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Βασιλειῶν Αʹ (Σαμ. Αʹ)

1 Kings (a.k.a. 1 Samuel)

 CATSS LXX Wiki English Translation‎ / World English Bible
1καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀπηγγέλη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·αγγέλλω (απ+αγγελλ-, απ+αγγελ(ε)·[σ]-, απ+αγγειλ·[σ]-, απ+ηγγελ·κ-, -, απ+αγγελ·[θ]-)
απ·ε·αγγελ·[θ]η
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-REPORT-ed
– to report or tell.
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
Δαυιδ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Δαυίδ v.l. Δαβίδ, ὁ
δαυιδ
(mas) indecl
David
λέγοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while SAY/TELL-ing
speak, tell, recount
ἰδοὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ου
2aor mp imp 2nd sg
be-you(sg)-SEE/BEHOLD-ed!
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
ἀλλόφυλοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἀλλό·φυλος -ον
αλλοφυλ·οι
mas nom|voc pl or fem nom|voc pl
foreign
Tribe, race
πολεμοῦσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πολεμέω (πολεμ(ε)-, πολεμη·σ-, πολεμη·σ-, -, -, πολεμη·θ-)
πολεμ(ε)·ουσι(ν), πολεμ(ε)·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
they-are-WAGE-ing-WAR, while WAGE-ing-WAR
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
Κεϊλα καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
αὐτοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οι
mas nom pl
they/same
διαρπάζουσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δι·αρπάζω (δι+αρπαζ-, δι+αρπ(α)·[σ]-/δι+αρπα·σ-, δι+αρπα·σ-, -, δι+ηρπασ-, δι+αρπασ·θ-/δι+αρπαγ·[θ]-)
δι·αρπαζ·ουσι(ν), δι·αρπαζ·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
they-are-SPOLIATE-ing, while SPOLIATE-ing
[rob, plunder, pillage]
καταπατοῦσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·πατέω (κατα+πατ(ε)-, κατα+πατη·σ-, κατα+πατη·σ-, -, κατα+πεπατη-, κατα+πατη·θ-)
κατα·πατ(ε)·ουσι(ν), κατα·πατ(ε)·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
they-are-TRAMPLE/TREAD-ing, while TRAMPLE/TREAD-ing
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
ἅλω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl.); Verb

ἅλως, -ω, ἡ [LXX], acc. -ων and -ω; ἁλίσκομαι [LXX] (αλισκ-, αλω·σ-, 2nd ath. αλ(ω)-/ath. αλ(ο)-, ηλω·κ-/εαλω·κ-, -, -)
αλ(ω)·ο(ν), αλ(ω)·ου; αλ(ω)·ω
(fem) acc sg, (fem) gen sg; 2aor act sub 1st sg
threshing floor; I-should-CATCH
;
1Sm 23:1
¶David was told, “Behold, the Philistines are fighting against Keilah, and are robbing the threshing floors.”
2καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐπηρώτησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπ·ερωτάω (επ+ερωτ(α)-, επ+ερωτη·σ-, επ+ερωτη·σ-, -, -, επ+ερωτη·θ-)
επ·ε·ερωτη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-QUESTION-ed
[consult, enquire]
Δαυιδ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Δαυίδ v.l. Δαβίδ, ὁ
δαυιδ
(mas) indecl
David
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
κυρίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ου; κυρι·ου
(mas) gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
λέγων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while SAY/TELL-ing
speak, tell, recount
εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
πορευθῶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πορεύω (πορευ-, πορευ·σ-, πορευ·σ-, -, πεπορευ-, πορευ·θ-)
πορευ·θω
aor θη sub 1st sg
I-should-be-GO-ed
go/depart/proceed/travel
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
πατάξω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πατάσσω (πατασσ-, παταξ-, παταξ-, -, -, -)
πατασσ·σω
fut act ind 1st sg or 1aor act sub 1st sg
I-will-SMITE, I-should-SMITE
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
ἀλλοφύλους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἀλλό·φυλος -ον
αλλοφυλ·ους
mas acc pl or fem acc pl
foreign
Tribe, race
τούτους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ους
mas acc pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY/TELL-ed
speak, tell, recount
κύριος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ος; κυρι·ος
(mas) nom sg; mas nom sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
πορεύου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πορεύω (πορευ-, πορευ·σ-, πορευ·σ-, -, πεπορευ-, πορευ·θ-)
πορευ·ου
pres mp imp 2nd sg
be-you(sg)-being-GO-ed!
go/depart/proceed/travel
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
πατάξεις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πατάσσω (πατασσ-, παταξ-, παταξ-, -, -, -)
πατασσ·σεις
fut act ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-will-SMITE
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
ἀλλοφύλοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἀλλό·φυλος -ον
αλλοφυλ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl or fem dat pl
foreign
Tribe, race
τούτοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
σώσεις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σῴζω (σῳζ-, σω·σ-, σω·σ-, σεσω·κ-, σεσω-/σεσωσ-/σεσῳσ-, σω·θ-)
σω·σεις
fut act ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-will-SAVE
/deliver/rescue from ruin/destruction/harm. Also salve
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
Κεϊλα
1Sm 23:2
¶Therefore David inquired of Yahweh, saying, “Shall I go and strike these Philistines?”
¶Yahweh said to David, “Go strike the Philistines, and save Keilah.”
3καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εἶπαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]αν, ειπ·[σ]αν[τ]
1aor act ind 3rd pl, 1aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
they-SAY/TELL-ed, upon SAY/TELL-ing
speak, tell, recount
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
ἄνδρες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀνήρ, ἀνδρός, ὁ, voc. sg. ἄνερ
ανδρ·ες
(mas) nom|voc pl
men
(as distinct from woman, beast, god, etc); sometimes "husband".
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
Δαυιδ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Δαυίδ v.l. Δαβίδ, ὁ
δαυιδ
(mas) indecl
David
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
ἰδοὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ου
2aor mp imp 2nd sg
be-you(sg)-SEE/BEHOLD-ed!
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
ἡμεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημεις
nom pl
we
ἐνταῦθα ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
Ιουδαίᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαία, -ας, ἡ; Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ᾳ; ιουδαι·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg; fem dat sg
Judea; Jewish
[region of];
φοβούμεθα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φοβέω (φοβ(ε)-, -, φοβη·σ-, -, πεφοβη-, φοβη·θ-)
φοβ(ε)·ομεθα
pres mp ind 1st pl
we-are-being-FEAR-ed
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
πῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

πῶς[1]
πως
indecl
how
ἔσται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
irreg. (εσ)·[σε]ται (instead of (εσ)·σεται > εσεται)
fut mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-will-be
ἐὰν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἐάν (εἰ ἄν)
εαν
indecl
if-ever
"ἐὰν μή" (Lit:if-ever not) means "except", "unless"
πορευθῶμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πορεύω (πορευ-, πορευ·σ-, πορευ·σ-, -, πεπορευ-, πορευ·θ-)
πορευ·θωμεν
aor θη sub 1st pl
we-should-be-GO-ed
go/depart/proceed/travel
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
Κεϊλα εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
σκῦλα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

