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ΠΡΟΣ ΓΑΛΑΤΑΣ

Letter to the Galatians

 Robinson-Pierpont 2005 Wiki English Translation‎ / World English Bible
1Λέγω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ω
pres act ind 1st sg or pres act sub 1st sg
to say/tell
δέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
, ἐφ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
εφ’
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat) ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
ὅσον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅσος -η -ον
οσ·ον
neu nom|acc sg or mas acc sg
as much/many as
χρόνον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

χρόνος, -ου, ὁ (cf. καιρός)
χρον·ον
(mas) acc sg
time , a specific (clock) time, period-of-time (a while). Distinct from kairos (season)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
κληρονόμος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

κληρο·νόμος, -ου, ὁ
κληρονομ·ος
(mas) nom sg
heir (rightful heir)
νήπιός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

νήπιος -ία -ον
νηπι·ος
mas nom sg
infant
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be
, οὐδὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

οὐδ·είς οὐδε·μία οὐδ·έν and οὐθ·είς (οὐθε·μία) οὐθ·έν
ουδε[ι]ν
neu nom|acc sg
none [not one, no one]
διαφέρει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δια·φέρω (δια+φερ-, δι+οι·σ-, δι+ενεγκ·[σ]-, -, δια+ενηνεγκ-, δια+ενεχ·θ-)
δια·φερ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
to surpass/carry through (exceeding, different, valuable (excess, surpass, excel))
δούλου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

δοῦλος[2], -ου, ὁ; δοῦλος[1] -η -ον; δουλόω (δουλ(ο)-, δουλω·σ-, δουλω·σ-, -, δεδουλω-, δουλω·θ-)
δουλ·ου; δουλ·ου; δουλ(ο)·ε, δουλ(ο)·ου
(mas) gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg; pres act imp 2nd sg, pres mp imp 2nd sg
slave; servile; to enslave
, κύριος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ος; κυρι·ος
(mas) nom sg; mas nom sg
lord , "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).; authoritative
πάντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl
each/every (of a relevant set).
ὤν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
to be
·
Gal 4:1
¶But I say that so long as the heir is a child, he is no different from a bondservant, though he is lord of all;
2ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but
ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen) ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
ἐπιτρόπους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἐπί·τροπος, -ου, ὁ
επιτροπ·ους
(mas) acc pl
manager
ἐστὶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
οἰκονόμους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

οἰκο·νόμος, -ου, ὁ
οικονομ·ους
(mas) acc pl
steward [manager of household, administrator]
, ἄχρι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἄχρι/ἄχρις
αχρι
indecl
until (+gen) up to; even to, as far as, to the uttermost, utterly [ἄχρι before vowels and consonants; ἄχρις before vowels only]
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
προθεσμίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

προ·θεσμία, -ας, ἡ
προθεσμι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
preappointed
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
πατρός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πατήρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ὁ, voc. pl. πατέρες
πατ[ε]ρ·ος
(mas) gen sg
father
.
Gal 4:2
but is under guardians and stewards until the day appointed by the father.
3Οὕτως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὕτως/οὕτω
ουτως
indecl
thusly/like-this [Lit:"like-this": in-this-manner (οὕτως before vowels and consonants; οὕτω before consonants only]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἡμεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημεις
nom pl
I
, ὅτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὅτε
οτε
indecl
when
ἦμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·μεν
impf act ind 1st pl
to be
νήπιοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

νήπιος -ία -ον
νηπι·οι
mas nom|voc pl
infant
, ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen) ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
στοιχεῖα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

στοιχεῖον, -ου, τό
στοιχει·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
principle principles, rudiments, elements
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
κόσμου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.); Verb

κόσμος, -ου, ὁ; κοσμέω (κοσμ(ε)-, κοσμη·σ-, κοσμη·σ-, -, κεκοσμη-, κοσμη·θ-)
κοσμ·ου; κοσμ(ε)·ου
(mas) gen sg; pres mp imp 2nd sg
world [(secular world) material realm; decoration/adornment]; to set-in-order to put in proper order, adorn/beautify, grace (ornaments)
{ ἦμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·μεν
impf act ind 1st pl
to be
δεδουλωμένοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δουλόω (δουλ(ο)-, δουλω·σ-, δουλω·σ-, -, δεδουλω-, δουλω·θ-)
δεδουλω·μεν·οι
perf mp ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to enslave
ἤμεθα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·μεθα
impf mp ind 1st pl
to be
δεδουλωμένοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δουλόω (δουλ(ο)-, δουλω·σ-, δουλω·σ-, -, δεδουλω-, δουλω·θ-)
δεδουλω·μεν·οι
perf mp ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to enslave
} ·
———
RP: ἦμεν δεδουλωμένοι ♦ NA/UBS: ἤμεθα δεδουλωμένοι
Gal 4:3
So we also, when we were children, were held in bondage under the elemental principles strictures of the world.
4ὅτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὅτε
οτε
indecl
when
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
ἦλθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ε·ελθ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ελθ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
to come Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
πλήρωμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πλήρωμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πληρωμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
fullness [satiety, fulfillment]
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
χρόνου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

χρόνος, -ου, ὁ (cf. καιρός)
χρον·ου
(mas) gen sg
time , a specific (clock) time, period-of-time (a while). Distinct from kairos (season)
, ἐξαπέστειλεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·απο·στέλλω (εξαπο+στελλ-, εξαπο+στελ(ε)·[σ]-, εξαπο+στειλ·[σ]-, εξαπ+εσταλ·κ-, εξαπ+εσταλ-, εξαπο+σταλ·[θ]-)
εξαπο·ε·στειλ·[σ]ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to send-forth Lit:"send-from-out-of", hence send-forth.
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
θεὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ος
(mas) nom sg
god [see theology]
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
υἱὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ον
(mas) acc sg
son
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
, γενόμενον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
γεν·ομεν·ον
2aor mp ptcp mas acc sg or 2aor mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
to become/happen [to come to be; Greek word for amen?]
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
γυναικός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl., irreg.)

