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ΚΑΤΑ ΛΟΥΚΑΝ

According to Luke

 Robinson-Pierpont 2005 Wiki English Translation‎ / World English Bible
1Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐγένετο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
ε·γεν·ετο
2aor mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-BECOME-ed
become; happen; sometimes left untranslated
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
μιᾷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
μι·ᾳ
fem dat sg
one
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
ἡμερῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·ων
(fem) gen pl
days
{ ἐκείνων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

ἐκεῖνος -η -ο
εκειν·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
those
♦ - } , διδάσκοντος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

διδάσκω (διδασκ-, διδαξ-, διδαξ-, δεδιδαχ·[κ]-, δεδιδακ-, διδαχ·θ-)
διδασκ·ο[υ]ντ·ος
pres act ptcp mas gen sg or pres act ptcp neu gen sg
while TEACH-ing
teach, instruct, explain, prove
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
λαὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λαός, -οῦ, ὁ
λα·ον
(mas) acc sg
people
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
ἱερῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

ἱερόν, -οῦ, τό (cf. ναός); ἱερός -ά -όν (cf. ἅγιος and ὅσιος)
ιερ·ῳ; ιερ·ῳ
(neu) dat sg; neu dat sg or mas dat sg
outer temple; sacred
not ναος which is the dwelling place according to salomon, jospehus and philo. Jesus preached here. it is from here the money changers were cast, whereas ναος was where Zecharias was visited by the angel in Luke 1:9; Divine, holy, consecrated. Thus, can refer to a temple or offerings.
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εὐαγγελιζομένου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εὐ·αγγελίζω (ευ+αγγελιζ-/ευαγγελιζ-, ευ+αγγελι(ε)·[σ]-, ευ+αγγελι·σ-/ευαγγελι·σ-, -, ευ+ηγγελισ-/ευαγγελισ-, ευ+αγγελισ·θ-/ευαγγελισ·θ-)
ευ·αγγελιζ·ομεν·ου
pres mp ptcp mas gen sg or pres mp ptcp neu gen sg
while being-ANNOUNCE-ed
bring good news
, ἐπέστησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐφ·ίστημι (ath. εφ+ιστ(α)-/ath. εφ+ιστ(η)-, επι+στη·σ-, επι+στη·σ- or 2nd ath. επι+στ(η)-/ath. επι+στ(α)-, εφ+εστη·κ-/εφ+εστ(α)·[κ]-, εφ+εστα-, -)
επι·ε·στη·σαν, επι·ε·στ(η)·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl, 2aor act ind 3rd pl
they-STAND-ed
set or place upon or near; intransitive: come up to or arrive at (or stand against)
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
{ ἱερεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἱερεύς, -έως, ὁ
ιερ(ευ)·ες, ιερ(ευ)·ας
(mas) nom|voc pl, (mas) acc pl
priests
ἀρχιερεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀρχ·ιερεύς, -έως, ὁ
αρχιερ(ευ)·ες, αρχιερ(ευ)·ας
(mas) nom|voc pl, (mas) acc pl
archpriests
} καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
γραμματεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

γραμματεύς, -έως, ὁ, voc. pl. γραμματεῖς
γραμματ(ευ)·ες, γραμματ(ευ)·ας
(mas) nom|voc pl, (mas) acc pl
scribes
σὺν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

σύν
συν
indecl
together with/including (+dat)
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
πρεσβυτέροις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

πρεσβύ·τερος -α -ον (Comp. of πρέσβυς)
πρεσβυτερ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
elder
,
———
RP: ἐκείνων ♦ NA/UBS: —
RP: ἱερεῖς ♦ NA/UBS: ἀρχιερεῖς
Lk 20:1
¶It happened on one of those days, as he was teaching the people in the temple and preaching sharing the Ggood Nnews, that the *priests and scribes came to him with the elders.
2καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
{ εἶπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειπ·[σ]ον, ε·ειπ·ον, ειπ·ο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, 2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl, 2aor act ptcp mas voc sg or 2aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
do-SAY-you(sg)!, I-SAY-ed, they-SAY-ed, upon SAY-ing
speak, tell, recount
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
, λέγοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while SAY-ing
speak, tell, recount
, Εἰπὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ειπ·ε, ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act imp 2nd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY-ed, do-SAY-you(sg)!
speak, tell, recount
εἶπαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]αν, ειπ·[σ]αν[τ]
1aor act ind 3rd pl, 1aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
they-SAY-ed, upon SAY-ing
speak, tell, recount
λέγοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while SAY-ing
speak, tell, recount
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
Εἰπὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειπ·[σ]ον, ε·ειπ·ον, ειπ·ο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, 2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl, 2aor act ptcp mas voc sg or 2aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
do-SAY-you(sg)!, I-SAY-ed, they-SAY-ed, upon SAY-ing
speak, tell, recount
} ἡμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημιν
dat pl
us
, ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ποίᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

ποῖος -α -ον
ποι·ᾳ
fem dat sg
what-kind
ἐξουσίᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἐξ·ουσία, -ας, ἡ
εξουσι·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
authority
control, ruler, power, sway, freedom permitted by peace, licence
ταῦτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·α
neu nom|acc pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
ποιεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποι(ε)·εις
pres act ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-are-DO/MAKE-ing
, [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἤ[1]
η
indecl
or/than
τίς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]·ς
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
who/what/why
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
δούς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
δ(ο)·[ντ]·ς
2aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon GIVE-ing
/offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
σοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive); Verb

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν; τρίβω [LXX] (τριβ-, ·σ-, τριψ-, -, τετριβ-, -)
σοι; σ·οι; ·σοι
dat sg; mas nom|voc pl; fut act opt 3rd sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg); (fut opt)
; ; worn, rub
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
ἐξουσίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἐξ·ουσία, -ας, ἡ
εξουσι·αν
(fem) acc sg
authority
control, ruler, power, sway, freedom permitted by peace, licence
ταύτην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·ην
fem acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
;
———
RP: εἶπον πρὸς αὐτόν, λέγοντες, Εἰπὲ ♦ NA/UBS: εἶπαν λέγοντες πρὸς αὐτόν Εἰπὸν
Lk 20:2
They asked him, “Tell us: by what authority do you do these things? Or who is giving you this authority?”[a]
———
a Cf. Peter and John before the council, Acts 4:7.
3Ἀποκριθεὶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κρίνομαι (απο+κριν-, -, απο+κριν·[σ]-, -, απο+κεκρι-, απο+κρι·θ-)
απο·κρι·θει[ντ]·ς
aor θη ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon being-ANSWER-ed
Lit:"judge/decide-from", hence involves a response that requires some thinking/consideration/decision. Usually rendered "answer" (in response to a question/inquiry)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY-ed
speak, tell, recount
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
αὐτούς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ους
mas acc pl
them/same
, Ἐρωτήσω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐρωτάω (ερωτ(α)-, ερωτη·σ-, ερωτη·σ-, -, ηρωτη-, ερωτη·θ-)
ερωτη·σω
fut act ind 1st sg or 1aor act sub 1st sg
I-will-ASK, I-should-ASK
interrogate, question inquire,query, quest
ὑμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμας
acc pl
you(pl)
κἀγὼ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Crasis (Pronoun [1st Person])

κἀγώ (καὶ ἐγώ)
και εγω
nom sg
and/also I
{ ἕνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ε[ι]ν·α
mas acc sg
one
♦ - } λόγον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λόγος, -ου, ὁ
λογ·ον
(mas) acc sg
word
account, measure, reckoning
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εἴπατέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ατε, ειπ·[σ]ατε
1aor act ind 2nd pl, 1aor act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-SAY-ed, do-SAY-you(pl)!
speak, tell, recount
μοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μοι
dat sg
me
·
———
RP: ἕνα ♦ NA/UBS: —
Lk 20:3
¶He answered them, “I also will ask you one question. Tell, and you tell me:
4Τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
βάπτισμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

βάπτισμα[τ], -ατος, τό (cf. βαπτισμός)
βαπτισμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
baptism
Ἰωάννου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

Ἰωάν(ν)ης, -ου, ὁ
ιωανν·ου
(mas) gen sg
John
ἐξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εξ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
οὐρανοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

οὐρανός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. οὐρανοί
ουραν·ου
(mas) gen sg
sky/heaven
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
, [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἤ[1]
η
indecl
or/than
ἐξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εξ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
ἀνθρώπων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ων
(mas) gen pl
humans
;
Lk 20:4
the baptism of John, was it from heaven, or from men?”
5Οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
συνελογίσαντο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συλ·λογίζομαι (συν+λογιζ-, συν+λογι(ε)·[σ]-, συν+λογι·σ-, -, -, συλ+λογισ·θ-)
συν·ε·λογι·σαντο
1aor mp ind 3rd pl
they-were-CONCLUDE-ed
conclude from premisses, infer, conclude, reckon upon, compute
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
ἑαυτούς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

ἑ·αυτοῦ/αὑτοῦ[2] -ῆς -οῦ
εαυτ·ους
mas acc pl
selves
him/her/it/our/your/them-selves
, λέγοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while SAY-ing
speak, tell, recount
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
Ἐὰν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἐάν (εἰ ἄν)
εαν
indecl
if-ever
"ἐὰν μή" (Lit:if-ever not) means "except", "unless"
εἴπωμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειπ·[σ]ωμεν, ειπ·ωμεν
1aor act sub 1st pl, 2aor act sub 1st pl
we-should-SAY
speak, tell, recount
, Ἐξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εξ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
οὐρανοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

οὐρανός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. οὐρανοί
ουραν·ου
(mas) gen sg
sky/heaven
, ἐρεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ερ(ε)·[σ]ει
fut act ind 3rd sg or fut mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-will-SAY, you(sg)-will-be-SAY-ed
speak, tell, recount
, Διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who/what/why
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἐπιστεύσατε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πιστεύω (πιστευ-, πιστευ·σ-, πιστευ·σ-, πεπιστευ·κ-, πεπιστευ-, πιστευ·θ-)
ε·πιστευ·σατε
1aor act ind 2nd pl
you(pl)-BELIEVE/TRUST-ed
be-persuaded/accept [toward] (heed [to], believe); give management (entrust). PASS. to be entrusted with
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
;
Lk 20:5
¶They reasoned with themselves, saying, “If we say, ‘From heaven,’ he will say, ‘Why didn’t you believe him?’
6Ἐὰν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἐάν (εἰ ἄν)
εαν
indecl
if-ever
"ἐὰν μή" (Lit:if-ever not) means "except", "unless"
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
εἴπωμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειπ·[σ]ωμεν, ειπ·ωμεν
1aor act sub 1st pl, 2aor act sub 1st pl
we-should-SAY
speak, tell, recount
, Ἐξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εξ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
ἀνθρώπων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ων
(mas) gen pl
humans
, { πᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
πα[ντ]·ς
mas nom|voc sg
each/every
(of a relevant set).
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
λαὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λαός, -οῦ, ὁ
λα·ος
(mas) nom sg
people
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
λαὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λαός, -οῦ, ὁ
λα·ος
(mas) nom sg
people
ἅπας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

ἅπα[ντ]ς ἅπασα ἅπαν[τ], gen. sg. ἅπαντος ἁπάσης ἅπαντος
απα[ντ]·ς
mas nom|voc sg
every
} καταλιθάσει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·λιθάζω (-, κατα+λιθα·σ-, -, -, -, -)
κατα·λιθα·σει
fut act ind 3rd sg or fut mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-will-STONE, you(sg)-will-be-STONE-ed
ἡμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημας
acc pl
us
· πεπεισμένος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πείθω (πειθ-, πει[θ]·σ-, πει[θ]·σ-, πεποιθ·[κ]-, πεπειθ-, πεισ·θ-)
πεπειθ·μεν·ος
perf mp ptcp mas nom sg
having-been-PERSUADE/CONVINCE-ed
[determine, prevail upon, trust; rely on, be confident in]
γάρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
Ἰωάννην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

Ἰωάν(ν)ης, -ου, ὁ
ιωανν·ην
(mas) acc sg
John
προφήτην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

προφήτης, -ου, ὁ
προφητ·ην
(mas) acc sg
prophet
minister, and interpreter, one who expounds the will of God
εἶναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·εναι
pres act inf
to-be
.
———
RP: πᾶς ὁ λαὸς ♦ NA/UBS: ὁ λαὸς ἅπας
Lk 20:6
But if we say, ‘From men,’ all the people will stone us, for they are persuaded convinced that John was is a prophet.”
7Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀπεκρίθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κρίνομαι (απο+κριν-, -, απο+κριν·[σ]-, -, απο+κεκρι-, απο+κρι·θ-)
απο·ε·κρι·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
they-were-ANSWER-ed
Lit:"judge/decide-from", hence involves a response that requires some thinking/consideration/decision. Usually rendered "answer" (in response to a question/inquiry)
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
εἰδέναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

