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Θρῆνοι

Lamentations

 CATSS LXX Wiki English Translation‎ / World English Bible
1πῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

πῶς[1]
πως
indecl
how
ἀμαυρωθήσεται χρυσίον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

χρυσίον, -ου, τό (Dimin. of χρυσός)
χρυσι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
piece of gold
ἀλλοιωθήσεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀλλοιόω [LXX] (αλλοι(ο)-, αλλοιω·σ-, αλλοιω·σ-, -, ηλλοιω-, αλλοιω·θ-)
αλλοιω·θησεται
fut θη ind 3rd sg
to alter change, make different
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
ἀργύριον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἀργύριον, -ου, τό (Dimin. of ἄργυρος)
αργυρι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
silver
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
ἀγαθόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἀγαθός -ή -όν (cf. καλός)
αγαθ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
good /inherently-good, i.e. God-wrought.. Distinct from "καλός" (beautiful-good).
ἐξεχύθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·χέω/-χύν(ν)ω (εκ+χε-/εκ+χυνν-/εκ+χυν-, εκ+χε(ε)·[σ]-, εκ+χε·[σ]-, εκ+κεχυ·κ-, εκ+κεχυ-, εκ+χυ·θ-)
εκ·ε·χυ·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
to pour-out spill,shed
λίθοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

λίθος, -ου, ὁ
λιθ·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
stone
ἅγιοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἅγιος -α -ον (cf. ὅσιος and ἱερός)
αγι·οι
mas nom|voc pl
holy [dedicated, divine, pure]
ἐπ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επ’
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat) ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
ἀρχῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἀρχή, -ῆς, ἡ
αρχ·ης
(fem) gen sg
beginning
πασῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
πασ·ων
fem gen pl
each/every (of a relevant set).
ἐξόδων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἔξ·οδος, -ου, ἡ
εξοδ·ων
(fem) gen pl
exodus
Lam 4:1
How is the gold become dim! how is the most pure gold changed!
The stones of the sanctuary are poured out at the head of every street.
2υἱοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
son
Σιων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Indecl.)

Σιών, ἡ
σιων
(fem) indecl
Zion
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
τίμιοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

τίμιος -α -ον
τιμι·οι
mas nom|voc pl
precious dear
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
ἐπηρμένοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπ·αίρω (επ+αιρ-, -, επ+αρ·[σ]-, -, επ+ηρ-, επ+αρ·θ-)
επ·ηρ·μεν·οι
perf mp ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to raise/lift-up Lit:"lift/raise-upon", hence raise/lift-up.
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
χρυσίῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

χρυσίον, -ου, τό (Dimin. of χρυσός)
χρυσι·ῳ
(neu) dat sg
piece of gold
πῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

πῶς[1]
πως
indecl
how
ἐλογίσθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λογίζομαι (λογιζ-, λογι(ε)·[σ]-, λογι·σ-, -, λελογισ-, λογισ·θ-)
ε·λογισ·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
to reckon /credit/account/regard/consider/impute,number,compute,reason,use-logic, as in devise/plot.
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
ἀγγεῖα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἀγγεῖον, -ου, τό
αγγει·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
container (vessel, flask)
ὀστράκινα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ὀστράκινος -η -ον
οστρακιν·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl
clay
ἔργα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἔργον, -ου, τό
εργ·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
work
χειρῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl., irreg.); Adjective (3-3-3)

χείρ, χειρός, ἡ, dat. pl. χερσίν; χείρων -ον, gen. sg. -ονος Comp. of κακός
χειρ·ων; χειρον·^
(fem) gen pl; mas nom sg or fem nom sg
hand; worse
κεραμέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

κεραμεύς, -έως, ὁ
κεραμ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
potter
Lam 4:2
The precious sons of Zion, comparable to fine gold,
How are they esteemed as earthen pitchers, the work of the hands of the potter!
3καί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
γε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

γέ
γε
indecl
indeed An emphatic particle meaning at least, indeed. It emphasizes the word to which it is associated.
δράκοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

δράκων[τ], -ο[υ]ντος, ὁ, dat. pl. δράκουσιν
δρακο[υ]ντ·ες
(mas) nom|voc pl
dragon/serpent
ἐξέδυσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·δύω/-δύνω (εκ+δυν-, εκ+δυ·σ-, εκ+δυ·σ-, -, -, -)
εκ·ε·δυ·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
to take off [ex: stripped (me) of (my cloak) Od.14.341]
μαστούς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

μαστός, -οῦ, ὁ
μαστ·ους
(mas) acc pl
breast
ἐθήλασαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θηλάζω (θηλαζ-, θηλα·σ-, θηλα·σ-, -, -, -)
ε·θηλα·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
to suckle nurse, suck
σκύμνοι αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
he/she/it/same
θυγατέρες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

θυγάτηρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ἡ, voc. sg. θύγατερ and θυγάτηρ
θυγατερ·ες
(fem) nom|voc pl
daughter
λαοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

λαός, -οῦ, ὁ
λα·ου
(mas) gen sg
people
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
I
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
ἀνίατον ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
στρουθίον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

στρουθίον, -ου, τό
στρουθι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
sparrow
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ἐρήμῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἔρημος -ον
ερημ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg or fem dat sg
deserted ,unpopulated/uncultivated hence solitary, wilderness
Lam 4:3
Even the jackals draw out the breast, they nurse their young ones:
The daughter of my people has become cruel, like the ostriches in the wilderness.
4ἐκολλήθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κολλάω (κολλ(α)-, -, κολλη·σ-, κεκολλη·κ-, κεκολλη-, κολλη·θ-)
ε·κολλη·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
to join glue, cement, unite, build, contracted, join fast together
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
γλῶσσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

γλῶσσα/γλῶττα, -ης, ἡ
γλωσσ·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
tongue by metonymy, a language
θηλάζοντος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θηλάζω (θηλαζ-, θηλα·σ-, θηλα·σ-, -, -, -)
θηλαζ·ο[υ]ντ·ος
pres act ptcp mas gen sg or pres act ptcp neu gen sg
to suckle nurse, suck
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat) Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
φάρυγγα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