γυνή, -αικος, ἡ, voc. sg. γύναι
γυναικ·ος
(fem) gen sg
woman/wife
, γενόμενον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
γεν·ομεν·ον
2aor mp ptcp mas acc sg or 2aor mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
to become/happen [to come to be; Greek word for amen?]
ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen) ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
νόμον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ον
(mas) acc sg
custom/law ordinance custom practice
,
Gal 4:4
But when the fullness of the time came, God sent out his Son, born to a woman, born under the law,
5ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that /so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen) ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
νόμον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ον
(mas) acc sg
custom/law ordinance custom practice
ἐξαγοράσῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·αγοράζω (εξ+αγοραζ-, -, εξ+αγορα·σ-, -, -, -)
εξ·αγορα·σῃ
1aor act sub 3rd sg or 1aor mp sub 2nd sg
to ransom buy off, redeem
, ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that /so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
υἱοθεσίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

υἱο·θεσία, -ας, ἡ
υιοθεσι·αν
(fem) acc sg
adoption [Lit: adoption as son]
ἀπολάβωμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·λαμβάνω (απο+λαμβαν-, απο+λημψ-/απο+ληψ-, 2nd απο+λαβ-, απο+ειληφ·[κ]-, απο+ειληβ-, -)
απο·λαβ·ωμεν
2aor act sub 1st pl
to receive/take to acquire accordingly
.
Gal 4:5
that he might redeem those who were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of children.
6Ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
δέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
ἐστε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·τε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
to be
υἱοί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
son
, ἐξαπέστειλεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·απο·στέλλω (εξαπο+στελλ-, εξαπο+στελ(ε)·[σ]-, εξαπο+στειλ·[σ]-, εξαπ+εσταλ·κ-, εξαπ+εσταλ-, εξαπο+σταλ·[θ]-)
εξαπο·ε·στειλ·[σ]ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to send-forth Lit:"send-from-out-of", hence send-forth.
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
θεὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ος
(mas) nom sg
god [see theology]
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
πνεῦμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πνεῦμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πνευμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
spirit /breath/wind, spiritual-utterance
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
υἱοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ου
(mas) gen sg
son
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ας
fem acc pl
the
καρδίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

καρδία, -ας, ἡ
καρδι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
heart καρδιας With the eyes of the heart enlightened (Eph_1:18)
{ ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
I
} , κρᾶζον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κράζω (κραζ-, κραξ-/κεκραξ-, κραξ-/κεκραξ- or 2nd κεκραγ-, κεκραγ·[κ]-, -, -)
κραζ·ο[υ]ν[τ]
pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
to cry-out /shout/scream.
, { Ἀββᾶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Hebrew-Aramaic

ἀββα
αββα
indecl
father
, ♦ αββα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Hebrew-Aramaic

ἀββα
αββα
indecl
father
} [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
πατήρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πατήρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ὁ, voc. pl. πατέρες
πατερ·^
(mas) nom sg
father
.
———
RP: ὑμῶν ♦ NA/UBS: ἡμῶν
RP: Ἀββᾶ, ♦ NA/UBS: αββα
Gal 4:6
And because you are children, God sent out the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, “Abba, Father!”
7Ὥστε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὥστε
ωστε
indecl
so that
οὐκέτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὐκέτι (οὐκ ἔτι)
ουκετι
indecl
no longer
εἶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^ (instead of ι·^ς > εις); (εσ)·^ς
pres act ind 2nd sg; pres act ind 2nd sg
to go; to be
δοῦλος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

δοῦλος[2], -ου, ὁ; δοῦλος[1] -η -ον
δουλ·ος; δουλ·ος
(mas) nom sg; mas nom sg
slave; servile
, { ἀλλ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλ’
indecl
but
ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but
} υἱός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ος
(mas) nom sg
son
· εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
υἱός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ος
(mas) nom sg
son
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
κληρονόμος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

κληρο·νόμος, -ου, ὁ
κληρονομ·ος
(mas) nom sg
heir (rightful heir)
{ θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god [see theology]
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen) δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
χριστοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Χριστός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. Χριστέ
χριστ·ου
(mas) gen sg
Christ lit. 'anointed'
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen) δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god [see theology]
} .
———
RP: ἀλλ’ ♦ NA/UBS: ἀλλὰ
RP: θεοῦ διὰ χριστοῦ ♦ NA/UBS: διὰ θεοῦ
Gal 4:7
So you are no longer a bondservant, but a son; and if a son, then an heir of God through Christ.
8Ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but
τότε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

τότε
τοτε
indecl
then
μέν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μέν
μεν
indecl
indeed /certainly/surely.
, οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
εἰδότες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

οἶδα (ath. ιδ-/ath. ειδ(ε)-/ath. ειδ-, ειδη·σ-/ει[δ]·σ-, ειδη·σ-, οιδ·[κ]-/ειδ·[κ]-, -, -)
ειδ·[κ]οτ·ες
perf act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to know /perceive/be-aware-of/be-acquainted-with/notice. Often rendered "know" (by seeing/observing), in contrast to "γινώσκω" (know by thinking/reasoning/experiencing).
θεόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ον
(mas) acc sg
god [see theology]
, ἐδουλεύσατε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δουλεύω (δουλευ-, δουλευ·σ-, δουλευ·σ-, δεδουλευ·κ-, -, -)
ε·δουλευ·σατε
1aor act ind 2nd pl
to serve(as slave) /be-bond-slaved, hence serve/do-service, be-enslaved(+Dat). be-in-bondage-to (give over the prerogative of self-governance).
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
{ μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
φύσει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

φύσις, -εως, ἡ
φυσ(ι)·ι
(fem) dat sg
nature
φύσει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

φύσις, -εως, ἡ
φυσ(ι)·ι
(fem) dat sg
nature
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
} οὖσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
to be
θεοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·οις
(mas) dat pl
god [see theology]
·
———
RP: μὴ φύσει ♦ NA/UBS: φύσει μὴ
Gal 4:8
However at that time, not knowing God, you were in bondage to those who by nature are not gods.
9νῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

νῦν
νυν
indecl
now
δέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
, γνόντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γινώσκω/γιγν- (γινωσκ-/γιγνωσκ-, γνω·σ-, 2nd ath. γν(ω)-/ath. γν(ο)-, εγνω·κ-, εγνωσ-, γνωσ·θ-)
γν(ο)·ντ·ες
2aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to know καί έν τούτω γινώσκομεν
θεόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ον
(mas) acc sg
god [see theology]
, μᾶλλον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

