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ΠΡΟΣ ΕΦΕΣΙΟΥΣ

Letter to the Ephesians

 Robinson-Pierpont 2005 Wiki English Translation‎ / World English Bible
1Παρακαλῶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·καλέω (παρα+καλ(ε)-, παρα+καλε·σ-, παρα+καλε·σ-, -, παρα+κεκλη-, παρα+κλη·θ-)
παρα·καλ(ε)·ω
pres act ind 1st sg or pres act sub 1st sg
to entreat/console [Lit: beside-call, hence: entreat, implore, ask earnestly, also: console, encourage, comfort (in context of affliction)]
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently /accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
ὑμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμας
acc pl
you
ἐγώ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
εγω
nom sg
I
, [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
δέσμιος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-2-2 and 2-1-2)

δέσμιος[2], -ου, ὁ; δέσμιος[1] (-ία) -ον [LXX]
δεσμι·ος; δεσμι·ος
(mas) nom sg; mas nom sg or fem nom sg
prisoner , from "δέω" (bind/tie/restrain/imprison).; bound
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
κυρίῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ῳ; κυρι·ῳ
(mas) dat sg; neu dat sg or mas dat sg
lord , "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).; authoritative
, ἀξίως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἀξίως
αξιως
indecl
worthily
περιπατῆσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

περι·πατέω (περι+πατ(ε)-, περι+πατη·σ-, περι+πατη·σ-, περι+πεπατη·κ-, -, -)
περι·πατη·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to walk
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
κλήσεως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

κλῆσις, -εως, ἡ
κλησ(ι)·ος
(fem) gen sg
invited an invitation to a feast
ἧς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ης
fem gen sg
who/whom/which
ἐκλήθητε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καλέω (καλ(ε)-, καλε·σ-, καλε·σ-, κεκλη·κ-, κεκλη-, κλη·θ-)
ε·κλη·θητε
aor θη ind 2nd pl
to call summon/invite
,
Eph 4:1
¶I therefore, the prisoner in the Lord, beg you to walk worthily of the calling with to which you were called,
2μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen) Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
πάσης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
πασ·ης
fem gen sg
each/every (of a relevant set).
ταπεινοφροσύνης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ταπεινο·φρο·σύνη, -ης, ἡ
ταπεινοφροσυν·ης
(fem) gen sg
humility [Lit: low-minded]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
{ πρᾳότητος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πραΰτη[τ]ς v.l. πρᾳΰτη[τ]ς and πραότη[τ]ς v.l. πρᾳότη[τ]ς, -ητος, ἡ
πρᾳοτητ·ος
(fem) gen sg
humility
πραΰτητος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πραΰτη[τ]ς v.l. πρᾳΰτη[τ]ς and πραότη[τ]ς v.l. πρᾳότη[τ]ς, -ητος, ἡ
πραυτητ·ος
(fem) gen sg
humility
} , μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen) Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
μακροθυμίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

μακρο·θυμία, -ας, ἡ
μακροθυμι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
patience
, ἀνεχόμενοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀν·έχω (αν+εχ-/+αν+εχ-, αν+εξ-, 2nd ανα+σχ-/+αν+σχ-, -, -, -)
αν·εχ·ομεν·οι
pres mp ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to bear-with Lit: re-have/hold. hence bear-with, put-up-with, tolerate, indulge
ἀλλήλων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reciprocal)

ἀλλήλων (gen. pl.)
αλληλ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
one another
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ἀγάπῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἀγάπη, -ης, ἡ
αγαπ·ῃ
(fem) dat sg
love /Calvary-love (as distinguished from "φιλω" (friend-love, affection)
,
———
RP: πρᾳότητος ♦ NA/UBS: πραΰτητος
Eph 4:2
with all lowliness and humility, with patience, bearing putting up with one another in love;
3σπουδάζοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σπουδάζω (σπουδαζ-, σπουδα·σ-, σπουδα·σ-, εσπουδα·κ-, -, -)
σπουδαζ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to endeavour [be serious or earnest (about a matter), (to do in a) hurry]
τηρεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τηρέω (τηρ(ε)-, τηρη·σ-, τηρη·σ-, τετηρη·κ-, τετηρη-, τηρη·θ-)
τηρ(ε)·ειν
pres act inf
to guard/watch-over From "τηρος" (guard/watchman), hence guard/watch-over(something valuable)". Usually rendered "keep", as in maintain/retain/keep-in-tact/preserve/reserve/heed/observe/abide-by/take-care-for/attend-carefully (not as in hold/possess/
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
ἑνότητα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἑνότη[τ]ς, -ητος, ἡ
ενοτητ·α
(fem) acc sg
oneness
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
πνεύματος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πνεῦμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πνευματ·ος
(neu) gen sg
spirit /breath/wind, spiritual-utterance
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
συνδέσμῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

σύν·δεσμος, -ου, ὁ and -μον, -ου, τό
συνδεσμ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg or (neu) dat sg
bonded together ligament, connects bones and cartilage and supports organs
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
εἰρήνης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

εἰρήνη, -ης, ἡ
ειρην·ης
(fem) gen sg
peace
.
Eph 4:3
being eager endeavoring to keep the unity oneness of the Spirit in the bond cohesiveness of peace.
4Ἓν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ε[ι]ν
neu nom|acc sg
one
σῶμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

σῶμα[τ], -ατος, τό
σωμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
body
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἓν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ε[ι]ν
neu nom|acc sg
one
πνεῦμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πνεῦμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πνευμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
spirit /breath/wind, spiritual-utterance
, καθὼς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

καθ·ώς
καθως
indecl
as accordingly [according to how/in accordance with how]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἐκλήθητε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καλέω (καλ(ε)-, καλε·σ-, καλε·σ-, κεκλη·κ-, κεκλη-, κλη·θ-)
ε·κλη·θητε
aor θη ind 2nd pl
to call summon/invite
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
μιᾷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
μι·ᾳ
fem dat sg
one
ἐλπίδι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἐλπί[δ]ς, -ίδος, ἡ
ελπιδ·ι
(fem) dat sg
hope/expectation object of hope.. where you place your trust
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
κλήσεως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

κλῆσις, -εως, ἡ
κλησ(ι)·ος
(fem) gen sg
invited an invitation to a feast
ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you
·
Eph 4:4
There is one body, and one Spirit, even as you also were called in one hope of your calling;
5εἷς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ει[ν]·ς
mas nom sg
one
κύριος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ος; κυρι·ος
(mas) nom sg; mas nom sg
lord , "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).; authoritative
, μία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
μι·α
fem nom sg
one
πίστις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πίστις, -εως, ἡ
πιστ(ι)·ς
(fem) nom sg
faith(fulness)/trust(worthiness)
, ἓν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ε[ι]ν
neu nom|acc sg
one
βάπτισμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