φάρυγξ, -γγος, ὁ [LXX]
φαρυγγ·α
(mas) acc sg
pharynx/throat
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
δίψει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

δίψο·ς, -ους, τό
διψ(ε)·ι
(neu) dat sg
thirst
νήπια [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

νήπιος -ία -ον
νηπι·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or fem nom|voc sg
infant
ᾔτησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

αἰτέω (αιτ(ε)-, αιτη·σ-, αιτη·σ-, ῃτη·κ-, ῃτη-, αιτη·θ-)
ε·αιτη·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
to ask
ἄρτον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἄρτος, -ου, ὁ
αρτ·ον
(mas) acc sg
bread (uncertain origin, possibly from "αιρο","to-lift" )
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
διακλῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δια·κλάω [LXX] (δια+κλ(α)-, -, -, -, -, -)
δια·κλ(α)·ο[υ]ν[τ], δια·κλ(α)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg, pres act ptcp mas nom sg
to ???
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἔστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
he/she/it/same
Lam 4:4
The tongue of the nursing child clings to the roof of his mouth for thirst:
The young children ask bread, and no man breaks it to them.
5οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
ἔσθοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐσθίω, ἔσθω (εσθι-/εσθ-, εδ·[σ]-/φαγ·[σ]-, φαγ·[σ]- or 2nd φαγ-, -, -, -)
εσθ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to eat/devour
τὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ας
fem acc pl
the
τρυφὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

τρυφή, -ῆς, ἡ
τρυφ·ας
(fem) acc pl
indulgence
ἠφανίσθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀ·φανίζω (αφανιζ-, αφανι(ε)·[σ]-/αφανι·σ-, αφανι·σ-, -, ηφανισ-, αφανισ·θ-)
ε·αφανισ·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
to disappear/blot out [remove from sight/notice/existence; obscure]
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·αις
fem dat pl
the
ἐξόδοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἔξ·οδος, -ου, ἡ
εξοδ·οις
(fem) dat pl
exodus
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
τιθηνούμενοι ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat) ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
κόκκων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

κόκκος, -ου, ὁ
κοκκ·ων
(mas) gen pl
grain 'berry' (κοκκινος) of kermes oak, used to dye scarlet
περιεβάλοντο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

περι·βάλλω (περι+βαλλ-, περι+βαλ(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd περι+βαλ-, -, περι+βεβλη-, περι+βλη·θ-)
περι·ε·βαλ·οντο
2aor mp ind 3rd pl
to adorn with [throw around]
κοπρίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

κοπρία, -ας ἡ
κοπρι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
manure pile
Lam 4:5
Those who did feed delicately are desolate in the streets:
Those who were brought up in scarlet embrace dunghills.
6καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἐμεγαλύνθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μεγαλύνω (μεγαλυν-, -, μεγαλυν·[σ]-, -, μεμεγαλυν-, μεγαλυν·θ-)
ε·μεγαλυν·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
to magnify/laud
ἀνομία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἀ·νομία, -ας, ἡ
ανομι·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
lawlessness Lit:"without-law"
θυγατρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

θυγάτηρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ἡ, voc. sg. θύγατερ and θυγάτηρ
θυγατ[ε]ρ·ος
(fem) gen sg
daughter
λαοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

λαός, -οῦ, ὁ
λα·ου
(mas) gen sg
people
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
I
ὑπὲρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπέρ
υπερ
indecl
above (+acc), on behalf of (+gen)
ἀνομίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἀ·νομία, -ας, ἡ
ανομι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
lawlessness Lit:"without-law"
Σοδομων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Σόδομα, -ων, τά
σοδομ·ων
(neu) gen pl
Sodom [city of]
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
κατεστραμμένης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·στρέφω (κατα+στρεφ-, κατα+στρεψ-, κατα+στρεψ-, -, κατ+εστραφ-, κατα+στραφ·[θ]-)
κατ·εστραφ·μεν·ης
perf mp ptcp fem gen sg
to turn over/plow [to over-throw as soil, or tables see Matt 21:12, Mark 15; topple]
ὥσπερ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὥσ·περ
ωσπερ
indecl
just-as Lit:"wholly/very/completely-as/like", hence "just-as", "just-like".
σπουδῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

σπουδή, -ῆς, ἡ
σπουδ·ῃ
(fem) dat sg
diligence/haste
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἐπόνεσαν ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
αὐτῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῃ
fem dat sg
he/she/it/same
χεῖρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl., irreg.)

χείρ, χειρός, ἡ, dat. pl. χερσίν
χειρ·ας
(fem) acc pl
hand
Lam 4:6
For the iniquity of the daughter of my people is greater than the sin of Sodom,
That was overthrown as in a moment, and no hands were laid on her.
7ἐκαθαριώθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καθαριόω [LXX] (-, -, -, -, -, καθαριω·θ-)
ε·καθαριω·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
to ???
ναζιραῖοι αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
he/she/it/same
ὑπὲρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπέρ
υπερ
indecl
above (+acc), on behalf of (+gen)
χιόνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

χιών, -όνος, ἡ
χιον·α
(fem) acc sg
snow
ἔλαμψαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λάμπω (λαμπ-, λαμψ-, λαμψ-, -, -, -)
ε·λαμπ·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
to radiant flash, brilliant, sparkling, glistening, glorious
ὑπὲρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπέρ
υπερ
indecl
above (+acc), on behalf of (+gen)
γάλα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

γάλα[κτ], -ακτος, τό
γαλα[κτ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
milk
ἐπυρρώθησαν ὑπὲρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπέρ
υπερ
indecl
above (+acc), on behalf of (+gen)
λίθους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

λίθος, -ου, ὁ
λιθ·ους
(mas) acc pl
stone
σαπφείρου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

