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Γένεσις

Genesis

 CATSS LXX Wiki English Translation‎ / World English Bible
1ἰδὼν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
upon SEE/BEHOLD-ing
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
Ιακωβ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰακώβ, ὁ
ιακωβ
(mas) indecl
Jacob
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
ἔστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
πρᾶσις ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
Αἰγύπτῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl.)

Αἴγυπτος, -ου, ἡ
αιγυπτ·ῳ
(fem) dat sg
Egypt
[country of]
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY/TELL-ed
speak, tell, recount
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
υἱοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·οις
(mas) dat pl
sons
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that
/so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
ῥᾳθυμεῖτε
Gn 42:1
¶Now Jacob saw that there was grain in Egypt, and Jacob said to his sons, “Why do you look at one another?”
2ἰδοὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ου
2aor mp imp 2nd sg
be-you(sg)-SEE/BEHOLD-ed!
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
ἀκήκοα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀκούω (ακου-, ακου·σ-, ακου·σ-, ακηκο·[κ]-, ηκουσ-, ακουσ·θ-)
ακηκο·[κ]α
perf act ind 1st sg
I-have-HEAR-ed
hearken to
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
ἔστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
σῖτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl. and Neu. 2nd Decl.)

σῖτος, -ου, ὁ and σῖτα, -ων, τά
σιτ·ος
(mas) nom sg
wheat/grain
seed; cereal
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
Αἰγύπτῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl.)

Αἴγυπτος, -ου, ἡ
αιγυπτ·ῳ
(fem) dat sg
Egypt
[country of]
κατάβητε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·βαίνω (κατα+βαιν-, κατα+βη·σ-, 2nd ath. κατα+β(η)-/ath. κατα+β(α)-, κατα+βεβη·κ-, -, -)
κατα·β(η)·τε, κατα·β(η)·ητε
2aor act imp 2nd pl, 2aor act sub 2nd pl
do-DESCEND-you(pl)!, you(pl)-should-DESCEND
descend, go down, dismount from, arrive at, attain one's end
ἐκεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἐκεῖ
εκει
indecl
there
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
πρίασθε ἡμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημιν
dat pl
us
μικρὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

μικρός -ά -όν
μικρ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or fem nom|voc sg
small
[see micro]
βρώματα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

βρῶμα[τ], -ατος, τό
βρωματ·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
foods
ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that
/so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
ζῶμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ζάω (ζ(η)-/ath. ζ(η)-, ζη·σ-, ζη·σ-, -, -, -)
ζ(η)·ομεν, ζ(η)·ωμεν
pres act ind 1st pl, pres act sub 1st pl
we-are-LIVE-ing, we-should-be-LIVE-ing
Verb from "ζωή"(life), hence live/made-alive, exist, inhabit
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
ἀποθάνωμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·θνῄσκω (απο+θνῃσκ-, απο+θαν(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd απο+θαν-, -, -, -)
απο·θαν·ωμεν
2aor act sub 1st pl
we-should-DIE
Gn 42:2
He said, “Behold, I have heard that there is grain in Egypt. Go down there, and buy for us from there, so that we may live, and not die.”
3κατέβησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·βαίνω (κατα+βαιν-, κατα+βη·σ-, 2nd ath. κατα+β(η)-/ath. κατα+β(α)-, κατα+βεβη·κ-, -, -)
κατα·ε·β(η)·σαν
2aor act ind 3rd pl
they-DESCEND-ed
descend, go down, dismount from, arrive at, attain one's end
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
ἀδελφοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί
αδελφ·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
brothers
Ιωσηφ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰωσήφ, ὁ
ιωσηφ
(mas) indecl
Joseph
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
δέκα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

δέκα
δεκα
indecl
ten
πρίασθαι σῖτον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl. and Neu. 2nd Decl.)

σῖτος, -ου, ὁ and σῖτα, -ων, τά
σιτ·ον
(mas) acc sg
wheat/grain
seed; cereal
ἐξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εξ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
Αἰγύπτου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl.)

Αἴγυπτος, -ου, ἡ
αιγυπτ·ου
(fem) gen sg
Egypt
[country of]
Gn 42:3
Joseph’s ten brothers went down to buy grain from Egypt.
4τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
Βενιαμιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Indecl.)

Βενιαμ(ε)ίν, ὁ
βενιαμιν
(mas) indecl
Benjamin
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
ἀδελφὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί
αδελφ·ον
(mas) acc sg
brother
Ιωσηφ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰωσήφ, ὁ
ιωσηφ
(mas) indecl
Joseph
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἀπέστειλεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·στέλλω (απο+στελλ-, απο+στελ(ε)·[σ]-, απο+στειλ·[σ]-, απ+εσταλ·κ-, απ+εσταλ-, απο+σταλ·[θ]-)
απο·ε·στειλ·[σ]ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SEND-FORTH-ed
Lit:"send/arrange-from/away". Often rendered "send-forth" (a message, messenger, action, etc), send
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
ἀδελφῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί; ἀδελφή, -ῆς, ἡ
αδελφ·ων; αδελφ·ων
(mas) gen pl; (fem) gen pl
brothers; sisters
;
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY/TELL-ed
speak, tell, recount
γάρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
μήποτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μήποτε (μή ποτέ)
μηποτε
indecl
never
συμβῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συμ·βαίνω (συν+βαιν-, συν+βη·σ-, 2nd ath. συν+β(η)-/ath. συν+β(α)-, συν+βεβη·κ-, -, -)
συν·β(η)·ῃ
2aor act sub 3rd sg
he/she/it-should-HAPPEN
pass off, occur, fortune, come about
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
μαλακία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

μαλακία, -ας, ἡ
μαλακι·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
weakness
Gn 42:4
But Jacob didn’t send Benjamin, Joseph’s brother, with his brothers; for he said, “Lest perhaps harm happen to him.”
5ἦλθον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ε·ελθ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
I-COME-ed, they-COME-ed
Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
υἱοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
sons
Ισραηλ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰσραήλ, ὁ
ισραηλ
(mas) indecl
Israel
ἀγοράζειν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀγοράζω (αγοραζ-, αγορ(α)·[σ]-/αγορα·σ-, αγορα·σ-, -, ηγορασ-, αγορασ·θ-)
αγοραζ·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-BUY/PURCHASE-ing
From noun "ἀγορά" (market-place), hence buy/purchase.
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
ἐρχομένων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ερχ·ομεν·ων
pres mp ptcp fem gen pl or pres mp ptcp mas gen pl or pres mp ptcp neu gen pl
while being-COME-ed
Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
λιμὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl. and Fem. 2nd Decl.)

λιμός, -οῦ, ὁ and
λιμ·ος
(mas) nom sg or (fem) nom sg
famine
hunger
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
γῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

γῆ, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. γῆ
γ·ῃ
(fem) dat sg
earth/land
Χανααν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. Indecl.)

Χαναάν, ἡ
χανααν
(fem) indecl
Canaan
Gn 42:5
The sons of Israel came to buy among those who came, for the famine was in the land of Canaan.
6Ιωσηφ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰωσήφ, ὁ
ιωσηφ
(mas) indecl
Joseph
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
ἄρχων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.); Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Verb

ἄρχων[τ], -ο[υ]ντος, ὁ, dat. pl. ἄρχουσιν, voc. pl. ἄρχοντες; ἀρχή, -ῆς, ἡ; ἄρχω (αρχ-, αρξ-, αρξ-, -, ηρχ-, -)
αρχο[υ]ν[τ]·^; αρχ·ων; αρχ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(mas) nom sg; (fem) gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
ruler; beginnings; while BEGIN/RULE-ing
; ; Lit:"head/chief", hence rule or begin (depending upon context).
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
γῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

γῆ, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. γῆ
γ·ης
(fem) gen sg
earth/land
οὗτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
[τ]ουτ·ος
mas nom sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
ἐπώλει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πωλέω (πωλ(ε)-, πωλη·σ-, πωλη·σ-, -, -, -)
ε·πωλ(ε)·ε
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-SELL-ing
παντὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ι
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
λαῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λαός, -οῦ, ὁ
λα·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
people
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
γῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

γῆ, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. γῆ
γ·ης
(fem) gen sg
earth/land
ἐλθόντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ελθ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
2aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon COME-ing
Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
ἀδελφοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί
αδελφ·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
brothers
Ιωσηφ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰωσήφ, ὁ
ιωσηφ
(mas) indecl
Joseph
προσεκύνησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·κυνέω (προσ+κυν(ε)-, προσ+κυνη·σ-, προσ+κυνη·σ-, προσ+κεκυνη·κ-, -, -)
προσ·ε·κυνη·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-PROSTRATE-ed
kneel or prostrate oneself before, in worship/reverence/honor
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
πρόσωπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

πρόσ·ωπον, -ου, τό
προσωπ·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
face
Lit:"toward-eyes", hence face/countenance/appearance
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
γῆν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

