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Ἰὼβ

Job

 CATSS LXX Wiki English Translation‎ / World English Bible
1ὑπολαβὼν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑπο·λαμβάνω (υπο+λαμβαν-, -, 2nd υπο+λαβ-, υπο+ειληφ·[κ]-, -, -)
υπο·λαβ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
upon TAKE UP-ing
Literally, take up. Figuratively, "take up what is said", that is, interpret or understand in a certain way; suppose.
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
Ιωβ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰώβ, ὁ
ιωβ
(mas) indecl
Job
λέγει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-SAY-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SAY-ed
speak, tell, recount
Jb 12:1
¶Then Job answered,
2εἶτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

εἶτα/εἶτεν
ειτα
indecl
then
ὑμεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμεις
nom pl
you(pl)
ἐστε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·τε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are, be-you(pl)!
ἄνθρωποι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
humans
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἦ[2]
η
indecl
truly
μεθ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μεθ’
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you(pl)
τελευτήσει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τελευτάω (τελευτ(α)-, τελευτη·σ-, τελευτη·σ-, τετελευτη·κ-, -, -)
τελευτη·σει
fut act ind 3rd sg or fut mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-will-END, you(sg)-will-be-END-ed
σοφία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

σοφία, -ας, ἡ
σοφι·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
wisdom
/sagacity/skill/learning/cleverness/sapience. Usually rendered "wisdom", but misses the aspect of learned-skill.
Jb 12:2
“No doubt, but you are the people,
and wisdom shall die with you.
3κἀμοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Crasis (Pronoun [1st Person]); Verb

κἀγώ (καὶ ἐγώ); κάμνω (καμν-, -, 2nd καμ-, κεκμη·κ-, -, -)
και εμοι; καμ·οι
dat sg; 2aor act opt 3rd sg
and/also I; he/she/it-happens-to-WEARY/LABORED
;
μὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μέν
μεν
indecl
indeed
/certainly/surely.
καρδία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

καρδία, -ας, ἡ
καρδι·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
heart
καρδιας With the eyes of the heart enlightened (Eph_1:18)
καθ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
καθ’
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
ὑμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμας
acc pl
you(pl)
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
Jb 12:3
But I have understanding as well as you;
I am not inferior to you.
Yes, who doesn’t know such things as these?
4δίκαιος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

δίκαιος -αία -ον
δικαι·ος
mas nom sg
righteous
/just/right, (by judicial implication) innocent.
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
ἀνὴρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀνήρ, ἀνδρός, ὁ, voc. sg. ἄνερ
irreg. ανε[δ]ρ·^
(mas) nom sg
man
(as distinct from woman, beast, god, etc); sometimes "husband".
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἄμεμπτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἄ·μεμπτος -ον
αμεμπτ·ος
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
blameless
ἐγενήθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
ε·γενη·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-BECOME-ed
become; happen; sometimes left untranslated
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
χλεύασμα
Jb 12:4
I am like one who is a joke to his neighbor,
I, who called on God, and he answered.
The just, the blameless man is a joke.
5εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
χρόνον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

χρόνος, -ου, ὁ (cf. καιρός)
χρον·ον
(mas) acc sg
time
, a specific (clock) time, period-of-time (a while). Distinct from kairos (season)
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
τακτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

τακτός -ή -όν
τακτ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
appointed
(order, fixed)
ἡτοίμαστο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἑτοιμάζω (ετοιμαζ-, ετοιμα·σ-, ετοιμα·σ-, ητοιμα·κ-, ητοιμασ-, ετοιμασ·θ-)
ε·ητοιμασ·το
plup mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-had-been-READY-ed!
πεσεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πίπτω (πιπτ-, πεσ(ε)·[σ]-, πεσ·[σ]- or 2nd πεσ-, πεπτω·κ-, -, -)
πεσ(ε)·[σ]ειν, πεσ·ειν
fut act inf, 2aor act inf
to-will-FALL, to-FALL
Either (involuntarily)disastrously, or (voluntarily) quickly-bow-low. Fig: fail/be-unsuccessful
ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen)
ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
ἄλλους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Indefinite)

ἄλλος -η -ο (cf. ἕτερος)
αλλ·ους
mas acc pl
others
, as distinguished from "ἕτερος" "other" (of a different/distinct kind)
οἴκους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

οἶκος, -ου, ὁ (cf. οἰκία)
οικ·ους
(mas) acc pl
house/homes
/dwelling-place, by extension, household.
τε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

τέ
τε
indecl
and [postpositive coordinate]
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
ἐκπορθεῖσθαι ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen)
ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
ἀνόμων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἄ·νομος -ον
ανομ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
lawless/lawlessness
[Lit:"without-law", hence lawless, outside-the-law; lawless deed(s)]
Jb 12:5
In the thought of him who is at ease there is contempt for misfortune.
It is ready for them whose foot slips.
6οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
μὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle; Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

