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ΠΡΟΣ ΡΩΜΑΙΟΥΣ

Letter to the Romans

 Robinson-Pierpont 2005 Wiki English Translation‎ / World English Bible
1Τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who/what/why interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently /accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
ἐροῦμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ερ(ε)·[σ]ομεν
fut act ind 1st pl
to say/tell
{ Ἀβραὰμ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Indecl.)

Ἀβραάμ, ὁ
αβρααμ
(mas) indecl
Abraham
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
πατέρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πατήρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ὁ, voc. pl. πατέρες
πατερ·α
(mas) acc sg
father
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
I
εὑρηκέναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εὑρίσκω (ευρισκ-, ευρη·σ-, ευρ·[σ]- or 2nd ευρ-, ευρη·κ-, ευρη-, ευρε·θ-)
ευρη·κεναι
perf act inf
to find /learn/discover (after searching)
εὑρηκέναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εὑρίσκω (ευρισκ-, ευρη·σ-, ευρ·[σ]- or 2nd ευρ-, ευρη·κ-, ευρη-, ευρε·θ-)
ευρη·κεναι
perf act inf
to find /learn/discover (after searching)
Ἀβραὰμ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Indecl.)

Ἀβραάμ, ὁ
αβρααμ
(mas) indecl
Abraham
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
προπάτορα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

προ·πάτωρ, -ορος, ὁ
προπατορ·α
(mas) acc sg
forefather
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
I
} κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen) with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
σάρκα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

σάρξ, -αρκός, ἡ
σαρκ·α
(fem) acc sg
flesh
;
———
RP: Ἀβραὰμ τὸν πατέρα ἡμῶν εὑρηκέναι ♦ NA/UBS: εὑρηκέναι Ἀβραὰμ τὸν προπάτορα ἡμῶν
Rom 4:1
¶What then will we say that Abraham, our forefather, has found according to the flesh?
2Εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for since, as
Ἀβραὰμ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Indecl.)

Ἀβραάμ, ὁ
αβρααμ
(mas) indecl
Abraham
ἐξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εξ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
ἔργων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἔργον, -ου, τό
εργ·ων
(neu) gen pl
work
ἐδικαιώθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δικαιόω (δικαι(ο)-, δικαιω·σ-, δικαιω·σ-, -, δεδικαιω-, δικαιω·θ-)
ε·δικαιω·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
to make/declare-righteous or such as he ought to be; just, fair, equitable, right; defend the cause of, plead for the righteousness (innocence) hence: regard as righteous
, ἔχει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
εχ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
to have /hold.
καύχημα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

καύχημα[τ], -ατος, τό
καυχημα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
boast (vaunt, brag, )
, ἀλλ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλ’
indecl
but
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat) Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
{ τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
♦ - } θεόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ον
(mas) acc sg
god [see theology]
.
———
RP: τὸν ♦ NA/UBS: —
Rom 4:2
For if Abraham was justified by works, he has something to boast about, but not toward God.
3Τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who/what/why interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for since, as
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
γραφὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

γραφή, -ῆς, ἡ
γραφ·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
writing
λέγει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
to say/tell
; Ἐπίστευσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πιστεύω (πιστευ-, πιστευ·σ-, πιστευ·σ-, πεπιστευ·κ-, πεπιστευ-, πιστευ·θ-)
ε·πιστευ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to believe/trust be-persuaded/accept [toward] (heed [to], believe); give management (entrust). PASS. to be entrusted with
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
Ἀβραὰμ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Indecl.)

Ἀβραάμ, ὁ
αβρααμ
(mas) indecl
Abraham
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
θεῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
god [see theology]
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἐλογίσθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λογίζομαι (λογιζ-, λογι(ε)·[σ]-, λογι·σ-, -, λελογισ-, λογισ·θ-)
ε·λογισ·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
to reckon /credit/account/regard/consider/impute,number,compute,reason,use-logic, as in devise/plot.
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
he/she/it/same
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
δικαιοσύνην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

δικαιο·σύνη, -ης, ἡ
δικαιοσυν·ην
(fem) acc sg
righteousness /justice, fulfillment of the law
.
Rom 4:3
For what does the Scripture say? “Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness.”*
4Τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
ἐργαζομένῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐργάζομαι (εργαζ-, εργ(α)·[σ]-, εργα·σ-, -, ειργασ-, εργασ·θ-)
εργαζ·ομεν·ῳ
pres mp ptcp mas dat sg or pres mp ptcp neu dat sg
to work/strive
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
μισθὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

μισθός, -ου, ὁ
μισθ·ος
(mas) nom sg
reward [wage, payment, compensation, due]
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
λογίζεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λογίζομαι (λογιζ-, λογι(ε)·[σ]-, λογι·σ-, -, λελογισ-, λογισ·θ-)
λογιζ·εται
pres mp ind 3rd sg
to reckon /credit/account/regard/consider/impute,number,compute,reason,use-logic, as in devise/plot.
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen) with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
χάριν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Noun (3rd Decl.)

