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שמואל א‏

Shmuel A (1 Samuel)

 Westminster Leningrad Codex Wiki English Translation‎ / World English Bible
1וַיַּגִּ֥דוּ לְדָוִ֖ד לֵאמֹ֑ר הִנֵּ֤ה פְלִשְׁתִּים֙ נִלְחָמִ֣ים בִּקְעִילָ֔ה וְהֵ֖מָּה שֹׁסִ֥ים אֶת ־ הַגֳּרָנֽוֹת ׃1Sm 23:1
¶David was told, “Behold, the Philistines are fighting against Keilah, and are robbing the threshing floors.”
2וַיִּשְׁאַ֨ל דָּוִ֤ד בַּֽיהוָה֙ לֵאמֹ֔ר הַאֵלֵ֣ךְ וְהִכֵּ֔יתִי בַּפְּלִשְׁתִּ֖ים הָאֵ֑לֶּה ס וַיֹּ֨אמֶר יְהוָ֜ה אֶל ־ דָּוִ֗ד לֵ֚ךְ וְהִכִּ֣יתָ בַפְּלִשְׁתִּ֔ים וְהוֹשַׁעְתָּ֖ אֶת ־ קְעִילָֽה ׃1Sm 23:2
¶Therefore David inquired of Yahweh, saying, “Shall I go and strike these Philistines?”
¶Yahweh said to David, “Go strike the Philistines, and save Keilah.”
3וַיֹּ֨אמְר֜וּ אַנְשֵׁ֤י דָוִד֙ אֵלָ֔יו הִנֵּ֨ה אֲנַ֥חְנוּ פֹ֛ה בִּֽיהוּדָ֖ה יְרֵאִ֑ים וְאַף֙ כִּֽי ־ נֵלֵ֣ךְ קְעִלָ֔ה אֶל ־ מַֽעַרְכ֖וֹת פְּלִשְׁתִּֽים ׃ ס 1Sm 23:3
¶David’s men said to him, “Behold, we are afraid here in Judah: how much more then if we go to Keilah against the armies of the Philistines?”
4וַיּ֨וֹסֶף ע֤וֹד דָּוִד֙ לִשְׁאֹ֣ל בַּֽיהוָ֔ה ס וַֽיַּעֲנֵ֖הוּ יְהוָ֑ה וַיֹּ֗אמֶר ק֚וּם רֵ֣ד קְעִילָ֔ה כִּֽי ־ אֲנִ֥י נֹתֵ֛ן אֶת ־ פְּלִשְׁתִּ֖ים בְּיָדֶֽךָ ׃1Sm 23:4
¶Then David inquired of Yahweh yet again. Yahweh answered him, and said, “Arise, go down to Keilah; for I will deliver the Philistines into your hand.”
5וַיֵּ֣לֶךְ דָּוִד֩ ‏{ ואנשו וַאֲנָשָׁ֨יו }‏ קְעִילָ֜ה וַיִּלָּ֣חֶם בַּפְּלִשְׁתִּ֗ים וַיִּנְהַג֙ אֶת ־ מִקְנֵיהֶ֔ם וַיַּ֥ךְ בָּהֶ֖ם מַכָּ֣ה גְדוֹלָ֑ה וַיֹּ֣שַׁע דָּוִ֔ד אֵ֖ת יֹשְׁבֵ֥י קְעִילָֽה ׃ ס 1Sm 23:5
¶David and his men went to Keilah, and fought with the Philistines, and brought away their livestock, and killed them with a great slaughter. So David saved the inhabitants of Keilah.
6וַיְהִ֗י בִּ֠בְרֹחַ אֶבְיָתָ֧ר בֶּן ־ אֲחִימֶ֛לֶךְ אֶל ־ דָּוִ֖ד קְעִילָ֑ה אֵפ֖וֹד יָרַ֥ד בְּיָדֽוֹ ׃1Sm 23:6
It happened, when Abiathar the son of Ahimelech fled to David to Keilah, that he came down with an ephod in his hand.
7וַיֻּגַּ֣ד לְשָׁא֔וּל כִּי ־ בָ֥א דָוִ֖ד קְעִילָ֑ה וַיֹּ֣אמֶר שָׁא֗וּל נִכַּ֨ר אֹת֤וֹ אֱלֹהִים֙ בְּיָדִ֔י כִּ֚י נִסְגַּ֣ר לָב֔וֹא בְּעִ֖יר דְּלָתַ֥יִם וּבְרִֽיחַ ׃1Sm 23:7
¶It was told Saul that David had come to Keilah. Saul said, “God has delivered him into my hand; for he is shut in, by entering into a town that has gates and bars.”