μᾶλλον
μαλλον
indecl
more/rather (instead)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
γνωσθέντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γινώσκω/γιγν- (γινωσκ-/γιγνωσκ-, γνω·σ-, 2nd ath. γν(ω)-/ath. γν(ο)-, εγνω·κ-, εγνωσ-, γνωσ·θ-)
γνωσ·θε[ι]ντ·ες
aor θη ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to know καί έν τούτω γινώσκομεν
ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen) ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god [see theology]
, πῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

πῶς[1]
πως
indecl
how
ἐπιστρέφετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·στρέφω (επι+στρεφ-, επι+στρεψ-, επι+στρεψ-, -, -, επι+στραφ·[θ]-)
επι·στρεφ·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
to turn-around Lit:"turn-upon", hence turn-around, return.
πάλιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πάλιν
παλιν
indecl
again afresh, again, anon, once more, back, backwards, restore
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat) ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
ἀσθενῆ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3)

ἀ·σθενής -ές
ασθεν(ε)·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
weak
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
πτωχὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

πτωχός -ή -όν
πτωχ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl
beggarly-poor /cowering/destitute-poor. Distinct from "πενιχρός" (needy-poor)
στοιχεῖα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

στοιχεῖον, -ου, τό
στοιχει·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
principle principles, rudiments, elements
, οἷς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
who/whom/which
πάλιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πάλιν
παλιν
indecl
again afresh, again, anon, once more, back, backwards, restore
ἄνωθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἄνω·θεν
ανωθεν
indecl
from above
δουλεύειν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δουλεύω (δουλευ-, δουλευ·σ-, δουλευ·σ-, δεδουλευ·κ-, -, -)
δουλευ·ειν
pres act inf
to serve(as slave) /be-bond-slaved, hence serve/do-service, be-enslaved(+Dat). be-in-bondage-to (give over the prerogative of self-governance).
θέλετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θέλω (θελ-, θελη·σ-, θελη·σ-, τεθελη·κ-, -, -)
θελ·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
to want /wish/desire
;
Gal 4:9
But now that you have come to know God, or rather to be known by God, why do you turn back again to the weak and miserable elemental principles strictures, to which you desire to be in bondage all over again?
10Ἡμέρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
day
παρατηρεῖσθε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·τηρέω (παρα+τηρ(ε)-, παρα+τηρη·σ-, παρα+τηρη·σ-, -, -, -)
παρα·τηρ(ε)·εσθε
pres mp ind 2nd pl or pres mp imp 2nd pl
to watch closely
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
μῆνας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

μήν[2], μηνός, ὁ
μην·ας
(mas) acc pl
month
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
καιρούς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

καιρός, -οῦ, ὁ (cf. χρόνος)
καιρ·ους
(mas) acc pl
period-of-time /season
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἐνιαυτούς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἐνιαυτός, -οῦ, ὁ
ενιαυτ·ους
(mas) acc pl
year
.
Gal 4:10
You observe days, months, seasons, and years.
11Φοβοῦμαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φοβέω (φοβ(ε)-, -, φοβη·σ-, -, πεφοβη-, φοβη·θ-)
φοβ(ε)·ομαι
pres mp ind 1st sg
to fear
ὑμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμας
acc pl
you
, { μήπως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

μήπως (μή πως)
μηπως
indecl
no-how Lit:"no-how", hence not-by-any-means, no-way, not-ever
μή [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
πως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

πώς[2]
πως
indecl
somehow
} εἰκῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

εἰκῇ
εικῃ
indecl
in vain
κεκοπίακα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κοπιάω (κοπι(α)-, κοπια·σ-, κοπια·σ-, κεκοπια·κ-, -, -)
κεκοπια·κα
perf act ind 1st sg
to toil
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
ὑμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμας
acc pl
you
.
———
RP: μήπως ♦ NA/UBS: μή πως
Gal 4:11
I am afraid for you, that I might have wasted my labor for you.
12Γίνεσθε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
γιν·εσθε
pres mp ind 2nd pl or pres mp imp 2nd pl
to become/happen [to come to be; Greek word for amen?]
ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
ἐγώ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
εγω
nom sg
I
, ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
κἀγὼ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Crasis (Pronoun [1st Person])

κἀγώ (καὶ ἐγώ)
και εγω
nom sg
and/also I
ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
ὑμεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμεις
nom pl
you
, ἀδελφοί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί
αδελφ·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
brother
, δέομαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δέομαι (δε-/δ(ε)-, -, -, -, δεδεη-, δεη·θ-)
δε·ομαι
pres mp ind 1st sg
to need require have to, must, need to, require
ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you
. Οὐδέν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

οὐδ·είς οὐδε·μία οὐδ·έν and οὐθ·είς (οὐθε·μία) οὐθ·έν
ουδε[ι]ν
neu nom|acc sg
none [not one, no one]
με [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
με
acc sg
I
ἠδικήσατε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀ·δικέω (αδικ(ε)-, αδικη·σ-, αδικη·σ-, ηδικη·κ-, ηδικη-, αδικη·θ-)
ε·αδικη·σατε
1aor act ind 2nd pl
to do-harm/wrong Lit:"do-unright".
·
Gal 4:12
I beg you, brothers, become as I am, for I also have become as you are. You did me no wrong,
13οἴδατε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

οἶδα (ath. ιδ-/ath. ειδ(ε)-/ath. ειδ-, ειδη·σ-/ει[δ]·σ-, ειδη·σ-, οιδ·[κ]-/ειδ·[κ]-, -, -)
οιδ·[κ]ατε
perf act ind 2nd pl
to know /perceive/be-aware-of/be-acquainted-with/notice. Often rendered "know" (by seeing/observing), in contrast to "γινώσκω" (know by thinking/reasoning/experiencing).
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
δι’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δι’
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen) δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
ἀσθένειαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἀ·σθένεια, -ας, ἡ
ασθενει·αν
(fem) acc sg
weakness/infirmity
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
σαρκὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

σάρξ, -αρκός, ἡ
σαρκ·ος
(fem) gen sg
flesh
εὐηγγελισάμην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εὐ·αγγελίζω (ευ+αγγελιζ-/ευαγγελιζ-, ευ+αγγελι(ε)·[σ]-, ευ+αγγελι·σ-/ευαγγελι·σ-, -, ευ+ηγγελισ-/ευαγγελισ-, ευ+αγγελισ·θ-/ευαγγελισ·θ-)
ευ·ε·αγγελι·σαμην
1aor mp ind 1st sg
to announce bring good news
ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
πρότερον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

