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ΙΑΚΩΒΟΥ

Letter from James

 Robinson-Pierpont 2005 Wiki English Translation‎ / World English Bible
1Μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
πολλοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral, irreg.)

πολ[λ]ύς πολλή πολ[λ]ύ
πολλ·οι
mas nom pl
much
διδάσκαλοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

διδάσκαλος, -ου, ὁ
διδασκαλ·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
teacher
γίνεσθε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
γιν·εσθε
pres mp ind 2nd pl or pres mp imp 2nd pl
to become/happen [to come to be; Greek word for amen?]
, ἀδελφοί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί
αδελφ·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
brother
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
I
, εἰδότες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

οἶδα (ath. ιδ-/ath. ειδ(ε)-/ath. ειδ-, ειδη·σ-/ει[δ]·σ-, ειδη·σ-, οιδ·[κ]-/ειδ·[κ]-, -, -)
ειδ·[κ]οτ·ες
perf act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to know /perceive/be-aware-of/be-acquainted-with/notice. Often rendered "know" (by seeing/observing), in contrast to "γινώσκω" (know by thinking/reasoning/experiencing).
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
μεῖζον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3)

μείζων -ον, gen. sg. -ονος (Comp. of μέγας)
μειζον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas voc sg or fem voc sg
greater
κρίμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

κρίμα[τ], -ατος, τό
κριμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
judgment /decision/determination/sentence, decree, resolution. Distinct from "καταδικάζω", down-justify and "κατακρίνω", down-judge/condemn) LXX: justice, ordinances/statutes
{ ληψόμεθα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαμβάνω (λαμβαν-, λημψ-/ληψ-, λαβ·[σ]- or 2nd λαβ-, ειληφ·[κ]-, ειληβ-, λημφ·θ-/ληφ·θ-)
ληβ·σομεθα
fut mp ind 1st pl
to take/receive grasp, clutch, cling-to, seize, lay-hands-upon, take by violence, carry off, of a deity, seize, possess, catch, find out, detect, overtake, understand
λημψόμεθα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαμβάνω (λαμβαν-, λημψ-/ληψ-, λαβ·[σ]- or 2nd λαβ-, ειληφ·[κ]-, ειληβ-, λημφ·θ-/ληφ·θ-)
λημβ·σομεθα
fut mp ind 1st pl
to take/receive grasp, clutch, cling-to, seize, lay-hands-upon, take by violence, carry off, of a deity, seize, possess, catch, find out, detect, overtake, understand
} .
———
RP: ληψόμεθα ♦ NA/UBS: λημψόμεθα
Jas 3:1
¶Let not many of you be teachers, my brothers, knowing that we will receive heavier judgment.
2Πολλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral, irreg.)

πολ[λ]ύς πολλή πολ[λ]ύ
πολλ·α
neu nom|acc pl
much
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for since, as
πταίομεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πταίω (πται-, πται·σ-, πται·σ-, επται·κ-, -, -)
πται·ομεν
pres act ind 1st pl
to stumble
ἅπαντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

ἅπα[ντ]ς ἅπασα ἅπαν[τ], gen. sg. ἅπαντος ἁπάσης ἅπαντος
απαντ·ες
mas nom|voc pl
every
. Εἴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
τις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

τὶ[ν]ς[2] τὶ[ν], gen. τινός, dat. τινί, acc. τινά τὶ
τι[ν]·ς
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
certain/any(one/thing) Sg:a-certain-one/anyone/someone; Pl:a-certain-some/several. Specific/non-specific is determined from text-markings and/or context).
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
λόγῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

λόγος, -ου, ὁ
λογ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
word
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
πταίει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πταίω (πται-, πται·σ-, πται·σ-, επται·κ-, -, -)
πται·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
to stumble
, οὗτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
[τ]ουτ·ος
mas nom sg
this When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
τέλειος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

τέλειος -α -ον
τελει·ος
mas nom sg
completed
ἀνήρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἀνήρ, ἀνδρός, ὁ, voc. sg. ἄνερ
irreg. ανε[δ]ρ·^
(mas) nom sg
man (as distinct from woman, beast, god, etc); sometimes "husband".
, δυνατὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

δυνατός -ή -όν
δυνατ·ος
mas nom sg
capable /powerful/able/
χαλιναγωγῆσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

χαλιν·αγωγέω (χαλιναγωγ(ε)-, -, χαλιναγωγη·σ-, -, -, -)
χαλιναγωγη·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to bridle [control with a bridle bit]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ὅλον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Partitive Numeral)

ὅλος -η -ον
ολ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
whole
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
σῶμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

