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Ροὺθ

Ruth

 CATSS LXX Wiki English Translation‎ / World English Bible
1καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἐγένετο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
ε·γεν·ετο
2aor mp ind 3rd sg
to become/happen [to come to be; Greek word for amen?]
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
κρίνειν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κρίνω (κριν-, κριν(ε)·[σ]-, κριν·[σ]-, κεκρι·κ-, κεκρι-, κρι·θ-)
κριν·ειν, κριν(ε)·[σ]ειν
pres act inf, fut act inf
to judge /decide, assess/determine, discriminate/separate. Also LXX: contend, avenge/vindicate, decree.
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
κριτὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

κριτής, -οῦ, ὁ
κριτ·ας
(mas) acc pl
judge [see critic]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἐγένετο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
ε·γεν·ετο
2aor mp ind 3rd sg
to become/happen [to come to be; Greek word for amen?]
λιμὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

λιμός, -οῦ, ὁ and
λιμ·ος
(mas) nom sg or (fem) nom sg
famine hunger
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
γῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

γῆ, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. γῆ
γ·ῃ
(fem) dat sg
earth/land
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἐπορεύθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πορεύω (πορευ-, πορευ·σ-, πορευ·σ-, -, πεπορευ-, πορευ·θ-)
ε·πορευ·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
to travel/journey (from "πορος":passage/ford/pathway), hence travel/journey/go/proceed/depart.
ἀνὴρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἀνήρ, ἀνδρός, ὁ, voc. sg. ἄνερ
irreg. ανε[δ]ρ·^
(mas) nom sg
man (as distinct from woman, beast, god, etc); sometimes "husband".
ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from (G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
Βαιθλεεμ τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
Ιουδα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

Ἰούδας, -α and -ου, ὁ
ιουδ·α
(mas) voc sg or (mas) gen sg
Judas/Judah
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
παροικῆσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρ·οικέω (παρ+οικ(ε)-, παρ+οικη·σ-, παρ+οικη·σ-, παρ+ῳκη·κ-, -, -)
παρ·οικη·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to sojourn/dwell by Lit:"dwell-close-beside", hence sojourn/migrate, dwell-temporarily... in contrast with "κατοικέω" (down-dwell/settle).
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ἀγρῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἀγρός, -οῦ, ὁ
αγρ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
field
Μωαβ αὐτὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ος
mas nom sg
he/she/it/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
γυνὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl., irreg.)

γυνή, -αικος, ἡ, voc. sg. γύναι
γυναι[κ] > irreg. γυνη
(fem) nom sg
woman/wife
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
υἱοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
son
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
Ru 1:1
¶It happened in the days when the judges judged, that there was a famine in the land. A certain man of Bethlehem Judah went to live in the country of Moab, he, and his wife, and his two sons.
2καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ὄνομα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ὄνομα[τ], -ατος, τό
ονομα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
name (with regard to)
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
ἀνδρὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἀνήρ, ἀνδρός, ὁ, voc. sg. ἄνερ
ανδρ·ι
(mas) dat sg
man (as distinct from woman, beast, god, etc); sometimes "husband".
Αβιμελεχ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Indecl.)

Αβιμελεχ, ὁ [LXX]
αβιμελεχ
(mas) indecl
Abimelech
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ὄνομα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ὄνομα[τ], -ατος, τό
ονομα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
name (with regard to)
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
γυναικὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl., irreg.)

γυνή, -αικος, ἡ, voc. sg. γύναι
γυναικ·ι
(fem) dat sg
woman/wife
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
Νωεμιν καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ὄνομα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ὄνομα[τ], -ατος, τό
ονομα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
name (with regard to)
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
δυσὶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.); Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral); Verb

δύσις, -εως, ἡ; δύο, gen. δύο, dat. δυσί(ν), acc. δύο; δύνω/δύω (δυ-/δυν-, δυ·σ-, 2nd ath. δυ-, δεδυ·κ-, -, -)
δυσ(ι)·ν; δυσι(ν); δυ·[ντ]·σι(ν)
(fem) acc sg; dat pl; 2aor act ptcp mas dat pl or 2aor act ptcp neu dat pl
west (where the sun sets).; two; to set /go-down (sun/star/moon). See Ecclesiastes 1:5 LXX.
υἱοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·οις
(mas) dat pl
son
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
Μααλων καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
Χελαιων Εφραθαῖοι ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
Βαιθλεεμ τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
Ιουδα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

Ἰούδας, -α and -ου, ὁ
ιουδ·α
(mas) voc sg or (mas) gen sg
Judas/Judah
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἤλθοσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ε·ελθ·οσαν
2aor act ind 3rd pl alt
to come Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
ἀγρὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἀγρός, -οῦ, ὁ
αγρ·ον
(mas) acc sg
field
Μωαβ καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἦσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·σαν
impf act ind 3rd pl
to be
ἐκεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἐκεῖ
εκει
indecl
there
Ru 1:2
The name of the man was Elimelech, and the name of his wife Naomi, and the name of his two sons Mahlon and Chilion, Ephrathites of Bethlehem Judah. They came into the country of Moab, and continued there.
3καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἀπέθανεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·θνῄσκω (απο+θνῃσκ-, απο+θαν(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd απο+θαν-, -, -, -)
απο·ε·θαν·ε(ν)
2aor act ind 3rd sg
to die
Αβιμελεχ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Indecl.)

