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ΙΑΚΩΒΟΥ

Letter from James

 Robinson-Pierpont 2005 Wiki English Translation‎ / World English Bible
1Πόθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Verb

πό·θεν; πίνω (πιν-, πι·[σ]-, 2nd πι-, πεπω·κ-, -, πο·θ-)
ποθεν; πο·θε[ι]ν[τ]
indecl; aor θη ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
from where; to drink
πόλεμοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.); Verb

πόλεμος, -ου, ὁ; πολεμέω (πολεμ(ε)-, πολεμη·σ-, πολεμη·σ-, -, -, πολεμη·θ-)
πολεμ·οι; πολεμ(ε)·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl; pres act opt 3rd sg
war [see polemic]; to wage war
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
{ μάχαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

μάχη, -ης, ἡ
μαχ·αι
(fem) nom|voc pl
quarrel contention, strife.
πόθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Verb

πό·θεν; πίνω (πιν-, πι·[σ]-, 2nd πι-, πεπω·κ-, -, πο·θ-)
ποθεν; πο·θε[ι]ν[τ]
indecl; aor θη ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
from where; to drink
μάχαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

μάχη, -ης, ἡ
μαχ·αι
(fem) nom|voc pl
quarrel contention, strife.
} ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you
; Οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἐντεῦθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἐντεῦ·θεν
εντευθεν
indecl
from here
, ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
ἡδονῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἡδονή, -ῆς, ἡ
ηδον·ων
(fem) gen pl
pleasure
ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
στρατευομένων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

στρατεύω (στρατευ-, -, στρατευ·σ-, -, -, στρατευ·θ-)
στρατευ·ομεν·ων
pres mp ptcp fem gen pl or pres mp ptcp mas gen pl or pres mp ptcp neu gen pl
to campaign/go into battle
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
μέλεσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

μέλο·ς, -ους, τό
μελ(ε)·σι(ν)
(neu) dat pl
member
ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you
;
———
RP: μάχαι ♦ NA/UBS: πόθεν μάχαι
Jas 4:1
¶Where do wars and fightings aggressions[a] among you come from? Don’t they come from here: your pleasures that war battling in your members inside you?[b]
———
a Gr. μάχη, quarrel.
b Gr. ἐν τοῖς μέλεσιν ὑμῶν, lit. in your members (i.e., body parts).
2Ἐπιθυμεῖτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·θυμέω (επι+θυμ(ε)-, επι+θυμη·σ-, επι+θυμη·σ-, -, -, -)
επι·θυμ(ε)·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
to desire i.e., to lust after: a "fullness" of emotion.
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἔχετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
εχ·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
to have /hold.
· φονεύετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φονεύω (φονευ-, φονευ·σ-, φονευ·σ-, πεφονευ·κ-, πεφονευ-, φονευ·θ-)
φονευ·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
to murder /intentional-homocide
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ζηλοῦτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ζηλόω (ζηλ(ο)-, ζηλω·σ-, ζηλω·σ-, εζηλω·κ-, -, -)
ζηλ(ο)·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
to zeal/emulate [in good sense: eager rivalry, emulation, ambition. in bad sense: antagonism, jealousy, envy. compare φθόνος]
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
δύνασθε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δύνα·μαι (ath. δυν(α)-/ath. δυν(η)-, δυνη·σ-, -, -, -, δυνη·θ-/δυνασ·θ-)
δυν(α)·σθε
pres mp ind 2nd pl or pres mp imp 2nd pl
to able
ἐπιτυχεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·τυγχάνω (επι+τυγχαν-, επι+τευξ-, 2nd επι+τυχ-, -, -, -)
επι·τυχ·ειν
2aor act inf
to chance-upon/obtain obtain by chance, attain.
· μάχεσθε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μάχομαι (μαχ-, -, μαχε·σ-, -, -, -)
μαχ·εσθε
pres mp ind 2nd pl or pres mp imp 2nd pl
to quarrel
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
πολεμεῖτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πολεμέω (πολεμ(ε)-, πολεμη·σ-, πολεμη·σ-, -, -, πολεμη·θ-)
πολεμ(ε)·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
to wage war
, οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἔχετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
εχ·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
to have /hold.
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen) δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
αἰτεῖσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

αἰτέω (αιτ(ε)-, αιτη·σ-, αιτη·σ-, ῃτη·κ-, ῃτη-, αιτη·θ-)
αιτ(ε)·εσθαι
pres mp inf
to ask
ὑμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμας
acc pl
you
·
Jas 4:2
You lust desire, and don’t have. You; you kill, covet and obsess,[a] and can’t are unable to obtain. You; you fight contend[b] and make wage war.[c] You don’t have, because you don’t ask.
———
a Gr. ζηλόω, to be zealous.
b Gr. μάχομαι, to quarrel.
c RSV punctuates this verse thus: You desire and do not have; so you kill. And you covet and cannot obtain; so you fight and wage war.
3αἰτεῖτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

αἰτέω (αιτ(ε)-, αιτη·σ-, αιτη·σ-, ῃτη·κ-, ῃτη-, αιτη·θ-)
αιτ(ε)·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
to ask
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
λαμβάνετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαμβάνω (λαμβαν-, λημψ-/ληψ-, λαβ·[σ]- or 2nd λαβ-, ειληφ·[κ]-, ειληβ-, λημφ·θ-/ληφ·θ-)
λαμβαν·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
to take/receive grasp, clutch, cling-to, seize, lay-hands-upon, take by violence, carry off, of a deity, seize, possess, catch, find out, detect, overtake, understand
, διότι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

δι·ότι
διοτι
indecl
because/that
κακῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