γῆ, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. γῆ
γ·ην
(fem) acc sg
earth/land
Gn 42:6
Joseph was the governor over the land. It was he who sold to all the people of the land. Joseph’s brothers came, and bowed themselves down to him with their faces to the earth.[a]
———
a See Gn. 37:7, 9.
7ἰδὼν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
upon SEE/BEHOLD-ing
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
Ιωσηφ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰωσήφ, ὁ
ιωσηφ
(mas) indecl
Joseph
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
ἀδελφοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί
αδελφ·ους
(mas) acc pl
brothers
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
ἐπέγνω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·γινώσκω (επι+γινωσκ-, επι+γνω·σ-, 2nd ath. επι+γν(ω)-/ath. επι+γν(ο)-, επ+εγνω·κ-, -, επι+γνωσ·θ-)
επι·ε·γν(ω)·^
2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-RECOGNIZE-ed
Lit:from "επίγνωση" (over-knowledge), hence to fully-know/understand, have-insight/consciousness, ackowledge
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἠλλοτριοῦτο ἀπ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απ’
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐλάλησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαλέω (λαλ(ε)-, λαλη·σ-, λαλη·σ-, λελαλη·κ-, λελαλη-, λαλη·θ-)
ε·λαλη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SPEAK-ed
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
σκληρὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

σκληρός -ά -όν
σκληρ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or fem nom|voc sg
hard
[rigid, stiff, unyealding, difficult]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY/TELL-ed
speak, tell, recount
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
πόθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Verb

πό·θεν; πίνω (πιν-, πι·[σ]-, 2nd πι-, πεπω·κ-, -, πο·θ-)
ποθεν; πο·θε[ι]ν[τ]
indecl; aor θη ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
whence; upon being-DRINK-ed
[from where, from which];
ἥκατε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἥκω (ηκ-, ηξ-, ηξ-, ηκ·[κ]-, -, -)
ηκ·[κ]ατε
perf act ind 2nd pl
you(pl)-have-ARRIVE-ed
[be-present, approach. Similar to: έρχομαι. except more emphasis upon destination than the journey]
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
εἶπαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]αν, ειπ·[σ]αν[τ]
1aor act ind 3rd pl, 1aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
they-SAY/TELL-ed, upon SAY/TELL-ing
speak, tell, recount
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
γῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

γῆ, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. γῆ
γ·ης
(fem) gen sg
earth/land
Χανααν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. Indecl.)

Χαναάν, ἡ
χανααν
(fem) indecl
Canaan
ἀγοράσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀγοράζω (αγοραζ-, αγορ(α)·[σ]-/αγορα·σ-, αγορα·σ-, -, ηγορασ-, αγορασ·θ-)
αγορ(α)·[σ]εσαι, αγορα·σαι
fut mp ind 2nd sg alt, 1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
you(sg)-will-be-BUY/PURCHASE-ed, to-BUY/PURCHASE, be-you(sg)-BUY/PURCHASE-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-BUY/PURCHASE
From noun "ἀγορά" (market-place), hence buy/purchase.
βρώματα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

βρῶμα[τ], -ατος, τό
βρωματ·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
foods
Gn 42:7
Joseph saw his brothers, and he recognized them, but acted like a stranger to them, and spoke roughly with bruskly to them. He said to them, “Where did you come from?”
¶They said, “From the land of Canaan to buy food.”
8ἐπέγνω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·γινώσκω (επι+γινωσκ-, επι+γνω·σ-, 2nd ath. επι+γν(ω)-/ath. επι+γν(ο)-, επ+εγνω·κ-, -, επι+γνωσ·θ-)
επι·ε·γν(ω)·^
2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-RECOGNIZE-ed
Lit:from "επίγνωση" (over-knowledge), hence to fully-know/understand, have-insight/consciousness, ackowledge
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
Ιωσηφ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰωσήφ, ὁ
ιωσηφ
(mas) indecl
Joseph
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
ἀδελφοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί
αδελφ·ους
(mas) acc pl
brothers
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
αὐτοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οι
mas nom pl
they/same
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἐπέγνωσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·γινώσκω (επι+γινωσκ-, επι+γνω·σ-, 2nd ath. επι+γν(ω)-/ath. επι+γν(ο)-, επ+εγνω·κ-, -, επι+γνωσ·θ-)
επι·ε·γν(ω)·σαν
2aor act ind 3rd pl
they-RECOGNIZE-ed
Lit:from "επίγνωση" (over-knowledge), hence to fully-know/understand, have-insight/consciousness, ackowledge
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
Gn 42:8
¶Joseph recognized his brothers, but they didn’t recognize him.
9καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐμνήσθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μιμνῄσκομαι v.l. μιμνή- (μιμνησκ-/μιμνῃσκ-, -, -, -, μεμνη-, μνησ·θ-)
ε·μνησ·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-REMEMBER-ed
/remind/recollect, become-mindful-of(middle), reminded(person-passive) remembered (entity-passive).
Ιωσηφ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰωσήφ, ὁ
ιωσηφ
(mas) indecl
Joseph
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
ἐνυπνίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ἐν·ύπνιον, -ου, τό
ενυπνι·ων
(neu) gen pl
dreams
ὧν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
who/whom/which
εἶδεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ε·ιδ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ιδ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SEE/BEHOLD-ed
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
αὐτός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ος
mas nom sg
he/it/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY/TELL-ed
speak, tell, recount
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
κατάσκοποί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

κατά·σκοπος, -ου, ὁ
κατασκοπ·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
spies
ἐστε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·τε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are, be-you(pl)!
κατανοῆσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·νοέω (κατα+νο(ε)-, κατα+νοη·σ-, κατα+νοη·σ-, -, -, -)
κατα·νοη·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-UNDERSTAND, be-you(sg)-UNDERSTAND-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-UNDERSTAND
Lit:"think-down/exactly", hence comprehend, understand
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
ἴχνη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἴχνο·ς, -ους, τό
ιχν(ε)·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
footsteps
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
χώρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

χώρα, -ας, ἡ
χωρ·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
region, regions
realm (clίme); land, country, territory, tract, province
ἥκατε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἥκω (ηκ-, ηξ-, ηξ-, ηκ·[κ]-, -, -)
ηκ·[κ]ατε
perf act ind 2nd pl
you(pl)-have-ARRIVE-ed
[be-present, approach. Similar to: έρχομαι. except more emphasis upon destination than the journey]
Gn 42:9
Joseph remembered the dreams which he dreamed about them, and said to them, “You are spies! You have come to see the nakedness of the land.”
10οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
εἶπαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]αν, ειπ·[σ]αν[τ]
1aor act ind 3rd pl, 1aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
they-SAY/TELL-ed, upon SAY/TELL-ing
speak, tell, recount
οὐχί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὐχί
ουχι
indecl
not
[strengthened form of οὐ/οὐκ/οὐχ]
κύριε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ε; κυρι·ε
(mas) voc sg; mas voc sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
παῖδές [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl. and Fem. 3rd Decl.)

παῖ[δ]ς, -αιδός, ὁ and
παιδ·ες
(mas) nom|voc pl or (fem) nom|voc pl
children/servants
σου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
ἤλθομεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ε·ελθ·ομεν
2aor act ind 1st pl
we-COME-ed
Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
πρίασθαι βρώματα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

βρῶμα[τ], -ατος, τό
βρωματ·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
foods
Gn 42:10
¶They said to him, “No, my lord, but your servants have come to buy food.
11πάντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ες
mas nom|voc pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
ἐσμὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·μεν
pres act ind 1st pl
we-are
υἱοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
sons
ἑνὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ε[ι]ν·ος
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
one
ἀνθρώπου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ου
(mas) gen sg
human
εἰρηνικοί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

εἰρηνικός -ή -όν
ειρηνικ·οι
mas nom|voc pl
peaceful
ἐσμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·μεν
pres act ind 1st pl
we-are
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
εἰσὶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^σι(ν); (εσ)·ασι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg; pres act ind 3rd pl
he/she/it-is-BE-ing; they-are
;
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
παῖδές [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl. and Fem. 3rd Decl.)

παῖ[δ]ς, -αιδός, ὁ and
παιδ·ες
(mas) nom|voc pl or (fem) nom|voc pl
children/servants
σου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
κατάσκοποι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

κατά·σκοπος, -ου, ὁ
κατασκοπ·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
spies
Gn 42:11
We are all one man’s sons; we are honest men. Your servants are not spies.”
12εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY/TELL-ed
speak, tell, recount
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
οὐχί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὐχί
ουχι
indecl
not
[strengthened form of οὐ/οὐκ/οὐχ]
ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
ἴχνη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἴχνο·ς, -ους, τό
ιχν(ε)·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
footsteps
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
γῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

γῆ, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. γῆ
γ·ης
(fem) gen sg
earth/land
ἤλθατε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ε·ελθ·[σ]ατε
1aor act ind 2nd pl
you(pl)-COME-ed
Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
ἰδεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ειν
2aor act inf
to-SEE/BEHOLD
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
Gn 42:12
¶He said to them, “No, but you have come to see the nakedness of the land!”
13οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
εἶπαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]αν, ειπ·[σ]αν[τ]
1aor act ind 3rd pl, 1aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
they-SAY/TELL-ed, upon SAY/TELL-ing
speak, tell, recount
δώδεκά [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

δώ·δεκα/δεκα·δύο
δωδεκα
indecl
twelve
ἐσμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·μεν
pres act ind 1st pl
we-are
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
παῖδές [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl. and Fem. 3rd Decl.)

