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ΚΑΤΑ ΛΟΥΚΑΝ

According to Luke

 Robinson-Pierpont 2005 Wiki English Translation‎ / World English Bible
1Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀναστὰν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀν·ίστημι (ath. αν+ιστ(α)-/ath. αν+ιστ(η)-, ανα+στη·σ-, ανα+στη·σ- or 2nd ath. ανα+στ(η)-/ath. ανα+στ(α)-, ανα+εστη·κ-/ανα+εστα·κ-, -, ανα+στα·θ-)
ανα·στ(α)·ν[τ]
2aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
upon STAND-UP-AGAIN-ing
Lit:"stand-up-again", hence put-up/raise/arise. Usually resurrect.
ἅπαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

ἅπα[ντ]ς ἅπασα ἅπαν[τ], gen. sg. ἅπαντος ἁπάσης ἅπαντος
απαν[τ]
neu nom|acc|voc sg
every
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
πλῆθος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πλῆθο·ς, -ους, τό
πληθ(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
multitude
a large number, the main body
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
, ἤγαγον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἄγω (αγ-, αξ-, 2nd αγαγ-, αγειοχ·[κ]-, ηγ-, αχ·θ-)
ε·αγαγ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
I-LEAD-ed, they-LEAD-ed
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
Πιλάτον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ον
(mas) acc sg
Pilate
.
Lk 23:1
¶The whole company of them rose up and brought him before Pilate.
2Ἤρξαντο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἄρχω (αρχ-, αρξ-, αρξ-, -, ηρχ-, -)
ε·αρχ·σαντο
1aor mp ind 3rd pl
they-were-BEGIN/RULE-ed
Lit:"head/chief", hence rule or begin (depending upon context).
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
κατηγορεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατ·ηγορέω (κατ+ηγορ(ε)-, κατ+ηγορη·σ-, κατ+ηγορη·σ-, -, κατ+ηγορη-, -)
κατ·ηγορ(ε)·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-ACCUSE-ing
(reproach)
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
, λέγοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while SAY/TELL-ing
speak, tell, recount
, Τοῦτον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ον
mas acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
{ εὕρομεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εὑρίσκω (ευρισκ-, ευρη·σ-, ευρ·[σ]- or 2nd ευρ-, ευρη·κ-, ευρη-, ευρε·θ-)
ε·ευρ·ομεν
2aor act ind 1st pl
we-FIND-ed
/learn/discover (after searching)
εὕραμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εὑρίσκω (ευρισκ-, ευρη·σ-, ευρ·[σ]- or 2nd ευρ-, ευρη·κ-, ευρη-, ευρε·θ-)
ε·ευρ·[σ]αμεν
1aor act ind 1st pl
we-FIND-ed
/learn/discover (after searching)
} διαστρέφοντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δια·στρέφω (δια+στρεφ-, δια+στρεψ-, δια+στρεψ-, -, δι+εστραφ-, δια+στραφ·[θ]-)
δια·στρεφ·ο[υ]ντ·α
pres act ptcp mas acc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
while TWIST/BEND-ing
[distort, pervert]
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
{ ἔθνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
nation/culture/race
Lit: from etho (vb: to form a custom/culture). Hence, a race/people, joined by shared language, customs, history, and culture. Usually applied to Gentiles (except Jn 11:50).
ἔθνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
nation/culture/race
Lit: from etho (vb: to form a custom/culture). Hence, a race/people, joined by shared language, customs, history, and culture. Usually applied to Gentiles (except Jn 11:50).
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
us
} , καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
κωλύοντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κωλύω (cf. φράσσω) (κωλυ-, κωλυ·σ-, κωλυ·σ-, -, -, κωλυ·θ-)
κωλυ·ο[υ]ντ·α
pres act ptcp mas acc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
while HINDER/PREVENT-ing
{ Καίσαρι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

Καῖσαρ, -αρος, ὁ
καισαρ·ι
(mas) dat sg
Caesar
φόρους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

φόρος, -ου, ὁ
φορ·ους
(mas) acc pl
Taxes
(forced labor, tax, tribute, (load down, impose))
φόρους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

φόρος, -ου, ὁ
φορ·ους
(mas) acc pl
Taxes
(forced labor, tax, tribute, (load down, impose))
Καίσαρι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

Καῖσαρ, -αρος, ὁ
καισαρ·ι
(mas) dat sg
Caesar
} διδόναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
διδ(ο)·ναι
pres act inf
to-be-GIVE-ing
/offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
, { λέγοντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ο[υ]ντ·α
pres act ptcp mas acc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
while SAY/TELL-ing
speak, tell, recount
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
λέγοντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ο[υ]ντ·α
pres act ptcp mas acc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
while SAY/TELL-ing
speak, tell, recount
} ἑαυτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

ἑ·αυτοῦ/αὑτοῦ[2] -ῆς -οῦ
εαυτ·ον
mas acc sg
self
him/her/it/our/your/them-selves
χριστὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Χριστός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. Χριστέ
χριστ·ον
(mas) acc sg
Christ
lit. 'anointed'
βασιλέα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·α
(mas) acc sg
king
εἶναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·εναι
pres act inf
to-be
.
———
RP: εὕρομεν ◆ NA/UBS: εὕραμεν
RP: ἔθνος ◆ NA/UBS: ἔθνος ἡμῶν
RP: Καίσαρι φόρους ◆ NA/UBS: φόρους Καίσαρι
RP: λέγοντα ◆ NA/UBS: καὶ λέγοντα
Lk 23:2
They began to accuse him, saying, “We found this man perverting the nation, forbidding paying taxes to Caesar, and saying that he himself is Christ, a king.”
3 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
Πιλάτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Pilate
{ ἐπηρώτησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπ·ερωτάω (επ+ερωτ(α)-, επ+ερωτη·σ-, επ+ερωτη·σ-, -, -, επ+ερωτη·θ-)
επ·ε·ερωτη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-QUESTION-ed
[consult, enquire]
ἠρώτησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐρωτάω (ερωτ(α)-, ερωτη·σ-, ερωτη·σ-, -, ηρωτη-, ερωτη·θ-)
ε·ερωτη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-ASK-ed
interrogate, question inquire,query, quest
} αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
, λέγων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while SAY/TELL-ing
speak, tell, recount
, Σὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
συ
nom sg
you(sg)
εἶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^ (instead of ι·^ς > εις); (εσ)·^ς
pres act ind 2nd sg; pres act ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-are-BE-ing; you(sg)-are
;
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
Ἰουδαίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
Jewish
; [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἀποκριθεὶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κρίνομαι (απο+κριν-, -, απο+κριν·[σ]-, -, απο+κεκρι-, απο+κρι·θ-)
απο·κρι·θει[ντ]·ς
aor θη ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon being-ANSWER-ed
Lit:"judge/decide-from", hence involves a response that requires some thinking/consideration/decision. Usually rendered "answer" (in response to a question/inquiry)
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
ἔφη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φημί (ath. φ(α)-/ath. φ(η)-, -, φη·σ-, -, -, -)
ε·φ(α)·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-SAY-ing
, Σὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
συ
nom sg
you(sg)
λέγεις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·εις
pres act ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-are-SAY/TELL-ing
speak, tell, recount
.
———
RP: ἐπηρώτησεν ◆ NA/UBS: ἠρώτησεν
Lk 23:3
¶Pilate asked him, “Are you the King of the Jews?”
¶He answered him, “So you say.”
4 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
Πιλάτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Pilate
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY/TELL-ed
speak, tell, recount
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
ἀρχιερεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀρχ·ιερεύς, -έως, ὁ
αρχιερ(ευ)·ες, αρχιερ(ευ)·ας
(mas) nom|voc pl, (mas) acc pl
archpriests
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
ὄχλους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ὄχλος, -ου, ὁ
οχλ·ους
(mas) acc pl
crowds
, Οὐδὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

οὐδ·είς οὐδε·μία οὐδ·έν and οὐθ·είς (οὐθε·μία) οὐθ·έν
ουδε[ι]ν
neu nom|acc sg
none
[not one, no one]
εὑρίσκω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εὑρίσκω (ευρισκ-, ευρη·σ-, ευρ·[σ]- or 2nd ευρ-, ευρη·κ-, ευρη-, ευρε·θ-)
ευρισκ·ω
pres act ind 1st sg or pres act sub 1st sg
I-am-FIND-ing, I-should-be-FIND-ing
/learn/discover (after searching)
αἴτιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

αἴτιος -ία -ον
αιτι·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
cause
[resposible (for), basis of crime]
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
ἀνθρώπῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
human
τούτῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
.
Lk 23:4
¶Pilate said to the chief priests and the multitudes, “I find no basis for a charge against this man.”
5Οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἐπίσχυον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπ·ισχύω (επ+ισχυ-, -, επ+ισχυ·σ-, -, -, -)
επ·ε·ισχυ·ον, επ·ισχυ·ο[υ]ν[τ]
impf act ind 1st sg or impf act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
I-was-PERSIST-ing, they-were-PERSIST-ing, while PERSIST-ing
, λέγοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while SAY/TELL-ing
speak, tell, recount
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
Ἀνασείει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀνα·σείω (ανα+σει-, -, ανα+σει·σ-, -, -, -)
ανα·σει·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-SHAKE-ing-UP, you(sg)-are-being-SHAKE-ed-UP
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
λαόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λαός, -οῦ, ὁ
λα·ον
(mas) acc sg
people
, διδάσκων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

διδάσκω (διδασκ-, διδαξ-, διδαξ-, δεδιδαχ·[κ]-, δεδιδακ-, διδαχ·θ-)
διδασκ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while TEACH-ing
teach, instruct, explain, prove
καθ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
καθ’
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
ὅλης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Partitive Numeral)

ὅλος -η -ον
ολ·ης
fem gen sg
whole
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
Ἰουδαίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαία, -ας, ἡ; Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ας; ιουδαι·ας
(fem) gen sg; fem gen sg or fem acc pl
Judea; Jewish
[region of];
, { ἀρξάμενος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἄρχω (αρχ-, αρξ-, αρξ-, -, ηρχ-, -)
αρχ·σαμεν·ος
1aor mp ptcp mas nom sg
upon being-BEGIN/RULE-ed
Lit:"head/chief", hence rule or begin (depending upon context).
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀρξάμενος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἄρχω (αρχ-, αρξ-, αρξ-, -, ηρχ-, -)
αρχ·σαμεν·ος
1aor mp ptcp mas nom sg
upon being-BEGIN/RULE-ed
Lit:"head/chief", hence rule or begin (depending upon context).
} ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
Γαλιλαίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

Γαλιλαία, -ας, ἡ; Γαλιλαῖος -α -ον
γαλιλαι·ας; γαλιλαι·ας
(fem) gen sg; fem gen sg or fem acc pl
Galilee ; Galilean
[district of];
ἕως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction; Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl.)

ἕως[1]; ἕως[2], -ω, ἡ [LXX], acc.
εως; ε(ω)·ος, ε(ω)·ους
indecl; (fem) nom|voc sg, (fem) acc pl
until; dawn, dawns
;
ὧδε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὧδε
ωδε
indecl
here
.
———
RP: ἀρξάμενος ◆ NA/UBS: καὶ ἀρξάμενος
Lk 23:5
¶But they insisted, saying, “He stirs up the people, teaching throughout all Judea, beginning from Galilee even to this place.”
6Πιλάτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Pilate
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἀκούσας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-1-3); Verb

ἄκων[τ] ἄκουσα ἆκο[υ]ν[τ]; ἀκούω (ακου-, ακου·σ-, ακου·σ-, ακηκο·[κ]-, ηκουσ-, ακουσ·θ-)
ακουσ·ας; ακου·σα[ντ]·ς
fem acc pl; 1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
unwilling; upon HEAR-ing
; hearken to
{ Γαλιλαίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

Γαλιλαία, -ας, ἡ; Γαλιλαῖος -α -ον
γαλιλαι·αν; γαλιλαι·αν
(fem) acc sg; fem acc sg
Galilee ; Galilean
[district of];
◆ - } ἐπηρώτησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπ·ερωτάω (επ+ερωτ(α)-, επ+ερωτη·σ-, επ+ερωτη·σ-, -, -, επ+ερωτη·θ-)
επ·ε·ερωτη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-QUESTION-ed
[consult, enquire]
εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
ἄνθρωπος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ος
(mas) nom sg
human
Γαλιλαῖός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Γαλιλαῖος -α -ον
γαλιλαι·ος
mas nom sg
Galilean
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
.
———
RP: Γαλιλαίαν ◆ NA/UBS: —
Lk 23:6
But when Pilate heard Galilee mentioned, he asked if the man was a Galilean.
7Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐπιγνοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·γινώσκω (επι+γινωσκ-, επι+γνω·σ-, 2nd ath. επι+γν(ω)-/ath. επι+γν(ο)-, επ+εγνω·κ-, -, επι+γνωσ·θ-)
επι·γν(ο)·[ντ]·ς
2aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon RECOGNIZE-ing
Lit:from "επίγνωση" (over-knowledge), hence to fully-know/understand, have-insight/consciousness, ackowledge
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
ἐξουσίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἐξ·ουσία, -ας, ἡ
εξουσι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
authority, authorities
control, ruler, power, sway, freedom permitted by peace, licence
Ἡρῴδου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

Ἡρῴδης, -ου, ὁ
ηρῳδ·ου
(mas) gen sg
Herod
ἐστίν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
, ἀνέπεμψεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀνα·πέμπω (-, -, ανα+πεμψ-, -, -, -)
ανα·ε·πεμπ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SEND UP-ed
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
Ἡρῴδην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

Ἡρῴδης, -ου, ὁ
ηρῳδ·ην
(mas) acc sg
Herod
, ὄντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·ο[υ]ντ·α
pres act ptcp mas acc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
while being
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
Ἱεροσολύμοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl. and Fem. 1st Decl. and Fem. Indecl.)