βάπτισμα[τ], -ατος, τό (cf. βαπτισμός)
βαπτισμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
baptism
,
Eph 4:5
one Lord, one faith, one baptism,
6εἷς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ει[ν]·ς
mas nom sg
one
θεὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ος
(mas) nom sg
god [see theology]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
πατὴρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πατήρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ὁ, voc. pl. πατέρες
πατερ·^
(mas) nom sg
father
πάντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl
each/every (of a relevant set).
, [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat) ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
πάντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl
each/every (of a relevant set).
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen) δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
πάντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl
each/every (of a relevant set).
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
πᾶσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
πα[ντ]·σι(ν)
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
each/every (of a relevant set).
{ ἡμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημιν
dat pl
I
♦ - } .
———
RP: ἡμῖν ♦ NA/UBS: —
Eph 4:6
one God and Father of all, who is over all, and through all, and in us all.
7Ἑνὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ε[ι]ν·ι
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
one
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
ἑκάστῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Distributive Numeral)

ἕκαστος -η -ον
εκαστ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
each-separately (from "ἕκας" "separate"), hence each-separately/distinctly (as opposed to "πᾶς" "each-of-a-relevant-set"
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
I
ἐδόθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
ε·δο·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
to give /offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
χάρις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

χάρι[τ]ς, -ιτος, ἡ, acc. χάρι[τ]ν and χάριτα
χαρι[τ]·ς
(fem) nom sg
favor/grace [see charity]
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen) with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
μέτρον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

μέτρον, -ου, τό
μετρ·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
measure
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
δωρεᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

δωρεά, -ᾶς, ἡ (cf. δόμα and δῶρον)
δωρε·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
gift
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
χριστοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Χριστός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. Χριστέ
χριστ·ου
(mas) gen sg
Christ lit. 'anointed'
.
Eph 4:7
But to each one of us was the grace given according to the Christ's measure apportionment of the gift of Christ.[a]
———
a We have been given gifts so that we, too, should become as one (see 4:13) just as the body is one, the spirit is one, the hope is one (4:4), the Lord is one, the faith is one, the baptism is one (4:5), and the God and Father of all is one (4:6).
8Διὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

διό (δι’ ὅ)
διο
indecl
because of which
λέγει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
to say/tell
, Ἀναβὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀνα·βαίνω (ανα+βαιν-, ανα+βη·σ-, ανα+βαιν·[σ]- or 2nd ath. ανα+β(η)-/ath. ανα+β(α)-, ανα+βεβη·κ-, -, -)
ανα·β(α)·[ντ]·ς
2aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
to ascend Lit:"step/foot-up", hence ascend.
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
ὕψος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ὕψο·ς, -ους, τό, gen. pl. ὑψῶν and ὕψεων
υψ(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
height height, heaven; dignity, eminence, pride, arrogance
ᾐχμαλώτευσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

αἰχμ·αλωτεύω (αιχμαλωτευ-, αιχμαλωτευ·σ-, αιχμαλωτευ·σ-, -, ῃχμαλωτευ-, αιχμαλωτευ·θ-)
ε·αιχμαλωτευ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to capture
αἰχμαλωσίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

αἰχμ·αλωσία, -ας, ἡ
αιχμαλωσι·αν
(fem) acc sg
captivity
, { καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
♦ - } ἔδωκεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
ε·δω·κε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to give /offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
δόματα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

δόμα[τ], -ατος, τό (cf. δόσις, δωρεά, δώρημα and δῶρον)
δοματ·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
gift
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
ἀνθρώποις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·οις
(mas) dat pl
human
.
———
RP: καὶ ♦ NA/UBS: —
Eph 4:8
Therefore he says,[a] “When he ascended on high, he led captivity captive captives into captivity,[b] and gave gifts[c] to men.”*
———
a Psalm 67(68):18 LXX: ἀνέβης εἰς ὕψος ᾐχμαλώτευσας αἰχμαλωσίαν ἔλαβες δόματα ἐν ἀνθρώπῳ καὶ γὰρ ἀπειθοῦντες τοῦ κατασκηνῶσαι κύριος ὁ θεὸς εὐλογητός.
b Psalm 68:21-22: But God will strike the heads of his enemies, the hairy crown of him who walks in his guilty ways. / The Lord said, / I will bring them back from Bashan, / I will bring them back from the depths of the sea (ESV). [In verse 23 it gets bloody.]
c Spoils of his victory. Note that in the LXX verse 18 actually says ἔλαβες [took] gifts instead of ἔδωκεν [gave] gifts. See Psalm 68:29: Because of your temple at Jerusalem / kings shall bear gifts to you (ESV). But see also 1 Samuel 30:26: When David came to Ziklag, he sent part of the spoil to his friends, the elders of Judah, saying, Here is a present for you from the spoil of the enemies of the Lord. (ESV).
9Τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
δέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
, Ἀνέβη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀνα·βαίνω (ανα+βαιν-, ανα+βη·σ-, ανα+βαιν·[σ]- or 2nd ath. ανα+β(η)-/ath. ανα+β(α)-, ανα+βεβη·κ-, -, -)
ανα·ε·β(η)·^
2aor act ind 3rd sg
to ascend Lit:"step/foot-up", hence ascend.
, τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who/what/why interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be
εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
κατέβη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·βαίνω (κατα+βαιν-, κατα+βη·σ-, 2nd ath. κατα+β(η)-/ath. κατα+β(α)-, κατα+βεβη·κ-, -, -)
κατα·ε·β(η)·^
2aor act ind 3rd sg
to descend descend, go down, dismount from, arrive at, attain one's end
{ πρῶτον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

πρώτον (Adv. of πρῶτος); πρῶτος -η -ον
πρωτον; πρωτ·ον
indecl; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
foremost; first
♦ - } εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
κατώτερα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

κατώ·τερος -α -ον (Comp. Adj. of κάτω)
κατωτερ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or fem nom|voc sg
deeper comparative adj. from "κατά" (down), hence deeper/lower/below.
{ μέρη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

μέρο·ς, -ους, τό
μερ(ε)·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
part/piece regions
♦ [ μέρη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

μέρο·ς, -ους, τό
μερ(ε)·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
part/piece regions
] } τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
γῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

