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ΠΡΟΣ ΡΩΜΑΙΟΥΣ

Letter to the Romans

 Robinson-Pierpont 2005 Wiki English Translation‎ / World English Bible
1Τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who/what/why interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently /accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
περισσὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

περισσός -ή -όν
περισσ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
excessively redundantly, redound, more than sufficient, superfluous, abundantly, greater than
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
Ἰουδαίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
Jewish
, [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἤ[1]
η
indecl
or/than
τίς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]·ς
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
who/what/why interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
ὠφέλεια [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ὠφέλεια, -ας, ἡ
ωφελει·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
benefit
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
περιτομῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

περι·τομή, -ῆς, ἡ
περιτομ·ης
(fem) gen sg
circumcision
;
Rom 3:1
Then what (Is there,) then, any advantage does to the Jew have? Or what is the profit any benefit of to circumcision?[a]
———
a Gk. Τί οὖν τὸ περισσὸν...ἢ τίς ἡ ὠφέλεια...; What therefore (is) the advantage...or what (is) the benefit...? Rom. 3:2, however, does not answer what, but that there is.
2Πολὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral, irreg.)

πολ[λ]ύς πολλή πολ[λ]ύ
irreg. πολ(υ) ( instead of πολλ·ο)
neu nom|acc sg
much
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen) with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
πάντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or mas acc sg
each/every (of a relevant set).
τρόπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

τρόπος, -ου, ὁ
τροπ·ον
(mas) acc sg
manner ,way, means, method, attitude
· πρῶτον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

πρώτον (Adv. of πρῶτος); πρῶτος -η -ον
πρωτον; πρωτ·ον
indecl; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
foremost; first
μὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μέν
μεν
indecl
indeed /certainly/surely.
{ γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for since, as
♦ [ γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for since, as
] } ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
ἐπιστεύθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πιστεύω (πιστευ-, πιστευ·σ-, πιστευ·σ-, πεπιστευ·κ-, πεπιστευ-, πιστευ·θ-)
ε·πιστευ·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
to believe/trust be-persuaded/accept [toward] (heed [to], believe); give management (entrust). PASS. to be entrusted with
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
λόγια [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.); Noun (1st Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

λόγιον, -ου, τό (Dimin. of λόγος); λογεία v.l. -γία, -ας, ἡ; λόγιος -α -ον
λογι·α; λογι·α; λογι·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl; (fem) nom|voc sg; neu nom|acc|voc pl or fem nom|voc sg
utterance; collection; eloquent
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god [see theology]
.
———
RP: γὰρ ♦ NA/UBS: [γὰρ]
Rom 3:2
Much in every way! Because first of all For (they are) indeed first,[a] because they were entrusted[b] with the oracles utterances of God.
———
a Contra this translation, most other translations interpret πρῶτον μὲν [γὰρ] as: First of all... or First indeed.... But there is no second if this is a list, so it seems better to understand first here in light of Paul three times previously calling the Jews first: see Rom. 1:16, 2:9, and 2:10.
b Gk. πιστεύω, to believe in/trust. See note re:God's πίστιν, next verse.
3Τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who/what/why interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for since, as
εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
ἠπίστησάν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀ·πιστέω (απιστ(ε)-, -, απιστη·σ-, -, -, -)
ε·απιστη·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
to disbelieve/be unfaithful
τινες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

τὶ[ν]ς[2] τὶ[ν], gen. τινός, dat. τινί, acc. τινά τὶ
τιν·ες
mas nom pl or fem nom pl
certain/any(one/thing) Sg:a-certain-one/anyone/someone; Pl:a-certain-some/several. Specific/non-specific is determined from text-markings and/or context).
; Μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
ἀπιστία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἀ·πιστία, -ας, ἡ
απιστι·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
disbelief/unfaithfulness
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
he/she/it/same
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
πίστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πίστις, -εως, ἡ
πιστ(ι)·ν
(fem) acc sg
faith πίστις can refer to faith/trust, to that which one believes or trusts (the content of one's faith), or to the personal trait of faithfulness/trustworthiness/integrity.
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god [see theology]
καταργήσει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατ·αργέω (κατ+αργ(ε)-, κατ+αργη·σ-, κατ+αργη·σ-, κατ+ηργη·κ-, κατ+ηργη-, κατ+αργη·θ-)
κατ·αργη·σει
fut act ind 3rd sg or fut mp ind 2nd sg classical
to bring to-no-effect [negate, abrogate, nullify, abolish]
;
Rom 3:3
For So what,[a] if some were without faith? Will their lack of faith nullify call into question[b] the God's faithfulness of God entrustment?[c]
———
a Gk. τί γὰρ, for what? or for why?
b Gk. καταργέω, to bring to naught. Here, to make God's entrusting of his utterances out to be a mistake. The next verse goes on to say that God doesn't make mistakes.
c Gk. την πιστιν του θεου. Contra this translation, most other translations do not specifically correlate God's πίστιν here with his act of πιστεύω-ing in 3:2, but rather they render this verse along the lines of: What if some were unfaithful? Does their faithlessness nullify the faithfulness of God? (ESV). απιστια= without faith as in zero, zilch nada.
4Μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
γένοιτο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
γεν·οιτο
2aor mp opt 3rd sg
to become/happen [to come to be; Greek word for amen?]
· γινέσθω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
γιν·εσθω
pres mp imp 3rd sg
to become/happen [to come to be; Greek word for amen?]
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
θεὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ος
(mas) nom sg
god [see theology]
ἀληθής [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3)

ἀ·ληθής -ες
αληθ(ε)·^ς
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
true/unerring
, πᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
πα[ντ]·ς
mas nom|voc sg
each/every (of a relevant set).
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
ἄνθρωπος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ος
(mas) nom sg
human
ψεύστης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ψεύστης, -ου, ὁ
ψευστ·ης
(mas) nom sg
liar storyteller
, καθὼς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

καθ·ώς
καθως
indecl
as accordingly [according to how/in accordance with how]
γέγραπται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γράφω (γραφ-, γραψ-, γραψ-, γεγραφ·[κ]-, γεγραφ-, γραφ·[θ]-)
γεγραφ·ται
perf mp ind 3rd sg
to write
, Ὅπως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὅπως
οπως
indecl
how/so that Adverbial: How, in what way As a conjunction: so that, in order that
ἂν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἄν
αν
indecl
ever (indicative of optional action)
δικαιωθῇς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δικαιόω (δικαι(ο)-, δικαιω·σ-, δικαιω·σ-, -, δεδικαιω-, δικαιω·θ-)
δικαιω·θῃς
aor θη sub 2nd sg
to make/declare-righteous or such as he ought to be; just, fair, equitable, right; defend the cause of, plead for the righteousness (innocence) hence: regard as righteous
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
λόγοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

