www.katabiblon.com

ΚΑΤΑ ΙΩΑΝΝΗΝ

According to John

 Robinson-Pierpont 2005 Wiki English Translation‎ / World English Bible
1Ταῦτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·α
neu nom|acc pl
this When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
εἰπὼν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειπ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
to say/tell
{ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
♦ - } Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl., irreg. and Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus [Joshua or Jesus]
ἐξῆλθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·έρχομαι (εξ+ερχ-, εξ+ελευ·σ-, εξ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd εξ+ελθ-, εξ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εξ·ε·ελθ·[σ]ε(ν), εξ·ε·ελθ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
to come-out Lit:"come-out-of"
σὺν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

σύν
συν
indecl
together with/including (+dat)
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
μαθηταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

μαθητής, -οῦ, ὁ
μαθητ·αις
(mas) dat pl
disciple
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
πέραν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πέραν
περαν
indecl
across
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
χειμάρρου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

χείμα·ρρος/-ρρους, -ου, ὁ
χειμαρρ·ου, χειμαρρ(ο)·ε, χειμαρρ(ο)·ου
(mas) gen sg, (mas) voc sg, (mas) gen sg
torrent-wave Lit:"winter/storm-flow", hence a faster-than-usual-water/stream-flow.
{ τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
} Κέδρων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Indecl.)

Κεδρών, ὁ
κεδρων
(mas) indecl
Kidron [valley of]
, ὅπου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὅπου
οπου
indecl
where
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
to be
κῆπος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

κῆπος, -ου, ὁ
κηπ·ος
(mas) nom sg
garden
, εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
ὃν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative); Verb

ὅς ἥ ὅ; εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ον; (εσ)·ο[υ]ν[τ]
mas acc sg; pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
who/whom/which; to be
εἰσῆλθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰσ·έρχομαι (εισ+ερχ-, εισ+ελευ·σ-, εισ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd εισ+ελθ-, εισ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εισ·ε·ελθ·[σ]ε(ν), εισ·ε·ελθ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
to enter come in; enter into
αὐτὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ος
mas nom sg
he/she/it/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
μαθηταὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.); Verb

μαθητής, -οῦ, ὁ; μανθάνω (μανθαν-, μαθη·σ-, 2nd μαθ-, μεμαθη·κ-, -, -)
μαθητ·αι; μαθ·ηται
(mas) nom|voc pl; 2aor mp sub 3rd sg
disciple; to learn practice, recite
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
.
———
RP: ὁ ♦ NA/UBS: —
RP: τῶν ♦ NA/UBS: τοῦ
Jn 18:1
¶When Jesus had spoken these words, he went out with his disciples over the brook Kidron, where there was a garden, into which he and his disciples entered.
2ᾜδει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

οἶδα (ath. ιδ-/ath. ειδ(ε)-/ath. ειδ-, ειδη·σ-/ει[δ]·σ-, ειδη·σ-, οιδ·[κ]-/ειδ·[κ]-, -, -)
ε·ειδ·[κ]ει
plup act ind 3rd sg
to know /perceive/be-aware-of/be-acquainted-with/notice. Often rendered "know" (by seeing/observing), in contrast to "γινώσκω" (know by thinking/reasoning/experiencing).
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
Ἰούδας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

Ἰούδας, -α and -ου, ὁ
ιουδ·ας
(mas) nom sg
Judas/Judah
, [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
παραδιδοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·δίδωμι (ath. παρα+διδ(ο)-/ath. παρα+διδ(ω)-, παρα+δω·σ-, παρα+δω·κ- or 2nd ath. παρα+δ(ο)-/ath. παρα+δ(ω)-, παρα+δεδω·κ-, παρα+δεδο-, παρα+δο·θ-)
παρα·διδ(ο)·[ντ]·ς
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
to deliver-over Lit:"give-close-beside", hence deliver/surrender/hand-over, betray, commit, give-in/over/up, turn-in, consign, grant, bestow, teach-doctrine
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
he/she/it/same
, τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
τόπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

τόπος, -ου, ὁ
τοπ·ον
(mas) acc sg
place
· ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
πολλάκις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Multiplicative Numeral)

πολλά·κις
πολλακις
indecl
many times
συνήχθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συν·άγω (συν+αγ-, συν+αξ-, συν+ηξ- or 2nd συν+αγαγ-, συν+αγειοχ·[κ]-, συν+ηγ-, συν+αχ·θ-)
συν·ε·αγ·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
to gather together οφθήτω
{ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl., irreg. and Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus [Joshua or Jesus]
Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl., irreg. and Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus [Joshua or Jesus]
} ἐκεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἐκεῖ
εκει
indecl
there
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen) Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
μαθητῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

μαθητής, -οῦ, ὁ
μαθητ·ων
(mas) gen pl
disciple
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
.
———
RP: ὁ Ἰησοῦς ♦ NA/UBS: Ἰησοῦς
Jn 18:2
Now Judas, who betrayed him, also knew the place, for Jesus often met there with his disciples.
3 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently /accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
Ἰούδας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

Ἰούδας, -α and -ου, ὁ
ιουδ·ας
(mas) nom sg
Judas/Judah
, λαβὼν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαμβάνω (λαμβαν-, λημψ-/ληψ-, λαβ·[σ]- or 2nd λαβ-, ειληφ·[κ]-, ειληβ-, λημφ·θ-/ληφ·θ-)
λαβ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
to take/receive grasp, clutch, cling-to, seize, lay-hands-upon, take by violence, carry off, of a deity, seize, possess, catch, find out, detect, overtake, understand
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
σπεῖραν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.); Verb

σπεῖρα, -ης, ἡ; σπείρω (σπειρ-, σπερ(ε)·[σ]-, σπειρ·[σ]-, εσπαρ·κ-, εσπαρ-, σπαρ·[θ]-)
σπειρ·αν; σπειρ·[σ]αν[τ]
(fem) acc sg; 1aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
cohort; to sow
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
ἀρχιερέων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἀρχ·ιερεύς, -έως, ὁ
αρχιερ(ευ)·ων
(mas) gen pl
archpriest
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
{ Φαρισαίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Φαρισαῖος, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. Φαρισαῖοι
φαρισαι·ων
(mas) gen pl
Pharisee
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
Φαρισαίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Φαρισαῖος, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. Φαρισαῖοι
φαρισαι·ων
(mas) gen pl
Pharisee
} ὑπηρέτας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ὑπ·ηρέτης, -ου, ὁ
υπηρετ·ας
(mas) acc pl
subordinate Rev.Hist.Rel.109.64 (Rome) dependant, footman, lackey, servant, valet, server
, ἔρχεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ερχ·εται
pres mp ind 3rd sg
to come Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
ἐκεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἐκεῖ
εκει
indecl
there
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen) Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
φανῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.); Verb

φανός, -οῦ, ὁ (cf. λαμπάς and λύχνος); φαίνω (φαιν-, φαν(ε)·[σ]-, φαν·[σ]-, -, -, φαν·[θ]-)
φαν·ων; φαν(ε)·[σ]ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(mas) gen pl; fut act ptcp mas nom sg
lamp; to appear look, shew, peer, seem, show
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
λαμπάδων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

λαμπά[δ]ς, -άδος, ἡ (cf. λύχνος and φανός)
λαμπαδ·ων
(fem) gen pl
lamp
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ὅπλων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ὅπλον, -ου, τό
οπλ·ων
(neu) gen pl
implement
.
———
RP: Φαρισαίων ♦ NA/UBS: ἐκ τῶν Φαρισαίων
Jn 18:3
Judas then, having taken a detachment of soldiers and officers from the chief priests and the Pharisees, came there with lanterns, torches, and weapons.
4Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl., irreg. and Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus [Joshua or Jesus]
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently /accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
, εἰδὼς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

οἶδα (ath. ιδ-/ath. ειδ(ε)-/ath. ειδ-, ειδη·σ-/ει[δ]·σ-, ειδη·σ-, οιδ·[κ]-/ειδ·[κ]-, -, -)
ειδ·[κ]ο[τ]·^ς
perf act ptcp mas nom sg
to know /perceive/be-aware-of/be-acquainted-with/notice. Often rendered "know" (by seeing/observing), in contrast to "γινώσκω" (know by thinking/reasoning/experiencing).
πάντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or mas acc sg
each/every (of a relevant set).
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
ἐρχόμενα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ερχ·ομεν·α
pres mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
to come Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
ἐπ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επ’
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat) ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
he/she/it/same
, { ἐξελθὼν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·έρχομαι (εξ+ερχ-, εξ+ελευ·σ-, εξ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd εξ+ελθ-, εξ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εξ·ελθ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
to come-out Lit:"come-out-of"
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
to say/tell
ἐξῆλθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·έρχομαι (εξ+ερχ-, εξ+ελευ·σ-, εξ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd εξ+ελθ-, εξ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εξ·ε·ελθ·[σ]ε(ν), εξ·ε·ελθ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
to come-out Lit:"come-out-of"
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
λέγει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
to say/tell
} αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
he/she/it/same
, Τίνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τιν·α
neu nom|acc pl or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
who/what/why interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
ζητεῖτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ζητέω (ζητ(ε)-, ζητη·σ-, ζητη·σ-, -, -, ζητη·θ-)
ζητ(ε)·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
to seek /search/inquire, look-into
;
———
RP: ἐξελθὼν εἶπεν ♦ NA/UBS: ἐξῆλθεν καὶ λέγει
Jn 18:4
Jesus therefore, knowing all the things that were happening to him, went forth, and said to them, “Who are you looking for?”
5Ἀπεκρίθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κρίνομαι (απο+κριν-, -, απο+κριν·[σ]-, -, απο+κεκρι-, απο+κρι·θ-)
απο·ε·κρι·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
to answer Lit:"judge/decide-from", hence involves a response that requires some thinking/consideration/decision. Usually rendered "answer" (in response to a question/inquiry)
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
he/she/it/same
, Ἰησοῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl., irreg. and Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ον
(mas) acc sg
Jesus [Joshua or Jesus]
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
Ναζωραῖον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Ναζωραῖος, -ου, ὁ
ναζωραι·ον
(mas) acc sg
Nazarene
. Λέγει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
to say/tell
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
he/she/it/same
{ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl., irreg. and Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus [Joshua or Jesus]
♦ - } , Ἐγώ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
εγω
nom sg
I
εἰμι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^μι; (εσ)·^μι
pres act ind 1st sg; pres act ind 1st sg
to go; to be
. Εἱστήκει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἵστημι (ath. ιστ(α)-/ath. ιστ(η)-, στη·σ-, στη·σ- or 2nd ath. στ(η)-/ath. στ(α)-, εστη·κ-/εστα·κ-/εστ(α)·[κ]-, εστη-/εστα-, στα·θ-)
ε·εστη·κει
plup act ind 3rd sg
to stand /cause-to-stand
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
Ἰούδας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