σάπφιρος v.l.σαπφειρ·ου
(fem) gen sg
sapphire
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
ἀπόσπασμα αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
he/she/it/same
Lam 4:7
Her nobles were purer than snow, they were whiter than milk;
They were more ruddy in body than rubies, their polishing was as of sapphire.
8ἐσκότασεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σκοτάζω [LXX] (-, σκοτα·σ-, σκοτα·σ-, -, -, -)
ε·σκοτα·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to grow dark
ὑπὲρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπέρ
υπερ
indecl
above (+acc), on behalf of (+gen)
ἀσβόλην τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
εἶδος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.); Verb

εἶδο·ς, -ους, τό; οἶδα (ath. ιδ-/ath. ειδ(ε)-/ath. ειδ-, ειδη·σ-/ει[δ]·σ-, ειδη·σ-, οιδ·[κ]-/ειδ·[κ]-, -, -)
ειδ(ο)·ς; ειδ·[κ]ο[τ]·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg; perf act ptcp mas voc sg or perf act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
appearance; to know /perceive/be-aware-of/be-acquainted-with/notice. Often rendered "know" (by seeing/observing), in contrast to "γινώσκω" (know by thinking/reasoning/experiencing).
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
he/she/it/same
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἐπεγνώσθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·γινώσκω (επι+γινωσκ-, επι+γνω·σ-, 2nd ath. επι+γν(ω)-/ath. επι+γν(ο)-, επ+εγνω·κ-, -, επι+γνωσ·θ-)
επι·ε·γνωσ·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
to recognize Lit:from "επίγνωση" (over-knowledge), hence to fully-know/understand, have-insight/consciousness, ackowledge
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·αις
fem dat pl
the
ἐξόδοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἔξ·οδος, -ου, ἡ
εξοδ·οις
(fem) dat pl
exodus
ἐπάγη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πήγνυμι (-, πηξ-, πηξ-, πεπηγ·[κ]-, -, παγ·[θ]-)
ε·παγ·[θ]η
aor θη ind 3rd sg
to pitch fasten
δέρμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

δέρμα[τ], -ατος, τό
δερμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
skin [see dermatology]
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
he/she/it/same
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat) ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
ὀστέα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ὀστέον and ὀστοῦν, -ου, τό
οστε·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
bone
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
he/she/it/same
ἐξηράνθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ξηραίνω (ξηραιν-, ξηραν(ε)·[σ]-, ξηραν·[σ]-, -, εξηραν-, ξηραν·θ-)
ε·ξηραν·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
to wither (from adjective "ξηρός": dry, parched).
ἐγενήθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
ε·γενη·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
to become/happen [to come to be; Greek word for amen?]
ὥσπερ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὥσ·περ
ωσπερ
indecl
just-as Lit:"wholly/very/completely-as/like", hence "just-as", "just-like".
ξύλον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ξύλον, -ου, τό
ξυλ·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
tree , by extension, something wooden; piece of wood; wooden implement; club/gallows/stocks or, in NT, cross.
Lam 4:8
Their appearance is blacker than a coal; they are not known in the streets:
Their skin clings to their bones; it is withered, it is become like a stick.
9καλοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

καλός -ή -όν (cf. ἀγαθός); καλέω (καλ(ε)-, καλε·σ-, καλε·σ-, κεκλη·κ-, κεκλη-, κλη·θ-)
καλ·οι; καλ(ε)·οι
mas nom|voc pl; pres act opt 3rd sg
good/right/fitting beautiful (literally), hence well, appropriate, right, good, comely (in contrast to "αγαθος" (inherently good, God-wrought-good).; to call summon/invite
ἦσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·σαν
impf act ind 3rd pl
to be
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
τραυματίαι ῥομφαίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ῥομφαία, -ας, ἡ (cf. μάχαιρα)
ρομφαι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
sword
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἤ[1]
η
indecl
or/than
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
τραυματίαι λιμοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

λιμός, -οῦ, ὁ and
λιμ·ου
(mas) gen sg or (fem) gen sg
famine hunger
ἐπορεύθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πορεύω (πορευ-, πορευ·σ-, πορευ·σ-, -, πεπορευ-, πορευ·θ-)
ε·πορευ·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
to go (from "πορος":passage/ford/pathway), hence travel/journey/go/proceed/depart.
ἐκκεκεντημένοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·κεντέω (-, -, εκ+κεντη·σ-, -, εκ+κεκεντη-, -)
εκ·κεκεντη·μεν·οι
perf mp ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to prick out stab with a sharp object, perforate, pierce
ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from (G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
γενημάτων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

γένημα[τ], -ατος, τό
γενηματ·ων
(neu) gen pl
fruit fruit of
ἀγρῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.); Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἄγρα, -ας, ἡ; ἀγρός, -οῦ, ὁ
αγρ·ων; αγρ·ων
(fem) gen pl; (mas) gen pl
catch; field
Lam 4:9
Those who are killed with the sword are better than those who are killed with hunger;
For these pine away, stricken through, for want of the fruits of the field.
10χεῖρες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl., irreg.)

χείρ, χειρός, ἡ, dat. pl. χερσίν
χειρ·ες
(fem) nom|voc pl
hand
γυναικῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl., irreg.)

γυνή, -αικος, ἡ, voc. sg. γύναι
γυναικ·ων
(fem) gen pl
woman/wife
οἰκτιρμόνων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3)

οἰκτίρμων -ον, gen. sg. -ονος
οικτιρμον·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
compassionate/pitying
ἥψησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἕψω [LXX] (εψ-, εψη·σ-, εψη·σ-, -, ηψη-, εψη·θ-)
ε·εψη·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
to boil
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
παιδία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

παιδίον, -ου, τό, voc. sg. παιδίον, voc. pl. παιδίονα (Dimin. of παῖς; see also παιδάριον)
παιδι·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
child
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
he/she/it/same
ἐγενήθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
ε·γενη·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
to become/happen [to come to be; Greek word for amen?]
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
βρῶσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

βρῶσις, -εως, ἡ
βρωσ(ι)·ν
(fem) acc sg
food (meal, food, meat)
αὐταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·αις
fem dat pl
he/she/it/same
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
συντρίμματι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