σῶμα[τ], -ατος, τό
σωμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
body
.
Jas 3:2
For in many things we all stumble much. If anyone doesn’t stumble in word, the same this one is an perfect ideal man, able also to bridle the whole body also.
3{ Ἴδε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ε
2aor act imp 2nd sg
to see/behold Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
Εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
} , τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
ἵππων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἵππος, -ου, ὁ
ιππ·ων
(mas) gen pl
horse
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
χαλινοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

χαλινός, -οῦ, ὁ
χαλιν·ους
(mas) acc pl
bridle bit
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
στόματα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

στόμα[τ], -ατος, τό
στοματ·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
mouth/maw stoma
βάλλομεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βάλλω (βαλλ-, βαλ(ε)·[σ]-, βαλ·[σ]- or 2nd βαλ-, βεβλη·κ-, βεβλη-, βλη·θ-)
βαλλ·ομεν
pres act ind 1st pl
to throw /cast
{ πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat) Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
} τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
πείθεσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πείθω (πειθ-, πει[θ]·σ-, πει[θ]·σ-, πεποιθ·[κ]-, πεπειθ-, πεισ·θ-)
πειθ·εσθαι
pres mp inf
to persuade ,convince,determine, prevail upon, talk over, trust, rely on, believe of
αὐτοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ους
mas acc pl
he/she/it/same
ἡμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημιν
dat pl
I
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ὅλον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Partitive Numeral)

ὅλος -η -ον
ολ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
whole
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
σῶμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

σῶμα[τ], -ατος, τό
σωμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
body
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
he/she/it/same
μετάγομεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μετ·άγω (μετ+αγ-, -, μετ+αξ- or 2nd μετ+αγαγ-, -, -, μετ+αχ·θ-)
μετ·αγ·ομεν
pres act ind 1st pl
to guide [lead from one place to another]
.
———
RP: Ἴδε ♦ NA/UBS: Εἰ δὲ
RP: πρὸς ♦ NA/UBS: εἰς
Jas 3:3
Indeed, If indeed we put bits into the horses’ mouths of horses[a] so that they may obey us[b], and we guide also their whole body.
———
a Alternatively, if indeed, as regards horses, we put bits into (their) mouths so that they may obey us.
b Lit. so that the mouths to be influenced by us (εἰς τὸ πείθεσθαι αὐτοὺς ἡμῖν). Controlling just the mouths, we guide the whole body.
4Ἰδού [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ου
2aor mp imp 2nd sg
to see/behold Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
πλοῖα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

πλοῖον, -ου, τό
πλοι·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
ship
, τηλικαῦτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

τηλικ·οῦτος -αύτη -οῦτο(ν)
τηλικαυτ·α
neu nom|acc pl
so great
ὄντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·ο[υ]ντ·α
pres act ptcp mas acc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
to be
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen) ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
{ σκληρῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

σκληρός -ά -όν
σκληρ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
hard [rigid, stiff, unyealding, difficult]
ἀνέμων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἄνεμος, -ου, ὁ
ανεμ·ων
(mas) gen pl
wind gust of wind
ἀνέμων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἄνεμος, -ου, ὁ
ανεμ·ων
(mas) gen pl
wind gust of wind
σκληρῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

σκληρός -ά -όν
σκληρ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
hard [rigid, stiff, unyealding, difficult]
} ἐλαυνόμενα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐλαύνω (ελαυν-, ελα·σ-, ελα·σ-, εληλα·κ-, -, -)
ελαυν·ομεν·α
pres mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
to pushed by wind
, μετάγεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μετ·άγω (μετ+αγ-, -, μετ+αξ- or 2nd μετ+αγαγ-, -, -, μετ+αχ·θ-)
μετ·αγ·εται
pres mp ind 3rd sg
to guide [lead from one place to another]
ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen) ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
ἐλαχίστου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἐλάχιστος -ίστη -ον (Superl. of ἐλαχύς)
ελαχιστ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
least
πηδαλίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