Ἰούδας, -α and -ου, ὁ
ιουδ·ας
(mas) nom sg
Judas/Judah
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
παραδιδοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·δίδωμι (ath. παρα+διδ(ο)-/ath. παρα+διδ(ω)-, παρα+δω·σ-, παρα+δω·κ- or 2nd ath. παρα+δ(ο)-/ath. παρα+δ(ω)-, παρα+δεδω·κ-, παρα+δεδο-, παρα+δο·θ-)
παρα·διδ(ο)·[ντ]·ς
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
to deliver-over Lit:"give-close-beside", hence deliver/surrender/hand-over, betray, commit, give-in/over/up, turn-in, consign, grant, bestow, teach-doctrine
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
he/she/it/same
μετ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετ’
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen) Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
he/she/it/same
.
———
RP: ὁ Ἰησοῦς ♦ NA/UBS: —
Jn 18:5
¶They answered him, “Jesus of Nazareth.”
¶Jesus said to them, “I am he.”
¶Judas also, who betrayed him, was standing with them.
6Ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently /accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
to say/tell
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
he/she/it/same
{ ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
♦ - } Ἐγώ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
εγω
nom sg
I
εἰμι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^μι; (εσ)·^μι
pres act ind 1st sg; pres act ind 1st sg
to go; to be
, ἀπῆλθον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·έρχομαι (απ+ερχ-, απ+ελευ·σ-, απ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd απ+ελθ-, απ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
απ·ε·ελθ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
to depart go away, depart from
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
ὀπίσω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὀπίσω
οπισω
indecl
after/behind [τὰ ὀπίσω, the rear]
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
{ ἔπεσον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πίπτω (πιπτ-, πεσ(ε)·[σ]-, πεσ·[σ]- or 2nd πεσ-, πεπτω·κ-, -, -)
ε·πεσ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
to fall Either (involuntarily)disastrously, or (voluntarily) quickly-bow-low. Fig: fail/be-unsuccessful
ἔπεσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πίπτω (πιπτ-, πεσ(ε)·[σ]-, πεσ·[σ]- or 2nd πεσ-, πεπτω·κ-, -, -)
ε·πεσ·[σ]αν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
to fall Either (involuntarily)disastrously, or (voluntarily) quickly-bow-low. Fig: fail/be-unsuccessful
} χαμαί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

χαμαί
χαμαι
indecl
on the ground
.
———
RP: ὅτι ♦ NA/UBS: —
RP: ἔπεσον ♦ NA/UBS: ἔπεσαν
Jn 18:6
When therefore he said to them, “I am he,” they went backward, and fell to the ground.
7Πάλιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πάλιν
παλιν
indecl
again afresh, again, anon, once more, back, backwards, restore
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently /accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
{ αὐτοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ους
mas acc pl
he/she/it/same
ἐπηρώτησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπ·ερωτάω (επ+ερωτ(α)-, επ+ερωτη·σ-, επ+ερωτη·σ-, -, -, επ+ερωτη·θ-)
επ·ε·ερωτη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to question Lit:"ask/inquire-upon", hence question/ask-something-specific.
ἐπηρώτησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπ·ερωτάω (επ+ερωτ(α)-, επ+ερωτη·σ-, επ+ερωτη·σ-, -, -, επ+ερωτη·θ-)
επ·ε·ερωτη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to question Lit:"ask/inquire-upon", hence question/ask-something-specific.
αὐτούς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ους
mas acc pl
he/she/it/same
} , Τίνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τιν·α
neu nom|acc pl or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
who/what/why interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
ζητεῖτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ζητέω (ζητ(ε)-, ζητη·σ-, ζητη·σ-, -, -, ζητη·θ-)
ζητ(ε)·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
to seek /search/inquire, look-into
; Οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
{ εἶπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειπ·[σ]ον, ε·ειπ·ον, ειπ·ο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, 2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl, 2aor act ptcp mas voc sg or 2aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
to say/tell
εἶπαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]αν, ειπ·[σ]αν[τ]
1aor act ind 3rd pl, 1aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
to say/tell
} , Ἰησοῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl., irreg. and Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ον
(mas) acc sg
Jesus [Joshua or Jesus]
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
Ναζωραῖον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Ναζωραῖος, -ου, ὁ
ναζωραι·ον
(mas) acc sg
Nazarene
.
———
RP: αὐτοὺς ἐπηρώτησεν ♦ NA/UBS: ἐπηρώτησεν αὐτούς
RP: εἶπον ♦ NA/UBS: εἶπαν
Jn 18:7
¶Again therefore he asked them, “Who are you looking for?”
¶They said, “Jesus of Nazareth.”
8Ἀπεκρίθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κρίνομαι (απο+κριν-, -, απο+κριν·[σ]-, -, απο+κεκρι-, απο+κρι·θ-)
απο·ε·κρι·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
to answer Lit:"judge/decide-from", hence involves a response that requires some thinking/consideration/decision. Usually rendered "answer" (in response to a question/inquiry)
Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl., irreg. and Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus [Joshua or Jesus]
, Εἶπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειπ·[σ]ον, ε·ειπ·ον, ειπ·ο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, 2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl, 2aor act ptcp mas voc sg or 2aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
to say/tell
ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
ἐγώ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
εγω
nom sg
I
εἰμι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^μι; (εσ)·^μι
pres act ind 1st sg; pres act ind 1st sg
to go; to be
· εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently /accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
ἐμὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person); Determiner (Possessive)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς; ἐμός -ή -όν
εμε; εμ·ε
acc sg; mas voc sg
I; my/mine
ζητεῖτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ζητέω (ζητ(ε)-, ζητη·σ-, ζητη·σ-, -, -, ζητη·θ-)
ζητ(ε)·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
to seek /search/inquire, look-into
, ἄφετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀφ·ίημι (ath. αφ+ι(ε)-, αφ+η·σ-, αφ+η·κ- or 2nd ath. αφ+(ε)-, -, αφ+ει-/αφ+εω-, αφ+ε·θ-)
αφ·(ε)·τε
2aor act imp 2nd pl
to leave/dismiss/forgive Lit:"send-from", hence, dismiss/forgive, let-be, divorce, send-away, allow/permit. One of three Greek verbs rendered "forgive", two of which have been rendered "divorce"; forgiveness in this sense is the release from formal
τούτους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ους
mas acc pl
this When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
ὑπάγειν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑπ·άγω (υπ+αγ-, -, 2nd υπ+αγαγ-, -, -, υπ+αχ·θ-)
υπ·αγ·ειν
pres act inf
to go Lit:"lead-away-under(authority/commitment))", a transitive verb, to be yoked, to haul in, to be subjected to judgment.. a euphemism of death
·
Jn 18:8
¶Jesus answered, “I told you that I am he. If therefore you seek me, let these go their way,”
9ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that /so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
πληρωθῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πληρόω (πληρ(ο)-, πληρω·σ-, πληρω·σ-, πεπληρω·κ-, πεπληρω-, πληρω·θ-)
πληρω·θῃ
aor θη sub 3rd sg
to fulfill Lit:"fill-to-individual-capacity", hence fill, fulfill, make-full.
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
λόγος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

λόγος, -ου, ὁ
λογ·ος
(mas) nom sg
word
ὃν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative); Verb

ὅς ἥ ὅ; εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ον; (εσ)·ο[υ]ν[τ]
mas acc sg; pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
who/whom/which; to be
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
to say/tell
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
Οὓς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ους
mas acc pl
who/whom/which
δέδωκάς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
δεδω·κας
perf act ind 2nd sg
to give /offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
μοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μοι
dat sg
I
, οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἀπώλεσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·όλλυμι (ath. απ+ολλυ-, απ+ολ(ε)·[σ]-/απ+ολε·σ-, απ+ολε·σ- or 2nd απ+ολ-, απ+ολωλ·[κ]-, -, -)
απ·ε·ολε·σα
1aor act ind 1st sg
to destroy/perish/lost Lit:"destroy-from", hence: fully/utterly-destroy/ruin/annihilate (active), perish (middle).
ἐξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εξ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
he/she/it/same
οὐδένα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

οὐδ·είς οὐδε·μία οὐδ·έν and οὐθ·είς (οὐθε·μία) οὐθ·έν
ουδε[ι]ν·α
mas acc sg
not-one Lit:"not-moreover-one", hence not-one/nothing/no-one.
.
Jn 18:9
that the word might be fulfilled which he spoke, “Of those whom you have given me, I have lost none.”*
10Σίμων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

Σίμων, -ωνος, ὁ, voc. sg. Σίμων
σιμων
(mas) nom|voc sg
Simon
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently /accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
Πέτρος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Πέτρος, -ου, ὁ
πετρ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Peter
ἔχων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
εχ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
to have /hold.
μάχαιραν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

μάχαιρα, -ας and -ης, ἡ (cf. ῥομφαία)
μαχαιρ·αν
(fem) acc sg
sword carving-knife, large knife or dirk, a knife for cutting up meat, Hdt., attic; metaph., “διὰ μαχαιρῶν καὶ πυρός”
εἵλκυσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἕλκω (ελκ-, ελκυ·σ-, ελκυ·σ-, -, -, ελκυσ·θ-)
ε·ελκυ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to drag /pull/draw/induce/attract, flow at a place, of streams
αὐτήν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ην
fem acc sg
he/she/it/same
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἔπαισεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παίω (παι-, παι·σ-, παι·σ-, πεπαι·κ-, -, -)
ε·παι·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to strike strike or smite, hit hard
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
ἀρχιερέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἀρχ·ιερεύς, -έως, ὁ
αρχιερ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
archpriest
δοῦλον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

δοῦλος[2], -ου, ὁ; δοῦλος[1] -η -ον
δουλ·ον; δουλ·ον
(mas) acc sg; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
slave; servile
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἀπέκοψεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κόπτω (-, απο+κοψ-, απο+κοψ-, -, απο+κεκοπτ-, απο+κοπ·[θ]-)
απο·ε·κοπτ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to sever
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
{ ὠτίον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ὠτίον, -ου, τό (Dimin. of οὖς)
ωτι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
ear
ὠτάριον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ὠτάριον, -ου, τό
ωταρι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
ear
} τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
δεξιόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

δεξιός -ά -όν
δεξι·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
right
. Ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
to be
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
ὄνομα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ὄνομα[τ], -ατος, τό
ονομα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
name (with regard to)
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
δούλῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

δοῦλος[2], -ου, ὁ; δοῦλος[1] -η -ον
δουλ·ῳ; δουλ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg; neu dat sg or mas dat sg
slave; servile
Μάλχος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Μάλχος, -ου, ὁ
μαλχ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Malchus
.
———
RP: ὠτίον ♦ NA/UBS: ὠτάριον
Jn 18:10
¶Simon Peter therefore, having a sword, drew it, and struck the high priest’s servant, and cut off his right ear. The servant’s name was Malchus.
11Εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
to say/tell
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently /accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl., irreg. and Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus [Joshua or Jesus]
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
Πέτρῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Πέτρος, -ου, ὁ
πετρ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
Peter
, Βάλε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βάλλω (βαλλ-, βαλ(ε)·[σ]-, βαλ·[σ]- or 2nd βαλ-, βεβλη·κ-, βεβλη-, βλη·θ-)
βαλ·ε
2aor act imp 2nd sg
to throw /cast
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
μάχαιράν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

μάχαιρα, -ας and -ης, ἡ (cf. ῥομφαία)
μαχαιρ·αν
(fem) acc sg
sword carving-knife, large knife or dirk, a knife for cutting up meat, Hdt., attic; metaph., “διὰ μαχαιρῶν καὶ πυρός”
{ σου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you; your/yours(sg)
♦ - } εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
θήκην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

θήκη, -ης, ἡ
θηκ·ην
(fem) acc sg
sheath case, casing, receptacle, grave, tomb
· τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
ποτήριον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ποτήριον, -ου, τό
ποτηρι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
cup
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ο
neu nom|acc sg
who/whom/which
δέδωκέν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
δεδω·κε(ν)
perf act ind 3rd sg
to give /offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
μοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μοι
dat sg
I
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
πατήρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πατήρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ὁ, voc. pl. πατέρες
πατερ·^
(mas) nom sg
father
, οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
πίω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3); Verb

πίων -ον [LXX], gen. sg. -ονος; πίνω (πιν-, πι·[σ]-, 2nd πι-, πεπω·κ-, -, πο·θ-)
πι(ο)[ν]·α; πι·[σ]ω, πι·ω
neu nom|acc|voc pl or mas acc sg or fem acc sg; fut act ind 1st sg, 2aor act sub 1st sg
fat; to drink
αὐτό [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
he/she/it/same
;
———
RP: σου ♦ NA/UBS: —
Jn 18:11
Jesus therefore said to Peter, “Put the sword into its sheath. The cup which the Father has given me, shall I not surely drink it?”
12 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently /accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
σπεῖρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