σκῦλον, -ου, τό
σκυλ·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
spoils
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
ἀλλοφύλων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἀλλό·φυλος -ον
αλλοφυλ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
foreign
Tribe, race
εἰσπορευσόμεθα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰσ·πορεύομαι (εισ+πορευ-, εισ+πορευ·σ-, -, -, εισ+πεπορευ-, εισ+πορευ·θ-)
εισ·πορευ·σομεθα
fut mp ind 1st pl
we-will-be-ENTER-ed
Lit:"go-into", hence enter.
1Sm 23:3
¶David’s men said to him, “Behold, we are afraid here in Judah: how much more then if we go to Keilah against the armies of the Philistines?”
4καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
προσέθετο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·τίθημι (ath. προσ+τιθ(ε)-, προσ+θη·σ-, προσ+θη·κ- or 2nd ath. προσ+θ(ε)-, προσ+τεθει·κ-, προσ+τεθει-, προσ+τε·θ-)
προσ·ε·θ(ε)·το
2aor mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-ADD-ed
Lit:"place/set-toward", hence add/proceed-onward
Δαυιδ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Δαυίδ v.l. Δαβίδ, ὁ
δαυιδ
(mas) indecl
David
ἐρωτῆσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐρωτάω (ερωτ(α)-, ερωτη·σ-, ερωτη·σ-, -, ηρωτη-, ερωτη·θ-)
ερωτη·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-ASK, be-you(sg)-ASK-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-ASK
interrogate, question inquire,query, quest
ἔτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἔτι
ετι
indecl
yet/still
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
κυρίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ου; κυρι·ου
(mas) gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀπεκρίθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κρίνομαι (απο+κριν-, -, απο+κριν·[σ]-, -, απο+κεκρι-, απο+κρι·θ-)
απο·ε·κρι·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-ANSWER-ed
Lit:"judge/decide-from", hence involves a response that requires some thinking/consideration/decision. Usually rendered "answer" (in response to a question/inquiry)
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
κύριος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ος; κυρι·ος
(mas) nom sg; mas nom sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY/TELL-ed
speak, tell, recount
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
ἀνάστηθι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀν·ίστημι (ath. αν+ιστ(α)-/ath. αν+ιστ(η)-, ανα+στη·σ-, ανα+στη·σ- or 2nd ath. ανα+στ(η)-/ath. ανα+στ(α)-, ανα+εστη·κ-/ανα+εστα·κ-, -, ανα+στα·θ-)
ανα·στ(η)·θι
2aor act imp 2nd sg
do-STAND-UP-AGAIN-you(sg)!
Lit:"stand-up-again", hence put-up/raise/arise. Usually resurrect.
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
κατάβηθι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·βαίνω (κατα+βαιν-, κατα+βη·σ-, 2nd ath. κατα+β(η)-/ath. κατα+β(α)-, κατα+βεβη·κ-, -, -)
κατα·β(η)·θι
2aor act imp 2nd sg
do-DESCEND-you(sg)!
descend, go down, dismount from, arrive at, attain one's end
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
Κεϊλα ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
ἐγὼ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
εγω
nom sg
I
παραδίδωμι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·δίδωμι (ath. παρα+διδ(ο)-/ath. παρα+διδ(ω)-, παρα+δω·σ-, παρα+δω·κ- or 2nd ath. παρα+δ(ο)-/ath. παρα+δ(ω)-, παρα+δεδω·κ-, παρα+δεδο-, παρα+δο·θ-)
παρα·διδ(ο)·^μι
pres act ind 1st sg
I-am-DELIVER-OVER-ing
Lit:"give-close-beside", hence deliver/surrender/hand-over, betray, commit, give-in/over/up, turn-in, consign, grant, bestow, teach-doctrine
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
ἀλλοφύλους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἀλλό·φυλος -ον
αλλοφυλ·ους
mas acc pl or fem acc pl
foreign
Tribe, race
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
χεῖράς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

χείρ, χειρός, ἡ, dat. pl. χερσίν
χειρ·ας
(fem) acc pl
hands
σου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
1Sm 23:4
¶Then David inquired of Yahweh yet again. Yahweh answered him, and said, “Arise, go down to Keilah; for I will deliver the Philistines into your hand.”
5καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐπορεύθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πορεύω (πορευ-, πορευ·σ-, πορευ·σ-, -, πεπορευ-, πορευ·θ-)
ε·πορευ·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-GO-ed
go/depart/proceed/travel
Δαυιδ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Δαυίδ v.l. Δαβίδ, ὁ
δαυιδ
(mas) indecl
David
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
ἄνδρες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀνήρ, ἀνδρός, ὁ, voc. sg. ἄνερ
ανδρ·ες
(mas) nom|voc pl
men
(as distinct from woman, beast, god, etc); sometimes "husband".
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
μετ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετ’
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
Κεϊλα καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐπολέμησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πολεμέω (πολεμ(ε)-, πολεμη·σ-, πολεμη·σ-, -, -, πολεμη·θ-)
ε·πολεμη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-WAGE-ed-WAR
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
ἀλλοφύλοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἀλλό·φυλος -ον
αλλοφυλ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl or fem dat pl
foreign
Tribe, race
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἔφυγον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φεύγω (φευγ-, φευξ-, φυγ·[σ]- or 2nd φυγ-, πεφευγ·[κ]-, -, -)
ε·φυγ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
I-FLEE-ed, they-FLEE-ed
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
προσώπου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

πρόσ·ωπον, -ου, τό
προσωπ·ου
(neu) gen sg
face
Lit:"toward-eyes", hence face/countenance/appearance
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀπήγαγεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·άγω (απ+αγ-, απ+αξ-, 2nd απ+αγαγ-, -, απ+ηγ-, απ+αχ·θ-)
απ·ε·αγαγ·ε(ν)
2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-LEAD-ed-AWAY
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
κτήνη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

κτῆνο·ς, -ους, τό
κτην(ε)·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
Animals
(beast)
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐπάταξεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πατάσσω (πατασσ-, παταξ-, παταξ-, -, -, -)
ε·πατασσ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SMITE-ed
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
πληγὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

πληγή, -ῆς, ἡ
πληγ·ην
(fem) acc sg
wound (from beating)
(from πλήσσω" (strike/smite/beat), hence the process (or consequence) of being beaten/flogged/punished. but "plague" in Rev ch9/11/15.
μεγάλην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2, irreg.)

μέγ[αλ]ας μεγάλη μέγ[αλ]α
μεγαλ·ην
fem acc sg
great
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἔσωσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σῴζω (σῳζ-, σω·σ-, σω·σ-, σεσω·κ-, σεσω-/σεσωσ-/σεσῳσ-, σω·θ-)
ε·σω·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAVE-ed
/deliver/rescue from ruin/destruction/harm. Also salve
Δαυιδ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Δαυίδ v.l. Δαβίδ, ὁ
δαυιδ
(mas) indecl
David
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
κατοικοῦντας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατ·οικέω (κατ+οικ(ε)-, κατ+οικη·σ-, κατ+οικη·σ-, κατ+ῳκη·κ-, -, κατ+οικη·θ-)
κατ·οικ(ε)·ο[υ]ντ·ας
pres act ptcp mas acc pl
while RESIDE/SETTLE-DOWN-ing
Lit:"down-dwell", hence reside/dwell-permanently, settle-down-thoroughly/pervasively and in full control, to be exactly at home (see Eph 3:17, Col 1:19, 2:9). Contrast with "παροικέω" (dwell-beside))
Κεϊλα
1Sm 23:5
¶David and his men went to Keilah, and fought with the Philistines, and brought away their livestock, and killed them with a great slaughter. So David saved the inhabitants of Keilah.
6καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐγένετο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
ε·γεν·ετο
2aor mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-BECOME-ed
become; happen; sometimes left untranslated
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
φυγεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φεύγω (φευγ-, φευξ-, φυγ·[σ]- or 2nd φυγ-, πεφευγ·[κ]-, -, -)
φυγ·ειν
2aor act inf
to-FLEE
Αβιαθαρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἀβιαθάρ, ὁ
αβιαθαρ
(mas) indecl
Abiathar
υἱὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ον
(mas) acc sg
son
Αβιμελεχ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Αβιμελεχ, ὁ [LXX]
αβιμελεχ
(mas) indecl
Abimelech
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
Δαυιδ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Δαυίδ v.l. Δαβίδ, ὁ
δαυιδ
(mas) indecl
David
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
αὐτὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ος
mas nom sg
he/it/same
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
Δαυιδ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Δαυίδ v.l. Δαβίδ, ὁ
δαυιδ
(mas) indecl
David
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
Κεϊλα κατέβη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·βαίνω (κατα+βαιν-, κατα+βη·σ-, 2nd ath. κατα+β(η)-/ath. κατα+β(α)-, κατα+βεβη·κ-, -, -)
κατα·ε·β(η)·^
2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-DESCEND-ed
descend, go down, dismount from, arrive at, attain one's end
ἔχων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
εχ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while HAVE-ing
/hold.
εφουδ ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
χειρὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