χάριν; χάρι[τ]ς, -ιτος, ἡ, acc. χάρι[τ]ν and χάριτα
χαριν; χαρι[τ]·ν
indecl; (fem) acc sg
for the sake of [acc. of χάρις used adverbially] prep. for; favor/grace [see charity]
, ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen) with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
ὀφείλημα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ὀφείλημα[τ], -ατος, τό
οφειλημα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
debt
.
Rom 4:4
Now to him who works, the reward is not counted as grace, but as something owed.
5Τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
ἐργαζομένῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐργάζομαι (εργαζ-, εργ(α)·[σ]-, εργα·σ-, -, ειργασ-, εργασ·θ-)
εργαζ·ομεν·ῳ
pres mp ptcp mas dat sg or pres mp ptcp neu dat sg
to work/strive
, πιστεύοντι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πιστεύω (πιστευ-, πιστευ·σ-, πιστευ·σ-, πεπιστευ·κ-, πεπιστευ-, πιστευ·θ-)
πιστευ·ο[υ]ντ·ι
pres act ptcp mas dat sg or pres act ptcp neu dat sg
to believe/trust be-persuaded/accept [toward] (heed [to], believe); give management (entrust). PASS. to be entrusted with
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat) ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
δικαιοῦντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δικαιόω (δικαι(ο)-, δικαιω·σ-, δικαιω·σ-, -, δεδικαιω-, δικαιω·θ-)
δικαι(ο)·ο[υ]ντ·α
pres act ptcp mas acc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
to make/declare-righteous or such as he ought to be; just, fair, equitable, right; defend the cause of, plead for the righteousness (innocence) hence: regard as righteous
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
ἀσεβῆ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3)

ἀ·σεβής -ές
ασεβ(ε)·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
ungodly /irreverent.
, λογίζεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λογίζομαι (λογιζ-, λογι(ε)·[σ]-, λογι·σ-, -, λελογισ-, λογισ·θ-)
λογιζ·εται
pres mp ind 3rd sg
to reckon /credit/account/regard/consider/impute,number,compute,reason,use-logic, as in devise/plot.
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
πίστις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πίστις, -εως, ἡ
πιστ(ι)·ς
(fem) nom sg
faith πίστις can refer to faith/trust, to that which one believes or trusts (the content of one's faith), or to the personal trait of faithfulness/trustworthiness/integrity.
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
δικαιοσύνην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

δικαιο·σύνη, -ης, ἡ
δικαιοσυν·ην
(fem) acc sg
righteousness /justice, fulfillment of the law
.
Rom 4:5
But to him who doesn’t work, but believes in him who justifies the ungodly, his faith is accounted for righteousness.
6Καθάπερ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καθάπερ
καθαπερ
indecl
even as
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
Δαυὶδ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Indecl.)

Δαυίδ v.l. Δαβίδ, ὁ
δαυιδ
(mas) indecl
David
λέγει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
to say/tell
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
μακαρισμὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

μακαρισμός, -οῦ, ὁ
μακαρισμ·ον
(mas) acc sg
blessing
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
ἀνθρώπου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ου
(mas) gen sg
human
, [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ

neu dat sg or mas dat sg
who/whom/which
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
θεὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ος
(mas) nom sg
god [see theology]
λογίζεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λογίζομαι (λογιζ-, λογι(ε)·[σ]-, λογι·σ-, -, λελογισ-, λογισ·θ-)
λογιζ·εται
pres mp ind 3rd sg
to reckon /credit/account/regard/consider/impute,number,compute,reason,use-logic, as in devise/plot.
δικαιοσύνην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

δικαιο·σύνη, -ης, ἡ
δικαιοσυν·ην
(fem) acc sg
righteousness /justice, fulfillment of the law
χωρὶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

χωρίς
χωρις
indecl
apart from without, asunder, apart, separately
ἔργων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἔργον, -ου, τό
εργ·ων
(neu) gen pl
work
,
Rom 4:6
Even as David also pronounces blessing on the man to whom God counts righteousness apart from works,
7Μακάριοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

μακάριος -ία -ον; μακαρίζω (μακαριζ-, μακαρι(ε)·[σ]-, μακαρι·σ-, -, -, μακαρισ·θ-)
μακαρι·οι; μακαρι(ε)·[σ]οι
mas nom|voc pl; fut act opt 3rd sg
fortunate blessed; to bless [regard, deem happy/fortunate]. More about a condition than "εὐλογέω"
ὧν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
who/whom/which
ἀφέθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀφ·ίημι (ath. αφ+ι(ε)-, αφ+η·σ-, αφ+η·κ- or 2nd ath. αφ+(ε)-, -, αφ+ει-/αφ+εω-, αφ+ε·θ-)
αφ·ε·ε·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
to leave/dismiss/forgive Lit:"send-from", hence, dismiss/forgive, let-be, divorce, send-away, allow/permit. One of three Greek verbs rendered "forgive", two of which have been rendered "divorce"; forgiveness in this sense is the release from formal
αἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·αι
fem nom pl
the
ἀνομίαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἀ·νομία, -ας, ἡ
ανομι·αι
(fem) nom|voc pl
lawlessness Lit:"without-law"
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ὧν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
who/whom/which
ἐπεκαλύφθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·καλύπτω (επι+καλυπτ-, επι+καλυψ-, επι+καλυψ-, -, επι+κεκαλυπτ-, επι+καλυφ·θ-)
επι·ε·καλυπτ·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
to cover over
αἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·αι
fem nom pl
the
ἁμαρτίαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἁ·μαρτία, -ίας, ἡ
αμαρτι·αι
(fem) nom|voc pl
sin Typical NT usage: "sin", also used to denote failure in a more generic fashion.
.
Rom 4:7
“Blessed are they whose iniquities are forgiven,
whose sins are covered.
8Μακάριος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

μακάριος -ία -ον
μακαρι·ος
mas nom sg
fortunate blessed
ἀνὴρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἀνήρ, ἀνδρός, ὁ, voc. sg. ἄνερ
irreg. ανε[δ]ρ·^
(mas) nom sg
man (as distinct from woman, beast, god, etc); sometimes "husband".
{ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ

neu dat sg or mas dat sg
who/whom/which
οὗ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle; Pronoun (Relative)