σπεῖρα, -ης, ἡ
σπειρ·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
cohort
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
χιλίαρχος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

χιλί·αρχος, -ου, ὁ
χιλιαρχ·ος
(mas) nom sg
chiliarch [leader of a thousand soldiers]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
ὑπηρέται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ὑπ·ηρέτης, -ου, ὁ
υπηρετ·αι
(mas) nom|voc pl
subordinate Rev.Hist.Rel.109.64 (Rome) dependant, footman, lackey, servant, valet, server
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
Ἰουδαίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
Jewish
συνέλαβον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συλ·λαμβάνω (συν+λαμβαν-, συν+λημψ-/συν+ληψ-, 2nd συν+λαβ-, συν+ειληφ·[κ]-, συν+ειληβ-, συν+λημφ·θ-/συν+ληφ·θ-)
συν·ε·λαβ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
to seizing lasso, catch, conceive, nab, apprehend, arrest, capture
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
Ἰησοῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl., irreg. and Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ον
(mas) acc sg
Jesus [Joshua or Jesus]
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἔδησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δέω (δε-/δ(ε)-, δη·σ-, δη·σ-, δεδε·κ-, δεδε-, δε·θ-)
ε·δη·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
to bind [bond, enchain]
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
he/she/it/same
,
Jn 18:12
¶So the detachment, the commanding officer, and the officers of the Jews, seized Jesus and bound him,
13καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
{ ἀπήγαγον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·άγω (απ+αγ-, απ+αξ-, 2nd απ+αγαγ-, -, απ+ηγ-, απ+αχ·θ-)
απ·ε·αγαγ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
to lead away
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
he/she/it/same
ἤγαγον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἄγω (αγ-, αξ-, 2nd αγαγ-, αγειοχ·[κ]-, ηγ-, αχ·θ-)
ε·αγαγ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
to lead
} πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat) Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
Ἅνναν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.); Noun (1st Decl.)

Ἅννας v.l. Ἄ-, -α, ὁ; Ἅννα, -ας, ἡ
ανν·αν; ανν·αν
(mas) acc sg; (fem) acc sg
Hannas/Annas; Hannah/Anna
πρῶτον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

πρώτον (Adv. of πρῶτος); πρῶτος -η -ον
πρωτον; πρωτ·ον
indecl; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
foremost; first
· ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
to be
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for since, as
πενθερὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

πενθερός, -οῦ, ὁ
πενθερ·ος
(mas) nom sg
father-in-law
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
Καϊάφα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

Καϊάφας, -ᾶ, ὁ
καιαφ·α
(mas) voc sg or (mas) gen sg
Caiaphas
, ὃς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ος
mas nom sg
who/whom/which
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
to be
ἀρχιερεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἀρχ·ιερεύς, -έως, ὁ
αρχιερ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
archpriest
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
ἐνιαυτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἐνιαυτός, -οῦ, ὁ
ενιαυτ·ου
(mas) gen sg
year
ἐκείνου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

ἐκεῖνος -η -ο
εκειν·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
that
.
———
RP: ἀπήγαγον αὐτὸν ♦ NA/UBS: ἤγαγον
Jn 18:13
and led him to Annas first, for he was father-in-law to Caiaphas, who was high priest that year.
14Ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
to be
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
Καϊάφας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

Καϊάφας, -ᾶ, ὁ
καιαφ·ας
(mas) nom sg
Caiaphas
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
συμβουλεύσας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συμ·βουλεύω (συν+βουλευ-, συν+βουλευ·σ-, συν+βουλευ·σ-, -, συν+βεβουλευ-, -)
συν·βουλευ·σα[ντ]·ς
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
to council
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
Ἰουδαίοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
Jewish
, ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
συμφέρει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συμ·φέρω (συν+φερ-, -, συν+ενεγκ·[σ]-, -, -, -)
συν·φερ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
to advantageous Lit:"bring-together", bear-with, Fig:benefit/profit, be-expedient/profitable/advantageous
ἕνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ε[ι]ν·α
mas acc sg
one
ἄνθρωπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ον
(mas) acc sg
human
{ ἀπολέσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·όλλυμι (ath. απ+ολλυ-, απ+ολ(ε)·[σ]-/απ+ολε·σ-, απ+ολε·σ- or 2nd απ+ολ-, απ+ολωλ·[κ]-, -, -)
απ·ολ·εσθαι
2aor mp inf
to destroy/perish/lost Lit:"destroy-from", hence: fully/utterly-destroy/ruin/annihilate (active), perish (middle).
ἀποθανεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·θνῄσκω (απο+θνῃσκ-, απο+θαν(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd απο+θαν-, -, -, -)
απο·θαν(ε)·[σ]ειν, απο·θαν·ειν
fut act inf, 2aor act inf
to die
} ὑπὲρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπέρ
υπερ
indecl
above (+acc), on behalf of (+gen)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
λαοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

λαός, -οῦ, ὁ
λα·ου
(mas) gen sg
people
.
———
RP: ἀπολέσθαι ♦ NA/UBS: ἀποθανεῖν
Jn 18:14
Now it was Caiaphas who advised the Jews that it was expedient that one man should perish for the people.
15Ἠκολούθει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀκολουθέω (ακολουθ(ε)-, ακολουθη·σ-, ακολουθη·σ-, ηκολουθη·κ-, -, -)
ε·ακολουθ(ε)·ε
impf act ind 3rd sg
to follow
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
Ἰησοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl., irreg. and Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
irreg. ιησου (instead of ιησ(ο)·ῳ > ιησῳ), ιησ(ο)·ε, ιησ(ο)·ου, ιησου
(mas) dat sg, (mas) voc sg, (mas) gen sg, (mas) indecl
Jesus [Joshua or Jesus]
Σίμων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

Σίμων, -ωνος, ὁ, voc. sg. Σίμων
σιμων
(mas) nom|voc sg
Simon
Πέτρος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Πέτρος, -ου, ὁ
πετρ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Peter
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
{ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
ἄλλος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Indefinite)

ἄλλος -η -ο (cf. ἕτερος)
αλλ·ος
mas nom sg
other(of similar kind) , as distinguished from "ἕτερος" "other" (of a different/distinct kind)
ἄλλος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Indefinite)

ἄλλος -η -ο (cf. ἕτερος)
αλλ·ος
mas nom sg
other(of similar kind) , as distinguished from "ἕτερος" "other" (of a different/distinct kind)
} μαθητής [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

μαθητής, -οῦ, ὁ
μαθητ·ης
(mas) nom sg
disciple
. [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
μαθητὴς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

μαθητής, -οῦ, ὁ
μαθητ·ης
(mas) nom sg
disciple
ἐκεῖνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

ἐκεῖνος -η -ο
εκειν·ος
mas nom sg
that
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
to be
γνωστὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

γνωστός -ή -όν
γνωστ·ος
mas nom sg
known
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
ἀρχιερεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἀρχ·ιερεύς, -έως, ὁ
αρχιερ(ευ)·ι
(mas) dat sg
archpriest
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
συνεισῆλθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συν·εισ·έρχομαι (συνεισ+ερχ-, συνεισ+ελευ·σ-, 2nd συνεισ+ελθ-, -, -, -)
συνεισ·ε·ελθ·ε(ν)
2aor act ind 3rd sg
to enter enter together with, embark with
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
Ἰησοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl., irreg. and Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
irreg. ιησου (instead of ιησ(ο)·ῳ > ιησῳ), ιησ(ο)·ε, ιησ(ο)·ου, ιησου
(mas) dat sg, (mas) voc sg, (mas) gen sg, (mas) indecl
Jesus [Joshua or Jesus]
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
αὐλὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

αὐλή, -ῆς, ἡ
αυλ·ην
(fem) acc sg
courtyard sheep-fold, palace, house
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
ἀρχιερέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἀρχ·ιερεύς, -έως, ὁ
αρχιερ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
archpriest
·
———
RP: ὁ ἄλλος ♦ NA/UBS: ἄλλος
Jn 18:15
Simon Peter followed Jesus, as did another disciple. Now that disciple was known to the high priest, and entered in with Jesus into the court of the high priest;
16 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
Πέτρος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Πέτρος, -ου, ὁ
πετρ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Peter
εἱστήκει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἵστημι (ath. ιστ(α)-/ath. ιστ(η)-, στη·σ-, στη·σ- or 2nd ath. στ(η)-/ath. στ(α)-, εστη·κ-/εστα·κ-/εστ(α)·[κ]-, εστη-/εστα-, στα·θ-)
ε·εστη·κει
plup act ind 3rd sg
to stand /cause-to-stand
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat) Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
θύρᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

θύρα, -ας, ἡ
θυρ·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
door gate
ἔξω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Verb; Verb

ἔξω; ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-); ἔξ·εστιν a.k.a. ἔξ·ειμι[2] fr. εἰμί[1] (ath. εξ+(εσ)-/εξ+(εσ)-, -, -, -, -, -)
εξω; εχ·σω; εξ·(εσ)·ω
indecl; fut act ind 1st sg; pres act sub 1st sg
outside; to have /hold.; to be permitted
. Ἐξῆλθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·έρχομαι (εξ+ερχ-, εξ+ελευ·σ-, εξ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd εξ+ελθ-, εξ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εξ·ε·ελθ·[σ]ε(ν), εξ·ε·ελθ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
to come-out Lit:"come-out-of"
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently /accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
μαθητὴς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

μαθητής, -οῦ, ὁ
μαθητ·ης
(mas) nom sg
disciple
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
ἄλλος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Indefinite)

ἄλλος -η -ο (cf. ἕτερος)
αλλ·ος
mas nom sg
other(of similar kind) , as distinguished from "ἕτερος" "other" (of a different/distinct kind)
{ ὃς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ος
mas nom sg
who/whom/which
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
to be
γνωστὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

γνωστός -ή -όν
γνωστ·ος
mas nom sg
known
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
ἀρχιερεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἀρχ·ιερεύς, -έως, ὁ
αρχιερ(ευ)·ι
(mas) dat sg
archpriest
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
γνωστὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

γνωστός -ή -όν
γνωστ·ος
mas nom sg
known
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
ἀρχιερέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἀρχ·ιερεύς, -έως, ὁ
αρχιερ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
archpriest
} , καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
to say/tell
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
θυρωρῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θυρωρός, -οῦ, ὁ
θυρωρ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
doorkeeper doorman, porter, concierge
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
εἰσήγαγεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰσ·άγω (εισ+αγ-, εισ+αξ-, 2nd εισ+αγαγ-, εισ+αγειοχ·[κ]-, -, εισ+αχ·θ-)
εισ·ε·αγαγ·ε(ν)
2aor act ind 3rd sg
to lead into
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
Πέτρον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Πέτρος, -ου, ὁ
πετρ·ον
(mas) acc sg
Peter
.
———
RP: ὃς ἦν γνωστὸς τῷ ἀρχιερεῖ ♦ NA/UBS: ὁ γνωστὸς τοῦ ἀρχιερέως
Jn 18:16
but Peter was standing at the door outside. So the other disciple, who was known to the high priest, went out and spoke to her who kept the door, and brought in Peter.
17Λέγει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
to say/tell
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently /accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
{ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
παιδίσκη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

παιδίσκη, -ης, ἡ (cf. δούλη)
παιδισκ·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
slave girl
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
θυρωρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θυρωρός, -οῦ, ὁ
θυρωρ·ος
(mas) nom sg
doorkeeper doorman, porter, concierge
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
Πέτρῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Πέτρος, -ου, ὁ
πετρ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
Peter
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
Πέτρῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Πέτρος, -ου, ὁ
πετρ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
Peter
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
παιδίσκη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