Ἱεροσόλυμα, -ων, τά and -ας, ἡ and Ἰερουσαλήμ v.l. Ἱ-, ἡ indecl.
ιεροσολυμ·οις
(neu) dat pl
Jerusalem
[city of]
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ταύταις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·αις
fem dat pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
ταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·αις
fem dat pl
the
ἡμέραις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·αις
(fem) dat pl
days
.
Lk 23:7
When he found out that he was in Herod (Antipas)’s jurisdiction,[a] he sent him to Herod, who was also in Jerusalem[b] during those days.
———
a Herod the Great's kingdom was divided up after his death. Herod Antipas' jurisdiction was the Galilee and Perea. Judea, Samaria, and Idumea were reorganized as a Roman province in 6 CE under the jursidiction of Roman governors. Ituraea, Trachonitis, and Batanaea were under the rule of Herod Philip.
b Herod Antipas, who's capital was in Tiberias, was in Jerusalem for Passover.
8 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
Ἡρῴδης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

Ἡρῴδης, -ου, ὁ
ηρῳδ·ης
(mas) nom sg
Herod
ἰδὼν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
upon SEE/BEHOLD-ing
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
Ἰησοῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ον
(mas) acc sg
Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
ἐχάρη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

χαίρω (χαιρ-, χαρ(ε)·[σ]-, -, -, -, χαρ·[θ]-)
ε·χαρ·[θ]η
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-REJOICE-ed
salute, salutation
λίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

λίαν
λιαν
indecl
very
· ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
{ θέλων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θέλω (θελ-, θελη·σ-, θελη·σ-, τεθελη·κ-, -, -)
θελ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while CONFESS-ing
/wish/desire
ἐξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εξ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
ἱκανοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

ἱκανός -ή -όν; ἱκανόω (ικαν(ο)-, -, ικανω·σ-, -, -, ικανω·θ-)
ικαν·ου; ικαν(ο)·ε, ικαν(ο)·ου, ε·ικαν(ο)·ε, ε·ικαν(ο)·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg; pres act imp 2nd sg, pres mp imp 2nd sg, impf act ind 3rd sg, impf mp ind 2nd sg
ample/enough; be-you(sg)-SUFFICE-ing!, be-you(sg)-being-SUFFICE-ed!, he/she/it-was-SUFFICE-ing, you(sg)-were-being-SUFFICE-ed
[sizeable, considerable, significant, worthy, important];
ἐξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εξ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
ἱκανῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

ἱκανός -ή -όν; ἱκανόω (ικαν(ο)-, -, ικανω·σ-, -, -, ικανω·θ-)
ικαν·ων; ικαν(ο)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
ample/enough; while SUFFICE-ing
[sizeable, considerable, significant, worthy, important];
χρόνων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

χρόνος, -ου, ὁ (cf. καιρός)
χρον·ων
(mas) gen pl
times
, a specific (clock) time, period-of-time (a while). Distinct from kairos (season)
θέλων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θέλω (θελ-, θελη·σ-, θελη·σ-, τεθελη·κ-, -, -)
θελ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while CONFESS-ing
/wish/desire
} ἰδεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ειν
2aor act inf
to-SEE/BEHOLD
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
, διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
ἀκούειν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀκούω (ακου-, ακου·σ-, ακου·σ-, ακηκο·[κ]-, ηκουσ-, ακουσ·θ-)
ακου·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-HEAR-ing
hearken to
{ πολλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral, irreg.)

πολ[λ]ύς πολλή πολ[λ]ύ
πολλ·α
neu nom|acc pl
many
◆ - } περὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

περί
περι
indecl
about (+acc,+gen)
Lit:"around" (as in perimeter "around-measure"). Fig:about/regarding/concerning
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
· καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἤλπιζέν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐλπίζω (ελπιζ-, ελπι(ε)·[σ]-, ελπι·σ-, ηλπι·κ-, -, -)
ε·ελπιζ·ε(ν)
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-HOPE-ing
/trust-in/expect/anticipate, survive, live through, outlast, outlive
τι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

τὶ[ν]ς[2] τὶ[ν], gen. τινός, dat. τινί, acc. τινά τὶ
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
someone
indefinite pronoun; someone, something, anyone, anything. Specific/non-specific is determined from text-markings and/or context).
σημεῖον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

σημεῖον, -ου, τό
σημει·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
sign
ἰδεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ειν
2aor act inf
to-SEE/BEHOLD
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
ὑπ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπ’
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen)
ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
γινόμενον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
γιν·ομεν·ον
pres mp ptcp mas acc sg or pres mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
while being-BECOME-ed
become; happen; sometimes left untranslated
.
———
RP: θέλων ἐξ ἱκανοῦ ◆ NA/UBS: ἐξ ἱκανῶν χρόνων θέλων
RP: πολλὰ ◆ NA/UBS: —
Lk 23:8
¶Now when Herod saw Jesus, he was exceedingly glad, for he had wanted to see him for a long time, because he had heard many things about him. He hoped to see some miracle done by him.
9Ἐπηρώτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπ·ερωτάω (επ+ερωτ(α)-, επ+ερωτη·σ-, επ+ερωτη·σ-, -, -, επ+ερωτη·θ-)
επ·ε·ερωτ(α)·ε
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-QUESTION-ing
[consult, enquire]
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
λόγοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λόγος, -ου, ὁ
λογ·οις
(mas) dat pl
words/messages
account, measure, reckoning
ἱκανοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

ἱκανός -ή -όν; ἱκανόω (ικαν(ο)-, -, ικανω·σ-, -, -, ικανω·θ-)
ικαν·οις; ικαν(ο)·εις, ικαν(ο)·ῃς, ικαν(ο)·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl; pres act ind 2nd sg, pres act sub 2nd sg, pres act opt 2nd sg
ample/enough; you(sg)-are-SUFFICE-ing, you(sg)-should-be-SUFFICE-ing, you(sg)-happen-to-be-SUFFICE-ing
[sizeable, considerable, significant, worthy, important];
· αὐτὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ος
mas nom sg
he/it/same
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
οὐδὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

οὐδ·είς οὐδε·μία οὐδ·έν and οὐθ·είς (οὐθε·μία) οὐθ·έν
ουδε[ι]ν
neu nom|acc sg
none
[not one, no one]
ἀπεκρίνατο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κρίνομαι (απο+κριν-, -, απο+κριν·[σ]-, -, απο+κεκρι-, απο+κρι·θ-)
απο·ε·κριν·[σ]ατο
1aor mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-ANSWER-ed
Lit:"judge/decide-from", hence involves a response that requires some thinking/consideration/decision. Usually rendered "answer" (in response to a question/inquiry)
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
.
Lk 23:9
He questioned him with many words asked him a lot of questions[a], but he gave no answers.
———
a Lit. he questioned him in a lot of words.
10Εἱστήκεισαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἵστημι (ath. ιστ(α)-/ath. ιστ(η)-, στη·σ-, στη·σ- or 2nd ath. στ(η)-/ath. στ(α)-, εστη·κ-/εστα·κ-/εστ(α)·[κ]-, εστη-/εστα-, στα·θ-)
ε·εστη·κεισαν
plup act ind 3rd pl
they-had-STAND-ed
/cause-to-stand
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
ἀρχιερεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀρχ·ιερεύς, -έως, ὁ
αρχιερ(ευ)·ες, αρχιερ(ευ)·ας
(mas) nom|voc pl, (mas) acc pl
archpriests
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
γραμματεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

γραμματεύς, -έως, ὁ, voc. pl. γραμματεῖς
γραμματ(ευ)·ες, γραμματ(ευ)·ας
(mas) nom|voc pl, (mas) acc pl
scribes
, εὐτόνως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

εὐ·τόνως
ευτονως
indecl
heatedly
κατηγοροῦντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατ·ηγορέω (κατ+ηγορ(ε)-, κατ+ηγορη·σ-, κατ+ηγορη·σ-, -, κατ+ηγορη-, -)
κατ·ηγορ(ε)·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while ACCUSE-ing
(reproach)
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
.
Lk 23:10
The chief priests and the scribes stood, vehemently accusing him.
11Ἐξουθενήσας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·ουθενέω/-νόω (εξ+ουθεν(ε)-, εξ+ουθενη·σ-/εξ+ουθενω·σ-, εξ+ουθενη·σ-/εξ+ουθενω·σ-, εξ+ουθενη·κ-, εξ+ουθενη-, εξ+ουθενη·θ-/εξ+ουθενω·θ-)
εξ·ε·ουθενη·σας, εξ·ουθενη·σα[ντ]·ς
1aor act ind 2nd sg, 1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
you(sg)-DESPISE/SET-AT-NAUGHT-ed, upon DESPISE/SET-AT-NAUGHT-ing
Lit:"treat-as-worthless", hence, despise, scorn, invalidate, reject (active self-willed refusal to accept)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
{ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
◆ [ καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
] [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
} Ἡρῴδης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

Ἡρῴδης, -ου, ὁ
ηρῳδ·ης
(mas) nom sg
Herod
σὺν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

σύν
συν
indecl
together with/including (+dat)
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
στρατεύμασιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

στράτευμα[τ], -ατος, τό
στρατευμα[τ]·σι(ν)
(neu) dat pl
soldiers
army, troops
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐμπαίξας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐμ·παίζω (εν+παιζ-, εν+παιξ-, εν+παιξ-, εν+πεπαιχ·[κ]-, εν+πεπαιγ-, εν+παιχ·θ-)
εν·παιγ·σα[ντ]·ς
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon MOCK-ing
Lit:"play-in", hence make-sport-of, mock, deride, jeer
, περιβαλὼν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

περι·βάλλω (περι+βαλλ-, περι+βαλ(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd περι+βαλ-, -, περι+βεβλη-, περι+βλη·θ-)
περι·βαλ(ε)·[σ]ο[υ]ν[τ]·^, περι·βαλ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
fut act ptcp mas nom sg, 2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
going-to-ADORN, upon ADORN-ing-WITH
[throw around]
{ αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
ἐσθῆτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

ἐσθή[τ]ς, -ῆτος, ἡ, dat. pl. ἐσθήσεσιν
εσθητ·α
(fem) acc sg
clothing
ἐσθῆτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

ἐσθή[τ]ς, -ῆτος, ἡ, dat. pl. ἐσθήσεσιν
εσθητ·α
(fem) acc sg
clothing
} λαμπράν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

λαμπρός -ά -όν
λαμπρ·αν
fem acc sg
bright
, ἀνέπεμψεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀνα·πέμπω (-, -, ανα+πεμψ-, -, -, -)
ανα·ε·πεμπ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SEND UP-ed
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
Πιλάτῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
Pilate
.
———
RP: ὁ ◆ NA/UBS: [καὶ] ὁ
RP: αὐτὸν ἐσθῆτα ◆ NA/UBS: ἐσθῆτα
Lk 23:11
Herod (Antipas) with his soldiers humiliated him and mocked him. Dressing Putting him in luxurious clothing, they sent him back to Pilate.
12Ἐγένοντο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
ε·γεν·οντο
2aor mp ind 3rd pl
they-were-BECOME-ed
become; happen; sometimes left untranslated
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
φίλοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

φίλος -η -ον; φιλέω (φιλ(ε)-, φιλη·σ-, φιλη·σ-, πεφιλη·κ-, -, -)
φιλ·οι; φιλ(ε)·οι
mas nom|voc pl; pres act opt 3rd sg
friend; he/she/it-happens-to-be-BE-ing-FOND-OF
companion; [hold at high degree of association, have affection toward; raraly of kissing]
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ο
neu nom|acc sg
who/whom/which
τε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

τέ
τε
indecl
and [postpositive coordinate]
{ Πιλάτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Pilate
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
Ἡρῴδης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

Ἡρῴδης, -ου, ὁ
ηρῳδ·ης
(mas) nom sg
Herod
Ἡρῴδης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

Ἡρῴδης, -ου, ὁ
ηρῳδ·ης
(mas) nom sg
Herod
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
Πιλᾶτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Pilate
} ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
αὐτῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῃ
fem dat sg
her/it/same
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
ἡμέρᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
day
μετ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετ’
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
ἀλλήλων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reciprocal)

ἀλλήλων (gen. pl.)
αλληλ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
one another
· προϋπῆρχον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προ·ϋπ·άρχω (προυπ+αρχ-, -, -, -, -, -)
προυπ·ε·αρχ·ον
impf act ind 1st sg or impf act ind 3rd pl
I-was-GO-ing-ABOUT-BEFORE-ALL-THIS, they-were-GO-ing-ABOUT-BEFORE-ALL-THIS
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ἔχθρᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

ἔχθρα, -ας, ἡ; ἐχθρός -ά -όν
εχθρ·ᾳ; εχθρ·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg; fem dat sg
enmity; hostile
From "ἐχθρός" (hostile), hence hostility/enmity, by extension, enemy.;
ὄντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while being
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
{ ἑαυτούς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

ἑ·αυτοῦ/αὑτοῦ[2] -ῆς -οῦ
εαυτ·ους
mas acc pl
selves
him/her/it/our/your/them-selves
αὐτούς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ους
mas acc pl
them/same
} .
———
RP: Πιλάτος καὶ ὁ Ἡρῴδης ◆ NA/UBS: Ἡρῴδης καὶ ὁ Πιλᾶτος
RP: ἑαυτούς ◆ NA/UBS: αὐτούς
Lk 23:12
Herod and Pilate became friends with each other that very day,[a] for before that they were enemies with each other.
———
a Perhaps became friends is a figurative expression, i.e., they became complicit in the eyes of the Jesus' followers, to whom they may as well have been one and the same whatever their actual differences, or a political euphemism for they both became equally hated by Jesus' followers from that day?
13Πιλάτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Pilate
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
συγκαλεσάμενος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συγ·καλέω (συν+καλ(ε)-, συν+καλε·σ-, συν+καλε·σ-, -, -, -)
συν·καλε·σαμεν·ος
1aor mp ptcp mas nom sg
upon being-CALL TOGETHER-ed
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
ἀρχιερεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀρχ·ιερεύς, -έως, ὁ
αρχιερ(ευ)·ες, αρχιερ(ευ)·ας
(mas) nom|voc pl, (mas) acc pl
archpriests
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
ἄρχοντας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.); Verb

ἄρχων[τ], -ο[υ]ντος, ὁ, dat. pl. ἄρχουσιν, voc. pl. ἄρχοντες; ἄρχω (αρχ-, αρξ-, αρξ-, -, ηρχ-, -)
αρχο[υ]ντ·ας; αρχ·ο[υ]ντ·ας
(mas) acc pl; pres act ptcp mas acc pl
rulers; while BEGIN/RULE-ing
; Lit:"head/chief", hence rule or begin (depending upon context).
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
λαόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λαός, -οῦ, ὁ
λα·ον
(mas) acc sg
people
,
Lk 23:13
¶Pilate called together the chief priests and the rulers and the people,
14εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY/TELL-ed
speak, tell, recount
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
αὐτούς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ους
mas acc pl
them/same
, Προσηνέγκατέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·φέρω (προσ+φερ-, προσ+οι·σ-, προσ+ενεγκ·[σ]- or 2nd προσ+ενεγκ-, προσ+ενηνοχ·[κ]-, -, προσ+ενεχ·θ-)
προσ·ε·ενεγκ·[σ]ατε
1aor act ind 2nd pl
you(pl)-PRESENT/OFFER-ed
Lit:"carry/bear/bring-toward", hence present/bring/offer
μοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μοι
dat sg
me
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
ἄνθρωπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ον
(mas) acc sg
human
τοῦτον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ον
mas acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
, ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
ἀποστρέφοντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·στρέφω (απο+στρεφ-, απο+στρεψ-, απο+στρεψ-, απ+εστροφ·[κ]-, απ+εστραφ-, απο+στραφ·[θ]-)
απο·στρεφ·ο[υ]ντ·α
pres act ptcp mas acc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
while TURN-AWAY-ing
Lit:"turn-from", hence turn-from/back/away. turn-away/back-from, return
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
λαόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λαός, -οῦ, ὁ
λα·ον
(mas) acc sg
people
· καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἰδού [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ου
2aor mp imp 2nd sg
be-you(sg)-SEE/BEHOLD-ed!
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
, ἐγὼ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
εγω
nom sg
I
ἐνώπιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition; Adjective (2-2-2)

ἐν·ώπιον; ἐν·ώπιος -ον [LXX]
ενωπιον; ενωπι·ον
indecl; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
in-the-presence-of (+gen); in the sight of/ in front of
Lit:"in-sight-of"; face to face
ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you(pl)
ἀνακρίνας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀνα·κρίνω (ανα+κριν-, -, ανα+κριν·[σ]-, -, -, ανα+κρι·θ-)
ανα·κριν·[σ]α[ντ]·ς
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon CROSS-EXAMINE-ing
{ οὐδὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

