www.katabiblon.com

ΚΑΤΑ ΙΩΑΝΝΗΝ

According to John

 Robinson-Pierpont 2005 Wiki English Translation‎ / World English Bible
1Ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
to be
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
ἄνθρωπος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ος
(mas) nom sg
human
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
Φαρισαίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Φαρισαῖος, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. Φαρισαῖοι
φαρισαι·ων
(mas) gen pl
Pharisee
, Νικόδημος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Νικόδημος, -ου, ὁ
νικοδημ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Nicodemus
ὄνομα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ὄνομα[τ], -ατος, τό
ονομα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
name (with regard to)
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
he/she/it/same
, ἄρχων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.); Noun (1st Decl.); Verb

ἄρχων[τ], -ο[υ]ντος, ὁ, dat. pl. ἄρχουσιν, voc. pl. ἄρχοντες; ἀρχή, -ῆς, ἡ; ἄρχω (αρχ-, αρξ-, αρξ-, -, ηρχ-, -)
αρχο[υ]ν[τ]·^; αρχ·ων; αρχ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(mas) nom sg; (fem) gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
ruler; beginning; to begin/rule Lit:"head/chief", hence rule or begin (depending upon context).
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
Ἰουδαίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
Jewish
·
Jn 3:1
¶Now there was a man of the Pharisees named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews.
2οὗτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
[τ]ουτ·ος
mas nom sg
this When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
ἦλθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ε·ελθ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ελθ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
to come Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat) Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
he/she/it/same
νυκτός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

νύξ, -υκτός, ἡ
νυκτ·ος
(fem) gen sg
night
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
to say/tell
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
he/she/it/same
, Ῥαββί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Hebrew-Aramaic

ῥαββί
ραββι
indecl
rabbi
, οἴδαμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

οἶδα (ath. ιδ-/ath. ειδ(ε)-/ath. ειδ-, ειδη·σ-/ει[δ]·σ-, ειδη·σ-, οιδ·[κ]-/ειδ·[κ]-, -, -)
οιδ·[κ]αμεν
perf act ind 1st pl
to know /perceive/be-aware-of/be-acquainted-with/notice. Often rendered "know" (by seeing/observing), in contrast to "γινώσκω" (know by thinking/reasoning/experiencing).
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from (G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god [see theology]
ἐλήλυθας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εληλυθ·[κ]ας
perf act ind 2nd sg
to come Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
διδάσκαλος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

διδάσκαλος, -ου, ὁ
διδασκαλ·ος
(mas) nom sg
teacher
· οὐδεὶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

οὐδ·είς οὐδε·μία οὐδ·έν and οὐθ·είς (οὐθε·μία) οὐθ·έν
ουδει[ν]·ς
mas nom sg
not-one Lit:"not-moreover-one", hence not-one/nothing/no-one.
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for since, as
{ ταῦτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·α
neu nom|acc pl
this When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
σημεῖα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.); Noun (1st Decl.)

σημεῖον, -ου, τό; σημεία/σημέα, -ᾶς, ἡ [LXX]
σημει·α; σημει·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl; (fem) nom|voc sg
sign; sign
δύναται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

δυνατός -ή -όν; δύνα·μαι (ath. δυν(α)-/ath. δυν(η)-, δυνη·σ-, -, -, -, δυνη·θ-/δυνασ·θ-)
δυνατ·αι; δυν(α)·ται
fem nom|voc pl; pres mp ind 3rd sg
capable /powerful/able/; to able
δύναται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

δυνατός -ή -όν; δύνα·μαι (ath. δυν(α)-/ath. δυν(η)-, δυνη·σ-, -, -, -, δυνη·θ-/δυνασ·θ-)
δυνατ·αι; δυν(α)·ται
fem nom|voc pl; pres mp ind 3rd sg
capable /powerful/able/; to able
ταῦτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·α
neu nom|acc pl
this When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
σημεῖα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.); Noun (1st Decl.)

σημεῖον, -ου, τό; σημεία/σημέα, -ᾶς, ἡ [LXX]
σημει·α; σημει·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl; (fem) nom|voc sg
sign; sign
} ποιεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποι(ε)·ειν
pres act inf
to do/make
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
α
neu nom|acc pl
who/whom/which
σὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
συ
nom sg
you
ποιεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποι(ε)·εις
pres act ind 2nd sg
to do/make
, ἐὰν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἐάν (εἰ ἄν)
εαν
indecl
if-ever "ἐὰν μή" (Lit:if-ever not) means "except", "unless"
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·ῃ
pres act sub 3rd sg
to be
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
θεὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ος
(mas) nom sg
god [see theology]
μετ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετ’
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen) Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
.
———
RP: ταῦτα τὰ σημεῖα δύναται ♦ NA/UBS: δύναται ταῦτα τὰ σημεῖα
Jn 3:2
The same This one came to him by during the night, and said to him, “Rabbi, we know that you are a teacher come from God, for no one can do these signs that you do, unless God is with him.”
3Ἀπεκρίθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κρίνομαι (απο+κριν-, -, απο+κριν·[σ]-, -, απο+κεκρι-, απο+κρι·θ-)
απο·ε·κρι·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
to answer Lit:"judge/decide-from", hence involves a response that requires some thinking/consideration/decision. Usually rendered "answer" (in response to a question/inquiry)
{ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
♦ - } Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl., irreg. and Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus [Joshua or Jesus]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
to say/tell
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
he/she/it/same
, Ἀμὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Hebrew-Aramaic

ἀμήν
αμην
indecl
amen [faithful and true witness]
ἀμὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Hebrew-Aramaic

ἀμήν
αμην
indecl
amen [faithful and true witness]
λέγω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ω
pres act ind 1st sg or pres act sub 1st sg
to say/tell
σοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive); Verb

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν; τρίβω [LXX] (τριβ-, ·σ-, τριψ-, -, τετριβ-, -)
σοι; σ·οι; ·σοι
dat sg; mas nom|voc pl; fut act opt 3rd sg
you; your/yours(sg); to rub worn, rub
, ἐὰν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἐάν (εἰ ἄν)
εαν
indecl
if-ever "ἐὰν μή" (Lit:if-ever not) means "except", "unless"
μή [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
τις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

τὶ[ν]ς[2] τὶ[ν], gen. τινός, dat. τινί, acc. τινά τὶ
τι[ν]·ς
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
certain/any(one/thing) Sg:a-certain-one/anyone/someone; Pl:a-certain-some/several. Specific/non-specific is determined from text-markings and/or context).
γεννηθῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γεννάω (γενν(α)-, γεννη·σ-, γεννη·σ-, γεγεννη·κ-, γεγεννη-, γεννη·θ-)
γεννη·θῃ
aor θη sub 3rd sg
to beget/birth Lit:"generate", hence beget/bring-forth/give-birth-to (Gen. 6:4): cause genesis of
ἄνωθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἄνω·θεν
ανωθεν
indecl
from above
, οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
δύναται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

δυνατός -ή -όν; δύνα·μαι (ath. δυν(α)-/ath. δυν(η)-, δυνη·σ-, -, -, -, δυνη·θ-/δυνασ·θ-)
δυνατ·αι; δυν(α)·ται
fem nom|voc pl; pres mp ind 3rd sg
capable /powerful/able/; to able
ἰδεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ειν
2aor act inf
to see/behold Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-tom and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
βασιλείαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

βασιλεία, -ας, ἡ
βασιλει·αν
(fem) acc sg
kingdom
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god [see theology]
.
———
RP: ὁ ♦ NA/UBS: —
Jn 3:3
¶Jesus answered and said him, “Most certainly, I tell you, unless someone is born anew, from above,[a] he can’t is unable to see the Kingdom of God.”
———
a Gk. ἄνωθεν, from above (also from the top/from the start/from the first); or anew (all over again).
4Λέγει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
to say/tell
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat) Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
he/she/it/same
{ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
♦ [ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
] } Νικόδημος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Νικόδημος, -ου, ὁ
νικοδημ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Nicodemus
, Πῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

πῶς[1]
πως
indecl
how
δύναται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

δυνατός -ή -όν; δύνα·μαι (ath. δυν(α)-/ath. δυν(η)-, δυνη·σ-, -, -, -, δυνη·θ-/δυνασ·θ-)
δυνατ·αι; δυν(α)·ται
fem nom|voc pl; pres mp ind 3rd sg
capable /powerful/able/; to able
ἄνθρωπος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ος
(mas) nom sg
human
γεννηθῆναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γεννάω (γενν(α)-, γεννη·σ-, γεννη·σ-, γεγεννη·κ-, γεγεννη-, γεννη·θ-)
γεννη·θηναι
aor θη inf
to beget/birth Lit:"generate", hence beget/bring-forth/give-birth-to (Gen. 6:4): cause genesis of
γέρων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.); Noun (3rd Decl.)