γῆ, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. γῆ
γ·ης
(fem) gen sg
earth/land
;
———
RP: πρῶτον ♦ NA/UBS: —
RP: μέρη ♦ NA/UBS: [μέρη]
Eph 4:9
Now this, “He ascended,” what is it but that he also first descended[a] into the lower parts of the earth?
———
a Psalm 68 is about the conquest of Canaan, with God descending from heaven—Psalm 68:4: Sing to God! Sing praises to his name! / Exalt the one who rides on the clouds! / For the Lord is his name! / Rejoice before him! (NET)— to lead his people from Sinai (Psalm 68:17) into his sanctuary (Canaan?): Psalm 68:7: O God, when you went out before your people, / when you marched through the wilderness, Selah (ESV) and 68:17: The chariots of God are tens of thousands / and thousands of thousands; / the Lord has come from Sinai into his sanctuary (NIV).
10 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
καταβάς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·βαίνω (κατα+βαιν-, κατα+βη·σ-, 2nd ath. κατα+β(η)-/ath. κατα+β(α)-, κατα+βεβη·κ-, -, -)
κατα·β(α)·[ντ]·ς
2aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
to descend descend, go down, dismount from, arrive at, attain one's end
, αὐτός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ος
mas nom sg
he/she/it/same
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
ἀναβὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀνα·βαίνω (ανα+βαιν-, ανα+βη·σ-, ανα+βαιν·[σ]- or 2nd ath. ανα+β(η)-/ath. ανα+β(α)-, ανα+βεβη·κ-, -, -)
ανα·β(α)·[ντ]·ς
2aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
to ascend Lit:"step/foot-up", hence ascend.
ὑπεράνω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὑπερ·άνω
υπερανω
indecl
over-above
πάντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl
each/every (of a relevant set).
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
οὐρανῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

οὐρανός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. οὐρανοί
ουραν·ων
(mas) gen pl
sky/heaven
, ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that /so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
πληρώσῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πληρόω (πληρ(ο)-, πληρω·σ-, πληρω·σ-, πεπληρω·κ-, πεπληρω-, πληρω·θ-)
πληρω·σῃ
fut mp ind 2nd sg or 1aor act sub 3rd sg or 1aor mp sub 2nd sg
to fulfill Lit:"fill-to-individual-capacity", hence fill, fulfill, make-full.
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
πάντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or mas acc sg
each/every (of a relevant set).
.
Eph 4:10
He who descended is the one who also ascended[a] far above all the heavens,[b] that he might fulfill all things.[c]
———
a Since the Christ is the one who descended, he, then, is the one who ascended, and therefore is the one giving the gifts as he sees fits.
b Psalm 68:32-34: O kingdoms of the earth, sing to God; / sing praises to the Lord, Selah / to him who rides in the heavens, the ancient heavens; / behold, he sends out his voice, his mighty voice. / Ascribe power to God, / whose majesty is over Israel, / and whose power is in the skies (ESV).
c Psalm 68:19-20: Blessed be the Lord, / who daily bears us up; / God is our salvation. Selah / Our God is a God of salvation, / and to God, the Lord, belong deliverances from death (ESV). Psalm 68:28-31: Summon your power, O God, / the power, O God, by which you have worked for us. / Because of your temple at Jerusalem / kings shall bear gifts to you. / Rebuke the beasts that dwell among the reeds, / the herd of bulls with the calves of the peoples. / Trample underfoot those who lust after tribute; / scatter the peoples who delight in war. / Nobles shall come from Egypt; / Cush shall hasten to stretch out her hands to God (ESV).
11Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
αὐτὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ος
mas nom sg
he/she/it/same
ἔδωκεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
ε·δω·κε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
to give /offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
μὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μέν
μεν
indecl
indeed /certainly/surely.
ἀποστόλους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἀπό·στολος, -ου, ὁ
αποστολ·ους
(mas) acc pl
apostle
, τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
προφήτας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

προφήτης, -ου, ὁ
προφητ·ας
(mas) acc pl
prophet
, τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
εὐαγγελιστάς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

εὐ·αγγελιστής, -οῦ, ὁ
ευαγγελιστ·ας
(mas) acc pl
evangelist
, τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
ποιμένας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ποιμήν, -ένος, ὁ
ποιμεν·ας
(mas) acc pl
shepherd
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
διδασκάλους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

διδάσκαλος, -ου, ὁ
διδασκαλ·ους
(mas) acc pl
teacher
,
Eph 4:11
¶He gave some to be apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, shepherds and teachers;
12πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat) Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
καταρτισμὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

κατ·αρτισμός, -οῦ, ὁ
καταρτισμ·ον
(mas) acc sg
equipment
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
ἁγίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἅγιος -α -ον (cf. ὅσιος and ἱερός)
αγι·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
holy [dedicated, divine, pure]
, εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
ἔργον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἔργον, -ου, τό
εργ·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
work
διακονίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

δι·ακονία, -ας, ἡ
διακονι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
service
, εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
οἰκοδομὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

οἰκο·δομή, -ῆς, ἡ
οικοδομ·ην
(fem) acc sg
building/building-up Lit:"house/home-building), edifice/building, Metaphor: building-up, edification.
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
σώματος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

σῶμα[τ], -ατος, τό
σωματ·ος
(neu) gen sg
body
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
χριστοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Χριστός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. Χριστέ
χριστ·ου
(mas) gen sg
Christ lit. 'anointed'
·
Eph 4:12
for the perfecting of the saints, to the work of serving, to the building up of the body of Christ;
13μέχρι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μέχρι/μέχρις
μεχρι
indecl
until [μέχρι before vowels and consonants; μέχρις before vowels only]
καταντήσωμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατ·αντάω (-, -, κατ+αντη·σ-, κατ+ηντη·κ-, -, -)
κατ·αντη·σωμεν
1aor act sub 1st pl
to arrive arrive in or at a place, or attain a goal
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
πάντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ες
mas nom|voc pl
each/every (of a relevant set).
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
ἑνότητα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἑνότη[τ]ς, -ητος, ἡ
ενοτητ·α
(fem) acc sg
oneness
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
πίστεως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πίστις, -εως, ἡ
πιστ(ι)·ος
(fem) gen sg
faith(fulness)/trust(worthiness)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
ἐπιγνώσεως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἐπί·γνωσις, -εως, ἡ
επιγνωσ(ι)·ος
(fem) gen sg
recognition knowledge of someone or something; specific knowledge
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
υἱοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ου
(mas) gen sg
son
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god [see theology]
, εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
ἄνδρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἀνήρ, ἀνδρός, ὁ, voc. sg. ἄνερ
ανδρ·α
(mas) acc sg
man (as distinct from woman, beast, god, etc); sometimes "husband".
τέλειον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

τέλειος -α -ον
τελει·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
completed
, εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
μέτρον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

μέτρον, -ου, τό
μετρ·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
measure
ἡλικίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἡλικία, -ας, ἡ
ηλικι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
age get older, stature
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
πληρώματος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πλήρωμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πληρωματ·ος
(neu) gen sg
fullness [satiety, fulfillment]
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
χριστοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Χριστός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. Χριστέ
χριστ·ου
(mas) gen sg
Christ lit. 'anointed'
·
Eph 4:13
until we all attain to the unity oneness of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, to a full grownperfect man, to the measure of the stature of the fullness of Christ;
14ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that /so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
μηκέτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

μηκέτι (μή ἔτι)
μηκετι
indecl
no-longer Lit:"not-still", implying a cessation of former behavior/attitude/conduct/choices
ὦμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·ωμεν
pres act sub 1st pl
to be
νήπιοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