μήν[1]; μήν[2], μηνός, ὁ
μην; μην
indecl; (mas) nom|voc sg
verily; month
truly, doubtless;
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but
μηδεὶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

μηδ·είς μηδε·μία μηδ·έν and μηθ·είς (μηθε·μία) μηθ·έν
μηδει[ν]·ς
mas nom sg
not one
πεποιθέτω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πείθω (πειθ-, πει[θ]·σ-, πει[θ]·σ-, πεποιθ·[κ]-, πεπειθ-, πεισ·θ-)
πεποιθ·[κ]ετω
perf act imp 3rd sg
let-him/her/it-be-having-PERSUADE/CONVINCE-ed!
[determine, prevail upon, trust; rely on, be confident in]
πονηρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

πονηρός -ά -όν
πονηρ·ος
mas nom sg
evil, wicked
Adj.from πόνος + αἴρω: hence pain/labor/trouble-lifting/bearing/propounding.
ὢν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while being
ἀθῷος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἀ·θῷος -ον
αθῳ·ος
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
guiltless/exculpated
ἔσεσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
εσ·[σ]εσθαι
fut mp inf
to-will-be
ὅσοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅσος -η -ον
οσ·οι
mas nom pl
as much/many as
παροργίζουσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρ·οργίζω (παρ+οργιζ-, παρ+οργι(ε)·[σ]-, παρ+οργι·σ-, -, παρ+ωργισ-, παρ+οργισ·θ-)
παρ·οργιζ·ουσι(ν), παρ·οργιζ·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
they-are-PROVOKE-ing-TO-ANGER, while PROVOKE-ing-TO-ANGER
[Lit: make close-beside anger]
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
κύριον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ον; κυρι·ον
(mas) acc sg; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
οὐχὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὐχί
ουχι
indecl
not
[strengthened form of οὐ/οὐκ/οὐχ]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἔτασις αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
ἔσται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
irreg. (εσ)·[σε]ται (instead of (εσ)·σεται > εσεται)
fut mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-will-be
Jb 12:6
The tents of robbers prosper.
Those who provoke God are secure,
who carry their God in their hands.
7ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but
δὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δή
δη
indecl
indeed
ἐπερώτησον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπ·ερωτάω (επ+ερωτ(α)-, επ+ερωτη·σ-, επ+ερωτη·σ-, -, -, επ+ερωτη·θ-)
επ·ερωτη·σον, επ·ερωτη·σο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, fut act ptcp mas voc sg or fut act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
do-QUESTION-you(sg)!, going-to-QUESTION
[consult, enquire]
τετράποδα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3, irreg.)

τετρά·πους -πουν, gen. sg. -ποδος
τετραποδ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
four-footed
ἐάν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἐάν (εἰ ἄν)
εαν
indecl
if-ever
"ἐὰν μή" (Lit:if-ever not) means "except", "unless"
σοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive); Verb

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν; τρίβω [LXX] (τριβ-, ·σ-, τριψ-, -, τετριβ-, -)
σοι; σ·οι; ·σοι
dat sg; mas nom|voc pl; fut act opt 3rd sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg); (fut opt)
; ; worn, rub
εἴπωσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειπ·[σ]ωσι(ν), ειπ·ωσι(ν)
1aor act sub 3rd pl, 2aor act sub 3rd pl
they-should-SAY
speak, tell, recount
πετεινὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

πετεινόν, -οῦ, τό
πετειν·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
birds
able to fly
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
οὐρανοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

οὐρανός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. οὐρανοί
ουραν·ου
(mas) gen sg
sky/heaven
ἐάν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἐάν (εἰ ἄν)
εαν
indecl
if-ever
"ἐὰν μή" (Lit:if-ever not) means "except", "unless"
σοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive); Verb

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν; τρίβω [LXX] (τριβ-, ·σ-, τριψ-, -, τετριβ-, -)
σοι; σ·οι; ·σοι
dat sg; mas nom|voc pl; fut act opt 3rd sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg); (fut opt)
; ; worn, rub
ἀπαγγείλωσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·αγγέλλω (απ+αγγελλ-, απ+αγγελ(ε)·[σ]-, απ+αγγειλ·[σ]-, απ+ηγγελ·κ-, -, απ+αγγελ·[θ]-)
απ·αγγειλ·[σ]ωσι(ν)
1aor act sub 3rd pl
they-should-REPORT
– to report or tell.
Jb 12:7
“But ask the animals, now, and they shall teach you;
the birds of the sky, and they shall tell you.
8ἐκδιήγησαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·δι·ηγέομαι (εκδι+ηγ(ε)-, εκδι+ηγη·σ-, εκδι+ηγη·σ-, -, -, -)
εκδι·ηγη·σαι
1aor mp imp 2nd sg
be-you(sg)-DESCRIBE-ed-IN-DETAIL!
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
γῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

