www.katabiblon.com

ΠΡΟΣ ΓΑΛΑΤΑΣ

Letter to the Galatians

 Robinson-Pierpont 2005 Wiki English Translation‎ / World English Bible
1Ἔπειτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἔπ·ειτα
επειτα
indecl
thereupon
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen) δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
δεκατεσσάρων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

δεκα·τέσσαρες -α
δεκατεσσαρ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
fourteen
ἐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἔτο·ς, -ους, τό
ετ(ε)·ων
(neu) gen pl
year
πάλιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πάλιν
παλιν
indecl
again afresh, again, anon, once more, back, backwards, restore
ἀνέβην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀνα·βαίνω (ανα+βαιν-, ανα+βη·σ-, ανα+βαιν·[σ]- or 2nd ath. ανα+β(η)-/ath. ανα+β(α)-, ανα+βεβη·κ-, -, -)
ανα·ε·β(η)·^ν
2aor act ind 1st sg
to ascend Lit:"step/foot-up", hence ascend.
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
Ἱεροσόλυμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl. and Indecl. and 1st Decl.)

Ἱεροσόλυμα, -ων, τά and -ας, ἡ and Ἰερουσαλήμ v.l. Ἱ-, ἡ indecl.
ιεροσολυμ·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl or (fem) nom|voc sg
Jerusalem [city of]
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen) Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
Βαρνάβα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

Βαρ·ναβᾶς, -ᾶ, ὁ
βαρναβ·α
(mas) voc sg or (mas) gen sg
Barnabas
, συμπαραλαβὼν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συμ·παρα·λαμβάνω (συμπαρα+λαμβαν-, -, 2nd συμπαρα+λαβ-, -, -, συμπαρα+λημφ·θ-/συμπαρα+ληφ·θ-)
συμπαρα·λαβ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
to take along/ get involved with take along with one, take in as an adjunct or assistant, κοινωνόν τι ς. Pl.Phd.65b, cf. 84d, La.179e, Act.Ap.15.37; “τινὰ ἑαυτῷ” BGU226.12 (i A.D.); ς. τὴν ἐκτὸς εὐετηρίαν include in their account, Arist.EN1098b26; τὰς τῶν προτέρων δόξας Id. de An.403b22;
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
Τίτον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Τίτος, -ου, ὁ
τιτ·ον
(mas) acc sg
Titus
·
Gal 2:1
¶Then after a period of fourteen years I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas,[a] taking Titus also with me.
———
a Acts 9:27: Barnabas brings Paul to the apostles.
2ἀνέβην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀνα·βαίνω (ανα+βαιν-, ανα+βη·σ-, ανα+βαιν·[σ]- or 2nd ath. ανα+β(η)-/ath. ανα+β(α)-, ανα+βεβη·κ-, -, -)
ανα·ε·β(η)·^ν
2aor act ind 1st sg
to ascend Lit:"step/foot-up", hence ascend.
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen) with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
ἀποκάλυψιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἀπο·κάλυψις, -εως, ἡ
αποκαλυψ(ι)·ν
(fem) acc sg
an uncovering a disclosure, an unveiling, a revealing; source of English "apocalypse"
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἀνεθέμην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀνα·τίθημι (-, ανα+θη·σ-, ανα+θη·κ- or 2nd ath. ανα+θ(ε)-, -, -, ανα+τε·θ-)
ανα·ε·θ(ε)·μην
2aor mp ind 1st sg
to ???
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
he/she/it/same
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
εὐαγγέλιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

εὐ·αγγέλιον, -ου, τό
ευαγγελι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
good tiding [evangel/gospel]
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ο
neu nom|acc sg
who/whom/which
κηρύσσω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κηρύσσω (κηρυσσ-, κηρυξ-, κηρυξ-, -, -, κηρυχ·θ-)
κηρυσσ·ω
pres act ind 1st sg or pres act sub 1st sg
to proclaim /announce/preach
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
ἔθνεσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ε)·σι(ν)
(neu) dat pl
nation /ethnos.
, κατ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατ’
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen) with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
ἰδίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Possessive)

ἴδιος -ία -ον
ιδι·αν
fem acc sg
own privately
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
δοκοῦσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δοκέω (δοκ(ε)-, δοξ-, δοξ-, -, δεδοκ-, -)
δοκ(ε)·ουσι(ν), δοκ(ε)·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
to suppose ,from "dokos"(opinion), hence suppose/seem/think/consider. Same root as "εὐδοκέω"(seem-good). Often rendered "think", but less objective than "νοέω"(think) and less visceral than "φρονέω"(think).
, { μήπως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

μήπως (μή πως)
μηπως
indecl
no-how Lit:"no-how", hence not-by-any-means, no-way, not-ever
μή [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
πως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

πώς[2]
πως
indecl
somehow
} εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
κενὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

κενός -ή -όν
κεν·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
empty/devoid fruitless, destitute, vain
τρέχω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τρέχω (τρεχ-, δραμ(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd δραμ-, -, -, -)
τρεχ·ω
pres act ind 1st sg or pres act sub 1st sg
to run
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἤ[1]
η
indecl
or/than
ἔδραμον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τρέχω (τρεχ-, δραμ(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd δραμ-, -, -, -)
ε·δραμ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
to run
.
———
RP: μήπως ♦ NA/UBS: μή πως
Gal 2:2
I went up by revelation, and I laid before them the Good News which I preach proclaim among the Gentiles, but privately before those who were respected, for fear that I might be running, or had run, in vain.
3Ἀλλ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλ’
indecl
but
οὐδὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐδέ (οὐ δέ)
ουδε
indecl
neither/nor Lit:"not-moreover" or "not-but", hence neither/nor.
οὐδ’ sometimes before vowels.
Τίτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Τίτος, -ου, ὁ
τιτ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Titus
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
σὺν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

σύν
συν
indecl
together with/including (+dat)
ἐμοί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person); Determiner (Possessive)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς; ἐμός -ή -όν
εμοι; εμ·οι
dat sg; mas nom|voc pl
I; my/mine
, Ἕλλην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

Ἕλλην, -ηνος, ὁ
ελλην
(mas) nom|voc sg
Greek
ὤν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
to be
, ἠναγκάσθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀναγκάζω (αναγκαζ-, αναγκα·σ-, αναγκα·σ-, -, ηναγκασ-, αναγκασ·θ-)
ε·αναγκασ·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
to compel (from "ἀνάγκη" "necessity/constraint/compulsion). Lit:"press-up", hence compel/press-upon.
περιτμηθῆναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