νήπιος -ία -ον
νηπι·οι
mas nom|voc pl
infant
, κλυδωνιζόμενοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κλυδωνίζομαι (κλυδωνιζ-, -, -, -, -, κλυδωνισ·θ-)
κλυδωνιζ·ομεν·οι
pres mp ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to toss around make turbulent
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
περιφερόμενοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

περι·φέρω (περι+φερ-, -, περι+ενεγκ·[σ]-, -, -, -)
περι·φερ·ομεν·οι
pres mp ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to carry about (in the dialect sense 'carry about'): peripatetic moving, wandering, nomadic; publish, make known, transfer, refer, shift, cadge; donation to a beggar
παντὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ι
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
each/every (of a relevant set).
ἀνέμῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἄνεμος, -ου, ὁ
ανεμ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
wind gust of wind
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
διδασκαλίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

διδασκαλία, -ας, ἡ
διδασκαλι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
teaching
, ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
κυβείᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

κυβεία, -ας, ἡ
κυβει·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
dice-throwing cube; games of chance
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
ἀνθρώπων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ων
(mas) gen pl
human
, ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
πανουργίᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

πανουργία, -ας, ἡ
πανουργι·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
sneakiness
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat) Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
μεθοδείαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

μεθ·οδεία, -ας, ἡ
μεθοδει·αν
(fem) acc sg
deceitfulness craft, wiliness, scheming, deceitful
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
πλάνης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

πλάνη, -ης, ἡ
πλαν·ης
(fem) gen sg
misstep
·
Eph 4:14
that we may no longer be children, being tossed tumbled around back and forth and carried about along with by every wind of doctrine teaching, (whether) by in the trickery wild speculation[a] of men, (or) in craftiness ill intention, after the wiles of error intended[b] to mislead;
———
a Gk. κυβεία, dice-throwing, i.e., games of chance. Traditionally assumed to imply the throwing of loaded dice, i.e., chicanery. Here instead assumed to imply randomness, as in wild speculation that might hit upon the truth only by chance rather than actual knowledge.
b Gk. πρὸς, toward or for the purpose of, therefore intended.
15ἀληθεύοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀ·ληθεύω (αληθευ-, αληθευ·σ-, αληθευ·σ-, -, -, -)
αληθευ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to tell the truth 1. to speak the truth (Gal 4:16); 2. to live, practice or follow the truth - not just speak it, hence to be ethical or just (see Eph 4:15 where it is used in contrast to living under the influence of falsehood like children [v14]; see also LXX Prv 21:3)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ἀγάπῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἀγάπη, -ης, ἡ
αγαπ·ῃ
(fem) dat sg
love /Calvary-love (as distinguished from "φιλω" (friend-love, affection)
αὐξήσωμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

αὐξάνω/αὔξω (αυξαν-/αυξ-, αυξη·σ-, αυξη·σ-, -, ηυξη-, αυξη·θ-)
αυξη·σωμεν
1aor act sub 1st pl
to grow/increase [in power, strength, numbers etc..]
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
he/she/it/same
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
πάντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or mas acc sg
each/every (of a relevant set).
, ὅς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ος
mas nom sg
who/whom/which
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
κεφαλή [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

κεφαλή, -ῆς, ἡ
κεφαλ·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
head
, { [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
♦ - } χριστός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Χριστός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. Χριστέ
χριστ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Christ lit. 'anointed'
,
———
RP: ὁ ♦ NA/UBS: —
Eph 4:15
but speakingliving the truth in love, we may grow up in all things into him, who is the head, Christ;
16ἐξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εξ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
οὗ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle; Pronoun (Relative)

οὗ[1]; ὅς ἥ ὅ
ου; ου
indecl; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
where ἕως οὗ means "until where (in time)", that is, "until when", "until such time as", or "until the point that"; who/whom/which
πᾶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παν[τ]
neu nom|acc|voc sg
each/every (of a relevant set).
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
σῶμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

σῶμα[τ], -ατος, τό
σωμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
body
συναρμολογούμενον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συν·αρμο·λογέω (συν+αρμολογ(ε)-, -, -, -, -, -)
συν·αρμολογ(ε)·ομεν·ον
pres mp ptcp mas acc sg or pres mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
to fit together
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
συμβιβαζόμενον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συμ·βιβάζω (συν+βιβαζ-, συν+βιβ(α)·[σ]-/συν+βιβα·σ-, συν+βιβα·σ-, -, -, συν+βιβασ·θ-)
συν·βιβαζ·ομεν·ον
pres mp ptcp mas acc sg or pres mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
to piece together (connect the dots)
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen) δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
πάσης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
πασ·ης
fem gen sg
each/every (of a relevant set).
ἁφῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἁφή, -ῆς, ἡ
αφ·ης
(fem) gen sg
ligament (connection, LXX plague, infection)
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
ἐπιχορηγίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἐπι·χορηγία, -ας, ἡ
επιχορηγι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
supply
, κατ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατ’
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen) with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
ἐνέργειαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἐν·έργεια, -ας, ἡ
ενεργει·αν
(fem) acc sg
working (operation)
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
μέτρῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

μέτρον, -ου, τό
μετρ·ῳ
(neu) dat sg
measure
ἑνὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ε[ι]ν·ος
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
one
ἑκάστου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Distributive Numeral)

ἕκαστος -η -ον
εκαστ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
each-separately (from "ἕκας" "separate"), hence each-separately/distinctly (as opposed to "πᾶς" "each-of-a-relevant-set"
μέρους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

μέρο·ς, -ους, τό
μερ(ε)·ος
(neu) gen sg
part/piece regions
, τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
αὔξησιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

αὔξησις, -εως, ἡ
αυξησ(ι)·ν
(fem) acc sg
growth
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
σώματος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

σῶμα[τ], -ατος, τό
σωματ·ος
(neu) gen sg
body
ποιεῖται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποι(ε)·εται
pres mp ind 3rd sg
to do/make
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
οἰκοδομὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

οἰκο·δομή, -ῆς, ἡ
οικοδομ·ην
(fem) acc sg
building/building-up Lit:"house/home-building), edifice/building, Metaphor: building-up, edification.
ἑαυτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

ἑ·αυτοῦ/αὑτοῦ[2] -ῆς -οῦ
εαυτ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
self him/her/it/our/your/them-selves
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ἀγάπῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἀγάπη, -ης, ἡ
αγαπ·ῃ
(fem) dat sg
love /Calvary-love (as distinguished from "φιλω" (friend-love, affection)
.
Eph 4:16
from whom all the body, being fitted and knit together through that which every joint supplies, according to the working in measure of each individual part, makes the body increase to the building up of itself in love.
17Τοῦτο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
this When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently /accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
λέγω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ω
pres act ind 1st sg or pres act sub 1st sg
to say/tell
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
μαρτύρομαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μαρτύρομαι (μαρτυρ-, -, μαρτυρ·[σ]-, -, -, -)
μαρτυρ·ομαι
pres mp ind 1st sg
to call to witness
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
κυρίῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ῳ; κυρι·ῳ
(mas) dat sg; neu dat sg or mas dat sg
lord , "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).; authoritative
, μηκέτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