παιδίσκη, -ης, ἡ (cf. δούλη)
παιδισκ·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
slave girl
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
θυρωρός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θυρωρός, -οῦ, ὁ
θυρωρ·ος
(mas) nom sg
doorkeeper doorman, porter, concierge
} , Μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
σὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
συ
nom sg
you
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
μαθητῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

μαθητής, -οῦ, ὁ
μαθητ·ων
(mas) gen pl
disciple
εἶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^ (instead of ι·^ς > εις); (εσ)·^ς
pres act ind 2nd sg; pres act ind 2nd sg
to go; to be
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
ἀνθρώπου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ου
(mas) gen sg
human
τούτου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
this When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
; Λέγει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
to say/tell
ἐκεῖνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

ἐκεῖνος -η -ο
εκειν·ος
mas nom sg
that
, Οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
εἰμί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^μι; (εσ)·^μι
pres act ind 1st sg; pres act ind 1st sg
to go; to be
.
———
RP: ἡ παιδίσκη ἡ θυρωρὸς τῷ Πέτρῳ ♦ NA/UBS: τῷ Πέτρῳ ἡ παιδίσκη ἡ θυρωρός
Jn 18:17
Then the maid who kept the door said to Peter, “Are you also one of this man’s disciples?”
¶He said, “I am not.”
18Εἱστήκεισαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἵστημι (ath. ιστ(α)-/ath. ιστ(η)-, στη·σ-, στη·σ- or 2nd ath. στ(η)-/ath. στ(α)-, εστη·κ-/εστα·κ-/εστ(α)·[κ]-, εστη-/εστα-, στα·θ-)
ε·εστη·κεισαν
plup act ind 3rd pl
to stand /cause-to-stand
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
δοῦλοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

δοῦλος[2], -ου, ὁ; δοῦλος[1] -η -ον; δουλόω (δουλ(ο)-, δουλω·σ-, δουλω·σ-, -, δεδουλω-, δουλω·θ-)
δουλ·οι; δουλ·οι; δουλ(ο)·ει, δουλ(ο)·ῃ, δουλ(ο)·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl; mas nom|voc pl; pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, pres mp ind 2nd sg or pres act sub 3rd sg or pres mp sub 2nd sg, pres act opt 3rd sg
slave; servile; to enslave
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
ὑπηρέται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ὑπ·ηρέτης, -ου, ὁ
υπηρετ·αι
(mas) nom|voc pl
subordinate Rev.Hist.Rel.109.64 (Rome) dependant, footman, lackey, servant, valet, server
ἀνθρακιὰν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἀνθρακιά, -ᾶς, ἡ
ανθρακι·αν
(fem) acc sg
charcoal fire
πεποιηκότες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
πεποιη·κοτ·ες
perf act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to do/make
, ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
ψύχος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ψῦχο·ς, -ους, τό
ψυχ(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
cold weather
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
to be
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἐθερμαίνοντο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θερμαίνω (θερμαιν-, -, θερμαν·[σ]-, -, -, θερμαν·θ-)
ε·θερμαιν·οντο
impf mp ind 3rd pl
to warm
· ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
to be
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
{ μετ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετ’
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen) Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
he/she/it/same
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
Πέτρος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Πέτρος, -ου, ὁ
πετρ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Peter
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
Πέτρος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Πέτρος, -ου, ὁ
πετρ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Peter
μετ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετ’
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen) Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
he/she/it/same
} ἑστὼς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἵστημι (ath. ιστ(α)-/ath. ιστ(η)-, στη·σ-, στη·σ- or 2nd ath. στ(η)-/ath. στ(α)-, εστη·κ-/εστα·κ-/εστ(α)·[κ]-, εστη-/εστα-, στα·θ-)
εστ(α)·[κ]ο[τ]·^ς
perf act ptcp mas nom sg
to stand /cause-to-stand
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
θερμαινόμενος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θερμαίνω (θερμαιν-, -, θερμαν·[σ]-, -, -, θερμαν·θ-)
θερμαιν·ομεν·ος
pres mp ptcp mas nom sg
to warm
.
———
RP: μετ’ αὐτῶν ὁ Πέτρος ♦ NA/UBS: καὶ ὁ Πέτρος μετ’ αὐτῶν
Jn 18:18
¶Now the servants and the officers were standing there, having made a fire of coals, for it was cold. They were warming themselves. Peter was with them, standing and warming himself.
19 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently /accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
ἀρχιερεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἀρχ·ιερεύς, -έως, ὁ
αρχιερ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
archpriest
ἠρώτησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐρωτάω (ερωτ(α)-, ερωτη·σ-, ερωτη·σ-, -, ηρωτη-, ερωτη·θ-)
ε·ερωτη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to ask interrogate, question inquire,query, quest
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
Ἰησοῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl., irreg. and Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ον
(mas) acc sg
Jesus [Joshua or Jesus]
περὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

περί
περι
indecl
about (+acc,+gen) Lit:"around" (as in perimeter "around-measure"). Fig:about/regarding/concerning
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
μαθητῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

μαθητής, -οῦ, ὁ
μαθητ·ων
(mas) gen pl
disciple
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
περὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

περί
περι
indecl
about (+acc,+gen) Lit:"around" (as in perimeter "around-measure"). Fig:about/regarding/concerning
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
διδαχῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

διδαχή, -ῆς, ἡ
διδαχ·ης
(fem) gen sg
teaching
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
.
Jn 18:19
The high priest therefore asked Jesus about his disciples, and about his teaching.
20Ἀπεκρίθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κρίνομαι (απο+κριν-, -, απο+κριν·[σ]-, -, απο+κεκρι-, απο+κρι·θ-)
απο·ε·κρι·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
to answer Lit:"judge/decide-from", hence involves a response that requires some thinking/consideration/decision. Usually rendered "answer" (in response to a question/inquiry)
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
he/she/it/same
{ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
♦ - } Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl., irreg. and Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus [Joshua or Jesus]
, Ἐγὼ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
εγω
nom sg
I
παρρησίᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

παρρησία, -ας, ἡ
παρρησι·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
boldness openness, presumptuousness, temerity, chutzpah
{ ἐλάλησα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαλέω (λαλ(ε)-, λαλη·σ-, λαλη·σ-, λελαλη·κ-, λελαλη-, λαλη·θ-)
ε·λαλη·σα
1aor act ind 1st sg
to speak
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
λελάληκα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαλέω (λαλ(ε)-, λαλη·σ-, λαλη·σ-, λελαλη·κ-, λελαλη-, λαλη·θ-)
λελαλη·κα
perf act ind 1st sg
to speak
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
} κόσμῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

κόσμος, -ου, ὁ
κοσμ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
world (secular world) material realm
· ἐγὼ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
εγω
nom sg
I
πάντοτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πάν·τοτε
παντοτε
indecl
always
ἐδίδαξα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

διδάσκω (διδασκ-, διδαξ-, διδαξ-, δεδιδαχ·[κ]-, δεδιδακ-, διδαχ·θ-)
ε·διδακ·σα
1aor act ind 1st sg
to teach From "δαω"(learn), hence, cause-to-learn, teach/instruct, direct.
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
συναγωγῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

συν·αγωγή, -ῆς, ἡ
συναγωγ·ῃ
(fem) dat sg
gathering
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
ἱερῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

ἱερόν, -οῦ, τό (cf. ναός); ἱερός -ά -όν (cf. ἅγιος and ὅσιος)
ιερ·ῳ; ιερ·ῳ
(neu) dat sg; neu dat sg or mas dat sg
outer temple not ναος which is the dwelling place according to salomon, jospehus and philo. Jesus preached here. it is from here the money changers were cast, whereas ναος was where Zecharias was visited by the angel in Luke 1:9; sacred ΜΕ: past participle of archaic sacre ‘consecrate’, from OFr. sacrer, from L. sacrare, from sacer, sacr, ‘holy’
, ὅπου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὅπου
οπου
indecl
where
{ πάντοτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πάν·τοτε
παντοτε
indecl
always
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
πάντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ες
mas nom|voc pl
each/every (of a relevant set).
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
} Ἰουδαῖοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·οι
mas nom|voc pl
Jewish
συνέρχονται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συν·έρχομαι (συν+ερχ-, συν+ελευ·σ-, συν+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd συν+ελθ-, συν+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
συν·ερχ·ονται
pres mp ind 3rd pl
to cohere stick together, congregated, convene, meet, come to recuperate
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
κρυπτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

κρυπτός -ή -όν
κρυπτ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
secret
ἐλάλησα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαλέω (λαλ(ε)-, λαλη·σ-, λαλη·σ-, λελαλη·κ-, λελαλη-, λαλη·θ-)
ε·λαλη·σα
1aor act ind 1st sg
to speak
οὐδέν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

οὐδ·είς οὐδε·μία οὐδ·έν and οὐθ·είς (οὐθε·μία) οὐθ·έν
ουδε[ι]ν
neu nom|acc sg
not-one Lit:"not-moreover-one", hence not-one/nothing/no-one.
.
———
RP: ὁ ♦ NA/UBS: —
RP: ἐλάλησα τῷ ♦ NA/UBS: λελάληκα τῷ
RP: πάντοτε οἱ ♦ NA/UBS: πάντες οἱ
Jn 18:20
Jesus answered him, “I spoke openly to the world. I always taught in synagogues, and in the temple, where the Jews always meet. I said nothing in secret.
21Τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who/what/why interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
με [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
με
acc sg
I
{ ἐπερωτᾷς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπ·ερωτάω (επ+ερωτ(α)-, επ+ερωτη·σ-, επ+ερωτη·σ-, -, -, επ+ερωτη·θ-)
επ·ερωτ(α)·εις, επ·ερωτ(α)·ῃς
pres act ind 2nd sg, pres act sub 2nd sg
to question Lit:"ask/inquire-upon", hence question/ask-something-specific.
; Ἐπερώτησον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπ·ερωτάω (επ+ερωτ(α)-, επ+ερωτη·σ-, επ+ερωτη·σ-, -, -, επ+ερωτη·θ-)
επ·ερωτη·σον, επ·ερωτη·σο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, fut act ptcp mas voc sg or fut act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
to question Lit:"ask/inquire-upon", hence question/ask-something-specific.
ἐρωτᾷς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐρωτάω (ερωτ(α)-, ερωτη·σ-, ερωτη·σ-, -, ηρωτη-, ερωτη·θ-)
ερωτ(α)·εις, ερωτ(α)·ῃς
pres act ind 2nd sg, pres act sub 2nd sg
to ask interrogate, question inquire,query, quest
Ἐρώτησον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐρωτάω (ερωτ(α)-, ερωτη·σ-, ερωτη·σ-, -, ηρωτη-, ερωτη·θ-)
ερωτη·σον, ερωτη·σο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, fut act ptcp mas voc sg or fut act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
to ask interrogate, question inquire,query, quest
} τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
ἀκηκοότας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀκούω (ακου-, ακου·σ-, ακου·σ-, ακηκο·[κ]-, ηκουσ-, ακουσ·θ-)
ακηκο·[κ]οτ·ας
perf act ptcp mas acc pl
to hear
, τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who/what/why interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
ἐλάλησα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαλέω (λαλ(ε)-, λαλη·σ-, λαλη·σ-, λελαλη·κ-, λελαλη-, λαλη·θ-)
ε·λαλη·σα
1aor act ind 1st sg
to speak
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
he/she/it/same
· ἴδε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ε
2aor act imp 2nd sg
to see/behold Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-tom and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
, οὗτοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
[τ]ουτ·οι
mas nom pl
this When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
οἴδασιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