οἶδα (ath. ιδ-/ath. ειδ(ε)-/ath. ειδ-, ειδη·σ-/ει[δ]·σ-, ειδη·σ-, οιδ·[κ]-/ειδ·[κ]-, -, -)
ειδ(ε)·ναι, ειδ·[κ]εναι
pres act inf, perf act inf
to-be-KNOW-ing, to-have-KNOW-ed
/perceive/be-aware-of/be-acquainted-with/notice. Often rendered "know" (by seeing/observing), in contrast to "γινώσκω" (know by thinking/reasoning/experiencing).
πόθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Verb

πό·θεν; πίνω (πιν-, πι·[σ]-, 2nd πι-, πεπω·κ-, -, πο·θ-)
ποθεν; πο·θε[ι]ν[τ]
indecl; aor θη ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
whence; upon being-DRINK-ed
[from where, from which];
.
Lk 20:7
They answered that they didn’t know where it was from.
8Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY-ed
speak, tell, recount
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
, Οὐδὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐδέ (οὐ δέ)
ουδε
indecl
neither/nor
Lit:"not-moreover" or "not-but", hence neither/nor.
οὐδ’ sometimes before vowels.
ἐγὼ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
εγω
nom sg
I
λέγω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ω
pres act ind 1st sg or pres act sub 1st sg
I-am-SAY-ing, I-should-be-SAY-ing
speak, tell, recount
ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you(pl)
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ποίᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

ποῖος -α -ον
ποι·ᾳ
fem dat sg
what-kind
ἐξουσίᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἐξ·ουσία, -ας, ἡ
εξουσι·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
authority
control, ruler, power, sway, freedom permitted by peace, licence
ταῦτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·α
neu nom|acc pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
ποιῶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποι(ε)·ω
pres act ind 1st sg or pres act sub 1st sg
I-am-DO/MAKE-ing, I-should-be-DO/MAKE-ing
.
Lk 20:8
¶Jesus said to them, “Neither will I tell you by what authority I do these things.”
9Ἤρξατο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἄρχω (αρχ-, αρξ-, αρξ-, -, ηρχ-, -)
ε·αρχ·σατο
1aor mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-BEGIN/RULE-ed
Lit:"head/chief", hence rule or begin (depending upon context).
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
λαὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λαός, -οῦ, ὁ
λα·ον
(mas) acc sg
people
λέγειν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-SAY-ing
speak, tell, recount
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
παραβολὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

παρα·βολή, -ῆς, ἡ
παραβολ·ην
(fem) acc sg
parable
(not proverb) παρα frοm + βολή throw radiance
ταύτην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·ην
fem acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
· Ἄνθρωπος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ος
(mas) nom sg
human
{ ἐφύτευσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φυτεύω (φυτευ-, φυτευ·σ-, φυτευ·σ-, πεφυτευ·κ-, πεφυτευ-, φυτευ·θ-)
ε·φυτευ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-PLANT-ed
♦ [ τις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

τὶ[ν]ς[2] τὶ[ν], gen. τινός, dat. τινί, acc. τινά τὶ
τι[ν]·ς
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
certain/any(one/thing)
Sg:a-certain-one/anyone/someone; Pl:a-certain-some/several. Specific/non-specific is determined from text-markings and/or context).
] ἐφύτευσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φυτεύω (φυτευ-, φυτευ·σ-, φυτευ·σ-, πεφυτευ·κ-, πεφυτευ-, φυτευ·θ-)
ε·φυτευ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-PLANT-ed
} ἀμπελῶνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀμπελών, -ῶνος, ὁ
αμπελων·α
(mas) acc sg
vineyard
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
{ ἐξέδοτο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·δίδωμι (-, εκ+δω·σ-, 2nd ath. εκ+δ(ο)-/ath. εκ+δ(ω)-, -, εκ+δεδο-, εκ+δο·θ-)
εκ·ε·δ(ο)·το
2aor mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-LEASE-ed
lease, rent out
ἐξέδετο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·δίδωμι (-, εκ+δω·σ-, 2nd ath. εκ+δ(ο)-/ath. εκ+δ(ω)-, -, εκ+δεδο-, εκ+δο·θ-)
irreg. εκ·ε·δ·ετο (instead of εκ·ε·δ(o)·ετο > εξεδουτο)
2aor mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-LEASE-ed
lease, rent out
} αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
γεωργοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Verb

γεωργός, -οῦ, ὁ; γεωργέω (γεωργ(ε)-, -, -, -, -, -)
γεωργ·οις; γεωργ(ε)·οις
(mas) dat pl; pres act opt 2nd sg
farmers; you(sg)-happen-to-be-CULTIVATE-ing
;
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀπεδήμησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·δημέω (απο+δημ(ε)-, -, απο+δημη·σ-, -, -, -)
απο·ε·δημη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-BE/GO-ed-ABROAD
χρόνους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

χρόνος, -ου, ὁ (cf. καιρός)
χρον·ους
(mas) acc pl
times
, a specific (clock) time, period-of-time (a while). Distinct from kairos (season)
ἱκανούς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

ἱκανός -ή -όν; ἱκανόω (ικαν(ο)-, -, ικανω·σ-, -, -, ικανω·θ-)
ικαν·ους; ε·ικαν(ο)·ες
mas acc pl; impf act ind 2nd sg
ample/enough; you(sg)-were-SUFFICE-ing
[sizeable, considerable, significant, worthy, important];
·
———
RP: ἐφύτευσεν ♦ NA/UBS: [τις] ἐφύτευσεν
RP: ἐξέδοτο ♦ NA/UBS: ἐξέδετο
Lk 20:9
¶He began to tell the people this parable. “A *man planted a vineyard, and rented it out to some farmers, and went into another country for a long time.
10καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
{ ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
♦ - } καιρῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

καιρός, -οῦ, ὁ (cf. χρόνος)
καιρ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
period-of-time
/season
ἀπέστειλεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·στέλλω (απο+στελλ-, απο+στελ(ε)·[σ]-, απο+στειλ·[σ]-, απ+εσταλ·κ-, απ+εσταλ-, απο+σταλ·[θ]-)
απο·ε·στειλ·[σ]ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SEND-FORTH-ed
Lit:"send/arrange-from/away". Often rendered "send-forth" (a message, messenger, action, etc), send
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
γεωργοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

γεωργός, -οῦ, ὁ
γεωργ·ους
(mas) acc pl
farmers
δοῦλον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

δοῦλος[2], -ου, ὁ; δοῦλος[1] -η -ον
δουλ·ον; δουλ·ον
(mas) acc sg; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
slave; servile
;
, ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that
/so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
καρποῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

καρπός[1], -οῦ, ὁ; Κάρπος[2], -ου, ὁ
καρπ·ου; καρπ·ου
(mas) gen sg; (mas) gen sg
fruit; Carpus
;
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
ἀμπελῶνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀμπελών, -ῶνος, ὁ
αμπελων·ος
(mas) gen sg
vineyard
{ δῶσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-); δέω (δε-/δ(ε)-, δη·σ-, δη·σ-, δεδε·κ-, δεδε-, δε·θ-)
δ(ω)·ωσι(ν); δ(ε)·ωσι(ν)
2aor act sub 3rd pl; pres act sub 3rd pl
they-should-GIVE; they-should-be-BIND-ing
/offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).; [bond, enchain], sometimes rendered "should".
δώσουσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
δω·σουσι(ν), δω·σου[ντ]·σι(ν)
fut act ind 3rd pl, fut act ptcp mas dat pl or fut act ptcp neu dat pl
they-will-GIVE, going-to-GIVE
/offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
} αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
· οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
γεωργοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Verb

γεωργός, -οῦ, ὁ; γεωργέω (γεωργ(ε)-, -, -, -, -, -)
γεωργ·οι; γεωργ(ε)·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl; pres act opt 3rd sg
farmers; he/she/it-happens-to-be-CULTIVATE-ing
;
{ δείραντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δέρω (δερ-, -, δειρ·[σ]-, -, -, δαρ·[θ]-)
δειρ·[σ]αντ·ες
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon BEAT-ing
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
ἐξαπέστειλαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·απο·στέλλω (εξαπο+στελλ-, εξαπο+στελ(ε)·[σ]-, εξαπο+στειλ·[σ]-, εξαπ+εσταλ·κ-, εξαπ+εσταλ-, εξαπο+σταλ·[θ]-)
εξαπο·ε·στειλ·[σ]αν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-SEND-FORTH-ed
Lit:"send-from-out-of", hence send-forth.
ἐξαπέστειλαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·απο·στέλλω (εξαπο+στελλ-, εξαπο+στελ(ε)·[σ]-, εξαπο+στειλ·[σ]-, εξαπ+εσταλ·κ-, εξαπ+εσταλ-, εξαπο+σταλ·[θ]-)
εξαπο·ε·στειλ·[σ]αν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-SEND-FORTH-ed
Lit:"send-from-out-of", hence send-forth.
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
δείραντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δέρω (δερ-, -, δειρ·[σ]-, -, -, δαρ·[θ]-)
δειρ·[σ]αντ·ες
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon BEAT-ing
} κενόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

κενός -ή -όν
κεν·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
empty/devoid
fruitless, destitute, vain
.
———
RP: ἐν ♦ NA/UBS: —
RP: δῶσιν ♦ NA/UBS: δώσουσιν
RP: δείραντες αὐτὸν ἐξαπέστειλαν ♦ NA/UBS: ἐξαπέστειλαν αὐτὸν δείραντες
Lk 20:10
At the proper season, he sent a servant to the farmers to collect his share of the fruit of the vineyard. But the farmers beat assaulted him, and sent him away empty-handed.
11Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
προσέθετο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·τίθημι (ath. προσ+τιθ(ε)-, προσ+θη·σ-, προσ+θη·κ- or 2nd ath. προσ+θ(ε)-, προσ+τεθει·κ-, προσ+τεθει-, προσ+τε·θ-)
προσ·ε·θ(ε)·το
2aor mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-ADD-ed
Lit:"place/set-toward", hence add/proceed-onward
{ πέμψαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πέμπω (πεμπ-, πεμψ-, πεμψ-, πεπομφ·[κ]-, -, πεμφ·θ-)
πεμπ·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-SEND, be-you(sg)-SEND-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-SEND
send as in a present, shoot forth
ἕτερον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Indefinite)

ἕτερος -α -ον (cf. ἄλλος)
ετερ·ον
neu nom|acc sg or mas acc sg
other(different/distinct)
, as distinguish from "ἄλλος" "other" (of a similar kind).
ἕτερον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Indefinite)

ἕτερος -α -ον (cf. ἄλλος)
ετερ·ον
neu nom|acc sg or mas acc sg
other(different/distinct)
, as distinguish from "ἄλλος" "other" (of a similar kind).
πέμψαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πέμπω (πεμπ-, πεμψ-, πεμψ-, πεπομφ·[κ]-, -, πεμφ·θ-)
πεμπ·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-SEND, be-you(sg)-SEND-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-SEND
send as in a present, shoot forth
} δοῦλον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

δοῦλος[2], -ου, ὁ; δοῦλος[1] -η -ον
δουλ·ον; δουλ·ον
(mas) acc sg; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
slave; servile
;
· οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
κἀκεῖνον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Crasis (Demonstrative Determiner)

κἀκεῖνος -η -ο (καὶ ἐκεῖνος)
και εκειν·ον
mas acc sg
and/also that
δείραντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δέρω (δερ-, -, δειρ·[σ]-, -, -, δαρ·[θ]-)
δειρ·[σ]αντ·ες
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon BEAT-ing
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀτιμάσαντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀ·τιμάζω (ατιμαζ-, -, ατιμα·σ-, -, ητιμασ-, ατιμασ·θ-)
ατιμα·σαντ·ες
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon DISHONOR-ing
ἐξαπέστειλαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·απο·στέλλω (εξαπο+στελλ-, εξαπο+στελ(ε)·[σ]-, εξαπο+στειλ·[σ]-, εξαπ+εσταλ·κ-, εξαπ+εσταλ-, εξαπο+σταλ·[θ]-)
εξαπο·ε·στειλ·[σ]αν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-SEND-FORTH-ed
Lit:"send-from-out-of", hence send-forth.
κενόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