γέρων[τ], -ο[υ]ντος, ὁ, dat. pl. γέρουσιν; γέρας, -ως, τό [LXX]
γερο[υ]ν[τ]·^; γερ(α)·ων
(mas) nom sg; (neu) gen pl
old man; award
ὤν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
to be
; Μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
δύναται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

δυνατός -ή -όν; δύνα·μαι (ath. δυν(α)-/ath. δυν(η)-, δυνη·σ-, -, -, -, δυνη·θ-/δυνασ·θ-)
δυνατ·αι; δυν(α)·ται
fem nom|voc pl; pres mp ind 3rd sg
capable /powerful/able/; to able
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
κοιλίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

κοιλία, -ας, ἡ
κοιλι·αν
(fem) acc sg
belly
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
μητρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

μήτηρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ἡ
μητ[ε]ρ·ος
(fem) gen sg
mother also of motherland
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
δεύτερον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

δεύτερος -α -ον
δευτερ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
second
εἰσελθεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰσ·έρχομαι (εισ+ερχ-, εισ+ελευ·σ-, εισ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd εισ+ελθ-, εισ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εισ·ελθ·ειν
2aor act inf
to enter Lit:"come-into", hence enter
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
γεννηθῆναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γεννάω (γενν(α)-, γεννη·σ-, γεννη·σ-, γεγεννη·κ-, γεγεννη-, γεννη·θ-)
γεννη·θηναι
aor θη inf
to beget/birth Lit:"generate", hence beget/bring-forth/give-birth-to (Gen. 6:4): cause genesis of
;
———
RP: ὁ ♦ NA/UBS: [ὁ]
Jn 3:4
¶Nicodemus said says to him, “How can is a man person who is already aging[a] able to be born when he is old? Can he He is not able to enter a second time into his mother’s womb a second time, and be born, is he?”[b]
———
a Gk. γέρων ὤν, lit., being old.
b Jesus meant born from above, but Nicodemus misinterprets him as saying born anew.
5Ἀπεκρίθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κρίνομαι (απο+κριν-, -, απο+κριν·[σ]-, -, απο+κεκρι-, απο+κρι·θ-)
απο·ε·κρι·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
to answer Lit:"judge/decide-from", hence involves a response that requires some thinking/consideration/decision. Usually rendered "answer" (in response to a question/inquiry)
Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl., irreg. and Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus [Joshua or Jesus]
, Ἀμὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Hebrew-Aramaic

ἀμήν
αμην
indecl
amen [faithful and true witness]
ἀμὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Hebrew-Aramaic

ἀμήν
αμην
indecl
amen [faithful and true witness]
λέγω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ω
pres act ind 1st sg or pres act sub 1st sg
to say/tell
σοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive); Verb

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν; τρίβω [LXX] (τριβ-, ·σ-, τριψ-, -, τετριβ-, -)
σοι; σ·οι; ·σοι
dat sg; mas nom|voc pl; fut act opt 3rd sg
you; your/yours(sg); to rub worn, rub
, ἐὰν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἐάν (εἰ ἄν)
εαν
indecl
if-ever "ἐὰν μή" (Lit:if-ever not) means "except", "unless"
μή [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
τις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

τὶ[ν]ς[2] τὶ[ν], gen. τινός, dat. τινί, acc. τινά τὶ
τι[ν]·ς
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
certain/any(one/thing) Sg:a-certain-one/anyone/someone; Pl:a-certain-some/several. Specific/non-specific is determined from text-markings and/or context).
γεννηθῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γεννάω (γενν(α)-, γεννη·σ-, γεννη·σ-, γεγεννη·κ-, γεγεννη-, γεννη·θ-)
γεννη·θῃ
aor θη sub 3rd sg
to beget/birth Lit:"generate", hence beget/bring-forth/give-birth-to (Gen. 6:4): cause genesis of
ἐξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εξ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
ὕδατος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl., irreg.)

ὕδωρ, ὕδατος, τό
υδατ·ος
(neu) gen sg
water
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
πνεύματος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πνεῦμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πνευματ·ος
(neu) gen sg
spirit /breath/wind, spiritual-utterance
, οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
δύναται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

δυνατός -ή -όν; δύνα·μαι (ath. δυν(α)-/ath. δυν(η)-, δυνη·σ-, -, -, -, δυνη·θ-/δυνασ·θ-)
δυνατ·αι; δυν(α)·ται
fem nom|voc pl; pres mp ind 3rd sg
capable /powerful/able/; to able
εἰσελθεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰσ·έρχομαι (εισ+ερχ-, εισ+ελευ·σ-, εισ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd εισ+ελθ-, εισ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εισ·ελθ·ειν
2aor act inf
to enter Lit:"come-into", hence enter
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
βασιλείαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

βασιλεία, -ας, ἡ
βασιλει·αν
(fem) acc sg
kingdom
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god [see theology]
.
Jn 3:5
¶Jesus answered, “Most certainly I tell you, unless one is born of water[a] and spirit, (it is) the Kingdom of God he can’t is unable to enter into the Kingdom of God!
———
a Does water equate to the womb? Jesus, then, is replying, no, you've already been born once from the womb. You are not born of water twice. Yes, you need two births, but the second birth is of spirit.
6Τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
γεγεννημένον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γεννάω (γενν(α)-, γεννη·σ-, γεννη·σ-, γεγεννη·κ-, γεγεννη-, γεννη·θ-)
γεγεννη·μεν·ον
perf mp ptcp mas acc sg or perf mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
to beget/birth Lit:"generate", hence beget/bring-forth/give-birth-to (Gen. 6:4): cause genesis of
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
σαρκὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

σάρξ, -αρκός, ἡ
σαρκ·ος
(fem) gen sg
flesh
σάρξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

σάρξ, -αρκός, ἡ
σαρκ·ς
(fem) nom|voc sg
flesh
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be
· καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
γεγεννημένον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γεννάω (γενν(α)-, γεννη·σ-, γεννη·σ-, γεγεννη·κ-, γεγεννη-, γεννη·θ-)
γεγεννη·μεν·ον
perf mp ptcp mas acc sg or perf mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
to beget/birth Lit:"generate", hence beget/bring-forth/give-birth-to (Gen. 6:4): cause genesis of
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
πνεύματος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πνεῦμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πνευματ·ος
(neu) gen sg
spirit /breath/wind, spiritual-utterance
πνεῦμά [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πνεῦμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πνευμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
spirit /breath/wind, spiritual-utterance
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be
.
Jn 3:6
That which is born of the flesh is flesh. That which is born of the Spirit is spirit.
7Μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
θαυμάσῃς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θαυμάζω (θαυμαζ-, θαυμα·σ-, θαυμα·σ-, τεθαυμα·κ-, τεθαυμασ-, θαυμασ·θ-)
θαυμα·σῃς
1aor act sub 2nd sg
to marvel /wonder/cause-amazement/surprise/shock/awe, be-impressed
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
εἶπόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειπ·[σ]ον, ε·ειπ·ον, ειπ·ο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, 2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl, 2aor act ptcp mas voc sg or 2aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
to say/tell
σοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive); Verb

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν; τρίβω [LXX] (τριβ-, ·σ-, τριψ-, -, τετριβ-, -)
σοι; σ·οι; ·σοι
dat sg; mas nom|voc pl; fut act opt 3rd sg
you; your/yours(sg); to rub worn, rub
, Δεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

δέω (δε-/δ(ε)-, δη·σ-, δη·σ-, δεδε·κ-, δεδε-, δε·θ-); δέομαι (δε-/δ(ε)-, -, -, -, δεδεη-, δεη·θ-)
δ(ε)·ει, δ(ε)·ε; δ(ε)·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg, pres act imp 2nd sg; pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
to bind; to need require have to, must, need to, require
ὑμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμας
acc pl
you
γεννηθῆναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γεννάω (γενν(α)-, γεννη·σ-, γεννη·σ-, γεγεννη·κ-, γεγεννη-, γεννη·θ-)
γεννη·θηναι
aor θη inf
to beget/birth Lit:"generate", hence beget/bring-forth/give-birth-to (Gen. 6:4): cause genesis of
ἄνωθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἄνω·θεν
ανωθεν
indecl
from above
.
Jn 3:7
Don’t not marvel wonder that I said to you, ‘You must It is necessary for you to be born anew from above.’[a]
———
a See note, 3:3.
8Τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
πνεῦμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πνεῦμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πνευμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
spirit /breath/wind, spiritual-utterance
ὅπου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὅπου
οπου
indecl
where
θέλει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θέλω (θελ-, θελη·σ-, θελη·σ-, τεθελη·κ-, -, -)
θελ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
to want /wish/desire
πνεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πνέω (πνε-, πνευ·σ-, πνευ·σ-, -, -, -)
irreg. πν(ε)·ει (for πνε·ει > πνεει)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to blow
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
φωνὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

φωνή, -ῆς, ἡ
φων·ην
(fem) acc sg
sound/voice cries
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
ἀκούεις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀκούω (ακου-, ακου·σ-, ακου·σ-, ακηκο·[κ]-, ηκουσ-, ακουσ·θ-)
ακου·εις
pres act ind 2nd sg
to hear
, ἀλλ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλ’
indecl
but
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
οἶδας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

οἶδα (ath. ιδ-/ath. ειδ(ε)-/ath. ειδ-, ειδη·σ-/ει[δ]·σ-, ειδη·σ-, οιδ·[κ]-/ειδ·[κ]-, -, -)
οιδ·[κ]ας
perf act ind 2nd sg
to know /perceive/be-aware-of/be-acquainted-with/notice. Often rendered "know" (by seeing/observing), in contrast to "γινώσκω" (know by thinking/reasoning/experiencing).
πόθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Verb