γῆ, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. γῆ
γ·ῃ
(fem) dat sg
earth/land
ἐάν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἐάν (εἰ ἄν)
εαν
indecl
if-ever
"ἐὰν μή" (Lit:if-ever not) means "except", "unless"
σοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive); Verb

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν; τρίβω [LXX] (τριβ-, ·σ-, τριψ-, -, τετριβ-, -)
σοι; σ·οι; ·σοι
dat sg; mas nom|voc pl; fut act opt 3rd sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg); (fut opt)
; ; worn, rub
φράσῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φράζω (-, φρα·σ-, φρα·σ-, -, -, -)
φρα·σῃ
fut mp ind 2nd sg or 1aor act sub 3rd sg or 1aor mp sub 2nd sg
you(sg)-will-be-SHOW-ed, he/she/it-should-SHOW, you(sg)-should-be-SHOW-ed
show, make known
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐξηγήσονταί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·ηγέομαι (εξ+ηγ(ε)-, εξ+ηγη·σ-, εξ+ηγη·σ-, -, -, -)
εξ·ηγη·σονται
fut mp ind 3rd pl
they-will-be-EXPOUND-ed
Literally, to lead or show the way. Figuratively, to expound, explain or relate.
σοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive); Verb

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν; τρίβω [LXX] (τριβ-, ·σ-, τριψ-, -, τετριβ-, -)
σοι; σ·οι; ·σοι
dat sg; mas nom|voc pl; fut act opt 3rd sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg); (fut opt)
; ; worn, rub
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
ἰχθύες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἰχθύς, -ύος, ὁ
ιχθυ·ες
(mas) nom|voc pl
fish
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
θαλάσσης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

θάλασσα, -ης, ἡ
θαλασσ·ης
(fem) gen sg
sea
Jb 12:8
Or speak to the earth, and it shall teach you.
The fish of the sea shall declare to you.
9τίς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]·ς
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
who
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἔγνω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γινώσκω/γιγν- (γινωσκ-/γιγνωσκ-, γνω·σ-, 2nd ath. γν(ω)-/ath. γν(ο)-, εγνω·κ-, εγνωσ-, γνωσ·θ-)
ε·γν(ω)·^
2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-KNOW-ed
καί έν τούτω γινώσκομεν
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
πᾶσι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
πα[ντ]·σι(ν)
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
all
(of a relevant set).
τούτοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
χεὶρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

χείρ, χειρός, ἡ, dat. pl. χερσίν
χειρ
(fem) nom|voc sg
hand
κυρίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ου; κυρι·ου
(mas) gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
ἐποίησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ε·ποιη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-DO/MAKE-ed
ταῦτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·α
neu nom|acc pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
Jb 12:9
Who doesn’t know that in all these,
the hand of Yahweh has done this,
10εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
χειρὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

χείρ, χειρός, ἡ, dat. pl. χερσίν
χειρ·ι
(fem) dat sg
hand
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
ψυχὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.); Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ψῦχο·ς, -ους, τό; ψυχή, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. ψυχή
ψυχ(ε)·α; ψυχ·η
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl; (fem) nom|voc sg
cold weathers; soul-life
; self A. life, “λύθη ψ. τε μένος τε” Il.5.296, etc.; psyche/mind
πάντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl
all
(of a relevant set).
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
ζώντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ζάω (ζ(η)-/ath. ζ(η)-, ζη·σ-, ζη·σ-, -, -, -)
ζ(η)·οντων, ζ(η)·ο[υ]ντ·ων
pres act imp 3rd pl classical, pres act ptcp mas gen pl or pres act ptcp neu gen pl
let-them-be-LIVE-ing!, while LIVE-ing
Verb from "ζωή"(life), hence live/made-alive, exist, inhabit
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
πνεῦμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πνεῦμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πνευμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
spirit
/breath/wind, spiritual-utterance
παντὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ος
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
each/every
(of a relevant set).
ἀνθρώπου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ου
(mas) gen sg
human
Jb 12:10
in whose hand is the life of every living thing,
and the breath of all mankind?
11οὖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

