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ΚΑΤΑ { ΜΑΤΘΑΙΟΝ ♦ ΜΑΘΘΑΙΟΝ }

According to Matthew

 Robinson-Pierpont 2005 Wiki English Translation‎ / World English Bible
1Πρωΐας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

πρωΐα, -ας, ἡ
πρωι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
morning
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
γενομένης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
γεν·ομεν·ης
2aor mp ptcp fem gen sg
to come to be to come to be; to become; to happen
, συμβούλιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

συμ·βούλιον, -ου, τό
συμβουλι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
council counsel
ἔλαβον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαμβάνω (λαμβαν-, λημψ-/ληψ-, λαβ·[σ]- or 2nd λαβ-, ειληφ·[κ]-, ειληβ-, λημφ·θ-/ληφ·θ-)
ε·λαβ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
to take/receive grasp, clutch, cling-to, seize, lay-hands-upon, take by violence, carry off, of a deity, seize, possess, catch, find out, detect, overtake, understand
πάντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ες
mas nom|voc pl
each/every (of a relevant set).
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
ἀρχιερεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἀρχ·ιερεύς, -έως, ὁ
αρχιερ(ευ)·ες, αρχιερ(ευ)·ας
(mas) nom|voc pl, (mas) acc pl
archpriest
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
πρεσβύτεροι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

πρεσβύ·τερος -α -ον (Comp. of πρέσβυς)
πρεσβυτερ·οι
mas nom|voc pl
elder
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
λαοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

λαός, -οῦ, ὁ
λα·ου
(mas) gen sg
people
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen) with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
Ἰησοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl., irreg. and Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
irreg. ιησου (instead of ιησ(ο)·ῳ > ιησῳ), ιησ(ο)·ε, ιησ(ο)·ου, ιησου
(mas) dat sg, (mas) voc sg, (mas) gen sg, (mas) indecl
Jesus [Joshua or Jesus]
, ὥστε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὥστε
ωστε
indecl
so that
θανατῶσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θανατόω (θανατ(ο)-, θανατω·σ-, θανατω·σ-, -, τεθανατω-, θανατω·θ-)
θανατω·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to put-to-death from "θάνατος"(death) and "θνῄσκω"(I-am-dying).
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
he/she/it/same
·
Mt 27:1
¶Now when morning had come, all the chief priests and the elders of the people took counsel against Jesus to put him to death:
2καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
δήσαντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δέω (δε-/δ(ε)-, δη·σ-, δη·σ-, δεδε·κ-, δεδε-, δε·θ-)
δη·σαντ·ες
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to bind
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
he/she/it/same
ἀπήγαγον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·άγω (απ+αγ-, απ+αξ-, 2nd απ+αγαγ-, -, απ+ηγ-, απ+αχ·θ-)
απ·ε·αγαγ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
to lead away
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
παρέδωκαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·δίδωμι (ath. παρα+διδ(ο)-/ath. παρα+διδ(ω)-, παρα+δω·σ-, παρα+δω·κ- or 2nd ath. παρα+δ(ο)-/ath. παρα+δ(ω)-, παρα+δεδω·κ-, παρα+δεδο-, παρα+δο·θ-)
παρα·ε·δω·καν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
to deliver-over Lit:"give-close-beside", hence deliver/surrender/hand-over, betray, commit, give-in/over/up, turn-in, consign, grant, bestow, teach-doctrine
{ αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
he/she/it/same
Ποντίῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Πόντιος, -ου, ὁ
ποντι·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
Pontius
♦ - } Πιλάτῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
Pilate
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
ἡγεμόνι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἡγεμών, -όνος, ὁ
ηγεμον·ι
(mas) dat sg
governor [see hegemon]
.
———
RP: αὐτὸν Ποντίῳ ♦ NA/UBS: —
Mt 27:2
and they bound him, and led him away, and delivered him up to Pontius Pilate, the governor.
3Τότε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

τότε
τοτε
indecl
then
ἰδὼν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
to see/behold Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-tom and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
Ἰούδας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

Ἰούδας, -α and -ου, ὁ
ιουδ·ας
(mas) nom sg
Judas/Judah
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
παραδιδοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·δίδωμι (ath. παρα+διδ(ο)-/ath. παρα+διδ(ω)-, παρα+δω·σ-, παρα+δω·κ- or 2nd ath. παρα+δ(ο)-/ath. παρα+δ(ω)-, παρα+δεδω·κ-, παρα+δεδο-, παρα+δο·θ-)
παρα·διδ(ο)·[ντ]·ς
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
to deliver-over Lit:"give-close-beside", hence deliver/surrender/hand-over, betray, commit, give-in/over/up, turn-in, consign, grant, bestow, teach-doctrine
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
he/she/it/same
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
κατεκρίθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·κρίνω (κατα+κριν-, κατα+κριν(ε)·[σ]-, κατα+κριν·[σ]-, -, κατα+κεκρι-, κατα+κρι·θ-)
κατα·ε·κρι·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
to condemn Lit:"judge-down", hence condemn/decree-against/sentence-guilty (after judicial process)
, μεταμεληθεὶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μετα·μέλομαι (μετα+μελ-, μετα+μελη·σ-, μετα+μελη·σ-, -, -, μετα+μελη·θ-)
μετα·μελη·θει[ντ]·ς
aor θη ptcp mas nom|voc sg
to regret Lit:"care/concern-change/after", hence regret, care-after, feel-remorse. Often rendered "repent", but distinct from "μετανοέω" (change-thinking, repent). More feeling than thinking. LXX: relent/repent
{ ἀπέστρεψεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·στρέφω (απο+στρεφ-, απο+στρεψ-, απο+στρεψ-, απ+εστροφ·[κ]-, απ+εστραφ-, απο+στραφ·[θ]-)
απο·ε·στρεφ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to turn-away Lit:"turn-from", hence turn-from/back/away. turn-away/back-from, return
ἔστρεψεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

στρέφω (στρεφ-, στρεψ-, στρεψ-, -, -, στραφ·[θ]-)
ε·στρεφ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to turn
} τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
τριάκοντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

τριά·κοντα
τριακοντα
indecl
thirty
ἀργύρια [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἀργύριον, -ου, τό (Dimin. of ἄργυρος)
αργυρι·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
piece of silver
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
ἀρχιερεῦσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἀρχ·ιερεύς, -έως, ὁ
αρχιερ(ευ)·σι(ν)
(mas) dat pl
archpriest
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
{ τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
πρεσβυτέροις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

πρεσβύ·τερος -α -ον (Comp. of πρέσβυς)
πρεσβυτερ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
elder
πρεσβυτέροις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

πρεσβύ·τερος -α -ον (Comp. of πρέσβυς)
πρεσβυτερ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
elder
} ,
———
RP: ἀπέστρεψεν ♦ NA/UBS: ἔστρεψεν
RP: τοῖς πρεσβυτέροις ♦ NA/UBS: πρεσβυτέροις
Mt 27:3
Then Judas, who betrayed him, when he saw seeing that Jesus was condemned, felt remorse, regretted (what he had done) and brought back the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and elders,
4λέγων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
to say/tell
, Ἥμαρτον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἁ·μαρτάνω (αμαρταν-, αμαρτη·σ-, αμαρτη·σ- or 2nd αμαρτ-, ημαρτη·κ-, -, -)
ε·αμαρτ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
to sin
παραδοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·δίδωμι (ath. παρα+διδ(ο)-/ath. παρα+διδ(ω)-, παρα+δω·σ-, παρα+δω·κ- or 2nd ath. παρα+δ(ο)-/ath. παρα+δ(ω)-, παρα+δεδω·κ-, παρα+δεδο-, παρα+δο·θ-)
παρα·δ(ο)·[ντ]·ς
2aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
to deliver-over Lit:"give-close-beside", hence deliver/surrender/hand-over, betray, commit, give-in/over/up, turn-in, consign, grant, bestow, teach-doctrine
αἷμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

αἷμα[τ], -ατος, τό
αιμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
blood
ἀθῷον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἀ·θῷος -ον
αθῳ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
guiltless/exculpated
. Οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
{ εἶπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειπ·[σ]ον, ε·ειπ·ον, ειπ·ο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, 2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl, 2aor act ptcp mas voc sg or 2aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
to say/tell
εἶπαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]αν, ειπ·[σ]αν[τ]
1aor act ind 3rd pl, 1aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
to say/tell
} , Τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who/what/why interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat) Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
ἡμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημας
acc pl
I
; Σὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
συ
nom sg
you
{ ὄψει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.); Verb

ὄψις, -εως, ἡ; ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
οψ(ι)·ι; οφ·σει
(fem) dat sg; fut act ind 3rd sg or fut mp ind 2nd sg classical
sight; to see/behold Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-tom and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
ὄψῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
οφ·σῃ
fut mp ind 2nd sg or 1aor act sub 3rd sg or 1aor mp sub 2nd sg
to see/behold Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-tom and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
} .
———
RP: εἶπον ♦ NA/UBS: εἶπαν
RP: ὄψει ♦ NA/UBS: ὄψῃ
Mt 27:4
saying, “I have sinned in that I betrayed by betraying innocent[a] blood.” ¶But they said, “What is that to us? You see to it See to it yourself.”[b]
———
a Gk. ἀθῷος, undeserving of penalty. (Also in 27:24.)
b Lit. You will see. Same expression used by Pilate to the crowd in 27:24.
5Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ῥίψας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ῥίπτω, ῥιπτέω (ριπτ(ε)-/ριπτ-, ριψ-, ριψ-, -, ερριπτ-/ρεριπτ-, ριφ·[θ]-)
ριπτ·σα[ντ]·ς
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
to toss/fling/dump
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
ἀργύρια [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἀργύριον, -ου, τό (Dimin. of ἄργυρος)
αργυρι·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
piece of silver
{ ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
ναῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ναός, -οῦ, ὁ (cf. ἱερόν)
να·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
temple
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
ναὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ναός, -οῦ, ὁ (cf. ἱερόν)
να·ον
(mas) acc sg
temple
} , ἀνεχώρησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀνα·χωρέω (ανα+χωρ(ε)-, -, ανα+χωρη·σ-, -, -, -)
ανα·ε·χωρη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to turn tail withdraw, retreat, depart, leave, take off, vacate
· καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἀπελθὼν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·έρχομαι (απ+ερχ-, απ+ελευ·σ-, απ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd απ+ελθ-, απ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
απ·ελθ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
to depart go away, depart from
ἀπήγξατο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·άγχω (-, -, απ+αγξ-, -, -, -)
απ·ε·αγχ·σατο
1aor mp ind 3rd sg
to ???
.
———
RP: ἐν τῷ ναῷ ♦ NA/UBS: εἰς τὸν ναὸν
Mt 27:5
He threw And throwing down the pieces of silver in the sanctuary, and departed he retreated. And He he went away and hanged himself.
6Οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
ἀρχιερεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἀρχ·ιερεύς, -έως, ὁ
αρχιερ(ευ)·ες, αρχιερ(ευ)·ας
(mas) nom|voc pl, (mas) acc pl
archpriest
λαβόντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαμβάνω (λαμβαν-, λημψ-/ληψ-, λαβ·[σ]- or 2nd λαβ-, ειληφ·[κ]-, ειληβ-, λημφ·θ-/ληφ·θ-)
λαβ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
2aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to take/receive grasp, clutch, cling-to, seize, lay-hands-upon, take by violence, carry off, of a deity, seize, possess, catch, find out, detect, overtake, understand
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
ἀργύρια [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἀργύριον, -ου, τό (Dimin. of ἄργυρος)
αργυρι·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
piece of silver
{ εἶπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειπ·[σ]ον, ε·ειπ·ον, ειπ·ο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, 2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl, 2aor act ptcp mas voc sg or 2aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
to say/tell
εἶπαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]αν, ειπ·[σ]αν[τ]
1aor act ind 3rd pl, 1aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
to say/tell
} , Οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἔξεστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔξ·εστιν a.k.a. ἔξ·ειμι[2] fr. εἰμί[1] (ath. εξ+(εσ)-/εξ+(εσ)-, -, -, -, -, -)
εξ·(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be permitted
βαλεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βάλλω (βαλλ-, βαλ(ε)·[σ]-, βαλ·[σ]- or 2nd βαλ-, βεβλη·κ-, βεβλη-, βλη·θ-)
βαλ(ε)·[σ]ειν, βαλ·ειν
fut act inf, 2aor act inf
to throw /cast
αὐτὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·α
neu nom|acc pl
he/she/it/same
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
κορβανᾶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

κορβανᾶς, -ᾶ, ὁ
κορβαν·αν
(mas) acc sg
temple treasury
, ἐπεὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἐπεί
επει
indecl
since/otherwise Lit:"upon-if", a logical conjunction: since (Lk 1:34), otherwise (Rom 11:6), because
τιμὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

τιμή, -ῆς, ἡ
τιμ·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
perceived-value ,honor, esteem, worship(of things), worth, price
αἵματός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

αἷμα[τ], -ατος, τό
αιματ·ος
(neu) gen sg
blood
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be
.
———
RP: εἶπον ♦ NA/UBS: εἶπαν
Mt 27:6
The chief priests took the pieces of silver, and said, “It’s not lawful to put them into the treasury, since it is the price of blood.”
7Συμβούλιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

συμ·βούλιον, -ου, τό
συμβουλι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
council counsel
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
λαβόντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαμβάνω (λαμβαν-, λημψ-/ληψ-, λαβ·[σ]- or 2nd λαβ-, ειληφ·[κ]-, ειληβ-, λημφ·θ-/ληφ·θ-)
λαβ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
2aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to take/receive grasp, clutch, cling-to, seize, lay-hands-upon, take by violence, carry off, of a deity, seize, possess, catch, find out, detect, overtake, understand
ἠγόρασαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀγοράζω (αγοραζ-, αγορ(α)·[σ]-/αγορα·σ-, αγορα·σ-, -, ηγορασ-, αγορασ·θ-)
ε·αγορα·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
to buy/purchase From noun "ἀγορά" (market-place), hence buy/purchase.
ἐξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εξ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
he/she/it/same
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
ἀγρὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἀγρός, -οῦ, ὁ
αγρ·ον
(mas) acc sg
field
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
κεραμέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

κεραμεύς, -έως, ὁ
κεραμ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
potter
, εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
ταφὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ταφή, -ῆς, ἡ
ταφ·ην
(fem) acc sg
burial
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
ξένοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ξένος -η -ον
ξεν·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
strange/foreign
.
Mt 27:7
They took counsel, and bought the potter’s field with them, to bury strangers in.
8Διὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

διό (δι’ ὅ)
διο
indecl
because of which
ἐκλήθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καλέω (καλ(ε)-, καλε·σ-, καλε·σ-, κεκλη·κ-, κεκλη-, κλη·θ-)
ε·κλη·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
to call summon/invite
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
ἀγρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἀγρός, -οῦ, ὁ
αγρ·ος
(mas) nom sg
field
ἐκεῖνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

ἐκεῖνος -η -ο
εκειν·ος
mas nom sg
that
Ἀγρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἀγρός, -οῦ, ὁ
αγρ·ος
(mas) nom sg
field
Αἵματος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

αἷμα[τ], -ατος, τό
αιματ·ος
(neu) gen sg
blood
, ἕως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction; Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἕως[1]; ἕως[2], -ω, ἡ [LXX], acc.
εως; ε(ω)·ος, ε(ω)·ους
indecl; (fem) nom|voc sg, (fem) acc pl
until; dawn
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
σήμερον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

σήμερον
σημερον
indecl
today day
.
Mt 27:8
Therefore To wit that field was called “The Field of Blood” to this day.
9Τότε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

τότε
τοτε
indecl
then
ἐπληρώθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πληρόω (πληρ(ο)-, πληρω·σ-, πληρω·σ-, πεπληρω·κ-, πεπληρω-, πληρω·θ-)
ε·πληρω·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
to fulfill Lit:"fill-to-individual-capacity", hence fill, fulfill, make-full.
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
ῥηθὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ρη·θε[ι]ν[τ]
aor θη ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
to say/tell
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen) δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
Ἰερεμίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

Ἰερεμίας, -ου, ὁ
ιερεμι·ου
(mas) gen sg
Jeremiah
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
προφήτου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

προφήτης, -ου, ὁ
προφητ·ου
(mas) gen sg
prophet
, λέγοντος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ο[υ]ντ·ος
pres act ptcp mas gen sg or pres act ptcp neu gen sg
to say/tell
, Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἔλαβον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαμβάνω (λαμβαν-, λημψ-/ληψ-, λαβ·[σ]- or 2nd λαβ-, ειληφ·[κ]-, ειληβ-, λημφ·θ-/ληφ·θ-)
ε·λαβ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
to take/receive grasp, clutch, cling-to, seize, lay-hands-upon, take by violence, carry off, of a deity, seize, possess, catch, find out, detect, overtake, understand
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
τριάκοντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

τριά·κοντα
τριακοντα
indecl
thirty
ἀργύρια [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἀργύριον, -ου, τό (Dimin. of ἄργυρος)
αργυρι·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
piece of silver
, τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
τιμὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

τιμή, -ῆς, ἡ
τιμ·ην
(fem) acc sg
perceived-value ,honor, esteem, worship(of things), worth, price
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
τετιμημένου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τιμάω (τιμ(α)-, τιμη·σ-, τιμη·σ-, -, τετιμη-, τιμη·θ-)
τετιμη·μεν·ου
perf mp ptcp mas gen sg or perf mp ptcp neu gen sg
to honor /assign-value-to, pay-respect/worth-to
, ὃν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative); Verb

ὅς ἥ ὅ; εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ον; (εσ)·ο[υ]ν[τ]
mas acc sg; pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
who/whom/which; to be
ἐτιμήσαντο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τιμάω (τιμ(α)-, τιμη·σ-, τιμη·σ-, -, τετιμη-, τιμη·θ-)
ε·τιμη·σαντο
1aor mp ind 3rd pl
to honor /assign-value-to, pay-respect/worth-to
ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from (G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
υἱῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ων
(mas) gen pl
son
Ἰσραήλ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Indecl.)