πό·θεν; πίνω (πιν-, πι·[σ]-, 2nd πι-, πεπω·κ-, -, πο·θ-)
ποθεν; πο·θε[ι]ν[τ]
indecl; aor θη ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
from where; to drink
ἔρχεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ερχ·εται
pres mp ind 3rd sg
to come Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ποῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ποῦ[1]
που
indecl
where
ὑπάγει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑπ·άγω (υπ+αγ-, -, 2nd υπ+αγαγ-, -, -, υπ+αχ·θ-)
υπ·αγ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
to go Lit:"lead-away-under(authority/commitment))", a transitive verb, to be yoked, to haul in, to be subjected to judgment.. a euphemism of death
· οὕτως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὕτως/οὕτω
ουτως
indecl
thusly/like-this Lit:"like-this", hence, thusly, in-this-manner (οὕτως before vowels and consonants; οὕτω before consonants only]
ἐστὶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be
πᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
πα[ντ]·ς
mas nom|voc sg
each/every (of a relevant set).
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
γεγεννημένος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γεννάω (γενν(α)-, γεννη·σ-, γεννη·σ-, γεγεννη·κ-, γεγεννη-, γεννη·θ-)
γεγεννη·μεν·ος
perf mp ptcp mas nom sg
to beget/birth Lit:"generate", hence beget/bring-forth/give-birth-to (Gen. 6:4): cause genesis of
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
πνεύματος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πνεῦμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πνευματ·ος
(neu) gen sg
spirit /breath/wind, spiritual-utterance
.
Jn 3:8
The wind blows where it wants to, and you hear its the sound of it, but you don’t know from where it comes from and where it is going. So, too, is (it with) everyone who is has been born of from the Spirit.”
9Ἀπεκρίθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κρίνομαι (απο+κριν-, -, απο+κριν·[σ]-, -, απο+κεκρι-, απο+κρι·θ-)
απο·ε·κρι·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
to answer Lit:"judge/decide-from", hence involves a response that requires some thinking/consideration/decision. Usually rendered "answer" (in response to a question/inquiry)
Νικόδημος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Νικόδημος, -ου, ὁ
νικοδημ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Nicodemus
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
to say/tell
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
he/she/it/same
, Πῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

πῶς[1]
πως
indecl
how
δύναται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

δυνατός -ή -όν; δύνα·μαι (ath. δυν(α)-/ath. δυν(η)-, δυνη·σ-, -, -, -, δυνη·θ-/δυνασ·θ-)
δυνατ·αι; δυν(α)·ται
fem nom|voc pl; pres mp ind 3rd sg
capable /powerful/able/; to able
ταῦτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·α
neu nom|acc pl
this When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
γενέσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
γεν·εσθαι
2aor mp inf
to come to be to come to be; to become; to happen
;
Jn 3:9
¶Nicodemus answered and said to him, “How can is it possible (for) these things to be?”
10Ἀπεκρίθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κρίνομαι (απο+κριν-, -, απο+κριν·[σ]-, -, απο+κεκρι-, απο+κρι·θ-)
απο·ε·κρι·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
to answer Lit:"judge/decide-from", hence involves a response that requires some thinking/consideration/decision. Usually rendered "answer" (in response to a question/inquiry)
Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl., irreg. and Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus [Joshua or Jesus]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
to say/tell
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
he/she/it/same
, Σὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
συ
nom sg
you
εἶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^ (instead of ι·^ς > εις); (εσ)·^ς
pres act ind 2nd sg; pres act ind 2nd sg
to go; to be
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
διδάσκαλος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

διδάσκαλος, -ου, ὁ
διδασκαλ·ος
(mas) nom sg
teacher
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
Ἰσραήλ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Indecl.)

Ἰσραήλ, ὁ
ισραηλ
(mas) indecl
Israel
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ταῦτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·α
neu nom|acc pl
this When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
γινώσκεις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γινώσκω/γιγν- (γινωσκ-/γιγνωσκ-, γνω·σ-, 2nd ath. γν(ω)-/ath. γν(ο)-, εγνω·κ-, εγνωσ-, γνωσ·θ-)
γινωσκ·εις
pres act ind 2nd sg
to know /recognize/perceive (especially through experience).. hence experientially-know.
;
Jn 3:10
¶Jesus answered and said to him, “Are you the teacher of Israel, and you don’t do not understand know these things?
11Ἀμὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Hebrew-Aramaic

ἀμήν
αμην
indecl
amen [faithful and true witness]
ἀμὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Hebrew-Aramaic

ἀμήν
αμην
indecl
amen [faithful and true witness]
λέγω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ω
pres act ind 1st sg or pres act sub 1st sg
to say/tell
σοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive); Verb

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν; τρίβω [LXX] (τριβ-, ·σ-, τριψ-, -, τετριβ-, -)
σοι; σ·οι; ·σοι
dat sg; mas nom|voc pl; fut act opt 3rd sg
you; your/yours(sg); to rub worn, rub
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ο
neu nom|acc sg
who/whom/which
οἴδαμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

οἶδα (ath. ιδ-/ath. ειδ(ε)-/ath. ειδ-, ειδη·σ-/ει[δ]·σ-, ειδη·σ-, οιδ·[κ]-/ειδ·[κ]-, -, -)
οιδ·[κ]αμεν
perf act ind 1st pl
to know /perceive/be-aware-of/be-acquainted-with/notice. Often rendered "know" (by seeing/observing), in contrast to "γινώσκω" (know by thinking/reasoning/experiencing).
λαλοῦμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαλέω (λαλ(ε)-, λαλη·σ-, λαλη·σ-, λελαλη·κ-, λελαλη-, λαλη·θ-)
λαλ(ε)·ομεν
pres act ind 1st pl
to speak
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ο
neu nom|acc sg
who/whom/which
ἑωράκαμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
εωρα·καμεν
perf act ind 1st pl
to see/behold Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-tom and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
μαρτυροῦμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μαρτυρέω (μαρτυρ(ε)-, μαρτυρη·σ-, μαρτυρη·σ-, μεμαρτυρη·κ-, μεμαρτυρη-, μαρτυρη·θ-)
μαρτυρ(ε)·ομεν
pres act ind 1st pl
to bear-witness/attest /testify/report/avouch
· καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
μαρτυρίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

μαρτυρία, -ας, ἡ
μαρτυρι·αν
(fem) acc sg
witness
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
I
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
λαμβάνετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαμβάνω (λαμβαν-, λημψ-/ληψ-, λαβ·[σ]- or 2nd λαβ-, ειληφ·[κ]-, ειληβ-, λημφ·θ-/ληφ·θ-)
λαμβαν·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
to take/receive grasp, clutch, cling-to, seize, lay-hands-upon, take by violence, carry off, of a deity, seize, possess, catch, find out, detect, overtake, understand
.
Jn 3:11
Most certainly I tell you, that we speak that which of what we know are aware, and we testify of that which what we have seen, and you don’t do not receive[a] our witness.[b]
———
a Gk. λαμβάνω, to take/get. To wit: you just don't get it.
b Cf. 3:32.
12Εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
ἐπίγεια [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἐπί·γειος -ον
επιγει·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl
earthly/terrestrial Lit:"upon-earth", hence earthly/terrestrial. Usually "earthly".
εἶπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειπ·[σ]ον, ε·ειπ·ον, ειπ·ο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, 2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl, 2aor act ptcp mas voc sg or 2aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
to say/tell
ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
πιστεύετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πιστεύω (πιστευ-, πιστευ·σ-, πιστευ·σ-, πεπιστευ·κ-, πεπιστευ-, πιστευ·θ-)
πιστευ·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
to believe/trust accept [toward] (heed [to], believe); give management (entrust). PASS. to be entrusted with
, πῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

πῶς[1]
πως
indecl
how
, ἐὰν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἐάν (εἰ ἄν)
εαν
indecl
if-ever "ἐὰν μή" (Lit:if-ever not) means "except", "unless"
εἴπω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ω, ειπ·[σ]ω, ειπ·ω
1aor mp ind 2nd sg, 1aor act sub 1st sg, 2aor act sub 1st sg
to say/tell
ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
ἐπουράνια [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἐπ·ουράνιος -ον
επουρανι·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl
heavenly Lit:"upon-heaven", hence heavenly/selestial
, πιστεύσετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πιστεύω (πιστευ-, πιστευ·σ-, πιστευ·σ-, πεπιστευ·κ-, πεπιστευ-, πιστευ·θ-)
πιστευ·σετε
fut act ind 2nd pl
to believe/trust accept [toward] (heed [to], believe); give management (entrust). PASS. to be entrusted with
;
Jn 3:12
If I told you earthly things and you don’t believe, how will you ever believe if I should tell you heavenly things?
13Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
οὐδεὶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

οὐδ·είς οὐδε·μία οὐδ·έν and οὐθ·είς (οὐθε·μία) οὐθ·έν
ουδει[ν]·ς
mas nom sg
not-one Lit:"not-moreover-one", hence not-one/nothing/no-one.
ἀναβέβηκεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀνα·βαίνω (ανα+βαιν-, ανα+βη·σ-, ανα+βαιν·[σ]- or 2nd ath. ανα+β(η)-/ath. ανα+β(α)-, ανα+βεβη·κ-, -, -)
ανα·βεβη·κε(ν)
perf act ind 3rd sg
to ascend Lit:"step/foot-up", hence ascend.
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
οὐρανόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

οὐρανός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. οὐρανοί
ουραν·ον
(mas) acc sg
sky/heaven
, εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
οὐρανοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

οὐρανός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. οὐρανοί
ουραν·ου
(mas) gen sg
sky/heaven
καταβάς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·βαίνω (κατα+βαιν-, κατα+βη·σ-, 2nd ath. κατα+β(η)-/ath. κατα+β(α)-, κατα+βεβη·κ-, -, -)
κατα·β(α)·[ντ]·ς
2aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
to descend Lit"down-step/foot", hence descend, attain one's end, arrive at in course. dismount from, go down into the scene of a contest
, [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
υἱὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ος
(mas) nom sg
son
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
ἀνθρώπου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ου
(mas) gen sg
human
{ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
ὢν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
to be
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
οὐρανῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

οὐρανός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. οὐρανοί
ουραν·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
sky/heaven
♦ - } .
———
RP: ὁ ὢν ἐν τῷ οὐρανῷ ♦ NA/UBS: —
Jn 3:13
No And no one has ascended into heaven,[a] but he except the one who descended out of heaven, the Son of Man, [who is in heaven.,][b]
———
a Or the sky; see next verse.
b Majority text adds: ὁ ὢν ἐν τῷ οὐρανῷ.
14Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
καθὼς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

καθ·ώς
καθως
indecl
as accordingly [according to how/in accordance with how]
{ Μωσῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl. and 3rd Decl.)