κενός -ή -όν
κεν·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
empty/devoid
fruitless, destitute, vain
.
———
RP: πέμψαι ἕτερον ♦ NA/UBS: ἕτερον πέμψαι
Lk 20:11
He sent yet another servant, and that one also they also beat assaulted him, and treated him shamefully humiliated,[a] and sent him away empty-handed.
———
a Gr. ἀτιμάζω, to dishonor. The farmers seem to be ratcheting up their violence, from simple battery in 20:10 finally to murder in 20:15, such that dishonoring in 20:11 should probably be understood to be a significant escalation to the beating, and injuring in 20:12 possibly implies near death.
12Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
προσέθετο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·τίθημι (ath. προσ+τιθ(ε)-, προσ+θη·σ-, προσ+θη·κ- or 2nd ath. προσ+θ(ε)-, προσ+τεθει·κ-, προσ+τεθει-, προσ+τε·θ-)
προσ·ε·θ(ε)·το
2aor mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-ADD-ed
Lit:"place/set-toward", hence add/proceed-onward
{ πέμψαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πέμπω (πεμπ-, πεμψ-, πεμψ-, πεπομφ·[κ]-, -, πεμφ·θ-)
πεμπ·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-SEND, be-you(sg)-SEND-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-SEND
send as in a present, shoot forth
τρίτον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

τρίτος -η -ον
τριτ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
third
τρίτον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

τρίτος -η -ον
τριτ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
third
πέμψαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πέμπω (πεμπ-, πεμψ-, πεμψ-, πεπομφ·[κ]-, -, πεμφ·θ-)
πεμπ·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-SEND, be-you(sg)-SEND-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-SEND
send as in a present, shoot forth
} · οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τοῦτον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ον
mas acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
τραυματίσαντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τραυματίζω (-, -, τραυματι·σ-, -, τετραυματισ-, τραυματισ·θ-)
τραυματι·σαντ·ες
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon WOUND-ing
/traumatize, pierce(by arrow or spear)
ἐξέβαλον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·βάλλω (εκ+βαλλ-, εκ+βαλ(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd εκ+βαλ-, εκ+βεβλη·κ-, εκ+βεβλη-, εκ+βλη·θ-)
εκ·ε·βαλ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
I-CAST-OUT-ed, they-CAST-OUT-ed
Lit:"throw/cast-from-out-of", hence expel/eject/cast-out,drive-out, remove
.
———
RP: πέμψαι τρίτον ♦ NA/UBS: τρίτον πέμψαι
Lk 20:12
He sent yet a third, and this one, too, they also wounded him seriously injured, and threw him out.
13Εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY-ed
speak, tell, recount
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
κύριος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ος; κυρι·ος
(mas) nom sg; mas nom sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
ἀμπελῶνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀμπελών, -ῶνος, ὁ
αμπελων·ος
(mas) gen sg
vineyard
, Τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who/what/why
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
ποιήσω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποιη·σω
fut act ind 1st sg or 1aor act sub 1st sg
I-will-DO/MAKE, I-should-DO/MAKE
; Πέμψω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πέμπω (πεμπ-, πεμψ-, πεμψ-, πεπομφ·[κ]-, -, πεμφ·θ-)
πεμπ·σω
fut act ind 1st sg or 1aor act sub 1st sg
I-will-SEND, I-should-SEND
send as in a present, shoot forth
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
υἱόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ον
(mas) acc sg
son
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
ἀγαπητόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἀγαπητός -ή -όν
αγαπητ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
dear/beloved
· ἴσως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἴσως
ισως
indecl
equally/perhaps
[in like manner]
τοῦτον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ον
mas acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
{ ἰδόντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
2aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon SEE/BEHOLD-ing
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
♦ - } ἐντραπήσονται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐν·τρέπω (εν+τρεπ-, -, -, -, εν+τετραπ-, εν+τραπ·[θ]-)
εν·τραπ·[θ]ησονται
fut θη ind 3rd pl
they-will-be-CRINGE/MORTIFY-ed
[turn inward, either in shame or out of respect, compare αἰσχύνω]
.
———
RP: ἰδόντες ♦ NA/UBS: —
Lk 20:13
The lord owner of the vineyard said, ‘What shall I do? I will send my beloved son. It may be that seeing him, they will respect him.’
14Ἰδόντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
2aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon SEE/BEHOLD-ing
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
γεωργοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Verb

γεωργός, -οῦ, ὁ; γεωργέω (γεωργ(ε)-, -, -, -, -, -)
γεωργ·οι; γεωργ(ε)·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl; pres act opt 3rd sg
farmers; he/she/it-happens-to-be-CULTIVATE-ing
;
διελογίζοντο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δια·λογίζομαι (δια+λογιζ-, δια+λογι(ε)·[σ]-, δια+λογι·σ-, -, -, -)
δια·ε·λογιζ·οντο
impf mp ind 3rd pl
they-were-being-DELIBERATE-ed
consider, ponder, reason
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
{ ἑαυτούς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

ἑ·αυτοῦ/αὑτοῦ[2] -ῆς -οῦ
εαυτ·ους
mas acc pl
selves
him/her/it/our/your/them-selves
ἀλλήλους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reciprocal)

ἀλλήλων (gen. pl.)
αλληλ·ους
mas acc pl
one another
} , λέγοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while SAY-ing
speak, tell, recount
, Οὗτός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
[τ]ουτ·ος
mas nom sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
κληρονόμος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

κληρο·νόμος, -ου, ὁ
κληρονομ·ος
(mas) nom sg
heir
(rightful heir)
· { δεῦτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

δεῦτε
δευτε
indecl
come
♦ - } , ἀποκτείνωμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κτείνω, απο·κτέννω/απο·κτένω (απο+κτειν-/απο+κτενν-/απο+κτεν-, απο+κτεν(ε)·[σ]-, απο+κτειν·[σ]-, απ+εκταγ·κ-/απ+εκτονη·κ-, απ+εκταν-/απ+εκτονη-, απο+κταν·θ-)
απο·κτειν·ωμεν, απο·κτειν·[σ]ωμεν
pres act sub 1st pl, 1aor act sub 1st pl
we-should-be-KILL/CONDEMN-ing, we-should-KILL/CONDEMN
Lit:"kill-from", hence kill (and remove), put-to-death; of judges to put to death condemn
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
, ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that
/so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
us
γένηται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
γεν·ηται
2aor mp sub 3rd sg
he/she/it-should-be-BECOME-ed
become; happen; sometimes left untranslated
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
κληρονομία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

κληρο·νομία, -ας, ἡ
κληρονομι·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
inheritance
.
———
RP: ἑαυτούς ♦ NA/UBS: ἀλλήλους
RP: δεῦτε ♦ NA/UBS: —
Lk 20:14
“But when the farmers saw him, they reasoned among themselves, saying, ‘This is the heir. Come, let’s kill him, that the inheritance may be ours.’
15Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐκβαλόντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·βάλλω (εκ+βαλλ-, εκ+βαλ(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd εκ+βαλ-, εκ+βεβλη·κ-, εκ+βεβλη-, εκ+βλη·θ-)
εκ·βαλ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
2aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon CAST-OUT-ing
Lit:"throw/cast-from-out-of", hence expel/eject/cast-out,drive-out, remove
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
ἔξω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Verb; Verb

ἔξω; ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-); ἔξ·εστιν a.k.a. ἔξ·ειμι[2] fr. εἰμί[1] (ath. εξ+(εσ)-/εξ+(εσ)-, -, -, -, -, -)
εξω; εχ·σω; εξ·(εσ)·ω
indecl; fut act ind 1st sg; pres act sub 1st sg
outside; I-will-HAVE; I-should-be-BE-ing-PERMITTED
; /hold.;
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
ἀμπελῶνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀμπελών, -ῶνος, ὁ
αμπελων·ος
(mas) gen sg
vineyard
, ἀπέκτειναν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κτείνω, απο·κτέννω/απο·κτένω (απο+κτειν-/απο+κτενν-/απο+κτεν-, απο+κτεν(ε)·[σ]-, απο+κτειν·[σ]-, απ+εκταγ·κ-/απ+εκτονη·κ-, απ+εκταν-/απ+εκτονη-, απο+κταν·θ-)
απο·ε·κτειν·[σ]αν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-KILL/CONDEMN-ed
Lit:"kill-from", hence kill (and remove), put-to-death; of judges to put to death condemn
. Τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who/what/why
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
ποιήσει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.); Verb

ποίησις, -εως, ἡ; ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποιησ(ι)·ι; ποιη·σει
(fem) dat sg; fut act ind 3rd sg or fut mp ind 2nd sg classical
doing/making; he/she/it-will-DO/MAKE, you(sg)-will-be-DO/MAKE-ed
;
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
κύριος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ος; κυρι·ος
(mas) nom sg; mas nom sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
ἀμπελῶνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀμπελών, -ῶνος, ὁ
αμπελων·ος
(mas) gen sg
vineyard
;
Lk 20:15
They threw him out of the vineyard, and killed him. What therefore will the lord owner of the vineyard do to them?
16Ἐλεύσεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ελευ·σεται
fut mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-will-be-COME-ed
Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀπολέσει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·όλλυμι (ath. απ+ολλυ-, απ+ολ(ε)·[σ]-/απ+ολε·σ-, απ+ολε·σ- or 2nd απ+ολ-, απ+ολωλ·[κ]-, -, -)
απ·ολε·σει
fut act ind 3rd sg or fut mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-will-DESTROY, you(sg)-will-be-DESTROY-ed
Lit:"destroy-from", hence: fully/utterly-destroy/ruin/annihilate (active), perish (middle).
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
γεωργοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

γεωργός, -οῦ, ὁ
γεωργ·ους
(mas) acc pl
farmers
τούτους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ους
mas acc pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
δώσει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
δω·σει
fut act ind 3rd sg or fut mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-will-GIVE, you(sg)-will-be-GIVE-ed
/offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
ἀμπελῶνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀμπελών, -ῶνος, ὁ
αμπελων·α
(mas) acc sg
vineyard
ἄλλοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Indefinite)

ἄλλος -η -ο (cf. ἕτερος)
αλλ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
others
, as distinguished from "ἕτερος" "other" (of a different/distinct kind)
. Ἀκούσαντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀκούω (ακου-, ακου·σ-, ακου·σ-, ακηκο·[κ]-, ηκουσ-, ακουσ·θ-)
ακου·σαντ·ες
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon HEAR-ing
hearken to
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
{ εἶπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειπ·[σ]ον, ε·ειπ·ον, ειπ·ο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, 2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl, 2aor act ptcp mas voc sg or 2aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
do-SAY-you(sg)!, I-SAY-ed, they-SAY-ed, upon SAY-ing
speak, tell, recount
εἶπαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]αν, ειπ·[σ]αν[τ]
1aor act ind 3rd pl, 1aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
they-SAY-ed, upon SAY-ing
speak, tell, recount
} , Μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
γένοιτο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
γεν·οιτο
2aor mp opt 3rd sg
he/she/it-happens-to-be-BECOME-ed
become; happen; sometimes left untranslated
.
———
RP: εἶπον ♦ NA/UBS: εἶπαν
Lk 20:16
He will come and destroy these farmers, and will give the vineyard to others.”
¶When they heard it, they said, “May it never be!”
17 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἐμβλέψας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐμ·βλέπω (εν+βλεπ-, εν+βλεψ-, εν+βλεψ-, -, -, -)
εν·βλεπ·σα[ντ]·ς
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon LOOK UPON-ing
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY-ed
speak, tell, recount
, Τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who/what/why
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
γεγραμμένον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γράφω (γραφ-, γραψ-, γραψ-, γεγραφ·[κ]-, γεγραφ-, γραφ·[θ]-)
γεγραφ·μεν·ον
perf mp ptcp mas acc sg or perf mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
having-been-WRITE-ed
τοῦτο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
, Λίθον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λίθος, -ου, ὁ
λιθ·ον
(mas) acc sg
stone
ὃν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative); Verb

ὅς ἥ ὅ; εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ον; (εσ)·ο[υ]ν[τ]
mas acc sg; pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
who/whom/which; while being
;
ἀπεδοκίμασαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·δοκιμάζω (απο+δοκιμαζ-, απο+δοκιμ(α)·[σ]-, απο+δοκιμα·σ-, -, απο+δεδοκιμασ-, απο+δοκιμασ·θ-)
απο·ε·δοκιμα·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-DISAPPROVE/REJECT-ed
[reject after testing/scrutiny]
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
οἰκοδομοῦντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