παῖ[δ]ς, -αιδός, ὁ and
παιδ·ες
(mas) nom|voc pl or (fem) nom|voc pl
children/servants
σου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
ἀδελφοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί
αδελφ·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
brothers
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
γῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

γῆ, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. γῆ
γ·ῃ
(fem) dat sg
earth/land
Χανααν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. Indecl.)

Χαναάν, ἡ
χανααν
(fem) indecl
Canaan
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἰδοὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ου
2aor mp imp 2nd sg
be-you(sg)-SEE/BEHOLD-ed!
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
νεώτερος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

νεώ·τερος -α -ον (Comp. of νέος)
νεωτερ·ος
mas nom sg
newer/younger
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
πατρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

πατήρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ὁ, voc. pl. πατέρες
πατ[ε]ρ·ος
(mas) gen sg
father
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
us
σήμερον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

σήμερον
σημερον
indecl
today
day
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἕτερος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Indefinite)

ἕτερος -α -ον (cf. ἄλλος)
ετερ·ος
mas nom sg
other(different/distinct)
, as distinguish from "ἄλλος" "other" (of a similar kind).
οὐχ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουχ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ὑπάρχει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑπ·άρχω (υπ+αρχ-, υπ+αρξ-, υπ+αρξ-, -, -, -)
υπ·αρχ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-I AM; I EXIST-ing, you(sg)-are-being-I AM; I EXIST-ed
A synonym of εἰμί
Gn 42:13
¶They said, “We, your servants, are twelve brothers, the sons of one man in the land of Canaan; and behold, the youngest is this day with our father, and one is no more.”
14εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY/TELL-ed
speak, tell, recount
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
Ιωσηφ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰωσήφ, ὁ
ιωσηφ
(mas) indecl
Joseph
τοῦτό [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ο
neu nom|acc sg
who/whom/which
εἴρηκα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειρη·κα
perf act ind 1st sg
I-have-SAY/TELL-ed
speak, tell, recount
ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you(pl)
λέγων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while SAY/TELL-ing
speak, tell, recount
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
κατάσκοποί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

κατά·σκοπος, -ου, ὁ
κατασκοπ·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
spies
ἐστε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·τε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are, be-you(pl)!
Gn 42:14
¶Joseph said to them, “It is like I told you, saying, ‘You are spies!’
15ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τούτῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
φανεῖσθε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φαίνω (φαιν-, φαν(ε)·[σ]-, φαν·[σ]-, -, -, φαν·[θ]-)
φαν(ε)·[σ]εσθε
fut mp ind 2nd pl
you(pl)-will-be-APPEAR-ed
look, shew, peer, seem, show
νὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

νή
νη
indecl
yes, indeed
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
ὑγίειαν Φαραω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Φαραώ, ὁ
φαραω
(mas) indecl
Pharaoh
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
ἐξέλθητε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·έρχομαι (εξ+ερχ-, εξ+ελευ·σ-, εξ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd εξ+ελθ-, εξ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εξ·ελθ·[σ]ητε, εξ·ελθ·ητε
1aor act sub 2nd pl, 2aor act sub 2nd pl
you(pl)-should-COME-OUT
[exit]
ἐντεῦθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἐντεῦ·θεν
εντευθεν
indecl
from here
ἐὰν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἐάν (εἰ ἄν)
εαν
indecl
if-ever
"ἐὰν μή" (Lit:if-ever not) means "except", "unless"
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
ἀδελφὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί
αδελφ·ος
(mas) nom sg
brother
ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you(pl)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
νεώτερος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

νεώ·τερος -α -ον (Comp. of νέος)
νεωτερ·ος
mas nom sg
newer/younger
ἔλθῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ελθ·[σ]ῃ, ελθ·ῃ
1aor act sub 3rd sg, 2aor act sub 3rd sg
he/she/it-should-COME
Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
ὧδε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὧδε
ωδε
indecl
here
Gn 42:15
By this you shall be tested. By the life of Pharaoh, you shall not go forth from here, unless your youngest brother comes here.
16ἀποστείλατε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·στέλλω (απο+στελλ-, απο+στελ(ε)·[σ]-, απο+στειλ·[σ]-, απ+εσταλ·κ-, απ+εσταλ-, απο+σταλ·[θ]-)
απο·στειλ·[σ]ατε
1aor act imp 2nd pl
do-SEND-FORTH-you(pl)!
Lit:"send/arrange-from/away". Often rendered "send-forth" (a message, messenger, action, etc), send
ἐξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εξ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you(pl)
ἕνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ε[ι]ν·α
mas acc sg
one
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
λάβετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαμβάνω (λαμβαν-, λημψ-/ληψ-, λαβ·[σ]- or 2nd λαβ-, ειληφ·[κ]-, ειληβ-, λημφ·θ-/ληφ·θ-)
λαβ·ετε
2aor act imp 2nd pl
do-TAKE/RECEIVE-you(pl)!
grasp, clutch, cling-to, seize, lay-hands-upon, take by violence, carry off, of a deity, seize, possess, catch, find out, detect, overtake, understand
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
ἀδελφὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί
αδελφ·ον
(mas) acc sg
brother
ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you(pl)
ὑμεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμεις
nom pl
you(pl)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἀπάχθητε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·άγω (απ+αγ-, απ+αξ-, 2nd απ+αγαγ-, -, απ+ηγ-, απ+αχ·θ-)
απ·αγ·θητε
aor θη imp 2nd pl or aor θη sub 2nd pl
be-you(pl)-LEAD-ed-AWAY!, you(pl)-should-be-LEAD-ed-AWAY
ἕως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction; Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl.)

ἕως[1]; ἕως[2], -ω, ἡ [LXX], acc.
εως; ε(ω)·ος, ε(ω)·ους
indecl; (fem) nom|voc sg, (fem) acc pl
until; dawn, dawns
;
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
φανερὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

φανερός -ά -όν
φανερ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or fem nom|voc sg
manifest
obvious, overt, patent, apparent, openly, evidently [but not the word evident]
γενέσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
γεν·εσθαι
2aor mp inf
to-be-BECOME-ed
become; happen; sometimes left untranslated
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
ῥήματα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ῥῆμα[τ], -ατος, τό
ρηματ·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
declarations
/saying/statement/utterance Often "word" but distinguished from "logos" (message)
ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you(pl)
εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
ἀληθεύετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀ·ληθεύω (αληθευ-, αληθευ·σ-, αληθευ·σ-, -, -, -)
αληθευ·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-TELL-ing-THE-TRUTH, be-you(pl)-TELL-ing-THE-TRUTH!
1. to speak the truth (Gal 4:16); 2. to live, practice or follow the truth - not just speak it, hence to be ethical or just (see Eph 4:15 where it is used in contrast to living under the influence of falsehood like children [v14]; see also LXX Prv 21:3)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἤ[1]
η
indecl
or/than
οὔ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
μή [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
νὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

νή
νη
indecl
yes, indeed
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
ὑγίειαν Φαραω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Φαραώ, ὁ
φαραω
(mas) indecl
Pharaoh
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἦ[2]
η
indecl
truly
μὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle; Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

μήν[1]; μήν[2], μηνός, ὁ
μην; μην
indecl; (mas) nom|voc sg
verily; month
truly, doubtless;
κατάσκοποί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

κατά·σκοπος, -ου, ὁ
κατασκοπ·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
spies
ἐστε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·τε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are, be-you(pl)!
Gn 42:16
Send one of you, and let him get your brother, and you shall be bound, that your words may be tested, whether there is truth in you, or else by the life of Pharaoh surely you are spies.”
17καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἔθετο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τίθημι (ath. τιθ(ε)-, θη·σ-, θη·κ- or 2nd ath. θ(ε)-, τεθει·κ-, τεθει-, τε·θ-)
ε·θ(ε)·το
2aor mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-PLACE-ed
/lay/put/set/situate/arrange/station
αὐτοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ους
mas acc pl
them/same
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
φυλακῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

φυλακή, -ῆς, ἡ
φυλακ·ῃ
(fem) dat sg
prison/guard
ἡμέρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
day, days
τρεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral, irreg.)