Αβιμελεχ, ὁ [LXX]
αβιμελεχ
(mas) indecl
Abimelech
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
ἀνὴρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἀνήρ, ἀνδρός, ὁ, voc. sg. ἄνερ
irreg. ανε[δ]ρ·^
(mas) nom sg
man (as distinct from woman, beast, god, etc); sometimes "husband".
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
Νωεμιν καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
κατελείφθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·λείπω (κατα+λειπ-, κατα+λειψ-, κατα+λειψ- or 2nd κατα+λιπ-, κατα+λελοιπ·[κ]-, κατα+λελειπ-, κατα+λειφ·θ-)
κατα·ε·λειπ·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
to leave-behind Lit:leave-down, hence leave-behind, forsake, abandon
αὐτὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·η
fem nom sg
he/she/it/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
δύο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

δύο, gen. δύο, dat. δυσί(ν), acc. δύο
δυο
nom|acc|gen pl
two
υἱοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
son
αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
he/she/it/same
Ru 1:3
Elimelech, Naomi’s husband, died; and she was left, and her two sons.
4καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἐλάβοσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαμβάνω (λαμβαν-, λημψ-/ληψ-, λαβ·[σ]- or 2nd λαβ-, ειληφ·[κ]-, ειληβ-, λημφ·θ-/ληφ·θ-)
ε·λαβ·οσαν
2aor act ind 3rd pl alt
to take/receive grasp, clutch, cling-to, seize, lay-hands-upon, take by violence, carry off, of a deity, seize, possess, catch, find out, detect, overtake, understand
ἑαυτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

ἑ·αυτοῦ/αὑτοῦ[2] -ῆς -οῦ
εαυτ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
self him/her/it/our/your/them-selves
γυναῖκας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl., irreg.)

γυνή, -αικος, ἡ, voc. sg. γύναι
γυναικ·ας
(fem) acc pl
woman/wife
Μωαβίτιδας ὄνομα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ὄνομα[τ], -ατος, τό
ονομα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
name (with regard to)
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
μιᾷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
μι·ᾳ
fem dat sg
one
Ορφα καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ὄνομα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ὄνομα[τ], -ατος, τό
ονομα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
name (with regard to)
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
δευτέρᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

δεύτερος -α -ον
δευτερ·ᾳ
fem dat sg
second
Ρουθ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Indecl.)

Ῥούθ, ἡ
ρουθ
(fem) indecl
Ruth
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
κατῴκησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατ·οικέω (κατ+οικ(ε)-, κατ+οικη·σ-, κατ+οικη·σ-, κατ+ῳκη·κ-, -, κατ+οικη·θ-)
κατ·ε·οικη·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
to reside/settle-down Lit:"down-dwell", hence reside/dwell-permanently, settle-down-thoroughly/pervasively and in full control, to be exactly at home (see Eph 3:17, Col 1:19, 2:9). Contrast with "παροικέω" (dwell-beside))
ἐκεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἐκεῖ
εκει
indecl
there
ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
δέκα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

δέκα
δεκα
indecl
ten
ἔτη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἔτο·ς, -ους, τό
ετ(ε)·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
year
Ru 1:4
They took them wives of the women of Moab; the name of the one was Orpah, and the name of the other Ruth: and they lived there about ten years.
5καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἀπέθανον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·θνῄσκω (απο+θνῃσκ-, απο+θαν(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd απο+θαν-, -, -, -)
απο·ε·θαν·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
to die
καί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
γε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

γέ
γε
indecl
indeed An emphatic particle meaning at least, indeed. It emphasizes the word to which it is associated.
ἀμφότεροι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

ἀμφότεροι -αι -α
αμφοτερ·οι
mas nom|voc pl
both
Μααλων καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
Χελαιων καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
κατελείφθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·λείπω (κατα+λειπ-, κατα+λειψ-, κατα+λειψ- or 2nd κατα+λιπ-, κατα+λελοιπ·[κ]-, κατα+λελειπ-, κατα+λειφ·θ-)
κατα·ε·λειπ·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
to leave-behind Lit:leave-down, hence leave-behind, forsake, abandon
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
γυνὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl., irreg.)

γυνή, -αικος, ἡ, voc. sg. γύναι
γυναι[κ] > irreg. γυνη
(fem) nom sg
woman/wife
ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from (G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
ἀνδρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἀνήρ, ἀνδρός, ὁ, voc. sg. ἄνερ
ανδρ·ος
(mas) gen sg
man (as distinct from woman, beast, god, etc); sometimes "husband".
αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
he/she/it/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from (G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
δύο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

δύο, gen. δύο, dat. δυσί(ν), acc. δύο
δυο
nom|acc|gen pl
two
υἱῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ων
(mas) gen pl
son
αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
he/she/it/same
Ru 1:5
Mahlon and Chilion both died, and the woman was bereaved of her two children and of her husband.
6καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἀνέστη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀν·ίστημι (ath. αν+ιστ(α)-/ath. αν+ιστ(η)-, ανα+στη·σ-, ανα+στη·σ- or 2nd ath. ανα+στ(η)-/ath. ανα+στ(α)-, ανα+εστη·κ-/ανα+εστα·κ-, -, ανα+στα·θ-)
ανα·ε·στ(η)·^
2aor act ind 3rd sg
to stand-up/again Lit:"stand-up/again", hence put-up/raise/arise. Usually resurrect.
αὐτὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·η
fem nom sg
he/she/it/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
αἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·αι
fem nom pl
the
δύο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

δύο, gen. δύο, dat. δυσί(ν), acc. δύο
δυο
nom|acc|gen pl
two
νύμφαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

νύμφη, -ης, ἡ
νυμφ·αι
(fem) nom|voc pl
bride/daughter-in-law
αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
he/she/it/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἀπέστρεψαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·στρέφω (απο+στρεφ-, απο+στρεψ-, απο+στρεψ-, απ+εστροφ·[κ]-, απ+εστραφ-, απο+στραφ·[θ]-)
απο·ε·στρεφ·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
to turn-away Lit:"turn-from", hence turn-from/back/away. turn-away/back-from, return
ἐξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εξ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
ἀγροῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἀγρός, -οῦ, ὁ
αγρ·ου
(mas) gen sg
field
Μωαβ ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
ἤκουσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

