβω [LXX] (τριβ-, ·σ-, τριψ-, -, τετριβ-, -)
σοι; σ·οι; ·σοι
dat sg; mas nom|voc pl; fut act opt 3rd sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg); (fut opt)
; ; worn, rub
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
παιδίσκης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

παιδίσκη, -ης, ἡ (cf. δούλη)
παιδισκ·ης
(fem) gen sg
slave girl
ταύτης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·ης
fem gen sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
Ru 4:12
Let your house be like the house of Perez, whom Tamar bore to Judah, of the seed which Yahweh shall give you of this young woman.”
13καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἔλαβεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαμβάνω (λαμβαν-, λημψ-/ληψ-, λαβ·[σ]- or 2nd λαβ-, ειληφ·[κ]-, ειληβ-, λημφ·θ-/ληφ·θ-)
ε·λαβ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·λαβ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-TAKE/RECEIVE-ed
grasp, clutch, cling-to, seize, lay-hands-upon, take by violence, carry off, of a deity, seize, possess, catch, find out, detect, overtake, understand
Βοος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.); Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

βοῦς, βοός, ὁ; Βόες and Βόος v.l. Βόοζ, ὁ
β(ου)·ος; βοος
(mas) gen sg; (mas) indecl
ox; Boaz
;
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
Ρουθ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. Indecl.)

Ῥούθ, ἡ
ρουθ
(fem) indecl
Ruth
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐγενήθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
ε·γενη·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-BECOME-ed
become; happen; sometimes left untranslated
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
γυναῖκα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

γυνή, -αικος, ἡ, voc. sg. γύναι
γυναικ·α
(fem) acc sg
woman/wife
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εἰσῆλθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰσ·έρχομαι (εισ+ερχ-, εισ+ελευ·σ-, εισ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd εισ+ελθ-, εισ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εισ·ε·ελθ·[σ]ε(ν), εισ·ε·ελθ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-ENTER-ed
Lit:"come-into", hence enter.
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
αὐτήν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ην
fem acc sg
her/it/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἔδωκεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
ε·δω·κε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-GIVE-ed
/offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
αὐτῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῃ
fem dat sg
her/it/same
κύριος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ος; κυρι·ος
(mas) nom sg; mas nom sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
κύησιν καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἔτεκεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τίκτω (τικτ-, τεξ-, 2nd τεκ-, τετοκ·[κ]-, -, τεχ·θ-)
ε·τεκ·ε(ν)
2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-GIVE-ed-BIRTH
υἱόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ον
(mas) acc sg
son
Ru 4:13
¶So Boaz took Ruth, and she became his wife; and he went in to her, and Yahweh gave her conception, and she bore a son.
14καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εἶπαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]αν, ειπ·[σ]αν[τ]
1aor act ind 3rd pl, 1aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
they-SAY-ed, upon SAY-ing
speak, tell, recount
αἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·αι
fem nom pl
the
γυναῖκες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

γυνή, -αικος, ἡ, voc. sg. γύναι
γυναικ·ες
(fem) nom|voc pl
women/wives
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
Νωεμιν εὐλογητὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

εὐ·λογητός -ή -όν
ευλογητ·ος
mas nom sg
blessed
Lit:"good-messaged", hence eulogized/well-spoken-of, praised
κύριος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ος; κυρι·ος
(mas) nom sg; mas nom sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
ὃς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ος
mas nom sg
who/whom/which
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
κατέλυσέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·λύω (κατα+λυ-, κατα+λυ·σ-, κατα+λυ·σ-, κατα+λελυ·κ-, -, κατα+λυ·θ-)
κατα·ε·λυ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-TEAR-DOWN-ed
Lit:"down-loose", hence unloose/tear-down. Metaph: relax. Similar but distinct from "καταργέω" (make of no effect), and "apollumi" (utterly-destroy).
σοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive); Verb

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν; τρίβω [LXX] (τριβ-, ·σ-, τριψ-, -, τετριβ-, -)
σοι; σ·οι; ·σοι
dat sg; mas nom|voc pl; fut act opt 3rd sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg); (fut opt)
; ; worn, rub
σήμερον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