πηδάλιον, -ου, τό
πηδαλι·ου
(neu) gen sg
rudder
, ὅπου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὅπου
οπου
indecl
where
{ ἂν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἄν
αν
indecl
ever (indicative of optional action)
♦ - } [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
ὁρμὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ὁρμή, -ῆς, ἡ
ορμ·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
impulse [see hormone]
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
εὐθύνοντος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εὐ·θύνω (ευθυν-, -, ευθυν·[σ]-, -, -, ευθυν·θ-)
ευθυν·ο[υ]ντ·ος
pres act ptcp mas gen sg or pres act ptcp neu gen sg
to straighten
{ βούληται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βούλομαι (βουλ-, βουλη·σ-, -, -, -, βουλη·θ-)
βουλ·ηται
pres mp sub 3rd sg
to will/intend /resolutely-plan/determine/intend. A stronger term than"θέλω" (wish/want/desire), with more emphasis on will, intent, planning.
βούλεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βούλομαι (βουλ-, βουλη·σ-, -, -, -, βουλη·θ-)
βουλ·εται
pres mp ind 3rd sg
to will/intend /resolutely-plan/determine/intend. A stronger term than"θέλω" (wish/want/desire), with more emphasis on will, intent, planning.
} .
———
RP: σκληρῶν ἀνέμων ♦ NA/UBS: ἀνέμων σκληρῶν
RP: ἂν ♦ NA/UBS: —
RP: βούληται ♦ NA/UBS: βούλεται
Jas 3:4
Behold, even the ships also, though they are being so big, and are driven by fierce strong winds, are yet guided by a very the smallest rudder, wherever the pilot desires wills.
5Οὕτως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὕτως/οὕτω
ουτως
indecl
thusly/like-this Lit:"like-this", hence, thusly, in-this-manner (οὕτως before vowels and consonants; οὕτω before consonants only]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
γλῶσσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

γλῶσσα/γλῶττα, -ης, ἡ
γλωσσ·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
tongue by metonymy, a language
μικρὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

μικρός -ά -όν
μικρ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
small [see micro]
μέλος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

μέλο·ς, -ους, τό
μελ(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
member
ἐστίν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
{ μεγαλαυχεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μεγαλ·αυχέω (μεγαλαυχ(ε)-, -, μεγαλαυχη·σ-, -, -, -)
μεγαλαυχ(ε)·ει, μεγαλαυχ(ε)·ε
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, pres act imp 2nd sg
to greatly boast (boast great things)
μεγάλα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2, irreg.)

μέγ[αλ]ας μεγάλη μέγ[αλ]α
μεγαλ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl
great
αὐχεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

αὐχέω (αυχ(ε)-, -, -, -, -, -)
αυχ(ε)·ει, αυχ(ε)·ε
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, pres act imp 2nd sg
to boast (say proudly)
} . Ἰδού [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ου
2aor mp imp 2nd sg
to see/behold Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
, { ὀλίγον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

ὀλίγος -η -ον
ολιγ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
little [see oligarchy]
ἡλίκον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ἡλίκος -η -ον
ηλικ·ον
neu nom|acc sg or mas acc sg
how great
} πῦρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πῦρ, -ρός, τό
πυρ
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
fire
ἡλίκην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ἡλίκος -η -ον
ηλικ·ην
fem acc sg
how great
ὕλην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ὕλη, -ης, ἡ
υλ·ην
(fem) acc sg
forest
ἀνάπτει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀν·άπτω (αν+απτ-, αν+αψ-, αν+αψ-, -, -, αν+αφ·θ-)
αν·απτ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
to kindle set-ablaze
.
———
RP: μεγαλαυχεῖ ♦ NA/UBS: μεγάλα αὐχεῖ
RP: ὀλίγον ♦ NA/UBS: ἡλίκον
Jas 3:5
So also is the tongue is also a little member body part, and boasts great things.[a] See how Behold, a small[b] fire can spread to torches a large forest!
———
a Or, boasts greatly. Μεγάλα may be either a subst. adj. or, being neu. acc., an improper adv.
b RP reads ὀλίγον, meaning small; but NA/UBS reads ἡλίκον, meaning how great, such that both the fire and the forest are ἡλίκος. BDAG calls this double usage a play on words in which ἡλικος means both how great (the forest) and how small (the fire).
6Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
γλῶσσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

γλῶσσα/γλῶττα, -ης, ἡ
γλωσσ·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
tongue by metonymy, a language
πῦρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πῦρ, -ρός, τό
πυρ
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
fire
, [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
κόσμος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

κόσμος, -ου, ὁ
κοσμ·ος
(mas) nom sg
world (secular world) material realm
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
ἀδικίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἀ·δικία, -ας, ἡ
αδικι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
wrongdoing Lit:"unrighteousness/injustice".
· { οὕτως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὕτως/οὕτω
ουτως
indecl
thusly/like-this Lit:"like-this", hence, thusly, in-this-manner (οὕτως before vowels and consonants; οὕτω before consonants only]
♦ - } [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
γλῶσσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

γλῶσσα/γλῶττα, -ης, ἡ
γλωσσ·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
tongue by metonymy, a language
καθίσταται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