οὖς, ὠτός, τό
ω[τ]·ς > irreg. ους
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
ear
μὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μέν
μεν
indecl
indeed
/certainly/surely.
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
ῥήματα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ῥῆμα[τ], -ατος, τό
ρηματ·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
declarations
/saying/statement/utterance Often "word" but distinguished from "logos" (message)
διακρίνει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δια·κρίνω (δια+κριν-, -, δια+κριν·[σ]-, -, -, δια+κρι·θ-)
δια·κριν·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-DISCRIMINATE(POS)-ing--DOUBT(NEG), you(sg)-are-being-DISCRIMINATE(POS)-ed--DOUBT(NEG)
Lit:"judge-from-side-to-side", hence thoroughly-discern/decide/distinguish/judge/separate, or doubt(neg).
λάρυγξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

λάρυγξ, -γγος, ὁ
λαρυγγ·ς
(mas) nom|voc sg
throat
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
σῖτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl. and Neu. 2nd Decl.)

σῖτος, -ου, ὁ and σῖτα, -ων, τά
σιτ·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
wheat/grain
seed; cereal
γεύεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γεύομαι (γευ-, γευ·σ-, γευ·σ-, -, -, -)
γευ·εται
pres mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is-being-TASTE-ed
Jb 12:11
Doesn’t the ear try words,
even as the palate tastes its food?
12ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
πολλῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral, irreg.)

πολ[λ]ύς πολλή πολ[λ]ύ
πολλ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
much
χρόνῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

χρόνος, -ου, ὁ (cf. καιρός)
χρον·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
time
, a specific (clock) time, period-of-time (a while). Distinct from kairos (season)
σοφία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

σοφία, -ας, ἡ
σοφι·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
wisdom
/sagacity/skill/learning/cleverness/sapience. Usually rendered "wisdom", but misses the aspect of learned-skill.
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
πολλῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral, irreg.)

πολ[λ]ύς πολλή πολ[λ]ύ
πολλ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
much
βίῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

βίος, -ου, ὁ
βι·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
life/livelihood
can also refer to property (BDAG 177)
ἐπιστήμη
Jb 12:12
With aged men is wisdom,
in length of days understanding.
13παρ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

παρά
παρ’
indecl
frοm beside (+acc,+gen,+dat)
παρ’ before vowels I. beside, near, by, II. along, III. past, beyond. 1. with Verbs of coming, going, etc., to the side of, to, with Verbs of placing, examining, etc., side by side with, near, together
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
σοφία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

σοφία, -ας, ἡ
σοφι·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
wisdom
/sagacity/skill/learning/cleverness/sapience. Usually rendered "wisdom", but misses the aspect of learned-skill.
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
δύναμις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

δύναμις, -εως, ἡ
δυναμ(ι)·ς
(fem) nom sg
ability
/power
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
βουλὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βουλή, -ῆς, ἡ
βουλ·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
will/plan/intent
counsel, design, advice
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
σύνεσις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

σύν·εσις, -εως, ἡ
συνεσ(ι)·ς
(fem) nom sg
insight/discernment
, from "συνίημι" (put/place-together, connect-the-dots), hence intelligence, synthesized-understanding, prudence.
Jb 12:13
“With God is wisdom and might.
He has counsel and understanding.
14ἐὰν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἐάν (εἰ ἄν)
εαν
indecl
if-ever
"ἐὰν μή" (Lit:if-ever not) means "except", "unless"
καταβάλῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·βάλλω (κατα+βαλλ-, κατα+βαλ(ε)·[σ]-, κατα+βαλ·[σ]- or 2nd κατα+βαλ-, κατα+βεβλη·κ-, κατα+βεβλη-, κατα+βλη·θ-)
κατα·βαλ(ε)·[σ]ῃ, κατα·βαλ·[σ]ῃ, κατα·βαλ·ῃ
fut mp ind 2nd sg, 1aor act sub 3rd sg or 1aor mp sub 2nd sg, 2aor act sub 3rd sg or 2aor mp sub 2nd sg
you(sg)-will-be-CAST DOWN-ed, he/she/it-should-CAST DOWN, you(sg)-should-be-CAST DOWN-ed
bring down (to nothing), defy
τίς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]·ς
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
who
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
οἰκοδομήσει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

οἰκο·δομέω (οικοδομ(ε)-, οικοδομη·σ-, οικοδομη·σ-, ῳκοδομη·κ-, ῳκοδομη-, οικοδομη·θ-)
οικοδομη·σει
fut act ind 3rd sg or fut mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-will-BUILD-UP, you(sg)-will-be-BUILD-UP-ed
Lit:"dwelling-building", hence building-refuge, build-up,edify
ἐὰν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἐάν (εἰ ἄν)
εαν
indecl
if-ever
"ἐὰν μή" (Lit:if-ever not) means "except", "unless"
κλείσῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κλείω (κλει-, κλει·σ-, κλει·σ-, κεκλει·κ-, κεκλεισ-, κλεισ·θ-)
κλει·σῃ
fut mp ind 2nd sg or 1aor act sub 3rd sg or 1aor mp sub 2nd sg
you(sg)-will-be-SHUT-ed, he/she/it-should-SHUT, you(sg)-should-be-SHUT-ed
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
ἀνθρώπων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ων
(mas) gen pl
humans
τίς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]·ς
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
who
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
ἀνοίξει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.); Verb