οὐδ·είς οὐδε·μία οὐδ·έν and οὐθ·είς (οὐθε·μία) οὐθ·έν
ουδε[ι]ν
neu nom|acc sg
none
[not one, no one]
οὐθὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

οὐδ·είς οὐδε·μία οὐδ·έν and οὐθ·είς (οὐθε·μία) οὐθ·έν
ουθε[ι]ν
neu nom|acc sg
none
[not one, no one]
} εὗρον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εὑρίσκω (ευρισκ-, ευρη·σ-, ευρ·[σ]- or 2nd ευρ-, ευρη·κ-, ευρη-, ευρε·θ-)
ευρ·[σ]ον, ε·ευρ·ον, ευρ·ο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, 2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl, 2aor act ptcp mas voc sg or 2aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
do-FIND-you(sg)!, I-FIND-ed, they-FIND-ed, upon FIND-ing
/learn/discover (after searching)
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
ἀνθρώπῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
human
τούτῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
αἴτιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

αἴτιος -ία -ον
αιτι·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
cause
[resposible (for), basis of crime]
ὧν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
who/whom/which
κατηγορεῖτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατ·ηγορέω (κατ+ηγορ(ε)-, κατ+ηγορη·σ-, κατ+ηγορη·σ-, -, κατ+ηγορη-, -)
κατ·ηγορ(ε)·ετε, κατ·ε·ηγορ(ε)·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl, impf act ind 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-ACCUSE-ing, be-you(pl)-ACCUSE-ing!, you(pl)-were-ACCUSE-ing
(reproach)
κατ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατ’
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
·
———
RP: οὐδὲν ◆ NA/UBS: οὐθὲν
Lk 23:14
and said to them, “You brought this man to me as one that perverts the people, and see, I have examined him before you, and found no basis for a charge against this man concerning those things of which you accuse him.
15ἀλλ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλ’
indecl
but
οὐδὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐδέ (οὐ δέ)
ουδε
indecl
neither/nor
Lit:"not-moreover" or "not-but", hence neither/nor.
οὐδ’ sometimes before vowels.
Ἡρῴδης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

Ἡρῴδης, -ου, ὁ
ηρῳδ·ης
(mas) nom sg
Herod
· { ἀνέπεμψα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀνα·πέμπω (-, -, ανα+πεμψ-, -, -, -)
ανα·ε·πεμπ·σα
1aor act ind 1st sg
I-SEND UP-ed
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
ὑμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμας
acc pl
you(pl)
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
ἀνέπεμψεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀνα·πέμπω (-, -, ανα+πεμψ-, -, -, -)
ανα·ε·πεμπ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SEND UP-ed
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
ἡμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημας
acc pl
us
} , καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἰδού [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ου
2aor mp imp 2nd sg
be-you(sg)-SEE/BEHOLD-ed!
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
, οὐδὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

οὐδ·είς οὐδε·μία οὐδ·έν and οὐθ·είς (οὐθε·μία) οὐθ·έν
ουδε[ι]ν
neu nom|acc sg
none
[not one, no one]
ἄξιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἄξιος -ία -ον
αξι·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
worthy
From "ἄγω" (bring/lead/carry somet5hing valuable), hence worthy/worthwhile/valuable
θανάτου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Verb

θάνατος, -ου, ὁ; θανατόω (θανατ(ο)-, θανατω·σ-, θανατω·σ-, -, τεθανατω-, θανατω·θ-)
θανατ·ου; θανατ(ο)·ε, θανατ(ο)·ου
(mas) gen sg; pres act imp 2nd sg, pres mp imp 2nd sg
death; be-you(sg)-PUT-TO-DEATH-ing!, be-you(sg)-being-PUT-TO-DEATH-ed!
; from "θάνατος"(death) and "θνῄσκω"(I-am-dying).
ἐστὶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
πεπραγμένον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πράσσω/πράττω (πρασσ-/πραττ-, πραξ-, πραξ-, πεπραχ·[κ]-, πεπρασσ-, πραχ·θ-)
πεπρασσ·μεν·ον
perf mp ptcp mas acc sg or perf mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
having-been-DO-ed
[practice, perform, accomplish]
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
.
———
RP: ἀνέπεμψα γὰρ ὑμᾶς πρὸς αὐτόν ◆ NA/UBS: ἀνέπεμψεν γὰρ αὐτὸν πρὸς ἡμᾶς
Lk 23:15
Neither has Herod, for I sent you to him, and see, nothing worthy of death has been done by him.
16Παιδεύσας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παιδεύω (παιδευ-, παιδευ·σ-, παιδευ·σ-, -, πεπαιδευ-, παιδευ·θ-)
παιδευ·σα[ντ]·ς
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon CHASTEN/CORRECT/TRAIN-ing
[discipline/teach/educate]
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
ἀπολύσω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·λύω (απο+λυ-, απο+λυ·σ-, απο+λυ·σ-, απο+λελυ·κ-, απο+λελυ-, απο+λυ·θ-)
απο·λυ·σω
fut act ind 1st sg or 1aor act sub 1st sg
I-will-RELEASE, I-should-RELEASE
Lit:"loose-from", hence release, let-go, divorce, free, pardon. Also a euphemism for die.
.
Lk 23:16
I will therefore chastise him and release him.”
17{ Ἀνάγκην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀνάγκη, -ης, ἡ
αναγκ·ην
(fem) acc sg
necessity
,compelling-need,compulsion
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
εἶχεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
ε·εχ·ε(ν)
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-HAVE-ing
/hold.
ἀπολύειν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·λύω (απο+λυ-, απο+λυ·σ-, απο+λυ·σ-, απο+λελυ·κ-, απο+λελυ-, απο+λυ·θ-)
απο·λυ·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-RELEASE-ing
Lit:"loose-from", hence release, let-go, divorce, free, pardon. Also a euphemism for die.
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
ἑορτὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἑορτή, -ῆς, ἡ
εορτ·ην
(fem) acc sg
festival
ἕνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ε[ι]ν·α
mas acc sg
one
. ◆ - }
———
NA/UBS: —
Lk 23:17
¶Now he had to release one prisoner to them at the feast.
18{ Ἀνέκραξαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀνα·κράζω (-, -, ανα+κραξ- or 2nd ανα+κραγ-, -, ανα+κεκραγ-, -)
ανα·ε·κραγ·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-SHOUT/HOLLER-ed
[cry out]
Ἀνέκραγον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀνα·κράζω (-, -, ανα+κραξ- or 2nd ανα+κραγ-, -, ανα+κεκραγ-, -)
ανα·ε·κραγ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
I-SHOUT/HOLLER-ed, they-SHOUT/HOLLER-ed
[cry out]
} δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
παμπληθεί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

παμ·πληθεί
παμπληθει
indecl
all at once
, λέγοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while SAY/TELL-ing
speak, tell, recount
, Αἶρε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

αἴρω (αιρ-, αρ(ε)·[σ]-, αρ·[σ]-, ηρ·κ-, ηρ-, αρ·θ-)
αιρ·ε
pres act imp 2nd sg
be-you(sg)-LIFT/PICK-UP-ing!
, take-up, tote, raise, bear, carry
τοῦτον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ον
mas acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
, ἀπόλυσον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·λύω (απο+λυ-, απο+λυ·σ-, απο+λυ·σ-, απο+λελυ·κ-, απο+λελυ-, απο+λυ·θ-)
απο·λυ·σον, απο·λυ·σο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, fut act ptcp mas voc sg or fut act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
do-RELEASE-you(sg)!, going-to-RELEASE
Lit:"loose-from", hence release, let-go, divorce, free, pardon. Also a euphemism for die.
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἡμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημιν
dat pl
us
{ Βαραββᾶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

Βαρ·αββᾶς, -ᾶ, ὁ
βαραββ·αν
(mas) acc sg
Barabbas
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
Βαραββᾶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

Βαρ·αββᾶς, -ᾶ, ὁ
βαραββ·αν
(mas) acc sg
Barabbas
} ·
———
RP: Ἀνέκραξαν ◆ NA/UBS: Ἀνέκραγον
RP: Βαραββᾶν ◆ NA/UBS: τὸν Βαραββᾶν
Lk 23:18
But they all cried out together, saying, “Away with this man! Release to us Barabbas!”—
19ὅστις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅσ·τις ἥ·τις ὄ τι
οσ·τι[ν]·ς
mas nom sg
one/such-who/which/that
, Lit: a-particular/some-who/which/that; "ἕως ὅτου": until-when
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
στάσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.); Verb

στάσις, -εως, ἡ; ἵστημι (ath. ιστ(α)-/ath. ιστ(η)-, στη·σ-, στη·σ- or 2nd ath. στ(η)-/ath. στ(α)-, εστη·κ-/εστα·κ-/εστ(α)·[κ]-, εστη-/εστα-, στα·θ-)
στασ(ι)·ν; στ(α)·[ντ]·σι(ν)
(fem) acc sg; 2aor act ptcp mas dat pl or 2aor act ptcp neu dat pl
uprising; upon STAND-ing
Standing or position; perhaps from this, a party or band (formed around a position)-- especially one formed for seditious purposes; thus, the meaning "strife/discord/dispute", as well as "uprising/riot/rebellion".; /cause-to-stand
τινὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

τὶ[ν]ς[2] τὶ[ν], gen. τινός, dat. τινί, acc. τινά τὶ
τιν·α
neu nom|acc pl or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
someone, someone
indefinite pronoun; someone, something, anyone, anything. Specific/non-specific is determined from text-markings and/or context).
γενομένην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
γεν·ομεν·ην
2aor mp ptcp fem acc sg
upon being-BECOME-ed
become; happen; sometimes left untranslated
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
πόλει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

πόλις, -εως, ἡ
πολ(ι)·ι
(fem) dat sg
city
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
φόνον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

φόνος, -ου, ὁ
φον·ον
(mas) acc sg
murder
{ βεβλημένος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βάλλω (βαλλ-, βαλ(ε)·[σ]-, βαλ·[σ]- or 2nd βαλ-, βεβλη·κ-, βεβλη-, βλη·θ-)
βεβλη·μεν·ος
perf mp ptcp mas nom sg
having-been-THROW-ed
/cast
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
φυλακήν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

φυλακή, -ῆς, ἡ
φυλακ·ην
(fem) acc sg
prison/guard
βληθεὶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βάλλω (βαλλ-, βαλ(ε)·[σ]-, βαλ·[σ]- or 2nd βαλ-, βεβλη·κ-, βεβλη-, βλη·θ-)
βλη·θει[ντ]·ς
aor θη ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon being-THROW-ed
/cast
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
φυλακῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

φυλακή, -ῆς, ἡ
φυλακ·ῃ
(fem) dat sg
prison/guard
} .
———
RP: βεβλημένος εἰς φυλακήν ◆ NA/UBS: βληθεὶς ἐν τῇ φυλακῇ
Lk 23:19
one who was thrown into prison for a certain revolt in the city, and for murder.
20Πάλιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πάλιν
παλιν
indecl
again
afresh, again, anon, once more, back, backwards, restore
{ οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
} [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
Πιλάτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Pilate
{ προσεφώνησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·φωνέω (προσ+φων(ε)-, -, προσ+φωνη·σ-, -, -, προσ+φωνη·θ-)
προσ·ε·φωνη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-ADDRESS-ed
προσεφώνησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·φωνέω (προσ+φων(ε)-, -, προσ+φωνη·σ-, -, -, προσ+φωνη·θ-)
προσ·ε·φωνη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-ADDRESS-ed
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
} , θέλων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θέλω (θελ-, θελη·σ-, θελη·σ-, τεθελη·κ-, -, -)
θελ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while CONFESS-ing
/wish/desire
ἀπολῦσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·λύω (απο+λυ-, απο+λυ·σ-, απο+λυ·σ-, απο+λελυ·κ-, απο+λελυ-, απο+λυ·θ-)
απο·λυ·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-RELEASE, be-you(sg)-RELEASE-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-RELEASE
Lit:"loose-from", hence release, let-go, divorce, free, pardon. Also a euphemism for die.
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
Ἰησοῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ον
(mas) acc sg
Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
.
———
RP: οὖν ◆ NA/UBS: δὲ
RP: προσεφώνησεν ◆ NA/UBS: προσεφώνησεν αὐτοῖς
Lk 23:20
¶Then Pilate spoke to addressed them again, wanting to release Jesus,
21Οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἐπεφώνουν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·φωνέω (επι+φων(ε)-, -, επι+φωνη·σ-, -, -, -)
επι·ε·φων(ε)·ον
impf act ind 1st sg or impf act ind 3rd pl
I-was-SHOUT-ing, they-were-SHOUT-ing
, λέγοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while SAY/TELL-ing
speak, tell, recount
, { Σταύρωσον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σταυρόω (σταυρ(ο)-, σταυρω·σ-, σταυρω·σ-, -, εσταυρω-, σταυρω·θ-)
σταυρω·σον, σταυρω·σο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, fut act ptcp mas voc sg or fut act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
do-CRUCIFY-you(sg)!, going-to-CRUCIFY
, σταύρωσον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σταυρόω (σταυρ(ο)-, σταυρω·σ-, σταυρω·σ-, -, εσταυρω-, σταυρω·θ-)
σταυρω·σον, σταυρω·σο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, fut act ptcp mas voc sg or fut act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
do-CRUCIFY-you(sg)!, going-to-CRUCIFY
Σταύρου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Verb

σταυρός, -οῦ, ὁ; σταυρόω (σταυρ(ο)-, σταυρω·σ-, σταυρω·σ-, -, εσταυρω-, σταυρω·θ-)
σταυρ·ου; σταυρ(ο)·ε, σταυρ(ο)·ου
(mas) gen sg; pres act imp 2nd sg, pres mp imp 2nd sg
cross; be-you(sg)-CRUCIFY-ing!, be-you(sg)-being-CRUCIFY-ed!
;
σταύρου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Verb

σταυρός, -οῦ, ὁ; σταυρόω (σταυρ(ο)-, σταυρω·σ-, σταυρω·σ-, -, εσταυρω-, σταυρω·θ-)
σταυρ·ου; σταυρ(ο)·ε, σταυρ(ο)·ου
(mas) gen sg; pres act imp 2nd sg, pres mp imp 2nd sg
cross; be-you(sg)-CRUCIFY-ing!, be-you(sg)-being-CRUCIFY-ed!
;
} αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
.
———
RP: Σταύρωσον, σταύρωσον ◆ NA/UBS: Σταύρου σταύρου
Lk 23:21
but they shouted, saying, “Crucify! Crucify him!”
22 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
τρίτον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

τρίτος -η -ον
τριτ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
third
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY/TELL-ed
speak, tell, recount
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
αὐτούς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ους
mas acc pl
them/same
, Τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
κακὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

κακός -ή -όν (cf. φαῦλος)
κακ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
wicked
/evil
ἐποίησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ε·ποιη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-DO/MAKE-ed
οὗτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
[τ]ουτ·ος
mas nom sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
; Οὐδὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

οὐδ·είς οὐδε·μία οὐδ·έν and οὐθ·είς (οὐθε·μία) οὐθ·έν
ουδε[ι]ν
neu nom|acc sg
none
[not one, no one]
αἴτιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