πρό·τερος -α -ον (Comp. of πρῶτος)
προτερ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
earlier
.
Gal 4:13
but you know that because of weakness of the flesh I preached shared the Ggood Nnews to with you the first time.
14Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
πειρασμόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

πειρασμός, -οῦ, ὁ
πειρασμ·ον
(mas) acc sg
temptation/test/trial , from "πειράζω"(tempt/test/try) and "πεῖρα"(trial/experiment), from OFr. tempter 'to test' (Latin: "temptare"(handle/test/try). © Oxford University Press, 2004
{ μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
I
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
} σαρκί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

σάρξ, -αρκός, ἡ
σαρκ·ι
(fem) dat sg
flesh
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
I
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἐξουθενήσατε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·ουθενέω/-νόω (εξ+ουθεν(ε)-, εξ+ουθενη·σ-/εξ+ουθενω·σ-, εξ+ουθενη·σ-/εξ+ουθενω·σ-, εξ+ουθενη·κ-, εξ+ουθενη-, εξ+ουθενη·θ-/εξ+ουθενω·θ-)
εξ·ε·ουθενη·σατε, εξ·ουθενη·σατε
1aor act ind 2nd pl, 1aor act imp 2nd pl
to despise/set-at-naught Lit:"treat-as-worthless", hence, despise, scorn, invalidate, reject (active self-willed refusal to accept)
οὐδὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐδέ (οὐ δέ)
ουδε
indecl
neither/nor Lit:"not-moreover" or "not-but", hence neither/nor.
οὐδ’ sometimes before vowels.
ἐξεπτύσατε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·πτύω (-, -, εκ+πτυ·σ-, -, -, -)
εκ·ε·πτυ·σατε
1aor act ind 2nd pl
to spit out
, { ἀλλ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλ’
indecl
but
ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but
} ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
ἄγγελον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἄγγελος, -ου, ὁ
αγγελ·ον
(mas) acc sg
agent/angel - a representing worker ([angelic] agent, ambasador, leader)
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god [see theology]
ἐδέξασθέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δέχομαι (δεχ-, δεξ-, δεξ-, -, δεδεχ-, δεχ·θ-)
ε·δεχ·σασθε
1aor mp ind 2nd pl
to receive /take/accept. Less frequent and distinct from "λαμβάνω" (take/receive), in which more aggressive activity is implied.
με [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
με
acc sg
I
, ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
χριστὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Χριστός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. Χριστέ
χριστ·ον
(mas) acc sg
Christ lit. 'anointed'
Ἰησοῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl., irreg. and Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ον
(mas) acc sg
Jesus [Joshua or Jesus]
.
———
RP: μου τὸν ἐν τῇ ♦ NA/UBS: ὑμῶν ἐν τῇ
RP: ἀλλ’ ♦ NA/UBS: ἀλλὰ
Gal 4:14
That which was a temptation to you in my flesh, you didn’t despise nor reject; but you received me as an angel of God, even as Christ Jesus.
15{ Τίς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]·ς
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
who/what/why interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently /accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
to be
Ποῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ποῦ[1]
που
indecl
where
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently /accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
} [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
μακαρισμὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

μακαρισμός, -οῦ, ὁ
μακαρισμ·ος
(mas) nom sg
blessing
ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you
; Μαρτυρῶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μαρτυρέω (μαρτυρ(ε)-, μαρτυρη·σ-, μαρτυρη·σ-, μεμαρτυρη·κ-, μεμαρτυρη-, μαρτυρη·θ-)
μαρτυρ(ε)·ω
pres act ind 1st sg or pres act sub 1st sg
to bear witness [testify, report, attest]
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for since, as
ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
, εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
δυνατόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

δυνατός -ή -όν
δυνατ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
capable /powerful/able/
, τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
ὀφθαλμοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ὀφθαλμός, -οῦ, ὁ
οφθαλμ·ους
(mas) acc pl
eye
ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you
ἐξορύξαντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·ορύσσω (-, -, εξ+ορυξ-, -, -, -)
εξ·ορυσσ·σαντ·ες
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to excavate/dig out
{ ἂν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἄν
αν
indecl
ever (indicative of optional action)
♦ - } ἐδώκατέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
ε·δω·κατε
1aor act ind 2nd pl
to give /offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
μοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μοι
dat sg
I
.
———
RP: Τίς οὖν ἦν ♦ NA/UBS: Ποῦ οὖν
RP: ἂν ♦ NA/UBS: —
Gal 4:15
¶What was the blessing you enjoyed? For I testify to you that, if possible, you would have plucked dug out your eyes and given them to me.
16Ὥστε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὥστε
ωστε
indecl
so that
ἐχθρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἐχθρός -ά -όν
εχθρ·ος
mas nom sg
hostile
ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you
γέγονα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
γεγον·[κ]α
perf act ind 1st sg
to become/happen [to come to be; Greek word for amen?]
ἀληθεύων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀ·ληθεύω (αληθευ-, αληθευ·σ-, αληθευ·σ-, -, -, -)
αληθευ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
to tell the truth 1. to speak the truth (Gal 4:16); 2. to live, practice or follow the truth - not just speak it, hence to be ethical or just (see Eph 4:15 where it is used in contrast to living under the influence of falsehood like children [v14]; see also LXX Prv 21:3)
ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you
;
Gal 4:16
So then, have I become your enemy by telling you the truth?
17Ζηλοῦσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ζηλόω (ζηλ(ο)-, ζηλω·σ-, ζηλω·σ-, εζηλω·κ-, -, -)
ζηλ(ο)·ουσι(ν), ζηλ(ο)·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
to zeal/emulate [in good sense: eager rivalry, emulation, ambition. in bad sense: antagonism, jealousy, envy. compare φθόνος]
ὑμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμας
acc pl
you
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
καλῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

καλῶς
καλως
indecl
ideally well, rightly
, ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but
ἐκκλεῖσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·κλείω (-, -, εκ+κλει·σ-, -, -, εκ+κλεισ·θ-)
εκ·κλει·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to exclude/shut out
ὑμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμας
acc pl
you
θέλουσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θέλω (θελ-, θελη·σ-, θελη·σ-, τεθελη·κ-, -, -)
θελ·ουσι(ν), θελ·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
to want /wish/desire
, ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that /so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
αὐτοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ους
mas acc pl
he/she/it/same
ζηλοῦτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ζηλόω (ζηλ(ο)-, ζηλω·σ-, ζηλω·σ-, εζηλω·κ-, -, -)
ζηλ(ο)·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
to zeal/emulate [in good sense: eager rivalry, emulation, ambition. in bad sense: antagonism, jealousy, envy. compare φθόνος]
.
Gal 4:17
They zealously seek you in no good way. No, they desire to alienate you, that you may seek them.
18Καλὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