οὗ[1]; ὅς ἥ ὅ
ου; ου
indecl; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
where ἕως οὗ means "until where (in time)", that is, "until when", "until such time as", or "until the point that"; who/whom/which
} οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
λογίσηται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λογίζομαι (λογιζ-, λογι(ε)·[σ]-, λογι·σ-, -, λελογισ-, λογισ·θ-)
λογι·σηται
1aor mp sub 3rd sg
to reckon /credit/account/regard/consider/impute,number,compute,reason,use-logic, as in devise/plot.
κύριος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ος; κυρι·ος
(mas) nom sg; mas nom sg
lord , "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).; authoritative
ἁμαρτίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἁ·μαρτία, -ίας, ἡ
αμαρτι·αν
(fem) acc sg
sin Typical NT usage: "sin", also used to denote failure in a more generic fashion.
.
———
RP: ᾧ ♦ NA/UBS: οὗ
Rom 4:8
Blessed is the man whom the Lord will by no means charge with sin.”*
9 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
μακαρισμὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

μακαρισμός, -οῦ, ὁ
μακαρισμ·ος
(mas) nom sg
blessing
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently /accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
οὗτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
[τ]ουτ·ος
mas nom sg
this When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat) ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
περιτομήν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

περι·τομή, -ῆς, ἡ
περιτομ·ην
(fem) acc sg
circumcision
, [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἤ[1]
η
indecl
or/than
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat) ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
ἀκροβυστίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἀκρο·βυστία, -ας, ἡ
ακροβυστι·αν
(fem) acc sg
foreskin The foreskin; usually, the state of having the foreskin: uncircumcision
; Λέγομεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ομεν
pres act ind 1st pl
to say/tell
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for since, as
{ ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
♦ - } Ἐλογίσθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λογίζομαι (λογιζ-, λογι(ε)·[σ]-, λογι·σ-, -, λελογισ-, λογισ·θ-)
ε·λογισ·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
to reckon /credit/account/regard/consider/impute,number,compute,reason,use-logic, as in devise/plot.
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
Ἀβραὰμ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Indecl.)

Ἀβραάμ, ὁ
αβρααμ
(mas) indecl
Abraham
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
πίστις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πίστις, -εως, ἡ
πιστ(ι)·ς
(fem) nom sg
faith πίστις can refer to faith/trust, to that which one believes or trusts (the content of one's faith), or to the personal trait of faithfulness/trustworthiness/integrity.
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
δικαιοσύνην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

δικαιο·σύνη, -ης, ἡ
δικαιοσυν·ην
(fem) acc sg
righteousness /justice, fulfillment of the law
.
———
RP: ὅτι ♦ NA/UBS: —
Rom 4:9
¶Is this blessing then pronounced on the circumcised, or on the uncircumcised also? For we say that faith was accounted to Abraham for righteousness.[a]
———
a See Gn. 15:6.
10Πῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

πῶς[1]
πως
indecl
how
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently /accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
ἐλογίσθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λογίζομαι (λογιζ-, λογι(ε)·[σ]-, λογι·σ-, -, λελογισ-, λογισ·θ-)
ε·λογισ·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
to reckon /credit/account/regard/consider/impute,number,compute,reason,use-logic, as in devise/plot.
; Ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
περιτομῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

περι·τομή, -ῆς, ἡ
περιτομ·ῃ
(fem) dat sg
circumcision
ὄντι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·ο[υ]ντ·ι
pres act ptcp mas dat sg or pres act ptcp neu dat sg
to be
, [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἤ[1]
η
indecl
or/than
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ἀκροβυστίᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἀκρο·βυστία, -ας, ἡ
ακροβυστι·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
foreskin The foreskin; usually, the state of having the foreskin: uncircumcision
; Οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
περιτομῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

περι·τομή, -ῆς, ἡ
περιτομ·ῃ
(fem) dat sg
circumcision
, ἀλλ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλ’
indecl
but
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ἀκροβυστίᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἀκρο·βυστία, -ας, ἡ
ακροβυστι·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
foreskin The foreskin; usually, the state of having the foreskin: uncircumcision
·
Rom 4:10
How then was it counted? When he was in circumcision, or in uncircumcision? Not in circumcision, but in uncircumcision.
11καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
σημεῖον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

σημεῖον, -ου, τό
σημει·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
sign
ἔλαβεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαμβάνω (λαμβαν-, λημψ-/ληψ-, λαβ·[σ]- or 2nd λαβ-, ειληφ·[κ]-, ειληβ-, λημφ·θ-/ληφ·θ-)
ε·λαβ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·λαβ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
to take/receive grasp, clutch, cling-to, seize, lay-hands-upon, take by violence, carry off, of a deity, seize, possess, catch, find out, detect, overtake, understand
περιτομῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

περι·τομή, -ῆς, ἡ
περιτομ·ης
(fem) gen sg
circumcision
, σφραγῖδα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

σφραγί[δ]ς, -ίδος, ἡ
σφραγιδ·α
(fem) acc sg
seal /hallmark/stamp (to indicate purity/authenticity); print[σφράγιζα seal].
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
δικαιοσύνης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