Μωϋσῆς v.l. Μωσῆς, -ῆ, ὁ and Μωϋσεύς v.l. Μωσεύς, -έως, ὁ
μωσ·ης
(mas) nom sg
Moses
Μωϋσῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl. and 3rd Decl.)

Μωϋσῆς v.l. Μωσῆς, -ῆ, ὁ and Μωϋσεύς v.l. Μωσεύς, -έως, ὁ
μωυσ·ης
(mas) nom sg
Moses
} ὕψωσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑψόω (υψ(ο)-, υψω·σ-, υψω·σ-, -, υψω-, υψω·θ-)
ε·υψω·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to lift-up/exalt (from "ὕψος" "height", Lit:"set-high/elevate/lift-up". Fig:"exalt".
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
ὄφιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ὄφις, -εως, ἡ, voc. pl. ὄφεις
οφ(ι)·ν
(fem) acc sg
serpent Βασιλισκος Idiom for Broods of snakes were often seen by John in the rocks and when a fire broke out they would scurry (phugein) to their holes for safety. He shall put his hand on the hole of the basilisk
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
ἐρήμῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἔρημος -ον
ερημ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg or fem dat sg
deserted ,unpopulated/uncultivated hence solitary, wilderness
, οὕτως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὕτως/οὕτω
ουτως
indecl
thusly/like-this Lit:"like-this", hence, thusly, in-this-manner (οὕτως before vowels and consonants; οὕτω before consonants only]
ὑψωθῆναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑψόω (υψ(ο)-, υψω·σ-, υψω·σ-, -, υψω-, υψω·θ-)
υψω·θηναι
aor θη inf
to lift-up/exalt (from "ὕψος" "height", Lit:"set-high/elevate/lift-up". Fig:"exalt".
δεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

δέω (δε-/δ(ε)-, δη·σ-, δη·σ-, δεδε·κ-, δεδε-, δε·θ-); δέομαι (δε-/δ(ε)-, -, -, -, δεδεη-, δεη·θ-)
δ(ε)·ει, δ(ε)·ε; δ(ε)·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg, pres act imp 2nd sg; pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
to bind; to need require have to, must, need to, require
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
υἱὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ον
(mas) acc sg
son
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
ἀνθρώπου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ου
(mas) gen sg
human
·
———
RP: Μωσῆς ♦ NA/UBS: Μωϋσῆς
Jn 3:14
As and just as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness,[a] even so, too, must the Son of Man be lifted up,
———
a Num. 21:6-9 6 Then the Lord sent fiery serpents among the people, and they bit the people, so that many people of Israel died. 7 ...So Moses prayed for the people. 8 And the Lord said to Moses, “Make a fiery serpent and set it on a pole, and everyone who is bitten, when he sees it, shall live.” 9 So Moses made a bronze serpent and set it on a pole. And if a serpent bit anyone, he would look at the bronze serpent and live (ESV).
15ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that /so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
πᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
πα[ντ]·ς
mas nom|voc sg
each/every (of a relevant set).
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
πιστεύων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πιστεύω (πιστευ-, πιστευ·σ-, πιστευ·σ-, πεπιστευ·κ-, πεπιστευ-, πιστευ·θ-)
πιστευ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
to believe/trust accept [toward] (heed [to], believe); give management (entrust). PASS. to be entrusted with
{ εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
he/she/it/same
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
he/she/it/same
} { μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
ἀπόληται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·όλλυμι (ath. απ+ολλυ-, απ+ολ(ε)·[σ]-/απ+ολε·σ-, απ+ολε·σ- or 2nd απ+ολ-, απ+ολωλ·[κ]-, -, -)
απ·ολ·ηται
2aor mp sub 3rd sg
to destroy/perish/lost Lit:"destroy-from", hence: fully/utterly-destroy/ruin/annihilate (active), perish (middle).
, ἀλλ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλ’
indecl
but
♦ - } ἔχῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
εχ·ῃ
pres mp ind 2nd sg or pres act sub 3rd sg or pres mp sub 2nd sg
to have /hold.
ζωὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

ζωή, -ῆς, ἡ; ζωός -ή -όν [EXTRA]
ζω·ην; ζω·ην
(fem) acc sg; fem acc sg
life being, living, spirit; alive
αἰώνιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

αἰώνιος -ία -ον
αιωνι·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
age-long/ unending age-long, and therefore: practically eternal, unending; partaking of the character of that which lasts for an age, as contrasted with that which is brief and fleeting
.
———
RP: εἰς αὐτὸν ♦ NA/UBS: ἐν αὐτῷ
RP: μὴ ἀπόληται, ἀλλ’ ♦ NA/UBS: —
Jn 3:15
wherethat whoever every one believes who believes in him shouldwould [not perish, but][a] have aeonian eternal life.[b]
———
a Majority text includes: μὴ ἀπόληται ἀλλ’.
b Jn. 17:3: And this is eternal life, that they know you the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom you have sent (ESV).
16Οὕτως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὕτως/οὕτω
ουτως
indecl
thusly/like-this Lit:"like-this", hence, thusly, in-this-manner (οὕτως before vowels and consonants; οὕτω before consonants only]
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for since, as
ἠγάπησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀγαπάω (αγαπ(α)-, αγαπη·σ-, αγαπη·σ-, ηγαπη·κ-, ηγαπη-, αγαπη·θ-)
ε·αγαπη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to agape-love /Calvary/sacrificial-love. Distinct from "φιλέω" (affection, friendship-love) and "έρος" (romantic/sexual-love).
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
θεὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ος
(mas) nom sg
god [see theology]
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
κόσμον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

κόσμος, -ου, ὁ
κοσμ·ον
(mas) acc sg
world (secular world) material realm
, ὥστε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὥστε
ωστε
indecl
so that
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
υἱὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ον
(mas) acc sg
son
{ αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
♦ - } τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
μονογενῆ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3)

μονο·γενής -ές
μονογεν(ε)·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
only born-in-kind [only born-in-kind, meaning: the only born-in [the same] kin(d)", with an emphasis today on kind(downward differentiation of generations) rather than kin(family, sideways and up), but sharing both senses]
ἔδωκεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
ε·δω·κε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to give /offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
, ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that /so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
πᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
πα[ντ]·ς
mas nom|voc sg
each/every (of a relevant set).
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
πιστεύων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πιστεύω (πιστευ-, πιστευ·σ-, πιστευ·σ-, πεπιστευ·κ-, πεπιστευ-, πιστευ·θ-)
πιστευ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
to believe/trust accept [toward] (heed [to], believe); give management (entrust). PASS. to be entrusted with
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
he/she/it/same
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
ἀπόληται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·όλλυμι (ath. απ+ολλυ-, απ+ολ(ε)·[σ]-/απ+ολε·σ-, απ+ολε·σ- or 2nd απ+ολ-, απ+ολωλ·[κ]-, -, -)
απ·ολ·ηται
2aor mp sub 3rd sg
to destroy/perish/lost Lit:"destroy-from", hence: fully/utterly-destroy/ruin/annihilate (active), perish (middle).
, ἀλλ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλ’
indecl
but
ἔχῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
εχ·ῃ
pres mp ind 2nd sg or pres act sub 3rd sg or pres mp sub 2nd sg
to have /hold.
ζωὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

ζωή, -ῆς, ἡ; ζωός -ή -όν [EXTRA]
ζω·ην; ζω·ην
(fem) acc sg; fem acc sg
life being, living, spirit; alive
αἰώνιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

αἰώνιος -ία -ον
αιωνι·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
age-long/ unending age-long, and therefore: practically eternal, unending; partaking of the character of that which lasts for an age, as contrasted with that which is brief and fleeting
.
———
RP: αὐτοῦ ♦ NA/UBS: —
Jn 3:16
For thus God so loved the world:, as also that he gave (his) one and onlySon, the only born in-kind Son, thatwhere whoever every one believes who believes in him shouldwould not perishbe lost, but would have aeonian eternal life.
17Οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for since, as
ἀπέστειλεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·στέλλω (απο+στελλ-, απο+στελ(ε)·[σ]-, απο+στειλ·[σ]-, απ+εσταλ·κ-, απ+εσταλ-, απο+σταλ·[θ]-)
απο·ε·στειλ·[σ]ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to send-forth Lit:"send/arrange-from/away". Often rendered "send-forth" (a message, messenger, action, etc), send
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
θεὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ος
(mas) nom sg
god [see theology]
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
υἱὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ον
(mas) acc sg
son
{ αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
} τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
κόσμον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