καλός -ή -όν (cf. ἀγαθός)
καλ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
good/right/fitting beautiful (literally), hence well, appropriate, right, good, comely (in contrast to "αγαθος" (inherently good, God-wrought-good).
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
{ τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
♦ - } ζηλοῦσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ζηλόω (ζηλ(ο)-, ζηλω·σ-, ζηλω·σ-, εζηλω·κ-, -, -)
ζηλ(ο)·εσθαι
pres mp inf
to zeal/emulate [in good sense: eager rivalry, emulation, ambition. in bad sense: antagonism, jealousy, envy. compare φθόνος]
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
καλῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

καλός -ή -όν (cf. ἀγαθός)
καλ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
good/right/fitting beautiful (literally), hence well, appropriate, right, good, comely (in contrast to "αγαθος" (inherently good, God-wrought-good).
πάντοτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πάν·τοτε
παντοτε
indecl
always
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
μόνον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Adjective (2-1-2)

μόνον (Adv. of μόνος); μόνος -η -ον
μονον; μον·ον
indecl; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
only; sole apart, sole, only, alone (see κατάμόνος G2651 apart, solely, only, alone)
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
παρεῖναί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

πάρ·ειμι[1] fr. εἰμί[1] (ath. παρ+(εσ)-/παρ+(εσ)-, παρ+εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -); παρ·ίημι (-, παρ+η·σ-, παρ+η·κ- or 2nd ath. παρ+(ε)-, -, παρ+ει-, παρ+ε·θ-)
παρ·(εσ)·εναι; παρ·(ε)·εναι
pres act inf; 2aor act inf
to be-present/near Lit:"be-close-beside", hence be-present/here/near/close-beside/at-hand, to-have-come/arrived. Root for "παρουσία"(arrival/coming/visitation/entrance).; to be present pass by, pass over, disregard, permit, allow, give up, relaxed, weakened
με [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
με
acc sg
I
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat) Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
ὑμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμας
acc pl
you
.
———
RP: τὸ ♦ NA/UBS: —
Gal 4:18
But it is always good to be zealous in a good cause, and not only when I am present with you.
19{ Τεκνία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

τεκνίον, -ου, τό, voc. pl. τεκνία (Dimin. of τέκνον)
τεκνι·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
little child
Τέκνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

τέκνον, -ου, τό, voc. sg. τέκνον, voc. pl. τέκνα
τεκν·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
child
} μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
I
, οὓς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ους
mas acc pl
who/whom/which
πάλιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πάλιν
παλιν
indecl
again afresh, again, anon, once more, back, backwards, restore
ὠδίνω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὠδίνω (ωδιν-, ωδινη·σ-, ωδινη·σ-, -, -, -)
ωδιν·ω
pres act ind 1st sg or pres act sub 1st sg
to travail have pains of childbirth, anguish
, { ἄχρι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἄχρι/ἄχρις
αχρι
indecl
until (+gen) up to; even to, as far as, to the uttermost, utterly [ἄχρι before vowels and consonants; ἄχρις before vowels only]
μέχρις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μέχρι/μέχρις
μεχρις
indecl
until [μέχρι before vowels and consonants; μέχρις before vowels only]
} οὗ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle; Pronoun (Relative)

οὗ[1]; ὅς ἥ ὅ
ου; ου
indecl; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
where ἕως οὗ means "until where (in time)", that is, "until when", "until such time as", or "until the point that"; who/whom/which
μορφωθῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μορφόω (-, -, -, -, -, μορφω·θ-)
μορφω·θῃ
aor θη sub 3rd sg
to morph
χριστὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Χριστός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. Χριστέ
χριστ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Christ lit. 'anointed'
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you
,
———
RP: Τεκνία ♦ NA/UBS: Τέκνα
RP: ἄχρι ♦ NA/UBS: μέχρι μέχρις
Gal 4:19
¶My little children ones, of whom I am again in travail until Christ is formed in you—
20ἤθελον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θέλω (θελ-, θελη·σ-, θελη·σ-, τεθελη·κ-, -, -)
ε·θελ·ον
impf act ind 1st sg or impf act ind 3rd pl
to want /wish/desire
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
παρεῖναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

πάρ·ειμι[1] fr. εἰμί[1] (ath. παρ+(εσ)-/παρ+(εσ)-, παρ+εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -); παρ·ίημι (-, παρ+η·σ-, παρ+η·κ- or 2nd ath. παρ+(ε)-, -, παρ+ει-, παρ+ε·θ-)
παρ·(εσ)·εναι; παρ·(ε)·εναι
pres act inf; 2aor act inf
to be-present/near Lit:"be-close-beside", hence be-present/here/near/close-beside/at-hand, to-have-come/arrived. Root for "παρουσία"(arrival/coming/visitation/entrance).; to be present pass by, pass over, disregard, permit, allow, give up, relaxed, weakened
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat) Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
ὑμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμας
acc pl
you
ἄρτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἄρτι
αρτι
indecl
just-now ,presently, at-this-moment.
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἀλλάξαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀλλάσσω (αλλασσ-, αλλαξ-, αλλαξ-, -, -, αλλαγ·[θ]-)
αλλασσ·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to change/alter give in exchange, barter one thing for another, repay requite, leave
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
φωνήν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

φωνή, -ῆς, ἡ
φων·ην
(fem) acc sg
sound/voice cries
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
I
, ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
ἀποροῦμαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀ·πορέω (απορ(ε)-, απορη·σ-, -, -, -, απορη·θ-)
απορ(ε)·ομαι
pres mp ind 1st sg
to perplex/confuse [rise of difficulty, be in doubt, without means]
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you
.
Gal 4:20
but I could wish to be present with you now, and to change my tone, for I am perplexed about you.
21Λέγετέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
to say/tell
μοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μοι
dat sg
I
, οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen) ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
νόμον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ον
(mas) acc sg
custom/law ordinance custom practice
θέλοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θέλω (θελ-, θελη·σ-, θελη·σ-, τεθελη·κ-, -, -)
θελ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to want /wish/desire
εἶναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·εναι
pres act inf
to be
, τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
νόμον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ον
(mas) acc sg
custom/law ordinance custom practice
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἀκούετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀκούω (ακου-, ακου·σ-, ακου·σ-, ακηκο·[κ]-, ηκουσ-, ακουσ·θ-)
ακου·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
to hear hearken to
;
Gal 4:21
Tell me, you that desire to be under the law, don’t you listen to the law?
22Γέγραπται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γράφω (γραφ-, γραψ-, γραψ-, γεγραφ·[κ]-, γεγραφ-, γραφ·[θ]-)
γεγραφ·ται
perf mp ind 3rd sg
to write
γάρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for since, as
, ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
Ἀβραὰμ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Indecl.)