ἥκω (ηκ-, ηξ-, ηξ-, ηκ·[κ]-, -, -); ἀκούω (ακου-, ακου·σ-, ακου·σ-, ακηκο·[κ]-, ηκουσ-, ακουσ·θ-)
ηκ·ουσ·αν; ε·ακου·σαν
pres act ptcp fem acc sg; 1aor act ind 3rd pl
to arrive [be-present, approach. Similar to: έρχομαι. except more emphasis upon destination than the journey]; to hear
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ἀγρῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἀγρός, -οῦ, ὁ
αγρ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
field
Μωαβ ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
ἐπέσκεπται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·σκέπτομαι (επι+σκεπτ-, επι+σκεψ-, επι+σκεψ-, -, επ+εσκεπτ-, επι+σκεφ·θ-/επι+σκεπ·[θ]-)
επ·εσκεπτ·ται
perf mp ind 3rd sg
to check up on [look in on] to pass in review, to visit, to examine, to inspect, be concerned about
κύριος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ος; κυρι·ος
(mas) nom sg; mas nom sg
lord , "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).; authoritative
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
λαὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

λαός, -οῦ, ὁ
λα·ον
(mas) acc sg
people
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
δοῦναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
δ(ο)·εναι
2aor act inf
to give /offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
he/she/it/same
ἄρτους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἄρτος, -ου, ὁ
αρτ·ους
(mas) acc pl
bread (uncertain origin, possibly from "αιρο","to-lift" )
Ru 1:6
Then she arose with her daughters-in-law, that she might return from the country of Moab: for she had heard in the country of Moab how that Yahweh had visited his people in giving them bread.
7καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἐξῆλθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·έρχομαι (εξ+ερχ-, εξ+ελευ·σ-, εξ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd εξ+ελθ-, εξ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εξ·ε·ελθ·[σ]ε(ν), εξ·ε·ελθ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
to come-out Lit:"come-out-of"
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
τόπου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

τόπος, -ου, ὁ
τοπ·ου
(mas) gen sg
place
οὗ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle; Pronoun (Relative)

οὗ[1]; ὅς ἥ ὅ
ου; ου
indecl; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
where ἕως οὗ means "until where (in time)", that is, "until when", "until such time as", or "until the point that"; who/whom/which
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
to be
ἐκεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἐκεῖ
εκει
indecl
there
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
αἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·αι
fem nom pl
the
δύο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

δύο, gen. δύο, dat. δυσί(ν), acc. δύο
δυο
nom|acc|gen pl
two
νύμφαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

νύμφη, -ης, ἡ
νυμφ·αι
(fem) nom|voc pl
bride/daughter-in-law
αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
he/she/it/same
μετ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετ’
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen) Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
he/she/it/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἐπορεύοντο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πορεύω (πορευ-, πορευ·σ-, πορευ·σ-, -, πεπορευ-, πορευ·θ-)
ε·πορευ·οντο
impf mp ind 3rd pl
to travel/journey (from "πορος":passage/ford/pathway), hence travel/journey/go/proceed/depart.
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
ὁδῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ὁδός, -οῦ, ἡ
οδ·ῳ
(fem) dat sg
way/road
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
ἐπιστρέψαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·στρέφω (επι+στρεφ-, επι+στρεψ-, επι+στρεψ-, -, -, επι+στραφ·[θ]-)
επι·στρεφ·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to turn-around Lit:"turn-upon", hence turn-around, return.
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
γῆν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

γῆ, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. γῆ
γ·ην
(fem) acc sg
earth/land
Ιουδα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

Ἰούδας, -α and -ου, ὁ
ιουδ·α
(mas) voc sg or (mas) gen sg
Judas/Judah
Ru 1:7
She went forth out of the place where she was, and her two daughters-in-law with her; and they went on the way to return to the land of Judah.
8καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
to say/tell
Νωεμιν ταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·αις
fem dat pl
the
νύμφαις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

νύμφη, -ης, ἡ
νυμφ·αις
(fem) dat pl
bride/daughter-in-law
αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
he/she/it/same
πορεύεσθε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πορεύω (πορευ-, πορευ·σ-, πορευ·σ-, -, πεπορευ-, πορευ·θ-)
πορευ·εσθε
pres mp ind 2nd pl or pres mp imp 2nd pl
to travel/journey (from "πορος":passage/ford/pathway), hence travel/journey/go/proceed/depart.
δὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δή
δη
indecl
indeed
ἀποστράφητε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·στρέφω (απο+στρεφ-, απο+στρεψ-, απο+στρεψ-, απ+εστροφ·[κ]-, απ+εστραφ-, απο+στραφ·[θ]-)
απο·στραφ·[θ]ητε
aor θη imp 2nd pl or aor θη sub 2nd pl
to turn-away Lit:"turn-from", hence turn-from/back/away. turn-away/back-from, return
ἑκάστη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Distributive Numeral)

ἕκαστος -η -ον
εκαστ·η
fem nom|voc sg
each-separately (from "ἕκας" "separate"), hence each-separately/distinctly (as opposed to "πᾶς" "each-of-a-relevant-set"
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
οἶκον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

οἶκος, -ου, ὁ (cf. οἰκία)
οικ·ον
(mas) acc sg
house/home /dwelling-place, by extension, household.
μητρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

μήτηρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ἡ
μητ[ε]ρ·ος
(fem) gen sg
mother also of motherland
αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
he/she/it/same
ποιήσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποιη·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to do/make
κύριος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ος; κυρι·ος
(mas) nom sg; mas nom sg
lord , "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).; authoritative
μεθ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μεθ’
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen) Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you
ἔλεος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl. and 2nd Decl.)

ἔλεο·ς, -ους, τό v.l. ἔλεος, -ου, ὁ
ελε(ο)·ς, ελε·ος
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg, (mas) nom sg
mercy [pity, mercy, compassion]
καθὼς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