οἶδα (ath. ιδ-/ath. ειδ(ε)-/ath. ειδ-, ειδη·σ-/ει[δ]·σ-, ειδη·σ-, οιδ·[κ]-/ειδ·[κ]-, -, -)
οιδ·[κ]ασι(ν)
perf act ind 3rd pl
to know /perceive/be-aware-of/be-acquainted-with/notice. Often rendered "know" (by seeing/observing), in contrast to "γινώσκω" (know by thinking/reasoning/experiencing).
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
α
neu nom|acc pl
who/whom/which
εἶπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειπ·[σ]ον, ε·ειπ·ον, ειπ·ο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, 2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl, 2aor act ptcp mas voc sg or 2aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
to say/tell
ἐγώ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
εγω
nom sg
I
.
———
RP: ἐπερωτᾷς; Ἐπερώτησον ♦ NA/UBS: ἐρωτᾷς Ἐρώτησον
Jn 18:21
Why do you ask me? Ask those who have heard me what I said to them. Behold, these know the things which I said.”
22Ταῦτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·α
neu nom|acc pl
this When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
εἰπόντος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειπ·ο[υ]ντ·ος
2aor act ptcp mas gen sg or 2aor act ptcp neu gen sg
to say/tell
, εἷς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ει[ν]·ς
mas nom sg
one
{ τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
ὑπηρετῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.); Verb

ὑπ·ηρέτης, -ου, ὁ; ὑπ·ηρετέω (υπ+ηρετ(ε)-, υπ+ηρετη·σ-, υπ+ηρετη·σ-, -, -, -)
υπηρετ·ων; υπ·ηρετ(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(mas) gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
subordinate Rev.Hist.Rel.109.64 (Rome) dependant, footman, lackey, servant, valet, server; to serve minister, render service
παρεστηκὼς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρ·ίστημι (ath. παρ+ιστ(α)-/ath. παρ+ιστ(η)-, παρα+στη·σ-, παρα+στη·σ- or 2nd ath. παρα+στ(η)-/ath. παρα+στ(α)-, παρ+εστη·κ-/παρ+εστ(α)·[κ]-, -, -)
παρ·εστη·κο[τ]·^ς
perf act ptcp mas nom sg
to stand-with/beside Lit: "stand-close-beside", hence cause-to-stand/place-beside, present, be-beside-oneself, lose one's wits, dispose, induce, arouse, inspire, arouse, inspire, furnish, supply, deliver, prove, show.
παρεστηκὼς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρ·ίστημι (ath. παρ+ιστ(α)-/ath. παρ+ιστ(η)-, παρα+στη·σ-, παρα+στη·σ- or 2nd ath. παρα+στ(η)-/ath. παρα+στ(α)-, παρ+εστη·κ-/παρ+εστ(α)·[κ]-, -, -)
παρ·εστη·κο[τ]·^ς
perf act ptcp mas nom sg
to stand-with/beside Lit: "stand-close-beside", hence cause-to-stand/place-beside, present, be-beside-oneself, lose one's wits, dispose, induce, arouse, inspire, arouse, inspire, furnish, supply, deliver, prove, show.
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
ὑπηρετῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.); Verb

ὑπ·ηρέτης, -ου, ὁ; ὑπ·ηρετέω (υπ+ηρετ(ε)-, υπ+ηρετη·σ-, υπ+ηρετη·σ-, -, -, -)
υπηρετ·ων; υπ·ηρετ(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(mas) gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
subordinate Rev.Hist.Rel.109.64 (Rome) dependant, footman, lackey, servant, valet, server; to serve minister, render service
} ἔδωκεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
ε·δω·κε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to give /offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
ῥάπισμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ῥάπισμα[τ], -ατος, τό
ραπισμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
blow
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
Ἰησοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl., irreg. and Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
irreg. ιησου (instead of ιησ(ο)·ῳ > ιησῳ), ιησ(ο)·ε, ιησ(ο)·ου, ιησου
(mas) dat sg, (mas) voc sg, (mas) gen sg, (mas) indecl
Jesus [Joshua or Jesus]
, εἰπών [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειπ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
to say/tell
, Οὕτως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὕτως/οὕτω
ουτως
indecl
thusly/like-this Lit:"like-this", hence, thusly, in-this-manner (οὕτως before vowels and consonants; οὕτω before consonants only]
ἀποκρίνῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κρίνομαι (απο+κριν-, -, απο+κριν·[σ]-, -, απο+κεκρι-, απο+κρι·θ-)
απο·κριν·ῃ, απο·κριν·[σ]ῃ
pres mp ind 2nd sg or pres mp sub 2nd sg, 1aor act sub 3rd sg or 1aor mp sub 2nd sg
to answer Lit:"judge/decide-from", hence involves a response that requires some thinking/consideration/decision. Usually rendered "answer" (in response to a question/inquiry)
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
ἀρχιερεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἀρχ·ιερεύς, -έως, ὁ
αρχιερ(ευ)·ι
(mas) dat sg
archpriest
;
———
RP: τῶν ὑπηρετῶν παρεστηκὼς ♦ NA/UBS: παρεστηκὼς τῶν ὑπηρετῶν
Jn 18:22
¶When he had said this, one of the officers standing by slapped Jesus with his hand, saying, “Do you answer the high priest like that?”
23Ἀπεκρίθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κρίνομαι (απο+κριν-, -, απο+κριν·[σ]-, -, απο+κεκρι-, απο+κρι·θ-)
απο·ε·κρι·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
to answer Lit:"judge/decide-from", hence involves a response that requires some thinking/consideration/decision. Usually rendered "answer" (in response to a question/inquiry)
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
he/she/it/same
{ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
♦ - } Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl., irreg. and Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus [Joshua or Jesus]
, Εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
κακῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

κακῶς
κακως
indecl
wrongly
ἐλάλησα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαλέω (λαλ(ε)-, λαλη·σ-, λαλη·σ-, λελαλη·κ-, λελαλη-, λαλη·θ-)
ε·λαλη·σα
1aor act ind 1st sg
to speak
, μαρτύρησον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μαρτυρέω (μαρτυρ(ε)-, μαρτυρη·σ-, μαρτυρη·σ-, μεμαρτυρη·κ-, μεμαρτυρη-, μαρτυρη·θ-)
μαρτυρη·σον, μαρτυρη·σο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, fut act ptcp mas voc sg or fut act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
to bear-witness/attest /testify/report/avouch
περὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

περί
περι
indecl
about (+acc,+gen) Lit:"around" (as in perimeter "around-measure"). Fig:about/regarding/concerning
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
κακοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

κακός -ή -όν (cf. φαῦλος); κακόω (κακ(ο)-, κακω·σ-, κακω·σ-, κεκακω·κ-, κεκακω-, κακω·θ-)
κακ·ου; κακ(ο)·ε, κακ(ο)·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg; pres act imp 2nd sg, pres mp imp 2nd sg
wicked /evil; to badly-affect Lit:"badly-affect", hence mistreat/oppress/harm/afflict/trouble/hurt
· εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
καλῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

καλῶς
καλως
indecl
ideally well, rightly
, τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who/what/why interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
με [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
με
acc sg
I
δέρεις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δέρω (δερ-, -, δειρ·[σ]-, -, -, δαρ·[θ]-)
δερ·εις
pres act ind 2nd sg
to beat
;
———
RP: ὁ ♦ NA/UBS: —
Jn 18:23
¶Jesus answered him, “If I have spoken evil, testify of the evil; but if well, why do you beat me?”
24Ἀπέστειλεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·στέλλω (απο+στελλ-, απο+στελ(ε)·[σ]-, απο+στειλ·[σ]-, απ+εσταλ·κ-, απ+εσταλ-, απο+σταλ·[θ]-)
απο·ε·στειλ·[σ]ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to send-forth Lit:"send/arrange-from/away". Often rendered "send-forth" (a message, messenger, action, etc), send
{ αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
he/she/it/same
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently /accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
he/she/it/same
} [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
{ Ἄννας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.); Noun (1st Decl.)

Ἅννας v.l. Ἄ-, -α, ὁ; Ἅννα, -ας, ἡ
ανν·ας; ανν·ας
(mas) nom sg; (fem) gen sg
Hannas/Annas; Hannah/Anna
Ἅννας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.); Noun (1st Decl.)

Ἅννας v.l. Ἄ-, -α, ὁ; Ἅννα, -ας, ἡ
ανν·ας; ανν·ας
(mas) nom sg; (fem) gen sg
Hannas/Annas; Hannah/Anna
} δεδεμένον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δέω (δε-/δ(ε)-, δη·σ-, δη·σ-, δεδε·κ-, δεδε-, δε·θ-)
δεδε·μεν·ον
perf mp ptcp mas acc sg or perf mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
to bind [bond, enchain]
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat) Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
Καϊάφαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

Καϊάφας, -ᾶ, ὁ
καιαφ·αν
(mas) acc sg
Caiaphas
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
ἀρχιερέα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἀρχ·ιερεύς, -έως, ὁ
αρχιερ(ευ)·α
(mas) acc sg
archpriest
.
———
RP: αὐτὸν ♦ NA/UBS: οὖν αὐτὸν
RP: Ἄννας ♦ NA/UBS: Ἅννας
Jn 18:24
¶Annas sentordered him forth bound to Caiaphas, the high priest.
25Ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
to be
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
Σίμων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

Σίμων, -ωνος, ὁ, voc. sg. Σίμων
σιμων
(mas) nom|voc sg
Simon
Πέτρος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Πέτρος, -ου, ὁ
πετρ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Peter
ἑστὼς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἵστημι (ath. ιστ(α)-/ath. ιστ(η)-, στη·σ-, στη·σ- or 2nd ath. στ(η)-/ath. στ(α)-, εστη·κ-/εστα·κ-/εστ(α)·[κ]-, εστη-/εστα-, στα·θ-)
εστ(α)·[κ]ο[τ]·^ς
perf act ptcp mas nom sg
to stand /cause-to-stand
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
θερμαινόμενος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θερμαίνω (θερμαιν-, -, θερμαν·[σ]-, -, -, θερμαν·θ-)
θερμαιν·ομεν·ος
pres mp ptcp mas nom sg
to warm
· εἶπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειπ·[σ]ον, ε·ειπ·ον, ειπ·ο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, 2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl, 2aor act ptcp mas voc sg or 2aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
to say/tell
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently /accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
he/she/it/same
, Μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
σὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
συ
nom sg
you
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
μαθητῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

μαθητής, -οῦ, ὁ
μαθητ·ων
(mas) gen pl
disciple
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
εἶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^ (instead of ι·^ς > εις); (εσ)·^ς
pres act ind 2nd sg; pres act ind 2nd sg
to go; to be
; Ἠρνήσατο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀρνέομαι (αρν(ε)-, αρνη·σ-, αρνη·σ-, -, ηρνη-, -)
ε·αρνη·σατο
1aor mp ind 3rd sg
to deny/disavow
{ οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently /accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
ἐκεῖνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

ἐκεῖνος -η -ο
εκειν·ος
mas nom sg
that
ἐκεῖνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

ἐκεῖνος -η -ο
εκειν·ος
mas nom sg
that
} , καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
to say/tell
, Οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
εἰμί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^μι; (εσ)·^μι
pres act ind 1st sg; pres act ind 1st sg
to go; to be
.
———
RP: οὖν ἐκεῖνος ♦ NA/UBS: ἐκεῖνος
Jn 18:25
Now Simon Peter was standing and warming himself. They said therefore to him, “You aren’t also one of his disciples, are you?”
¶He denied it, and said, “I am not.”
26Λέγει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
to say/tell
εἷς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ει[ν]·ς
mas nom sg
one
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
δούλων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.); Noun (1st Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

δοῦλος[2], -ου, ὁ; δούλη, -ης, ἡ (cf. παιδίσκη); δοῦλος[1] -η -ον; δουλόω (δουλ(ο)-, δουλω·σ-, δουλω·σ-, -, δεδουλω-, δουλω·θ-)
δουλ·ων; δουλ·ων; δουλ·ων; δουλ(ο)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(mas) gen pl; (fem) gen pl; neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
slave; slave girl; servile; to enslave
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
ἀρχιερέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἀρχ·ιερεύς, -έως, ὁ
αρχιερ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
archpriest
, συγγενὴς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3)