τρεῖς τρία, gen. pl. τριῶν, dat. pl. τρισίν
τρ(ι)·ες, τρ(ι)·ας
mas nom pl or fem nom pl, mas acc pl or fem acc pl
three
Gn 42:17
He put them all together into custody for three days.
18εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY/TELL-ed
speak, tell, recount
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
ἡμέρᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
day
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
τρίτῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

τρίτος -η -ον
τριτ·ῃ
fem dat sg
third
τοῦτο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
ποιήσατε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποιη·σατε
1aor act imp 2nd pl
do-DO/MAKE-you(pl)!
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ζήσεσθε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ζάω (ζ(η)-/ath. ζ(η)-, ζη·σ-, ζη·σ-, -, -, -)
ζη·σεσθε
fut mp ind 2nd pl
you(pl)-will-be-LIVE-ed
Verb from "ζωή"(life), hence live/made-alive, exist, inhabit
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
θεὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ον
(mas) acc sg
god
[see theology]
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
ἐγὼ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
εγω
nom sg
I
φοβοῦμαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φοβέω (φοβ(ε)-, -, φοβη·σ-, -, πεφοβη-, φοβη·θ-)
φοβ(ε)·ομαι
pres mp ind 1st sg
I-am-being-FEAR-ed
Gn 42:18
¶Joseph said to them the third day, “Do this, and live, for I fear God.
19εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
εἰρηνικοί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

εἰρηνικός -ή -όν
ειρηνικ·οι
mas nom|voc pl
peaceful
ἐστε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·τε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are, be-you(pl)!
ἀδελφὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί
αδελφ·ος
(mas) nom sg
brother
ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you(pl)
εἷς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ει[ν]·ς
mas nom sg
one
κατασχεθήτω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατ·έχω (κατ+εχ-, καθ+εξ-, 2nd κατα+σχ-, -, -, κατα+σχε·θ-)
κατα·σχε·θητω
aor θη imp 3rd sg
let-him/her/it-be-HOLD FAST-ed!
seize, hold fast, hold back, restrain, bridle, possess, occupy, gain possession of, be master of Lit: hold-down
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
φυλακῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

φυλακή, -ῆς, ἡ
φυλακ·ῃ
(fem) dat sg
prison/guard
αὐτοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οι
mas nom pl
they/same
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
βαδίσατε καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀπαγάγετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·άγω (απ+αγ-, απ+αξ-, 2nd απ+αγαγ-, -, απ+ηγ-, απ+αχ·θ-)
απ·αγαγ·ετε
2aor act imp 2nd pl
do-LEAD-you(pl)-AWAY!
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
ἀγορασμὸν τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
σιτοδοσίας ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you(pl)
Gn 42:19
If you are honest men, then let one of your brothers be bound in your prison; but you go, carry grain for the famine of your houses.
20καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
ἀδελφὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί
αδελφ·ον
(mas) acc sg
brother
ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you(pl)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
νεώτερον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

νεώ·τερος -α -ον (Comp. of νέος)
νεωτερ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
newer/younger
ἀγάγετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἄγω (αγ-, αξ-, 2nd αγαγ-, αγειοχ·[κ]-, ηγ-, αχ·θ-)
αγαγ·ετε
2aor act imp 2nd pl
do-LEAD-you(pl)!
πρός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
με [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
με
acc sg
me
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
πιστευθήσονται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πιστεύω (πιστευ-, πιστευ·σ-, πιστευ·σ-, πεπιστευ·κ-, πεπιστευ-, πιστευ·θ-)
πιστευ·θησονται
fut θη ind 3rd pl
they-will-be-BELIEVE/TRUST-ed
be-persuaded/accept [toward] (heed [to], believe); give management (entrust). PASS. to be entrusted with
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
ῥήματα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ῥῆμα[τ], -ατος, τό
ρηματ·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
declarations
/saying/statement/utterance Often "word" but distinguished from "logos" (message)
ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you(pl)
εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
μή [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
ἀποθανεῖσθε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·θνῄσκω (απο+θνῃσκ-, απο+θαν(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd απο+θαν-, -, -, -)
απο·θαν(ε)·[σ]εσθε
fut mp ind 2nd pl
you(pl)-will-be-DIE-ed
ἐποίησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ε·ποιη·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-DO/MAKE-ed
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
οὕτως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὕτως/οὕτω
ουτως
indecl
thusly/like-this
[Lit:"like-this": in-this-manner (οὕτως before vowels and consonants; οὕτω before consonants only]
Gn 42:20
Bring your youngest brother to me; so will your words be verified, and you won’t die.”
¶They did so.
21καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY/TELL-ed
speak, tell, recount
ἕκαστος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Distributive Numeral)

ἕκαστος -η -ον
εκαστ·ος
mas nom sg
each-separately
(from "ἕκας" "separate"), hence each-separately/distinctly (as opposed to "πᾶς" "each-of-a-relevant-set"
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
ἀδελφὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί
αδελφ·ον
(mas) acc sg
brother
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
ναί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ναί[1]
ναι
indecl
yes
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ἁμαρτίᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἁ·μαρτία, -ίας, ἡ
αμαρτι·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
sin
Typical NT usage: "sin", also used to denote failure in a more generic fashion.
γάρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
ἐσμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·μεν
pres act ind 1st pl
we-are
περὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

περί
περι
indecl
about (+acc,+gen)
Lit:"around" (as in perimeter "around-measure"). Fig:about/regarding/concerning
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
ἀδελφοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί
αδελφ·ου
(mas) gen sg
brother
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
us
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
ὑπερείδομεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑπερ·οράω a.k.a. ὑπερ·εῖδον (υπερ+ορ(α)-, υπερ+οψ-, 2nd υπερ+ιδ-, -, υπερ+εωρα-, υπερ+οφ·θ-)
υπερ·ε·ιδ·ομεν
2aor act ind 1st pl
we-OVERLOOK-ed
[take no notice of, look down upon, disdain]
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
θλῖψιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

θλῖψις, -εως, ἡ
θλιψ(ι)·ν
(fem) acc sg
hardship/tribulation
[squeezing, constriction], affliction
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
ψυχῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ψυχή, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. ψυχή
ψυχ·ης
(fem) gen sg
soul-life
self A. life, “λύθη ψ. τε μένος τε” Il.5.296, etc.; psyche/mind
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
ὅτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὅτε
οτε
indecl
when
κατεδέετο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·δέομαι [LXX] (κατα+δε-/κατα+δ(ε)-, -, -, -, -, κατα+δεη·θ-)
κατα·ε·δε·ετο
impf mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-being-ENTREAT-ed-EARNESTLY
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
us
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
εἰσηκούσαμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰσ·ακούω (εισ+ακου-, εισ+ακου·σ-, εισ+ακου·σ-, εισ+ακηκο·[κ]-, -, εισ+ακουσ·θ-)
εισ·ε·ακου·σαμεν
1aor act ind 1st pl
we-HEAR-ed
Lit:"hear-into", hence listen-intently, hear-deeply, hearken-to, by extension obey. Cf. προσ·έχω
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
ἕνεκεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἕνεκα/ἕνεκεν/εἵνεκεν
ενεκεν
indecl
for-cause/reason-of
/because-of, for-sake-of, by-reason-of, for-this-cause, why
τούτου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
ἐπῆλθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπ·έρχομαι (επ+ερχ-, επ+ελευ·σ-, επ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd επ+ελθ-, επ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
επ·ε·ελθ·[σ]ε(ν), επ·ε·ελθ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-COME-ed-UPON/APPROACH
ἐφ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
εφ’
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
ἡμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημας
acc pl
us
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
θλῖψις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

θλῖψις, -εως, ἡ
θλιψ(ι)·ς
(fem) nom sg
hardship/tribulation
[squeezing, constriction], affliction
αὕτη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
[τ]αυτ·η
fem nom sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
Gn 42:21
They said one to another, “We are certainly guilty concerning our brother, in that we saw the distress of his soul, when he begged us, and we wouldn’t listen. Therefore this distress has come upon us.”
22ἀποκριθεὶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κρίνομαι (απο+κριν-, -, απο+κριν·[σ]-, -, απο+κεκρι-, απο+κρι·θ-)
απο·κρι·θει[ντ]·ς
aor θη ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon being-ANSWER-ed
Lit:"judge/decide-from", hence involves a response that requires some thinking/consideration/decision. Usually rendered "answer" (in response to a question/inquiry)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
Ρουβην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ῥουβήν v.l. -βίμ, ὁ
ρουβην
(mas) indecl
Reuben
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY/TELL-ed
speak, tell, recount
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἐλάλησα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαλέω (λαλ(ε)-, λαλη·σ-, λαλη·σ-, λελαλη·κ-, λελαλη-, λαλη·θ-)
ε·λαλη·σα
1aor act ind 1st sg
I-SPEAK-ed
ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you(pl)
λέγων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while SAY/TELL-ing
speak, tell, recount
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
ἀδικήσητε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀ·δικέω (αδικ(ε)-, αδικη·σ-, αδικη·σ-, ηδικη·κ-, ηδικη-, αδικη·θ-)
αδικη·σητε
1aor act sub 2nd pl
you(pl)-should-DO-HARM/WRONG
Lit:"do-unright".
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
παιδάριον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