καθ·ώς
καθως
indecl
as accordingly [according to how/in accordance with how]
ἐποιήσατε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ε·ποιη·σατε
1aor act ind 2nd pl
to do/make
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen) Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
τεθνηκότων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θνῄσκω (-, -, -, τεθνη·κ-, τεθνα-, -)
τεθνη·κοτ·ων
perf act ptcp mas gen pl or perf act ptcp neu gen pl
to be dead die, be mortal [τεθνηκεν]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
μετ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετ’
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen) Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
ἐμοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person); Determiner (Possessive)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς; ἐμός -ή -όν
εμου; εμ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
I; my/mine
Ru 1:8
Naomi said to her two daughters-in-law, “Go, return each of you to her mother’s house: Yahweh deal kindly with you, as you have dealt with the dead, and with me.
9δῴη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
δ(ω)·ιη (instead of δ(ο)·ιη > δοιη)
2aor act opt 3rd sg
to give /offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
κύριος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ος; κυρι·ος
(mas) nom sg; mas nom sg
lord , "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).; authoritative
ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
εὕροιτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εὑρίσκω (ευρισκ-, ευρη·σ-, ευρ·[σ]- or 2nd ευρ-, ευρη·κ-, ευρη-, ευρε·θ-)
ευρ·οιτε
2aor act opt 2nd pl
to find /learn/discover (after searching)
ἀνάπαυσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἀνά·παυσις, -εως, ἡ
αναπαυσ(ι)·ν
(fem) acc sg
rest
ἑκάστη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Distributive Numeral)

ἕκαστος -η -ον
εκαστ·η
fem nom|voc sg
each-separately (from "ἕκας" "separate"), hence each-separately/distinctly (as opposed to "πᾶς" "each-of-a-relevant-set"
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
οἴκῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

οἶκος, -ου, ὁ (cf. οἰκία)
οικ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
house/home /dwelling-place, by extension, household.
ἀνδρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἀνήρ, ἀνδρός, ὁ, voc. sg. ἄνερ
ανδρ·ος
(mas) gen sg
man (as distinct from woman, beast, god, etc); sometimes "husband".
αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
he/she/it/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
κατεφίλησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·φιλέω (κατα+φιλ(ε)-, κατα+φιλη·σ-, κατα+φιλη·σ-, -, -, -)
κατα·ε·φιλη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to kiss caress.
αὐτάς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ας
fem acc pl
he/she/it/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἐπῆραν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπ·αίρω (επ+αιρ-, -, επ+αρ·[σ]-, -, επ+ηρ-, επ+αρ·θ-)
επ·ε·αρ·[σ]αν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
to raise/lift-up Lit:"lift/raise-upon", hence raise/lift-up.
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
φωνὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

φωνή, -ῆς, ἡ
φων·ην
(fem) acc sg
sound/voice cries
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
he/she/it/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἔκλαυσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κλαίω (κλαι-, κλαυ·σ-, κλαυ·σ-, -, -, κλαυσ·θ-)
ε·κλαυ·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
to weep (aloud).
Ru 1:9
Yahweh grant you that you may find rest, each of you in the house of her husband.”
¶Then she kissed them, and they lifted up their voice, and wept.
10καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
εἶπαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]αν, ειπ·[σ]αν[τ]
1aor act ind 3rd pl, 1aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
to say/tell
αὐτῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῃ
fem dat sg
he/she/it/same
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen) Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
σοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you; your/yours(sg)
ἐπιστρέφομεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·στρέφω (επι+στρεφ-, επι+στρεψ-, επι+στρεψ-, -, -, επι+στραφ·[θ]-)
επι·στρεφ·ομεν
pres act ind 1st pl
to turn-around Lit:"turn-upon", hence turn-around, return.
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
λαόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

λαός, -οῦ, ὁ
λα·ον
(mas) acc sg
people
σου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you; your/yours(sg)
Ru 1:10
They said to her, “No, but we will return with you to your people.”
11καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
to say/tell
Νωεμιν ἐπιστράφητε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·στρέφω (επι+στρεφ-, επι+στρεψ-, επι+στρεψ-, -, -, επι+στραφ·[θ]-)
επι·στραφ·[θ]ητε
aor θη imp 2nd pl or aor θη sub 2nd pl
to turn-around Lit:"turn-upon", hence turn-around, return.
δή [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δή
δη
indecl
indeed
θυγατέρες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

θυγάτηρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ἡ, voc. sg. θύγατερ and θυγάτηρ
θυγατερ·ες
(fem) nom|voc pl
daughter
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
I
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that /so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who/what/why interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
πορεύεσθε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πορεύω (πορευ-, πορευ·σ-, πορευ·σ-, -, πεπορευ-, πορευ·θ-)
πορευ·εσθε
pres mp ind 2nd pl or pres mp imp 2nd pl
to travel/journey (from "πορος":passage/ford/pathway), hence travel/journey/go/proceed/depart.
μετ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετ’
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen) Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
ἐμοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person); Determiner (Possessive)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς; ἐμός -ή -όν
εμου; εμ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
I; my/mine
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
ἔτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἔτι
ετι
indecl
yet/still
μοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μοι
dat sg
I
υἱοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
son
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
κοιλίᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

κοιλία, -ας, ἡ
κοιλι·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
belly
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
I
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἔσονται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
εσ·[σ]ονται
fut mp ind 3rd pl
to be
ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
ἄνδρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἀνήρ, ἀνδρός, ὁ, voc. sg. ἄνερ
ανδρ·ας
(mas) acc pl
man (as distinct from woman, beast, god, etc); sometimes "husband".
Ru 1:11
¶Naomi said, “Go back, my daughters. Why do you want to go with me? Do I still have sons in my womb, that they may be your husbands?
12ἐπιστράφητε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·στρέφω (επι+στρεφ-, επι+στρεψ-, επι+στρεψ-, -, -, επι+στραφ·[θ]-)
επι·στραφ·[θ]ητε
aor θη imp 2nd pl or aor θη sub 2nd pl
to turn-around Lit:"turn-upon", hence turn-around, return.
δή [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δή
δη
indecl
indeed
θυγατέρες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

θυγάτηρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ἡ, voc. sg. θύγατερ and θυγάτηρ
θυγατερ·ες
(fem) nom|voc pl
daughter
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
I
διότι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