λόγος, -ου, ὁ
λογ·οις
(mas) dat pl
word Logos a sense in ancient Greeks about a primary cause of beings. In (John1:1-2) was A CAUSE not a word/verbum as Vulgate's first translation.This primary cause wasn't an idea or a word or speech,but Christ as A second Person looking to His Father God
σου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you; your/yours(sg)
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
{ νικήσῃς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

νικάω (νικ(α)-, νικη·σ-, νικη·σ-, νενικη·κ-, νενικη-, νικη·θ-)
νικη·σῃς
1aor act sub 2nd sg
to victor over [to prevail; Rom 12:21: to not be defeated; Rv 5:5: to succeed]
νικήσεις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

νικάω (νικ(α)-, νικη·σ-, νικη·σ-, νενικη·κ-, νενικη-, νικη·θ-)
νικη·σεις
fut act ind 2nd sg
to victor over [to prevail; Rom 12:21: to not be defeated; Rv 5:5: to succeed]
} ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
κρίνεσθαί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κρίνω (κριν-, κριν(ε)·[σ]-, κριν·[σ]-, κεκρι·κ-, κεκρι-, κρι·θ-)
κριν·εσθαι
pres mp inf
to judge /decide, assess/determine, discriminate/separate. Also LXX: contend, avenge/vindicate, decree.
σε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σε; σ·ε
acc sg; mas voc sg
you; your/yours(sg)
.
———
RP: νικήσῃς ♦ NA/UBS: νικήσεις
Rom 3:4
May it never be! Yes, But let God be found true,[a] but and every man a liar.[b] As just as it is written,
“That you might be justified vindicated[c] in your words,[d]
and might prevail when you come into judgment are being judged.” [Ps. 50:6(51:4) LXX][e]*
———
a Gk. ἀληθής, true/unerring. God is inerrant in his actions. He knows what he's doing (such as in entrusting his utterances to the Jews) no matter what man does. The gist of the scripture quotation is that God is always proven right.
b Gk. ψεύστης, liar. Opposite unerring, ψεύστης here probably should be understood as meaning a person who is inconstant and unreliable or prone to error (false as in the sense of a false reading), rather than someone who is deceitful. Perhaps, "let every man be a flake."
c Gk. δικαιόω, to justify.
d Ps. 50(51), according to its superscript, is a penitential psalm by David after the Lord sent Nathan to him (2 Sm. 12) for laying with Bathsheba. The words being vindicated are presumably Nathan's prophecy and rebuke.
e Ps. 50:6(51:4) LXX: σοὶ μόνῳ ἥμαρτον καὶ τὸ πονηρὸν ἐνώπιόν σου ἐποίησα ὅπως ἂν δικαιωθῇς ἐν τοῖς λόγοις σου καὶ νικήσῃς ἐν τῷ κρίνεσθαί σε [Against thee only have I sinned, and done evil before thee: that thou mightest be justified in thy sayings, and mightest overcome when thou art judged (Brenton)]. See also Ez. 18:25: Yet you say, The Lord’s conduct is unjust...! (NET).
5Εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
ἀδικία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἀ·δικία, -ας, ἡ
αδικι·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
wrongdoing Lit:"unrighteousness/injustice".
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
I
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god [see theology]
δικαιοσύνην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

δικαιο·σύνη, -ης, ἡ
δικαιοσυν·ην
(fem) acc sg
righteousness /justice, fulfillment of the law
συνίστησιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συν·ίστημι (ath. συν+ιστ(α)-/ath. συν+ιστ(η)-, συν+στη·σ-, συν+στη·σ- or 2nd ath. συν+στ(η)-/ath. συν+στ(α)-, συν+εστη·κ-/συν+εστ(α)·[κ]-, -, συν+στα·θ-)
συν·ιστ(α)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to stand with
, τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who/what/why interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
ἐροῦμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ερ(ε)·[σ]ομεν
fut act ind 1st pl
to say/tell
; Μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
ἄδικος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἄ·δικος -ον
αδικ·ος
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
unjust wrongdoing, unrighteous, unjust, without cause, one who has not appeared in court
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
θεὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ος
(mas) nom sg
god [see theology]
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
ἐπιφέρων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·φέρω (επι+φερ-, επ+οι·σ-, επ+ενεγκ·[σ]- or 2nd επ+ενεγκ-, -, -, επ+ενεχ·θ-)
επι·φερ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
to bring-upon Lit: bring/carry-upon/over, hence, by ext. impose/inflict/pronounce-upon/over
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
ὀργήν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ὀργή, -ῆς, ἡ (cf. θυμός)
οργ·ην
(fem) acc sg
wrath/anger natural impulse, always of anger
; — κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen) with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
ἄνθρωπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ον
(mas) acc sg
human
λέγω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ω
pres act ind 1st sg or pres act sub 1st sg
to say/tell
Rom 3:5
¶But if our unrighteousness commends complements[a] the God's righteousness of God, what will we say? Is God unrighteous is not unjust who (for) inflicts inflicting wrath, is he?[b] I speak like men do.[c]
———
a Gk. συνίστημι.
b Lit., The God who inflects wrath is not unjust, is he?
c Gk. κατὰ ἄνθρωπον λέγω.
6Μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
γένοιτο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
γεν·οιτο
2aor mp opt 3rd sg
to become/happen [to come to be; Greek word for amen?]
· ἐπεὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἐπεί
επει
indecl
since/otherwise Lit:"upon-if", a logical conjunction: since (Lk 1:34), otherwise (Rom 11:6), because
πῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

πῶς[1]
πως
indecl
how
κρινεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κρίνω (κριν-, κριν(ε)·[σ]-, κριν·[σ]-, κεκρι·κ-, κεκρι-, κρι·θ-)
κριν·ει, κριν(ε)·[σ]ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, fut act ind 3rd sg or fut mp ind 2nd sg classical
to judge /decide, assess/determine, discriminate/separate. Also LXX: contend, avenge/vindicate, decree.
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
θεὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ος
(mas) nom sg
god [see theology]
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
κόσμον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

κόσμος, -ου, ὁ
κοσμ·ον
(mas) acc sg
world (secular world) material realm
;
Rom 3:6
May it never be! For then how will God judge the world?
7Εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
{ γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for since, as
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
} [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
ἀλήθεια [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἀ·λήθεια, -ας, ἡ
αληθει·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
truth
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god [see theology]
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
ἐμῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Possessive)

ἐμός -ή -όν
εμ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
my/mine
ψεύσματι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ψεῦσμα[τ], -ατος, τό
ψευσματ·ι
(neu) dat sg
falseness/errancy/lying
ἐπερίσσευσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

περισσεύω (περισσευ-, -, περισσευ·σ-, -, -, περισσευ·θ-)
ε·περισσευ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to make-abound Lit:"make/be-all-around", hence abound, have/remain-over/abundance/leftover/excess/surplus. be-superfluous, prosperous.
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
δόξαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.); Verb