περι·τέμνω (περι+τεμν-, περι+τεμ(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd περι+τεμ-, περι+τετμη·κ-, περι+τετμη-, περι+τμη·θ-)
περι·τμη·θηναι
aor θη inf
to circumcise
·
Gal 2:3
But not even Titus, who was with me, being a Greek, was compelled to be circumcised.
4διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen) δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
παρεισάκτους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

παρ·είσ·ακτος -ον
παρεισακτ·ους
mas acc pl or fem acc pl
sneak in
ψευδαδέλφους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ψευδ·άδελφος, -ου, ὁ
ψευδαδελφ·ους
(mas) acc pl
false brother
, οἵτινες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅσ·τι[ν]ς ἥ·τι[ν]ς ὄ τι[ν]
οι·τιν·ες
mas nom pl
one/such-who/which/that , Lit: a-particular/some-who/which/that; "ἕως ὅτου": until-when
παρεισῆλθον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρ·εισ·έρχομαι (-, -, 2nd παρεισ+ελθ-, -, -, -)
παρεισ·ε·ελθ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
to ???
κατασκοπῆσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·σκοπέω (-, -, κατα+σκοπη·σ-, -, -, -)
κατα·σκοπη·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to ???
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
ἐλευθερίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἐλευθερία, -ας, ἡ
ελευθερι·αν
(fem) acc sg
liberty freedom
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
I
ἣν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ην
fem acc sg
who/whom/which
ἔχομεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
εχ·ομεν
pres act ind 1st pl
to have /hold.
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
χριστῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Χριστός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. Χριστέ
χριστ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
Christ lit. 'anointed'
Ἰησοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl., irreg. and Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
irreg. ιησου (instead of ιησ(ο)·ῳ > ιησῳ), ιησ(ο)·ε, ιησ(ο)·ου, ιησου
(mas) dat sg, (mas) voc sg, (mas) gen sg, (mas) indecl
Jesus [Joshua or Jesus]
, ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that /so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
ἡμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημας
acc pl
I
{ καταδουλώσωνται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·δουλόω (κατα+δουλ(ο)-, κατα+δουλω·σ-, κατα+δουλω·σ-, -, -, -)
κατα·δουλω·σωνται
1aor mp sub 3rd pl
to enslave make a slave to one's self
καταδουλώσουσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·δουλόω (κατα+δουλ(ο)-, κατα+δουλω·σ-, κατα+δουλω·σ-, -, -, -)
κατα·δουλω·σουσι(ν), κατα·δουλω·σου[ντ]·σι(ν)
fut act ind 3rd pl, fut act ptcp mas dat pl or fut act ptcp neu dat pl
to enslave make a slave to one's self
} ·
———
RP: καταδουλώσωνται ♦ NA/UBS: καταδουλώσουσιν
Gal 2:4
This was because of the false brothers secretly brought in, who stole in to spy out our liberty which we have in Christ Jesus, that they might bring us into bondage;
5οἷς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
who/whom/which
οὐδὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐδέ (οὐ δέ)
ουδε
indecl
neither/nor Lit:"not-moreover" or "not-but", hence neither/nor.
οὐδ’ sometimes before vowels.
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat) Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
ὥραν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ὥρα, -ας, ἡ
ωρ·αν
(fem) acc sg
hour
εἴξαμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἴκω[1] (-, -, ειξ-, -, -, -)
ε·εικ·σαμεν
1aor act ind 1st pl
to Yield (give place to, give in)
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
ὑποταγῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.); Verb

ὑπο·ταγή, -ῆς, ἡ; ὑπο·τάσσω (υπο+τασσ-, υπο+ταξ-, υπο+ταξ-, -, υπο+τετασσ-, υπο+ταγ·[θ]-/υπο+ταχ·θ-)
υποταγ·ῃ; υπο·ταγ·[θ]ῃ
(fem) dat sg; aor θη sub 3rd sg
subjection subordination; to subordinate [like a soldier to a commander]
, ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that /so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
ἀλήθεια [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἀ·λήθεια, -ας, ἡ
αληθει·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
truth
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
εὐαγγελίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

εὐ·αγγέλιον, -ου, τό
ευαγγελι·ου
(neu) gen sg
good tiding [evangel/gospel]
διαμείνῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δια·μένω (δια+μεν-, -, δια+μειν·[σ]-, δια+μεμενη·κ-, -, -)
δια·μειν·[σ]ῃ
1aor act sub 3rd sg or 1aor mp sub 2nd sg
to remain abide, live, lodge, reside, sojourn, stay, live
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat) Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
ὑμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμας
acc pl
you
.
Gal 2:5
to whom we gave no place in the way of subjection, not for an hour, that the truth of the Good News might continue with you.
6Ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from (G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
δοκούντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δοκέω (δοκ(ε)-, δοξ-, δοξ-, -, δεδοκ-, -)
δοκ(ε)·οντων, δοκ(ε)·ο[υ]ντ·ων
pres act imp 3rd pl classical, pres act ptcp mas gen pl or pres act ptcp neu gen pl
to suppose ,from "dokos"(opinion), hence suppose/seem/think/consider. Same root as "εὐδοκέω"(seem-good). Often rendered "think", but less objective than "νοέω"(think) and less visceral than "φρονέω"(think).
εἶναί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·εναι
pres act inf
to be
τι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

τὶ[ν]ς[2] τὶ[ν], gen. τινός, dat. τινί, acc. τινά τὶ
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
certain/any(one/thing) Sg:a-certain-one/anyone/someone; Pl:a-certain-some/several. Specific/non-specific is determined from text-markings and/or context).
ὁποῖοί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὁποῖος -οία -ον
οποι·οι
mas nom pl
of what sort
ποτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ποτέ[2]
ποτε
indecl
once
ἦσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·σαν
impf act ind 3rd pl
to be
οὐδέν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