χείρ, χειρός, ἡ, dat. pl. χερσίν
χειρ·ι
(fem) dat sg
hand
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
1Sm 23:6
It happened, when Abiathar the son of Ahimelech fled to David to Keilah, that he came down with an ephod in his hand.
7καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀπηγγέλη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·αγγέλλω (απ+αγγελλ-, απ+αγγελ(ε)·[σ]-, απ+αγγειλ·[σ]-, απ+ηγγελ·κ-, -, απ+αγγελ·[θ]-)
απ·ε·αγγελ·[θ]η
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-REPORT-ed
– to report or tell.
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
Σαουλ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Σαούλ, ὁ
σαουλ
(mas) indecl
Saul
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
ἥκει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἥκω (ηκ-, ηξ-, ηξ-, ηκ·[κ]-, -, -)
ηκ·ει, [ε]·ηκ·[κ]ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, plup act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is-ARRIVE-ing, you(sg)-are-being-ARRIVE-ed, he/she/it-had-ARRIVE-ed
[be-present, approach. Similar to: έρχομαι. except more emphasis upon destination than the journey]
Δαυιδ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Δαυίδ v.l. Δαβίδ, ὁ
δαυιδ
(mas) indecl
David
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
Κεϊλα καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY/TELL-ed
speak, tell, recount
Σαουλ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Σαούλ, ὁ
σαουλ
(mas) indecl
Saul
πέπρακεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πιπράσκω (πιπρασκ-, -, -, πεπρα·κ-, πεπρα-, πρα·θ-)
πεπρα·κε(ν)
perf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-has-SELL-ed
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
θεὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ος
(mas) nom sg
god
[see theology]
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
χεῖράς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

χείρ, χειρός, ἡ, dat. pl. χερσίν
χειρ·ας
(fem) acc pl
hands
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
ἀποκέκλεισται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κλείω (-, απο+κλει·σ-, απο+κλει·σ-, -, απο+κεκλεισ-, απο+κλεισ·θ-)
απο·κεκλεισ·ται
perf mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-has-been-SHUT/LOCK-ed
shut/lock up
εἰσελθὼν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰσ·έρχομαι (εισ+ερχ-, εισ+ελευ·σ-, εισ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd εισ+ελθ-, εισ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εισ·ελθ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
upon ENTER-ing
Lit:"come-into", hence enter.
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
πόλιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

πόλις, -εως, ἡ
πολ(ι)·ν
(fem) acc sg
city
θυρῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

θύρα, -ας, ἡ
θυρ·ων
(fem) gen pl
doors
gate
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
μοχλῶν
1Sm 23:7
¶It was told Saul that David had come to Keilah. Saul said, “God has delivered him into my hand; for he is shut in, by entering into a town that has gates and bars.”
8καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
παρήγγειλεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρ·αγγέλλω (παρ+αγγελλ-, -, παρ+αγγειλ·[σ]-, -, παρ+ηγγελ-, -)
παρ·ε·αγγειλ·[σ]ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-CHARGE-ed
Lit:"announce/inform-close-beside", hence pass-along, prescribe, instruct, recommend, exhort, summon, enjoin
Σαουλ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Σαούλ, ὁ
σαουλ
(mas) indecl
Saul
παντὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ι
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
λαῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λαός, -οῦ, ὁ
λα·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
people
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
πόλεμον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

πόλεμος, -ου, ὁ
πολεμ·ον
(mas) acc sg
war
[see polemic]
καταβαίνειν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·βαίνω (κατα+βαιν-, κατα+βη·σ-, 2nd ath. κατα+β(η)-/ath. κατα+β(α)-, κατα+βεβη·κ-, -, -)
κατα·βαιν·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-DESCEND-ing
descend, go down, dismount from, arrive at, attain one's end
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
Κεϊλα συνέχειν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συν·έχω (συν+εχ-, συν+εξ-, 2nd συν+σχ-, -, -, συν+σχε·θ-/συν+εχ·θ-)
συν·εχ·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-CONSTRAIN-ing
hold together, confine, secure, keep from dispersing, keep from falling apart
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
Δαυιδ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Δαυίδ v.l. Δαβίδ, ὁ
δαυιδ
(mas) indecl
David
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
ἄνδρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀνήρ, ἀνδρός, ὁ, voc. sg. ἄνερ
ανδρ·ας
(mas) acc pl
men
(as distinct from woman, beast, god, etc); sometimes "husband".
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
1Sm 23:8
Saul summoned all the people to war, to go down to Keilah, to besiege David and his men.
9καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἔγνω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γινώσκω/γιγν- (γινωσκ-/γιγνωσκ-, γνω·σ-, 2nd ath. γν(ω)-/ath. γν(ο)-, εγνω·κ-, εγνωσ-, γνωσ·θ-)
ε·γν(ω)·^
2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-KNOW-ed
καί έν τούτω γινώσκομεν
Δαυιδ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Δαυίδ v.l. Δαβίδ, ὁ
δαυιδ
(mas) indecl
David
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
παρασιωπᾷ Σαουλ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Σαούλ, ὁ
σαουλ
(mas) indecl
Saul
περὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

περί
περι
indecl
about (+acc,+gen)
Lit:"around" (as in perimeter "around-measure"). Fig:about/regarding/concerning
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
κακίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

κακία, -ας, ἡ
κακι·αν
(fem) acc sg
evil
/malice/harm/wickedness
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY/TELL-ed
speak, tell, recount
Δαυιδ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Δαυίδ v.l. Δαβίδ, ὁ
δαυιδ
(mas) indecl
David
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
Αβιαθαρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἀβιαθάρ, ὁ
αβιαθαρ
(mas) indecl
Abiathar
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
ἱερέα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἱερεύς, -έως, ὁ
ιερ(ευ)·α
(mas) acc sg
priest
προσάγαγε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·άγω (προσ+αγ-, προσ+αξ-, 2nd προσ+αγαγ-, προσ+αγειοχ·[κ]-, -, προσ+αχ·θ-)
προσ·αγαγ·ε
2aor act imp 2nd sg
do-BRING-you(sg)!
Lit:"bear/carry/lead-toward", hence bring/offer.
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
εφουδ κυρίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ου; κυρι·ου
(mas) gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
1Sm 23:9
David knew that Saul was devising mischief against him; and he said to Abiathar the priest, “Bring the ephod here.”
10καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY/TELL-ed
speak, tell, recount
Δαυιδ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Δαυίδ v.l. Δαβίδ, ὁ
δαυιδ
(mas) indecl
David
κύριε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ε; κυρι·ε
(mas) voc sg; mas voc sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
θεὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ος
(mas) nom sg
god
[see theology]
Ισραηλ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰσραήλ, ὁ
ισραηλ
(mas) indecl
Israel
ἀκούων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀκούω (ακου-, ακου·σ-, ακου·σ-, ακηκο·[κ]-, ηκουσ-, ακουσ·θ-)
ακου·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while HEAR-ing
hearken to
ἀκήκοεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀκούω (ακου-, ακου·σ-, ακου·σ-, ακηκο·[κ]-, ηκουσ-, ακουσ·θ-)
ακηκο·[κ]ε(ν)
perf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-has-HEAR-ed
hearken to
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
δοῦλός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

δοῦλος[2], -ου, ὁ; δοῦλος[1] -η -ον
δουλ·ος; δουλ·ος
(mas) nom sg; mas nom sg
slave; servile
;
σου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
ζητεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ζητέω (ζητ(ε)-, ζητη·σ-, ζητη·σ-, -, -, ζητη·θ-)
ζητ(ε)·ει, ζητ(ε)·ε
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, pres act imp 2nd sg
he/she/it-is-SEEK-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SEEK-ed, be-you(sg)-SEEK-ing!
/search/inquire, look-into
Σαουλ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Σαούλ, ὁ
σαουλ
(mas) indecl
Saul
ἐλθεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ελθ·ειν
2aor act inf
to-COME
Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
Κεϊλα διαφθεῖραι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δια·φθείρω (δια+φθειρ-, δια+φθερ(ε)·[σ]-, δια+φθειρ·[σ]-, -, δι+εφθαρ-, δια+φθαρ·[θ]-)
δια·φθειρ·[σ]αι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-RUIN, be-you(sg)-RUIN-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-RUIN
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
πόλιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

πόλις, -εως, ἡ
πολ(ι)·ν
(fem) acc sg
city
δι’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δι’
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
ἐμέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person); Determiner (Possessive)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς; ἐμός -ή -όν
εμε; εμ·ε
acc sg; mas voc sg
me; my/mine
;
1Sm 23:10
Then David said, “O Yahweh, the God of Israel, your servant has surely heard that Saul seeks to come to Keilah, to destroy the city for my sake.
11εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
ἀποκλεισθήσεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κλείω (-, απο+κλει·σ-, απο+κλει·σ-, -, απο+κεκλεισ-, απο+κλεισ·θ-)
απο·κλεισ·θησεται
fut θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-will-be-SHUT/LOCK-ed
shut/lock up
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
νῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

νῦν
νυν
indecl
now
εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
καταβήσεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·βαίνω (κατα+βαιν-, κατα+βη·σ-, 2nd ath. κατα+β(η)-/ath. κατα+β(α)-, κατα+βεβη·κ-, -, -)
κατα·βη·σεται
fut mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-will-be-DESCEND-ed
descend, go down, dismount from, arrive at, attain one's end
Σαουλ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Σαούλ, ὁ
σαουλ
(mas) indecl
Saul
καθὼς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