ἄν·οιξις, -εως, ἡ; ἀν·οίγω (αν+οιγ-/ανοιγ-, αν+οιξ-, αν+οιξ-/ανοιξ-/ανεῳξ-, αν+εῳγ·[κ]-, αν+εῳγ-/ηνοιγ-/ηνεῳγ-, αν+οιγ·[θ]-/ανοιγ·[θ]-/αν+οιχ·θ-/ανοιχ·θ-/ανεῳχ·θ-)
ανοιξ(ι)·ι; αν·οιγ·σει
(fem) dat sg; fut act ind 3rd sg or fut mp ind 2nd sg classical
opening; he/she/it-will-OPEN-UP, you(sg)-will-be-OPEN-UP-ed
; Lit:"open-up".
Jb 12:14
Behold, he breaks down, and it can’t be built again.
He imprisons a man, and there can be no release.
15ἐὰν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἐάν (εἰ ἄν)
εαν
indecl
if-ever
"ἐὰν μή" (Lit:if-ever not) means "except", "unless"
κωλύσῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κωλύω (cf. φράσσω) (κωλυ-, κωλυ·σ-, κωλυ·σ-, -, -, κωλυ·θ-)
κωλυ·σῃ
fut mp ind 2nd sg or 1aor act sub 3rd sg or 1aor mp sub 2nd sg
you(sg)-will-be-HINDER/PREVENT-ed, he/she/it-should-HINDER/PREVENT, you(sg)-should-be-HINDER/PREVENT-ed
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
ὥδωρ ξηρανεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ξηραίνω (ξηραιν-, ξηραν(ε)·[σ]-, ξηραν·[σ]-, -, εξηραν-, ξηραν·θ-)
ξηραν(ε)·[σ]ει
fut act ind 3rd sg or fut mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-will-WITHER, you(sg)-will-be-WITHER-ed
(from adjective "ξηρός": dry, parched).
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
γῆν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

γῆ, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. γῆ
γ·ην
(fem) acc sg
earth/land
ἐὰν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἐάν (εἰ ἄν)
εαν
indecl
if-ever
"ἐὰν μή" (Lit:if-ever not) means "except", "unless"
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἐπαφῇ ἀπώλεσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·όλλυμι (ath. απ+ολλυ-, απ+ολ(ε)·[σ]-/απ+ολε·σ-, απ+ολε·σ- or 2nd απ+ολ-, απ+ολωλ·[κ]-, -, -)
απ·ε·ολε·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-DESTROY-ed
Lit:"destroy-from", hence: fully/utterly-destroy/ruin/annihilate (active), perish (middle).
αὐτὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ην
fem acc sg
her/it/same
καταστρέψας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·στρέφω (κατα+στρεφ-, κατα+στρεψ-, κατα+στρεψ-, -, κατ+εστραφ-, κατα+στραφ·[θ]-)
κατα·στρεφ·σα[ντ]·ς
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon TURN-ing-OVER/PLOW
[to over-throw as soil, or tables see Matt 21:12, Mark 15; topple]
Jb 12:15
Behold, he withholds the waters, and they dry up.
Again, he sends them out, and they overturn the earth.
16παρ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

παρά
παρ’
indecl
frοm beside (+acc,+gen,+dat)
παρ’ before vowels I. beside, near, by, II. along, III. past, beyond. 1. with Verbs of coming, going, etc., to the side of, to, with Verbs of placing, examining, etc., side by side with, near, together
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
κράτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

κράτο·ς, -ους, τό
κρατ(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
might
might power
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἰσχύς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

ἰσχύς, -ύος, ἡ
ισχυ·ς
(fem) nom sg
strength
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
ἐπιστήμη καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
σύνεσις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

σύν·εσις, -εως, ἡ
συνεσ(ι)·ς
(fem) nom sg
insight/discernment
, from "συνίημι" (put/place-together, connect-the-dots), hence intelligence, synthesized-understanding, prudence.
Jb 12:16
With him is strength and wisdom.
The deceived and the deceiver are his.
17διάγων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δι·άγω (δι+αγ-, δι+αξ-, 2nd δι+αγαγ-, -, -, -)
δι·αγ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while THRU-LEAD-ing
βουλευτὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