οὐδ·είς οὐδε·μία οὐδ·έν and οὐθ·είς (οὐθε·μία) οὐθ·έν
ουδε[ι]ν
neu nom|acc sg
not-one Lit:"not-moreover-one", hence not-one/nothing/no-one.
μοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μοι
dat sg
I
διαφέρει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δια·φέρω (δια+φερ-, δι+οι·σ-, δι+ενεγκ·[σ]-, -, δια+ενηνεγκ-, δια+ενεχ·θ-)
δια·φερ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
to surpass/carry through (exceeding, different, valuable (excess, surpass, excel))
· πρόσωπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

πρόσ·ωπον, -ου, τό
προσωπ·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
face Lit:"toward-eyes", hence face/countenance/appearance
{ θεὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ος
(mas) nom sg
god [see theology]
♦ [ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
] θεὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ος
(mas) nom sg
god [see theology]
} ἀνθρώπου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ου
(mas) gen sg
human
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
λαμβάνει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαμβάνω (λαμβαν-, λημψ-/ληψ-, λαβ·[σ]- or 2nd λαβ-, ειληφ·[κ]-, ειληβ-, λημφ·θ-/ληφ·θ-)
λαμβαν·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
to take/receive grasp, clutch, cling-to, seize, lay-hands-upon, take by violence, carry off, of a deity, seize, possess, catch, find out, detect, overtake, understand
ἐμοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person); Determiner (Possessive)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς; ἐμός -ή -όν
εμοι; εμ·οι
dat sg; mas nom|voc pl
I; my/mine
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for since, as
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
δοκοῦντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δοκέω (δοκ(ε)-, δοξ-, δοξ-, -, δεδοκ-, -)
δοκ(ε)·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to suppose ,from "dokos"(opinion), hence suppose/seem/think/consider. Same root as "εὐδοκέω"(seem-good). Often rendered "think", but less objective than "νοέω"(think) and less visceral than "φρονέω"(think).
οὐδὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

οὐδ·είς οὐδε·μία οὐδ·έν and οὐθ·είς (οὐθε·μία) οὐθ·έν
ουδε[ι]ν
neu nom|acc sg
not-one Lit:"not-moreover-one", hence not-one/nothing/no-one.
προσανέθεντο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·ανα·τίθημι (-, -, 2nd ath. προσανα+θ(ε)-, -, -, -)
προσανα·ε·θ(ε)·ντο
2aor mp ind 3rd pl
to ???
·
———
RP: θεὸς ♦ NA/UBS: [ὁ] θεὸς
Gal 2:6
But from those who were reputed to be important (whatever they were, it makes no difference to me; God doesn’t show partiality to man)—they, I say, who were respected imparted nothing to me,
7ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but
τοὐναντίον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Crasis (Adverb)

τοὐναντίον (τὸ ἐναντίον)
το εναντιον
indecl
the opposite effect
, ἰδόντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
2aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to see/behold Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-tom and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
πεπίστευμαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πιστεύω (πιστευ-, πιστευ·σ-, πιστευ·σ-, πεπιστευ·κ-, πεπιστευ-, πιστευ·θ-)
πεπιστευ·μαι
perf mp ind 1st sg
to believe/trust accept [toward] (heed [to], believe); give management (entrust). PASS. to be entrusted with
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
εὐαγγέλιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

εὐ·αγγέλιον, -ου, τό
ευαγγελι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
good tiding [evangel/gospel]
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
ἀκροβυστίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἀκρο·βυστία, -ας, ἡ
ακροβυστι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
foreskin The foreskin; usually, the state of having the foreskin: uncircumcision
, καθὼς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

καθ·ώς
καθως
indecl
as accordingly [according to how/in accordance with how]
Πέτρος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Πέτρος, -ου, ὁ
πετρ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Peter
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
περιτομῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

περι·τομή, -ῆς, ἡ
περιτομ·ης
(fem) gen sg
circumcision
Gal 2:7
but to the contrary, when they saw that I had been entrusted with the Good News for the uncircumcision, even as Peter with the Good News for the circumcision
8 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for since, as
ἐνεργήσας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐν·εργέω (εν+εργ(ε)-, -, εν+εργη·σ-, -, -, -)
εν·εργη·σα[ντ]·ς
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
to operate (operating, active, effective (producing))act, implement, proceed, prospect
Πέτρῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Πέτρος, -ου, ὁ
πετρ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
Peter
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
ἀποστολὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἀπο·στολή, -ῆς, ἡ
αποστολ·ην
(fem) acc sg
apostleship
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
περιτομῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

περι·τομή, -ῆς, ἡ
περιτομ·ης
(fem) gen sg
circumcision
, ἐνήργησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐν·εργέω (εν+εργ(ε)-, -, εν+εργη·σ-, -, -, -)
εν·ε·εργη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to operate (operating, active, effective (producing))act, implement, proceed, prospect
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἐμοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person); Determiner (Possessive)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς; ἐμός -ή -όν
εμοι; εμ·οι
dat sg; mas nom|voc pl
I; my/mine
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
ἔθνη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ε)·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
nation /ethnos.
Gal 2:8
(for he who appointed Peter to the apostleship of the circumcision appointed me also to the Gentiles);
9καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
γνόντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γινώσκω/γιγν- (γινωσκ-/γιγνωσκ-, γνω·σ-, 2nd ath. γν(ω)-/ath. γν(ο)-, εγνω·κ-, εγνωσ-, γνωσ·θ-)
γν(ο)·ντ·ες
2aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to know /recognize/perceive (especially through experience).. hence experientially-know.
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
χάριν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Noun (3rd Decl.)