Ἰσραήλ, ὁ
ισραηλ
(mas) indecl
Israel
·
Mt 27:9
Then that which was spoken through Jeremiah the prophet was fulfilled, saying,
“They took the thirty pieces of silver from the sons of Israel,
the price of him upon whom a price had been set which they assessed upon the one they assessed,[a]
whom some of the children of Israel priced,
———
a Zechariah 11:12: The Lord's shepherd, severing himself from his ungrateful flock: Then I said to them, ‘If it seems good to you, pay me my wages, but if not, forget it.’ So they weighed out my payment – thirty pieces of silver (NET).
10καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἔδωκαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
ε·δω·καν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
to give /offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
αὐτὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·α
neu nom|acc pl
he/she/it/same
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
ἀγρὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἀγρός, -οῦ, ὁ
αγρ·ον
(mas) acc sg
field
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
κεραμέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

κεραμεύς, -έως, ὁ
κεραμ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
potter
, καθὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καθά (καθ’ ἅ)
καθα
indecl
according to which
συνέταξέν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συν·τάσσω (συν+τασσ-, συν+ταξ-, συν+ταξ-, συν+τεταχ·[κ]-, συν+τετασσ-, συν+ταγ·[θ]-/συν+ταχ·θ-)
συν·ε·τασσ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to arrange to organize, put together,construct, (of thoughts: invent, concoct) (of an individual put in charge)
μοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μοι
dat sg
I
κύριος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ος; κυρι·ος
(mas) nom sg; mas nom sg
lord , "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).; authoritative
.
Mt 27:10
and they gave them for the potter’s field,
as the Lord commanded me.”[a]*
———
a Zechariah 11:13, cont. from above: The Lord then said to me, ‘Throw to the potter* that exorbitant sum at which they valued me!’ So I took the thirty pieces of silver and threw them to the potter* at the temple of the Lord (NET).
*potter (AMP, KJV, NAS, NET, NIV), treasury (NAB, NRSV, REB), smelter (NJB). Brenton LXX: And the Lord said to me, Drop them into the furnace, and I will see if it is good metal, as I was proved for their sakes. And I took the thirty pieces of silver, and cast them into the furnace in the house of the Lord.
11 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl., irreg. and Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus [Joshua or Jesus]
{ ἔστη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἵστημι (ath. ιστ(α)-/ath. ιστ(η)-, στη·σ-, στη·σ- or 2nd ath. στ(η)-/ath. στ(α)-, εστη·κ-/εστα·κ-/εστ(α)·[κ]-, εστη-/εστα-, στα·θ-)
ε·στ(η)·^
2aor act ind 3rd sg
to stand /cause-to-stand
ἐστάθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἵστημι (ath. ιστ(α)-/ath. ιστ(η)-, στη·σ-, στη·σ- or 2nd ath. στ(η)-/ath. στ(α)-, εστη·κ-/εστα·κ-/εστ(α)·[κ]-, εστη-/εστα-, στα·θ-)
ε·στα·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
to stand /cause-to-stand
} ἔμπροσθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἔμ·προσ·θεν/-θε
εμπροσθεν
indecl
before/in-front-of Lit:"in-toward" hence before/facing/in-front-of, former/previous
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
ἡγεμόνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἡγεμών, -όνος, ὁ
ηγεμον·ος
(mas) gen sg
governor [see hegemon]
· καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἐπηρώτησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπ·ερωτάω (επ+ερωτ(α)-, επ+ερωτη·σ-, επ+ερωτη·σ-, -, -, επ+ερωτη·θ-)
επ·ε·ερωτη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to question Lit:"ask/inquire-upon", hence question/ask-something-specific.
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
he/she/it/same
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
ἡγεμών [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἡγεμών, -όνος, ὁ
ηγεμον·^
(mas) nom|voc sg
governor [see hegemon]
, λέγων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
to say/tell
, Σὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
συ
nom sg
you
εἶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^ (instead of ι·^ς > εις); (εσ)·^ς
pres act ind 2nd sg; pres act ind 2nd sg
to go; to be
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
Ἰουδαίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
Jewish
; [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl., irreg. and Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus [Joshua or Jesus]
ἔφη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φημί (ath. φ(α)-/ath. φ(η)-, -, φη·σ-, -, -, -)
ε·φ(α)·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
to say
{ αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
he/she/it/same
♦ - } , Σὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
συ
nom sg
you
λέγεις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·εις
pres act ind 2nd sg
to say/tell
.
———
RP: ἔστη ♦ NA/UBS: ἐστάθη
RP: αὐτῷ ♦ NA/UBS: —
Mt 27:11
¶Now Jesus stood before the governor: and the governor asked him, saying, “Are you the King of the Jews?”
¶Jesus said to him, “So you say.”
12Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
κατηγορεῖσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατ·ηγορέω (κατ+ηγορ(ε)-, κατ+ηγορη·σ-, κατ+ηγορη·σ-, -, κατ+ηγορη-, -)
κατ·ηγορ(ε)·εσθαι
pres mp inf
to accuse (reproach)
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
he/she/it/same
ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen) ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
ἀρχιερέων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἀρχ·ιερεύς, -έως, ὁ
αρχιερ(ευ)·ων
(mas) gen pl
archpriest
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
{ τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
πρεσβυτέρων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

πρεσβύ·τερος -α -ον (Comp. of πρέσβυς)
πρεσβυτερ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
elder
πρεσβυτέρων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

πρεσβύ·τερος -α -ον (Comp. of πρέσβυς)
πρεσβυτερ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
elder
} , οὐδὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

οὐδ·είς οὐδε·μία οὐδ·έν and οὐθ·είς (οὐθε·μία) οὐθ·έν
ουδε[ι]ν
neu nom|acc sg
not-one Lit:"not-moreover-one", hence not-one/nothing/no-one.
ἀπεκρίνατο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κρίνομαι (απο+κριν-, -, απο+κριν·[σ]-, -, απο+κεκρι-, απο+κρι·θ-)
απο·ε·κριν·[σ]ατο
1aor mp ind 3rd sg
to answer Lit:"judge/decide-from", hence involves a response that requires some thinking/consideration/decision. Usually rendered "answer" (in response to a question/inquiry)
.
———
RP: τῶν πρεσβυτέρων ♦ NA/UBS: πρεσβυτέρων
Mt 27:12
When he was accused And as he was being accused by the chief priests and elders, he answered nothing.
13Τότε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

τότε
τοτε
indecl
then
λέγει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
to say/tell
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
he/she/it/same
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
Πιλάτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Pilate
, Οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἀκούεις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀκούω (ακου-, ακου·σ-, ακου·σ-, ακηκο·[κ]-, ηκουσ-, ακουσ·θ-)
ακου·εις
pres act ind 2nd sg
to hear
πόσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

πόσος -η -ον
ποσ·α
neu nom|acc pl
how much
σοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you; your/yours(sg)
καταμαρτυροῦσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·μαρτυρέω (κατα+μαρτυρ(ε)-, κατα+μαρτυρη·σ-, κατα+μαρτυρη·σ-, -, -, -)
κατα·μαρτυρ(ε)·ουσι(ν), κατα·μαρτυρ(ε)·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
to witness against
;
Mt 27:13
Then Pilate said to him, “Don’t you not hear how many things all that they are testifying against you?”
14Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἀπεκρίθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κρίνομαι (απο+κριν-, -, απο+κριν·[σ]-, -, απο+κεκρι-, απο+κρι·θ-)
απο·ε·κρι·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
to answer Lit:"judge/decide-from", hence involves a response that requires some thinking/consideration/decision. Usually rendered "answer" (in response to a question/inquiry)
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
he/she/it/same
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat) Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
οὐδὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐδέ (οὐ δέ)
ουδε
indecl
neither/nor Lit:"not-moreover" or "not-but", hence neither/nor.
οὐδ’ sometimes before vowels.
ἓν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ε[ι]ν
neu nom|acc sg
one
ῥῆμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ῥῆμα[τ], -ατος, τό
ρημα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
declaration /saying/statement/utterance Often "word" but distinguished from "logos" (message)
, ὥστε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὥστε
ωστε
indecl
so that
θαυμάζειν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θαυμάζω (θαυμαζ-, θαυμα·σ-, θαυμα·σ-, τεθαυμα·κ-, τεθαυμασ-, θαυμασ·θ-)
θαυμαζ·ειν
pres act inf
to marvel /wonder/cause-amazement/surprise/shock/awe, be-impressed
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
ἡγεμόνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἡγεμών, -όνος, ὁ
ηγεμον·α
(mas) acc sg
governor [see hegemon]
λίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

λίαν
λιαν
indecl
very
.
Mt 27:14
He gave him no answer, not even one a word, so that the governor marveled was greatly astounded.
15Κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen) with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
ἑορτὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἑορτή, -ῆς, ἡ
εορτ·ην
(fem) acc sg
festival
εἰώθει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἴωθα a.k.a. ἔθω (-, -, -, ειωθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ε·ειωθ·[κ]ει
plup act ind 3rd sg
to make customary
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
ἡγεμὼν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἡγεμών, -όνος, ὁ
ηγεμον·^
(mas) nom|voc sg
governor [see hegemon]
ἀπολύειν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·λύω (απο+λυ-, απο+λυ·σ-, απο+λυ·σ-, απο+λελυ·κ-, απο+λελυ-, απο+λυ·θ-)
απο·λυ·ειν
pres act inf
to release Lit:"loose-from", hence release, let-go, divorce, free, pardon. Also a euphemism for die.
ἕνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ε[ι]ν·α
mas acc sg
one
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
ὄχλῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ὄχλος, -ου, ὁ
οχλ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
crowd
δέσμιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-2-2 and 2-1-2)

δέσμιος[2], -ου, ὁ; δέσμιος[1] (-ία) -ον [LXX]
δεσμι·ον; δεσμι·ον
(mas) acc sg; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
prisoner , from "δέω" (bind/tie/restrain/imprison).; bound
, ὃν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative); Verb

ὅς ἥ ὅ; εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ον; (εσ)·ο[υ]ν[τ]
mas acc sg; pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
who/whom/which; to be
ἤθελον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θέλω (θελ-, θελη·σ-, θελη·σ-, τεθελη·κ-, -, -)
ε·θελ·ον
impf act ind 1st sg or impf act ind 3rd pl
to want /wish/desire
.
Mt 27:15
Now at At the feast the governor was accustomed to release to the multitude crowd one prisoner, whom they desired.
16Εἶχον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
ε·εχ·ον
impf act ind 1st sg or impf act ind 3rd pl
to have /hold.
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
τότε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

τότε
τοτε
indecl
then
δέσμιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-2-2 and 2-1-2)

δέσμιος[2], -ου, ὁ; δέσμιος[1] (-ία) -ον [LXX]
δεσμι·ον; δεσμι·ον
(mas) acc sg; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
prisoner , from "δέω" (bind/tie/restrain/imprison).; bound
ἐπίσημον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἐπί·σημος -ον
επισημ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
splendid
, λεγόμενον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ομεν·ον
pres mp ptcp mas acc sg or pres mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
to say/tell
{ Βαραββᾶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

Βαρ·αββᾶς, -ᾶ, ὁ
βαραββ·αν
(mas) acc sg
Barabbas
♦ [ Ἰησοῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl., irreg. and Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ον
(mas) acc sg
Jesus [Joshua or Jesus]
] Βαραββᾶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

Βαρ·αββᾶς, -ᾶ, ὁ
βαραββ·αν
(mas) acc sg
Barabbas
} .
———
RP: Βαραββᾶν ♦ NA/UBS: [Ἰησοῦν] Βαραββᾶν
Mt 27:16
They had then a notable well-known[a] prisoner, called Barabbas.
———
a Gr. ἐπίσημος. Variously translated notorious (AMP, NAB, NAS, NET, NIV, NJB, NRSV), of some notoriety (REB), and notable (KJV, WEB). Luke adds: ...who had been thrown in prison for insurrection and murder.... (Luke 23:25 NET) and Acts: a murderer (Acts 3:14).
17Συνηγμένων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συν·άγω (συν+αγ-, συν+αξ-, συν+ηξ- or 2nd συν+αγαγ-, συν+αγειοχ·[κ]-, συν+ηγ-, συν+αχ·θ-)
συν·ηγ·μεν·ων
perf mp ptcp fem gen pl or perf mp ptcp mas gen pl or perf mp ptcp neu gen pl
to gather together οφθήτω
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently /accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
he/she/it/same
, εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
to say/tell
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
he/she/it/same
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
Πιλάτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Pilate
, Τίνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τιν·α
neu nom|acc pl or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
who/what/why interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
θέλετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θέλω (θελ-, θελη·σ-, θελη·σ-, τεθελη·κ-, -, -)
θελ·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
to want /wish/desire
ἀπολύσω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·λύω (απο+λυ-, απο+λυ·σ-, απο+λυ·σ-, απο+λελυ·κ-, απο+λελυ-, απο+λυ·θ-)
απο·λυ·σω
fut act ind 1st sg or 1aor act sub 1st sg
to release Lit:"loose-from", hence release, let-go, divorce, free, pardon. Also a euphemism for die.
ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you
; { Βαραββᾶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

Βαρ·αββᾶς, -ᾶ, ὁ
βαραββ·αν
(mas) acc sg
Barabbas
♦ [ Ἰησοῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl., irreg. and Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ον
(mas) acc sg
Jesus [Joshua or Jesus]
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
] Βαραββᾶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