κόσμος, -ου, ὁ
κοσμ·ον
(mas) acc sg
world (secular world) material realm
ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that /so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
κρίνῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κρίνω (κριν-, κριν(ε)·[σ]-, κριν·[σ]-, κεκρι·κ-, κεκρι-, κρι·θ-)
κριν·ῃ, κριν(ε)·[σ]ῃ, κριν·[σ]ῃ
pres mp ind 2nd sg or pres act sub 3rd sg or pres mp sub 2nd sg, fut mp ind 2nd sg, 1aor act sub 3rd sg or 1aor mp sub 2nd sg
to judge /decide, assess/determine, discriminate/separate. Also LXX: contend, avenge/vindicate, decree.
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
κόσμον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

κόσμος, -ου, ὁ
κοσμ·ον
(mas) acc sg
world (secular world) material realm
, ἀλλ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλ’
indecl
but
ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that /so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
σωθῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σῴζω (σῳζ-, σω·σ-, σω·σ-, σεσω·κ-, σεσω-/σεσωσ-/σεσῳσ-, σω·θ-)
σω·θῃ
aor θη sub 3rd sg
to save /deliver/rescue from ruin/destruction/harm. Also salve
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
κόσμος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

κόσμος, -ου, ὁ
κοσμ·ος
(mas) nom sg
world (secular world) material realm
δι’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δι’
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen) δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
.
———
RP: αὐτοῦ εἰς ♦ NA/UBS: εἰς
Jn 3:17
For God didn’t not sendorder forth his Son into the world that he wouldto judge the world,[a] but that the world shouldwould be saved through him.
———
a See also Jn. 5:22, 30; 8:15-16; 12:47.
18 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
πιστεύων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πιστεύω (πιστευ-, πιστευ·σ-, πιστευ·σ-, πεπιστευ·κ-, πεπιστευ-, πιστευ·θ-)
πιστευ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
to believe/trust accept [toward] (heed [to], believe); give management (entrust). PASS. to be entrusted with
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
he/she/it/same
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
κρίνεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κρίνω (κριν-, κριν(ε)·[σ]-, κριν·[σ]-, κεκρι·κ-, κεκρι-, κρι·θ-)
κριν·εται
pres mp ind 3rd sg
to judge /decide, assess/determine, discriminate/separate. Also LXX: contend, avenge/vindicate, decree.
· [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
πιστεύων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πιστεύω (πιστευ-, πιστευ·σ-, πιστευ·σ-, πεπιστευ·κ-, πεπιστευ-, πιστευ·θ-)
πιστευ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
to believe/trust accept [toward] (heed [to], believe); give management (entrust). PASS. to be entrusted with
ἤδη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἤδη
ηδη
indecl
already by now, by then
κέκριται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κρίνω (κριν-, κριν(ε)·[σ]-, κριν·[σ]-, κεκρι·κ-, κεκρι-, κρι·θ-)
κεκρι·ται
perf mp ind 3rd sg
to judge /decide, assess/determine, discriminate/separate. Also LXX: contend, avenge/vindicate, decree.
, ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
πεπίστευκεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πιστεύω (πιστευ-, πιστευ·σ-, πιστευ·σ-, πεπιστευ·κ-, πεπιστευ-, πιστευ·θ-)
πεπιστευ·κε(ν)
perf act ind 3rd sg
to believe/trust accept [toward] (heed [to], believe); give management (entrust). PASS. to be entrusted with
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
ὄνομα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ὄνομα[τ], -ατος, τό
ονομα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
name (with regard to)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
μονογενοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3)

μονο·γενής -ές
μονογεν(ε)·ος
neu gen sg or mas gen sg or fem gen sg
only born-in-kind [only born-in-kind, meaning: the only born-in [the same] kin(d)", with an emphasis today on kind(downward differentiation of generations) rather than kin(family, sideways and up), but sharing both senses]
υἱοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ου
(mas) gen sg
son
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god [see theology]
.
Jn 3:18
He who believes in him is not judged. Rather, Hhe who doesn’t believe has already been judged already,[a] becausethat he has not believed in the name of the one and onlyonly born-in-kind Son of God.
———
a One is judged by one's own receptivity to the doings of God. See also Jn. 12:48.
19Αὕτη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
[τ]αυτ·η
fem nom sg
this When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
δέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
κρίσις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

κρίσις, -εως, ἡ
κρισ(ι)·ς
(fem) nom sg
judgment /decision, turning point, sudden change, crisis, estimation, conceit
, ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
φῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

φῶ[τ]ς, -ωτός, τό
φω[τ]·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
light
ἐλήλυθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εληλυθ·[κ]ε(ν)
perf act ind 3rd sg
to come Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
κόσμον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

κόσμος, -ου, ὁ
κοσμ·ον
(mas) acc sg
world (secular world) material realm
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἠγάπησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀγαπάω (αγαπ(α)-, αγαπη·σ-, αγαπη·σ-, ηγαπη·κ-, ηγαπη-, αγαπη·θ-)
ε·αγαπη·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
to agape-love /Calvary/sacrificial-love. Distinct from "φιλέω" (affection, friendship-love) and "έρος" (romantic/sexual-love).
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
ἄνθρωποι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
human
μᾶλλον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

μᾶλλον
μαλλον
indecl
more/rather (instead)
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
σκότος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

σκότο·ς, -ους, τό
σκοτ(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
darkness gloom, darkness
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἤ[1]
η
indecl
or/than
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
φῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

φῶ[τ]ς, -ωτός, τό
φω[τ]·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
light
· ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
to be
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for since, as
{ πονηρὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

πονηρός -ά -όν
πονηρ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or fem nom|voc sg
evil, wicked Adj.from πόνος + αἴρω: hence pain/labor/trouble-lifting/bearing/propounding.
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
he/she/it/same
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
he/she/it/same
πονηρὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

πονηρός -ά -όν
πονηρ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or fem nom|voc sg
evil, wicked Adj.from πόνος + αἴρω: hence pain/labor/trouble-lifting/bearing/propounding.
} τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
ἔργα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἔργον, -ου, τό
εργ·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
work
.
———
RP: πονηρὰ αὐτῶν ♦ NA/UBS: αὐτῶν πονηρὰ
Jn 3:19
This is the judgment, that the light has come into the world, and men loved the darkness rather than the light; for their works were evil[a].
———
a πονηρός - airing (lifting up, exulting in, or propounding) hard, toilsome, labor. From αἴρω καί πόνος.
20Πᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
πα[ντ]·ς
mas nom|voc sg
each/every (of a relevant set).
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for since, as
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
φαῦλα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

φαῦλος -η -ον (cf. κακός)
φαυλ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl
wicked vicious, archaic (of language or reasoning) imperfect; defective; cruel or violent; ME: from OFr. vicious or L. vitiosus, from vitium 'vice'
πράσσων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πράσσω/πράττω (πρασσ-/πραττ-, πραξ-, πραξ-, πεπραχ·[κ]-, πεπρασσ-, πραχ·θ-)
πρασσ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
to do [practice, perform, accomplish]
μισεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μισέω (μισ(ε)-, μιση·σ-, μιση·σ-, μεμιση·κ-, μεμιση-, μιση·θ-)
μισ(ε)·ει, μισ(ε)·ε
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, pres act imp 2nd sg
to hate/detest /dislike, abominate
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
φῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

φῶ[τ]ς, -ωτός, τό
φω[τ]·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
light
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἔρχεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ερχ·εται
pres mp ind 3rd sg
to come Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat) Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
φῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

φῶ[τ]ς, -ωτός, τό
φω[τ]·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
light
, ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that /so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
ἐλεγχθῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐλέγχω (ελεγχ-, ελεγξ-, ελεγξ-, -, -, ελεγχ·θ-)
ελεγχ·θῃ
aor θη sub 3rd sg
to reprove reprove, rebuke, discipline, convict, expose, show to be guilty
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
ἔργα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἔργον, -ου, τό
εργ·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
work
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
.
Jn 3:20
For everyone who does evil hates the light, and doesn’t come to the light, lest his works would be exposed.
21 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
ποιῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative); Verb

ποῖος -α -ον; ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποι·ων; ποι(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
what-kind; to do/make
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
ἀλήθειαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἀ·λήθεια, -ας, ἡ
αληθει·αν
(fem) acc sg
truth
ἔρχεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ερχ·εται
pres mp ind 3rd sg
to come Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat) Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
φῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

φῶ[τ]ς, -ωτός, τό
φω[τ]·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
light
, ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that /so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
φανερωθῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φανερόω (φανερ(ο)-, φανερω·σ-, φανερω·σ-, -, πεφανερω-, φανερω·θ-)
φανερω·θῃ
aor θη sub 3rd sg
to manifest [from 5457 "phṓs" (light)], hence illumine, make-visible/apparent(by illumination, bring-out, disclose. Distinct from "ἀποκαλύπτω" (to reveal/uncover something hidden or invisible).
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
ἔργα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἔργον, -ου, τό
εργ·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
work
, ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
θεῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
god [see theology]
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be
εἰργασμένα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐργάζομαι (εργαζ-, εργ(α)·[σ]-, εργα·σ-, -, ειργασ-, εργασ·θ-)
ειργασ·μεν·α
perf mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
to work/strive
.
Jn 3:21
But he who does the truth comes to the light, that his works may be revealed, that they which have been doneworked are in God.”
22Μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen) Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
ταῦτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·α
neu nom|acc pl
this When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
ἦλθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ε·ελθ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ελθ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
to come Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl., irreg. and Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus [Joshua or Jesus]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
μαθηταὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.); Verb