χάριν; χάρι[τ]ς, -ιτος, ἡ, acc. χάρι[τ]ν and χάριτα
χαριν; χαρι[τ]·ν
indecl; (fem) acc sg
for the sake of [acc. of χάρις used adverbially] prep. for; favor/grace [see charity]
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
δοθεῖσάν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
δο·θεισ·αν
aor θη ptcp fem acc sg
to give /offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
μοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μοι
dat sg
I
, Ἰάκωβος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Ἰάκωβος, -ου, ὁ
ιακωβ·ος
(mas) nom sg
James
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
Κηφᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

Κηφᾶς, -ᾶ, ὁ
κηφ·ας
(mas) nom sg
Cephas (Peter)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
Ἰωάννης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

Ἰωάν(ν)ης, -ου, ὁ
ιωανν·ης
(mas) nom sg
John
, οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
δοκοῦντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δοκέω (δοκ(ε)-, δοξ-, δοξ-, -, δεδοκ-, -)
δοκ(ε)·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to suppose ,from "dokos"(opinion), hence suppose/seem/think/consider. Same root as "εὐδοκέω"(seem-good). Often rendered "think", but less objective than "νοέω"(think) and less visceral than "φρονέω"(think).
στύλοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

στῦλος, -ου, ὁ
στυλ·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
pillar
εἶναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·εναι
pres act inf
to be
, δεξιὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

δεξιός -ά -όν
δεξι·ας
fem gen sg or fem acc pl
right
ἔδωκαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
ε·δω·καν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
to give /offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
ἐμοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person); Determiner (Possessive)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς; ἐμός -ή -όν
εμοι; εμ·οι
dat sg; mas nom|voc pl
I; my/mine
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
Βαρνάβᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

Βαρ·ναβᾶς, -ᾶ, ὁ
βαρναβ·ᾳ
(mas) dat sg
Barnabas
κοινωνίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

κοινωνία, -ας, ἡ
κοινωνι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
communion fellowship, contribution
, ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that /so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
ἡμεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημεις
nom pl
I
{ μὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μέν
μεν
indecl
indeed /certainly/surely.
♦ - } εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
ἔθνη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ε)·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
nation /ethnos.
, αὐτοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οι
mas nom pl
he/she/it/same
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
περιτομήν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

περι·τομή, -ῆς, ἡ
περιτομ·ην
(fem) acc sg
circumcision
·
———
RP: μὲν ♦ NA/UBS: —
Gal 2:9
and when they perceived the grace that was given to me, James and Cephas and John, they who were reputed to be pillars, gave to me and Barnabas the right hand of fellowship, that we should go to the Gentiles, and they to the circumcision.[a]
———
a Acts 11:22: Barnabas seeks out Paul in Tarsus and brings him to Antioch.
10μόνον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Adjective (2-1-2)

μόνον (Adv. of μόνος); μόνος -η -ον
μονον; μον·ον
indecl; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
only; sole apart, sole, only, alone (see κατάμόνος G2651 apart, solely, only, alone)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
πτωχῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

πτωχός -ή -όν
πτωχ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
beggarly-poor /cowering/destitute-poor. Distinct from "πενιχρός" (needy-poor)
ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that /so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
μνημονεύωμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μνημονεύω (μνημονευ-, μνημονευ·σ-, μνημονευ·σ-, -, -, -)
μνημονευ·ωμεν
pres act sub 1st pl
to remember
, [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ο
neu nom|acc sg
who/whom/which
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἐσπούδασα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σπουδάζω (σπουδαζ-, σπουδα·σ-, σπουδα·σ-, εσπουδα·κ-, -, -)
ε·σπουδα·σα
1aor act ind 1st sg
to endeavour endeavour, serious or earnest (about a matter), with haste
αὐτὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
he/she/it/same
τοῦτο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
this When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
ποιῆσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποιη·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to do/make
.
Gal 2:10
They only asked us to remember the poor—which very thing I was also zealous endeavored to do.
11Ὅτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὅτε
οτε
indecl
when
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
ἦλθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ε·ελθ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ελθ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
to come Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
{ Πέτρος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Πέτρος, -ου, ὁ
πετρ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Peter
Κηφᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

Κηφᾶς, -ᾶ, ὁ
κηφ·ας
(mas) nom sg
Cephas (Peter)
} εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
Ἀντιόχειαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

Ἀντιόχεια, -ας, ἡ
αντιοχει·αν
(fem) acc sg
Antioch [city of]
, κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen) with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
πρόσωπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

πρόσ·ωπον, -ου, τό
προσωπ·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
face Lit:"toward-eyes", hence face/countenance/appearance
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
he/she/it/same
ἀντέστην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀνθ·ίστημι (ath. ανθ+ιστ(α)-/ath. ανθ+ιστ(η)-, αντι+στη·σ-, 2nd ath. αντι+στ(η)-/ath. αντι+στ(α)-, ανθ+εστη·κ-, -, -)
αντι·ε·στ(η)·^ν
2aor act ind 1st sg
to oppose lit Lit;"stand-against",hence oppose.
, ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
κατεγνωσμένος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·γινώσκω (κατα+γινωσκ-, κατα+γνω·σ-, 2nd ath. κατα+γν(ω)-/ath. κατα+γν(ο)-, -, κατ+εγνωσ-, κατα+γνωσ·θ-)
κατ·εγνωσ·μεν·ος
perf mp ptcp mas nom sg
to convict Lit:"down-know", hence convict, consider-decisively-guilty, know-negatively, negatively-unmask/expose. Often rendered "condemn", but distinct from "κατακρινώ" (judicially-condemn, sentence-negatively).
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
to be
.
———
RP: Πέτρος ♦ NA/UBS: Κηφᾶς
Gal 2:11
¶But when Peter came to Antioch, I resisted opposed him to his face,[a] because he stood condemned.[b]
———
a See Acts 15:1-2.
b See Gal. 2:18.
12Πρὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρό
προ
indecl
before (+gen)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for since, as
ἐλθεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ελθ·ειν
2aor act inf
to come Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
τινας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

τὶ[ν]ς[2] τὶ[ν], gen. τινός, dat. τινί, acc. τινά τὶ
τιν·ας
mas acc pl or fem acc pl
certain/any(one/thing) Sg:a-certain-one/anyone/someone; Pl:a-certain-some/several. Specific/non-specific is determined from text-markings and/or context).
ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from (G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
Ἰακώβου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Ἰάκωβος, -ου, ὁ
ιακωβ·ου
(mas) gen sg
James
, μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen) Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
ἐθνῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ε)·ων
(neu) gen pl
nation /ethnos.
συνήσθιεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συν·εσθίω (συν+εσθι-, -, 2nd συν+φαγ-, -, -, -)
συν·ε·εσθι·ε(ν)
impf act ind 3rd sg
to eat together
· ὅτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὅτε
οτε
indecl
when
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
ἦλθον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ε·ελθ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
to come Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
, ὑπέστελλεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑπο·στέλλω (υπο+στελλ-, υπο+στελ(ε)·[σ]-, υπο+στειλ·[σ]-, -, -, -)
υπο·ε·στελλ·ε(ν)
impf act ind 3rd sg
to withdraw Lit:turn-under, hence turn-back, withdraw
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἀφώριζεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀφ·ορίζω (αφ+οριζ-, αφ+ορι(ε)·[σ]-/αφ+ορι·σ-, αφ+ορι·σ-, -, αφ+ωρισ-, αφ+ορισ·θ-)
αφ·ε·οριζ·ε(ν)
impf act ind 3rd sg
to set apart separate, distinguish
ἑαυτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