αἴτιος -ία -ον
αιτι·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
cause
[resposible (for), basis of crime]
θανάτου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Verb

θάνατος, -ου, ὁ; θανατόω (θανατ(ο)-, θανατω·σ-, θανατω·σ-, -, τεθανατω-, θανατω·θ-)
θανατ·ου; θανατ(ο)·ε, θανατ(ο)·ου
(mas) gen sg; pres act imp 2nd sg, pres mp imp 2nd sg
death; be-you(sg)-PUT-TO-DEATH-ing!, be-you(sg)-being-PUT-TO-DEATH-ed!
; from "θάνατος"(death) and "θνῄσκω"(I-am-dying).
εὗρον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εὑρίσκω (ευρισκ-, ευρη·σ-, ευρ·[σ]- or 2nd ευρ-, ευρη·κ-, ευρη-, ευρε·θ-)
ευρ·[σ]ον, ε·ευρ·ον, ευρ·ο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, 2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl, 2aor act ptcp mas voc sg or 2aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
do-FIND-you(sg)!, I-FIND-ed, they-FIND-ed, upon FIND-ing
/learn/discover (after searching)
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
· παιδεύσας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παιδεύω (παιδευ-, παιδευ·σ-, παιδευ·σ-, -, πεπαιδευ-, παιδευ·θ-)
παιδευ·σα[ντ]·ς
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon CHASTEN/CORRECT/TRAIN-ing
[discipline/teach/educate]
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
ἀπολύσω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·λύω (απο+λυ-, απο+λυ·σ-, απο+λυ·σ-, απο+λελυ·κ-, απο+λελυ-, απο+λυ·θ-)
απο·λυ·σω
fut act ind 1st sg or 1aor act sub 1st sg
I-will-RELEASE, I-should-RELEASE
Lit:"loose-from", hence release, let-go, divorce, free, pardon. Also a euphemism for die.
.
Lk 23:22
¶He said to them the third time, “Why? What evil has this man done? I have found no capital crime in him. I will therefore chastise him and release him.”
23Οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἐπέκειντο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπί·κει·μαι (ath. επι+κει-, -, -, -, -, -)
επι·ε·κει·ντο
impf mp ind 3rd pl
they-were-being-PRESS-ed-UPON
[as met. press for urgency]
φωναῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

φωνή, -ῆς, ἡ
φων·αις
(fem) dat pl
sounds/voices
cries
μεγάλαις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2, irreg.)

μέγ[αλ]ας μεγάλη μέγ[αλ]α
μεγαλ·αις
fem dat pl
great
, αἰτούμενοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

αἰτέω (αιτ(ε)-, αιτη·σ-, αιτη·σ-, ῃτη·κ-, ῃτη-, αιτη·θ-)
αιτ(ε)·ομεν·οι
pres mp ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while being-ASK-ed
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
σταυρωθῆναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σταυρόω (σταυρ(ο)-, σταυρω·σ-, σταυρω·σ-, -, εσταυρω-, σταυρω·θ-)
σταυρω·θηναι
aor θη inf
to-be-CRUCIFY-ed
· καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
κατίσχυον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατ·ισχύω (κατ+ισχυ-, κατ+ισχυ·σ-, κατ+ισχυ·σ-, -, -, -)
κατ·ε·ισχυ·ον, κατ·ισχυ·ο[υ]ν[τ]
impf act ind 1st sg or impf act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
I-was-DOWN-STRENGTHEN-ing, they-were-DOWN-STRENGTHEN-ing, while DOWN-STRENGTHEN-ing
Lit:"down/against-strength/power", hence, depending upon context reinforce/strengthen (Lk 23:23, Dan 12:3), or withstand/overcome/prevail-over/against(Mt 16:18) .
αἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·αι
fem nom pl
the
φωναὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

φωνή, -ῆς, ἡ
φων·αι
(fem) nom|voc pl
sounds/voices
cries
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
{ καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
ἀρχιερέων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀρχ·ιερεύς, -έως, ὁ
αρχιερ(ευ)·ων
(mas) gen pl
archpriests
◆ - } .
———
RP: καὶ τῶν ἀρχιερέων ◆ NA/UBS: —
Lk 23:23
But they were urgent with loud voices, asking that he might be crucified. Their voices and the voices of the chief priests prevailed.
24{ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
} Πιλάτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Pilate
ἐπέκρινεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·κρίνω (-, -, επι+κριν·[σ]-, -, -, επι+κρι·θ-)
επι·ε·κριν·[σ]ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-???-ed
γενέσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
γεν·εσθαι
2aor mp inf
to-be-BECOME-ed
become; happen; sometimes left untranslated
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
αἴτημα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

αἴτημα[τ], -ατος, τό
αιτημα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
request
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
.
———
RP: Ὁ δὲ ◆ NA/UBS: Καὶ
Lk 23:24
Pilate decreed that what they asked for should be done.
25Ἀπέλυσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·λύω (απο+λυ-, απο+λυ·σ-, απο+λυ·σ-, απο+λελυ·κ-, απο+λελυ-, απο+λυ·θ-)
απο·ε·λυ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-RELEASE-ed
Lit:"loose-from", hence release, let-go, divorce, free, pardon. Also a euphemism for die.
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
στάσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.); Verb

στάσις, -εως, ἡ; ἵστημι (ath. ιστ(α)-/ath. ιστ(η)-, στη·σ-, στη·σ- or 2nd ath. στ(η)-/ath. στ(α)-, εστη·κ-/εστα·κ-/εστ(α)·[κ]-, εστη-/εστα-, στα·θ-)
στασ(ι)·ν; στ(α)·[ντ]·σι(ν)
(fem) acc sg; 2aor act ptcp mas dat pl or 2aor act ptcp neu dat pl
uprising; upon STAND-ing
Standing or position; perhaps from this, a party or band (formed around a position)-- especially one formed for seditious purposes; thus, the meaning "strife/discord/dispute", as well as "uprising/riot/rebellion".; /cause-to-stand
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
φόνον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

φόνος, -ου, ὁ
φον·ον
(mas) acc sg
murder
βεβλημένον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βάλλω (βαλλ-, βαλ(ε)·[σ]-, βαλ·[σ]- or 2nd βαλ-, βεβλη·κ-, βεβλη-, βλη·θ-)
βεβλη·μεν·ον
perf mp ptcp mas acc sg or perf mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
having-been-THROW-ed
/cast
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
{ τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
◆ - } φυλακήν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

φυλακή, -ῆς, ἡ
φυλακ·ην
(fem) acc sg
prison/guard
, ὃν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative); Verb

ὅς ἥ ὅ; εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ον; (εσ)·ο[υ]ν[τ]
mas acc sg; pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
who/whom/which; while being
;
ᾐτοῦντο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

αἰτέω (αιτ(ε)-, αιτη·σ-, αιτη·σ-, ῃτη·κ-, ῃτη-, αιτη·θ-)
ε·αιτ(ε)·οντο
impf mp ind 3rd pl
they-were-being-ASK-ed
· τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
Ἰησοῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ον
(mas) acc sg
Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
παρέδωκεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·δίδωμι (ath. παρα+διδ(ο)-/ath. παρα+διδ(ω)-, παρα+δω·σ-, παρα+δω·κ- or 2nd ath. παρα+δ(ο)-/ath. παρα+δ(ω)-, παρα+δεδω·κ-, παρα+δεδο-, παρα+δο·θ-)
παρα·ε·δω·κε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-DELIVER-OVER-ed
Lit:"give-close-beside", hence deliver/surrender/hand-over, betray, commit, give-in/over/up, turn-in, consign, grant, bestow, teach-doctrine
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
θελήματι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

θέλημα[τ], -ατος, τό
θεληματ·ι
(neu) dat sg
desire
/want/wish. Often rendered "will", but not consistent with cognate "θέλω" (wish/desire), and distinct from "βουλή" (will/counsel/intent). Sometimes softened to "preferred-will", hence resistible (without impugning G
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
.
———
RP: τὴν ◆ NA/UBS: —
Lk 23:25
He released him who had been thrown into prison for insurrection and murder, for whom they asked, but he delivered Jesus up to their will.
26Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
ἀπήγαγον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·άγω (απ+αγ-, απ+αξ-, 2nd απ+αγαγ-, -, απ+ηγ-, απ+αχ·θ-)
απ·ε·αγαγ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
I-LEAD-ed-AWAY, they-LEAD-ed-AWAY
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
, ἐπιλαβόμενοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·λαμβάνομαι (επι+λαμβαν-, επι+λημψ-, 2nd επι+λαβ-, -, επι+ειληβ-, επι+λημφ·θ-)
επι·λαβ·ομεν·οι
2aor mp ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon being-TAKE-ed-HOLD-OF
{ Σίμωνός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

Σίμων, -ωνος, ὁ, voc. sg. Σίμων
σιμων·ος
(mas) gen sg
Simon
τινος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

τὶ[ν]ς[2] τὶ[ν], gen. τινός, dat. τινί, acc. τινά τὶ
τιν·ος
neu gen sg or mas gen sg or fem gen sg
someone
indefinite pronoun; someone, something, anyone, anything. Specific/non-specific is determined from text-markings and/or context).
Κυρηναίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Κυρηναῖος, -ου, ὁ
κυρηναι·ου
(mas) gen sg
Cyrenian
ἐρχομένου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ερχ·ομεν·ου
pres mp ptcp mas gen sg or pres mp ptcp neu gen sg
while being-COME-ed
Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
Σίμωνά [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

Σίμων, -ωνος, ὁ, voc. sg. Σίμων
σιμων·α
(mas) acc sg
Simon
τινα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

τὶ[ν]ς[2] τὶ[ν], gen. τινός, dat. τινί, acc. τινά τὶ
τιν·α
neu nom|acc pl or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
someone, someone
indefinite pronoun; someone, something, anyone, anything. Specific/non-specific is determined from text-markings and/or context).
Κυρηναῖον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Κυρηναῖος, -ου, ὁ
κυρηναι·ον
(mas) acc sg
Cyrenian
ἐρχόμενον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ερχ·ομεν·ον
pres mp ptcp mas acc sg or pres mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
while being-COME-ed
Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
} ἀπ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απ’
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
ἀγροῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀγρός, -οῦ, ὁ
αγρ·ου
(mas) gen sg
field
ἔχομεν
, ἐπέθηκαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·τίθημι (ath. επι+τιθ(ε)-, επι+θη·σ-, επι+θη·κ- or 2nd ath. επι+θ(ε)-, -, -, επι+τε·θ-)
επι·ε·θη·καν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-PLACE-UPON-ed
Lit:"place/lay/set-upon/over", hence place--on, add
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
σταυρόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

σταυρός, -οῦ, ὁ
σταυρ·ον
(mas) acc sg
cross
, φέρειν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φέρω (φερ-, οι·σ-, ενεγκ·[σ]- or 2nd ενεγκ-, ενηνοχ·[κ]-, -, ενεχ·θ-)
φερ·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-BRING-ing
, tote/bear/carry(a load), fetch, carry-off, offer, bring-forth, give-birth
ὄπισθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὄπισ·θεν
οπισθεν
indecl
from-behind
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
Ἰησοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
irreg. ιησου (instead of ιησ(ο)·ῳ > ιησῳ), ιησ(ο)·ε, ιησ(ο)·ου, ιησου
(mas) dat sg, (mas) voc sg, (mas) gen sg, (mas) indecl
Jesus, Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
.
———
RP: Σίμωνός τινος Κυρηναίου ἐρχομένου ◆ NA/UBS: Σίμωνά τινα Κυρηναῖον ἐρχόμενον
Lk 23:26
¶When they led him away, they grabbed one Simon of Cyrene, coming from the country, and laid on him the cross, to carry it after Jesus.
27Ἠκολούθει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀκολουθέω (ακολουθ(ε)-, ακολουθη·σ-, ακολουθη·σ-, ηκολουθη·κ-, -, -)
ε·ακολουθ(ε)·ε
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-FOLLOW-ing
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
πολὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral, irreg.)

πολ[λ]ύς πολλή πολ[λ]ύ
irreg. πολ(υ) ( instead of πολλ·ο)
neu nom|acc sg
much
πλῆθος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πλῆθο·ς, -ους, τό
πληθ(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
multitude
a large number, the main body
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
λαοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λαός, -οῦ, ὁ
λα·ου
(mas) gen sg
people
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
γυναικῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

γυνή, -αικος, ἡ, voc. sg. γύναι
γυναικ·ων
(fem) gen pl
women/wives
αἳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
αι
fem nom pl
who/whom/which
{ καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐκόπτοντο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κόπτω (κοπτ-, κοψ-, κοψ-, -, κεκοπτ-, κοπ·[θ]-)
ε·κοπτ·οντο
impf mp ind 3rd pl
they-were-being-THRASH/STRIKE-ed
[beat one's breast/head (in grief]
ἐκόπτοντο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κόπτω (κοπτ-, κοψ-, κοψ-, -, κεκοπτ-, κοπ·[θ]-)
ε·κοπτ·οντο
impf mp ind 3rd pl
they-were-being-THRASH/STRIKE-ed
[beat one's breast/head (in grief]
} καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐθρήνουν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θρηνέω (θρην(ε)-, θρηνη·σ-, θρηνη·σ-, -, -, θρηνη·θ-)
ε·θρην(ε)·ον
impf act ind 1st sg or impf act ind 3rd pl
I-was-LAMENT-ing, they-were-LAMENT-ing
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
.
———
RP: καὶ ἐκόπτοντο ◆ NA/UBS: ἐκόπτοντο
Lk 23:27
A great multitude of the people followed him, including and women who also mourned were beating their breasts and lamented lamenting for him.
28Στραφεὶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

στρέφω (στρεφ-, στρεψ-, στρεψ-, -, -, στραφ·[θ]-)
στραφ·[θ]ει[ντ]·ς
aor θη ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon being-TURN-ed
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
αὐτὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ας
fem acc pl
them/same
{ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
◆ [ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
] } Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY/TELL-ed
speak, tell, recount
, Θυγατέρες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

θυγάτηρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ἡ, voc. sg. θύγατερ and θυγάτηρ
θυγατερ·ες
(fem) nom|voc pl
daughters
{ Ἱερουσαλήμ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl. and Fem. 1st Decl. and Fem. Indecl.)

Ἱεροσόλυμα, -ων, τά and -ας, ἡ and Ἰερουσαλήμ v.l. Ἱ-, ἡ indecl.
ιερουσαλημ
(fem) indecl
Jerusalem
[city of]
Ἰερουσαλήμ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl. and Fem. 1st Decl. and Fem. Indecl.)