μαθητής, -οῦ, ὁ; μανθάνω (μανθαν-, μαθη·σ-, 2nd μαθ-, μεμαθη·κ-, -, -)
μαθητ·αι; μαθ·ηται
(mas) nom|voc pl; 2aor mp sub 3rd sg
disciple; to learn practice, recite
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
Ἰουδαίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαία, -ας, ἡ; Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·αν; ιουδαι·αν
(fem) acc sg; fem acc sg
Judea [region of]; Jewish
γῆν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

γῆ, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. γῆ
γ·ην
(fem) acc sg
earth/land
· καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἐκεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἐκεῖ
εκει
indecl
there
διέτριβεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δια·τρίβω (δια+τριβ-, δια+τριψ-, δια+τριψ-, -, -, -)
δια·ε·τριβ·ε(ν)
impf act ind 3rd sg
to stay
μετ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετ’
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen) Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
he/she/it/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἐβάπτιζεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βαπτίζω (βαπτιζ-, βαπτι·σ-, βαπτι·σ-, -, βεβαπτισ-, βαπτισ·θ-)
ε·βαπτιζ·ε(ν)
impf act ind 3rd sg
to baptize
.
Jn 3:22
¶After these things, Jesus came with his disciples into the land of Judea. He stayed there with them, and baptized.
23Ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
to be
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
{ Ἰωάννης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

Ἰωάν(ν)ης, -ου, ὁ
ιωανν·ης
(mas) nom sg
John
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
Ἰωάννης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

Ἰωάν(ν)ης, -ου, ὁ
ιωανν·ης
(mas) nom sg
John
} βαπτίζων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βαπτίζω (βαπτιζ-, βαπτι·σ-, βαπτι·σ-, -, βεβαπτισ-, βαπτισ·θ-)
βαπτιζ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
to baptize
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
Αἰνὼν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.); Noun (Indecl.); Verb

αἶνος, -ου, ὁ; Αἰνών, ἡ; αἰνέω (αιν(ε)-, αινε·σ-, αινε·σ-, -, -, -)
αιν·ων; αινων; αιν(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(mas) gen pl; (fem) indecl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
praise also a tale, story; Aenon; to praise approve, advise, recommend
ἐγγὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἐγγύς
εγγυς
indecl
near
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
{ Σαλήμ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Indecl.)

Σαλήμ, ὁ
σαλημ
(mas) indecl
Salem
Σαλείμ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Indecl.)

Σαλείμ, ὁ
σαλειμ
(mas) indecl
Salim
} , ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
ὕδατα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl., irreg.)

ὕδωρ, ὕδατος, τό
υδατ·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
water
πολλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral, irreg.)

πολ[λ]ύς πολλή πολ[λ]ύ
πολλ·α
neu nom|acc pl
much
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
to be
ἐκεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἐκεῖ
εκει
indecl
there
· καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
παρεγίνοντο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·γίνομαι (παρα+γιν-, παρα+γενη·σ-, 2nd παρα+γεν-, παρα+γεγον·[κ]-, -, παρα+γενη·θ-)
παρα·ε·γιν·οντο
impf mp ind 3rd pl
to become-present Lit:"become-close-beside", hence, appear/arrive, show-up, turn-up.
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἐβαπτίζοντο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βαπτίζω (βαπτιζ-, βαπτι·σ-, βαπτι·σ-, -, βεβαπτισ-, βαπτισ·θ-)
ε·βαπτιζ·οντο
impf mp ind 3rd pl
to baptize
.
———
RP: Ἰωάννης ♦ NA/UBS: ὁ Ἰωάννης
RP: Σαλήμ ♦ NA/UBS: Σαλείμ
Jn 3:23
John also was baptizing in Enon near Salim, because there was much water there. They came, and were baptized.
24Οὔπω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὔπω (οὔ πω)
ουπω
indecl
not yet
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for since, as
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
to be
βεβλημένος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βάλλω (βαλλ-, βαλ(ε)·[σ]-, βαλ·[σ]- or 2nd βαλ-, βεβλη·κ-, βεβλη-, βλη·θ-)
βεβλη·μεν·ος
perf mp ptcp mas nom sg
to throw /cast
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
φυλακὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

φυλακή, -ῆς, ἡ
φυλακ·ην
(fem) acc sg
prison/guard
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
Ἰωάννης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

Ἰωάν(ν)ης, -ου, ὁ
ιωανν·ης
(mas) nom sg
John
.
Jn 3:24
For John was not yet thrown into prison.
25Ἐγένετο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
ε·γεν·ετο
2aor mp ind 3rd sg
to come to be to come to be; to become; to happen
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently /accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
ζήτησις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ζήτησις, -εως, ἡ
ζητησ(ι)·ς
(fem) nom sg
investigation /search/inquiry
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
μαθητῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

μαθητής, -οῦ, ὁ
μαθητ·ων
(mas) gen pl
disciple
Ἰωάννου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

Ἰωάν(ν)ης, -ου, ὁ
ιωανν·ου
(mas) gen sg
John
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen) Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
Ἰουδαίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
Jewish
περὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

περί
περι
indecl
about (+acc,+gen) Lit:"around" (as in perimeter "around-measure"). Fig:about/regarding/concerning
καθαρισμοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

καθαρισμός, -οῦ, ὁ
καθαρισμ·ου
(mas) gen sg
purification
.
Jn 3:25
There arose therefore a questioning on the part of John’s disciples with some Jews about purification.
26Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἦλθον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ε·ελθ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
to come Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat) Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
Ἰωάννην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

Ἰωάν(ν)ης, -ου, ὁ
ιωανν·ην
(mas) acc sg
John
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
{ εἶπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειπ·[σ]ον, ε·ειπ·ον, ειπ·ο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, 2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl, 2aor act ptcp mas voc sg or 2aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
to say/tell
εἶπαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]αν, ειπ·[σ]αν[τ]
1aor act ind 3rd pl, 1aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
to say/tell
} αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
he/she/it/same
, Ῥαββί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Hebrew-Aramaic

ῥαββί
ραββι
indecl
rabbi
, ὃς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ος
mas nom sg
who/whom/which
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
to be
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen) Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
σοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you; your/yours(sg)
πέραν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πέραν
περαν
indecl
across
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
Ἰορδάνου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

Ἰορδάνης, -ου, ὁ
ιορδαν·ου
(mas) gen sg
Jordan [river of]
, [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ

neu dat sg or mas dat sg
who/whom/which
σὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
συ
nom sg
you
μεμαρτύρηκας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μαρτυρέω (μαρτυρ(ε)-, μαρτυρη·σ-, μαρτυρη·σ-, μεμαρτυρη·κ-, μεμαρτυρη-, μαρτυρη·θ-)
μεμαρτυρη·κας
perf act ind 2nd sg
to bear-witness/attest /testify/report/avouch
, ἴδε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ε
2aor act imp 2nd sg
to see/behold Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-tom and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
οὗτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
[τ]ουτ·ος
mas nom sg
this When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
βαπτίζει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βαπτίζω (βαπτιζ-, βαπτι·σ-, βαπτι·σ-, -, βεβαπτισ-, βαπτισ·θ-)
βαπτιζ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
to baptize
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
πάντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ες
mas nom|voc pl
each/every (of a relevant set).
ἔρχονται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ερχ·ονται
pres mp ind 3rd pl
to come Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat) Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
he/she/it/same
.
———
RP: εἶπον ♦ NA/UBS: εἶπαν
Jn 3:26
They came to John, and said to him, “Rabbi, he who was with you beyond the Jordan, to whom you have testified, behold, the same baptizes, and everyone is coming to him.”
27Ἀπεκρίθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κρίνομαι (απο+κριν-, -, απο+κριν·[σ]-, -, απο+κεκρι-, απο+κρι·θ-)
απο·ε·κρι·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
to answer Lit:"judge/decide-from", hence involves a response that requires some thinking/consideration/decision. Usually rendered "answer" (in response to a question/inquiry)
Ἰωάννης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

Ἰωάν(ν)ης, -ου, ὁ
ιωανν·ης
(mas) nom sg
John
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
to say/tell
, Οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
δύναται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

δυνατός -ή -όν; δύνα·μαι (ath. δυν(α)-/ath. δυν(η)-, δυνη·σ-, -, -, -, δυνη·θ-/δυνασ·θ-)
δυνατ·αι; δυν(α)·ται
fem nom|voc pl; pres mp ind 3rd sg
capable /powerful/able/; to able
ἄνθρωπος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ος
(mas) nom sg
human
λαμβάνειν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαμβάνω (λαμβαν-, λημψ-/ληψ-, λαβ·[σ]- or 2nd λαβ-, ειληφ·[κ]-, ειληβ-, λημφ·θ-/ληφ·θ-)
λαμβαν·ειν
pres act inf
to take/receive grasp, clutch, cling-to, seize, lay-hands-upon, take by violence, carry off, of a deity, seize, possess, catch, find out, detect, overtake, understand
{ οὐδέν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