καθ·ίστημι (ath. καθ+ιστ(α)-/ath. καθ+ιστ(η)-, κατα+στη·σ-, κατα+στη·σ- or 2nd ath. κατα+στ(η)-/ath. κατα+στ(α)-, καθ+εστη·κ-/καθ+εστα·κ-/καθ+εστ(α)·[κ]-, καθ+εστα-, κατα+στα·θ-); καθ·ιστάνω/-ιστάω (by-form of καθ·ίστημι) (καθ+ισταν-/καθ+ιστ(α)-, -, -, -, -, -)
καθ·ιστ(α)·ται; καθ·ιστ(α)·ηται
pres mp ind 3rd sg; pres mp sub 3rd sg
to appoint Lit"down-stand", hence give-standing/authority, hence appoint, put-in-charge set-in-order, lay, render, enable, widowed. In some instances, similar to "τίθημι" (place/lay/put/set/appoint).; to appoint to appoint, set, establish, conduct
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
μέλεσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

μέλο·ς, -ους, τό
μελ(ε)·σι(ν)
(neu) dat pl
member
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
I
, [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
σπιλοῦσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σπιλόω (σπιλ(ο)-, -, -, -, εσπιλω-, σπιλω·θ-)
σπιλ(ο)·ουσ·α
pres act ptcp fem nom|voc sg
to spill
ὅλον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Partitive Numeral)

ὅλος -η -ον
ολ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
whole
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
σῶμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

σῶμα[τ], -ατος, τό
σωμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
body
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
φλογίζουσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φλογίζω (φλογιζ-, φλογι(ε)·[σ]-, φλογι·σ-, -, -, φλογισ·θ-)
φλογιζ·ουσ·α
pres act ptcp fem nom|voc sg
to blaze set on fire, singe
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
τροχὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

τροχός, -οῦ, ὁ
τροχ·ον
(mas) acc sg
wheel
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
γενέσεως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

γένεσις, -εως, ἡ (cf. γέννησις)
γενεσ(ι)·ος
(fem) gen sg
begetting
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
φλογιζομένη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φλογίζω (φλογιζ-, φλογι(ε)·[σ]-, φλογι·σ-, -, -, φλογισ·θ-)
φλογιζ·ομεν·η
pres mp ptcp fem nom|voc sg
to blaze set on fire, singe
ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen) ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
γεέννης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

γέεννα, -ης, ἡ
γεενν·ης
(fem) gen sg
Gehenna
.
———
RP: οὕτως ♦ NA/UBS: —
Jas 3:6
And the tongue is a fire. The world of iniquity among our members is the tongue, which defiles the whole body, and sets on fire the course of nature, and is set on fire by Gehenna.
———
a And the tongue is a (small) fire, started by hell, defiling the whole body, and setting aflame the (whole) work of creation (τὸν τροχὸν τῆς γενέσεως, lit. the wheel of the genesis).
7Πᾶσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
πασ·α
fem nom|voc sg
each/every (of a relevant set).
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for since, as
φύσις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

φύσις, -εως, ἡ
φυσ(ι)·ς
(fem) nom sg
nature
θηρίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θηρίον, -ου, τό
θηρι·ων
(neu) gen pl
beast
τε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

τέ
τε
indecl
and [postpositive coordinate]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
πετεινῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

πετεινόν, -οῦ, τό
πετειν·ων
(neu) gen pl
bird able to fly
, ἑρπετῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἑρπετόν, -οῦ, τό
ερπετ·ων
(neu) gen pl
reptile, creature
τε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

τέ
τε
indecl
and [postpositive coordinate]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἐναλίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἐν·άλιος -ον
εναλι·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
marine
, δαμάζεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δαμάζω (δαμαζ-, δαμα·σ-, δαμα·σ-, -, δεδαμασ-, -)
δαμαζ·εται
pres mp ind 3rd sg
to subdue (tame)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
δεδάμασται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δαμάζω (δαμαζ-, δαμα·σ-, δαμα·σ-, -, δεδαμασ-, -)
δεδαμασ·ται
perf mp ind 3rd sg
to subdue (tame)
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
φύσει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

φύσις, -εως, ἡ
φυσ(ι)·ι
(fem) dat sg
nature
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
ἀνθρωπίνῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἀνθρώπινος -η -ον
ανθρωπιν·ῃ
fem dat sg
human
·
Jas 3:7
For every kind (wild) nature—of animal, beasts and of birds, creeping thing, of reptiles and thing in the sea, of marine animals—is tamed, and has been tamed dominated by mankind human nature.
8τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
γλῶσσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

γλῶσσα/γλῶττα, -ης, ἡ
γλωσσ·αν
(fem) acc sg
tongue by metonymy, a language
οὐδεὶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

οὐδ·είς οὐδε·μία οὐδ·έν and οὐθ·είς (οὐθε·μία) οὐθ·έν
ουδει[ν]·ς
mas nom sg
none none, no one
{ δύναται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