μηκέτι (μή ἔτι)
μηκετι
indecl
no-longer Lit:"not-still", implying a cessation of former behavior/attitude/conduct/choices
ὑμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμας
acc pl
you
περιπατεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

περι·πατέω (περι+πατ(ε)-, περι+πατη·σ-, περι+πατη·σ-, περι+πεπατη·κ-, -, -)
περι·πατ(ε)·ειν
pres act inf
to walk
, καθὼς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

καθ·ώς
καθως
indecl
as accordingly [according to how/in accordance with how]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
{ λοιπὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

λοιπός -ή -όν
λοιπ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl
remaining well then, sο, now, the rest
♦ - } ἔθνη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ε)·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
nation /ethnos.
περιπατεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

περι·πατέω (περι+πατ(ε)-, περι+πατη·σ-, περι+πατη·σ-, περι+πεπατη·κ-, -, -)
περι·πατ(ε)·ει, περι·πατ(ε)·ε
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, pres act imp 2nd sg
to walk
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ματαιότητι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ματαιότη[τ]ς, -ητος, ἡ
ματαιοτητ·ι
(fem) dat sg
vanity purposelessness
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
νοὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

νοῦς, νοός, νοΐ, νοῦν, ὁ
ν(ου)·ος
(mas) gen sg
mind
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
he/she/it/same
,
———
RP: λοιπὰ ♦ NA/UBS: —
Eph 4:17
¶This I say therefore, and testify in the Lord, that you no longer walk as the rest of the Gentiles also walk, in the futility of their mind,
18{ ἐσκοτισμένοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σκοτίζω (-, -, -, -, εσκοτισ-, σκοτισ·θ-)
εσκοτισ·μεν·οι
perf mp ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to obscure darken, get dark, haze, lour,
ἐσκοτωμένοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σκοτόω (σκοτ(ο)-, -, -, -, εσκοτω-, σκοτω·θ-)
εσκοτω·μεν·οι
perf mp ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to darken/stupefy [fall into a stupor]
} τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
διανοίᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

διά·νοια, -ας, ἡ
διανοι·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
cognition intellect, mentality, purpose, plan
, ὄντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to be
ἀπηλλοτριωμένοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·αλλοτριόω (-, απ+αλλοτριω·σ-, απ+αλλοτριω·σ-, -, απ+ηλλοτριω-, απ+αλλοτριω·θ-)
απ·ηλλοτριω·μεν·οι
perf mp ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to to alienate
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
ζωῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

ζωή, -ῆς, ἡ; ζωός -ή -όν [EXTRA]
ζω·ης; ζω·ης
(fem) gen sg; fem gen sg
life being, living, spirit; alive
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god [see theology]
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen) δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
ἄγνοιαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἄ·γνοια, -ας, ἡ
αγνοι·αν
(fem) acc sg
ignorance
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
οὖσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·ουσ·αν
pres act ptcp fem acc sg
to be
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
he/she/it/same
, διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen) δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
πώρωσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πώρωσις, -εως, ἡ
πωρωσ(ι)·ν
(fem) acc sg
callousness
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
καρδίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

καρδία, -ας, ἡ
καρδι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
heart καρδιας With the eyes of the heart enlightened (Eph_1:18)
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
he/she/it/same
·
———
RP: ἐσκοτισμένοι ♦ NA/UBS: ἐσκοτωμένοι
Eph 4:18
being darkened in their understanding, alienated from the life of God, because of the ignorance that is in them, because of the hardening of their hearts;
19οἵτινες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅσ·τι[ν]ς ἥ·τι[ν]ς ὄ τι[ν]
οι·τιν·ες
mas nom pl
one/such-who/which/that , Lit: a-particular/some-who/which/that; "ἕως ὅτου": until-when
ἀπηλγηκότες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·αλγέω (-, -, -, απ+ηλγη·κ-, -, -)
απ·ηλγη·κοτ·ες
perf act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to beyond feeling (cease to feel pain)
ἑαυτοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

ἑ·αυτοῦ/αὑτοῦ[2] -ῆς -οῦ
εαυτ·ους
mas acc pl
self him/her/it/our/your/them-selves
παρέδωκαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·δίδωμι (ath. παρα+διδ(ο)-/ath. παρα+διδ(ω)-, παρα+δω·σ-, παρα+δω·κ- or 2nd ath. παρα+δ(ο)-/ath. παρα+δ(ω)-, παρα+δεδω·κ-, παρα+δεδο-, παρα+δο·θ-)
παρα·ε·δω·καν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
to deliver-over Lit:"give-close-beside", hence deliver/surrender/hand-over, betray, commit, give-in/over/up, turn-in, consign, grant, bestow, teach-doctrine
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
ἀσελγείᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἀσέλγεια, -ας, ἡ
ασελγει·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
unrestraint (from "ἀσέλγς":brutal) hence unrestrained/licentious/unrestrained-desire, lasciviousness/wantonness/perniciousness, without-moral-restraint, moral-abandon.
, εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
ἐργασίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἐργασία, -ας, ἡ
εργασι·αν
(fem) acc sg
business/pursuits
ἀκαθαρσίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἀ·καθαρσία, -ας, ἡ
ακαθαρσι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
uncleaness depravity foulness of a wound or sore
πάσης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
πασ·ης
fem gen sg
each/every (of a relevant set).
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
πλεονεξίᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

πλεον·εξία, -ας, ἡ
πλεονεξι·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
greed/covetousness [desire-to-possess/acquire-more]
.
Eph 4:19
who having become callous gave themselves up to lust, to work all uncleanness with greediness.
20Ὑμεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμεις
nom pl
you
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
οὐχ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουχ
indecl
not Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
οὕτως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὕτως/οὕτω
ουτως
indecl
thusly/like-this Lit:"like-this", hence, thusly, in-this-manner (οὕτως before vowels and consonants; οὕτω before consonants only]
ἐμάθετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μανθάνω (μανθαν-, μαθη·σ-, 2nd μαθ-, μεμαθη·κ-, -, -)
ε·μαθ·ετε
2aor act ind 2nd pl
to learn practice, recite
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
χριστόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Χριστός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. Χριστέ
χριστ·ον
(mas) acc sg
Christ lit. 'anointed'
,
Eph 4:20
But you did not learn Christ that way;
21{ εἴγε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἴ·γε
ειγε
indecl
???
εἴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
γε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

γέ
γε
indecl
indeed An emphatic particle meaning at least, indeed. It emphasizes the word to which it is associated.
} αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
he/she/it/same
ἠκούσατε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀκούω (ακου-, ακου·σ-, ακου·σ-, ακηκο·[κ]-, ηκουσ-, ακουσ·θ-)
ε·ακου·σατε
1aor act ind 2nd pl
to hear
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
he/she/it/same
ἐδιδάχθητε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