κακῶς
κακως
indecl
wrongly
αἰτεῖσθε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

αἰτέω (αιτ(ε)-, αιτη·σ-, αιτη·σ-, ῃτη·κ-, ῃτη-, αιτη·θ-)
αιτ(ε)·εσθε
pres mp ind 2nd pl or pres mp imp 2nd pl
to ask
, ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that /so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·αις
fem dat pl
the
ἡδοναῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἡδονή, -ῆς, ἡ
ηδον·αις
(fem) dat pl
pleasure
ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you
δαπανήσητε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δαπανάω (δαπαν(α)-, δαπανη·σ-, δαπανη·σ-, -, δεδαπανη-, δαπανη·θ-)
δαπανη·σητε
1aor act sub 2nd pl
to expend (from "δαπάνη", cost/expense), hence, spend/expend/pay-expenses, by extension deplete/waste/squander (resources)
.
Jas 4:3
You ask, and don’t receive, because you ask with wrong motives, so that you may spend fritter[a] (it) away for in your pleasures.
———
a Gr. δαπανάω, to use up.
4{ Μοιχοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

μοιχός, -οῦ, ὁ
μοιχ·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
adulterer
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
♦ - } μοιχαλίδες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

μοιχαλί[δ]ς, -ίδος, ἡ, voc. pl. μοιχαλίδες
μοιχαλιδ·ες
(fem) nom|voc pl
adultress
, οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
οἴδατε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

οἶδα (ath. ιδ-/ath. ειδ(ε)-/ath. ειδ-, ειδη·σ-/ει[δ]·σ-, ειδη·σ-, οιδ·[κ]-/ειδ·[κ]-, -, -)
οιδ·[κ]ατε
perf act ind 2nd pl
to know /perceive/be-aware-of/be-acquainted-with/notice. Often rendered "know" (by seeing/observing), in contrast to "γινώσκω" (know by thinking/reasoning/experiencing).
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
φιλία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

φιλία, -ας, ἡ
φιλι·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
friendship [high degree of association]
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
κόσμου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.); Verb

κόσμος, -ου, ὁ; κοσμέω (κοσμ(ε)-, κοσμη·σ-, κοσμη·σ-, -, κεκοσμη-, κοσμη·θ-)
κοσμ·ου; κοσμ(ε)·ου
(mas) gen sg; pres mp imp 2nd sg
world [present order; material realm; decoration/adornment]; to set-in-order to put in proper order, adorn/beautify, grace (ornaments)
ἔχθρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

ἔχθρα, -ας, ἡ; ἐχθρός -ά -όν
εχθρ·α; εχθρ·α
(fem) nom|voc sg; neu nom|acc|voc pl or fem nom|voc sg
enmity From "ἐχθρός" (hostile), hence hostility/enmity, by extension, enemy.; hostile
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god [see theology]
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be
; Ὃς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ος
mas nom sg
who/whom/which
{ ἂν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἄν
αν
indecl
ever (indicative of optional action)
ἐὰν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἐάν (εἰ ἄν)
εαν
indecl
if-ever "ἐὰν μή" (Lit:if-ever not) means "except", "unless"
} οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently /accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
βουληθῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βούλομαι (βουλ-, βουλη·σ-, -, -, -, βουλη·θ-)
βουλη·θῃ
aor θη sub 3rd sg
to will/intend /resolutely-plan/determine/intend. A stronger term than"θέλω" (wish/want/desire), with more emphasis on will, intent, planning.
φίλος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

φίλος -η -ον
φιλ·ος
mas nom sg
friend companion
εἶναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·εναι
pres act inf
to be
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
κόσμου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.); Verb

κόσμος, -ου, ὁ; κοσμέω (κοσμ(ε)-, κοσμη·σ-, κοσμη·σ-, -, κεκοσμη-, κοσμη·θ-)
κοσμ·ου; κοσμ(ε)·ου
(mas) gen sg; pres mp imp 2nd sg
world [present order; material realm; decoration/adornment]; to set-in-order to put in proper order, adorn/beautify, grace (ornaments)
, ἐχθρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἐχθρός -ά -όν
εχθρ·ος
mas nom sg
hostile
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god [see theology]
καθίσταται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

καθ·ίστημι (ath. καθ+ιστ(α)-/ath. καθ+ιστ(η)-, κατα+στη·σ-, κατα+στη·σ- or 2nd ath. κατα+στ(η)-/ath. κατα+στ(α)-, καθ+εστη·κ-/καθ+εστα·κ-/καθ+εστ(α)·[κ]-, καθ+εστα-, κατα+στα·θ-); καθ·ιστάνω/-ιστάω (by-form of καθ·ίστημι) (καθ+ισταν-/καθ+ιστ(α)-, -, -, -, -, -)
καθ·ιστ(α)·ται; καθ·ιστ(α)·ηται
pres mp ind 3rd sg; pres mp sub 3rd sg
to appoint Lit"down-stand", hence give-standing/authority, hence appoint, put-in-charge set-in-order, lay, render, enable, widowed. In some instances, similar to "τίθημι" (place/lay/put/set/appoint).; to appoint to appoint, set, establish, conduct
.
———
RP: Μοιχοὶ καὶ ♦ NA/UBS: —
RP: ἂν ♦ NA/UBS: ἐὰν
Jas 4:4
You adulterers and adulteresses, Adulterous people![a] don’t Don’t you know that friendship with the world is enmity with God? Whoever therefore wants to be a friend of the world makes himself an enemy of God.
———
a RP reads μοιχοὶ καὶ μοιχαλίδες, adulterers and adulteresses. NA/UBS reads only μοιχαλίδες, adulteresses. That is, disloyal or two-timing (to God).
5 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἤ[1]
η
indecl
or/than
δοκεῖτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δοκέω (δοκ(ε)-, δοξ-, δοξ-, -, δεδοκ-, -)
δοκ(ε)·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
to suppose ,from "dokos"(opinion), hence suppose/seem/think/consider. Same root as "εὐδοκέω"(seem-good). Often rendered "think", but less objective than "νοέω"(think) and less visceral than "φρονέω"(think).
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
κενῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