παιδάριον, -ου, τό (Dimin. of παῖς; see also παιδίον)
παιδαρι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
young-child/trainee
also young slave
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
εἰσηκούσατέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰσ·ακούω (εισ+ακου-, εισ+ακου·σ-, εισ+ακου·σ-, εισ+ακηκο·[κ]-, -, εισ+ακουσ·θ-)
εισ·ε·ακου·σατε
1aor act ind 2nd pl
you(pl)-HEAR-ed
Lit:"hear-into", hence listen-intently, hear-deeply, hearken-to, by extension obey. Cf. προσ·έχω
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἰδοὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ου
2aor mp imp 2nd sg
be-you(sg)-SEE/BEHOLD-ed!
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
αἷμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

αἷμα[τ], -ατος, τό
αιμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
blood
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
ἐκζητεῖται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·ζητέω (εκ+ζητ(ε)-, εκ+ζητη·σ-, εκ+ζητη·σ-, -, εξ+εζητη-, εκ+ζητη·θ-)
εκ·ζητ(ε)·εται
pres mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is-being-SEEK-ed-OUT
Gn 42:22
Reuben answered them, saying, “Didn’t I tell you, saying, ‘Don’t sin against the child,’ and you wouldn’t listen? Therefore also, behold, his blood is required.”
23αὐτοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οι
mas nom pl
they/same
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ᾔδεισαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

οἶδα (ath. ιδ-/ath. ειδ(ε)-/ath. ειδ-, ειδη·σ-/ει[δ]·σ-, ειδη·σ-, οιδ·[κ]-/ειδ·[κ]-, -, -)
ε·ειδ·[κ]εισαν
plup act ind 3rd pl
they-had-KNOWING-ed
/perceive/be-aware-of/be-acquainted-with/notice. Often rendered "know" (by seeing/observing), in contrast to "γινώσκω" (know by thinking/reasoning/experiencing).
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
ἀκούει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀκούω (ακου-, ακου·σ-, ακου·σ-, ακηκο·[κ]-, ηκουσ-, ακουσ·θ-)
ακου·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-HEAR-ing, you(sg)-are-being-HEAR-ed
hearken to
Ιωσηφ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰωσήφ, ὁ
ιωσηφ
(mas) indecl
Joseph
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
ἑρμηνευτὴς ἀνὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀνά
ανα
indecl
up/each/by (+acc)
μέσον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

μέσος -η -ον
μεσ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
middle
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
Gn 42:23
They didn’t know that Joseph understood them; for there was an interpreter between them.
24ἀποστραφεὶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·στρέφω (απο+στρεφ-, απο+στρεψ-, απο+στρεψ-, απ+εστροφ·[κ]-, απ+εστραφ-, απο+στραφ·[θ]-)
απο·στραφ·[θ]ει[ντ]·ς
aor θη ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon being-TURN-AWAY-ed
Lit:"turn-from", hence turn-from/back/away. turn-away/back-from, return
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἀπ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απ’
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
ἔκλαυσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κλαίω (κλαι-, κλαυ·σ-, κλαυ·σ-, -, -, κλαυσ·θ-)
ε·κλαυ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-WEEP-ed
(aloud).
Ιωσηφ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰωσήφ, ὁ
ιωσηφ
(mas) indecl
Joseph
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
πάλιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πάλιν
παλιν
indecl
again
afresh, again, anon, once more, back, backwards, restore
προσῆλθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·έρχομαι (προσ+ερχ-, προσ+ελευ·σ-, προσ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd προσ+ελθ-, προσ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
προσ·ε·ελθ·[σ]ε(ν), προσ·ε·ελθ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-APPROACH-ed
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
αὐτοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ους
mas acc pl
them/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY/TELL-ed
speak, tell, recount
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἔλαβεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαμβάνω (λαμβαν-, λημψ-/ληψ-, λαβ·[σ]- or 2nd λαβ-, ειληφ·[κ]-, ειληβ-, λημφ·θ-/ληφ·θ-)
ε·λαβ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·λαβ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-TAKE/RECEIVE-ed
grasp, clutch, cling-to, seize, lay-hands-upon, take by violence, carry off, of a deity, seize, possess, catch, find out, detect, overtake, understand
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
Συμεων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Συμεών, ὁ
συμεων
(mas) indecl
Symeon/Simeon
ἀπ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απ’
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἔδησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δέω (δε-/δ(ε)-, δη·σ-, δη·σ-, δεδε·κ-, δεδε-, δε·θ-)
ε·δη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-BIND-ed
bind, enchain, tie
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
ἐναντίον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition; Adjective (2-1-2)

ἐν·αντίον; ἐν·αντίος -α -ον
εναντιον; εναντι·ον
indecl; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
in front of (+gen); contrary
; opposite, adverse, against,
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
Gn 42:24
He turned himself away from them, and wept. Then he returned to them, and spoke to them, and took Simeon from among them, and bound him before their eyes.
25ἐνετείλατο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐν·τέλλω (εν+τελλ-, εν+τελ(ε)·[σ]-, εν+τειλ·[σ]-, -, εν+τεταλ-, -)
εν·ε·τειλ·[σ]ατο
1aor mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-COMMAND-ed
Lit:in-end, hence enjoin, give-orders/instructions, command. commission
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
Ιωσηφ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰωσήφ, ὁ
ιωσηφ
(mas) indecl
Joseph
ἐμπλῆσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐμ·πίμπλημι/-πίπ- (ath. εν+πιμπλ(α)-/ath. εν+πιπλ(α)-, εν+πλη·σ-, εν+πλη·σ-, -, εν+πεπλησ-, εν+πλησ·θ-)
εν·πλη·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-SATISFY, be-you(sg)-SATISFY-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-SATISFY
fill up
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
ἀγγεῖα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ἀγγεῖον, -ου, τό
αγγει·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
containers
(vessel, flask)
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
σίτου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl. and Neu. 2nd Decl.)

σῖτος, -ου, ὁ and σῖτα, -ων, τά
σιτ·ου
(mas) gen sg
wheat/grain
seed; cereal
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀποδοῦναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·δίδωμι (ath. απο+διδ(ο)-/ath. απο+διδ(ω)-, απο+δω·σ-, απο+δω·κ- or 2nd ath. απο+δ(ο)-/ath. απο+δ(ω)-, -, απο+δεδο-, απο+δο·θ-)
απο·δ(ο)·εναι
2aor act inf
to-GIVE-BACK
Lit:"give-from", hence, give/pay-back/repay/restore, assign, impute, convey, refer, sell
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
ἀργύριον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ἀργύριον, -ου, τό (Dimin. of ἄργυρος)
αργυρι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
silver
ἑκάστου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Distributive Numeral)

ἕκαστος -η -ον
εκαστ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
each-separately
(from "ἕκας" "separate"), hence each-separately/distinctly (as opposed to "πᾶς" "each-of-a-relevant-set"
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
σάκκον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

σάκκος, -ου, ὁ
σακκ·ον
(mas) acc sg
sackcloth
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
δοῦναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
δ(ο)·εναι
2aor act inf
to-GIVE
/offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
ἐπισιτισμὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἐπι·σιτισμός, -οῦ, ὁ
επισιτισμ·ον
(mas) acc sg
provisions
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
ὁδόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl.)

ὁδός, -οῦ, ἡ
οδ·ον
(fem) acc sg
way/road
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐγενήθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
ε·γενη·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-BECOME-ed
become; happen; sometimes left untranslated
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
οὕτως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὕτως/οὕτω
ουτως
indecl
thusly/like-this
[Lit:"like-this": in-this-manner (οὕτως before vowels and consonants; οὕτω before consonants only]
Gn 42:25
Then Joseph gave a command to fill their bags with grain, and to restore each man’s money into his sack, and to give them food for the way. So it was done to them.
26καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐπιθέντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·τίθημι (ath. επι+τιθ(ε)-, επι+θη·σ-, επι+θη·κ- or 2nd ath. επι+θ(ε)-, -, -, επι+τε·θ-)
επι·θ(ε)·ντ·ες
2aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon PLACE-UPON-ing
Lit:"place/lay/set-upon/over", hence place--on, add
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
σῖτον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl. and Neu. 2nd Decl.)

σῖτος, -ου, ὁ and σῖτα, -ων, τά
σιτ·ον
(mas) acc sg
wheat/grain
seed; cereal
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
ὄνους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl. and Fem. 2nd Decl.)