δυνατός -ή -όν; δύνα·μαι (ath. δυν(α)-/ath. δυν(η)-, δυνη·σ-, -, -, -, δυνη·θ-/δυνασ·θ-)
δυνατ·αι; δυν(α)·ται
fem nom|voc pl; pres mp ind 3rd sg
capable /powerful/able/; to can am-able have-power
ἀνθρώπων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ων
(mas) gen pl
human
δαμάσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δαμάζω (δαμαζ-, δαμα·σ-, δαμα·σ-, -, δεδαμασ-, -)
δαμα·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to subdue (tame)
δαμάσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δαμάζω (δαμαζ-, δαμα·σ-, δαμα·σ-, -, δεδαμασ-, -)
δαμα·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to subdue (tame)
δύναται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

δυνατός -ή -όν; δύνα·μαι (ath. δυν(α)-/ath. δυν(η)-, δυνη·σ-, -, -, -, δυνη·θ-/δυνασ·θ-)
δυνατ·αι; δυν(α)·ται
fem nom|voc pl; pres mp ind 3rd sg
capable /powerful/able/; to can am-able have-power
ἀνθρώπων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ων
(mas) gen pl
human
} · { ἀκατάσχετον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἀ·κατά·σχετος -ον
ακατασχετ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
uncontrollable
ἀκατάστατον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἀ·κατά·στατος -ον
ακαταστατ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
unstable
} κακόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

κακός -ή -όν (cf. φαῦλος)
κακ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
wicked /evil
, μεστὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

μεστός -ή -όν
μεστ·η
fem nom|voc sg
full
ἰοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἰός, -οῦ, ὁ
ι·ου
(mas) gen sg
vīrus ME (denoting snake venom): from L., lit. 'slimy liquid, poison'.
θανατηφόρου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

θανατη·φόρος -ον
θανατηφορ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg or fem gen sg
death-dealing
.
———
RP: δύναται ἀνθρώπων δαμάσαι ♦ NA/UBS: δαμάσαι δύναται ἀνθρώπων
RP: ἀκατάσχετον ♦ NA/UBS: ἀκατάστατον
Jas 3:8
But nobody can tame the tongue of man no one is able to subdue. It is a restless evil, full of deadly poison.
9Ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
αὐτῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῃ
fem dat sg
he/she/it/same
εὐλογοῦμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εὐ·λογέω (ευλογ(ε)-, ευλογη·σ-, ευλογη·σ-, ευλογη·κ-/ηυλογη·κ-, ευλογη-/ηυλογη-, ευλογη·θ-)
ευλογ(ε)·ομεν, ε·ευλογ(ε)·ομεν
pres act ind 1st pl, impf act ind 1st pl
to speak-well-of Lit:"good-word/message", hence speak-good/well-of, eulogize. Usually rendered "bless", but quite distinct from "makarios" (blessed/fortunate)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
{ θεὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ον
(mas) acc sg
god [see theology]
κύριον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ον; κυρι·ον
(mas) acc sg; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
lord , "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).; authoritative
} καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
πατέρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πατήρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ὁ, voc. pl. πατέρες
πατερ·α
(mas) acc sg
father
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
αὐτῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῃ
fem dat sg
he/she/it/same
καταρώμεθα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατ·αράομαι (κατ+αρ(α)-, κατ+αρα·σ-, κατ+αρα·σ-, -, κατ+ηρα-/κεκατηρα-, κατ+αρα·θ-)
κατ·αρ(α)·ομεθα, κατ·αρ(α)·ωμεθα
pres mp ind 1st pl, pres mp sub 1st pl
to curse (curse down)
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
ἀνθρώπους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ους
(mas) acc pl
human
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
καθ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
καθ’
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen) with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
ὁμοίωσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ὁμοίωσις, -εως, ἡ
ομοιωσ(ι)·ν
(fem) acc sg
resemblance likeness, simile
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god [see theology]
γεγονότας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
γεγον·[κ]οτ·ας
perf act ptcp mas acc pl
to become/happen [to come to be; Greek word for amen?]
·
———
RP: θεὸν ♦ NA/UBS: κύριον
Jas 3:9
With it we bless our God and Father,; and with it we curse men, who are have been made in the image of God, we curse with it.
10ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
στόματος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

στόμα[τ], -ατος, τό
στοματ·ος
(neu) gen sg
mouth/maw stoma
ἐξέρχεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·έρχομαι (εξ+ερχ-, εξ+ελευ·σ-, εξ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd εξ+ελθ-, εξ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εξ·ερχ·εται
pres mp ind 3rd sg
to come-out Lit:"come-out-of"
εὐλογία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