δικαιο·σύνη, -ης, ἡ
δικαιοσυν·ης
(fem) gen sg
righteousness /justice, fulfillment of the law
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
πίστεως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πίστις, -εως, ἡ
πιστ(ι)·ος
(fem) gen sg
faith πίστις can refer to faith/trust, to that which one believes or trusts (the content of one's faith), or to the personal trait of faithfulness/trustworthiness/integrity.
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
ἀκροβυστίᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἀκρο·βυστία, -ας, ἡ
ακροβυστι·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
foreskin The foreskin; usually, the state of having the foreskin: uncircumcision
· εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
εἶναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·εναι
pres act inf
to be
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
he/she/it/same
πατέρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πατήρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ὁ, voc. pl. πατέρες
πατερ·α
(mas) acc sg
father
πάντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl
each/every (of a relevant set).
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
πιστευόντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πιστεύω (πιστευ-, πιστευ·σ-, πιστευ·σ-, πεπιστευ·κ-, πεπιστευ-, πιστευ·θ-)
πιστευ·οντων, πιστευ·ο[υ]ντ·ων
pres act imp 3rd pl classical, pres act ptcp mas gen pl or pres act ptcp neu gen pl
to believe/trust be-persuaded/accept [toward] (heed [to], believe); give management (entrust). PASS. to be entrusted with
δι’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δι’
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen) δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
ἀκροβυστίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἀκρο·βυστία, -ας, ἡ
ακροβυστι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
foreskin The foreskin; usually, the state of having the foreskin: uncircumcision
, εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
λογισθῆναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λογίζομαι (λογιζ-, λογι(ε)·[σ]-, λογι·σ-, -, λελογισ-, λογισ·θ-)
λογισ·θηναι
aor θη inf
to reckon /credit/account/regard/consider/impute,number,compute,reason,use-logic, as in devise/plot.
{ καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
he/she/it/same
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
♦ [ καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
] αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
he/she/it/same
[ τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
] } δικαιοσύνην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

δικαιο·σύνη, -ης, ἡ
δικαιοσυν·ην
(fem) acc sg
righteousness /justice, fulfillment of the law
·
———
RP: καὶ αὐτοῖς τὴν ♦ NA/UBS: [καὶ] αὐτοῖς [τὴν]
Rom 4:11
He received the sign of circumcision,[a] a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had while he was in uncircumcision, that he might be the father of all those who believe, though they might be in uncircumcision, that righteousness might also be accounted to them.
———
a See Gn. 17:10.
12καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
πατέρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πατήρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ὁ, voc. pl. πατέρες
πατερ·α
(mas) acc sg
father
περιτομῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

περι·τομή, -ῆς, ἡ
περιτομ·ης
(fem) gen sg
circumcision
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
περιτομῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

περι·τομή, -ῆς, ἡ
περιτομ·ης
(fem) gen sg
circumcision
μόνον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Adjective (2-1-2)

μόνον (Adv. of μόνος); μόνος -η -ον
μονον; μον·ον
indecl; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
only; sole apart, sole, only, alone (see κατάμόνος G2651 apart, solely, only, alone)
, ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
στοιχοῦσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

στοιχέω (στοιχ(ε)-, στοιχη·σ-, -, -, -, -)
στοιχ(ε)·ουσι(ν), στοιχ(ε)·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
to conform [live by the rules]
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
ἴχνεσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἴχνο·ς, -ους, τό
ιχν(ε)·σι(ν)
(neu) dat pl
footstep
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
{ πίστεως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πίστις, -εως, ἡ
πιστ(ι)·ος
(fem) gen sg
faith πίστις can refer to faith/trust, to that which one believes or trusts (the content of one's faith), or to the personal trait of faithfulness/trustworthiness/integrity.
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
ἀκροβυστίᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἀκρο·βυστία, -ας, ἡ
ακροβυστι·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
foreskin The foreskin; usually, the state of having the foreskin: uncircumcision
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ἀκροβυστίᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἀκρο·βυστία, -ας, ἡ
ακροβυστι·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
foreskin The foreskin; usually, the state of having the foreskin: uncircumcision
πίστεως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πίστις, -εως, ἡ
πιστ(ι)·ος
(fem) gen sg
faith πίστις can refer to faith/trust, to that which one believes or trusts (the content of one's faith), or to the personal trait of faithfulness/trustworthiness/integrity.
} τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
πατρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πατήρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ὁ, voc. pl. πατέρες
πατ[ε]ρ·ος
(mas) gen sg
father
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
I
Ἀβραάμ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Indecl.)

Ἀβραάμ, ὁ
αβρααμ
(mas) indecl
Abraham
.
———
RP: πίστεως τῆς ἐν τῇ ἀκροβυστίᾳ ♦ NA/UBS: ἐν ἀκροβυστίᾳ πίστεως
Rom 4:12
He is the father of circumcision to those who not only are of the circumcision, but who also walk in the steps of that faith of our father Abraham, which he had in uncircumcision.
13Οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for since, as
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen) δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
νόμου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ου
(mas) gen sg
custom/law ordinance custom practice
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
ἐπαγγελία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἐπ·αγγελία, -ας, ἡ
επαγγελι·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
promise Lit:"announcement-upon", hence specific/sanctioned-promise/announcement/proclamation.
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
Ἀβραὰμ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Indecl.)

Ἀβραάμ, ὁ
αβρααμ
(mas) indecl
Abraham
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἤ[1]
η
indecl
or/than
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
σπέρματι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

σπέρμα[τ], -ατος, τό
σπερματ·ι
(neu) dat sg
seed sperm, seed, germ (sprout, bud)
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
, τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
κληρονόμον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

κληρο·νόμος, -ου, ὁ
κληρονομ·ον
(mas) acc sg
heir (rightful heir)
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
he/she/it/same
εἶναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·εναι
pres act inf
to be
{ τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
♦ - } κόσμου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.); Verb

κόσμος, -ου, ὁ; κοσμέω (κοσμ(ε)-, κοσμη·σ-, κοσμη·σ-, -, κεκοσμη-, κοσμη·θ-)
κοσμ·ου; κοσμ(ε)·ου
(mas) gen sg; pres mp imp 2nd sg
world (secular world) material realm; to set-in-order to put in proper order, adorn/beautify, grace (ornaments)
, ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen) δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
δικαιοσύνης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