Ἀβραάμ, ὁ
αβρααμ
(mas) indecl
Abraham
δύο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

δύο, gen. δύο, dat. δυσί(ν), acc. δύο
δυο
nom|acc|gen pl
two
υἱοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ους
(mas) acc pl
son
ἔσχεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
ε·σχ·ε(ν)
2aor act ind 3rd sg
to have /hold.
· ἕνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ε[ι]ν·α
mas acc sg
one
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
παιδίσκης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

παιδίσκη, -ης, ἡ (cf. δούλη)
παιδισκ·ης
(fem) gen sg
slave girl
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἕνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ε[ι]ν·α
mas acc sg
one
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
ἐλευθέρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἐλεύθερος -έρα -ον
ελευθερ·ας
fem gen sg or fem acc pl
liberated
.
Gal 4:22
For it is written that Abraham had two sons, one by the handmaid, and one by the free woman.
23Ἀλλ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλ’
indecl
but
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
μὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μέν
μεν
indecl
indeed /certainly/surely.
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
παιδίσκης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

παιδίσκη, -ης, ἡ (cf. δούλη)
παιδισκ·ης
(fem) gen sg
slave girl
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen) with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
σάρκα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

σάρξ, -αρκός, ἡ
σαρκ·α
(fem) acc sg
flesh
γεγέννηται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γεννάω (γενν(α)-, γεννη·σ-, γεννη·σ-, γεγεννη·κ-, γεγεννη-, γεννη·θ-)
γεγεννη·ται
perf mp ind 3rd sg
to beget/birth Lit:"generate", hence beget/bring-forth/give-birth-to (Gen. 6:4): cause genesis of
, [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
ἐλευθέρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἐλεύθερος -έρα -ον
ελευθερ·ας
fem gen sg or fem acc pl
liberated
{ διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen) δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
δι’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δι’
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen) δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
} ἐπαγγελίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἐπ·αγγελία, -ας, ἡ
επαγγελι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
promise Lit:"announcement-upon", hence specific/sanctioned-promise/announcement/proclamation.
.
———
RP: διὰ τῆς ♦ NA/UBS: δι’
Gal 4:23
However, the son by the handmaid was born according to the flesh, but the son by the free woman was born through promise.
24Ἅτινά [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅσ·τις ἥ·τις ὄ τι
α·τιν·α
neu nom|acc pl
one/such-who/which/that , Lit: a-particular/some-who/which/that; "ἕως ὅτου": until-when
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be
ἀλληγορούμενα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀλλ·ηγορέω (αλληγορ(ε)-, -, -, -, -, -)
αλληγορ(ε)·ομεν·α
pres mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
to speak allegorically [figuratively, metaphorically]
· αὗται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
[τ]αυτ·αι
fem nom pl
this When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
γάρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for since, as
εἰσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^σι(ν); (εσ)·ασι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg; pres act ind 3rd pl
to go; to be
δύο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

δύο, gen. δύο, dat. δυσί(ν), acc. δύο
δυο
nom|acc|gen pl
two
διαθῆκαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

δια·θήκη, -ης, ἡ
διαθηκ·αι
(fem) nom|voc pl
covenant
· μία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
μι·α
fem nom sg
one
μὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μέν
μεν
indecl
indeed /certainly/surely.
ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from (G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
ὄρους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ὄρο·ς, -ους, τό, gen. pl. ὀρέων (cf. βουνός)
ορ(ε)·ος
(neu) gen sg
mount
Σινᾶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Indecl.)

Σινᾶ
σινα
indecl
Sinai [mountain of]
, εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
δουλείαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

δουλεία, -ας, ἡ
δουλει·αν
(fem) acc sg
slavery
γεννῶσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γεννάω (γενν(α)-, γεννη·σ-, γεννη·σ-, γεγεννη·κ-, γεγεννη-, γεννη·θ-)
γενν(α)·ουσ·α
pres act ptcp fem nom|voc sg
to beget/birth Lit:"generate", hence beget/bring-forth/give-birth-to (Gen. 6:4): cause genesis of
, ἥτις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅσ·τις ἥ·τις ὄ τι
η·τι[ν]·ς
fem nom sg
one/such-who/which/that , Lit: a-particular/some-who/which/that; "ἕως ὅτου": until-when
ἐστὶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be
{ Ἅγαρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Indecl.)

Ἁγάρ, ἡ
αγαρ
(fem) indecl
Hagar
Ἁγάρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Indecl.)

Ἁγάρ, ἡ
αγαρ
(fem) indecl
Hagar
} .
———
RP: Ἅγαρ ♦ NA/UBS: Ἁγάρ
Gal 4:24
These things contain an allegory, for these are two covenants. One is from Mount Sinai, bearing children to bondage, which is Hagar.
25{ Τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for since, as
Τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
} { Ἅγαρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Indecl.)

Ἁγάρ, ἡ
αγαρ
(fem) indecl
Hagar
Ἁγὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Indecl.)

Ἁγάρ, ἡ
αγαρ
(fem) indecl
Hagar
} Σινᾶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Indecl.)

Σινᾶ
σινα
indecl
Sinai [mountain of]
ὄρος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ὄρο·ς, -ους, τό, gen. pl. ὀρέων (cf. βουνός)
ορ(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
mount
ἐστὶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
Ἀραβίᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

Ἀραβία, -ας, ἡ
αραβι·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
Arabia
, συστοιχεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συ·στοιχέω (συν+στοιχ(ε)-, -, -, -, -, -)
συν·στοιχ(ε)·ει, συν·στοιχ(ε)·ε
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, pres act imp 2nd sg
to correspond to
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
νῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

νῦν
νυν
indecl
now
{ Ἱερουσαλήμ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl. and Indecl. and 1st Decl.)