εὐ·λογία, -ας, ἡ
ευλογι·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
praise Lit:"good-message/word", hence praise/adulation/eulogy. Often rendered "blessing" but distinct from "μακάριος"(blessed/fortunate/enviable)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
κατάρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

κατ·άρα, -ας, ἡ
καταρ·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
curse
. Οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
χρή [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

χρή
χρη
pres act ind 3rd sg
it is fated [supposed to be]
, ἀδελφοί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί
αδελφ·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
brother
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
I
, ταῦτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·α
neu nom|acc pl
this When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
οὕτως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὕτως/οὕτω
ουτως
indecl
thusly/like-this Lit:"like-this", hence, thusly, in-this-manner (οὕτως before vowels and consonants; οὕτω before consonants only]
γίνεσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
γιν·εσθαι
pres mp inf
to become/happen [to come to be; Greek word for amen?]
.
Jas 3:10
Out of the same mouth comes forth blessing and cursing. curse! It is not so, My my brothers, that this is how these things ought not are supposed to be so.[a]
———
a Lit. It is not fated, my brothers, these things thusly to become.
11Μήτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μήτι
μητι
indecl
Perhaps Used with other particles = Perhaps; when the questioner is in doubt. otherwise with the negative expected; not(BDAG)[μήτι γε means surely then]
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
πηγὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

πηγή, -ῆς, ἡ
πηγ·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
spring
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
he/she/it/same
ὀπῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ὀπή, -ῆς, ἡ
οπ·ης
(fem) gen sg
opening
βρύει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βρύω (βρυ-, -, -, -, -, -)
βρυ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
to issue
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
γλυκὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-1-3)

γλυκύς -εῖα -ύ, gen. sg. -έος and -έως
γλυκυ
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas voc sg
sweet [see glucose]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
πικρόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

πικρός -ά -όν
πικρ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
bitter
;
Jas 3:11
Does a spring send out from the same opening fresh and bitter water?
12Μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
δύναται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

δυνατός -ή -όν; δύνα·μαι (ath. δυν(α)-/ath. δυν(η)-, δυνη·σ-, -, -, -, δυνη·θ-/δυνασ·θ-)
δυνατ·αι; δυν(α)·ται
fem nom|voc pl; pres mp ind 3rd sg
capable /powerful/able/; to can am-able have-power
, ἀδελφοί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί
αδελφ·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
brother
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
I
, συκῆ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

συκῆ, -ῆς, ἡ
συκ·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
fig tree
ἐλαίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἐλαία, -ας, ἡ
ελαι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
olive or olive tree
ποιῆσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποιη·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to do/make
, [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἤ[1]
η
indecl
or/than
ἄμπελος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἄμπελος, -ου, ἡ
αμπελ·ος
(fem) nom sg
grapevine
σῦκα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

σῦκον, -ου, τό
συκ·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
fig
; { Οὕτως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὕτως/οὕτω
ουτως
indecl
thusly/like-this Lit:"like-this", hence, thusly, in-this-manner (οὕτως before vowels and consonants; οὕτω before consonants only]
οὐδεμία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

οὐδ·είς οὐδε·μία οὐδ·έν and οὐθ·είς (οὐθε·μία) οὐθ·έν
ουδεμι·α
fem nom sg
none none, no one
πηγὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

πηγή, -ῆς, ἡ
πηγ·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
spring
ἁλυκὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἁλυκός -ή -όν
αλυκ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
salty
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
Οὔτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὔτε (οὐ τέ)
ουτε
indecl
nor Lit:"not-also", hence neither/nor. not
ἁλυκὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἁλυκός -ή -όν
αλυκ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
salty
} γλυκὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-1-3)

γλυκύς -εῖα -ύ, gen. sg. -έος and -έως
γλυκυ
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas voc sg
sweet [see glucose]
ποιῆσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποιη·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to do/make
ὕδωρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl., irreg.)