βουλευτής, -οῦ, ὁ
βουλευτ·ας
(mas) acc pl
councillor/plotters
αἰχμαλώτους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-2-2)

αἰχμ·άλωτος[2], -ώτου, ὁ; αἰχμ·άλωτος[1] -ον [LXX]
αιχμαλωτ·ους; αιχμαλωτ·ους
(mas) acc pl; mas acc pl or fem acc pl
captives; captive
;
κριτὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

κριτής, -οῦ, ὁ
κριτ·ας
(mas) acc pl
judges
[see critic]
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
γῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

γῆ, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. γῆ
γ·ης
(fem) gen sg
earth/land
ἐξέστησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·ίστημι (ath. εξ+ιστ(α)-/ath. εξ+ιστ(η)-, εκ+στη·σ-, εκ+στη·σ- or 2nd ath. εκ+στ(η)-/ath. εκ+στ(α)-, εξ+εστη·κ-/εξ+εστα·κ-/εξ+εστ(α)·[κ]-, -, εκ+στα·θ-)
εκ·ε·στη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-BE-ASTONISHED-ed
Lit:stand-from-out-of", hence be-astonished/astounded/amazed/crazy/out-of-ones-mind. LXX:tremble/confuse/dismay/upset/trouble/faint/displace
Jb 12:17
He leads counselors away stripped.
He makes judges fools.
18καθιζάνων βασιλεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ες, βασιλ(ευ)·ας
(mas) nom|voc pl, (mas) acc pl
kings
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
θρόνους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θρόνος, -ου, ὁ
θρον·ους
(mas) acc pl
thrones
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
περιέδησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

περι·δέω (-, -, περι+δη·σ-, -, περι+δεδε-, -)
περι·ε·δη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-BIND AROUND-ed
ζώνῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ζώνη, -ης, ἡ
ζων·ῃ
(fem) dat sg
waist band
[belt or girdle or sash]
ὀσφύας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

ὀσφῦς, -ύος, ἡ
οσφυ·ας
(fem) acc pl
loins
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
Jb 12:18
He loosens the bond of kings.
He binds their waist with a belt.
19ἐξαποστέλλων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·απο·στέλλω (εξαπο+στελλ-, εξαπο+στελ(ε)·[σ]-, εξαπο+στειλ·[σ]-, εξαπ+εσταλ·κ-, εξαπ+εσταλ-, εξαπο+σταλ·[θ]-)
εξαπο·στελλ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while SEND-FORTH-ing
Lit:"send-from-out-of", hence send-forth.
ἱερεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἱερεύς, -έως, ὁ
ιερ(ευ)·ες, ιερ(ευ)·ας
(mas) nom|voc pl, (mas) acc pl
priests
αἰχμαλώτους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-2-2)

αἰχμ·άλωτος[2], -ώτου, ὁ; αἰχμ·άλωτος[1] -ον [LXX]
αιχμαλωτ·ους; αιχμαλωτ·ους
(mas) acc pl; mas acc pl or fem acc pl
captives; captive
;
δυνάστας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

δυνάστης, -ου, ὁ
δυναστ·ας
(mas) acc pl
sovereigns
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
γῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

γῆ, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. γῆ
γ·ης
(fem) gen sg
earth/land
κατέστρεψεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·στρέφω (κατα+στρεφ-, κατα+στρεψ-, κατα+στρεψ-, -, κατ+εστραφ-, κατα+στραφ·[θ]-)
κατα·ε·στρεφ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-TURN-ed-OVER/PLOW
[to over-throw as soil, or tables see Matt 21:12, Mark 15; topple]
Jb 12:19
He leads priests away stripped,
and overthrows the mighty.
20διαλλάσσων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δι·αλλάσσω (δι+αλλασσ-, -, δι+αλλαξ-, -, δι+ηλλασσ-, δι+αλλαγ·[θ]-)
δι·αλλασσ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while INTERCHANGE-ing
change throughout, e.g. of attitude
χείλη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

χεῖλο·ς, -ους, τό, gen. pl. χειλέων
χειλ(ε)·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
lips
shore border
πιστῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

πιστός -ή -όν; πιστόω (πιστ(ο)-, πιστω·σ-, πιστω·σ-, -, -, πιστω·θ-)
πιστ·ων; πιστ(ο)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
faithful; while ACT-ing-ON-FAITH
trusthworthy; (assurance)
σύνεσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

σύν·εσις, -εως, ἡ
συνεσ(ι)·ν
(fem) acc sg
insight/discernment
, from "συνίημι" (put/place-together, connect-the-dots), hence intelligence, synthesized-understanding, prudence.
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
πρεσβυτέρων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