Ἱεροσόλυμα, -ων, τά and -ας, ἡ and Ἰερουσαλήμ v.l. Ἱ-, ἡ indecl.
ιερουσαλημ
(fem) indecl
Jerusalem [city of]
Ἰερουσαλήμ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl. and Indecl. and 1st Decl.)

Ἱεροσόλυμα, -ων, τά and -ας, ἡ and Ἰερουσαλήμ v.l. Ἱ-, ἡ indecl.
ιερουσαλημ
(fem) indecl
Jerusalem [city of]
} , δουλεύει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δουλεύω (δουλευ-, δουλευ·σ-, δουλευ·σ-, δεδουλευ·κ-, -, -)
δουλευ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
to serve(as slave) /be-bond-slaved, hence serve/do-service, be-enslaved(+Dat). be-in-bondage-to (give over the prerogative of self-governance).
{ δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen) Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for since, as
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen) Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
} τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
τέκνων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

τέκνον, -ου, τό, voc. sg. τέκνον, voc. pl. τέκνα
τεκν·ων
(neu) gen pl
child
αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
he/she/it/same
.
———
RP: Τὸ γὰρ ♦ NA/UBS: Τὸ δὲ
RP: δὲ μετὰ ♦ NA/UBS: γὰρ μετὰ
RP: Ἅγαρ ♦ NA/UBS: Ἁγὰρ
RP: Ἱερουσαλήμ ♦ NA/UBS: Ἰερουσαλήμ
Gal 4:25
For this Hagar is Mount Sinai in Arabia, and answers to the Jerusalem that exists now, for she is in bondage with her children.
26 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
ἄνω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἄνω
ανω
indecl
above
{ Ἱερουσαλὴμ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl. and Indecl. and 1st Decl.)

Ἱεροσόλυμα, -ων, τά and -ας, ἡ and Ἰερουσαλήμ v.l. Ἱ-, ἡ indecl.
ιερουσαλημ
(fem) indecl
Jerusalem [city of]
Ἰερουσαλὴμ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl. and Indecl. and 1st Decl.)

Ἱεροσόλυμα, -ων, τά and -ας, ἡ and Ἰερουσαλήμ v.l. Ἱ-, ἡ indecl.
ιερουσαλημ
(fem) indecl
Jerusalem [city of]
} ἐλευθέρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἐλεύθερος -έρα -ον
ελευθερ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or fem nom|voc sg
liberated
ἐστίν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be
, ἥτις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅσ·τις ἥ·τις ὄ τι
η·τι[ν]·ς
fem nom sg
one/such-who/which/that , Lit: a-particular/some-who/which/that; "ἕως ὅτου": until-when
ἐστὶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be
μήτηρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

μήτηρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ἡ
μητερ·^
(fem) nom sg
mother also of motherland
{ πάντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl
each/every (of a relevant set).
♦ - } ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
I
·
———
RP: πάντων ♦ NA/UBS: —
RP: Ἱερουσαλὴμ ♦ NA/UBS: Ἰερουσαλὴμ
Gal 4:26
But the Jerusalem that is above is free, which is the mother of us all.
27γέγραπται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γράφω (γραφ-, γραψ-, γραψ-, γεγραφ·[κ]-, γεγραφ-, γραφ·[θ]-)
γεγραφ·ται
perf mp ind 3rd sg
to write
γάρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for since, as
, Εὐφράνθητι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εὐ·φραίνω (ευφραιν-, ευφραν(ε)·[σ]-, ευφραν·[σ]-, -, -, ευφραν·θ-)
ευφραν·θητι
aor θη imp 2nd sg
to celebrate/rejoice , be/make-glad/joyous, make-merry
, στεῖρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

στεῖρα, -ας, ἡ, voc. sg. στεῖρα
στειρ·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
barren one
, [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
τίκτουσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τίκτω (τικτ-, τεξ-, 2nd τεκ-, τετοκ·[κ]-, -, τεχ·θ-)
τικτ·ουσ·α
pres act ptcp fem nom|voc sg
to give birth
· ῥῆξον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

ῥήγνυμι/ῥήσσω[1] (ath. ρηγνυ-/ρησσ-, ρηξ-, ρηξ-, ερρηγ·[κ]-/ερρωγ·[κ]-, -, ραγ·[θ]-); ῥάσσω/ῥήσσω[2] [LXX] (ρασσ-/ρησσ-, ραξ-/ρηξ-, ραξ-/ρηξ-, -, -, ραχ·θ-)
ρηγ·σον, ρηγ·σο[υ]ν[τ]; ρησσ·σον, ρησσ·σο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, fut act ptcp mas voc sg or fut act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg; 1aor act imp 2nd sg, fut act ptcp mas voc sg or fut act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
to rend; to strike dash, overthrow
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
βόησον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βοάω (βο(α)-, βοη·σ-, βοη·σ-, -, -, βοη·θ-)
βοη·σον, βοη·σο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, fut act ptcp mas voc sg or fut act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
to bellow
, [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ὠδίνουσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὠδίνω (ωδιν-, ωδινη·σ-, ωδινη·σ-, -, -, -)
ωδιν·ουσ·α
pres act ptcp fem nom|voc sg
to travail have pains of childbirth, anguish
· ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
πολλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral, irreg.)

πολ[λ]ύς πολλή πολ[λ]ύ
πολλ·α
neu nom|acc pl
much
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
τέκνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

τέκνον, -ου, τό, voc. sg. τέκνον, voc. pl. τέκνα
τεκν·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
child
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
ἐρήμου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2); Verb

ἔρημος -ον; ἐρημόω (ερημ(ο)-, ερημω·σ-, ερημω·σ-, ηρημω·κ-, ηρημω-, ερημω·θ-)
ερημ·ου; ερημ(ο)·ε, ερημ(ο)·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg or fem gen sg; pres act imp 2nd sg, pres mp imp 2nd sg
deserted ,unpopulated/uncultivated hence solitary, wilderness; to desolate [lay-waste, cause to be abandoned]
μᾶλλον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

μᾶλλον
μαλλον
indecl
more/rather (instead)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἤ[1]
η
indecl
or/than
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
ἐχούσης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
εχ·ουσ·ης
pres act ptcp fem gen sg
to have /hold.
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
ἄνδρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἀνήρ, ἀνδρός, ὁ, voc. sg. ἄνερ
ανδρ·α
(mas) acc sg
man (as distinct from woman, beast, god, etc); sometimes "husband".
.
Gal 4:27
For it is written,
“Rejoice, you barren who don’t bear.
Break forth and shout, you that don’t travail.
For more are the children of the desolate than of her who has a husband.”*
28{ Ἡμεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημεις
nom pl
I
Ὑμεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμεις
nom pl
you
} δέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
, ἀδελφοί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί
αδελφ·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
brother
, κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen) with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
Ἰσαάκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Indecl.)