Βαρ·αββᾶς, -ᾶ, ὁ
βαραββ·αν
(mas) acc sg
Barabbas
} , [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἤ[1]
η
indecl
or/than
Ἰησοῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl., irreg. and Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ον
(mas) acc sg
Jesus [Joshua or Jesus]
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
λεγόμενον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ομεν·ον
pres mp ptcp mas acc sg or pres mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
to say/tell
χριστόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Χριστός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. Χριστέ
χριστ·ον
(mas) acc sg
Christ lit. 'anointed'
;
———
RP: Βαραββᾶν ♦ NA/UBS: [Ἰησοῦν τὸν] Βαραββᾶν
Mt 27:17
When therefore they were gathered together Being that he now had them gathered before him, Pilate said to them, “Whom do you want me to release to you? Barabbas, or Jesus, who is called Christ?”
18ᾜδει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

οἶδα (ath. ιδ-/ath. ειδ(ε)-/ath. ειδ-, ειδη·σ-/ει[δ]·σ-, ειδη·σ-, οιδ·[κ]-/ειδ·[κ]-, -, -)
ε·ειδ·[κ]ει
plup act ind 3rd sg
to know /perceive/be-aware-of/be-acquainted-with/notice. Often rendered "know" (by seeing/observing), in contrast to "γινώσκω" (know by thinking/reasoning/experiencing).
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for since, as
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen) δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
φθόνον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

φθόνος, -ου, ὁ
φθον·ον
(mas) acc sg
jealous/agressive-guardedness Often rendered "envy", except envy arises from wanting what another has, while jealousy arises from anxiety that something valuable might be removed/taken/lost. Neither envy nor resentment fit James 4:5.
παρέδωκαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·δίδωμι (ath. παρα+διδ(ο)-/ath. παρα+διδ(ω)-, παρα+δω·σ-, παρα+δω·κ- or 2nd ath. παρα+δ(ο)-/ath. παρα+δ(ω)-, παρα+δεδω·κ-, παρα+δεδο-, παρα+δο·θ-)
παρα·ε·δω·καν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
to deliver-over Lit:"give-close-beside", hence deliver/surrender/hand-over, betray, commit, give-in/over/up, turn-in, consign, grant, bestow, teach-doctrine
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
he/she/it/same
.
Mt 27:18
For he knew that because of envy they had delivered handed him up over out of vindictiveness.[a]
———
a Gr. φθόνος. Variously translated envy (AMP, KJV, NAB, NAS, NET, NIV, WEB), jealously (NJB, NRSV), and malice (REB).
19Καθημένου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κάθ·η·μαι (ath. καθ(η)-, καθη·σ-, -, -, -, -)
καθ(η)·μεν·ου
pres mp ptcp mas gen sg or pres mp ptcp neu gen sg
to sit Lit:"down-sit".
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat) ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
βήματος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

βῆμα[τ], -ατος, τό
βηματ·ος
(neu) gen sg
step judgment seat
, ἀπέστειλεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·στέλλω (απο+στελλ-, απο+στελ(ε)·[σ]-, απο+στειλ·[σ]-, απ+εσταλ·κ-, απ+εσταλ-, απο+σταλ·[θ]-)
απο·ε·στειλ·[σ]ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to send-forth Lit:"send/arrange-from/away". Often rendered "send-forth" (a message, messenger, action, etc), send
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat) Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
he/she/it/same
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
γυνὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl., irreg.)

γυνή, -αικος, ἡ, voc. sg. γύναι
γυναι[κ] > irreg. γυνη
(fem) nom sg
woman/wife
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
, λέγουσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ουσ·α
pres act ptcp fem nom|voc sg
to say/tell
, Μηδέν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

μηδ·είς μηδε·μία μηδ·έν and μηθ·είς (μηθε·μία) μηθ·έν
μηδε[ι]ν
neu nom|acc sg
not one
σοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive); Verb

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν; τρίβω [LXX] (τριβ-, ·σ-, τριψ-, -, τετριβ-, -)
σοι; σ·οι; ·σοι
dat sg; mas nom|voc pl; fut act opt 3rd sg
you; your/yours(sg); to rub worn, rub
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
δικαίῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

δίκαιος -αία -ον
δικαι·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
righteous /just/right, (by judicial implication) innocent.
ἐκείνῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

ἐκεῖνος -η -ο
εκειν·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
that
· πολλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral, irreg.)

πολ[λ]ύς πολλή πολ[λ]ύ
πολλ·α
neu nom|acc pl
much
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for since, as
ἔπαθον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πάσχω (πασχ-, -, 2nd παθ-, πεπονθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ε·παθ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
to suffer , experience-heavy-emotion/suffering
σήμερον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

σήμερον
σημερον
indecl
today day
κατ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατ’
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen) with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
ὄναρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ὄναρ, τό
οναρ
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
dream
δι’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δι’
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen) δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
he/she/it/same
.
Mt 27:19
¶While he was sitting on the judgment seat bema,[a] his wife sent to him, saying, “Have nothing to do with that righteous honorable[b] man, for I have suffered many things much this today in a dream because of a dream about him.”[c]
———
a Gr. βήμα. An elevated platform, variously translated judgment seat (KJV, NAS, NET, NRSV, WEB), judge's seat (NIV), chair of judgement (NJB), judgement bench (AMP), bench (NAB), and court (REB).
b Gr. δίκαιος. Variously translated righteous (NAB, NAS, WEB), upright (NJB), just (KJV), just and upright (AMP), and innocent (NET, NIV, NRSV, REB).
c A range of ways to translate the last part of this verse: I have been extremely upset today by a dream that I had about him (NJB); For last night I suffered greatly in a dream because of him (NAS).
20Οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
ἀρχιερεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἀρχ·ιερεύς, -έως, ὁ
αρχιερ(ευ)·ες, αρχιερ(ευ)·ας
(mas) nom|voc pl, (mas) acc pl
archpriest
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
πρεσβύτεροι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

πρεσβύ·τερος -α -ον (Comp. of πρέσβυς)
πρεσβυτερ·οι
mas nom|voc pl
elder
ἔπεισαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πείθω (πειθ-, πει[θ]·σ-, πει[θ]·σ-, πεποιθ·[κ]-, πεπειθ-, πεισ·θ-)
ε·πειθ·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
to persuade ,convince,determine, prevail upon, talk over, trust, rely on, believe of
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
ὄχλους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ὄχλος, -ου, ὁ
οχλ·ους
(mas) acc pl
crowd
ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that /so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
αἰτήσωνται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

αἰτέω (αιτ(ε)-, αιτη·σ-, αιτη·σ-, ῃτη·κ-, ῃτη-, αιτη·θ-)
αιτη·σωνται
1aor mp sub 3rd pl
to ask
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
Βαραββᾶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

Βαρ·αββᾶς, -ᾶ, ὁ
βαραββ·αν
(mas) acc sg
Barabbas
, τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
Ἰησοῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl., irreg. and Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ον
(mas) acc sg
Jesus [Joshua or Jesus]
ἀπολέσωσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·όλλυμι (ath. απ+ολλυ-, απ+ολ(ε)·[σ]-/απ+ολε·σ-, απ+ολε·σ- or 2nd απ+ολ-, απ+ολωλ·[κ]-, -, -)
απ·ολε·σωσι(ν)
1aor act sub 3rd pl
to destroy/perish/lost Lit:"destroy-from", hence: fully/utterly-destroy/ruin/annihilate (active), perish (middle).
.
Mt 27:20
Now the chief priests and the elders persuaded agitated for[a] the multitudes crowds to ask for Barabbas, and destroy Jesus.
———
a Gr. πείθω. Variously translated persuaded (KJV, NAB, NAS, NIV, NJB, NRSV, REB, WEB) and prevailed on (AMP).
21Ἀποκριθεὶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κρίνομαι (απο+κριν-, -, απο+κριν·[σ]-, -, απο+κεκρι-, απο+κρι·θ-)
απο·κρι·θει[ντ]·ς
aor θη ptcp mas nom|voc sg
to answer Lit:"judge/decide-from", hence involves a response that requires some thinking/consideration/decision. Usually rendered "answer" (in response to a question/inquiry)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
ἡγεμὼν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἡγεμών, -όνος, ὁ
ηγεμον·^
(mas) nom|voc sg
governor [see hegemon]
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
to say/tell
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
he/she/it/same
, Τίνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τιν·α
neu nom|acc pl or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
who/what/why interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
θέλετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θέλω (θελ-, θελη·σ-, θελη·σ-, τεθελη·κ-, -, -)
θελ·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
to want /wish/desire
ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from (G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
δύο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

δύο, gen. δύο, dat. δυσί(ν), acc. δύο
δυο
nom|acc|gen pl
two
ἀπολύσω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·λύω (απο+λυ-, απο+λυ·σ-, απο+λυ·σ-, απο+λελυ·κ-, απο+λελυ-, απο+λυ·θ-)
απο·λυ·σω
fut act ind 1st sg or 1aor act sub 1st sg
to release Lit:"loose-from", hence release, let-go, divorce, free, pardon. Also a euphemism for die.
ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you
; Οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
{ εἶπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειπ·[σ]ον, ε·ειπ·ον, ειπ·ο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, 2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl, 2aor act ptcp mas voc sg or 2aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
to say/tell
εἶπαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]αν, ειπ·[σ]αν[τ]
1aor act ind 3rd pl, 1aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
to say/tell
Τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
} , Βαραββᾶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

Βαρ·αββᾶς, -ᾶ, ὁ
βαραββ·αν
(mas) acc sg
Barabbas
.
———
RP: εἶπον ♦ NA/UBS: εἶπαν Τὸν
Mt 27:21
But the governor answered them, “Which of the two do you want me to release to you?”
¶They said, “Barabbas!”
22Λέγει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
to say/tell
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
he/she/it/same
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
Πιλάτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Pilate
, Τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who/what/why interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently /accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
ποιήσω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποιη·σω
fut act ind 1st sg or 1aor act sub 1st sg
to do/make
Ἰησοῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl., irreg. and Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ον
(mas) acc sg
Jesus [Joshua or Jesus]
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
λεγόμενον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ομεν·ον
pres mp ptcp mas acc sg or pres mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
to say/tell
χριστόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Χριστός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. Χριστέ
χριστ·ον
(mas) acc sg
Christ lit. 'anointed'
; Λέγουσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ουσι(ν), λεγ·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
to say/tell
{ αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
he/she/it/same
♦ - } πάντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ες
mas nom|voc pl
each/every (of a relevant set).
, Σταυρωθήτω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σταυρόω (σταυρ(ο)-, σταυρω·σ-, σταυρω·σ-, -, εσταυρω-, σταυρω·θ-)
σταυρω·θητω
aor θη imp 3rd sg
to crucify
.
———
RP: αὐτῷ ♦ NA/UBS: —
Mt 27:22
¶Pilate said to them, “What then shall I do to Jesus, who is called Christ?”
¶They all said to him, “Let him be crucified!”
23 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
{ ἡγεμὼν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἡγεμών, -όνος, ὁ
ηγεμον·^
(mas) nom|voc sg
governor [see hegemon]
♦ - } ἔφη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φημί (ath. φ(α)-/ath. φ(η)-, -, φη·σ-, -, -, -)
ε·φ(α)·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
to say
, Τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who/what/why interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for since, as
κακὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

κακός -ή -όν (cf. φαῦλος)
κακ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
wicked /evil
ἐποίησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ε·ποιη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to do/make
; Οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
περισσῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

περισσῶς
περισσως
indecl
all the more
ἔκραζον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κράζω (κραζ-, κραξ-/κεκραξ-, κραξ-/κεκραξ- or 2nd κεκραγ-, κεκραγ·[κ]-, -, -)
ε·κραζ·ον
impf act ind 1st sg or impf act ind 3rd pl
to cry-out /shout/scream.
, λέγοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to say/tell
, Σταυρωθήτω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σταυρόω (σταυρ(ο)-, σταυρω·σ-, σταυρω·σ-, -, εσταυρω-, σταυρω·θ-)
σταυρω·θητω
aor θη imp 3rd sg
to crucify
.
———
RP: ἡγεμὼν ♦ NA/UBS: —
Mt 27:23
¶But the governor said, “Why? What evil has he done wrong did he do?” ¶But they cried out exceedingly all the more, saying, “Let him be crucified!”
24Ἰδὼν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
to see/behold Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-tom and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
Πιλάτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Pilate
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
οὐδὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

οὐδ·είς οὐδε·μία οὐδ·έν and οὐθ·είς (οὐθε·μία) οὐθ·έν
ουδε[ι]ν
neu nom|acc sg
not-one Lit:"not-moreover-one", hence not-one/nothing/no-one.
ὠφελεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὠφελέω (ωφελ(ε)-, ωφελη·σ-, ωφελη·σ-, -, -, ωφελη·θ-)
ωφελ(ε)·ει, ωφελ(ε)·ε, ε·ωφελ(ε)·ε
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, pres act imp 2nd sg, impf act ind 3rd sg
to profit (from ophellō, "heap-together/increase"), hence benefit/gain/profit
, ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but
μᾶλλον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

μᾶλλον
μαλλον
indecl
more/rather (instead)
θόρυβος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θόρυβος, -ου, ὁ
θορυβ·ος
(mas) nom sg
uprοαr tumult, ruckus
γίνεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
γιν·εται
pres mp ind 3rd sg
to come to be to come to be; to become; to happen
, λαβὼν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαμβάνω (λαμβαν-, λημψ-/ληψ-, λαβ·[σ]- or 2nd λαβ-, ειληφ·[κ]-, ειληβ-, λημφ·θ-/ληφ·θ-)
λαβ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
to take/receive grasp, clutch, cling-to, seize, lay-hands-upon, take by violence, carry off, of a deity, seize, possess, catch, find out, detect, overtake, understand
ὕδωρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl., irreg.)

ὕδωρ, ὕδατος, τό
υδα[τ]·ρ > irreg. υδωρ
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
water
, ἀπενίψατο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·νίπτω (-, -, απο+νιψ-, -, -, -)
απο·ε·νιπτ·σατο
1aor mp ind 3rd sg
to ???
τὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ας
fem acc pl
the
χεῖρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl., irreg.)