συγ·γενής -ές, dat. pl. συγγενεῦσιν v.l. συγγενέσιν
συγγεν(ε)·^ς
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
cognate [akin, blood relative]
ὢν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
to be
οὗ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle; Pronoun (Relative)

οὗ[1]; ὅς ἥ ὅ
ου; ου
indecl; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
where ἕως οὗ means "until where (in time)", that is, "until when", "until such time as", or "until the point that"; who/whom/which
ἀπέκοψεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κόπτω (-, απο+κοψ-, απο+κοψ-, -, απο+κεκοπτ-, απο+κοπ·[θ]-)
απο·ε·κοπτ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to sever
Πέτρος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Πέτρος, -ου, ὁ
πετρ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Peter
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
ὠτίον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ὠτίον, -ου, τό (Dimin. of οὖς)
ωτι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
ear
, Οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἐγώ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
εγω
nom sg
I
σε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σε; σ·ε
acc sg; mas voc sg
you; your/yours(sg)
εἶδον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ε·ιδ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
to see/behold Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-tom and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
κήπῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

κῆπος, -ου, ὁ
κηπ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
garden
μετ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετ’
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen) Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
;
Jn 18:26
¶One of the servants of the high priest, being a relative of him whose ear Peter had cut off, said, “Didn’t I see you in the garden with him?”
27Πάλιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πάλιν
παλιν
indecl
again afresh, again, anon, once more, back, backwards, restore
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently /accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
ἠρνήσατο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀρνέομαι (αρν(ε)-, αρνη·σ-, αρνη·σ-, -, ηρνη-, -)
ε·αρνη·σατο
1aor mp ind 3rd sg
to deny/disavow
{ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
♦ - } Πέτρος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Πέτρος, -ου, ὁ
πετρ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Peter
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
εὐθέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Adjective (3-1-3)

εὐ·θέως (cf. ἐξαυτῆς and παραχρῆμα); εὐ·θύς[1] -εῖα -ύ, gen. sg. -έος and -έως
ευθεως; ευθ(υ)·ος
indecl; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
at once outright; straight
ἀλέκτωρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἀλέκτωρ, -ορος, ὁ
αλεκτορ·^
(mas) nom sg
rooster
ἐφώνησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φωνέω (φων(ε)-, φωνη·σ-, φωνη·σ-, -, -, φωνη·θ-)
ε·φωνη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to sound
.
———
RP: ὁ ♦ NA/UBS: —
Jn 18:27
¶Peter therefore denied it again, and immediately the rooster crowed.
28Ἄγουσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἄγω (αγ-, αξ-, 2nd αγαγ-, αγειοχ·[κ]-, ηγ-, αχ·θ-)
αγ·ουσι(ν), αγ·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
to lead
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently /accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
Ἰησοῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl., irreg. and Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ον
(mas) acc sg
Jesus [Joshua or Jesus]
ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from (G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
Καϊάφα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

Καϊάφας, -ᾶ, ὁ
καιαφ·α
(mas) voc sg or (mas) gen sg
Caiaphas
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
πραιτώριον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

πραιτώριον, -ου, τό
πραιτωρι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
praetorium
· ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
to be
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
πρωΐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πρωΐ
πρωι
indecl
early/in the morning
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
αὐτοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οι
mas nom pl
he/she/it/same
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
εἰσῆλθον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰσ·έρχομαι (εισ+ερχ-, εισ+ελευ·σ-, εισ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd εισ+ελθ-, εισ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εισ·ε·ελθ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
to enter come in; enter into
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
πραιτώριον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

πραιτώριον, -ου, τό
πραιτωρι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
praetorium
, ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that /so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
μιανθῶσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μιαίνω (μιαιν-, μιαν(ε)·[σ]-, μιαν·[σ]-, -, μεμιαν-, μιαν·θ-)
μιαν·θωσι(ν)
aor θη sub 3rd pl
to pollute
, { ἀλλ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλ’
indecl
but
ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that /so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but
} φάγωσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐσθίω, ἔσθω (εσθι-/εσθ-, -, -, -, -, -)
φαγ·[σ]ωσι(ν), φαγ·ωσι(ν)
1aor act sub 3rd pl, 2aor act sub 3rd pl
to eat/ devour But somehow distinct from "φάγω" (eat).
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
Πάσχα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Indecl.)

πάσχα, τό
πασχα
(neu) indecl
passover
.
———
RP: ἀλλ’ ἵνα ♦ NA/UBS: ἀλλὰ
Jn 18:28
¶They led Jesus therefore from Caiaphas into the Praetorium. It was early, and they themselves didn’t enter into the Praetorium, that they might not be defiled befouled, but might eat the Passover.
29Ἐξῆλθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·έρχομαι (εξ+ερχ-, εξ+ελευ·σ-, εξ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd εξ+ελθ-, εξ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εξ·ε·ελθ·[σ]ε(ν), εξ·ε·ελθ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
to come-out Lit:"come-out-of"
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently /accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
Πιλάτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Pilate
{ πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat) Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
ἔξω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Verb; Verb

ἔξω; ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-); ἔξ·εστιν a.k.a. ἔξ·ειμι[2] fr. εἰμί[1] (ath. εξ+(εσ)-/εξ+(εσ)-, -, -, -, -, -)
εξω; εχ·σω; εξ·(εσ)·ω
indecl; fut act ind 1st sg; pres act sub 1st sg
outside; to have /hold.; to be permitted
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat) Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
} αὐτούς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ους
mas acc pl
he/she/it/same
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
{ εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
to say/tell
φησίν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φημί (ath. φ(α)-/ath. φ(η)-, -, φη·σ-, -, -, -)
φ(α)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to say
} , Τίνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τιν·α
neu nom|acc pl or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
who/what/why interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
κατηγορίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

κατ·ηγορία, -ας, ἡ
κατηγορι·αν
(fem) acc sg
accusation
φέρετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φέρω (φερ-, οι·σ-, ενεγκ·[σ]- or 2nd ενεγκ-, ενηνοχ·[κ]-, -, ενεχ·θ-)
φερ·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
to bring , tote/bear/carry(a load), fetch, carry-off, offer, bring-forth, give-birth
{ κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen) with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
♦ [ κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen) with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
] } τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
ἀνθρώπου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ου
(mas) gen sg
human
τούτου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
this When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
;
———
RP: πρὸς ♦ NA/UBS: ἔξω πρὸς
RP: εἶπεν ♦ NA/UBS: φησίν
RP: κατὰ ♦ NA/UBS: [κατὰ]
Jn 18:29
Pilate therefore went out to them, and said, “What accusation do you bring against this man?”
30Ἀπεκρίθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κρίνομαι (απο+κριν-, -, απο+κριν·[σ]-, -, απο+κεκρι-, απο+κρι·θ-)
απο·ε·κρι·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
to answer Lit:"judge/decide-from", hence involves a response that requires some thinking/consideration/decision. Usually rendered "answer" (in response to a question/inquiry)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
{ εἶπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειπ·[σ]ον, ε·ειπ·ον, ειπ·ο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, 2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl, 2aor act ptcp mas voc sg or 2aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
to say/tell
εἶπαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]αν, ειπ·[σ]αν[τ]
1aor act ind 3rd pl, 1aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
to say/tell
} αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
he/she/it/same
, Εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
to be
οὗτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
[τ]ουτ·ος
mas nom sg
this When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
{ κακοποιός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

κακο·ποιός -όν
κακοποι·ος
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
wrong-doing
κακὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

κακός -ή -όν (cf. φαῦλος)
κακ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
wicked /evil
ποιῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative); Verb

ποῖος -α -ον; ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποι·ων; ποι(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
what-kind; to do/make
} , οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἄν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἄν
αν
indecl
ever (indicative of optional action)
σοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive); Verb

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν; τρίβω [LXX] (τριβ-, ·σ-, τριψ-, -, τετριβ-, -)
σοι; σ·οι; ·σοι
dat sg; mas nom|voc pl; fut act opt 3rd sg
you; your/yours(sg); to rub worn, rub
παρεδώκαμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·δίδωμι (ath. παρα+διδ(ο)-/ath. παρα+διδ(ω)-, παρα+δω·σ-, παρα+δω·κ- or 2nd ath. παρα+δ(ο)-/ath. παρα+δ(ω)-, παρα+δεδω·κ-, παρα+δεδο-, παρα+δο·θ-)
παρα·ε·δω·καμεν
1aor act ind 1st pl
to deliver-over Lit:"give-close-beside", hence deliver/surrender/hand-over, betray, commit, give-in/over/up, turn-in, consign, grant, bestow, teach-doctrine
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
he/she/it/same
.
———
RP: εἶπον ♦ NA/UBS: εἶπαν
RP: κακοποιός ♦ NA/UBS: κακὸν ποιῶν
Jn 18:30
¶They answered him, “If this man weren’t an evildoer, we wouldn’t have delivered him up to you.”
31Εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
to say/tell
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently /accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
he/she/it/same
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
Πιλάτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Pilate
, Λάβετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαμβάνω (λαμβαν-, λημψ-/ληψ-, λαβ·[σ]- or 2nd λαβ-, ειληφ·[κ]-, ειληβ-, λημφ·θ-/ληφ·θ-)
λαβ·ετε
2aor act imp 2nd pl
to take/receive grasp, clutch, cling-to, seize, lay-hands-upon, take by violence, carry off, of a deity, seize, possess, catch, find out, detect, overtake, understand
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
he/she/it/same
ὑμεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμεις
nom pl
you
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen) with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
νόμον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ον
(mas) acc sg
custom/law ordinance custom practice
ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you
κρίνατε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κρίνω (κριν-, κριν(ε)·[σ]-, κριν·[σ]-, κεκρι·κ-, κεκρι-, κρι·θ-)
κριν·[σ]ατε
1aor act imp 2nd pl
to judge /decide, assess/determine, discriminate/separate. Also LXX: contend, avenge/vindicate, decree.
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
he/she/it/same
. Εἶπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειπ·[σ]ον, ε·ειπ·ον, ειπ·ο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, 2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl, 2aor act ptcp mas voc sg or 2aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
to say/tell
{ οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently /accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
he/she/it/same
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
he/she/it/same
} οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
Ἰουδαῖοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·οι
mas nom|voc pl
Jewish
, Ἡμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημιν
dat pl
I
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἔξεστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔξ·εστιν a.k.a. ἔξ·ειμι[2] fr. εἰμί[1] (ath. εξ+(εσ)-/εξ+(εσ)-, -, -, -, -, -)
εξ·(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be permitted
ἀποκτεῖναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κτείνω, απο·κτέννω/απο·κτένω (απο+κτειν-/απο+κτενν-/απο+κτεν-, απο+κτεν(ε)·[σ]-, απο+κτειν·[σ]-, απ+εκταγ·κ-/απ+εκτονη·κ-, απ+εκταν-/απ+εκτονη-, απο+κταν·θ-)
απο·κτειν·[σ]αι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to kill Lit:"kill-from", hence kill (and remove), put-to-death.
οὐδένα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

οὐδ·είς οὐδε·μία οὐδ·έν and οὐθ·είς (οὐθε·μία) οὐθ·έν
ουδε[ι]ν·α
mas acc sg
not-one Lit:"not-moreover-one", hence not-one/nothing/no-one.
·
———
RP: οὖν αὐτῷ ♦ NA/UBS: αὐτῷ
Jn 18:31
¶Pilate therefore said to them, “Take him yourselves, and judge him according to your law.”
¶Therefore the Jews said to him, “It is not lawful for us to put anyone to death,”[a]
———
a Cf. Jn. 10:31: The Jews picked up stones again to stone him. 32 Jesus answered them, I have shown you many good works from the Father; for which of them are you going to stone me? 33 The Jews answered him, It is not for a good work that we are going to stone you but for blasphemy, because you, being a man, make yourself God (ESV).
32ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that /so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
λόγος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