ὕδωρ, ὕδατος, τό
υδα[τ]·ρ > irreg. υδωρ
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
water
.
———
RP: Οὕτως οὐδεμία πηγὴ ἁλυκὸν καὶ ♦ NA/UBS: Οὔτε ἁλυκὸν
Jas 3:12
Can a fig tree, my brothers, yield olives, or a grapevine figs? Thus no spring yields both salt water and fresh[a] water.
———
a Gk. γλυκύς, sweet.
13Τίς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]·ς
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
who/what/why interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
σοφὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

σοφός -ή -όν
σοφ·ος
mas nom sg
wise
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἐπιστήμων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3)

ἐπι·στήμων -ον, gen. sg. -ονος
επιστημον·^
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
expert
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you
; Δειξάτω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δείκνυμι a.k.a. δεικνύω (ath. δεικνυ-, δειξ-, δειξ-, -, -, δειχ·θ-)
δεικ·σατω
1aor act imp 3rd sg
to show
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
καλῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

καλός -ή -όν (cf. ἀγαθός)
καλ·ης
fem gen sg
good/right/fitting beautiful (literally), hence well, appropriate, right, good, comely (in contrast to "αγαθος" (inherently good, God-wrought-good).
ἀναστροφῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἀνα·στροφή, -ῆς, ἡ
αναστροφ·ης
(fem) gen sg
conduct
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
ἔργα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἔργον, -ου, τό
εργ·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
work
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
πραΰτητι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πραΰτη[τ]ς v.l. πρᾳΰτη[τ]ς and πραότη[τ]ς v.l. πρᾳότη[τ]ς, -ητος, ἡ
πραυτητ·ι
(fem) dat sg
humility
σοφίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

σοφία, -ας, ἡ
σοφι·ας
(fem) gen sg
wisdom /sagacity/skill/learning/cleverness/sapience. Usually rendered "wisdom", but misses the aspect of learned-skill.
.
Jas 3:13
¶Who is wise and understanding among you? Let him show by his good conduct that his deeds are done in gentleness of wisdom.
14Εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
ζῆλον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl. and 3rd Decl.)

ζῆλος, -ου, ὁ and -ους, τό
ζηλ·ον
(mas) acc sg
zeal/emulation [rivalry, envy, jealousy] desire to be equal of excel, pride
πικρὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

πικρός -ά -όν
πικρ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
bitter
ἔχετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
εχ·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
to have /hold.
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἐριθείαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἐριθεία, -ας, ἡ
εριθει·αν
(fem) acc sg
intrigue [labor for wages, selfish ambition]
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
καρδίᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

καρδία, -ας, ἡ
καρδι·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
heart καρδιας With the eyes of the heart enlightened (Eph_1:18)
ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you
, μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
κατακαυχᾶσθε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·καυχάομαι (κατα+καυχ(α)-, κατα+καυχη·σ-, -, -, -, -)
κατα·καυχ(α)·εσθε, κατα·καυχ(α)·ησθε
pres mp ind 2nd pl or pres mp imp 2nd pl, pres mp sub 2nd pl
to glory in boast
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ψεύδεσθε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ψεύδομαι (ψευδ-, ψευ[δ]·σ-, ψευ[δ]·σ-, -, εψευδ-, ψευδ·θ-)
ψευδ·εσθε
pres mp ind 2nd pl or pres mp imp 2nd pl
to lie beguile deceive deceive
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen) with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
ἀληθείας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἀ·λήθεια, -ας, ἡ
αληθει·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
truth
.
Jas 3:14
But if you have bitter jealousy rivalry and selfish ambition motivation in your heart, don’t be boasting and don’t lie against lying contrary to the truth.
15Οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἔστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be
αὕτη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
[τ]αυτ·η
fem nom sg
this When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
σοφία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

σοφία, -ας, ἡ
σοφι·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
wisdom /sagacity/skill/learning/cleverness/sapience. Usually rendered "wisdom", but misses the aspect of learned-skill.
ἄνωθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἄνω·θεν
ανωθεν
indecl
from above
κατερχομένη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατ·έρχομαι (κατ+ερχ-, -, 2nd κατ+ελθ-, -, -, -)
κατ·ερχ·ομεν·η
pres mp ptcp fem nom|voc sg
to come down
, { ἀλλ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλ’
indecl
but
ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but
} ἐπίγειος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἐπί·γειος -ον
επιγει·ος
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
earthly/terrestrial Lit:"upon-earth", hence earthly/terrestrial. Usually "earthly".
, ψυχική [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ψυχικός -ή -όν
ψυχικ·η
fem nom|voc sg
breath of life; psychical breath of life, Plu.2.1084e, etc
, δαιμονιώδης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3)

δαιμονι·ώδης -ες
δαιμονιωδ(ε)·^ς
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
demon-like
.
———
RP: ἀλλ’ ♦ NA/UBS: ἀλλὰ
Jas 3:15
This wisdom is not that which comes down from above, but is earthly, sensual, and demonic.
16Ὅπου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὅπου
οπου
indecl
where
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for since, as
ζῆλος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl. and 3rd Decl.)