δι·ότι
διοτι
indecl
because of this: that
γεγήρακα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γηράσκω (γηρασκ-, γηρα·σ-, γηρα·σ-, γεγηρα·κ-, -, -)
γεγηρα·κα
perf act ind 1st sg
to grow old (aging)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
εἶναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·εναι
pres act inf
to be
ἀνδρί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἀνήρ, ἀνδρός, ὁ, voc. sg. ἄνερ
ανδρ·ι
(mas) dat sg
man (as distinct from woman, beast, god, etc); sometimes "husband".
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
εἶπα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]α
1aor act ind 1st sg
to say/tell
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
ἔστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be
μοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μοι
dat sg
I
ὑπόστασις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ὑπό·στασις, -εως, ἡ
υποστασ(ι)·ς
(fem) nom sg
support-structure, confidence Lit:"what-stands-under/below", hence foundation, sub/support-structure, underpinning. Fig:confidence Eng:"sub-stance"(solid/tangible),"hypostasis" (underlying-reality). LXX: counsel,garrison,tent,burden,pillar,foot-hold,hope
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
γενηθῆναί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
γενη·θηναι
aor θη inf
to become/happen [to come to be; Greek word for amen?]
με [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
με
acc sg
I
ἀνδρὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἀνήρ, ἀνδρός, ὁ, voc. sg. ἄνερ
ανδρ·ι
(mas) dat sg
man (as distinct from woman, beast, god, etc); sometimes "husband".
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
τέξομαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τίκτω (τικτ-, τεξ-, 2nd τεκ-, τετοκ·[κ]-, -, τεχ·θ-)
τεκ·σομαι
fut mp ind 1st sg
to give birth
υἱούς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ους
(mas) acc pl
son
Ru 1:12
Go back, my daughters, go your way; for I am too old to have a husband. If I should say, ‘I have hope,’ if I should even have a husband tonight, and should also bear sons;
13μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
αὐτοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ους
mas acc pl
he/she/it/same
προσδέξεσθε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·δέχομαι (προσ+δεχ-, προσ+δεξ-, προσ+δεξ-, -, -, προσ+δεχ·θ-)
προσ·δεχ·σεσθε
fut mp ind 2nd pl
to accept receive favourably, accept
ἕως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction; Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἕως[1]; ἕως[2], -ω, ἡ [LXX], acc.
εως; ε(ω)·ος, ε(ω)·ους
indecl; (fem) nom|voc sg, (fem) acc pl
until; dawn
οὗ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle; Pronoun (Relative)

οὗ[1]; ὅς ἥ ὅ
ου; ου
indecl; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
where ἕως οὗ means "until where (in time)", that is, "until when", "until such time as", or "until the point that"; who/whom/which
ἁδρυνθῶσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἤ[1]
η
indecl
or/than
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
he/she/it/same
κατασχεθήσεσθε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατ·έχω (κατ+εχ-, καθ+εξ-, 2nd κατα+σχ-, -, -, κατα+σχε·θ-)
κατα·σχε·θησεσθε
fut θη ind 2nd pl
to hold fast seize, hold fast, hold back, restrain, bridle, possess, occupy, gain possession of, be master of Lit: hold-down
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
γενέσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
γεν·εσθαι
2aor mp inf
to become/happen [to come to be; Greek word for amen?]
ἀνδρί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἀνήρ, ἀνδρός, ὁ, voc. sg. ἄνερ
ανδρ·ι
(mas) dat sg
man (as distinct from woman, beast, god, etc); sometimes "husband".
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
δή [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δή
δη
indecl
indeed
θυγατέρες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

θυγάτηρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ἡ, voc. sg. θύγατερ and θυγάτηρ
θυγατερ·ες
(fem) nom|voc pl
daughter
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
I
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
ἐπικράνθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πικραίνω (πικραιν-, πικραν(ε)·[σ]-, πικραν·[σ]-, -, -, πικραν·θ-)
ε·πικραν·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
to make bitter
μοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μοι
dat sg
I
ὑπὲρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπέρ
υπερ
indecl
above (+acc), on behalf of (+gen)
ὑμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμας
acc pl
you
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
ἐξῆλθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·έρχομαι (εξ+ερχ-, εξ+ελευ·σ-, εξ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd εξ+ελθ-, εξ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εξ·ε·ελθ·[σ]ε(ν), εξ·ε·ελθ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
to come-out Lit:"come-out-of"
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ἐμοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person); Determiner (Possessive)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς; ἐμός -ή -όν
εμοι; εμ·οι
dat sg; mas nom|voc pl
I; my/mine
χεὶρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl., irreg.)

χείρ, χειρός, ἡ, dat. pl. χερσίν
χειρ
(fem) nom|voc sg
hand
κυρίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ου; κυρι·ου
(mas) gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
lord , "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).; authoritative
Ru 1:13
would you then wait until they were grown? Would you then refrain from having husbands? No, my daughters, for it grieves me much for your sakes, for the hand of Yahweh has gone out against me.”
14καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἐπῆραν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπ·αίρω (επ+αιρ-, -, επ+αρ·[σ]-, -, επ+ηρ-, επ+αρ·θ-)
επ·ε·αρ·[σ]αν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
to raise/lift-up Lit:"lift/raise-upon", hence raise/lift-up.
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
φωνὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

φωνή, -ῆς, ἡ
φων·ην
(fem) acc sg
sound/voice cries
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
he/she/it/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἔκλαυσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κλαίω (κλαι-, κλαυ·σ-, κλαυ·σ-, -, -, κλαυσ·θ-)
ε·κλαυ·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
to weep (aloud).
ἔτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἔτι
ετι
indecl
yet/still
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
κατεφίλησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·φιλέω (κατα+φιλ(ε)-, κατα+φιλη·σ-, κατα+φιλη·σ-, -, -, -)
κατα·ε·φιλη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to kiss caress.
Ορφα τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
πενθερὰν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

πενθερά, -ᾶς, ἡ
πενθερ·αν
(fem) acc sg
mother-in-law
αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
he/she/it/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἐπέστρεψεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·στρέφω (επι+στρεφ-, επι+στρεψ-, επι+στρεψ-, -, -, επι+στραφ·[θ]-)
επι·ε·στρεφ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to turn-around Lit:"turn-upon", hence turn-around, return.
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
λαὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

λαός, -οῦ, ὁ
λα·ον
(mas) acc sg
people
αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
he/she/it/same
Ρουθ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Indecl.)