οὐδ·είς οὐδε·μία οὐδ·έν and οὐθ·είς (οὐθε·μία) οὐθ·έν
ουδε[ι]ν
neu nom|acc sg
not-one Lit:"not-moreover-one", hence not-one/nothing/no-one.
οὐδὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐδέ (οὐ δέ)
ουδε
indecl
neither/nor Lit:"not-moreover" or "not-but", hence neither/nor.
οὐδ’ sometimes before vowels.
ἓν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ε[ι]ν
neu nom|acc sg
one
} , ἐὰν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἐάν (εἰ ἄν)
εαν
indecl
if-ever "ἐὰν μή" (Lit:if-ever not) means "except", "unless"
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·ῃ
pres act sub 3rd sg
to be
δεδομένον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
δεδο·μεν·ον
perf mp ptcp mas acc sg or perf mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
to give /offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
he/she/it/same
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
οὐρανοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

οὐρανός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. οὐρανοί
ουραν·ου
(mas) gen sg
sky/heaven
.
———
RP: οὐδέν ♦ NA/UBS: οὐδὲ ἓν
Jn 3:27
¶John answered, “A man can receive nothing, unless it has been given him from heaven.
28Αὐτοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οι
mas nom pl
he/she/it/same
ὑμεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμεις
nom pl
you
{ μαρτυρεῖτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μαρτυρέω (μαρτυρ(ε)-, μαρτυρη·σ-, μαρτυρη·σ-, μεμαρτυρη·κ-, μεμαρτυρη-, μαρτυρη·θ-)
μαρτυρ(ε)·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
to bear-witness/attest /testify/report/avouch
μοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μοι
dat sg
I
μαρτυρεῖτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μαρτυρέω (μαρτυρ(ε)-, μαρτυρη·σ-, μαρτυρη·σ-, μεμαρτυρη·κ-, μεμαρτυρη-, μαρτυρη·θ-)
μαρτυρ(ε)·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
to bear-witness/attest /testify/report/avouch
} ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
εἶπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειπ·[σ]ον, ε·ειπ·ον, ειπ·ο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, 2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl, 2aor act ptcp mas voc sg or 2aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
to say/tell
, { Οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
♦ [ ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
] Οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
} εἰμὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^μι; (εσ)·^μι
pres act ind 1st sg; pres act ind 1st sg
to go; to be
ἐγὼ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
εγω
nom sg
I
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
χριστός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Χριστός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. Χριστέ
χριστ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Christ lit. 'anointed'
, ἀλλ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλ’
indecl
but
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
Ἀπεσταλμένος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·στέλλω (απο+στελλ-, απο+στελ(ε)·[σ]-, απο+στειλ·[σ]-, απ+εσταλ·κ-, απ+εσταλ-, απο+σταλ·[θ]-)
απ·εσταλ·μεν·ος
perf mp ptcp mas nom sg
to send-forth Lit:"send/arrange-from/away". Often rendered "send-forth" (a message, messenger, action, etc), send
εἰμὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^μι; (εσ)·^μι
pres act ind 1st sg; pres act ind 1st sg
to go; to be
ἔμπροσθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἔμ·προσ·θεν/-θε
εμπροσθεν
indecl
before/in-front-of Lit:"in-toward" hence before/facing/in-front-of, former/previous
ἐκείνου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

ἐκεῖνος -η -ο
εκειν·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
that
.
———
RP: μαρτυρεῖτε ♦ NA/UBS: μοι μαρτυρεῖτε
RP: Οὐκ ♦ NA/UBS: [ὅτι] Οὐκ
Jn 3:28
You yourselves testify that I said, ‘I am not the Christ,’ but, ‘I have been sent before him.’
29 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
ἔχων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
εχ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
to have /hold.
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
νύμφην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

νύμφη, -ης, ἡ
νυμφ·ην
(fem) acc sg
bride/daughter-in-law
, νυμφίος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

νυμφίος, -ου, ὁ
νυμφι·ος
(mas) nom sg
groom
ἐστίν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be
· [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
φίλος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

φίλος -η -ον
φιλ·ος
mas nom sg
friend companion
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
νυμφίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

νυμφίος, -ου, ὁ
νυμφι·ου
(mas) gen sg
groom
, [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
ἑστηκὼς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἵστημι (ath. ιστ(α)-/ath. ιστ(η)-, στη·σ-, στη·σ- or 2nd ath. στ(η)-/ath. στ(α)-, εστη·κ-/εστα·κ-/εστ(α)·[κ]-, εστη-/εστα-, στα·θ-)
εστη·κο[τ]·^ς
perf act ptcp mas nom sg
to stand /cause-to-stand
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἀκούων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀκούω (ακου-, ακου·σ-, ακου·σ-, ακηκο·[κ]-, ηκουσ-, ακουσ·θ-)
ακου·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
to hear
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
, χαρᾷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

χαρά, -ᾶς, ἡ
χαρ·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
cheer joy is too strong a word in NT context, with connotations of unrestraint or lack of self-control over self-assertion. cf. ο διαβολος.
χαίρει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

χαίρω (χαιρ-, χαρ(ε)·[σ]-, -, -, -, χαρ·[θ]-)
χαιρ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
to rejoice salute, salutation
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen) δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
φωνὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

φωνή, -ῆς, ἡ
φων·ην
(fem) acc sg
sound/voice cries
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
νυμφίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

νυμφίος, -ου, ὁ
νυμφι·ου
(mas) gen sg
groom
· αὕτη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
[τ]αυτ·η
fem nom sg
this When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently /accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
χαρὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

χαρά, -ᾶς, ἡ
χαρ·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
cheer joy is too strong a word in NT context, with connotations of unrestraint or lack of self-control over self-assertion. cf. ο διαβολος.
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
ἐμὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Possessive)

ἐμός -ή -όν
εμ·η
fem nom|voc sg
my/mine
πεπλήρωται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πληρόω (πληρ(ο)-, πληρω·σ-, πληρω·σ-, πεπληρω·κ-, πεπληρω-, πληρω·θ-)
πεπληρω·ται
perf mp ind 3rd sg
to fulfill Lit:"fill-to-individual-capacity", hence fill, fulfill, make-full.
.
Jn 3:29
He who has the bride is the bridegroom; but the friend of the bridegroom,[a] who stands and hears him, rejoices greatly because of the bridegroom’s voice. This, my joy, therefore is made full.
———
a The people in 3:26 are the bride; Jesus is the bridegroom; John is the friend of the bridegroom.
30Ἐκεῖνον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

ἐκεῖνος -η -ο
εκειν·ον
mas acc sg
that
δεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

δέω (δε-/δ(ε)-, δη·σ-, δη·σ-, δεδε·κ-, δεδε-, δε·θ-); δέομαι (δε-/δ(ε)-, -, -, -, δεδεη-, δεη·θ-)
δ(ε)·ει, δ(ε)·ε; δ(ε)·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg, pres act imp 2nd sg; pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
to bind; to need require have to, must, need to, require
αὐξάνειν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

αὐξάνω/αὔξω (αυξαν-/αυξ-, αυξη·σ-, αυξη·σ-, -, ηυξη-, αυξη·θ-)
αυξαν·ειν
pres act inf
to grow increase
, ἐμὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person); Determiner (Possessive)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς; ἐμός -ή -όν
εμε; εμ·ε
acc sg; mas voc sg
I; my/mine
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
ἐλαττοῦσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐλαττόω/ἐλασσόω (ελαττ(ο)-/ελασσ(ο)-, ελαττω·σ-, ελαττω·σ-, -, ηλαττω-, ελαττω·θ-)
ελαττ(ο)·εσθαι
pres mp inf
to make inferior
.
Jn 3:30
He must increase, but I must decrease.
31 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
ἄνωθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἄνω·θεν
ανωθεν
indecl
from above
ἐρχόμενος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ερχ·ομεν·ος
pres mp ptcp mas nom sg
to come Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
ἐπάνω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἐπ·άνω
επανω
indecl
over Lit:"upon-up", hence over-above.
πάντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl
each/every (of a relevant set).
ἐστίν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be
. [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
ὢν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
to be
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
γῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

γῆ, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. γῆ
γ·ης
(fem) gen sg
earth/land
, ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
γῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

γῆ, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. γῆ
γ·ης
(fem) gen sg
earth/land
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
γῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

γῆ, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. γῆ
γ·ης
(fem) gen sg
earth/land
λαλεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαλέω (λαλ(ε)-, λαλη·σ-, λαλη·σ-, λελαλη·κ-, λελαλη-, λαλη·θ-)
λαλ(ε)·ει, λαλ(ε)·ε
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, pres act imp 2nd sg
to speak
· [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
{ οὐρανοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

οὐρανός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. οὐρανοί
ουραν·ου
(mas) gen sg
sky/heaven
ἐρχόμενος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ερχ·ομεν·ος
pres mp ptcp mas nom sg
to come Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
ἐπάνω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἐπ·άνω
επανω
indecl
over Lit:"upon-up", hence over-above.
πάντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl
each/every (of a relevant set).
ἐστίν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be
οὐρανοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