σύν·τριμμα[τ], -ατος, τό
συντριμματ·ι
(neu) dat sg
wound [fracture/abrasion]
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
θυγατρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

θυγάτηρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ἡ, voc. sg. θύγατερ and θυγάτηρ
θυγατ[ε]ρ·ος
(fem) gen sg
daughter
λαοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

λαός, -οῦ, ὁ
λα·ου
(mas) gen sg
people
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
I
Lam 4:10
The hands of the pitiful women have boiled their own children;
They were their food in the destruction of the daughter of my people.
11συνετέλεσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συν·τελέω (συν+τελ(ε)-, συν+τελε·σ-, συν+τελε·σ-, συν+τετελε·κ-, συν+τετελεσ-, συν+τελεσ·θ-)
συν·ε·τελε·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to finish/complete Lit:"complete/perfect-together-with", hence finish/thoroughly-complete.
κύριος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ος; κυρι·ος
(mas) nom sg; mas nom sg
lord , "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).; authoritative
θυμὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θυμός, -οῦ, ὁ (cf. ὀργή)
θυμ·ον
(mas) acc sg
inclination/passion [any strong emotion or passion/desire, an inclination thereof. Almost always of anger]
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
ἐξέχεεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·χέω/-χύν(ν)ω (εκ+χε-/εκ+χυνν-/εκ+χυν-, εκ+χε(ε)·[σ]-, εκ+χε·[σ]-, εκ+κεχυ·κ-, εκ+κεχυ-, εκ+χυ·θ-)
εκ·ε·χε·ε(ν), εκ·ε·χε·[σ]ε(ν)
impf act ind 3rd sg, 1aor act ind 3rd sg
to pour-out spill,shed
θυμὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θυμός, -οῦ, ὁ (cf. ὀργή)
θυμ·ον
(mas) acc sg
inclination/passion [any strong emotion or passion/desire, an inclination thereof. Almost always of anger]
ὀργῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ὀργή, -ῆς, ἡ (cf. θυμός)
οργ·ης
(fem) gen sg
wrath/anger natural impulse, always of anger
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἀνῆψεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀν·άπτω (αν+απτ-, αν+αψ-, αν+αψ-, -, -, αν+αφ·θ-)
αν·ε·απτ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to kindle set-ablaze
πῦρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πῦρ, -ρός, τό
πυρ
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
fire
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
Σιων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Indecl.)

Σιών, ἡ
σιων
(fem) indecl
Zion
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
κατέφαγεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατ·εσθίω (κατ+εσθι-/κατ+εσθ-, κατ+εδ·[σ]-/κατα+φαγ·[σ]-, 2nd κατα+φαγ-, -, -, -)
κατα·ε·φαγ·ε(ν)
2aor act ind 3rd sg
to devour be eaten away, eat away
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
θεμέλια [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεμέλιος, -ου, ὁ and -λιον, -ου, τό
θεμελι·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
foundation establishing, base, substructure; founding
αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
he/she/it/same
Lam 4:11
Yahweh has accomplished his wrath, he has poured out his fierce anger;
He has kindled a fire in Zion, which has devoured its foundations.
12οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἐπίστευσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πιστεύω (πιστευ-, πιστευ·σ-, πιστευ·σ-, πεπιστευ·κ-, πεπιστευ-, πιστευ·θ-)
ε·πιστευ·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
to believe/trust be-persuaded/accept [toward] (heed [to], believe); give management (entrust). PASS. to be entrusted with
βασιλεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ες, βασιλ(ευ)·ας
(mas) nom|voc pl, (mas) acc pl
king
γῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

γῆ, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. γῆ
γ·ης
(fem) gen sg
earth/land
πάντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ες
mas nom|voc pl
each/every (of a relevant set).
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
κατοικοῦντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατ·οικέω (κατ+οικ(ε)-, κατ+οικη·σ-, κατ+οικη·σ-, κατ+ῳκη·κ-, -, κατ+οικη·θ-)
κατ·οικ(ε)·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to reside/settle-down Lit:"down-dwell", hence reside/dwell-permanently, settle-down-thoroughly/pervasively and in full control, to be exactly at home (see Eph 3:17, Col 1:19, 2:9). Contrast with "παροικέω" (dwell-beside))
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
οἰκουμένην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.); Verb

οἰκουμένη, -ης, ἡ; οἰκέω (οικ(ε)-, οικη·σ-, οικη·σ-, -, -, οικη·θ-)
οικουμεν·ην; οικ(ε)·ομεν·ην
(fem) acc sg; pres mp ptcp fem acc sg
inhabited-region From the fem-pres-pass-part. of "οἰκέω" (dwell), hence being-inhabited world/land/region. Often rendered "world", but distinct from "cosmos".; to dwell
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
εἰσελεύσεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰσ·έρχομαι (εισ+ερχ-, εισ+ελευ·σ-, εισ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd εισ+ελθ-, εισ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εισ·ελευ·σεται
fut mp ind 3rd sg
to enter Lit:"come-into", hence enter.
ἐχθρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἐχθρός -ά -όν
εχθρ·ος
mas nom sg
hostile
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἐκθλίβων διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen) δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
πυλῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.); Noun (3rd Decl.)

πύλη, -ης, ἡ; πυλών, -ῶνος, ὁ (cf. πύλη)
πυλ·ων; πυλων
(fem) gen pl; (mas) nom|voc sg
gate; gate
Ιερουσαλημ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl. and Indecl. and 1st Decl.)