8וַיְשַׁמַּ֥ע שָׁא֛וּל אֶת ־ כָּל ־ הָעָ֖ם לַמִּלְחָמָ֑ה לָרֶ֣דֶת קְעִילָ֔ה לָצ֥וּר אֶל ־ דָּוִ֖ד וְאֶל ־ אֲנָשָֽׁיו ׃1Sm 23:8
Saul summoned all the people to war, to go down to Keilah, to besiege David and his men.
9וַיֵּ֣דַע דָּוִ֔ד כִּ֣י עָלָ֔יו שָׁא֖וּל מַחֲרִ֣ישׁ הָרָעָ֑ה וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ אֶל ־ אֶבְיָתָ֣ר הַכֹּהֵ֔ן הַגִּ֖ישָׁה הָאֵפֽוֹד ׃ ס 1Sm 23:9
David knew that Saul was devising mischief against him; and he said to Abiathar the priest, “Bring the ephod here.”
10וַיֹּאמֶר֮ דָּוִד֒ יְהוָה֙ אֱלֹהֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל שָׁמֹ֤עַ שָׁמַע֙ עַבְדְּךָ֔ כִּֽי ־ מְבַקֵּ֥שׁ שָׁא֖וּל לָב֣וֹא אֶל ־ קְעִילָ֑ה לְשַׁחֵ֥ת לָעִ֖יר בַּעֲבוּרִֽי ׃1Sm 23:10
Then David said, “O Yahweh, the God of Israel, your servant has surely heard that Saul seeks to come to Keilah, to destroy the city for my sake.
11הֲיַסְגִּרֻ֣נִי בַעֲלֵי֩ קְעִילָ֨ה בְיָד֜וֹ הֲיֵרֵ֣ד שָׁא֗וּל כַּֽאֲשֶׁר֙ שָׁמַ֣ע עַבְדֶּ֔ךָ יְהוָה֙ אֱלֹהֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל הַגֶּד ־ נָ֖א לְעַבְדֶּ֑ךָ ס וַיֹּ֥אמֶר יְהוָ֖ה יֵרֵֽד ׃1Sm 23:11
Will the men of Keilah deliver me up into his hand? Will Saul come down, as your servant has heard? Yahweh, the God of Israel, I beg you, tell your servant.”
¶Yahweh said, “He will come down.”
12וַיֹּ֣אמֶר דָּוִ֔ד הֲיַסְגִּ֜רוּ בַּעֲלֵ֧י קְעִילָ֛ה אֹתִ֥י וְאֶת ־ אֲנָשַׁ֖י בְּיַד ־ שָׁא֑וּל וַיֹּ֥אמֶר יְהוָ֖ה יַסְגִּֽירוּ ׃ ס 1Sm 23:12
¶Then David said, “Will the men of Keilah deliver me and my men into the hand of Saul?”
¶Yahweh said, “They will deliver you up.”
13וַיָּקָם֩ דָּוִ֨ד וַאֲנָשָׁ֜יו כְּשֵׁשׁ ־ מֵא֣וֹת אִ֗ישׁ וַיֵּצְאוּ֙ מִקְּעִלָ֔ה וַיִּֽתְהַלְּכ֖וּ בַּאֲשֶׁ֣ר יִתְהַלָּ֑כוּ וּלְשָׁא֣וּל הֻגַּ֗ד כִּֽי ־ נִמְלַ֤ט דָּוִד֙ מִקְּעִילָ֔ה וַיֶּחְדַּ֖ל לָצֵֽאת ׃1Sm 23:13
¶Then David and his men, who were about six hundred, arose and departed out of Keilah, and went wherever they could go. It was told Saul that David was escaped from Keilah; and he gave up going there.
14וַיֵּ֨שֶׁב דָּוִ֤ד בַּמִּדְבָּר֙ בַּמְּצָד֔וֹת וַיֵּ֥שֶׁב בָּהָ֖ר בְּמִדְבַּר ־ זִ֑יף וַיְבַקְשֵׁ֤הוּ שָׁאוּל֙ כָּל ־ הַיָּמִ֔ים וְלֹֽא ־ נְתָנ֥וֹ אֱלֹהִ֖ים בְּיָדֽוֹ ׃1Sm 23:14
David stayed in the wilderness in the strongholds, and remained in the hill country in the wilderness of Ziph. Saul sought him every day, but God didn’t deliver him into his hand.