Ἱεροσόλυμα, -ων, τά and -ας, ἡ and Ἰερουσαλήμ v.l. Ἱ-, ἡ indecl.
ιερουσαλημ
(fem) indecl
Jerusalem
[city of]
} , μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
κλαίετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κλαίω (κλαι-, κλαυ·σ-, κλαυ·σ-, -, -, κλαυσ·θ-)
κλαι·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-WEEP-ing, be-you(pl)-WEEP-ing!
(aloud).
ἐπ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επ’
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
ἐμέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person); Determiner (Possessive)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς; ἐμός -ή -όν
εμε; εμ·ε
acc sg; mas voc sg
me; my/mine
;
, πλὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πλήν
πλην
indecl
except/only
[as a conj: yet/nevertheless/however.]
ἐφ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
εφ’
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
ἑαυτὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

ἑ·αυτοῦ/αὑτοῦ[2] -ῆς -οῦ
εαυτ·ας
fem acc pl
selves
him/her/it/our/your/them-selves
κλαίετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κλαίω (κλαι-, κλαυ·σ-, κλαυ·σ-, -, -, κλαυσ·θ-)
κλαι·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-WEEP-ing, be-you(pl)-WEEP-ing!
(aloud).
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
τέκνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

τέκνον, -ου, τό, voc. sg. τέκνον, voc. pl. τέκνα
τεκν·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
children
ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you(pl)
.
———
RP: ὁ ◆ NA/UBS: [ὁ]
RP: Ἱερουσαλήμ ◆ NA/UBS: Ἰερουσαλήμ
Lk 23:28
But Jesus, turning to them, said, “Daughters of Jerusalem, don’t weep for me, but weep for yourselves and for your children.
29Ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
ἰδού [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ου
2aor mp imp 2nd sg
be-you(sg)-SEE/BEHOLD-ed!
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
, ἔρχονται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ερχ·ονται
pres mp ind 3rd pl
they-are-being-COME-ed
Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
ἡμέραι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·αι
(fem) nom|voc pl
days
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
αἷς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
αις
fem dat pl
who/whom/which
ἐροῦσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ερ(ε)·[σ]ουσι(ν), ερ(ε)·[σ]ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
fut act ind 3rd pl, fut act ptcp mas dat pl or fut act ptcp neu dat pl
they-will-SAY/TELL, going-to-SAY/TELL
speak, tell, recount
, Μακάριαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

μακάριος -ία -ον
μακαρι·αι
fem nom|voc pl
fortunate
blessed
αἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·αι
fem nom pl
the
στεῖραι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

στεῖρα, -ας, ἡ, voc. sg. στεῖρα
στειρ·αι
(fem) nom|voc pl
barren one s
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
{ κοιλίαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

κοιλία, -ας, ἡ
κοιλι·αι
(fem) nom|voc pl
bellies
αἳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
αι
fem nom pl
who/whom/which
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
αἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·αι
fem nom pl
the
κοιλίαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

κοιλία, -ας, ἡ
κοιλι·αι
(fem) nom|voc pl
bellies
αἳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
αι
fem nom pl
who/whom/which
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
} ἐγέννησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γεννάω (γενν(α)-, γεννη·σ-, γεννη·σ-, γεγεννη·κ-, γεγεννη-, γεννη·θ-)
ε·γεννη·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-BEGET/BIRTH-ed
Lit:"generate", hence beget/bring-forth/give-birth-to (Gen. 6:4): cause genesis of
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
μαστοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

μαστός, -οῦ, ὁ
μαστ·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
breasts
οἳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
οι
mas nom pl
who/whom/which
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
{ ἐθήλασαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θηλάζω (θηλαζ-, θηλα·σ-, θηλα·σ-, -, -, -)
ε·θηλα·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-SUCKLE-ed
nurse, suck
ἔθρεψαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τρέφω (τρεφ-, θρεψ-, θρεψ-, -, τεθραφ-, τραφ·[θ]-)
ε·θρεφ·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-FEED-ed
} .
———
RP: κοιλίαι αἳ οὐκ ◆ NA/UBS: αἱ κοιλίαι αἳ οὐκ
RP: ἐθήλασαν ◆ NA/UBS: ἔθρεψαν
Lk 23:29
For behold, the days are coming in which they will say, ‘Blessed are the barren, the wombs that never bore, and the breasts that never nursed.’
30Τότε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

τότε
τοτε
indecl
then
ἄρξονται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἄρχω (αρχ-, αρξ-, αρξ-, -, ηρχ-, -)
αρχ·σονται
fut mp ind 3rd pl
they-will-be-BEGIN/RULE-ed
Lit:"head/chief", hence rule or begin (depending upon context).
λέγειν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-SAY/TELL-ing
speak, tell, recount
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
ὄρεσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ὄρο·ς, -ους, τό, gen. pl. ὀρέων (cf. βουνός)
ορ(ε)·σι(ν)
(neu) dat pl
mounts
, Πέσετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πίπτω (πιπτ-, πεσ(ε)·[σ]-, πεσ·[σ]- or 2nd πεσ-, πεπτω·κ-, -, -)
πεσ·ετε
2aor act imp 2nd pl
do-FALL-you(pl)!
Either (involuntarily)disastrously, or (voluntarily) quickly-bow-low. Fig: fail/be-unsuccessful
ἐφ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
εφ’
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
ἡμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημας
acc pl
us
· καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
βουνοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

βουνός, -οῦ, ὁ (cf. ὄρος)
βουν·οις
(mas) dat pl
hills
, Καλύψατε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καλύπτω (καλυπτ-, καλυψ-, καλυψ-, κεκαλυφ·[κ]-, κεκαλυπτ-, καλυφ·θ-)
καλυπτ·σατε
1aor act imp 2nd pl
do-COVER-you(pl)!
, conceal/cloak/veil, muffle
ἡμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημας
acc pl
us
.
Lk 23:30
Then they will begin to tell the mountains, ‘Fall on us!’ and tell the hills, ‘Cover us.’*
31Ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
ὑγρῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ὑγρός -ά -όν
υγρ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
pliant
ξύλῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ξύλον, -ου, τό
ξυλ·ῳ
(neu) dat sg
tree
, by extension, something wooden; piece of wood; wooden implement; club/gallows/stocks or, in NT, cross.
ταῦτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·α
neu nom|acc pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
ποιοῦσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποι(ε)·ουσι(ν), ποι(ε)·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
they-are-DO/MAKE-ing, while DO/MAKE-ing
, ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
ξηρῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ξηρός -ά -όν
ξηρ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
dry/withered
subst., dry land
τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
γένηται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
γεν·ηται
2aor mp sub 3rd sg
he/she/it-should-be-BECOME-ed
become; happen; sometimes left untranslated
;
Lk 23:31
For if they do these things in the green tree, what will be done in the dry?”
32Ἤγοντο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἄγω (αγ-, αξ-, 2nd αγαγ-, αγειοχ·[κ]-, ηγ-, αχ·θ-)
ε·αγ·οντο
impf mp ind 3rd pl
they-were-being-LEAD-ed
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἕτεροι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Indefinite)

ἕτερος -α -ον (cf. ἄλλος)
ετερ·οι
mas nom pl
others
, as distinguish from "ἄλλος" "other" (of a similar kind).
{ δύο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

δύο, gen. δύο, dat. δυσί(ν), acc. δύο
δυο
nom|acc|gen pl
two
κακοῦργοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

κακοῦργος -ον
κακουργ·οι
mas nom|voc pl or fem nom|voc pl
criminal
κακοῦργοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

κακοῦργος -ον
κακουργ·οι
mas nom|voc pl or fem nom|voc pl
criminal
δύο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

δύο, gen. δύο, dat. δυσί(ν), acc. δύο
δυο
nom|acc|gen pl
two
} σὺν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

σύν
συν
indecl
together with/including (+dat)
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
ἀναιρεθῆναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀν·αιρέω (αν+αιρ(ε)-, αν+ελ(ε)·[σ]-, αν+ελ·[σ]- or 2nd αν+ελ-, -, αν+ῃρη-, αν+αιρε·θ-)
αν·αιρε·θηναι
aor θη inf
to-be-PUT AWAY-ed
put away; of men being killed, put away, of anything, including people, that are not in the right place
.
———
RP: δύο κακοῦργοι ◆ NA/UBS: κακοῦργοι δύο
Lk 23:32
¶There were also others, two criminals, led with him to be put to death.
33Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ὅτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὅτε
οτε
indecl
when
{ ἀπῆλθον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·έρχομαι (απ+ερχ-, απ+ελευ·σ-, απ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd απ+ελθ-, απ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
απ·ε·ελθ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
I-DEPART-ed, they-DEPART-ed
go away, depart from
ἦλθον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ε·ελθ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
I-COME-ed, they-COME-ed
Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
} ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
τόπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

τόπος, -ου, ὁ
τοπ·ον
(mas) acc sg
place
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
καλούμενον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καλέω (καλ(ε)-, καλε·σ-, καλε·σ-, κεκλη·κ-, κεκλη-, κλη·θ-)
καλ(ε)·ομεν·ον
pres mp ptcp mas acc sg or pres mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
while being-CALL-ed
summon/invite
Κρανίον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

κρανίον, -ου, τό
κρανι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
skull
cranium, top of the head
, ἐκεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἐκεῖ
εκει
indecl
there
ἐσταύρωσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σταυρόω (σταυρ(ο)-, σταυρω·σ-, σταυρω·σ-, -, εσταυρω-, σταυρω·θ-)
ε·σταυρω·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-CRUCIFY-ed
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
κακούργους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

κακοῦργος -ον
κακουργ·ους
mas acc pl or fem acc pl
criminal
, ὃν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative); Verb

ὅς ἥ ὅ; εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ον; (εσ)·ο[υ]ν[τ]
mas acc sg; pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
who/whom/which; while being
;
μὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μέν
μεν
indecl
indeed
/certainly/surely.
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
δεξιῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

δεξιός -ά -όν
δεξι·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
right
, ὃν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative); Verb

ὅς ἥ ὅ; εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ον; (εσ)·ο[υ]ν[τ]
mas acc sg; pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
who/whom/which; while being
;
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἐξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εξ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
ἀριστερῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἀριστερός -ά -όν
αριστερ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
left
.
———
RP: ἀπῆλθον ◆ NA/UBS: ἦλθον
Lk 23:33
When they came to the place that is called The Skull, they crucified him there with the criminals, one on the right and the other on the left.
34{ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
◆ [[ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
} δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
ἔλεγεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·λεγ·ε(ν)
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-SAY/TELL-ing
speak, tell, recount
, Πάτερ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

πατήρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ὁ, voc. pl. πατέρες
πατερ
(mas) voc sg
father
, ἄφες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀφ·ίημι (ath. αφ+ι(ε)-, αφ+η·σ-, αφ+η·κ- or 2nd ath. αφ+(ε)-, -, αφ+ει-/αφ+εω-, αφ+ε·θ-)
αφ·(ε)·ς
2aor act imp 2nd sg
do-LEAVE/DISMISS/FORGIVE-you(sg)!
dismiss/forgive, let-be, divorce, send-away, allow/permit.
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
· οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
οἴδασιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

οἶδα (ath. ιδ-/ath. ειδ(ε)-/ath. ειδ-, ειδη·σ-/ει[δ]·σ-, ειδη·σ-, οιδ·[κ]-/ειδ·[κ]-, -, -)
οιδ·[κ]ασι(ν)
perf act ind 3rd pl
they-have-KNOWING-ed
/perceive/be-aware-of/be-acquainted-with/notice. Often rendered "know" (by seeing/observing), in contrast to "γινώσκω" (know by thinking/reasoning/experiencing).
τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
{ ποιοῦσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποι(ε)·ουσι(ν), ποι(ε)·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
they-are-DO/MAKE-ing, while DO/MAKE-ing
ποιοῦσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποι(ε)·ουσι(ν), ποι(ε)·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
they-are-DO/MAKE-ing, while DO/MAKE-ing
]] } . Διαμεριζόμενοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δια·μερίζω (δια+μεριζ-, δια+μερι(ε)·[σ]-/δια+μερι·σ-, δια+μερι·σ-, -, δια+μεμερισ-, δια+μερισ·θ-)
δια·μεριζ·ομεν·οι
pres mp ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while being-DIVIDE-ed
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
ἱμάτια [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ἱμάτιον, -ου, τό
ιματι·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
clothings
garment, cloak
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
, ἔβαλον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βάλλω (βαλλ-, βαλ(ε)·[σ]-, βαλ·[σ]- or 2nd βαλ-, βεβλη·κ-, βεβλη-, βλη·θ-)
ε·βαλ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
I-THROW-ed, they-THROW-ed
/cast
{ κλῆρον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

κλῆρος, -ου, ὁ
κληρ·ον
(mas) acc sg
lot
κλήρους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

κλῆρος, -ου, ὁ
κληρ·ους
(mas) acc pl
lots
} .
———
RP: Ὁ ◆ NA/UBS: [[Ὁ
RP: ποιοῦσιν ◆ NA/UBS: ποιοῦσιν]]
RP: κλῆρον ◆ NA/UBS: κλήρους
Lk 23:34
¶Jesus said, “Father, forgive them, for they don’t know what they are doing.”
¶Dividing his garments among them, they cast lots.
35Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εἱστήκει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἵστημι (ath. ιστ(α)-/ath. ιστ(η)-, στη·σ-, στη·σ- or 2nd ath. στ(η)-/ath. στ(α)-, εστη·κ-/εστα·κ-/εστ(α)·[κ]-, εστη-/εστα-, στα·θ-)
ε·εστη·κει
plup act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-had-STAND-ed
/cause-to-stand
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
λαὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λαός, -οῦ, ὁ
λα·ος
(mas) nom sg
people
θεωρῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θεωρέω (θεωρ(ε)-, θεωρη·σ-, θεωρη·σ-, -, -, θεωρη·θ-)
θεωρ(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while LOOKED AT-ing
behold, gaze, gape, contemplate, consider, judge, observe, speculate, perceive
. Ἐξεμυκτήριζον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·μυκτηρίζω (εκ+μυκτηριζ-, εκ+μυκτηρι(ε)·[σ]-, εκ+μυκτηρι·σ-, -, -, -)
εκ·ε·μυκτηριζ·ον
impf act ind 1st sg or impf act ind 3rd pl
I-was-SCOFF/DERIDE/MOCK-ing, they-were-SCOFF/DERIDE/MOCK-ing
Lit:blow-nose-out-from.
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
ἄρχοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.); Verb

ἄρχων[τ], -ο[υ]ντος, ὁ, dat. pl. ἄρχουσιν, voc. pl. ἄρχοντες; ἄρχω (αρχ-, αρξ-, αρξ-, -, ηρχ-, -)
αρχο[υ]ντ·ες; αρχ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
(mas) nom|voc pl; pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
rulers; while BEGIN/RULE-ing
; Lit:"head/chief", hence rule or begin (depending upon context).
{ σὺν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

σύν
συν
indecl
together with/including (+dat)
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
◆ - } , λέγοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while SAY/TELL-ing
speak, tell, recount
, Ἄλλους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Indefinite)

ἄλλος -η -ο (cf. ἕτερος)
αλλ·ους
mas acc pl
others
, as distinguished from "ἕτερος" "other" (of a different/distinct kind)
ἔσωσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σῴζω (σῳζ-, σω·σ-, σω·σ-, σεσω·κ-, σεσω-/σεσωσ-/σεσῳσ-, σω·θ-)
ε·σω·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAVE-ed
/deliver/rescue from ruin/destruction/harm. Also salve
, σωσάτω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σῴζω (σῳζ-, σω·σ-, σω·σ-, σεσω·κ-, σεσω-/σεσωσ-/σεσῳσ-, σω·θ-)
σω·σατω
1aor act imp 3rd sg
let-him/her/it-SAVE!
/deliver/rescue from ruin/destruction/harm. Also salve
ἑαυτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