οἰκο·δομέω (οικοδομ(ε)-, οικοδομη·σ-, οικοδομη·σ-, ῳκοδομη·κ-, ῳκοδομη-, οικοδομη·θ-)
οικοδομ(ε)·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while BUILD-UP-ing
Lit:"dwelling-building", hence building-refuge, build-up,edify
, οὗτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
[τ]ουτ·ος
mas nom sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
ἐγενήθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
ε·γενη·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-BECOME-ed
become; happen; sometimes left untranslated
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
κεφαλὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

κεφαλή, -ῆς, ἡ
κεφαλ·ην
(fem) acc sg
head
γωνίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

γωνία, -ας, ἡ
γωνι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
corner, corners
[sometimes: leader γόνυ]
;
Lk 20:17
¶But he looked at them, and said, “Then what is this that is written,
‘The stone which the builders rejected,
the same was made the chief cornerstone capstone?’*
18Πᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
πα[ντ]·ς
mas nom|voc sg
each/every
(of a relevant set).
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
πεσὼν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πίπτω (πιπτ-, πεσ(ε)·[σ]-, πεσ·[σ]- or 2nd πεσ-, πεπτω·κ-, -, -)
πεσ(ε)·[σ]ο[υ]ν[τ]·^, πεσ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
fut act ptcp mas nom sg, 2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
going-to-FALL, upon FALL-ing
Either (involuntarily)disastrously, or (voluntarily) quickly-bow-low. Fig: fail/be-unsuccessful
ἐπ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επ’
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
ἐκεῖνον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

ἐκεῖνος -η -ο
εκειν·ον
mas acc sg
that
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
λίθον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λίθος, -ου, ὁ
λιθ·ον
(mas) acc sg
stone
, συνθλασθήσεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συν·θλάω (-, συν+θλα·σ-, συν+θλα·σ-, -, -, συν+θλασ·θ-)
συν·θλασ·θησεται
fut θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-will-be-CRUSH-ed
Lit:"crush-together-with", hence pulverize/break-into-pieces/shatter. Fig: devastate
· ἐφ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
εφ’
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
ὃν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative); Verb

ὅς ἥ ὅ; εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ον; (εσ)·ο[υ]ν[τ]
mas acc sg; pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
who/whom/which; while being
;
δ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δ’
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἂν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἄν
αν
indecl
ever
(indicative of optional action)
πέσῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πίπτω (πιπτ-, πεσ(ε)·[σ]-, πεσ·[σ]- or 2nd πεσ-, πεπτω·κ-, -, -)
πεσ(ε)·[σ]ῃ, πεσ·[σ]ῃ, πεσ·ῃ
fut mp ind 2nd sg, 1aor act sub 3rd sg or 1aor mp sub 2nd sg, 2aor act sub 3rd sg or 2aor mp sub 2nd sg
you(sg)-will-be-FALL-ed, he/she/it-should-FALL, you(sg)-should-be-FALL-ed
Either (involuntarily)disastrously, or (voluntarily) quickly-bow-low. Fig: fail/be-unsuccessful
, λικμήσει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λικμάω (λικμ(α)-, λικμη·σ-, λικμη·σ-, -, λελικμη-, λικμη·θ-)
λικμη·σει
fut act ind 3rd sg or fut mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-will-WINNOW/SWEEP-AWAY, you(sg)-will-be-WINNOW/SWEEP-ed-AWAY
[scatter like chaff]
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
.
Lk 20:18
Everyone who falls on that stone will be broken to pieces,
but it will crush whomever it falls on to dust.”
19Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐζήτησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ζητέω (ζητ(ε)-, ζητη·σ-, ζητη·σ-, -, -, ζητη·θ-)
ε·ζητη·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-SEEK-ed
/search/inquire, look-into
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
{ ἀρχιερεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀρχ·ιερεύς, -έως, ὁ
αρχιερ(ευ)·ες, αρχιερ(ευ)·ας
(mas) nom|voc pl, (mas) acc pl
archpriests
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
γραμματεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

γραμματεύς, -έως, ὁ, voc. pl. γραμματεῖς
γραμματ(ευ)·ες, γραμματ(ευ)·ας
(mas) nom|voc pl, (mas) acc pl
scribes
γραμματεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

γραμματεύς, -έως, ὁ, voc. pl. γραμματεῖς
γραμματ(ευ)·ες, γραμματ(ευ)·ας
(mas) nom|voc pl, (mas) acc pl
scribes
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
ἀρχιερεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀρχ·ιερεύς, -έως, ὁ
αρχιερ(ευ)·ες, αρχιερ(ευ)·ας
(mas) nom|voc pl, (mas) acc pl
archpriests
} ἐπιβαλεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·βάλλω (επι+βαλλ-, επι+βαλ(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd επι+βαλ-, επι+βεβλη·κ-, -, επι+βλη·θ-)
επι·βαλ(ε)·[σ]ειν, επι·βαλ·ειν
fut act inf, 2aor act inf
to-will-CAST-UPON, to-CAST-UPON
[put the mind on, impose, inflict, cast upon]
ἐπ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επ’
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
τὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ας
fem acc pl
the
χεῖρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

χείρ, χειρός, ἡ, dat. pl. χερσίν
χειρ·ας
(fem) acc pl
hands
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
αὐτῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῃ
fem dat sg
her/it/same
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
ὥρᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ὥρα, -ας, ἡ
ωρ·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
hour
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
{ ἐφοβήθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φοβέω (φοβ(ε)-, -, φοβη·σ-, -, πεφοβη-, φοβη·θ-)
ε·φοβη·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
they-were-FEAR-ed
ἐφοβήθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φοβέω (φοβ(ε)-, -, φοβη·σ-, -, πεφοβη-, φοβη·θ-)
ε·φοβη·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
they-were-FEAR-ed
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
λαόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λαός, -οῦ, ὁ
λα·ον
(mas) acc sg
people
} · ἔγνωσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γινώσκω/γιγν- (γινωσκ-/γιγνωσκ-, γνω·σ-, 2nd ath. γν(ω)-/ath. γν(ο)-, εγνω·κ-, εγνωσ-, γνωσ·θ-)
ε·γν(ω)·σαν
2aor act ind 3rd pl
they-KNOW-ed
καί έν τούτω γινώσκομεν
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
αὐτοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ους
mas acc pl
them/same
{ τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
παραβολὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

παρα·βολή, -ῆς, ἡ
παραβολ·ην
(fem) acc sg
parable
(not proverb) παρα frοm + βολή throw radiance
ταύτην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·ην
fem acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY-ed
speak, tell, recount
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY-ed
speak, tell, recount
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
παραβολὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

παρα·βολή, -ῆς, ἡ
παραβολ·ην
(fem) acc sg
parable
(not proverb) παρα frοm + βολή throw radiance
ταύτην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·ην
fem acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
} .
———
RP: ἀρχιερεῖς καὶ οἱ γραμματεῖς ♦ NA/UBS: γραμματεῖς καὶ οἱ ἀρχιερεῖς
RP: ἐφοβήθησαν ♦ NA/UBS: ἐφοβήθησαν τὸν λαόν
RP: τὴν παραβολὴν ταύτην εἶπεν ♦ NA/UBS: εἶπεν τὴν παραβολὴν ταύτην
Lk 20:19
¶The chief priests and the scribes sought to lay hands on him that very hour, but they feared the people—for they knew he had spoken this parable against them.
20Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
παρατηρήσαντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·τηρέω (παρα+τηρ(ε)-, παρα+τηρη·σ-, παρα+τηρη·σ-, -, -, -)
παρα·τηρη·σαντ·ες
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon WATCH-ing-CLOSELY
ἀπέστειλαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·στέλλω (απο+στελλ-, απο+στελ(ε)·[σ]-, απο+στειλ·[σ]-, απ+εσταλ·κ-, απ+εσταλ-, απο+σταλ·[θ]-)
απο·ε·στειλ·[σ]αν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-SEND-FORTH-ed
Lit:"send/arrange-from/away". Often rendered "send-forth" (a message, messenger, action, etc), send
ἐγκαθέτους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἐγ·κά·θετος -ον
εγκαθετ·ους
mas acc pl or fem acc pl
spy
, ὑποκρινομένους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑπο·κρίνομαι (υπο+κριν-, -, υπο+κριν·[σ]-, -, -, υπο+κρι·θ-)
υπο·κριν·ομεν·ους
pres mp ptcp mas acc pl
while being-HYPOCRITE-ed
ἑαυτοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

ἑ·αυτοῦ/αὑτοῦ[2] -ῆς -οῦ
εαυτ·ους
mas acc pl
selves
him/her/it/our/your/them-selves
δικαίους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

δίκαιος -αία -ον
δικαι·ους
mas acc pl
righteous
/just/right, (by judicial implication) innocent.
εἶναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·εναι
pres act inf
to-be
, ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that
/so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
ἐπιλάβωνται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·λαμβάνομαι (επι+λαμβαν-, επι+λημψ-, 2nd επι+λαβ-, -, επι+ειληβ-, επι+λημφ·θ-)
επι·λαβ·ωνται
2aor mp sub 3rd pl
they-should-be-TAKE-ed-HOLD-OF
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
λόγου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λόγος, -ου, ὁ
λογ·ου
(mas) gen sg
word
account, measure, reckoning
, { εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
ὥστε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὥστε
ωστε
indecl
so that
} παραδοῦναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·δίδωμι (ath. παρα+διδ(ο)-/ath. παρα+διδ(ω)-, παρα+δω·σ-, παρα+δω·κ- or 2nd ath. παρα+δ(ο)-/ath. παρα+δ(ω)-, παρα+δεδω·κ-, παρα+δεδο-, παρα+δο·θ-)
παρα·δ(ο)·εναι
2aor act inf
to-DELIVER-OVER
Lit:"give-close-beside", hence deliver/surrender/hand-over, betray, commit, give-in/over/up, turn-in, consign, grant, bestow, teach-doctrine
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
ἀρχῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Verb

ἀρχή, -ῆς, ἡ; ἄρχω (αρχ-, αρξ-, αρξ-, -, ηρχ-, -)
αρχ·ῃ; αρχ·ῃ
(fem) dat sg; pres mp ind 2nd sg or pres act sub 3rd sg or pres mp sub 2nd sg
beginning; you(sg)-are-being-BEGIN/RULE-ed, he/she/it-should-be-BEGIN/RULE-ing, you(sg)-should-be-being-BEGIN/RULE-ed
; Lit:"head/chief", hence rule or begin (depending upon context).
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
ἐξουσίᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἐξ·ουσία, -ας, ἡ
εξουσι·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
authority
control, ruler, power, sway, freedom permitted by peace, licence
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
ἡγεμόνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἡγεμών, -όνος, ὁ
ηγεμον·ος
(mas) gen sg
governor
[see hegemon]
.
———
RP: εἰς τὸ ♦ NA/UBS: ὥστε
Lk 20:20
They watched him, and sent out spies, who pretended making themselves out to be righteous, that they might trap him in something he said, so as to deliver him up to the power and authority of the governor.
21Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐπηρώτησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπ·ερωτάω (επ+ερωτ(α)-, επ+ερωτη·σ-, επ+ερωτη·σ-, -, -, επ+ερωτη·θ-)
επ·ε·ερωτη·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-QUESTION-ed
[consult, enquire]
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
, λέγοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while SAY-ing
speak, tell, recount
, Διδάσκαλε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

διδάσκαλος, -ου, ὁ
διδασκαλ·ε
(mas) voc sg
teacher
, οἴδαμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

οἶδα (ath. ιδ-/ath. ειδ(ε)-/ath. ειδ-, ειδη·σ-/ει[δ]·σ-, ειδη·σ-, οιδ·[κ]-/ειδ·[κ]-, -, -)
οιδ·[κ]αμεν
perf act ind 1st pl
we-have-KNOW-ed
/perceive/be-aware-of/be-acquainted-with/notice. Often rendered "know" (by seeing/observing), in contrast to "γινώσκω" (know by thinking/reasoning/experiencing).
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
ὀρθῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὀρθῶς
ορθως
indecl
rightly
Lit:"straight", hence rightly/properly/correctly, conforming to standards
λέγεις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·εις
pres act ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-are-SAY-ing
speak, tell, recount
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
διδάσκεις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

διδάσκω (διδασκ-, διδαξ-, διδαξ-, δεδιδαχ·[κ]-, δεδιδακ-, διδαχ·θ-)
διδασκ·εις
pres act ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-are-TEACH-ing
teach, instruct, explain, prove
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
λαμβάνεις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαμβάνω (λαμβαν-, λημψ-/ληψ-, λαβ·[σ]- or 2nd λαβ-, ειληφ·[κ]-, ειληβ-, λημφ·θ-/ληφ·θ-)
λαμβαν·εις
pres act ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-are-TAKE/RECEIVE-ing
grasp, clutch, cling-to, seize, lay-hands-upon, take by violence, carry off, of a deity, seize, possess, catch, find out, detect, overtake, understand
πρόσωπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

πρόσ·ωπον, -ου, τό
προσωπ·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
face
Lit:"toward-eyes", hence face/countenance/appearance
, ἀλλ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλ’
indecl
but
ἐπ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επ’
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
ἀληθείας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀ·λήθεια, -ας, ἡ
αληθει·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
truth, truths
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
ὁδὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl.)