λόγος, -ου, ὁ
λογ·ος
(mas) nom sg
word
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
Ἰησοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl., irreg. and Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
irreg. ιησου (instead of ιησ(ο)·ῳ > ιησῳ), ιησ(ο)·ε, ιησ(ο)·ου, ιησου
(mas) dat sg, (mas) voc sg, (mas) gen sg, (mas) indecl
Jesus [Joshua or Jesus]
πληρωθῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πληρόω (πληρ(ο)-, πληρω·σ-, πληρω·σ-, πεπληρω·κ-, πεπληρω-, πληρω·θ-)
πληρω·θῃ
aor θη sub 3rd sg
to fulfill Lit:"fill-to-individual-capacity", hence fill, fulfill, make-full.
, ὃν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative); Verb

ὅς ἥ ὅ; εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ον; (εσ)·ο[υ]ν[τ]
mas acc sg; pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
who/whom/which; to be
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
to say/tell
, σημαίνων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σημαίνω (σημαιν-, σημαν(ε)·[σ]-, σημαν·[σ]-, -, σεσημαν-, σημαν·θ-)
σημαιν·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
to indicate signify, indicate, declare
ποίῳ θανάτῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θάνατος, -ου, ὁ
θανατ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
death
ἤμελλεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μέλλω (μελλ-, μελλη·σ-, -, -, -, -)
ε·μελλ·ε(ν)
impf act ind 3rd sg
to be about to [intend]
ἀποθνῄσκειν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·θνῄσκω (απο+θνῃσκ-, απο+θαν(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd απο+θαν-, -, -, -)
απο·θνῃσκ·ειν
pres act inf
to die
.
Jn 18:32
that the word of Jesus might be fulfilled, which he spoke, signifying indicating by what kind of death he should was going to die.
33Εἰσῆλθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰσ·έρχομαι (εισ+ερχ-, εισ+ελευ·σ-, εισ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd εισ+ελθ-, εισ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εισ·ε·ελθ·[σ]ε(ν), εισ·ε·ελθ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
to enter come in; enter into
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently /accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
{ εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
πραιτώριον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

πραιτώριον, -ου, τό
πραιτωρι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
praetorium
πάλιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πάλιν
παλιν
indecl
again afresh, again, anon, once more, back, backwards, restore
πάλιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πάλιν
παλιν
indecl
again afresh, again, anon, once more, back, backwards, restore
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
πραιτώριον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

πραιτώριον, -ου, τό
πραιτωρι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
praetorium
} [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
Πιλάτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Pilate
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἐφώνησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φωνέω (φων(ε)-, φωνη·σ-, φωνη·σ-, -, -, φωνη·θ-)
ε·φωνη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to sound
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
Ἰησοῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl., irreg. and Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ον
(mas) acc sg
Jesus [Joshua or Jesus]
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
to say/tell
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
he/she/it/same
, Σὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
συ
nom sg
you
εἶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^ (instead of ι·^ς > εις); (εσ)·^ς
pres act ind 2nd sg; pres act ind 2nd sg
to go; to be
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
Ἰουδαίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
Jewish
;
———
RP: εἰς τὸ πραιτώριον πάλιν ♦ NA/UBS: πάλιν εἰς τὸ πραιτώριον
Jn 18:33
¶Pilate therefore entered again into the Praetorium, called Jesus, and said to him, “Are you the King of the Jews?”
34Ἀπεκρίθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κρίνομαι (απο+κριν-, -, απο+κριν·[σ]-, -, απο+κεκρι-, απο+κρι·θ-)
απο·ε·κρι·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
to answer Lit:"judge/decide-from", hence involves a response that requires some thinking/consideration/decision. Usually rendered "answer" (in response to a question/inquiry)
{ αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
he/she/it/same
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
♦ - } Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl., irreg. and Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus [Joshua or Jesus]
, { Ἀφ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
αφ’
indecl
from (G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
ἑαυτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

ἑ·αυτοῦ/αὑτοῦ[2] -ῆς -οῦ
εαυτ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
self him/her/it/our/your/them-selves
Ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from (G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
σεαυτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

σε·αυτοῦ/σ·αυτοῦ -ῆς -οῦ
σεαυτ·ου
mas gen sg
yourself
} σὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
συ
nom sg
you
τοῦτο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
this When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
λέγεις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·εις
pres act ind 2nd sg
to say/tell
, [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἤ[1]
η
indecl
or/than
ἄλλοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Indefinite)

ἄλλος -η -ο (cf. ἕτερος)
αλλ·οι
mas nom pl
other(of similar kind) , as distinguished from "ἕτερος" "other" (of a different/distinct kind)
{ σοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive); Verb

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν; τρίβω [LXX] (τριβ-, ·σ-, τριψ-, -, τετριβ-, -)
σοι; σ·οι; ·σοι
dat sg; mas nom|voc pl; fut act opt 3rd sg
you; your/yours(sg); to rub worn, rub
εἶπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειπ·[σ]ον, ε·ειπ·ον, ειπ·ο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, 2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl, 2aor act ptcp mas voc sg or 2aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
to say/tell
εἶπόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειπ·[σ]ον, ε·ειπ·ον, ειπ·ο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, 2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl, 2aor act ptcp mas voc sg or 2aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
to say/tell
σοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive); Verb

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν; τρίβω [LXX] (τριβ-, ·σ-, τριψ-, -, τετριβ-, -)
σοι; σ·οι; ·σοι
dat sg; mas nom|voc pl; fut act opt 3rd sg
you; your/yours(sg); to rub worn, rub
} περὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

περί
περι
indecl
about (+acc,+gen) Lit:"around" (as in perimeter "around-measure"). Fig:about/regarding/concerning
ἐμοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person); Determiner (Possessive)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς; ἐμός -ή -όν
εμου; εμ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
I; my/mine
;
———
RP: αὐτῷ ὁ ♦ NA/UBS: —
RP: Ἀφ’ ἑαυτοῦ ♦ NA/UBS: Ἀπὸ σεαυτοῦ
RP: σοι εἶπον ♦ NA/UBS: εἶπόν σοι
Jn 18:34
¶Jesus answered him, “Do you say this by yourself, or did others tell you about me?”
35Ἀπεκρίθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κρίνομαι (απο+κριν-, -, απο+κριν·[σ]-, -, απο+κεκρι-, απο+κρι·θ-)
απο·ε·κρι·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
to answer Lit:"judge/decide-from", hence involves a response that requires some thinking/consideration/decision. Usually rendered "answer" (in response to a question/inquiry)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
Πιλάτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Pilate
, Μήτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μήτι
μητι
indecl
Perhaps Used with other particles = Perhaps; when the questioner is in doubt. otherwise with the negative expected; not(BDAG)[μήτι γε means surely then]
ἐγὼ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
εγω
nom sg
I
Ἰουδαῖός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ος
mas nom sg
Jewish
εἰμι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^μι; (εσ)·^μι
pres act ind 1st sg; pres act ind 1st sg
to go; to be
; Τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
ἔθνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
nation /ethnos.
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
σὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Possessive); Verb

σός -ή -όν; τρίβω [LXX] (τριβ-, ·σ-, τριψ-, -, τετριβ-, -)
σ·ον; ·σο[υ]ν[τ]
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg; fut act ptcp mas voc sg or fut act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
your/yours(sg); to rub worn, rub
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
ἀρχιερεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἀρχ·ιερεύς, -έως, ὁ
αρχιερ(ευ)·ες, αρχιερ(ευ)·ας
(mas) nom|voc pl, (mas) acc pl
archpriest
παρέδωκάν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·δίδωμι (ath. παρα+διδ(ο)-/ath. παρα+διδ(ω)-, παρα+δω·σ-, παρα+δω·κ- or 2nd ath. παρα+δ(ο)-/ath. παρα+δ(ω)-, παρα+δεδω·κ-, παρα+δεδο-, παρα+δο·θ-)
παρα·ε·δω·καν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
to deliver-over Lit:"give-close-beside", hence deliver/surrender/hand-over, betray, commit, give-in/over/up, turn-in, consign, grant, bestow, teach-doctrine
σε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σε; σ·ε
acc sg; mas voc sg
you; your/yours(sg)
ἐμοί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person); Determiner (Possessive)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς; ἐμός -ή -όν
εμοι; εμ·οι
dat sg; mas nom|voc pl
I; my/mine
· τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who/what/why interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
ἐποίησας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ε·ποιη·σας
1aor act ind 2nd sg
to do/make
;
Jn 18:35
¶Pilate answered, “I’m not a Jew, am I? Your own nation and the chief priests delivered you to me. What have you done?”
36Ἀπεκρίθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κρίνομαι (απο+κριν-, -, απο+κριν·[σ]-, -, απο+κεκρι-, απο+κρι·θ-)
απο·ε·κρι·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
to answer Lit:"judge/decide-from", hence involves a response that requires some thinking/consideration/decision. Usually rendered "answer" (in response to a question/inquiry)
Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl., irreg. and Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus [Joshua or Jesus]
, [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
βασιλεία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.); Adjective (2-2-2)

βασιλεία, -ας, ἡ; βασίλειος -ον
βασιλει·α; βασιλει·α
(fem) nom|voc sg; neu nom|acc|voc pl
kingdom; royal
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
ἐμὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Possessive)

ἐμός -ή -όν
εμ·η
fem nom|voc sg
my/mine
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἔστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
κόσμου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.); Verb

κόσμος, -ου, ὁ; κοσμέω (κοσμ(ε)-, κοσμη·σ-, κοσμη·σ-, -, κεκοσμη-, κοσμη·θ-)
κοσμ·ου; κοσμ(ε)·ου
(mas) gen sg; pres mp imp 2nd sg
world (secular world) material realm; to set-in-order to put in proper order, adorn/beautify, grace (ornaments)
τούτου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
this When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
· εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
κόσμου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.); Verb

κόσμος, -ου, ὁ; κοσμέω (κοσμ(ε)-, κοσμη·σ-, κοσμη·σ-, -, κεκοσμη-, κοσμη·θ-)
κοσμ·ου; κοσμ(ε)·ου
(mas) gen sg; pres mp imp 2nd sg
world (secular world) material realm; to set-in-order to put in proper order, adorn/beautify, grace (ornaments)
τούτου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
this When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
to be
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
βασιλεία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.); Adjective (2-2-2)

βασιλεία, -ας, ἡ; βασίλειος -ον
βασιλει·α; βασιλει·α
(fem) nom|voc sg; neu nom|acc|voc pl
kingdom; royal
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
ἐμή [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Possessive)

ἐμός -ή -όν
εμ·η
fem nom|voc sg
my/mine
, οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
ὑπηρέται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ὑπ·ηρέτης, -ου, ὁ
υπηρετ·αι
(mas) nom|voc pl
subordinate Rev.Hist.Rel.109.64 (Rome) dependant, footman, lackey, servant, valet, server
{ ἂν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἄν
αν
indecl
ever (indicative of optional action)
♦ - } οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
ἐμοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person); Determiner (Possessive)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς; ἐμός -ή -όν
εμοι; εμ·οι
dat sg; mas nom|voc pl
I; my/mine
ἠγωνίζοντο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀγωνίζομαι (αγωνιζ-, -, αγωνι·σ-, -, ηγωνισ-, -)
ε·αγωνιζ·οντο
impf mp ind 3rd pl
to struggle
, { ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that /so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
♦ [ ἂν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἄν
αν
indecl
ever (indicative of optional action)
] ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that /so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
} μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
παραδοθῶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·δίδωμι (ath. παρα+διδ(ο)-/ath. παρα+διδ(ω)-, παρα+δω·σ-, παρα+δω·κ- or 2nd ath. παρα+δ(ο)-/ath. παρα+δ(ω)-, παρα+δεδω·κ-, παρα+δεδο-, παρα+δο·θ-)
παρα·δο·θω
aor θη sub 1st sg
to deliver-over Lit:"give-close-beside", hence deliver/surrender/hand-over, betray, commit, give-in/over/up, turn-in, consign, grant, bestow, teach-doctrine
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
Ἰουδαίοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
Jewish
· νῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