οὐρανός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. οὐρανοί
ουραν·ου
(mas) gen sg
sky/heaven
ἐρχόμενος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ερχ·ομεν·ος
pres mp ptcp mas nom sg
to come Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
[ ἐπάνω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἐπ·άνω
επανω
indecl
over Lit:"upon-up", hence over-above.
πάντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl
each/every (of a relevant set).
ἐστίν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be
] } .
———
RP: οὐρανοῦ ἐρχόμενος ἐπάνω πάντων ἐστίν ♦ NA/UBS: οὐρανοῦ ἐρχόμενος [ἐπάνω πάντων ἐστίν]
Jn 3:31
He who comes from above is above all. He who is from the Earth belongs to the Earth, and speaks of the Earth. He who comes from heaven is above all.
32{ Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ο
neu nom|acc sg
who/whom/which
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ο
neu nom|acc sg
who/whom/which
} ἑώρακεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
εωρα·κε(ν)
perf act ind 3rd sg
to see/behold Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-tom and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἤκουσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀκούω (ακου-, ακου·σ-, ακου·σ-, ακηκο·[κ]-, ηκουσ-, ακουσ·θ-)
ε·ακου·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to hear
, τοῦτο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
this When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
μαρτυρεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

μαρτύρομαι (μαρτυρ-, -, μαρτυρ·[σ]-, -, -, -); μαρτυρέω (μαρτυρ(ε)-, μαρτυρη·σ-, μαρτυρη·σ-, μεμαρτυρη·κ-, μεμαρτυρη-, μαρτυρη·θ-)
μαρτυρ·ει; μαρτυρ(ε)·ει, μαρτυρ(ε)·ε
pres mp ind 2nd sg classical; pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, pres act imp 2nd sg
to call to witness; to bear-witness/attest /testify/report/avouch
· καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
μαρτυρίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

μαρτυρία, -ας, ἡ
μαρτυρι·αν
(fem) acc sg
witness
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
οὐδεὶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

οὐδ·είς οὐδε·μία οὐδ·έν and οὐθ·είς (οὐθε·μία) οὐθ·έν
ουδει[ν]·ς
mas nom sg
not-one Lit:"not-moreover-one", hence not-one/nothing/no-one.
λαμβάνει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαμβάνω (λαμβαν-, λημψ-/ληψ-, λαβ·[σ]- or 2nd λαβ-, ειληφ·[κ]-, ειληβ-, λημφ·θ-/ληφ·θ-)
λαμβαν·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
to take/receive grasp, clutch, cling-to, seize, lay-hands-upon, take by violence, carry off, of a deity, seize, possess, catch, find out, detect, overtake, understand
.
———
RP: Καὶ ὃ ♦ NA/UBS: Ὃ
Jn 3:32
What he has seen and heard, of that this he testifies; and no one receives his witness.[a]
———
a Cf. 3:11.
33 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
λαβὼν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαμβάνω (λαμβαν-, λημψ-/ληψ-, λαβ·[σ]- or 2nd λαβ-, ειληφ·[κ]-, ειληβ-, λημφ·θ-/ληφ·θ-)
λαβ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
to take/receive grasp, clutch, cling-to, seize, lay-hands-upon, take by violence, carry off, of a deity, seize, possess, catch, find out, detect, overtake, understand
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
μαρτυρίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

μαρτυρία, -ας, ἡ
μαρτυρι·αν
(fem) acc sg
witness
ἐσφράγισεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σφραγίζω (σφραγιζ-, σφραγι(ε)·[σ]-, σφραγι·σ-, -, εσφραγισ-, σφραγισ·θ-)
ε·σφραγι·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to seal
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
θεὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ος
(mas) nom sg
god [see theology]
ἀληθής [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3)

ἀ·ληθής -ες
αληθ(ε)·^ς
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
true/unerring
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be
.
Jn 3:33
He The one who has received receives his witness has set his sealed to this, that God is true.
34Ὃν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative); Verb

ὅς ἥ ὅ; εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ον; (εσ)·ο[υ]ν[τ]
mas acc sg; pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
who/whom/which; to be
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for since, as
ἀπέστειλεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·στέλλω (απο+στελλ-, απο+στελ(ε)·[σ]-, απο+στειλ·[σ]-, απ+εσταλ·κ-, απ+εσταλ-, απο+σταλ·[θ]-)
απο·ε·στειλ·[σ]ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to send-forth Lit:"send/arrange-from/away". Often rendered "send-forth" (a message, messenger, action, etc), send
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
θεός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ος
(mas) nom sg
god [see theology]
, τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
ῥήματα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ῥῆμα[τ], -ατος, τό
ρηματ·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
declaration /saying/statement/utterance Often "word" but distinguished from "logos" (message)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god [see theology]
λαλεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαλέω (λαλ(ε)-, λαλη·σ-, λαλη·σ-, λελαλη·κ-, λελαλη-, λαλη·θ-)
λαλ(ε)·ει, λαλ(ε)·ε
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, pres act imp 2nd sg
to speak
· οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for since, as
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
μέτρου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.); Verb

μέτρον, -ου, τό; μετρέω (μετρ(ε)-, μετρη·σ-, μετρη·σ-, -, μεμετρη-, μετρη·θ-)
μετρ·ου; μετρ(ε)·ου
(neu) gen sg; pres mp imp 2nd sg
measure; to measure
δίδωσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
διδ(ο)·^σι(ν), διδ(ω)·ωσι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg, pres act sub 3rd pl
to give /offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
{ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
θεὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ος
(mas) nom sg
god [see theology]
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
} πνεῦμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πνεῦμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πνευμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
spirit /breath/wind, spiritual-utterance
.
———
RP: ὁ θεὸς τὸ ♦ NA/UBS: τὸ
Jn 3:34
For he whom God has sent speaks the words of God; for God gives the Spirit without measure.
35 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
πατὴρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πατήρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ὁ, voc. pl. πατέρες
πατερ·^
(mas) nom sg
father
ἀγαπᾷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀγαπάω (αγαπ(α)-, αγαπη·σ-, αγαπη·σ-, ηγαπη·κ-, ηγαπη-, αγαπη·θ-)
αγαπ(α)·ει, αγαπ(α)·ῃ
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, pres mp ind 2nd sg or pres act sub 3rd sg or pres mp sub 2nd sg
to agape-love /Calvary/sacrificial-love. Distinct from "φιλέω" (affection, friendship-love) and "έρος" (romantic/sexual-love).
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
υἱόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ον
(mas) acc sg
son
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
πάντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or mas acc sg
each/every (of a relevant set).
δέδωκεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
δεδω·κε(ν)
perf act ind 3rd sg
to give /offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
χειρὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl., irreg.)

χείρ, χειρός, ἡ, dat. pl. χερσίν
χειρ·ι
(fem) dat sg
hand
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
.
Jn 3:35
The Father loves the Son, and has given all things into his hand.
36 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
πιστεύων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πιστεύω (πιστευ-, πιστευ·σ-, πιστευ·σ-, πεπιστευ·κ-, πεπιστευ-, πιστευ·θ-)
πιστευ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
to believe/trust accept [toward] (heed [to], believe); give management (entrust). PASS. to be entrusted with
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
υἱὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ον
(mas) acc sg
son
ἔχει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
εχ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
to have /hold.
ζωὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

ζωή, -ῆς, ἡ; ζωός -ή -όν [EXTRA]
ζω·ην; ζω·ην
(fem) acc sg; fem acc sg
life being, living, spirit; alive
αἰώνιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

αἰώνιος -ία -ον
αιωνι·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
age-long/ unending age-long, and therefore: practically eternal, unending; partaking of the character of that which lasts for an age, as contrasted with that which is brief and fleeting
· [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
ἀπειθῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3); Verb

ἀ·πειθής -ές; ἀ·πειθέω (απειθ(ε)-, απειθη·σ-, απειθη·σ-, -, -, -)
απειθ(ε)·ων; απειθ(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
disobedient unpersuade; to disobey (commands/injunctions), disbelieve/be-unpersuaded(the gospel). LXX: rebel
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
υἱῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
son
, οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ὄψεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
οφ·σεται
fut mp ind 3rd sg
to see/behold Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-tom and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
ζωήν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

ζωή, -ῆς, ἡ; ζωός -ή -όν [EXTRA]
ζω·ην; ζω·ην
(fem) acc sg; fem acc sg
life being, living, spirit; alive
, ἀλλ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλ’
indecl
but
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
ὀργὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ὀργή, -ῆς, ἡ (cf. θυμός)
οργ·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
wrath/anger natural impulse, always of anger
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god [see theology]
μένει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μένω (μεν-, μεν(ε)·[σ]-, μειν·[σ]-, μεμενη·κ-, -, -)
μεν·ει, μεν(ε)·[σ]ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, fut act ind 3rd sg or fut mp ind 2nd sg classical
to remain /stay. hence abide/dwell
ἐπ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επ’
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat) ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
he/she/it/same
.
Jn 3:36
One who believes in the Son has aeonian eternal life, but one who disobeys the Son won’t see life, but the wrath of God remains on him.”
« Ch 2» Ch 4

Copyright 2007-2017 Thomas Moore, Email: acct3 at katabiblon.com, Support Forum Set Local Timezone
Friday, 28-Apr-2017 06:08:22 EDT

OPTIONS

Chapter Vocabulary
or

CHAPTERS

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21

LEXICON

Greek Lexicon

TEXTS

LANGUAGES

Latina

OPTIONS

abgdezhqiklm
αβγδεζηθικλμ
nxoprstufcyw
νξοπρστυφχψω
)(/\=|+'v@#*
᾿ ͺ¨ϝϛʹ%
Wildcard: %