Ῥούθ, ἡ
ρουθ
(fem) indecl
Ruth
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
ἠκολούθησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀκολουθέω (ακολουθ(ε)-, ακολουθη·σ-, ακολουθη·σ-, ηκολουθη·κ-, -, -)
ε·ακολουθη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to follow
αὐτῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῃ
fem dat sg
he/she/it/same
Ru 1:14
¶They lifted up their voice, and wept again: and Orpah kissed her mother-in-law, but Ruth joined with her.
15καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
to say/tell
Νωεμιν πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat) Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
Ρουθ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Indecl.)

Ῥούθ, ἡ
ρουθ
(fem) indecl
Ruth
ἰδοὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ου
2aor mp imp 2nd sg
to see/behold Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
ἀνέστρεψεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀνα·στρέφω (ανα+στρεφ-, ανα+στρεψ-, ανα+στρεψ-, -, αν+εστραφ-, ανα+στραφ·[θ]-)
ανα·ε·στρεφ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to upset invert, overthrow, upturn, overturn, subvert, tip over,
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
σύννυμφός σου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you; your/yours(sg)
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat) Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
λαὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

λαός, -οῦ, ὁ
λα·ον
(mas) acc sg
people
αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
he/she/it/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat) Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
θεοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ους
(mas) acc pl
god [see theology]
αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
he/she/it/same
ἐπιστράφητι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·στρέφω (επι+στρεφ-, επι+στρεψ-, επι+στρεψ-, -, -, επι+στραφ·[θ]-)
επι·στραφ·[θ]ητι > irreg. επιστραφητι (for επιστραφηθι)
aor θη imp 2nd sg
to turn-around Lit:"turn-upon", hence turn-around, return.
δὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δή
δη
indecl
indeed
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
σὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
συ
nom sg
you
ὀπίσω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὀπίσω
οπισω
indecl
after/behind [τὰ ὀπίσω, the rear]
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
συννύμφου σου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you; your/yours(sg)
Ru 1:15
She said, “Behold, your sister-in-law has gone back to her people, and to her god. Follow your sister-in-law.”
16εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
to say/tell
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
Ρουθ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Indecl.)

Ῥούθ, ἡ
ρουθ
(fem) indecl
Ruth
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
ἀπαντήσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·αντάω (απ+αντ(α)-, απ+αντη·σ-, απ+αντη·σ-, απ+ηντη·κ-, -, -)
απ·αντη·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to encounter
ἐμοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person); Determiner (Possessive)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς; ἐμός -ή -όν
εμοι; εμ·οι
dat sg; mas nom|voc pl
I; my/mine
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
καταλιπεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·λείπω (κατα+λειπ-, κατα+λειψ-, κατα+λειψ- or 2nd κατα+λιπ-, κατα+λελοιπ·[κ]-, κατα+λελειπ-, κατα+λειφ·θ-)
κατα·λιπ·ειν
2aor act inf
to leave-behind Lit:leave-down, hence leave-behind, forsake, abandon
σε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σε; σ·ε
acc sg; mas voc sg
you; your/yours(sg)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἤ[1]
η
indecl
or/than
ἀποστρέψαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·στρέφω (απο+στρεφ-, απο+στρεψ-, απο+στρεψ-, απ+εστροφ·[κ]-, απ+εστραφ-, απο+στραφ·[θ]-)
απο·στρεφ·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to turn-away Lit:"turn-from", hence turn-from/back/away. turn-away/back-from, return
ὄπισθέν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὄπισ·θεν
οπισθεν
indecl
from-behind
σου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you; your/yours(sg)
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
σὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
συ
nom sg
you
ὅπου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὅπου
οπου
indecl
where
ἐὰν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἐάν (εἰ ἄν)
εαν
indecl
if-ever "ἐὰν μή" (Lit:if-ever not) means "except", "unless"
πορευθῇς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πορεύω (πορευ-, πορευ·σ-, πορευ·σ-, -, πεπορευ-, πορευ·θ-)
πορευ·θῃς
aor θη sub 2nd sg
to travel/journey (from "πορος":passage/ford/pathway), hence travel/journey/go/proceed/depart.
πορεύσομαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πορεύω (πορευ-, πορευ·σ-, πορευ·σ-, -, πεπορευ-, πορευ·θ-)
πορευ·σομαι
fut mp ind 1st sg
to travel/journey (from "πορος":passage/ford/pathway), hence travel/journey/go/proceed/depart.
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
οὗ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle; Pronoun (Relative)

οὗ[1]; ὅς ἥ ὅ
ου; ου
indecl; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
where ἕως οὗ means "until where (in time)", that is, "until when", "until such time as", or "until the point that"; who/whom/which
ἐὰν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἐάν (εἰ ἄν)
εαν
indecl
if-ever "ἐὰν μή" (Lit:if-ever not) means "except", "unless"
αὐλισθῇς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

αὐλίζομαι (αυλιζ-, -, -, -, -, αυλισ·θ-)
αυλισ·θῃς
aor θη sub 2nd sg
to spend the night
αὐλισθήσομαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

αὐλίζομαι (αυλιζ-, -, -, -, -, αυλισ·θ-)
αυλισ·θησομαι
fut θη ind 1st sg
to spend the night
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
λαός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

λαός, -οῦ, ὁ
λα·ος
(mas) nom sg
people
σου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you; your/yours(sg)
λαός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

λαός, -οῦ, ὁ
λα·ος
(mas) nom sg
people
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
I
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
θεός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ος
(mas) nom sg
god [see theology]
σου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you; your/yours(sg)
θεός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ος
(mas) nom sg
god [see theology]
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
I
Ru 1:16
¶Ruth said, “Don’t entreat me to leave you, and to return from following after you, for where you go, I will go; and where you lodge, I will lodge; your people shall be my people, and your God my God;
17καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
οὗ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle; Pronoun (Relative)

οὗ[1]; ὅς ἥ ὅ
ου; ου
indecl; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
where ἕως οὗ means "until where (in time)", that is, "until when", "until such time as", or "until the point that"; who/whom/which
ἐὰν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἐάν (εἰ ἄν)
εαν
indecl
if-ever "ἐὰν μή" (Lit:if-ever not) means "except", "unless"
ἀποθάνῃς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·θνῄσκω (απο+θνῃσκ-, απο+θαν(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd απο+θαν-, -, -, -)
απο·θαν·ῃς
2aor act sub 2nd sg
to die
ἀποθανοῦμαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·θνῄσκω (απο+θνῃσκ-, απο+θαν(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd απο+θαν-, -, -, -)
απο·θαν(ε)·[σ]ομαι
fut mp ind 1st sg
to die
κἀκεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Crasis (Adverb)