διδάσκω (διδασκ-, διδαξ-, διδαξ-, δεδιδαχ·[κ]-, δεδιδακ-, διδαχ·θ-)
ε·διδακ·θητε
aor θη ind 2nd pl
to teach From "δαω"(learn), hence, cause-to-learn, teach/instruct, direct.
, καθώς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

καθ·ώς
καθως
indecl
as accordingly [according to how/in accordance with how]
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be
ἀλήθεια [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἀ·λήθεια, -ας, ἡ
αληθει·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
truth
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
Ἰησοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl., irreg. and Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
irreg. ιησου (instead of ιησ(ο)·ῳ > ιησῳ), ιησ(ο)·ε, ιησ(ο)·ου, ιησου
(mas) dat sg, (mas) voc sg, (mas) gen sg, (mas) indecl
Jesus [Joshua or Jesus]
·
———
RP: εἴγε ♦ NA/UBS: εἴ γε
Eph 4:21
if indeed you heard him, and were taught in him, even as truth is in Jesus:
22ἀποθέσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·τίθημι (-, απο+θη·σ-, απο+θη·κ- or 2nd ath. απο+θ(ε)-, -, -, -)
απο·θ(ε)·σθαι
2aor mp inf
to to put away to avoid, escape
ὑμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμας
acc pl
you
, κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen) with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
προτέραν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

πρό·τερος -α -ον (Comp. of πρῶτος)
προτερ·αν
fem acc sg
earlier
ἀναστροφήν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἀνα·στροφή, -ῆς, ἡ
αναστροφ·ην
(fem) acc sg
conduct
, τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
παλαιὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

παλαιός -ά -όν
παλαι·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
old
ἄνθρωπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ον
(mas) acc sg
human
, τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
φθειρόμενον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φθείρω (φθειρ-, φθερ(ε)·[σ]-, φθειρ·[σ]-, -, -, φθαρ·[θ]-)
φθειρ·ομεν·ον
pres mp ptcp mas acc sg or pres mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
to corrupt [morraly corrupt, defile, destroy]
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen) with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
τὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ας
fem acc pl
the
ἐπιθυμίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἐπι·θυμία, -ας, ἡ
επιθυμι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
lust/yearning Lit:"desire-over/upon" hence intense/compelling-desire, lust, appetite, yearning
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
ἀπάτης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἀπάτη, -ης, ἡ
απατ·ης
(fem) gen sg
deception
·
Eph 4:22
that you put away, as concerning your former way of life, the old man, that grows corrupt after the lusts of deceit;
23ἀνανεοῦσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀνα·νεόω (ανα+νε(ο)-, ανα+νεω·σ-, ανα+νεω·σ-, -, -, -)
ανα·νε(ο)·εσθαι
pres mp inf
to renew
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
πνεύματι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πνεῦμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πνευματ·ι
(neu) dat sg
spirit /breath/wind, spiritual-utterance
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
νοὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

νοῦς, νοός, νοΐ, νοῦν, ὁ
ν(ου)·ος
(mas) gen sg
mind
ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you
,
Eph 4:23
and that you be renewed in the spirit of your mind,
24καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἐνδύσασθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐν·δύω (εν+δυ-, εν+δυ·σ-, εν+δυ·σ-, εν+δεδυ·κ-, εν+δεδυ-, -)
εν·δυ·σασθαι
1aor mp inf
to clothe
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
καινὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

καινός -ή -όν
καιν·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
new unprecedented,newly-invented, novel, fresh, anew
ἄνθρωπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ον
(mas) acc sg
human
, τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen) with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
θεὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ον
(mas) acc sg
god [see theology]
κτισθέντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κτίζω (κτιζ-, -, κτι·σ-, -, εκτισ-, κτισ·θ-)
κτισ·θε[ι]ντ·α
aor θη ptcp mas acc sg or aor θη ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
to create /build/form/shape/make (always used of God?).
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
δικαιοσύνῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

δικαιο·σύνη, -ης, ἡ
δικαιοσυν·ῃ
(fem) dat sg
righteousness /justice, fulfillment of the law
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ὁσιότητι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ὁσιότη[τ]ς, -ητος, ἡ
οσιοτητ·ι
(fem) dat sg
piety piety, holiness, devoutness
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
ἀληθείας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἀ·λήθεια, -ας, ἡ
αληθει·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
truth
.
Eph 4:24
and put on the new man, who in the likeness of God has been created in righteousness and holiness of truth.
25Διὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

διό (δι’ ὅ)
διο
indecl
because of which
ἀποθέμενοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·τίθημι (-, απο+θη·σ-, απο+θη·κ- or 2nd ath. απο+θ(ε)-, -, -, -)
απο·θ(ε)·μεν·οι
2aor mp ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to to put away to avoid, escape
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
ψεῦδος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ψεῦδο·ς, -ους, τό
ψευδ(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
lie falsehood, untruth, false religion
λαλεῖτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαλέω (λαλ(ε)-, λαλη·σ-, λαλη·σ-, λελαλη·κ-, λελαλη-, λαλη·θ-)
λαλ(ε)·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
to speak
ἀλήθειαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἀ·λήθεια, -ας, ἡ
αληθει·αν
(fem) acc sg
truth
ἕκαστος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Distributive Numeral)

ἕκαστος -η -ον
εκαστ·ος
mas nom sg
each-separately (from "ἕκας" "separate"), hence each-separately/distinctly (as opposed to "πᾶς" "each-of-a-relevant-set"
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen) Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
πλησίον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Adjective (2-1-2)

πλησίον (Adv. of πλήσιος); πλήσιος -α -ον [LXX]
πλησιον; πλησι·ον
indecl; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
neighbor one near, close to; near
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
· ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
ἐσμὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·μεν
pres act ind 1st pl
to be
ἀλλήλων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reciprocal)

ἀλλήλων (gen. pl.)
αλληλ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
one another
μέλη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

μέλο·ς, -ους, τό
μελ(ε)·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
member
.
Eph 4:25
¶Therefore, putting away falsehood, speak truth each one with his neighbor. For we are members of one another.
26Ὀργίζεσθε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὀργίζω (οργιζ-, -, -, -, -, οργισ·θ-)
οργιζ·εσθε
pres mp ind 2nd pl or pres mp imp 2nd pl
to be/make-angry ,from "ὀργή"(settled-anger/wrath), hence to-anger, be/feel-angry, make-angry.
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
ἁμαρτάνετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἁ·μαρτάνω (αμαρταν-, αμαρτη·σ-, αμαρτη·σ- or 2nd αμαρτ-, ημαρτη·κ-, -, -)
αμαρταν·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
to sin
· [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
ἥλιος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

ἥλιος, -ου, ὁ
ηλι·ος
(mas) nom sg
sun In mythology Apollo, ancient Greek god of light, healing and poetry
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
ἐπιδυέτω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·δύω/-δύνω (επι+δυ-/επι+δυν-, επι+δυ·σ-, 2nd ath. επι+δυ-, -, -, -)
επι·δυ·ετω
pres act imp 3rd sg
to set upon [usually of: sun setting upon; deed, the hung on tree... etc]
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat) ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
{ τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
♦ [ τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
] } παροργισμῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

παρ·οργισμός, -οῦ, ὁ
παροργισμ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
anger
ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you
·
———
RP: τῷ ♦ NA/UBS: [τῷ]
Eph 4:26
“Be angry, and don’t sin.”* Don’t let the sun go down on your wrath,
27μηδὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle; Noun (2nd Decl.)