χείρ, χειρός, ἡ, dat. pl. χερσίν
χειρ·ας
(fem) acc pl
hand
ἀπέναντι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπ·έν·αντι
απεναντι
indecl
opposite/in the presence of (+gen)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
ὄχλου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.); Verb

ὄχλος, -ου, ὁ; ὀχλέω (οχλ(ε)-, -, -, -, -, οχλη·θ-)
οχλ·ου; οχλ(ε)·ου
(mas) gen sg; pres mp imp 2nd sg
crowd; to disturb annoy, trouble
, λέγων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
to say/tell
, Ἀθῷός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἀ·θῷος -ον
αθῳ·ος
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
guiltless/exculpated
εἰμι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^μι; (εσ)·^μι
pres act ind 1st sg; pres act ind 1st sg
to go; to be
ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from (G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
αἵματος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

αἷμα[τ], -ατος, τό
αιματ·ος
(neu) gen sg
blood
{ τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
δικαίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

δίκαιος -αία -ον; δικαιόω (δικαι(ο)-, δικαιω·σ-, δικαιω·σ-, -, δεδικαιω-, δικαιω·θ-)
δικαι·ου; δικαι(ο)·ε, δικαι(ο)·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg; pres act imp 2nd sg, pres mp imp 2nd sg
righteous /just/right, (by judicial implication) innocent.; to make/declare-righteous or such as he ought to be; just, fair, equitable, right; defend the cause of, plead for the righteousness (innocence) hence: regard as righteous
♦ - } τούτου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
this When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
· ὑμεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμεις
nom pl
you
ὄψεσθε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
οφ·σεσθε
fut mp ind 2nd pl
to see/behold Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-tom and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
.
———
RP: τοῦ δικαίου ♦ NA/UBS: —
Mt 27:24
¶So when Pilate, saw seeing that nothing was being gained, but rather that a an even greater disturbance was starting beginning, he took water, and washed his hands before the multitude crowd, saying, “I am innocent[a] of the blood of this righteous person honorable[b] man. You see to it See to it yourself.”[c]
———
a Gk. ἀθῷος, undeserving of penalty. Not necessarily not guilty, but clear of responsibility and absolved of the consequences. (Also in 27:4.)
b In the CT, Pilate says simply: I am innocent of this blood [or, of the blood of this one?]. In the MT, Pilate adds of this δίκαιος one (distinct from ἀθῷος, innocent, his description of himself), parroting his wife's words in 27:19. Perhaps, Pilate is—in his own way—heeding his wife's warning here rather than ignoring it?
c Lit. You will see. Same expression used by the chief priests and elders to Judas in 27:4.
25Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἀποκριθεὶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κρίνομαι (απο+κριν-, -, απο+κριν·[σ]-, -, απο+κεκρι-, απο+κρι·θ-)
απο·κρι·θει[ντ]·ς
aor θη ptcp mas nom|voc sg
to answer Lit:"judge/decide-from", hence involves a response that requires some thinking/consideration/decision. Usually rendered "answer" (in response to a question/inquiry)
πᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
πα[ντ]·ς
mas nom|voc sg
each/every (of a relevant set).
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
λαὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

λαός, -οῦ, ὁ
λα·ος
(mas) nom sg
people
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
to say/tell
, Τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
αἷμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

αἷμα[τ], -ατος, τό
αιμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
blood
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
ἐφ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
εφ’
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat) ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
ἡμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημας
acc pl
I
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat) ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
τέκνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

τέκνον, -ου, τό, voc. sg. τέκνον, voc. pl. τέκνα
τεκν·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
child
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
I
.
Mt 27:25
¶All the people answered, “May his blood be on us, and on our children!”
26Τότε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

τότε
τοτε
indecl
then
ἀπέλυσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·λύω (απο+λυ-, απο+λυ·σ-, απο+λυ·σ-, απο+λελυ·κ-, απο+λελυ-, απο+λυ·θ-)
απο·ε·λυ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to release Lit:"loose-from", hence release, let-go, divorce, free, pardon. Also a euphemism for die.
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
he/she/it/same
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
Βαραββᾶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

Βαρ·αββᾶς, -ᾶ, ὁ
βαραββ·αν
(mas) acc sg
Barabbas
· τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
Ἰησοῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl., irreg. and Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ον
(mas) acc sg
Jesus [Joshua or Jesus]
φραγελλώσας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φραγελλόω (-, -, φραγελλω·σ-, -, -, -)
φραγελλω·σα[ντ]·ς
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
to flog
παρέδωκεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·δίδωμι (ath. παρα+διδ(ο)-/ath. παρα+διδ(ω)-, παρα+δω·σ-, παρα+δω·κ- or 2nd ath. παρα+δ(ο)-/ath. παρα+δ(ω)-, παρα+δεδω·κ-, παρα+δεδο-, παρα+δο·θ-)
παρα·ε·δω·κε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to deliver-over Lit:"give-close-beside", hence deliver/surrender/hand-over, betray, commit, give-in/over/up, turn-in, consign, grant, bestow, teach-doctrine
ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that /so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
σταυρωθῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σταυρόω (σταυρ(ο)-, σταυρω·σ-, σταυρω·σ-, -, εσταυρω-, σταυρω·θ-)
σταυρω·θῃ
aor θη sub 3rd sg
to crucify
.
Mt 27:26
¶Then he released to them Barabbas, but Jesus he flogged and delivered handed over to be crucified.
27Τότε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

τότε
τοτε
indecl
then
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
στρατιῶται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

στρατιώτης, -ου, ὁ
στρατιωτ·αι
(mas) nom|voc pl
soldier
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
ἡγεμόνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἡγεμών, -όνος, ὁ
ηγεμον·ος
(mas) gen sg
governor [see hegemon]
, παραλαβόντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·λαμβάνω (παρα+λαμβαν-, παρα+λημψ-/παρα+ληψ-, 2nd παρα+λαβ-, -, παρα+ειληβ-, παρα+λημφ·θ-/παρα+ληφ·θ-)
παρα·λαβ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
2aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to take along [take under one's wing; take or accept care/control/ownership/possession/responsibility]
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
Ἰησοῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl., irreg. and Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ον
(mas) acc sg
Jesus [Joshua or Jesus]
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
πραιτώριον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

πραιτώριον, -ου, τό
πραιτωρι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
praetorium
, συνήγαγον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συν·άγω (συν+αγ-, συν+αξ-, συν+ηξ- or 2nd συν+αγαγ-, συν+αγειοχ·[κ]-, συν+ηγ-, συν+αχ·θ-)
συν·ε·αγαγ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
to gather together οφθήτω
ἐπ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επ’
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat) ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
he/she/it/same
ὅλην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Partitive Numeral)

ὅλος -η -ον
ολ·ην
fem acc sg
whole
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
σπεῖραν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.); Verb

σπεῖρα, -ης, ἡ; σπείρω (σπειρ-, σπερ(ε)·[σ]-, σπειρ·[σ]-, εσπαρ·κ-, εσπαρ-, σπαρ·[θ]-)
σπειρ·αν; σπειρ·[σ]αν[τ]
(fem) acc sg; 1aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
cohort; to sow
·
Mt 27:27
Then the governor’s soldiers took Jesus into the Praetorium, and gathered the whole garrison together against him.
28καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἐκδύσαντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·δύω/-δύνω (εκ+δυν-, εκ+δυ·σ-, εκ+δυ·σ-, -, -, -)
εκ·δυ·σαντ·ες
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to take off ex: stripped (me) of (my cloak) Od.14.341
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
he/she/it/same
, { περιέθηκαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

περι·τίθημι (ath. περι+τιθ(ε)-, περι+θη·σ-, περι+θη·κ- or 2nd ath. περι+θ(ε)-, -, -, -)
περι·ε·θη·καν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
to place around [made a barrier round about it, metaph., bestow, confer upon]
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
he/she/it/same
χλαμύδα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

χλαμύ[δ]ς, -ύδος, ἡ
χλαμυδ·α
(fem) acc sg
cape
κοκκίνην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

κόκκινος -η -ον
κοκκιν·ην
fem acc sg
scarlet
χλαμύδα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

χλαμύ[δ]ς, -ύδος, ἡ
χλαμυδ·α
(fem) acc sg
cape
κοκκίνην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

κόκκινος -η -ον
κοκκιν·ην
fem acc sg
scarlet
περιέθηκαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

περι·τίθημι (ath. περι+τιθ(ε)-, περι+θη·σ-, περι+θη·κ- or 2nd ath. περι+θ(ε)-, -, -, -)
περι·ε·θη·καν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
to place around [made a barrier round about it, metaph., bestow, confer upon]
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
he/she/it/same
} .
———
RP: περιέθηκαν αὐτῷ χλαμύδα κοκκίνην ♦ NA/UBS: χλαμύδα κοκκίνην περιέθηκαν αὐτῷ
Mt 27:28
They stripped him, and put a scarlet robe on him.
29Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
πλέξαντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πλέκω (-, -, πλεξ-, -, πεπλεκ-, πλακ·[θ]-)
πλεκ·σαντ·ες
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to braid
στέφανον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.); Noun (2nd Decl.)

στέφανος[1], -ου, ὁ; Στέφανος[2], -ου, ὁ
στεφαν·ον; στεφαν·ον
(mas) acc sg; (mas) acc sg
wreath this is the wreath of victory, a crown only in the sense of an accomplishment but not in the governing sense, it does not signify authority as διαδημα which is the crown of a ruler; wreath wreath (only) not crown
ἐξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εξ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
ἀκανθῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἄκανθα, -ης, ἡ
ακανθ·ων
(fem) gen pl
thorn (thorn plant)
, ἐπέθηκαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·τίθημι (ath. επι+τιθ(ε)-, επι+θη·σ-, επι+θη·κ- or 2nd ath. επι+θ(ε)-, -, -, επι+τε·θ-)
επι·ε·θη·καν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
to place-upon Lit:"place/lay/set-upon/over", hence place--on, add
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat) ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
{ τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
κεφαλὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

κεφαλή, -ῆς, ἡ
κεφαλ·ην
(fem) acc sg
head
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
κεφαλῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

κεφαλή, -ῆς, ἡ
κεφαλ·ης
(fem) gen sg
head
} αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
κάλαμον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

κάλαμος, -ου, ὁ
καλαμ·ον
(mas) acc sg
cane stick, rod; reed
{ ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat) ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
δεξιὰν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

δεξιός -ά -όν
δεξι·αν
fem acc sg
right
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
δεξιᾷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

δεξιός -ά -όν
δεξι·ᾳ
fem dat sg
right
} αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
· καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
γονυπετήσαντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γονυ·πετέω (γονυπετ(ε)-, -, γονυπετη·σ-, -, -, -)
γονυπετη·σαντ·ες
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to fall on knees
ἔμπροσθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἔμ·προσ·θεν/-θε
εμπροσθεν
indecl
before/in-front-of Lit:"in-toward" hence before/facing/in-front-of, former/previous
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
{ ἐνέπαιζον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐμ·παίζω (εν+παιζ-, εν+παιξ-, εν+παιξ-, εν+πεπαιχ·[κ]-, εν+πεπαιγ-, εν+παιχ·θ-)
εν·ε·παιζ·ον
impf act ind 1st sg or impf act ind 3rd pl
to mock Lit:"play-in", hence make-sport-of, mock, deride, jeer
ἐνέπαιξαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐμ·παίζω (εν+παιζ-, εν+παιξ-, εν+παιξ-, εν+πεπαιχ·[κ]-, εν+πεπαιγ-, εν+παιχ·θ-)
εν·ε·παιγ·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
to mock Lit:"play-in", hence make-sport-of, mock, deride, jeer
} αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
he/she/it/same
, λέγοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to say/tell
, Χαῖρε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

χαίρω (χαιρ-, χαρ(ε)·[σ]-, -, -, -, χαρ·[θ]-)
χαιρ·ε
pres act imp 2nd sg
to rejoice salute, salutation
, { [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
βασιλεῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)
(mas) voc sg
king
} τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
Ἰουδαίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
Jewish
·
———
RP: τὴν κεφαλὴν ♦ NA/UBS: τῆς κεφαλῆς
RP: ἐπὶ τὴν δεξιὰν ♦ NA/UBS: ἐν τῇ δεξιᾷ
RP: ἐνέπαιζον ♦ NA/UBS: ἐνέπαιξαν
RP: ὁ βασιλεὺς ♦ NA/UBS: βασιλεῦ
Mt 27:29
They braided a crown of thorns and put it on his head, and a reed in his right hand; and they kneeled down before him, and mocked him, saying, “Hail, King of the Jews!”
30καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἐμπτύσαντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐμ·πτύω (εν+πτυ-, εν+πτυ·σ-, εν+πτυ·σ-, -, -, εν+πτυσ·θ-)
εν·πτυ·σαντ·ες
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to spit on
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
he/she/it/same
, ἔλαβον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαμβάνω (λαμβαν-, λημψ-/ληψ-, λαβ·[σ]- or 2nd λαβ-, ειληφ·[κ]-, ειληβ-, λημφ·θ-/ληφ·θ-)
ε·λαβ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
to take/receive grasp, clutch, cling-to, seize, lay-hands-upon, take by violence, carry off, of a deity, seize, possess, catch, find out, detect, overtake, understand
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
κάλαμον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

κάλαμος, -ου, ὁ
καλαμ·ον
(mas) acc sg
cane stick, rod; reed
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἔτυπτον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τύπτω (τυπτ-, -, -, -, -, -)
ε·τυπτ·ον
impf act ind 1st sg or impf act ind 3rd pl
to beat
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
κεφαλὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

κεφαλή, -ῆς, ἡ
κεφαλ·ην
(fem) acc sg
head
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
.
Mt 27:30
They spat on him, and took the reed and struck him on the head.
31Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ὅτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὅτε
οτε
indecl
when
ἐνέπαιξαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐμ·παίζω (εν+παιζ-, εν+παιξ-, εν+παιξ-, εν+πεπαιχ·[κ]-, εν+πεπαιγ-, εν+παιχ·θ-)
εν·ε·παιγ·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
to mock Lit:"play-in", hence make-sport-of, mock, deride, jeer
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
he/she/it/same
, ἐξέδυσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·δύω/-δύνω (εκ+δυν-, εκ+δυ·σ-, εκ+δυ·σ-, -, -, -)
εκ·ε·δυ·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
to take off ex: stripped (me) of (my cloak) Od.14.341
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
he/she/it/same
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
χλαμύδα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

χλαμύ[δ]ς, -ύδος, ἡ
χλαμυδ·α
(fem) acc sg
cape
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἐνέδυσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐν·δύω (εν+δυ-, εν+δυ·σ-, εν+δυ·σ-, εν+δεδυ·κ-, εν+δεδυ-, -)
εν·ε·δυ·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
to clothe
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
he/she/it/same
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
ἱμάτια [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἱμάτιον, -ου, τό
ιματι·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
clothing garment, cloak
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἀπήγαγον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·άγω (απ+αγ-, απ+αξ-, 2nd απ+αγαγ-, -, απ+ηγ-, απ+αχ·θ-)
απ·ε·αγαγ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
to lead away
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
he/she/it/same
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
σταυρῶσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σταυρόω (σταυρ(ο)-, σταυρω·σ-, σταυρω·σ-, -, εσταυρω-, σταυρω·θ-)
σταυρω·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to crucify
.
Mt 27:31
When they had mocked him, they took the robe off of him, and put his clothes on him, and led him away to crucify him.
32Ἐξερχόμενοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·έρχομαι (εξ+ερχ-, εξ+ελευ·σ-, εξ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd εξ+ελθ-, εξ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εξ·ερχ·ομεν·οι
pres mp ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to come-out Lit:"come-out-of"
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
εὗρον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εὑρίσκω (ευρισκ-, ευρη·σ-, ευρ·[σ]- or 2nd ευρ-, ευρη·κ-, ευρη-, ευρε·θ-)
ευρ·[σ]ον, ε·ευρ·ον, ευρ·ο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, 2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl, 2aor act ptcp mas voc sg or 2aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
to find /learn/discover (after searching)
ἄνθρωπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ον
(mas) acc sg
human
Κυρηναῖον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Κυρηναῖος, -ου, ὁ
κυρηναι·ον
(mas) acc sg
Cyrenian
, ὀνόματι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ὄνομα[τ], -ατος, τό
ονοματ·ι
(neu) dat sg
name (with regard to)
Σίμωνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

Σίμων, -ωνος, ὁ, voc. sg. Σίμων
σιμων·α
(mas) acc sg
Simon
· τοῦτον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ον
mas acc sg
this When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
ἠγγάρευσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀγγαρεύω (αγγαρευ-, αγγαρευ·σ-, αγγαρευ·σ-, -, -, -)
ε·αγγαρευ·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
to force into service
ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that /so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
ἄρῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

αἴρω (αιρ-, αρ(ε)·[σ]-, αρ·[σ]-, ηρ·κ-, ηρ-, αρ·θ-)
αρ(ε)·[σ]ῃ, αρ·[σ]ῃ
fut mp ind 2nd sg, 1aor act sub 3rd sg or 1aor mp sub 2nd sg
to lift/pick-up , take-up, tote, raise, bear, carry
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
σταυρὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

σταυρός, -οῦ, ὁ
σταυρ·ον
(mas) acc sg
cross
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
.
Mt 27:32
¶As they came out, they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name, and they compelled him to go with them, that he might carry his cross.
33Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἐλθόντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ελθ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
2aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to come Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τόπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

τόπος, -ου, ὁ
τοπ·ον
(mas) acc sg
place
λεγόμενον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ομεν·ον
pres mp ptcp mas acc sg or pres mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
to say/tell
Γολγοθᾶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