κενῶς
κενως
indecl
emptily
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
γραφὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

γραφή, -ῆς, ἡ
γραφ·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
writing
λέγει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
to say/tell
; Πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat) Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
φθόνον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

φθόνος, -ου, ὁ
φθον·ον
(mas) acc sg
jealous/agressive-guardedness Often rendered "envy", except envy arises from wanting what another has, while jealousy arises from anxiety that something valuable might be removed/taken/lost. Neither envy nor resentment fit James 4:5.
ἐπιποθεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·ποθέω (επι+ποθ(ε)-, επι+ποθη·σ-, επι+ποθη·σ-, -, -, -)
επι·ποθ(ε)·ει, επι·ποθ(ε)·ε
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, pres act imp 2nd sg
to long yearn after
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
πνεῦμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πνεῦμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πνευμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
spirit /breath/wind, spiritual-utterance
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ο
neu nom|acc sg
who/whom/which
{ κατῴκησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατ·οικέω (κατ+οικ(ε)-, κατ+οικη·σ-, κατ+οικη·σ-, κατ+ῳκη·κ-, -, κατ+οικη·θ-)
κατ·ε·οικη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to reside/settle-down Lit:"down-dwell", hence reside/dwell-permanently, settle-down-thoroughly/pervasively and in full control, to be exactly at home (see Eph 3:17, Col 1:19, 2:9). Contrast with "παροικέω" (dwell-beside))
κατῴκισεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατ·οικίζω (κατ+οικιζ-, κατ+οικι(ε)·[σ]-, κατ+οικι·σ-, -, κατ+ῳκισ-, κατ+οικισ·θ-)
κατ·ε·οικι·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to domicile Lit: down-home, settle
} ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ἡμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημιν
dat pl
I
.
———
RP: κατῴκησεν ♦ NA/UBS: κατῴκισεν
Jas 4:5
Or do you think that discredit[a] the Scripture which says in vain, “The Spirit who lives spirit which resides[b] in us yearns jealously longs[c] toward envy”?[d, e]
———
a Gr. δοκεῖτε ὅτι κενῶς, lit. do you think that emptily (in vain) i.e., Or do you think that the Scripture says emptily (in vain)....
b RP reads κατῴκησεν (κατοικέω): The spirit which took up residence in us. NA/UBS reads κατῴκισεν (κατοικίζω): The spirit which he domiciled in us.
c Gr. ἐπιποθέω.
d Gr. φθόνος [greed? ill will? bad things?]. That is, our human nature is predisposed toward ungodliness.
e Per the NET Bible: No OT verse is worded exactly this way. This is either a statement about the general teaching of scripture or a quotation from an ancient translation of the Hebrew text that no longer exists today.
6Μείζονα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3)

μείζων -ον, gen. sg. -ονος (Comp. of μέγας)
μειζον·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
greater
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)
δίδωσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
διδ(ο)·^σι(ν), διδ(ω)·ωσι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg, pres act sub 3rd pl
to give /offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
χάριν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Noun (3rd Decl.)

χάριν; χάρι[τ]ς, -ιτος, ἡ, acc. χάρι[τ]ν and χάριτα
χαριν; χαρι[τ]·ν
indecl; (fem) acc sg
for the sake of [acc. of χάρις used adverbially] prep. for; favor/grace [see charity]
· διὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

διό (δι’ ὅ)
διο
indecl
because of which
λέγει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
to say/tell
, [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
θεὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ος
(mas) nom sg
god [see theology]
ὑπερηφάνοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ὑπερή·φανος -ον
υπερηφαν·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl or fem dat pl
proud/arrogant [Lit: over- appearing]
ἀντιτάσσεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀντι·τάσσω (αντι+τασσ-, αντι+ταξ-, -, -, -, -)
αντι·τασσ·εται
pres mp ind 3rd sg
to line up against [to set up in opposition to; to direct or be directed against]
, ταπεινοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

ταπεινός -ή -όν; ταπεινόω (ταπειν(ο)-, ταπεινω·σ-, ταπεινω·σ-, -, τεταπεινω-, ταπεινω·θ-)
ταπειν·οις; ταπειν(ο)·εις, ταπειν(ο)·ῃς, ταπειν(ο)·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl; pres act ind 2nd sg, pres act sub 2nd sg, pres act opt 2nd sg
lowly [abase, humble, humiliate, submissive]; to humble Lit:"make-low", hence humble
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)
δίδωσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
διδ(ο)·^σι(ν), διδ(ω)·ωσι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg, pres act sub 3rd pl
to give /offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
χάριν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Noun (3rd Decl.)