δικαιο·σύνη, -ης, ἡ
δικαιοσυν·ης
(fem) gen sg
righteousness /justice, fulfillment of the law
πίστεως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πίστις, -εως, ἡ
πιστ(ι)·ος
(fem) gen sg
faith πίστις can refer to faith/trust, to that which one believes or trusts (the content of one's faith), or to the personal trait of faithfulness/trustworthiness/integrity.
.
———
RP: τοῦ ♦ NA/UBS: —
Rom 4:13
For the promise to Abraham and to his seed that he should be heir of the world wasn’t through the law, but through the righteousness of faith.
14Εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for since, as
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
νόμου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ου
(mas) gen sg
custom/law ordinance custom practice
κληρονόμοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.); Verb

κληρο·νόμος, -ου, ὁ; κληρο·νομέω (κληρονομ(ε)-, κληρονομη·σ-, κληρονομη·σ-, κεκληρονομη·κ-, -, -)
κληρονομ·οι; κληρονομ(ε)·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl; pres act opt 3rd sg
heir (rightful heir); to inherit Lit:"apportion-by-law", hence inherit/receive-possession-of, gain-title-to
, κεκένωται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κενόω (-, κενω·σ-, κενω·σ-, -, κεκενω-, κενω·θ-)
κεκενω·ται
perf mp ind 3rd sg
to empty
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
πίστις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πίστις, -εως, ἡ
πιστ(ι)·ς
(fem) nom sg
faith πίστις can refer to faith/trust, to that which one believes or trusts (the content of one's faith), or to the personal trait of faithfulness/trustworthiness/integrity.
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
κατήργηται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατ·αργέω (κατ+αργ(ε)-, κατ+αργη·σ-, κατ+αργη·σ-, κατ+ηργη·κ-, κατ+ηργη-, κατ+αργη·θ-)
κατ·ηργη·ται
perf mp ind 3rd sg
to bring to-no-effect [negate, abrogate, nullify, abolish]
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
ἐπαγγελία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἐπ·αγγελία, -ας, ἡ
επαγγελι·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
promise Lit:"announcement-upon", hence specific/sanctioned-promise/announcement/proclamation.
·
Rom 4:14
For if those who are of the law are heirs, faith is made void, and the promise is made of no effect.
15 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for since, as
νόμος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ος
(mas) nom sg
custom/law ordinance custom practice
ὀργὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ὀργή, -ῆς, ἡ (cf. θυμός)
οργ·ην
(fem) acc sg
wrath/anger natural impulse, always of anger
κατεργάζεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατ·εργάζομαι (κατ+εργαζ-, κατ+εργ(α)·[σ]-, κατ+εργα·σ-, -, κατ+ειργασ-, κατ+εργασ·θ-)
κατ·εργαζ·εται
pres mp ind 3rd sg
to accomplish/achieve Lit:"down-work", hence fully-realize/accomplish/achieve/carry-out (to the last detail).
· οὗ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle; Pronoun (Relative)

οὗ[1]; ὅς ἥ ὅ
ου; ου
indecl; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
where ἕως οὗ means "until where (in time)", that is, "until when", "until such time as", or "until the point that"; who/whom/which
{ γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for since, as
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
} ἔστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be
νόμος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ος
(mas) nom sg
custom/law ordinance custom practice
, οὐδὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐδέ (οὐ δέ)
ουδε
indecl
neither/nor Lit:"not-moreover" or "not-but", hence neither/nor.
οὐδ’ sometimes before vowels.
παράβασις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

παρά·βασις, -εως, ἡ
παραβασ(ι)·ς
(fem) nom sg
transgression
.
———
RP: γὰρ οὐκ ♦ NA/UBS: δὲ οὐκ
Rom 4:15
For the law works wrath, for where there is no law, neither is there disobedience.
16Διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen) δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
τοῦτο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
this When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
πίστεως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πίστις, -εως, ἡ
πιστ(ι)·ος
(fem) gen sg
faith πίστις can refer to faith/trust, to that which one believes or trusts (the content of one's faith), or to the personal trait of faithfulness/trustworthiness/integrity.
, ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that /so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen) with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
χάριν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Noun (3rd Decl.)

χάριν; χάρι[τ]ς, -ιτος, ἡ, acc. χάρι[τ]ν and χάριτα
χαριν; χαρι[τ]·ν
indecl; (fem) acc sg
for the sake of [acc. of χάρις used adverbially] prep. for; favor/grace [see charity]
, εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
εἶναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·εναι
pres act inf
to be
βεβαίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

βέβαιος -α -ον
βεβαι·αν
fem acc sg
absolutely certain
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
ἐπαγγελίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἐπ·αγγελία, -ας, ἡ
επαγγελι·αν
(fem) acc sg
promise Lit:"announcement-upon", hence specific/sanctioned-promise/announcement/proclamation.
παντὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ι
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
each/every (of a relevant set).
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
σπέρματι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

σπέρμα[τ], -ατος, τό
σπερματ·ι
(neu) dat sg
seed sperm, seed, germ (sprout, bud)
, οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
νόμου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ου
(mas) gen sg
custom/law ordinance custom practice
μόνον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Adjective (2-1-2)

μόνον (Adv. of μόνος); μόνος -η -ον
μονον; μον·ον
indecl; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
only; sole apart, sole, only, alone (see κατάμόνος G2651 apart, solely, only, alone)
, ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
πίστεως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πίστις, -εως, ἡ
πιστ(ι)·ος
(fem) gen sg
faith πίστις can refer to faith/trust, to that which one believes or trusts (the content of one's faith), or to the personal trait of faithfulness/trustworthiness/integrity.
Ἀβραάμ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Indecl.)