καθ·ώς
καθως
indecl
as accordingly
[according to how/in accordance with how]
ἤκουσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀκούω (ακου-, ακου·σ-, ακου·σ-, ακηκο·[κ]-, ηκουσ-, ακουσ·θ-)
ε·ακου·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-HEAR-ed
hearken to
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
δοῦλός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

δοῦλος[2], -ου, ὁ; δοῦλος[1] -η -ον
δουλ·ος; δουλ·ος
(mas) nom sg; mas nom sg
slave; servile
;
σου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
κύριε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ε; κυρι·ε
(mas) voc sg; mas voc sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
θεὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ος
(mas) nom sg
god
[see theology]
Ισραηλ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰσραήλ, ὁ
ισραηλ
(mas) indecl
Israel
ἀπάγγειλον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·αγγέλλω (απ+αγγελλ-, απ+αγγελ(ε)·[σ]-, απ+αγγειλ·[σ]-, απ+ηγγελ·κ-, -, απ+αγγελ·[θ]-)
απ·αγγειλ·[σ]ον
1aor act imp 2nd sg
do-REPORT-you(sg)!
– to report or tell.
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
δούλῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

δοῦλος[2], -ου, ὁ; δοῦλος[1] -η -ον
δουλ·ῳ; δουλ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg; neu dat sg or mas dat sg
slave; servile
;
σου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY/TELL-ed
speak, tell, recount
κύριος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ος; κυρι·ος
(mas) nom sg; mas nom sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
ἀποκλεισθήσεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κλείω (-, απο+κλει·σ-, απο+κλει·σ-, -, απο+κεκλεισ-, απο+κλεισ·θ-)
απο·κλεισ·θησεται
fut θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-will-be-SHUT/LOCK-ed
shut/lock up
1Sm 23:11
Will the men of Keilah deliver me up into his hand? Will Saul come down, as your servant has heard? Yahweh, the God of Israel, I beg you, tell your servant.”
¶Yahweh said, “He will come down.”
121Sm 23:12
¶Then David said, “Will the men of Keilah deliver me and my men into the hand of Saul?”
¶Yahweh said, “They will deliver you up.”
13καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀνέστη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀν·ίστημι (ath. αν+ιστ(α)-/ath. αν+ιστ(η)-, ανα+στη·σ-, ανα+στη·σ- or 2nd ath. ανα+στ(η)-/ath. ανα+στ(α)-, ανα+εστη·κ-/ανα+εστα·κ-, -, ανα+στα·θ-)
ανα·ε·στ(η)·^
2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-STAND-UP-AGAIN-ed
Lit:"stand-up-again", hence put-up/raise/arise. Usually resurrect.
Δαυιδ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Δαυίδ v.l. Δαβίδ, ὁ
δαυιδ
(mas) indecl
David
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
ἄνδρες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀνήρ, ἀνδρός, ὁ, voc. sg. ἄνερ
ανδρ·ες
(mas) nom|voc pl
men
(as distinct from woman, beast, god, etc); sometimes "husband".
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
μετ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετ’
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
τετρακόσιοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

τετρα·κόσιοι -αι -α
τετρακοσι·οι
mas nom|voc pl
four hundred
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐξῆλθον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·έρχομαι (εξ+ερχ-, εξ+ελευ·σ-, εξ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd εξ+ελθ-, εξ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εξ·ε·ελθ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
I-COME-ed-OUT, they-COME-ed-OUT
[exit]
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
Κεϊλα καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐπορεύοντο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πορεύω (πορευ-, πορευ·σ-, πορευ·σ-, -, πεπορευ-, πορευ·θ-)
ε·πορευ·οντο
impf mp ind 3rd pl
they-were-being-GO-ed
go/depart/proceed/travel
οὗ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle; Pronoun (Relative)

οὗ[1]; ὅς ἥ ὅ
ου; ου
indecl; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
where; who/whom/which
ἕως οὗ means "until where (in time)", that is, "until when", "until such time as", or "until the point that";
ἐὰν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἐάν (εἰ ἄν)
εαν
indecl
if-ever
"ἐὰν μή" (Lit:if-ever not) means "except", "unless"
ἐπορεύθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πορεύω (πορευ-, πορευ·σ-, πορευ·σ-, -, πεπορευ-, πορευ·θ-)
ε·πορευ·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
they-were-GO-ed
go/depart/proceed/travel
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
Σαουλ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Σαούλ, ὁ
σαουλ
(mas) indecl
Saul
ἀπηγγέλη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·αγγέλλω (απ+αγγελλ-, απ+αγγελ(ε)·[σ]-, απ+αγγειλ·[σ]-, απ+ηγγελ·κ-, -, απ+αγγελ·[θ]-)
απ·ε·αγγελ·[θ]η
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-REPORT-ed
– to report or tell.
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
διασέσωται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δια·σῴζω (δια+σῳζ-, δια+σω·σ-, δια+σω·σ-, -, δια+σεσω-/δια+σεσῳσ-, δια+σω·θ-)
δια·σεσω·ται
perf mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-has-been-PRESERVED-ed
Δαυιδ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Δαυίδ v.l. Δαβίδ, ὁ
δαυιδ
(mas) indecl
David
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
Κεϊλα καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀνῆκεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

ἀν·ίημι (ath. αν+ι(ε)-, αν+η·σ-, αν+η·κ- or 2nd ath. αν+(ε)-, -, αν+ει-, αν+ε·θ-); ἀν·ήκω (αν+ηκ-, -, -, -, -, -)
αν·ε·η·κε(ν); αν·ε·ηκ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg; impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-LET-ed-GO-OF; he/she/it-was-BE-APPROPRIATE-ing
Lit:"send-up", hence give-up, untie, let-loose, abate; Lit:"reach-an-appropriate-goal", hence appropriate/fitting
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
ἐξελθεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·έρχομαι (εξ+ερχ-, εξ+ελευ·σ-, εξ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd εξ+ελθ-, εξ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εξ·ελθ·ειν
2aor act inf
to-COME-OUT
[exit]
1Sm 23:13
¶Then David and his men, who were about six hundred, arose and departed out of Keilah, and went wherever they could go. It was told Saul that David was escaped from Keilah; and he gave up going there.
14καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐκάθισεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καθίζω (καθιζ-, καθι(ε)·[σ]-/καθι·[σ]-/καθι·σ-, καθι·σ-, κεκαθι·κ-, -, -)
ε·καθι·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SIT-DOWN-ed
from "καθέδρα" (seat), hence take one's seat, sit as judge, Hdt.1.97, 5.25, Pl.Lg.659b, Ph.1.382
Δαυιδ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Δαυίδ v.l. Δαβίδ, ὁ
δαυιδ
(mas) indecl
David
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
ἐρήμῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἔρημος -ον
ερημ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg or fem dat sg
deserted
,unpopulated/uncultivated hence solitary, wilderness
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
Μασερεμ ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
στενοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

στενός -ή -όν
στεν·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
narrow
close, the concluding time, strait, tight, near, nigh
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐκάθητο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κάθ·η·μαι (ath. καθ(η)-, καθη·σ-, -, -, -, -)
ε·καθ(η)·το
impf mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-being-SIT-ed
Lit:"down-sit".
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
ἐρήμῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἔρημος -ον
ερημ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg or fem dat sg
deserted
,unpopulated/uncultivated hence solitary, wilderness
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
ὄρει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ὄρο·ς, -ους, τό, gen. pl. ὀρέων (cf. βουνός)
ορ(ε)·ι
(neu) dat sg
mount
Ζιφ ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
γῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

γῆ, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. γῆ
γ·ῃ
(fem) dat sg
earth/land
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
αὐχμώδει καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐζήτει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ζητέω (ζητ(ε)-, ζητη·σ-, ζητη·σ-, -, -, ζητη·θ-)
ε·ζητ(ε)·ε
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-SEEK-ing
/search/inquire, look-into
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
Σαουλ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Σαούλ, ὁ
σαουλ
(mas) indecl
Saul
πάσας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral); Verb