ἑ·αυτοῦ/αὑτοῦ[2] -ῆς -οῦ
εαυτ·ον
mas acc sg
self him/her/it/our/your/them-selves
, φοβούμενος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φοβέω (φοβ(ε)-, -, φοβη·σ-, -, πεφοβη-, φοβη·θ-)
φοβ(ε)·ομεν·ος
pres mp ptcp mas nom sg
to fear /make-afraid.
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
περιτομῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

περι·τομή, -ῆς, ἡ
περιτομ·ης
(fem) gen sg
circumcision
.
Gal 2:12
For before some people came from James, he ate with the Gentiles. But when they came, he drew back and separated distanced himself (from them), fearing those who were of the circumcision.
13Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
συνυπεκρίθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συν·υπο·κρίνομαι (-, -, -, -, -, συνυπο+κρι·θ-)
συνυπο·ε·κρι·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
to be-hypocritical-with Lit:"under-judging-together-with", hence, pretend-with, be-under-pretense-with, be-hypocritical-with" (+Dat)
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
he/she/it/same
{ καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
♦ [ καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
] οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
} λοιποὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

λοιπός -ή -όν
λοιπ·οι
mas nom|voc pl
remaining well then, sο, now, the rest
Ἰουδαῖοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·οι
mas nom|voc pl
Jewish
, ὥστε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὥστε
ωστε
indecl
so that
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
Βαρνάβας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

Βαρ·ναβᾶς, -ᾶ, ὁ
βαρναβ·ας
(mas) nom sg
Barnabas
συναπήχθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συν·απ·άγω (συναπ+αγ-, -, -, -, -, συναπ+αχ·θ-)
συναπ·ε·αγ·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
to to lead-away-together Lit:"lead/carry-from-together-with", hence carry-away-with(+Gen,Dat), go-along-with(+Dat).
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
he/she/it/same
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
ὑποκρίσει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ὑπό·κρισις, -εως, ἡ
υποκρισ(ι)·ι
(fem) dat sg
hypocrisy υποκρισις means being under predetermined critical analysis, like denominational creeds, whether formal or informal. It is a belief system or basis of judgment that has been passed down from others, i.e. the traditions of men.
.
———
RP: καὶ οἱ ♦ NA/UBS: [καὶ] οἱ
Gal 2:13
And the rest of the Jews joined him in his hypocrisy; so that even Barnabas was carried away with their hypocrisy.
14Ἀλλ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλ’
indecl
but
ὅτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὅτε
οτε
indecl
when
εἶδον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ε·ιδ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
to see/behold Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-tom and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ὀρθοποδοῦσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὀρθοποδέω (ορθοποδ(ε)-, -, -, -, -, -)
ορθοποδ(ε)·ουσι(ν), ορθοποδ(ε)·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
to ???
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat) Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
ἀλήθειαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἀ·λήθεια, -ας, ἡ
αληθει·αν
(fem) acc sg
truth
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
εὐαγγελίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

εὐ·αγγέλιον, -ου, τό
ευαγγελι·ου
(neu) gen sg
good tiding [evangel/gospel]
, εἶπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειπ·[σ]ον, ε·ειπ·ον, ειπ·ο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, 2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl, 2aor act ptcp mas voc sg or 2aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
to say/tell
, τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
{ Πέτρῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Πέτρος, -ου, ὁ
πετρ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
Peter
Κηφᾷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

Κηφᾶς, -ᾶ, ὁ
κηφ·ᾳ
(mas) dat sg
Cephas (Peter)
} ἔμπροσθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἔμ·προσ·θεν/-θε
εμπροσθεν
indecl
before/in-front-of Lit:"in-toward" hence before/facing/in-front-of, former/previous
πάντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl
each/every (of a relevant set).
, Εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
σύ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
συ
nom sg
you
, Ἰουδαῖος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ος
mas nom sg
Jewish
ὑπάρχων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑπ·άρχω (υπ+αρχ-, υπ+αρξ-, υπ+αρξ-, -, -, -)
υπ·αρχ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
to be under the power of [to be] under the power [of], such as when a possession is in your control
, ἐθνικῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἐθνικῶς
εθνικως
indecl
Gentile-ly [as Gentiles]
{ ζῇς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ζάω (ζ(η)-/ath. ζ(η)-, ζη·σ-, ζη·σ-, -, -, -)
ζ(η)·εις, ζ(η)·ῃς
pres act ind 2nd sg, pres act sub 2nd sg
to live Verb from "ζωή"(life), hence live/made-alive, exist, inhabit
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
Ἰουδαϊκῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

Ἰουδαϊκῶς
ιουδαικως
indecl
Jewish
, τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who/what/why interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
οὐχὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὐχί
ουχι
indecl
not [strengthened form of οὐ/οὐκ/οὐχ]
Ἰουδαϊκῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

Ἰουδαϊκῶς
ιουδαικως
indecl
Jewish
ζῇς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ζάω (ζ(η)-/ath. ζ(η)-, ζη·σ-, ζη·σ-, -, -, -)
ζ(η)·εις, ζ(η)·ῃς
pres act ind 2nd sg, pres act sub 2nd sg
to live Verb from "ζωή"(life), hence live/made-alive, exist, inhabit
πῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

πῶς[1]
πως
indecl
how
} τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
ἔθνη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ε)·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
nation /ethnos.
ἀναγκάζεις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀναγκάζω (αναγκαζ-, αναγκα·σ-, αναγκα·σ-, -, ηναγκασ-, αναγκασ·θ-)
αναγκαζ·εις
pres act ind 2nd sg
to compel (from "ἀνάγκη" "necessity/constraint/compulsion). Lit:"press-up", hence compel/press-upon.
Ἰουδαΐζειν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἰουδαΐζω (ιουδαιζ-, -, -, -, -, -)
ιουδαιζ·ειν
pres act inf
to ???
;
———
RP: Πέτρῳ ♦ NA/UBS: Κηφᾷ
RP: ζῇς καὶ οὐκ Ἰουδαϊκῶς, τί ♦ NA/UBS: καὶ οὐχὶ Ἰουδαϊκῶς ζῇς πῶς
Gal 2:14
But when I saw that they didn’t walk uprightly according to the truth of the Good News, I said to Peter before them all, “If you, being a Jew, live as the Gentiles do, and not as the Jews do, why do you compel the Gentiles to live as the Jews do?
15Ἡμεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημεις
nom pl
I
φύσει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