σήμερον
σημερον
indecl
today
day
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
ἀγχιστέα καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
καλέσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καλέω (καλ(ε)-, καλε·σ-, καλε·σ-, κεκλη·κ-, κεκλη-, κλη·θ-)
καλε·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-CALL, be-you(sg)-CALL-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-CALL
summon/invite
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
ὄνομά [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ὄνομα[τ], -ατος, τό
ονομα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
name
(with regard to)
σου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
Ισραηλ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰσραήλ, ὁ
ισραηλ
(mas) indecl
Israel
Ru 4:14
The women said to Naomi, “Blessed be Yahweh, who has not left you this day without a near kinsman; and let his name be famous in Israel.
15καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἔσται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
irreg. (εσ)·[σε]ται (instead of (εσ)·σεται > εσεται)
fut mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-will-be
σοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive); Verb

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν; τρίβω [LXX] (τριβ-, ·σ-, τριψ-, -, τετριβ-, -)
σοι; σ·οι; ·σοι
dat sg; mas nom|voc pl; fut act opt 3rd sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg); (fut opt)
; ; worn, rub
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
ἐπιστρέφοντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·στρέφω (επι+στρεφ-, επι+στρεψ-, επι+στρεψ-, -, -, επι+στραφ·[θ]-)
επι·στρεφ·ο[υ]ντ·α
pres act ptcp mas acc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
while TURN-AROUND-ing
Lit:"turn-upon", hence turn-around, return.
ψυχὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ψυχή, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. ψυχή
ψυχ·ην
(fem) acc sg
soul-life
self A. life, “λύθη ψ. τε μένος τε” Il.5.296, etc.; psyche/mind
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
διαθρέψαι τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
πολιάν σου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
νύμφη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

νύμφη, -ης, ἡ
νυμφ·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
bride/daughter-in-law
σου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
ἀγαπήσασά [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀγαπάω (αγαπ(α)-, αγαπη·σ-, αγαπη·σ-, ηγαπη·κ-, ηγαπη-, αγαπη·θ-)
αγαπη·σασ·α
1aor act ptcp fem nom|voc sg
upon AGAPE-LOVE-ing
/Calvary/sacrificial-love. Distinct from "φιλέω" (affection, friendship-love) and "έρος" (romantic/sexual-love).
σε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σε; σ·ε
acc sg; mas voc sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
ἔτεκεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τίκτω (τικτ-, τεξ-, 2nd τεκ-, τετοκ·[κ]-, -, τεχ·θ-)
ε·τεκ·ε(ν)
2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-GIVE-ed-BIRTH
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
η
fem nom sg
who/whom/which
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
ἀγαθή [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἀγαθός -ή -όν (cf. καλός)
αγαθ·η
fem nom|voc sg
good
/inherently-good, i.e. God-wrought.. Distinct from "καλός" (beautiful-good).
σοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive); Verb

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν; τρίβω [LXX] (τριβ-, ·σ-, τριψ-, -, τετριβ-, -)
σοι; σ·οι; ·σοι
dat sg; mas nom|voc pl; fut act opt 3rd sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg); (fut opt)
; ; worn, rub
ὑπὲρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπέρ
υπερ
indecl
above (+acc), on behalf of (+gen)
ἑπτὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

ἑπτά
επτα
indecl
seven
υἱούς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ους
(mas) acc pl
sons
Ru 4:15
He shall be to you a restorer of life, and sustain you in your old age, for your daughter-in-law, who loves you, who is better to you than seven sons, has borne him.”
16καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἔλαβεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαμβάνω (λαμβαν-, λημψ-/ληψ-, λαβ·[σ]- or 2nd λαβ-, ειληφ·[κ]-, ειληβ-, λημφ·θ-/ληφ·θ-)
ε·λαβ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·λαβ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-TAKE/RECEIVE-ed
grasp, clutch, cling-to, seize, lay-hands-upon, take by violence, carry off, of a deity, seize, possess, catch, find out, detect, overtake, understand
Νωεμιν τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
παιδίον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

παιδίον, -ου, τό, voc. sg. παιδίον, voc. pl. παιδίονα (Dimin. of παῖς; see also παιδάριον)
παιδι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
child
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἔθηκεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τίθημι (ath. τιθ(ε)-, θη·σ-, θη·κ- or 2nd ath. θ(ε)-, τεθει·κ-, τεθει-, τε·θ-)
ε·θη·κε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-PLACE-ed
/lay/put/set/situate/arrange/station
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
κόλπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