χάριν; χάρι[τ]ς, -ιτος, ἡ, acc. χάρι[τ]ν and χάριτα
χαριν; χαρι[τ]·ν
indecl; (fem) acc sg
for the sake of [acc. of χάρις used adverbially] prep. for; favor/grace [see charity]
.
Jas 4:6
But more importantly he gives more grace.,[a] Therefore to wit it says, “God resists rebuffs[b] the proud, but to the lowly[c] he gives grace to the humble.”[d]*
———
a Gr. Μείζονα δὲ δίδωσιν χάριν, lit., but greater he/she/it gives grace. Is μείζονα an adj. modifying grace, or an improper adv. (neu. acc.) modifying gives? Usually this verse is translated: but he gives greater grace (or more grace). But what then is greater grace?
b Gr. ἀντιτάσσω.
c Gr. ταπεινός, low. That is, humble.
d Proverbs 3:34 LXX: Κύριος ὑπερηφάνοις ἀντιτάσσεται, ταπεινοῖς δὲ δίδωσι χάριν. (See also 1 Peter 5:5.)
7Ὑποτάγητε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑπο·τάσσω (υπο+τασσ-, υπο+ταξ-, υπο+ταξ-, -, υπο+τετασσ-, υπο+ταγ·[θ]-/υπο+ταχ·θ-)
υπο·ταγ·[θ]ητε
aor θη imp 2nd pl or aor θη sub 2nd pl
to subordinate [subdue, place under ones obidience]
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently /accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
θεῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
god [see theology]
· ἀντίστητε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀνθ·ίστημι (ath. ανθ+ιστ(α)-/ath. ανθ+ιστ(η)-, αντι+στη·σ-, 2nd ath. αντι+στ(η)-/ath. αντι+στ(α)-, ανθ+εστη·κ-, -, -)
αντι·στ(η)·τε, αντι·στ(η)·ητε
2aor act imp 2nd pl, 2aor act sub 2nd pl
to oppose lit Lit;"stand-against",hence oppose.
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
διαβόλῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

διά·βολος -ον
διαβολ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg or fem dat sg
diabolical Slanderous, hurtful, or corrupting. One who slanders, hurts, and corrupts (casting or sowing throughout).
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
φεύξεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φεύγω (φευγ-, φευξ-, φυγ·[σ]- or 2nd φυγ-, πεφευγ·[κ]-, -, -)
φευγ·σεται
fut mp ind 3rd sg
to flee
ἀφ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
αφ’
indecl
from (G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you
.
Jas 4:7
Be subject Be subordinate, therefore, to God. But resist stand against the devil,[b] and he will flee from you.
———
a That is, against friendship with, or love of, the world (4:4).
8Ἐγγίσατε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐγγίζω (εγγιζ-, εγγι(ε)·[σ]-, εγγι·σ-, ηγγι·κ-, -, -)
εγγι·σατε
1aor act imp 2nd pl
to come/approach-near (from 1451 "ἐγγύς":near), hence draw/approach-near, be-imminent/at-hand, nearby, come-nigh.
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
θεῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
god [see theology]
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἐγγιεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐγγίζω (εγγιζ-, εγγι(ε)·[σ]-, εγγι·σ-, ηγγι·κ-, -, -)
εγγι(ε)·[σ]ει
fut act ind 3rd sg or fut mp ind 2nd sg classical
to come/approach-near (from 1451 "ἐγγύς":near), hence draw/approach-near, be-imminent/at-hand, nearby, come-nigh.
ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you
· καθαρίσατε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καθαρίζω (καθαριζ-, καθαρι(ε)·[σ]-/καθαρι·σ-, καθαρι·σ-, -, κεκαθαρισ-, καθαρισ·θ-)
καθαρι·σατε
1aor act imp 2nd pl
to purify cleanse
χεῖρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl., irreg.)

χείρ, χειρός, ἡ, dat. pl. χερσίν
χειρ·ας
(fem) acc pl
hand
, ἁμαρτωλοί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἁ·μαρτωλός -όν
αμαρτωλ·οι
mas nom|voc pl or fem nom|voc pl
sinful
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἁγνίσατε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἁγνίζω (αγνιζ-, -, αγνι·σ-, ηγνι·κ-, ηγνισ-, αγνισ·θ-)
αγνι·σατε
1aor act imp 2nd pl
to purify
καρδίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

καρδία, -ας, ἡ
καρδι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
heart καρδιας With the eyes of the heart enlightened (Eph_1:18)
, δίψυχοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

δί·ψυχος -ον
διψυχ·οι
mas nom|voc pl or fem nom|voc pl
conflicted [double-minded]
.
Jas 4:8
Draw near to God, and he will draw near to you. Cleanse your hands, you sinners;, and purify your hearts, you double-minded conflicted[a] people.
———
a Gr. δίψυχος, lit. two-souled (or two-psyched), suggesting (see 4:4-5) dual and competing loyalties or self-interests. Purity of heart, therefore, is singleness of allegiance.
9Ταλαιπωρήσατε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ταλαιπωρέω (ταλαιπωρ(ε)-, ταλαιπωρη·σ-, ταλαιπωρη·σ-, τεταλαιπωρη·κ-, -, -)
ταλαιπωρη·σατε
1aor act imp 2nd pl
to suffer distress
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
πενθήσατε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πενθέω (πενθ(ε)-, πενθη·σ-, πενθη·σ-, -, -, πενθη·θ-)
πενθη·σατε
1aor act imp 2nd pl
to grieve
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
κλαύσατε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κλαίω (κλαι-, κλαυ·σ-, κλαυ·σ-, -, -, κλαυσ·θ-)
κλαυ·σατε
1aor act imp 2nd pl
to weep (aloud).
· [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
γέλως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