πρεσβύ·τερος -α -ον (Comp. of πρέσβυς)
πρεσβυτερ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
elder
ἔγνω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γινώσκω/γιγν- (γινωσκ-/γιγνωσκ-, γνω·σ-, 2nd ath. γν(ω)-/ath. γν(ο)-, εγνω·κ-, εγνωσ-, γνωσ·θ-)
ε·γν(ω)·^
2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-KNOW-ed
καί έν τούτω γινώσκομεν
Jb 12:20
He removes the speech of those who are trusted,
and takes away the understanding of the elders.
21ἐκχέων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·χέω/-χύν(ν)ω (εκ+χε-/εκ+χυνν-/εκ+χυν-, εκ+χε(ε)·[σ]-, εκ+χε·[σ]-, εκ+κεχυ·κ-, εκ+κεχυ-, εκ+χυ·θ-)
εκ·χε·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^, εκ·χε(ε)·[σ]ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg, fut act ptcp mas nom sg
while POUR-OUT-ing, going-to-POUR-OUT
spill,shed
ἀτιμίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀ·τιμία, -ας, ἡ
ατιμι·αν
(fem) acc sg
dishonor
disgrace
ἐπ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επ’
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
ἄρχοντας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.); Verb

ἄρχων[τ], -ο[υ]ντος, ὁ, dat. pl. ἄρχουσιν, voc. pl. ἄρχοντες; ἄρχω (αρχ-, αρξ-, αρξ-, -, ηρχ-, -)
αρχο[υ]ντ·ας; αρχ·ο[υ]ντ·ας
(mas) acc pl; pres act ptcp mas acc pl
rulers; while BEGIN/RULE-ing
; Lit:"head/chief", hence rule or begin (depending upon context).
ταπεινοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ταπεινός -ή -όν
ταπειν·ους
mas acc pl
lowly
[abase, humble, humiliate, submissive]
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἰάσατο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἰάομαι (ι(α)-, ια·σ-, ια·σ-, -, ια-, ια·θ-)
ε·ια·σατο
1aor mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-CURE-ed
(supernaturally, instantly), in contrast with "θεραπεύω" (to gradually heal or reverse a sickness/disease/weakness)
Jb 12:21
He pours contempt on princes,
and loosens the belt of the strong.
22ἀνακαλύπτων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀνα·καλύπτω (ανα+καλυπτ-, ανα+καλυψ-, ανα+καλυψ-, -, ανα+κεκαλυπτ-, ανα+καλυφ·θ-)
ανα·καλυπτ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while REVEAL-ing
remove a covering, uncover
βαθέα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-1-3)

βαθύς -εῖα -ύ, gen. sg. -έος and -έως
βαθ(υ)·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl
deep
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
σκότους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

σκότο·ς, -ους, τό
σκοτ(ε)·ος
(neu) gen sg
darkness
gloom, darkness
ἐξήγαγεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·άγω (εξ+αγ-, εξ+αξ-, 2nd εξ+αγαγ-, -, -, εξ+αχ·θ-)
εξ·ε·αγαγ·ε(ν)
2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-BRING/LEAD-OUT-ed
Lit:"lead/bring/carry-from-out-of", hence lead/bring-out.
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
φῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

φῶ[τ]ς, -ωτός, τό
φω[τ]·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
light
σκιὰν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

σκιά, -ᾶς, ἡ
σκι·αν
(fem) acc sg
shadow
shade, shadow, outline, canopy, reflection
θανάτου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Verb

θάνατος, -ου, ὁ; θανατόω (θανατ(ο)-, θανατω·σ-, θανατω·σ-, -, τεθανατω-, θανατω·θ-)
θανατ·ου; θανατ(ο)·ε, θανατ(ο)·ου
(mas) gen sg; pres act imp 2nd sg, pres mp imp 2nd sg
death; be-you(sg)-PUT-TO-DEATH-ing!, be-you(sg)-being-PUT-TO-DEATH-ed!
; from "θάνατος"(death) and "θνῄσκω"(I-am-dying).
Jb 12:22
He uncovers deep things out of darkness,
and brings out to light the shadow of death.
23πλανῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Adjective (2-2-2); Verb

πλάνη, -ης, ἡ; πλάνος -ον; πλανάω (πλαν(α)-, πλανη·σ-, πλανη·σ-, πεπλανη·κ-, πεπλανη-, πλανη·θ-)
πλαν·ων; πλαν·ων; πλαν(α)·ο[υ]ν[τ], πλαν(α)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(fem) gen pl; neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl; pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg, pres act ptcp mas nom sg
missteps; leading astray/deceitful; while WANDER/STRAY-ing
; ; [root for "planet" wanderer]
ἔθνη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ε)·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
nations
/ethnos.
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀπολλύων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.); Verb