δόξα, -ης, ἡ; δοκέω (δοκ(ε)-, δοξ-, δοξ-, -, δεδοκ-, -)
δοξ·αν; δοκ·σαν[τ]
(fem) acc sg; 1aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
glory/honor praise; to suppose ,from "dokos"(opinion), hence suppose/seem/think/consider. Same root as "εὐδοκέω"(seem-good). Often rendered "think", but less objective than "νοέω"(think) and less visceral than "φρονέω"(think).
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
, τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who/what/why interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
ἔτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἔτι
ετι
indecl
yet/still
κἀγὼ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Crasis (Pronoun [1st Person])

κἀγώ (καὶ ἐγώ)
και εγω
nom sg
and/also I
ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
ἁμαρτωλὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἁ·μαρτωλός -όν
αμαρτωλ·ος
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
sinful
κρίνομαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κρίνω (κριν-, κριν(ε)·[σ]-, κριν·[σ]-, κεκρι·κ-, κεκρι-, κρι·θ-)
κριν·ομαι
pres mp ind 1st sg
to judge /decide, assess/determine, discriminate/separate. Also LXX: contend, avenge/vindicate, decree.
;
———
RP: γὰρ ♦ NA/UBS: δὲ
Rom 3:7
For But if in my lying[a] the God's truth of God through my lie abounded, into his glory, why am I also still being judged as a sinner also?
———
a Gk. ψεῦμα. As with ψεύστης in 3:4, ψεῦμα here should probably be understood as unreliability or proneness toward errancy rather than deliberate deception.
8Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
μή [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
καθὼς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

καθ·ώς
καθως
indecl
as accordingly [according to how/in accordance with how]
βλασφημούμεθα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βλασ·φημέω (βλασφημ(ε)-, -, βλασφημη·σ-, -, -, βλασφημη·θ-)
βλασφημ(ε)·ομεθα
pres mp ind 1st pl
to blaspheme/disparage Lit:"slow/sluggish-reputation", hence slander/speak-ill/evil-of/malign, refusing to acknowledge good/worthy-of-respect/veneration.
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
καθώς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

καθ·ώς
καθως
indecl
as accordingly [according to how/in accordance with how]
φασίν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.); Verb

φάσις, -εως, ἡ; φημί (ath. φ(α)-/ath. φ(η)-, -, φη·σ-, -, -, -)
φασ(ι)·ν; φ(α)·ασι(ν), φ(α)·[ντ]·σι(ν)
(fem) acc sg; pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
???; to say
τινες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

τὶ[ν]ς[2] τὶ[ν], gen. τινός, dat. τινί, acc. τινά τὶ
τιν·ες
mas nom pl or fem nom pl
certain/any(one/thing) Sg:a-certain-one/anyone/someone; Pl:a-certain-some/several. Specific/non-specific is determined from text-markings and/or context).
ἡμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημας
acc pl
I
λέγειν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ειν
pres act inf
to say/tell
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
Ποιήσωμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποιη·σωμεν
1aor act sub 1st pl
to do/make
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
κακὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

κακός -ή -όν (cf. φαῦλος)
κακ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl
wicked /evil
ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that /so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
ἔλθῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ελθ·[σ]ῃ, ελθ·ῃ
1aor act sub 3rd sg, 2aor act sub 3rd sg
to come Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
ἀγαθά [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἀγαθός -ή -όν (cf. καλός)
αγαθ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl
good /inherently-good, i.e. God-wrought.. Distinct from "καλός" (beautiful-good).
; Ὧν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
who/whom/which
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
κρίμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

κρίμα[τ], -ατος, τό
κριμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
judgment /decision/determination/sentence, decree, resolution. Distinct from "καταδικάζω", down-justify and "κατακρίνω", down-judge/condemn) LXX: justice, ordinances/statutes
ἔνδικόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἔν·δικος -ον
ενδικ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
warranted
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be
.
Rom 3:8
Why And (why is it) not (just as we are slanderously reported disparaged,[a] and just as some affirm claim that we say), “Let us that we should do evil wrong, in order that good may come?” Those whose say so are justly condemned criticism is warranted.?[b]
———
a Gk. βλασφημέω, to blaspheme.
b It would appear—since Paul is addressing it—that some members of the church have been advocating this, and he is in agreement with the critics.
9Τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who/what/why interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently /accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
; Προεχόμεθα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προ·έχω (προ+εχ-, -, 2nd προ+σχ-/ath. προ+σχε-, -, -, -)
προ·εχ·ομεθα
pres mp ind 1st pl
to hold before/surpass
; Οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
πάντως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πάντως
παντως
indecl
no doubt all ways, by all means, at all events, at any rate, in no wise, by no means
· προῃτιασάμεθα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προ·αιτιάομαι (-, -, προ+αιτια·σ-, -, -, -)
προ·ε·αιτια·σαμεθα
1aor mp ind 1st pl
to charge previously
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for since, as
Ἰουδαίους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ους
mas acc pl
Jewish
τε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

τέ
τε
indecl
and [postpositive coordinate]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
Ἕλληνας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

Ἕλλην, -ηνος, ὁ
ελλην·ας
(mas) acc pl
Greek
πάντας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ας
mas acc pl
each/every (of a relevant set).
ὑφ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υφ’
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen) ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
ἁμαρτίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἁ·μαρτία, -ίας, ἡ
αμαρτι·αν
(fem) acc sg
sin Typical NT usage: "sin", also used to denote failure in a more generic fashion.
εἶναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·εναι
pres act inf
to be
,
Rom 3:9
What thenWhy indeed?[a] Are we better than they being given a leg up?[b] No, in no way Absolutely not. For we previously already warned charged (that) both Jews and Greeks, that they are all under sin.,
———
a Gk. τί οὖν, why/what therefore? or why/what then?
b Gk. Προεχόμεθα; This could be either passive, Are we being προέχω-ed? or middle, Are we προέχω-ing ourselves? The sense of the middle-passive is uncertain; see BDAG (s.v. προέχω 1 and 2) and other translations for the conflicting interpretations. However, the attitude being challenged seems to be that the Jews, misfortune for them, are under the law and so will be judged even if their wrong-doing brings glory to God, but lucky for us, we are not and so should be free to do wrong and thereby bring glory to God.
10καθὼς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

καθ·ώς
καθως
indecl
as accordingly [according to how/in accordance with how]
γέγραπται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γράφω (γραφ-, γραψ-, γραψ-, γεγραφ·[κ]-, γεγραφ-, γραφ·[θ]-)
γεγραφ·ται
perf mp ind 3rd sg
to write
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
Οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἔστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be
δίκαιος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

δίκαιος -αία -ον
δικαι·ος
mas nom sg
righteous /just/right, (by judicial implication) innocent.
οὐδὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐδέ (οὐ δέ)
ουδε
indecl
neither/nor Lit:"not-moreover" or "not-but", hence neither/nor.
οὐδ’ sometimes before vowels.
εἷς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ει[ν]·ς
mas nom sg
one
·
Rom 3:10
As just as it is written,
“There is no one righteous;
no, not one.
11οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἔστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
συνιῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