γέλω[τ]ς, -ωτος, ὁ
γελω[τ]·ς
(mas) nom|voc sg
laughter
ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
πένθος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πένθο·ς, -ους, τό
πενθ(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
grief
{ μεταστραφήτω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μετα·στρέφω (μετα+στρεφ-, -, μετα+στρεψ-, -, -, μετα+στραφ·[θ]-)
μετα·στραφ·[θ]ητω
aor θη imp 3rd sg
to transform Lit:"change/turn-after-with", hence alter/change/transformed
μετατραπήτω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μετα·τρέπω (μετα+τρεπ-, -, μετα+τρεψ-, -, -, μετα+τραπ·[θ]-)
μετα·τραπ·[θ]ητω
aor θη imp 3rd sg
to turn back
} , καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
χαρὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

χαρά, -ᾶς, ἡ
χαρ·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
joy
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
κατήφειαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

κατ·ήφεια, -ας, ἡ
κατηφει·αν
(fem) acc sg
dejection
.
———
RP: μεταστραφήτω ♦ NA/UBS: μετατραπήτω
Jas 4:9
Lament, mourn, Suffer and grieve and weep. Let your laughter be turned to mourning grief, and your joy into gloom dejection[a].
———
a Gr. κατήφεια.
10Ταπεινώθητε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ταπεινόω (ταπειν(ο)-, ταπεινω·σ-, ταπεινω·σ-, -, τεταπεινω-, ταπεινω·θ-)
ταπεινω·θητε
aor θη imp 2nd pl or aor θη sub 2nd pl
to humble Lit:"make-low", hence humble
ἐνώπιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition; Adjective (2-2-2)

ἐν·ώπιον; ἐν·ώπιος -ον [LXX]
ενωπιον; ενωπι·ον
indecl; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
in-the-presence-of (+gen) Lit:"in-sight-of"; in the sight of/ in front of face to face
{ τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
♦ - } κυρίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ου; κυρι·ου
(mas) gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
lord , "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).; authoritative
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ὑψώσει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑψόω (υψ(ο)-, υψω·σ-, υψω·σ-, -, υψω-, υψω·θ-)
υψω·σει
fut act ind 3rd sg or fut mp ind 2nd sg classical or fuper mp ind 2nd sg classical
to lift-up/exalt (from "ὕψος" "height", Lit:"set-high/elevate/lift-up". Fig:"exalt".
ὑμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμας
acc pl
you
.
———
RP: τοῦ ♦ NA/UBS: —
Jas 4:10
Humble Prostrate[a] (yourselves) in the sight of before the Lord, and he will exalt lift you.[b, c]
———
a Gr. ταπεινόω, to lower. That is, humble yourselves (4:6).
b He will give you grace (or favor) (4:6).
c 1 Peter 5:6: Prostrate (yourselves) therefore under the mighty hand of God, that he may lift you in due time (WET). Cf. also Lk. 14:11, 18:14.
11Μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
καταλαλεῖτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·λαλέω (κατα+λαλ(ε)-, κατα+λαλη·σ-, κατα+λαλη·σ-, -, -, -)
κατα·λαλ(ε)·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
to slander
ἀλλήλων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reciprocal)

ἀλλήλων (gen. pl.)
αλληλ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
one another
, ἀδελφοί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί
αδελφ·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
brother
. [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
καταλαλῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2); Verb

κατά·λαλος -ον; κατα·λαλέω (κατα+λαλ(ε)-, κατα+λαλη·σ-, κατα+λαλη·σ-, -, -, -)
καταλαλ·ων; κατα·λαλ(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
slanderous; to slander
ἀδελφοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί
αδελφ·ου
(mas) gen sg
brother
, { καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
κρίνων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.); Verb

κρίνον, -ου, τό; κρίνω (κριν-, κριν(ε)·[σ]-, κριν·[σ]-, κεκρι·κ-, κεκρι-, κρι·θ-)
κριν·ων; κριν·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^, κριν(ε)·[σ]ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(neu) gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg, fut act ptcp mas nom sg
lily; to judge /decide, assess/determine, discriminate/separate. Also LXX: contend, avenge/vindicate, decree.
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἤ[1]
η
indecl
or/than
κρίνων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.); Verb

κρίνον, -ου, τό; κρίνω (κριν-, κριν(ε)·[σ]-, κριν·[σ]-, κεκρι·κ-, κεκρι-, κρι·θ-)
κριν·ων; κριν·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^, κριν(ε)·[σ]ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(neu) gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg, fut act ptcp mas nom sg
lily; to judge /decide, assess/determine, discriminate/separate. Also LXX: contend, avenge/vindicate, decree.
} τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
ἀδελφὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί
αδελφ·ον
(mas) acc sg
brother
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
, καταλαλεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·λαλέω (κατα+λαλ(ε)-, κατα+λαλη·σ-, κατα+λαλη·σ-, -, -, -)
κατα·λαλ(ε)·ει, κατα·λαλ(ε)·ε
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, pres act imp 2nd sg
to slander
νόμου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ου
(mas) gen sg
custom/law ordinance custom practice
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
κρίνει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κρίνω (κριν-, κριν(ε)·[σ]-, κριν·[σ]-, κεκρι·κ-, κεκρι-, κρι·θ-)
κριν·ει, κριν(ε)·[σ]ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, fut act ind 3rd sg or fut mp ind 2nd sg classical
to judge /decide, assess/determine, discriminate/separate. Also LXX: contend, avenge/vindicate, decree.
νόμον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ον
(mas) acc sg
custom/law ordinance custom practice
· εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)
νόμον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ον
(mas) acc sg
custom/law ordinance custom practice
κρίνεις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κρίνω (κριν-, κριν(ε)·[σ]-, κριν·[σ]-, κεκρι·κ-, κεκρι-, κρι·θ-)
κριν·εις, κριν(ε)·[σ]εις
pres act ind 2nd sg, fut act ind 2nd sg
to judge /decide, assess/determine, discriminate/separate. Also LXX: contend, avenge/vindicate, decree.
, οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
εἶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^ (instead of ι·^ς > εις); (εσ)·^ς
pres act ind 2nd sg; pres act ind 2nd sg
to go; to be
ποιητὴς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ποιητής, -οῦ, ὁ
ποιητ·ης
(mas) nom sg
doer/maker
νόμου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ου
(mas) gen sg
custom/law ordinance custom practice
, ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but
κριτής [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