κἀκεῖ (καὶ ἐκεῖ)
και εκει
indecl
and/also there
ταφήσομαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θάπτω (θαπτ-, θαψ-, θαψ-, -, τεθαπτ-, ταφ·[θ]-)
ταφ·[θ]ησομαι
fut θη ind 1st sg
to bury
τάδε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

ὅ·δε ἥ·δε τό·δε
τ·α·δε
neu nom|acc pl
such things [definite article + δέ]
ποιήσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποιη·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to do/make
μοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μοι
dat sg
I
κύριος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ος; κυρι·ος
(mas) nom sg; mas nom sg
lord , "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).; authoritative
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
τάδε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

ὅ·δε ἥ·δε τό·δε
τ·α·δε
neu nom|acc pl
such things [definite article + δέ]
προσθείη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·τίθημι (ath. προσ+τιθ(ε)-, προσ+θη·σ-, προσ+θη·κ- or 2nd ath. προσ+θ(ε)-, προσ+τεθει·κ-, προσ+τεθει-, προσ+τε·θ-)
προσ·θ(ε)·ιη
2aor act opt 3rd sg
to add Lit:"place/set-toward", hence add/proceed-onward
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
θάνατος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θάνατος, -ου, ὁ
θανατ·ος
(mas) nom sg
death
διαστελεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δια·στέλλω (δια+στελλ-, δια+στελ(ε)·[σ]-, δια+στειλ·[σ]-, -, δι+εσταλ-, δια+σταλ·[θ]-)
δια·στελ(ε)·[σ]ει
fut act ind 3rd sg or fut mp ind 2nd sg classical
to order/separate [charge, command, order in NT]. [separate, divide, distinguish most common in LXX].
ἀνὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀνά
ανα
indecl
up/each/by (+acc)
μέσον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

μέσος -η -ον
μεσ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
middle
ἐμοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person); Determiner (Possessive)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς; ἐμός -ή -όν
εμου; εμ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
I; my/mine
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
σοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you; your/yours(sg)
Ru 1:17
where you die, will I die, and there will I be buried. Yahweh do so to me, and more also, if anything but death part you and me.”
18ἰδοῦσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ουσ·α
2aor act ptcp fem nom|voc sg
to see/behold Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
Νωεμιν ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
κραταιοῦται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κραταιόω (κραται(ο)-, κραταιω·σ-, κραταιω·σ-, -, κεκραταιω-, κραταιω·θ-)
κραται(ο)·εται
pres mp ind 3rd sg
to become strong
αὐτὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·η
fem nom sg
he/she/it/same
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
πορεύεσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πορεύω (πορευ-, πορευ·σ-, πορευ·σ-, -, πεπορευ-, πορευ·θ-)
πορευ·εσθαι
pres mp inf
to travel/journey (from "πορος":passage/ford/pathway), hence travel/journey/go/proceed/depart.
μετ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετ’
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen) Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
he/she/it/same
ἐκόπασεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κοπάζω (-, κοπα·σ-, κοπα·σ-, κεκοπα·κ-, -, -)
ε·κοπα·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to abate grow weary, toil, subside
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
λαλῆσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαλέω (λαλ(ε)-, λαλη·σ-, λαλη·σ-, λελαλη·κ-, λελαλη-, λαλη·θ-)
λαλη·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to speak
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat) Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
αὐτὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ην
fem acc sg
he/she/it/same
ἔτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἔτι
ετι
indecl
yet/still
Ru 1:18
¶When she saw that she was steadfastly minded to go with her, she left off speaking to her.
19ἐπορεύθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πορεύω (πορευ-, πορευ·σ-, πορευ·σ-, -, πεπορευ-, πορευ·θ-)
ε·πορευ·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
to travel/journey (from "πορος":passage/ford/pathway), hence travel/journey/go/proceed/depart.
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
ἀμφότεραι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

ἀμφότεροι -αι -α
αμφοτερ·αι
fem nom|voc pl
both
ἕως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction; Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἕως[1]; ἕως[2], -ω, ἡ [LXX], acc.
εως; ε(ω)·ος, ε(ω)·ους
indecl; (fem) nom|voc sg, (fem) acc pl
until; dawn
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
παραγενέσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·γίνομαι (παρα+γιν-, παρα+γενη·σ-, 2nd παρα+γεν-, παρα+γεγον·[κ]-, -, παρα+γενη·θ-)
παρα·γεν·εσθαι
2aor mp inf
to become-present Lit:"become-close-beside", hence, appear/arrive, show-up, turn-up.
αὐτὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ας
fem acc pl
he/she/it/same
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
Βαιθλεεμ καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἤχησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἠχέω (ηχ(ε)-, ηχη·σ-, ηχη·σ-, -, -, -)
ε·ηχη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to resound [see echo]
πᾶσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
πασ·α
fem nom|voc sg
each/every (of a relevant set).
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
πόλις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πόλις, -εως, ἡ
πολ(ι)·ς
(fem) nom sg
city
ἐπ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επ’
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat) ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
αὐταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·αις
fem dat pl
he/she/it/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
εἶπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειπ·[σ]ον, ε·ειπ·ον, ειπ·ο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, 2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl, 2aor act ptcp mas voc sg or 2aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
to say/tell
αὕτη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
[τ]αυτ·η
fem nom sg
this When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
ἐστὶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be
Νωεμιν
Ru 1:19
¶So they two went until they came to Bethlehem. It happened, when they were come to Bethlehem, that all the city was moved about them, and the women said, “Is this Naomi?”
20καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
to say/tell
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat) Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
αὐτάς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ας
fem acc pl
he/she/it/same
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
δὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δή
δη
indecl
indeed
καλεῖτέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καλέω (καλ(ε)-, καλε·σ-, καλε·σ-, κεκλη·κ-, κεκλη-, κλη·θ-)
καλ(ε)·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
to call summon/invite
με [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
με
acc sg
I
Νωεμιν καλέσατέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καλέω (καλ(ε)-, καλε·σ-, καλε·σ-, κεκλη·κ-, κεκλη-, κλη·θ-)
καλε·σατε
1aor act imp 2nd pl
to call summon/invite
με [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
με
acc sg
I
Πικράν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