ὄνος, -ου, ὁ and
ον·ους
(mas) acc pl or (fem) acc pl
asses/donkeys
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
ἀπῆλθον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·έρχομαι (απ+ερχ-, απ+ελευ·σ-, απ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd απ+ελθ-, απ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
απ·ε·ελθ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
I-DEPART-ed, they-DEPART-ed
go away, depart from
ἐκεῖθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἐκεῖ·θεν
εκειθεν
indecl
from there
Gn 42:26
¶They loaded their donkeys with their grain, and departed from there.
27λύσας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λύω (λυ-, λυ·σ-, λυ·σ-, λελυ·κ-, λελυ-, λυ·θ-)
λυ·σα[ντ]·ς
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon LOOSEN/UNBIND/RELEASE-ing
/destroy
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
εἷς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ει[ν]·ς
mas nom sg
one
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
μάρσιππον αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
δοῦναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
δ(ο)·εναι
2aor act inf
to-GIVE
/offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
χορτάσματα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

χόρτασμα[τ], -ατος, τό
χορτασματ·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
foods
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
ὄνοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl. and Fem. 2nd Decl.)

ὄνος, -ου, ὁ and
ον·οις
(mas) dat pl or (fem) dat pl
asses/donkeys
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
οὗ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle; Pronoun (Relative)

οὗ[1]; ὅς ἥ ὅ
ου; ου
indecl; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
where; who/whom/which
ἕως οὗ means "until where (in time)", that is, "until when", "until such time as", or "until the point that";
κατέλυσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·λύω (κατα+λυ-, κατα+λυ·σ-, κατα+λυ·σ-, κατα+λελυ·κ-, -, κατα+λυ·θ-)
κατα·ε·λυ·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-TEAR-DOWN-ed
Lit:"down-loose", hence unloose/tear-down. Metaph: relax. Similar but distinct from "καταργέω" (make of no effect), and "apollumi" (utterly-destroy).
εἶδεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ε·ιδ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ιδ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SEE/BEHOLD-ed
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
δεσμὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl. and Neu. 2nd Decl.)

δεσμός, -οῦ, ὁ and δεσμά, -ῶν, τά
δεσμ·ον
(mas) acc sg or (neu) nom|acc|voc sg
restraint
restraint, handcuff
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
ἀργυρίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ἀργύριον, -ου, τό (Dimin. of ἄργυρος)
αργυρι·ου
(neu) gen sg
silver
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
ἐπάνω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἐπ·άνω
επανω
indecl
over
Lit:"upon-up", hence over-above.
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
στόματος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

στόμα[τ], -ατος, τό
στοματ·ος
(neu) gen sg
mouth/maw
stoma
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
μαρσίππου
Gn 42:27
As one of them opened his sack to give his donkey food in the lodging place, he saw his money. Behold, it was in the mouth of his sack.
28καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY/TELL-ed
speak, tell, recount
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
ἀδελφοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί
αδελφ·οις
(mas) dat pl
brothers
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
ἀπεδόθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·δίδωμι (ath. απο+διδ(ο)-/ath. απο+διδ(ω)-, απο+δω·σ-, απο+δω·κ- or 2nd ath. απο+δ(ο)-/ath. απο+δ(ω)-, -, απο+δεδο-, απο+δο·θ-)
απο·ε·δο·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-GIVE-BACK-ed
Lit:"give-from", hence, give/pay-back/repay/restore, assign, impute, convey, refer, sell
μοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μοι
dat sg
me
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
ἀργύριον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ἀργύριον, -ου, τό (Dimin. of ἄργυρος)
αργυρι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
silver
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἰδοὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ου
2aor mp imp 2nd sg
be-you(sg)-SEE/BEHOLD-ed!
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
τοῦτο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
μαρσίππῳ μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐξέστη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·ίστημι (ath. εξ+ιστ(α)-/ath. εξ+ιστ(η)-, εκ+στη·σ-, εκ+στη·σ- or 2nd ath. εκ+στ(η)-/ath. εκ+στ(α)-, εξ+εστη·κ-/εξ+εστα·κ-/εξ+εστ(α)·[κ]-, -, εκ+στα·θ-)
εκ·ε·στ(η)·^
2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-BE-ASTONISHED-ed
Lit:stand-from-out-of", hence be-astonished/astounded/amazed/crazy/out-of-ones-mind. LXX:tremble/confuse/dismay/upset/trouble/faint/displace
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
καρδία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

καρδία, -ας, ἡ
καρδι·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
heart
καρδιας With the eyes of the heart enlightened (Eph_1:18)
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐταράχθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ταράσσω (ταρασσ-, ταραξ-, ταραξ-, -, τεταρασσ-, ταραχ·θ-)
ε·ταρασσ·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
they-were-AGITATE-ed
[cause to feel anxious, confusion, disorder]
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
ἀλλήλους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reciprocal)

ἀλλήλων (gen. pl.)
αλληλ·ους
mas acc pl
one another
λέγοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while SAY/TELL-ing
speak, tell, recount
τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
τοῦτο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
ἐποίησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ε·ποιη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-DO/MAKE-ed
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
θεὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ος
(mas) nom sg
god
[see theology]
ἡμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημιν
dat pl
us
Gn 42:28
He said to his brothers, “My money is restored! Behold, it is in my sack!” Their hearts failed them, and they turned trembling one to another, saying, “What is this that God has done to us?”
29ἦλθον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ε·ελθ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
I-COME-ed, they-COME-ed
Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
Ιακωβ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰακώβ, ὁ
ιακωβ
(mas) indecl
Jacob
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
πατέρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

πατήρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ὁ, voc. pl. πατέρες
πατερ·α
(mas) acc sg
father
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
γῆν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

γῆ, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. γῆ
γ·ην
(fem) acc sg
earth/land
Χανααν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. Indecl.)

Χαναάν, ἡ
χανααν
(fem) indecl
Canaan
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀπήγγειλαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·αγγέλλω (απ+αγγελλ-, απ+αγγελ(ε)·[σ]-, απ+αγγειλ·[σ]-, απ+ηγγελ·κ-, -, απ+αγγελ·[θ]-)
απ·ε·αγγειλ·[σ]αν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-REPORT-ed
– to report or tell.
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
πάντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or mas acc sg
all, each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
συμβάντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συμ·βαίνω (συν+βαιν-, συν+βη·σ-, 2nd ath. συν+β(η)-/ath. συν+β(α)-, συν+βεβη·κ-, -, -)
συν·β(α)·ντ·α
2aor act ptcp mas acc sg or 2aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
upon HAPPEN-ing
pass off, occur, fortune, come about
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
λέγοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while SAY/TELL-ing
speak, tell, recount
Gn 42:29
They came to Jacob their father, to the land of Canaan, and told him all that had happened to them, saying,
30λελάληκεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαλέω (λαλ(ε)-, λαλη·σ-, λαλη·σ-, λελαλη·κ-, λελαλη-, λαλη·θ-)
λελαλη·κε(ν)
perf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-has-SPEAK-ed
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
ἄνθρωπος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ος
(mas) nom sg
human
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
κύριος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ος; κυρι·ος
(mas) nom sg; mas nom sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
γῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

γῆ, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. γῆ
γ·ης
(fem) gen sg
earth/land
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
ἡμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημας
acc pl
us
σκληρὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

σκληρός -ά -όν
σκληρ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or fem nom|voc sg
hard
[rigid, stiff, unyealding, difficult]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἔθετο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τίθημι (ath. τιθ(ε)-, θη·σ-, θη·κ- or 2nd ath. θ(ε)-, τεθει·κ-, τεθει-, τε·θ-)
ε·θ(ε)·το
2aor mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-PLACE-ed
/lay/put/set/situate/arrange/station
ἡμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημας
acc pl
us
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
φυλακῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

φυλακή, -ῆς, ἡ
φυλακ·ῃ
(fem) dat sg
prison/guard
ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
κατασκοπεύοντας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·σκοπεύω [LXX] (κατα+σκοπευ-, -, κατα+σκοπευ·σ-, -, -, -)
κατα·σκοπευ·ο[υ]ντ·ας
pres act ptcp mas acc pl
while SPY OUT-ing
view closely, spy out, reconnoitre
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
γῆν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

γῆ, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. γῆ
γ·ην
(fem) acc sg
earth/land
Gn 42:30
“The man, the lord of the land, spoke roughly with us, and took us for spies of the country.
31εἴπαμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]αμεν
1aor act ind 1st pl
we-SAY/TELL-ed
speak, tell, recount
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
εἰρηνικοί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

εἰρηνικός -ή -όν
ειρηνικ·οι
mas nom|voc pl
peaceful
ἐσμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·μεν
pres act ind 1st pl
we-are
οὔκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἐσμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·μεν
pres act ind 1st pl
we-are
κατάσκοποι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

κατά·σκοπος, -ου, ὁ
κατασκοπ·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
spies
Gn 42:31
We said to him, ‘We are honest men. We are no spies.
32δώδεκα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

δώ·δεκα/δεκα·δύο
δωδεκα
indecl
twelve
ἀδελφοί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί
αδελφ·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
brothers
ἐσμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·μεν
pres act ind 1st pl
we-are
υἱοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
sons
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
πατρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

πατήρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ὁ, voc. pl. πατέρες
πατ[ε]ρ·ος
(mas) gen sg
father
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
us
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
εἷς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ει[ν]·ς
mas nom sg
one
οὐχ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουχ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ὑπάρχει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑπ·άρχω (υπ+αρχ-, υπ+αρξ-, υπ+αρξ-, -, -, -)
υπ·αρχ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-I AM; I EXIST-ing, you(sg)-are-being-I AM; I EXIST-ed
A synonym of εἰμί
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
μικρότερος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

μικρό·τερος -τέρα -ον (Comp. of μικρός)
μικροτερ·ος
mas nom sg
smaller
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
πατρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

πατήρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ὁ, voc. pl. πατέρες
πατ[ε]ρ·ος
(mas) gen sg
father
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
us
σήμερον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

σήμερον
σημερον
indecl
today
day
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
γῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

γῆ, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. γῆ
γ·ῃ
(fem) dat sg
earth/land
Χανααν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. Indecl.)