κριτής, -οῦ, ὁ
κριτ·ης
(mas) nom sg
judge [see critic]
.
———
RP: καὶ κρίνων ♦ NA/UBS: ἢ κρίνων
Jas 4:11
¶Don’t speak against one another, brothers. He who speaks against a brother and judges his brother, speaks against the law and judges the law. But if you judge the law, you are not a doer of the law, but a judge.
12Εἷς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ει[ν]·ς
mas nom sg
one
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be
{ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
νομοθέτης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

νομο·θέτης, -ου, ὁ
νομοθετ·ης
(mas) nom sg
legislator
♦ [ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
] νομοθέτης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

νομο·θέτης, -ου, ὁ
νομοθετ·ης
(mas) nom sg
legislator
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
κριτής [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

κριτής, -οῦ, ὁ
κριτ·ης
(mas) nom sg
judge [see critic]
} , [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
δυνάμενος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δύνα·μαι (ath. δυν(α)-/ath. δυν(η)-, δυνη·σ-, -, -, -, δυνη·θ-/δυνασ·θ-)
δυν(α)·μεν·ος
pres mp ptcp mas nom sg
to able
σῶσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σῴζω (σῳζ-, σω·σ-, σω·σ-, σεσω·κ-, σεσω-/σεσωσ-/σεσῳσ-, σω·θ-)
σω·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to save /deliver/rescue from ruin/destruction/harm. Also salve
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἀπολέσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·όλλυμι (ath. απ+ολλυ-, απ+ολ(ε)·[σ]-/απ+ολε·σ-, απ+ολε·σ- or 2nd απ+ολ-, απ+ολωλ·[κ]-, -, -)
απ·ολε·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to destroy Lit:"destroy-from", hence: fully/utterly-destroy/ruin/annihilate (active), perish (middle).
· σὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
συ
nom sg
you
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)
τίς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]·ς
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
who/what/why interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
εἶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^ (instead of ι·^ς > εις); (εσ)·^ς
pres act ind 2nd sg; pres act ind 2nd sg
to go; to be
{ ὃς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ος
mas nom sg
who/whom/which
κρίνεις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κρίνω (κριν-, κριν(ε)·[σ]-, κριν·[σ]-, κεκρι·κ-, κεκρι-, κρι·θ-)
κριν·εις, κριν(ε)·[σ]εις
pres act ind 2nd sg, fut act ind 2nd sg
to judge /decide, assess/determine, discriminate/separate. Also LXX: contend, avenge/vindicate, decree.
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
ἕτερον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Indefinite)

ἕτερος -α -ον (cf. ἄλλος)
ετερ·ον
neu nom|acc sg or mas acc sg
other(different/distinct) , as distinguish from "ἄλλος" "other" (of a similar kind).
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
κρίνων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.); Verb

κρίνον, -ου, τό; κρίνω (κριν-, κριν(ε)·[σ]-, κριν·[σ]-, κεκρι·κ-, κεκρι-, κρι·θ-)
κριν·ων; κριν·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^, κριν(ε)·[σ]ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(neu) gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg, fut act ptcp mas nom sg
lily; to judge /decide, assess/determine, discriminate/separate. Also LXX: contend, avenge/vindicate, decree.
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
πλησίον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Adjective (2-1-2)

πλησίον (Adv. of πλήσιος); πλήσιος -α -ον [LXX]
πλησιον; πλησι·ον
indecl; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
neighbor one near, close to; near
} ;
———
RP: ὁ νομοθέτης ♦ NA/UBS: [ὁ] νομοθέτης καὶ κριτής
RP: ὃς κρίνεις τὸν ἕτερον ♦ NA/UBS: ὁ κρίνων τὸν πλησίον
Jas 4:12
Only one is the lawgiver, who is able to save and to destroy. But who are you to judge another?
13Ἄγε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἄγω (αγ-, αξ-, 2nd αγαγ-, αγειοχ·[κ]-, ηγ-, αχ·θ-)
αγ·ε
pres act imp 2nd sg
to lead
νῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

νῦν
νυν
indecl
now
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
λέγοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to say/tell
, Σήμερον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

σήμερον
σημερον
indecl
today day
{ καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
αὔριον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

αὔριον
αυριον
indecl
next day/tomorrow
πορευσώμεθα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πορεύω (πορευ-, πορευ·σ-, πορευ·σ-, -, πεπορευ-, πορευ·θ-)
πορευ·σωμεθα
1aor mp sub 1st pl
to go (from "πορος":passage/ford/pathway), hence travel/journey/go/proceed/depart.
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἤ[1]
η
indecl
or/than
αὔριον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

αὔριον
αυριον
indecl
next day/tomorrow
πορευσόμεθα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πορεύω (πορευ-, πορευ·σ-, πορευ·σ-, -, πεπορευ-, πορευ·θ-)
πορευ·σομεθα
fut mp ind 1st pl
to go (from "πορος":passage/ford/pathway), hence travel/journey/go/proceed/depart.
} εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τήνδε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