ὁδός, -οῦ, ἡ
οδ·ον
(fem) acc sg
way/road
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god
[see theology]
διδάσκεις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

διδάσκω (διδασκ-, διδαξ-, διδαξ-, δεδιδαχ·[κ]-, δεδιδακ-, διδαχ·θ-)
διδασκ·εις
pres act ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-are-TEACH-ing
teach, instruct, explain, prove
.
Lk 20:21
They asked him, “Teacher, we know that you say and teach what is right, and aren’t partial to anyone, but truly teach the way of God.
22Ἔξεστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔξ·εστιν a.k.a. ἔξ·ειμι[2] fr. εἰμί[1] (ath. εξ+(εσ)-/εξ+(εσ)-, -, -, -, -, -)
εξ·(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is-BE-ing-PERMITTED
{ ἡμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημιν
dat pl
us
ἡμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημας
acc pl
us
} Καίσαρι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

Καῖσαρ, -αρος, ὁ
καισαρ·ι
(mas) dat sg
Caesar
φόρον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

φόρος, -ου, ὁ; φόρον, -ου, τό
φορ·ον; φορ·ον
(mas) acc sg; (neu) nom|acc|voc sg
Tax; Tributary
(forced labor, tax, tribute, (load down, impose)); (forced labor, tax, tribute, (load down, impose))
δοῦναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
δ(ο)·εναι
2aor act inf
to-GIVE
/offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
, [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἤ[1]
η
indecl
or/than
οὔ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
;
———
RP: ἡμῖν ♦ NA/UBS: ἡμᾶς
Lk 20:22
Is it lawful for us to pay taxes to Caesar, or not?”
23Κατανοήσας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·νοέω (κατα+νο(ε)-, κατα+νοη·σ-, κατα+νοη·σ-, -, -, -)
κατα·νοη·σα[ντ]·ς
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon UNDERSTAND-ing
Lit:"think-down/exactly", hence comprehend, understand
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
πανουργίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

πανουργία, -ας, ἡ
πανουργι·αν
(fem) acc sg
sneakiness
, εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY-ed
speak, tell, recount
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
αὐτούς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ους
mas acc pl
them/same
, { Τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who/what/why
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
με [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
με
acc sg
me
πειράζετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πειράζω (πειραζ-, πειρα·σ-, πειρα·σ-, -, πεπειρασ-, πειρασ·θ-)
πειραζ·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-PROVE/TEST/TEMPT-ing, be-you(pl)-PROVE/TEST/TEMPT-ing!
[From "peíra" (3984, test/trial) to put to the test, make trial of]
♦ - } ;
———
RP: Τί με πειράζετε ♦ NA/UBS: —
Lk 20:23
¶But he perceived saw through their craftiness pretense,[a] and said to them, “Why do you test me?
———
a Gr. πανουργία, slyness or trickery.
24{ Ἐπιδείξατέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·δείκνυμι (ath. επι+δεικνυ-, -, επι+δειξ-, -, -, -)
επι·δεικ·σατε
1aor act imp 2nd pl
do-SHOW-you(pl)!
exhibit, demonstrate, display
Δείξατέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δείκνυμι a.k.a. δεικνύω (ath. δεικνυ-, δειξ-, δειξ-, -, -, δειχ·θ-)
δεικ·σατε
1aor act imp 2nd pl
do-SHOW-you(pl)!
} μοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μοι
dat sg
me
δηνάριον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

δηνάριον, -ου, τό
δηναρι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
denarius
[Roman monetary unit]
· τίνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τιν·ος
neu gen sg or mas gen sg or fem gen sg
who/what/why
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
ἔχει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
εχ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-HAVE-ing, you(sg)-are-being-HAVE-ed
/hold.
εἰκόνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

εἰκών, -όνος, ἡ
εικον·α
(fem) acc sg
icon
[image, likeness]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐπιγραφήν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἐπι·γραφή, -ῆς, ἡ
επιγραφ·ην
(fem) acc sg
inscription
; { Ἀποκριθέντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κρίνομαι (απο+κριν-, -, απο+κριν·[σ]-, -, απο+κεκρι-, απο+κρι·θ-)
απο·κρι·θε[ι]ντ·ες
aor θη ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon being-ANSWER-ed
Lit:"judge/decide-from", hence involves a response that requires some thinking/consideration/decision. Usually rendered "answer" (in response to a question/inquiry)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
εἶπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειπ·[σ]ον, ε·ειπ·ον, ειπ·ο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, 2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl, 2aor act ptcp mas voc sg or 2aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
do-SAY-you(sg)!, I-SAY-ed, they-SAY-ed, upon SAY-ing
speak, tell, recount
Οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
εἶπαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]αν, ειπ·[σ]αν[τ]
1aor act ind 3rd pl, 1aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
they-SAY-ed, upon SAY-ing
speak, tell, recount
} , Καίσαρος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

Καῖσαρ, -αρος, ὁ
καισαρ·ος
(mas) gen sg
Caesar
.
———
RP: Ἐπιδείξατέ ♦ NA/UBS: Δείξατέ
RP: Ἀποκριθέντες δὲ εἶπον ♦ NA/UBS: Οἱ δὲ εἶπαν
Lk 20:24
Show me a denarius. Whose image and inscription are on it?”
¶They answered, “Caesar’s.”
25 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY-ed
speak, tell, recount
{ αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
αὐτούς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ους
mas acc pl
them/same
} , { Ἀπόδοτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·δίδωμι (ath. απο+διδ(ο)-/ath. απο+διδ(ω)-, απο+δω·σ-, απο+δω·κ- or 2nd ath. απο+δ(ο)-/ath. απο+δ(ω)-, -, απο+δεδο-, απο+δο·θ-)
απο·δ(ο)·τε
2aor act imp 2nd pl
do-GIVE-BACK-you(pl)!
Lit:"give-from", hence, give/pay-back/repay/restore, assign, impute, convey, refer, sell
τοίνυν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

τοί·νυν
τοινυν
indecl
therefore
therefore, then
Τοίνυν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

τοί·νυν
τοινυν
indecl
therefore
therefore, then
ἀπόδοτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·δίδωμι (ath. απο+διδ(ο)-/ath. απο+διδ(ω)-, απο+δω·σ-, απο+δω·κ- or 2nd ath. απο+δ(ο)-/ath. απο+δ(ω)-, -, απο+δεδο-, απο+δο·θ-)
απο·δ(ο)·τε
2aor act imp 2nd pl
do-GIVE-BACK-you(pl)!
Lit:"give-from", hence, give/pay-back/repay/restore, assign, impute, convey, refer, sell
} τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
Καίσαρος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

Καῖσαρ, -αρος, ὁ
καισαρ·ος
(mas) gen sg
Caesar
Καίσαρι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

Καῖσαρ, -αρος, ὁ
καισαρ·ι
(mas) dat sg
Caesar
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god
[see theology]
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
θεῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
god
[see theology]
.
———
RP: αὐτοῖς ♦ NA/UBS: πρὸς αὐτούς
RP: Ἀπόδοτε τοίνυν ♦ NA/UBS: Τοίνυν ἀπόδοτε
Lk 20:25
¶He said to them, “Then give what is Caesar’s to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and what is God’s to God the things that are God’s.”
26Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἴσχυσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἰσχύω (ισχυ-, ισχυ·σ-, ισχυ·σ-, ισχυ·κ-, -, -)
ε·ισχυ·σαν, ισχυ·σαν[τ]
1aor act ind 3rd pl, 1aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
they-HAVE-STRENGTH-ed, upon HAVE-STRENGTH-ing
Lit:"have-strength", hence have-vigor/might/overcoming-ability
ἐπιλαβέσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·λαμβάνομαι (επι+λαμβαν-, επι+λημψ-, 2nd επι+λαβ-, -, επι+ειληβ-, επι+λημφ·θ-)
επι·λαβ·εσθαι
2aor mp inf
to-be-TAKE-ed-HOLD-OF
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
ῥήματος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ῥῆμα[τ], -ατος, τό
ρηματ·ος
(neu) gen sg
declaration
/saying/statement/utterance Often "word" but distinguished from "logos" (message)
ἐναντίον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition; Adjective (2-1-2)

ἐν·αντίον; ἐν·αντίος -α -ον
εναντιον; εναντι·ον
indecl; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
in front of (+gen); contrary
; opposite, adverse, against,
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
λαοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λαός, -οῦ, ὁ
λα·ου
(mas) gen sg
people
· καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
θαυμάσαντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θαυμάζω (θαυμαζ-, θαυμα·σ-, θαυμα·σ-, τεθαυμα·κ-, τεθαυμασ-, θαυμασ·θ-)
θαυμα·σαντ·ες
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon MARVEL-ing
/wonder-at/cause-amazement/surprise/shock/awe, be-impressed
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
ἀποκρίσει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

ἀπό·κρισις, -εως, ἡ
αποκρισ(ι)·ι
(fem) dat sg
answer
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
, ἐσίγησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σιγάω (σιγ(α)-, σιγη·σ-, σιγη·σ-, -, σεσιγη-, -)
ε·σιγη·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-TO HAVE NO SOUND-ed
to be silent
.
Lk 20:26
¶They weren’t able to trap him in his words before the people. They marveled at his answer, and were silent.
27Προσελθόντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·έρχομαι (προσ+ερχ-, προσ+ελευ·σ-, προσ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd προσ+ελθ-, προσ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
προσ·ελθ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
2aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon APPROACH-ing
δέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
τινες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

τὶ[ν]ς[2] τὶ[ν], gen. τινός, dat. τινί, acc. τινά τὶ
τιν·ες
mas nom pl or fem nom pl
certain-some/several
Sg:a-certain-one/anyone/someone; Pl:a-certain-some/several. Specific/non-specific is determined from text-markings and/or context).
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
Σαδδουκαίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Σαδδουκαῖος, -ου, ὁ
σαδδουκαι·ων
(mas) gen pl
Sadducees
, οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
{ ἀντιλέγοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀντι·λέγω (αντι+λεγ-, -, 2nd αντ+ειπ-, -, -, -)
αντι·λεγ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while SPEAK-ing-AGAINST
♦ [ [ἀντι]λέγοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀντι·λέγω (αντι+λεγ-, -, 2nd αντ+ειπ-, -, -, -)
αντι·λεγ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while SPEAK-ing-AGAINST
} ἀνάστασιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.); Verb

ἀνά·στασις, -εως, ἡ; ἀν·ίστημι (ath. αν+ιστ(α)-/ath. αν+ιστ(η)-, ανα+στη·σ-, ανα+στη·σ- or 2nd ath. ανα+στ(η)-/ath. ανα+στ(α)-, ανα+εστη·κ-/ανα+εστα·κ-, -, ανα+στα·θ-)
αναστασ(ι)·ν; ανα·στ(α)·[ντ]·σι(ν)
(fem) acc sg; 2aor act ptcp mas dat pl or 2aor act ptcp neu dat pl
resurrection/rise,up; upon STAND-UP/AGAIN-ing
; Lit:"stand-up/again", hence put-up/raise/arise. Usually resurrect.
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
εἶναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·εναι
pres act inf
to-be
, ἐπηρώτησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπ·ερωτάω (επ+ερωτ(α)-, επ+ερωτη·σ-, επ+ερωτη·σ-, -, -, επ+ερωτη·θ-)
επ·ε·ερωτη·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-QUESTION-ed
[consult, enquire]
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
,
———
RP: ἀντιλέγοντες ♦ NA/UBS: [ἀντι]λέγοντες
Lk 20:27
Some of the Sadducees came to him, those who deny that there is a resurrection.[a]
———
a Gr. ἀνάστασις, resurrection (or, rising up). Resurrection is the means to the afterlife, therefore what the Sadducees are denying is the afterlife.
28λέγοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while SAY-ing
speak, tell, recount
, Διδάσκαλε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

διδάσκαλος, -ου, ὁ
διδασκαλ·ε
(mas) voc sg
teacher
, { Μωσῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl. and Mas. 3rd Decl.)