Χαναάν, ἡ
χανααν
(fem) indecl
Canaan
Gn 42:32
We are twelve brothers, sons of our father; one is no more, and the youngest is this day with our father in the land of Canaan.’
33εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY/TELL-ed
speak, tell, recount
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἡμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημιν
dat pl
us
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
ἄνθρωπος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ος
(mas) nom sg
human
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
κύριος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ος; κυρι·ος
(mas) nom sg; mas nom sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
γῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

γῆ, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. γῆ
γ·ης
(fem) gen sg
earth/land
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τούτῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
γνώσομαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γινώσκω/γιγν- (γινωσκ-/γιγνωσκ-, γνω·σ-, 2nd ath. γν(ω)-/ath. γν(ο)-, εγνω·κ-, εγνωσ-, γνωσ·θ-)
γνω·σομαι
fut mp ind 1st sg
I-will-be-KNOW-ed
καί έν τούτω γινώσκομεν
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
εἰρηνικοί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

εἰρηνικός -ή -όν
ειρηνικ·οι
mas nom|voc pl
peaceful
ἐστε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·τε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are, be-you(pl)!
ἀδελφὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί
αδελφ·ον
(mas) acc sg
brother
ἕνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ε[ι]ν·α
mas acc sg
one
ἄφετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀφ·ίημι (ath. αφ+ι(ε)-, αφ+η·σ-, αφ+η·κ- or 2nd ath. αφ+(ε)-, -, αφ+ει-/αφ+εω-, αφ+ε·θ-)
αφ·(ε)·τε
2aor act imp 2nd pl
do-LEAVE/DISMISS/FORGIVE-you(pl)!
dismiss/forgive, let-be, divorce, send-away, allow/permit.
ὧδε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὧδε
ωδε
indecl
here
μετ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετ’
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
ἐμοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person); Determiner (Possessive)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς; ἐμός -ή -όν
εμου; εμ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
me; my/mine
;
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἀγορασμὸν τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
σιτοδοσίας τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
οἴκου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Verb

οἶκος, -ου, ὁ (cf. οἰκία); οἰκέω (οικ(ε)-, οικη·σ-, οικη·σ-, -, -, οικη·θ-)
οικ·ου; οικ(ε)·ου
(mas) gen sg; pres mp imp 2nd sg
house/home; be-you(sg)-being-DWELL-ed!
/dwelling-place, by extension, household.;
ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you(pl)
λαβόντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαμβάνω (λαμβαν-, λημψ-/ληψ-, λαβ·[σ]- or 2nd λαβ-, ειληφ·[κ]-, ειληβ-, λημφ·θ-/ληφ·θ-)
λαβ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
2aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon TAKE/RECEIVE-ing
grasp, clutch, cling-to, seize, lay-hands-upon, take by violence, carry off, of a deity, seize, possess, catch, find out, detect, overtake, understand
ἀπέλθατε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·έρχομαι (απ+ερχ-, απ+ελευ·σ-, απ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd απ+ελθ-, απ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
απ·ελθ·[σ]ατε
1aor act imp 2nd pl
do-DEPART-you(pl)!
go away, depart from
Gn 42:33
The man, the lord of the land, said to us, ‘By this I will know that you are honest men: leave one of your brothers with me, and take grain for the famine of your houses, and go your way.
34καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀγάγετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἄγω (αγ-, αξ-, 2nd αγαγ-, αγειοχ·[κ]-, ηγ-, αχ·θ-)
αγαγ·ετε
2aor act imp 2nd pl
do-LEAD-you(pl)!
πρός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
με [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
με
acc sg
me
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
ἀδελφὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί
αδελφ·ον
(mas) acc sg
brother
ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you(pl)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
νεώτερον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

νεώ·τερος -α -ον (Comp. of νέος)
νεωτερ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
newer/younger
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
γνώσομαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γινώσκω/γιγν- (γινωσκ-/γιγνωσκ-, γνω·σ-, 2nd ath. γν(ω)-/ath. γν(ο)-, εγνω·κ-, εγνωσ-, γνωσ·θ-)
γνω·σομαι
fut mp ind 1st sg
I-will-be-KNOW-ed
καί έν τούτω γινώσκομεν
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
κατάσκοποί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

κατά·σκοπος, -ου, ὁ
κατασκοπ·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
spies
ἐστε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·τε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are, be-you(pl)!
ἀλλ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλ’
indecl
but
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
εἰρηνικοί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

εἰρηνικός -ή -όν
ειρηνικ·οι
mas nom|voc pl
peaceful
ἐστε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·τε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are, be-you(pl)!
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
ἀδελφὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί
αδελφ·ον
(mas) acc sg
brother
ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you(pl)
ἀποδώσω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·δίδωμι (ath. απο+διδ(ο)-/ath. απο+διδ(ω)-, απο+δω·σ-, απο+δω·κ- or 2nd ath. απο+δ(ο)-/ath. απο+δ(ω)-, -, απο+δεδο-, απο+δο·θ-)
απο·δω·σω
fut act ind 1st sg or 1aor act sub 1st sg
I-will-GIVE-BACK, I-should-GIVE-BACK
Lit:"give-from", hence, give/pay-back/repay/restore, assign, impute, convey, refer, sell
ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you(pl)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
γῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

γῆ, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. γῆ
γ·ῃ
(fem) dat sg
earth/land
ἐμπορεύεσθε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐμ·πορεύομαι (εν+πορευ-, εν+πορευ·σ-, εν+πορευ·σ-, -, -, -)
εν·πορευ·εσθε
pres mp ind 2nd pl or pres mp imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-being-MAKE GAIN OF-ed, be-you(pl)-being-MAKE GAIN OF-ed!
walk, cheat, make gain of, overreach, a merchant, to make a trade of
Gn 42:34
Bring your youngest brother to me. Then I will know that you are not spies, but that you are honest men. So I will deliver your brother to you, and you shall trade in the land.’”
35ἐγένετο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
ε·γεν·ετο
2aor mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-BECOME-ed
become; happen; sometimes left untranslated
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
κατακενοῦν αὐτοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ους
mas acc pl
them/same
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
σάκκους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

σάκκος, -ου, ὁ
σακκ·ους
(mas) acc pl
sackcloths
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
ἑκάστου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Distributive Numeral)

ἕκαστος -η -ον
εκαστ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
each-separately
(from "ἕκας" "separate"), hence each-separately/distinctly (as opposed to "πᾶς" "each-of-a-relevant-set"
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
δεσμὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl. and Neu. 2nd Decl.)

δεσμός, -οῦ, ὁ and δεσμά, -ῶν, τά
δεσμ·ος
(mas) nom sg
restraint
restraint, handcuff
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
ἀργυρίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ἀργύριον, -ου, τό (Dimin. of ἄργυρος)
αργυρι·ου
(neu) gen sg
silver
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
σάκκῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

σάκκος, -ου, ὁ
σακκ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
sackcloth
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εἶδον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ε·ιδ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
I-SEE/BEHOLD-ed, they-SEE/BEHOLD-ed
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
δεσμοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl. and Neu. 2nd Decl.)

δεσμός, -οῦ, ὁ and δεσμά, -ῶν, τά
δεσμ·ους
(mas) acc pl
restraints
restraint, handcuff
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
ἀργυρίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ἀργύριον, -ου, τό (Dimin. of ἄργυρος)
αργυρι·ου
(neu) gen sg
silver
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
αὐτοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οι
mas nom pl
they/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
πατὴρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

πατήρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ὁ, voc. pl. πατέρες
πατερ·^
(mas) nom sg
father
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐφοβήθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φοβέω (φοβ(ε)-, -, φοβη·σ-, -, πεφοβη-, φοβη·θ-)
ε·φοβη·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
they-were-FEAR-ed
Gn 42:35
¶It happened as they emptied their sacks, that behold, each man’s bundle of money was in his sack. When they and their father saw their bundles of money, they were afraid.
36εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY/TELL-ed
speak, tell, recount
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
Ιακωβ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰακώβ, ὁ
ιακωβ
(mas) indecl
Jacob
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
πατὴρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

πατήρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ὁ, voc. pl. πατέρες
πατερ·^
(mas) nom sg
father
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
ἐμὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person); Determiner (Possessive)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς; ἐμός -ή -όν
εμε; εμ·ε
acc sg; mas voc sg
me; my/mine
;
ἠτεκνώσατε Ιωσηφ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰωσήφ, ὁ
ιωσηφ
(mas) indecl
Joseph
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἔστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
Συμεων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Συμεών, ὁ
συμεων
(mas) indecl
Symeon/Simeon
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἔστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
Βενιαμιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Indecl.)