ἑ·αυτοῦ/αὑτοῦ[2] -ῆς -οῦ
εαυτ·ον
mas acc sg
self
him/her/it/our/your/them-selves
, εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
οὗτός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
[τ]ουτ·ος
mas nom sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
χριστός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Χριστός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. Χριστέ
χριστ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Christ
lit. 'anointed'
, { [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god
[see theology]
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god
[see theology]
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
} ἐκλεκτός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἐκ·λεκτός -ή -όν
εκλεκτ·ος
mas nom sg
chosen
chosen, selected, elected
.
———
RP: σὺν αὐτοῖς ◆ NA/UBS: —
RP: ὁ τοῦ θεοῦ ◆ NA/UBS: τοῦ θεοῦ ὁ
Lk 23:35
The people stood watching. The rulers with them also scoffed at him, saying, “He saved others. Let him save himself, if this is the Christ of God, his chosen one!”
36{ Ἐνέπαιζον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐμ·παίζω (εν+παιζ-, εν+παιξ-, εν+παιξ-, εν+πεπαιχ·[κ]-, εν+πεπαιγ-, εν+παιχ·θ-)
εν·ε·παιζ·ον
impf act ind 1st sg or impf act ind 3rd pl
I-was-MOCK-ing, they-were-MOCK-ing
Lit:"play-in", hence make-sport-of, mock, deride, jeer
Ἐνέπαιξαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐμ·παίζω (εν+παιζ-, εν+παιξ-, εν+παιξ-, εν+πεπαιχ·[κ]-, εν+πεπαιγ-, εν+παιχ·θ-)
εν·ε·παιγ·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-MOCK-ed
Lit:"play-in", hence make-sport-of, mock, deride, jeer
} δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
στρατιῶται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

στρατιώτης, -ου, ὁ
στρατιωτ·αι
(mas) nom|voc pl
soldiers
, προσερχόμενοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·έρχομαι (προσ+ερχ-, προσ+ελευ·σ-, προσ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd προσ+ελθ-, προσ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
προσ·ερχ·ομεν·οι
pres mp ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while being-APPROACH-ed
{ καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ὄξος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ὄξο·ς, -ους, τό
οξ(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
vinegar
ὄξος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ὄξο·ς, -ους, τό
οξ(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
vinegar
} προσφέροντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·φέρω (προσ+φερ-, προσ+οι·σ-, προσ+ενεγκ·[σ]- or 2nd προσ+ενεγκ-, προσ+ενηνοχ·[κ]-, -, προσ+ενεχ·θ-)
προσ·φερ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while PRESENT/OFFER-ing
Lit:"carry/bear/bring-toward", hence present/bring/offer
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
,
———
RP: Ἐνέπαιζον ◆ NA/UBS: Ἐνέπαιξαν
RP: καὶ ὄξος ◆ NA/UBS: ὄξος
Lk 23:36
¶The soldiers also mocked him, coming to him and offering him vinegar,[a]
———
a See also Mk. 15:36 and Mt. 27:48: Immediately one of them ran, and taking a sponge filled with vinegar, and placing it on a reed, gave it to him to drink.
37καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
λέγοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while SAY/TELL-ing
speak, tell, recount
, Εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
σὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
συ
nom sg
you(sg)
εἶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^ (instead of ι·^ς > εις); (εσ)·^ς
pres act ind 2nd sg; pres act ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-are-BE-ing; you(sg)-are
;
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
Ἰουδαίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
Jewish
, σῶσον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σῴζω (σῳζ-, σω·σ-, σω·σ-, σεσω·κ-, σεσω-/σεσωσ-/σεσῳσ-, σω·θ-)
σω·σον, σω·σο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, fut act ptcp mas voc sg or fut act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
do-SAVE-you(sg)!, going-to-SAVE
/deliver/rescue from ruin/destruction/harm. Also salve
σεαυτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

σε·αυτοῦ/σ·αυτοῦ -ῆς -οῦ
σεαυτ·ον
mas acc sg
yourself
.
Lk 23:37
and saying, “If you are the King of the Jews, save yourself!”
38Ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐπιγραφὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἐπι·γραφή, -ῆς, ἡ
επιγραφ·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
inscription
{ γεγραμμένη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γράφω (γραφ-, γραψ-, γραψ-, γεγραφ·[κ]-, γεγραφ-, γραφ·[θ]-)
γεγραφ·μεν·η
perf mp ptcp fem nom|voc sg
having-been-WRITE-ed
◆ - } ἐπ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επ’
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
{ γράμμασιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

γράμμα[τ], -ατος, τό
γραμμα[τ]·σι(ν)
(neu) dat pl
letters
(characters that are written), hence document/letter/bill/record [distinct from γραφας scriptures as in 1 Cor 15:3] at this time the "Hebrew" texts consisted of consonantal characters not fully legible voweled words
Ἑλληνικοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἑλληνικός -ή -όν
ελληνικ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
Greek
[of Greece or Greeks or Greek]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
Ῥωμαϊκοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ῥωμ·αϊκός -ή -όν
ρωμαικ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
Roman
[of Rome or Romans or Latin]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
Ἑβραϊκοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἑβραϊκός -ή -όν
εβραικ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
Hebrew
, Οὗτός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
[τ]ουτ·ος
mas nom sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
◆ - } [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
{ Ἰουδαίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
Jewish
Ἰουδαίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
Jewish
οὗτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
[τ]ουτ·ος
mas nom sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
} .
———
RP: γεγραμμένη ◆ NA/UBS: —
RP: γράμμασιν Ἑλληνικοῖς καὶ Ῥωμαϊκοῖς καὶ Ἑβραϊκοῖς, Οὗτός ἐστιν ◆ NA/UBS: —
RP: Ἰουδαίων ◆ NA/UBS: Ἰουδαίων οὗτος
Lk 23:38
¶An inscription was also written over him in letters of Greek, Latin, and Hebrew: “THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS.”
39Εἷς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ει[ν]·ς
mas nom sg
one
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
κρεμασθέντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κρεμάννυμι/κρέμα·μαι (ath. κρεμαννυ-/ath. κρεμα-, κρεμα·σ-, κρεμα·σ-, -, -, κρεμασ·θ-)
κρεμασ·θεντων, κρεμασ·θε[ι]ντ·ων
aor θη imp 3rd pl classical, aor θη ptcp mas gen pl or aor θη ptcp neu gen pl
let-them-be-HANG-ed-UP!, upon being-HANG-ed-UP
[pass. hung, suspended]
κακούργων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

κακοῦργος -ον
κακουργ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
criminal
ἐβλασφήμει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βλασ·φημέω (βλασφημ(ε)-, -, βλασφημη·σ-, -, -, βλασφημη·θ-)
ε·βλασφημ(ε)·ε
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-BLASPHEME/DISPARAGE-ing
Lit:"slow/sluggish-reputation", hence slander/speak-ill/evil-of/malign, refusing to acknowledge good/worthy-of-respect/veneration.
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
, λέγων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while SAY/TELL-ing
speak, tell, recount
, { Εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
σὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
συ
nom sg
you(sg)
Οὐχὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὐχί
ουχι
indecl
not
[strengthened form of οὐ/οὐκ/οὐχ]
σὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
συ
nom sg
you(sg)
} εἶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^ (instead of ι·^ς > εις); (εσ)·^ς
pres act ind 2nd sg; pres act ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-are-BE-ing; you(sg)-are
;
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
χριστός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Χριστός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. Χριστέ
χριστ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Christ
lit. 'anointed'
, σῶσον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σῴζω (σῳζ-, σω·σ-, σω·σ-, σεσω·κ-, σεσω-/σεσωσ-/σεσῳσ-, σω·θ-)
σω·σον, σω·σο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, fut act ptcp mas voc sg or fut act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
do-SAVE-you(sg)!, going-to-SAVE
/deliver/rescue from ruin/destruction/harm. Also salve
σεαυτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

σε·αυτοῦ/σ·αυτοῦ -ῆς -οῦ
σεαυτ·ον
mas acc sg
yourself
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἡμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημας
acc pl
us
.
———
RP: Εἰ σὺ ◆ NA/UBS: Οὐχὶ σὺ
Lk 23:39
¶One of the criminals who was hanged insulted him, saying, “If you are the Christ, save yourself and us!”
40Ἀποκριθεὶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κρίνομαι (απο+κριν-, -, απο+κριν·[σ]-, -, απο+κεκρι-, απο+κρι·θ-)
απο·κρι·θει[ντ]·ς
aor θη ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon being-ANSWER-ed
Lit:"judge/decide-from", hence involves a response that requires some thinking/consideration/decision. Usually rendered "answer" (in response to a question/inquiry)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
ἕτερος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Indefinite)

ἕτερος -α -ον (cf. ἄλλος)
ετερ·ος
mas nom sg
other(different/distinct)
, as distinguish from "ἄλλος" "other" (of a similar kind).
{ ἐπετίμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·τιμάω (επι+τιμ(α)-, επι+τιμη·σ-, επι+τιμη·σ-, -, -, επι+τιμη·θ-)
επι·ε·τιμ(α)·ε
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-ENJOIN/WARN/COMMAND-ing
Lit:"assign-due-value-upon", hence to confront/warn/instruct/censure/rebuke with directness and authority;.tell someone to stop doing something; assert authority over.
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
, λέγων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while SAY/TELL-ing
speak, tell, recount
ἐπιτιμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·τιμάω (επι+τιμ(α)-, επι+τιμη·σ-, επι+τιμη·σ-, -, -, επι+τιμη·θ-)
επι·τιμ(α)·ο[υ]ν[τ], επι·τιμ(α)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg, pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while ENJOIN/WARN/COMMAND-ing
Lit:"assign-due-value-upon", hence to confront/warn/instruct/censure/rebuke with directness and authority;.tell someone to stop doing something; assert authority over.
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
ἔφη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φημί (ath. φ(α)-/ath. φ(η)-, -, φη·σ-, -, -, -)
ε·φ(α)·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-SAY-ing
} , Οὐδὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐδέ (οὐ δέ)
ουδε
indecl
neither/nor
Lit:"not-moreover" or "not-but", hence neither/nor.
οὐδ’ sometimes before vowels.
φοβῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φοβέω (φοβ(ε)-, -, φοβη·σ-, -, πεφοβη-, φοβη·θ-)
φοβ(ε)·ῃ
pres mp ind 2nd sg or pres act sub 3rd sg or pres mp sub 2nd sg
you(sg)-are-being-FEAR-ed, he/she/it-should-be-FEAR-ing, you(sg)-should-be-being-FEAR-ed
σὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
συ
nom sg
you(sg)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
θεόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ον
(mas) acc sg
god
[see theology]
, ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
κρίματι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

κρίμα[τ], -ατος, τό
κριματ·ι
(neu) dat sg
judgment
/decision/determination/sentence, decree, resolution. Distinct from "καταδικάζω", down-justify and "κατακρίνω", down-judge/condemn) LXX: justice, ordinances/statutes
εἶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^ (instead of ι·^ς > εις); (εσ)·^ς
pres act ind 2nd sg; pres act ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-are-BE-ing; you(sg)-are
;
;
———
RP: ἐπετίμα αὐτῷ, λέγων ◆ NA/UBS: ἐπιτιμῶν αὐτῷ ἔφη
Lk 23:40
¶But the other answered, and rebuking him said, “Don’t you even fear God, seeing you are under the same condemnation?
41Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἡμεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημεις
nom pl
we
μὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μέν
μεν
indecl
indeed
/certainly/surely.
δικαίως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

δικαίως
δικαιως
indecl
fairly
, ἄξια [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἄξιος -ία -ον
αξι·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or fem nom|voc sg
worthy
From "ἄγω" (bring/lead/carry somet5hing valuable), hence worthy/worthwhile/valuable
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
ὧν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
who/whom/which
ἐπράξαμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πράσσω/πράττω (πρασσ-/πραττ-, πραξ-, πραξ-, πεπραχ·[κ]-, πεπρασσ-, πραχ·θ-)
ε·πρασσ·σαμεν
1aor act ind 1st pl
we-DO-ed
[practice, perform, accomplish]
ἀπολαμβάνομεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·λαμβάνω (απο+λαμβαν-, απο+λημψ-/απο+ληψ-, 2nd απο+λαβ-, απο+ειληφ·[κ]-, απο+ειληβ-, -)
απο·λαμβαν·ομεν
pres act ind 1st pl
we-are-RECEIVE/TAKE-ing
to acquire accordingly
· οὗτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
[τ]ουτ·ος
mas nom sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
οὐδὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

οὐδ·είς οὐδε·μία οὐδ·έν and οὐθ·είς (οὐθε·μία) οὐθ·έν
ουδε[ι]ν
neu nom|acc sg
none
[not one, no one]
ἄτοπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἄ·τοπος -ον
ατοπ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
out of place
ἔπραξεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πράσσω/πράττω (πρασσ-/πραττ-, πραξ-, πραξ-, πεπραχ·[κ]-, πεπρασσ-, πραχ·θ-)
ε·πρασσ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-DO-ed
[practice, perform, accomplish]
.
Lk 23:41
And we indeed justly, for we receive the due reward for our deeds, but this man has done nothing wrong.”
42Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἔλεγεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·λεγ·ε(ν)
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-SAY/TELL-ing
speak, tell, recount
{ τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
Ἰησοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
irreg. ιησου (instead of ιησ(ο)·ῳ > ιησῳ), ιησ(ο)·ε, ιησ(ο)·ου, ιησου
(mas) dat sg, (mas) voc sg, (mas) gen sg, (mas) indecl
Jesus, Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
, Μνήσθητί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μιμνῄσκομαι v.l. μιμνή- (μιμνησκ-/μιμνῃσκ-, -, -, -, μεμνη-, μνησ·θ-)
μνησ·θητι
aor θη imp 2nd sg
be-you(sg)-REMEMBER-ed!
/remind/recollect, become-mindful-of(middle), reminded(person-passive) remembered (entity-passive).
Ἰησοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
irreg. ιησου (instead of ιησ(ο)·ῳ > ιησῳ), ιησ(ο)·ε, ιησ(ο)·ου, ιησου
(mas) dat sg, (mas) voc sg, (mas) gen sg, (mas) indecl
Jesus, Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
μνήσθητί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μιμνῄσκομαι v.l. μιμνή- (μιμνησκ-/μιμνῃσκ-, -, -, -, μεμνη-, μνησ·θ-)
μνησ·θητι
aor θη imp 2nd sg
be-you(sg)-REMEMBER-ed!
/remind/recollect, become-mindful-of(middle), reminded(person-passive) remembered (entity-passive).
} μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
, { κύριε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ε; κυρι·ε
(mas) voc sg; mas voc sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
◆ - } , ὅταν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὅταν (ὅτε ἄν)
οταν
indecl
whenever
ἔλθῃς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ελθ·[σ]ῃς, ελθ·ῃς
1aor act sub 2nd sg, 2aor act sub 2nd sg
you(sg)-should-COME
Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
{ ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
βασιλείᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βασιλεία, -ας, ἡ
βασιλει·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
kingdom
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
βασιλείαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βασιλεία, -ας, ἡ
βασιλει·αν
(fem) acc sg
kingdom
} σου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
.
———
RP: τῷ Ἰησοῦ, Μνήσθητί ◆ NA/UBS: Ἰησοῦ μνήσθητί
RP: κύριε ◆ NA/UBS: —
RP: ἐν τῇ βασιλείᾳ ◆ NA/UBS: εἰς τὴν βασιλείαν
Lk 23:42
He said to Jesus, “Lord, remember me when you come into your Kingdom.”
43Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY/TELL-ed
speak, tell, recount
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
{ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
◆ - } , Ἀμὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Hebrew-Aramaic