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός; πάσσω [LXX] (πασσ-, -, πα·σ-, -, πεπασ-, -)
πασ·ας; πα·σα[ντ]·ς
fem acc pl; 1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
all; upon SPRINKLE-ing
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".;
τὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ας
fem acc pl
the
ἡμέρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
day, days
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
παρέδωκεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·δίδωμι (ath. παρα+διδ(ο)-/ath. παρα+διδ(ω)-, παρα+δω·σ-, παρα+δω·κ- or 2nd ath. παρα+δ(ο)-/ath. παρα+δ(ω)-, παρα+δεδω·κ-, παρα+δεδο-, παρα+δο·θ-)
παρα·ε·δω·κε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-DELIVER-OVER-ed
Lit:"give-close-beside", hence deliver/surrender/hand-over, betray, commit, give-in/over/up, turn-in, consign, grant, bestow, teach-doctrine
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
κύριος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ος; κυρι·ος
(mas) nom sg; mas nom sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ας
fem acc pl
the
χεῖρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

χείρ, χειρός, ἡ, dat. pl. χερσίν
χειρ·ας
(fem) acc pl
hands
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
1Sm 23:14
David stayed in the wilderness in the strongholds, and remained in the hill country in the wilderness of Ziph. Saul sought him every day, but God didn’t deliver him into his hand.
15καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εἶδεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ε·ιδ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ιδ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SEE/BEHOLD-ed
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
Δαυιδ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Δαυίδ v.l. Δαβίδ, ὁ
δαυιδ
(mas) indecl
David
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
ἐξέρχεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·έρχομαι (εξ+ερχ-, εξ+ελευ·σ-, εξ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd εξ+ελθ-, εξ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εξ·ερχ·εται
pres mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is-being-COME-ed-OUT
[exit]
Σαουλ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Σαούλ, ὁ
σαουλ
(mas) indecl
Saul
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
ζητεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ζητέω (ζητ(ε)-, ζητη·σ-, ζητη·σ-, -, -, ζητη·θ-)
ζητ(ε)·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-SEEK-ing
/search/inquire, look-into
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
Δαυιδ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Δαυίδ v.l. Δαβίδ, ὁ
δαυιδ
(mas) indecl
David
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
Δαυιδ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Δαυίδ v.l. Δαβίδ, ὁ
δαυιδ
(mas) indecl
David
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
ὄρει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ὄρο·ς, -ους, τό, gen. pl. ὀρέων (cf. βουνός)
ορ(ε)·ι
(neu) dat sg
mount
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
αὐχμώδει ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
Καινῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

καινός -ή -όν
καιν·ῃ
fem dat sg
new
unprecedented,newly-invented, novel, fresh, anew
Ζιφ
1Sm 23:15
David saw that Saul had come out to seek his life. David was in the wilderness of Ziph in the wood.
16καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀνέστη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀν·ίστημι (ath. αν+ιστ(α)-/ath. αν+ιστ(η)-, ανα+στη·σ-, ανα+στη·σ- or 2nd ath. ανα+στ(η)-/ath. ανα+στ(α)-, ανα+εστη·κ-/ανα+εστα·κ-, -, ανα+στα·θ-)
ανα·ε·στ(η)·^
2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-STAND-UP-AGAIN-ed
Lit:"stand-up-again", hence put-up/raise/arise. Usually resurrect.
Ιωναθαν υἱὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ος
(mas) nom sg
son
Σαουλ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Σαούλ, ὁ
σαουλ
(mas) indecl
Saul
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐπορεύθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πορεύω (πορευ-, πορευ·σ-, πορευ·σ-, -, πεπορευ-, πορευ·θ-)
ε·πορευ·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-GO-ed
go/depart/proceed/travel
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
Δαυιδ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Δαυίδ v.l. Δαβίδ, ὁ
δαυιδ
(mas) indecl
David
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
Καινὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

καινός -ή -όν
καιν·ην
fem acc sg
new
unprecedented,newly-invented, novel, fresh, anew
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐκραταίωσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κραταιόω (κραται(ο)-, κραταιω·σ-, κραταιω·σ-, -, κεκραταιω-, κραταιω·θ-)
ε·κραταιω·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-BECOME STRONG-ed
τὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ας
fem acc pl
the
χεῖρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

χείρ, χειρός, ἡ, dat. pl. χερσίν
χειρ·ας
(fem) acc pl
hands
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
κυρίῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ῳ; κυρι·ῳ
(mas) dat sg; neu dat sg or mas dat sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
1Sm 23:16
¶Jonathan, Saul’s son, arose, and went to David into the woods, and strengthened his hand in God.
17καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY/TELL-ed
speak, tell, recount
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
φοβοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Verb

φόβος, -ου, ὁ; φοβέω (φοβ(ε)-, -, φοβη·σ-, -, πεφοβη-, φοβη·θ-)
φοβ·ου; φοβ(ε)·ου
(mas) gen sg; pres mp imp 2nd sg
fear; be-you(sg)-being-FEAR-ed!
[see phobia];
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
εὕρῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εὑρίσκω (ευρισκ-, ευρη·σ-, ευρ·[σ]- or 2nd ευρ-, ευρη·κ-, ευρη-, ευρε·θ-)
ευρ·[σ]ῃ, ευρ·ῃ
1aor act sub 3rd sg or 1aor mp sub 2nd sg, 2aor act sub 3rd sg or 2aor mp sub 2nd sg
he/she/it-should-FIND, you(sg)-should-be-FIND-ed
/learn/discover (after searching)
σε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σε; σ·ε
acc sg; mas voc sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
χεὶρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

χείρ, χειρός, ἡ, dat. pl. χερσίν
χειρ
(fem) nom|voc sg
hand
Σαουλ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Σαούλ, ὁ
σαουλ
(mas) indecl
Saul
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
πατρός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

πατήρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ὁ, voc. pl. πατέρες
πατ[ε]ρ·ος
(mas) gen sg
father
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
σὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
συ
nom sg
you(sg)
βασιλεύσεις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βασιλεύω (βασιλευ-, βασιλευ·σ-, βασιλευ·σ-, βεβασιλευ·κ-, βεβασιλευ-, -)
βασιλευ·σεις
fut act ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-will-REIGN
Lit:"be-king"
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
Ισραηλ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰσραήλ, ὁ
ισραηλ
(mas) indecl
Israel
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐγὼ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
εγω
nom sg
I
ἔσομαί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
εσ·[σ]ομαι
fut mp ind 1st sg
I-will-be
σοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive); Verb

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν; τρίβω [LXX] (τριβ-, ·σ-, τριψ-, -, τετριβ-, -)
σοι; σ·οι; ·σοι
dat sg; mas nom|voc pl; fut act opt 3rd sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg); (fut opt)
; ; worn, rub
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
δεύτερον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

δεύτερος -α -ον
δευτερ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
second
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
Σαουλ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Σαούλ, ὁ
σαουλ
(mas) indecl
Saul
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
πατήρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

πατήρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ὁ, voc. pl. πατέρες
πατερ·^
(mas) nom sg
father
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
οἶδεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

οἶδα (ath. ιδ-/ath. ειδ(ε)-/ath. ειδ-, ειδη·σ-/ει[δ]·σ-, ειδη·σ-, οιδ·[κ]-/ειδ·[κ]-, -, -)
οιδ·[κ]ε(ν)
perf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-has-KNOWING-ed
/perceive/be-aware-of/be-acquainted-with/notice. Often rendered "know" (by seeing/observing), in contrast to "γινώσκω" (know by thinking/reasoning/experiencing).
οὕτως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὕτως/οὕτω
ουτως
indecl
thusly/like-this
[Lit:"like-this": in-this-manner (οὕτως before vowels and consonants; οὕτω before consonants only]
1Sm 23:17
He said to him, “Don’t be afraid; for the hand of Saul my father shall not find you; and you shall be king over Israel, and I shall be next to you; and that also Saul my father knows.”
18καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
διέθεντο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δια·τίθημι (ath. δια+τιθ(ε)-, δια+θη·σ-, δια+θη·κ- or 2nd ath. δια+θ(ε)-, -, -, -)
δια·ε·θ(ε)·ντο
2aor mp ind 3rd pl
they-were-COVENANT-ed
ἀμφότεροι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

ἀμφότεροι -αι -α
αμφοτερ·οι
mas nom|voc pl
both
διαθήκην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

δια·θήκη, -ης, ἡ
διαθηκ·ην
(fem) acc sg
covenant
ἐνώπιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition; Adjective (2-2-2)