φύσις, -εως, ἡ
φυσ(ι)·ι
(fem) dat sg
nature
Ἰουδαῖοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·οι
mas nom|voc pl
Jewish
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἐξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εξ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
ἐθνῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ε)·ων
(neu) gen pl
nation /ethnos.
ἁμαρτωλοί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἁ·μαρτωλός -όν
αμαρτωλ·οι
mas nom|voc pl or fem nom|voc pl
sinful
,
Gal 2:15
¶“We, being Jews by nature, and not Gentile sinners,
16εἰδότες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

οἶδα (ath. ιδ-/ath. ειδ(ε)-/ath. ειδ-, ειδη·σ-/ει[δ]·σ-, ειδη·σ-, οιδ·[κ]-/ειδ·[κ]-, -, -)
ειδ·[κ]οτ·ες
perf act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to know (by seeing) /perceive/be-aware-of/be-acquainted-with/notice. Often rendered "know" (by seeing/observing), in contrast to "γινώσκω" (know by thinking/reasoning/experiencing).
{ ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
♦ [ δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
] ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
} δικαιοῦται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δικαιόω (δικαι(ο)-, δικαιω·σ-, δικαιω·σ-, -, δεδικαιω-, δικαιω·θ-)
δικαι(ο)·εται
pres mp ind 3rd sg
to make/declare-righteous or such as he ought to be; just, fair, equitable, right; defend the cause of, plead for the righteousness (innocence) hence: regard as righteous
ἄνθρωπος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ος
(mas) nom sg
human
ἐξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εξ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
ἔργων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἔργον, -ου, τό
εργ·ων
(neu) gen pl
work
νόμου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ου
(mas) gen sg
custom/law ordinance custom practice
, ἐὰν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἐάν (εἰ ἄν)
εαν
indecl
if-ever "ἐὰν μή" (Lit:if-ever not) means "except", "unless"
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen) δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
πίστεως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πίστις, -εως, ἡ
πιστ(ι)·ος
(fem) gen sg
faith(fulness)
Ἰησοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl., irreg. and Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
irreg. ιησου (instead of ιησ(ο)·ῳ > ιησῳ), ιησ(ο)·ε, ιησ(ο)·ου, ιησου
(mas) dat sg, (mas) voc sg, (mas) gen sg, (mas) indecl
Jesus [Joshua or Jesus]
χριστοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Χριστός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. Χριστέ
χριστ·ου
(mas) gen sg
Christ lit. 'anointed'
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἡμεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημεις
nom pl
I
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
χριστὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Χριστός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. Χριστέ
χριστ·ον
(mas) acc sg
Christ lit. 'anointed'
Ἰησοῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl., irreg. and Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ον
(mas) acc sg
Jesus [Joshua or Jesus]
ἐπιστεύσαμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πιστεύω (πιστευ-, πιστευ·σ-, πιστευ·σ-, πεπιστευ·κ-, πεπιστευ-, πιστευ·θ-)
ε·πιστευ·σαμεν
1aor act ind 1st pl
to believe/trust accept [toward] (heed [to], believe); give management (entrust). PASS. to be entrusted with
, ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that /so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
δικαιωθῶμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δικαιόω (δικαι(ο)-, δικαιω·σ-, δικαιω·σ-, -, δεδικαιω-, δικαιω·θ-)
δικαιω·θωμεν
aor θη sub 1st pl
to make/declare-righteous or such as he ought to be; just, fair, equitable, right; defend the cause of, plead for the righteousness (innocence) hence: regard as righteous
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
πίστεως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πίστις, -εως, ἡ
πιστ(ι)·ος
(fem) gen sg
faith(fulness)
χριστοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Χριστός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. Χριστέ
χριστ·ου
(mas) gen sg
Christ lit. 'anointed'
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἐξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εξ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
ἔργων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἔργον, -ου, τό
εργ·ων
(neu) gen pl
work
νόμου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ου
(mas) gen sg
custom/law ordinance custom practice
· { διότι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

δι·ότι
διοτι
indecl
because of this: that
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
δικαιωθήσεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δικαιόω (δικαι(ο)-, δικαιω·σ-, δικαιω·σ-, -, δεδικαιω-, δικαιω·θ-)
δικαιω·θησεται
fut θη ind 3rd sg
to make/declare-righteous or such as he ought to be; just, fair, equitable, right; defend the cause of, plead for the righteousness (innocence) hence: regard as righteous
ἐξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εξ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
ἔργων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἔργον, -ου, τό
εργ·ων
(neu) gen pl
work
νόμου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ου
(mas) gen sg
custom/law ordinance custom practice
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
ἐξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εξ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
ἔργων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἔργον, -ου, τό
εργ·ων
(neu) gen pl
work
νόμου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ου
(mas) gen sg
custom/law ordinance custom practice
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
δικαιωθήσεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δικαιόω (δικαι(ο)-, δικαιω·σ-, δικαιω·σ-, -, δεδικαιω-, δικαιω·θ-)
δικαιω·θησεται
fut θη ind 3rd sg
to make/declare-righteous or such as he ought to be; just, fair, equitable, right; defend the cause of, plead for the righteousness (innocence) hence: regard as righteous
} πᾶσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
πασ·α
fem nom|voc sg
each/every (of a relevant set).
σάρξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