πικρός -ά -όν
πικρ·αν
fem acc sg
bitter
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
ἐπικράνθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πικραίνω (πικραιν-, πικραν(ε)·[σ]-, πικραν·[σ]-, -, -, πικραν·θ-)
ε·πικραν·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
to make bitter
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ἐμοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person); Determiner (Possessive)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς; ἐμός -ή -όν
εμοι; εμ·οι
dat sg; mas nom|voc pl
I; my/mine
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
ἱκανὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἱκανός -ή -όν
ικαν·ος
mas nom sg
ample [sizeable, considerable, significant, worthy, important]
σφόδρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

σφόδρα
σφοδρα
indecl
exceedingly /intensely/very/vehemently, keenly, inveighingly, eagerly
Ru 1:20
¶She said to them, “Don’t call me Naomi. Call me Mara; for the Almighty has dealt very bitterly with me.
21ἐγὼ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
εγω
nom sg
I
πλήρης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3)

πλήρης -ες
πληρ(ε)·^ς
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
full
ἐπορεύθην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πορεύω (πορευ-, πορευ·σ-, πορευ·σ-, -, πεπορευ-, πορευ·θ-)
ε·πορευ·θην
aor θη ind 1st sg
to travel/journey (from "πορος":passage/ford/pathway), hence travel/journey/go/proceed/depart.
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
κενὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

κενός -ή -όν
κεν·ην
fem acc sg
empty/devoid fruitless, destitute, vain
ἀπέστρεψέν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·στρέφω (απο+στρεφ-, απο+στρεψ-, απο+στρεψ-, απ+εστροφ·[κ]-, απ+εστραφ-, απο+στραφ·[θ]-)
απο·ε·στρεφ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to turn-away Lit:"turn-from", hence turn-from/back/away. turn-away/back-from, return
με [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
με
acc sg
I
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
κύριος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ος; κυρι·ος
(mas) nom sg; mas nom sg
lord , "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).; authoritative
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that /so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who/what/why interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
καλεῖτέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καλέω (καλ(ε)-, καλε·σ-, καλε·σ-, κεκλη·κ-, κεκλη-, κλη·θ-)
καλ(ε)·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
to call summon/invite
με [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
με
acc sg
I
Νωεμιν καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
κύριος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ος; κυρι·ος
(mas) nom sg; mas nom sg
lord , "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).; authoritative
ἐταπείνωσέν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ταπεινόω (ταπειν(ο)-, ταπεινω·σ-, ταπεινω·σ-, -, τεταπεινω-, ταπεινω·θ-)
ε·ταπεινω·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to humble Lit:"make-low", hence humble
με [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
με
acc sg
I
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
ἱκανὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἱκανός -ή -όν
ικαν·ος
mas nom sg
ample [sizeable, considerable, significant, worthy, important]
ἐκάκωσέν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κακόω (κακ(ο)-, κακω·σ-, κακω·σ-, κεκακω·κ-, κεκακω-, κακω·θ-)
ε·κακω·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to badly-affect Lit:"badly-affect", hence mistreat/oppress/harm/afflict/trouble/hurt
με [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
με
acc sg
I
Ru 1:21
I went out full, and Yahweh has brought me home again empty; why do you call me Naomi, since Yahweh has testified against me, and the Almighty has afflicted me?”
22καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἐπέστρεψεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·στρέφω (επι+στρεφ-, επι+στρεψ-, επι+στρεψ-, -, -, επι+στραφ·[θ]-)
επι·ε·στρεφ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to turn-around Lit:"turn-upon", hence turn-around, return.
Νωεμιν καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
Ρουθ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Indecl.)

Ῥούθ, ἡ
ρουθ
(fem) indecl
Ruth
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
Μωαβῖτις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
νύμφη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

νύμφη, -ης, ἡ
νυμφ·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
bride/daughter-in-law
αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
he/she/it/same
ἐπιστρέφουσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·στρέφω (επι+στρεφ-, επι+στρεψ-, επι+στρεψ-, -, -, επι+στραφ·[θ]-)
επι·στρεφ·ουσ·α
pres act ptcp fem nom|voc sg
to turn-around Lit:"turn-upon", hence turn-around, return.
ἐξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εξ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
ἀγροῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἀγρός, -οῦ, ὁ
αγρ·ου
(mas) gen sg
field
Μωαβ αὐταὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·αι
fem nom pl
he/she/it/same
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
παρεγενήθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·γίνομαι (παρα+γιν-, παρα+γενη·σ-, 2nd παρα+γεν-, παρα+γεγον·[κ]-, -, παρα+γενη·θ-)
παρα·ε·γενη·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
to become-present Lit:"become-close-beside", hence, appear/arrive, show-up, turn-up.
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
Βαιθλεεμ ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ἀρχῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.); Verb

ἀρχή, -ῆς, ἡ; ἄρχω (αρχ-, αρξ-, αρξ-, -, ηρχ-, -)
αρχ·ῃ; αρχ·ῃ
(fem) dat sg; pres mp ind 2nd sg or pres act sub 3rd sg or pres mp sub 2nd sg
beginning; to begin/rule Lit:"head/chief", hence rule or begin (depending upon context).
θερισμοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θερισμός, -οῦ, ὁ
θερισμ·ου
(mas) gen sg
harvest
κριθῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

κριθή, -ῆς, ἡ
κριθ·ων
(fem) gen pl
barley
Ru 1:22
So Naomi returned, and Ruth the Moabitess, her daughter-in-law, with her, who returned out of the country of Moab: and they came to Bethlehem in the beginning of barley harvest.
» Ch 2

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