ἐν·ώπιον; ἐν·ώπιος -ον [LXX]
ενωπιον; ενωπι·ον
indecl; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
in-the-presence-of (+gen); in the sight of/ in front of
Lit:"in-sight-of"; face to face
κυρίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ου; κυρι·ου
(mas) gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐκάθητο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κάθ·η·μαι (ath. καθ(η)-, καθη·σ-, -, -, -, -)
ε·καθ(η)·το
impf mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-being-SIT-ed
Lit:"down-sit".
Δαυιδ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Δαυίδ v.l. Δαβίδ, ὁ
δαυιδ
(mas) indecl
David
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
Καινῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

καινός -ή -όν
καιν·ῃ
fem dat sg
new
unprecedented,newly-invented, novel, fresh, anew
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
Ιωναθαν ἀπῆλθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·έρχομαι (απ+ερχ-, απ+ελευ·σ-, απ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd απ+ελθ-, απ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
απ·ε·ελθ·[σ]ε(ν), απ·ε·ελθ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-DEPART-ed
go away, depart from
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
οἶκον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

οἶκος, -ου, ὁ (cf. οἰκία)
οικ·ον
(mas) acc sg
house/home
/dwelling-place, by extension, household.
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
1Sm 23:18
They both made a covenant before Yahweh: and David stayed in the woods, and Jonathan went to his house.
19καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀνέβησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀνα·βαίνω (ανα+βαιν-, ανα+βη·σ-, ανα+βαιν·[σ]- or 2nd ath. ανα+β(η)-/ath. ανα+β(α)-, ανα+βεβη·κ-, -, -)
ανα·ε·β(η)·σαν
2aor act ind 3rd pl
they-ASCEND-ed
Lit:"step/foot-up", hence ascend.
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
Ζιφαῖοι ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
αὐχμώδους πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
Σαουλ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Σαούλ, ὁ
σαουλ
(mas) indecl
Saul
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
βουνὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

βουνός, -οῦ, ὁ (cf. ὄρος)
βουν·ον
(mas) acc sg
hill
λέγοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while SAY/TELL-ing
speak, tell, recount
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἰδοὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ου
2aor mp imp 2nd sg
be-you(sg)-SEE/BEHOLD-ed!
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
Δαυιδ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Δαυίδ v.l. Δαβίδ, ὁ
δαυιδ
(mas) indecl
David
κέκρυπται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κρύπτω/κρύβω (κρυπτ-/κρυβ-, κρυψ-, κρυψ-, -, κεκρυπτ-, κρυβ·[θ]-)
κεκρυπτ·ται
perf mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-has-been-HIDE-ed
conceal, skulk
παρ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

παρά
παρ’
indecl
frοm beside (+acc,+gen,+dat)
παρ’ before vowels I. beside, near, by, II. along, III. past, beyond. 1. with Verbs of coming, going, etc., to the side of, to, with Verbs of placing, examining, etc., side by side with, near, together
ἡμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημιν
dat pl
us
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
Μεσσαρα ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
στενοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

στενός -ή -όν
στεν·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
narrow
close, the concluding time, strait, tight, near, nigh
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
Καινῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

καινός -ή -όν
καιν·ῃ
fem dat sg
new
unprecedented,newly-invented, novel, fresh, anew
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
βουνῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

βουνός, -οῦ, ὁ (cf. ὄρος)
βουν·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
hill
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
Εχελα τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
δεξιῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

δεξιός -ά -όν
δεξι·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
right
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
Ιεσσαιμουν
1Sm 23:19
Then the Ziphites came up to Saul to Gibeah, saying, “Doesn’t David hide himself with us in the strongholds in the wood, in the hill of Hachilah, which is on the south of the desert?
20καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
νῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

νῦν
νυν
indecl
now
πᾶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παν[τ]
neu nom|acc|voc sg
each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
ψυχὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ψυχή, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. ψυχή
ψυχ·ην
(fem) acc sg
soul-life
self A. life, “λύθη ψ. τε μένος τε” Il.5.296, etc.; psyche/mind
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
βασιλέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
king
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
κατάβασιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.); Verb

κατά·βασις, -εως, ἡ; κατα·βαίνω (κατα+βαιν-, κατα+βη·σ-, 2nd ath. κατα+β(η)-/ath. κατα+β(α)-, κατα+βεβη·κ-, -, -)
καταβασ(ι)·ν; κατα·β(α)·[ντ]·σι(ν)
(fem) acc sg; 2aor act ptcp mas dat pl or 2aor act ptcp neu dat pl
descent; upon DESCEND-ing
; descend, go down, dismount from, arrive at, attain one's end
καταβαινέτω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·βαίνω (κατα+βαιν-, κατα+βη·σ-, 2nd ath. κατα+β(η)-/ath. κατα+β(α)-, κατα+βεβη·κ-, -, -)
κατα·βαιν·ετω
pres act imp 3rd sg
let-him/her/it-be-DESCEND-ing!
descend, go down, dismount from, arrive at, attain one's end
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
ἡμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημας
acc pl
us
κεκλείκασιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κλείω (κλει-, κλει·σ-, κλει·σ-, κεκλει·κ-, κεκλεισ-, κλεισ·θ-)
κεκλει·κασι(ν)
perf act ind 3rd pl
they-have-SHUT-ed
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ας
fem acc pl
the
χεῖρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

χείρ, χειρός, ἡ, dat. pl. χερσίν
χειρ·ας
(fem) acc pl
hands
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
βασιλέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
king
1Sm 23:20
Now therefore, O king, come down, according to all the desire of your soul to come down; and our part shall be to deliver him up into the king’s hand.”
21καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY/TELL-ed
speak, tell, recount
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
Σαουλ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Σαούλ, ὁ
σαουλ
(mas) indecl
Saul
εὐλογημένοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εὐ·λογέω (ευλογ(ε)-, ευλογη·σ-, ευλογη·σ-, ευλογη·κ-/ηυλογη·κ-, ευλογη-/ηυλογη-, ευλογη·θ-)
ευλογη·μεν·οι
perf mp ptcp mas nom|voc pl
having-been-SPEAK-ed-WELL-OF
Lit:"good-word/message", hence speak-good/well-of, eulogize. Usually rendered "bless", but quite distinct from "makarios" (blessed/fortunate)
ὑμεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμεις
nom pl
you(pl)
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
κυρίῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ῳ; κυρι·ῳ
(mas) dat sg; neu dat sg or mas dat sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
ἐπονέσατε περὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

περί
περι
indecl
about (+acc,+gen)
Lit:"around" (as in perimeter "around-measure"). Fig:about/regarding/concerning
ἐμοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person); Determiner (Possessive)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς; ἐμός -ή -όν
εμου; εμ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
me; my/mine
;
1Sm 23:21
¶Saul said, “You are blessed by Yahweh; for you have had compassion on me.
22πορεύθητε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πορεύω (πορευ-, πορευ·σ-, πορευ·σ-, -, πεπορευ-, πορευ·θ-)
πορευ·θητε
aor θη imp 2nd pl or aor θη sub 2nd pl
be-you(pl)-GO-ed!, you(pl)-should-be-GO-ed
go/depart/proceed/travel
δὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δή
δη
indecl
indeed
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἑτοιμάσατε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἑτοιμάζω (ετοιμαζ-, ετοιμα·σ-, ετοιμα·σ-, ητοιμα·κ-, ητοιμασ-, ετοιμασ·θ-)
ετοιμα·σατε
1aor act imp 2nd pl
do-PREPARE/MAKE-READY-you(pl)!
ἔτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἔτι
ετι
indecl
yet/still
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
γνῶτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γινώσκω/γιγν- (γινωσκ-/γιγνωσκ-, γνω·σ-, 2nd ath. γν(ω)-/ath. γν(ο)-, εγνω·κ-, εγνωσ-, γνωσ·θ-)
γν(ω)·τε, γν(ω)·ητε
2aor act imp 2nd pl, 2aor act sub 2nd pl
do-KNOW-you(pl)!, you(pl)-should-KNOW
καί έν τούτω γινώσκομεν
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
τόπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

τόπος, -ου, ὁ
τοπ·ον
(mas) acc sg
place
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
οὗ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle; Pronoun (Relative)

οὗ[1]; ὅς ἥ ὅ
ου; ου
indecl; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
where; who/whom/which
ἕως οὗ means "until where (in time)", that is, "until when", "until such time as", or "until the point that";
ἔσται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
irreg. (εσ)·[σε]ται (instead of (εσ)·σεται > εσεται)
fut mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-will-be
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
ποὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

πούς, ποδός, ὁ (cf. βάσις)
πο[δ]·ς > irreg. πους
(mas) nom|voc sg
foot
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τάχει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.); Adjective (3-1-3)