σάρξ, -αρκός, ἡ
σαρκ·ς
(fem) nom|voc sg
flesh
.
———
RP: ὅτι οὐ ♦ NA/UBS: [δὲ] ὅτι οὐ
RP: διότι οὐ δικαιωθήσεται ἐξ ἔργων νόμου ♦ NA/UBS: ὅτι ἐξ ἔργων νόμου οὐ δικαιωθήσεται
Gal 2:16
yet knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law but through faith in Jesus Christ, even we believed in Christ Jesus, that we might be justified by faith in Christ, and not by the works of the law, because no flesh will be justified by the works of the law.
17Εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
δέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
, ζητοῦντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ζητέω (ζητ(ε)-, ζητη·σ-, ζητη·σ-, -, -, ζητη·θ-)
ζητ(ε)·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to seek /search/inquire, look-into
δικαιωθῆναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δικαιόω (δικαι(ο)-, δικαιω·σ-, δικαιω·σ-, -, δεδικαιω-, δικαιω·θ-)
δικαιω·θηναι
aor θη inf
to make/declare-righteous or such as he ought to be; just, fair, equitable, right; defend the cause of, plead for the righteousness (innocence) hence: regard as righteous
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
χριστῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Χριστός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. Χριστέ
χριστ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
Christ lit. 'anointed'
, εὑρέθημεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εὑρίσκω (ευρισκ-, ευρη·σ-, ευρ·[σ]- or 2nd ευρ-, ευρη·κ-, ευρη-, ευρε·θ-)
ε·ευρε·θημεν
aor θη ind 1st pl
to find /learn/discover (after searching)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
αὐτοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οι
mas nom pl
he/she/it/same
ἁμαρτωλοί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἁ·μαρτωλός -όν
αμαρτωλ·οι
mas nom|voc pl or fem nom|voc pl
sinful
, ἆρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἆρα[3]
αρα
indecl
So-then
χριστὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Χριστός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. Χριστέ
χριστ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Christ lit. 'anointed'
ἁμαρτίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἁ·μαρτία, -ίας, ἡ
αμαρτι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
sin Typical NT usage: "sin", also used to denote failure in a more generic fashion.
διάκονος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

δι·άκονος, -ου, ὁ and
διακον·ος
(mas) nom sg or (fem) nom sg
servant attendant
; Μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
γένοιτο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
γεν·οιτο
2aor mp opt 3rd sg
to become/happen
.
Gal 2:17
But if, while we sought seeking to be justified in Christ,[a] we ourselves also same were also found[b] (to be) sinners,[c] is Christ an servant enabler[d] of sin? Certainly May it not be!
———
a Rather than by law.
b By the Judaizers.
c Such as by eating with Gentiles (2:12).
d Gk. διάκονος, deacon/minister/tool.
18Εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for since, as
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
α
neu nom|acc pl
who/whom/which
κατέλυσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·λύω (κατα+λυ-, κατα+λυ·σ-, κατα+λυ·σ-, κατα+λελυ·κ-, -, κατα+λυ·θ-)
κατα·ε·λυ·σα
1aor act ind 1st sg
to tear-down Lit:"down-loose", hence unloose/tear-down. Metaph: relax. Similar but distinct from "καταργέω" (make of no effect), and "apollumi" (utterly-destroy).
, ταῦτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·α
neu nom|acc pl
this When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
πάλιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πάλιν
παλιν
indecl
again afresh, again, anon, once more, back, backwards, restore
οἰκοδομῶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

οἰκο·δομέω (οικοδομ(ε)-, οικοδομη·σ-, οικοδομη·σ-, ῳκοδομη·κ-, ῳκοδομη-, οικοδομη·θ-)
οικοδομ(ε)·ω
pres act ind 1st sg or pres act sub 1st sg
to build-up Lit:"dwelling-building", hence building-refuge, build-up,edify
, παραβάτην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

παρα·βάτης, -ου, ὁ
παραβατ·ην
(mas) acc sg
transgressor
ἐμαυτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

ἐμ·αυτοῦ -ῆς -οῦ
εμαυτ·ον
mas acc sg
myself
{ συνίστημι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συν·ίστημι (ath. συν+ιστ(α)-/ath. συν+ιστ(η)-, συν+στη·σ-, συν+στη·σ- or 2nd ath. συν+στ(η)-/ath. συν+στ(α)-, συν+εστη·κ-/συν+εστ(α)·[κ]-, -, συν+στα·θ-)
συν·ιστ(α)·^μι
pres act ind 1st sg
to stand with L. cohaerere, from co- 'together' + haerere 'to stick'.
συνιστάνω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συν·ιστάνω/-ιστάω (by-form of συν·ίστημι) (συν+ισταν-/συν+ιστ(α)-, -, -, -, -, -)
συν·ισταν·ω
pres act ind 1st sg or pres act sub 1st sg
to commend
} .
———
RP: συνίστημι ♦ NA/UBS: συνιστάνω
Gal 2:18
For if what I tore down, these I build up again rebuild those things which I destroyed, I prove myself a law-breaker transgressor (of those things).[a]
———
a If I reaffirm as valid laws I previously rejected, I seal my own guilt for any violations of those laws. This is the manner in which Peter stood condemned in 2:11.
19Ἐγὼ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
εγω
nom sg
I
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for since, as
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen) δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
νόμου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ου
(mas) gen sg
custom/law ordinance custom practice
νόμῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
custom/law ordinance custom practice
ἀπέθανον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·θνῄσκω (απο+θνῃσκ-, απο+θαν(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd απο+θαν-, -, -, -)
απο·ε·θαν·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
to die
, ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that /so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
θεῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
god [see theology]
ζήσω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ζάω (ζ(η)-/ath. ζ(η)-, ζη·σ-, ζη·σ-, -, -, -)
ζη·σω
fut act ind 1st sg or 1aor act sub 1st sg
to live Verb from "ζωή"(life), hence live/made-alive, exist, inhabit
.
Gal 2:19
For I, through the law, died to the law,[a] that I might live to God.
———
a No longer seeking to be justifed by law.
20Χριστῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Χριστός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. Χριστέ
χριστ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
Christ lit. 'anointed'
συνεσταύρωμαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συ·σταυρόω (-, -, -, -, συν+εσταυρω-, συν+σταυρω·θ-)
συν·εσταυρω·μαι
perf mp ind 1st sg
to impaled together
· ζῶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ζάω (ζ(η)-/ath. ζ(η)-, ζη·σ-, ζη·σ-, -, -, -)
ζ(η)·ω, ζ(η)·ου
pres act ind 1st sg or pres act sub 1st sg, pres mp imp 2nd sg
to live Verb from "ζωή"(life), hence live/made-alive, exist, inhabit
δέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
, οὐκέτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὐκέτι (οὐκ ἔτι)
ουκετι
indecl
no longer
ἐγώ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
εγω
nom sg
I
, ζῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ζάω (ζ(η)-/ath. ζ(η)-, ζη·σ-, ζη·σ-, -, -, -)
ζ(η)·ει, ζ(η)·ῃ
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, pres mp ind 2nd sg or pres act sub 3rd sg or pres mp sub 2nd sg
to live Verb from "ζωή"(life), hence live/made-alive, exist, inhabit
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ἐμοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person); Determiner (Possessive)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς; ἐμός -ή -όν
εμοι; εμ·οι
dat sg; mas nom|voc pl
I; my/mine
χριστός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Χριστός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. Χριστέ
χριστ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Christ lit. 'anointed'
· [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ο
neu nom|acc sg
who/whom/which
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
νῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