σύν·ειμι[2] fr. εἶμι[2] (ath. συν+ι-/ath. συν+ει-, -, -, -, -, -); συν·ίημι (ath. συν+ι(ε)-, συν+η·σ-, συν+η·κ- or 2nd ath. συν+(ε)-, -, -, -)
συν·ι·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^; συν·ι(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
to be together; to understand Lit:"send-together-with", hence put-together, connect-the-dots, understand.
, οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἔστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
ἐκζητῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·ζητέω (εκ+ζητ(ε)-, εκ+ζητη·σ-, εκ+ζητη·σ-, -, εξ+εζητη-, εκ+ζητη·θ-)
εκ·ζητ(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
to seek out
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
θεόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ον
(mas) acc sg
god [see theology]
·
Rom 3:11
There is no one who understands.
There is no one who seeks after God.
12πάντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ες
mas nom|voc pl
each/every (of a relevant set).
ἐξέκλιναν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·κλίνω (εκ+κλιν-, εκ+κλιν(ε)·[σ]-, εκ+κλιν·[σ]-, -, -, -)
εκ·ε·κλιν·[σ]αν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
to recoil/avoid Lit:"bend-from-out-of: hence recoil/avoid, deviate/turn-from
, ἅμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἅμα
αμα
indecl
simultaneously [in concert with, at the same time as]
{ ἠχρειώθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀ·χρειόω/-ρεόω (-, αχρειω·σ-, αχρειω·σ-/αχρεω·σ-, -, -, αχρειω·θ-/αχρεω·θ-)
ε·αχρειω·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
to make useless
ἠχρεώθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀ·χρειόω/-ρεόω (-, αχρειω·σ-, αχρειω·σ-/αχρεω·σ-, -, -, αχρειω·θ-/αχρεω·θ-)
ε·αχρεω·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
to make useless
} · οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἔστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be
{ ποιῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative); Verb

ποῖος -α -ον; ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποι·ων; ποι(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
what-kind; to do/make
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
ποιῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative); Verb

ποῖος -α -ον; ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποι·ων; ποι(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
what-kind; to do/make
} χρηστότητα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

χρηστότη[τ]ς, -ητος, ἡ
χρηστοτητ·α
(fem) acc sg
magnanimousness GNT: usually "kindness". LXX:usually "good" or "goodness". From "χρηστός" (useful/suitable/kind/easy/good/magnanimous
, { οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἔστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be
ἕως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction; Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἕως[1]; ἕως[2], -ω, ἡ [LXX], acc.
εως; ε(ω)·ος, ε(ω)·ους
indecl; (fem) nom|voc sg, (fem) acc pl
until; dawn
♦ [ οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἔστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be
] ἕως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction; Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἕως[1]; ἕως[2], -ω, ἡ [LXX], acc.
εως; ε(ω)·ος, ε(ω)·ους
indecl; (fem) nom|voc sg, (fem) acc pl
until; dawn
} ἑνός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ε[ι]ν·ος
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
one
·
———
RP: ἠχρειώθησαν ♦ NA/UBS: ἠχρεώθησαν
RP: ποιῶν ♦ NA/UBS: ὁ ποιῶν
RP: οὐκ ἔστιν ἕως ♦ NA/UBS: [οὐκ ἔστιν] ἕως
Rom 3:12
They All have all turned aside away.
Together they have together become unprofitable.
There is no one who does good,
no, not, so much as one.”*
13τάφος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

τάφος, -ου, ὁ
ταφ·ος
(mas) nom sg
grave
ἀνεῳγμένος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀν·οίγω (αν+οιγ-/ανοιγ-, αν+οιξ-, αν+οιξ-/ανοιξ-/ανεῳξ-, αν+εῳγ·[κ]-, αν+εῳγ-/ηνοιγ-/ηνεῳγ-, αν+οιγ·[θ]-/ανοιγ·[θ]-/αν+οιχ·θ-/ανοιχ·θ-/ανεῳχ·θ-)
αν·εῳγ·μεν·ος
perf mp ptcp mas nom sg
to open-up Lit:"open-up".
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
λάρυγξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

λάρυγξ, -γγος, ὁ
λαρυγγ·ς
(mas) nom|voc sg
throat
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
he/she/it/same
, ταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·αις
fem dat pl
the
γλώσσαις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

γλῶσσα/γλῶττα, -ης, ἡ
γλωσσ·αις
(fem) dat pl
tongue by metonymy, a language
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
he/she/it/same
ἐδολιοῦσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δολιόω (δολι(ο)-, -, -, -, -, -)
ε·δολι(ο)·οσαν
impf act ind 3rd pl alt
to deceit
· ἰὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἰός, -οῦ, ὁ
ι·ος
(mas) nom sg
venom/corrosion
ἀσπίδων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἀσπί[δ]ς, -ίδος, ἡ
ασπιδ·ων
(fem) gen pl
asp
ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen) ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
χείλη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

χεῖλο·ς, -ους, τό, gen. pl. χειλέων
χειλ(ε)·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
lip shore border
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
he/she/it/same
·
Rom 3:13
“Their throat is an open tomb.
With their tongues they have used deceit.”*
“The poison of vipers is under their lips;”*
14ὧν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
who/whom/which
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
στόμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

στόμα[τ], -ατος, τό
στομα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
mouth/maw stoma
ἀρᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.); Verb

ἀρά[1], -ᾶς, ἡ; αἴρω (αιρ-, αρ(ε)·[σ]-, αρ·[σ]-, ηρ·κ-, ηρ-, αρ·θ-)
αρ·ας; αρ·[σ]α[ντ]·ς
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl; 1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
cursing (as in oath); to lift/pick-up , take-up, tote, raise, bear, carry
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
πικρίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

πικρία, -ας, ἡ
πικρι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
bitterness
γέμει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γέμω (γεμ-, -, -, -, -, -)
γεμ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
to be full (full of)
·
Rom 3:14
“whose mouth is full of cursing and bitterness.”*
15ὀξεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-1-3)

ὀξύς -εῖα -ύ, gen. sg. -έος and -έως
οξ(υ)·ες, οξ(υ)·ας
mas nom|voc pl, mas acc pl
sharp/swift sharp, keen, point, piercing, pungent, acid, quick,
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
πόδες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl., irreg.)