Ἱεροσόλυμα, -ων, τά and -ας, ἡ and Ἰερουσαλήμ v.l. Ἱ-, ἡ indecl.
ιερουσαλημ
(fem) indecl
Jerusalem [city of]
Lam 4:12
The kings of the earth didn’t believe, neither all the inhabitants of the world,
That the adversary and the enemy would enter into the gates of Jerusalem.
13ἐξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εξ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
ἁμαρτιῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἁ·μαρτία, -ίας, ἡ
αμαρτι·ων
(fem) gen pl
sin Typical NT usage: "sin", also used to denote failure in a more generic fashion.
προφητῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

προφήτης, -ου, ὁ
προφητ·ων
(mas) gen pl
prophet
αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
he/she/it/same
ἀδικιῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἀ·δικία, -ας, ἡ
αδικι·ων
(fem) gen pl
wrongdoing Lit:"unrighteousness/injustice".
ἱερέων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἱερεύς, -έως, ὁ
ιερ(ευ)·ων
(mas) gen pl
priest
αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
he/she/it/same
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
ἐκχεόντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·χέω/-χύν(ν)ω (εκ+χε-/εκ+χυνν-/εκ+χυν-, εκ+χε(ε)·[σ]-, εκ+χε·[σ]-, εκ+κεχυ·κ-, εκ+κεχυ-, εκ+χυ·θ-)
εκ·χε·οντων, εκ·χε·ο[υ]ντ·ων
pres act imp 3rd pl classical, pres act ptcp mas gen pl or pres act ptcp neu gen pl
to pour-out spill,shed
αἷμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

αἷμα[τ], -ατος, τό
αιμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
blood
δίκαιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

δίκαιος -αία -ον
δικαι·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
righteous /just/right, (by judicial implication) innocent.
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
μέσῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

μέσος -η -ον
μεσ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
middle
αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
he/she/it/same
Lam 4:13
It is because of the sins of her prophets, and the iniquities of her priests,
That have shed the blood of the just in the midst of her.
14ἐσαλεύθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σαλεύω (σαλευ-, σαλευ·σ-, σαλευ·σ-, -, σεσαλευ-, σαλευ·θ-)
ε·σαλευ·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
to shake (tremor)
ἐγρήγοροι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐγείρω (εγειρ-, εγερ(ε)·[σ]-, εγειρ·[σ]-, εγρηγορ·[κ]-, εγηγερ-, εγερ·θ-)
εγρηγορ·[κ]οι
perf act opt 3rd sg
to raise erect
αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
he/she/it/same
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·αις
fem dat pl
the
ἐξόδοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἔξ·οδος, -ου, ἡ
εξοδ·οις
(fem) dat pl
exodus
ἐμολύνθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μολύνω (μολυν-, -, μολυν·[σ]-, -, μεμολυν-, μολυν·θ-)
ε·μολυν·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
to defile ‘to besmear,’ or ‘besmirch,’ as with mud or filth, ‘to de-foul;'
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
αἵματι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

αἷμα[τ], -ατος, τό
αιματ·ι
(neu) dat sg
blood
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
δύνασθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δύνα·μαι (ath. δυν(α)-/ath. δυν(η)-, δυνη·σ-, -, -, -, δυνη·θ-/δυνασ·θ-)
δυν(α)·σθαι
pres mp inf
to able
αὐτοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ους
mas acc pl
he/she/it/same
ἥψαντο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἅπτω (απτ-, αψ-, αψ-, -, ηπτ-, -)
ε·απτ·σαντο
1aor mp ind 3rd pl
to grasp/touch [set fire, lay hands on]
ἐνδυμάτων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἔν·δυμα[τ], -ατος, τό
ενδυματ·ων
(neu) gen pl
vestment clerical garment (especially one worn during a religious ceremony) garment, habiliment, habit, raiment
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
he/she/it/same
Lam 4:14
They wander as blind men in the streets, they are polluted with blood,
So that men can’t touch their garments.
15ἀπόστητε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀφ·ίστημι (ath. αφ+ιστ(α)-/ath. αφ+ιστ(η)-, απο+στη·σ-, απο+στη·σ- or 2nd ath. απο+στ(η)-/ath. απο+στ(α)-, αφ+εστη·κ-/αφ+εστα·κ-, -, απο+στα·θ-)
απο·στ(η)·τε, απο·στ(η)·ητε
2aor act imp 2nd pl, 2aor act sub 2nd pl
to disengage fall away, depart
ἀκαθάρτων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἀ·κάθαρτος -ον
ακαθαρτ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
unclean (impure)
καλέσατε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καλέω (καλ(ε)-, καλε·σ-, καλε·σ-, κεκλη·κ-, κεκλη-, κλη·θ-)
καλε·σατε
1aor act imp 2nd pl
to call summon/invite
αὐτούς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ους
mas acc pl
he/she/it/same
ἀπόστητε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀφ·ίστημι (ath. αφ+ιστ(α)-/ath. αφ+ιστ(η)-, απο+στη·σ-, απο+στη·σ- or 2nd ath. απο+στ(η)-/ath. απο+στ(α)-, αφ+εστη·κ-/αφ+εστα·κ-, -, απο+στα·θ-)
απο·στ(η)·τε, απο·στ(η)·ητε
2aor act imp 2nd pl, 2aor act sub 2nd pl
to disengage fall away, depart
ἀπόστητε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀφ·ίστημι (ath. αφ+ιστ(α)-/ath. αφ+ιστ(η)-, απο+στη·σ-, απο+στη·σ- or 2nd ath. απο+στ(η)-/ath. απο+στ(α)-, αφ+εστη·κ-/αφ+εστα·κ-, -, απο+στα·θ-)
απο·στ(η)·τε, απο·στ(η)·ητε
2aor act imp 2nd pl, 2aor act sub 2nd pl
to disengage fall away, depart
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
ἅπτεσθε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἅπτω (απτ-, αψ-, αψ-, -, ηπτ-, -)
απτ·εσθε
pres mp ind 2nd pl or pres mp imp 2nd pl
to grasp/touch [set fire, lay hands on]
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
ἀνήφθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀν·άπτω (αν+απτ-, αν+αψ-, αν+αψ-, -, -, αν+αφ·θ-)
αν·ε·αφ·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
to kindle set-ablaze
καί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
γε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