15וַיַּ֣רְא דָוִ֔ד כִּֽי ־ יָצָ֥א שָׁא֖וּל לְבַקֵּ֣שׁ אֶת ־ נַפְשׁ֑וֹ וְדָוִ֥ד בְּמִדְבַּר ־ זִ֖יף בַּחֹֽרְשָׁה ׃ ס 1Sm 23:15
David saw that Saul had come out to seek his life. David was in the wilderness of Ziph in the wood.
16וַיָּ֙קָם֙ יְהוֹנָתָ֣ן בֶּן ־ שָׁא֔וּל וַיֵּ֥לֶךְ אֶל ־ דָּוִ֖ד חֹ֑רְשָׁה וַיְחַזֵּ֥ק אֶת ־ יָד֖וֹ בֵּאלֹהִֽים ׃1Sm 23:16
¶Jonathan, Saul’s son, arose, and went to David into the woods, and strengthened his hand in God.
17וַיֹּ֨אמֶר אֵלָ֜יו אַל ־ תִּירָ֗א כִּ֠י לֹ֤א תִֽמְצָאֲךָ֙ יַ֚ד שָׁא֣וּל אָבִ֔י וְאַתָּה֙ תִּמְלֹ֣ךְ עַל ־ יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל וְאָנֹכִ֖י אֶֽהְיֶה ־ לְּךָ֣ לְמִשְׁנֶ֑ה וְגַם ־ שָׁא֥וּל אָבִ֖י יֹדֵ֥עַ כֵּֽן ׃1Sm 23:17
He said to him, “Don’t be afraid; for the hand of Saul my father shall not find you; and you shall be king over Israel, and I shall be next to you; and that also Saul my father knows.”
18וַיִּכְרְת֧וּ שְׁנֵיהֶ֛ם בְּרִ֖ית לִפְנֵ֣י יְהוָ֑ה וַיֵּ֤שֶׁב דָּוִד֙ בַּחֹ֔רְשָׁה וִיהוֹנָתָ֖ן הָלַ֥ךְ לְבֵיתֽוֹ ׃ ס 1Sm 23:18
They both made a covenant before Yahweh: and David stayed in the woods, and Jonathan went to his house.
19וַיַּעֲל֤וּ זִפִים֙ אֶל ־ שָׁא֔וּל הַגִּבְעָ֖תָה לֵאמֹ֑ר הֲל֣וֹא דָ֠וִד מִסְתַּתֵּ֨ר עִמָּ֤נוּ בַמְּצָדוֹת֙ בַּחֹ֔רְשָׁה בְּגִבְעַת֙ הַֽחֲכִילָ֔ה אֲשֶׁ֖ר מִימִ֥ין הַיְשִׁימֽוֹן ׃1Sm 23:19
Then the Ziphites came up to Saul to Gibeah, saying, “Doesn’t David hide himself with us in the strongholds in the wood, in the hill of Hachilah, which is on the south of the desert?
20וְ֠עַתָּה לְכָל ־ אַוַּ֨ת נַפְשְׁךָ֥ הַמֶּ֛לֶךְ לָרֶ֖דֶת רֵ֑ד וְלָ֥נוּ הַסְגִּיר֖וֹ בְּיַ֥ד הַמֶּֽלֶךְ ׃1Sm 23:20
Now therefore, O king, come down, according to all the desire of your soul to come down; and our part shall be to deliver him up into the king’s hand.”
21וַיֹּ֣אמֶר שָׁא֔וּל בְּרוּכִ֥ים אַתֶּ֖ם לַֽיהוָ֑ה כִּ֥י חֲמַלְתֶּ֖ם עָלָֽי ׃1Sm 23:21
¶Saul said, “You are blessed by Yahweh; for you have had compassion on me.
22לְכוּ ־ נָ֞א הָכִ֣ינוּ ע֗וֹד וּדְע֤וּ וּרְאוּ֙ אֶת ־ מְקוֹמוֹ֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר תִּֽהְיֶ֣ה רַגְל֔וֹ מִ֥י רָאָ֖הוּ שָׁ֑ם כִּ֚י אָמַ֣ר אֵלַ֔י עָר֥וֹם יַעְרִ֖ם הֽוּא ׃1Sm 23:22
Please go make yet more sure, and know and see his place where his haunt is, and who has seen him there; for it is told me that he deals very subtly.