πούς, ποδός, ὁ (cf. βάσις)
ποδ·ες
(mas) nom|voc pl
foot
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
he/she/it/same
ἐκχέαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·χέω/-χύν(ν)ω (εκ+χε-/εκ+χυνν-/εκ+χυν-, εκ+χε(ε)·[σ]-, εκ+χε·[σ]-, εκ+κεχυ·κ-, εκ+κεχυ-, εκ+χυ·θ-)
εκ·χε·[σ]αι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to pour-out spill,shed
αἷμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

αἷμα[τ], -ατος, τό
αιμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
blood
·
Rom 3:15
“Their feet are swift to shed blood.
16σύντριμμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

σύν·τριμμα[τ], -ατος, τό
συντριμμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
wound [fracture/abrasion]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ταλαιπωρία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ταλαιπωρία, -ας, ἡ
ταλαιπωρι·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
misery
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·αις
fem dat pl
the
ὁδοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ὁδός, -οῦ, ἡ
οδ·οις
(fem) dat pl
way/road
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
he/she/it/same
,
Rom 3:16
Destruction and misery are in their ways.
17καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ὁδὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ὁδός, -οῦ, ἡ
οδ·ον
(fem) acc sg
way/road
εἰρήνης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

εἰρήνη, -ης, ἡ
ειρην·ης
(fem) gen sg
peace
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἔγνωσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γινώσκω/γιγν- (γινωσκ-/γιγνωσκ-, γνω·σ-, 2nd ath. γν(ω)-/ath. γν(ο)-, εγνω·κ-, εγνωσ-, γνωσ·θ-)
ε·γν(ω)·σαν
2aor act ind 3rd pl
to know /recognize/perceive (especially through experience).. hence experientially-know.
·
Rom 3:17
The way of peace, they haven’t known.”*
18οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἔστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be
φόβος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

φόβος, -ου, ὁ
φοβ·ος
(mas) nom sg
fear [see phobia]
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god [see theology]
ἀπέναντι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπ·έν·αντι
απεναντι
indecl
opposite/in the presence of (+gen)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
ὀφθαλμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ὀφθαλμός, -οῦ, ὁ
οφθαλμ·ων
(mas) gen pl
eye
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
he/she/it/same
.
Rom 3:18
“There is no fear of God before their eyes.”*
19Οἴδαμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

οἶδα (ath. ιδ-/ath. ειδ(ε)-/ath. ειδ-, ειδη·σ-/ει[δ]·σ-, ειδη·σ-, οιδ·[κ]-/ειδ·[κ]-, -, -)
οιδ·[κ]αμεν
perf act ind 1st pl
to know /perceive/be-aware-of/be-acquainted-with/notice. Often rendered "know" (by seeing/observing), in contrast to "γινώσκω" (know by thinking/reasoning/experiencing).
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
ὅσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅσος -η -ον
οσ·α
neu nom|acc pl
as much/many as
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
νόμος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ος
(mas) nom sg
custom/law ordinance custom practice
λέγει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
to say/tell
, τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
νόμῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
custom/law ordinance custom practice
λαλεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαλέω (λαλ(ε)-, λαλη·σ-, λαλη·σ-, λελαλη·κ-, λελαλη-, λαλη·θ-)
λαλ(ε)·ει, λαλ(ε)·ε
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, pres act imp 2nd sg
to speak
, ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that /so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
πᾶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παν[τ]
neu nom|acc|voc sg
each/every (of a relevant set).
στόμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

στόμα[τ], -ατος, τό
στομα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
mouth/maw stoma
φραγῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φράσσω (cf. κωλύω) (φρασσ-, -, φραξ-, -, πεφρασσ-, φραγ·[θ]-)
φραγ·[θ]ῃ
aor θη sub 3rd sg
to stop
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ὑπόδικος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ὑπό·δικος -ον
υποδικ·ος
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
answerable
γένηται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
γεν·ηται
2aor mp sub 3rd sg
to become/happen [to come to be; Greek word for amen?]
πᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
πα[ντ]·ς
mas nom|voc sg
each/every (of a relevant set).
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
κόσμος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

κόσμος, -ου, ὁ
κοσμ·ος
(mas) nom sg
world (secular world) material realm
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
θεῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
god [see theology]
·
Rom 3:19
Now And we know are aware that whatever things as much as the law says, it speaks to those who are under the law, it speaks[a] in order that every mouth may be closed stopped, and all the world[b] may become brought under the judgment answerable of to God.;
———
a Most translations render this verse as ...as much as the law says, it speaks to those under the law in order that... instead of ...as much as the law says to those under the law, it speaks in order that....
b As a means of knowing what is sin before God, the law's applicability is universal. What is wrong is wrong for both Jews and Gentiles, and all will be judged alike.
20διότι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

δι·ότι
διοτι
indecl
because/that
ἐξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εξ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
ἔργων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἔργον, -ου, τό
εργ·ων
(neu) gen pl
work
νόμου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ου
(mas) gen sg
custom/law ordinance custom practice
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
δικαιωθήσεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δικαιόω (δικαι(ο)-, δικαιω·σ-, δικαιω·σ-, -, δεδικαιω-, δικαιω·θ-)
δικαιω·θησεται
fut θη ind 3rd sg
to make/declare-righteous or such as he ought to be; just, fair, equitable, right; defend the cause of, plead for the righteousness (innocence) hence: regard as righteous
πᾶσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
πασ·α
fem nom|voc sg
each/every (of a relevant set).
σὰρξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

σάρξ, -αρκός, ἡ
σαρκ·ς
(fem) nom|voc sg
flesh
ἐνώπιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition; Adjective (2-2-2)

ἐν·ώπιον; ἐν·ώπιος -ον [LXX]
ενωπιον; ενωπι·ον
indecl; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
in-the-presence-of (+gen) Lit:"in-sight-of"; in the sight of/ in front of face to face
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
· διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen) δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for since, as
νόμου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ου
(mas) gen sg
custom/law ordinance custom practice
ἐπίγνωσις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἐπί·γνωσις, -εως, ἡ
επιγνωσ(ι)·ς
(fem) nom sg
recognition knowledge of someone or something; specific knowledge
ἁμαρτίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἁ·μαρτία, -ίας, ἡ
αμαρτι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
sin Typical NT usage: "sin", also used to denote failure in a more generic fashion.
.
Rom 3:20
(this is) Bbecause, (it will) not[a] by the (be) from works of (the) law, (that) all no flesh will be justified in his sight before him.,[b,c] Ffor through (the) law comes the (is) knowledge recognition of sin.
———
a Gk. διότι...οὐ.
b If the law were a means of justification, its applicability would be limited to whom the law was given.
c Cf. Rom. 2:13: For it is not the hears of the law who are righteous before God, but the doers of the law who will be justified (ESV). So, it will be the doers of the law that are justified, yet not through their works?
21Νυνὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

νυνί
νυνι
indecl
right-now
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
χωρὶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

χωρίς
χωρις
indecl
apart from without, asunder, apart, separately
νόμου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ου
(mas) gen sg
custom/law ordinance custom practice
δικαιοσύνη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