Γολγοθᾶ, ἡ
γολγοθ·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
Golgotha
, [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ο
neu nom|acc sg
who/whom/which
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be
{ λεγόμενος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ομεν·ος
pres mp ptcp mas nom sg
to say/tell
Κρανίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

κρανίον, -ου, τό
κρανι·ου
(neu) gen sg
skull cranium, top of the head
Τόπος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

τόπος, -ου, ὁ
τοπ·ος
(mas) nom sg
place
Κρανίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

κρανίον, -ου, τό
κρανι·ου
(neu) gen sg
skull cranium, top of the head
Τόπος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

τόπος, -ου, ὁ
τοπ·ος
(mas) nom sg
place
λεγόμενος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ομεν·ος
pres mp ptcp mas nom sg
to say/tell
} ,
———
RP: λεγόμενος Κρανίου Τόπος ♦ NA/UBS: Κρανίου Τόπος λεγόμενος
Mt 27:33
They came to a place called “Golgotha,” that is to say, “The place of a skull.”
34ἔδωκαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
ε·δω·καν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
to give /offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
he/she/it/same
πιεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πίνω (πιν-, πι·[σ]-, 2nd πι-, πεπω·κ-, -, πο·θ-)
πι·[σ]ειν, πι·ειν
fut act inf, 2aor act inf
to drink
{ ὄξος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ὄξο·ς, -ους, τό
οξ(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
vinegar
οἶνον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

οἶνος, -ου, ὁ
οιν·ον
(mas) acc sg
wine
} μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen) Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
χολῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

χολή, -ῆς, ἡ
χολ·ης
(fem) gen sg
gall
μεμιγμένον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μίγνυμι/μείγνυμι (ath. μειγνυ-, -, μιξ-, -, μεμιγ-, μιγ·[θ]-/μιχ·θ-/μειχ·θ-)
μεμιγ·μεν·ον
perf mp ptcp mas acc sg or perf mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
to mix
· καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
γευσάμενος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γεύομαι (γευ-, γευ·σ-, γευ·σ-, -, -, -)
γευ·σαμεν·ος
1aor mp ptcp mas nom sg
to taste
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
{ ἤθελεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θέλω (θελ-, θελη·σ-, θελη·σ-, τεθελη·κ-, -, -)
ε·θελ·ε(ν)
impf act ind 3rd sg
to want /wish/desire
ἠθέλησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θέλω (θελ-, θελη·σ-, θελη·σ-, τεθελη·κ-, -, -)
ε·θελη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to want /wish/desire
} πιεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πίνω (πιν-, πι·[σ]-, 2nd πι-, πεπω·κ-, -, πο·θ-)
πι·[σ]ειν, πι·ειν
fut act inf, 2aor act inf
to drink
.
———
RP: ὄξος ♦ NA/UBS: οἶνον
RP: ἤθελεν ♦ NA/UBS: ἠθέλησεν
Mt 27:34
They gave to him to drink sour wine[a] to drink mixed with gall bitter herbs.[b] When he had tasted And tasting it, he would not did not want to drink.
———
a RP: ὄξος, vinegar; NA/USB: οἶνον, wine.
b Gk. χολή, usually translated gall. Psalm 69:21: They gave me poison [χολήν in the LXX] for food, and for my thirst they gave me sour wine [ὄξος in the LXX] to drink (ESV). See vinegar, Mt. 27:48.
35Σταυρώσαντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σταυρόω (σταυρ(ο)-, σταυρω·σ-, σταυρω·σ-, -, εσταυρω-, σταυρω·θ-)
σταυρω·σαντ·ες
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to crucify
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
he/she/it/same
, διεμερίσαντο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δια·μερίζω (δια+μεριζ-, δια+μερι(ε)·[σ]-/δια+μερι·σ-, δια+μερι·σ-, -, δια+μεμερισ-, δια+μερισ·θ-)
δια·ε·μερι·σαντο
1aor mp ind 3rd pl
to divide
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
ἱμάτια [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἱμάτιον, -ου, τό
ιματι·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
clothing garment, cloak
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
, βάλλοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βάλλω (βαλλ-, βαλ(ε)·[σ]-, βαλ·[σ]- or 2nd βαλ-, βεβλη·κ-, βεβλη-, βλη·θ-)
βαλλ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to throw /cast
κλῆρον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

κλῆρος, -ου, ὁ
κληρ·ον
(mas) acc sg
lot
.
Mt 27:35
When they had crucified him, they divided his clothing among them, casting lots,*
36Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
καθήμενοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κάθ·η·μαι (ath. καθ(η)-, καθη·σ-, -, -, -, -)
καθ(η)·μεν·οι
pres mp ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to sit Lit:"down-sit".
ἐτήρουν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τηρέω (τηρ(ε)-, τηρη·σ-, τηρη·σ-, τετηρη·κ-, τετηρη-, τηρη·θ-)
ε·τηρ(ε)·ον
impf act ind 1st sg or impf act ind 3rd pl
to guard/watch-over From "τηρος" (guard/watchman), hence guard/watch-over(something valuable)". Usually rendered "keep", as in maintain/retain/keep-in-tact/preserve/reserve/heed/observe/abide-by/take-care-for/attend-carefully (not as in hold/possess/
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
he/she/it/same
ἐκεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἐκεῖ
εκει
indecl
there
.
Mt 27:36
and they sat and watched him there.
37Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἐπέθηκαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·τίθημι (ath. επι+τιθ(ε)-, επι+θη·σ-, επι+θη·κ- or 2nd ath. επι+θ(ε)-, -, -, επι+τε·θ-)
επι·ε·θη·καν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
to place-upon Lit:"place/lay/set-upon/over", hence place--on, add
ἐπάνω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἐπ·άνω
επανω
indecl
over Lit:"upon-up", hence over-above.
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
κεφαλῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

κεφαλή, -ῆς, ἡ
κεφαλ·ης
(fem) gen sg
head
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
αἰτίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

αἰτία, -ας, ἡ; αἴτιος -ία -ον
αιτι·αν; αιτι·αν
(fem) acc sg; fem acc sg
basis, guilt blame, responsibility for, the credit; basic
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
γεγραμμένην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γράφω (γραφ-, γραψ-, γραψ-, γεγραφ·[κ]-, γεγραφ-, γραφ·[θ]-)
γεγραφ·μεν·ην
perf mp ptcp fem acc sg
to write
, Οὗτός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
[τ]ουτ·ος
mas nom sg
this When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be
Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl., irreg. and Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus [Joshua or Jesus]
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
Ἰουδαίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
Jewish
.
Mt 27:37
They set up over his head the accusation against him written, “THIS IS JESUS, THE KING OF THE JEWS.”
38Τότε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

τότε
τοτε
indecl
then
σταυροῦνται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σταυρόω (σταυρ(ο)-, σταυρω·σ-, σταυρω·σ-, -, εσταυρω-, σταυρω·θ-)
σταυρ(ο)·ονται
pres mp ind 3rd pl
to crucify
σὺν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

σύν
συν
indecl
together with/including (+dat)
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
he/she/it/same
δύο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

δύο, gen. δύο, dat. δυσί(ν), acc. δύο
δυο
nom|acc|gen pl
two
λῃσταί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

λῃστής, -οῦ, ὁ
λῃστ·αι
(mas) nom|voc pl
robber
, εἷς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ει[ν]·ς
mas nom sg
one
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
δεξιῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

δεξιός -ά -όν
δεξι·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
right
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
εἷς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ει[ν]·ς
mas nom sg
one
ἐξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εξ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
εὐωνύμων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

εὐ·ώνυμος -ον
ευωνυμ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
left [lit., well-named; euphem. for left]
.
Mt 27:38
¶Then there were two robbers crucified with him, one on his right hand and one on the left.
39Οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
παραπορευόμενοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·πορεύομαι (παρα+πορευ-, παρα+πορευ·σ-, παρα+πορευ·σ-, -, -, παρα+πορευ·θ-)
παρα·πορευ·ομεν·οι
pres mp ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to to go beside/ pass
ἐβλασφήμουν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βλασ·φημέω (βλασφημ(ε)-, -, βλασφημη·σ-, -, -, βλασφημη·θ-)
ε·βλασφημ(ε)·ον
impf act ind 1st sg or impf act ind 3rd pl
to blaspheme/disparage Lit:"slow/sluggish-reputation", hence slander/speak-ill/evil-of/malign, refusing to acknowledge good/worthy-of-respect/veneration.
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
he/she/it/same
, κινοῦντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κινέω (κιν(ε)-, κινη·σ-, κινη·σ-, -, -, κινη·θ-)
κιν(ε)·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to set in motion
τὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ας
fem acc pl
the
κεφαλὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

κεφαλή, -ῆς, ἡ
κεφαλ·ας
(fem) acc pl
head
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
he/she/it/same
,
Mt 27:39
Those who passed by blasphemed him, wagging shaking their heads,
40καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
λέγοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to say/tell
, [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
καταλύων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·λύω (κατα+λυ-, κατα+λυ·σ-, κατα+λυ·σ-, κατα+λελυ·κ-, -, κατα+λυ·θ-)
κατα·λυ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
to tear-down Lit:"down-loose", hence unloose/tear-down. Metaph: relax. Similar but distinct from "καταργέω" (make of no effect), and "apollumi" (utterly-destroy).
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
ναὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ναός, -οῦ, ὁ (cf. ἱερόν)
να·ον
(mas) acc sg
temple
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τρισὶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral, irreg.)

τρεῖς τρία, gen. pl. τριῶν, dat. pl. τρισίν
τρι·σι(ν)
neu dat pl or mas dat pl or fem dat pl
three
ἡμέραις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·αις
(fem) dat pl
day
οἰκοδομῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.); Noun (1st Decl.); Verb

οἰκο·δόμος, -ου, ὁ; οἰκο·δομή, -ῆς, ἡ; οἰκο·δομέω (οικοδομ(ε)-, οικοδομη·σ-, οικοδομη·σ-, ῳκοδομη·κ-, ῳκοδομη-, οικοδομη·θ-)
οικοδομ·ων; οικοδομ·ων; οικοδομ(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(mas) gen pl; (fem) gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
home-builder; building/building-up Lit:"house/home-building), edifice/building, Metaphor: building-up, edification.; to build-up Lit:"dwelling-building", hence building-refuge, build-up,edify
, σῶσον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σῴζω (σῳζ-, σω·σ-, σω·σ-, σεσω·κ-, σεσω-/σεσωσ-/σεσῳσ-, σω·θ-)
σω·σον, σω·σο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, fut act ptcp mas voc sg or fut act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
to save /deliver/rescue from ruin/destruction/harm. Also salve
σεαυτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

σε·αυτοῦ/σ·αυτοῦ -ῆς -οῦ
σεαυτ·ον
mas acc sg
yourself
· εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
υἱὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ος
(mas) nom sg
son
εἶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^ (instead of ι·^ς > εις); (εσ)·^ς
pres act ind 2nd sg; pres act ind 2nd sg
to go; to be
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god [see theology]
, { κατάβηθι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·βαίνω (κατα+βαιν-, κατα+βη·σ-, 2nd ath. κατα+β(η)-/ath. κατα+β(α)-, κατα+βεβη·κ-, -, -)
κατα·β(η)·θι
2aor act imp 2nd sg
to descend Lit"down-step/foot", hence descend, attain one's end, arrive at in course. dismount from, go down into the scene of a contest
♦ [ καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
] κατάβηθι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·βαίνω (κατα+βαιν-, κατα+βη·σ-, 2nd ath. κατα+β(η)-/ath. κατα+β(α)-, κατα+βεβη·κ-, -, -)
κατα·β(η)·θι
2aor act imp 2nd sg
to descend Lit"down-step/foot", hence descend, attain one's end, arrive at in course. dismount from, go down into the scene of a contest
} ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from (G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
σταυροῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.); Verb

σταυρός, -οῦ, ὁ; σταυρόω (σταυρ(ο)-, σταυρω·σ-, σταυρω·σ-, -, εσταυρω-, σταυρω·θ-)
σταυρ·ου; σταυρ(ο)·ε, σταυρ(ο)·ου
(mas) gen sg; pres act imp 2nd sg, pres mp imp 2nd sg
cross; to crucify
.
———
RP: κατάβηθι ♦ NA/UBS: [καὶ] κατάβηθι
Mt 27:40
and saying, “You, the one who destroy tearing down the temple, and building it in three days, save yourself! If you are the Son of God, come down from the cross!”
41Ὁμοίως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὁμοίως (cf. ὡσαύτως)
ομοιως
indecl
similarly
{ δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
♦ - } καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
ἀρχιερεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἀρχ·ιερεύς, -έως, ὁ
αρχιερ(ευ)·ες, αρχιερ(ευ)·ας
(mas) nom|voc pl, (mas) acc pl
archpriest
ἐμπαίζοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐμ·παίζω (εν+παιζ-, εν+παιξ-, εν+παιξ-, εν+πεπαιχ·[κ]-, εν+πεπαιγ-, εν+παιχ·θ-)
εν·παιζ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to mock Lit:"play-in", hence make-sport-of, mock, deride, jeer
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen) Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
γραμματέων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

γραμματεύς, -έως, ὁ, voc. pl. γραμματεῖς
γραμματ(ευ)·ων
(mas) gen pl
scribe
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
πρεσβυτέρων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

πρεσβύ·τερος -α -ον (Comp. of πρέσβυς)
πρεσβυτερ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
elder
{ καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
Φαρισαίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Φαρισαῖος, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. Φαρισαῖοι
φαρισαι·ων
(mas) gen pl
Pharisee
♦ - } ἔλεγον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·λεγ·ον
impf act ind 1st sg or impf act ind 3rd pl
to say/tell
,
———
RP: δὲ ♦ NA/UBS: —
RP: καὶ Φαρισαίων ♦ NA/UBS: —
Mt 27:41
¶Likewise the chief priests also, mocking, with the scribes, the Pharisees, and the elders, said,
42Ἄλλους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Indefinite)

ἄλλος -η -ο (cf. ἕτερος)
αλλ·ους
mas acc pl
other(of similar kind) , as distinguished from "ἕτερος" "other" (of a different/distinct kind)
ἔσωσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σῴζω (σῳζ-, σω·σ-, σω·σ-, σεσω·κ-, σεσω-/σεσωσ-/σεσῳσ-, σω·θ-)
ε·σω·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to save /deliver/rescue from ruin/destruction/harm. Also salve
, ἑαυτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

ἑ·αυτοῦ/αὑτοῦ[2] -ῆς -οῦ
εαυτ·ον
mas acc sg
self him/her/it/our/your/them-selves
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
δύναται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

δυνατός -ή -όν; δύνα·μαι (ath. δυν(α)-/ath. δυν(η)-, δυνη·σ-, -, -, -, δυνη·θ-/δυνασ·θ-)
δυνατ·αι; δυν(α)·ται
fem nom|voc pl; pres mp ind 3rd sg
capable /powerful/able/; to able
σῶσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σῴζω (σῳζ-, σω·σ-, σω·σ-, σεσω·κ-, σεσω-/σεσωσ-/σεσῳσ-, σω·θ-)
σω·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to save /deliver/rescue from ruin/destruction/harm. Also salve
. { Εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
♦ - } βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
Ἰσραήλ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Indecl.)