τάχο·ς, -ους, τό; ταχύς -εῖα -ύ, gen. -έος and -έως
ταχ(ε)·ι; ταχ(υ)·ι
(neu) dat sg; neu dat sg or mas dat sg
speed; quick
; speedy, swift, ‘throw headlong’ fast, επίθ. precipitate
ἐκεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἐκεῖ
εκει
indecl
there
οὗ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle; Pronoun (Relative)

οὗ[1]; ὅς ἥ ὅ
ου; ου
indecl; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
where; who/whom/which
ἕως οὗ means "until where (in time)", that is, "until when", "until such time as", or "until the point that";
εἴπατε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ατε, ειπ·[σ]ατε
1aor act ind 2nd pl, 1aor act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-SAY/TELL-ed, do-SAY/TELL-you(pl)!
speak, tell, recount
μήποτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μήποτε (μή ποτέ)
μηποτε
indecl
never
πανουργεύσηται
1Sm 23:22
Please go make yet more sure, and know and see his place where his haunt is, and who has seen him there; for it is told me that he deals very subtly.
23καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἴδετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ετε
2aor act imp 2nd pl
do-SEE/BEHOLD-you(pl)!
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
γνῶτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γινώσκω/γιγν- (γινωσκ-/γιγνωσκ-, γνω·σ-, 2nd ath. γν(ω)-/ath. γν(ο)-, εγνω·κ-, εγνωσ-, γνωσ·θ-)
γν(ω)·τε, γν(ω)·ητε
2aor act imp 2nd pl, 2aor act sub 2nd pl
do-KNOW-you(pl)!, you(pl)-should-KNOW
καί έν τούτω γινώσκομεν
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
πορευσόμεθα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πορεύω (πορευ-, πορευ·σ-, πορευ·σ-, -, πεπορευ-, πορευ·θ-)
πορευ·σομεθα
fut mp ind 1st pl
we-will-be-GO-ed
go/depart/proceed/travel
μεθ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μεθ’
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you(pl)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἔσται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
irreg. (εσ)·[σε]ται (instead of (εσ)·σεται > εσεται)
fut mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-will-be
εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
ἔστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
γῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

γῆ, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. γῆ
γ·ης
(fem) gen sg
earth/land
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐξερευνήσω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·εραυνάω v.l. -ερευνάω (εξ+ερευν(α)-, εξ+ερευνη·σ-, εξ+εραυνη·σ-/εξ+ερευνη·σ-, -, -, εξ+ερευνη·θ-)
εξ·ερευνη·σω
fut act ind 1st sg or 1aor act sub 1st sg
I-will-SEARCH-DILIGENTLY, I-should-SEARCH-DILIGENTLY
[Lit:"search-from-out-of", hence search-out/diligently]
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
πάσαις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral); Verb

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός; πάσσω [LXX] (πασσ-, -, πα·σ-, -, πεπασ-, -)
πασ·αις; πα·σαις
fem dat pl; 1aor act opt 2nd sg
all; you(sg)-happen-to-SPRINKLE
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".;
χιλιάσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

χιλιά[δ]ς, -άδος, ἡ
χιλια[δ]·σι(ν)
(fem) dat pl
kilos
[unit of one thousand]
Ιουδα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

Ἰούδας, -α and -ου, ὁ
ιουδ·α
(mas) voc sg or (mas) gen sg
Judas/Judah
1Sm 23:23
See therefore, and take knowledge of all the lurking places where he hides himself, and come again to me with certainty, and I will go with you: and it shall happen, if he is in the land, that I will search him out among all the thousands of Judah.”
24καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀνέστησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀν·ίστημι (ath. αν+ιστ(α)-/ath. αν+ιστ(η)-, ανα+στη·σ-, ανα+στη·σ- or 2nd ath. ανα+στ(η)-/ath. ανα+στ(α)-, ανα+εστη·κ-/ανα+εστα·κ-, -, ανα+στα·θ-)
ανα·ε·στη·σαν, ανα·ε·στ(η)·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl, 2aor act ind 3rd pl
they-STAND-UP-AGAIN-ed
Lit:"stand-up-again", hence put-up/raise/arise. Usually resurrect.
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
Ζιφαῖοι καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐπορεύθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πορεύω (πορευ-, πορευ·σ-, πορευ·σ-, -, πεπορευ-, πορευ·θ-)
ε·πορευ·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
they-were-GO-ed
go/depart/proceed/travel
ἔμπροσθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἔμ·προσ·θεν/-θε
εμπροσθεν
indecl
before/in-front-of
Lit:"in-toward" hence before/facing/in-front-of, former/previous
Σαουλ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Σαούλ, ὁ
σαουλ
(mas) indecl
Saul
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
Δαυιδ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Δαυίδ v.l. Δαβίδ, ὁ
δαυιδ
(mas) indecl
David
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
ἄνδρες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀνήρ, ἀνδρός, ὁ, voc. sg. ἄνερ
ανδρ·ες
(mas) nom|voc pl
men
(as distinct from woman, beast, god, etc); sometimes "husband".
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
ἐρήμῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἔρημος -ον
ερημ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg or fem dat sg
deserted
,unpopulated/uncultivated hence solitary, wilderness
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
Μααν καθ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
καθ’
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
ἑσπέραν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἑσπέρα, -ας, ἡ
εσπερ·αν
(fem) acc sg
evening
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
δεξιῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

δεξιός -ά -όν
δεξι·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
right
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
Ιεσσαιμουν
1Sm 23:24
¶They arose, and went to Ziph before Saul: but David and his men were in the wilderness of Maon, in the Arabah on the south of the desert.
25καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐπορεύθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πορεύω (πορευ-, πορευ·σ-, πορευ·σ-, -, πεπορευ-, πορευ·θ-)
ε·πορευ·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-GO-ed
go/depart/proceed/travel
Σαουλ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Σαούλ, ὁ
σαουλ
(mas) indecl
Saul
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
ἄνδρες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀνήρ, ἀνδρός, ὁ, voc. sg. ἄνερ
ανδρ·ες
(mas) nom|voc pl
men
(as distinct from woman, beast, god, etc); sometimes "husband".
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
ζητεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ζητέω (ζητ(ε)-, ζητη·σ-, ζητη·σ-, -, -, ζητη·θ-)
ζητ(ε)·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-SEEK-ing
/search/inquire, look-into
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀπήγγειλαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·αγγέλλω (απ+αγγελλ-, απ+αγγελ(ε)·[σ]-, απ+αγγειλ·[σ]-, απ+ηγγελ·κ-, -, απ+αγγελ·[θ]-)
απ·ε·αγγειλ·[σ]αν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-REPORT-ed
– to report or tell.
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
Δαυιδ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Δαυίδ v.l. Δαβίδ, ὁ
δαυιδ
(mas) indecl
David
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
κατέβη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·βαίνω (κατα+βαιν-, κατα+βη·σ-, 2nd ath. κατα+β(η)-/ath. κατα+β(α)-, κατα+βεβη·κ-, -, -)
κατα·ε·β(η)·^
2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-DESCEND-ed
descend, go down, dismount from, arrive at, attain one's end
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
πέτραν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

πέτρα, -ας, ἡ
πετρ·αν
(fem) acc sg
rock
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
ἐρήμῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἔρημος -ον
ερημ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg or fem dat sg
deserted
,unpopulated/uncultivated hence solitary, wilderness
Μααν καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἤκουσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀκούω (ακου-, ακου·σ-, ακου·σ-, ακηκο·[κ]-, ηκουσ-, ακουσ·θ-)
ε·ακου·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-HEAR-ed
hearken to
Σαουλ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Σαούλ, ὁ
σαουλ
(mas) indecl
Saul
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
κατεδίωξεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·διώκω (κατα+διωκ-, κατα+διωξ-, κατα+διωξ-, -, -, κατα+διωχ·θ-)
κατα·ε·διωκ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-CHASE-ed-AFTER
Lit:"chase/hunt-down", hence hunt/pursue-to-capture, chase-after, search-for, persecute
ὀπίσω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὀπίσω
οπισω
indecl
after/behind
[τὰ ὀπίσω, the rear]
Δαυιδ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Δαυίδ v.l. Δαβίδ, ὁ
δαυιδ
(mas) indecl
David
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
ἔρημον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἔρημος -ον
ερημ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
deserted
,unpopulated/uncultivated hence solitary, wilderness
Μααν
1Sm 23:25
Saul and his men went to seek him. When David was told, he went down to the rock, and stayed in the wilderness of Maon. When Saul heard that, he pursued after David in the wilderness of Maon.
26καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
πορεύονται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πορεύω (πορευ-, πορευ·σ-, πορευ·σ-, -, πεπορευ-, πορευ·θ-)
πορευ·ονται
pres mp ind 3rd pl
they-are-being-GO-ed
go/depart/proceed/travel
Σαουλ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Σαούλ, ὁ
σαουλ
(mas) indecl
Saul
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
ἄνδρες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀνήρ, ἀνδρός, ὁ, voc. sg. ἄνερ
ανδρ·ες
(mas) nom|voc pl
men
(as distinct from woman, beast, god, etc); sometimes "husband".
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
μέρους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