Ἀβραάμ, ὁ
αβρααμ
(mas) indecl
Abraham
, ὅς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ος
mas nom sg
who/whom/which
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be
πατὴρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πατήρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ὁ, voc. pl. πατέρες
πατερ·^
(mas) nom sg
father
πάντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl
each/every (of a relevant set).
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
I
Rom 4:16
For this cause it is of faith, that it may be according to grace, to the end that the promise may be sure to all the seed, not to that only which is of the law, but to that also which is of the faith of Abraham, who is the father of us all.
17καθὼς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

καθ·ώς
καθως
indecl
as accordingly [according to how/in accordance with how]
γέγραπται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γράφω (γραφ-, γραψ-, γραψ-, γεγραφ·[κ]-, γεγραφ-, γραφ·[θ]-)
γεγραφ·ται
perf mp ind 3rd sg
to write
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
Πατέρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πατήρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ὁ, voc. pl. πατέρες
πατερ·α
(mas) acc sg
father
πολλῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral, irreg.)

πολ[λ]ύς πολλή πολ[λ]ύ
πολλ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
much
ἐθνῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ε)·ων
(neu) gen pl
nation /ethnos.
τέθεικά [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τίθημι (ath. τιθ(ε)-, θη·σ-, θη·κ- or 2nd ath. θ(ε)-, τεθει·κ-, τεθει-, τε·θ-)
τεθει·κα
perf act ind 1st sg
to place /lay/put/set/situate/arrange/station
σε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σε; σ·ε
acc sg; mas voc sg
you; your/yours(sg)
κατέναντι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατ·έν·αντι
κατεναντι
indecl
opposite/in the presence of (+gen)
οὗ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle; Pronoun (Relative)

οὗ[1]; ὅς ἥ ὅ
ου; ου
indecl; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
where ἕως οὗ means "until where (in time)", that is, "until when", "until such time as", or "until the point that"; who/whom/which
ἐπίστευσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πιστεύω (πιστευ-, πιστευ·σ-, πιστευ·σ-, πεπιστευ·κ-, πεπιστευ-, πιστευ·θ-)
ε·πιστευ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to believe/trust be-persuaded/accept [toward] (heed [to], believe); give management (entrust). PASS. to be entrusted with
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god [see theology]
, τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
ζῳοποιοῦντος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ζῳο·ποιέω (cf. ζωο·γονέω) (ζῳοποι(ε)-, ζῳοποιη·σ-, ζῳοποιη·σ-, -, -, ζῳοποιη·θ-)
ζῳοποι(ε)·ο[υ]ντ·ος
pres act ptcp mas gen sg or pres act ptcp neu gen sg
to to give life act of giving vitality, Lit: make-alive
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
νεκρούς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

νεκρός -ά -όν
νεκρ·ους
mas acc pl
dead
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
καλοῦντος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καλέω (καλ(ε)-, καλε·σ-, καλε·σ-, κεκλη·κ-, κεκλη-, κλη·θ-)
καλ(ε)·ο[υ]ντ·ος
pres act ptcp mas gen sg or pres act ptcp neu gen sg
to call summon/invite
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
ὄντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·ο[υ]ντ·α
pres act ptcp mas acc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
to be
ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
ὄντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·ο[υ]ντ·α
pres act ptcp mas acc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
to be
.
Rom 4:17
As it is written, “I have made you a father of many nations.”[a]* This is in the presence of him whom he believed: God, who gives brings life to the dead to life, and calls the things that are not, as though they were.
———
a Gn. 17:5: No longer shall your name be Abram, but your name shall be Abraham, for I have made you the father of a multitude of nations (ESV).
18Ὃς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ος
mas nom sg
who/whom/which
παρ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

παρά
παρ’
indecl
frοm beside (+acc,+gen,+dat) παρ’ before vowels I. beside, near, by, II. along, III. past, beyond. 1. with Verbs of coming, going, etc., to the side of, to, with Verbs of placing, examining, etc., side by side with, near, together
ἐλπίδα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἐλπί[δ]ς, -ίδος, ἡ
ελπιδ·α
(fem) acc sg
hope/expectation object of hope.. where you place your trust
ἐπ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επ’
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat) ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
ἐλπίδι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἐλπί[δ]ς, -ίδος, ἡ
ελπιδ·ι
(fem) dat sg
hope/expectation object of hope.. where you place your trust
ἐπίστευσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πιστεύω (πιστευ-, πιστευ·σ-, πιστευ·σ-, πεπιστευ·κ-, πεπιστευ-, πιστευ·θ-)
ε·πιστευ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to believe/trust be-persuaded/accept [toward] (heed [to], believe); give management (entrust). PASS. to be entrusted with
, εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
γενέσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
γεν·εσθαι
2aor mp inf
to become/happen [to come to be; Greek word for amen?]
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
he/she/it/same
πατέρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πατήρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ὁ, voc. pl. πατέρες
πατερ·α
(mas) acc sg
father
πολλῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral, irreg.)

πολ[λ]ύς πολλή πολ[λ]ύ
πολλ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
much
ἐθνῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ε)·ων
(neu) gen pl
nation /ethnos.
, κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen) with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
εἰρημένον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειρη·μεν·ον
perf mp ptcp mas acc sg or perf mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
to say/tell
, Οὕτως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὕτως/οὕτω
ουτως
indecl
thusly/like-this Lit:"like-this", hence, thusly, in-this-manner (οὕτως before vowels and consonants; οὕτω before consonants only]
ἔσται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
irreg. (εσ)·[σε]ται (instead of (εσ)·σεται > εσεται)
fut mp ind 3rd sg
to be
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
σπέρμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