δικαιο·σύνη, -ης, ἡ
δικαιοσυν·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
righteousness /justice, fulfillment of the law
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god [see theology]
πεφανέρωται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φανερόω (φανερ(ο)-, φανερω·σ-, φανερω·σ-, -, πεφανερω-, φανερω·θ-)
πεφανερω·ται
perf mp ind 3rd sg
to manifest [from 5457 "phṓs" (light)], hence illumine, make-visible/apparent(by illumination, bring-out, disclose. Distinct from "ἀποκαλύπτω" (to reveal/uncover something hidden or invisible).
, μαρτυρουμένη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μαρτυρέω (μαρτυρ(ε)-, μαρτυρη·σ-, μαρτυρη·σ-, μεμαρτυρη·κ-, μεμαρτυρη-, μαρτυρη·θ-)
μαρτυρ(ε)·ομεν·η
pres mp ptcp fem nom|voc sg
to bear witness [testify, report, attest]
ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen) ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
νόμου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ου
(mas) gen sg
custom/law ordinance custom practice
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
προφητῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

προφήτης, -ου, ὁ
προφητ·ων
(mas) gen pl
prophet
·
Rom 3:21
But now apart from the law, a righteousness[a] of God has been revealed made plain,[b] being testified attested by the law and the prophets;
———
a Gk. δικαιοσύνη. Or, equitability (God's even-handedness in dealing with both Jews and Gentiles)?
b Gk. φανερόω. Same verb as in 1:19.
22δικαιοσύνη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

δικαιο·σύνη, -ης, ἡ
δικαιοσυν·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
righteousness /justice, fulfillment of the law
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god [see theology]
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen) δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
πίστεως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πίστις, -εως, ἡ
πιστ(ι)·ος
(fem) gen sg
faith πίστις can refer to faith/trust, to that which one believes or trusts (the content of one's faith), or to the personal trait of faithfulness/trustworthiness/integrity.
Ἰησοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl., irreg. and Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
irreg. ιησου (instead of ιησ(ο)·ῳ > ιησῳ), ιησ(ο)·ε, ιησ(ο)·ου, ιησου
(mas) dat sg, (mas) voc sg, (mas) gen sg, (mas) indecl
Jesus [Joshua or Jesus]
χριστοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Χριστός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. Χριστέ
χριστ·ου
(mas) gen sg
Christ lit. 'anointed'
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
πάντας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ας
mas acc pl
each/every (of a relevant set).
{ καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat) ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
πάντας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ας
mas acc pl
each/every (of a relevant set).
♦ - } τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
πιστεύοντας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πιστεύω (πιστευ-, πιστευ·σ-, πιστευ·σ-, πεπιστευ·κ-, πεπιστευ-, πιστευ·θ-)
πιστευ·ο[υ]ντ·ας
pres act ptcp mas acc pl
to believe/trust be-persuaded/accept [toward] (heed [to], believe); give management (entrust). PASS. to be entrusted with
· οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
γάρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for since, as
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be
διαστολή [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

δια·στολή, -ῆς, ἡ
διαστολ·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
distinction
·
———
RP: καὶ ἐπὶ πάντας ♦ NA/UBS: —
Rom 3:22
even the a righteousness of God through (the) faith in of Jesus Christ[a,b] to all[c] and on all those who believe., Ffor there is not a distinction,.[d]
———
a Gk. διὰ πίστεως Ἰησοῦ χριστοῦ. God's standard of conduct against which we are judged was revealed first in the law, but now in Jesus' message and example of faith. See Heb. 3:1-2: ...Consider Jesus...who was faithful to him who appointed him, just as Moses also was faithful in all God's house (ESV); Heb. 3:5-6: Now Moses was faithful in all God's house as a servant...but Christ is faithful over God's house as a son... (ESV); and Heb. 12:2: looking to Jesus, the founder [ἀρχηγός, one who leads the way] and perfecter [τελειωτής] of our faith [the Greek actually says of faith, not of our faith], who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross... (ESV).
b See Rom. 1:17: For in it the righteousness of God is revealed [ἀποκαλύπτεται] from [by] faith for faith, as it is written, The righteous shall live by faith (ESV).
c Not limited just to those who received the law.
d Between Jew and Gentile.
23πάντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ες
mas nom|voc pl
each/every (of a relevant set).
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for since, as
ἥμαρτον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἁ·μαρτάνω (αμαρταν-, αμαρτη·σ-, αμαρτη·σ- or 2nd αμαρτ-, ημαρτη·κ-, -, -)
ε·αμαρτ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
to sin
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ὑστεροῦνται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑστερέω (υστερ(ε)-, υστερη·σ-, υστερη·σ-, υστερη·κ-, -, υστερη·θ-)
υστερ(ε)·ονται
pres mp ind 3rd pl
to come-short/late Lit:"come/be-last/latter/later", by extension: be-in-a-state-of-lack/insufficiency/privation.
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
δόξης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

δόξα, -ης, ἡ
δοξ·ης
(fem) gen sg
glory/honor praise
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god [see theology]
,
Rom 3:23
fFor all have sinned, and fall short have want[a] of the glory of God;,
———
a Gk. ὑστερέω, to be deficient in/to have not enough of/to need more of.
24δικαιούμενοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δικαιόω (δικαι(ο)-, δικαιω·σ-, δικαιω·σ-, -, δεδικαιω-, δικαιω·θ-)
δικαι(ο)·ομεν·οι
pres mp ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to make/declare-righteous or such as he ought to be; just, fair, equitable, right; defend the cause of, plead for the righteousness (innocence) hence: regard as righteous
δωρεὰν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Noun (1st Decl.)

δωρεάν (Adv. of δωρεά); δωρεά, -ᾶς, ἡ (cf. δόμα and δῶρον)
δωρεαν; δωρε·αν
indecl; (fem) acc sg
freely; gift
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
χάριτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

χάρι[τ]ς, -ιτος, ἡ, acc. χάρι[τ]ν and χάριτα
χαριτ·ι
(fem) dat sg
favor/grace [see charity]
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen) δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
ἀπολυτρώσεως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἀπο·λύτρωσις, -εως, ἡ
απολυτρωσ(ι)·ος
(fem) gen sg
redemption Lit:"redemption-from", hence a release-from-imprisonment after paying the ransom(λύτρον) release-price. From "λύω" (release/loose).
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
χριστῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Χριστός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. Χριστέ
χριστ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
Christ lit. 'anointed'
Ἰησοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl., irreg. and Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
irreg. ιησου (instead of ιησ(ο)·ῳ > ιησῳ), ιησ(ο)·ε, ιησ(ο)·ου, ιησου
(mas) dat sg, (mas) voc sg, (mas) gen sg, (mas) indecl
Jesus [Joshua or Jesus]
·
Rom 3:24
being justified[a] for freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus;,
———
a See 2:13: For it is not the hearers of the law who are righteous before God, but the doers of the law who will be justified (ESV).
25ὃν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative); Verb