Ἀπολλύων, -ονος, ὁ; ἀπ·όλλυμι (ath. απ+ολλυ-, απ+ολ(ε)·[σ]-/απ+ολε·σ-, απ+ολε·σ- or 2nd απ+ολ-, απ+ολωλ·[κ]-, -, -)
απολλυον·^; απ·ολλυ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(mas) nom sg; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
Apollyon; while DESTROY-ing
; Lit:"destroy-from", hence: fully/utterly-destroy/ruin/annihilate (active), perish (middle).
αὐτά [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·α
neu nom|acc pl
they/them/same
καταστρωννύων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·στρώννυμι (κατα+στρωννυ-, -, κατα+στρω·σ-, -, -, κατα+στρω·θ-)
κατα·στρωννυ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while SPREAD-ing-OUT/PROSTRATE
ἔθνη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ε)·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
nations
/ethnos.
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
καθοδηγῶν αὐτά [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·α
neu nom|acc pl
they/them/same
Jb 12:23
He increases the nations, and he destroys them.
He enlarges the nations, and he leads them captive.
24διαλλάσσων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δι·αλλάσσω (δι+αλλασσ-, -, δι+αλλαξ-, -, δι+ηλλασσ-, δι+αλλαγ·[θ]-)
δι·αλλασσ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while INTERCHANGE-ing
change throughout, e.g. of attitude
καρδίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

καρδία, -ας, ἡ
καρδι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
heart, hearts
καρδιας With the eyes of the heart enlightened (Eph_1:18)
ἀρχόντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.); Verb

ἄρχων[τ], -ο[υ]ντος, ὁ, dat. pl. ἄρχουσιν, voc. pl. ἄρχοντες; ἄρχω (αρχ-, αρξ-, αρξ-, -, ηρχ-, -)
αρχο[υ]ντ·ων; αρχ·οντων, αρχ·ο[υ]ντ·ων
(mas) gen pl; pres act imp 3rd pl classical, pres act ptcp mas gen pl or pres act ptcp neu gen pl
rulers; let-them-be-BEGIN/RULE-ing!, while BEGIN/RULE-ing
; Lit:"head/chief", hence rule or begin (depending upon context).
γῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

γῆ, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. γῆ
γ·ης
(fem) gen sg
earth/land
ἐπλάνησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πλανάω (πλαν(α)-, πλανη·σ-, πλανη·σ-, πεπλανη·κ-, πεπλανη-, πλανη·θ-)
ε·πλανη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-WANDER/STRAY-ed
[root for "planet" wanderer]
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
αὐτοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ους
mas acc pl
them/same
ὁδῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl.)

ὁδός, -οῦ, ἡ
οδ·ῳ
(fem) dat sg
way/road
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ

fem dat sg
who/whom/which
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ᾔδεισαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

οἶδα (ath. ιδ-/ath. ειδ(ε)-/ath. ειδ-, ειδη·σ-/ει[δ]·σ-, ειδη·σ-, οιδ·[κ]-/ειδ·[κ]-, -, -)
ε·ειδ·[κ]εισαν
plup act ind 3rd pl
they-had-KNOW-ed
/perceive/be-aware-of/be-acquainted-with/notice. Often rendered "know" (by seeing/observing), in contrast to "γινώσκω" (know by thinking/reasoning/experiencing).
Jb 12:24
He takes away understanding from the chiefs of the people of the earth,
and causes them to wander in a wilderness where there is no way.
25ψηλαφήσαισαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ψηλαφάω (ψηλαφ(α)-, ψηλαφη·σ-, ψηλαφη·σ-, -, -, ψηλαφη·θ-)
ψηλαφη·σαισαν
1aor act opt 3rd pl alt
they-happen-to-FEEL
σκότος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

σκότο·ς, -ους, τό
σκοτ(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
darkness
gloom, darkness
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
φῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

φῶ[τ]ς, -ωτός, τό
φω[τ]·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
light
πλανηθείησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πλανάω (πλαν(α)-, πλανη·σ-, πλανη·σ-, πεπλανη·κ-, πεπλανη-, πλανη·θ-)
πλανη·θειησαν
aor θη opt 3rd pl
they-happen-to-be-WANDER/STRAY-ed
[root for "planet" wanderer]
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ὥσπερ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὥσ·περ
ωσπερ
indecl
just-as
Lit:"wholly/very/completely-as/like", hence "just-as", "just-like".
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
μεθύων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μεθύω (μεθυ-, -, -, -, -, -)
μεθυ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while BE-ing-DRUNK
Jb 12:25
They grope in the dark without light.
He makes them stagger like a drunken man.
« Ch 11» Ch 13

Copyright 2007-2017 Thomas Moore, Email: acct3 at katabiblon.com, Support Forum Set Local Timezone
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