γέ
γε
indecl
indeed An emphatic particle meaning at least, indeed. It emphasizes the word to which it is associated.
ἐσαλεύθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σαλεύω (σαλευ-, σαλευ·σ-, σαλευ·σ-, -, σεσαλευ-, σαλευ·θ-)
ε·σαλευ·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
to shake (tremor)
εἴπατε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ατε, ειπ·[σ]ατε
1aor act ind 2nd pl, 1aor act imp 2nd pl
to say/tell
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
ἔθνεσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ε)·σι(ν)
(neu) dat pl
nation /ethnos.
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
προσθῶσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·τίθημι (ath. προσ+τιθ(ε)-, προσ+θη·σ-, προσ+θη·κ- or 2nd ath. προσ+θ(ε)-, προσ+τεθει·κ-, προσ+τεθει-, προσ+τε·θ-)
προσ·θ(ε)·ωσι(ν)
2aor act sub 3rd pl
to add Lit:"place/set-toward", hence add/proceed-onward
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
παροικεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρ·οικέω (παρ+οικ(ε)-, παρ+οικη·σ-, παρ+οικη·σ-, παρ+ῳκη·κ-, -, -)
παρ·οικ(ε)·ειν
pres act inf
to sojourn/dwell by Lit:"dwell-close-beside", hence sojourn/migrate, dwell-temporarily... in contrast with "κατοικέω" (down-dwell/settle).
Lam 4:15
Depart! they cried to them, Unclean! depart, depart, don’t touch!
When they fled away and wandered, men said among the nations, They shall no more live here.
16πρόσωπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

πρόσ·ωπον, -ου, τό
προσωπ·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
face Lit:"toward-eyes", hence face/countenance/appearance
κυρίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ου; κυρι·ου
(mas) gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
lord , "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).; authoritative
μερὶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

μερί[δ]ς, -ίδος, ἡ
μερι[δ]·ς
(fem) nom sg
part portion
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
he/she/it/same
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
προσθήσει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·τίθημι (ath. προσ+τιθ(ε)-, προσ+θη·σ-, προσ+θη·κ- or 2nd ath. προσ+θ(ε)-, προσ+τεθει·κ-, προσ+τεθει-, προσ+τε·θ-)
προσ·θη·σει
fut act ind 3rd sg or fut mp ind 2nd sg classical
to add Lit:"place/set-toward", hence add/proceed-onward
ἐπιβλέψαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·βλέπω (επι+βλεπ-, επι+βλεψ-, επι+βλεψ-, -, -, -)
επι·βλεπ·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to look-upon Lit:"look-upon/over", hence place-regard, examine-attentively, regard-with-favor
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
he/she/it/same
πρόσωπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

πρόσ·ωπον, -ου, τό
προσωπ·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
face Lit:"toward-eyes", hence face/countenance/appearance
ἱερέων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἱερεύς, -έως, ὁ
ιερ(ευ)·ων
(mas) gen pl
priest
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἔλαβον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαμβάνω (λαμβαν-, λημψ-/ληψ-, λαβ·[σ]- or 2nd λαβ-, ειληφ·[κ]-, ειληβ-, λημφ·θ-/ληφ·θ-)
ε·λαβ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
to take/receive grasp, clutch, cling-to, seize, lay-hands-upon, take by violence, carry off, of a deity, seize, possess, catch, find out, detect, overtake, understand
πρεσβύτας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

πρεσβύτης, -ου, ὁ
πρεσβυτ·ας
(mas) acc pl
old/aged man , from "πρεσβύτερος" (elder).
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἠλέησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐλεέω (cf. ἐλεάω) (ελε(ε)-, ελεη·σ-, ελεη·σ-, -, ηλεη-, ελεη·θ-)
ε·ελεη·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
to mercy
Lam 4:16
The anger of Yahweh has scattered them; he will no more regard them:
They didn’t respect the persons of the priests, they didn’t favor the elders.
17ἔτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἔτι
ετι
indecl
yet/still
ὄντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·οντων (in addition to (εσ)·[ν]των > εστων), (εσ)·ο[υ]ντ·ων
pres act imp 3rd pl classical, pres act ptcp mas gen pl or pres act ptcp neu gen pl
to be
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
I
ἐξέλιπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·λείπω (εκ+λειπ-, εκ+λειψ-, 2nd εκ+λιπ-, εκ+λελοιπ·[κ]-, εκ+λελειπ-, -)
εκ·ε·λιπ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
to fail Lit:"leave-behind-from-out-of", hence fail/come-to-an-end, be wanting, desert, abandon, quit, left out)
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
ὀφθαλμοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ὀφθαλμός, -οῦ, ὁ
οφθαλμ·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
eye
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
I
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
βοήθειαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

βοήθεια, -ας, ἡ
βοηθει·αν
(fem) acc sg
help
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
I
μάταια [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

μάταιος -αία -ον
μαται·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or fem nom|voc sg
foolish/vain [worthless, useless, achieving/profiting nothing]
ἀποσκοπευόντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·σκοπεύω [LXX] (απο+σκοπευ-, απο+σκοπευ·σ-, απο+σκοπευ·σ-, -, -, -)
απο·σκοπευ·οντων, απο·σκοπευ·ο[υ]ντ·ων
pres act imp 3rd pl classical, pres act ptcp mas gen pl or pres act ptcp neu gen pl
to ???
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
I
ἀπεσκοπεύσαμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·σκοπεύω [LXX] (απο+σκοπευ-, απο+σκοπευ·σ-, απο+σκοπευ·σ-, -, -, -)
απο·ε·σκοπευ·σαμεν
1aor act ind 1st pl
to ???
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
ἔθνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
nation /ethnos.
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
σῷζον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σῴζω (σῳζ-, σω·σ-, σω·σ-, σεσω·κ-, σεσω-/σεσωσ-/σεσῳσ-, σω·θ-)
σῳζ·ο[υ]ν[τ]
pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
to save /deliver/rescue from ruin/destruction/harm. Also salve
Lam 4:17
Our eyes do yet fail in looking for our vain help:
In our watching we have watched for a nation that could not save.
18ἐθηρεύσαμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θηρεύω (θηρευ-, θηρευ·σ-, θηρευ·σ-, -, -, θηρευ·θ-)
ε·θηρευ·σαμεν
1aor act ind 1st pl
to hunt
μικροὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