23וּרְא֣וּ וּדְע֗וּ מִכֹּ֤ל הַמַּֽחֲבֹאִים֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר יִתְחַבֵּ֣א שָׁ֔ם וְשַׁבְתֶּ֤ם אֵלַי֙ אֶל ־ נָכ֔וֹן וְהָלַכְתִּ֖י אִתְּכֶ֑ם וְהָיָה֙ אִם ־ יֶשְׁנ֣וֹ בָאָ֔רֶץ וְחִפַּשְׂתִּ֣י אֹת֔וֹ בְּכֹ֖ל אַלְפֵ֥י יְהוּדָֽה ׃1Sm 23:23
See therefore, and take knowledge of all the lurking places where he hides himself, and come again to me with certainty, and I will go with you: and it shall happen, if he is in the land, that I will search him out among all the thousands of Judah.”
24וַיָּק֛וּמוּ וַיֵּלְכ֥וּ זִ֖יפָה לִפְנֵ֣י שָׁא֑וּל וְדָוִ֨ד וַאֲנָשָׁ֜יו בְּמִדְבַּ֤ר מָעוֹן֙ בָּעֲרָבָ֔ה אֶ֖ל יְמִ֥ין הַיְשִׁימֽוֹן ׃1Sm 23:24
¶They arose, and went to Ziph before Saul: but David and his men were in the wilderness of Maon, in the Arabah on the south of the desert.
25וַיֵּ֨לֶךְ שָׁא֣וּל וַאֲנָשָׁיו֮ לְבַקֵּשׁ֒ וַיַּגִּ֣דוּ לְדָוִ֔ד וַיֵּ֣רֶד הַסֶּ֔לַע וַיֵּ֖שֶׁב בְּמִדְבַּ֣ר מָע֑וֹן וַיִּשְׁמַ֣ע שָׁא֔וּל וַיִּרְדֹּ֥ף אַחֲרֵֽי ־ דָוִ֖ד מִדְבַּ֥ר מָעֽוֹן ׃1Sm 23:25
Saul and his men went to seek him. When David was told, he went down to the rock, and stayed in the wilderness of Maon. When Saul heard that, he pursued after David in the wilderness of Maon.
26וַיֵּ֨לֶךְ שָׁא֜וּל מִצַּ֤ד הָהָר֙ מִזֶּ֔ה וְדָוִ֧ד וַאֲנָשָׁ֛יו מִצַּ֥ד הָהָ֖ר מִזֶּ֑ה וַיְהִ֨י דָוִ֜ד נֶחְפָּ֤ז לָלֶ֙כֶת֙ מִפְּנֵ֣י שָׁא֔וּל וְשָׁא֣וּל וַאֲנָשָׁ֗יו עֹֽטְרִ֛ים אֶל ־ דָּוִ֥ד וְאֶל ־ אֲנָשָׁ֖יו לְתָפְשָֽׂם ׃1Sm 23:26
Saul went on this side of the mountain, and David and his men on that side of the mountain: and David made haste to get away for fear of Saul; for Saul and his men surrounded David and his men to take them.
27וּמַלְאָ֣ךְ בָּ֔א אֶל ־ שָׁא֖וּל לֵאמֹ֑ר מַהֲרָ֣ה וְלֵ֔כָה כִּֽי ־ פָשְׁט֥וּ פְלִשְׁתִּ֖ים עַל ־ הָאָֽרֶץ ׃1Sm 23:27
But a messenger came to Saul, saying, “Hurry and come; for the Philistines have made a raid on the land!”
28וַיָּ֣שָׁב שָׁא֗וּל מִרְדֹף֙ אַחֲרֵ֣י דָוִ֔ד וַיֵּ֖לֶךְ לִקְרַ֣את פְּלִשְׁתִּ֑ים עַל ־ כֵּ֗ן קָֽרְאוּ֙ לַמָּק֣וֹם הַה֔וּא סֶ֖לַע הַֽמַּחְלְקֽוֹת ׃1Sm 23:28
So Saul returned from pursuing after David, and went against the Philistines: therefore they called that place Sela Hammahlekoth.
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