κόλπος, -ου, ὁ
κολπ·ον
(mas) acc sg
bosom
of the heart
αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
her/it/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐγενήθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
ε·γενη·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-BECOME-ed
become; happen; sometimes left untranslated
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τιθηνόν
Ru 4:16
Naomi took the child, and laid it in her bosom, and became nurse to it.
17καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐκάλεσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καλέω (καλ(ε)-, καλε·σ-, καλε·σ-, κεκλη·κ-, κεκλη-, κλη·θ-)
ε·καλε·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-CALL-ed
summon/invite
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
αἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·αι
fem nom pl
the
γείτονες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl. and Fem. 3rd Decl.)

γείτων, -ονος, ὁ and
γειτον·ες
(mas) nom|voc pl or (fem) nom|voc pl
neighbors
ὄνομα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ὄνομα[τ], -ατος, τό
ονομα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
name
(with regard to)
λέγουσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ουσ·αι
pres act ptcp fem nom|voc pl
while SAY-ing
speak, tell, recount
ἐτέχθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τίκτω (τικτ-, τεξ-, 2nd τεκ-, τετοκ·[κ]-, -, τεχ·θ-)
ε·τεκ·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-GIVE-ed-BIRTH
υἱὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ος
(mas) nom sg
son
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
Νωεμιν καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐκάλεσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καλέω (καλ(ε)-, καλε·σ-, καλε·σ-, κεκλη·κ-, κεκλη-, κλη·θ-)
ε·καλε·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-CALL-ed
summon/invite
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
ὄνομα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ὄνομα[τ], -ατος, τό
ονομα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
name
(with regard to)
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
Ωβηδ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰωβήδ v.l. Ὠβήδ, ὁ
ωβηδ
(mas) indecl
Obed
οὗτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
[τ]ουτ·ος
mas nom sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
πατὴρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

πατήρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ὁ, voc. pl. πατέρες
πατερ·^
(mas) nom sg
father
Ιεσσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰεσσαί, ὁ
ιεσσαι
(mas) indecl
Jesse
πατρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

πατήρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ὁ, voc. pl. πατέρες
πατ[ε]ρ·ος
(mas) gen sg
father
Δαυιδ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Δαυίδ v.l. Δαβίδ, ὁ
δαυιδ
(mas) indecl
David
Ru 4:17
The women, her neighbors, gave him a name, saying, “There is a son born to Naomi;” and they named him Obed. He is the father of Jesse, the father of David.
18καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
αὗται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
[τ]αυτ·αι
fem nom pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
αἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·αι
fem nom pl
the
γενέσεις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