μικρός -ά -όν
μικρ·ους
mas acc pl
small [see micro]
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
I
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
πορεύεσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πορεύω (πορευ-, πορευ·σ-, πορευ·σ-, -, πεπορευ-, πορευ·θ-)
πορευ·εσθαι
pres mp inf
to go (from "πορος":passage/ford/pathway), hence travel/journey/go/proceed/depart.
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·αις
fem dat pl
the
πλατείαις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.); Adjective (3-1-3)

πλατεῖα, -ας, ἡ; πλατύς -εῖα -ύ, gen. sg. -έος and -έως
πλατει·αις; πλατει·αις
(fem) dat pl; fem dat pl
broad wide; broad because goats do not keep close together in the herd as sheep do in the flock, Il. 2.274, Od. 14.101, 103.; wide
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
I
ἤγγικεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐγγίζω (εγγιζ-, εγγι(ε)·[σ]-, εγγι·σ-, ηγγι·κ-, -, -)
ηγγι·κε(ν)
perf act ind 3rd sg
to come/approach-near (from 1451 "ἐγγύς":near), hence draw/approach-near, be-imminent/at-hand, nearby, come-nigh.
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
καιρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

καιρός, -οῦ, ὁ (cf. χρόνος)
καιρ·ος
(mas) nom sg
period-of-time /season
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
I
ἐπληρώθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πληρόω (πληρ(ο)-, πληρω·σ-, πληρω·σ-, πεπληρω·κ-, πεπληρω-, πληρω·θ-)
ε·πληρω·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
to fulfill Lit:"fill-to-individual-capacity", hence fill, fulfill, make-full.
αἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·αι
fem nom pl
the
ἡμέραι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·αι
(fem) nom|voc pl
day
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
I
πάρεστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πάρ·ειμι[1] fr. εἰμί[1] (ath. παρ+(εσ)-/παρ+(εσ)-, παρ+εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
παρ·(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be-present/near Lit:"be-close-beside", hence be-present/here/near/close-beside/at-hand, to-have-come/arrived. Root for "παρουσία"(arrival/coming/visitation/entrance).
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
καιρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

καιρός, -οῦ, ὁ (cf. χρόνος)
καιρ·ος
(mas) nom sg
period-of-time /season
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
I
Lam 4:18
They hunt our steps, so that we can’t go in our streets:
Our end is near, our days are fulfilled; for our end is come.
19κοῦφοι ἐγένοντο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
ε·γεν·οντο
2aor mp ind 3rd pl
to become/happen [to come to be; Greek word for amen?]
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
διώκοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

διώκω (διωκ-, διωξ-, διωξ-, -, δεδιωκ-, διωχ·θ-)
διωκ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to prosecute/pursue prosecute: put on trial
ἡμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημας
acc pl
I
ὑπὲρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπέρ
υπερ
indecl
above (+acc), on behalf of (+gen)
ἀετοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἀετός, -οῦ, ὁ
αετ·ους
(mas) acc pl
eagle "eagle" αετου for αγγελου: and that reading is embraced by Mill and Wetstein, and received into the text by Griesbach. [Parkhurst A Greek English Lexicon page 4 Rev 8:13
οὐρανοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

οὐρανός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. οὐρανοί
ουραν·ου
(mas) gen sg
sky/heaven
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat) ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
ὀρέων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ὄρο·ς, -ους, τό, gen. pl. ὀρέων (cf. βουνός)
ορ(ε)·ων > uncontr. ορεων (for ορων)
(neu) gen pl
mount
ἐξήφθησαν ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ἐρήμῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἔρημος -ον
ερημ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg or fem dat sg
deserted ,unpopulated/uncultivated hence solitary, wilderness
ἐνήδρευσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐν·εδρεύω (εν+εδρευ-, εν+εδρευ·σ-, εν+εδρευ·σ-, -, -, -)
εν·ε·εδρευ·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
to lie in wait
ἡμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημας
acc pl
I
Lam 4:19
Our pursuers were swifter than the eagles of the sky:
They chased us on the mountains, they laid wait for us in the wilderness.
20πνεῦμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πνεῦμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πνευμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
spirit /breath/wind, spiritual-utterance
προσώπου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

πρόσ·ωπον, -ου, τό
προσωπ·ου
(neu) gen sg
face Lit:"toward-eyes", hence face/countenance/appearance
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
I
χριστὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Χριστός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. Χριστέ
χριστ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Christ lit. 'anointed'
κυρίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ου; κυρι·ου
(mas) gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
lord , "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).; authoritative
συνελήμφθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συλ·λαμβάνω (συν+λαμβαν-, συν+λημψ-/συν+ληψ-, 2nd συν+λαβ-, συν+ειληφ·[κ]-, συν+ειληβ-, συν+λημφ·θ-/συν+ληφ·θ-)
συν·ε·λημβ·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
to seizing lasso, catch, conceive, nab, apprehend, arrest, capture
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·αις
fem dat pl
the
διαφθοραῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

δια·φθορά, -ᾶς, ἡ
διαφθορ·αις
(fem) dat pl
decay destruction, ruin or corruption, seduction
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
he/she/it/same
οὗ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle; Pronoun (Relative)

οὗ[1]; ὅς ἥ ὅ
ου; ου
indecl; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
where ἕως οὗ means "until where (in time)", that is, "until when", "until such time as", or "until the point that"; who/whom/which
εἴπαμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]αμεν
1aor act ind 1st pl
to say/tell
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
σκιᾷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

σκιά, -ᾶς, ἡ
σκι·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
shadow shade, shadow, outline, canopy, reflection
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
ζησόμεθα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ζάω (ζ(η)-/ath. ζ(η)-, ζη·σ-, ζη·σ-, -, -, -)
ζη·σομεθα
fut mp ind 1st pl
to live Verb from "ζωή"(life), hence live/made-alive, exist, inhabit
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
ἔθνεσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ε)·σι(ν)
(neu) dat pl
nation /ethnos.
Lam 4:20
The breath of our nostrils, the anointed of Yahweh, was taken in their pits;
Of whom we said, Under his shadow we shall live among the nations.
21χαῖρε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