Βενιαμ(ε)ίν, ὁ
βενιαμιν
(mas) indecl
Benjamin
λήμψεσθε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαμβάνω (λαμβαν-, λημψ-/ληψ-, λαβ·[σ]- or 2nd λαβ-, ειληφ·[κ]-, ειληβ-, λημφ·θ-/ληφ·θ-)
λημβ·σεσθε
fut mp ind 2nd pl
you(pl)-will-be-TAKE/RECEIVE-ed
grasp, clutch, cling-to, seize, lay-hands-upon, take by violence, carry off, of a deity, seize, possess, catch, find out, detect, overtake, understand
ἐπ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επ’
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
ἐμὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person); Determiner (Possessive)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς; ἐμός -ή -όν
εμε; εμ·ε
acc sg; mas voc sg
me; my/mine
;
ἐγένετο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
ε·γεν·ετο
2aor mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-BECOME-ed
become; happen; sometimes left untranslated
πάντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or mas acc sg
all, each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
ταῦτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·α
neu nom|acc pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
Gn 42:36
Jacob, their father, said to them, “You have bereaved me of my children! Joseph is no more, Simeon is no more, and you want to take Benjamin away. All these things are against me.”
37εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY/TELL-ed
speak, tell, recount
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
Ρουβην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ῥουβήν v.l. -βίμ, ὁ
ρουβην
(mas) indecl
Reuben
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
πατρὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.); Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

πατήρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ὁ, voc. pl. πατέρες; πατρί[δ]ς, -ίδος, ἡ
πατ[ε]ρ·ι; πατρι[δ]
(mas) dat sg; (fem) voc sg
father; fatherland
;
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
λέγων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while SAY/TELL-ing
speak, tell, recount
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
δύο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

δύο, gen. δύο, dat. δυσί(ν), acc. δύο
δυο
nom|acc|gen pl
two
υἱούς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ους
(mas) acc pl
sons
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
ἀπόκτεινον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κτείνω, απο·κτέννω/απο·κτένω (απο+κτειν-/απο+κτενν-/απο+κτεν-, απο+κτεν(ε)·[σ]-, απο+κτειν·[σ]-, απ+εκταγ·κ-/απ+εκτονη·κ-, απ+εκταν-/απ+εκτονη-, απο+κταν·θ-)
απο·κτειν·[σ]ον, απο·κτειν·ο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
do-KILL/CONDEMN-you(sg)!, while KILL/CONDEMN-ing
Lit:"kill-from", hence kill (and remove), put-to-death; of judges to put to death condemn
ἐὰν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἐάν (εἰ ἄν)
εαν
indecl
if-ever
"ἐὰν μή" (Lit:if-ever not) means "except", "unless"
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
ἀγάγω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἄγω (αγ-, αξ-, 2nd αγαγ-, αγειοχ·[κ]-, ηγ-, αχ·θ-)
αγαγ·ω
2aor act sub 1st sg
I-should-LEAD
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
σέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σε; σ·ε
acc sg; mas voc sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
δὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
δ(ο)·ς
2aor act imp 2nd sg
do-GIVE-you(sg)!
/offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
χεῖρά [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

χείρ, χειρός, ἡ, dat. pl. χερσίν
χειρ·α
(fem) acc sg
hand
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
κἀγὼ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Crasis (Pronoun [1st Person])

κἀγώ (καὶ ἐγώ)
και εγω
nom sg
and/also I
ἀνάξω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀν·άγω (αν+αγ-, αν+αξ-, 2nd αν+αγαγ-, -, -, αν+αχ·θ-)
αν·αγ·σω
fut act ind 1st sg
I-will-LEAD-UP
lead, bring or lift up; bring back; middle/passive "put out to sea" or "set sail"
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
σέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σε; σ·ε
acc sg; mas voc sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
Gn 42:37
¶Reuben spoke to his father, saying, “Kill my two sons, if I don’t bring him to you. Entrust him to my care, and I will bring him to you again.”
38 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY/TELL-ed
speak, tell, recount
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
καταβήσεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·βαίνω (κατα+βαιν-, κατα+βη·σ-, 2nd ath. κατα+β(η)-/ath. κατα+β(α)-, κατα+βεβη·κ-, -, -)
κατα·βη·σεται
fut mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-will-be-DESCEND-ed
descend, go down, dismount from, arrive at, attain one's end
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
υἱός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ος
(mas) nom sg
son
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
μεθ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μεθ’
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you(pl)
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
ἀδελφὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί
αδελφ·ος
(mas) nom sg
brother
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
ἀπέθανεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·θνῄσκω (απο+θνῃσκ-, απο+θαν(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd απο+θαν-, -, -, -)
απο·ε·θαν·ε(ν)
2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-DIE-ed
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
αὐτὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ος
mas nom sg
he/it/same
μόνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

μόνος -η -ον
μον·ος
mas nom sg
sole
apart, sole, only, alone (see κατάμόνος G2651 apart, solely, only, alone)
καταλέλειπται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·λείπω (κατα+λειπ-, κατα+λειψ-, κατα+λειψ- or 2nd κατα+λιπ-, κατα+λελοιπ·[κ]-, κατα+λελειπ-, κατα+λειφ·θ-)
κατα·λελειπ·ται
perf mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-has-been-LEAVE-BEHIND-ed
Lit:leave-down, hence leave-behind, forsake, abandon
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
συμβήσεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συμ·βαίνω (συν+βαιν-, συν+βη·σ-, 2nd ath. συν+β(η)-/ath. συν+β(α)-, συν+βεβη·κ-, -, -)
συν·βη·σεται
fut mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-will-be-HAPPEN-ed
pass off, occur, fortune, come about
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
μαλακισθῆναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μαλακίζομαι [LXX] (-, -, -, -, μεμαλακισ-, μαλακισ·θ-)
μαλακισ·θηναι
aor θη inf
to-be-???-ed
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
ὁδῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl.)

ὁδός, -οῦ, ἡ
οδ·ῳ
(fem) dat sg
way/road
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ

fem dat sg
who/whom/which
ἂν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἄν
αν
indecl
ever
(calls attention to optional actions) Precedes aorist and present-subjunctives; Follows future-indicatives.
πορεύησθε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πορεύω (πορευ-, πορευ·σ-, πορευ·σ-, -, πεπορευ-, πορευ·θ-)
πορευ·ησθε
pres mp sub 2nd pl
you(pl)-should-be-being-GO-ed
go/depart/proceed/travel
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
κατάξετέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

κατ·άγω (κατ+αγ-, κατ+αξ-, κατ+αξ- or 2nd κατ+αγαγ-, -, -, κατ+αχ·θ-); κατ·άγνυμι (-, κατ+εαξ-/κατ+αξ-, κατ+εαξ-/κατ+αξ-, -, -, κατ+εαγ·[θ]-/κατ+εαχ·θ-)
κατ·αγ·σετε; κατ·αγ·σετε
fut act ind 2nd pl; fut act ind 2nd pl
you(pl)-will-BRING-DOWN; you(pl)-will-BREAK
Lit:"down-lead/bring/carry", hence bring-down.;
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
γῆρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

γῆρας, -ως and γῆρο·ς, -ους, τό
γηρ(α)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
old age
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
λύπης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

λύπη, -ῆς, ἡ
λυπ·ης
(fem) gen sg
pain
pain of body/mind, hence pain, sorrow, grief, distress
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
ᾅδου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.); Verb

ᾅδης, -ου, ὁ; ᾄδω (ᾳδ-, ᾳ[δ]·σ-, ᾳ[δ]·σ-, -, -, -)
ᾳδ·ου; ᾳδ·ου
(mas) gen sg; pres mp imp 2nd sg
Hades; be-you(sg)-being-SING-ed!
;
Gn 42:38
¶He said, “My son shall not go down with you; for his brother is dead, and he only is left. If harm happens to him along the way in which you go, then you will bring down my gray hairs with sorrow to Sheol.”
« Ch 41» Ch 43

Copyright 2007-2018 Thomas Moore, Email: acct3 at katabiblon.com, Support Forum Set Local Timezone
Wednesday, 17-Oct-2018 19:42:54 EDT

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