Ἰσραήλ, ὁ
ισραηλ
(mas) indecl
Israel
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be
, καταβάτω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·βαίνω (κατα+βαιν-, κατα+βη·σ-, 2nd ath. κατα+β(η)-/ath. κατα+β(α)-, κατα+βεβη·κ-, -, -)
κατα·β(α)·τω (for κατα·β(η)·τω > καταβητω )
2aor act imp 3rd sg
to descend Lit"down-step/foot", hence descend, attain one's end, arrive at in course. dismount from, go down into the scene of a contest
νῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

νῦν
νυν
indecl
now
ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from (G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
σταυροῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.); Verb

σταυρός, -οῦ, ὁ; σταυρόω (σταυρ(ο)-, σταυρω·σ-, σταυρω·σ-, -, εσταυρω-, σταυρω·θ-)
σταυρ·ου; σταυρ(ο)·ε, σταυρ(ο)·ου
(mas) gen sg; pres act imp 2nd sg, pres mp imp 2nd sg
cross; to crucify
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
πιστεύσομεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πιστεύω (πιστευ-, πιστευ·σ-, πιστευ·σ-, πεπιστευ·κ-, πεπιστευ-, πιστευ·θ-)
πιστευ·σομεν
fut act ind 1st pl
to believe/trust accept [toward] (heed [to], believe); give management (entrust). PASS. to be entrusted with
ἐπ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επ’
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat) ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
{ αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
he/she/it/same
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
he/she/it/same
} .
———
RP: Εἰ ♦ NA/UBS: —
RP: αὐτῷ ♦ NA/UBS: αὐτόν
Mt 27:42
“He saved others, but he can’t save himself. If he is the King of Israel, let him come down from the cross now, and we will believe in him.
43Πέποιθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πείθω (πειθ-, πει[θ]·σ-, πει[θ]·σ-, πεποιθ·[κ]-, πεπειθ-, πεισ·θ-)
πεποιθ·[κ]ε(ν)
perf act ind 3rd sg
to persuade ,convince,determine, prevail upon, talk over, trust, rely on, believe of
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat) ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
θεόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ον
(mas) acc sg
god [see theology]
· ῥυσάσθω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ῥύομαι (ρυ-, ρυ·σ-, ρυ·σ-, -, -, ρυσ·θ-)
ρυ·σασθω
1aor mp imp 3rd sg
to deliver /draw/pull (to oneself from harm/danger/evil).
{ νῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

νῦν
νυν
indecl
now
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
he/she/it/same
νῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

νῦν
νυν
indecl
now
} , εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
θέλει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θέλω (θελ-, θελη·σ-, θελη·σ-, τεθελη·κ-, -, -)
θελ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
to want /wish/desire
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
he/she/it/same
. Εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
to say/tell
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for since, as
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god [see theology]
εἰμι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^μι; (εσ)·^μι
pres act ind 1st sg; pres act ind 1st sg
to go; to be
υἱός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ος
(mas) nom sg
son
.
———
RP: νῦν αὐτόν ♦ NA/UBS: νῦν
Mt 27:43
He trusts in God. Let God deliver him now, if he wants him; for he said, ‘I am the Son of God.’”
44Τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
δ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δ’
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
αὐτὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
he/she/it/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
λῃσταὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

λῃστής, -οῦ, ὁ
λῃστ·αι
(mas) nom|voc pl
robber
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
συσταυρωθέντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συ·σταυρόω (-, -, -, -, συν+εσταυρω-, συν+σταυρω·θ-)
συν·σταυρω·θε[ι]ντ·ες
aor θη ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to impaled together
{ αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
he/she/it/same
σὺν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

σύν
συν
indecl
together with/including (+dat)
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
he/she/it/same
} ὠνείδιζον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὀνειδίζω (ονειδιζ-, ονειδι(ε)·[σ]-/ονειδι·σ-, ονειδι·σ-, -, -, ονειδισ·θ-)
ε·ονειδιζ·ον
impf act ind 1st sg or impf act ind 3rd pl
to reproach/disparage /scorn/revile.
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
he/she/it/same
.
———
RP: αὐτῷ ♦ NA/UBS: σὺν αὐτῷ
Mt 27:44
The robbers also who were crucified with him cast on him the same reproach insulted him the same too.[a]
———
a In Luke, only one of the robbers joins with those insulting him (s. Lk 23:39).
45Ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from (G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
ἕκτης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

ἕκτος[1] -η -ον
εκτ·ης
fem gen sg
sixth
ὥρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ὥρα, -ας, ἡ
ωρ·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
hour
σκότος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

σκότο·ς, -ους, τό
σκοτ(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
darkness gloom, darkness
ἐγένετο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
ε·γεν·ετο
2aor mp ind 3rd sg
to come to be to come to be; to become; to happen
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat) ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
πάσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral); Verb

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός; πάσσω [LXX] (πασσ-, -, πα·σ-, -, πεπασ-, -)
πασ·αν; πα·σαν[τ]
fem acc sg; 1aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
each/every (of a relevant set).; to sprinkle
πᾶσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral); Verb

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός; πάσσω [LXX] (πασσ-, -, πα·σ-, -, πεπασ-, -)
πασ·αν; πα·σαν[τ]
fem acc sg; 1aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
each/every (of a relevant set).; to sprinkle
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
γῆν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

γῆ, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. γῆ
γ·ην
(fem) acc sg
earth/land
ἕως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction; Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἕως[1]; ἕως[2], -ω, ἡ [LXX], acc.
εως; ε(ω)·ος, ε(ω)·ους
indecl; (fem) nom|voc sg, (fem) acc pl
until; dawn
ὥρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ὥρα, -ας, ἡ
ωρ·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
hour
ἐνάτης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἔνατος -η -ον
ενατ·ης
fem gen sg
ninth
·
Mt 27:45
¶Now from the sixth hour there was darkness over all the land until the ninth hour.
46περὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

περί
περι
indecl
about (+acc,+gen) Lit:"around" (as in perimeter "around-measure"). Fig:about/regarding/concerning
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
ἐνάτην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἔνατος -η -ον
ενατ·ην
fem acc sg
ninth
ὥραν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ὥρα, -ας, ἡ
ωρ·αν
(fem) acc sg
hour
ἀνεβόησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀνα·βοάω (ανα+βο(α)-, ανα+βοη·σ-, ανα+βοη·σ-, -, -, -)
ανα·ε·βοη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to cry out
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl., irreg. and Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus [Joshua or Jesus]
φωνῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.); Verb

φωνή, -ῆς, ἡ; φωνέω (φων(ε)-, φωνη·σ-, φωνη·σ-, -, -, φωνη·θ-)
φων·ῃ; φων(ε)·ῃ
(fem) dat sg; pres mp ind 2nd sg or pres act sub 3rd sg or pres mp sub 2nd sg
sound/voice cries; to sound
μεγάλῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2, irreg.)

μέγ[αλ]ας μεγάλη μέγ[αλ]α
μεγαλ·ῃ
fem dat sg
great
, λέγων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
to say/tell
, { Ἠλί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Hebrew-Aramaic; Noun (Indecl.)

ἠλί[1] (Heb.; see also Aram. ἐλωΐ); Ἠλί[2] v.l. Ἡ-, ὁ
ηλι; ηλι
indecl; (mas) indecl
my God; Eli/Heli
, Ἠλί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Hebrew-Aramaic; Noun (Indecl.)

ἠλί[1] (Heb.; see also Aram. ἐλωΐ); Ἠλί[2] v.l. Ἡ-, ὁ
ηλι; ηλι
indecl; (mas) indecl
my God; Eli/Heli
, λιμὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Hebrew-Aramaic

λεμά vv.ll. λιμά and λαμά and λαμμᾶ
λιμα
indecl
why?
σαβαχθανί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Hebrew-Aramaic

σαβαχθάνι
σαβαχθανι
indecl
you have forsaken me
ηλι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Hebrew-Aramaic

ἠλί[1] (Heb.; see also Aram. ἐλωΐ)
ηλι
indecl
my God
ηλι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Hebrew-Aramaic

ἠλί[1] (Heb.; see also Aram. ἐλωΐ)
ηλι
indecl
my God
λεμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Hebrew-Aramaic

λεμά vv.ll. λιμά and λαμά and λαμμᾶ
λεμα
indecl
why?
σαβαχθανι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Hebrew-Aramaic

σαβαχθάνι
σαβαχθανι
indecl
you have forsaken me
} ; Τοῦτ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
this When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
ἔστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be
, Θεέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ε
(mas) voc sg
god [see theology]
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
I
, Θεέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ε
(mas) voc sg
god [see theology]
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
I
, { ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that /so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who/what/why interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
ἱνατί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἱνα·τί (ἵνα τί)
ινατι
indecl
why to what end? for what reason?
} με [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
με
acc sg
I
ἐγκατέλιπες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐγ·κατα·λείπω (εγκατα+λειπ-, εγκατα+λειψ-, εγκατα+λιπ·[σ]- or 2nd εγκατα+λιπ-, εγκατα+λελοιπ·[κ]-, εγκατα+λελειπ-, εγκατα+λειφ·θ-)
εγκατα·ε·λιπ·ες
2aor act ind 2nd sg
to leave-utterly Lit:leave-down-in, hence forsake, desert, abandon (in depth έγκατα) compare κατελιπεν
;
———
RP: Ἠλί, Ἠλί, λιμὰ σαβαχθανί ♦ NA/UBS: ηλι ηλι λεμα σαβαχθανι
RP: ἵνα τί ♦ NA/UBS: ἱνατί
Mt 27:46
About the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, “Eli, Eli, lima sabachthani?” That is, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?”*
47Τινὲς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

τὶ[ν]ς[2] τὶ[ν], gen. τινός, dat. τινί, acc. τινά τὶ
τιν·ες
mas nom pl or fem nom pl
certain/any(one/thing) Sg:a-certain-one/anyone/someone; Pl:a-certain-some/several. Specific/non-specific is determined from text-markings and/or context).
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
ἐκεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἐκεῖ
εκει
indecl
there
{ ἑστώτων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἵστημι (ath. ιστ(α)-/ath. ιστ(η)-, στη·σ-, στη·σ- or 2nd ath. στ(η)-/ath. στ(α)-, εστη·κ-/εστα·κ-/εστ(α)·[κ]-, εστη-/εστα-, στα·θ-)
εστ(α)·[κ]οτ·ων
perf act ptcp mas gen pl or perf act ptcp neu gen pl
to stand /cause-to-stand
ἑστηκότων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἵστημι (ath. ιστ(α)-/ath. ιστ(η)-, στη·σ-, στη·σ- or 2nd ath. στ(η)-/ath. στ(α)-, εστη·κ-/εστα·κ-/εστ(α)·[κ]-, εστη-/εστα-, στα·θ-)
εστη·κοτ·ων
perf act ptcp mas gen pl or perf act ptcp neu gen pl
to stand /cause-to-stand
} ἀκούσαντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀκούω (ακου-, ακου·σ-, ακου·σ-, ακηκο·[κ]-, ηκουσ-, ακουσ·θ-)
ακου·σαντ·ες
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to hear
ἔλεγον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·λεγ·ον
impf act ind 1st sg or impf act ind 3rd pl
to say/tell
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
Ἠλίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

Ἠλίας, -ου, ὁ
ηλι·αν
(mas) acc sg
Elijah
φωνεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φωνέω (φων(ε)-, φωνη·σ-, φωνη·σ-, -, -, φωνη·θ-)
φων(ε)·ει, φων(ε)·ε
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, pres act imp 2nd sg
to sound
οὗτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
[τ]ουτ·ος
mas nom sg
this When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
.
———
RP: ἑστώτων ♦ NA/UBS: ἑστηκότων
Mt 27:47
¶Some of them who stood there, when they heard it, said, “This man is calling Elijah.”
48Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
εὐθέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Adjective (3-1-3)

εὐ·θέως (cf. ἐξαυτῆς and παραχρῆμα); εὐ·θύς[1] -εῖα -ύ, gen. sg. -έος and -έως
ευθεως; ευθ(υ)·ος
indecl; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
at once outright; straight
δραμὼν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τρέχω (τρεχ-, δραμ(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd δραμ-, -, -, -)
δραμ(ε)·[σ]ο[υ]ν[τ]·^, δραμ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
fut act ptcp mas nom sg, 2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
to run
εἷς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ει[ν]·ς
mas nom sg
one
ἐξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εξ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
he/she/it/same
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
λαβὼν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαμβάνω (λαμβαν-, λημψ-/ληψ-, λαβ·[σ]- or 2nd λαβ-, ειληφ·[κ]-, ειληβ-, λημφ·θ-/ληφ·θ-)
λαβ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
to take/receive grasp, clutch, cling-to, seize, lay-hands-upon, take by violence, carry off, of a deity, seize, possess, catch, find out, detect, overtake, understand
σπόγγον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

σπόγγος, -ου, ὁ
σπογγ·ον
(mas) acc sg
sponge
, πλήσας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πίμπλημι (ath. πιμπλ(α)-, πλη·σ-, πλη·σ-, -, -, πλησ·θ-)
πλη·σα[ντ]·ς
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
to fill to capacity
τε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

τέ
τε
indecl
and [postpositive coordinate]
ὄξους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ὄξο·ς, -ους, τό
οξ(ε)·ος
(neu) gen sg
vinegar
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
περιθεὶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

περι·τίθημι (ath. περι+τιθ(ε)-, περι+θη·σ-, περι+θη·κ- or 2nd ath. περι+θ(ε)-, -, -, -)
περι·θ(ε)·[ντ]·ς
2aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
to place around [made a barrier round about it, metaph., bestow, confer upon]
καλάμῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

κάλαμος, -ου, ὁ
καλαμ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
cane stick, rod; reed
, ἐπότιζεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποτίζω (ποτιζ-, ποτι(ε)·[σ]-/ποτι·σ-, ποτι·σ-, πεποτι·κ-, -, ποτισ·θ-)
ε·ποτιζ·ε(ν)
impf act ind 3rd sg
to water/give to drink to watered, as a plant, saturate with water
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
he/she/it/same
.
Mt 27:48
¶Immediately one of them ran, and took a sponge, and filled it with vinegar, and put it on a reed, and gave him a drink.
49Οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
λοιποὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

λοιπός -ή -όν
λοιπ·οι
mas nom|voc pl
remaining well then, sο, now, the rest
ἔλεγον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·λεγ·ον
impf act ind 1st sg or impf act ind 3rd pl
to say/tell
, Ἄφες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀφ·ίημι (ath. αφ+ι(ε)-, αφ+η·σ-, αφ+η·κ- or 2nd ath. αφ+(ε)-, -, αφ+ει-/αφ+εω-, αφ+ε·θ-)
αφ·(ε)·ς
2aor act imp 2nd sg
to leave/dismiss/forgive Lit:"send-from", hence, dismiss/forgive, let-be, divorce, send-away, allow/permit. One of three Greek verbs rendered "forgive", two of which have been rendered "divorce"; forgiveness in this sense is the release from formal
, ἴδωμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·[σ]ωμεν, ιδ·ωμεν
1aor act sub 1st pl, 2aor act sub 1st pl
to see/behold Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-tom and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
ἔρχεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ερχ·εται
pres mp ind 3rd sg
to come Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
Ἠλίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

Ἠλίας, -ου, ὁ
ηλι·ας
(mas) nom sg
Elijah
σώσων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σῴζω (σῳζ-, σω·σ-, σω·σ-, σεσω·κ-, σεσω-/σεσωσ-/σεσῳσ-, σω·θ-)
σω·σο[υ]ν[τ]·^
fut act ptcp mas nom sg
to save /deliver/rescue from ruin/destruction/harm. Also salve
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
he/she/it/same
.
Mt 27:49
The rest said, “Let him be. Let’s see whether Elijah comes to save him.”
50 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl., irreg. and Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus [Joshua or Jesus]
πάλιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πάλιν
παλιν
indecl
again afresh, again, anon, once more, back, backwards, restore
κράξας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κράζω (κραζ-, κραξ-/κεκραξ-, κραξ-/κεκραξ- or 2nd κεκραγ-, κεκραγ·[κ]-, -, -)
κραγ·σα[ντ]·ς
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
to cry-out /shout/scream.
φωνῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.); Verb

φωνή, -ῆς, ἡ; φωνέω (φων(ε)-, φωνη·σ-, φωνη·σ-, -, -, φωνη·θ-)
φων·ῃ; φων(ε)·ῃ
(fem) dat sg; pres mp ind 2nd sg or pres act sub 3rd sg or pres mp sub 2nd sg
sound/voice cries; to sound
μεγάλῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2, irreg.)