μηδέ (μή δέ); Μῆδος, -ου, ὁ
μηδε; μηδ·ε
indecl; (mas) voc sg
neither/nor
μηδ’ before ὡς [one occurrence: 1 Pt 5:3]; Mede [inhabitant of Media]
δίδοτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
διδ(ο)·τε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
to give /offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
τόπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

τόπος, -ου, ὁ
τοπ·ον
(mas) acc sg
place
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
διαβόλῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

διά·βολος -ον
διαβολ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg or fem dat sg
diabolical Slanderous, hurtful, or corrupting. One who slanders, hurts, and corrupts (casting or sowing throughout).
.
Eph 4:27
neither give place to the devil [a].
———
a The One who slanders, hurts, and corrupts.
28 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
κλέπτων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.); Verb

κλέπτης, -ου, ὁ; κλέπτω (κλεπτ-, κλεψ-, κλεψ-, -, κεκλεπτ-, κλαπ·[θ]-)
κλεπτ·ων; κλεπτ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(mas) gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
thief [see kleptomania]; to steal crib, embezzle, thieve, rob, pilfer, snitch
μηκέτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

μηκέτι (μή ἔτι)
μηκετι
indecl
no-longer Lit:"not-still", implying a cessation of former behavior/attitude/conduct/choices
κλεπτέτω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κλέπτω (κλεπτ-, κλεψ-, κλεψ-, -, κεκλεπτ-, κλαπ·[θ]-)
κλεπτ·ετω
pres act imp 3rd sg
to steal crib, embezzle, thieve, rob, pilfer, snitch
· μᾶλλον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

μᾶλλον
μαλλον
indecl
more/rather (instead)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
κοπιάτω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κοπιάω (κοπι(α)-, κοπια·σ-, κοπια·σ-, κεκοπια·κ-, -, -)
κοπι(α)·ετω
pres act imp 3rd sg
to toil
, ἐργαζόμενος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐργάζομαι (εργαζ-, εργ(α)·[σ]-, εργα·σ-, -, ειργασ-, εργασ·θ-)
εργαζ·ομεν·ος
pres mp ptcp mas nom sg
to work/strive
{ τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
ἀγαθὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἀγαθός -ή -όν (cf. καλός)
αγαθ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
good /inherently-good, i.e. God-wrought.. Distinct from "καλός" (beautiful-good).
ταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·αις
fem dat pl
the
χερσίν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl., irreg.)

χείρ, χειρός, ἡ, dat. pl. χερσίν
irreg. χε[ι]ρ·σι(ν) (for χειρσι(ν))
(fem) dat pl
hand
ταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·αις
fem dat pl
the
[ ἰδίαις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Possessive)

ἴδιος -ία -ον
ιδι·αις
fem dat pl
own privately
] χερσὶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl., irreg.)

χείρ, χειρός, ἡ, dat. pl. χερσίν
irreg. χε[ι]ρ·σι(ν) (for χειρσι(ν))
(fem) dat pl
hand
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
ἀγαθόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἀγαθός -ή -όν (cf. καλός)
αγαθ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
good /inherently-good, i.e. God-wrought.. Distinct from "καλός" (beautiful-good).
} , ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that /so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
ἔχῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
εχ·ῃ
pres mp ind 2nd sg or pres act sub 3rd sg or pres mp sub 2nd sg
to have /hold.
μεταδιδόναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μετα·δίδωμι (ath. μετα+διδ(ο)-/ath. μετα+διδ(ω)-, -, μετα+δω·κ- or 2nd ath. μετα+δ(ο)-/ath. μετα+δ(ω)-, -, -, -)
μετα·διδ(ο)·ναι
pres act inf
to impart/grant a share of
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
χρείαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

χρεία, -ας, ἡ
χρει·αν
(fem) acc sg
need
ἔχοντι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
εχ·ο[υ]ντ·ι
pres act ptcp mas dat sg or pres act ptcp neu dat sg
to have /hold.
.
———
RP: τὸ ἀγαθὸν ταῖς χερσίν ♦ NA/UBS: ταῖς [ἰδίαις] χερσὶν τὸ ἀγαθόν
Eph 4:28
Let him who stole steal is stealing be stealing no more [a]; but rather let him labor, working with his hands the thing that is good [b], that he may have something to give impart to him who has need.
———
a Here is a present participle and a present imperative denoting continuous or ongoing activity. It is an allusion, like the thieves dying beside Jesus on the cross, to men who lead their own lives, expressing themselves instead of the Father, through the Son who is there with them.
b The thing that is good is defined in the next verse: expressing the Father, being an imitator of Christ, being providential of His Grace to build the reigning of Christ in Man.
29Πᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
πα[ντ]·ς
mas nom|voc sg
each/every (of a relevant set).
λόγος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

λόγος, -ου, ὁ
λογ·ος
(mas) nom sg
word
σαπρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

σαπρός -ά -όν
σαπρ·ος
mas nom sg
bad
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen) ἐξ before vowels
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
στόματος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

στόμα[τ], -ατος, τό
στοματ·ος
(neu) gen sg
mouth/maw stoma
ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
ἐκπορευέσθω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·πορεύομαι (εκ+πορευ-, εκ+πορευ·σ-, εκ+πορευ·σ-, -, εκ+πεπορευ-, -)
εκ·πορευ·εσθω
pres mp imp 3rd sg
to go out
, { ἀλλ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλ’
indecl
but
ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but
} εἴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
τις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

τὶ[ν]ς[2] τὶ[ν], gen. τινός, dat. τινί, acc. τινά τὶ
τι[ν]·ς
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
certain/any(one/thing) Sg:a-certain-one/anyone/someone; Pl:a-certain-some/several. Specific/non-specific is determined from text-markings and/or context).
ἀγαθὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἀγαθός -ή -όν (cf. καλός)
αγαθ·ος
mas nom sg
good /inherently-good, i.e. God-wrought.. Distinct from "καλός" (beautiful-good).
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat) Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
οἰκοδομὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

οἰκο·δομή, -ῆς, ἡ
οικοδομ·ην
(fem) acc sg
building/building-up Lit:"house/home-building), edifice/building, Metaphor: building-up, edification.
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
χρείας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

χρεία, -ας, ἡ
χρει·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
need
, ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that /so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
δῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
δ(ω)·ῃ
2aor act sub 3rd sg or 2aor mp sub 2nd sg
to give /offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
χάριν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Noun (3rd Decl.)