νῦν
νυν
indecl
now
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
βασιλεία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.); Adjective (2-2-2)

βασιλεία, -ας, ἡ; βασίλειος -ον
βασιλει·α; βασιλει·α
(fem) nom|voc sg; neu nom|acc|voc pl
kingdom; royal
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
ἐμὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Possessive)

ἐμός -ή -όν
εμ·η
fem nom|voc sg
my/mine
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἔστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be
ἐντεῦθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἐντεῦ·θεν
εντευθεν
indecl
from here
.
———
RP: ἂν ♦ NA/UBS: —
RP: ἵνα ♦ NA/UBS: [ἂν] ἵνα
Jn 18:36
¶Jesus answered, “My Kingdom is not of this world. If my Kingdom were of this world, then my servants would fight, that I wouldn’t be delivered to the Jews. But now my Kingdom is not from here.”
37Εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
to say/tell
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently /accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
he/she/it/same
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
Πιλάτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Pilate
, Οὐκοῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὐκ·οῦν
ουκουν
indecl
accordingly
βασιλεὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
εἶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^ (instead of ι·^ς > εις); (εσ)·^ς
pres act ind 2nd sg; pres act ind 2nd sg
to go; to be
σύ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
συ
nom sg
you
; Ἀπεκρίθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κρίνομαι (απο+κριν-, -, απο+κριν·[σ]-, -, απο+κεκρι-, απο+κρι·θ-)
απο·ε·κρι·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
to answer Lit:"judge/decide-from", hence involves a response that requires some thinking/consideration/decision. Usually rendered "answer" (in response to a question/inquiry)
{ Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl., irreg. and Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus [Joshua or Jesus]
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl., irreg. and Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus [Joshua or Jesus]
} , Σὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
συ
nom sg
you
λέγεις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·εις
pres act ind 2nd sg
to say/tell
, ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
βασιλεύς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ς
(mas) nom sg
king
{ εἰμι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^μι; (εσ)·^μι
pres act ind 1st sg; pres act ind 1st sg
to go; to be
ἐγώ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
εγω
nom sg
I
εἰμι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^μι; (εσ)·^μι
pres act ind 1st sg; pres act ind 1st sg
to go; to be
} . Ἐγὼ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
εγω
nom sg
I
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τοῦτο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
this When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
γεγέννημαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γεννάω (γενν(α)-, γεννη·σ-, γεννη·σ-, γεγεννη·κ-, γεγεννη-, γεννη·θ-)
γεγεννη·μαι
perf mp ind 1st sg
to beget/birth Lit:"generate", hence beget/bring-forth/give-birth-to (Gen. 6:4): cause genesis of
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τοῦτο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
this When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
ἐλήλυθα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εληλυθ·[κ]α
perf act ind 1st sg
to come Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
κόσμον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

κόσμος, -ου, ὁ
κοσμ·ον
(mas) acc sg
world (secular world) material realm
, ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that /so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
μαρτυρήσω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μαρτυρέω (μαρτυρ(ε)-, μαρτυρη·σ-, μαρτυρη·σ-, μεμαρτυρη·κ-, μεμαρτυρη-, μαρτυρη·θ-)
μαρτυρη·σω
fut act ind 1st sg or 1aor act sub 1st sg
to bear-witness/attest /testify/report/avouch
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
ἀληθείᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἀ·λήθεια, -ας, ἡ
αληθει·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
truth
. Πᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
πα[ντ]·ς
mas nom|voc sg
each/every (of a relevant set).
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
ὢν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
to be
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
ἀληθείας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἀ·λήθεια, -ας, ἡ
αληθει·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
truth
ἀκούει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀκούω (ακου-, ακου·σ-, ακου·σ-, ακηκο·[κ]-, ηκουσ-, ακουσ·θ-)
ακου·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
to hear
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
I
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
φωνῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

φωνή, -ῆς, ἡ
φων·ης
(fem) gen sg
sound/voice cries
.
———
RP: Ἰησοῦς ♦ NA/UBS: ὁ Ἰησοῦς
RP: εἰμι ἐγώ ♦ NA/UBS: εἰμι
Jn 18:37
¶Pilate therefore said to him, “Are you a king then?”
¶Jesus answered, “You say that I am a king. For this reason I have been born, and for this reason I have come into the world, that I should testify to the truth. Everyone who is of the truth listens to my voice.”
38Λέγει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
to say/tell
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
he/she/it/same
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
Πιλάτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ
πιλατ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Pilate
, Τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who/what/why interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be
ἀλήθεια [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἀ·λήθεια, -ας, ἡ
αληθει·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
truth
;
Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
τοῦτο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
this When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
εἰπών [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειπ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
to say/tell
, πάλιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πάλιν
παλιν
indecl
again afresh, again, anon, once more, back, backwards, restore
ἐξῆλθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·έρχομαι (εξ+ερχ-, εξ+ελευ·σ-, εξ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd εξ+ελθ-, εξ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εξ·ε·ελθ·[σ]ε(ν), εξ·ε·ελθ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
to come-out Lit:"come-out-of"
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat) Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
Ἰουδαίους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ους
mas acc pl
Jewish
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
λέγει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
to say/tell
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
he/she/it/same
, Ἐγὼ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
εγω
nom sg
I
οὐδεμίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

οὐδ·είς οὐδε·μία οὐδ·έν and οὐθ·είς (οὐθε·μία) οὐθ·έν
ουδεμι·αν
fem acc sg
not-one Lit:"not-moreover-one", hence not-one/nothing/no-one.
{ αἰτίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

αἰτία, -ας, ἡ; αἴτιος -ία -ον
αιτι·αν; αιτι·αν
(fem) acc sg; fem acc sg
basis, guilt blame, responsibility for, the credit; basic
εὑρίσκω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εὑρίσκω (ευρισκ-, ευρη·σ-, ευρ·[σ]- or 2nd ευρ-, ευρη·κ-, ευρη-, ευρε·θ-)
ευρισκ·ω
pres act ind 1st sg or pres act sub 1st sg
to find /learn/discover (after searching)
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
he/she/it/same
εὑρίσκω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εὑρίσκω (ευρισκ-, ευρη·σ-, ευρ·[σ]- or 2nd ευρ-, ευρη·κ-, ευρη-, ευρε·θ-)
ευρισκ·ω
pres act ind 1st sg or pres act sub 1st sg
to find /learn/discover (after searching)
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
he/she/it/same
αἰτίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

αἰτία, -ας, ἡ; αἴτιος -ία -ον
αιτι·αν; αιτι·αν
(fem) acc sg; fem acc sg
basis, guilt blame, responsibility for, the credit; basic
} .
———
RP: αἰτίαν εὑρίσκω ἐν αὐτῷ ♦ NA/UBS: εὑρίσκω ἐν αὐτῷ αἰτίαν
Jn 18:38
¶Pilate said to him, “What is truth?”
¶When he had said this, he went out again to the Jews, and said to them, “I find no basis for a charge against him.
39Ἔστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
συνήθεια [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

συν·ήθεια, -ας, ἡ
συνηθει·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
compatibility
ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you
, ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that /so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
ἕνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ε[ι]ν·α
mas acc sg
one
{ ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you
ἀπολύσω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·λύω (απο+λυ-, απο+λυ·σ-, απο+λυ·σ-, απο+λελυ·κ-, απο+λελυ-, απο+λυ·θ-)
απο·λυ·σω
fut act ind 1st sg or 1aor act sub 1st sg
to release Lit:"loose-from", hence release, let-go, divorce, free, pardon. Also a euphemism for die.
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ἀπολύσω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·λύω (απο+λυ-, απο+λυ·σ-, απο+λυ·σ-, απο+λελυ·κ-, απο+λελυ-, απο+λυ·θ-)
απο·λυ·σω
fut act ind 1st sg or 1aor act sub 1st sg
to release Lit:"loose-from", hence release, let-go, divorce, free, pardon. Also a euphemism for die.
ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
} τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
Πάσχα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Indecl.)

πάσχα, τό
πασχα
(neu) indecl
passover
· βούλεσθε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βούλομαι (βουλ-, βουλη·σ-, -, -, -, βουλη·θ-)
βουλ·εσθε
pres mp ind 2nd pl or pres mp imp 2nd pl
to will /resolutely-plan/determine/intend. A strong term relative to "θέλω" (wish/want/desire).
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently /accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
{ ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you
ἀπολύσω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·λύω (απο+λυ-, απο+λυ·σ-, απο+λυ·σ-, απο+λελυ·κ-, απο+λελυ-, απο+λυ·θ-)
απο·λυ·σω
fut act ind 1st sg or 1aor act sub 1st sg
to release Lit:"loose-from", hence release, let-go, divorce, free, pardon. Also a euphemism for die.
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
ἀπολύσω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·λύω (απο+λυ-, απο+λυ·σ-, απο+λυ·σ-, απο+λελυ·κ-, απο+λελυ-, απο+λυ·θ-)
απο·λυ·σω
fut act ind 1st sg or 1aor act sub 1st sg
to release Lit:"loose-from", hence release, let-go, divorce, free, pardon. Also a euphemism for die.
ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
} βασιλέα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·α
(mas) acc sg
king
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
Ἰουδαίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
Jewish
;
———
RP: ὑμῖν ἀπολύσω ἐν ♦ NA/UBS: ἀπολύσω ὑμῖν ἐν
RP: ὑμῖν ἀπολύσω τὸν ♦ NA/UBS: ἀπολύσω ὑμῖν τὸν
Jn 18:39
But you have a custom, that I should release someone to you at the Passover. Are you determined, Ttherefore do you want me to, (that) I should release to you the King of the Jews?”
40Ἐκραύγασαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κραυγάζω (κραυγαζ-, κραυγα·σ-, κραυγα·σ-, -, -, -)
ε·κραυγα·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
to shout scream, halloo
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently /accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
πάλιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πάλιν
παλιν
indecl
again afresh, again, anon, once more, back, backwards, restore
{ πάντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ες
mas nom|voc pl
each/every (of a relevant set).
♦ - } , λέγοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to say/tell
, Μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
τοῦτον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ον
mas acc sg
this When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
, ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
Βαραββᾶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

Βαρ·αββᾶς, -ᾶ, ὁ
βαραββ·αν
(mas) acc sg
Barabbas
· ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
to be
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
Βαραββᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

Βαρ·αββᾶς, -ᾶ, ὁ
βαραββ·ας
(mas) nom sg
Barabbas
λῃστής [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

λῃστής, -οῦ, ὁ
λῃστ·ης
(mas) nom sg
robber
.
———
RP: πάντες ♦ NA/UBS: —
Jn 18:40
¶Then they all shouted again, saying, “Not this man, but Barabbas!” Now Barabbas was a robber.
« Ch 17» Ch 19

Copyright 2007-2017 Thomas Moore, Email: acct3 at katabiblon.com, Support Forum Set Local Timezone
Wednesday, 24-May-2017 03:51:12 EDT

OPTIONS

Chapter Vocabulary
or

CHAPTERS

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21

LEXICON

Greek Lexicon

TEXTS

LANGUAGES

Latina

OPTIONS

abgdezhqiklm
αβγδεζηθικλμ
nxoprstufcyw
νξοπρστυφχψω
)(/\=|+'v@#*
᾿ ͺ¨ϝϛʹ%
Wildcard: %