μέγ[αλ]ας μεγάλη μέγ[αλ]α
μεγαλ·ῃ
fem dat sg
great
ἀφῆκεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

ἀφ·ίημι (ath. αφ+ι(ε)-, αφ+η·σ-, αφ+η·κ- or 2nd ath. αφ+(ε)-, -, αφ+ει-/αφ+εω-, αφ+ε·θ-); ἀφ·ήκω [EXTRA] (αφ+ηκ-, -, -, -, -, -)
αφ·ε·η·κε(ν); αφ·ε·ηκ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg; impf act ind 3rd sg
to leave/dismiss/forgive Lit:"send-from", hence, dismiss/forgive, let-be, divorce, send-away, allow/permit. One of three Greek verbs rendered "forgive", two of which have been rendered "divorce"; forgiveness in this sense is the release from formal; to arrive at [not to be confused with ἀφίημι]
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
πνεῦμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πνεῦμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πνευμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
spirit /breath/wind, spiritual-utterance
.
Mt 27:50
¶Jesus cried again with a loud voice, and yielded up his spirit.
51Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἰδού [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ου
2aor mp imp 2nd sg
to see/behold Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-tom and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
, τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
καταπέτασμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

κατα·πέτασμα[τ], -ατος, τό
καταπετασμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
curtain
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
ναοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ναός, -οῦ, ὁ (cf. ἱερόν)
να·ου
(mas) gen sg
temple
ἐσχίσθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σχίζω (σχιζ-, σχι·σ-, σχι·σ-, -, εσχισ-, σχισ·θ-)
ε·σχισ·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
to tear/torn split, ripped, rend, laceration
{ εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
δύο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

δύο, gen. δύο, dat. δυσί(ν), acc. δύο
δυο
nom|acc|gen pl
two
ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from (G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
ἄνωθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἄνω·θεν
ανωθεν
indecl
from above
ἕως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction; Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἕως[1]; ἕως[2], -ω, ἡ [LXX], acc.
εως; ε(ω)·ος, ε(ω)·ους
indecl; (fem) nom|voc sg, (fem) acc pl
until; dawn
κάτω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

κάτω
κατω
indecl
down adown, under, to the bottom, below, nether
ἀπ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απ’
indecl
from (G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
ἄνωθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἄνω·θεν
ανωθεν
indecl
from above
ἕως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction; Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἕως[1]; ἕως[2], -ω, ἡ [LXX], acc.
εως; ε(ω)·ος, ε(ω)·ους
indecl; (fem) nom|voc sg, (fem) acc pl
until; dawn
κάτω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

κάτω
κατω
indecl
down adown, under, to the bottom, below, nether
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
δύο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

δύο, gen. δύο, dat. δυσί(ν), acc. δύο
δυο
nom|acc|gen pl
two
} · καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
γῆ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

γῆ, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. γῆ
γ·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
earth/land
ἐσείσθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σείω (σει-, σει·σ-, σει·σ-, -, -, σεισ·θ-)
ε·σεισ·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
to shake quake, jar, wag, wave
· καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
αἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·αι
fem nom pl
the
πέτραι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

πέτρα, -ας, ἡ
πετρ·αι
(fem) nom|voc pl
rock
ἐσχίσθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σχίζω (σχιζ-, σχι·σ-, σχι·σ-, -, εσχισ-, σχισ·θ-)
ε·σχισ·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
to tear/torn split, ripped, rend, laceration
·
———
RP: εἰς δύο ἀπὸ ἄνωθεν ἕως κάτω ♦ NA/UBS: ἀπ’ ἄνωθεν ἕως κάτω εἰς δύο
Mt 27:51
Behold, the veil of the temple was torn in two from the top to the bottom. The earth quaked and the rocks were split.
52καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
μνημεῖα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

μνημεῖον, -ου, τό (cf. μνῆμα)
μνημει·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
tomb
ἀνεῴχθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀν·οίγω (αν+οιγ-/ανοιγ-, αν+οιξ-, αν+οιξ-/ανοιξ-/ανεῳξ-, αν+εῳγ·[κ]-, αν+εῳγ-/ηνοιγ-/ηνεῳγ-, αν+οιγ·[θ]-/ανοιγ·[θ]-/αν+οιχ·θ-/ανοιχ·θ-/ανεῳχ·θ-)
αν·ε·οιγ·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
to open-up Lit:"open-up".
· καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
πολλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral, irreg.)

πολ[λ]ύς πολλή πολ[λ]ύ
πολλ·α
neu nom|acc pl
much
σώματα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

σῶμα[τ], -ατος, τό
σωματ·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
body
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
κεκοιμημένων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κοιμάω (κοιμ(α)-, -, -, -, κεκοιμη-, κοιμη·θ-)
κεκοιμη·μεν·ων
perf mp ptcp fem gen pl or perf mp ptcp mas gen pl or perf mp ptcp neu gen pl
to lie/repose from "κεῖμαι" (to lie or be laid), hence lie/repose/sleep (as in sleep or death)
ἁγίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἅγιος -α -ον (cf. ὅσιος and ἱερός)
αγι·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
holy [dedicated, divine, pure]
{ ἠγέρθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐγείρω (εγειρ-, εγερ(ε)·[σ]-, εγειρ·[σ]-, εγρηγορ·[κ]-, εγηγερ-, εγερ·θ-)
ε·εγερ·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
to raise erect
ἠγέρθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐγείρω (εγειρ-, εγερ(ε)·[σ]-, εγειρ·[σ]-, εγρηγορ·[κ]-, εγηγερ-, εγερ·θ-)
ε·εγερ·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
to raise erect
} ·
———
RP: ἠγέρθη ♦ NA/UBS: ἠγέρθησαν
Mt 27:52
The tombs were opened, and many bodies of the saints who had fallen asleep were raised;
53καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἐξελθόντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·έρχομαι (εξ+ερχ-, εξ+ελευ·σ-, εξ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd εξ+ελθ-, εξ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εξ·ελθ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
2aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to come-out Lit:"come-out-of"
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
μνημείων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

μνημεῖον, -ου, τό (cf. μνῆμα)
μνημει·ων
(neu) gen pl
tomb
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen) Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
ἔγερσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἔγερσις, -εως, ἡ
εγερσ(ι)·ν
(fem) acc sg
resurrection
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
εἰσῆλθον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰσ·έρχομαι (εισ+ερχ-, εισ+ελευ·σ-, εισ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd εισ+ελθ-, εισ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εισ·ε·ελθ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
to enter Lit:"come-into", hence enter
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
ἁγίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἅγιος -α -ον (cf. ὅσιος and ἱερός)
αγι·αν
fem acc sg
holy [dedicated, divine, pure]
πόλιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πόλις, -εως, ἡ
πολ(ι)·ν
(fem) acc sg
city
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἐνεφανίσθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐμ·φανίζω (εν+φανιζ-, εν+φανι·σ-, εν+φανι·σ-, -, -, εν+φανισ·θ-)
εν·ε·φανισ·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
to reveal
πολλοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral, irreg.)

πολ[λ]ύς πολλή πολ[λ]ύ
πολλ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
much
.
Mt 27:53
and coming out of the tombs after his resurrection, they entered into the holy city and appeared to many.
54 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
ἑκατόνταρχος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl. and 2nd Decl.)

ἑκατοντ·άρχης and -χος, -ου, ὁ (See also κεντυρίων)
εκατονταρχ·ος
(mas) nom sg
centurion
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
μετ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετ’
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen) Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
τηροῦντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τηρέω (τηρ(ε)-, τηρη·σ-, τηρη·σ-, τετηρη·κ-, τετηρη-, τηρη·θ-)
τηρ(ε)·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to guard/watch-over From "τηρος" (guard/watchman), hence guard/watch-over(something valuable)". Usually rendered "keep", as in maintain/retain/keep-in-tact/preserve/reserve/heed/observe/abide-by/take-care-for/attend-carefully (not as in hold/possess/
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
Ἰησοῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl., irreg. and Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ον
(mas) acc sg
Jesus [Joshua or Jesus]
, ἰδόντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
2aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to see/behold Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-tom and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
σεισμὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

σεισμός, -οῦ, ὁ
σεισμ·ον
(mas) acc sg
earthquake [see seismic]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
γενόμενα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
γεν·ομεν·α
2aor mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
to come to be to come to be; to become; to happen
, ἐφοβήθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φοβέω (φοβ(ε)-, -, φοβη·σ-, -, πεφοβη-, φοβη·θ-)
ε·φοβη·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
to fear /make-afraid.
σφόδρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

σφόδρα
σφοδρα
indecl
exceedingly /intensely/very/vehemently, keenly, inveighingly, eagerly
, λέγοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to say/tell
, Ἀληθῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἀ·ληθῶς
αληθως
indecl
truly
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god [see theology]
υἱὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ος
(mas) nom sg
son
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
to be
οὗτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
[τ]ουτ·ος
mas nom sg
this When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
.
Mt 27:54
Now the centurion, and those who were with him watching Jesus, when they saw the earthquake, and the things that were done, feared exceedingly, saying, “Truly this was the Son of God.”
55Ἦσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·σαν
impf act ind 3rd pl
to be
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
ἐκεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἐκεῖ
εκει
indecl
there
γυναῖκες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl., irreg.)

γυνή, -αικος, ἡ, voc. sg. γύναι
γυναικ·ες
(fem) nom|voc pl
woman/wife
πολλαὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral, irreg.)

πολ[λ]ύς πολλή πολ[λ]ύ
πολλ·αι
fem nom pl
much
ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from (G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
μακρόθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

μακρό·θεν
μακροθεν
indecl
from afar
θεωροῦσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θεωρέω (θεωρ(ε)-, θεωρη·σ-, θεωρη·σ-, -, -, θεωρη·θ-)
θεωρ(ε)·ουσ·αι
pres act ptcp fem nom|voc pl
to looked at behold, gaze, gape, contemplate, consider, judge, observe, speculate, perceive
, αἵτινες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅσ·τι[ν]ς ἥ·τι[ν]ς ὄ τι[ν]
αι·τιν·ες
fem nom pl
one/such-who/which/that , Lit: a-particular/some-who/which/that; "ἕως ὅτου": until-when
ἠκολούθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀκολουθέω (ακολουθ(ε)-, ακολουθη·σ-, ακολουθη·σ-, ηκολουθη·κ-, -, -)
ε·ακολουθη·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
to follow
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
Ἰησοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl., irreg. and Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
irreg. ιησου (instead of ιησ(ο)·ῳ > ιησῳ), ιησ(ο)·ε, ιησ(ο)·ου, ιησου
(mas) dat sg, (mas) voc sg, (mas) gen sg, (mas) indecl
Jesus [Joshua or Jesus]
ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from (G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
Γαλιλαίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

Γαλιλαία, -ας, ἡ; Γαλιλαῖος -α -ον
γαλιλαι·ας; γαλιλαι·ας
(fem) gen sg; fem gen sg or fem acc pl
Galilee [district of]; Galilean
, διακονοῦσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δι·ακονέω (δι+ακον(ε)-, δι+ακονη·σ-, δι+ακονη·σ-, -, -, δι+ακονη·θ-)
δι·ακον(ε)·ουσ·αι
pres act ptcp fem nom|voc pl
to serve
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
he/she/it/same
·
Mt 27:55
¶Many women were there watching from afar, who had followed Jesus from Galilee, serving him.
56ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
αἷς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
αις
fem dat pl
who/whom/which
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
to be
Μαρία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

Μαρία, -ας, ἡ
μαρι·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
Mary
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
Μαγδαληνή [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

Μαγδαληνή, -ῆς, ἡ
μαγδαλην·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
Magdalene
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
Μαρία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

Μαρία, -ας, ἡ
μαρι·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
Mary
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
Ἰακώβου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Ἰάκωβος, -ου, ὁ
ιακωβ·ου
(mas) gen sg
James
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
{ Ἰωσῆ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl. and 3rd Decl.)

Ἰωσῆς, -ῆ and Ἰωσῆ[τ]ς, -ῆτος, ὁ
ιωσ·η
(mas) voc sg or (mas) gen sg
Joses
Ἰωσὴφ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Indecl.)

Ἰωσήφ, ὁ
ιωσηφ
(mas) indecl
Joseph
} μήτηρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

μήτηρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ἡ
μητερ·^
(fem) nom sg
mother also of motherland
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
μήτηρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

μήτηρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ἡ
μητερ·^
(fem) nom sg
mother also of motherland
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
υἱῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ων
(mas) gen pl
son
Ζεβεδαίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Ζεβεδαῖος, -ου, ὁ
ζεβεδαι·ου
(mas) gen sg
Zebedee
.
———
RP: Ἰωσῆ ♦ NA/UBS: Ἰωσὴφ
Mt 27:56
Among them were Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James and Joses, and the mother of the sons of Zebedee.
57Ὀψίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ὄψιος -α -ον
οψι·ας
fem gen sg or fem acc pl
late [late (adj.)/evening (subst.)]
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
γενομένης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
γεν·ομεν·ης
2aor mp ptcp fem gen sg
to come to be to come to be; to become; to happen
, ἦλθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ε·ελθ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ελθ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
to come Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
ἄνθρωπος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ος
(mas) nom sg
human
πλούσιος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

πλούσιος -ία -ον
πλουσι·ος
mas nom sg
abundant
ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from (G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
{ Ἀριμαθαίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

Ἁριμαθαία v.l. Ἀ-, -ας, ἡ
αριμαθαι·ας
(fem) gen sg
Arimathea
Ἁριμαθαίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

Ἁριμαθαία v.l. Ἀ-, -ας, ἡ
αριμαθαι·ας
(fem) gen sg
Arimathea
} , τοὔνομα Ἰωσήφ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Indecl.)