σπέρμα[τ], -ατος, τό
σπερμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
seed sperm, seed, germ (sprout, bud)
σου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you; your/yours(sg)
.
Rom 4:18
Who in hope believed against hope, to the end that he might become a father of many nations, according to that which had been spoken, “So will your seed be.”[a]*
———
a Gn. 15:5: And he brought him outside and said, Look toward heaven, and number the stars, if you are able to number them. Then he said to him, So shall your offspring be (ESV).
19Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
ἀσθενήσας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀ·σθενέω (ασθεν(ε)-, ασθενη·σ-, ασθενη·σ-, ησθενη·κ-, -, -)
ασθενη·σα[ντ]·ς
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
to be-weak Lit:"be-without-strength/vigor", hence, be-weak/sick/helpless, ail. waver/stumble.
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
πίστει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πίστις, -εως, ἡ
πιστ(ι)·ι
(fem) dat sg
faith πίστις can refer to faith/trust, to that which one believes or trusts (the content of one's faith), or to the personal trait of faithfulness/trustworthiness/integrity.
, { οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
♦ - } κατενόησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·νοέω (κατα+νο(ε)-, κατα+νοη·σ-, κατα+νοη·σ-, -, -, -)
κατα·ε·νοη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to understand Lit:"think-down/exactly", hence comprehend, understand
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
ἑαυτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

ἑ·αυτοῦ/αὑτοῦ[2] -ῆς -οῦ
εαυτ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
self him/her/it/our/your/them-selves
σῶμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

σῶμα[τ], -ατος, τό
σωμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
body
{ ἤδη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἤδη
ηδη
indecl
already by now, by then
♦ [ ἤδη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἤδη
ηδη
indecl
already by now, by then
] } νενεκρωμένον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

νεκρόω (-, -, νεκρω·σ-, -, νενεκρω-, -)
νενεκρω·μεν·ον
perf mp ptcp mas acc sg or perf mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
to put to death
ἑκατονταέτης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3)

ἑκατοντα·ετής -ές
εκατονταετ(ε)·^ς
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
of a hundred-year period
που [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πού[2]
που
indecl
somewhere
ὑπάρχων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑπ·άρχω (υπ+αρχ-, υπ+αρξ-, υπ+αρξ-, -, -, -)
υπ·αρχ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
to be under the power of [to be] under the power [of], such as when a possession is in your control
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
νέκρωσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

νέκρωσις, -εως, ἡ
νεκρωσ(ι)·ν
(fem) acc sg
necrosis
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
μήτρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

μήτρα, -ας, ἡ
μητρ·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
womb
Σάρρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

Σάρρα, -ας, ἡ
σαρρ·ας
(fem) gen sg
Sarah
·
———
RP: οὐ ♦ NA/UBS: —
RP: ἤδη ♦ NA/UBS: [ἤδη]
Rom 4:19
Without being weakened in faith, he didn’t consider his own body, already having been worn out, (he being about a hundred years old), and the deadness of Sarah’s womb.[a]
———
a Gn. 17:1, 17: (1) When Abram was ninety-nine years old the LORD appeared to Abram.... (17) Then Abraham fell on his face and laughed and said to himself, Shall a child be born to a man who is a hundred years old? Shall Sarah, who is ninety years old, bear a child? (ESV).
20εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
ἐπαγγελίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἐπ·αγγελία, -ας, ἡ
επαγγελι·αν
(fem) acc sg
promise Lit:"announcement-upon", hence specific/sanctioned-promise/announcement/proclamation.
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god [see theology]
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
διεκρίθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δια·κρίνω (δια+κριν-, -, δια+κριν·[σ]-, -, -, δια+κρι·θ-)
δια·ε·κρι·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
to discriminate(pos) doubt(neg) Lit:"judge-from-side-to-side", hence thoroughly-discern/decide/distinguish/judge/separate, or doubt(neg).
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
ἀπιστίᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἀ·πιστία, -ας, ἡ
απιστι·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
disbelief/unfaithfulness
, ἀλλ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλ’
indecl
but
ἐνεδυναμώθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐν·δυναμόω (εν+δυναμ(ο)-, -, εν+δυναμω·σ-, -, -, εν+δυναμω·θ-)
εν·ε·δυναμω·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
to empower
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
πίστει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πίστις, -εως, ἡ
πιστ(ι)·ι
(fem) dat sg
faith πίστις can refer to faith/trust, to that which one believes or trusts (the content of one's faith), or to the personal trait of faithfulness/trustworthiness/integrity.
, δοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
δ(ο)·[ντ]·ς
2aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
to give /offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
δόξαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.); Verb

δόξα, -ης, ἡ; δοκέω (δοκ(ε)-, δοξ-, δοξ-, -, δεδοκ-, -)
δοξ·αν; δοκ·σαν[τ]
(fem) acc sg; 1aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
glory/honor praise; to suppose ,from "dokos"(opinion), hence suppose/seem/think/consider. Same root as "εὐδοκέω"(seem-good). Often rendered "think", but less objective than "νοέω"(think) and less visceral than "φρονέω"(think).
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
θεῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
god [see theology]
,
Rom 4:20
Yet, looking to the promise of God, he didn’t waver[a] through unbelief, but grew strong was empowered through by faith, upon giving glory to God,
———
a Variously translated he did not waver; he did not doubt; he staggered not.
21καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
πληροφορηθεὶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πληρο·φορέω (πληροφορ(ε)-, -, πληροφορη·σ-, -, πεπληροφορη-, πληροφορη·θ-)
πληροφορη·θει[ντ]·ς
aor θη ptcp mas nom|voc sg
to fully assured (to bring fully around, win over/bring to completion)
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ο
neu nom|acc sg
who/whom/which
ἐπήγγελται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπ·αγγέλλομαι (επ+αγγελλ-, -, επ+αγγειλ·[σ]-, -, επ+ηγγελ-, -)
επ·ηγγελ·ται
perf mp ind 3rd sg
to promise
, δυνατός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