ὅ·δε ἥ·δε τό·δε
τ·ην·δε
fem acc sg
this demonstrative pronoun ὁ, ἡ, τό added to the enclitic "δε", and declined like the pronoun according to case = "this", "thus", "such-and-such", etc.
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
πόλιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πόλις, -εως, ἡ
πολ(ι)·ν
(fem) acc sg
city
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
{ ποιήσωμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποιη·σωμεν
1aor act sub 1st pl
to do/make
ποιήσομεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποιη·σομεν
fut act ind 1st pl
to do/make
} ἐκεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἐκεῖ
εκει
indecl
there
{ ἐνιαυτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἐνιαυτός, -οῦ, ὁ
ενιαυτ·ον
(mas) acc sg
year
ἕνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ε[ι]ν·α
mas acc sg
one
ἐνιαυτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἐνιαυτός, -οῦ, ὁ
ενιαυτ·ον
(mas) acc sg
year
} , καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
{ ἐμπορευσώμεθα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐμ·πορεύομαι (εν+πορευ-, εν+πορευ·σ-, εν+πορευ·σ-, -, -, -)
εν·πορευ·σωμεθα
1aor mp sub 1st pl
to make gain of walk, cheat, make gain of, overreach, a merchant, to make a trade of
ἐμπορευσόμεθα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐμ·πορεύομαι (εν+πορευ-, εν+πορευ·σ-, εν+πορευ·σ-, -, -, -)
εν·πορευ·σομεθα
fut mp ind 1st pl
to make gain of walk, cheat, make gain of, overreach, a merchant, to make a trade of
} , καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
{ κερδήσωμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κερδαίνω (-, κερδη·σ-, κερδη·σ- or 2nd κερδαν-, -, -, κερδη·θ-)
κερδη·σωμεν
1aor act sub 1st pl
to gain gain, profit from, carry off, earn, win out, get
κερδήσομεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κερδαίνω (-, κερδη·σ-, κερδη·σ- or 2nd κερδαν-, -, -, κερδη·θ-)
κερδη·σομεν
fut act ind 1st pl
to gain gain, profit from, carry off, earn, win out, get
} ·
———
RP: καὶ αὔριον πορευσώμεθα ♦ NA/UBS: ἢ αὔριον πορευσόμεθα
RP: ποιήσωμεν ♦ NA/UBS: ποιήσομεν
RP: ἐνιαυτὸν ἕνα ♦ NA/UBS: ἐνιαυτὸν
RP: ἐμπορευσώμεθα ♦ NA/UBS: ἐμπορευσόμεθα
RP: κερδήσωμεν ♦ NA/UBS: κερδήσομεν
Jas 4:13
¶Come now, you who say, “Today or tomorrow let’s go into this city, and spend a year there, trade, and make a profit.”[a]
———
a Cf. Prv. 27:1: Do not boast about tomorrow, for you do not know what a day may bring (ESV).
14οἵτινες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅσ·τις ἥ·τις ὄ τι
οι·τιν·ες
mas nom pl
one/such-who/which/that , Lit: a-particular/some-who/which/that; "ἕως ὅτου": until-when
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἐπίστασθε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπίστα·μαι (not to be confused with ἐφ·ίστημι) (ath. επιστ(α)-/ath. επιστ(η)-, -, -, -, -, -)
επιστ(α)·εσθε, επιστ(α)·σθε
pres mp ind 2nd pl or pres mp imp 2nd pl, pres mp ind 2nd pl or pres mp imp 2nd pl
to understand [Lit:"stand-over/upon", hence understand, confidently-know, capable]
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
αὔριον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

αὔριον
αυριον
indecl
next day/tomorrow
. Ποία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

ποῖος -α -ον
ποι·α
neu nom|acc pl or fem nom sg
what-kind
{ γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for since, as
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
} ζωὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

ζωή, -ῆς, ἡ; ζωός -ή -όν [EXTRA]
ζω·η; ζω·η
(fem) nom|voc sg; fem nom|voc sg
life being, living, spirit; alive
ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you
; Ἀτμὶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἀτμί[δ]ς, -ίδος, ἡ
ατμι[δ]·ς
(fem) nom sg
steam (describing vapor/smoke/incense that will rise/fall and disperse or evaporate)
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for since, as
{ ἔσται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
irreg. (εσ)·[σε]ται (instead of (εσ)·σεται > εσεται)
fut mp ind 3rd sg
to be
ἐστε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·τε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
to be
} [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat) Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
ὀλίγον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