Ἰωσήφ, ὁ
ιωσηφ
(mas) indecl
Joseph
, ὃς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ος
mas nom sg
who/whom/which
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
αὐτὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ος
mas nom sg
he/she/it/same
{ ἐμαθήτευσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μαθητεύω (-, -, μαθητευ·σ-, -, -, μαθητευ·θ-)
ε·μαθητευ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to ???
ἐμαθητεύθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μαθητεύω (-, -, μαθητευ·σ-, -, -, μαθητευ·θ-)
ε·μαθητευ·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
to ???
} τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
Ἰησοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl., irreg. and Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
irreg. ιησου (instead of ιησ(ο)·ῳ > ιησῳ), ιησ(ο)·ε, ιησ(ο)·ου, ιησου
(mas) dat sg, (mas) voc sg, (mas) gen sg, (mas) indecl
Jesus [Joshua or Jesus]
·
———
RP: ἐμαθήτευσεν ♦ NA/UBS: ἐμαθητεύθη
RP: Ἀριμαθαίας ♦ NA/UBS: Ἁριμαθαίας
Mt 27:57
When evening had come, a rich man from Arimathaea, named Joseph, who himself was also Jesus’ disciple came.
58οὗτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
[τ]ουτ·ος
mas nom sg
this When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
προσελθὼν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·έρχομαι (προσ+ερχ-, προσ+ελευ·σ-, προσ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd προσ+ελθ-, προσ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
προσ·ελθ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
to approach
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
Πιλάτῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
Pilate
, ᾐτήσατο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

αἰτέω (αιτ(ε)-, αιτη·σ-, αιτη·σ-, ῃτη·κ-, ῃτη-, αιτη·θ-)
ε·αιτη·σατο
1aor mp ind 3rd sg
to ask
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
σῶμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

σῶμα[τ], -ατος, τό
σωμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
body
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
Ἰησοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl., irreg. and Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
irreg. ιησου (instead of ιησ(ο)·ῳ > ιησῳ), ιησ(ο)·ε, ιησ(ο)·ου, ιησου
(mas) dat sg, (mas) voc sg, (mas) gen sg, (mas) indecl
Jesus [Joshua or Jesus]
. Τότε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

τότε
τοτε
indecl
then
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
Πιλάτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Pilate
ἐκέλευσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κελεύω (κελευ-, -, κελευ·σ-, -, -, κελευσ·θ-)
ε·κελευ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to command i.e., urge on by word.
{ ἀποδοθῆναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·δίδωμι (ath. απο+διδ(ο)-/ath. απο+διδ(ω)-, απο+δω·σ-, απο+δω·κ- or 2nd ath. απο+δ(ο)-/ath. απο+δ(ω)-, -, απο+δεδο-, απο+δο·θ-)
απο·δο·θηναι
aor θη inf
to give-back Lit:"give-from", hence, give/pay-back/repay/restore, assign, impute, convey, refer, sell
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
σῶμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

σῶμα[τ], -ατος, τό
σωμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
body
ἀποδοθῆναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·δίδωμι (ath. απο+διδ(ο)-/ath. απο+διδ(ω)-, απο+δω·σ-, απο+δω·κ- or 2nd ath. απο+δ(ο)-/ath. απο+δ(ω)-, -, απο+δεδο-, απο+δο·θ-)
απο·δο·θηναι
aor θη inf
to give-back Lit:"give-from", hence, give/pay-back/repay/restore, assign, impute, convey, refer, sell
} .
———
RP: ἀποδοθῆναι τὸ σῶμα ♦ NA/UBS: ἀποδοθῆναι
Mt 27:58
This man went to Pilate, and asked for Jesus’ body.[a] Then Pilate commanded the body to be given up.
———
a Dt. 21:22-23: And if a man has committed a crime punishable by death and he is put to death, and you hang him on a tree, his body shall not remain all night on the tree, but you shall bury him the same day, for a hanged man is cursed by God. You shall not defile your land that the Lord your God is giving you for an inheritance (ESV).
59Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
λαβὼν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαμβάνω (λαμβαν-, λημψ-/ληψ-, λαβ·[σ]- or 2nd λαβ-, ειληφ·[κ]-, ειληβ-, λημφ·θ-/ληφ·θ-)
λαβ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
to take/receive grasp, clutch, cling-to, seize, lay-hands-upon, take by violence, carry off, of a deity, seize, possess, catch, find out, detect, overtake, understand
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
σῶμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

σῶμα[τ], -ατος, τό
σωμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
body
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
Ἰωσὴφ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Indecl.)

Ἰωσήφ, ὁ
ιωσηφ
(mas) indecl
Joseph
ἐνετύλιξεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐν·τυλίσσω (-, -, εν+τυλιξ-, -, εν+τετυλισσ-, -)
εν·ε·τυλισσ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to wrap in bundle, twine, enfold, enwrap
αὐτὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
he/she/it/same
{ σινδόνι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

σινδών, -όνος, ἡ
σινδον·ι
(fem) dat sg
sheet
♦ [ ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
] σινδόνι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

σινδών, -όνος, ἡ
σινδον·ι
(fem) dat sg
sheet
} καθαρᾷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

καθαρός -ά -όν
καθαρ·ᾳ
fem dat sg
clean
,
———
RP: σινδόνι ♦ NA/UBS: [ἐν] σινδόνι
Mt 27:59
Joseph took the body, and wrapped it in a clean linen cloth,
60καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἔθηκεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τίθημι (ath. τιθ(ε)-, θη·σ-, θη·κ- or 2nd ath. θ(ε)-, τεθει·κ-, τεθει-, τε·θ-)
ε·θη·κε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to place /lay/put/set/situate/arrange/station
αὐτὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
he/she/it/same
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
καινῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

καινός -ή -όν
καιν·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
new unprecedented,newly-invented, novel, fresh, anew
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
μνημείῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

μνημεῖον, -ου, τό (cf. μνῆμα)
μνημει·ῳ
(neu) dat sg
tomb
, [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ο
neu nom|acc sg
who/whom/which
ἐλατόμησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λατομέω (λατομ(ε)-, -, λατομη·σ-, -, λελατομη-, λατομη·θ-)
ε·λατομη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to hew
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
πέτρᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

πέτρα, -ας, ἡ
πετρ·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
rock
· καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
προσκυλίσας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·κυλίω (-, -, προσ+κυλι·σ-, -, -, -)
προσ·κυλι·σα[ντ]·ς
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
to ???
λίθον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

λίθος, -ου, ὁ
λιθ·ον
(mas) acc sg
stone
μέγαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2, irreg.)

μέγ[αλ]ας μεγάλη μέγ[αλ]α
irreg. μεγα[λ·ο]ν ( instead of μεγαλ·ον)
mas acc sg
great
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
θύρᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

θύρα, -ας, ἡ
θυρ·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
door gate
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
μνημείου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

μνημεῖον, -ου, τό (cf. μνῆμα)
μνημει·ου
(neu) gen sg
tomb
, ἀπῆλθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·έρχομαι (απ+ερχ-, απ+ελευ·σ-, απ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd απ+ελθ-, απ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
απ·ε·ελθ·[σ]ε(ν), απ·ε·ελθ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
to depart go away, depart from
.
Mt 27:60
and laid it in his own new tomb, which he had cut out in the rock, and he rolled a great stone to the door of the tomb, and departed.
61Ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
to be
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
ἐκεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἐκεῖ
εκει
indecl
there
{ Μαρία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

Μαρία, -ας, ἡ
μαρι·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
Mary
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
Μαριὰμ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Indecl.)

Μαριάμ, ἡ
μαριαμ
(fem) indecl
Miriam
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
} Μαγδαληνή [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

Μαγδαληνή, -ῆς, ἡ
μαγδαλην·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
Magdalene
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
ἄλλη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Indefinite)

ἄλλος -η -ο (cf. ἕτερος)
αλλ·η
fem nom sg
other(of similar kind) , as distinguished from "ἕτερος" "other" (of a different/distinct kind)
Μαρία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

Μαρία, -ας, ἡ
μαρι·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
Mary
, καθήμεναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κάθ·η·μαι (ath. καθ(η)-, καθη·σ-, -, -, -, -)
καθ(η)·μεν·αι
pres mp ptcp fem nom|voc pl
to sit Lit:"down-sit".
ἀπέναντι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπ·έν·αντι
απεναντι
indecl
opposite/in the presence of (+gen)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
τάφου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

τάφος, -ου, ὁ
ταφ·ου
(mas) gen sg
grave
.
———
RP: Μαρία ἡ ♦ NA/UBS: Μαριὰμ ἡ
Mt 27:61
Mary Magdalene was there, and the other Mary, sitting opposite the tomb.
62Τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
ἐπαύριον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἐπ·αύριον
επαυριον
indecl
tomorrow [with article means the next day]
, ἥτις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅσ·τι[ν]ς ἥ·τι[ν]ς ὄ τι[ν]
η·τι[ν]·ς
fem nom sg
one/such-who/which/that , Lit: a-particular/some-who/which/that; "ἕως ὅτου": until-when
ἐστὶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen) Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
Παρασκευήν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

παρα·σκευή, -ῆς, ἡ
παρασκευ·ην
(fem) acc sg
preparation
, συνήχθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συν·άγω (συν+αγ-, συν+αξ-, συν+ηξ- or 2nd συν+αγαγ-, συν+αγειοχ·[κ]-, συν+ηγ-, συν+αχ·θ-)
συν·ε·αγ·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
to gather together οφθήτω
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
ἀρχιερεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἀρχ·ιερεύς, -έως, ὁ
αρχιερ(ευ)·ες, αρχιερ(ευ)·ας
(mas) nom|voc pl, (mas) acc pl
archpriest
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
Φαρισαῖοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Φαρισαῖος, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. Φαρισαῖοι
φαρισαι·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
Pharisee
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat) Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
Πιλάτον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ον
(mas) acc sg
Pilate
,
Mt 27:62
Now on the next day, which was the day after the Preparation Day, the chief priests and the Pharisees were gathered together to Pilate,
63λέγοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to say/tell
, Κύριε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ε; κυρι·ε
(mas) voc sg; mas voc sg
lord , "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).; authoritative
, ἐμνήσθημεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μιμνῄσκομαι v.l. μιμνή- (μιμνησκ-/μιμνῃσκ-, -, -, -, μεμνη-, μνησ·θ-)
ε·μνησ·θημεν
aor θη ind 1st pl
to remember /remind/recollect, become-mindful-of(middle), reminded(person-passive) remembered (entity-passive).
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
ἐκεῖνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

ἐκεῖνος -η -ο
εκειν·ος
mas nom sg
that
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
πλάνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

πλάνος -ον
πλαν·ος
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
leading astray/deceitful
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
to say/tell
ἔτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἔτι
ετι
indecl
yet/still
ζῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ζάω (ζ(η)-/ath. ζ(η)-, ζη·σ-, ζη·σ-, -, -, -)
ζ(η)·ο[υ]ν[τ], ζ(η)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg, pres act ptcp mas nom sg
to live Verb from "ζωή"(life), hence live/made-alive, exist, inhabit
, Μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen) Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
τρεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral, irreg.)

τρεῖς τρία, gen. pl. τριῶν, dat. pl. τρισίν
τρ(ι)·ες, τρ(ι)·ας
mas nom pl or fem nom pl, mas acc pl or fem acc pl
three
ἡμέρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
day
ἐγείρομαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐγείρω (εγειρ-, εγερ(ε)·[σ]-, εγειρ·[σ]-, εγρηγορ·[κ]-, εγηγερ-, εγερ·θ-)
εγειρ·ομαι
pres mp ind 1st sg
to raise erect
.
Mt 27:63
saying, “Sir, we remember what that deceiver said while he was still alive: ‘After three days I will rise again.’
64Κέλευσον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κελεύω (κελευ-, -, κελευ·σ-, -, -, κελευσ·θ-)
κελευ·σον
1aor act imp 2nd sg
to command i.e., urge on by word.
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently /accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
ἀσφαλισθῆναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀ·σφαλίζω (-, -, ασφαλι·σ-, -, -, ασφαλισ·θ-)
ασφαλισ·θηναι
aor θη inf
to ???
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
τάφον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

τάφος, -ου, ὁ
ταφ·ον
(mas) acc sg
grave
ἕως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction; Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἕως[1]; ἕως[2], -ω, ἡ [LXX], acc.
εως; ε(ω)·ος, ε(ω)·ους
indecl; (fem) nom|voc sg, (fem) acc pl
until; dawn
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
τρίτης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

τρίτος -η -ον
τριτ·ης
fem gen sg
third
ἡμέρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
day
· μήποτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μήποτε (μή ποτέ)
μηποτε
indecl
never
ἐλθόντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ελθ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
2aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to come Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
μαθηταὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.); Verb

μαθητής, -οῦ, ὁ; μανθάνω (μανθαν-, μαθη·σ-, 2nd μαθ-, μεμαθη·κ-, -, -)
μαθητ·αι; μαθ·ηται
(mas) nom|voc pl; 2aor mp sub 3rd sg
disciple; to learn practice, recite
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
{ νυκτὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

νύξ, -υκτός, ἡ
νυκτ·ος
(fem) gen sg
night
♦ - } κλέψωσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κλέπτω (κλεπτ-, κλεψ-, κλεψ-, -, κεκλεπτ-, κλαπ·[θ]-)
κλεπτ·σωσι(ν)
1aor act sub 3rd pl
to steal crib, embezzle, thieve, rob, pilfer, snitch
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
he/she/it/same
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
εἴπωσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειπ·[σ]ωσι(ν), ειπ·ωσι(ν)
1aor act sub 3rd pl, 2aor act sub 3rd pl
to say/tell
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
λαῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

λαός, -οῦ, ὁ
λα·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
people
, Ἠγέρθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐγείρω (εγειρ-, εγερ(ε)·[σ]-, εγειρ·[σ]-, εγρηγορ·[κ]-, εγηγερ-, εγερ·θ-)
ε·εγερ·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
to raise erect
ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from (G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
νεκρῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

νεκρός -ά -όν
νεκρ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
dead
· καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἔσται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
irreg. (εσ)·[σε]ται (instead of (εσ)·σεται > εσεται)
fut mp ind 3rd sg
to be
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
ἐσχάτη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

ἔσχατος -η -ον
εσχατ·η
fem nom|voc sg
last farthest, uttermost, extreme,
πλάνη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

πλάνη, -ης, ἡ
πλαν·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
misstep
χείρων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl., irreg.); Adjective (3-3-3)

χείρ, χειρός, ἡ, dat. pl. χερσίν; χείρων -ον, gen. sg. -ονος Comp. of κακός
χειρ·ων; χειρον·^
(fem) gen pl; mas nom sg or fem nom sg
hand; worse
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
πρώτης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

πρῶτος -η -ον
πρωτ·ης
fem gen sg
first
.
———
RP: νυκτὸς ♦ NA/UBS: —
Mt 27:64
Command therefore that the tomb be made secure until the third day, lest perhaps his disciples come at night and steal him away, and tell the people, ‘He is risen from the dead;’ and the last deception will be worse than the first.”
65Ἔφη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φημί (ath. φ(α)-/ath. φ(η)-, -, φη·σ-, -, -, -)
ε·φ(α)·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
to say
{ δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
♦ - } αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
he/she/it/same
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
Πιλάτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Pilate
, Ἔχετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
εχ·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
to have /hold.
κουστωδίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

κουστωδία, -ας, ἡ
κουστωδι·αν
(fem) acc sg
guard custodian, custody, charge
· ὑπάγετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑπ·άγω (υπ+αγ-, -, 2nd υπ+αγαγ-, -, -, υπ+αχ·θ-)
υπ·αγ·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
to go Lit:"lead-away-under(authority/commitment))", a transitive verb, to be yoked, to haul in, to be subjected to judgment.. a euphemism of death
, ἀσφαλίσασθε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀ·σφαλίζω (-, -, ασφαλι·σ-, -, -, ασφαλισ·θ-)
ασφαλι·σασθε
1aor mp imp 2nd pl
to ???
ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
οἴδατε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

οἶδα (ath. ιδ-/ath. ειδ(ε)-/ath. ειδ-, ειδη·σ-/ει[δ]·σ-, ειδη·σ-, οιδ·[κ]-/ειδ·[κ]-, -, -)
οιδ·[κ]ατε
perf act ind 2nd pl
to know /perceive/be-aware-of/be-acquainted-with/notice. Often rendered "know" (by seeing/observing), in contrast to "γινώσκω" (know by thinking/reasoning/experiencing).
.
———
RP: δὲ ♦ NA/UBS: —
Mt 27:65
¶Pilate said to them, “You have a guard. Go, make it as secure as you can.”
66Οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
πορευθέντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πορεύω (πορευ-, πορευ·σ-, πορευ·σ-, -, πεπορευ-, πορευ·θ-)
πορευ·θε[ι]ντ·ες
aor θη ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to travel/journey (from "πορος":passage/ford/pathway), hence travel/journey/go/proceed/depart.
ἠσφαλίσαντο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀ·σφαλίζω (-, -, ασφαλι·σ-, -, -, ασφαλισ·θ-)
ε·ασφαλι·σαντο
1aor mp ind 3rd pl
to ???
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
τάφον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

τάφος, -ου, ὁ
ταφ·ον
(mas) acc sg
grave
, σφραγίσαντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σφραγίζω (σφραγιζ-, σφραγι(ε)·[σ]-, σφραγι·σ-, -, εσφραγισ-, σφραγισ·θ-)
σφραγι·σαντ·ες
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to seal
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
λίθον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

λίθος, -ου, ὁ
λιθ·ον
(mas) acc sg
stone
, μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen) Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
κουστωδίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

κουστωδία, -ας, ἡ
κουστωδι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
guard custodian, custody, charge
.
Mt 27:66
So they went with the guard and made the tomb secure, sealing the stone.
« Ch 26» Ch 28

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