Ἰσαάκ, ὁ
ισαακ
(mas) indecl
Isaac
, ἐπαγγελίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἐπ·αγγελία, -ας, ἡ
επαγγελι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
promise Lit:"announcement-upon", hence specific/sanctioned-promise/announcement/proclamation.
τέκνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

τέκνον, -ου, τό, voc. sg. τέκνον, voc. pl. τέκνα
τεκν·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
child
{ ἐσμέν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·μεν
pres act ind 1st pl
to be
ἐστέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·τε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
to be
} .
———
RP: Ἡμεῖς ♦ NA/UBS: Ὑμεῖς
RP: ἐσμέν ♦ NA/UBS: ἐστέ
Gal 4:28
¶Now we, brothers, as Isaac was, are children of promise.
29Ἀλλ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλ’
indecl
but
ὥσπερ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὥσ·περ
ωσπερ
indecl
just-as Lit:"wholly/very/completely-as/like", hence "just-as", "just-like".
τότε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

τότε
τοτε
indecl
then
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen) with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
σάρκα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

σάρξ, -αρκός, ἡ
σαρκ·α
(fem) acc sg
flesh
γεννηθεὶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γεννάω (γενν(α)-, γεννη·σ-, γεννη·σ-, γεγεννη·κ-, γεγεννη-, γεννη·θ-)
γεννη·θει[ντ]·ς
aor θη ptcp mas nom|voc sg
to beget/birth Lit:"generate", hence beget/bring-forth/give-birth-to (Gen. 6:4): cause genesis of
ἐδίωκεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

διώκω (διωκ-, διωξ-, διωξ-, -, δεδιωκ-, διωχ·θ-)
ε·διωκ·ε(ν)
impf act ind 3rd sg
to prosecute/pursue prosecute: put on trial
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen) with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
πνεῦμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πνεῦμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πνευμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
spirit /breath/wind, spiritual-utterance
, οὕτως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὕτως/οὕτω
ουτως
indecl
thusly/like-this [Lit:"like-this": in-this-manner (οὕτως before vowels and consonants; οὕτω before consonants only]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
νῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

νῦν
νυν
indecl
now
.
Gal 4:29
But as then, he who was born according to the flesh persecuted him who was born according to the Spirit, so also it is now.
30Ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but
τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who/what/why interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
λέγει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
to say/tell
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
γραφή [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

γραφή, -ῆς, ἡ
γραφ·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
writing
; Ἔκβαλε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·βάλλω (εκ+βαλλ-, εκ+βαλ(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd εκ+βαλ-, εκ+βεβλη·κ-, εκ+βεβλη-, εκ+βλη·θ-)
εκ·βαλ·ε
2aor act imp 2nd sg
to cast-out Lit:"throw/cast-from-out-of", hence expel/eject/cast-out,drive-out, remove
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
παιδίσκην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

παιδίσκη, -ης, ἡ (cf. δούλη)
παιδισκ·ην
(fem) acc sg
slave girl
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
υἱὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ον
(mas) acc sg
son
αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
he/she/it/same
, οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for since, as
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
{ κληρονομήσῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κληρο·νομέω (κληρονομ(ε)-, κληρονομη·σ-, κληρονομη·σ-, κεκληρονομη·κ-, -, -)
κληρονομη·σῃ
fut mp ind 2nd sg or 1aor act sub 3rd sg or 1aor mp sub 2nd sg
to inherit Lit:"apportion-by-law", hence inherit/receive-possession-of, gain-title-to
κληρονομήσει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κληρο·νομέω (κληρονομ(ε)-, κληρονομη·σ-, κληρονομη·σ-, κεκληρονομη·κ-, -, -)
κληρονομη·σει
fut act ind 3rd sg or fut mp ind 2nd sg classical
to inherit Lit:"apportion-by-law", hence inherit/receive-possession-of, gain-title-to
} [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
υἱὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ος
(mas) nom sg
son
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
παιδίσκης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

παιδίσκη, -ης, ἡ (cf. δούλη)
παιδισκ·ης
(fem) gen sg
slave girl
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen) Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
υἱοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ου
(mas) gen sg
son
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
ἐλευθέρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἐλεύθερος -έρα -ον
ελευθερ·ας
fem gen sg or fem acc pl
liberated
.
———
RP: κληρονομήσῃ ♦ NA/UBS: κληρονομήσει
Gal 4:30
However what does the Scripture say? “Throw out the handmaid and her son, for the son of the handmaid will not inherit with the son of the free woman.”*
31{ Ἄρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἄρα[2]
αρα
indecl
therefore-indeed /hence/it-follows-that. An inferential conjunction implying under these circumstances, something either is/becomes (whatever follows). Similar to, but more disjunctive than "οὖν" (consequently/accordingly).
Διό [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

διό (δι’ ὅ)
διο
indecl
because of which
} , ἀδελφοί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί
αδελφ·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
brother
, οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἐσμὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·μεν
pres act ind 1st pl
to be
παιδίσκης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

παιδίσκη, -ης, ἡ (cf. δούλη)
παιδισκ·ης
(fem) gen sg
slave girl
τέκνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

τέκνον, -ου, τό, voc. sg. τέκνον, voc. pl. τέκνα
τεκν·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
child
, ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
ἐλευθέρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἐλεύθερος -έρα -ον
ελευθερ·ας
fem gen sg or fem acc pl
liberated
.
———
RP: Ἄρα ♦ NA/UBS: Διό
Gal 4:31
So then, brothers, we are not children of a handmaid, but of the free woman.
« Ch 3» Ch 5

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