ὀλίγος -η -ον
ολιγ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
little [see oligarchy]
φαινομένη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φαίνω (φαιν-, φαν(ε)·[σ]-, φαν·[σ]-, -, -, φαν·[θ]-)
φαιν·ομεν·η
pres mp ptcp fem nom|voc sg
to appear look, shew, peer, seem, show
, ἔπειτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἔπ·ειτα
επειτα
indecl
thereupon
{ δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)
♦ - } καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἀφανιζομένη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀ·φανίζω (αφανιζ-, αφανι(ε)·[σ]-/αφανι·σ-, αφανι·σ-, -, ηφανισ-, αφανισ·θ-)
αφανιζ·ομεν·η
pres mp ptcp fem nom|voc sg
to disappear/blot out [remove from sight/notice/existence; obscure]
.
———
RP: γὰρ ἡ ♦ NA/UBS: ἡ
RP: ἔσται ♦ NA/UBS: ἐστε
RP: δὲ ♦ NA/UBS: —
Jas 4:14
Whereas you don’t know what your life will be like tomorrow. For what is your life? For you are[a] a vapor wisp, that which for a little while appears for a little time, and then vanishes away disappears.
———
a RP reads ἔσται: it [your life] will be. NA/UBS reads ἐστε: you are.
15Ἀντὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀντί
αντι
indecl
against/instead (+gen) as much as, in return for, in exchange ofmma]nti< is the preposition first of equivalence (Homer, Il . ix. 116, 117) and then of ex- change (1 Cor. xi. 15; Heb. xii. 2, 16; Matt. v. 38),
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
λέγειν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ειν
pres act inf
to say/tell
ὑμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμας
acc pl
you
, Ἐὰν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἐάν (εἰ ἄν)
εαν
indecl
if-ever "ἐὰν μή" (Lit:if-ever not) means "except", "unless"
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
κύριος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ος; κυρι·ος
(mas) nom sg; mas nom sg
lord , "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).; authoritative
θελήσῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θέλω (θελ-, θελη·σ-, θελη·σ-, τεθελη·κ-, -, -)
θελη·σῃ
fut mp ind 2nd sg or 1aor act sub 3rd sg or 1aor mp sub 2nd sg
to want /wish/desire
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
{ ζήσωμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ζάω (ζ(η)-/ath. ζ(η)-, ζη·σ-, ζη·σ-, -, -, -)
ζη·σωμεν
1aor act sub 1st pl
to live Verb from "ζωή"(life), hence live/made-alive, exist, inhabit
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ποιήσωμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποιη·σωμεν
1aor act sub 1st pl
to do/make
ζήσομεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ζάω (ζ(η)-/ath. ζ(η)-, ζη·σ-, ζη·σ-, -, -, -)
ζη·σομεν
fut act ind 1st pl
to live Verb from "ζωή"(life), hence live/made-alive, exist, inhabit
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ποιήσομεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποιη·σομεν
fut act ind 1st pl
to do/make
} τοῦτο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
this When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἤ[1]
η
indecl
or/than
ἐκεῖνο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

ἐκεῖνος -η -ο
εκειν·ο
neu nom|acc sg
that
.
———
RP: ζήσωμεν, καὶ ποιήσωμεν ♦ NA/UBS: ζήσομεν καὶ ποιήσομεν
Jas 4:15
For (It is the) opposite of (what) you (ought) to say,[a]: “If the Lord wills, we will both also will we live, and do this or that.”
———
a Gr. Ἀντὶ τοῦ λέγειν ὑμᾶς, lit., against the you-to-say.
16Νῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

νῦν
νυν
indecl
now
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)
καυχᾶσθε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καυχάομαι (καυχ(α)-, καυχη·σ-, καυχη·σ-, -, κεκαυχη-, -)
καυχ(α)·εσθε, καυχ(α)·ησθε
pres mp ind 2nd pl or pres mp imp 2nd pl, pres mp sub 2nd pl
to gloat
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·αις
fem dat pl
the
ἀλαζονείαις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἀλαζονεία, -ίας, ἡ
αλαζονει·αις
(fem) dat pl
affectation/imposture [ostentatiousness, affictation, pretension. atempt to impress: hence bragging]
ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you
· πᾶσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
πασ·α
fem nom|voc sg
each/every (of a relevant set).
καύχησις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

καύχησις, -εως, ἡ
καυχησ(ι)·ς
(fem) nom sg
gloating
τοιαύτη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

τοι·οῦτος -αύτη -οῦτο(ν)
τοιαυτ·η
fem nom sg
such-as-this Lit"such-this", hence such, such-as-this, like [τοσαυτην]
πονηρά [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

πονηρός -ά -όν
πονηρ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or fem nom|voc sg
evil, wicked Adj.from πόνος + αἴρω: hence pain/labor/trouble-lifting/bearing/propounding.
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be
.
Jas 4:16
But now you glory gloat[a] in your boasting (false) conceits.[b] All such boasting gloating[c] is evil impious.
———
a Gr. καυχάομαι.
b Gr. ἀλαζονεία. That is, self-deceptions (4:13-14).
c That is, gloating in your own abilities. See Deut 8:17-18a: Be careful not to say, My own ability and skill have gotten me this wealth. You must remember the Lord your God, for he is the one who gives ability to get wealth.... (NET). If indeed James is addressed to those who are in despair over losing everything (see notes, 1:10), this would seem to be an admonishment to trust God to restore them, and καυχᾶσθε ἐν ταῖς ἀλαζονείαις ὑμῶν seems to take on an opposite sense—not of gloating in positive fictions about oneself, but of wallowing in negative fictions.
17Εἰδότι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

οἶδα (ath. ιδ-/ath. ειδ(ε)-/ath. ειδ-, ειδη·σ-/ει[δ]·σ-, ειδη·σ-, οιδ·[κ]-/ειδ·[κ]-, -, -)
ειδ·[κ]οτ·ι
perf act ptcp mas dat sg or perf act ptcp neu dat sg
to know /perceive/be-aware-of/be-acquainted-with/notice. Often rendered "know" (by seeing/observing), in contrast to "γινώσκω" (know by thinking/reasoning/experiencing).
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently /accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
καλὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

καλός -ή -όν (cf. ἀγαθός)
καλ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
good/right/fitting beautiful (literally), hence well, appropriate, right, good, comely (in contrast to "αγαθος" (inherently good, God-wrought-good).
ποιεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποι(ε)·ειν
pres act inf
to do/make
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
ποιοῦντι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποι(ε)·ο[υ]ντ·ι
pres act ptcp mas dat sg or pres act ptcp neu dat sg
to do/make
, ἁμαρτία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἁ·μαρτία, -ίας, ἡ
αμαρτι·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
sin Typical NT usage: "sin", also used to denote failure in a more generic fashion.
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
he/she/it/same
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be
.
Jas 4:17
To him the one therefore who knows to do good, right and doesn’t do it, to him it is a sin.
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