ζῆλος, -ου, ὁ and -ους, τό
ζηλ·ος, ζηλ(ο)·ς
(mas) nom sg, (neu) nom|acc|voc sg
zeal/emulation [rivalry, envy, jealousy] desire to be equal of excel, pride
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἐριθεία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἐριθεία, -ας, ἡ
εριθει·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
intrigue [labor for wages, selfish ambition]
, ἐκεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἐκεῖ
εκει
indecl
there
ἀκαταστασία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἀ·κατα·στασία, -ας, ἡ
ακαταστασι·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
upheaval
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
πᾶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παν[τ]
neu nom|acc|voc sg
each/every (of a relevant set).
φαῦλον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

φαῦλος -η -ον (cf. κακός)
φαυλ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
wicked vicious, archaic (of language or reasoning) imperfect; defective; cruel or violent; ME: from OFr. vicious or L. vitiosus, from vitium 'vice'
πρᾶγμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πρᾶγμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πραγμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
matter /thing/business/affair/object [root for "pragmatic"]
.
Jas 3:16
For where jealousy rivalry and selfish ambition motivation are, there is confusion upheaval and every evil bad deed.
17 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
ἄνωθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἄνω·θεν
ανωθεν
indecl
from above
σοφία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

σοφία, -ας, ἡ
σοφι·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
wisdom /sagacity/skill/learning/cleverness/sapience. Usually rendered "wisdom", but misses the aspect of learned-skill.
πρῶτον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

πρώτον (Adv. of πρῶτος); πρῶτος -η -ον
πρωτον; πρωτ·ον
indecl; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
foremost; first
μὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μέν
μεν
indecl
indeed /certainly/surely.
ἁγνή [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἁγνός -ή -όν
αγν·η
fem nom|voc sg
pure
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be
, ἔπειτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἔπ·ειτα
επειτα
indecl
thereupon
εἰρηνική [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

εἰρηνικός -ή -όν
ειρηνικ·η
fem nom|voc sg
peaceful
, ἐπιεικής [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3)

ἐπι·εικής -ές
επιεικ(ε)·^ς
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
lenient
, εὐπειθής [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3)

εὐ·πειθής -ές, gen. sg. -οῦς
ευπειθ(ε)·^ς
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
persuadable
, μεστὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

μεστός -ή -όν
μεστ·η
fem nom|voc sg
full
ἐλέους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl. and 2nd Decl.)

ἔλεο·ς, -ους, τό v.l. ἔλεος, -ου, ὁ
ελε(ε)·ος, ελε·ους
(neu) gen sg, (mas) acc pl
mercy [pity, mercy, compassion]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
καρπῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

καρπός[1], -οῦ, ὁ
καρπ·ων
(mas) gen pl
fruit
ἀγαθῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἀγαθός -ή -όν (cf. καλός)
αγαθ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
good /inherently-good, i.e. God-wrought.. Distinct from "καλός" (beautiful-good).
, ἀδιάκριτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἀ·διά·κριτος -ον
αδιακριτ·ος
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
impartial
{ καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἀνυπόκριτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἀν·υπό·κριτος -ον
ανυποκριτ·ος
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
unhypocritical/without affectation
ἀνυπόκριτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἀν·υπό·κριτος -ον
ανυποκριτ·ος
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
unhypocritical/without affectation
} .
———
RP: καὶ ἀνυπόκριτος ♦ NA/UBS: ἀνυπόκριτος
Jas 3:17
But the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceful, gentle, reasonable, full of mercy and good fruits, without partiality impartial, and without hypocrisy affectation.
18Καρπὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.); Noun (2nd Decl.)

καρπός[1], -οῦ, ὁ; Κάρπος[2], -ου, ὁ
καρπ·ος; καρπ·ος
(mas) nom sg; (mas) nom sg
fruit; Carpus
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
{ τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
♦ - } δικαιοσύνης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

δικαιο·σύνη, -ης, ἡ
δικαιοσυν·ης
(fem) gen sg
righteousness /justice, fulfillment of the law
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
εἰρήνῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

εἰρήνη, -ης, ἡ
ειρην·ῃ
(fem) dat sg
peace
σπείρεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σπείρω (σπειρ-, σπερ(ε)·[σ]-, σπειρ·[σ]-, εσπαρ·κ-, εσπαρ-, σπαρ·[θ]-)
σπειρ·εται
pres mp ind 3rd sg
to sow
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
ποιοῦσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποι(ε)·ουσι(ν), ποι(ε)·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
to do/make
εἰρήνην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

εἰρήνη, -ης, ἡ
ειρην·ην
(fem) acc sg
peace
.
———
RP: τῆς ♦ NA/UBS: —
Jas 3:18
Now the fruit of righteousness is sown in peace by those who make peace.
« Ch 2» Ch 4

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