χαίρω (χαιρ-, χαρ(ε)·[σ]-, -, -, -, χαρ·[θ]-)
χαιρ·ε
pres act imp 2nd sg
to rejoice salute, salutation
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
εὐφραίνου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εὐ·φραίνω (ευφραιν-, ευφραν(ε)·[σ]-, ευφραν·[σ]-, -, -, ευφραν·θ-)
ευφραιν·ου, ε·ευφραιν·ου
pres mp imp 2nd sg, impf mp ind 2nd sg
to celebrate/rejoice , be/make-glad/joyous, make-merry
θύγατερ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

θυγάτηρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ἡ, voc. sg. θύγατερ and θυγάτηρ
θυγατερ
(fem) voc sg
daughter
Ιδουμαίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

Ἰδουμαία, -ας, ἡ
ιδουμαι·ας
(fem) gen sg
Idumea [district of]
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
κατοικοῦσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατ·οικέω (κατ+οικ(ε)-, κατ+οικη·σ-, κατ+οικη·σ-, κατ+ῳκη·κ-, -, κατ+οικη·θ-)
κατ·οικ(ε)·ουσ·α
pres act ptcp fem nom|voc sg
to reside/settle-down Lit:"down-dwell", hence reside/dwell-permanently, settle-down-thoroughly/pervasively and in full control, to be exactly at home (see Eph 3:17, Col 1:19, 2:9). Contrast with "παροικέω" (dwell-beside))
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat) ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
γῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

γῆ, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. γῆ
γ·ης
(fem) gen sg
earth/land
καί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
γε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

γέ
γε
indecl
indeed An emphatic particle meaning at least, indeed. It emphasizes the word to which it is associated.
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat) ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
σὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σε; σ·ε
acc sg; mas voc sg
you; your/yours(sg)
διελεύσεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δι·έρχομαι (δι+ερχ-, δι+ελευ·σ-, διελθ·[σ]- or 2nd δι+ελθ-, δι+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
δι·ελευ·σεται
fut mp ind 3rd sg
to pass-through Lit:"come-through",hence go/pass-through
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
ποτήριον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ποτήριον, -ου, τό
ποτηρι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
cup
κυρίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ου; κυρι·ου
(mas) gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
lord , "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).; authoritative
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
μεθυσθήσῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μεθύσκω (μεθυσκ-, μεθυ·σ-, μεθυ·σ-, -, μεμεθυσ-, μεθυσ·θ-)
μεθυσ·θησῃ
fut θη ind 2nd sg
to get drunk
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἀποχεεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·χέω/-χύννω [LXX] (απο+χε-/απο+χυνν-, απο+χε(ε)·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
απο·χε·εις, απο·χε(ε)·[σ]εις
pres act ind 2nd sg, fut act ind 2nd sg
to ???
Lam 4:21
Rejoice and be glad, daughter of Edom, that dwell in the land of Uz:
The cup shall pass through to you also; you shall be drunken, and shall make yourself naked.
22ἐξέλιπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·λείπω (εκ+λειπ-, εκ+λειψ-, 2nd εκ+λιπ-, εκ+λελοιπ·[κ]-, εκ+λελειπ-, -)
εκ·ε·λιπ·ε(ν)
2aor act ind 3rd sg
to fail Lit:"leave-behind-from-out-of", hence fail/come-to-an-end, be wanting, desert, abandon, quit, left out)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
ἀνομία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἀ·νομία, -ας, ἡ
ανομι·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
lawlessness Lit:"without-law"
σου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you; your/yours(sg)
θύγατερ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

θυγάτηρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ἡ, voc. sg. θύγατερ and θυγάτηρ
θυγατερ
(fem) voc sg
daughter
Σιων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Indecl.)

Σιών, ἡ
σιων
(fem) indecl
Zion
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
προσθήσει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·τίθημι (ath. προσ+τιθ(ε)-, προσ+θη·σ-, προσ+θη·κ- or 2nd ath. προσ+θ(ε)-, προσ+τεθει·κ-, προσ+τεθει-, προσ+τε·θ-)
προσ·θη·σει
fut act ind 3rd sg or fut mp ind 2nd sg classical
to add Lit:"place/set-toward", hence add/proceed-onward
ἔτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἔτι
ετι
indecl
yet/still
ἀποικίσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·οικίζω [LXX] (-, απ+οικι(ε)·[σ]-, απ+οικι·σ-, -, απ+ῳκισ-, απ+οικισ·θ-)
απ·οικι·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to deport banish, colonize
σε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σε; σ·ε
acc sg; mas voc sg
you; your/yours(sg)
ἐπεσκέψατο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·σκέπτομαι (επι+σκεπτ-, επι+σκεψ-, επι+σκεψ-, -, επ+εσκεπτ-, επι+σκεφ·θ-/επι+σκεπ·[θ]-)
επι·ε·σκεπτ·σατο
1aor mp ind 3rd sg
to check up on [look in on] to pass in review, to visit, to examine, to inspect, be concerned about
ἀνομίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἀ·νομία, -ας, ἡ
ανομι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
lawlessness Lit:"without-law"
σου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you; your/yours(sg)
θύγατερ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

θυγάτηρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ἡ, voc. sg. θύγατερ and θυγάτηρ
θυγατερ
(fem) voc sg
daughter
Εδωμ ἀπεκάλυψεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·καλύπτω (απο+καλυπτ-, απο+καλυψ-, απο+καλυψ-, -, απο+κεκαλυπτ-, απο+καλυφ·θ-)
απο·ε·καλυπτ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to uncover/reveal
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat) ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
ἀσεβήματά σου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you; your/yours(sg)
Lam 4:22
The punishment of your iniquity is accomplished, daughter of Zion; he will no more carry you away into captivity:
He will visit your iniquity, daughter of Edom; he will uncover your sins.
« Ch 3» Ch 5

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