ὅς ἥ ὅ; εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ον; (εσ)·ο[υ]ν[τ]
mas acc sg; pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
who/whom/which; to be
προέθετο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προ·τίθημι (-, προ+θη·σ-, προ+θη·κ- or 2nd ath. προ+θ(ε)-, -, προ+τεθει-, προ+τε·θ-)
προ·ε·θ(ε)·το
2aor mp ind 3rd sg
to put forward Lit: before-place/set/lay, hence prearrange, plan
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
θεὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ος
(mas) nom sg
god [see theology]
ἱλαστήριον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἱλαστήριον, -ου, τό
ιλαστηρι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
mercy-seat A place of propitiation/expiation/atoning-sacrifice in-order-to appeases wrath and reconciles the parties. In the LXX typically refers to the mercy-seat of God's judgment. also ledge/threshold
, διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen) δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
{ τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
πίστεως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πίστις, -εως, ἡ
πιστ(ι)·ος
(fem) gen sg
faith πίστις can refer to faith/trust, to that which one believes or trusts (the content of one's faith), or to the personal trait of faithfulness/trustworthiness/integrity.
♦ [ τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
] πίστεως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πίστις, -εως, ἡ
πιστ(ι)·ος
(fem) gen sg
faith πίστις can refer to faith/trust, to that which one believes or trusts (the content of one's faith), or to the personal trait of faithfulness/trustworthiness/integrity.
} , ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
αἵματι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

αἷμα[τ], -ατος, τό
αιματ·ι
(neu) dat sg
blood
, εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
ἔνδειξιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἔν·δειξις, -εως, ἡ
ενδειξ(ι)·ν
(fem) acc sg
demonstration Lit: in-show or within-show, hence a personally-affecting/convincing demonstration
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
δικαιοσύνης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

δικαιο·σύνη, -ης, ἡ
δικαιοσυν·ης
(fem) gen sg
righteousness /justice, fulfillment of the law
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
, διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen) δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
πάρεσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πάρ·εσις, -εως, ἡ
παρεσ(ι)·ν
(fem) acc sg
letting go unpunished
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
προγεγονότων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προ·γίνομαι (-, -, -, προ+γεγον·[κ]-, -, -)
προ·γεγον·[κ]οτ·ων
perf act ptcp mas gen pl or perf act ptcp neu gen pl
to happen earlier
ἁμαρτημάτων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἁ·μάρτημα[τ], -ατος, τό
αμαρτηματ·ων
(neu) gen pl
sin
,
———
RP: τῆς πίστεως ♦ NA/UBS: [τῆς] πίστεως
Rom 3:25
whom God set forth, in his blood, (to be) an atoning sacrifice,[a] through faith in his blood, for as a demonstration of his [Jesus'] righteousness through because of the passing over waiving of prior sins, in God’s forbearance;
———
a Gk. ἱλαστήριον.
26ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
ἀνοχῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἀν·οχή, -ῆς, ἡ
ανοχ·ῃ
(fem) dat sg
forbearance/refrainment
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god [see theology]
· πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat) Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
{ ἔνδειξιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἔν·δειξις, -εως, ἡ
ενδειξ(ι)·ν
(fem) acc sg
demonstration Lit: in-show or within-show, hence a personally-affecting/convincing demonstration
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
ἔνδειξιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἔν·δειξις, -εως, ἡ
ενδειξ(ι)·ν
(fem) acc sg
demonstration Lit: in-show or within-show, hence a personally-affecting/convincing demonstration
} τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
δικαιοσύνης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

δικαιο·σύνη, -ης, ἡ
δικαιοσυν·ης
(fem) gen sg
righteousness /justice, fulfillment of the law
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
νῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

νῦν
νυν
indecl
now
καιρῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

καιρός, -οῦ, ὁ (cf. χρόνος)
καιρ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
period-of-time /season
, εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
εἶναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·εναι
pres act inf
to be
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
he/she/it/same
δίκαιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

δίκαιος -αία -ον
δικαι·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
righteous /just/right, (by judicial implication) innocent.
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
δικαιοῦντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δικαιόω (δικαι(ο)-, δικαιω·σ-, δικαιω·σ-, -, δεδικαιω-, δικαιω·θ-)
δικαι(ο)·ο[υ]ντ·α
pres act ptcp mas acc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
to make/declare-righteous or such as he ought to be; just, fair, equitable, right; defend the cause of, plead for the righteousness (innocence) hence: regard as righteous
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
πίστεως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πίστις, -εως, ἡ
πιστ(ι)·ος
(fem) gen sg
faith πίστις can refer to faith/trust, to that which one believes or trusts (the content of one's faith), or to the personal trait of faithfulness/trustworthiness/integrity.
Ἰησοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl., irreg. and Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
irreg. ιησου (instead of ιησ(ο)·ῳ > ιησῳ), ιησ(ο)·ε, ιησ(ο)·ου, ιησου
(mas) dat sg, (mas) voc sg, (mas) gen sg, (mas) indecl
Jesus [Joshua or Jesus]
.
———
RP: ἔνδειξιν ♦ NA/UBS: τὴν ἔνδειξιν
Rom 3:26
in God's forbearance, toward a demonstrate demonstration of his [God's] righteousness at this present moment in time;,[a] that he might himself be just, and even while the justifier of justifying the him one who has faith in Jesus.
———
a Gk. ἐν τῷ νῦν καιρῷ.
27Ποῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ποῦ[1]
που
indecl
where
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently /accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
καύχησις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

καύχησις, -εως, ἡ
καυχησ(ι)·ς
(fem) nom sg
gloating
; Ἐξεκλείσθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·κλείω (-, -, εκ+κλει·σ-, -, -, εκ+κλεισ·θ-)
εκ·ε·κλεισ·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
to exclude/shut out
. Διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen) δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
ποίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative); Verb