ἀμήν
αμην
indecl
amen
[faithful and true witness]
{ λέγω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ω
pres act ind 1st sg or pres act sub 1st sg
I-am-SAY/TELL-ing, I-should-be-SAY/TELL-ing
speak, tell, recount
σοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive); Verb

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν; τρίβω [LXX] (τριβ-, ·σ-, τριψ-, -, τετριβ-, -)
σοι; σ·οι; ·σοι
dat sg; mas nom|voc pl; fut act opt 3rd sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg); (fut opt)
; ; worn, rub
σοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive); Verb

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν; τρίβω [LXX] (τριβ-, ·σ-, τριψ-, -, τετριβ-, -)
σοι; σ·οι; ·σοι
dat sg; mas nom|voc pl; fut act opt 3rd sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg); (fut opt)
; ; worn, rub
λέγω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ω
pres act ind 1st sg or pres act sub 1st sg
I-am-SAY/TELL-ing, I-should-be-SAY/TELL-ing
speak, tell, recount
} , σήμερον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

σήμερον
σημερον
indecl
today
day
μετ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετ’
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
ἐμοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person); Determiner (Possessive)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς; ἐμός -ή -όν
εμου; εμ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
me; my/mine
;
ἔσῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
εσ·[σ]ῃ
fut mp ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-will-be
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
παραδείσῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

παράδεισος, -ου, ὁ
παραδεισ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
garden
paradise
.
———
RP: ὁ Ἰησοῦς ◆ NA/UBS: —
RP: λέγω σοι ◆ NA/UBS: σοι λέγω
Lk 23:43
¶Jesus said to him, Assuredly Truly I tell you, today you will be with me in Paradise.”
44¶ { Ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
ἤδη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἤδη
ηδη
indecl
already
by now, by then
} ὡσεὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle; Verb

ὡσεί; ὠθέω [LXX] (-, ω[θ]·σ-, ω[θ]·σ-, -, ωθ-, ωσ·θ-)
ωσει; ωθ·σει
indecl; fut act ind 3rd sg or fut mp ind 2nd sg classical or fuper mp ind 2nd sg classical
just-like; he/she/it-will-PUSH, you(sg)-will-be-PUSH-ed,
Lit:"like/as-if"; hence just as. just-like;
ὥρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ὥρα, -ας, ἡ
ωρ·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
hour
ἕκτη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

ἕκτος[1] -η -ον
εκτ·η
fem nom|voc sg
sixth
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
σκότος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

σκότο·ς, -ους, τό
σκοτ(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
darkness
gloom, darkness
ἐγένετο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
ε·γεν·ετο
2aor mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-BECOME-ed
become; happen; sometimes left untranslated
ἐφ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
εφ’
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
ὅλην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Partitive Numeral)

ὅλος -η -ον
ολ·ην
fem acc sg
whole
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
γῆν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

γῆ, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. γῆ
γ·ην
(fem) acc sg
earth/land
ἕως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction; Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl.)

ἕως[1]; ἕως[2], -ω, ἡ [LXX], acc.
εως; ε(ω)·ος, ε(ω)·ους
indecl; (fem) nom|voc sg, (fem) acc pl
until; dawn, dawns
;
ὥρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ὥρα, -ας, ἡ
ωρ·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
hour, hours
ἐνάτης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἔνατος -η -ον
ενατ·ης
fem gen sg
ninth
.
———
RP: Ἦν δὲ ◆ NA/UBS: Καὶ ἦν ἤδη
Lk 23:44
¶It was now about the sixth hour, and darkness came over the whole land until the ninth hour.
45{ Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐσκοτίσθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σκοτίζω (-, -, -, -, εσκοτισ-, σκοτισ·θ-)
ε·σκοτισ·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-DARKEN-ed
[metaphor: become blinded?]
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
ἥλιος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἥλιος, -ου, ὁ
ηλι·ος
(mas) nom sg
sun
In mythology Apollo, ancient Greek god of light, healing and poetry
Τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
ἡλίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.); Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Ἠλίας, -ου, ὁ; ἥλιος, -ου, ὁ
ηλι·ου; ηλι·ου
(mas) gen sg; (mas) gen sg
Elijah; sun
; In mythology Apollo, ancient Greek god of light, healing and poetry
ἐκλιπόντος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·λείπω (εκ+λειπ-, εκ+λειψ-, 2nd εκ+λιπ-, εκ+λελοιπ·[κ]-, εκ+λελειπ-, -)
εκ·λιπ·ο[υ]ντ·ος
2aor act ptcp mas gen sg or 2aor act ptcp neu gen sg
upon FAIL-ing
Lit:"leave-behind-from-out-of", hence fail/come-to-an-end, be wanting, desert, abandon, quit, left out)
} , { καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐσχίσθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σχίζω (σχιζ-, σχι·σ-, σχι·σ-, -, εσχισ-, σχισ·θ-)
ε·σχισ·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-TEAR/TORN-ed
split, ripped, rend, laceration
ἐσχίσθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σχίζω (σχιζ-, σχι·σ-, σχι·σ-, -, εσχισ-, σχισ·θ-)
ε·σχισ·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-TEAR/TORN-ed
split, ripped, rend, laceration
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
} τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
καταπέτασμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

κατα·πέτασμα[τ], -ατος, τό
καταπετασμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
curtain
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
ναοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ναός, -οῦ, ὁ (cf. ἱερόν)
να·ου
(mas) gen sg
temple
μέσον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

μέσος -η -ον
μεσ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
middle
.
———
RP: Καὶ ἐσκοτίσθη ὁ ἥλιος ◆ NA/UBS: Τοῦ ἡλίου ἐκλιπόντος
RP: καὶ ἐσχίσθη ◆ NA/UBS: ἐσχίσθη δὲ
Lk 23:45
The sun was darkened, and the veil of the temple was torn in two.
46Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
φωνήσας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φωνέω (φων(ε)-, φωνη·σ-, φωνη·σ-, -, -, φωνη·θ-)
φωνη·σα[ντ]·ς
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon SOUND-ing
φωνῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Verb

φωνή, -ῆς, ἡ; φωνέω (φων(ε)-, φωνη·σ-, φωνη·σ-, -, -, φωνη·θ-)
φων·ῃ; φων(ε)·ῃ
(fem) dat sg; pres mp ind 2nd sg or pres act sub 3rd sg or pres mp sub 2nd sg
sound/voice; you(sg)-are-being-SOUND-ed, he/she/it-should-be-SOUND-ing, you(sg)-should-be-being-SOUND-ed
cries;
μεγάλῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2, irreg.)

μέγ[αλ]ας μεγάλη μέγ[αλ]α
μεγαλ·ῃ
fem dat sg
great
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY/TELL-ed
speak, tell, recount
, Πάτερ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

πατήρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ὁ, voc. pl. πατέρες
πατερ
(mas) voc sg
father
, εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
χεῖράς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

χείρ, χειρός, ἡ, dat. pl. χερσίν
χειρ·ας
(fem) acc pl
hands
σου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
{ παραθήσομαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·τίθημι (ath. παρα+τιθ(ε)-, παρα+θη·σ-, παρα+θη·κ- or 2nd ath. παρα+θ(ε)-, -, -, παρα+τε·θ-)
παρα·θη·σομαι
fut mp ind 1st sg
I-will-be-SUBMIT-ed-FOR-CONSIDERATION
παρατίθεμαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·τίθημι (ath. παρα+τιθ(ε)-, παρα+θη·σ-, παρα+θη·κ- or 2nd ath. παρα+θ(ε)-, -, -, παρα+τε·θ-)
παρα·τιθ(ε)·μαι
pres mp ind 1st sg
I-am-being-SUBMIT-ed-FOR-CONSIDERATION
} τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
πνεῦμά [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πνεῦμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πνευμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
spirit
/breath/wind, spiritual-utterance
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
· { καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ταῦτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·α
neu nom|acc pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
τοῦτο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
} εἰπὼν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειπ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
upon SAY/TELL-ing
speak, tell, recount
ἐξέπνευσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·πνέω (-, -, εκ+πνευ·σ-, -, -, -)
εκ·ε·πνευ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-EXHALE-ed
.
———
RP: παραθήσομαι ◆ NA/UBS: παρατίθεμαι
RP: καὶ ταῦτα ◆ NA/UBS: τοῦτο δὲ
Lk 23:46
Jesus, crying with a loud voice, said, “Father, into your hands I commit my spirit!” Having said this, he breathed exhaled his last.
47Ἰδὼν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
upon SEE/BEHOLD-ing
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
{ ἑκατόνταρχος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl. and Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἑκατοντ·άρχης and -χος, -ου, ὁ (See also κεντυρίων)
εκατονταρχ·ος
(mas) nom sg
centurion
ἑκατοντάρχης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl. and Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἑκατοντ·άρχης and -χος, -ου, ὁ (See also κεντυρίων)
εκατονταρχ·ης
(mas) nom sg
centurion
} τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
γενόμενον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
γεν·ομεν·ον
2aor mp ptcp mas acc sg or 2aor mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
upon being-BECOME-ed
become; happen; sometimes left untranslated
, { ἐδόξασεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δοξάζω (δοξαζ-, δοξα·σ-, δοξα·σ-, -, δεδοξασ-, δοξασ·θ-)
ε·δοξα·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-GLORIFY/EXTOL/PRAISE-ed
ἐδόξαζεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δοξάζω (δοξαζ-, δοξα·σ-, δοξα·σ-, -, δεδοξασ-, δοξασ·θ-)
ε·δοξαζ·ε(ν)
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-GLORIFY/EXTOL/PRAISE-ing
} τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
θεόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ον
(mas) acc sg
god
[see theology]
, λέγων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while SAY/TELL-ing
speak, tell, recount
, Ὄντως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὄντως
οντως
indecl
really
/truly.
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
ἄνθρωπος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ος
(mas) nom sg
human
οὗτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
[τ]ουτ·ος
mas nom sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
δίκαιος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

δίκαιος -αία -ον
δικαι·ος
mas nom sg
righteous
/just/right, (by judicial implication) innocent.
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
.
———
RP: ἑκατόνταρχος ◆ NA/UBS: ἑκατοντάρχης
RP: ἐδόξασεν ◆ NA/UBS: ἐδόξαζεν
Lk 23:47
¶When the centurion saw what was done, he glorified God, saying, “Certainly this was a righteous man.”
48Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
πάντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ες
mas nom|voc pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
συμπαραγενόμενοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συμ·παρα·γίνομαι (-, -, 2nd συμπαρα+γεν-, -, -, -)
συμπαρα·γεν·ομεν·οι
2aor mp ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon being-STAND-ed-WITH/BY
ὄχλοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Verb

ὄχλος, -ου, ὁ; ὀχλέω (οχλ(ε)-, -, -, -, -, οχλη·θ-)
οχλ·οι; οχλ(ε)·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl; pres act opt 3rd sg
crowds; he/she/it-happens-to-be-DISTURB-ing
; annoy, trouble
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
θεωρίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

θεωρία, -ας, ἡ
θεωρι·αν
(fem) acc sg
spectacle
ταύτην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·ην
fem acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
, { θεωροῦντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θεωρέω (θεωρ(ε)-, θεωρη·σ-, θεωρη·σ-, -, -, θεωρη·θ-)
θεωρ(ε)·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while LOOKED AT-ing
behold, gaze, gape, contemplate, consider, judge, observe, speculate, perceive
θεωρήσαντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θεωρέω (θεωρ(ε)-, θεωρη·σ-, θεωρη·σ-, -, -, θεωρη·θ-)
θεωρη·σαντ·ες
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon LOOKED AT-ing
behold, gaze, gape, contemplate, consider, judge, observe, speculate, perceive
} τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
γενόμενα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
γεν·ομεν·α
2aor mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
upon being-BECOME-ed
become; happen; sometimes left untranslated
, τύπτοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τύπτω (τυπτ-, -, -, -, -, -)
τυπτ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while BEAT-ing
{ ἑαυτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

ἑ·αυτοῦ/αὑτοῦ[2] -ῆς -οῦ
εαυτ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
selves
him/her/it/our/your/them-selves
◆ - } τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
στήθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

στῆθο·ς, -ους, τό, gen. pl. -έων
στηθ(ε)·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
chests
ὑπέστρεφον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑπο·στρέφω (υπο+στρεφ-, υπο+στρεψ-, υπο+στρεψ-, -, -, -)
υπο·ε·στρεφ·ον
impf act ind 1st sg or impf act ind 3rd pl
I-was-RETURN-ing, they-were-RETURN-ing
Lit:"turn-under", hence return, turn-back.
.
———
RP: θεωροῦντες ◆ NA/UBS: θεωρήσαντες
RP: ἑαυτῶν ◆ NA/UBS: —
Lk 23:48
All the multitudes that came together to see this, when they saw the things that were done, returned home beating their breasts.
49Εἱστήκεισαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἵστημι (ath. ιστ(α)-/ath. ιστ(η)-, στη·σ-, στη·σ- or 2nd ath. στ(η)-/ath. στ(α)-, εστη·κ-/εστα·κ-/εστ(α)·[κ]-, εστη-/εστα-, στα·θ-)
ε·εστη·κεισαν
plup act ind 3rd pl
they-had-STAND-ed
/cause-to-stand
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
πάντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ες
mas nom|voc pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
γνωστοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

γνωστός -ή -όν
γνωστ·οι
mas nom|voc pl
known
{ αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
} μακρόθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

μακρό·θεν
μακροθεν
indecl
from afar
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
γυναῖκες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

γυνή, -αικος, ἡ, voc. sg. γύναι
γυναικ·ες
(fem) nom|voc pl
women/wives
αἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·αι
fem nom pl
the
{ συνακολουθήσασαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συν·ακολουθέω (συν+ακολουθ(ε)-, -, συν+ακολουθη·σ-, -, -, -)
συν·ακολουθη·σασ·αι
1aor act ptcp fem nom|voc pl
upon FOLLOW-ing-WITH
συνακολουθοῦσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συν·ακολουθέω (συν+ακολουθ(ε)-, -, συν+ακολουθη·σ-, -, -, -)
συν·ακολουθ(ε)·ουσ·αι
pres act ptcp fem nom|voc pl
while FOLLOW-ing-WITH
} αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
Γαλιλαίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

Γαλιλαία, -ας, ἡ; Γαλιλαῖος -α -ον
γαλιλαι·ας; γαλιλαι·ας
(fem) gen sg; fem gen sg or fem acc pl
Galilee ; Galilean
[district of];
, ὁρῶσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ορ(α)·ουσ·αι
pres act ptcp fem nom|voc pl
while SEE/BEHOLD-ing
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
ταῦτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·α
neu nom|acc pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
.
———
RP: αὐτοῦ ◆ NA/UBS: αὐτῷ ἀπὸ
RP: συνακολουθήσασαι ◆ NA/UBS: συνακολουθοῦσαι
Lk 23:49
All his acquaintances, and the women who followed with him from Galilee, stood at a distance, watching these things.
50Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἰδού [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ου
2aor mp imp 2nd sg
be-you(sg)-SEE/BEHOLD-ed!
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
, ἀνὴρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀνήρ, ἀνδρός, ὁ, voc. sg. ἄνερ
irreg. ανε[δ]ρ·^
(mas) nom sg
man
(as distinct from woman, beast, god, etc); sometimes "husband".
ὀνόματι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ὄνομα[τ], -ατος, τό
ονοματ·ι
(neu) dat sg
name
(with regard to)
Ἰωσήφ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰωσήφ, ὁ
ιωσηφ
(mas) indecl
Joseph
, βουλευτὴς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