χάριν; χάρι[τ]ς, -ιτος, ἡ, acc. χάρι[τ]ν and χάριτα
χαριν; χαρι[τ]·ν
indecl; (fem) acc sg
for the sake of [acc. of χάρις used adverbially] prep. for; favor/grace [see charity]
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
ἀκούουσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀκούω (ακου-, ακου·σ-, ακου·σ-, ακηκο·[κ]-, ηκουσ-, ακουσ·θ-)
ακου·ουσι(ν), ακου·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
to hear
.
———
RP: ἀλλ’ ♦ NA/UBS: ἀλλὰ
Eph 4:29
Let no corrupt rotten speech proceed out of your mouth, but such as is good for building up as the need may be, that it may give grace to those who hear.
30Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
λυπεῖτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λυπέω (λυπ(ε)-, λυπη·σ-, λυπη·σ-, λελυπη·κ-, λελυπη-, λυπη·θ-)
λυπ(ε)·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
to grieve (from "λύπη" [intense pain of mind]), hence distress/vex/make-upset. cause-sorrow/pain, be/make-sorry. LXX: (also) make-angry.
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
πνεῦμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

πνεῦμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πνευμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
spirit /breath/wind, spiritual-utterance
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
ἅγιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἅγιος -α -ον (cf. ὅσιος and ἱερός)
αγι·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
holy [dedicated, divine, pure]
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god [see theology]
, ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ

neu dat sg or mas dat sg
who/whom/which
ἐσφραγίσθητε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σφραγίζω (σφραγιζ-, σφραγι(ε)·[σ]-, σφραγι·σ-, -, εσφραγισ-, σφραγισ·θ-)
ε·σφραγισ·θητε
aor θη ind 2nd pl
to seal
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
ἡμέραν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·αν
(fem) acc sg
day
ἀπολυτρώσεως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (3rd Decl.)

ἀπο·λύτρωσις, -εως, ἡ
απολυτρωσ(ι)·ος
(fem) gen sg
redemption Lit:"redemption-from", hence a release-from-imprisonment after paying the ransom(λύτρον) release-price. From "λύω" (release/loose).
.
Eph 4:30
Don’t grieve the Holy Spirit of God, in whom you were sealed consigned for the day of redemption complete cleansing [a].
———
a Christ is the detergent which "loosens off" the dirt of this world. He is what holds the loosening power (ἀπο λυω τηρεω). He is cleaning now. We will eventually be cleaned off fully.
31Πᾶσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
πασ·α
fem nom|voc sg
each/every (of a relevant set).
πικρία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

πικρία, -ας, ἡ
πικρι·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
bitterness
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
θυμὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θυμός, -οῦ, ὁ (cf. ὀργή)
θυμ·ος
(mas) nom sg
inclination/passion [any strong emotion or passion/desire, an inclination thereof. Almost always of anger]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ὀργὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

ὀργή, -ῆς, ἡ (cf. θυμός)
οργ·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
wrath/anger natural impulse, always of anger
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
κραυγὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

κραυγή, -ῆς, ἡ
κραυγ·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
cry shout (κραυγάζω)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
βλασφημία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

βλασ·φημία, -ας, ἡ
βλασφημι·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
blasphemy Blast-full speaking, i.e. speaking against someone to hurt or harm them.
ἀρθήτω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

αἴρω (αιρ-, αρ(ε)·[σ]-, αρ·[σ]-, ηρ·κ-, ηρ-, αρ·θ-)
αρ·θητω
aor θη imp 3rd sg
to lift/pick-up , take-up, tote, raise, bear, carry
ἀφ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
αφ’
indecl
from (G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you
, σὺν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

σύν
συν
indecl
together with/including (+dat)
πάσῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral); Verb

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός; πάσσω [LXX] (πασσ-, -, πα·σ-, -, πεπασ-, -)
πασ·ῃ; πα·σῃ
fem dat sg; 1aor act sub 3rd sg or 1aor mp sub 2nd sg
each/every (of a relevant set).; to sprinkle
κακίᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (1st Decl.)

κακία, -ας, ἡ
κακι·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
evil /malice/harm/wickedness
·
Eph 4:31
Let all bitterness, wrath, anger, outcry, and slander, be put away from you, with all malice.
32γίνεσθε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
γιν·εσθε
pres mp ind 2nd pl or pres mp imp 2nd pl
to become/happen [to come to be; Greek word for amen?]
{ δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
♦ [ δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
Yet
δ’ before ἄν [plus two occurrences before αὐτό: Mt 27:44; Phil 2:18]
] } εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
ἀλλήλους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reciprocal)

ἀλλήλων (gen. pl.)
αλληλ·ους
mas acc pl
one another
χρηστοί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

χρηστός -ή -όν
χρηστ·οι
mas nom|voc pl
magnanimous
, εὔσπλαγχνοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

εὔ·σπλαγχνος -ον
ευσπλαγχν·οι
mas nom|voc pl or fem nom|voc pl
compassionate
, χαριζόμενοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

χαρίζομαι (χαριζ-, χαρι·σ-, χαρι·σ-, -, κεχαρισ-, χαρισ·θ-)
χαριζ·ομεν·οι
pres mp ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to grant/give/favor From noun "χάρις"(grace/favor/kindness), hence grant/give/favor, by extension, donate/present/endow.
ἑαυτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

ἑ·αυτοῦ/αὑτοῦ[2] -ῆς -οῦ
εαυτ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
self him/her/it/our/your/them-selves
, καθὼς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

καθ·ώς
καθως
indecl
as accordingly [according to how/in accordance with how]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
θεὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ος
(mas) nom sg
god [see theology]
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by (+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
χριστῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (2nd Decl.)

Χριστός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. Χριστέ
χριστ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
Christ lit. 'anointed'
ἐχαρίσατο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

χαρίζομαι (χαριζ-, χαρι·σ-, χαρι·σ-, -, κεχαρισ-, χαρισ·θ-)
ε·χαρι·σατο
1aor mp ind 3rd sg
to grant/give/favor From noun "χάρις"(grace/favor/kindness), hence grant/give/favor, by extension, donate/present/endow.
{ ἡμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημιν
dat pl
I
ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you
} .
———
RP: δὲ ♦ NA/UBS: [δὲ]
RP: ἡμῖν ♦ NA/UBS: ὑμῖν
Eph 4:32
And be kind providential to one another, tenderhearted moved to good feeling, forgiving engracing each other, just as God also in Christ forgave engraced you [a].
———
a This is typified by little Benjamin, the most-beloved of the sons of Israel, who is the son of the right-hand, devouring the prey and dividing the spoil (Gen 49:27). He is like a wolf going out to feed and then coming back to the den to regurgitate to the pups and mate: acquiring grace and sharing it.
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