ποῖος -α -ον; ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποι·ου; ποι(ε)·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg; pres mp imp 2nd sg
what-kind; to do/make
νόμου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ου
(mas) gen sg
custom/law ordinance custom practice
; Τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
ἔργων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἔργον, -ου, τό
εργ·ων
(neu) gen pl
work
; Οὐχί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὐχί
ουχι
indecl
not [strengthened form of οὐ/οὐκ/οὐχ]
, ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen) δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
νόμου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ου
(mas) gen sg
custom/law ordinance custom practice
πίστεως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πίστις, -εως, ἡ
πιστ(ι)·ος
(fem) gen sg
faith πίστις can refer to faith/trust, to that which one believes or trusts (the content of one's faith), or to the personal trait of faithfulness/trustworthiness/integrity.
.
Rom 3:27
¶Where then is the boasting?[a] It is excluded has no place.[b] By what kind of law? Of works? No, but by a law of faith.
———
a See 2:17.
b Lit., It was shut out/excluded.
28Λογιζόμεθα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λογίζομαι (λογιζ-, λογι(ε)·[σ]-, λογι·σ-, -, λελογισ-, λογισ·θ-)
λογιζ·ομεθα
pres mp ind 1st pl
to reckon /credit/account/regard/consider/impute,number,compute,reason,use-logic, as in devise/plot.
{ οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently /accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
πίστει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πίστις, -εως, ἡ
πιστ(ι)·ι
(fem) dat sg
faith πίστις can refer to faith/trust, to that which one believes or trusts (the content of one's faith), or to the personal trait of faithfulness/trustworthiness/integrity.
δικαιοῦσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δικαιόω (δικαι(ο)-, δικαιω·σ-, δικαιω·σ-, -, δεδικαιω-, δικαιω·θ-)
δικαι(ο)·εσθαι
pres mp inf
to make/declare-righteous or such as he ought to be; just, fair, equitable, right; defend the cause of, plead for the righteousness (innocence) hence: regard as righteous
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for since, as
δικαιοῦσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δικαιόω (δικαι(ο)-, δικαιω·σ-, δικαιω·σ-, -, δεδικαιω-, δικαιω·θ-)
δικαι(ο)·εσθαι
pres mp inf
to make/declare-righteous or such as he ought to be; just, fair, equitable, right; defend the cause of, plead for the righteousness (innocence) hence: regard as righteous
πίστει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πίστις, -εως, ἡ
πιστ(ι)·ι
(fem) dat sg
faith πίστις can refer to faith/trust, to that which one believes or trusts (the content of one's faith), or to the personal trait of faithfulness/trustworthiness/integrity.
} ἄνθρωπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ον
(mas) acc sg
human
, χωρὶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

χωρίς
χωρις
indecl
apart from without, asunder, apart, separately
ἔργων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἔργον, -ου, τό
εργ·ων
(neu) gen pl
work
νόμου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ου
(mas) gen sg
custom/law ordinance custom practice
.
———
RP: οὖν πίστει δικαιοῦσθαι ♦ NA/UBS: γὰρ δικαιοῦσθαι πίστει
Rom 3:28
We maintain therefore that a man is justified by faith apart from the works of the law.
29 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἤ[1]
η
indecl
or/than
Ἰουδαίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
Jewish
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
θεὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ος
(mas) nom sg
god [see theology]
μόνον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Adjective (2-1-2)

μόνον (Adv. of μόνος); μόνος -η -ον
μονον; μον·ον
indecl; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
only; sole apart, sole, only, alone (see κατάμόνος G2651 apart, solely, only, alone)
; Οὐχὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὐχί
ουχι
indecl
not [strengthened form of οὐ/οὐκ/οὐχ]
{ δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
♦ - } καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἐθνῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ε)·ων
(neu) gen pl
nation /ethnos.
; Ναὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ναί[1]
ναι
indecl
yes
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἐθνῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ε)·ων
(neu) gen pl
nation /ethnos.
·
———
RP: δὲ ♦ NA/UBS: —
Rom 3:29
Or is God the God of Jews only? Isn’t he the God of Gentiles also? Yes, of Gentiles also,
30{ ἐπείπερ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἐπεί·περ
επειπερ
indecl
since indeed
εἴπερ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἴ·περ
ειπερ
indecl
if-really
} εἷς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ει[ν]·ς
mas nom sg
one
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
θεός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ος
(mas) nom sg
god [see theology]
, ὃς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ος
mas nom sg
who/whom/which
δικαιώσει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.); Verb

δικαίωσις, -εως, ἡ; δικαιόω (δικαι(ο)-, δικαιω·σ-, δικαιω·σ-, -, δεδικαιω-, δικαιω·θ-)
δικαιωσ(ι)·ι; δικαιω·σει
(fem) dat sg; fut act ind 3rd sg or fut mp ind 2nd sg classical
vindication; to make/declare-righteous or such as he ought to be; just, fair, equitable, right; defend the cause of, plead for the righteousness (innocence) hence: regard as righteous
περιτομὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

περι·τομή, -ῆς, ἡ
περιτομ·ην
(fem) acc sg
circumcision
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
πίστεως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πίστις, -εως, ἡ
πιστ(ι)·ος
(fem) gen sg
faith πίστις can refer to faith/trust, to that which one believes or trusts (the content of one's faith), or to the personal trait of faithfulness/trustworthiness/integrity.
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἀκροβυστίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἀκρο·βυστία, -ας, ἡ
ακροβυστι·αν
(fem) acc sg
foreskin The foreskin; usually, the state of having the foreskin: uncircumcision
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen) δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
πίστεως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πίστις, -εως, ἡ
πιστ(ι)·ος
(fem) gen sg
faith πίστις can refer to faith/trust, to that which one believes or trusts (the content of one's faith), or to the personal trait of faithfulness/trustworthiness/integrity.
.
———
RP: ἐπείπερ ♦ NA/UBS: εἴπερ
Rom 3:30
since indeed there is one God who will justify the circumcised by faith, and the uncircumcised through faith.
31Νόμον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ον
(mas) acc sg
custom/law ordinance custom practice
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently /accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
καταργοῦμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατ·αργέω (κατ+αργ(ε)-, κατ+αργη·σ-, κατ+αργη·σ-, κατ+ηργη·κ-, κατ+ηργη-, κατ+αργη·θ-)
κατ·αργ(ε)·ομεν
pres act ind 1st pl
to bring to-no-effect [negate, abrogate, nullify, abolish]
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen) δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
πίστεως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πίστις, -εως, ἡ
πιστ(ι)·ος
(fem) gen sg
faith πίστις can refer to faith/trust, to that which one believes or trusts (the content of one's faith), or to the personal trait of faithfulness/trustworthiness/integrity.
; Μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
γένοιτο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
γεν·οιτο
2aor mp opt 3rd sg
to become/happen [to come to be; Greek word for amen?]
· ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but
νόμον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ον
(mas) acc sg
custom/law ordinance custom practice
{ ἱστῶμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

ἵστημι (ath. ιστ(α)-/ath. ιστ(η)-, στη·σ-, στη·σ- or 2nd ath. στ(η)-/ath. στ(α)-, εστη·κ-/εστα·κ-/εστ(α)·[κ]-, εστη-/εστα-, στα·θ-); ἱστάνω/ἱστάω (by-form of ἵστημι) (ισταν-/ιστ(α)-, -, -, -, -, -)
ιστ(η)·ωμεν; ιστ(α)·ομεν, ε·ιστ(α)·ομεν
pres act sub 1st pl; pres act ind 1st pl, impf act ind 1st pl
to stand /cause-to-stand; to stand
ἱστάνομεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἱστάνω/ἱστάω (by-form of ἵστημι) (ισταν-/ιστ(α)-, -, -, -, -, -)
ισταν·ομεν, ε·ισταν·ομεν
pres act ind 1st pl, impf act ind 1st pl
to stand
} .
———
RP: ἱστῶμεν ♦ NA/UBS: ἱστάνομεν
Rom 3:31
Do we then nullify the law through faith? May it never be! No, we establish the law.
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