βουλευτής, -οῦ, ὁ
βουλευτ·ης
(mas) nom sg
councillor/plotter
{ ὑπάρχων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑπ·άρχω (υπ+αρχ-, υπ+αρξ-, υπ+αρξ-, -, -, -)
υπ·αρχ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while I AM; I EXIST-ing
A synonym of εἰμί
ὑπάρχων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑπ·άρχω (υπ+αρχ-, υπ+αρξ-, υπ+αρξ-, -, -, -)
υπ·αρχ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while I AM; I EXIST-ing
A synonym of εἰμί
[ καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
] } , ἀνὴρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀνήρ, ἀνδρός, ὁ, voc. sg. ἄνερ
irreg. ανε[δ]ρ·^
(mas) nom sg
man
(as distinct from woman, beast, god, etc); sometimes "husband".
ἀγαθὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἀγαθός -ή -όν (cf. καλός)
αγαθ·ος
mas nom sg
good
/inherently-good, i.e. God-wrought.. Distinct from "καλός" (beautiful-good).
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
δίκαιος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

δίκαιος -αία -ον
δικαι·ος
mas nom sg
righteous
/just/right, (by judicial implication) innocent.
———
RP: ὑπάρχων ◆ NA/UBS: ὑπάρχων [καὶ]
Lk 23:50
¶Behold, a man named Joseph, who was a member of the council, a good and righteous man
51οὗτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
[τ]ουτ·ος
mas nom sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
συγκατατεθειμένος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συγ·κατα·τίθημι (-, συγκατα+θη·σ-, 2nd ath. συγκατα+θ(ε)-, -, συγκατα+τεθει-, -)
συγκατα·τεθει·μεν·ος
perf mp ptcp mas nom sg
having-been-PARTAKE-ed-WITH
[lit: together-down-place/deposit, participate with, cast same vote]
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
βουλῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Verb

βουλή, -ῆς, ἡ; βούλομαι (βουλ-, βουλη·σ-, -, -, -, βουλη·θ-)
βουλ·ῃ; βουλ·ῃ
(fem) dat sg; pres mp ind 2nd sg or pres mp sub 2nd sg
will/plan/intent; you(sg)-are-being-DESIRE-ed, you(sg)-should-be-being-DESIRE-ed
counsel, design, advice; Similarly to θέλω, may be used for "wish/want/desire". Βούλομαι may also refer to decisions of the will after consideration, thus "decide/plan/intend". (See BAGD 2nd edition; LSJ) "Desire" can stand as a gloss for either nua
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
πράξει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.); Verb

πρᾶξις, -εως, ἡ; πράσσω/πράττω (πρασσ-/πραττ-, πραξ-, πραξ-, πεπραχ·[κ]-, πεπρασσ-, πραχ·θ-)
πραξ(ι)·ι; πρασσ·σει
(fem) dat sg; fut act ind 3rd sg or fut mp ind 2nd sg classical
doing; he/she/it-will-DO, you(sg)-will-be-DO-ed
business; [practice, perform, accomplish]
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
{ Ἀριμαθαίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

Ἁριμαθαία v.l. Ἀ-, -ας, ἡ
αριμαθαι·ας
(fem) gen sg
Arimathea
Ἁριμαθαίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

Ἁριμαθαία v.l. Ἀ-, -ας, ἡ
αριμαθαι·ας
(fem) gen sg
Arimathea
} πόλεως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

πόλις, -εως, ἡ
πολ(ι)·ος
(fem) gen sg
city
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
Ἰουδαίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
Jewish
, ὃς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ος
mas nom sg
who/whom/which
{ καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
προσεδέχετο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·δέχομαι (προσ+δεχ-, προσ+δεξ-, προσ+δεξ-, -, -, προσ+δεχ·θ-)
προσ·ε·δεχ·ετο
impf mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-being-ACCEPT-ed
receive favourably, accept
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
αὐτὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ος
mas nom sg
he/it/same
προσεδέχετο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·δέχομαι (προσ+δεχ-, προσ+δεξ-, προσ+δεξ-, -, -, προσ+δεχ·θ-)
προσ·ε·δεχ·ετο
impf mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-being-ACCEPT-ed
receive favourably, accept
} τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
βασιλείαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βασιλεία, -ας, ἡ
βασιλει·αν
(fem) acc sg
kingdom
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god
[see theology]
·
———
RP: καὶ προσεδέχετο καὶ αὐτὸς ◆ NA/UBS: προσεδέχετο
RP: Ἀριμαθαίας ◆ NA/UBS: Ἁριμαθαίας
Lk 23:51
(he had not consented to their counsel and deed), from Arimathaea, a city of the Jews, who was also waiting for the Kingdom of God:
52οὗτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
[τ]ουτ·ος
mas nom sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
προσελθὼν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·έρχομαι (προσ+ερχ-, προσ+ελευ·σ-, προσ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd προσ+ελθ-, προσ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
προσ·ελθ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
upon APPROACH-ing
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
Πιλάτῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
Pilate
ᾐτήσατο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

αἰτέω (αιτ(ε)-, αιτη·σ-, αιτη·σ-, ῃτη·κ-, ῃτη-, αιτη·θ-)
ε·αιτη·σατο
1aor mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-ASK-ed
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
σῶμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

σῶμα[τ], -ατος, τό
σωμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
body
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
Ἰησοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
irreg. ιησου (instead of ιησ(ο)·ῳ > ιησῳ), ιησ(ο)·ε, ιησ(ο)·ου, ιησου
(mas) dat sg, (mas) voc sg, (mas) gen sg, (mas) indecl
Jesus, Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
.
Lk 23:52
this man went to Pilate, and asked for Jesus’ body.
53Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
{ καθελὼν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καθ·αιρέω (καθ+αιρ(ε)-, καθ+ελ(ε)·[σ]-, καθ+ελ·[σ]- or 2nd καθ+ελ-, -, καθ+ῃρη-, καθ+αιρε·θ-)
καθ·ελ(ε)·[σ]ο[υ]ν[τ]·^, καθ·ελ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
fut act ptcp mas nom sg, 2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
going-to-TAKE, upon TAKE-ing-DOWN
purge
αὐτὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
it/same
καθελὼν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καθ·αιρέω (καθ+αιρ(ε)-, καθ+ελ(ε)·[σ]-, καθ+ελ·[σ]- or 2nd καθ+ελ-, -, καθ+ῃρη-, καθ+αιρε·θ-)
καθ·ελ(ε)·[σ]ο[υ]ν[τ]·^, καθ·ελ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
fut act ptcp mas nom sg, 2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
going-to-TAKE, upon TAKE-ing-DOWN
purge
} ἐνετύλιξεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐν·τυλίσσω (-, -, εν+τυλιξ-, -, εν+τετυλισσ-, -)
εν·ε·τυλισσ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-WRAP IN-ed
bundle, twine, enfold, enwrap
αὐτὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
it/same
σινδόνι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

σινδών, -όνος, ἡ
σινδον·ι
(fem) dat sg
sheet
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἔθηκεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τίθημι (ath. τιθ(ε)-, θη·σ-, θη·κ- or 2nd ath. θ(ε)-, τεθει·κ-, τεθει-, τε·θ-)
ε·θη·κε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-PLACE-ed
/lay/put/set/situate/arrange/station
{ αὐτὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
it/same
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
} μνήματι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

μνῆμα[τ], -ατος, τό (cf. μνημεῖον)
μνηματ·ι
(neu) dat sg
tomb
λαξευτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

λαξευτός -ή -όν
λαξευτ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
hewn
, οὗ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle; Pronoun (Relative)

οὗ[1]; ὅς ἥ ὅ
ου; ου
indecl; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
where; who/whom/which
ἕως οὗ means "until where (in time)", that is, "until when", "until such time as", or "until the point that";
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
{ οὐδέπω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὐδέπω
ουδεπω
indecl
not yet
οὐδεὶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

οὐδ·είς οὐδε·μία οὐδ·έν and οὐθ·είς (οὐθε·μία) οὐθ·έν
ουδει[ν]·ς
mas nom sg
none
[not one, no one]
οὐδεὶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

οὐδ·είς οὐδε·μία οὐδ·έν and οὐθ·είς (οὐθε·μία) οὐθ·έν
ουδει[ν]·ς
mas nom sg
none
[not one, no one]
οὔπω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὔπω (οὔ πω)
ουπω
indecl
not yet
} κείμενος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κεῖ·μαι (ath. κει-, -, -, -, -, -)
κει·μεν·ος
pres mp ptcp mas nom sg
while being-LIE-ed
Pass: be-laid/situated/enacted. Sometime metaphor: appoint/set/stand.
.
———
RP: καθελὼν αὐτὸ ◆ NA/UBS: καθελὼν
RP: αὐτὸ ἐν ◆ NA/UBS: αὐτὸν ἐν
RP: οὐδέπω οὐδεὶς ◆ NA/UBS: οὐδεὶς οὔπω
Lk 23:53
He took it down, and wrapped it in a linen cloth, and laid him in a tomb that was cut in stone, where no one had ever been laid.
54Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἡμέρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
day
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
{ Παρασκευή [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

παρα·σκευή, -ῆς, ἡ
παρασκευ·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
preparation
[Friday: day before Sabbath in NT]
Παρασκευῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

παρα·σκευή, -ῆς, ἡ
παρασκευ·ης
(fem) gen sg
preparation
[Friday: day before Sabbath in NT]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
} , σάββατον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl., irreg.)

σάββατον, -ου, τό
σαββατ·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
sabbath
can also refer to a week, e.g., η μια των σαββατων: "the first (day) of the week"
ἐπέφωσκεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·φώσκω (επι+φωσκ-, -, -, -, -, -)
επι·ε·φωσκ·ε(ν)
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-DAWN-ing
grow towards daylight
.
———
RP: Παρασκευή ◆ NA/UBS: Παρασκευῆς καὶ
Lk 23:54
It was the day of the Preparation, and the Sabbath was drawing near.
55Κατακολουθήσασαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατ·ακολουθέω (κατ+ακολουθ(ε)-, -, κατ+ακολουθη·σ-, -, -, -)
κατ·ακολουθη·σασ·αι
1aor act ptcp fem nom|voc pl
upon FOLLOW-ing-BEHIND
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
{ γυναῖκες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

γυνή, -αικος, ἡ, voc. sg. γύναι
γυναικ·ες
(fem) nom|voc pl
women/wives
αἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·αι
fem nom pl
the
γυναῖκες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

γυνή, -αικος, ἡ, voc. sg. γύναι
γυναικ·ες
(fem) nom|voc pl
women/wives
} , αἵτινες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅσ·τις ἥ·τις ὄ τι
αι·τιν·ες
fem nom pl
those/such-who/which/that
, Lit: a-particular/some-who/which/that; "ἕως ὅτου": until-when
ἦσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·σαν
impf act ind 3rd pl
they-were
συνεληλυθυῖαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συν·έρχομαι (συν+ερχ-, συν+ελευ·σ-, συν+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd συν+ελθ-, συν+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
συν·εληλυθ·[κ]υι·αι
perf act ptcp fem nom|voc pl
having COME-ed-TOGETHER
stick together, congregated, convene, meet, come to recuperate
{ αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
Γαλιλαίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

Γαλιλαία, -ας, ἡ; Γαλιλαῖος -α -ον
γαλιλαι·ας; γαλιλαι·ας
(fem) gen sg; fem gen sg or fem acc pl
Galilee ; Galilean
[district of];
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
Γαλιλαίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

Γαλιλαία, -ας, ἡ; Γαλιλαῖος -α -ον
γαλιλαι·ας; γαλιλαι·ας
(fem) gen sg; fem gen sg or fem acc pl
Galilee ; Galilean
[district of];
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
} , ἐθεάσαντο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θεάομαι (-, -, θεα·σ-, -, τεθεα-, θεα·θ-)
ε·θεα·σαντο
1aor mp ind 3rd pl
they-were-SEE-ed
look upon (BAG)
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
μνημεῖον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

μνημεῖον, -ου, τό (cf. μνῆμα)
μνημει·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
tomb
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
ἐτέθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τίθημι (ath. τιθ(ε)-, θη·σ-, θη·κ- or 2nd ath. θ(ε)-, τεθει·κ-, τεθει-, τε·θ-)
ε·τε·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-PLACE-ed
/lay/put/set/situate/arrange/station
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
σῶμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

σῶμα[τ], -ατος, τό
σωμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
body
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
.
———
RP: γυναῖκες ◆ NA/UBS: αἱ γυναῖκες
RP: αὐτῷ ἐκ τῆς Γαλιλαίας ◆ NA/UBS: ἐκ τῆς Γαλιλαίας αὐτῷ
Lk 23:55
The women, who had come with him out of Galilee, followed after, and saw the tomb, and how his body was laid.
56Ὑποστρέψασαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑπο·στρέφω (υπο+στρεφ-, υπο+στρεψ-, υπο+στρεψ-, -, -, -)
υπο·στρεφ·σασ·αι
1aor act ptcp fem nom|voc pl
upon RETURN-ing
Lit:"turn-under", hence return, turn-back.
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἡτοίμασαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἑτοιμάζω (ετοιμαζ-, ετοιμα·σ-, ετοιμα·σ-, ητοιμα·κ-, ητοιμασ-, ετοιμασ·θ-)
ε·ετοιμα·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-PREPARE/MAKE-READY-ed
ἀρώματα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἄρωμα[τ], -ατος, τό
αρωματ·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
aromatics
[herb or spice]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
μύρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

μύρον, -ου, τό; Μύρα, -ων, τά
μυρ·α; μυρ·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl; (neu) nom|acc|voc pl
ointments; Myra
;
. Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
μὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μέν
μεν
indecl
indeed
/certainly/surely.
σάββατον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl., irreg.)

σάββατον, -ου, τό
σαββατ·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
sabbath
can also refer to a week, e.g., η μια των σαββατων: "the first (day) of the week"
ἡσύχασαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἡσυχάζω (ησυχαζ-, ησυχα·σ-, ησυχα·σ-, -, -, -)
ε·ησυχα·σαν, ησυχα·σαν[τ]
1aor act ind 3rd pl, 1aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
they-QUIET-ed, upon QUIET-ing
/silent/calm/at-peace/still, (by extension) rest
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
ἐντολήν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἐντολή, -ῆς, ἡ
εντολ·ην
(fem) acc sg
precept
Lit:"in-end/consummation", hence a focus on the end/goal/objective of a command/injunction, although usually rendered "commandment". Mk 10:5; Dn 9:5 instruction, assignation, assignment, behest, command, mandate, order, prescript, pres
.
Lk 23:56
They returned, and prepared spices and ointments. On the Sabbath they rested according to the commandment.
« Ch 22» Ch 24

Copyright 2007-2018 Thomas Moore, Email: acct3 at katabiblon.com, Support Forum Set Local Timezone
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