δυνατός -ή -όν
δυνατ·ος
mas nom sg
capable /powerful/able/
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ποιῆσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποιη·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to do/make
.
Rom 4:21
and being fully assured wholly convinced[a] that what he had has promised, he was is also able also to perform do.
———
a Gk. πληροφορέω, to bring fully around/win over/bring to completion.
22Διὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

διό (δι’ ὅ)
διο
indecl
because of which
{ καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
♦ [ καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
] } ἐλογίσθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λογίζομαι (λογιζ-, λογι(ε)·[σ]-, λογι·σ-, -, λελογισ-, λογισ·θ-)
ε·λογισ·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
to reckon /credit/account/regard/consider/impute,number,compute,reason,use-logic, as in devise/plot.
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
he/she/it/same
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
δικαιοσύνην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

δικαιο·σύνη, -ης, ἡ
δικαιοσυν·ην
(fem) acc sg
righteousness /justice, fulfillment of the law
.
———
RP: καὶ ♦ NA/UBS: [καὶ]
Rom 4:22
Therefore it also was “reckoned to him for righteousness.”*
23Οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἐγράφη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γράφω (γραφ-, γραψ-, γραψ-, γεγραφ·[κ]-, γεγραφ-, γραφ·[θ]-)
ε·γραφ·[θ]η
aor θη ind 3rd sg
to write
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
δι’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δι’
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen) δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
he/she/it/same
μόνον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Adjective (2-1-2)

μόνον (Adv. of μόνος); μόνος -η -ον
μονον; μον·ον
indecl; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
only; sole apart, sole, only, alone (see κατάμόνος G2651 apart, solely, only, alone)
, ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
ἐλογίσθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λογίζομαι (λογιζ-, λογι(ε)·[σ]-, λογι·σ-, -, λελογισ-, λογισ·θ-)
ε·λογισ·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
to reckon /credit/account/regard/consider/impute,number,compute,reason,use-logic, as in devise/plot.
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
he/she/it/same
·
Rom 4:23
Now it was not written that it was accounted to him for his sake alone,
24ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
δι’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δι’
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen) δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
ἡμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημας
acc pl
I
, οἷς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
who/whom/which
μέλλει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μέλλω (μελλ-, μελλη·σ-, -, -, -, -)
μελλ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
to be about to [intend]
λογίζεσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λογίζομαι (λογιζ-, λογι(ε)·[σ]-, λογι·σ-, -, λελογισ-, λογισ·θ-)
λογιζ·εσθαι
pres mp inf
to reckon /credit/account/regard/consider/impute,number,compute,reason,use-logic, as in devise/plot.
, τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
πιστεύουσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πιστεύω (πιστευ-, πιστευ·σ-, πιστευ·σ-, πεπιστευ·κ-, πεπιστευ-, πιστευ·θ-)
πιστευ·ουσι(ν), πιστευ·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
to believe/trust be-persuaded/accept [toward] (heed [to], believe); give management (entrust). PASS. to be entrusted with
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat) ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
ἐγείραντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐγείρω (εγειρ-, εγερ(ε)·[σ]-, εγειρ·[σ]-, εγρηγορ·[κ]-, εγηγερ-, εγερ·θ-)
εγειρ·[σ]αντ·α
1aor act ptcp mas acc sg or 1aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
to raise erect
Ἰησοῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl., irreg. and Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ον
(mas) acc sg
Jesus [Joshua or Jesus]
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
κύριον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ον; κυρι·ον
(mas) acc sg; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
lord , "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).; authoritative
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
I
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
νεκρῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

νεκρός -ά -όν
νεκρ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
dead
,
Rom 4:24
but for our sake also, to whom it will be accounted, who believe in him who raised Jesus, our Lord, from the dead,
25ὃς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ος
mas nom sg
who/whom/which
παρεδόθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·δίδωμι (ath. παρα+διδ(ο)-/ath. παρα+διδ(ω)-, παρα+δω·σ-, παρα+δω·κ- or 2nd ath. παρα+δ(ο)-/ath. παρα+δ(ω)-, παρα+δεδω·κ-, παρα+δεδο-, παρα+δο·θ-)
παρα·ε·δο·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
to deliver-over Lit:"give-close-beside", hence deliver/surrender/hand-over, betray, commit, give-in/over/up, turn-in, consign, grant, bestow, teach-doctrine
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen) δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
παραπτώματα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

παράπτωμα[τ], -ατος, τό
παραπτωματ·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
transgression (from "παραπίπτω" "fall-away-close-beside"), hence slip/false-step, blunder/error/mistake/failure, offense/infraction/transgression/trespass(of/against laws/norms/boundaries/expectations), crime/fault/iniquity.
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
I
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἠγέρθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐγείρω (εγειρ-, εγερ(ε)·[σ]-, εγειρ·[σ]-, εγρηγορ·[κ]-, εγηγερ-, εγερ·θ-)
ε·εγερ·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
to raise erect
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen) δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
δικαίωσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.); Verb

δικαίωσις, -εως, ἡ; δικαιόω (δικαι(ο)-, δικαιω·σ-, δικαιω·σ-, -, δεδικαιω-, δικαιω·θ-)
δικαιωσ(ι)·ν; δικαι(ο)·ωσι(ν)
(fem) acc sg; pres act sub 3rd pl
vindication; to make/declare-righteous or such as he ought to be; just, fair, equitable, right; defend the cause of, plead for the righteousness (innocence) hence: regard as righteous
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
I
.
Rom 4:25
who was delivered up because of for our trespasses, and was raised because of for our justification.
———
a In both cases it is dia with the accusative; although different senses for the two uses of dia are technically possible, the rhetorical nature of the repetition strongly suggests that Paul meant them to be understood identically. That is, presumably, Jesus was delivered up because of our trespasses, and raised because of our justification, as accomplished in that death.
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