νῦν
νυν
indecl
now
ζῶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ζάω (ζ(η)-/ath. ζ(η)-, ζη·σ-, ζη·σ-, -, -, -)
ζ(η)·ω, ζ(η)·ου
pres act ind 1st sg or pres act sub 1st sg, pres mp imp 2nd sg
to live Verb from "ζωή"(life), hence live/made-alive, exist, inhabit
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
σαρκί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

σάρξ, -αρκός, ἡ
σαρκ·ι
(fem) dat sg
flesh
, ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
πίστει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πίστις, -εως, ἡ
πιστ(ι)·ι
(fem) dat sg
faith(fulness)
ζῶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ζάω (ζ(η)-/ath. ζ(η)-, ζη·σ-, ζη·σ-, -, -, -)
ζ(η)·ω, ζ(η)·ου
pres act ind 1st sg or pres act sub 1st sg, pres mp imp 2nd sg
to live Verb from "ζωή"(life), hence live/made-alive, exist, inhabit
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
υἱοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ου
(mas) gen sg
son
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god [see theology]
, τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
ἀγαπήσαντός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀγαπάω (αγαπ(α)-, αγαπη·σ-, αγαπη·σ-, ηγαπη·κ-, ηγαπη-, αγαπη·θ-)
αγαπη·σαντ·ος
1aor act ptcp mas gen sg or 1aor act ptcp neu gen sg
to agape-love /Calvary/sacrificial-love. Distinct from "φιλέω" (affection, friendship-love) and "έρος" (romantic/sexual-love).
με [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
με
acc sg
I
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
παραδόντος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·δίδωμι (ath. παρα+διδ(ο)-/ath. παρα+διδ(ω)-, παρα+δω·σ-, παρα+δω·κ- or 2nd ath. παρα+δ(ο)-/ath. παρα+δ(ω)-, παρα+δεδω·κ-, παρα+δεδο-, παρα+δο·θ-)
παρα·δ(ο)·ντ·ος
2aor act ptcp mas gen sg or 2aor act ptcp neu gen sg
to deliver-over Lit:"give-close-beside", hence deliver/surrender/hand-over, betray, commit, give-in/over/up, turn-in, consign, grant, bestow, teach-doctrine
ἑαυτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

ἑ·αυτοῦ/αὑτοῦ[2] -ῆς -οῦ
εαυτ·ον
mas acc sg
self him/her/it/our/your/them-selves
ὑπὲρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπέρ
υπερ
indecl
above (+acc), on behalf of (+gen)
ἐμοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person); Determiner (Possessive)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς; ἐμός -ή -όν
εμου; εμ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
I; my/mine
.
Gal 2:20
Together with Christ I have been crucified with Christ, and it is I myself no longer I that live, but Christ living lives in me. That life which What I now live in (the) flesh, I live by in (the) faith in the Son of God's son, who loved me, and gave handed himself up over for me on my behalf.
21Οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἀθετῶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀ·θετέω (αθετ(ε)-, αθετη·σ-, αθετη·σ-, ηθετη·κ-, -, αθετη·θ-)
αθετ(ε)·ω
pres act ind 1st sg or pres act sub 1st sg
to set at naught [nullify and agreement/covenant] deal treacherously, repudiate
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
χάριν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Noun (3rd Decl.)

χάριν; χάρι[τ]ς, -ιτος, ἡ, acc. χάρι[τ]ν and χάριτα
χαριν; χαρι[τ]·ν
indecl; (fem) acc sg
for the sake of [acc. of χάρις used adverbially] prep. for; favor/grace [see charity]
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god [see theology]
· εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for since, as
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen) δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
νόμου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ου
(mas) gen sg
custom/law ordinance custom practice
δικαιοσύνη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

δικαιο·σύνη, -ης, ἡ
δικαιοσυν·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
righteousness /justice, fulfillment of the law
, ἄρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἄρα[2]
αρα
indecl
therefore-indeed /hence/it-follows-that. An inferential conjunction implying under these circumstances, something either is/becomes (whatever follows). Similar to, but more disjunctive than "οὖν" (consequently/accordingly).
χριστὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Χριστός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. Χριστέ
χριστ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Christ lit. 'anointed'
δωρεὰν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Noun (1st Decl.)

δωρεάν (Adv. of δωρεά); δωρεά, -ᾶς, ἡ (cf. δόμα and δῶρον)
δωρεαν; δωρε·αν
indecl; (fem) acc sg
freely; gift
ἀπέθανεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·θνῄσκω (απο+θνῃσκ-, απο+θαν(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd απο+θαν-, -, -, -)
απο·ε·θαν·ε(ν)
2aor act ind 3rd sg
to die
.
Gal 2:21
I don’t not make void set aside the God's grace of God. For if righteousness (is) through the law, then Christ died for nothing gratuitously!”
« Ch 1» Ch 3

Copyright 2007-2017 Thomas Moore, Email: acct3 at katabiblon.com, Support Forum Set Local Timezone
Friday, 24-Mar-2017 00:16:35 EDT

OPTIONS

Chapter Vocabulary
or

CHAPTERS

1 2 3 4 5 6

LEXICON

Greek Lexicon

TEXTS

LANGUAGES

Latina

OPTIONS

abgdezhqiklm
αβγδεζηθικλμ
nxoprstufcyw
νξοπρστυφχψω
)(/\=|+'v@#*
᾿ ͺ¨ϝϛʹ%
Wildcard: %