μέρο·ς, -ους, τό
μερ(ε)·ος
(neu) gen sg
part/piece
regions
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
ὄρους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ὄρο·ς, -ους, τό, gen. pl. ὀρέων (cf. βουνός)
ορ(ε)·ος
(neu) gen sg
mount
τούτου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
Δαυιδ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Δαυίδ v.l. Δαβίδ, ὁ
δαυιδ
(mas) indecl
David
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
ἄνδρες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀνήρ, ἀνδρός, ὁ, voc. sg. ἄνερ
ανδρ·ες
(mas) nom|voc pl
men
(as distinct from woman, beast, god, etc); sometimes "husband".
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
μέρους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

μέρο·ς, -ους, τό
μερ(ε)·ος
(neu) gen sg
part/piece
regions
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
ὄρους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ὄρο·ς, -ους, τό, gen. pl. ὀρέων (cf. βουνός)
ορ(ε)·ος
(neu) gen sg
mount
τούτου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
Δαυιδ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Δαυίδ v.l. Δαβίδ, ὁ
δαυιδ
(mas) indecl
David
σκεπαζόμενος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σκεπάζω [LXX] (σκεπαζ-, σκεπα·σ-, σκεπα·σ-, -, -, σκεπασ·θ-)
σκεπαζ·ομεν·ος
pres mp ptcp mas nom sg
while being-SHELTER-ed
πορεύεσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πορεύω (πορευ-, πορευ·σ-, πορευ·σ-, -, πεπορευ-, πορευ·θ-)
πορευ·εσθαι
pres mp inf
to-be-being-GO-ed
go/depart/proceed/travel
ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
προσώπου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

πρόσ·ωπον, -ου, τό
προσωπ·ου
(neu) gen sg
face
Lit:"toward-eyes", hence face/countenance/appearance
Σαουλ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Σαούλ, ὁ
σαουλ
(mas) indecl
Saul
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
Σαουλ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Σαούλ, ὁ
σαουλ
(mas) indecl
Saul
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
ἄνδρες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀνήρ, ἀνδρός, ὁ, voc. sg. ἄνερ
ανδρ·ες
(mas) nom|voc pl
men
(as distinct from woman, beast, god, etc); sometimes "husband".
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
παρενέβαλον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρ·εμ·βάλλω (παρεν+βαλλ-, παρεν+βαλ(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd παρεν+βαλ-, παρεν+βεβλη·κ-, -, -)
παρεν·ε·βαλ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
I-ENCAMP-ed, they-ENCAMP-ed
Lit:"encamp-close-beside"
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
Δαυιδ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Δαυίδ v.l. Δαβίδ, ὁ
δαυιδ
(mas) indecl
David
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
ἄνδρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀνήρ, ἀνδρός, ὁ, voc. sg. ἄνερ
ανδρ·ας
(mas) acc pl
men
(as distinct from woman, beast, god, etc); sometimes "husband".
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
συλλαβεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συλ·λαμβάνω (συν+λαμβαν-, συν+λημψ-/συν+ληψ-, 2nd συν+λαβ-, συν+ειληφ·[κ]-, συν+ειληβ-, συν+λημφ·θ-/συν+ληφ·θ-)
συν·λαβ·ειν
2aor act inf
to-SEIZING
lasso, catch, conceive, nab, apprehend, arrest, capture
αὐτούς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ους
mas acc pl
them/same
1Sm 23:26
Saul went on this side of the mountain, and David and his men on that side of the mountain: and David made haste to get away for fear of Saul; for Saul and his men surrounded David and his men to take them.
27καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἄγγελος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἄγγελος, -ου, ὁ
αγγελ·ος
(mas) nom sg
agent/angel
- a representing worker ([angelic] agent, ambasador, leader)
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
Σαουλ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Σαούλ, ὁ
σαουλ
(mas) indecl
Saul
ἦλθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ε·ελθ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ελθ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-COME-ed
Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
λέγων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while SAY/TELL-ing
speak, tell, recount
σπεῦδε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σπεύδω (σπευδ-, σπευ[δ]·σ-, σπευ[δ]·σ-, -, -, -)
σπευδ·ε
pres act imp 2nd sg
be-you(sg)-HASTEN-ing!
[urge upon]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
δεῦρο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

δεῦρο
δευρο
indecl
come! here, now
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
ἐπέθεντο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·τίθημι (ath. επι+τιθ(ε)-, επι+θη·σ-, επι+θη·κ- or 2nd ath. επι+θ(ε)-, -, -, επι+τε·θ-)
επι·ε·θ(ε)·ντο
2aor mp ind 3rd pl
they-were-PLACE-UPON-ed
Lit:"place/lay/set-upon/over", hence place--on, add
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
ἀλλόφυλοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἀλλό·φυλος -ον
αλλοφυλ·οι
mas nom|voc pl or fem nom|voc pl
foreign
Tribe, race
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
γῆν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

γῆ, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. γῆ
γ·ην
(fem) acc sg
earth/land
1Sm 23:27
But a messenger came to Saul, saying, “Hurry and come; for the Philistines have made a raid on the land!”
28καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀνέστρεψεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀνα·στρέφω (ανα+στρεφ-, ανα+στρεψ-, ανα+στρεψ-, -, αν+εστραφ-, ανα+στραφ·[θ]-)
ανα·ε·στρεφ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-GO-ed-ABOUT/RETURN
[conduct oneself; turn over]
Σαουλ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Σαούλ, ὁ
σαουλ
(mas) indecl
Saul
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
καταδιώκειν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·διώκω (κατα+διωκ-, κατα+διωξ-, κατα+διωξ-, -, -, κατα+διωχ·θ-)
κατα·διωκ·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-CHASE-ing-AFTER
Lit:"chase/hunt-down", hence hunt/pursue-to-capture, chase-after, search-for, persecute
ὀπίσω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὀπίσω
οπισω
indecl
after/behind
[τὰ ὀπίσω, the rear]
Δαυιδ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Δαυίδ v.l. Δαβίδ, ὁ
δαυιδ
(mas) indecl
David
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐπορεύθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πορεύω (πορευ-, πορευ·σ-, πορευ·σ-, -, πεπορευ-, πορευ·θ-)
ε·πορευ·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-GO-ed
go/depart/proceed/travel
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
συνάντησιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

συν·άντησις, -εως, ἡ
συναντησ(ι)·ν
(fem) acc sg
meeting
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
ἀλλοφύλων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἀλλό·φυλος -ον
αλλοφυλ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
foreign
Tribe, race
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
τοῦτο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
ἐπεκλήθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·καλέω (επι+καλ(ε)-, επι+καλε·σ-, επι+καλε·σ-, -, επι+κεκλη-, επι+κλη·θ-)
επι·ε·κλη·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-CALL-UPON-ed
Lit:"call-upon", hence call-upon(+gen), appeal-to(+acc, dat), surnamed (passive + specific name)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
τόπος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

τόπος, -ου, ὁ
τοπ·ος
(mas) nom sg
place
ἐκεῖνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

ἐκεῖνος -η -ο
εκειν·ος
mas nom sg
that
Πέτρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

πέτρα, -ας, ἡ
πετρ·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
rock
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
μερισθεῖσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μερίζω (μεριζ-, μερι(ε)·[σ]-/μερι·σ-, μερι·σ-, -, μεμερισ-, μερισ·θ-)
μερισ·θεισ·α
aor θη ptcp fem nom|voc sg
upon being-APPORTION/DIVIDE-ed
1Sm 23:28
So Saul returned from pursuing after David, and went against the Philistines: therefore they called that place Sela Hammahlekoth.
« Ch 22» Ch 24

Copyright 2007-2018 Thomas Moore, Email: acct3 at katabiblon.com, Support Forum Set Local Timezone
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