Μωϋσῆς v.l. Μωσῆς, -ῆ, ὁ and Μωϋσεύς v.l. Μωσεύς, -έως, ὁ
μωσ·ης
(mas) nom sg
Moses
Μωϋσῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl. and Mas. 3rd Decl.)

Μωϋσῆς v.l. Μωσῆς, -ῆ, ὁ and Μωϋσεύς v.l. Μωσεύς, -έως, ὁ
μωυσ·ης
(mas) nom sg
Moses
} ἔγραψεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γράφω (γραφ-, γραψ-, γραψ-, γεγραφ·[κ]-, γεγραφ-, γραφ·[θ]-)
ε·γραφ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-WRITE-ed
ἡμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημιν
dat pl
us
, ἐάν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἐάν (εἰ ἄν)
εαν
indecl
if-ever
"ἐὰν μή" (Lit:if-ever not) means "except", "unless"
τινος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

τὶ[ν]ς[2] τὶ[ν], gen. τινός, dat. τινί, acc. τινά τὶ
τιν·ος
neu gen sg or mas gen sg or fem gen sg
certain/any(one/thing)
Sg:a-certain-one/anyone/someone; Pl:a-certain-some/several. Specific/non-specific is determined from text-markings and/or context).
ἀδελφὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί
αδελφ·ος
(mas) nom sg
brother
ἀποθάνῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·θνῄσκω (απο+θνῃσκ-, απο+θαν(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd απο+θαν-, -, -, -)
απο·θαν(ε)·[σ]ῃ, απο·θαν·ῃ
fut mp ind 2nd sg, 2aor act sub 3rd sg or 2aor mp sub 2nd sg
you(sg)-will-be-DIE-ed, he/she/it-should-DIE, you(sg)-should-be-DIE-ed
ἔχων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
εχ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while HAVE-ing
/hold.
γυναῖκα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

γυνή, -αικος, ἡ, voc. sg. γύναι
γυναικ·α
(fem) acc sg
woman/wife
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
οὗτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
[τ]ουτ·ος
mas nom sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
ἄτεκνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἄ·τεκνος -ον
ατεκν·ος
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
childless
{ ἀποθάνῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·θνῄσκω (απο+θνῃσκ-, απο+θαν(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd απο+θαν-, -, -, -)
απο·θαν(ε)·[σ]ῃ, απο·θαν·ῃ
fut mp ind 2nd sg, 2aor act sub 3rd sg or 2aor mp sub 2nd sg
you(sg)-will-be-DIE-ed, he/she/it-should-DIE, you(sg)-should-be-DIE-ed
, ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that
/so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·ῃ
pres act sub 3rd sg
he/she/it-should-be
ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that
/so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
} λάβῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαμβάνω (λαμβαν-, λημψ-/ληψ-, λαβ·[σ]- or 2nd λαβ-, ειληφ·[κ]-, ειληβ-, λημφ·θ-/ληφ·θ-)
λαβ·[σ]ῃ, λαβ·ῃ
1aor act sub 3rd sg or 1aor mp sub 2nd sg, 2aor act sub 3rd sg or 2aor mp sub 2nd sg
he/she/it-should-TAKE/RECEIVE, you(sg)-should-be-TAKE/RECEIVE-ed
grasp, clutch, cling-to, seize, lay-hands-upon, take by violence, carry off, of a deity, seize, possess, catch, find out, detect, overtake, understand
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
ἀδελφὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί
αδελφ·ος
(mas) nom sg
brother
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
γυναῖκα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

γυνή, -αικος, ἡ, voc. sg. γύναι
γυναικ·α
(fem) acc sg
woman/wife
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐξαναστήσῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·αν·ίστημι (ath. εξαν+ιστ(α)-/ath. εξαν+ιστ(η)-, εξανα+στη·σ-, εξανα+στη·σ- or 2nd ath. εξανα+στ(η)-/ath. εξανα+στ(α)-, εξανα+εστη·κ-, -, -)
εξανα·στη·σῃ
fut mp ind 2nd sg or 1aor act sub 3rd sg or 1aor mp sub 2nd sg
you(sg)-will-be-RAISE UP-ed, he/she/it-should-RAISE UP, you(sg)-should-be-RAISE UP-ed
arise; εξανστηση rising out from death, rouse
σπέρμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

σπέρμα[τ], -ατος, τό
σπερμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
seed
sperm, seed, germ (sprout, bud)
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
ἀδελφῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί
αδελφ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
brother
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
.
———
RP: Μωσῆς ♦ NA/UBS: Μωϋσῆς
RP: ἀποθάνῃ, ἵνα ♦ NA/UBS: ᾖ ἵνα
Lk 20:28
They asked him, “Teacher, Moses wrote to us that if a man’s brother dies having a wife, and he is childless, his brother should take the wife, and raise up children for his brother.
29Ἑπτὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

ἑπτά
επτα
indecl
seven
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
ἀδελφοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί
αδελφ·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
brothers
ἦσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·σαν
impf act ind 3rd pl
they-were
· καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
πρῶτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

πρῶτος -η -ον
πρωτ·ος
mas nom sg
first
λαβὼν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαμβάνω (λαμβαν-, λημψ-/ληψ-, λαβ·[σ]- or 2nd λαβ-, ειληφ·[κ]-, ειληβ-, λημφ·θ-/ληφ·θ-)
λαβ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
upon TAKE/RECEIVE-ing
grasp, clutch, cling-to, seize, lay-hands-upon, take by violence, carry off, of a deity, seize, possess, catch, find out, detect, overtake, understand
γυναῖκα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

γυνή, -αικος, ἡ, voc. sg. γύναι
γυναικ·α
(fem) acc sg
woman/wife
, ἀπέθανεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·θνῄσκω (απο+θνῃσκ-, απο+θαν(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd απο+θαν-, -, -, -)
απο·ε·θαν·ε(ν)
2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-DIE-ed
ἄτεκνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἄ·τεκνος -ον
ατεκν·ος
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
childless
·
Lk 20:29
There were therefore seven brothers. The first took a wife, and died childless.
30καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
{ ἔλαβεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαμβάνω (λαμβαν-, λημψ-/ληψ-, λαβ·[σ]- or 2nd λαβ-, ειληφ·[κ]-, ειληβ-, λημφ·θ-/ληφ·θ-)
ε·λαβ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·λαβ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-TAKE/RECEIVE-ed
grasp, clutch, cling-to, seize, lay-hands-upon, take by violence, carry off, of a deity, seize, possess, catch, find out, detect, overtake, understand
♦ - } [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
δεύτερος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

δεύτερος -α -ον
δευτερ·ος
mas nom sg
second
{ τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
γυναῖκα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

γυνή, -αικος, ἡ, voc. sg. γύναι
γυναικ·α
(fem) acc sg
woman/wife
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
οὗτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
[τ]ουτ·ος
mas nom sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
ἀπέθανεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·θνῄσκω (απο+θνῃσκ-, απο+θαν(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd απο+θαν-, -, -, -)
απο·ε·θαν·ε(ν)
2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-DIE-ed
ἄτεκνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἄ·τεκνος -ον
ατεκν·ος
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
childless
♦ - } .
———
RP: ἔλαβεν ♦ NA/UBS: —
RP: τὴν γυναῖκα, καὶ οὗτος ἀπέθανεν ἄτεκνος ♦ NA/UBS: —
Lk 20:30
The second took her as wife, and he died childless.
31Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
τρίτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

τρίτος -η -ον
τριτ·ος
mas nom sg
third
ἔλαβεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαμβάνω (λαμβαν-, λημψ-/ληψ-, λαβ·[σ]- or 2nd λαβ-, ειληφ·[κ]-, ειληβ-, λημφ·θ-/ληφ·θ-)
ε·λαβ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·λαβ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-TAKE/RECEIVE-ed
grasp, clutch, cling-to, seize, lay-hands-upon, take by violence, carry off, of a deity, seize, possess, catch, find out, detect, overtake, understand
{ αὐτὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ην
fem acc sg
her/it/same
ὡσαύτως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡσ·αύτως (cf. ὁμοίως)
ωσαυτως
indecl
likewise
Lit:"like-same", hence likewise.
αὐτήν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ην
fem acc sg
her/it/same
} . Ὡσαύτως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡσ·αύτως (cf. ὁμοίως)
ωσαυτως
indecl
likewise
Lit:"like-same", hence likewise.
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
ἑπτά [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

ἑπτά
επτα
indecl
seven
· οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
κατέλιπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·λείπω (κατα+λειπ-, κατα+λειψ-, κατα+λειψ- or 2nd κατα+λιπ-, κατα+λελοιπ·[κ]-, κατα+λελειπ-, κατα+λειφ·θ-)
κατα·ε·λιπ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
I-LEAVE-BEHIND-ed, they-LEAVE-BEHIND-ed
Lit:leave-down, hence leave-behind, forsake, abandon
τέκνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

τέκνον, -ου, τό, voc. sg. τέκνον, voc. pl. τέκνα
τεκν·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
children
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀπέθανον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·θνῄσκω (απο+θνῃσκ-, απο+θαν(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd απο+θαν-, -, -, -)
απο·ε·θαν·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
I-DIE-ed, they-DIE-ed
.
———
RP: αὐτὴν ὡσαύτως ♦ NA/UBS: αὐτήν
Lk 20:31
The third took her, and likewise the seven all left no children, and died.
32Ὕστερον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Adjective (2-1-2)

ὕστερον (Adv. of ὕστερος); ὕσ·τερος -α -ον
υστερον; υστερ·ον
indecl; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
afterward; latter
;
{ δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
πάντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl
all
(of a relevant set).
♦ - } { ἀπέθανεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·θνῄσκω (απο+θνῃσκ-, απο+θαν(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd απο+θαν-, -, -, -)
απο·ε·θαν·ε(ν)
2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-DIE-ed
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
γυνή [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

γυνή, -αικος, ἡ, voc. sg. γύναι
γυναι[κ] > irreg. γυνη
(fem) nom sg
woman/wife
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
γυνὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

γυνή, -αικος, ἡ, voc. sg. γύναι
γυναι[κ] > irreg. γυνη
(fem) nom sg
woman/wife
ἀπέθανεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·θνῄσκω (απο+θνῃσκ-, απο+θαν(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd απο+θαν-, -, -, -)
απο·ε·θαν·ε(ν)
2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-DIE-ed
} .
———
RP: δὲ πάντων ♦ NA/UBS: —
RP: ἀπέθανεν καὶ ἡ γυνή ♦ NA/UBS: καὶ ἡ γυνὴ ἀπέθανεν
Lk 20:32
Afterward the woman also died.
33{ Ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
γυνὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

γυνή, -αικος, ἡ, voc. sg. γύναι
γυναι[κ] > irreg. γυνη
(fem) nom sg
woman/wife
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
} ἀναστάσει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

ἀνά·στασις, -εως, ἡ
αναστασ(ι)·ι
(fem) dat sg
resurrection/rise,up
, τίνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τιν·ος
neu gen sg or mas gen sg or fem gen sg
who/what/why
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
γίνεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
γιν·εται
pres mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is-being-BECOME-ed
become; happen; sometimes left untranslated
γυνή [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

γυνή, -αικος, ἡ, voc. sg. γύναι
γυναι[κ] > irreg. γυνη
(fem) nom sg
woman/wife
; Οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
ἑπτὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

ἑπτά
επτα
indecl
seven
ἔσχον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
ε·σχ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
I-HAVE-ed, they-HAVE-ed
/hold.
αὐτὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ην
fem acc sg
her/it/same
γυναῖκα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

γυνή, -αικος, ἡ, voc. sg. γύναι
γυναικ·α
(fem) acc sg
woman/wife
.
———
RP: Ἐν τῇ οὖν ♦ NA/UBS: Ἡ γυνὴ οὖν ἐν τῇ
Lk 20:33
Therefore in the resurrection whose wife of them will she be? For the seven had her as a wife.”
34Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
{ ἀποκριθεὶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κρίνομαι (απο+κριν-, -, απο+κριν·[σ]-, -, απο+κεκρι-, απο+κρι·θ-)
απο·κρι·θει[ντ]·ς
aor θη ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon being-ANSWER-ed
Lit:"judge/decide-from", hence involves a response that requires some thinking/consideration/decision. Usually rendered "answer" (in response to a question/inquiry)
♦ - } εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY-ed
speak, tell, recount
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
, Οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
υἱοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
sons
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
αἰῶνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