γένεσις, -εως, ἡ (cf. γέννησις)
γενεσ(ι)·ες, γενεσ(ι)·ας
(fem) nom|voc pl, (fem) acc pl
begettings
Φαρες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Φαρές, ὁ
φαρες
(mas) indecl
Perez
Φαρες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Φαρές, ὁ
φαρες
(mas) indecl
Perez
ἐγέννησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γεννάω (γενν(α)-, γεννη·σ-, γεννη·σ-, γεγεννη·κ-, γεγεννη-, γεννη·θ-)
ε·γεννη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-BEGET/BIRTH-ed
Lit:"generate", hence beget/bring-forth/give-birth-to (Gen. 6:4): cause genesis of
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
Εσρων
Ru 4:18
¶Now this is the history of the generations of Perez: Perez became the father of Hezron,
19Εσρων δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἐγέννησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γεννάω (γενν(α)-, γεννη·σ-, γεννη·σ-, γεγεννη·κ-, γεγεννη-, γεννη·θ-)
ε·γεννη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-BEGET/BIRTH-ed
Lit:"generate", hence beget/bring-forth/give-birth-to (Gen. 6:4): cause genesis of
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
Αρραν καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
Αρραν ἐγέννησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γεννάω (γενν(α)-, γεννη·σ-, γεννη·σ-, γεγεννη·κ-, γεγεννη-, γεννη·θ-)
ε·γεννη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-BEGET/BIRTH-ed
Lit:"generate", hence beget/bring-forth/give-birth-to (Gen. 6:4): cause genesis of
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
Αμιναδαβ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἀμιναδάβ, ὁ
αμιναδαβ
(mas) indecl
Amminadab
Ru 4:19
and Hezron became the father of Ram, and Ram became the father of Amminadab,
20καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
Αμιναδαβ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἀμιναδάβ, ὁ
αμιναδαβ
(mas) indecl
Amminadab
ἐγέννησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γεννάω (γενν(α)-, γεννη·σ-, γεννη·σ-, γεγεννη·κ-, γεγεννη-, γεννη·θ-)
ε·γεννη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-BEGET/BIRTH-ed
Lit:"generate", hence beget/bring-forth/give-birth-to (Gen. 6:4): cause genesis of
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
Ναασσων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ναασσών, ὁ
ναασσων
(mas) indecl
Nahshon
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
Ναασσων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ναασσών, ὁ
ναασσων
(mas) indecl
Nahshon
ἐγέννησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γεννάω (γενν(α)-, γεννη·σ-, γεννη·σ-, γεγεννη·κ-, γεγεννη-, γεννη·θ-)
ε·γεννη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-BEGET/BIRTH-ed
Lit:"generate", hence beget/bring-forth/give-birth-to (Gen. 6:4): cause genesis of
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
Σαλμαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Σαλμών/Σαλμάν, ὁ
σαλμαν
(mas) indecl
Salmon
Ru 4:20
and Amminadab became the father of Nahshon, and Nahshon became the father of Salmon,
21καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
Σαλμαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Σαλμών/Σαλμάν, ὁ
σαλμαν
(mas) indecl
Salmon
ἐγέννησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γεννάω (γενν(α)-, γεννη·σ-, γεννη·σ-, γεγεννη·κ-, γεγεννη-, γεννη·θ-)
ε·γεννη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-BEGET/BIRTH-ed
Lit:"generate", hence beget/bring-forth/give-birth-to (Gen. 6:4): cause genesis of
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
Βοος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.); Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

βοῦς, βοός, ὁ; Βόες and Βόος v.l. Βόοζ, ὁ
β(ου)·ος; βοος
(mas) gen sg; (mas) indecl
ox; Boaz
;
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
Βοος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.); Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

βοῦς, βοός, ὁ; Βόες and Βόος v.l. Βόοζ, ὁ
β(ου)·ος; βοος
(mas) gen sg; (mas) indecl
ox; Boaz
;
ἐγέννησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γεννάω (γενν(α)-, γεννη·σ-, γεννη·σ-, γεγεννη·κ-, γεγεννη-, γεννη·θ-)
ε·γεννη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-BEGET/BIRTH-ed
Lit:"generate", hence beget/bring-forth/give-birth-to (Gen. 6:4): cause genesis of
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
Ωβηδ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰωβήδ v.l. Ὠβήδ, ὁ
ωβηδ
(mas) indecl
Obed
Ru 4:21
and Salmon became the father of Boaz, and Boaz became the father of Obed,
22καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
Ωβηδ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰωβήδ v.l. Ὠβήδ, ὁ
ωβηδ
(mas) indecl
Obed
ἐγέννησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γεννάω (γενν(α)-, γεννη·σ-, γεννη·σ-, γεγεννη·κ-, γεγεννη-, γεννη·θ-)
ε·γεννη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-BEGET/BIRTH-ed
Lit:"generate", hence beget/bring-forth/give-birth-to (Gen. 6:4): cause genesis of
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
Ιεσσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰεσσαί, ὁ
ιεσσαι
(mas) indecl
Jesse
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
Ιεσσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰεσσαί, ὁ
ιεσσαι
(mas) indecl
Jesse
ἐγέννησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γεννάω (γενν(α)-, γεννη·σ-, γεννη·σ-, γεγεννη·κ-, γεγεννη-, γεννη·θ-)
ε·γεννη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-BEGET/BIRTH-ed
Lit:"generate", hence beget/bring-forth/give-birth-to (Gen. 6:4): cause genesis of
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
Δαυιδ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Δαυίδ v.l. Δαβίδ, ὁ
δαυιδ
(mas) indecl
David
Ru 4:22
and Obed became the father of Jesse, and Jesse became the father of David.
« Ch 3

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