αἰών, -ῶνος, ὁ
αιων·ος
(mas) gen sg
eon
/age, "εἰς τοὺς αἰῶνα/αἰῶνας"(into the eon/eons) are both usually rendered "forever".
τούτου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
γαμοῦσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γαμέω (γαμ(ε)-, -, γαμη·σ-/γημ·[σ]-, γεγαμη·κ-, -, γαμη·θ-)
γαμ(ε)·ουσι(ν), γαμ(ε)·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
they-are-MARRY-ing, while MARRY-ing
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
{ ἐκγαμίσκονται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·γαμίσκω (εκ+γαμισκ-, -, -, -, -, -)
εκ·γαμισκ·ονται
pres mp ind 3rd pl
they-are-being-???-ed
γαμίσκονται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γαμίσκω (γαμισκ-, -, -, -, -, -)
γαμισκ·ονται
pres mp ind 3rd pl
they-are-being-???-ed
} ·
———
RP: ἀποκριθεὶς ♦ NA/UBS: —
RP: ἐκγαμίσκονται ♦ NA/UBS: γαμίσκονται
Lk 20:34
¶Jesus said to them, “The children of this age marry, and are given in marriage.
35οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
καταξιωθέντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατ·αξιόω (-, -, κατ+αξιω·σ-, -, -, κατ+αξιω·θ-)
κατ·αξιω·θε[ι]ντ·ες
aor θη ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon being-DEEM WORTHY-ed
to be eligible, deserving; to merit; to hold in honor
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
αἰῶνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

αἰών, -ῶνος, ὁ
αιων·ος
(mas) gen sg
eon
/age, "εἰς τοὺς αἰῶνα/αἰῶνας"(into the eon/eons) are both usually rendered "forever".
ἐκείνου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

ἐκεῖνος -η -ο
εκειν·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
that
τυχεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τυγχάνω (τυγχαν-, τευξ-, τευξ- or 2nd τυχ-, τετυχ·[κ]-/τετευχ·[κ]-, -, -)
τυχ·ειν
2aor act inf
to-CHANCE-UPON
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
ἀναστάσεως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

ἀνά·στασις, -εως, ἡ
αναστασ(ι)·ος
(fem) gen sg
resurrection/rise,up
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
νεκρῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

νεκρός -ά -όν
νεκρ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
dead
οὔτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὔτε (οὐ τέ)
ουτε
indecl
nor
Lit:"not-also", hence neither/nor. not
γαμοῦσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γαμέω (γαμ(ε)-, -, γαμη·σ-/γημ·[σ]-, γεγαμη·κ-, -, γαμη·θ-)
γαμ(ε)·ουσι(ν), γαμ(ε)·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
they-are-MARRY-ing, while MARRY-ing
οὔτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὔτε (οὐ τέ)
ουτε
indecl
nor
Lit:"not-also", hence neither/nor. not
{ ἐκγαμίζονται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·γαμίζω (εκ+γαμιζ-, -, -, -, -, -)
εκ·γαμιζ·ονται
pres mp ind 3rd pl
they-are-being-MATCHMAKE-ed
Lit:"espouse/mate-from-out-of", hence matchmate, marry from a set/collection
γαμίζονται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γαμίζω (γαμιζ-, -, -, -, -, -)
γαμιζ·ονται
pres mp ind 3rd pl
they-are-being-MARRY-ed-OFF
} ·
———
RP: ἐκγαμίζονται ♦ NA/UBS: γαμίζονται
Lk 20:35
But those who are considered deemed worthy to attain to that age and the resurrection from the dead, neither marry, nor are given in marriage.
36{ οὔτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὔτε (οὐ τέ)
ουτε
indecl
nor
Lit:"not-also", hence neither/nor. not
οὐδὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐδέ (οὐ δέ)
ουδε
indecl
neither/nor
Lit:"not-moreover" or "not-but", hence neither/nor.
οὐδ’ sometimes before vowels.
} γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
ἀποθανεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·θνῄσκω (απο+θνῃσκ-, απο+θαν(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd απο+θαν-, -, -, -)
απο·θαν(ε)·[σ]ειν, απο·θαν·ειν
fut act inf, 2aor act inf
to-will-DIE, to-DIE
ἔτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἔτι
ετι
indecl
yet/still
δύνανται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δύνα·μαι (ath. δυν(α)-/ath. δυν(η)-, δυνη·σ-, -, -, -, δυνη·θ-/δυνασ·θ-)
δυν(α)·νται
pres mp ind 3rd pl
they-are-being-ABLE-ed
· ἰσάγγελοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἰσ·άγγελος -ον
ισαγγελ·οι
mas nom|voc pl or fem nom|voc pl
equal to angels
γάρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
εἰσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^σι(ν); (εσ)·ασι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg; pres act ind 3rd pl
he/she/it-is-GO-ing; they-are
;
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
υἱοί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
sons
εἰσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^σι(ν); (εσ)·ασι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg; pres act ind 3rd pl
he/she/it-is-GO-ing; they-are
;
{ τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
♦ - } θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god
[see theology]
, τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
ἀναστάσεως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

ἀνά·στασις, -εως, ἡ
αναστασ(ι)·ος
(fem) gen sg
resurrection/rise,up
υἱοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
sons
ὄντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while being
.
———
RP: οὔτε ♦ NA/UBS: οὐδὲ
RP: τοῦ ♦ NA/UBS: —
Lk 20:36
For they can’t die any more, for they are like the angels, and are children of God, being children of the resurrection.
37Ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἐγείρονται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐγείρω (εγειρ-, εγερ(ε)·[σ]-, εγειρ·[σ]-, εγρηγορ·[κ]-, εγηγερ-, εγερ·θ-)
εγειρ·ονται
pres mp ind 3rd pl
they-are-being-RAISE-ed
erect
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
νεκροί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

νεκρός -ά -όν
νεκρ·οι
mas nom|voc pl
dead
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
{ Μωσῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl. and Mas. 3rd Decl.)

Μωϋσῆς v.l. Μωσῆς, -ῆ, ὁ and Μωϋσεύς v.l. Μωσεύς, -έως, ὁ
μωσ·ης
(mas) nom sg
Moses
Μωϋσῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl. and Mas. 3rd Decl.)

Μωϋσῆς v.l. Μωσῆς, -ῆ, ὁ and Μωϋσεύς v.l. Μωσεύς, -έως, ὁ
μωυσ·ης
(mas) nom sg
Moses
} ἐμήνυσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μηνύω (μηνυ-, μηνυ·σ-, μηνυ·σ-, -, -, μηνυ·θ-)
ε·μηνυ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-INFORM-ed
make known; declare
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
βάτου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl. and Mas. 2nd Decl.)

βάτος[2], -ου, ὁ; βάτος[1], -ου, ἡ and
βατ·ου; βατ·ου
(mas) gen sg; (fem) gen sg or (mas) gen sg
bush; thorn bush
;
, ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
λέγει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-SAY-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SAY-ed
speak, tell, recount
, Κύριον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ον; κυρι·ον
(mas) acc sg; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
θεὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ον
(mas) acc sg
god
[see theology]
Ἀβραὰμ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἀβραάμ, ὁ
αβρααμ
(mas) indecl
Abraham
{ καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
θεὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ον
(mas) acc sg
god
[see theology]
Ἰσαὰκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰσαάκ, ὁ
ισαακ
(mas) indecl
Isaac
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
θεὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ον
(mas) acc sg
god
[see theology]
Ἰσαὰκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰσαάκ, ὁ
ισαακ
(mas) indecl
Isaac
} { καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
θεὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ον
(mas) acc sg
god
[see theology]
Ἰακώβ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰακώβ, ὁ
ιακωβ
(mas) indecl
Jacob
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
θεὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ον
(mas) acc sg
god
[see theology]
Ἰακώβ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰακώβ, ὁ
ιακωβ
(mas) indecl
Jacob
} .
———
RP: Μωσῆς ♦ NA/UBS: Μωϋσῆς
RP: καὶ τὸν θεὸν Ἰσαὰκ ♦ NA/UBS: καὶ θεὸν Ἰσαὰκ
RP: καὶ τὸν θεὸν Ἰακώβ ♦ NA/UBS: καὶ θεὸν Ἰακώβ
Lk 20:37
But that the dead are raised, even Moses showed at the bush, when he called the Lord ‘The God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.’*
38 θεὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ος
(mas) nom sg
god
[see theology]
Θεὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ος
(mas) nom sg
god
[see theology]
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἔστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
νεκρῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

νεκρός -ά -όν
νεκρ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
dead
, ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but
ζώντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ζάω (ζ(η)-/ath. ζ(η)-, ζη·σ-, ζη·σ-, -, -, -)
ζ(η)·οντων, ζ(η)·ο[υ]ντ·ων
pres act imp 3rd pl classical, pres act ptcp mas gen pl or pres act ptcp neu gen pl
let-them-be-LIVE-ing!, while LIVE-ing
Verb from "ζωή"(life), hence live/made-alive, exist, inhabit
· πάντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ες
mas nom|voc pl
all
(of a relevant set).
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
ζῶσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ζάω (ζ(η)-/ath. ζ(η)-, ζη·σ-, ζη·σ-, -, -, -)
ζ(η)·ουσι(ν), ζ(η)·ωσι(ν), ζ(η)·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act sub 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
they-are-LIVE-ing, they-should-be-LIVE-ing, while LIVE-ing
Verb from "ζωή"(life), hence live/made-alive, exist, inhabit
.
Lk 20:38
Now he is not the God of the dead, but of the living, for all are alive to him.”
39Ἀποκριθέντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κρίνομαι (απο+κριν-, -, απο+κριν·[σ]-, -, απο+κεκρι-, απο+κρι·θ-)
απο·κρι·θε[ι]ντ·ες
aor θη ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon being-ANSWER-ed
Lit:"judge/decide-from", hence involves a response that requires some thinking/consideration/decision. Usually rendered "answer" (in response to a question/inquiry)
δέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
τινες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

τὶ[ν]ς[2] τὶ[ν], gen. τινός, dat. τινί, acc. τινά τὶ
τιν·ες
mas nom pl or fem nom pl
certain-some/several
Sg:a-certain-one/anyone/someone; Pl:a-certain-some/several. Specific/non-specific is determined from text-markings and/or context).
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
γραμματέων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

γραμματεύς, -έως, ὁ, voc. pl. γραμματεῖς
γραμματ(ευ)·ων
(mas) gen pl
scribes
{ εἶπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειπ·[σ]ον, ε·ειπ·ον, ειπ·ο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, 2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl, 2aor act ptcp mas voc sg or 2aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
do-SAY-you(sg)!, I-SAY-ed, they-SAY-ed, upon SAY-ing
speak, tell, recount
εἶπαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]αν, ειπ·[σ]αν[τ]
1aor act ind 3rd pl, 1aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
they-SAY-ed, upon SAY-ing
speak, tell, recount
} , Διδάσκαλε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

διδάσκαλος, -ου, ὁ
διδασκαλ·ε
(mas) voc sg
teacher
, καλῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

καλῶς
καλως
indecl
ideally
well, rightly
εἶπας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ας, ειπ·[σ]α[ντ]·ς
1aor act ind 2nd sg, 1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
you(sg)-SAY-ed, upon SAY-ing
speak, tell, recount
.
———
RP: εἶπον ♦ NA/UBS: εἶπαν
Lk 20:39
¶Some of the scribes answered, “Teacher, you speak well.”
40Οὐκέτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὐκέτι (οὐκ ἔτι)
ουκετι
indecl
no longer
{ δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
} ἐτόλμων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τολμάω (τολμ(α)-, τολμη·σ-, τολμη·σ-, -, -, -)
ε·τολμ(α)·ον
impf act ind 1st sg or impf act ind 3rd pl
I-was-DARE-ing, they-were-DARE-ing
{ ἐπερωτᾷν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπ·ερωτάω (επ+ερωτ(α)-, επ+ερωτη·σ-, επ+ερωτη·σ-, -, -, επ+ερωτη·θ-)
επ·ερωτ(α)·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-QUESTION-ing
[consult, enquire]
ἐπερωτᾶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπ·ερωτάω (επ+ερωτ(α)-, επ+ερωτη·σ-, επ+ερωτη·σ-, -, -, επ+ερωτη·θ-)
επ·ερωτ(α)·ειν > επερωταν
pres act inf
to-be-QUESTION-ing
[consult, enquire]
} αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
οὐδέν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

οὐδ·είς οὐδε·μία οὐδ·έν and οὐθ·είς (οὐθε·μία) οὐθ·έν
ουδε[ι]ν
neu nom|acc sg
none
[not one, no one]
.
———
RP: δὲ ♦ NA/UBS: γὰρ
RP: ἐπερωτᾷν ♦ NA/UBS: ἐπερωτᾶν
Lk 20:40
They didn’t dare to ask him any more questions.
41Εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY-ed
speak, tell, recount
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
αὐτούς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ους
mas acc pl
them/same
, Πῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

πῶς[1]
πως
indecl
how
λέγουσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ουσι(ν), λεγ·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
they-are-SAY-ing, while SAY-ing
speak, tell, recount
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
χριστὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Χριστός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. Χριστέ
χριστ·ον
(mas) acc sg
Christ
lit. 'anointed'
{ υἱὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ον
(mas) acc sg
son
Δαυὶδ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Δαυίδ v.l. Δαβίδ, ὁ
δαυιδ
(mas) indecl
David
εἶναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·εναι
pres act inf
to-be
εἶναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·εναι
pres act inf
to-be
Δαυὶδ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Δαυίδ v.l. Δαβίδ, ὁ
δαυιδ
(mas) indecl
David
υἱόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ον
(mas) acc sg
son
} ;
———
RP: υἱὸν Δαυὶδ εἶναι ♦ NA/UBS: εἶναι Δαυὶδ υἱόν
Lk 20:41
¶He said to them, “Why do they say that the Christ is David’s son?
42{ Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
αὐτὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ος
mas nom sg
he/it/same
Αὐτὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ος
mas nom sg
he/it/same
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
} Δαυὶδ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Δαυίδ v.l. Δαβίδ, ὁ
δαυιδ
(mas) indecl
David
λέγει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-SAY-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SAY-ed
speak, tell, recount
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
βίβλῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl.)

βίβλος/βύβλος, -ου, ἡ
βιβλ·ῳ
(fem) dat sg
large-scroll
(as distinct from its diminutive "βιβλιος" (small scroll). Both (unfortunately) rendered "book" (unless nonsensical).
ψαλμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ψαλμός, -οῦ, ὁ
ψαλμ·ων
(mas) gen pl
psalms
, Εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY-ed
speak, tell, recount
{ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
♦ - } κύριος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ος; κυρι·ος
(mas) nom sg; mas nom sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
κυρίῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ῳ; κυρι·ῳ
(mas) dat sg; neu dat sg or mas dat sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
, Κάθου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

κάθ·η·μαι (ath. καθ(η)-, καθη·σ-, -, -, -, -); καθ·ίημι (ath. καθ+ι(ε)-, καθ+η·σ-, καθ+η·κ- or 2nd ath. καθ+(ε)-, -, -, -)
irreg. καθ·ου (for καθ(η)·ου > καθω); καθ·(ε)·ου
pres mp imp 2nd sg; 2aor mp imp 2nd sg
be-you(sg)-being-SIT-ed!; be-you(sg)-SET-ed!
Lit:"down-sit".;
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
δεξιῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

δεξιός -ά -όν
δεξι·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
right
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
,
———
RP: Καὶ αὐτὸς ♦ NA/UBS: Αὐτὸς γὰρ
RP: ὁ ♦ NA/UBS: —
Lk 20:42
David himself says in the book of Psalms,
‘The Lord said to my Lord,
“Sit at my right hand,
43ἕως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction; Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl.)

ἕως[1]; ἕως[2], -ω, ἡ [LXX], acc.
εως; ε(ω)·ος, ε(ω)·ους
indecl; (fem) nom|voc sg, (fem) acc pl
until; dawn, dawns
;
ἂν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἄν
αν
indecl
ever
(indicative of optional action)
θῶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τίθημι (ath. τιθ(ε)-, θη·σ-, θη·κ- or 2nd ath. θ(ε)-, τεθει·κ-, τεθει-, τε·θ-)
θ(ε)·ω
2aor act sub 1st sg
I-should-PLACE
/lay/put/set/situate/arrange/station
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
ἐχθρούς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἐχθρός -ά -όν
εχθρ·ους
mas acc pl
hostile
σου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
ὑποπόδιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ὑπο·πόδιον, -ου, τό
υποποδι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
footstool
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
ποδῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

πούς, ποδός, ὁ (cf. βάσις)
ποδ·ων
(mas) gen pl
feet
σου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
.
Lk 20:43
until I make your enemies the footstool of your feet.”’*
44Δαυὶδ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Δαυίδ v.l. Δαβίδ, ὁ
δαυιδ
(mas) indecl
David
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
κύριον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ον; κυρι·ον
(mas) acc sg; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
καλεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καλέω (καλ(ε)-, καλε·σ-, καλε·σ-, κεκλη·κ-, κεκλη-, κλη·θ-)
καλ(ε)·ει, καλ(ε)·ε
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, pres act imp 2nd sg
he/she/it-is-CALL-ing, you(sg)-are-being-CALL-ed, be-you(sg)-CALL-ing!
summon/invite
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
πῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

πῶς[1]
πως
indecl
how
{ υἱὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ος
(mas) nom sg
son
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
υἱός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ος
(mas) nom sg
son
} ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
;
———
RP: υἱὸς αὐτοῦ ♦ NA/UBS: αὐτοῦ υἱός
Lk 20:44
“David therefore calls him Lord, so how is he his son?”
45Ἀκούοντος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀκούω (ακου-, ακου·σ-, ακου·σ-, ακηκο·[κ]-, ηκουσ-, ακουσ·θ-)
ακου·ο[υ]ντ·ος
pres act ptcp mas gen sg or pres act ptcp neu gen sg
while HEAR-ing
hearken to
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
παντὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ος
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
each/every
(of a relevant set).
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
λαοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λαός, -οῦ, ὁ
λα·ου
(mas) gen sg
people
, εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY-ed
speak, tell, recount
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
μαθηταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

μαθητής, -οῦ, ὁ
μαθητ·αις
(mas) dat pl
disciples
{ αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
♦ [ αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
] } ,
———
RP: αὐτοῦ ♦ NA/UBS: [αὐτοῦ]
Lk 20:45
¶In the hearing of all the people, he said to his disciples,
46Προσέχετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·έχω (προσ+εχ-, προσ+εξ-, 2nd προσ+σχ-/ath. προσ+σχε-, προσ+εσχη·κ-, -, -)
προσ·εχ·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-PAY/TAKE-HEED-ing, be-you(pl)-PAY/TAKE-HEED-ing!
Lit:"have/hold-toward". hence attend/pay-attention/heed/give-value(+dative); consider-important; reck [with negative or questions]; it recks (it is important). Cf. εἰσ·ακούω
ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
γραμματέων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

γραμματεύς, -έως, ὁ, voc. pl. γραμματεῖς
γραμματ(ευ)·ων
(mas) gen pl
scribes
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
θελόντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θέλω (θελ-, θελη·σ-, θελη·σ-, τεθελη·κ-, -, -)
θελ·οντων, θελ·ο[υ]ντ·ων
pres act imp 3rd pl classical, pres act ptcp mas gen pl or pres act ptcp neu gen pl
let-them-be-WANT-ing!, while WANT-ing
/wish/desire
περιπατεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

περι·πατέω (περι+πατ(ε)-, περι+πατη·σ-, περι+πατη·σ-, περι+πεπατη·κ-, -, -)
περι·πατ(ε)·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-WALK-ing
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
στολαῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

στολή, -ῆς, ἡ
στολ·αις
(fem) dat pl
robes
a long, flowing robe worn by the elite
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
φιλούντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φιλέω (φιλ(ε)-, φιλη·σ-, φιλη·σ-, πεφιλη·κ-, -, -)
φιλ(ε)·οντων, φιλ(ε)·ο[υ]ντ·ων
pres act imp 3rd pl classical, pres act ptcp mas gen pl or pres act ptcp neu gen pl
let-them-be-BE-ing-FOND-OF!, while BE-ing-FOND-OF
[hold at high degree of association, have affection toward; raraly of kissing]
ἀσπασμοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀσπασμός, -οῦ, ὁ
ασπασμ·ους
(mas) acc pl
greetings
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·αις
fem dat pl
the
ἀγοραῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀγορά, -ᾶς, ἡ
αγορ·αις
(fem) dat pl
markets
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
πρωτοκαθεδρίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

πρωτο·καθ·εδρία, -ας, ἡ
πρωτοκαθεδρι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
first-seat, first-seats
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·αις
fem dat pl
the
συναγωγαῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

συν·αγωγή, -ῆς, ἡ
συναγωγ·αις
(fem) dat pl
gatherings
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
πρωτοκλισίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

πρωτο·κλισία, -ας, ἡ
πρωτοκλισι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
first-seat, first-seats
first seat at table
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
δείπνοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.); Verb

δεῖπνον, -ου, τό; δειπνέω (δειπν(ε)-, δειπνη·σ-, δειπνη·σ-, -, -, -)
δειπν·οις; δειπν(ε)·οις
(neu) dat pl; pres act opt 2nd sg
suppers; you(sg)-happen-to-be-DINE-ing
;
·
Lk 20:46
“Beware of the scribes, who like to walk in long robes, and love greetings in the marketplaces, the best seats in the synagogues, and the best places at feasts;
47οἳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
οι
mas nom pl
who/whom/which
κατεσθίουσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατ·εσθίω (κατ+εσθι-/κατ+εσθ-, κατ+εδ·[σ]-/κατα+φαγ·[σ]-, 2nd κατα+φαγ-, -, -, -)
κατ·εσθι·ουσι(ν), κατ·εσθι·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
they-are-CONSUME-ing, while CONSUME-ing
[be eaten away, eat away, devour]
τὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ας
fem acc pl
the
οἰκίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

οἰκία, -ας, ἡ (cf. οἶκος)
οικι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
house, houses
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
χηρῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

χήρα, -ας, ἡ
χηρ·ων
(fem) gen pl
widows
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
προφάσει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

πρό·φασις, -εως, ἡ
προφασ(ι)·ι
(fem) dat sg
outward showing
[alleged/pretense motive, excuse]
μακρὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

μακρός -ά -όν
μακρ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or fem nom|voc sg
far
[far, long, large see "macro"]
προσεύχονται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·εύχομαι (προσ+ευχ-, προσ+ευξ-, προσ+ευξ-, -, -, -)
προσ·ευχ·ονται
pres mp ind 3rd pl
they-are-being-PRAY-ed
. Οὗτοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
[τ]ουτ·οι
mas nom pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
{ λήψονται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαμβάνω (λαμβαν-, λημψ-/ληψ-, λαβ·[σ]- or 2nd λαβ-, ειληφ·[κ]-, ειληβ-, λημφ·θ-/ληφ·θ-)
ληβ·σονται
fut mp ind 3rd pl
they-will-be-TAKE/RECEIVE-ed
grasp, clutch, cling-to, seize, lay-hands-upon, take by violence, carry off, of a deity, seize, possess, catch, find out, detect, overtake, understand
λήμψονται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαμβάνω (λαμβαν-, λημψ-/ληψ-, λαβ·[σ]- or 2nd λαβ-, ειληφ·[κ]-, ειληβ-, λημφ·θ-/ληφ·θ-)
λημβ·σονται
fut mp ind 3rd pl
they-will-be-TAKE/RECEIVE-ed
grasp, clutch, cling-to, seize, lay-hands-upon, take by violence, carry off, of a deity, seize, possess, catch, find out, detect, overtake, understand
} περισσότερον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Adjective (2-1-2)

περισσό·τερον (Comp. Adv. of περισσός); περισσό·τερος -τέρα -ον (Comp. of περισσός)
περισσοτερον; περισσοτερ·ον
indecl; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
much more; more exceptional
more than sufficient, superfluous, abundantly, greater than, surplus, residue, excessive, extravagant, redundant, overdone, uncommon, extraordinary, strange, remarkable, uselessly, again, more greater degree;
κρίμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

κρίμα[τ], -ατος, τό
κριμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
judgment
/decision/determination/sentence, decree, resolution. Distinct from "καταδικάζω", down-justify and "κατακρίνω", down-judge/condemn) LXX: justice, ordinances/statutes
.
———
RP: λήψονται ♦ NA/UBS: λήμψονται
Lk 20:47
who devour widows’ houses, and for a pretense make long prayers: these will receive greater condemnation.”
« Ch 19» Ch 21

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